Newspaper Page Text
At Sternum nib Soulbron
Mr. E. T. Marion of Now York is
la the city visiting his brother, Rev.
J. P. Marlon.
Mr. W. A. Bryan of D. J. Chandler
Clothing Company has returned to
the city alter a trip to Baltimore.
Philadelphia, New York and Chicago
In the Inter set of the company.
Mies Louise Careers, who has been
Visiting Miss Theo Young In Union
t>r several Weeks, returned home Sat
rday evening. She was accompanied
toy Miss Young.
Mr. I. A. RyttSnberg leaves tonight
Jacksonville, Florida, where he
to attend the meeting of archl
ef the southeast. A trip will
>e made from Jacksonville to Tampa
to attend the Oasparila festival at
Mr. Alva Oreen has gone to Harts
tille, where he has a position as chem?
ist la the laboratory of the Hartsvllle
%t\ and Fertiliser company.
Mr. and Mrs. A. S. Cooper, of Rose
town, flnskatewen, Canada, are visit
4ns their brother, Mr. J. C. Coper, and
their eister, Mrs. H. A. Rose.
Mr .A. R Flowers was badly
aed, but not seriously hurt. Satur
afternoon, when, on his way to
mer, hie bicycle and Dr. W. E.
ir's automobile had a collision at
corner of Hampton Avenue and
Ms lean Avenue. Mr. Flowers was on
hie bicycle going went and Mr. Thay
s4er was going east In his car. In turn
**tng lato Salem Avenue In the car, the
two vehicles came together and Mr.
Flowers was knocked down. Both
grme were badly bruised. Today Mr.
Flowers was still confined to his home,
not was reported to be getting on
Mr. Leon M. Oreen has returned to
New York, where he la engaged in
W. K. McCoy of Oswego was
t>rought to the hospital here Saturday
night In a semi-conscious condition
trough! on by an attack whl^h he
suffered during Saturday. This morn?
ing he was reported to be much better
and getting along nicely. Mr. Mc?
Coy has Been 111 for some time, but
was feeling better and Saturday
^homing set oat to walk from his
kerne) to Oswego station, a distance of
lebopt a mlln?. The stuck must have
eome on him sometime soon after he
Adit the house, for In the afternoon,
when It was found that he had never
Seen to the store at Oswego, search
wan made for him and It was found
that he had wandered about in the
edge of the swamp hack and forth
for some time. He was found after
about two hours' search on the em?
bankment above the railroad track,
nhere In his efforts to attract the at?
tention of those searching for him
lie had fallen over. He was in a state
or coma and It was at first thought
that he waa paralysed, but after his
arrival at the hospital, where ho was
given medical attention, it was ascer?
tained that this was not the case. To?
day he had recovered consciousness
hi t he remembered very little of
w ist happened to him Saturday after
he left his home.
rheumatism, sprains, neuralgia, etc.
Death of Mrs. F. K. Holman.
Mrs. Elisabeth Shirtser Holman.
wife of Dr. F. K. Holman. died at her
home on North Main street Thursday
er er noon, after sn Hlneds of about 10
ye.xrs. During the past month Mrs.
Bohnan has been In a very critical
condition and her death did not come
as a surprise. During her illness.
Mra Holman has been to the Adiron
decks In New York and to Ashevilh
In an effort to regain her health, but
all efforts failed.
Mrs. Holmani was a native of Bell
A r, x. J., at which place she was
married Oct. It. 1906. She was 37
years of age and leaves her husband,
two smdll children, Mary snd Fran*,
her father, one eister and two broth
From The Daily Item, Jan. Is.
Mre. Kiln McLeod died very sud?
denly this morning at oer home, 125
North Salem avenue, sged 61 years
The funeral services will be held at
the 8umter cemetery at noon tomor?
row, from the late rtsldenec.
Mre. McLeod was predeceased by
her huehend, who died only about
sis weeks ago. She In survived by
eeveral sons and daughters.
Charter to New Company.
The secretary of State has Issued a
charter to the B. G. Scarborough
company of Rumter with a capital of
M.000. The officers are: S. K. Bow
land, president, snd S. W. Humph.
vkv> president, secretary and treasur
your Cold or LaQrtppe with
r aw mm ?g
CAN NUMBS RAISE RICE?
NEARLY $100,000 SPENT ANN UAL
LY FOR RICE IN THIS SEC?
Annual Consumption Estimated at
Close to 25,000 Rags, Selling nt An
Average of $3.75.?Requires Little
Fertiliser, Small Amount of Labor
and Can be Raised on Land Which
Will Drown out Other Crops?May
Be Grown for Home Consumption.
In these days the farmers of Sum
ter county along with the farmers
throughout South Carolina and in
other States are sitting up late nights,
or should be, devising schemes where?
by they can not only keep the wolf
from the door, but make a profit on
their farms. Various schemes have
been proposed by the State and gov?
ernment farm experts, which the pro?
gressive farmers have already begun
to adopt, while other farmers, slow?
er to take advice, are still pondering
The chief message which these
experts have been trying to hammer
into the farmers' heads is to live at
home; This is the first and most im?
portant advice they have offered. Then
the second message is to diversify
their efforts, so that the success of
the farming operations during a year
do not depend entirely on any one
crop. Cotton has been the one-crop
upon which most farmers have al?
ways in the past depended, und
the success of the year's work depend?
ed largely upon the price of cotton
at the end of the year. All efforts are
being put forth to get away from this
long established custom and very un?
satisfactory system. The farm ?xperts
have advised the raising of live stock,
nogs and cattle, and big steps
in this direction have been ta?
ken of late. Packing plants have
been established in the State to pro?
vide a market for the cattle and
hogs raised in order to Insure a ready
?'ale. The raising of sweet potatoes
for starch making Is another plan still
being discussed and which may be
put into execution. The raising of
truck, for home conpumption, local
and foreign markets, and the planting
of greater areas in grain, in order that
the money which is paid for grain
shipped In from the west may remain
at home, are measures advised aad
adopted to a more or less greater ex?
tent. Besides the increase In wheat,
oats and corn, there is another grain
of which much Is used here each year
which could be successfully grown at
home, grown' with little cost, little
work, and on land generally not
adapted to other crops. This grain is
rice. It is not advisable that the
farmers raise rice, or endeavor to
raise rice for market purposes, but
raise sufficient for home consump?
Recently a local organization, the
Sumter Roller mills, has announced
that it would install a rice hulling
machine to hull all of the rice raised
In this community, this step being ad?
vised primarily to encourage the "live
at home" policy and to aid the farm
ers in preparing for the boll weevil.
This mill was established to grind
wheat raised in this community, to
encourage the raising of wheat, and
has found the industry profitable, as
well as helpful to the farmers, as the
mill purchases any surplus of whea
which the farmers may raise, al?
though not encouraging them to try
to raise wheat to compete with the
big wheat growing districts. The same
way with rice, the mill will hull what
the furmers raise for home consump?
tion and will purchase any surplus
they may have, athough it is not
deemed advisable for the farmers to
try to raise the rice for muketing.
A canvas of the city shows that
there Is annually distributed through
Sumter Jobbers approximately 25,000
bags of rice. This rice is of various
grades and practlcaly all of it comes
I from Louisiana. Texas and Arkansas,
the big rice producing regions in the
I United States. And it may be said
hero parenthoically that in Texas and
Arkansas rice was not raised on
the present big scale until the arri?
val of the boll wevil forced the farm?
ers to look for other crops to take
the place of cotton. There la little
South Carolina rice raised for mar?
ket now, as most of the rice planters
In the low country have found that
they cannot raise rleo for the mar?
kets In competition with the States
mentioned and practically all of those
who formerly raised the crop havf
stopped planting it. A series of storms
coming In successive years was an?
other cause which decided the South
Carolina planter'; to quit planting rice,
as many of them lost heavily on their
rice plantation operations.
This rice sells at prices up to six
and a half cents, although the uvcragt
Is set much lower, three and three
quarter cents a pound being set by
most of the merchants hs the average
price nt which the rice is sold. At this
price the 25,000 sacks of rice would
cost approximately $94,000, or close
on to $100,00?. This sum being paid
out annually for *&t#tz**i which can
I be grown here by ?rmsrs, who,
with the negro tenants, are large con?
sumers'of the grain.
A feature of the crop which it
seems would bo particularly appealing
to the farmers is that rice can be best
grown in low bottom land, where oth?
er crops cannot be raised satisfactor?
ily, and which is generally left by the
farmers lying idle. It requires little
work, or at least less than most other
crops. The land has to be broken well
before planting, and then two or three
plowlngs with possibly a chopping out
is sufficient. In the west the crop is
broadcast as wheat and oats are
planted here and gathered with ma?
chinery, which decreases the cost of
production. The irrigation which has
always proved the most expensive fea?
ture of raising the crop in the low
country and is a very expensive fea?
ture of the production in the south?
west, it has been found, is not ab?
solutely necessary to grow the crop
In this section. The fact trfat the rice
la planted in bottom land where
much of the fertilizer from the high
surrounding land is washed makes the
land already fertile and therefore the
crop needs little or no fertilizer. As
there has been no demand for seed
rice, there is practically none on the
'local market, but the merchants will
readily secure it, if there becomes a
demand. At present seed rice is sell?
ing for $2.50 a bushel.
Rice at present is lower than it was
lchst year by reason of the fact that
the 1916 crop was the largest which
has ever been raised in the southwest,
meaning Louisiana, Texas and Arkan?
sas. Usually at the beginning of a
year there is carried over between
two and three million bags of rice.
This year there were carried over
around five million, which indicates
the size of the last year's crop. How?
ever, here is something the Sumter
county farmer should remember. The
price of 'ce, while it has not gone Up
in comparison with other foodstuffs,
may go up at any time. A bad year
may come and the price will go soar?
ing, and then it is a good thing to
raise at home the things one eats, in
carrying out a policy of preparedness.
There is an old saying: "Many men
of many minds." In canvassing the
city The Item man did not find all of
the n tenants and Jobbers of the
same mind, not by any means. Most
of them doubted the advisability of
the step, but they were not practical
farmers and did not know what it
cost to raise rice, while at the same
time they thought It a good policy to
"live at home" as near as possible, if
'there was not an actual loss by so
doing. Some of them thought that
there would be such a loss. Others
said that there would not he.
One broker who hns made a study
of the rice situation and who sells
large quantities to local dealers stat?
ed that he Would strongly advise
against the farmers trying to raise it
for market in competition with the
southwest, but he thought it a good
thing for the farmers to raise it for
their home consumption. Another
salesman, who places orders here for
quite a large amount of rice each
year, ridiculed the idea of the farm?
ers in this section even thinking of
raising rice, saying that of the five
mills formerly operated in Charles?
ton, only one was being operated now
and it only on part time. He thought
that the rice from the southwest
could be shipped In here and sold at
a half a cent a pound less than it
could be produced here by the farm?
ers and therefore thought it would be
a bad policy for the farmers to raise
rice for their own consumption, when
it was at a loss. At another place, a
merchant who is also a practical
farmer, stated that he thought that
it was a step in the right direction,. He
thought rice could be produced, from
sixty to sixty-five bushels an acre
easily, and that not only could it be
raised for home consumption, but it
could be raised to sell in competition
with other rice placed on the local
market and could be sold in the open
market at a profit to the farmer. He
said he was going to plant several
acres In rice on land which had here?
tofore been lying Idle and he expected
to make a good thing out of it. The
chief trouble heretofore in raising
rice, as several of the men with whom
the matter was discussed pointed out,
was that there was no local place to
have it hulled. The antiquated meth?
ods of employing a man with pestle
and mortar of hulling It was unsatis?
factory ami slow, it required the
man practically a whole day to hull
out a bushel of rice and then general?
ly the grains were badly broken. With
i the installation of the hulling machin?
ery this handicap would be removed
and having the rice hulled on com?
mission would deerease the cost con?
When the installation of a wheat
mill at Bumter was first discussed and
the planters wore advised to grow
wheat, there were many skeptics, who
stated thai the farmers could nol
grow wheat In competition with the
west, not even for home consumption
and that the mill would not prove
profitable. Since then It has been
shown by those farmers Who raised
their own wheat that they were more
than repaid by their invest?
ment and within one year,
the flour mill has proved it?
self a paying investment. The rais?
ing of rice is in the same class. No
effort has ever been made to produce
it here before and therefore there are
those who are doubtful that it can be
done. There is no reason that the
raising of this grain will not be as
successful as raising the other, and
the hulling feature prove as suc?
cessful as the grinding of wheat.
WHY NOT PLANT RICK?
The Sumter Roller Mills has order?
ed a modern rice mill which will be
astalled in time to mill rice grown
his year. Rice will be milled on a
toll basis and the mill will purchase
at the market price all surplus rice
that the, farmers of this section have
There is a local market for all the
rice that may be grown in Sumter
and adjoining counties, and it is a
profitable crop and the boll weevil
will not interfere with it.
Plant a little rice this year on wet
land that is not adapted to corn or
cotton and find out whether it is a
One farmer living near Sumter
planted less than a half peck of rice
on less than one-half acre last year
and the yield was nearly fifteen bush- ]
els. No fertilizers were used and it
was cultivated scarcely at all.
Plant rice in the wet bottoms where
other crops are usually drowned out.
Rice should be planted early?
about the same time as corn?but it
will make a crop even when planted
Why buy rice at present prices when
it can he grown on waste land on ev?
Rice grows well and yields weil on
ordinary moist bottom land.
Ben McLeod of Tindal and Miss
Ethel McLeod of Plnewood were mar?
ried Friday evening in his office by
Clerk of Court H. L. Scarborough.
The Infant child of Mr. and Mrs
Paria,, who live on Broad street, just
outside of the city limits, was buried
Sunday morning from the residence.
The services were conducted by th
Rev. J. P. Marion.'
Hains Forecast for Week.
For South Atlantic and East Gulf
State: Local rains and warm weather
are probable the first part of the
week,, followed by fair and consider?
ably colder after Tuesday; rains are
again probable about Friday.
SLLFERKO SOL DOING MAR
\ Y^KJLOCS WORK IN SOUTH.
Mineral Solution Which is Spreading
Hehling all Through South.
So many remarkable results have
followed the use of Sulferro-Sol in
the past three years that it has be?
come accepted as an unfailing rem?
edy in several of the prevalent South?
Those who have used it for rheu?
matism, indigestion, blood and skin
diseases, kidney troubles, or pella?
gra are amazed at the results obtain?
Owing to a peculiar natural com?
pound of several medicinal mineral
ingredients Sulferro-Sol reaches the
very seat of the above troubles, and
patients express themselves as feel
ing the effects of Sulferro-Sol all
through their system.
Hundreds of^people who had given
up hope and^alth in every remedy
and drug have found most wonderful
help in Sulferro-Sol.
Druggists everywhere in the South
report that never before have they
handled'a remedy which has so thor?
oughly won the absolute confidence
of the public. Nothing could speak
more highly for the merits of Sul?
ferro-Sol than the fact that every
druggist handling it reports increas?
ing sales every month.
Sulferro-Sol is sola and recommend?
ed by every Druggist In Sumter and
vicinity. Murray Drug Co., State Dis?
Tax Return Notice
I will attend In person or by deputy
at the following named places and on
the dates mentioned, for the purpose
of receiving tax returns for fiscal
year 1917, on all personal property,
polls, road and dogs:
Tindals, Thursday, Jan. 4,
Privateer, Friday, Jan. T?.
Lev! Sluing. Tuesday. Jan. 9.
Wodgefleld, Wednesday, Jan. 10.
Ctaremont, Thursday, Jan. 11.
Hagood, Friday, Jan. 12.
Remhert, Tuesday, Jan. 16.
DeTsetl, Wednesday, Jan. 17.
Brogdon, Thursday, Jan. 18.
Qewego, Friday, Jan. 19.
Mayesville. Tues. Jan. 23.
Pleasant Grove, Wed. Jan. 24.
SnlOh, Thu. Jan. LT?.
Norwood Cross Roads, Frl. Jan. 26.
It. B. WILDER,
i 1| County Auditor.
The National Bank of
$1,119 000.00 LEADERS
Our steady growth tolls the story
?Kevr accounts each clay?The? largest
bank In this section ol the State.
Safety fust. Preparedness all the
time. Your patronage we want.
C. G. ROWLAND, H. L McCJY,
Gives a dollar's worth of real service for
every dollar deposited here.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK I
The Oldest Banking Institution in the County
Sumter's Bank for Savers
Every requirement of a safe, efficient de?
pository for savings is fully met by the
National Bank of Sumter.
Absolute security is combined with the
highest rate of interest consistent with
perfect safety. Promptness and courtesy
are important features of our service.
All are welcome. Call and open an ac?
The National Bank of
Lumber, Lime, Cement
BUILDING MATERIAL GENERALI-*'
AND FEED OF ALL KINDS
BOOTH & McLEOD.
Successors 'o Booth'Shuler Lumber & Supply Co.
Goo. Epporson*? Old St*r\d Opp. Court House
EVRRYTUING AT ONE PEACE.
Round Trip Fare From SUMTER $17.40
For this occasion which will he Riled with fun and frolic, and
lasting from February 2nd to huh, tickets will he sold to Tam?
pa ami return as .shown abo'.e ly
ATLANTIC COAST LINE f
The Stan lard Railroad of The South
JANUARY 31st to FEBRUARY 5th Incltnive.
Limited returning; until midnight of February 20th. hut may be
extended t<> Nfurch 3rd by depositing with City Ticket A^ent at
Tain pa, under prescribed rules; md upon payment of $l.oo.
Proportionate fares front Intermediate stations. Children half
1 IBERAL STOP-OVER PRIVILEGES
For further particulars, schedules, sleeping car reservation, etc.,
rail on <>? V. 1M.AYKU,
Ticket Ag< nt. Sumter, S. C