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TUM SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850. "Be fast and Fear not?Dec all the ends Thon Alme't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and TrvttVa." THE TROC SOUTKROTs tablisbed Jon*, 1 no,
Consolidated Aur. 2,1881. BUMTER, 8. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3% 1017. Vol. X \ [I. No. 49.
ODOERS FOR PERSHIN6 FORCE
WILL? BE DISTRIBUTED
ALONG BORDER TO GC AHR IT.
Hin Troop* WU1 to Centered at El
Ready to Proceed to Any
San Antonio, Tex., Jan. 29.?Plana
for distributing the American expo
dlUoaary force after its withdrawal
from Mexico eo that the bonier coun?
try win bo protected were announced
tonight by the Southern department
of the Unit ?d States army.
Gen Pershing. in command of the
force of 11,000, will establish head?
quarters at El Paso. From here any
threatened section of the country can
be reached quickly. Headquarters of
the cavalry brigade will be at the
asms place, Brig. Gen. Eben Swift
The majority of the units In the ex?
pedition will bo station**: at El Paso,
those including the Plfth and Sev?
enth cavalry. Sixth. Sixteenth and
Seventeenth Infantry, First battalion
of the Fourth field artillery. Second
regiment of engineers, four pack
trains, two wagon companies, all
signal troops except the First aero
squadron, assigned temporarily to
Columbus, and all sanitary troops ex?
cept ambulance company No. 7, and
field hospital No. 7 both of which
go to Eagle Pass, Tex.
Besides the aero squadron at Co?
lumbus will be the Twenty-fourth In?
fantry, eight truck companies and two
Nogales. Ariz., will have one squad?
ron of the Tenth cavalry. I ort Hau
ehuca one squadron and one troop of
the same regiment and Fort Attache
one troop of the Tenth. At Fort
Apache also the Indian scout*, who
have been with the expedition will be
mustered out of the federal service.
J^ooglas, Aria., will be protected by
Bitt? C batteries of the Sixth field ar
ytULA TAKJQS CHARGE.
Juares. Jan. 2i.?Confirmation of
the occupation of Bl Valle by Villa
forces was received here tonight from
Casus Grandee. It was said the Villa
troops moved up from Namiqulpa,
where they had been awaiting the
departure of the American punitive
Villa followers also were reported
to have been seen In the vicinity of
Santa Sofia on Mexico Northwestern
railroad, 3G miles from Ojo Fedcrbo.
where the United States soldiers ware
expected to camp tonight.
A freight train left here tonight foff
Casas Grandes to bring out any re?
maining refugees und the property of
the Mormons and others.
CHARGE RESTRAINT OF TRADE.
Government Flics Suit Against Pan
Amern an Corporation Because of
Increase in Price of Sisal.
New York, Jan. 30.?The govern
ment filed suit against the Pan-Anut?
lean CommlMilon Corporation charg?
ing an anti-trust conspiracy to re?
strain interstate and foreign trude on
sisal to Increase tho price of sbsal in
the Hasted States.
FINANCIER WHITE TESTIFIES.
He Denies Receiving Any Advance In ?
formation on Pence Note.
New York, Jan. 30.?Arehba'. t
White, a New York financier, deeded
that he received any advance informa?
tion from Ambassador von Bernstoi :t
his friend, or any German official re?
garding the peace movemont. Mr.
White testified before the leak in\?
tlgation committee today. He sjgjj
denied that Thomas W. Lnwson suj,'
gested to him that tho market was
top heavy and It was a good time "t I
gst all your friends Into the pool" in
the suggestion of pence. Mr. White
told his questioners that he gad Lai
sen talked "In general terms" dtirlm
their various meetings in Now Yor'
At that time the peace situation v i
a big factor In the stock market.
When asked if he did not consider his
conversation with Uiwsou gsjulvsJOA*
tu a full course In romantic HUffgtoi .
Mr. White said "I did not tula tfcs
? ou\creations seriously."
Herna'd Baruch. contributor of
fifty tho nwind dollars to the DeSSO
rrstlc campaign fund, told the 1
Investigation committee that hi*: |?rol
in the market betwen December |f?t
and December 23rd was 94 76.1 E
?ry cent, he wnlrt, was due to hll
sight in the interpretation of \
Bethmann-Holl weg and Lloyd-Goorgo
THE DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS
BUDGET IS ASSUMING FINAL
S?ll A PK AT HANDS OF AU?
House Passes Fortifications Measure
and Committee Completes Naval
BID Carrying $335,4*3,245 and Pro?
viding: for Four Capitol Ships This
Washington, Jan. 29.?The adminis?
tration's $800,000,000 defenso budget
began to take final shape in congress
today when the house passed the for?
tifications bill, carrying more thiw
$51,000,000 for coast defenses, and
the houBo navul committee completed !
its 1918 naval appropriation bill with I
a total of more than $350,000,000.
The army appropriation bill still
is in the house military committee
which is expected to complete it next
Estimates for the army reach more
than $360,000(000, exclusive of num?
erous deficiency measures resulting
from the border mobilization and the
rising cost of war materials.
The only military legislation pend?
ing is the universal military training
Mil before a senate subcommittee
which will conclude its hearings this
week when Maj. Gen. Hcott and Maj.
Gen. Wood hre to be recalled for
cross-examination on their statements
that federalization of the National
Guard has proved a failure. It is not
expected congress will take any ac?
tion oa thin bill at this session.
The navy bill carries $351,453,24 5,
as against $313,000,000 last year. It
provides for the construction of three
12,000 ton battleships ut $28,178,50 2
each; one battlecruiscr at $26,694,49C;
three scout cruisors at $6,7I5,14C
each; 15 destroyers at $1,748,612
euch; one destroyer tender at $2,808,
000; one submarine tender at $2,199,
400 and 18 800 ton type submarines
it $1.433,093 each. The programme
i% that recommended by the depart
nUi*ii|iW|iH.? " ^
The ?Marina? departed from the
I department's recommendations only
in the type of submarines provided
for. No small coast defenso subma?
rines are authorized. The committee
raised the limit of cost for the hull
and machinery of four battlecruiser?,
to $19,000,000 from $16,500,000. De?
partment officials believe all four ves?
sels can be placed with private bid?
ders at that figure. The committee
heeded, however, Secretary Daniels'
recommendation that navy yards I o
fitted to build a large number of Cap*
ltal ships, authorizing the cxpenoi
ture of an additional 512,000,000 for
that purpose in the event the depart?
ment is unable to Utahs satisfactory
contracts for any vessels In the present
hill or loft over from the prece linn
For the three seoutcrulcers still
awaiting satisfactory bids the com?
mittee raised the cost for hull and
machinery to $0,000,000 from $3,
Another new appropriation of the
hill raises the number of appoint?
ments annually at Annapolis to be
made from tho enlisted personnel of j
the navy from 25 to 100.
The new battleships will he the
most powerful war vessels ever built.
Hid EAltTHQUAKK soMFAVHKi:;:.
Instrument* at Georgetown University
Itetord Tremendous Shock.
Washington. Jan. 30.?Earthquake '
tremors which continued for more
than three hours, occurred last night,
centered about 5.000 miles from
Washington. The shocks were so se?
vere that the recording needles of
four seismographs at Georgetown Un?
iversity were thrown off the scales.
Recorded at Cleveland.
Cleveland, Jan. 30.?Severe earth
tremors were recorded by tho seismo?
graph at St. Ignatius College last
PANCAKES KILL BOYS.
Five Die In Illinois from luting Pols?
Kankakee, ML, J?n. 20.?A bra '
fast of pancakes yesterday caused the
death of five boys of the Melnts fam?
ily on a fnrm tOUth of h< re. The par ?
takes were made by Mrs. O. K. Melnts,
Tt Is believed she mixed, accidentally.
a lorn of amvnioal poison used by
hOf huahaJld in taxidermy and pre*
pared the pancake fiour. Neither Mr.
nor Mrs. Melnts ale the pancake^.
Favorable Itcport on Giiiyson.
Washington, Jan. 30.?The senate
naval committee favorably reported
the nomination of Dr. Cnry T. Gray?
son to be rear admiral. The commit
teo was divided on a party basis.
ACT ON IMPORTANT MEASURES
PRESIDENT RELIEVES THAT
HILLS HE IS INTERESTED IN
WILL PASS AT PRESENT
Wilson Wishes Postmasters Placed
Under Civil Service Provision*?
Holds Conferences in Visit to Catil
tol?Various Bills Discussed.
Washington, Jan. 29.?After a series
of conferences at the capltol on' prac?
tically all features of his legislative
programme, President Wilson told his
advisers today that he believed there
would be action at this session on
every important measure in which he
is interested. With members of the
senate and house ho had dUcusso.d
means of preventing railroad strikes,
vocational education, revenue, flood
control, the general land leasing bill,
the Puerto Rico bill, a measurejto
allow American exporters to form
common selling agencies abroad, in?
creased pay for federal employes an i
the placing of postmasters under cle'l
The president told Senator Pom
dexter he favored extension of civil
service requirements to all postm^
ters. He previously has urged a pro?
posal of this kind and Postmaster Gen?
eral Burleson has indorsed it in M\b
annual report. It is expected to meet
with aome Democratic opposition.
Representative Sims of Tennessee,
a member of the house interstate com?
merce committee considering the rail?
road programme, told the president
he did not believe the house would
approve the president's recommenda?
tion of a section prohibiting strikes
or lockouts pending investigation.
The president said ho would not in?
sist on any particular form of legis?
lation but that it was absolutely neces?
sary to decide on some means of pre?
venting strikes on railroads. Admin?
istration leaders are working on a
compromise measure which the pr?|
as urged by the brotherhood, hut adds
a representative of the public.
Charges that fraud is involved in
at least some of the claims to oil lands
in thoAVost Included In naval oil pre?
serves dealt with In tho general leas?
ing bills were made to the president
by Senator Hustings of Wisconsin. Tho
president has not finally made up his
mind what stand to take.
Discussing vocational education
legislation with Senator Hoke Smith,
the president said he favored the bill
passed by the senate over that adopt?
ed by the house.
Senator Ransdell told Mr. Wilson
that when the rivers and harbors bill
is brought UP ip tho senate on effort
will be made to attach to It tho ad?
ministration proposal, eliminated in
the house, creating a board to inves?
tigate and coordinate / all improve?
ments having to do with flood con?
trol,- river improvements and Irri?
Tho Webb bill for Common sell?
ing agencies abroad for American ex?
porters, already passed by the house,
wan gone over in detail with the presi?
dent by Senator Pomerenc, who told
of amendments he expected to offer
in committee. These amendments are
designed to prevent exporters from
using the combined one for* foreign
trade to Increase prices in the United
States and would authorize the fed?
eral trade commission to investigate
wrong practices and report to the
department of justice.
In discussing increased pay for fed?
eral employes with a committee from
the federal employes' union, present?
ing a petition signed with 50,000
names, the president indicated that
ho favored increases, if possible.
"I have been on a salary all my
life," he said, "and therefore can
sympathize with others in the same
In the midst of his legislative con?
ferences the president was interrupt?
ed by 20 Indians, who wanted to
shake hands. He listened with a
puzzled expression while one of them
addressed him in an Indian dialect,
assisted by tho sign language. Then
he smiled when an interpreter told
him the Indians wanted no favors
but merely desired to greet "the
great white father."
TOLLMAN PRESENTS APPROVAL.
Submits Rosolnttans Adopted by south
Carolina Legislature Indorsing Wil?
son Peace Plan.
Washington, Jan. 19,?Senator Till
man submitted to the senate today a
copy of resolutions adopted by the
South Carolina legislature Indorsing
President Wilson's proposal that tho
United States take the initiative aft< t
the European war to form a league
of nations to enforce peace.
SMITH SUCCEEDS N'UURIN.
CHOSEN WAREHOUSE COMMIS?
SIONER ON SIXTEENTH BAL?
Cotton Buyer and Mill Man of Orange
burg to Manage Warehouse System
?I* Successful Business Man.
Columbia, Jan. 31.?Wattie Gaillard
Smith of Orangeburg was elected
Stato warehouse commissioner on the
sixteenth ballot last night. Tho gen?
eral ansembly deadlock began to
break on tho fourteenth ballot, and
after the fifteenth John J. McMahan
of Riehland, one of the three leading
candidates withdrew, leaving only J.
A. Drake and W. G. Smith in the race
i Mr. Smith won by a vote of 82 to 7:'..
Mr. Smith was in the hall at the time
and his friends gathered about him
to offer congratulations.
On the first ballot last night there
were six men in the race, G. L. Toole
of Alken withdrawing; Sumner of So?
ciety Hill being placed in nomination
by Senator Lec of Darlington. J. A.
Drake led on this ballot with G6; John
J. McMahan was second with 49, and
the winning candidate third with 37.
The next balot saw Mr. Drake retain
the lead with C2, and Mr. Smith pass?
ed Mr. McMahan, 4 4 to 42. The
fourteenth ballot saw Mr. Drake lend?
ing again with 64; Mr. Smith second
with 52 and McMahan'third with 41.
Mr. McLaurin did not score and Mr.
Bradley received one vote. The
fifteenth ballot saw Mr. Bradley elim?
inated and while Mr. Drake kept his
64 votes, Mr. Smith crawled up to
58 and Mr. McMahan dropped to 36.
Senator Ketchin withdrew Mr. Mc
Mahan's name and on the next ballot
Mr. Smith was elected.
Wattie Gaillard Smith, who was last
night elected head of the State ware?
house system to succeed John Ij. Mc?
Laurin is a well known figure through?
out the State. He is a cotton buyer
and business man of Orangeburg, He
By his experience he is well equipped
to make a successful manager of tho
AWARDS OFFICE TO REPUBLICAN
Court Holds Campbell Governor of
Phoenix, Ariz., Jan. 27.?The Arb
I zona supreme court late today return?
ed a decision holding that Thomas
E. Campbell (Republican) is the do
facto governor of Arizona.
The decision ousts G. W. P. Hunt
(Democrat) who had claimed re?
Tho opinion holds that tho certifi?
cate of election issued to Campbell Is
prima facie evidence of his elctiou.
The court issued no writ, stating its
belief that Hunt would surrender thQ
office, but declaring that if he did
not, a writ would be issued.
Mr. Hunt said tonight be would not
appear at the State house on Monday
and that the oflice and its belong?
ings would be surrendered to Gov.
HUMTKK CROOK EN CAPITAL?
Crank or Faker Calls on Columbia
Housekeepers With Specious story.
Columbia, Jan. 30.?Some faker,
presumably the same man who re?
cently operated in Sumter, is calling
at Columbia residences, householders
I complain, and on pretence of having
been sent by the health authorities,
' or by a friend, is asking impertinent
! questions and attempting to obtain
' money for advice. At one house ho
' represented himself as "Dr. Rogers of
Charleston." Floyd D. Rogers, M.
I)., the Columbia physician, said this
was the second time within a month
that he had heard of a man giving the
name of Rodgers who sought ?.o
ileece Columbians. A citizen who re?
ported tho matter to The State sug?
gested that people be warned against
plausible strangers offering medical
advice or eyeplasses for sale.
MARRIED, NOT DEAD.
ruinous Sculptor Takes Wife at Age
Paris, Jan. 30.?Auguste Rodin, the
famous sculptor, Instead of boing ill
as was stated in the newspapers yes?
terday, was married to Mile. Rose
Bturrt, according to the announce?
ment, Rodin is 7ti years old.
BRITISH CASUALTY MST.
Loss During January Exceeded Thir?
London, Jan. 31.- The total British
casualties during January are publish?
ed as 900 officers and 31,39 1 men.
KITCHEN'S REVENUE BILL, j
NEW MEASURE WOULD PRODUCE
QUARTER BILLION 1TNDS.
Quick Action is Expected by Com?
mittee on This Most Important Bill
?$102,389,939 to Be Provided.
Washington, Jan. 29.?The new rev?
enue bill, embracing excess profits i
and increased inheritance taxes de
signed to produce $248,000,000 and
a bond issue not exceeding $100,000,
000 to meet the threatened deficit next I
year, was reported today by the house
ways and means committee. Demo- I
cratic members voted solidly for it.
and the Republicans against it. The
bill will be considered in the house
tomorrow. Chairman Kite hin an?
Chairman Kitchin in presenting the
committee report said he expected to
reach a vote on it late Wednesday.
, The committee estimated the amount
j necessary to be raised at $402,389,929.
It stated that bond issue to reim- |
1 burse the treasury would aggregate '
$195,256,292, including $162,418,000 !
for expenditures in< ident to the Mex- 1
ican situation to June 30 ne?:t, $21,-i
838,292 for Alaskan railway construe-j
tion to June 30, 191S, and $11,000,0001
for the armor plant. Tho estimated
amount to be raised by taxation was
placed by the report at $207,133,647 j
and the total estimated additional re?
ceipts under the proposed bill it $24 8,
000,000, which comprises $226,000,000
from the excess profits tax and $22.
00,000 from the estate tax.
The Republican members of the
ways and means committee agreed to?
day upon a minority report which
I suggests that the needed revenue be
I raised by a protective tariff law In
! stead of by a direct tax.
LOUISIANA MURDERERS CON?
Four Negroes Found Guilty of Killing
j Andereon Heard, negroes, were eW
i victed today of killing five members
of the family of John Nelson Reeves,
last December. The verdict against
Tyson and Peters calls for the death
penalty. The others get life sen?
MONROE DOCTRINE UNCHANGED.
Senator Lewis Introduces Resolution
Declaring Sense of the Senate.
Washington, Jan. 30.?Senator Lew?
is, of Illinois, today introduced a reso?
lution which should express it to be
the sense of the senate that Presi?
dent Wilson's peace address does not
propose the abolition of the Monroe
doctrine, nor propose military Oggres
j sin by the United States. He asked
i that the resolution lie on the table.
Senator Cummins, in opening the
senate debate on the president's peace
proposals said they involve the Unit?
ed States either in a constant world
war or In constant rebellion against
the authority world sovereignty pro?
WAR FRONTS QUIET.
j Nothing Much Reported In War Bul
! let ins Excepi in Verdun Section.
New York, Jan. 30.?The onl: ac
I tlvity during the last twenty-four
' hours on the war fronts developed in
j the region of Hill :10 ! in the Verdun
section. Berlin reports that the
French were repulsed In an attempt
to regain the ground recently lost In
! Paris mentions that a German hand j
grenade attack was stopped by gunfire, j
French airmen yesterday brought, j
down three German machines, Paris
FIRED ON TRAIN.
Villa Bands Making Traveling Dan?
gerous for Refugees.
Juarez, Jan. 31.?A Mexican Ceti-'
tral passenger train arriving last nlghi
was fired on by Villa followers at
Montesuma, one hundred and ten
miles south of here yesterday.
WOULD KILL LLOYD-GEORGE.
Conspiracy to Assassinate English
London, Jan. 31.?A conspiracy to
murder Premier Lloyd-George is re?
ported by the Dall) Sketch, which
says that an arrest of throe Women
suffragettes and a man has been made.
The man is described as a "conscien?
tious objector t?> military service."
The Dally Mail reported the nrrsct
yesterday of a man and two women :it
Derby, and a third woman at South?
ampton, whose trial at Derby will
probably attract the widest atten?
IMMIGRATH - 1ILL MEETS VETO
LITERACY 1 ? CAUSE OF PRES?
IDE: ? ACTION.
Wilson Again Uses to Assent to
Measure Wmcn Would Bar Illiter?
ates From Refuge and Opportunity
in Western Republic?Will be Fight
Washington, Jan. 29.?President
Wilson today vetoed the immigration
bill passed recently by congress, be?
cause of its literacy test provision.
It was the second time that Presi?
dent Wilson had vetoed an immigra?
tion measure because of the literacy
test and for the same reason simi?
lar measures were given by Presidencs
Taft and Cleveland.
The president's message to the
house, in which the bill originated,
"I very much regret to return this
bill without my signature.
"In most of the provisions of the
bill I should be very glad to concur
but I can not rid myself of the con
I vtetton that the literacy test constl
! tutes a radical change in the policy
j of the nation which is not justified in
j principle. It is not a test of charac
| ter, of quality or of personal fitness
1 but would operate in most cases
merely as a penalty for lack of op?
portunity in the country from which
the alien seeking admission came.
The oportunity to gain an education
is in many cases one of the chief op
j portunities sought by the immigrant
I in coming to the United States and
j our experience in the past has not
been that the illiterate immigrant is
I as such an undesirable immigrant.
Tests of quality and of purpose can
not be objected to on principle but
tests of opportunity surely may be.
"Moreover, even if this test might
be equitably insisted on, one of the
exceptions proposed to its application
involves a provision which might lead
to a very delicate und hazardous dip?
lomatic situation. ,~
o^^P^rTTve to the satisfaction of
the proper immigration officer or to
the secretary of labor that they are
seeking admission to the Un?ed
States to avoid religious persecution
in the country of their last perma?
nent residence, whether such perse?
cution be evidenced by overt acts or
by laws or governmental regulations
that discriminate against the alien
or the race to which he belongs be?
cause cf his religious faith.'
?'Such a provision, so applied and
administered, would oblige the officer
concerned in effect to pass judgment
upon the laws and practices of a for?
eign government and declare that they
did or did not constitute religious per?
secution. This would, to say the least,
be a most invidious function for any
administrative officer of this govern?
ment to perform and it is not only
possible but probable that very serious
questions of international justice and
comity would arise between this gov?
ernment and the government or gov?
ernments thus olficialfy condemned
should its exercise be adopted.
"I dare say that these conse?
quences were not in the minds of the
proponents of this provision but the
provision separately and in itself ren?
ders it unwise for me to give my as?
sent to this legislation in its present
When the message was read in the
house it was ordered to lie on the
table until Thursday morning and
champions of the bill began laying
their plans for an effort to override
the veto. Chairman Burnett announc?
ed tonight that he would move for a
vote Thursday. Two years ago the
house lacked only four votes of the
necessary two-thirds majority to pass
the bill over the veto, the yeas being
261 and the nays 13fi. The attempt
having failed in the house no action
was taken by the senate.
When President Taft vetoed a sim?
ilar measure because of the literacy
test, the senate succeeded in over?
riding him by more than a two-thirds
majority but the house fell short about
a dozen votes.
The bill which the president vetoed
today passed the house last March,
308 to 87, and the senate in Decem?
ber, G4 to 7.
BIGGEST OF ALL BUSINESSES.
Bled Trust Did Gross Business of
More Than a Billion and a Quarter
New York. .Tan. 31.?An analysis of
the statement issued yesterday by the
United States Steel corporation show?
ing net earnings of the year to have
been more than |323,0#6,AOO dls*
?loses the fact that the corporation
doubtless must have: done an annual
gross business in excess of one and a
quarter billion dollars.