Newspaper Page Text
IMPERIAL CHANCELLOR SAYS
THAT GERMANY IS PLAYING
BEST CARD TO WIK.
Be*ftunan-Holl weg Declares That Se
l-to if new of Undersea Warfare la
Pally Understood by Central Pow
Bat la Only Step to Save Thcni
Destruction at Hands of Their
Berlin. Jan. St (via London, Feb.
1.)?Chancellor von Bethman Holl v.?? ?
and other ministers attended an im?
portant meeting of the ways and
moans committee of the relchstag to?
day at which the entire situation was
gone over and new steps planned by
the central powers were considered.
The chancellor opened the sitting
with a spech of which the keynote
"We have been challenged te fight
to the end. We accept the challenge,
we stake everything and we shall be
The secretary of State for the ad
mlralty spoke of the situation from
the technical, military and naval
viewpoint. Detailed statistical data
In regard to the economic position of
the world was supplied by the secre?
tary of the Interior and Foreign Sec?
retary Zimmerman replied to several
The committee then went Into se?
cret session at which speeches were
made by representatives of the Cen?
tres, National, Liberal and Progres?
In his address Chancellor von Beth
raann-Hollweg explained why in
March and May of last year he had
oppteed unrestricted submarine war?
fare, and why again In September,
"according to the unanimous Judg
merl of the political and iutl'*ary au?
thorities, the question was considered
t +4 for dec is* >n."
The chancellor repeated his previ?
ous utterance that as soon as he, In
aepounent with the supreme army
command, reached the conviction that
ruth sos submarine war would bring
Germany nearer a victory the u-boat
war wobld be start* 1.
"By thla development of the situa?
tion the decision concerning sub?
marine warfare haa been forced tnto
the last ' stage," said the chan
coUor.->v>Ofwe question of u-boat wa-,
an mesa^bars of the relchstag will re
has, oooupied us throe
Jus* aess*?**? ?i las?
Oft ceA frooojieh* In en exhaus?
tive statement I expounded the points
fee and against this question. I
emphasised on each occasion that I
wga speaking protempore and not as
g supoprter in principle or opponent
111 principle of the unrestricted em?
ployment of u-boats, but In considera?
tion qf the military, political and eco?
nomic situation aa ? whole.
"I have always preceded from the
standpoint whether u-boat war would
bring gs nearer victorious peace or
not Every means, I Said In March,
that Was calculated to shorten tho
War constituted the most humane
no Hoy to follow When the moot ruth?
less methods are considered best cal?
culated to lead us to victory and
gwift fVettity, I said then they murt
"This moment has now arrived.
Last autumn the time was not yet
ripe, but today the moment has como
when, withy the greatest prospects of
success, wa dan undertake the sate:'
prise. We must, therefore, not wait
"Where has there been any changes
In the situation?" the chancellor a.dc
ed. "In the first place the moat im?
portant fact of all Is that the number
of our submarines has b?en very con?
siderably Increased as compared with
last spring, and thereby a Arm ba.? *
for success has been established.
The second conclusive reason is the
bod cereal harvest of tho w orld. This
fact already confronts England,
France and Italy with serious difficul?
ties which by means of unrestricted
u-boat warfare will be brought to a
point of unbearableness. Tho coal
question, too, Is a vital question hi
war. Already It Is critical, as you
know. In Italy and France. Our sub?
marines will make It still more criti?
' To this must be added especially
oro for the production of munitions,
aa regards England the supply of
In tho widest sense, and of timber
for coal mines. The enemy's difficul?
ties are rendered still more acute by
the increasing lack of enemy oargs
space. In this respect time und
u-boat and cruiser warfare have pre?
pared the ground for the dccls.vc
"The entente suffers owing to luck
of cargo space. The lack makes Ii?
?elf felt In Italy and France no less
than In England. If we may n >H
venture to estimate the positive ? I?
vantage of unrestricted u-bont I i
at a very much higher value t I
last spring the dangers which arise
for us from u-boat war have corre?
spondingly decreased since that time"
The chancellor referred to military
aTalrs as follows:
"A few days rsco Field Hersfc
von Hindenburg described tho I tu
tion to me thus: Our fronts stand
firm' on all sides. We have every?
where" the requisite reserves. The
spirit of our troops is good and con?
fident. The military situation as a
whole permits us to accept all con?
sequences which unrestricted u-boat
war may bring and as this u-boat war
is the means of injuring our enemies
the most grevlously, It must be be?
"The admiralty staff and the high
seas fleet entertain the firm convic?
tion?a conviction which has prac?
tical support in the experienced gain?
ed in u-boat cruiser warfare?that
Great Britain will be brought to peace
by arms. Our allies agree with our
views. Austria-Hungary adheres to
our procedure also in practice. Just
as we lay a blockaded area around
Great Britain and the west const, of
France in which we will try to prevent
all shipping traffic to the enemy coun?
tries, Austria-Hungary declares a
blockaded area around Italy.
"To all neutral countries a free
path for mutual Intercourse is left
outside the blockade area. To
America we offer, as we did In 1915,
safe passenger traffic under definite
conditions even with Great Britain."
The chancellor here read the note'
to tho United States and said that cor?
responding notes had been sent to he
other neutral states. He concluded
'No one among us will close his
eyes to the seriousness of the step we
are taking. That our existence is at
stake every one knows aince August
4. it 14, and this has been brutally
emphasised by the rejection of our
P3ace offer. When In 1914 we had
to seise and have recourse to the
sword against Russia's general mob?
ilization we did so with the deepest
sense of responsibility toward our
people and conscious of resoluio
strength which says: 'We must und
therefore we can.' Endless streams
of blood have been shed, but they
have not washed away the 'must' and
"In deciding to employ our best and
sharpest weapon we are guided solely
by all the circumstances that come
lato the question and by the firm de?
termination to help our peoiple out
of the distress and disgrace which our
enemies contemplate for them. Suc?
cess lies in a higher hand, but as re?
gards all that human strength can do
to enforce success for the fatherland,
be assured, gentlemen, that nothing
has been ae?le"ted. Everything in
this respect wlB be deny . ?
S, S. WOBJLKR COMING.
Dr. William A. Brown of Chicago to
Be Here February 9th.
Dr. William A. Brown, of Chicago,
missionary superintendent of the In?
ternational Sunday School Associa?
tion, will be the chief speaker at the
Sumter County Sunday School Asso?
ciation meeting which will be held In
Trinity Methodist church on February
9. An interesting program has been
arranged for the morning, afternoon
and night sessions and it is desired
that a big attendance be on hand
Mr. C. L. Cuttino is president of the
County assorlation and Mr. C. E.
Stubbs is secretary.
The program for the county con?
Morning Session. .
i0:15?Devotional Service?By Dr.
R. 8. Truesdale, pastor Trinity Meth?
10:30?Story Telling for Character
Building?By Miss Agnes Bavcnel.
11:00?The Sunday School Organiz?
ed for Service?By R. D. Webb. Gen
11:30?Reports of County Officers:
(a) Preeident, (b) Secretary-Treasur?
er; (c) Division Superintendents.
I 11:45?The Three Great Superla?
tives?By Dr. William A. Brown, Mis?
sionary Superintendent International
Sunday School Association.
It:20?Appointment of Commltttes.
Adjournment for Dinner.
3:00?Devotional Service?By Dr.
W. E. Thayer, pastor Sumter Baptist
3:10?Reports of District Presi?
3:20?The Growing Sunday School
?By R. D. Webb.
3:60?Fundamental Principles In
Work with the Teens?By Miss Agr.es
4:20?The Rights of the Child ? By
Dr. William A. Brown.
4:50?Reports of Committee;?.
7:30?Devotional Service?By Rev.
J. P. Marlon, pastor Sumter Presby?
7:46?Our Program of Service In
South Carolina?By R. D. Webb.
8:10?The New Day In Sunday
School Work in South Carolina?By
Dr. William A. Brown.
Columbia, Feb. 3.?At the r?<in
of his father, Theodore McCloud wq
met at the Seabourd station yesfc ? I >
moi ling by Policemen Talon and
Kramer and will be held awaiting
further advices from the father, who
lives In Sumter. The boy had t . u t
ly run away from home.
TO PROTECT AMERICAN RIGHTS
TOLLMAN SPEAKS PLAINLY OF
Would Use the Navy?Thinks Every
Ship, Man and tiun Should be Em?
ployed In Defense of Sea Trade.
Washington, Feb. 1.?The situation
arising from Germany's announced in?
tention to pursue a ruthless subma?
rine warfare in the future was re?
garded by senators today as the most I
serious which has confronted th.j
United States since the war in Europe
began. Although some of the sena?
tors were willing to express their
views on the declaration of Germany,
there was a general air of waiting
and expectancy about the senate
??What will the president do?" was
the question on every lip.
The opinion was expressed that he
probably would make some announce?
ment to congress or to the congres?
sional leaders before finally acting.
It was recalled that In a former crsls
it was stated that the pre .dent
would fully inform congress or the
leaders before he took any final steps
looking to the breaking off of diplo?
matic relations with Germany or any
of the belligerents.
Senator Tillman, chairman of the
naval affairs committee, said there
was only one thing to do in the cir?
"We should tell the diplomatic rep?
resentatives of Teutonic governments
in Washington to pack up and go
back to their fellow barbarians at
once. We should protect the rights
of the people of the United States
on the high seas with every man,
ship and gun in our navy. The sug?
gestion Is Intolerable to contemplate."
MISS H. F. RONAN RESIGNS.
Principal of Confederate College for
SS Years Resigns.
The resignation of Miss Harriet F.
Ronan, for twenty-eight years prin?
cipal of the school, was submitted this
morning at the annual meeting of the
Confederate College .and Miss Susan
K. Maxyck, former assistant principal,
and who has been acting as principle;
since Mise Ronan's illness forced her
to retire, has been elected temporarily,
to till her place.
^ Mies Realm ha4 dMag her 28 yeai?
of active service been, absent from
her duties as principle only three
days. She was quite sick, however,'
some time ago, and although recover?
ed now, has taken this action on the
advice of her physician.
The board of control was elected
for the ensuing year, and held a meet?
ing for the purpose of organizing af?
ter that of the association had come
to an end. Mrs. W. B. Frost was
Glimpses of the Dark Corner.
Dark Corner, Jan. 31.?It is raining
again here this morning. We are
having lots of rain these days, so
much that farmers have done very
little towards preparing for another
We are having measles around here
and they are still here. Mr. Arthur
Johnston has had them and Is well.
Mr. Joe Johnston has had two chil?
dren, Misses Bertha and Maggie
(those two running girls of field day
fame) to be very sick with measles,
but they are better. He has four
more children and his wife to have
Rev. Corbett of Dalzell, the new
Methodist preacher, spent last Satur?
day night and Sunday at the "Syca?
mores" with Mr. T. H. Osteen and
preached a fine sermon at the church j
here yesterday at 4 o'clock. He Is to
preach for us again on the second
Sunday in February at 11 o'clock in
the morning, and Rev. Willam Hayns?
worth will preach for us the same
second Sunday at 4 o'clock p. m. The
Sunday school and prayer meeting are
Retting along nicely at the church
Mr. Dewey Reynolds, a young man
from Paxvllle, led the prayer meet?
ing here last night. Come again
Mr. I? E. Avin had one of his
mules hooked by one of his COWS some
days ago and the mule has not been
=?o it could work since, but is seems
to be getting better now.
Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Johnston visit?
ed Mr. H. C. Scott, their son-in-law,
at Paxvllle yesterday.
Mr. Rollln Scott of Paxvllle visited
his uncle,, Joe Johnston, h^re yes?
Mr. R. N. Owen and son, Mr. John
Owen, of Orangeburg, visited at the
"Sycamores" a feu* days at?o.
Mr. Douglas Uartlette of Sumter
visited his grandmother, Mrs. S. A. T.
Lackey, here some days ago.
Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Kolb of Priva?
teer attended preaching here Sun?
day evening and beard Rev. Corbett.
1 have been suffering a good deal
?f late which is the reason I have not
written more for the Watchman and
Southern, Hope to write oftener in
the near future. "Hard Times."
AMERICAN POLICY DETERMINED
BELIEVED THAT WILSON HAS
DISPATCHED NOTE TO GER?
MANY ON SUBMARINE
Matter is Kept Secret and Only Few
Officials Know Contents of Commu?
nication Said to Have Been Formu?
lated??G erman Ambassador Said to
be Expecting Severance of Diplo?
Washington, Feb. 1.?Whatever
course of action President Wilson
has chosen to meet Germany's decla?
ration of unrestricted submarine
warfare is known only to three oivj
four members of his official family.
Neither the cabinet as a whole nor
the foreign affairs committee of con?
One high official close to the pres?
ident declares tonight that no com?
munication had been sent to Berlin
or to Count von Bernstorff, who out?
wardly was expecting a severance of
There was every indication In of?
ficial quarters that a note had been
determined upon but the Indication*
as to whether it actually had been
di patched were about evenly divid?
ed, with a few high officials as
authority that it had not and some
others who gave intimations of a be?
lief that it had.
From under the curtain of official
silence drawn closely over every move
today came various indications tak?
en everywhere as Index figures point?
ing towards the probable course of
the United States.
It was undisputed that the govern?
ment would not permit Germany's
announcement to stand without chal?
lenge but whether President Wilson's
answer will be a solemn warning of
a break in diplomatic relations if
Germany's campaign of ruthlessness
is carried into execution or actual?
ly; a severance of relations without
further waiting, remained undisclosed.
White House officials and Secretary
Lansing followed the same course
they have adopted in previous oc
esslons when a communication had
been dispatched to Berlin and they
were awaiting its receipt in the Ger
capltal before making any anr
'cement in this country. It was
rse of absolute silence; of -fiat
l to disclose any informative
ever; to discuss the subject'In
Way or to answer any inquiries
All the day's developments followed
this same course, which has become
familiar to close observers of the
procedure of the administration when
it is dealing with a foreign crisis.'
Secretary Lansing began by deny?
ing himself to all callers. Notwith?
standing that it was the regular dav
for receiving representatives of for?
eign governments at the state de?
partment, he declined to receive such
persons as the British and Japanese
ambassadors and they were turned
over to subordinate officials.
It became known then that Mr.
Lansing was engaged at work "on
something for the president."
Shortly before noon the secretary
went to the White House, taking with
him some documents and instead of
going to the executive offices he and
the president conferred undisturbed
in the mansion itself, where he and
the' president remained for more than
When he left the president Mr.
Lansing refused absolutely to discuss
the situation or answer any inquiries.
Then later in the day when ho met
the newspaper correspondents he
said, "Gentlemen, I have nothing to
tell you; neither will I answer any
He modified this later statement
only to say he had no communication
throughout the day with the German
ambassador, adding that there was
no prospect of any announcement
during the night.
Among all officials capable of
knowing the probable course of the
president, the only point of doubt
seemed to be whether a communica?
tion to Germany would carry only
a warning or whether it would con?
sider Germany's declaration sufficient
in itself for action. All seemed to
take it for granted that a decision
had quickly been determined upon.
It was pointed out that one reason
for. withholding knowledge of the
president's course is the necessity of
completing certain arrangements,
many of a physical character, to pre?
pare the country for eventualities
which would be expected to follow a
diplomatic break. The safeguarding
of American ports, safety of Ameri?
cans in Germany, the presence of
German ships in American harbon
and many other considerations are
The last correspondence with Ger?
many which demanded the total
abandonment of such submarine war
fare as the central powers are abouv
to resume, declared that the United
States would sever diplomatic rela?
tions "altogether." That is inter?
preted as leaving no opportunity for
half way measures; it means the with?
drawal of Ambassador Gerard and the
whole embassy staff from Herlin and
the closing of the German embassy
here. Inasmuch as any action by the
United States would be directed
against Germany as a nation and not
against her ambassador as an indi?
vidual, it was not thought likely that
a severance would be announced by
the delivery of passports to Count von
Bernstorff but would be preceded by
formal notification to Berlin of the
American government's decision. The
delivery of passports to the ambas?
sador would be left as fprmality of
Germany's views as expressed in
this note is that neutrals should not
object to the German blockade inas?
much as they have been unable to
raise the British blockade. American
ships venturing into the barred zones,
it was frankly stated, would be in
danger of being sunk but it was de?
clared that Germany and her allies
would give up the campaign of ruth
lessness should neutrals acting togeth?
er cause Great Britain to raise her
blockade, or should there be a peace
Austria and Turkey are expected to
make similar war zone declarations.
The first notification that Austria has
joined Germany was in the news dis?
patches from Paris. No official an?
nouncement had reached here to?
The only announcement the Ger?
man ambassador made today was to
deny published reports that he had
told a friend that he exepected to re?
ceive his passports within 48 hours.
There was no denying, however, that
Count von Bernstorff fully expected
the action of the United States to be
swift and decisive. It became known
that several times during the last
week he has attempted to discourage
Americans from sailing for Europe.
He has declined to write letters of in
troduction for friends and on other
pretexts without disclosing his knowl?
edge of what was about to happen has
done his best to discourage them from
going to Europe.
Chairman Stone of the senate for?
eign relations committee, who has
been In St. Louis, telegraphed to the
White House that he was hurrying
back and would arrive at 1 p. m. to?
On a previous occasion the presi?
dent told members of the committee
that before breaking relation* with
any country he would inform tr. em.
Col. House spent the day here but
left tonight for New York. In ad?
dition to a long talk wlththe presi?
dent he saw Secretary I^nainaT^^oun^
sellor Polk-of the state department;
Secretary McAdoo and Postmaster
Public opinion in this country is
being carefully considered not so
much as a decisive force, but as in
dicati..j the limit of the first step
to be taken. The officials realize
that a severe mental wrench must
be experienced to turn public thought
from hopes of peace to the eventuali?
ties of German's action.
There apparently is ho division in
official opinion that Germany's an?
nouncement justifies this country in
severing diplomatic relations, or tak?
ing belligerent steps to safeguard
American rights. The present situa?
tion is regarded as representing a
mature policy made in full considera?
tion that it will cost the friendship
if not the neutrality of the United
States and probably other neutral*.
Preparations are now known to
have been under way in Germany for
months and the information that had
been allowed to pass the censorship
to have been entirely misleading. The
fact stands out that official Germany
has held off from such a policy not
because of international law or con?
sideration for the United States, but
because it did not feel it expedient
at an earlier time.
WOULD STOP FUTURE PRICES.
Charleston, Feb. 1.?The Charleston
cotton exchange today wired New
York and the New Orleans cotton ex?
changes asking them to discontinue
future quotations until normal con?
ditions are restored. Wires were sent
to many exchanges throughout the
South asking that similar requests be
sent New York and New Orleans.
This step was taken because the dis?
organization of the market follow?
ing Germany's declaration for un?
restricted naval warfare which sent
cotton far below its intrinsic value.
No steps have been taken to close
the local market and the matter wll
go before the membership of the ex?
change as a whole first.
Washington, Feb. 1.?Constitution?
ality of South Carolina's law provid?
ing for licensing of insurance brok?
ers and prohibiting residents of other
States from writing fire insurance
policies, was brought into question by
an appeal filed with the supremo
court today by Philip LaTourette, a
New York insurance broker.
Washington, Feb. 2.?Without de?
bate the senate today passed a resolu?
tion introduced by Senator Smith of
South Carolina, directing the attorney
general to investigate the operations
of the New York cotton exchange to
ascertain if there is any restraint of
HOUSE OVERRIDES VETO.
VOTES AGAINST WILSON OS,
Republicans and Democrats G?
Against President in A.Jout Equal
Washington, Feb. 1.?President
Wilson's veto of the immigration bill
because of its literacy test feature
was overridden in the house tonight
by a vote of 286 to 106. Party lines,
were ignored, Republicans and Dem<*
ocrats being almost equally divided.
Tomorrow the action of the bouse
will ae reported to the senate, where
Che bill passed originally by 64 to 7*
Advocates of the measure say the sen*
ate is certain to follow the hou.*e
For 20 years there has been a fight
to esiablish a literacy test as a re?
strict on upon immigration.
Four times such a provision has run
the gauntlet of congress and has been
vetoed at the White House. PresU
dent Cleveland first disapproved a
bill on this ground and congress sus*
tainec his action. President Taft was
the next to reject it. On that occa*
s$en the senate voted to override the
veto but the house failed by nine
votes to give the necssary two-thirds
In 1916 President Wilson vetoed ft
similar bill with the literacy test*
The house lacked only four votes to
override his action then and the sen*
ate did not consider the veto meo*
Tonight the house had 25 votes
more nan the necessary two-thirds
majority. Republican Leader Mannt
and Democratic Leader Kitchln voted
together against the president.
One hundred and forty-nine Demo*
crats and 131 Republicans voted to
override the veto, as did four of tho
five Progressives who voted, Randall,
the Prohibitionist, and Kent, the In-*
dependent, making a total of 286?
Against overriding the veto were 6$
Democrats, 49 Republicans .one Pro?
gresslve and the Ion*-? Socialist in the)
house, Meyer London, making a total
Only four of the South Carolina
delegation are recorded as voting;
Messrs. Aiken, Byrnes, Nicholls and
Ragsdale. All voted to override tag
CLEARS SPAN NELL OF CHARGB,
San Angelo, Texas, Feb. 1.?A vor*
diet of not guilty was returned after,
less than two hours* deliberation to*
day by the jury trying Harry J. Span*
nell of Alpine, Texas, in connection
with the killing of his wife, Crystal
Holland Spanneil, last July.
Spannen was granted a change of
venue to Coleman county on the In*
dictment charging him with having
killed Lieut. Col. M. C. Butler and
was released late today on $5,000
bond. It was stated Spannen prob?
ably will be placed on trial at Cole*
man in May for the killing of Butler*
When news of his acquittal was
taken to Spannell's cell in the county
jail he gave vent to his emotion and
sobbed his wife's name repeatedly.
Spectators who were in the court
room cheered when the verdict wag
POLICE CHIEF HURT.
A. P. Welch of Olanta Suffers Gun?
Olanta, Feb. 1.?Monday night
some one broke into the residence of
Eli Lee, about five miles east of Olan*
ta. Mr. Lee telephoned Chief A, P<
Welch of Olanta to bring his blood*
hound. He reached the scene about
11 o'clock and the dog had no trou*
ble in following the trail to the house
of a negro, Engen Hickson. There
were several negroes in the house.
They put out all lights and refused
the policeman entrance. He went to
a window and turned his flashlight
into the room, and as he did so, some
one shot him with a shotgun, the
greater part of the load going
through his coat near the right pock,
et and only two shots taking effect,
and that in his right arm. It la
thought that the person doing tho
shooting aimed at tho flashlight in.
Welch's hand and that this saved
the policeman from being killed. It
is thought that the negro who did
t'ao shooting, and probably some
others, escaped from the house be?
fore sufficient help could be secured
to guard the house. After daylight
yesterday A. P. Welch, assisted by a
rural policeman, arrested five negroes
and placed them in the lockup here.
A razor strop, said to belong to Mr.
Lee, was found in the pocket of one
of the negroes arrested.
New York, Feb. 2.?Mrs. Margaret
Sanger, birth control advocate, and
her associate, Miss Fania Mortdetl,
were found guilty today of disseminat?
ing information forbidden by law.
They will be sentenced February 8.
Mrs. Sanger is a sister of Mrs. Ethel
Byrne, who went o*n a hunger strike
when sent to the workhouse for 30>
days after her conviction on a similar