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WIK SCOTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850. "Be Jail wad Peer not?Bet ?0 (be enae Thon A Won't at br thy Country'*, Tfcy God'? end Trmtfcm." TUE TUTE SOt ION, EewMlaiuyt ?m \ I fee
Oopsolldated Aug. g, 1881. SDMTER, 8. C, SA^u^RDAY, FEBRUARY 10. 1917. \ ^"^t.ttt, tja m. '
GERARD HEU TONER.
AMERICAN AMBASSADOR AND
CONSULS DETAINED SlY GER
Demand That Guarantee* be Given for
Safety of Ambassador von Bern?
storff end German* in United states
Before American* are Helens
eo> An Ontrageoaa Reflection on
the Good Fmith of the United states
and en Intuit to the American Peo?
ple. ? ?.
Washington. Feb. 8.?Ambassador
Oererd, American consuls and the
American eailora brought in by tho
pruts ship Yarrowdale will be held by
Germany until assurances are receiv?
ed of Ambassador von Bernstorff s
safe conduct and the safety of Oer
man ships in American ports.
Word was received today from
Franco formally granting safe conduct
for Ambassador von Bernstorff and
suite and similar action la awaited
from Great Britain.
State department officials are In
cilned to minimise the importance of
the detention of Ambassador Gerard,
because It le believed it has arisen
largely from misunderstanding and
win soon be straightened out.
It is eaid that. sensat onal reports
are current In Germany that German
shine have been confiscated and their
crews aetued and that pending confir?
mation of these reports Germany has
detained Ambassador Gerard, who is
still in Berlin and not at Berne,
Swttserland, as was thought possible
Sends News or Detention.
London Peb. 8.?A Copenhagen dis?
patch quotes the newspaper Politiken
as saying that Germany will requin
guarantees /that Ambassador Bern
sitiefC ?nd the men on German ships
ts) American ports will bo permitted
the United States before al
Garar1 and oth>
? tSefe Conduct from England.
London. Feb. 8.?Dispatches report?
ing that Ambassador Gerard and all
Americans are being held ns hostages
by Germany eclipsed all other news
It le believed here that there will
be no Insuperable objections raised by
the allies to granting safe conduct to
Ambassador von Bernstorff, but It is
unlikely It will be granted to a large
number of Germans.
TO INVESTIGATE SHORTAGE.
Governor Advises Legislature to Ex.
nailnr Into at State Peniten?
Columbia, Feb. 7.?Gov. Manning
tonight sent to the general assembly
a message In regard to tho alleged
shortage of $20,000 upon the Stato
penitentiary books, calling attention to
the concurrent resolution Introduced
The governor transmitted the rec?
ords of his office. The situation re?
sults from the failure of a Lexington
bunk in which penitentiary funds
were on deposit. The governor calls
attention to affidavits submitted tC
him by the superintendent, made by
business man going to show that the
bank was believed to be sound and
the governor states that the affida?
vit* are on file subject to the inspec?
tion of such committee as may be
appointed by the legislature.
"1 recommend," concludes the gov?
ernor, "that > ?- honorable body
make such invt utlon and iMnlry
ss you may deem advisable, ami give
mich direction to the attorney gen?
eral as you may deem necessary In
protect the Interests of the State, re?
direct that the amount of los.j b?>
written off the books of the penlten
Buenos Ay.***, Feb. 7.?The Aryror.
tins government this evening handed
to the German minister Its reply |o
Germany's notification of the new
sone of naval warfare established by
that country. The Argentine note de?
clared the government regrets thv
the German emperor has thougbt fit
to adopt men uircs gg extreme an I
that Argentina will conform Its con?
duct an always to the principles Md
fundamental rules of lnternnti>
Jacksonville, Peb. 8.?It Is eetlmat
ed from reports reaching hero that
the crop dumnso In Florida from th ?
*ov*re cold of Saturday. Sunday an'
Monday will probably amount to mil?
lions. It Is estimated that 75 per von'.
of the vegetable crop was killed. A '
SCSJgSjej, on the trees r.re said tg
kilted und many trees damaged. ,
SIXTY SHIPS SUNK.
U-BOAT WARF A UK PLAYS HAVOC
Seven Dnys of Murine Frightfulness
HeaiiN Harvest of Sixty Ships of Ag?
gregate Tonnase of 120.000?One
American Ship Among the Number.
New York. Fob. 8.?Sixty ships
have been sunk by submarines or
mines since the new German program
I became effective an February 1st. ac
; cording to careful compilations made
here. With fifteen ' ships lost since
Tuesday, the total tonnage reaches
nearly one hundred and twenty thou?
sand. The Housatonlc is the only
American ship reported sunk thus
THIRTEEN STILL MISSING.
Official Reports Show That Thirteen
Probably Perished When California
New York, Feb. 8.?Official advices
that the British liner, California was
torpedoed without warning have been
received by the Anchor line, with the
names of thirteen passengers, none of
, them Americans, who are reported
SUNK WITHOUT WARNING.
i California Was Tor|?e<loed About Ten
O'clock Wednesday Morning.
j Washington. Feb. 8.?The latest rc
' ports on the destruction of the pas?
senger steamer California received at
i the State department from Consul
! Frost at Queenstown, puts the num?
ber of survivors at one hundred and
sixty-two, the missing at forty-one.
The report says the ship was tor?
pedoed without warning Wednesday
\ morning; about 10 o'clock. Other re?
ports from Consul Frosct say the
British ship Eavestone was also de?
stroyed without warnlag. This point
i had not boon oleared up by previous
adrftetg> ?.?/..???. ii?lilMnB
j i TwtttiVK ONERS IN B-ANGER. .
j Now York, Feb. 8.?Nine pas?
senger liners owned by the entente
. powers, two American and one Hol?
land are today on the high seas be
twoen New York and Europe. All but
I the two American and one Dutch ship.
; are bound east within the danger zone.
I In addition three British shps from
I Now York are due to arrive, but aro
COULDN'T WORK OLD TRICK.
How Savoy Missed (Jetting Hornstorf!">
Washington. Feb. 7.- -Eddie Savoy,
j the veteran messenger of the State
j department, did not have the distin?
guished "pleasure" I of carrying Am?
bassador Bernstorff's passports to him,
; as Savoy expected, according to pro
j vious custom. Assistant Solicitor
' Woolsey did the carrying this time.
Hence Savoy did not have the
chance to work his celebrated "beg
for your autograph" trick. In the old
days, when Savoy would carry such
more or leas embarrassing meFsages,
he would tear off a piece of the en?
velope and respectfully beg the favor
that the ambassador, or minister, as
the case Might be, would give him
(Savoy) a memento inscribing his a"
J.raph upon that bit of paper. Tin n
the "foxy" messenger would take the
i signature back to the secretary of
1 state as conclusive proof that the
J passports had been delivered as in?
COLD KILLS WEEVILS.
1 Millions of the Cotton Pest Frozen in
Georgia, Says 'Hampton Farm AgOM
Spartanbnrg, Feb. C.?J, G. Law
ton, farm demonstration agent Ol
Hampton county, who wai a visitor
in the city yesterday, while talking
of the boll weevil. ga\?? as his opln
ion that the advance of tho InsSi I
had been materially affected by the
cold wave that has passed over Geor
gnV The cold \v:ive. he sa >'.?*, ha:;
killed millions of the weevils and had
hindered their program across |h<
borders of South Carolina.
Mr. LgWtoCJ comes from a part ol
this State that is only twenty mil
distant from the boll wo? vil district
and the" farmers of his section, he
ays, welcome anything to keep this
pest away from their farms.
"The farmers of Hampton Colin*:
know that the boll weevil will reach
them about tho lust part of tie
summer and they ate doing everything
possible to meet the situation," sail
the farm demonstration agtnt, "They
now have over f?00 acres in peanut
and many of tho farmers are growln
soy beans, while others will go into
cattle and hog raising."
Vessel Torpedoed Off Coast of Ireland
Sinking of Passenger Liner May Bring Further Action From
President Wilson?Action is Taken as Indication That
Germany Will Stop at frothing to Garry Out Its Announ?
Washington, Feb. 7?The s|eday
strear! of reports telling of thteJbe
struction of merchant ships by&jHB*
man submarines was brought 1 |Fa
clima:c tonight by \ cablegram tBBfcg
state department from Consul ?
at Queenstown announcing thatEl
British passenger jr Californtl^gay
been torpedoed \w.nout warninflMjm
that an American citizen was <&9mg'
the survivors. . R*.
Whether tl is will prove to bflfce
overt act to drive the United" jjBea,
! into war no one would atterrJt to
say tonight. President Wilson,fifto
? must make the decision, had rMj*ed
when the news came and otnflJS?IJid
not wake him. I^ite in the a ft e ?Km
he had been informed of a mAagc
from Consul Frost telling of t&Hlk
ing of the California, but glvJ?rno
details as to the warning or thewse
ence of Americans. BT
The president undoubtedly V&^Kfedt
for complete report* on th#' .dfJf^Bht'
i before determining whether tMHpe
? has come for him to go to ceinl
to ask authority to "use any ^t9B>s
: that may be necessary for the^l|
tion of our seamen and our jPlfl
The consul's first report
was "one death and HQ hospiui I
amonp the more tbar 200 pJj
board the liner. The aecoiraj
no information concerning cflH
except that the survivors wer?
at Queenstown tonlgjht, ?nj^HH
-belna- John ?. lM~6f *mW*wllity
Ala., the only American known to have
been aboard and that some still wore
missing including two women and
several children. Lee is supposed to
have been a member of the crew, as
his name does not appear on the pas?
senger list made public.
The fact that the American escaped
1 lessened in a degree the excitosment
created by the news, but onjy in a
degree. More than a score of mer?
chant craft have been sent to the bot?
tom in the war zone within the past
24 hours, and 50 or more since the
Corman proclamation of ruthless war?
fare on the seas went into effect laVt
Thursday. It is realized that If no
citizen of the United States was
j among the vie ims, merely was a
fortunate accident and that it can be
only a matter of hours before Ameri?
cans are caught in such wholesale de?
The California, which was bound
from New York for Glasgow, is the
first big passenger steamer to be de?
stroyed since the Arabia was tor?
pedoed months ago. Her sinking has
about swept away the last lingering
hope here that Germany after all
would permit passenger carriers to
escape in an effort to avoid driving
the United States to hostilites.
Tho message from Consul Frost
came at the close of another day de?
voted to energetic preparations for the
war regarded as virtualy inevitable
and to guarding against any act by
the United States which might pre?
The most important step taken was
the sending of telegrams by Secretary
Lansing formally notifying American
ship owners that the state depart?
ment could not advise as to whether
their vessels should sail on voyages
through the war zone, but at thr
same time stating that the rights of
American vessels to traverse all part
of the hitfh seas are the same as they
were prior to the issuance of the Ger?
man declaration, and that a neutral
vessel may take any necessary mcar
11 res to prevent or resent attack if
they believe it is liable to be attacked
This in effect, Informed American
owners that they are at liberty to am
their ships if they desire and sen<l
them to sea prepared to resist Ger?
man nptfression. The text of Mr
Lansing's message was not made pub?
He here for thn reason, it was official'
ly explained, tbat It was sent in re
spouse to inquiries and the govern?
ment desired to avoid making a for?
mal announcement on the subject.
Formal Indorsement of the break
inn off of relations with (lermany Was
uiven by the senate after a the hours'
debate on Senator Stone's resolution
expressing approval of President WW
son's action. Tbe resolution WS
adoptsd by a vote of 78 to r?, two
Democrats and three Uepublicans,
who made the fight against it, stand
j ing alone in opposition when the roll
With the California the immediate
'issue, officials were deeply Impressed
by the complete thoroughness of the
German undersea campaign and its
promise, on the figures of the last
two days, of carrying out Germany's
;threat to isolate England completely.
[Lloyd's reports received here show a
total of 56,600 tons for two days, or
^destruction at the rate of 850,000 a
(V German naval experts have said it
Would be necessary to cut off 1,000,
000 a month completely to isola:
.England. If the present rate of 850,
0D0 destroyed is maintained it is sug
gested that the balance will be more
I than made up by the enormoie
! amount of neutral shipping held ir
" Hereafter the government will seel;
to hove kept secret the fact of do
parture of vessels for the war zone
The treasury department has pre
VfOusly issued strict instruction
against publications of manifests and
IO^Kery effort will be made from now
?d. to allow as little information as
. fusible to And its way to German
e statement to shippers was sent
i tp all who had previously re?
ed a ruling by department and
ring vessels. Among others It
1 went to the ' Standard Oil compahy,
whose offices had ordered all their
huge oil carrying fleet to hold to port.
Whether the implied invitation given
shippers to arm if they see fit will
cause that policy to be adopted 13 un?
known but Information at the navy
department shows that guns are avail
able in practically all navy yards an'J
that gunners could be quickly pro?
Passengers who intended to sail to
Europe are referred by the state de?
partment to officials of the lines on
which they are to sail on the basis
that such officials can, if they wish
show them the opinion rendered by
the department as to their right to
sail and explain to them any meas?
ures that may be taken for their
safety. It is understood from this
that the department will issue no fur?
The Austrian situation seemed mon
hopeless today than at any time since
the German declaration. Char?.
Zwicdliney called at the departmen*
but no details were given out etthei
as to his visit or as to whether infoi
mation explanatory of the Austriai
note has been received from Vienn"
An interview cabled from there, how
ever, indicated Austria's total adhesion
to the German policy and about dis?
pelled what little hope remained f?
a modus vivendi that would prevent
i severance and allow the United
States still to care for the great prise
camps over which she has assumed
J That most of the neutral world Wn I
j line up behind this country at least j
I to the extent of vigorously protest! m
against the German campaign became
evident today with reports that Spain*
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Brazil
Bolivia and probably other Latin
\merican countries would publish
Uieir replies shortly.
While it is not believed that any of
fhese nations, particularly the Euro
peans contiguous to Germany, wi!"
formally sever relations, as this coun
try has done, their protest is valued
is a means of moral condemnation.
After consultation with the presi?
dent. Secretary Baker issued a state?
ment pointing out that Gorman ship?8
it Panama and the Philippine island
had not been seized, as has been re
ported, and that nothing would b
?lone by the American authority
which might i?e considered as ques
tioning their ownership. Because o'
the disabling of some of the ships
powever, precautionary measure
have been adopted.
spokesmen of the administrate ?
went to great pains to emphasize that
the American government will follow
the letter of the law in dealing with
lerman subjects and property In th
ITnltSd States and no oftlcia 1 Of tl1
government have been autht Ised 1
take any steps in violation of tin
ZIMMERMAN SAYS IIIS COUNTRY
SHARKS WILSON'S WISH TO
Glad to Note Iii it Sonic "Words of
Brooch of Relations by the Vailed
London, Feb. 6.?A wireless dis?
patch received today quotes the over?
seas News Agency of Berlin to the
effect that Foreign Secretary Zimmer?
man declared in an interview that
Germany joined with President Wil?
son in the wish that there may be
no conflict and that the German gov?
ernment, after minute examination of
the president's speech to congress, ap?
preciates "those words of non-hos?
REGRETS BREAKIXG OF FRIEND
Germany Sorry United States Has
Severed Relations, Foreign Secre?
Berlin, Sunday, I^eb. 4 (by Wireless
to Sayville), (Delayed).?Although
late this afternoon no official confirm?
ation had reached Berlin that rela?
tions with the United States had been
broken off, the text of President Wil?
son's address to congress remoxeda'l
doubt in the minds of the general
public as well as In the official world
as to the exactness, of earlier private
information. Foreign Secretary Zim?
merman made the following state?
ment to the Overseas News agency:
"We regret this measure taken by
President Wilson, all the more since
against all traditions and all inter?
national law we are cut off from all
direct communication and regular in?
tercourse with the trans-Atlantic
world. Wc also remember that Amer?
ican diplomats during the last mot ths
and years of the war have cared for
German interests by proxy, in several
"The text of the president's mes?
sage has therefore been examined
most minutely. Having no real rea?
son for hostility to the United States,
remembering the traditional friend?
ship which has existed between the
countries practically from the Brat
days of the United States, we nat?
urally appreciate the words of a
rather non-hostile character which,
among others of a different chars -
ter, are found in that message
as transmitted by Reuters. In them
President Wilson gives assurances that
he wishes no 'hostile conflict' with
Germany and I can add that we ap?
preciate this and other paragraphs in
the message, joining In this respect
with President Wilson's note.
"While we think to a certain ex?
tent that we can see by what rea?
sons the United Sttaes government
was prompted to its present attitude,
on the other hand we expect that
President Wilson to the same extent
may recognize the reasons which
prompted us to make our decision."
INSURANCE 1TGHT ENDS.
Bills to Bring Withdrawing Compa?
nies Back to State Pass the House.
Columbia, Feb. 7.?Four of the
seven bills to bring the fire insurance
companies back into South Carolin I
passed their final reading in the
house of representatives this after?
noon and were sent to the senate. Five
of the senate Insurance bills were re?
ceived in the house today.
There was no fight on the measure
repealing the "valued property law."
The house refused to kill the bill on
second reading last night by a vote of
H to 21 and refused to recommit to
lay, the vote being 77 to 50. The pas
^auo to the senate was achieved by a
ballot of ,r?S to 5:J. All the measures
passed by both the house and the sen
?to were recommended by the com?
mission appointed by Gov. Manning
and all the amendments suggested by
the insurance companies were adopt
The insurance companies never pro?
posed to return t<> the State if the
bills are not passed by the general as?
sembly, and the indications now point
to the successful termination of the
insurance dispute, as the \ast major?
ity Of the members of the legislature
are desirous of the companies return?
policy. Even should war come, Ger?
man residents will be treated with the
utmost consideration. it is under
stod thai the government virtually
has determined to observe the terms
if the old Prussian-American treaty
>f 1SJS, under winch the citizens of
each country in the territory of the
other would he given nine months In
which to dispose of their personal and
real property and leave the country.
Win. AMERICA NEUTRAL.
BELLIGERENTS HOPE UNITED
STATES WILL KEEP OUT OF
Those in Washington Incline to Be?
lieve That for This Country to Re?
main Out of Conflict Would be Best
for All Concerned?Need Munitions
Washington, Feb. 6.?Entente dip?
lomats here frankly express their
hope that the United States will not
actually enter the war.
Several of the allies' representa?
tives let it be known today that they
entertained a growing fear that. Ger?
many deliberately precipitated a break
with this country in order to bold
American munitions and supplies here,
thus cutting off imports to the en?
tente, probably more effectively than
any single step that the central pow?
ers could take.
Immensely gratified over the break
I with Germany and the moral con
i demnation thereby implied, the dip
' lomats have been surprised at the en
\ ergy which the American govern
, ment has shown in laying out ita
plans for eventualities and do not con?
ceal their fear that military precau?
tion may force the United States to
I keep at home at least a considerable
' part of supplies now going abroad.
I Such an outcome, they say, would
more than compensate for a mere
break in relations from the German
Even if the United States should un
\ dertake to arm and equip an army for
; operations in Europe, it would require
; nearly a year of training, it is go*
j clared. In the meantime the entente
I spokesmen point out that all the ef?
fort and energy that this country
might be putting forth towards the
military defeat of Germany would go
into channels that could not lead to
that end, unless the war were pro
._.. _ _ . _ , ? ?... ~V v. _ .. ' . . .' ' _ t
rom this c^ pBePWent* *
in case of actual war is the
guarding of American trade channels,
including the American end of tho
route to Europe and the section do'vn
through the Caribbean, especially to?
wards the Tampico oil fields. A great
and unrestricted submarine campaign
would make this a matter of first
importance and provide a heavy task
for the American naval forces.
SHORTAGE AT PENITENTIARY.
State Accountant in Audit of Books
Discovers Lack ot $20,537.65 in
Columbia, Feb. 7.?The house of
representatives yesterday accepted,
without debate, a resolution calling
upon the attorney general to investi?
gate a shortage of $2o,537.G5 shown in
the accounts of the State penitentiary.
The resolution was offered by Repre?
sentative Crum of Bamberg.
The annual report of the State bank
examiner includes the following from
W. W. Bradley, State auditor: "In
auditing the State penitentiary I
found an unaccounted balance of $20,
537.65. This is carried on the books
of the penitentiary as a memorandum,
and I called attention to it in my last
report as such." The report further
recommends that the matter be in?
vestigated, and the resolution yester?
day authorized the attorney general to
report his investigation and conclu?
sion to the next general assembly. The
resolution says in part: "That the at?
torney general is hereby requested to
inquire into and investigate the alleg?
ed shortage and if he deems necessary
bring suit in the name of the State
o recover said amount, or such
amount as he shall And to be due the
LAKE CITY SELLS CATTLE .
Second Venture Proves Great Suc?
T*ike City. Feb. 7.?The second sale
Of cattle and hogs of Lake City was
a mod satisfactory one from every
Viewpoint. The buyers were pleased
with the types offered and the prices
paid were highly satisfactory to the
producers. Hogs sold as high as I.SS
With a large per cent, of the sale
bringing this nrlce and the beef cat?
tle that were ready for butchering
brought I l-'J cents. Through the
efforts of the Chamber of Commerce
a boys' pig club has been organized
and In the near future there Srtll be
Offered a carload of thoroughbred
pigs and a car of grade cattle for
breeding purposes. The interest in
cattle raising is to be judged by the
attendance at these sales then cer?
tainly this community is awake to
the advantage offered by cattle rais?