THE 8UMTKR WATCHMAN, EataV.Uhed April, 1850.
"Be fact and Fear not?Let all che eodt Thon Alme't at be thy Oouafcry'*. Thy Uod'? awo Trat* a."
l'lUfi VIIV1S AUUIULUON, Fit!tlMlllHi J'
Oonsolidated Aur. 2,1881.
SUMTER, S. 0., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1917.
Vol.XLlV. No. 2
TAI m INCREASED.
GALL FOR A STATE TAX
LEVY OF KIOUT AND ?
t* 8U11 Fighting to Retain Quart
a Month Provlaftou in Prohibiton
BID?House* are Far Apart?No
Columbia. Fob. 17.?The general
appropriation bill, carrying 8 1-2
mill* and a total of $8.961.000 for all
purpose*, went to fro conference this
afternoon. The committee on the
part of the senate Is Senator Nells
Christensen, of Beaufort; Senator
Alan Johnston, of Newberry, and
Senator J. W. McCown, of Florence;
on the part of the house, Junius T.
LUes of Orangeburg, and Victor i E.
The senate Mil carries an increase
of one-half mill over the measure
as adopted by the house an increase
in the total general appropriation of
The house, by the narrow margin
of one vote this afternoon, refused to
recommit the bill putting the election
, of game warden in the general elec?
tion. A direct vote on the measure
will be taken late this afternoon.
The senate settled down to strategy
for session into next week. The
Rickey bill, which wss wiped from
the senate calendar, with other sec?
ond reading bills last night, was re?
stored today, as machinery for con?
ciliatory amendments on which the
two houses can compromise on li?
quor legislation. The houses a *e far
apart. The Du Rant bill left the sen?
ate providing for one quart of liquor
Oh a physician's prescription. It wa?
returned to the senate bone-dry. The
upper house is not disposed to cut
out liquor altogether or to allow ship?
ments of beer.
Adjournment not likely before late
Into next week.
PLANT FOR CHURCH PAPER.
Columbia, Feb. lt.?An effort to
Stise 110,000 towarl purchase of
mechanical equipment for The South
era Christian Adovcate, owned by
the two South Carolina conferences
of the Methodist Episcopal church,
South. This action was decided upon
by the board of managers of Tho
Advocate at a meeting held recently
In Columbia. The Advocate is now
printed In Anderson by arrangement
with a Job printing house. The Jour?
nal owns neither editorial quarters
nor mechanical facilities. The Rev.
W. C. Rlrkland Is the editor.
SENTRY KILLS MAN.
iber of Second Sooth Carolina In?
fantry Shoots Man Who Would Not
El Paso, Texas, Feb. 17.?Sentry
from the Second South Carolina in?
fantry, on outpost duty, shot and kill?
ed an unidentified American civilian
last night who refused to halt at
challenge. The sentry has been ar?
GERMANY'S PROPOSALS AN
State Department Makes Public Text
of Proposed Amendments to Treaty
Washington, Feb. 17.?The text of
Oermany's proposal to amend the
Prussian-American treaty so as to
place all Hermans in America and
Americans In Germany on the sm,
bants as other neutrale fSgSfdlnl
their proporty and freedom of move?
ment wss made public by tho State
department today. There Is no Indi?
cation here that Immediate action will
REBEL 111 A DO. E A RTERS CAP
Cuban \drnmrllration Claims Iba
Backbone of Revolution Is Broken
llavans. Feb. 17.?It Is ofhYlalh
announced that Col. Pujol's force
have occupied Clego Avila, the rebe'
headquarters In Camaguey province
The rebels fled, breaking Into smnV
bgnds. Administration officials cla lie
that the backbone of the uprising ii
Camaguey has been broken.
TO BELIEVE PAPER SITCATIOV.
Paper Manufacturers submit Scheme
to I id"nil Truth- Commission.
Washington, Feb. 18.?It Is au?
thoritatively announced that pipe
manufacturers hn\e submitted a pin"
to the federal trade commission to r
Have the paper situation. The d?
S ?'n of the tdnn will l?c announce
BERNAUS HAMPER BELIEF.
RESTRICT MOVEMENTS OF
SHIP AND CARGOES.
Let AmeYicuns stuy, but Make Their
Efforts Far I jess Successful Than
Before by New Regulations.
London. Feb. 16.?While restoring
American control to the relief work
in Belgium, tho Germans still are
hampering the work by restricting
the movements of relief ships and
their cargoes. They have cancelled
the safe conducts for those vessels, j
reports received here say, and have
absolutely prohibited the transport
of merchandise between Great Britain
and Holland. The Germans permit
vessels to approach and leave Rotter?
dam by the North sea route, but this
passage way is so full of British and
Genman mines as to be almost im?
The purchasing activities of the
commission overseas amounting to
; 100,000 tons of foodstuffs monthly al
! ready have been suspended for a fort
I night. Obstructions raised by the
j Germans have held up 160,000 tons
: of foodstuffs. Under existing com'
1 tton the suspension means more than
75,000 tons has been lost to the hun?
gry people of Belgium, while the de
| murrage and other charges on detain?
ed ships exceed 50,000 pounds ster?
ling and increase at the rate of 1,000
CHARGES RAILWAY FAILURE.
Southern Hardwood Traffic Associa?
tion Alleges Failure in Moment of
Memphis. Tenn., Feb. 16.?Resolu?
tions adopted at a meeting here today
of the directors of the Southern Hard?
wood Traffic association, called to
consider action regarding the existing
embargo In effect on Northern and
Eastern railroads and addressed to
the interstate commerce commission,
wpnt. forward to that body by mall
tonight. Tho resolutions declare that
"the transportation system of tho
soundnr .has ???A.^^aL^AoAiiaa when
kk" ^^^^^ ^^eaanM*vn*4Mess*w**~ *
the nation to faring a critical period
in its history." Tho commission is
urged in the resolutions to take such
immediate action, however drastic ar
may be necessary In Its judgment to
afford prompt relief and insure to
tho American public a transportation
system adequate to meet the commer?
cial and military necessities of the na?
Tho membership of the associa?
tion represents 120 manufacturing
concerns in the States of Kentucky,
Tennessee, Missouri, Arkansas, Missis?
sippi, Alabama and Louisiana, ship?
ping normally over 250,000 cars of
forest products annually and em?
ploying approximately 15,000 labor?
ers. The directors at the meeting
today said a complete shutdown must
come unless relief Is given very soon.
ASYLUM VISITORS REPORT.
"Impressed More Than Ever With
Efficiency" of Superintendent, Dr.
Columbia, Feb. 17.?Gov. Manning
has sent to tho general assembly tho
following report from the board of
visitors of the State Hospital for the
"We met today and in a body visit?
ed and Inspected tho above institu?
tion. We arc exceedingly pleased with
tho improvements made on the build?
ings. We urge that the improvement
on the women's ward bo done as early
as possible. There Is a great con?
trast between tho women's depart?
ment and the men's department. We
further suggest that a. separate de?
partment for the feeble minded be
erected, and that this class be taught
[ or trained in whatever way may im?
prove their condition, that they may
become able to supporv. themselves.
We found tho condtlon of the dairy
to be Ideal. We are more than ever
impressed with the efficiency of Dr
Williums, the superintendent, in suc
eeggfeily discharging the duties of his
AMERICAN LINER SAILS.
Philadelphia Homeward Round From
Europe With Passengers.
London, Feb. 16.?Tho Philadel?
phia, the first American vessel to
leave Borons nlnoe the beginning of
the new submarine campaign, sailed
Wednesday, Tho ship carried II pas
sengers, of whom 3S are Americans.
The Philadelphia is unarmed and the
report of the nailing was delayed.
A license to marry has been Issued
to 'a*. I,. Bvana, Sumter, and Miss I
Viola Ardis, Mayesrllla a colored
onpif to secure a license was Danh I
Rtngleton, Wedge field, and Qertb
??-= w -^^^?^?f??
Ordered To Disable
Interned German Ships
Captain Polack of Worth German Lloyds
Says He Was Ordered By Member of
German Embassy To Disable Ma?
chinery of |Steamer Kron
1 Prinzessin Cecilie.
Boston, Fob. 17.?Captain Charts
A. Polack of the North Ooi
Lloyd steamer Kronprinzessin C|
declared in the federal court hei
today that he had been ordered
a man officially connected with
Germany embassy to disable
steamer's machinery. He said
was done to prevent the ship bei
used by the United States in
event of war with Germany.
He declined to give the name
the man giving him the order.
Polacl; said he was in Hoboken,
Jersey, when he received the .<
and telegraphed the chief en|
here to disable the machinery- T?e
work o/ destruction was donei
January 31st and February 1st. ? ;
In declining to give the name 0?J
man who gave him the order
i Polack said he was an officer L. -
German navy and might be tried
treason in Germany if he did so, |
also said that the order to disal
the steamer was given in the ppq
ence of Capt. Moller, superintend
of the German Lloyds in the Unit,
States. The hearing is being held
petition for the sale of the vessel.
Federal Judge Morton said
they pressed the point he would
the vessel owners for contei
acquiescing to the ship's damage.
VOCATIONAL i PLAN PA?
Conference Report on Wilson
Washington, Feb. 16.?The confer?
ence report on the administration vo?
cational education bill was adopted In
the house today and as soon as the
senate has taken similar action the
measure will go to President Wilson
for his signature.
As amended in conference the
bill provides for administration of the
new system by a board comprising
the secretary of agriculture and the
commissioner of education and one
representative of manufacturing and
commercial interests, one representa?
tive of agricultural interests and one
representative of labor, to be nomi?
nated by the president and confirmed
by the senate.
Tho system of specialized educa?
tion in agriculture, trades and indus?
tries would bo administered in co?
operation with the State, each of
which would be required to appro?
priate an amount equal to the fedex*al
fund allotted to It.
NEWS FROM BATTLE FRONT.
Berlin Reports Repulse of French At?
tacks?French Gain in Alsace.
New York, Feb. 17.?French at?
tacks on the Aisno front west of Ber
ry-au-Bac in the Champaigne re?
gion south of Ripont have been re?
pulsed, according to Berlin reports.
Paris reports a French attack
penetrating Herman Salient at Am
merzweiler, .Alsace, capturing pris?
Apparently tho Germans have not
followed up the attack reported yes?
terday in which a half mile of ground
over a front a mile and a-half long
was gained in the Champagne.
The British steamer Lady Ann is
reported sunk. She struck a mine.
PLENTY OF TIME YET.
Iii I man In No Hurry to Make An?
Washington, Feb. lfi.?Senator Till
nian has received many letters fror,
persons in South Carolina on the sub?
ject of his again being in the race for
the senate as brought out by the
statement of Congressman Ragsdalea
few days ago. Asked today whether
he would or would not again offer for
the place, Senator Tillman suhl: "I
Will have time t<? di?> and come to life
live or Sin times before it Is neces?
sary to announce for another term."
St. Paul, Feb. 10. The Minnesota
bouse today passed the State-wide
prohibition bill passed by the senate
yesterday after concurring In the
amendment extending the time toe
law would become effective from Jam
uary l, j'.? l'o, to July i, id?o.
FOOD HOT ONLY PROBLEM.
GERMANY IS HAVING SERIOUS
TROUBLE WITH TRANSPOR?
Railroads and Rolling Stock Have
Deteriorated During War as All
Available Workmen Have Been
Pressed into Service of Munition
Berne, Feb. 17 (By Staff Corre?
spondent Associated Press).?Al?
though the food problem is the most
serious question in Germany, trans?
portation is presenting real difficul?
ties. At the beginning of the war
Germany's railroad was splendidly
equipped, but the deterioration of
rolling stock is causing hardships.
The failure to keep up railroad re?
pairs has been duo to pressing all
available workmen into munitions
manufacture and the shortage of oil.
Trains are used primarily for troop
movement and foodstuffs have been
moving by rivers and canals.
COUNTY SUPPLY BILL PASSED.
Senate Begins Discussion of Appro?
priation Measure?No Changes
Made From Committee Report.
Columbia, Feb. 16.?The senate to?
day passed the county supply bill and
discussion of the appropriat?
ed by the finance committee were
sustained thus far without excep?
tion. The law enforcement fund o/
$5(,000 and $11,000 for the State
Hospital for tho Insane, the law
building appropriation for $40,000
have not yet been reached. The
militia appropriation increase from
$15,000 to $30,000 was approved,
along with the restoration of the
salary of George Brown, mill school
supervisor, to $2,000. This was $2,
000 last year, but the house last week
cut it to $1,500.
WILSON THREATENED ACTION.
News Print Paper Manufacturer*
Brought to Terms by Threat of
Washington, Feb. 17.?It became
known today that the news print
manufacturers agreed to permit the
federal trade commission to deter?
mine a fair scale of prices only when
confronted with the alternative of
personal action by President Wilson
and an extra session of cognress to
pass remedial legislation.
It is said Secretary McAdoo at the
president's direction summoned one
of the principal manufacturers and
informed him that the government
did not propose to remain idle while
the alleged restraint was imposed on
MORE COLONELS CREATED.
Gov. Manning Adds Six New Members
to Mis Staff.
Columbia, Feb. 17.?Eugene H.
Blake, of Greenwood; B. P. Davis, of
Barn well; W. H. Keith, of Timmons
ville; J. C. Duckworth, of Williams
ton; G. D, Walker, of Johnston, and
E. A. Hill, of Tucapau. have been
appointed lieutenant colonels on the
staff of Gov. Manning.
PRINT PAPER INVESTIGATION.
Officers of Paper Manufacturing Com?
panies Before brand dury.
New York, Feb. 10.?Officers of the
news print paper manufactures' as?
sociation, comprising sixty-el ghi
companies and individuals, began tcs
tlfying before the federal grand jury
investigation of paper prices for al?
leged restraint of trade. The publish?
ers Will be called later. The investi?
gation will probably last a month.
NEW YORK PROTECTED.
Steel Net to Guard Against Subma
New York, Feb. 17.?A steel net
designed to protect tue port of Next
York from hostile submarines ha
been put in place.
DRASTIC PROHIBITION \ A
POSTOFFICE BILL IV IX
SEX ATE WITH ML' * US
CUSSED "DRY" / -
Its Terms Will P* ? Shipment of
Whiskey into v ?tates for Any
Purpose?IIas\^, Go Back to
House for Concurrence or Dis?
agreements of Amendments.
Washington, Feb. 16.?With its
added drastic prohibition legislative
provisions, the annual postoffice ap?
propriation bill carrying $332,000,000
was passed by the senate today after
a week of vigorous debate. It was
sent back to the house, which will
ask for a conference on the amend?
The senate wrote into the bill a pro
\ ision making it a criminal offense
to ab'P llQUOr into States which pro?
hibit its manufacture and sale, thus
nullifying the statutes of certain pro?
hibition States permitting tho impor?
tation of limited quantities of liquor
for personal consumption.
| Another provision would bar from
the mails letters, postal cards, cir?
culars, newspapers and other publi-!
cations containing liquor advertising
in States having laws against such
advertising; violation to be punishable
by a fine not to exceed $1,000 or im?
prisonment not to exceed six months
for the first offense or more than
one year for the second offense.
Determined efforts made by the
postoffice comniitte to increase second
class mail rates and establish 1 cent
postage on drop letters were made
and bitterly contested and the pro?
posals finally were thrown out on a
point of order.
FISTICUFF IX THE HOUSE.
Two Greenville Members Soon Scpa
| rated by Brother Soolns.
Columbia, Feb. 14.? Representa?
tives W. B. Stafford and Oscar K.
Mauldin, of Greenville, engaged in a
short fist fight on the floor of the
home of representatives tonight, 5irst
before the house session began. Other
members of the house separated the
Greenville, members before any dam?
age was done.
The incident grew out of a story in
the local afternoon paper, in which
Mr. Mauldin was reported as having
I charged bad faith against Mr. Staf?
ford as the result of a motion by
the latter this morning to recommit
the Cothran bill, reducing tho mem?
bership of the Greenville county Char?
ities and Corrections board from sev?
en to five. Mr. Mauldin, in opposing
the resolution, said the bill had been
agreed upon by all the Greenville del?
egation and that he was tired of the
Greenville members promising one
thing "and then coming here and do?
The incident created a great deal
of interest on both sides of the Cap?
itol. Mr. Mauldin said that Mr. Staf
I ford came to him tonight and asked
j if he meant to call him a liar. "I told
him that I meant what was in the
afternoon paper," said Mr. Mauldin.
"He asked me again and I told him
j that I did," added Mr. Mauldin. In
speaking of the actual encounter, Mr.
"He scratched at me and I hit him
ocne or twice, whereupon we were
Mr. Stafford said: "I went to Mr.
Mauldin and asked him if he meant
to say what he was reported as saying
in the afternoon paper. If he
meant to pay that I lied. He said
yes.' Then I hit him in the face.
Then he hit me over the head two
licks and T got him in the mouth and
held him there and hit him several
licks in the stomach. We were then
TURKEY IS FRIENDLY.
Tells Ambassador Elkus They Desire
Cordial Relations to Continue.
Washington. Feb. 17.?A dispatch
from Ambassador Elkus says that
Turkey has given him an expression
Of friendship for the United States
and a desire that cordial relations
may continue. No reference was made
to Turkey supporting the German sub?
PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC.
Nearly Three Thousand Vessels Have
Passed Through Canal.
Washington, Feb. 17.?-Two thou?
sand, seven hundred and eighty ves?
sels passed through the Panama ca?
nal from the opening, August. 1914,
to January 1. Their gross ton na?
was more than thirteen million and
their cargoes amounted to more than
RICHARDSON WINS BY 1 VOTE.
HOUSE PASSES BILL EXTENDING
Cotliran and Hughs, Riehcy and
scar-on Among Spokesmen of Op
Columbia, Feb. 18.?After a hard
fight into which the question of fac?
tionalism was more than once inject?
ed, the house yesterday afternoon
passed on third reading the game
warden bill, which as amended takes
fi'om the Audubon society the duty
of recommending the chief game war?
den, puts the question in the general
election and retains the present war?
den until the fall of 1918. The pas?
sage vote was 54 to 48. A similar
bill has passed the senate.
When the bill was up for second
reading there was a lengthy debate.
Yesterday on third reading there was
a motion to recommit, which the
house rejected by one vote, 53 to 52.
"Gentlemen, I insist that a more
determined effort has never been
made in the legislative history of the
State to hold a man on a job when
he was not wanted," said Represen?
tative T. P. Cothran of Greenville.
"The governor does not want this bill,
does not want the incumbent and will
not reappoint him."
Representative Martin of Orange
burg stood by the chief game war?
den. "I simply take the position that
it is nothing but right and fair if ho
has made a good game warden, ac?
ceptable to the legislature and to the
people; that it is not right, not fair
to cut off his head for being per?
nicious In politics."
"I am tired of debating this ques?
tion," said Repreesntative Searson,
who favored the present game war?
den, "and I think we should settle
it once and for all as affects the pres?
ent game warden and the present
Representative Hughes of Oconee
made a vigorous speech, declaring
that if an official was pernicious in
politics, he should stand or fall with
"This is a slap in the face of Ore
governor," said Mr. Hughes. He de?
clared also that those who were sup
porting the present chief game war?
den were doing so through personal
friendship. He asked the question:
"If Gov. Blease had been successful
I and the game warden had been ac
| tlve for Gov. Manning, how long
would the game warden have remain?
ed in office?"
Representative Fromberg of
j Charleston said that if the legislature
did other than indorse the present
chief game warden, the people of the
S*atc wouldn't stand for it.
"This is no factional fight with me,"
said Representative Byrd of Laurens;
"I never supported Gov. Blease." Mr.
Byrd thought Mr. Richardson had
done his duty and on this ground,
Mr. Byrd said he supported Mr. Rich?
Representative Riehcy of Laurens
said he wanted to go away with the
knowledge that he had not injected
politics into any fight that had come
ojp. He said that Represntatlve
Hughs was being made a tool of and
that Representative Cothran backed
by the governor of South Carolina
was trying to inject politics into a
fight to cut off the head of one of
the most efficient officials in the
The legality of the matter was dis?
cussed by Representative X. G. Evans
of Edgelleld, who said that a man
should not be legislated out of office
and that a man should not be lefrir
lated into office. "All this hullabaloo
about Blee seism and Ifenningism is
beneath the dignity of this house,"
said Mr. Evans. He said that it was
the legislature's duty not to tic the
bands of any part of the government,
especially the executive. Mr. Evans
bad a copy of a report from W. W.
Bradley* State auditor, on the chief
game warden's office for June-Decem?
ber, 1910, and he analyzed it, criticiz?
ing the amount spent for traveling ex?
penses and automobile and boat hire.
Columbia, Feb. 17.?The Victor
Monaghan Mills of Greenville has
been commissioned with a capital of
$?*?,4oo.ooo. Tue petitioners are: C.
P. Haynsworth and A. O. Hart. Tho
principal offices of the company will
be at Greenville. The company will
do a general cotton milling business.
Havana. Feb. lfi.?Several rebels
were killed in heavy fighting last
night at Hoyo, Colorado, seventeen
miles west of Havana.
Havana. Feb. 10.?President Meno
cai In s proclamation issued inst
night denies the intention to perse?
cute his political opponents as la
charged In rebel proclamations.
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