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HAU SUCCESS FU L AT
Attack on Verdun Front Re
Itelten Attacks RepuLs
Nee? York. March French at
aimed to reduce a German sail
f a Oerman attack last Fsb
have been eucceaaful. Parts
that the French captured
poeltlene on a front of more
hundred yards and about
hundred yards deep.
taye the French attack
Hill No. 100 on the Verdun
headquarters also announc?
es UM capture of ?00 prisoners and
Msgnen positions In assaults between
the Trotue and Usul valleys, on the
-one airplanes have been lost
ay the entente powere aa against
twenty-four Oerman, Berlin assert*.
Kalian attacks on Austrian po
rtitonle have been repulsed.
Naval Omcer Taken Into Custody at
Lee Angeles, March * .?<Capt. Al?
fred JTritaen. eald to be a German ne
mt sJBeer. wat arrested near here last
geght hp department of justice agents.
hold on suspicion of a felony
to have been committed in
with the plot to blow up
the Wellend canal.
Cant. Frltsen's arrest was made on
eeere from Washington. The pris
oner declined to discuss the charger
against him but eald he had been In
tttt United States three years and had
recently made a trip to Cuba. He re
?earned to Los Angeles yesterday. No
Incriminating papers were found In
CONSPIRATORS ON TRIAL
Who Plotted to Poison Pre
Lloyd-George Testify at Old
London. March 9.?Mrs. Alle?
Wheel don, who. with her two daugh
i and son-in-law, Alfred Mason,
on trial .n Old Bailey, charge 1
conspiring to murder Premier
Lseyd-Oeorge and Arthur Henderson
the labor member of the war council
admitted en the stand that she had
often expressed the hope that the pre
guer and Henderson would soon he
dead. When asked If the poison ehe
previously testified had been obtain?
ed to kill dogs would not have been
available to get rid of the premier and
Henderson, she testified, "I did no'
derer* that It be carried out, I never
ursth+d to take anybody's life."
EXTRA SESSION SOON.
Clerk Hecks Information et
Washington, March Speaker |
oalled at the White use to
and asked for Information as to
probable date of the extra session. He
ems told that he would be notified as
promptly as posstbls. Fortified with
the opinions of Attorney General
Gregory end Secretary Lansing that
he has authority to arm merchant
men without the action of congress.
It Is understood the president is con?
sidering steps to take action imme?
diately. It Is expected that the <* te
Of the extra session, which seems cer?
tain, will be set soon.
AUGUSTA PRESENTS CLAIMS.
Unser, Lane sad Honston Hear Argii
of Tourist City.
Augusta, March S.?Secretary Bak?
er. Secretary Lane and Secretniy
Houston, the Interdepartmental board
Who are to recommend to the preni
de it the location of nitrate plant, at
the city council chamber tonight
heard presented the claims of the up
PC.- Savannah river at the site of or.e
Of the plants. The oral argument wns
by Former Congressman W. M. How?
ard. The preentatlon from the
engineering standpoint was by W. H.
Burr, dean of the engineering de?
partment of Columbia university.
The nitrate board reached A i?usla
at 7:IS tonight from Columbia, where
a hearing was had during the day.
They traveled to Augusta on a special
trala. Arriving here, they were the
guests at dinner at the Country club,
71 guests being present. The board
will go to Atlanta tonight, a hearing
having been arranged there today.
Norfolk. March ?.?It is learned
that when United 8tnten Marshal
Snundsrs seised the prixe ship Appnm
In the name of the United States, af?
ter the break with Germany. he
for nd aboard en elaborate secret
wireless epparatus by means of
which all mess gee sent from thl
eettleo could be received
AMERICAN ENVOY DEAD.
GUTHRIE* AMBASSADOR TO JA
JAN, PASSES AT TOKYO.
Pot* Wheeler, First Secretary, Left In
Charge of Affairs or Embassy.
Washington, March 8.?George W.
Guthrie, American ambassador to
Japan aince 1913, died auddenly of
apoplexy today at Tokyo.
Only a brief cablegram announcing
hit death, giving no details, had
reached the atate department tonight.
The affairs of the embassy have boen
taken over by Poat Wheeler, the first
secretary, who will act aa charge
until a new ambassador la named.
Mr. Guthrie, a Pittsburgh lawyer,
was prominent In national Demo?
cratic politics for many years and
was among the first diplomatic rep?
resentatives appointed by President
Wilson. He sailed for Japan In July,
1913, and has been at his post con?
stantly since that time except for a
short visit to the United States in
1915. He has acted for his govern?
ment In several important diplomatic
1 exchanges with Japan. Including the
California anti-alien controversy.
News of the ambasador's death
caused a shock at the state depart?
ment, aa there had been no reports
indicating; failure of his robust health.
He was 68 years old.
The state department cabled a mes?
sage of condolence to Mrs. Guthrie,
who Is understood to have been with
her husband at the time of his death.
Provision Is made In the department
regulations for bringing home the
bodies of diplomatic officers who die
at their posts and this power will be
exercised In the case of the late
ambassador unless Mrs. Guthrie ar?
ranges otherwise or decides to ac?
cept the expected tender of a Japan?
Mr. Wheeler, now in charge of the
embassy, has had a wide diplomatic
experience and the department feels
that he Is fully capable of conducting
ita business pending appointment ol
a new ambassador. Because of the
Importance of relations with Japan
just now, it is expected that Presi?
dent Wilson will exercise great de?
liberation in Ailing the vacancy.
The department's dispatch an
nounclng the ambasador's death was
signed by Mr. Wheeler. It said:
"It is my painful duty to inform
you that the ambassador died sud?
denly tonight at 8 o'clock of apo?
YARROWDALE PRISONERS RE?
Americans Held in German Prison
Camp Sent to Switzerland.
London, March 9.?A Berlin dis?
patch, via Amsterdam, says the
Americans and other neutrals taken
to Germany aboard the prize ship
Yarrowdale left Germany Wednesday
The American. Spanish and Brazilian
prisoners were sent from the prison?
ers' camp at Brandenburg to Switzer?
land. The prisoners were released at
the expiration of the quarantine im?
posed because of spotted fever.
PREMIER OF CHINA RETURN'S.
Tuan Chi Ju? Back In Peking, Confers
With Cabinet and 'President.
Peking. March 8.?Tuan Chi Jui,
who resigned as premier several days
ago and proceded to Tien Tain, re?
turned to Peking today and conferred
with the cabinet and the president. A
compromise has been reached so that
parliament may decide whether China
shall sever relations with Germany
and Join the entente.
The foreign minister is approaching
all entente ministers and asking the
conditions under which the entente
will jointly accept China as an ally
Japan has suggested that China allow
cotton, wool and Iron to be exported
to Japan In consideration for permis?
sion to Increase other maritime cus?
toms from K to 7 1-2 per cent.
It is expected that there will he a
aeverance of relations between China
and Germany this week.
CHANGE INAUGURATION DAY.
Congress Will Be Asked to Pass Con?
Washington, March 9.?Congress
at the next session will be asked to
pass a consitutlonal amendment
changing Inaugural day from Mar ^
4th to the last Tuesday In April
This announcement was made after
a meeting in Washington of members
of the national committee In chai fC
of inauguration day.
FURTHER RETIREMENT EXPECT?
London, March 8, Delayed.-?-<*.< n.
Maurice, the chief director of military
operation, has predicted a further re?
tirement of the Oerman linos on the
Somme front and the arrival of the
Hrltsh army before Bagdad.
Washington, March 9.?Presld"*t
Wilson Is still confined to his bed wl*h
a sovere cold. The Friday cabinet
meeting has been cancelled.
HAS POWER TO ARM SHIPS.
LANSING AND GREGORY ULI E
PRESIDENT CAN TAKE STEP
Guns anil Qtmn May be Placed on
Merchant Sliip? to Safeguard Them
From Attacks of Submarine?Extra
Session is Expected, However.
Washington, llaroh 8.?Secretary
Lansing and Attorney General Greg?
ory have advised President Wils
that he had full authority to arm
American merchant ships against il- J
legal attacks by German submarines. |
It was these two officers?tho gov?
ernment's authorities respectively on
international questions and law?that
the president referred the contention
raised in the senate that old statutes
enacted to authorize merchantmen to
resist pirates raised an insuperable
bar to the step he desired to take to
met the submarine menace. They
have reported that the statutes have
no application to the present situa?
Whether the president will act im?
mediately in accordance with this
opinion or will wait to call a special
session of congress to pass a resolu?
tion similar to that killed by a fili?
buster during the last session was not
In view of the action of the senate
today in revising its rules to prevent
another such filibuster, it was thought
In some administration quarters that
the president will immediately call
an extra session. Weight was given to
this idea by the president's statement
last Sunday in which he held blame
for the failure of the armed neutrali?
ty resolution on a "little group of wil?
ful men" and appealed to the senate
to amend its rules and "Bave thf
country from disaster."
However, it was recalled that in the
same statement the president express?
ed the opinion that old statutes might
raise "insuperable practicable obstruc?
tions." 8ince then he has received the
opinions of the attorney general and
the secretary of State.
One problem involved in consider?
ing the subject Is the probable dif?
ficulty over the organization of the
next house because of the almo.st
evenly distributed balance of power
between the Democrats and lepnMl
A long drawn out fight such as has
marked the organization of more than
one house probably would delay ac?
tion on the armed neutrality Ques?
tion?a contingency which the presi?
dent in determined to avoid.
It is taken for granted in all quar?
ters that before July 1 the president
will summon an extra session of con?
gress. The only question open to?
night was whether It will be called
immediately. Many members of the
old house have left for their homes,
and some of the new members are
not here. Therefore at least a week's
notice is considered Imperative, and
some members want three weeks be?
cause of their expectation that once
congress convenes again it will re?
main in session a long time.
The president himself remained 1n
bed all day with a cold, and saw no
callers. Because of his cold, and be?
cause three members of the cabinet
are absent from the city it appeared
probable that the usual Friday cabi?
net meeting would be canceled.
On every hand, however, the pre?
diction was made that the decision of
the president either to call an cxtri
session Immediately or to arm Amer?
ican merchantmen on his own author?
ity is expected before the end of the
present wek, possibly tomorrow.
GRAIN SHOWS DECREASE.
Shortage of Supply Emphasized by
Washington, A arch 8.?Corn on
farms March 1 was about 789,416,
000 bushels, compared with 1,110,
559,000 bushels last year, the de?
partment of agriculture today an?
nounced in its March crop report.
Wheat held on farms March 1 was
about 101,365,000 bushels. Last year
244,448,000 bushels remained on
fnrms March 1.
Oats on farms was about 393,985,
000 bushels, compared with 598,148,
000 bushels last year.
Barley on farms was about 32,821,
000 bushels, compared with 59,301,
000 bushels last year.
A supplementary statement said
wheat in country mills and elevators
on March 1 Is estimated to be 89,011.
000 bushels lb (14 per cent, of 1916
crop), compared with 155,027,000
bushels a year ago.
LEVER FAVORS DI AL SYSTEM.
Indorses Hi-Partisan Oranglzation of
Washington, March 8.? Represen?
tative Lever of South Carolina, who
has been chairman of the house agri?
cultural committee since the Rixly
third congross, announced today be
was strongly in favor of a bi-partlsan
organization of the house In the com?
ing congress. He \u the first promi?
nent Democrat to openly commend
QSWEGO AND B?KER SCHOOLS
VISITS MADE YESTERDAY AND
MEETINGS REGARDED AS
Miss Parott, Head of Home Demon?
stration Work in State, Makes In
structive Talk at Both Places?She
and Secretory Reardon Discuss
County Health Survey.
A vory satisfactory and pleasant
community welfare meeting was held
at Oswego and Baker school houses1
yesterday, which were well attended
by the pupils and patrons of the
Miss Edith Parrott, of Winthrop
College, head of the Home Demon?
stration and Domestic Science work
of South Carolina delivered an elo?
quent and instructive address at each
school, touching upon the import?
ance of proper sanitation in the
homes, and told of the connection be
t^een domestic science and sanitary
She stressed the value of the pro?
posed county sanitary survey, and
stated that results which wouid Do
obtained would be supplementary to
the domestic science and home dem?
onstration work being conducted in
Miss Parrott, who travels the entire
State year after year, told of the
great benefits of the Greenville coun?
ty health survey as seen by her dur?
ing and since the sanitary survey in
Greenville county.. Miss ^arott point?
ed out in strong term the advantages
of educating the people, children par?
ticularly during the formative per?
iods of their lives, in the best meth?
ods of preserving their health, and
the home is the best place in whici"?.
to begin this physical preservation
work ,and the school the next most
One of the main objects of the
domestic science work is to teach
cleanliness and sanitation, as well as
economy in the home, and she
thought teaching people about the
preservation of health, which means
elimination of unnecessary and avoid?
able diseases and premature deaths
the best and most sensible scheme of
econmy in the presrvation of physical
strength, and maintenance of earn?
ing power, and industrial efficiency.
The strictly sanitary survey teaches
many things which sandwich in well
with domestic science, but which can
and should be taught only by pro?
fessional and trained sanitarians,
versed in bacteriology and other
branches of sanitary science. She
hoped that Sumter county would grasp
the opportunity of a lifetime offered
in the proposed county health sur?
Secretary E. I. Reardon of the
Sumter Chamber of Commerce fol?
lowed Miss Parrott in an enthusiastic
endorsement of the proposed county
health survey from an econmic as
well as humane point of view. He
explained the objects of a county
health survey, and pointed out where?
in lives will be saved and much un?
necessary sickness prevented if the
people are educated how to protect
individual and public health. And
said that every boy and girl has a
God given right to an education and
the education which teaches them the
principles of self preservation, tho
first law of nature.
He denied that any considerable
number of intelligent white men and
women of the rural districts arc op?
posed to a county health survey, and
claimed that the statement broadly
circulated by a minority opposed to
this health survey that "the people
of the rural districts are overwhelm?
ingly against a health survey" while
perhaps unintentionally so, is none
the less an unjust and unwarranted
misrepresentation of a majority of
Sumter county's rural white popula?
tion, and is a reflection on the intel?
ligence, culture, and social environ?
ment of the white men and women of
the rural districts to create the im?
pression that they are so unprogrrs
slve and prejudiced against clean?
liness and Improved hygienic condi?
tions that they oppose the efforts of
the government to improve sanitary
conditions in their sections.
The speaker affirmed that no man
claiming that any considerable num?
ber of white men and women are
against progressive measures for im?
provement of social, or sanitary con
ditons in the ratal districts, has t:?k
cn the time or trouble to And nut
what percentage of the masses of the
people are opposed to a county health
survey, and that none of the very
small minority, composed of, so fat
as he knows of not exceeding a doz?
en men in the county, has offered any
evidence to show that "an over?
whelming majority of tho people of
tho rural districts are against a coun?
ty health survey." Or that any con?
siderable number of people thought
that tho life of any child or other cit?
izen Is of less value than the two thou?
sand dollars the county is asked to
appropriate for a county health sur?
When the meeting was over a num
FOOD SITUATION CRITICAL
EXTREME DISTRESS REPORTED
AMONG GERMAN PEOPLE.
Evidence, According to Prussian con?
troller, That Supplies Will Soon tee
London, aMrch 8.?The Prusre.un
food controller, Dr. George Michaelis,
made in the Prussian diet yesterday
what the Koelinsche Zeitung calls a
serious speech on the food situation,
says a Reuter dispatch from Amster?
dam. Dr. Michaelis declared that the
distress was such that a more severe
state of things, especially in the large
industrial centres, could hardly he
imagined. He indicated the possibil
| ity that all surplus stock3 of grain
would be exhausted and said that'
very radical measures were needed
to enable the people to hold out un?
til next year.
"We have in the third year of the
war," the food controller is quoted
as saying, "discovered that among all
sections of the people the general
feeling evinced Is not one of that en?
durance for which we had hoped.
This is human nature hut it is highly
deplorable and may have most serious
"We have not perceived in the
towns that stern supervision which is
absolutely necessary in the distribu?
tion of food stuffs. Bread tickets
have been illegally used on such ?
shocking scale that our entire re?
serves were exhausted. So when
potatoes failed and bread was order?
ed as substitute there was none avail?
able. Flour has been similarly re
j duccd owing to similar irregularities
in the mills."
Dr. Michaelis concluded by urging
the utmost severity to meet the short?
comings where there is yet time.
The speech created a sensation. A
Socialist member, Herr Hufer, de
elared that the "junkers" are to
j blame, though an attempt was being
made to shift the blame on England.
"The selfishness of the agrarians,"
he said, "is the cause of the high
The minister of agriculture then
sroke and vigorously defended him?
self against attacks. He alluded to
the critical situation created by the
partial success of the entente's plan
o? starvation and added:
"For the small bread ration one
can only make the Almighty re?
sponsible, who has not given us the
harvest wo expected."
CUBAN REVOLT FAILS.
Recognized Government Has Regain?
ed Possession of Santiago, The Reb?
Wahington, March 9.?Official ad?
vices to the navy department estab?
lished the fact that the Cuban gov?
ernment forces have regained contro!
of Santiago, the stronghold of the
rebel uprising. President Menocal
has notified the United States that
Gov. Munoz is in command thera,
representing the recognized govern?
ment. The repossession of Santiago
and the capture of the rebel leader
Gomez and his staff are regarded here
as marking the collapse of the revolu?
tion. Recent dispatches said the reb
bels still held Santiago.
NEW BANK EXAMINER.
Columbia, March 9.?O. K. La
Roque, formerly secretary to Gov.
Manning, will assume his new duties
as State bank examiner today. His
headquarters will be in the ofhee of
the judiciary committee room of the
house of representatives in the State
captitol. Mr. LaRoque has had con?
siderable banking experience and will
succeed Ivy M. Mauldin of Piekens,
whose term expired yesterday.
ber of progressive and intelligent
farmers and country merchants of
Oswego section informed Mr. Rear
don that they did not oppose but fa?
vored the appropriation of two thou?
sand dollars and advocated the health
servey. Some of them even promis?
ed to use their influence towards get?
ting the necessary appropriation.
Miss Mary Lemmon, Mr. J. Frank
Williams, of the home and farm dem?
onstration departments respectively,
and Dr. J. H. Haynsworth, county su?
perintendent of education also spoke
at Oswego and Raker schools where
tho patrons of these schools in good?
ly numbers, considering the rainy
weather, had gathered. i'oth the Ta?
ker and Oswego school meetings were
successful and pleasant in every
Mr. Williams and Miss Lemmon ad?
dressed tho girls* canning and to?
mato and the boys' pig and corn club
members at both schools and secured
recruits in both Instances.
The county health survey, like
Banquo's ghost, will not down, and
the more the rural districts are giv?
en absolutely unprejudiced and. in?
telligent information about this sur?
vey the greater becomes the interest
and the addition to the ranks of those
who dispute that Sumter county is too
prejudiced and lgno^n* to appreciate
the advantages of sanitary science.
CENSORSHIP ON SHIP MOVES.
DANIELS CALLS FOR AMERICAN
PRESS TO MAINTAIN SE?
Move Would be Voluntary, as Censor?
ship Could not Ik? Enforced Legal?
ly, but Secretary of Navy Believes
Americans Will Aid Administra?
tion to This Extent.
Washington, March 9.?Lacking
legal authority to establish general
censorship, the administration to?
night appealed to the patriotism of
of the country's newspapers and cable
companies to suppress publication
about movements of American mer?
chant craft, now to be armed against
"The best news that readers can
have" Secretary Daniels said, "isthat
the government will protect the rights
of Americans to the freedom of the
"The publication of details can
serve no good purpose and might
jeopardize human life."
Mr. Daniels has determined not tq
reveal any of the department's plans
for carrying out the policy ordered
by President Wilson. He previously
has stated that the navy is prepared
to carry out the instructions.
Navy yard commandants will su?
perintend the actual installation of
guns on merchant craft. The rifles
range from heavy 6 inch rifles to 3
inch weapons and smaller guns. The
number of guns to go on each ship,
the personnel selected to handle the
guns, the time of sailing or the
names of ships that have been arm?
ed will not be disclosed.
Secretary Daniels in a statement to
the newspaper men said:
"You have read the statement is?
sued from the White House and now
you know that the president has the
power to arm American merchant
ships making trips on the seas on
lawful errands and is free to exercise
it at once. I do not think you ought
to ask with what guns they will be
armed or how they will be manned
or exactly when the power will be
exercised. The government should
be trusted fully to carry out the
policy announced in the best way.
I do not think you ought to ask when
the ships will be armed or print
when they will sail. Today I request?
ed every cable company in America
not to send out any news about ships
sailing to or from Europe. The
wireless stations are under the di?
rection of the navy department and
no news of sailings will go out by
"I am going to request you and
every newspaper, every news agency
in the United States not to print any
news about the arrival of the ships or
when any of them will sail for Euro?
pean ports. There is no power of
censorship in our country and tho
president does not have any authority
over the press. In this time of na?
tional emergency I feel sure that
every newspaper will accede to the
request not even to give a hint or
speculation of tho sailing of Ameri?
can ships. Such publication might re?
sult in the loss of life. As the rea?
sons are so obvious for making this
request there is confidence in admin?
istration circles that this request will
be complied with by every newspaper
in the country.
"All patriotic A a erica ns are ready
to make sacrifice., for their country
in times of emergency. The press can
render tho highest patriotic service
by refraining from printing at this
j time what ordinarily they would free?
1 "Inasmuch as it will be impossible
to reach every paper and news agency
directly I will ask all papers to carry
this request, which is made as an ap?
peal to patriotism to all journalists
disseminators of news."
With the departure of the first arm?
ed American ship it will be necessary
for the navy department is issue in?
structions to gun crews as to the man?
ner in which the weapons are to be
employed. In that will bo involved
a declaration of policy as to whether
the appearance of a submarine in the
neighborhood of a ship is sufficient
warrant for opening tire. Officials
would not discuss this aspect of the
When the application of a ship
owner for arms has been approved
the commandant of the nearest navy
yard will bo instructed to place the
guns aboard. In some cases struc?
tural change ships docks may bo
necessary to . ry tho gun weight. In
any event, however, it will take no
more than a few days to outfit any
Contracts for additional guns of
suitable size are be ng speeded up. It
is expected that they can be complet?
ed so that weapons will be Ottickty
available for converting merchant
craft into naval auxiliaries if war
Washington, March 10?The
comptroller of tho currency has Is?
sued a call for tho condition reports
of national banks at the close of busi?
ness llarch 5th.