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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, March 17, 1917, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1917-03-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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iUatchman ana
irattoriro*
WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
?Be Jaet and I?r not?Lwt Ml tot nods Thon AUM't M be thy Country's, Ibj Uod't aad Treta's."
THUS TB?M SOUTHRON, BltabMnhSS JPeaJ, 1'
Consolidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER, 8. C, SATURDAY, MARCH 17, 1917.
VoLXLIV. No. 9.
Four Big Brotherhood Leaders Direct Train
men to Quit Work Tomorrow.
Itch Side Rejects Offer* Proposed by The Other and Ooly
Hope to Avert Traffic Tie-up is Intervention of President
Wilton, Which, Poeaibly, Would Not Prove Effective?
Soathern Part of United States to Be Affected by Sunday.
Now York, March 15.? "pro
strike"' of the 400,000 mem
af the four great railroad broth
to begin at ? o'clock ( central
) Saturday on Eastern roads was
otwsroa here late today. The walk
will extend to all the railroads in
country within Ave days. Chiefs
of the workmen's organisations sot
Use strlks machinery In motion within
n few minutes after sn ultimatum de
Hfsael to the conference committee
sj| railroad managers had been re?
jected. A compromise proposal offer?
ee ay the managers was declined
without debate.
Only successful intervention by
President Wilson. it appeared to?
night, can avert a strike. The broth?
erhood lsaders gavs no Indication
that even an appeal from the nation's
executive can change their pur
to obtain a basic eight hour day
and pro rata time for overtime
through the use of the "protective
feature'* of their organlaztions. They
refused flatly to submit their case to
the eight hour commission headed
ay i J. Oen. Ooethals or to await the
decision of the supreme court on the
constitutionality of the Adarason law.
freight employes, yardmen and en?
gine hostlers on the New York Cen?
tral IIaso east and west, the Nickel
Plate and the Baltimore A Ohio and
In the great yards in Chicago and St.
will be the first to leave their
They will be followed on Sunday
by the same classs of workmen on
the Southern railway, the Norfolk *
Western, the Virginian, the Chesa?
peake A Ohio and a group of North?
western railroads.
The time when the walkout will ex?
tend to the other lines was uncertain.
It was said, but the men will be ailed
out In groups svery 13 or 24 hojrs.
Eltsh.i Lee. chairman of tho nation?
al conference committee of the rail?
roads, mads the following statement:
"We have offered to leave to the
Ooethals sight hour commission re?
cently appointed by the president any
question that may remain unset?
tled by the decision of the supreme
court In the pending Adamson law
oass. We regret that tho leaders of
the organisations hsve refused to
accept this offer end that trey have
notified us that they huve ordered a
series of strikes on the railroads of
the country beginning Saturday night
at f o'clock.
5
'The ultimatum presented to the
railroads by the organisations was
that ws must immediately put Into
effect their interpretation of the law
now before the supreme court for a
determination of the constitutionality
and meaning without waiting for the
decision of the court.
"Wo declined to accept this propo?
sition, feeling thst we must await
and abide by the Judgment of the
court, and we thereupon made the
following formal offer for a settle?
ment of the Issues involved:
"(I) If th? supreme court holdi
the Adsmson law to be constitutions'
and the two sides can not agree oi
the application of any of the point,
ws will agree that the eight houi
commission shall determine how th<
law shall be applied.
**(!> In case the law is declared
unconstitutional we offer to Join yo
to determine the whole controveis
In asking the eight hour commlssior
eny settlement arrived at to be effc<
tlve January 1. 1917.
"This offer for a feasible adjust
ment was refused."
The brotherhood s side of tho con
troversy wss msde public in a state
ment signsd by the four brotherhood
chiefs. W. L. I^ee for tho trainmen
W. S. Carter for the firemen. L. I
Sheppard for the conductors und W
S. Stone for the engineers.
"Ws presented a proposition t<
piece ths Adamson eight hour law
into effect slong the lines miggoete?
ey President Wilson last August
which eras that in sll rond service ex
sent pstsjsnger where schedules nnv
read 1x1 huedred miles or less. nln<
HpT ten 'lo'ir or lein, overtime ,tt \<
or 11 miles per hour,' insert eight j
hours or iess, for a basic day and
12 1-2 miles per hour for speed basis
for the purpose of computing over?
time, overtime to be paid for not less
than one-eighth of the daily rate per
hour. In all yard, switching and
hustling service where schedules now
read '10, 11 or 12 hours or lers shall
constitute a day's work' insert 'eight
hours or less shall constitute a day's
work.' Overtime to be paid for at
not less than one eighth of the daily
rate per hour. In passenger service
the present mileage basis will be
maintained provided that tho basic
paasenger day will not be in excess of
eight consecutive hours. Overtime to
be paid for at not less than one
eighth of the daily rate per hour.
"The conference committee of the
railways took our proposition under
consideration at the afternoon meet?
ing, notified us that they could not
accept it and aubmitted in lieu
thereof the following:
" 'If the supreme court holds the
law to be constitutional and the two
sides can not agree on the applica?
tion of any of the points, we will
agree that the eight hour commis
sclon shall determine how the law
shall be applied.
"In case the law is declared un?
constitutional we offer to join you
In asking tho eight hour commission
to determine the whole controversy
Any settlement arrived at to be ef?
fective from January 1, 1917.'
"It will be noted that In eventuality
the managers' committee have declin?
ed to negotiate any settlement of the
eight hour day. that if the law is
held constitutional they will not agree
to our Interpretation of the law am'*
desire to submit the applicatloa of
the law to arbitration, the members
of the eight hour commission being
the arbitration board.
"On the other hand, If the law Is
declared unconstitutional they de?
cline to mako any settlement of the.
matters in controversy with us and
again offer to submit the matter to
arbitration, the members of the eight
hour commission being the arbitra?
tors.
"If the railroads are willing to sub?
mit either of these propositions to
(arbitration it is evident they are will?
ing to give their employes an eight
hour day if the arbitration board so
decidos, but the roads themselves will
never grant the request directly.
"We submit that this is an unfair
attitude for the conference commit?
tee of tho railways to assume, for if
they are willing to grant the eight
hour day through any method they
should be willing to grant it directly
to their empoyea and not prolong
the controversy.
"Tho public should remember that
ufter having tailed to reach an
agreement with tho conference com?
mittee of tho railways last August,
President Wilson intervened and at
tempted to mediate our differences
und, ufter hearing both sides of the
discussion and considering the matter
for several days proposed a settle?
ment which set.lenient is practically
the same as wo have Just proposed
to the railroads. Tho railroads re?
fused to accept the president's prop?
osition, when the president recom?
mended to congress the enactment of
a law similar to his proposition. This
congress did when tho railroads
again refused to accept the decision
of congress and have not yet observed
the law in a single instance.
"It If apparent to us that tho pur?
pose of the lallroads Is to IVOMsny
settlement of the matter until such
time as the country becomes Involved
in w^r, when they expect to escape
any settlement of whatever charac?
ter. Bvejfl though the supreme courl
decide that tho law was constitti
t?on;d, we have noticed that they will
not accept our interpretation thereof,
which In practically the same as tho
president proposer! when he recom
mended the enactment of the law.
therefore decision of the supreme
court upholding tho constitutionality
of the law would not e*; en Indirectly
REVOLT IN RUSSIA.
STARTLING NEWS OF REVOLU.
TION IN CZAR'S EM?
PIRE.
German ami Swedish Newspapers Pub?
lish Reports or Widespread ami
Successful Uprising Against Russian
Government.
Berlin, March 15.?The Overseas
News Agency says there has been a
successful revolution in Russia.
Stockholm, March ^5.?Reports of
serious disturbances in Russia are ap?
pearing in Swedish newspapers. It is
reported that the railroad bridge over
the Neva at Petrograd Was dynamited
and that mobs stormed the shops
thero Saturday. Travelers from Mos?
cow say thcro has been open revolt
in many Russian cities since Thurs?
day.
obtain for the employes the purpose
of the law. I
"It goes without saying that imil
road employes have been patient ^.nd
loyal to the Interests of the couijtry
and in the event of war have offer?
ed their services to the government.
It must not be overlooked that dur?
ing this period when the railroads
have persistently denied their em?
ployes that which wa3 intended by
the president in his proposition and
which was intended by the congress
in the Adamson law, the railroads
during a year's period show net earn?
ings of over $1,000,000,000, while the
employes with no Increase in wages
have suffered an increase in cost of
living equal to more than 10 ..<et
cent.
"If after more than a year we have
failed to get some relief and train
and enginemen conclude to fold their
hands and starve in reality rather
than by degrees, should they be con?
sidered as disloyal to their flag?
"Why not place some of the re?
sponsibility on the employers who
can very easily stop all talk of stop?
page of trains by recognizing that
. such employes must either lower
their standards of living or they must
work longer than ten hours out of
each ?4 in order to retain American
standards."
Joseph Hartigan, city commissioner
of weights and measures,; who had
appealed to the brotherhoods to per?
mit the movement of food trains-into
thi3 city, received a letter signed by
the chiefs of the four organisations in
which they said the strike call had
been so arranged that the movement
of food and fuel into New York city
would not be stopped for several days
after the strike begins on certain
Eastern roads. The letter follows:
"Every indication now seems to war- j
rant the statement that the freight)
train-?, engine and yard employes on
certain railways entering this city will I
peacefully withdraw from service at
7 p. m. Saturday, March 17, and that
the employes on other lines will con?
tinue service for several days there?
after, making it possible, In our opin?
ion, to furnish this city food and fuel
supplies for several days after the
strike becomes effective.
"We regret exceedingly the neces?
sity of Inconveniencing the public in
any way and have declined to give
our approval for the stoppage of the
work of regular road passenger em?
ployes for a period of five days after
the strike becomes effective, the re?
sult of which will be that regular
milk trains and passenger trains
handling only passenger equipment
can oi erate as usual."
In his statement to the New York
j Central employes, President Smith
said
"Concerning the controversy now in
progress regarding wages of employes
in train service, | \Vjah to give you
the following facts for your informa?
tion:
"The position of this company Ui
j that we should properly await the
decision of the supreme court which
i now has the Adamson law under con
I sideration. We have joined with the
other railroads in saying to your rep?
resentatives who are in session here
that if the Adamson law is declared
eonstitutional you are automatically
taken care of. Should any question
arise o? to the interpretation of the
law which wo can not readily agree
upon among ourselves, we shall be
glad to abide by any award made in
the matter by the Goethals commis?
si??! which WOS appointed by the gov?
ernor id to Investigate the question,
"Should the Adamson law be de?
clared unconstitutional, the Goethals
commission shall act as intermediary
and drclare what is equitable and we
shall abide by its decision, which shall
date from January l, 1917.
'You are ull aware that the people
EDWIN W. ROBINSON OF COLUM?
BIA WIRES ARMY OFFICERS.
Columbians Raise $50,000 to Purchase
Land for Army Encampment?Tin?
man's Aid is Appreciated by Com?
mittee.
Columbia, March 15.?Gen. Leon?
ard Wood and his staff were notified!
yesterday that Columbians have con?
tributed $50,000 to purchase a site for
the United States army cantonment.
A telegram announcing the result of
the meeting was sent by Edwin W.
Bobertson, chairman of the central
committee, in charge of the move?
ment to secure the army for Colum?
bia. The result of the meeting WHM
telegraphed to Senator B. R. Tilhnan
and August Kohn, who returned yes?
terday from New York. He signed
the pledge to contribute $1,000.
Mr. Robertson wired Maj. C. E.
Kilbourne, member of the staff of
Gen. Wood, as follows:
"Had a rousing meeting of our sub?
stantial citizens last night who quick?
ly, gladly and enthusiastically put
up $50,000 to buy and donate to
government 1,200 to 1,500 acres of the
land over which you have been. We
await the pleasure of the army offi?
cials and extend a royal welcome. If
there is anything we have not done
which ought to be done just say the
word. Senator Tillman has pledged
his active support and his word is as
good as old wheat. I have excellent
reason to believe Washington much
impressed by condition and personnel
of our two regiments on the border
which is ascribed to the healthy con?
ditions and climate surrounding
Columbia. Please file with our re?
port. I feel this morning as good as
a game cock."
The following message was sent to
Senator Tillman:
"Had rousing meeting of our sub?
stantial citizens last night who
quickly gladly and enthusiastically
?put up $50,000 to buy and donate to
government 1.200 acres of land for
arfny cantonment and have wired this
information to headquarters, Gover?
nor's Island. Your indorsement and
support wonderfully and sincerely ap?
preciated by all of us. Wish you
could have been present and witness?
ed temper of crowd."
Until the year 1874 the Japanese
used to vaccinate on the tip of the
nose.
of this country are confronted by
many critical situations at the pres?
ent moment. These include food for
its people, supplies for the millions
of laborers engaged in manufacturing
plant 7, as well as the safety of the
nation itself.
"In view of the foregoing facts, 1
ask nou to remain at work pending a
conclusion of the matter as above
outlined, which we trust will be rea?
sonably prompt and equitable, and we
trust that the government and the
people will sec to it that the railroad
companies themselves are in some
way fairly reimbursed to met these
new requirements as well as the very
high cost of all material and sup?
plies we now are using and which is
causing much embarrassment and re?
tarding their development."
No formal outline of the brother?
hood's programme beyond the plans
for these two days was made either
to the managers or to the public. It
was said, however, that the freight
employes on the other roads in the
country would be called out in groups
at 12 or 24 hour intervals after Sun?
day.
If the paralysis of freight traffic
thus caused does not result in sur?
render by the railroads before that
time the employes on all passenger
trains will be ordered out Wednesday.
The railroad managers said tonight
they expected that enough of their
imn would remain loyal to enable
them to operate a skeleton eervtea
on most roads.
The members of the managers'
committee Will remain here until to?
morrow. If the men ask another con?
ference it will be granted. They
said they would make every effort to
operate their roads in spite of theii
strike. Preference will bo given to
the movements of trains carrying foo<!
and fuel.
When the managers offered to
abide by any decree of the Goethals
commission if the Adamson act were
declared unconstitutional, w. G, i^e,
president of the Brotherhood of Kail
road Trainmen, spokesman for the
employes, declared;
"That would be only another form
of arbitration and our men are lick
and tired of arbitration."
ID IP HIB
The Algonquin Sailed from New York for
London With Foodstuffs.
Sunk by Shell-Fire From submarine at 6 O'clock Monday
Morning. Attack Made Without Warning. Submarine Re?
fused to Render Any Assistance to Crew.
London, March 14.?The American
steamer Algonquin was sunk by a
German submarine, without warning,
on March 12th. According to a re?
port from American Consul J. G.
Stephens at Plymouth, all aboard
were saved. Consul Stephens reports
that the captain of the Algonquin
stated that his ship was sunk by shell
fire. The steamer was submarined at
o'clock in the morning and the sub?
marine refused to render any assist?
ance. Twenty-seven of the men have
been landed.
LOSS ABOUT $2,000,000.
Algonquin Had Cargo of Foodstuffs
Valued at $1,700,000.
New York, March 14.?The Algon?
quin, which was owned by the Amer?
ican Star Line, sailing from New
York for London February 20th, was
submarined March 12th, according to
cablegram to the owners from Pen
zance, England. Where the sinking
occurred was not mentioned.
The officers of the line said the
Algonquin was a vessel of 1,830 tons,
and was worth approximately $450,
000. She carried a cargo consisting
mostly of foodstuffs, worth more
than $1,700,000.
There were ten American in the
crew Including Captain A. Nordberg,
a naturalized American, of Norwegian
birth.
The steamer was one of the first
American vessels to sail after Ger?
many announced the submarine cam?
paign. The steamer was expected to
reach the submarine zone on March
8th. It is assumed that she went out
of her course.
Docs Not Change Situation.
Washington, March 14.?The offi?
cial view is withheld in the absence
of official dispatches confirming the
sinking of the Algonquin, but it is the
unofficial opinion that the incident
does not change the German situation.
FIRED TWENTY SHELLS.
Submarine Mado Thorough Job of
Algonquin.
London, March 14.?Later advices
from Plymouth said that the subma?
rine opened fire at a distance of four
thousand yards, firing twenty shells.
When the Algonquin did not sink
German sailors boarded the vessel
and blew it up with bombs. The
crew was given time to leave the ship.
SEVEN LIVES LOST.
Cunard Freighter Folia Sunk by Sub?
marine? Nash villo Man Escaping
Unharmed.
Washington, March 13.?Seven
lives were lost and one American
olaced in jeopardy in the sinking
without warning by a submarine of
%.e Cunard freighter Folia off the
Irish coast Sunday. Consul Frost at
Queenstown cabled the state depart?
ment today this report:
"Seven lives lost out of crew of
78 in sinking Cunard Folia. Folia
bound New York to Avonmouth. Tor?
pedoed without warning five miles
off Ram Head, County Waterford, in
heavy fog Sunday, 7.20 a. m. Dr.
Core and officers reached Bristol this
morning."
Earlier in the day Consul Frost
sent a report as follows:
"Cunard non-passenger Folia sunk
off Waterford 10th. Survivors land?
ed Lungarron. Sole American,
Boat's Surgeon W. J. Core. Nash?
ville, Tenn., saved, uninjured. ?
CHINA FOR WAR.
Has Severed Relations With Germany
and Seized Interned Ships.
Washington, March 14.?China has
Revered diplomatic relations with
Germany and taken possession of six
German ships interned in Shanghai
harbor, according to advices from
naval officers In Chinese waters.
American Minister Ueinseh. at Pe?
king, reported that China has severed
relations with Germany and the Ger?
man minister has been handed hie
passports.
SOLDIERS REACH HOME STATE
SECOND REGIMENT OF SOUTH
CAROLINA BACK ON OWN
SOIL.
Short Stop is Made in Greenville by
First Detachment of Troops, Who
arc Jubilant at Their Return.
Greenville, March 14.?Brown as
berries, but with jubilant smiles, 700
soldiers comprising seven units of the
Second regiment, South Carolina in?
fantry, passed through Greenville to->
night en route to the State concen?
tration camp near Columbia, after a
tour of duty on the Mexiccn border.
Traveling from 12 to 14 hours late
most oi the way, the first section of
I more than 20 cars pulled Into Green*
j ville shortly after 10 o'clock, and re?
mained here until 10:55 o'clock, de?
parting for Columbia via Spar tan burg.
All the men in full uniform, were
awake and just as enthusiastic as the
exultant throng that welcomed the
troop train to Greenville. Lusty cheers
were exchanged and out of the din
was heard the shrill note of the bug?
ler, then the regimental band struck
up a martial air that sent a thrill
of patriotism into the hearts of the
happy hundreds.
Whether the Palmetto guardsmen
where happy to be on the homeward
stretch, or whether their patriotism
was inspired by the report that they
would again be called to arms on
April r., in view of the international
crisis is not known, but the report
was current tonight among the toop
ers that officers had received orders
to the effect that a call would be Is?
sued to the National Guard on April
6. It was said afterwards that local
officers also received such intimation.
Although the second section left
El Paso only 15 minutes behind the
first section, it is now traveling ten
hours behind.
This section, like the first, experi?
enced delays in sidetracking all along
the route.
Just as Col. Holmes B. Springs,
stepped aboard tonight he was hand?
ed a telegram, advising him that the
second section was held up on account
of a wreck ahead somewhere in Ala?
bama. This train is scheduled to
reach Greenville at 7 o'clock tomor?
row morning.
According to Capt. J. D. B. Myer
of Charleston, regimental adjutant,
Lieut. William B. Walker, Company
I, Timmonsville, was taken from the
train at San Antonio and operated
upon in a hospital there for appendi?
citis. A case of measles and a case
of mumps were also found in the
second section and the two patients
were left in San Antonio.
LATEST WAR BriiLETINS.
New York, March 15.?With excep?
tion of the German retirement on the
French front, which still continues,
the most interesting military develop?
ments are progressing in Persia and
Mesopotamia.
The Turks continue their retreat up
the Tigris river and by the last re?
port were thirty miles north of Bag?
dad. Two Russian columns which
are presumably expecting to form a
junction with the British are moving
rapidly westward along the Persian
border driving other Turkish forces
before them. Petrograd officially an?
nounces that one of these columns has
captured Kcrmanshah, ninety miles
i as! of the Persian border, while tho
other has- reached Banes, only ten
miles from the Mesopotamian fron?
tier. Both Russian forces are thus
threatening the main Turkish army
retreating from Bagdad, both on tho
Turkish Hank and In the Turkish rear.
London. March 15.?An Amsterdam
dispatch aaya Chancellor von Beth
mann-Hollweg In a speech before the
Prussian diet predicted the political
reorganisation of Germany after tho
war. Involving a greater participation
by the people in the conduct or Im?
portal affairs.

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