Newspaper Page Text
TU: ftUMTKR WATCH RAX, Eatan
Oousolidated Au*. 2,1
BATTLE NOT OVER.
\\ \sii!N(;t<>n mmiks kok ax
OTHER (.fkman ASSAtl.T.
Offensive Mm? Powerful Thun Auy
Heretofore 1 hiiih lud Against AI
Ifctl Une* Expcetc?! by strategists
ol War IH'partmcnt?Knormoiw
KiierlflwH of Enemy Without Re
Washington. April . 21.?Another
C? nan thrust at the ' allied lines.
More powerful than those that have
. ,,i * looked : or WN the wa i
department's strategists If the pres?
ent drive at the channel ports falls
The departments weekly review to
nlfht soys the endmy'a enormous
earlftces hove heen ? barred of pri
maty results, bu^tf adds:. i
looked .it from a iSroad stand
.t of the general military situation
In the West It can not. however, be
said that the battle now raging in this
ealiont is tp'i gru^l bor even the, most
determined onslaught of tn*.feflr*jO
I here are indications thaJJSpKtidd
the offensive here *l*aBj|lI to land to
?oiiio definite result^fl Btenernj.1 "ma\
undertaken u furtqgjtf rfcajven more
mony of action^ obtal
appointment of On JtFi
inander in chief of^BCatlied tfrmie^
In the West. \\ teile j|^ncreased ac^
tivlty alorg *the sectors held by
American troops, and discloses that
recently a numberJpfc.-Amejrleans who
hid been captured arm were being
conducted through No Man'Sf-Lxind to
the Herman lines turned Up$n their
captors, escaped and made their way
buck to their own trenches. No de?
tail! of the incident are given.
"In what hus hitherto been held
the principal scene of operations, the
salient stretching from north of Ar?
ras to south of the Olse Canal, with
Its apex In front of Amiens, says the
revlaw, ihft\w> haV- r/cen^o impoj
- aut change .f^ng^Lhe in
po?:iordr or ^MsHenotfig forces.
An apparent slackening of host!
pressure north and south df* t1w
Komme Is recorded, though it would
he premature to assert that the
Amiens objective has been abandon
Vlong tie front from the Avre td
Noyon, Fmich counter thruats net?
ted local advantages.
Northwest of Moreuit. the French
launched a'strong assault which re
1 suited In the capture of 300 prisoners.
A second attack In this vicinity gain?
ed some 750 prisoners and enabled the
French to advance their line in the
neighborhood of Castel.
"In the secondary theater of t In?
offensive, the new salient formed by
the pressing back of the British be?
tween Merkem and the I?n Hassee Ca?
nal, desperate lighting continued
throughout the week. Here the ene?
my was able to win terrain of disten t
tactical value and l>y occupying part
of the Messt nea Itidge exerted such a
th-e..f upon the Kritiah forces in th
Old Ypies salient posted beyond Pns
achehdaele and the Ypres-Mcnin
Road as to force their withdrawal
along a line running east of Ypres.
"With the combat situation still in
flue'nation p gpfSjgf no purpose to dis
cuss In detail the tactic gl ph ises of
the operations taking place.
1 MTulvershem. N'euve Fglise. Mete
ren ami the ai.-i stretching to the Lga
was the scene of some of the blood
h at encounter h of the w ar.
'The righting in the area centering
arm SS M< gvSSSnaSjl continues with
iMpaggggg hltensitv. The key posi
tmn lemains in British hands, though
ihn enemy gained a footing along its
? In' ? haVS hi ? ii aide to
gain a local ndvant igS in Flanders,
yet surveying the combat situation as
a whole it sag be affirmatively stated
thut their enormous sacrifices and
hi ? pad i sau i it iss ii<'. i hit harte boon
l.uien Of primary result.
The enemy while pushing with
vigor towards the channel ports and
Increasing his pressure to a maximum
has hern umible to force even a
strategic retirement upon the allies
much less disur* mi/.e their order of
' i nity or command has material?
ly facilitated strategic proMems with
which the allies are confronted.
The official selection of QantffSil
Foeh as commander In chief of the al
lud aimies me.ihm ih.it h<- now has
Sttat'gic eontiol or the helligerenf
strength of all of the allies in the
'The complete h.irmonv of allied
operations |h Illustrated hv the heftig?
big Up of a large hodv or traile d
Italian units to tile part in the bat
tie In ||M Went
"Along the aeeton ..t ih?j fiont in
m*a* April, 1850.
"Ba Chi* *i
SIODM TROOPS WHIPPED.
\t ii:\iiKr or QKRMAlffl to take
Wai k on Lines In
? Make Sudden
* Lorraine Sector?Driven Back With
With American Army in France,
April 10 (fly the Associated Press).
?Twelvo hundred (Jerman storm I
>ops, the largest number ever eon
:?*urated ugninst the American troops
for un offensive operation, WSrs
hurled against the*Amerlcan positions
OftAfl one mile front west of ken
nercs Forest, northwest of Toul, to
dftjft after a Aerrlflc bombardment of
gas and high ekptya|e-c shells.^
The enemy succeeded Tn penetrat?
ing^ the front line trenches Ad dak-.
InjTthe village of SfltftuSbptrey,
Ahe^^kis driven off.
ltiJSSrul the A
es and dlspdrsing the oth
AnWrt^an airmen return
*'t ? ? *? ?
%^4t?^inK rtti*?ps carried rations
' ^re^hing^\o*ls< indicating
that they intended*.*tb .^Occupy the
American positions f^or a long period.
ng the sector
n, but later there
e. The American
^ ^ variant work, the
(men dn^nSny' rflPthe batteries Soar?
ing gas masks. The enemy's casual?
ties are believed to have been the
heaviest sustained by them thus far in
any operation against American
troops. Numbers of German dead are
lying in No Man's Land in front of
the American trenches.
CHAMBERLAIN HILL UNCONSTI?
Cannot Try Violators of Sedition Lu?\
By Court Martial.
Washington, April 22.?President
Wilson In a letter to Senator Over?
man today declared that he believed
the Chambe rlain bill, which would
try violations of the sedition law by
court martial would be unconstitu- ,
WEST VIRGINIA'S DEBT.
Washington. April 22.?The Su?
preme Court today ordered a rcurgu
aunt hi the proceedings brought by
Virginia to compel West Virginia to
pay a Judgment of more titan twelve
million dollars resulting from the suit I
to collect Virginia's Civil War debts, i
l arnegat City. N. J? April 22.?
Norwegian steamship Vindal, with
15,000 bugs of coffee on board, came
ashore during a heavy fog early to?
day. The possibilities are that she
will be saved. The crew of fifteen
which our own troops are in action
there w;is ? relatively greater actlv
"In the Meuso ana the enemy
broke into our lines but was promptly
driven out with severe losses.
"Increased sniping and machine
fcun hie w.is noted both along the
Mouse and north Of Toul. Our coun?
ter battery work showed Itself etli
cient in keeping down hostile sholllni
which burst In greater volume ami in
tenalty |n restricted areas.
"The first tWO enemy airplanes
brought down i>\ our aviators were
hot down behind our lines north ol
"No operations of Importance took
place In the Italian theater aside
intermittent artillery bom*
"in the Baal Ihe enemy continue*
idvunce practically without oppo
silton along the main highways lead
ing to Objectives of certain eeononiie
Impot lance, pat tleularly In the I '<
"in the Ralknna Greek and MrltHh
Iroepa Rctlnit in cooperation crosseH
the Htruma ami captured a numbei
rjd Fear not?Dot nil rJbe ends Thon Ata
UMTER, S. C, WEDNE
Buyers DawIMerefi by Contradicting
Advices Affecting Trade?-One Fall
New York, April 18.-^The New
York Cotton Exchange was the scene
today of some of the most spectacular
price fluctuations in its history. Con?
tradicting advices affecting the trade
bewildered the traders and furiojas
buying or selling caused sudden cor?
responding advances and declines, one
sensational break extending more
than $*J a bale. One chief facjajjn
the trading was the report
Washington received during
trading that a bill had been ip\fQ
duced into the house to fix the' pride
of cotton at 20 ce?nts, a pound.
There were^oj^EjAg advances of"l
about 33 Wbk>n
n id spot
? Bjut iu?
The Washington news <vas followed
by a break of fully a cent a pound
within five minutes. July contracts,
for instance, sold off from 29 to 28
duts. making a decline of 147'points
h the closing price of Wednesday
a break of more than %'J a bale
iom tshe high level of the morning.
Tha close was .'25 to 50 points up
frottf the lowest on covering, but
showed ne^t losses of .107 to 115 points
for the day. There,was, a feebnsj
around the- ring/here that the blflj to
fix the price of raw cotton at 20 cents
had little chance of passage. Tho
prospect for government action of,
some sort In the goods market, how?
ever, was considered more seriously. J
SEVENTY. ON i^4?^MP^
Twelve American? Killed In Action.
Washington, April 18.?The casual?
ty list today contained 72 names di?
vided as follows:
Killed in action, 12; died of
wounds, 3; died of disease, 5; wound?
ed severely, 7; wounded slightly, 4 5.
Tiie list named four officers. Capt.
James E. Miller was killed in action.
Lieut. Arthur B. Warren died of
disease; Lieut. Jumes E. O'Toole was
wounded severely and Capt. Nathan?
iel P. Brooks was wounded slightly.
Killed In action: Capt. James E.
Miller. Corporals Henry L. Damon,
Russell A. Hoyt, Henry Q, Maxted,
Mechanic Ralph J. Spooner, Privates
Joseph K. Blair, Michael Merzersky,
Donald O. Neilson, Win. J. Nobles.
Edward J. O'Blian, Frank Zolt, Basil
Died of wounds: Privates Roland
B, Coles, Oscar Johnson, William
Died or disease: Lieut. Arthur B.
Warren, Bergt, Ambrose Xavler Buy
atte, Privates Robert L. Candage,
OrnlS Nichols, Barry Smith.
Wounded severely: Lieut. James E.
O'Toole; Privates Edward Britton,
William Davis, C.corge J. Duto.
Michael Fangorl, Victor C. Fierse.
Wounded slightly: Capt. Nathaniel
P. Brooks, BergtS Martin H. McKcn
na, John M. Serber, Coprs. Walter J.
Brennen, Alfred p. Qormat?, William
j. McKaron, Orson 11, Rathburn; Pri-i
vates J. B, Barry, Murray W. Bar-]
tlstt, Purley J, Batsman, Joseph Be-1
?Inskl, Joseph A. Bedard, Wilson IE.
Balckwell, John D. Cooner, Leo Cre
teau, Arlington C. Cullen, Ralph B.
Edmunds, Ula R. Farmer, Joseph J
Cannon. Arthur P, Gorman, Joseph
Oranger, Gustav Helpa, James B.
Hitchcock, Edwin U Ilollis, How?
ard L. Jardlne, Bill Jures, Joseph J.I
Kane, Arthur L. Lyons, Charles New?
ton. Clarence E. Newton. Cornelius
Orourke, Nloollno Patlsrno, Arthur O.
Peterson, Walter F. Qulnn, Charles
If.. Robinson, Edgar B. Robinson.
Charles C. Resbaek, Joseph L. Sher
Idan, Harold R, Bleeper, Jerry C.
Stewart, Harry R. Button, Elmer ll
rarbOX, James P, Troy. Frank gf.
Venues. Ralph Wlranls.
London. April 19.?-Thi leaders of
he Nationalists in Ireland, Including
he Redmondites, who now are led by
John Dillon, the Blnn Felners,
D'Bryonltes, Laborltes and Clericale
ire united In their determination to
? sist conscription "by the most of*
ectlve means at our disposal.'' which
H the wording Of n resolution passed
it a meeting of bishops at Maynooth
si t.-i day,
Ml K be Stay ?ounirj'i, Thy God's ?
SDAT, APRIL 24, 1918
NEW C ASUALTY LISTS.
Secretary Baker Says Question of
Change of Policy Will be Consider?
Washington April 18.?Secretary
Eaker said today the proposal that
thfe home addresses of men named be
restored to casualty lists will be taken
up soon and that the prevailing opin ?
ion of his military advisers will de?
termine the decision. He said the
practice of many newspapers in re?
questing relatives of soldiers named in
iho list to communicate thieir ad?
dresses, would have the effect of de?
stroying the object of the present sys?
tem, tho concealment of important
information from the enemy.
NEGROES CAN RENDER SERVICE.
Growing Greater Food Crops and
Economizing Urged Upon Race.
Columbia, April 21.?An appeal is
made to the 12,000,000 negroes of the
United States by Herbert Hoover,
|united States Food Administrator,
fdr patriotic service in the present
world crisis through greater conser
vation and increased production of
food. Mr. Hoover says: >
^?"Our nation is engaged in a war
|s?r its very existence. To win this
war we must save food, groW great
crops of foodstuffs and substitute oth?
er foods for those most easily shipped
to our associates in this war and our
own soldiers In France, thousands of
whom are men of your own race. The
food administration realizes that the
negro people of this nation can be of
the utmost help in food conservation
and food production. Every negro
man, woman and child, can render a
definite service by responding to the
appeal and instructions of the food
administration and its representatives.
*jmo negroes have shown themselves
fwal and responsive in every nation
crisis. Their greatest opportunity
^Hfthe present day, to exercise this
Hftlty, is to help save and grow food.
I -jim conhdent that they will respond
??the suggestions of the food admin
patriotism for the winning of this
KORINLOFFTS ARMY ACTIVE.
Hostilities Resumed Between Cossacks
Petrograd, Tuesday, April 16.?(By
the Associated Press).?Hostilities
have been renewed between the troops
of den. Korniloff and those of the So?
viets. Rostof-On-Don is in the hands
of the anarchists. At Kherson, after
the Germans left, massacres of offi?
cers and Bourgeois by soldiers oc?
Criminals at Novo-Tcherkask, who
began to indulge in excesses, were
dispersed by machine guns.
The Turkish cruiser Hamldies and
two torpedo boats are reported to
have arrived at Odessa.
PRICE OF WHEAT FIXED.
Washington. April 18.?Proposed
Increase of the government guaran?
teed price of wheat to $2.50 was de?
feated tonight in the house, which re?
jected by a vote of 167 to 98 the sei
ate amendment to the agricultural ap?
propriation bill making the change.
This action spnds the question back
to conference and the senate is ex?
pected to recede so as not to hold uo
the appropriation bill.
Under the food control act the
price of 1918 wheat was fixed at $2 a
bushel, but by proclamation last Feb?
ruary President Wilson fixed a mini?
mum guarantee of $2.20 a bushel at
the principal interior primary mar?
kets. Under senate rider to the ap?
propriation bill the price would be
increased to $2.50 a bushel and the
farmers' local elevators made the ba?
Representaive Lever, chairman of
the agriculture committee. led the
ight against adoption to the amend?
ment declaring the proposed guaran?
tee would not Increase the spring
wheat production and denying that
he present guarantee is inadequate.
The vote was preceded by four
lours of general debate.
Washington, April 22.?Food ship
nenta to civilian populations of the
tilled countries win be suspended tot?
en days to move three million bmh
ds of grain to ibe Belgians who are
leeiared to be it? deaperate straits
Greenville, April 22.?Vivian M
d inning is the seventh son of Gov,
donning to oiler his services to the
ountry. He will shortly sell bis bus
ness lure and enter fbe army as b
private, he announced today.
EARTHQUAKE IN CALIFORNIA.
ALL LOWEil SECTION OF STATE
I> I ST Fit BED BY SHOCK.
Thirty Buildings Destroyed at Hemm
?One Man Killed, Several Persons
Los Angeles, April 21.?All of
southern California and part of wes?
tern Arizona and Utah were shaken
today at 3.25 p. m. by an earthquake
which wrecked virtually all buildings
and residences in Hemet and San
Jacinto, two inland towns 4 5 miles
southeast of Riverside, Cal., and caus?
ed minor property damage in practi?
cally every town and city.
One man, Frank E. Darnell, of
this city, was killed when he fell oil*
a pier at Santa Monica. A woman
was injured by falling from a second
story window at San Jacinto and a
number of persons were injured there
and elsewhere, none seriously.
Three men entombed in a maga?
zine mine tunnel near Hemet probab?
ly were saved by fellow workers who
drove an air shaft to them.
The severity of the shock seemed
greatest inland but it was distinctly
apparent at nearly every point over
California south from a line from
! Darstow to the coast and some parts
In Los Angeles and vicinity the
damage was apparent mainly in brok?
Homes all over southern California
were shaken, dishes rattled, furni?
ture moved and in many places the
shock was such as to cause the occu?
pants to vacate hastily.
At San Bernardino the quake was
said by old residents to be the worst
of years. Scores of plate glass win?
dows were broken.
Riverside suffered a shock of simi?
lar Intensity. Ornaments were shaken
from the court house cornice and
The tremor was first reported from
Barstow at 3.30 p. m. and apparently
moved east and south from that
point. It became most severe in the
?mmt it,,*.,.? .Mi IHM Mftl
farther north about San Bernardino.
Coming on toward the coast, the
I tremor did slight damage at Whittier
(and other intervening points and then
I struck Los Angeles at 3.22 p. m.,
there being two shocks.
In the city the earthquake broke a
nurhber of large plate glass windows
in office buildings. There was almqst
a panic in numerous theaters and pic?
The citv hall stands two inches
from an adjacent building. The
tremor swayed them together and
crushed off brick and stone dust, as
well as grinding an outside pipe into
At the city jail, there was a panic
among the prisoners when glass
At Santa Monica, a seaside town
near here, a crowd was on the muni?
cipal pier, which swayed perilously,
and in the rush to escape, Frank E.
Darbella a retired manufacturer, was
killed when he fell off a pier.
The bath house at Santa Monica
Canyon was also the scene of a panic
when the building swayed and creak?
ed. Feminine patrons, some of them
unclothed, scrambled from the dress?
ing rooms and rushed back to shelter
At Long Beach several large office
buildings were severely shaken and
numerous windows were broken.
The earthquake apparently was
not serious very far south as reports
from Imperial Valley points said it
had not damaged any of the towns in
that part of the State.
BRITISH MAKE GAINS.
Local Operations on Principal Battle
London. April 22.?The British ad?
vanced their lines slightly last night
In local operations on both of the
principal battle fronts, the war office
announces. (Jains were made at Vil
lers-l'ri'tonneuN and Albert on the
Somme fronl and at the Robecq tip
of the Flanders salient. A strong lo?
cal attack by the Hermans north Ol
Alberl was repulsed after the enemy
had captured one advance British ad?
Paris, April 22 -?German raids east
Of the Avre river, near Rheims, were
repulsed last night, the war office
Washington. April 22.?The casual
t\ list today Includes seventy-one
names. Killed in action ten tall pri?
vates), died of wounds live, died of
accident one, died of dleeaae four
other causes tWO. Wounded SOVerel)
even, wounded slightly forty-two.
i 80?THR0!?, Bat?'
VoLXLVI. No. 20.
the mm spirit.
ArSTRALI AX OBSERVER SAYS
lit'Ns WILL be surprised.
If They Art Sincere in Discounting
American Troops They Will Have
a Rude Awakening When They
Meet The n in Battle.
Behind t ie British Dines in
France, Mi rch 20?(Correspondence
of The Associated Press)?The Ger?
mans are in for a rude awakening if
they are sincere in discounting the
American army in France, in the
opinion of F. M. Cutlack, assistant of?
ficial correspondent with the Austral?
ian Imperil I Force here.
?The A' cricans," he asserted,
"have a spi it for which the Kaiser
would sacrifice a good half of his
numbers if he could get it into his
troops today." Returning from a visit
40 the Am cican forces Mr. Cutlack
j 'The dominant fact in the arrival
I of the Unit d States army is the huge
I bigness of it. It is new?new as
I paint?and keen as a racehorse In
training?or rather a whole paddock
I ful of race horses. The world will
probably not h?ve the chance again
of seeing such a spectacle of amateur
warlike ec nestnosa, for the Ameri?
cans are Irs firing very fast.
"It saw something of the same
sort when the Australian War Army
began lon? ago in 1914?the same
light-hearb; d enthusiasm .the same
rich raw Quality all untrained and in
experiencec ,the same outpouring of
the very bogt of a whole country in
1 an emotioi: of national pride, count?
ing neither cost nor returns. The
Americans are not soldiers yet, and
no people realize better than them?
selves how much they have still to do
to make themselves soldiers, but they,
will be ,a great and powerful army In
probably shorter time than they reck?
' Great armies have before this been
I raised for great causes, and the Brlt
j ish cmpirt as the beat of reasons for
knowing h w with the vital spark in
may beeorre a fine
army you can read of in history ever
marched with a more splendid ardor
or faced a great struggle with se
rener satisfaction than the American
expeditionary force in France. And
it is such a mighty army. They will
not tell yon how big, and you are dis?
couraged from guessing, but we ran
through ali a spring day in a huge
automobile and still the American
host dotted the landscape, drilling,
marching, manoeuvring, building
camps and roads.
"They pre learning the art of
lighting from the best soldiers of
Fi ance ami Britain, end many of their
officers as attaches of one sort or an?
other have seen a lot of this war from
the Germa.-r and Turkish side as well.
We found 1 major who had watched
the Qalllpoll campaign from *.he top
of the BatMeship Hill and was in the
confidence of Liman von Sanders and
the Turkish Pashas. He has therefore
a particularly warm regard for the
We went up to see the American
line in Lorraine. In their khaki
and round, tin hats among the Lor?
raine bills they look and act very
much like our own men; indeed they
might be our own fellows. They have
the same sturdy, self-reliant look.
They spread themselves over country'
in the fashion of men accustomed to
vast spaces. They walk with the same
easy, free limbed carriage. Their
discipline, like ours is a thing which
force coula never impose or main?
tain, but is rather contributed volun?
tarily to a common good in violation
of temper ifnetlt and upbringing.
"Againsr these men, as against the
men of the British empiie, the Ger?
mans have no chance."
HUN WIATOR KILLED.
London, April 22.?Captain Baron
von Bichlhofen, a famous German
aviator ha- been killed, Reuter's cor
reapondent at British headquarters re?
Kdlcd Rack Of Lines.
With British Army in France, April
3 2. Baron Ryehtholen, the famous
Oman aviator, was shot down and
billed last light back of the British
Ines a loop the Somme front. He was
air led with military honors near the
spot where he fell.
On the ieport issued from the SgftOS
? 1 Director Of War Savings in Char
eston, Bumter county shows sales for
he week ending April IS at $>7V if.
Plus puts the count) :iOth in sales for
he week and drops her to 1Mb plaeo
n Standing In sales to date. A couple
>! weeks ago Sumt.'f had wotked Up
o 10th place.