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A MILITARY TRIUMPH.
SURRENDER OF AUSTRIA WAS
FORCED BY VICTORY ON
Terms of Armistice Granted Were
Even More Drastic Than Those Al
1 lowed Turkey and Bulgaria.
Washington, Nov. 4.?Austria
Hungary, the last and most powerful
ally of Germany, passed out of the
world war today under terms of ab
Not only have the armed forces of
the once powerful Austro-Hungarian
empire laid down their arms to await
the end of the war and peace terms
dictated by. the allies and the United
States, but Austro-Hungarian terri
tory is open for operations against
Germany. Even the munitions of
that former ally are to be used
against the kaiser's armies if refusal
to accept conditions now being pre
pared for them make prolonged fight
The terms which stopped the vic
torious advance on the Italian front
were accepted- by the Austrian com
mander in chief in the field in the
name" of the Vienna government and
their execution is guaranteed by the
thorough beating already administer
ed which had converted the defeated
army into a disorganized fleeing
Even the terms imposed previous
ly upon Bulgaria and Turkey hardly
were so drastic. In addition to all of,
the military precautions the Autsrian
armies are compelled to retire from
a wide spread of territory within the
"border of their empire when the war
began, surrendering all of Italian Ir
redenta and thereby losing any ad
vantages for argument over boun
daries around a peace table.
A map' survey of the geographical
lines fixed for Austrian evacuation
shows that the area, is even greater!
than that set by the Italians as the
goal of their ambition when they en
tered, the . war. At that time the Ital
ian leaders carefully outlined and in
dicated on their war maps the ter
ritory along their borders which they
deemed it necessary that they acquire
lor racial and sentimental reasons
and also to insure the security of
'In decreeing Austria's surrender
terms, the supreme war council at
.Versailles has followed this outline
closely, but has enlarged upon it to
some extent. The right of occupatior
of these vacated provinces is stipu
lated, but it is to be noted that for the
time being civil government is to be
administered by the existing loca:
civil authorities in cooperation with
the occupying garrison.
This means that the whole question
of final disposition of the territory in
volved is left to be settled at the
Italian- military officers here thrill
ed with pride tonight over the evi
dence of final victory contained in
the armistice program.
"It is a triumph," said General
Gugliemotti, military attache at the
Italian embassy, "which hardly 10
days ago seemed far distant, but in
which Italy and her soldiers have al
ways had unshakable faith, even ir
. the saddest moments of last yeai
when they were compelled to give
way before the crushing superiority
of the German, Austrian, Bulgarian
and. Turkish forces.
"From' a purely military point o?
view, thriee causes have, in my opin
ion, especially contributed to the
triumph'of today, the choice of the
right moment, the efficient direction
of the attacks; and rapidly of exe- j
"The happy successes of the allies I
oh the French front, the withdrawal j
of Bulgaria and Turkey from the
war, left Austria, although with
forces greatly superior, alone againsi
us. The bad weather and the snow
had already begun to make the move
ments and the provisioning of the
armies in the mountain zone rathei
- difficult.. The same effect was pro
duced hi the plains near the sea by
the violent rains which caused th(
streams to rise and overflow the low
lands. Such conditions narrowed the
defense; in the concrete case the:
made the attack easier because sucr
difficulties made it impossible for tb>
enemy to counterattack successfully
on 'our flanks and gave us an oppor
tunity to concentrate greater force:^
in a narrower space.
"From' the very first moment th'
intention; had been evident of divid
ing the Austrian army in such a war.
as to separate the mountain section J
from that of the plains and possibly j
outflank the retreat of the Austriar
troops. Hence the rapid and vigor
ous push towards Vittorio Veneto
Ponte Niello Aple. which promptly
attained the first aim. Hence the rap.
id advance in Val Sugana. Grigno am
Caste! Neuova. On the 24th of'Oc
tbber the initial bombardment wa: I
begun. Today, November 4. the Ital J
ian flag flies over the castle of Trem j
and on' the tower of St. Giusto at
Triest and at 3 o'clock this afternoon
an armistice became effective, th<
clauses of which mean the uncondi
tionai surrender of the enemy.
"Against about 70 enemy division
have fought on Italian soil. .">8 Italiai
divisions, three British divisions, om
French division, a regiment of Araer
ican infantry and the Czecho-S!oval
legion. Nor should the help giv-n b;
our brave allies to us be considere:
slight. Besides the intrinsic valor o
the units which have fought side h;<
side with us. their presence has re
affirmed before the enemy the unit;
of aims of all the allies on the Ital
ian theater as well as on all the othe?
theaters of the war."
Following are the terms of th'
armistice imposed upon Austria
which went into effect at 3 o'clock
1. The immediate cessation of hos
tilitiesj>y land, sea and air.
2. " Total demobilization of the Aus
tro-Hungarian army and immediate
withdrawal of all Austro-Hungarian
forces operating on the front frorr
the North Sea to Switzerland.
Within Austro-Hungarian terri
tory. limited ns in Clause? ?, i>< ^ow
there shall only be maintained os a?
organized military force reduced tc
Half thk. divisional, corps and army
artillery arid equipment shall be col
lected at points to be indicated by the
allies and the United States of Amer
ica for delivery to them, beginning
with all such material as exists in
the territories to be evacuated by tin
3. Evacuation of all territories in
vaded by Austro-Hungary since th(
beginning of the war. Withdr?wa
within such periods as shall be de
termined by the commander in chiel
of the allied forces on each front ol
the Austro-Hungarian armies behind
a line fixed as follows:
From Pic Umbrail to the north o?
the Stelvio it will follow* the crest of
the Rhetian Alps up to the sources oJ
the Adige and the Edisach passinp
thence by Mounts Helschen and Bren
ner and the heights of Oetz and Zoal
ler. The line thence turns south
crossing Mount Toblach and meeting
the present frontier Carnic Alps. It
follows this up to Mount Tarvis and
up to the watersheu of the Julian Alp;
by the Col of Predile, Mount Man
gart and Tricorno (Terglou) anc!
the watersheds of the Cols di
Podberdo. Podlaniscan and Idria.
From- this point the line turns south
east towards the Schneeberg, ex
cludes the whole basin of Save and it?
tributaries. From Schneeberg it
goes down towards the coast in such
a way as to include Castua, Mattuglia
and Volesca in the evacuated terri
It will also follow the administra
tive limits of the present province 01
Dalmatia, including to the north
Lisarica and Trivania and, to the
south, territory limited by a line from
j the Semigrand of Cape Planca to the
! summits of the watersheds eastward,
j so as to include in the evacuated area
all the valleys and water courses,
flowing towards Sebenico, such as the
Cicola, Kerka, Butisnica and theh
tributaries. It will also include al.
the islands in the north and west of
Dalmatia from Premuda, Selva, Ulbo.
Scherda, Maon, Fago and Pu: tadura
in the north up to Meleda in' the
south, embracing Santandrea, Busin.
Lisa, Lesina, Tercola, Curzola, Cazza
and Lagosta, as well as the neighbor
ing rocks and islets and passages,
only excepting the islands of great
and small Zirona, Bua, Solta and
Brazza. All territory thus evacuated
(shall be occupied by the forces?) of
the allies and of the United States
All military and railway equip
ment of all kinds, including coal be
longing to or within those territories
(to be?) left in situ and surrendered
to the allies according to special or
ders given by the commander-in-chiel
of the forces of the associated pow
Four: The allies shall have the
right of free movement over all roads:
and rail and waterways in Austro
Hungarian territory and of the use ol
the necessary Austrian and Hungar
I ian means of transportation. Th;>
: armies of the asociated powers shal
occupy such strategic points in Aus
tria-Hungary at such times as they
may deem necessary to enable them
to conduct military operations or to
maintain order. They shall have the
right of requisition on payment for
the troops of the associated powers
(wherever?) they may be.
Five: Complete evacuation of all
German troops within 15 days not
only from the Italian and Balkan
fronts, but from all Austro-Hungar
Internment of all German troops
which have not left Austro-Hungary
within the date.
Six: The administration of the
evacuated teritories c ustria-Hun
gary will be entrusted to the local
authorities under the control of the
allied and associated armies of occu
Seven: The immediate repatriation
without reciprocity of all allied pris
oners of war and interned subjects
and of civil populations evacuated
from their homes on conditions to be
laid down by the commander-in-chiel
of the forces of the associated pow
ers on the various fronts. Sick and
wounded who can not be removed
from evacuated territory will be cared
for by Austria-Hungary personnel
who will be left on the spot with the
medical material required.
One: Immediate cessation of all
hostilities at sea and definite informa
tion to be given as to the location
and movements of all Austro-Hun
Notification to be made to neutrals
that freedom of navigation in all ter
ritorial waters is given to the naval
and mercantile marine of the allied
and associated powers, all questions of
neutrality being waived.
Two: Surrender to allies and the
United States of 15 Austro-Hungar
ian submarines completed between
years 1910 and 1918, and of all Ger
man submarines which are in or ma;
hereafter enter Austro-Hungarian ter
ritorial waters. All other Austro
Hungarian submarines to be paid off
and completely disarmed and to re
main under the supervision of the
illies and the United States.
Three: Surrender to allies and
United States with their complete
armament and equipment of three
battleships, three light cruisers, nine
destroyers. 12 torpedo boats! one
mine layer, six Danube monitors to
? >e designated by the allies and Unit
ed States of America. All other sur
face warships, including river craft
are to be concentrated in Austro
Hungary naval bases to be designat
ed by the allies and United States o'
America and are to be paid off and
completely disarmed and placed un
der the supervision of allies and
i'nited States of America.
Four: Freedom of navigation to all
warships and merchant ships of al
lied powers to be given in the Adria
tic and up the river Danube and it*
tributaries in the territorial water,
and territory of Austria-Hungary.
The allies and associated powers
shall have the right to sweep up all
mine fields and obstructions, and tin
positions of th^se are to be indicated
Tn order to insure the freedom o.
navigation on the Danube the all:?.?
ind the United States of Amc i -a
shall be empowered to occupy r>r i<
dismantle all fortifications or defo/ise
Five: The existing blockade con
ditions set u;> by tin- ;>)li?-(i and a: o
ciated powers are to. remain un
changed and all A?stro-H?ngarian
merchant ships found at sen are to
remain liable to capture save exoep
?ons which may be made by a com
mission nominated by the allies and
the United States of America.
Six: AM naval aircraft are to be
concentrated and impactionized in
Austro-Hungarian bases to be desig
nated by the allies and the United
States of America.
Seven: Evacuation of all the Ital
ian coasts and of all ports occupied
by Austria-Hungary outside their
national territory and the abandon
ment of all floating craft, naval ma
terials, equipment and materials for
inland navigation of all kinds.
Eight: Occupation by the allies
and the United States of America of
the land and sea fortifications and
the lands which form the defenses
and of the dockyards arsens.1 at Pola.
Nine: AU merchant vessels held
by Austria-Hungary belonging to the
allies and associated powers to be
Ten: No destruction of ships or of
materials to be permitted before evac
uation, surrender or restors.tion.
Eleven: All naval and mercantile
marine prisoners of the allied asso
ciated powers in Austro-Hungarian.
hands to be returned without reci
AUTO LICENSE TAGS.
Licensing of Automobiles Requires
The owner of an automobile who
fills out an application form and sends
it in with a postoffice money order or
certified check for a license tag for
his car doubtless thinks he has had
to go to a great deal of trouble. And
he may think that after all his trou
ble the State Highway Department
should have nothing to do but mail
out his tag in the next mail after re
ceiving his application and check.
However, there is as much to do to
his application in the offices of the
Highway Department as he has done
in filling out the application form
and getting his money order or cer
tified check. The men who buy their
tags at the window appreciate better
than those who send by mail the
amount of work required to check,
correct, number and file the appli
cations and issue the tag.
When a tag is purchased at the
window the following operation must
be gone through with in order tc
compiy with the law, as well as to en
able the clerks to answer inquiries
about owners and license numbers oi
cars later. First, the clerk must of
ten help the owner fill out the appli
cation, since this was not done before
coming to secure the tag. The stated
horsepower must then be checked tc
see that it agrees with the horse
power figured by the formula which,
is used, by the department. The fee
for that particular horsepower is then
found from a card giving fees for va
rious horsepowers. The clerk ther
gets a tag from the box and enters
the number of the tag on the appli
cation. To show the actual fee paid
in there is installed a special style oi
cash register, which prints on the ap
plication the fee registered on the
keys. Consequ3ntly, the application
card must be inserted in a slot in the
cash register before <.he amount ?
rung up. The cle*then returns the
proper change Aad delivers the tag
Hut the wor'. is not yet completed
for the name of the owner and the
county in which he lives, together with
the amount of fee paid, must be
copied from the application into a
large registration book. This musi
be done so that the book will show
how much money goes back to each
county to be spent on its roads, a:
well as to enable the auditor to checu
the receipts and disbursements of the
department. After the entering oi
this information in the registrat'or
book the card is filed in a drawer as
signed to that particular county.
When applications are reeeived b\
mail a big item of work is the open
ing of two thousand to three thou
sand envelopes per day and clipping
the contents together to be passed or
to the checking clerk. It is the duty
of this clerk to see that the necessary
information is on the card, that the
horsepower given is correct for thai
particular make and model of cai
and that the correct fee is enclosed.
If all is correct the number of the li
cense issued to the applicant is writ
ten on the money order or check and
on the application, the tag addressed
and stamped. The data from the
application is then entered in the big
registration book and the application
Each night the total cash on hand
must be balanced against the appli
cations handled for the day, just as
in a bank the business for each day
is balanced at night.
During the last two weeks of De
cember and the first part of January
applications come in by the mail bag
full. These bags are dateS and are
opened in consecutive order. During
the greatest rush the bags pile up
faster than it is possible to handle
the applications: so that some are
obliged to be delayed a few days. In
order to relieve this rush and to get
license tags to the owners in time to
prevent inconvenience to them the
Highway Department will start is
suing license tags the first of Decem
ber this year.
WINTERFELDT TO ACT FOR BER
Will Conduct Armistice Negotiation?
on Western Front.
Amsterdam. Nov. 5.? (By the As
sociated Press).?Germania, of Ber
lin, says that Gen. von Winterfeldt
former German military attache at
Paris, will conduct the armistice ne
gotiations for Germany on the wes
AUSTRIA MAY PROTEST.
Vienna May Have to Read Armislio
Amsterdam. Nov 5.?Austria wil'
protest against th*"* interpretation oi
any clause in the armistice as mean
ing that enemy armies are entitled
io attack Germany through Austria
according to advice? from Vienna.
The South Carolina Methodist Con-.j
ference will meet in Orangeburg
December 4th. having been postponed
to that date from November 27th. 1 iy.
mistake it was published a few days
ago that the conference would moot
?>n December 27th. 1
CENTRAL RELIEF COMMITTEE.
Chairman Stranss Announces That
Committee Has Been Disbanded.
The Daily Item:
Please announce in The Item that
the work of the Central Relief Com
mittee is practically concluded .and
the Civic League Relief Committee
of which Mrs. Horace Harby is chair
man and with which the general com
mittee co-operaed, will be able to
caVry on all necessary relief work.
The Central Relief Committee is
It is but fair for us to state that |
the relief work was inaugurated by1
the ladies of the Civic League and tv
good work accomplished is really due
to the efforts of the members of that,
I desire to thank all those who
helped in the work and only regret
any inability to express in person my
affection to every one who rendered
service or aid.
I. C. Strauss.
PRICE OF WHISKEY.
Prohibition and War Taxes Keep Mar
ket in a Turmoil.
Louisville, Ky., Nov. 6.?After
eighteen months of extreme uncer
tainty in the whiskey ma ""at, the
price of bonded goods toda. ".en
tucky, the largest straight' whiskey
producing State in America, is 95
cents to $1.15 a gallon.
The imminence of complete pro
hibition, coupled with the belief that
higher taxes may cause a marked de
crease in consumption, is expected by
large operators to keep prices at a
low level. A few dealers, however,
believe the approach of prohibition
will stimulate demand and bring high
The sudden, sweeping market
changes have kepi operators in a tur
moil. A year and a half ago many
of them would have been bankrupt
had they been forced to liquidate
their holdings. Then prices rose and
on paper some of the holders were
The order stopping production for
beverage purposes sent nrices upward
until newest whiskies approached $3
a gallon in bond. Owners counted
gains in big figures, and many held on
for higher prices. The cautious ones
unloaded at the peak, however.
Then came the certainty of pro
hibition for the duration of the war
and that greatly increased taxes must
be paid. Prices crashed and brought
the low levels of today.
There are between thirty and forty
millions of gallons of whiskey avail
able for sale today on which the tax
has been paid. The present tax on
whiskey is $3.20 a proof gallon. Deal
ers said they expected the new $8,
000,000,000 revenue bill to provide a
tax of at least double and probably
treble the present rate.
A SOLDIER OF THE SEA.
Advcintures of a Brave Marine.
Paris. Sept. 22 (Correspondence
of The Associated Press).?The only
decorations won by Private Luke
Thayer, Jr., of the United States Ma
rines up to two years ago were those
received about his optics when h(
settled his disputes in the good old
Today, Luke who is a trifle over
nineteen years, wears three campaign
ribbons, a croix de guerre with a
palm, two wound stripes and two oth
er stripes indicating a year's service
Incidentally he is wearing half a
dozen scars from Boche shrapnel and
bullets. ? ?
Luke is the son of the chief of po
lice of Georgetown, Pa. He was liv
ing at 1707 Arch Street. Philadelphia
when a recruiting poster caught his
eye and he decided to see the world
through the medium of the U. S. Ma
rine Corps travel agency. By stretch
ing his five feet six to the full limit
and by looking the recruiting officer
in the eye without blushing while he
?wore he was within the legal age
limit for enlisting, Luke got into the
"Soldiers of the Sea."
The story of Luke's adventures
since that date came out in this cit>\
when, while convalescing in a large
military hospital, he got permission
to visit the headquarters of the
Knights of Columbus so that he coulc
obtain free smokes and entertain
ment. He got both and I got thi1
Within a few months after Luke en
listed he earned his first campaign
ribbon by helping to impress the
might of Uncle Sam on some of the
natives of San Domingo. A jaunt to
Flaiti was next in order- where he ac
quired another ribbon.
It was at Belleau Woods that Luke
earned the right to wear the wa;
eross with a palm. A detachment of
the marines was with a French regi
ment at the time. On a little hillock
well camouflaged by a clump of
bushes, two German machine guns
were spitting death into the ranks of
the French and the marines. Twelve
volunteers were called for to storm
the two nests, and Luke was one o
The twelve divided into two bodies j
but of the five with Luke only om J
got as far as the objective with him
The others were either killed or
wounded. Three grenades well plac
ed by the boy from Pennsylvania
linished up the crew of the gun ht
Over on the other part of the hil
lock Luke noticed his "pals" were
having a tough time. He turned the
gun he had captured on the German.1
-till fighting with the other "bullet
spitter" and not only finished them
quickly, but routed a counter attack
?nade by about thirty of the Boche.
Aid arrived a little Inter, but before
that time fragments of a shell had
put Thayer out of action temporarily.
Since that time he's recovered enough
to have had thrt war cross pinned on
him. ;ind he's happy, for the surgeons
have told him he'll get back into ac
"This wouldn't be such a bad old
war." said Thayer. "if* only those
French generals wouldn't insist on
cissing a guy when they pin a meda'
Lieut. Wendell Lcvi Pays a Glowing
Tribute to the Work of the Y. M.
C. A. in France.
Some time ago the committee that
is working in the interest of the sev
en organizations learned that Lieut.
Wendell Levi had been expressing in
quite a number of letters his delight
with the work of the Y. M. C. A. in
France. Knowing how valuable per
sonal testimonials of this sort would
be from one of our own boys the
committee procured from Mrs. Levi
i ermission to publish extracts fro"^
ne or two of these letters. Th'
expressions will convince everyoru
that the work that this organization
is doing for our boys is held in the
highest possible esteem. The extracts
Extract from a letter under date
of October 1st, 191S, "Somewhere in
"Tell every one that they musi
give to the Y. M. C. A. and the Red
Cross and the Canteen. If they evei
came over they would realize thjpf
worth. No matter how much -^Su
give, I want to assure you that your
son is getting value received. And
give to the Fourth Liberty Loan. The
more you buy the better our spirit
and the sooner we will win the war.
My little tour of Europe is quite an
education. I must, however, see how
the people dress in Berlin, before I
Extracts from a letter under date
of October 17th, 1918:
"The Y. M. C. A. here has plenty
of candy, cakes, tobacco, etc., and it
is surely appreciated by the men.
We don't ha*-^ many luxuries, but,
you need never wory that we are not
getting the essentials of life. It look*
now as if peace is imminent. How
ever r don't believe we will have
peace for a few months anyhow. Per
sonally, I hope that we fight unti*
Germany surrenders unconditionally,
for Mother dear, that is the only
just terms. You loved ones at home
can help by giving and giving to the
Y. M. C. A. and the Red Cross."
The Y. M. C. A., God, bless it, is
with us always, and, is the one big
gest factor in. the men's lives."
SUNDAY SCHOOL WORK.
Report of Six Months Activities Sub
mitted by Secretary Webb.
Spartanburg, No vi 6.?Gratifying
progress was made in'the work of the
South Carolina Sunday School Asso
ciation for the last six mor*hs, ac
cording to a report submitt vy R
D. Webb, General Secretar. a the
semi-annual meeting of the Centra:
Executive Committee Tuesday after
noon. The employed workers of ihe
association, according to this report
have attended a total of 121 Sunday
School Conventions and conferences
at which there were -present a tota
of 9,194 people, representing a tota
of 1,396 Sunday schools of all de
nominations in the State. In spit<
of unusual conditions during the firs
six months of the association year
and the quarantine caused by the in
fluenza epidemic in October, the re
'? port shews that more convention:
* were held, more schools were reach
; ed, and mre liberal financial suppor
. was received than during the corre
. sponding period of any previous year
Many plans for new and advance<
work along Sunday School line
were adopted by the .Central Execu
tive Committee. It was voted to con
duct throughout the State a Sunda:
School drive on Sunday, Decembe
1st. The South Carolina Sunda:
School Association is asked to job
the otber State and provincial asso
ciations of the continent in promot
ing the continent-wide school visita
tion on December 1st. The purpxse
for the county associations through
out the country to send a visitor t<
every school to awaken it to the im
minent need of the starving people
in Bible lands. In South Carolina
this plan has been enlarged so as tc
include the holding of a District Con
vention in every district in even
county in the State, for the purpose
of arousing fresh enthusiasm in Sun
day school work. The School Visita
tin will take place in the morning,
and it is expected that more than 2,
000 speakers in the State will be used
on this occasion. The Sunday Schoo]
Conventions will be held in the after
noon, and it is the purpose to use a
thousand people on the programs and
to reach with helpful methods oi
work more than three-fourths of the
Sunday Schools of the State.
The committee adopted an enlarged
budget, which, when raised, will en
able the association to employ a spe
cialist in boys' work and a specialist
in rural work on full time. Accord
ing to plans outlined, this budget will
be raised by a finance committee
composed of some of the leading
I Christian business men in the State.
According to action of the Central
Committee, the State Association will,
during the months of February and
March, direct the holding of County
Older Boys' and Older Girls' Con
ferences for the development of lead
ership among the young peoole, and
will conduct Sunday School institutes
in the larger towns and cities of the
State. Much attention will be given
to the observance of Chi'dren's
Week April 27-May 3. for emphasiz
ing religious education for all chil
dren. The date of the next State
Convention was changed from May
6-7-8, to June 3-4-5, 1919.
Medical Advisory Board.
I The War Department has appoint
ed a Medical Advisory Board for Dis
' trict No. S, to handle cases referred
! by the medical examiners of Local
Boards. This advisory board will
handle cases from Lee. Sumter and
Clarendon counties, and Board No. 2
of Orangeburg County.
The advisory board is composed of
the following members:
Dr. E. Ii. Wilson, Ophthalomology.
Dr. Carl B. Epps. General Surgery.
Dr. H. A. Mood, Internal Medicine.
Dr. Walter Oheyne, Genito-Crinary
Dr. A. Weinberg. Dent.nl Surgery.
At a recent meeting of the Board
it was decided to hold the meetings
at the court hous<\ at 3 p. m. on
Mondays, and the following officers
w^ro elected: Chairman, Dr. Wilson;
Vice Chairman. Dr. Mood: Secretary,
SENATOR SMITH MAKES INQUIR
Takes up Decline in Cotton Prices
With Mr. Barock
The Daily Item has received the
following statement from Senator Ev
D. Smith in reg?rd to the present
decline in the cotton market:
"Lynchburg, S. C Nov. 4, 1918. .
"I have received numerous letters
and telegrams concerning the present
unwarranted decline in the cotton!
market. I assumed that there was
pone better situated than the two
committees appointed by the govern^
'ent to act in reference to the sup
ply and distribution of cotton, es
pecially so because on one of the com
mittees were Messrs. McFaddenv
Gwathmey and Inman, with Mr. ChaSi
J. Brand, chief of the Bureau of Mar
kets, chairman. Mr. Baruch of the
War Industries Board, was named to
take charge of having these commit
tees appointed and under the gener
al auspices of the War Industrie??
board they were to act.
"I sent Mr. Baruch on October 24
"Why was not the price or cotton
goods revised on October 1, as sched
uled? The condition of the cotton
market is demoralizing because of the
widespread belief that government
agencies are in favor of lower"prices.
" 'If assurance could be given that
the government would not attempt to
interfere with a normal market, it
would go far in averting impending
disaster at once.'
"To this inquiry on the 28th Mr.
Baruch replied, which reply I q??te in
part: 'The price of cotton goods was
not revised on October 1, and' was so
stated because of the lack of infor
mation regarding cost. You say there
is widespread belief that government'
agencies are in favor of lower prices.
I do not see where they have gotten
any such information or belief, as, so
far as I know, there has never beeh
any expression on that. The cotton'
committee meets next Tuesday and I
trust they will be able to make some
definite and final announcement.
"On November 1 I sent the follow
ing to Mr. Charles J. Brand:
" 'Cotton market declining disas
trously. Farmers holding. Who is" it"
selling such quantities of contracts in
spite of the fact that spots are not
moving? Give me what facts you
have as to reasons for present condi
tions and who are the parties selling
< the mark?I'
"To this* I have had no reply. .Now
? it seems to me that, in view of the
? action of the government and the ex
. perience of some of the men appoint
: ed by the government to act for--the
I government, they should know exactly
- the reasons for the present conditions
i and be able to give the facts to the
, public. Hence my communication to
r Messrs. Baruch and Brandt There
, are no men of wider experience in cot
1 ton market than Messrs-McF^o^Dy
. Gwathmey and Inman, and they sure
- ly ought to be in a position to inform
b Messrs. Brand and Baruch what is the
t cause of conditions and what is the
remedy." \ >
WELCOMED IN AUSTRIA.- >-\v
- French War Mission Received Cordial
t Reception. V
Sydney, Australia, Sept. 18.?Tne
i heartiest hospitality, interest and
s ' commendation have everywhere
- greeted the French War Mission to
- Australia headed by General Paul
V Pau. Since the moment of the
r Frenchmen's arrival from San Fran
y cisco, they have been constantly en
i tertained. General Pau explained
- the purpose of the mission as intend-.
- ed to express gratitude of France to
- Australia, to give assurance that vic
- tory is certain and to consider eco
- nomic subjects that will lead to mu
) tual prosperity.
^ Council of Defense Meeting.
) To The Officers and Members of the
Sumter County Council of De
i A meeting of the County Council of
? Defense is hereby called to meet at
the Chamber of Commerce on Sat*
, urday, November 9th, at 11 o'clock.
? This meeting is a most important
l one, and the three most important
I i things to be considered are as fol
lows: . First, the United War Work
. Campaign; Second: Production of
I Food Crops; Third, the County
Health Survey. You are urgently re
i quested to be present without fail.
The work of the Council will not b?
I ended for many months, even though
the war ends tomorrow. Let me as
sure you, gentlemen, that I would
not urge your attendance unless I felt
that it was necessary. There may be
other matters of equal importance to
bring to your attention. I hope that
when the roll is called every member
will answer "present" to his name:
A. C. Phelps, Chairman.
CUTS GERMAN OIL SUPPLY.
Washington, Nov. 5.?One effect of
the elimination of Austria from the
war, the fuel administration announc
ed tonight, will be the cutting off of
Germany's suplies of fuel oil and gas
Germany was obtaining fuel oil and
gasoline from Galatia and Rumania
and was planning to import extensive
ly from the Caucasus, the announce
ment said, but under the terms of the
Austrian armistice, all traffic between
Germany and her former ally must
Within the German borders there
are no supplies of fuei oil. and infor
mation possessed by the fuel admin
istration is that Germany has been
using benzol?a derivative of coal
! tar?for lubricating oil. This latter
source, it was said, will not supply
The Italian' fuel situation, which
has been serious from the beginning
of the war, it was aid. will not be im
proved materially by the Austrian ar
mistice. The Austrian mines worked
to full capacity furnish only enough
coal for the nation's needs. Demoliiza
tion of the Austrian army will al
low the return of the miners to their
work and thereby probably prevent
suffering because of lack of coal with
in that nation this winter, but will
not provide supplies sufficient to aid