Newspaper Page Text
Conditions Accepted By Germany Are;
More Drastic Than Those Imposed !
Upon Austria and Turkey.
President Wilson Announces to Congress Condition of
German Surrender and Comments on the Situation
Arising Out of the Overthrow of the Military Auto
cracy Which Has Ruled Germany So Long.
'Washington, Nov. 11.?Signing of j
the . armistice with Germany was pro-j
claimed today by President Wilson,?
who also announced its terms at a I
joint session of congress.
The terms herald the end of the,
war because they take from Ger- j
many the power to renew it.
Just befbre he went to the capi- i
tol the president in a proclamation;
addressed to his fellow countrymen
-""The armistice was signed this
morning. Everything for which
* America fought has been accomplish
?d, it will now be our fortunate duty
to assist by example, by ?sober, friend
ly counsel and by material aid in the,
establishment of just democracy
throughout the world."
^ Slipped of its malicious power, the
military autocracy, its masters driven
t6 edle,, stands before the world's
court of justice, having subscribed to
terms of surrender which probably
will; be recorded in history as the
most drastic and complete ever meas
ured out to a defeated foe.
Reading of the full text of the
terms discloses measures the United
\" States and the allied governments
have -taken to guarantee that Ger
many's acceptance shall not be a
scrap of paper, and to insure the de
? struction ot the military caste which
once could secretly and of its single
choice disturb the peace of the world.
When President Wilson concluded
his exchange of notes with Prince
Max, then chancellor, administration
officials declared that if his course
did not bring about what they hoped
would be more than an unconditional
gurrender, it might bring about a
revolution in Germany.
* Pointing- today to the Hohenzollern
dynasty, dethroned and exiled, the
people's revolution sweeping Ger
many and the terms of the armistice,
theae: officials felt their predictions
.Having lifted the yoke of militar
ism, from the peoples of the central
' einpires the- allies now turn to tasks
<k humanity and mercy to bind up
then* wounds and feed the hungry,
meanwhile seeking to guide them to
a'place in the family of nations from
"which they can take a part in assur
ing that another such 1,500 days of
blood and horror need never come
Evacuation, reparation' and restitu
tion are the keynotes of the armis
& ? tie*.
Here are the principal things Ger
?? m?Hy must do, or, powei-less before
thV victorious allied armies, will have
done for her:
Immediate evacuation of Alsace
Lorraine, Belgium. Luxemburg, Rus
sia and Roumania, without further
destruction or harm to inhabitants.
The occupation by American and
allied troops of all the countries on
the west bank of the Rhine.
? Then, further, creation of a neutral
zone in a strip of territory on the
east bank of the Rhine, 30 kilometre?
(about 20 miles) wide extending from
Holland half way down to the Swiss
border and 20 kilometres wide for the
Meanwhile, as a guaranty of good
faith, the occupation by American
and-allied troops of Mayence; Coblenz
and Cologne, the principal crossings
of. the Rhine, with a 30 kilometre ra
dius about the bridgeheads.
- On the eastern front all German
troops are to be withdrawn from ter
ritory which before the war belonged
to Russia, Roumania or Turkey.
Then the German war machine
must disarm. The principal portion?
Of its navy must be handed over;
arms, munitions and engines of war
numbered by the thousands are to be
taken from the army.
- American and aliied prisoners are
to. at once be repatriated, without
? reciprocal action by the associated;
governments, and the thousands of!
wretched civilians dragged off into I
-slavery in the invaded territories are
to be returned.
The provision for compensating the
occupied teritories for the horror
wrought by the invaders is contained
in a simple sentence?''repatriation
for damage done."
' As a step to restoring the map
lines, the treaties of Brest-Litovsk
which laid Russia prone, and of
Bucharest, which plundered Rou
mania, must be abandoned. Money,
securities, precious metals and other
valuables looted from the inv?ded
countries must be returned in trust
to the allies until the conclusion of
In the west, the railways of Al
sace-Lorraine, the valuable stores of
iron and coal, all the stores and sup
plies in Belgium, with arms and ar
maments, must be handed over.
In the east, the Black sea ports
must be evacuated, the warships tak
en by Germany from the Russian?
must be surrendered; in the Baltic,
forts and defenses barring the way at
the Categatt must be delivered, and
there must be free access to the sea
for the allies.
The allied blockade is to remain
unchanged; meanwhile German mer
chant ships are to be delivered for
missions of mercy in carrying food to
the starving; allied shipping held by
the Germans is to pe released with
out any obligation to restore to Ger
many her ships now in the hands of
the associated governments. Ger- j
many is to notify the neutrals they j
are free to trade with the associat-!
ed governments without ^ molestation.
In a word the iron ring is tighten
ed and at her horders the civilized
[world waits while Gen v ry reform?
? herself from within.
I The duration of the armistice is 3C
fdays and various periods are specified
j within those 30 days for compliance?
with certain specific terms.
One provision during the armistice,
'which was. supplementary to the text
I as first drawn by the supreme war
j council, and therefore, does not ap
! pear in the text as President Wilson
delivered it, was inserted as the Ger
man revolutionaries took possession
of the German fleet. It provides tha-.
if the fleet is not delivered as speci
fied in the agreement, the associated
governments may occupy the Helgo
land fortress as an advanced base to
secure possession of it.
And now, having clipped the mili
tary autocracy of its. fangs, the as
sociated governments will wait foi
the next 30 days, while the terms o?
the armistice are being carried out to
see what sort of a government in
Germarfy they will have to deal with
In his address to^congress today the
president sounded a note of warning,
that unless the .German people are
fed, unless their distress is relieved
there is danger of Bolshevism. The
question of what sort of government
might arise to make, peace, he de
clared, was a matter for no smal;
anxiety and misgiving.
Scarcely 100 members of the house
and senate?all in Washington after
the election vacation?assembled ir.
the house chamber with members of
the cabinet, diplomats and justices o'
j the supreme court to hear the presi
; dent announce the armistice terms.
The galleries were crowded an?
among those leaning over the rai
were Mrs. Wilson and General March,
chief of staff.
There was a minute of hand clap
ping and shotting when the presi
dent was escorted down the aisle by :
delegation of senators and representa
tives. Another outburst occurred
when he announced that the armis
tice terms had been signed and a mo
ment later when he referred to the
evacuation of the defeated countries
senators and representatives rose ir.
their seats. The president read hi
address slowly and in a low tone
Chief Jutice White leaned forward
with his hand at his ear, lest he mis*
Between outbursts of applause th?
big house chamber was witho;:
sound except the president's voice
slightly, husky. Auditors on lh>
floor, and in the gallery were mute
hearing the surrender terms impo^-'
on the vanquished Germany. It was
apparent that the terms were pleas
ing. Faces which had been long will
portent of the impending events,
when the president started, brighten
ed as he progressed.
"The war thus comes to an end.'
finally said the president. The aud
ience jumped to its feet cheering.
Charles E. Hughes, who sat on the
floor, was one of the leaders in the
It was 10.30 o'clock when the pres
ident concluded. He had spoken 21
minutes. As he turned to shake
hands with Vice President Marsh-:
and Speaker Clark, presiding at tlv
joint session, the audience again rem
Many senators and representative
rushed to a hall back of the spcake?-,>
rostrum to shake hands with the
The president spoke as follows:
"Gentlemen of the Congress: In
these anxious times of rapid and stu
pendous change it will in some degre ?
lighten my sense of responsibility to
nerform the duty of communicating
to you some of the larger circum
stances of the situation with which it
is necessary to deal.
"The German authorities who have,
at the invitation of the supreme war
council, been in communication with
Marshal Foch have accepted and
J signed the terms of armistice which
j he was authoi ized and instructed to
! communicate to them. Those terrr:.s
are as follows:
"1. Military clauses on Western
"1. Cessation of operations by
land and in the a" x hours after
the signature of tL armistice.
"2. Immediate evacuation of in
vaded countries. Belgium, France, Al
sace-Lorraine, Luxemburg, so orderei
as to be completed within 14 days
from the signature of the armistice.
German troops which have net lefl
the above mentioned territories with
in the period fixed will become pris
oners of war. Occupation by the al
lied and United States forces jointly
will keep pace with evacuation an<3
occupation will be regulated in ac
cordance with a note annexed to the
"3. Repatriation, beginning at
once and to be completed within < 1 j
days, of all inhabitants of the coun
tries above mentioned, including i
hostages and persons under trial or ;
"4. Surrender in good condition by
the German armies of the following ?
equipment: 5.000 guns <2.500 heavy
2,500: field), 30,000 machine guns, 3,-*<
ECAPSBURG AUTOCRAT FOLLOWS
INTO PRIVATE LIFE.
So Official Announcement or the Ab
dication of Austrian Ruler Has Ye!
Been Made But News is Given Out
by Exchange Telegraph Co.
London, Nov. 12. S.4f> A. M.?Em
peror Charles of Austria has abdicat
ed, according to a "Copenhagen dis
patch to the Exchange Telegraph,
quoting private advices from Vienna.
Victor Adler, the leader of th<
Austrian Socialists and Foreign Sec
retary in the German-Austrian cabi
net formed in Vienna October 3ist
is dead it is reported.
It is reported also that a genera'
strike will be declared in Vienna to
COO minewerfer, 2,000 aeroplanes
(lighters, bombers?firstly D. 73s and
night bombing machines). The above
to be delivered in situ to the allies
and United States troops in accord
ance with the detailed condition
laid down in the annexed .......
I "5. Evacuation by -I? G - :.a:.
armies of the countries on the ief
bank of the Rhine. The countries o:
the left bank of the Rhine shall b<
administered by the local authorities
under the control of the allied anc
United States armies of occupation
The occupation of these territorie
will 'be determined by ailied ant,
United States garrisons holding th
principal crossings of the Rhino
Mayence, Cobienz, Cologne, togeth
er with bridgeheads at these points ir
30 kilometer radius on the right bam
and by garrisons similarly holding th
strategic points of the regions. A neu
tral zone shall be reserved on thi
right of the Rhine between the stream
and a line drawn parallel to it 40 kil
ometers to the east from the fron
tier of Holland to the parallel o
Gernsheim and as far as practicabb
a distance of 30 kilometers from tlv
east of the stream from this paralle
upon the Swr- frontier. Evacuation
by the enemy on' the Rhine land:
shall be so ordered as to be com
pleted within a further period of 1
days, in all 19 days after the signa
ture of the armistice."
Here the president interrupted hh
reading to remark that there evi
dently had been an error in transmis
sion as the arithmetic was very bat"1
The "further period" of 11 days is ir.
addition to the 14 days allowed fo
evacuation of occupied countries
making 25 days given the Germans U
get entirely clear of the Rhine land?
all movements of evacuation and oc
cupation will be regulated awjrdin:
to the note annexed.
"6. In all territory evacuated b
the enemy there shall be no evacua
tion of inhabitants; no damage c.
harm shall be done* to the persons c
property of the inhabitants. No de
struction of any kind to be commit
ted. Military establishments of ever,
kind shall be delivered intact as we'
as military stores of food, munition*
equipment not removed during th
periods fixed for evacuation. Store
of food of all kinds for the civil pop
ulation, cattle, 'etc., shall be left i:
situ. Industrial establishments sha
not be impaired in any way and thei
personnel shall not be moved. Road
and means of communication of ev
ery. kind, railroad, waterways, mail
roads, bridges, telegraphs, telephones
shall be in no manner impaired. ?
Seven?All civil and military. per
sonnel at present employed on then
shall remain. Five thousand ^loco
motives, 50,000 wagons and 10,00;
motor lorries in good working orde
with all necessary spare parts am
fittings shall be delivered to the a-.=
Sociated powers within the peric
fixed for the evacuation of Belgium
and Luxemburg. The railways of Al
sace-Lorraine shall be handed ovo
within the same period, together will:
all pre-war personnel and materials
Further material necessary for th<
working of railways in the countr;
on the left bank of the Rhine sha!
be left in situ. All stores of coa
and material for the up keep of per
manent ways, signals and repai
shops left entire in situ and kept ir
an efficient state by Germany durin
the whole period of armistice. AJ'
barges taken from the allies shall b
restored to them. A note appended
regulates the details of these mea.->
"8. The German command ska!
be responsible for revealing all min
or delay acting fuses disposed on tor
ritory evacuated by the Germ;:;
troops and shall assist in their dis
covery and destruction. A Gorma:
command shall also reveal all destruc
tive measures that may have been
taken (such as poisoning or polluting
of springs, wells, etc.) under per.ait;
i "9. ~ The right of requisition shai
be exercised by the allies and th<
United States armies in occupied ter
ritory. The upkeep of the troops o
occupation in the Rhine land (e:*
cluding Alsace-Lorraine) shall be
charged to the German government.
"10. An immediate repatriation
without recipe ity according to de
tailed condi- .oiis which shall be fixed
of a'T ' and United States prisoner
of war. The allied powers and th?
United States shall be able to dispo*
of these prisoners as they wish.
"11. Sick and wounded who can
not be removed from evacuated ter
ritory will be cared for by German
personnel who will be left on the spot
with the medical material require.!.
II?Disposition relative to the east
ern frontiers of Germany:
"12. All German troops tot present j
in any territory which before th?
war belonged to Rusia, Roumania c:
Turkey shall withdraw within the
frontiers of Germany as they existed
on August 1, 1914.
"13. Evacuation by German troop*
to begin at once and ail German in
structors, prisoners and civilians ns
well as military agents now on th?
territory of Russia (as defined before
1914) to be recalled.
"14. German troops to cease a1
once all requisitions and seizures am]
any other undertaking with a view to
obtaining supplies intended for Ger
many in Roumania and Russia (as
defined on August 1. 1914).
"13. Abandonment of tho tro.iti?
of Bucharest and Brest-Litovsk and
HELP PROMISED GERMANY.
PRESIDENT WILSON ANSWER*
APPEAL WITH REASSUR
Work Will he Started to Relieve Dis
tressing: Want as Soon as Public
Order and Fair Distribution of
Food is Guaranteed.
Washington, Nov. 13.?President
Wilson has sent a reassuring message
to the peoples of Germany in reply
to the appeal of Chancellor Ebert.
He promised to aid Germany in the
matter of food supplies for reliev
ing distressing want. The reply
which was sent today through Minis
ter Sulzcr, of Switzerland, says steps
will be taken at once to organize re
lief work in the same system and
manner as carried out in Belgium,
hut the president desires to be assur
j.ed that public order will be maintain
j ed in Germany and that equitable
I distribution of food ean be clearly
J ";?!^!^-"1">*''J'ai" iiiii>Lj,w>uiujuHL?ajiiwiUiiuaiMW?fc
? of the supplementary treaties.
I "16. The a-iies shall have free ac
? cess to the territories evacuated by
?the Germans on their eastern fron
| tier either through Danzig or by the
! Vistula in order to convey supplier
I Lo the populations of those territories
or for any other* purpose.
"Class HI concerning East Africa.
"17. Unconditional capitulation ol
all German forces operating in Easi
Africa within one month.
"IS. Repatriation, without reci
procity, within a minimum period of
one month, in accordance with de
tailed conditions hereafter to be fix
ed of all civilians interned or deport
ed who may be citizens of other al
lied or associated states than thos<
mentioned in Clause 3, paragraph 1',.
with the reservation that any future
claims and demands of the allies and
the United States of America remain
"19. The following financial con
ditions are required: Reparation fo.
damage done. While such armistice
lasts no public securities shall be re
moved by the enemy which can serv-.
as a pledge of the allies for the re
covery or reparation for war los:5es.
Immediate restitution of the cash de
posit in the National Bank of Bel
gium, and in general immediate re
turn of all documents, specie, stocks
shares, paper money, together with
plant for the issue thereof, touchin?
public or private interests in the in
vaded countries. Restitution of the
j Russian and Roumanian gold yielded
to Germany or taken by that power,
j This gold to be delivered in trust to
I the allies until the signature of peace
"20. Immediate cessation of all hos
tilities at sea and definite informa
tion to be given as to the locatior
and movements of all German ships.
Notification to be given to the nava'
and mercantile marines of the' alliec*
and associated powers, all question
of neutrality being waived.
"21. All naval and mercantile ma
rine prisoners of war of the allie
and associated powers in Germar
hands to be returned without reci |
"22. Surrender to the allies and I
the United States of America of 16?
German submarines (including a!
submarine cruisers and mine layin;
Submarines) with their c -npiet
armament and equipment ii
which shall be specified by the allie:
and the United States of America
All other submarines to be paid of
and completely disarmed and placet
under the supervision of the alliec
powers and the United States o
"23. The following German sur
face warships, which shall be desig
nated by the allies and the United
States of America shall forthwith be
disarmed and thereafter interned ir
neutral ports, or, for the want o
them, in allied ports, to be designat
ed by the allies and the United State:
of America, and placed under surveil
lance of the allies and the United
States of America, only care taker,
being left on board, namely: Si
battle cruisers, ten battleships, eigh'
light cruisers, including two mine las
ers, 50 destroyers of the most mod
ern type. All other surface warship
(including river craft) are to be con
centrated in German naval bases t<
j be designated by the allies and th<
United States of America, and are U
be paid off and completely disarrru
and placed under the supervision ol
the allies and the United States o
America. Ali vessels of the auxiliar.
fleet (trawlers, motor vessels, etc.
are to be disarmed.
"24. The allies and the Unite*
States of America shall have the righ:
to sweep up all mine fields and ob
structions laid by Germany outsid*
German territorial waters: and the po
sitions of these are to be indicated.
"25. Freedom of access to an.
from the Baltic to be given to tat
naval and mercantile marines of th.
allied and associated powers. To se
cure this the allies and the Unite-.
States of America shall be empower
ed to occupy all German forts, fort;
fications, batteries and defense wor!>
of all kinds in all the entrances fro-r
the Cattegat into the Baltic, and
sweep up all the mines and obstrue
tions within and without Germ;".,
territorial waters without any question
of neutrality being raised and im
positions of all such mines and ob
structions are to be indicated.
"26. The existing blockade condi
tions set up by the allies and asso
ciated powers are to remain unchang
ed and all German merchant ship:
found on sea, are to remain liable u
"27. All naval aircraft are to be
concentrated and immobilized in Ger
man bases to he, specified by the alliei
and the United States of America.
"28. In evacuating the Belgiar
coasts and ports. Germany shall aban
don all merchant ships, tugs, lighters
cranes and all other harbor materials
materials for inland navigation, all
aircraft and all materials and stores
all arms and armaments and a'd
stores and appartus of all kinds.
"29. All Black Sea ports to b?
evacuated by Germany and all Rus
sian war vessels of all descriptions
seized by Germany in the Black Sen
are to be handed over to the allie
and the United States of America;
AMERICAN FORCES CONTINUED
TO DRIVE HUNS UNTIL ^OUR
OF SURRENDER STRUCK.
Heavy Guns Fired Salvo After Salvo
of Big Shells into German Lines
All of Monday Morning.
With the American Army on the
Sedan Front. Nov. 11, 2 P. M. (By
the Asociated Press.) ? Thousands
of American heavy guns fired the
parting shot to the Germans at ex
actly 11 o'clockk this morning.
On the entire American front from
the Moselle to the region of Sedan
there was artillery activity in the
morning, all the batteries preparing
for the final salvos.
At many batteries the artillerists
joined hands, forming a long line as
the lanyard of the final shot.
There was a few seconds of siience
as the shells shot through the heavy
mist. Then the gunners cheered.
American flags were raised by the
soldiers over their dugouts and guns
and at various headquarters.
Northeast of Verdun the American
infantry began to advance at 9
o'clock this morning, after artillery
preparanion, in the direction of
The German artillery responded
freely, but the machine gun re
sistance was stubborn. Xcvertheles:
the Americans made progress. The
Americans had received orders to
hold the positions reached by 11
o'clock and at these points they be
gan to dig in. marking the advanced
positions of the American line when
Along the American front the
eleventh hour was like awaiting the
arrival of a aew year.
The gunners continued to fire,
counting the shels as the time ap
proached. The infantry were ad
vancing, glancing at their watch,.
The men holding at oth^r places or
ganized their positions to make
themselves more secure. Then the
individual groups unfurled the Starf
and Stripes, shook han 's and cheer
ed. Soon afterwards they were pre
paring for luncheon. All the boys
were hungry as they had breakfastec
early in anticipation of what they
considered the greatest day in Amer
all neutral merchant vessels seized
are to be released; all warlike and
other materials of all kinds seized ir.
those ports are to be returned anc
German materials as specified ir
Clause 28 are to be abandoned.
'"30. All merchant vessels in Ger
man hands belonging to the alliec.
an'" associated powers are to be re
- .?red in ports to be specified by the
allies and the United States of Amer
ica without reciprocity.
"31. No destruction of ships or o
materials to be permitted before evac
uation, surrender or restoration.
"32. The German government shal
formally notify the neutral govern
ments of the world, and particular!:
the governments of Norway, Sweden
Denmark and Holland, that all re
strictions placed on the trading o
their vessels with the allied and as
sociated countries, whether by th?
German government or by private
German interests and whether in re
turn for specific concessions such a:
the export of shipbuilding material:
or not, are immediately cancelled.
"33. No transfers of German mer
chant shipping of any description t<
any neutral flag are to take place af
ter signature of the armistice.
"VI?Duration of armistice.
"24. The duration of the armistic
is to be 30 days, with option to ex
tend. During this period, on failure
of execution o*" any of the abov:
clauses, the armistice may be de
nounced by one of the contracting
parties, on 48 hours previous notice.
"VII?Time limit for reply:
"35. This armistice to be accepter
or refused by Germany within Ii
hours of notification.
"The war thus comes to an end;
for, having accepted these terms of
armistice, it will be impossible for the.t
German command to renew it.
It is not now possible to assess the
consequences of this great consum
mation. We know only that this trag
ical war, whose consuming flame;
swept from one nation to another un
til all the world was on fire, is at an
end and that it was the privilege o
our own people to enter it at its most
critica.LJuncture in such fashion anel
in sucm force as to contribute in a
way in which we are all deeply proue
to the great result. We know that
the object of the war has been at
tained; the object upon whic1 *! frer
men had set their hearts; a* ' -ttain
ed with sweeping completeness which
even now we do not realize. Armed
imperialism such as the men con
ceived who were but yesterday the
masters of Germany is at an end. it?
illicit ambit:->ns engulfed in black dis
aster. Who will seek to revive it; th'
arbitrary power of the military cast-*
of Germany which once could secret
ly and of its own single choic
disturb the peace of the world is dis
credited and destroyed. And more
than that?much more than that?
has been accomplished. The great
nations which associated themselves
to destroy it have now definitely unit
ed in the common purpose to set up
such a peace as will satisfy the long
ing of the whole world for disinter
ested justice, embodied in settlements
which are based upon something
much more lasting than the selfish
competitive interests of powerful
states. There is* no longer conjecture
is to the object/5 the victors have in
mind. They h.^ve a mind in the
rnati^r, not only, but a heart also.
Their avowed ?nd concerted purpose
is to satisfy and protect the weak as
well as to acc^'d their just rights to
the strong. .
The humafi temper and intention of
the victorious governments has also
been manifested in a very practical
way. Theifc" representtaives In thei
supreme w*11" council at Versailles'
aave by urfannnous resolution assur
ed the peo^es ?f ^e central empires
lhat everyf^ns that is possible in
he circum?tances he done to
supply then1 with food and relieve the
listressing ??"ant that is in so many
places threS**nms their very lives
ind steps aiV t0 he taken immediately
o orr^-mijee ?-*hoso efforts at relief in
EX-KAISER DC ABOUT.
SAID TO BE AT CHATEAU NEAR
Former Empress Reported HI at
PotsdEam, "With former Crown
Princess at Bedside.
London, Nov. 12.?William Hohen- S
zollern, the former German emperor,
arrived Sunday at Count Betinck's
chateau of Middachten at Velp, near
Arnheim, according to a dispatch to
the Daily Express dated Sunday at
An Amsterdam dispatch to the
Daily Express dated Sunday says that
the former German empress is ill at
Potsdam, near Berlin, and that the
former Crown Princess is at her bed
side. ;i. aAiULli
Fails to Show Himself.
Maastricht, Holland, Monday, Nov.
11?(By the Associated Frsss).?
Amid execrations from two thousand
j Belgian refugees, the former German
j emperor's special train left here at
10 o'clock this morning northward
bound. A tremendous crowd of sight
seers had gathered but the platform
was strongly cordoned and William
Hohenzollern did not show himself.
His destination is aid to be Amer
ongen, about twenty miles from Ut
recht, where Count Bentinck has a
country seat. But it is not possible to
: say whether he will finally remain,
i for in order to avoid the curious he
I may have to keep to the train for a
j couple of days.
All of Them in Holland.
Amsterdam, Nov. 12.?The Work
mens' and Soldiers' Council at Berlin
announced that the former Emperor,
the former Empress and their eldest
son, Frederick William, have arrived
CROWN PRINCE TURNS UP.
He is Reported to Have Arrived id
The Hague, Nov. 13.?Former Ger
man Crown Prince arrived yesterday
at Maastricht, according to a dispatch .
LEADER CHAMP CLARK.
Will H" Be Loyal to Wilson or Will
He be Working for Nomination,
Washington, Nov. 12.?Democratic
Leader Kitchin announced today that
Champ Clark will be the Democratic
leader ofUthe next congress.
the same systematic manner that
they were organized in the case of
Belgium. By the use of the idle ton
r of the central empires it ought
i. m .tly to be possible to lift the fear
of utter misery from their oppressed
populations and set their minds and
energie free for the great and haz
ardous tasks of political reconstruc
tion which now face them on every
hand. Hunger does not breed re
form; it breeds madness and all the
j ugly distempers that make an pr
dered life impossible,
j For with the fall of the ancient
governments which rested like an
incubus upon the peoples of the cen
tral powers has come political change
not merely but revolution; and revo
lution which seems as yet to assume
no final and ordered form, but to run
from one fluid change to another, un
til thoughtful men are forced to ask
themselves, with what governments,
and of what sort, are we about to
deal in the making of the covenants
of peace? With what authority will
they meet us, and with what assur
ance that their authority will abides
and sustain securely the international
arrangement into which we are about
to enter? There is here matter for
no small anxiety and misgivings.
Wheri peace is made, upon Whose
promises and engagements besides
our own is it to rest?
Let us be perfectly frank with
ourselves and admit that these ques
tions can not be satisfactorily answer
ed now or at once. But the moral is'
not that there is little hope of an early
, answer that will suffice. It is only
that we must be patient and helpful
and mindful above all oj the great
hope and confidence that lie at the
heart of what is taking * place. Ex
cesses accomplish nothing. Unhappy
Russia has furnished abundant re
cent proof of that. Disorder defeats'
itself. If excesses should occur, if
disorder should for a time raise its
head, a sober second thought will
follow and a day of constructive ac
tion, if we help and do not hinder.
The present and all that it holds be
longs to the nations and the peoples
who preserve their self control and
the orderly processes of their govern
ments; the future to those who prove
themselves the true friends of man
kind. To conquer with arms is to"
make only a temporary conquest; to
conquer the world by earning its es
teem is to make permanent conquest..
I am confident that the nations have
learned the discipline of freedom and
that have settled with self posses
sion to its ordered practice are now
about to make conquest of the world
6y sheer power of example and of
The peoples who have but just
i come out from under the yoke of ar
j bitrary government and who are now
I coming at last into their freedom will
I never find the treasures of liberty
they are in search of if they look for
them by the light of the torch. They
will find that every pathway that is
stained with the blood of then? own
brothers leads to the wilderness, not
to the seat of their hope. They are
now face to face with their initial
test. We must hold the" light steady
until they find themselves. And in
the meantime, if it be possible, wa
must establish a peace that will just
ly define their place among the na
tions, remove all fear of their neigh
bors, and of their former masters and
enable them to live in security and
contentment when they have set their
own affairs in order. I, for one, da
not doubt their purpose or "their ca
pacity. There are some happy signs
that they know and will choose the
way of self control and peaceful ac-?
commodation. If they do we shall
put our aid at their disposal in ev-?
ery way that we can.- If the? do not.
we must await with patience and
sympahy the awakening and recov
ery that will assuredly come at lasfc.