Newspaper Page Text
THK StJMTEK WATCHJfAN, EstaVk
Consolidated Aug. 2,1
District Attorney Heney Warns |
Congress That Federal Laws
PEOPLE ARE NOW AT
THE MERCY OF TRUST
.Five Big Packers Have Been A! - I
lowed Too Many Privileges
and They Oppress the Public !
Washington, Feb. 12.?Francis J. |
Heney, former counsel for the federal i
trade commission, testifying today be- I
fore the house interstate commerce;
committee, declared that within ten ?
years and probably with five, the
five leading packers would control the
entire food supply of the country and i
woujd be able to charge whatever I
prices they desired.
? ' . Mr. Heney said the packers had ex- :
tended their activities into so many
lields that they had become a men-j
I ace to the country. They now contfor
the cheese, oleomargarine and butter j
markets, he said, and rapidly are ob-;
.taming a monopoly of a large num- j
i ber of other food products. Through
their large capital and their special
privileges, the witness declared, they
are able to "smother competition.**
Mr. Heney said the packers received i
their first start towards domination |
of the food markets through rebates ;
granted by the railroads. This gave
them such an advantage over their:
competitors, he stated, that they soon j
'obtained control of meats and meat j
products. ? The second step taken by j
the packers, he asserted, was the ob- j
taining of special privileges from the j
railroads for their refrigerator cars j
intended originally for perishable;
moat products alone.
The packers. Mr. Heney said, now!
use refrigerator cars for perishable 1
and imperishable goods alike and at j
such a great saving in money and in ;
time of delivery as to destroy com
petition. As a result, he said, whole- j
sale grocers are being driven out of;
Government ownership of refriger- j
,^3tor^-aiid-stock yards was advocated '
by Mr. Heney as the only means of |
placing the packers on an even foot- j
hag with possible competitors, and. he i
said, that even this would not cure j
entirely the packer evil. Cold stor- j
age plants should be built by the gov- |
eminent in all lrage cities, he said, i
. so that small packers would have a j
means of disposing of their products.
Government regulation of the meal!
industry, he characterized as inad
visable because "the regulated have I
a habit of soon appointing the regu
lators themselves." He also said gov
ernment ownership of the packing;
plants or extensive licensing probably
would be unsuccessful.
Testimony submitted by the pack
ers during the' hearings was termed
by Mr. Heney as a virulent and un
justified attack on the federal trade
commission. He said the prickers had
made many misrepresentations and
called particular attention to their
statement that they had not been al
lowed to state their side of the case
during the commission's investiga
tions. None of Xh*> packers requested
that they be heard at any time, the
Mr. Heney also denied statements
that the commission had made mis
use of the packers' correspondence
files and that much of its evidence
had been secured from uninformed
persons or disgruntled employees of
Worst Storm of
Country in Grip of Ice King? j
Storm Warning on South i
Washington, Feb. 13.?The most se
vere storm of the winter was central ]
this morning over northwest Missouri,
the weather bureau announced.;
Storm warnings have been ordered:
displayed on the Atlantic coast from j
Virginia to Jupiter, Florida and on !
the Gulf Coast from Bay St. Louis to
Chicago,. Feb. 13.?A heavy fall o!
snow, accompanied by extremely high |
winds today demoralize:! telegraph!
and telephone service from Chicago to,
the Pacific Coast. Railroad traffic
is also delayed. ?
Tax on Cotton Acreage
Introduced in Senate to
Penalize the AH Cotton
Columbia. Feb. 13.?Senator Baker.]
of Florence, today introduced in the j
senate a bill imposing a tax of ?z." ,
per acre upon all lands planted in
cotton by any farming enterprise in
this State in excess of ton acres of !
land per horse, mule or other animal j
used in such enterprise.
Paris, Feb. 12.?The prospects!
*.re brightening for the assembling of :
at least four of the Russian factions
at the conference to be held at the
Princes Islands. These are expected j
to include the government of Ukraine,
government of Crimea and the Rus
sian Bolshevik government.
Mied April, 1850.
"Sa Jut n
REPORT FILED j
ON CITADEL BILL
Majority Recommends m Appro-!
priation of $300,000* for
SEVERAL OTHER BILLS
ARE BEFORE HOUSE
Veto Message on Camp Jackson j
F-are a Special Order for To-!
Day in Senate.
Columbia, Feb. 12.?The way-: and i
means committee delivered a divided
report today on the bill for a greater
Citadel. The majority was favorable,
with amendments, which provide that
the Hart-Minis measure will carry j
an appropriation of $300.000, payable;
in three annual installments of $100.-j
000 each. The minority was unfavor-;
able. The bill provides for the re- j
, moval of the Citadel from its present j
site to a plot of land of about 2001
j acres, donated by the City of Char
leston, on the Ashley river, near
Hampton Park. The bill as delivered
to the ways and means committee
carried art appropriation c $500.000.
?J iiciary committee reported with
out recommendation the Cooper joint
resolution providing for a constitu
tional convention and delivered a di
ivided report on the Christensen meas
ure providing for a like convention.
The majority was favorable and the
minority unfavorable. The Christen-j
sen measure has been passed by the i
senate. ? !
The committee on education deliv-j
ered a favorable report on the Laney j
bill providing for vocational and oc
cupational training in the schools]
which has already passed the senate,
and likewise on the measure provid
ing a loan fund for students at State
colleges in lieu of the present scholar
The concurrent resolution provid
ing for a joint legislative commit- j
tee to investigate the state of the ;
governor's mansion, the land upon I
which it is built and tbe advisability :
of erecting a more suitable dwelling J
for the chief executive in another i
part of the city was adopted by the
house .and sent to the senate. A re
port will be made at the next, sea
Sion of the general assembly.
The Gallman bill providing that j
firemen in cities and towns of more;
than 10.000 inhabitants shall not bei
worked over twelve hours daily was |
reported without recommendation by]
the committee on commerce and man-j
The house passed twenty-one j
measures of local application to the;
[senate, ordered five enrolled and sent \
seventeen to second and third read- '
I ing. The house devoted practically j
ad it morning session to sounding its!
calendar which is practically cleared. ?
It was decided not to order a night
session so that the various commit- i
j tees might catch up with their work, j
The senate put in a hard morning's
I work on its calendar and decided to i
I come back tonight to finish up.
I The most, interesting matter in the:
isenate today was the fight between;
. Barnwell and Blackville. Barnwell ]
county, looking toward the future of,
the eourt house which Blackville de-;
sires Xj have removed from Barnwell;
to Plackville. However. Blackville \
! lost as the Davis bill which has al- i
ready passed the house, was given its'
j final reading in the senate after con- I
siderable debate. The measure pro-!
Ivides that the county seat cannot be'
removed in an old county to within j
eight miles cf the existing county j
The veto message of Governor;
Manning on the "> eent car fare bill ,
between Columbia and Camp Jackson
was made a special order for tomor-;
row morning at 11 o'clock.
Senator Christensen introduced a I
bill providing for a complete survey,'
of the State by the State Tax Com--1
mission tor tax purposes.
Two bills by Senator Banks, tvhioh ,
seek to establish a system by which
the State through the sinking fund \
commission may write fire insuror.ee 1
on cotton stored in warehouses, were]
passed to second and third reading, j
Th" Christenseh-Laney bill provid
ing for a memorial hall for those j
participating in the world war was:
reported favorably by the senate
finance committee, amended to pro- j
vide a different hail for negro sol- j
Pittsburg. Feb. 13.?With tbe ar-i
rest of .T. F. Swartz. the cashier. '
chargeri with embezzling a quarter of
?i million dollars of its funds, the i
Park Hank, one of the leading finan
cial institutions of the East End was
< losed this morning, it was announced '?
that D. G. Camerson. State bank
examiner lias b?-en appointed receiv-;,
???r The statement of January 1st;'
showed deposits of over two millions.
London, Feb. 13.?The British dele
gates to the peace confernce have]
been definitely instructed to ( !aim an
indemnity which will include the c6st
of the war, as well as the damage '
actually caused, it was announced in
the house of commons today by An
drew Bonar Law in reply to a ques
Santiago.Feb. l.'b?As the result of :
anarehisijc outbreaks and disorders 1
on both sides of th^ Chile-Argentina ;
frontier, the Chilean foreign office is
preparing a convention v.dtn Argen- i
tina regarding frontier police and ex- (I
od Fear not?Det all the end* Thon AI
rMTEE, S. C., S&T?RD
Success in Russia Due to Aid
From New York East
IS THE YIDDISH ELEMENT
Startling Evidence Before San
ate Propaganda Investigation
Washington, Fob. 12.?The success
of the Bolshevist movement in Russia
is attributed to the aid received
from the l?.tr*?r East Side, of New
York city, by Rev. G. A. Simons, th|e
former head of the Methodist Episco
pal church in Russia, in testifying td
day in the senate propaganda hear
ing. The witness said the predomi
nating influence of the Bolshevist
propaganda here was the Yiddish
element of the East Side. He explaini
ed that in seating his views he meant
no reflection upon the Jewish people
Mr. Simons said, he is having in
vestigated the report that the govern
ing committee of the northern com
mune in Petrograd in December last
contained only sixteen true Russians
and two hundred and sixty-five per
sons from New oYrk and one Ameri
CHIEF OF HUNS
Leader of Socialists Elected
President of German
HE RECEIVED LARGE
MAJORITY OF VOTES
Assembly at Weimar Making
Rapid Progress in Organiza
tion of Government.
Easel; Feb. 11.?The German na
tional assembly today elected Freider
ich Ebert president of the German
state by a vote of -77 out of 379
votes. Herr Ebert accepted the elec
tion. Count von Posadowsky?Wehn
er received 49 votes.
London. Feb. 11.?A German wire
less dispatch announcing the election
of Herr Ebert. describes his post as
"provisional state resident."
It adds that thvi.e were 51 absten
tions from voting. Phillip .Schiede
mann and Mathias Erzberger each
polled one voted.
After the election Dr. Eduard David
in a speech said the empire for the
first time had a chief who, by virtue
of his election, was empowered to
speak and act in the name of th<~
German people. The mouthpiece
which spoke by inherited right hau
disappeared and in his place stood a
leader chosen by the people.
Copenhagen, Feb. 11.?-According to
a dispatch from Weimar, an agree
ment has been reached by the Ger
man national assembly on the com
position of the new ministry, which
will consist of 14 members. Phillip
Schiedemann has been selected chan
celor: Dr. August Mueller, minister
of economics: Herr Bauer, minister of
labor, and Herr Landsberg, minister
of national defense and justice. An
other portfolio will go to Dr. Eduard
David, who resigns the presidency of
the national assembly at Weimar,
which position will be taken over by
The Socialists have seven seats in
this cabinet, the Democrats have
three and the Centrists have three,
including Mathias Erzlx rger, who will
hold the post ot minister without
portfolio. Gount von Brockdorff
Tantzau. anti-Socialist will be for
Jap Proposal Accepted
United States Will Co-operate
in Restoring Siberian Rail
Washington, Feb. 12.?Acting Sec
retary Polk announced at the State
depart nent today that th?* United
States had accepted formally the pro
posal of the Japanese government in
regard to plans for restoration of
railway traffic in Siberia.
5,000 Troops En Route
Fwo Cruisers and a Transport
Sail for New York.
Washington, Feb. 12.?The cruisers
Pueblo .and Montana and the trans
port Touramc have sailed from
France wh.h five thousand troops, and;
ire due to arrive ;it Xew York Feb
ruary Jist. The Pueblo is bringing
some of the Forty-first Division, a
portion of which will be sent to Campj
joast at be thy Country^, raj <iod> i
AY, FEB&UARY 15, 19
: Casualty List up to February
Ninth is Published at
THERE ARE MORE THAN
! THREE HUNDRED LISTED
jTen Officers and Sixtj Men
Have Been Killen in Action,
I It States.
! Washington. Fob. 3 2.?A cablegram
! today from the headquarters of the
j expeditionary forces in France gave
I the total casualties of the American
j forces in Siberia up to February Oth.
i as ten officers 314 men killed, died of
I wounds and disease, wounded and
j missing in action. Of these two offi
' cers and sixty men are listed as killed
) in action.
Commission from Chile
Business Men Will Spend Two
Weeks in United States.
! Santiago. Feb. 12.?The Chilean
j financial and ommercial commission
leave here February 27th and will
i spend fifteen days in the United
I IN BRIEF FOR
! Farmers of State Aroused On
j. Cotton Holding and Acreage
JBIG MEETING TO BE
? HELD TO-MORROW
! Representative Moise Introduces
j Bill to Increase Price of Cot
ton Weighing in Sumter.
Columbia, Feb. 12.?The meeting of
! fanners, bankers and business men
j here tomorrow to discus:; the holding
I of cotton for a better price is ex
?. pected to be very largely attended.
! Every county in the State has been
I asked by B. Harris, commissioner of
: agriculture to send a large delega
' tion and it .is expected that all will
? comply. The farmers of the State
are unquestionably ? very much
' wrought up over the. cotton situation
land some steps are necessary for the
I relief of the situation.
Chairman Bradford of the ways
and means committee of the house
announces that the committee hoped
to have the bill ready for the house
tomorrow morning. There has been
no intimation by the committee as to
the amount carried by the bill or
j what the levy will he.
The opinion, has gained ground in
: Columbia during the past few days
? that the State tax commission will be
j saved by the State senate. It is be
lieved now that the bill to abolish;
the commission has a very slim
j chance of getting through that body.
Fight on the bill was expected to be
Chairman Bradford of the York!
i delegation is in rc^ipt of a letter;
from the trustees of Fort Mill school 1
in York county asking for an en- i
abling act to vote some bonds to en
large the Fort Mil! schools for the
; increased attendance that is expected;
to result from the compulsory school i
attendance law. This is the first echoj
of the new law.
Speaker Thomas P. Cothran of the
house will tonight be host at a din- !
ner to the newspaper men who coveiy
the house and to the house clerks and
attaches. This is an annual event.;
instituted by Speaker Cothran that:
is looked forward to by the newspa-l
Representative Moise of Sumter;
has introduced a bill in the house o '
raise the charges of weighing cotton;
in Sumter to 20 cents a bale until
Sept. 15. 1019. after which it shell;
be 1?; <-'-r>ts. The present charge isj
10 cents a bale. i
Representative Eelscr of Sumter'
is chairman of the q.-.od roads lepris-;
lation committee and as snch will
have charge of the goo<l roads bills
Droviding for a bond issue and for
the construction of the machinery to
build the roads.
Senator Clifton of Sumter is ex
pected to be one of the leaders in the
fight to preserve the Stnte tax com
New Auto Record !
De Palmer Races Mile in 24
naytona, Fla.. Feb. 12?-Ralph De 1
F.a7:na. in an all American car. buna
un ?? new mile record today when he
dat; >d over the measured mile course
on the beach here in 24.02 seconds 1
XI < race was under the supervision 1
of the American Automobile Asse- 1
cia.tion. The previous record made <
by. Burman here in 1911 was 25.4" ?
seconds. ' <
uut XtaUt'a." THE TR?l
! IN R0?MAN1A
J Crowds Clamor for Overthrow
of Royal Dy
KING FERDINAND SAID
TO HAVE BEEN WOUNDED
? Bolsheviki Propaganda Said to
1 Be Responsible for This Late
j Berlin. Wednesday. Feb. 12.?A
(genera! insurrection is in progress
[throughout Rumania, according to a
I Vienna dispatch. King Ferdinand
was wounded slightly when he at
i tempted to dee from Bucharest with
? the royal family. Rioters in the street
of Bucharest ai e openly demanding
| the overthrow of the dynastic, crying
j "down wit!*, the puppets, long live the
J Budapest press learns that the re
j volt is a part of the Bolshevik propa
j ganda. In a clash at Eakorst sixty
! were killed and a hundred and forty
1 wounded. The paper adds that dis-i
I cipline in the Rumanian army is col
i lapsing and the food and economic
j situation is rapidly growing worse,
China Not Coerced
j Viscount Chinda Says Reports
of Such Action by Japan
Paris. Feb. 11.?The Havas Agency
rgives out a statement by Viscount
! Chinda, the Japanese ambassador to
j Great Britain who is now represent
ing his country at the peace confer
ence here, declaring the reports to be
j untrue that Japan has exercised pres
| sure on Chinese delegates to the con
j ferehce. He says:
j "There has been no pressure exer
| ai. \, no menace formulated, no bar
j gaining done on the subject of the
j province of Shantung or any. other
j Chinese territory. No right of con
Itrol has been sought over China, and
j there has been in no degree any am
! bition to represent China at the peace
I "resides, our relations, with the
[ president of the Chinese and the min
\ stry are most cordial.'
.7apane.se Foreign Minister Denies
Making Threat of War.
T< Monday, Feb. 10?Kijuro
Shideuarva, vice foreign minister of
j Japan, speaking today regarding the
j publication of Chinese treaties with
Japan, said that Japan simply called
i China's attention to the established
j procedure according to which neither
; government may publish confidential
j correspondence without . previously
? consulting the other. He said that
j Japan had no intention of interfering
I with any demands or contentions Chi-;
| na may present to the peace confer -
1 Attack on Sweringen
i / -- i
\ Representative Dreher Denounc- j
es Superintendent of Edu
cation in House. 1
I - j
[? Columbia. Feb. 13.?Arising to a1
Question of personal privilege in the j
ihou.se today Representative Dreher;
!said Superintendent of Education!
Sweringen had in the public prints
accused him of falsehood. He then j
launched into a bitter denunciation of;
the superintendent of education, call- j
ing him the "would-be Kaiser of the I
State" and "an impetuous and arro-1
gaut imposter. unworthy of the hon- J
or and position he holds."
There was an exciting scene just j
outside of the house yesterday when ,
Mr. Sweringen and Representative;
Dreher met and exchanged heated ?
words. Dreher told Sweringen he
regretted that he was blind. Swer
ingen told him not to ?et that make
any difference and made a pass at
The Game Laws \\
Wolfe Recommends Passage of !
Columbia. Feb. 13.?S. M. Wolfe,
attorney general, in a letter yesterday j
addressed to Wade Hampton Gibbes,
chief game warden, acquiesceses in
the opinion recently given by Claud
X. Sapp. former assistant attorney J
general, that the present State lawji
for the protection of game is uncon-, 1
stitutional because of the large num- 1
ber of counties which have been ox-,<:
eluded from the provisions of this t
general law. Mr. Wolfe concludes >y.
recommending that adequate legisla-j
ticn be enacted at the present session jC
of lije genera! assembly. t
_.??.?. ! r
Car! Radek Arrested ]
Russian Agitator in Germany c
Seized by Police.
rtasel. Feb. 1 :b?Carl Radek. the o
Russian Bolsheviki emissary who e
las beeti accused by the Cermans of n
)eing th<- instigator of numerous radi- t!
:ral outbreaks in Germany has been v
trrc-ted by the German police, ac- p
:ording to a Berlin dispatch. :ji
C SOUTHRON. Established 3mm, MM
Progress Made in Formation of
Stable League of ,
DEFINITE PLAN IS'
ALMOST COMPLETE J
Commissions Charged With Var
ious Missions at Peace Confer
ence Announce Findings Soon*
London, Feb. 4 11.?Progress on
the formation of the society of- na
tions was very satisfactory, Premier
Lloyd George said today in the house
of commons in discusing the work of
the peace conference. He said" he
hoped a report would be issued;soon '
by the commission appointed to con
sider responsibility for the war and
The premier in answering to a ques- \
tion sain that the British representa
tives, like the others? would sign the
treaty of peace provisionally and that
the treaty would be presented to par
liament lor ratification. If the house
choose to repudiate it the house was
all powerful, he said.
The peace commission on indemni- -
ties, the premier said, he hoped, would
issue its report soon.
The premier declared that the con
ference had made progress beyond the ?
most sanguine anticipations and that
it was approaching an agreement on
most questions. It would be a mis
fortune, he added, if the peace con
j f erence deliberations were discussed.
in any parliaments before they we^e
If industrial unrest continues the
I consequences will be grave to trade
! and industry, Mr. Lloyd George de
clared. The government, he said,
j would agree to any kind of an inves
tigation into the causes of the unrest.
Special war conditions, the premier
i thought, had contributed . to the un
j rest. Among these conditions, were -
I the strain of four years of. war and ~
j the fear of unemployment.
I The premier said that.biUs wt>uld
j be introduced next week dealing^with ?
j housing, health, the revival ?fc'rural
! life, iand settlement for - soMlfiJ_8,~~
jland reclamation and afforestation-,
j Mr. Lloyd George said there would
: be plenty of opportunities for emplby
j ment if confidence was given those re
; spcnsible for starting industries and
? unless the cost of production went ?0
high thai it reduced the purchasing
j power of the community or put th?
j country out of the world market..
; Discussing housing conditions,.-the
i premier referred to overcrowding in
I many districts which had been.aggra
vated during the war by congregat
ing in already crowded areas. The
government would do its best to alle
viate such conditions, and hours of
labor, he said, already have been
fixed in industries involving three ?
million persons. . ?
. Before the war. the premier said,
Great Britain exported more than 4,
000,000,000 tons of goods and it was
computed that half the cost of the
goods was wages. The difference of a
few shillings on a ton'; of a com
modity, like coal he declared, might
deprive the ccur.trv of hundreds -of
millions of pounds and might throw
hundreds of thousands out of work.
Before the war the railways were
making profits of 50,000,000 pounds,
according to the premier, but their
expenses were now increased by 90,
000.000 pounds, largely in wages. To
reduce the hours of labor while pay
ing the same wages he contended,
would be to increase unemployment.
"Referring to "demand put forward
not to obtain fair conditions but to
overthrow the existing order, to de
stroy the government" the premier
"I say insistently on behalf, of the
government that we are determined
to fight Prussianism in the industrial
world exactly as we fought it on the
continent of Europe.
"If all classes of the community are
prepared to make the necessary sac
-ificcs for the stability, security and
freedom of industry I am prepared
to say with full knowledge of the
consequence that no section of the
community, however powerful, shall
je allowed to hold up the whole na
The premier concluded .-with an ap
peal that the victory won by battles
should not wantonly be dissipated in
l few weeks by increased strife.
Alfonso Plans Trip
Paris. Feb. 12.?King Alfonzo of
Ipain has definitely decided to visit
'?outh America, according to The Gau
:>is. He will go to Buenos Aires,
lonteviedo and Rio Janeiro. The
ate of the visit has not yet been de
London. Tuesday. Feb. 11.?Lord
'urzon, president of the council, said
Dday in the house of lords that none
t the allies is preparing to invad?
tussia. To extirpate the Bolsheviki,
said, would have meant a new
luropean war and the Princess Island
inference was proposed instead.
Washington. Feb. 13.?The removal
f all restrictions against the free
tportatfon of cotton to enemy and
eutral countries was demanded in
ie senate today by Senator Hard
ick of Georgia who declared the
resent embargo restrictions "are un
l&t and indefensible/'