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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 19, 1919, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1919-02-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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? -.- "~~J~,T~~_T ' --
Ca?tion in Tobacco
Growing Advised
2fcepartment of Agriculture Says
Be IJnwise-^War Conditions
Keep Prices Up.
Wr8shington, Feb. 14.?"Plunging"
in tobacco growing to the, neglect of
other crops is not justified: by the
l?resent tobacco situation, which the
Department of Agriculture, in a
. '"s?_ttememT issued today, describes as
- difficult. In territory where tobacco
is a new crop.,recently introduced to j
replace cotto? under boll-weevil con
ditions, asy{ portions of South Caro- j
lina and 040rg:a, the best interests of i
the farm.ers. the statement says, ap- |
pear to He in the^ development of a j
safe r^xid well-diversified system ofj
fanr_lng -rather than to plunge from j
th^i, uncertainty of cotton production
i^ito-the possibility still greater uncer
tainty of tobacco production under ex
isting conditions. While it is impos
sible, the statement declares, to ar
rive, at the. quantity of tobacco Europe:
^WtU'"be"prepared to purchase during!
the. next year or two, it .seems likely)
that any considerable increase over J
the T918 crop in the fiuecured section!
would be followed by a decline in
market prices.
-:-^Phe-:largest crop of tobacco the
country- has ever produced is being
marketed, and while prevailing mar
ket-prices are very high for some of
the leading types, such abnormal
prices are said to be due primarly to
.js&r conditions. The department
? joints out that the country has grown
three large crops of tobacco in sue- i
cession, with no decided shortage in !
production of any of the leading
types. -
?-As. -compared with pre-war figures,
exports of leaf tobacco were somewhat
above .normal in 1916, much below
normal in 1917, and still slightly be
low-the average in 1918, average ex
ports for these three years being ap*
prpximately 380,000,000 pounds as
.^4?gainst an average of 4(16,000,000
pounds-for the three years ending
with 1913..
The quantity of leaf tobacco an
nually consumed in domestic manu- .
facture during the last three years ?
shows an. increase of about 100.000,- ;
000 pounds over the preceding period, ]
due largely to a decided progressive 5
Increase in the manufacture of cigar- 2
ett&s. -However, present indications -
are that no more tobacco was consum
ed in domestic manufacture in 1918 j
than in the preceding year. Stocks of 1
leaf tobacco in the hands of dealers j
and ".manufacturers as of January 1 t
are reported as about 1,235,000,000 ]
pnnhds'for all types, a considerable j
increase over the figures of . previous 3
years. With a 1918 crop estimated at'j
.iL,340,000,000 pounds, a domestic con- i
sumption of about 720,000.000 pounds.!
leaving a large surplus over pre-war J j
.export.requirements, and with stocks},
of leaf-tobacco in the hands of dealers ?
ajid-jnanufacturers above the normal, ,
it,soems obvious, says the department. ]
that .ordinarily there would be a ten
dency toward lower prices. Unfortu- ?
nately there appears to be no means ,
available at this time for arriving at .
.the. European requirements for leaf
tobacco and its products during the j,
nest jrear^ Cigar leaf, practically all !
oX which goes into domestic consump-j
<^?n,".has declined sharply in price
singe" the signing of the armistice, and
the market for this type has been in- |,
active. The fire-cured types, which],
are exported perhaps to the exten* ofj(
80 jper cent of the production, are sell
ing'at moderately high prices. The
flue-jcured type, somewhat more than
half of which is normally exported,
and." Burley, which ordinarily is not
an\*~export type, have been selling at ;
abnormally high prices.
.The situation with reference to j
ft?e^cured tobacco is of special im- j
portance in view of the extraordin
arily large crop of last year and the j
possibility of a further large increase j
in/the crop this year, particularly in j.
eastern," North Carolina and in South j
"r^C&roIina and Georgia, where cotton is
the chief competing crop. The situa-|
trop* would seem to be one calling for
the.exercise of caution by farmers,'
particularly on the part of those who i
have not previously grown the crop.'
and would need to provide new cur- j
ing barns and other cquipmen
:?:
Held in Washington j
Wounded Abbeville Negro toj
Be Brought to State.
-
Washington. Feb. 13.?Traveling;
more than 500 miles with serious gun-j
shot wounds in the thigh and hand,
a~negro. giving his name as Marks'
Smith, 24 years of age. of Abbeville !
today, was arrested by the police of |
the Eighth Precinct at Freedman's |
hospital and is being held "or the j
sheriff of Abbeville. Smith, who came j
here by a Southern train Saturday, ad-1
mits that his wounds were received j
in an affray with revenue officers, and j
he is suspected of being a moon-]
shiner. He admits the police say, \
that he wounded one of the officers!
who .tried to capture him.
Make It More Attractive
Glass Asks for Wider Authority
on Next Loan.
Washington, Feb. 13.?Secretary
. Glass told the house ways and means
committee that it was apparent
"something must be done to make
the bonds or notes of the victory "lib
erty loan more attractive than their
predecessors" and asked that congress
give him authority to fix interest, rates
and determine exemptions from Tax
ation according to financial conditions
existing when the loan is rtoated in
April.
The head of the nation's financial
system also urged that authority be
jriven the war finance corporation t<>
make advances to exporters not to
exceed $1,000.000,000 and that the
purposes for which the treasury may
make loans to foreign governments
be broadehed. Mr. Glass said both
provisions were necessary to restora
tion of the country's foreign trade
and would be mutually helpful to this
government and the allies.
Bourgeois Plan
j Is Rejected
I President Wilson Will Read
Twenty-Six Articles to Plen
ary Meeting of Conference
To-Day.
Paris, Feb. 13 (By the Associated
Press)?The Bourgeois propos.tian
? for an interallied military force to
: enforce peace was defeated by an
overwhelming vote at the meeting of
the Society of Nations commission
' today.
j The French and Czecho-Slovaks
were the only representatives in the j
I affirmative.
The draft of the society of nations
plan was then unanimously adopted j
as a whole.
The final draft consists of 2G arti-!
cles. President Wilson will personal- I
ly read the dr?*t.to a plenary meeting;
of the peace conference tomorrow, j
The conference will not be asked to j
finally adopt it at this time. The Jap- j
anese delegation presented an amend- j
ment providing that racial discrimina
tion should not be tolerated in im
migration laws.
Several delegates urged that this!
would open such a large question that |
great delay might ensue, and the
matter was dropped without a vote. ;
Oppose Big Army
Military Committee's S?md j
Brings Forth Applause?Not
Over 175,000 Men.
? ? _ i
-
Washington. Feb. 12.?General op- I
position to a standing army in excess |
of 175,000 men as authorized in the j
national defense act three years ago,
was voiced in the house today during j
debate on the annual army approp ia- j
tion bill with its provision for a mill- j
tary force of 536.000 officers and men
during the period of demobilization.
Chairman.Der.: of the military c< m
mittee was questioned closely as to
the future army with several mem
bers asking if the force provided in .
the bill was to be the permanent army
strength. The chairman .-explained
that it was not and there was general
applause from both sides of the
House when Representative McKen-j;
sie, of Illinois, Republican, said the j 1
military committee favored a small};
umy. ... r .
Mr. McKenzie said the proposal of
the army general staff for a peroia- ]
lent peace time military establish- i
nent of 500,000 had been rejected by j
;he committee, and Representative -
Kahn, of California, Republican, in- .
:erruptcd to say that not a single ?
Member of the committee favored the j,
proposal, a j i
Discussion in the House continued ];
throughout the day with leadens >f- !
fering no prediction as to when a <
i-ote would be taken on the meas \e.\\
which carries a total of $1.100.0 0.
000 for the war department during .
the fiscal year beginning next Jul?. 1. 1
Debate was not confined to the bill
itself. There was criticism of the war
department, praise for Gen. Persh.ng
and various American units wfc ch j
fought in France, discussion of L-ol--l
sheyism and protest against Presid nr.
Wilson accepting a set of books as a
birthday gift from King George, of
England.
Much of the discussion was given
over to the National Guard. Repre
sentative McKenzie said that what- |
ever the future military policy might
be the Xationc ;ard should be re
tained and his .claration was vigor
ously applauded. Other members in
urging retention of the guard after .
demobilization praised the work of i
the guard divisions during the war.
.-:-?-I
Goes to Defend Self I
Washington, Feb. 13.?-F. H. En- j
gelken. former director of the mintj
and later president of the farm loan
bank at Columbia, is on his way to |
Washington, according to the state-j
ment of friends here today, who \
wired him to come on and take,care J
of his case before the senate judiciary j
committee and to answer charges;
found against him by the South Ca**o- j
Mna Council of Defense, through
Former Senator Christie Benet.
These charges, which have already j
been made public through the pre ss.;
go to the bottom of Mr. Engelkcu'sj
loyalty to the I'nited States at a time
when ho was holding a responsible
and lucrative position under the treos-i
ury department. If the charges are!
sustained, as Mr. 'Benet said they!
must be by the affidavits on file; there
is much speculation as to what the j
next step will be.
Governor Manning and Senator)
Benet are prepared to carry the mat
ter to its limit if necessary to furth-!
er * substantiate the charges which
they have filed here under affidavits)
and at the same time. Mr. Engelken, '
his friends say. is in lighting trim.
Xo indication of what the commit
tee investigating the charges, with;
other alleged pro-German matters, i
would do was forthcoming today nor
could it be ascertained whether thei
reports ':rom th?- secret service de
partment of the treasury had yet been .
examined. It slated that Mr. En-;
gelken will not. Jet the matter rest )
where it is but will insist that there
be a show-down with no "wliitewa h-:
A Former Sumtor Boy.
Among former Sumter boys who
have seen much active service in
France is Kenneth Harby, who left
here several years ago to rejoin Iiis
family who had moved from Sumt< r
to Little Hock. Ark. He save up a
position in which lie was doing well
to train with the 312th Engineers at
Camp Pike. Ark., and later at Camp
Dix. X. J. From these he was sent
to the front where he has had a stren
uous experience in that branch of our
army which has won so many laurels.
His fri-nds will regfre't to learn that
he has recently been ill with pneu
monia in a hospital in France. His
last. letter reported that be was con
valescing.
The banks are now ready to dis
tribute the last issue of Liberty
-Bonds to purchasers.
Safety First
To Farmers and Business Men
in Cotton Territory.
Washington. Feb. 12.?The depart
ment oi agriculture is just issuing a
bulletin which I have prepared l or the
purpose of putting the present sit
uation up to the farmers and busi
ness men. It is entitled "Safe Farm
ing in the Southern States in 1919."
Ask your county agent for a copy.
The present situation is the most j
dangerous which the cotton states
have faced in recent years. You have j
had four years of comparative pros
perity, partly because of four short i
crops of cotton with resultant good
prices, and partly because you produc
ed so much of your own food and
feed. During- the last four years
there have been short crops in T^xasj
mainly due to drought. In 1911,
1912, 1913 and 1914 the Texas crop
averaged 4,418,250 bales, while dur
ing 1913, 1916, 1917 and 1918 it1
averaged only 3.164,500 bales, or 1,
253,750 bales less per annum. Tex
as has had good rains this winter.!
From 1911 to 1914, inclusive, Okla
homa averaged 1,036,250 bales per
annum. From 1915 to 1918, inclu
sive, the average was only 742,250
bales or 294,000 bales less per an-'
num, mainly due to drought. Okla
homa has had splendid rains this,
winter. A big crop in Texas and Ok-'
lahoma has always meant a big crop i
in the whole country. Think that j
over before you decide to increase j
your acreage in cotton.
Will the mills of Northern France;
and Belgium be restored to full work- j
ing capacity at once? Certainly not! j
Will the poor people of Europe seek;
food or cotton first? Food, of course! >
People can and will wear patched i
clothing and sleep without pillow;
cases and sheets if need be, but the j
hungry stomach must be fed. Think j
about that.
The last four years have been a j
period of gradually increasing prices.;
Farmers and business men havej
profited out of this constant in- j
srease. Cotton just about kept puce
with other thmgs. A pound or an
icre of it would buy about the same1
quantity of other commodities in !
1918 at 30 cents a pound as it did in1
1914 at 12 cents a pound. But car-1
ing this time the farmers had the j
idvantage of purchasing supplies in j
he spring and summer at one level of
prices and then selling cotton in the
ral! at the top price of the year and
paying the debts contracted at ihe|
ower prices. Be on your guard now, j
"or when prices begin to settle dewnj
he situation becomes more difficult. ;
We may be in the position of mak nrri
i crop of cotton with high-priced j
aipplies and settling our debts out of;
cotton at a lower price. Especially
aril! this be true if we produce a very
ai*ge crop and thereby do all in ? ur |
power to lower the market price of;
cotton. Has not a large crop always j
neant lower prices? Think that over, i
What about acreage? bet u< 1-okt
it the acreage figures in the bulle in.
rhe total for 1918 was 35,$D0/>00.
Oklahoma had more acres planted in j
10IS than in either 1911, 1913 or
1914. Texas had more acres in
1918 than in 1911 and only, a,bmt]
."00,000 ;-rcres 1 ss than in 1914. The;
years 1911. ' a 12, 1914 were g'-od j
years w*th big crops and gen er-, i
ally lov prices. With only 150.(.'00 j
is_ more in the whole country in
L911 than we had in the whole comi
try in 1518. wo produced 15,693. 00 !
:>ales, and the farm price December 1, j
1911, averaged 8.8 cents per pound.;
in 1913 we had 37.089,000 acres and ;
produced 14,15$,000 bales, and the
farm price averaged 12.2 cents per;
Dound December 1, 1913. In 19,14 we i
had 36,832.000 acres, or only 942.-j
100 acrss*more than in 1918, and yet:
:he production was 16,135.000 bales:
ind the farm price December 1, 1914 j
eras 6.8 cents per pound on the aver-j
age, due in part no doubt, to the
tvar in Fmrope. Think this over.
With less acres than last year and;
i good season we can easily make a1
irery large crop, especially with good j
production in Texas and Oklahoma, j
fn 1912 with only 34,283,000 acres wcj
made 13.703,000 bales of cotton. Withj
i good season ahead of us, would you j
increase the' acreage?
. Which would you rather do. pro- j
?uce more cotton and take a less price ?
for it after working a larger number j
of acres at greater expense, or limit j
your production to a smaller number j
of acres, better tended, permitting!
the full production of your food and
feed and a better chance for a good;
price?
It is absolute folly to upset the.
present prosperity of the cotton States j
by planting a Targe acreage which]
can only mean a large crop and aj
lower price. I hear rumors of farm
ers selling their livestock to put their j
land all in cotton. Such action is :n-j
viting disaster. If farmers, landlords,:
merchants and bankers combine toj
pull the house down upon their own i
heads i>y producing a large crop of
cotton, they should have the cour-;
age to make no appeal to the rest of
the world for help if their own ac-j
tton Icn^s them into distress.
But remember that there is a good i
way. Look in the bulletin. Food j
plus cotton equals prosperity. Full
production of the food for our people!
and the feed for our growing live
stock industry in the South shot.''I be
the first and most important consid
eration. Safe farming demands cau-j
tion this time. Supply your own,
needs first ;?s a sound measure of pro-!
tection. then hold your cotton acreage
down to :i moderate figure, less than
in 1918, in order that we may safe
guard the production and not destroy
our prosperity by deliberately over
producing. It is up to the South to
play a safe game. Safety lirst d>>
mands that every cotton farmer. !>ig
and little, shall cooperate in holding
down th< cotton acreage.
Yours very truly.
Bradford Knapp. Chief.
There is a proposition before the
I;Cf,'!si;itur(> to abolish th<- office ??f
County Supervisor and employ a com
petent road engineer t<? do th<> work
the Supervisors are supposed i<> <lo.
The business affairs of tie- counties,
under this plan; would be directed by
the Board of County Commissioners
and its clerk. The plan is a most ex
cellent idea.
Radio Control of
Torpedoes Found
Army and Navy Indorse Ham
mond s Invention.
"Washington. Fob. 14.?Army and
navy experts have reported the de
vice of John Hays Hammond, Jr., for
radio control of surface craft to be
sent laden with explosives against
enemy ships, a success, and predict
similar results with submerged craft
showing above water only wireless
antennae.
Results of tests were made public
today in connection with the new
fortifications appropriation bill which
carries $417,000 for construction ofj
an experimental submerged boat.
Secretary Baker wrote the houss
appropriations committee, which J!
considering the bill that the joint!
army and navy board was "convinced
of the practicability of the control"
of the surface craft, and added that
there had also been demonstrations
of the possibility of the control to
aircraft, completely submerged ex
cept for an air intake pipe. Before
finally deciding on the purchase of
the patents $750,000 the board de
sirtj further experiment with the sub
merged craft and a change in law for
the experiments is necessary to per
mit building so as to make success
cetain before purchase.
Construction of the submerged
craft which will be about 80 feet and
seven feet in diameter will take two
years, according to Mr. Hammond,
who told the committee * vts spent
ten years and $4 00,000 on his inven
tion. ?
"There is no question whatever as
to the ability to control with great
accuracy the torpedo or carrier, what
ever kind it is." said a letter of Maj.
Gen. F. W. Coe. a member of the
board, "so long as it is-a surface ves
sel or has any antennae above the
water, by direct radio waves, either
from shore or from airplane.
"The board had before it also and
considered the ability of the enemy
to interfere with the control of the
vessel by radio energy. Mr. Ham
mond's claims are that no interfer
ence can be had with the craft out
side a radius of 100 to 150 yards from
the source of the energy; that is
from the radio plant on a battleship,
for example.
'With such radius a certain inter
ference from a powerful wireless sta
tion is possible but that interference
with the apparatus only operates to
keep the torpedo on a fixed course
on which it may be running.
With a shore station, having a
height or SO feet above sea level, ra
dio control of the craft has been
demon.'itrated to the beard up to a
distance of about seven miles, but
General Coe said if controlled from
an airplane there was no limit as to
distance except the propelling power j
of the torpedo the boat that carried)
it, or that airplane.
"A suiface launch with the appa
ratus on it," stated General Coe, re
lating demonstrations before the
hoard, was controlled from both the
shore and from an airplane the
means of control in each case being
the same. The board also witnessed
the dropping of dummy depth charges
from the stern of the boat while it
was proceeding on any desired course.
General Coe said he had ran the
?raft "all around vessels coming into
the harbor at will" and at close
ranges there would be no difficulty in
ramming a vessel from shore.
Mr. Hammond said an aviator af
ter four hours' training on control
aad risen 9,000 feet in a seaplane and
taken control of a high speed boat
running on the surface of the water.
"He was able from the height of
9.000 feet and a distance of six or
seven miles in a horizontal plane to
exercise absolute control over the)
high speed boat," declared Mr. Ham
mond. "He was able to take it in and
:>ut of Gloucester harbor through all
the shipping, around the buoys an?T
aim at a rapidly moving target with
such precision he could practically
strike eight times out of ten. A bat
tleship would be obviously easy to
strike."
Besides carrying the provision to
make possible the construction of
the submerged Hammond boat the
fortifications bill which carries a total
of $11,199,200 for sea coast defense
includes legislation for a complete
financial accounting on fortifications
appropriation being made to congress
at the end of th? next fiscal year.
German Sailors Were Intimidated by
Mnes.
Lawford. Eng. Feb. 10.?The fact
that one British warship penetrated
the guard patrol of the German High
Seas' Fleet after the battle of .'Jut
land and laid mines to cut off their j
retreat has just been disclosed.
The information became public j
through the presentation to a Law-i
ford church of a flag of the warship
Abdiel, of 1,556 tons and a speed of
?40 knots.
The inscription accompanying the
flag testifies that the Abdiel "slipped
througn the redoubled guards of pa- j
trols on the night of the battle ofj
Jutland. May 31?June 1. 1910. and
laid a great series of mines close to
the German coast, blocking the en
trance of their retreating ships into
the harbor. This dangerous night's!
work, "adds the inscription" was com
pletely carried out and the havoc
among the German ships was so great |
that their crews mutinied and refused
to go out again. "The white ensign
presented to the church was flown by
the Abdiel in the Jutland battle."
Dr. Mills (o Go to France.
Clemson College. Feb. 11.?Dr. Wil
liam H. Mills. professor of rural
sociology in Clemson College, left to
day fo go to Xew York in order to
sail the latter part of this week for
France to engage in educational work
with the Overseas Educational Com
mission. 1 >r. Mills will have* charge
of the rural sociology work in one of
the seven districts into which the
work is to be divided and will huve
associated with him a number of
teachers of rural sociology Crom thi.^
country. He has secured leave, of
absence from his work at Clemson for
one year and will remain in France
hat Ion;: if needed 'or this work.
( Press of Paris on Peace
Name of President WiL .n Fre
quently Mentioned.
i ? _?
j Paris, Feb. 12.?The Paris news
j i>apers today in their discussion of the
j nations question make frequent ref
; erence to President Wilson.
! "Mr. Wilson is decidedly a lucky
I man," writes Arthur Meyer, editor of
I The Gaulois. "He had in his brain of
; philosopher and apostle conceived a
j certain plan. It was in 1913. He was
j of the opinion that the war into
i which conscience had not yet drawn
him, would produce no complete vic
tor and no wholly vanquished. In j
I consequence of this he had built up a |
whole scries of propositions which ne'
now dislikes to abandon.
"But there has been vanquished
and there have been victors, an <?
whom is the United States. Gen
had to ask for an armistice. It is re-;
grettable for the conceptions of Mr. j
Wilson,, but it is very fortunate for I
us. Had there been no victor or no j
vanquished, the solution of the ac- j
tual difficulties would have been {
much easier. Xothing would have;
prevented the formation of the league j
of nations of which Mr. Wilson
dreams, as all the belligerents could i
have been included.
"But if Mr. Wilson persists in his
original plan of which no thinking j
being can deny the generosity, we j
desire that he should remember the |
necessity of certain guarantees which j
were not excluded from his original j
plan and we doubt if the creation of
an international police force would be;
sufficient to guarantee us the security'
to which we are entitled."
Mr. Meyer's contention Is that I
France should have a defensive fron
tier as well as a membership in the j
league cf nations.
287,3?" TROOPS RETURNED.
Washington, Feb. 12.?From the i
signing of the armistice to February ;
8, 287,332 American troops in France
and Great Britain had embarked for
the United States, while up to Febru
ary 10. 57,545 officers and 1,069,116!
men had been demobilized in this
country. Total arrivals of overseas
troops up to February 7 were 215,749.
These figures were made public to
day by Secretary Baker, together with
others relating to the number of sick
and wounded now in France and the :
number returned home, en in France]
being treated for disease on February j
1, totaled 62.561. and those suffering;
from wounds were 24,484. The aggre- j
gate of 87,045 was 4.6S8 less than inj
the preceding week and 106.403 less
than the number in hospitals overseas
on November 14.
Since the end of hostilities 53.042 j
sick and wounded have arrived in this]
country, bringing the t 1 since ~hc ?
beginning of the war n -'2,120. Or: j
February 1 the occupied oeds in hos- j
pitals in the United States numbered
60.777, while there were 47.048 vacant i
beds available for returning cases.
Sand-clay and ordinary dirt roads
will no. stand up under the heavy j
traffic of automobiles and trucks and !
if business is to be carried on in this j
country, if the farmers are to be able |
to market their produce at a reason- j
able cost, substantial and permanent |
roads must be built. Such roads will !
cost a lot of money, but they will be
worth all that they cost. People who
do not want to live under modern con
ditions and pay the price should move
into some undeveloped region where;
they, can live amidst pioneer condi- j
tions and pay no taxes.
j Cost of War Found
Totals One Hundred and Ninety
Three Billion Dollars.
I _
; Washington. Feb. 12.?The total
: cost of rhc war to all belligerents, in
cluding the central powers. \vas plac
ed at $193,000,000,000 by Secretary
Baker :n an address tonight at th?
American women's "victory dinner."
This estimate, the secretary said, was
based on figures just compiled by th?
war college.
New inventions -in -the process of
development by the associated gov
ernments and the enemy, Mr. Baker
said, would have made the fifth year
of the war twice as destructive in hu
man life as all the four years that
had gone before.
Other speakers at the dinner,
which was attended by women from
all parts of the country, were Madame
Catherine Brshkovskaya, known . as
"the Grandmother of the Russian
Revolution": Dr. Anna Howard Shaw,
Miss Julia Lathrop and Mrs. Charles
Robson of Ottawa.
Save Money By Not Vsing Tobacco,
I wish to discuss in your Progres
sive Farmer thrift contest two idea*
which have helped me save money.
1. One has been abstinence from
all use of tobacco or whiskey. Old
Steel's Physiology early convinced
me that was the only sensible thing to
do from the standpoint of health, indi
gestion and nerves; and an uncle of
mine brought out the money side cf
the matter in a way that I have never
forgotten. He was a great smoker,
and in the family circle one day some
body suggested that, he figure out
about how much money he had spent
for tobacco. I do not recollect the
exact figures, but I know it astonished
him and all the rest of us to. see how
much he would have had if he had
saved and put it out at interest?I
think about $5,000. An old man rear
ed near where I was gave an exper
ience sometime ago that is pertinent
in this connection. He said:
"Forty-three years ago I quit using
tobacco in any form. It had cost me
a little over $24 a year. At the end of
the first year I pu>; in the bank $24,
taking a certificate at 4 per cent. At
the end of each year I put in the bank
$24 together with interest. At the end
of 17 years the interest was $25. At
I the end of 28 years my certificate
drew $49. At the expiration of 42
years it drew $102. Total $2,690. I
am using this in the education of my
children. Am now sending the sixth
one to college."
In other words, when he as a young
man was spending $24 a year on to
bacco, he was spending not merely
the $24 but he was spending some
thing else. He was spending the pos
sibility of getting all the later interest
on this amount, the interest alone on
his tooacco money now amounting to
?over $100 a year.?The Progressiv?
Farmer.
The Columbia cotton conferenee~Efc_ .
solved that the cotton acreage should
be reduced, and practically every man
of intelligence agrees that wisdom
dictates that this policy should ce
followed. But will the individual
farmers act wisely? A big cotton
crop this year means a very low
price this fall.
Weimar, Feb. 14.?Frederich Ebert,
president of Germany, has announced
to the newspaper men that the gov
ernment is arranging the details for
complete disarmament and demobiliz
ation of the army.
B?fldiiig Material and Feed Stuffs
! Eough and Dressed Lumber, Lime, Cement, Plaster,
; Brick, Shingles, Mouldings, Etc.]
All kinds of Feed for Horses, Cows, Hogs and Poultry.
We solicit your patronage.
: Booth & McLeod, Inc. Phone* 10&631
*
The National Bank of South Carolina
of Sumter
CAPITAL .$ 200,000.00
SURPLUS .175.000.00
RESOURCES .2.000.000.0?
A bank big enough, strong enough,
and liberal enough to take care of
the legitimate needs of all its custo
mers.
0. U. ROWLAND.
President.
f E. HINNANT.
Cashier.
BANK STH
and'you can
BANK i
The First National Bank
SUMTER, S. C.

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