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?y ami Saturday
? JMTnt. & C.
Advert 1m ihouh
M*? first Insertoin .$1.0)
|ba*iu?nt Insertion .Ss
jts for three months or long
Made at reduced rates,
limunlcatlona which subserve
Interests will be charged foi
r;.jsrV* and tributes of respeot
P$m Vianfcd for
SttttUer Watchman was foun.l
and the True Southron in
T^e Watchman arV Southron
the combined circulation and
of both of the old papers,
autfoetty the beat advertising
Hm,n trouble with flivvers la
tfcef they are flivvers, but that
U of them seem to think thoy
pmh street care off the track
JUXdk truck* Into the next county,
e e e
* the third party ?" people
asking. Well, it eeems to bear a
v *h<\, I.lance to the party that
a*n?ui m 1912. and it topes to
fH Hi 1120.
e a e
German chancellor says he will
la no pledgee he can't keep. That's
_P<* but all the Allies want him
do I* to keep the pledges already
tu- It hasn't occurred to the of
er, forcing the 'Volstead act to
It' 'he plumbers and ask th< i.i
fhtv know about cellars.
* ? ??#
jub;.r in genewtl goes on a six
Jjday regime, it will cut down the-|
lv tt?u <?f self made men. too.
M-AVIMN*. WUM \N S I'ovykk
i O, II. P. ftohuont.' the New
suffrage leader, is out with a
Aery appeal Co women t.? ' husband
their nei- power"
"to** jou. women." she *ay*. "are
? ?Ott r>ls: to l>e content to become
aervpnrn )f the (w? old parties In our
'????ftry. In try to bolster up their
ftgOM'tti of corruption? Aro you able
to ricogiiise fraud, deception, stupid?
ity Mid dishonesty? if you are. you
will mt oe found allied with a sys?
tem ehich is decayed."
**f.*it i bich price on your free
mwti ! fctand aside! Don't vote!
IH | aw i> from the Democratic and
v the Republican parties. You have a
Wtnt go aver which you can use for
the benefit of your country."
liftir "alnett en centuries of man's
go*'?tot lent." she declares, the worhl
fe# (Atll in the grip of pestilence, pov
eaijr% hanger, discontent, corruption
an I tyranny. Man has not surr? ? d
ed' U* regulating it. Masculine rule
tu\f '??t resulted in thi betterment
ol Mit human race. So:
*"fhjlk yourselves together. Don't
: V-iHMl Your vote means simply
SurogJ'Lheotng a power which is not
wtrtt the hunu n race."
v Ifllra 0/ open minds may read this
?hi A i Opt r It o" humility. Man, they
Udmlt ln> 10 centuries or 90 cen
IuiKm has not solved all the world's
!|??fJf!.c*J. economle and social prob
,eatf.| Things are still messed up
,i>reMy badly, and there I* much to t*>
tiro* befor?. th?- millennium arrives.
' i'%)mi -what la Mrs. Relmont driving at?
Mioply noA voting will never change
, the world The oior%? women stay
j ist/ from tin ballot l>ox. ibe more
H* publican 'and Democratic males
?us continue their liupld and nefari?
U Mrs. Itchnont going to take all
:bot<e women and organist* them intc
j g nder party, to sweep tl.e ? ??untry
and bring In an era of feminine rule?
If vfcnt vs the Ides, let h-r say so. In
ft-trnesN. so that pom males will have
a * toning chance to get together and
oetmd themselves against the wrath
t> oome. What rhame will men have
If women faxe the reins and s? t
-boot saving the i 'tos militant
meo<i ' mfl AMI
1vOHM> cotton mm i PHOfTTS
Manufacturer* kecord, Baltimore.
The director* of the Ionian r
Vifle. So*'Unborn county, Sooth i.'ur
? OilM. MVS r*-'urn on ii't< it a st<>< k divi?
dend ?>f ioo pei oonl 100 pol I ?-nt t?.
bo In common nto? k ami 1"0 p?r c ent,
prefernd stork and ?o? kholtlers
lUlvr 1 led to i .?*!: , tin i' tt? n of
t M ore
Stock (flvldemlM of tr-on p. PUl
y+r v ?ii t hu ^-e ir. ii . , , , it,..
< in>nl. No legitim.??-' ' - on
uil^d to m?he such probtt So
wh^re there is Injustle? to ih< public
vV'* know thst tie repl/ i.f the i >tton
null pr"plc- is ?l> it the nhoi i
cotton good* H?" ighoul t?o- world h
mi great that American mills are no rc
following the W*h.I of K.'.kiliHh N? w
KagUnrt mllla It is trie . t-?<. thu
I'ngi.-h mill stock? have .n ?elltna
0Tt a liasls at from thin- to ten tlm<
? ho pahl In i kpitallxstion, but om
lurge mill owner In England recmtlj
4x(.regggd hims#lf ai inhenod Of th -
I ? ffVs vf Hi?" ompan. The ? otto
. t*rodtic*r* haw Inn ?ald i ptt auc
?... tsssk* staple us compared with a f
?.n go"-t" and Ho- consumer* or ? ??t
|, 11 ??o "ighoul th< H t??l" M^'n-id Ii
yaal e^u-ilr To*bj$h for the finished
ThtnaeTulitlon does not however. ap-^
plj M Southern mlM* only, Phenome
n, I proliu have t>een made by Japa
nvsc mills, and Knglish mill! und the
OttOH mills of N??u Kngland. It la
? prol able that no single industry
in the world's history ever yielded over
a* period of two of throe yean such
phenomenal profits as have come to
the cotton mills of the world, unless
it b#, p< t chance, the profit made by
Carnegie and hla associates when they
sold for more than |100,000,0tt a
ptoportj which about ? year before
th? \ had boon unable to sell at $100.
Mt.tOt, Henry C Fetch held an op?
tion on the Carnegie iron and st^el
interests at $ 1 en. a utU'OO. but he could]
not finance the aale of the property at
that price. Shortly after his option
lapsed there came a tremendous spec?
ulative I.in. and during that period,
and partly by reason of Carnegie's
threat to build a big competing mill
and a railroad in competition with ex?
isting roads, the financial interests of
New York paid hini and his associates
over $:.oo,noo.o00. Thrtt profit was
I commensurate with the profits that
have lieen made in recent years by the
cotton mills of the country. Hut it was
an unholy profit. Just as the profltd
made by tho cotton mills have been
unholy profits, They have been entli?
e? too great, notwithstanding the con
Ihions %hl *h have brought about this
Increaae in the value of these proper?
Tint stockholders of these mills of
course, are greatly rejoicing, but are
they taking into consideration the fact
that these profits were made on raw
material which did not yield a fair
protlt to the grower? English cotton
mills are muklng such phenomenal
profits thiit. as it was after the Na?
poleonic wars, so It will be this time,
that Eng nnd's cotton interests will
largely help to pay eff the English)
debt and strengthen the financial pow?
er of that country. It was said by
Met1 ullough many years ago that it
was England's cotton trade which en?
abled It to stand the strain of the cost
of the Napoleonic wars, but in those
days we do not believe that England's
cotton trade ever yielded such abnor?
mal profits us they arc now making.
I'rofits such as thvso have an unfor?
tunate but inevitable effect in stirring
up a spirit of discontent and a belief
that buslnes Intrests are to a large ex?
tent profiteering. In part, this is true,
though not to the extent that the
public has believed. It is. however,
true as regards the cotton mill inter?
ests of the whole world
The umaslng prosperity of English
< gtton mills is Shown in U Manchester
'.etter to tho Memphis Commercial Ap?
peal in which it is said.
?"In uo earlier article I was per?
mitted tt> explain to the readers of the
commercial-Appeal how and why tht
lAiicashlre cotton industry is anxious?
ly exercised about the future of the
supply of raw cotton. But let no one
suppose for this reason that Lanca?
shire is moping or despondent. On tho
contrary, it is wreathed In smiles. Tho
scarcity of r.-w not ton is. after all. but
a cloud on the horlxon while overhead
the sun shines merrily and Lancasire
makes hay. The cotton industry has
been and atlil is malting profits so
handsome IhatJ Ix>rd Emmott, one of
the leaders of the industry, describes
theni* is 'dangerously high.'
"Mills and mill shares have risen so
enormously in value and are changing
bauds at such abnormal figures that
many folks are shaking thoir headg
iml asking what the owners of mills
?iad shares will do when the Inevitable
.'dump cornea and prices fall and divi?
dends dwindle to what 'hey were be?
fore the war and less. Out at the mo?
ment no one is disposed to listen.
"I i a period ot some 30 years be?
fore the war the <<roat majority of cot?
ton mills paid an average dividend of
only some "> per cent. Last year it is
estimated that the profits of the Lan
raahlrc companies gfl g whole amount?
ed to 50 per cent on the share capital.
Ah analysis shows that 180 companies
which published their dividends dis?
tributed an average of :!K.73 per cent,
ind other companies, which don't pub?
lish figures. distributed still more.
gome extraordinary figures have re
centli been enaoonoed< Tha Sell Mill
Co., of Olilliam six months ago paid a
dividend of 200 per cent. It haa now
I-dared a half-yearly divid? J '
bonus which together are at the rate
of over lOg per cent, per annum. Still
more remarkable is the announcement
of Times Mill Co.. Middleton. whose
? pound shares hive onlylO shillings
paid up, Its dividend is 10 shillings per
share foi the past thrc months, which
I -i equivalent to st i? per cent, per year
on paid up capital. Actual dividend
w?hl tor the whole year has been 550
r cent. Other instances are the
Eagle Company, which has paid 400
per cent, for the last ouarter. and the
Pulm Compuny of Oldham. which has
just paid 1ft per cent, for the last half
v-'tr and 170 per cent, for the whole
12 months. No wonder that some of
trie I.iik iishi^v shareholders are con?
tent, all too content, to live for today
day to lei the morrow take care of
Itself." ? ,
Germans Are Stubborn
Will Not Yield to Demands of
the Allied Conference
spa. Jut) ii No llepoaltton is
shown by the Hermann to yield to
the Allies on the coal delivery ques?
tion while the Allies continue firm in
Insisting on the delivery of two mll
lion tons coal monthly, Marshal
I oehe has arrived and Held Mar?
shall Wilson of England is expected
?pa. July 14 -In an effort to com
the differences between ihe Cier
niaus and Allies and to prevent a
bn ikup of the conference, a series
<>i Informal eonfareitcog 'nave beon
erranged between Lloyd Qoorge and
\hi German foreign minister. These
win he fallowed by one between Lloyd
(leorge and Mlllerand.
, 19,11 Will buy ? snappy hat at
i wee Chaudh i Adv.
Public Schools of
Report of Sub Committee of
the Grand Jury
To the Foreman of the (?rund Jury:
Your committee on rural schools
begs to report as follows:
Wc have visited every white school
In 8umter county and lind that con?
ditions as a whole are so bad that we
wish to make a detailed report on each
of them individually. This task would
have been impossible had it not been
for the guidance ana assistance ren?
dered by our county nurse.
To find in our travels automobiles
in all the neighborhoods, fine stock
and all signs of prosperity only to
reach the dilapidated school house
without benches, water or proper sani?
tary arrangement speaks bad for our
community. Can we expect the fu?
ture generation to be benefited by
modern civilization if we are denying
It to them in their infancy?
For some of the conditions referred
to in this report excuses might be
found, but we are positive that no ex?
cuses or extenuating circumstances
could be offered for the filthy condi?
tions of the cmt building of the Mayes
vllle school. The school building itself
is the finest in the county, an excellent
brick building but miserably kept.
It needs screens throughout, glass win?
dows are knocked out and it is evident
that the roof leaks badly. All this!
might be forgiven wer? it not for the
condition of the rear grounds and fil?
thy toilets which are a disgrace to the
town of Mayesville.
If the local schoolboard does not in?
spect and attend to this matter, why
does not the principal of their civic
In the order named the schools were
visited as follows:
1. Oreen Swamp School.
The buildings and grounds are suffi?
cient for the requirementa but no
equipments are furnished other than
school desks. The water supply is bad
on account of negroes using the pump
for the purpose of washing clothes
and leaving the place in bad order.
There in only one toilet though the
law requires two.
2. Stateburg. No. 6. s
The roof of this bulldiug leaks,
causing the plastering to fall in many
places. A coat of paint would help
and preserve the building. The water
supply is a spring. No other conven?
ience. There is only one toilet for
girls and none for boys. The school
should have a drinking fountain or a
pump. The grounds could be im?
3. Bennenhaley No. 1.
This building about 14420 has a
leaky roof. Not a single desk, only a
few benches. There are no black?
boards, no toilets and no water sup?
ply. This school has 36 pupils enroll?
ed with an average attendance of
about 30. covering 6 grades.
4. New Hope School.
This is a one room school 14x30,
not painted. It is also badly in need
of repair. There is no water and no
toilets. There are no desks, long
benches being used. There are only
four windows ] i the entire building.
The present enrollment is 22.
6. General Sumter School.
This Is a very fine building' with a
good seating capacity. Tin water
is good and the groundn are ideal.
Their only need is toilets.
6. Stateburg No. 10.
This Is a new building and every?
thing ls-O. K. There are 64 pupils en?
rolled. The only thing we could re?
commend is the draining of the
grounds where the water stands in
front and underneath the building.
7. Hagood School.
The building is very good but con?
tains only 18 seats for 37 pupils al?
though it has plenty of room for addi?
tional seats. There is no water and no
toilets. The building should be rolled
to higher ground and better location.
8. Remhert High School.
This was a very good building but
has seats for only half the require?
ments. There are no desks at alt in
two rooms. No water system and no
toilets. The doors and windows need
repairs badly to pfYfvent pigeons
making a loft of the upstairs. The
front and back doors are completely
wrecked. * 1
9. I'lsgah School.
This is an old shack, 16x20 to ac
commodato 42 pupils. There are no
desks, no water supply and no conve?
niences. This building stands in the
shadow of a very fine church used
once u weok. Unless good school facili?
ties can be furnished it were better to
open the church to the children dur?
ing te week for school purposes.
10. Dulsell High School.
Everything is In splendid condition.
11. Bennenhaley No. 11.
Practically a duplicate of the con?
ditions in Bennenhaley No. 1.
12. Lee School.
Conditions her fairly good through?
out. Oonly one privy though the law
13. Brunson School.
This school Is short of desks. They
have no toilets und no water supply;
1 1. Wilder School.
Whereas this building is sufficient
for the present needs, it has 36 pupils]
with only II double desks. The bal?
ance of the children sit on the floor
or on benches. There is no proper
water supply or a proper sanitary ar?
15. Salem School.
Has two teachers and 34 pupils. The
building is very good but requires,
shades to the transom and must be
screened as flies are swarming over
the place, The water supply is good.
They have no privies.
16. Trinity School.
About 78 pupils enrolled and they
certainly must bavo a now school
building Hud new desks. It is an
ideal location for a school but there is
nothing there worthy of the name.
Although it has a good water supply
there are no toilets of any descrip?
17. Pleasant Grove.
The location good but the build?
ing needs repairs, particularly the
roof and porch. They :tre very short
of desks and have no toilets but plenty
of good water.
18. Sniloh School.
This school should be compliment?
ed. Tho only thing lacking is one
19. Douglas School.
This is quite g contrast to the pre?
vious one visited. It has only one,
room about 16x18 with only S desks
for the children. There is no water
and no toilets. There is not even a
desk for the teacher.
20. Lone Oak.
This building is in bad shape. Therd
rj-c no windows and apparently no
signs of any having ever been there.
The floor is bad. Although there are
36 pupils enrolled there is no water
and no toilets of any kind.
21. Norwood School.
Whereas this building is fairly good
there are only 16 desks for 60 pupils.
The roof leaks, there are no black
doards or toilets. The water supply is
22. Woods Mill.
There are 67 pupils and only 10
desks. Minor repairs that, are need?
ed could be made for a small sum of
money, Instead of letting the building
go to ruin. There are no toilets.
There is one room about 15x25.
There is no water supply other than an
open well with dead frogs, etc., float?
ing on top. It is located In a swamp
which is very' undesirable for a school.
There are no toilets, windows or
blackboards. They are short on desks,
necessitating the use of long benches.
25. Bak-er School.
, This is a god building badly in
need of repairs. Vgry short on desks.
Needs two new privies. There are
desks in only one room and not enough
of these . The other rooms are equip?
ped with benches. The school also
needs new screens or repairing the
26. Oswego High School.
The trustees of this school are to
he complimented. We find nothing to
report unfavorable whatsoever. The
only need is for two privies.
27. Du Hose School.
We have a very complimentary re?
port to make on this building. All
that is necessary is repairs to the pri?
When we refer to needed privies- in
this report we mean to say that they
should either be the rlyproof pit or the
septic tank as prescribed by the state
board of health.
28. Lawrence School. |
Needs a new building. Present
building is not fit for a barn. There
are no suitable toilets of any kind. A
new building is needed all the way
around. 20 pupils enrolled. There are
plenty of desks. There are no play
29. Graham School.
Thi porch needs a new floor, celling
and r ,of. One privy is in bad condi?
tion. Need two. There is no water on
the grounds. This is an ideal place
for a building. Some repair work has
been started. There are 66 pupils en?
rolled. Children 1q the primary room
are very crowded. Somo more desks
30. Providence School.
This Is a nice building in good
condition. Has pretty grounds well
kept. Repairs are neded on the roof,
and steps are In a dangerous condi?
tion. There is a good water supply
on the place. They have 2-k.-y. pri?
vies in good condition. 110 pupils en?
rolled. Short on desks. Condition is
crowded in general.
3L Bethel School.
H?s a fine location and plenty of
school grounds. They need more room.
Two or three grades are taught in a,
domestic science kitchen without; any
desks. There are no lire -escapes at)
all. The doors all open inside. Three
grades of smaller children are taught
I In the dormitory upstairs which ifc dan
gerous in case of lire. Screens ar
Ineedd on account of flies, as there arc
[two Stahles nearby. There are no suit - ;
able toilets und no water on the
82. Ingram School.
This committee advises that the
matter of the Ingram School and the
Bethel School be taken up with tlie
trustees and the residents of this seo
jtion for the consideration of the con?
solidation of the two schools whereby
j better results can be obtained than un?
der present conditio!)?. The Ingram
school referred to is an old one-room
shack about 14x30. It would cost
more to improve it than to build a
new building. There are seven win?
dow frames but few glasses in any of
them. There are no toilets of any kind.
Surface water is used for drink.ng
purposes. There are very few desks,
long benches being used. There aie
II pupils enrolled at present.
33. Read School.
We are glad to report that the Read
School has the money appropriated)
lot purchased and contract awarded
for an entire new building.
34. Manchester School.
This school is taught in an attic of
a, private home. The only ventilation
is ono window two feet by two feet
square. There are no desks cf any
kind. Two long benches are used.
Other, conveniences are very good.
There are 11 pupils.
35. Wedgefield School.
Has 110 pupils and four teachers
There is no fire escape. The building
is in bad shape needs paint and is
very poorly kept. There is no water
or toilets of any kind on the grounds.
After a talk with Mr. Ramsey they
have decided to take up the matter
of repairing this school with the trus?
36. Jordan School.
In fair condition. Needs more light
and windows. There are no privies*
of any kind. There is a good water
supply. The grounds are beautiful but
badly kept. Needs a few more desks.
37. Singleton School.
This building is in good condition,
needs a few more d^ks. There
is no water supply. Needs two
new privies and some win?
dows. The foundation needs re?
pairing and new steps are needed.
This is a beautiful location for a build
l ing. There is a very nice playground;
equipment tor the pupils. The en?
rollment at present is 20.
Kaustine Tanku are to be installed
in July in the Baker School. Then the
only recommendations there will be
39. Winn School.
One room sha^k with no water sup?
ply and no privy. Building badly in
ned of repairs. We ar*? advised that
new building Is to be erected. Thirty
five pupils; seating capacity, 12 to 15.
40. Lee Mira School.
In fairly good condition; 20 pupils;
short on desks. Has no privies of any
kind. It has been recommended be?
fore to consolidate this school with
A new school in ve,ry good condition.
Has artesian well.
42. Concord School.
Good building in good condition.
43. Loring's Mill School.
One. room shanty with two windows.
About 12 by 14. Floor in bad order.
Located in a swamp. No water. No
privies. Not a desk in the place.
14. Argyle School.
One room in Rood condition. Good"
location. Good water. Good privy.
Your committee was not requested
to make any report about the teach?
ers, etc., and therefore did not mxke
any attempt to investigate. They do
know, however, that the nay is very
poor and no doubt the service render
<<1 is in proportion to the pay.
What education can one expect,
from underpaid teaohors? Who, ?vithi
senae or intelligence enough to do
other work, would want to hold ; joN
thai pays loss than is earned b> the
ordinary negro laborer, who makes
$20 a week or more. Statistics ;>how
that the average rural school teacher
does not <'arn this much.
The r. s. bureau of BducgMoa re?
ports that more than #Q per cent, ofl
the rurarschool teachers in the United
States receive less than $600 per year,
that 24 per cent receive less than $5001
and 11 per cent, less than $400, with
only 5 per cent, receiving $1,0)0 or
We do not know whece the tumble
lies, neither do we suggest a renedy.
but simply call it to the attention of
the Grand Jury.
Grand Jury Committee on Rural
Irving Rettenberg, Chairman,
Ben Clements, i j
E. A. Terry. ? /
(John F. Clark & Co.)
New York, July 15?On further
short covering October went over
34.50 or two hundred points above
tne low of last Friday, but thir figure'
attracted fresh selling and th.5 mar?
ket reacted. The weather wai o. k.,
evcept that the Memphis distr ict got
heavy rains not needed. July increas?
ed its premium in spite of about 25
notices and this had much to lo with
the rise in Oct. The advance of two
cents this week would seem to be du?e
mostly to the market having become
over-sold at discount too far under
July and under spots. Shor: cover?
ing has relieved the technical posi?
tion but until July is out. of the way
or break? there will be probably only
moderate reactions in new crop
NEW YORK COTTON
Month Open High Low Clcse Close
July .. 41.47 41.75 41.40 41 73 41.35
Oct.. 34.25 34.54 34.04 34 20 34.07
Dec .32.43 32.69 32.14 32.26 32.30
Jan 31.56 31.75 31.35 31 42 31.40
Mch 30.70 31.10 30.55 30 76 30.68 1
NEW ORLEANS COTTON
Month Open High Low Cl >se Close K
July .. 36.85 36.85 36.40 36.40 36.80
Oct .. 33.50 33.98 33.44 33.50 33.40
Dec ..32.10 32.43 31.90 31.92 31.98
Jan ..31.30 31.60 31.10 31.12 31.18
Mch .. 30.58 30.85 30.36 30.36 30.43
Close: Jan. 21.42; Marcl, 20.80;
July 21.78; Oct. 23.03; Dec 21.79.
Notice of Election
The County Board of Commissioners
will elect a Cotton Weigher for two
year term at its regular mee ,ing Aug."
3d. Applications will be received by
the undersigned until that df te.
D. M. BLAND ING,
Clerk to Board.
Harding at Work
Marion. July 14?Senator Harding
toda) continued to wclude himself
and work on his acceptance speech. t
We bought some late styles in Pumps and Oxfords for
June 1, delivery, but owing to the labor conditions and
congested traffic, they came in 30 days late and rather
than returia these goods we have decided to offer all our
Oxfords both men's and ladies' at a reduction.
Our stock is full, consisting of Blacks, Browns, White
Canvass and White Kids. ? T
Call at once while we have your size and width, / #
The O'Donneli Dry Goods Co.