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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, April 22, 1922, Image 1

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!THE SVMTER. WATCHMAN, Est
CONSOLIDATED AUG. 2,:
reaty Between Ger
many and Russia
Surprises Delegates
of Allies to Econom
ic Conference
Genoa, April 17 (By the Asso
ciated Press)?The signing of a
treaty between Germany and Rus
?ia. which nullifies the Brest I ito
vsk treaty and reestablishes full
diplomatic relations between those
two countries on a basis cf equality
has caused profound astonishment
and resentment among the allied
delegations. The ministers of the
powers which convened the con
ference decided at a meeting held
tonight to have a committee of ex
perts examine this treaty tom?r
;ow morning to determine wheth
er it conflicts with the Cannes res
olutions or the treaty of Ver
sailles.
? Subsequently the convening pow
ers will meet with Poland. Czechs
Slovakia. Rumania and Jugo
slavia to ascertain the views of the
lesser powers and deal with the
report of the experts.
The British and French delegates
declared tonight thab they consid
ered the siganture of the treaty a
disloyal act. Apparently it may
imperil the conference.
It is stated that the signing of
the treaty, \vhich took place at
Rapailo yesterday, was unknown to
the allied leaders, when Lloyd
George. Barthou. Schanzer and
Thcunis met this afternoon to con
sider the reply which the Russians
might make to the conditions im
posed on that country, but as soon
as the delegates learned of the
treaty their program was changed,
and the situation, which is consid
ered extremely* grave, fully dis
cussed. %
M. Barthou, head of the French
delegation, is 'seeking further in
structions from his government at
Paris and declared that he wouid
not sit beside Russians, in semi
official meetings, while. M. CoLrat.
French under secretary of state,
speaking to the correspondents,
said: "I have taken all necessary
measures to cancel the-meeting of
the third commission ;over which
I preside as the members at pres
ent do not want te sit on the same
commission as the Germans and
Russians,"
The action of the Germans and
Russians, on first announcement,
had an almost stunning effect on
the allies. Premier Lloyd George
said he knew these countries had
been negotiating for months but
was not aware they had signed a
treaty until late this afternoon.
The situation is so .critical thai
the most prominent delegates are
reserving their opinions until after
the experts examine the new
document, 'which is generally re
garded in allied circles as an in
fringement of the Genoa agenda,
because it has to do arith repara
tions and affects existing treaties.
The French have insisted that
neither of these things should be
done. Clearly there are stormy
times ahead.
The treaty provides for renun
ciation of war expenses, damages
and expenditures incurred through
war prisoners, and renunciation
also of all claims of German in
dividuals or the state itself against
the -Soviet republic. Resumption of
eousular and diplomatic relations is
to take place immediately, com
mercial relations are to be regulat
ed on the most favored national
principle und the rights of the na
tionals of both countries in the ter
ritory of the other are to be con
served.
The two governments will assist
each other in their economic diffi
culties and the German government
declares itself ready to facilitate
economic contracts between pri
vat" enterprises in the two coun
tries.
Terms of IlusMMtcraiaii Pact.
Genoa. April 17 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?The Uusso-German
treaty signed on Sunday at Rupallo
by George, Chitcherin and Dr. Wal
ter Rathenau, contains the follow
ing provisions:
Article 1. (a)?The German and
Russian government has agreed to
settle war-time questions on the
follow ing basis: The Gorman gov
ernment and the Soviet republic
reciprocally renounce reimburse
ment of war expenses as well as
reimbursement of war damage*;
and also damages sun'ered by their
subjects in the war territories be
cause of military measures, in
cluding requisitions carried out in
the enemy's country. Likewse the
two contracting parties renounce
reimbursement of civil damages
caused by the so-called exception
laws or by coercive measures by
State authorities.
<b)?All legal relations con
cerning, questions of public or pri
vate law resulting from the state
of war. including the Question of
merchant ships acquired by either
side during the war shall be settled
on a basis of reciprocity.
(e)?Germany and Russia mu
tually renounce the repayment of
expenses caused by prisoners of
war. in the same way as the Retch
renounces repayment of expenses
caused by the internment of sol
diers of the Russian army. The
Kassian government renounces pay
ment of the sum Germany has
ablisbed April, 1550.
1881-_^_
ROUNDUP OF
i BOOTLEGGERS
! IN ANDREWS
j
[Total of 23 Warrants
Are Issued to Cover
Large Number of
Cases?Two Magis
trates Included in
List
(Florence Times)
{ Suddenly swooping down on Ah
I drews. .Georgetown county, state
constables and federal officers Sat
jurday afternoon discovered suffi
cient evidence of liquor selling and
storing on the main street of the
[town alone'to lead to issuance of li>
'warrants, two of which are for
i magistrates, according to Chief
i Constable Eichelberger who re
' turned to the city yesterday. Four
! more places outside of Andrews
! were raided making a total of 23
j warrants.
Of the twenty-three who are to
'answer the charges of violation of
?the prohibition law twenty-one are
'white. The officers confiscated
i twenty-one gallons of white whis
ikey and one iron safe which they
found filled with small bottles ol
the vitriolic fluid.
Those taking part in the raid
were state officers Eichelberger,
Smyrel, Uurley. Whitcworth, Rog
ers, and federal officers Coleman
and St iron. In several cases, they
[ found the liquor, it is reported, in
the stores of the men against
whom warrants have been or will
be issued in the next few days.
The magist rial offenders are 1*.
F.' Rarrincau of Andrews, a mer
cahnt. and T. S. Hart of "Williams
burg county, whose home is near
the town of Andrews. "Warrants
j will )?e issued against these repre
jsentatives of the law for selling
whiskey, officers stated today.
As a result of the round up the
state constables will bring eighteen
cases for selling liquor, and the
federal officers five for having
whiskey in possession. It is likely,
according to reports, that double
cases will be brought against some
of the alleged offenders, in which
cases charges will be lodged for
selling and storing whiskey.
Four of the warrants were issued
for men living just outside of An
drews. One negro man and one
negro woman are included in the
I list.
According to the Chief Constable
reports have come to him several
times of alleged illicit dealings in
whiskey in Andrews but he had al
ways found alleged offenders pre
pared against his visits. Saturday
afternoon, however. the officers'
raid came as a surprise and the
constables declare that some of the
places were running wide open a=?
they did in the old blind tiger days.
Four men were brought to jail yes
terday. It is stated warrants wilt
be served this week on the rest of
Lthe num against whom the officers
{ claim to have evidence.
I Prominent Turk
Killed in Berlin
j Berlin, April 18.?The man shot
! dead here is reported to be the
brother of Talaat Pasha, the former
Turkish grand vizier.
j derived from the sale of Russian
j army material transported into
! Germany.
; Article 2?Germany renounces
lall claims resulting from the en
j forcemcnt of the laws; and mcas
j ures of the Soviet republic as they
i have affected Germany nationals
or their private rights or the rights
j of the German Reich itself, as well
j as claims resulting from the meas
! ures taken by tin- Soviet republic
j or its authorities in any other
j way against the subjects of the
German Reich, or their private
rights, provided the Soviet govern
ment shall not satisfy similar
(claims made by any third state.
Article 3. Consular and diplo
jmatic relations between the Reich
'and the federal republic of Soviets
shall be resumed immediately: the
admission of consuls to both coun
tries shall be arranged by special
? agreement.
I Article 4. Both governments
i agree further that the rights of the
? nationals of either of the two par
ities on tin- other's territory, as
! well as the regulation of eommer
I cial relations, shall be based on the
? most favored nation principle. This
principle dues not include the
I lights and facilities grained by the
: Soviet government to another So
? viet state or to any state that for
| merly formed part of the Russian
j empire.
j Article ?". Tin- two government.-:
! undertake to give each other mu
Itual assistance for the alleviation
I of their economic difficulties in the
j most benevolent spirit. In the
I event ;i general settlement of
[this question on an international
i basis they undertake to have a pre
i liminary exchange of views. The
German government declares itself
ready to facilitate as far as pos
sible the conclusion and execution
; of economic contracts between pri
I vate enterprises in the two coun
! tries.
I Article ?'?. Clause 1. paragraph
I H. artd ? lause 4 of this agreement
i shall come into fore.- after ratifi
j cation of ibis document; tie- other
? clauses will come into force iiiinie
! d iafejy.
"lie Just and Fear
IGERMANY
I AND RUSSIA
I VS. WORLD
i _
[New Treaty Between
Berlin and Moscow
I Governments
Sprung on the Ge
noa Conference
Berlin, April IT (By the Asso
ciated Fresst?An offical commit
\ nication was issued this evening an
i nouncing the conclusion of a Rus
Iso-German treaty at Genoa. Briefly
; outlined it says the treaty had
. befit under consideration lor the
i past two months. The original
I draft was prepared and submit
j ted by Lemiid Krassin, the Bolshe
I vik cotnmissair of foreign trade
1 and commerce, early in February
i and since then its scope and char
' acter have been liberally ampli
fied through conversations between
: Berlin, Riga and Moscow.
! During the course of these con
: vcrsations the government freely
j consulted the German industrialist
! league and also dispatched promi
i nent leaders of the league to Mos
cow and Petrograd with the pur
j pose of obtaining a first hand view
. of the economic situation,
j Tin- communication declares the
; present treaty virtually receive,1
' the final approval of both the con
j trading parties when the Russian
i delegation to Genoa, including M.
Chritchcrin. M. LityinofE, M. Joffe,
|M. Krassin and M. Rakosky. were
j in Berlin on their way to Italy,
but that the formality of signing
! was deferred until after the par
; ties to-the compact had been con
! veniently gathered together in
?Genoa. Xo further details of the
\ treaty are furnished by the com
! munication beyond the statement
jthat both governments had decided
I to "wipe the slate clean." desiring
i to lay the foundation mutually foi
I future reconstruction,
j Whether official and diplomatic
'relations between Russia and Ger
? many will be immediately resum
ed is not indicated in the com
i munication. It does not refer ?>>
j the assassination of Count Von
? Mirbach, the German ambassador
; to Russia. It shows the treaty
\ vouchsafes to the contracting par
ities the benefits of most favored
! nation treatment and complete re ?
j eiprocal accommodations.
! The Berlin newspapers received
j their first notification of the treaty
?through the ollicial communication
: this evening. The Easter holidays
! have left Berlin without newspa
rpers f<?r -PS hours. The public
: has nut been informed regarding
I the occurrences at Genoa since
iSaturday and still is ignorant with
regard to the treaty, the ar:
I nouncement of which surprised
: even newpaper circles as no ac
i tion in this direction bad been ex
J pected while the economic confer
[ ence was in pregress,
j As government and rcichstag
j leaders are still on holiday away
i from Berlin authoritative com
| ment on the signing of the treaty
I could not be obtained tonight,
i _
I London. April JT. ? Premier
j Lloyd George, questioned tonight
I concerning rumors that the con
I ference was on the verge of break
ing up. is quoted by the com.?
! spondent of the Exchange Telc
i graph company as saying:
j "You always hear rumors wher
j ever there is a conference. Por
'sonally I am optimistic.*'
Regarding reports that the
: French are preparing to withdraw,
! he said:
i "Xo. no. they are no! going
j home."
! The allied attitude, added Mr.
; Lloyd (b orge, had not been defi
nitely decided upon: it would be
necessary to continue the discus
j si on tomorrow.
j Riga, April 17 (By the Associat
I ed Press?.---A conspiracy among
Russian monarchists in central and
eastern Europe \'i kill Xokali Le
nine if he dares to step outside
Russia is said by secret service men
here to have had more or less of a
bearing on the fact that Lenine has
not started for-Genoa tu attend the
economic con ference.
According to the secret service
nn-n. the plot t<> assassinate Lenine
is being strengthened from the
Mediterranean to the Baltic seas.
They declared the plot is well or
ganized one and thai notwith
standing the arrest of White Rus
sians in Italy. Germany and else
where, the leaders in the con
spiracy still are at large.
Genoa. April I 7.--The British
Fr?*nch and Belgian delegates have
prepared a resolution for presenta
tion to r'ti" conference, declaring
that the system of international
transports should be determined,
not by political considerations, but
by commercial and technical condi
; ion v
Ariieh l of the resolution says
assistance should be given coun
tries iH.i possessing the resources
necessary for the restoration of
their transport systems. Articles
'1. -\ and \ emphasize the desira
bility <u the ratification and :i;>|?li
cation <<;' the decisions of the
Parcelona and Porto Rosa conven
tions of I'.'L'I and ,ils<i of ih. other
convent?>ns which have dealt with
railroad traffic. Article ?"> says:
"The problems und difficulties
upon which an accord was n ached
??it Portu Rosa equully affect other
European states and it is desirable
Not?Let all the ends Thou Aims'! ;
Sumler, S. C? Saturd;
Hey! How's the V
! v? Major Page, said to be the smal
jEarl Richter, the tallest man in M
Inches high and weighs 26 pounds,
weighs 232.'
TORNADOES !
KILL FIFTY
PEOPLE
Destructive Storm
Swept Middle West
To-day j
j Chicago, April I S.?:Roports in
dicated tw-enty-eighl Known dead.!
Thirteen in Illinois, thirteen in In-j
diana and two in Missouri. Three j
to four hundred injured and mil-j
lions of dollars in property dam
age as a result of the storm.
Chicago. April i S.? Loss of nearly |
fifty lives attributed to tornadoes ?
which had passed <>v< r Ohio today, ?
after sweeping Illinois and lndi-j
ana yesterday, leaving much de
struction. Damage to property will j
mount into millions it is believed, j
TEN KNOWN DEAD
Latest Report From Illinois
Tornado
Danville, 111.. April IS.?Ten j
persons are known ro have been;
kilh-d and forty-one injured in the!
tornado which swept Champaign)
and Vermillion counties. Illinois.,
and Warren county. Indiana. Thej
damage is estimated at a quarter j
of a million dollars.
SUPER-TRUST
.OF CHICAGO
PACKERS
???? i
i
Chicago. April IS.- information I
that negotiations for the merger of i
three of the big five, packing com.-,
panics into a live hundred million j
dollar corporation have been eon-]
ducted by J. Ogden Armour, head
of Armour ?v- Company, according!
to the Herald and Examiner. Thej
corporation would he headed by ;
Thomas E. Wilson, president of
Wilson A: company. -Armour would I
be chairman of the board of di- i
rectors.
NEW TREATY
UNDER SCRUTINY
Genoa Conference Wants to
Know If It Violates Treaty
of Versailles
Genoa, April Is. ?Organizers of
economic conference met to con-j
si der whether a n?*w pact conciud- j
ed with Germany and Itussia vio-j
lates the stipulations of the treaty"
Of Versailles. !
that those statt s should hold an in
ternational conference of experts
without delay tu examine their i
problems of transport."
The I'orto Itosa convention was
made l?y the states which super
seded the A list ria -! 1 unga ria n --la
pire.
Genoa. April 17 ( l>y the Asso
ciated "The action oJ ! he
Germans is an absolute breach of
loyalty to the gen?-raJ idea of t he
Cictioti conference, and in this sense!
is dishonorable and a challenge I ?
Europe." said tie- authorized I Brit
ish spokesman tonight to The As
sociated Press in discussing tin i
igning of the Uusso-Germnu i
"Nevertheless." the spokes.m.ih j
?ontiniied. "the f'riiish delegation
loes rroi think it will result m the
breaking up of the' conference
;\*en though ???ern?cn^ has broken I
loose from it." I
it be thy Country's, Thy Cod's and
ay, April 22, 1922
leather Up There?
lest man in the world, recently met
inneapolis. The major is 35, is 32
? Richter, 29, is six feet seven and
. COLUMBIA
MURDERER
Police Looking For
Theodore Ausrhtrey
Who Killed Silas!
Gladden
Columbia. April IS.?Police au
thorities of Columbia and Rich
land county are still on the lookout
for Theodore Aughtry. Columbian,
w ho Saturday night shot and killed
Silas A. Chidden! a young white
man who had apartments in the
same house with him. Aughtry
was former policeman i:i Augus
ta. He killed Gladden as the re
sult of some words between the two
over :i dish which th<- wife of one
had borrowed from the other.
When Gladden saw Aughtry draw
his pistol, he ran. to escape being
shot. Aughtry >lm; .-is the younger
man started through .1 window.
The ball entered Gladden*s back
and passed entirely through his
body, the man falling on the sec
ond story porch.
-^???*
ALLIES TAKE
STAND AG VINST
NEW TREATY
Note Being Drafted to Ger
mans and Russian Delegates
to Genoa Conference
Paris. April 1S. The allies are
drafting a note to the Germans and
Russians notifying them that it
will be impossible for them to con- |
tinue to participate in the sessions j
of the Russian affairs commission;
?>:' the economic conference if they
persist in maintaining the Russo
German treaty, according to ;< Ha- j
vas < Icnoa dispatch.
CABINET ' I
INSTRUCTS
DELEGATES
Paris. April is.- Premier Pom- ?
cairc convened the cabinet today!
;.i consider the attitude of thei
French in regard to the Russo-Gcr-j
man pact. 11 is understood that |
rhe cabinet approved further in-J
struct ion to Vice Premier Barthou,
ai Genoa, to regulate the action ot |
the Prench delegation in ease they :
:i!v rt-?*Uired to take prompt action, j
TRANS-ATLANTIC
LIGHT FAILS
Rio de Janeiro. April I :< Lor- j
tugese aviators who art- attempt
ing :i lllght from Portugal to l?ray.?l
are unable to proceed from St.
Paul reeks, only ;i few hundred
miles -dm'-; of their goal, the Am- I
erica, n continent, where they laiut- ?
ed last night, due to damage of j
their machine nc-nrdtng to Hava ?
Periaur.bueo disp itch; j
MILLION DOLLAR
FIRE REPORTED]
Poe.omoke ?';ty. Md., April 1 s. ? j
Re-vised estimate:-^ of > ? si enbij s |
tire; which devastated the business!
section ot the town, destroying ap
proximately Itftj homes: placed t!t< j
loss ;ii nearly :i million dollars.
The lire destroyed banks, hotels,
theatres and business structures. I
Ti ulh's."
CONFERENCE
CONTINUES
ATJENOA
Allies and Other Pow
ers Decide to Pro
ceed With Consider
ation of Economic
Questions? Dispute
the Russo-German
I Treaty
Genoa. April is.? (By the Asso
ciated Press).?With Germany de
barred from further deliberations
with respect to the agreement
which the powers hope to conclude
with Russia, the Genoa conference
is tonight in a stale of crisis. The
allied powers, sitting with the
stales of the little entenre, have
imposed a severe penalty on Ger
many because of what is termed
her violation of the conditions to
which she pledged herself in enter
ing the conference.
This violation took the form of
"secretly concluding" a treaty with
Russia on the very matters which
all the*powers had agreed to dis
cuss in common tit Genoa.
Notwithstanding the allies' "vig
orous action." indications tonight
were that the Germans would not
bait the conference, although they
had not disclosed what attitude
they would adopt. Apparently they
will decide without consulting Ber
lin.
Genoa. April IS (By the Asso
ciated Press).?The representatives
of the powers which convened the
Genoa conference, together with
the little entente, decided tonight
after an all day discussion to con
tinue the economic conference re
gardless of the attitude of Germany
and Russia.
A strong note was prepared and
seat to the German delegation,
which declared that "Germany's
act had destroyed the spirit of
mutual confidence indispensable to
international cooperation." and
informing Germany that she is de
barred from further participation
in discussion of Russian affairs at
the economic conference.
The discussions were calm and
dignified, although considerable
differences of opinion existed. Two
groups formed, one led by England
and the other by France, while
the Italian delegates displayed a
conciliatory attitude. Some of the
extremists are said to have pro
posed breaking up the conference
but a majority favored awaiting
Moscow's reply to the allied 'de
ma nds.
According to information from
French sources, Mr. Lloyd George
emphasized the necessity of adopt
ing a severe attitude toward both.
Russia and Germany, but especial
ly against Germany, pointing out
that Germany had signed the
Versailles treaty, whereas Russia
had not.
Signor Sehanzer, the Italian for
eign minister, favored an attitude
of moderation in the interests of
the conference. Mr. Lloyd George
replied that it was no time to dis
play weakness. He counselled
sending a note r.i Germany and
Russia declaring they must modi
fy their attitude if they expected
t?> be permitted to discus.? Russian
affairs at Genoa.
Genoa, April IS (By tin- Asso
ciated Tress i?M. Chiteherin. head
of the Russian delegation, called
on Chancellor Wirth 3nd Dr. Wal
ter Rathenau of the German dele
gation, at their hotel today, while
the big and little entente powers
were meeting to decide what they
would do about the Russo-German
treaty, and had a long conference
with the Germans, who displayed
tu? uneasiness about the possibility
of direct consequences if the treaty
is not abrogated.
According to the Germans, the
signing of the treaty did not come
as stu b a surprise to the British
as some ;it first belli * d.
Karon von Maltzahn. who is in
char*tv of Russian affairs in the
German foreign office, informed
tin- Associated Press today that the
Germans had frequently mention
ed to the British the conversations
the Germans wer,- having with the
Bussians and had made it clear
that the Germans felt they were
being dene a great injustice by the
allies, v. b<> failed tu let them into
the conferences tit Mr. Lloyd
George's villa, where the Russian
affairs were being adjusted with
out consideration of German inter
ests;
Furthermore. Baron von Malt
zahn said he had in formet! Sir t*c? i'
Blacken of the British delegation
o>> Sunday night that the treaty
had been signed that day. It would
therefore ?-??em unlikely that Mr
Lloyd George was unadvised, al
though it is doubtless true thai he
had not seen a copy of the treaty
before tin- meeting held last even
ins t?? discuss what the allies would
il'j about it.
The Germans contended that they
would have been responsible for
reparations and their property and
commercial rights in Russia would
not have been protected if the
entente powers had reached an
agreement on Russian questions
without Consulting Germany. Con
setiue'ntly. the Germans took the
Lull i?y tlie horns and effected a
treaty which puts them in the p< -
sition of a favored nation and in
THE TRUE SOL
NEUTRALS
i SUFPORT
GERMANS
Point Raised That Al
lies Have Not Au
thority to Bar Ger
mans From Confer
ence
j Genoa, April ID?Whether Ger
! many will continue at the confer
ence is problematical. - It is thought
! that while protesting against de
: barment from the commission in
their reply to the allies, they will
be content to remain. The reply
is expected tb make the point that
only the full conference has the
power to bar them and in this
there are supported by neutral na
tions, headed by Denmark. Hopes
are expressed that an international
monetary convention, with America
represented, would soon be conven
ed to examine the financial situa
tion of the whole world.
EFFECT OF
TREATY ON
i REPARATIONS
Paris. April 19.?The repara
tions commission has been asked to
consider whether the Russo-Ger
man treaty violates the treaty of
Versailles with respect to German
owned property in Russia, which,
under the later pact is pledged to
the commission for the payment of
I repa rations.
Marshal Joffre
Revisits Washington
Washington. April ID?Marsha!
! Joffre has arrived here to revisit
' the scenes and renew acquaintances
of the days of 1917 when he head
. ed the French War Mision to the
; United States.
sures that their rights in Russia will
he c'iual to those- of the entente.
Washington. April IS (By the As
i sociated Press). ? Although the
[ American-government is neglect
ing no opportunity to inform itself
of what is happening at Genoa, of
ficials lu-re betray no anxiety over
the latest developments as they af
fect- American interests.
Upon the highest authority it
j was said today that in the view of
rhe administration the new treaty
between Russia and Germany
. means nothing to the United States.
' Unless later information convinces
i them otherwise President Harding
! and his advisers were said to accept
the treaty at its face value as a
I financial and peace settlement
: without sweeping political signili
! ca nee.
On the oasis of its present ad
vices this government is declared
to be of tin- opinion that nothing
in the treaty conflicts with the sep
arate peace treaty between the
United States and Germany, nor
' interferes with American interests
in either country or materially al
ters the status of Russia in the
general world situation.
The state department is said to
be firm in its belief thai the Soviet
regime in Russia should nut be
recognized, but it is not disposed
to question the right of another
sovereign power to extend that rec
ognition, nor does it apparently ex
pect that recognition by Germany
alone will have any important ef
fect towards giving Bolshevism a
real standing in the family of na
tions.
It is realized, of course, that if
tlie German-Russian rapproche
jnent of Genoa were to become a
stepping stone to an offensive and
defensive alliance, a much altered
political situation might confront
Europe. <hi thot subject, how1
ever, no official will speculate be
yond making the prediction that
no immediate elements of danger
are perceptible. The whole teu
dency of officials is to minimize the
importance to the United States of
all that ha> transpired in the Ge
noa conversations.
Tlius suggestions of a "war
scare" for Europe <>r possible en
tanglement for the United States
through the presence of American
troops on the Rhine excite oul>
smiles and expressions of incred
uality in American official circles.
Meantime, as regards European
interests and policies, the hands
ort! policy which actuated the
American refusal t<? sit in the con
ference continues. High officials
indicate that they still regard the
conference as an effort to straight
en out an economic tangle pre
eminently European and that they
are content to keep their distance
in the confidence that the Euro
pean powers will meet the situa
tion as best they can.
Paris. April In (By the Asso
ciated Press).? Maurice Casenave.
?? rnu r French high commission r
in the United States, commenting
toda\ upon the Russo-German
treaty, said:
"The danger to western Europe
is as great now as i; was before
iliv war. It is even greater, be
cause the two eastern powers are
now together. The situation is as
formidable as it was at the sign
Ins of the treaty of Brest^Bitovsk.
"The western allied governments
4iv in the presence of a situation
? : utmost significance and one
which requires strong action."
"But what can Great Britain and
THRON? Established June i. 1660.
VOL. LIIL NO. 20
CREAMERY "~
COMPANY
ORGANIZED
Corporation to Have
Capital of $30,000?
j Directors and Offi
cers Elected
At tlie Sumter Chamber of XJom
merce Monday it was definitely" and
unquestionably settled that Sumter
is to have at an early date one of
ihe most modern and up to date
?reameries in South Carolina. The
meethig was well attended by rep
resentative business men and dairy
farmers and the organization of
the Sumter Creamery, to be capi
talize at $30.000. was completed
by the election of the following of
fieers and board of directors:
President, L. 1). Jennings: first
vice president. .1. P. Morris: sec
ond vice president and Treasurer,
H. L. Tisdale: general manager and
secretary. (\ W. Schmolke. -
Board of Directors: 1.. I?. Jen
nings. .J. i\ .Morris. II. L. Tisdale.
.1. .i. VVhilden. J. M. Kolb. L. E.
Reames. I*. M. Parrott. W. Percy
Smith. C. W. Schmolke.
Sufficient of the capital stock
has already been paid in to warrant
the company in immediately secur
j ing its charter and enough capital
is guaranteed by subscriptions and
otherwise to warrant operations
beginning just as soon as The com
mittee on location and purchasing
of necessary machinery can com
j plete its work.
; The meeting to organize this
j most important enterprise was
characterized by harmony and a
spirit of cooperation, coupled up
with the determination to rush the
establishment of the Sumter Cream
ery to completion and functioning
at the very earliest possible date.
The capital stock list was leO
open in the sum of s?.uoO to ac
commodate any farmers engaged
in the dairy business or any others
interested, directly or indirectly, in
the dairy business who desire to
subscribe to the stock of this en
terprise, which is to be made.a real
cooperative creamery in'every re
spect. While the necessary capita*
stock could have been secured at
j the organization . meeting, never
theless it was decided that the
more dairy farmers that can be
interested the better it will be.for
all concerned.
The making of the dairy cow
"the stepmother of the humaa
race." one of the chief features in
agricultural evolution in Sumter
county, is the primary object of
the Sumter Creamery just organ
ized, and while every st -ckholder
trill be paid a dividend on his in
vestment, nevertheless the coope
rative and "get together work and
I pull together" feature of this new
j creamery will be featured :?? the
limit in iis operations throughout
1
i I-'rance do?" the correspondent ask
ed him. "Send more document.-?"
"Enough notes have been sent."
M. Casenave replied. "They must
take some positive action. We now
I see how important the occupation
j of the left bank of the Rhine is.
j because the left bank of the Rhine
I is the barrier between eastern and
J western Europe."
M. Casenave remarked that this
arrangement with. Russia was of
I immense importance for Germany
because it gave her access to raw
material, especially iron, and il
limitable power for industry and
for war.
! ?"Here is Germany." he said,
j "recognizing Bolshevism and joi?,
! ing with it. This has a meaning
I for America as great in my mini
as the war had. The American
; government and American public
opinion ought to see the significance
of these events, but if they do ? or
now they will be disagreeably
'shocked by the consequences. Ge
noa is an illustration of how vnia
it is an attempt to restore the de
struction of five years by a con
i fereace of five weeks or ?v?,
j months. Time only can restore
, these losses. One can no' reproach
America for not having taken part
j in the Genoa conference.
"What has just taken place at
i Genoa reminds me of Washington,
'in this respect, that, the I-'r^ivh
j delegation there was blamed by a
; party in rhe Prench chamber for
not having been aware of what
was taking place at Washington.
\W now see other diplomats at
Gen?.a being equally surprised by
j negotiations of which they knew
. not hing."
London. April IS?The allies
have agreed that the reparations
? commission shall declare 'be Bin**
so-German treaty null and void
says tie- Genoa coircsp?ndent of
! 'he Daily Mail.
Genoa. April (B> the Asso
: ciated Press:),?M. Liivinofi irt
, formed the Associated Press t'>
j night that the conference had not
j sen; to the Russians any protest
(against the signing of the Russo
I German treaty and expressed sur
prise that the conference should
i object to negotiations between Get-*
' many and Russia when nothing
I was said about the protocol which
j Russia, the Baltic states and Poland
! signed at Liga, and the entente
had offered no objections to the
neutral conference at Berne and
the "little entente" conferences
j held in preparation for the Genoa
meeting.

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