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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, April 22, 1922, Image 2

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The Watchman and Southron!
Published Wednesday aud Satar- j
day by
Ost ecu Publishing Company,
Sumter, S. G.
.Tcrqts*:
$2.99 per annum?-in advance.
Ad vcrtiseihents:
Q?e Square, first insertion >_$1.00
Exery subsequent insertion .50 j
Contracts for three months or
longer will be made at reduced j
rates.
All communications which sub- \
serve private Interests will oc i
charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of re- |
?pect will bo charged for.
The S?mter Watchman was !
founded in 1850 and the True j
S?uthron "m IS6?.' The Watchman j
and Southron now has the com- !
bmed circulation and influence of
both of the old papers, and is man- j
ifestly the best advertising medium j,
fn Sumter.
RXSSIAN DELUSIONS.
Fred Keyes, an American horse- J
man who was in charge of a cele
brated stable belonging . to Count j
Varentsoff-JDashlvor, former vice- i
roy of the Caucasus, has. just es- j
caped. from Russia. "It's a land
of nightmares," he says. His
strongest impression of "the revo
lution is this:
. "Everyone in Russia talks in
millions. The newsboy will change
a couple"-of million; rubles.^ My
railroad fare from Moscow to Riga
cost 14.000,000 rubles (formerly;
about- $7,000.000). Forty pounds'
of white flour cost 12,000.000
rubles." -
That seems to explain a great
deal. It throws light on the amaz
ing attitude of the Soviet represen
tatives at the Genoa conference,
laflation of Russian finance has j
stimulated the normal Russian j
tosdettcy to inflated ideas. Rus-}
tSfrtt imagination is enormously in- [
*3ated. Russian hopes and fears j
ami prejudices and hatreds and j
?uspicions are inflated.^ And so it i
comes . about that Tchitcherin, j
Soviet minister of finance, can j
have the sublime impudence at Go1
noa to try to dictate the whole con- i
ference, acting as if he regarded j
the Allies as conquered nations and |
maintaining that they owe Russia j
more than Russia owes them, and j
insisting on guarantees when he)
himself ought to be giving guar- j
antees.' - I
It iooks like a nation suffering j
from what alienists call "delusions j
of grant? ">ur'\ complicated with aj
^m?hia of'persecution". Yet it is!
card ta believe that the Russian '
people as a whole are in this psy- j
chopathic state. It is* rather the i
state of the arrogant Bolshevist i
&feeup -that presumes to speak for j
them.
THAT RHESE AtfMY PAY *
' The Allies have replied, respect
fully enough, to the American de
mand for payment of Rhine army j
expenses, saving that they havej
never questioned the justice of this j
Claim. There was nothing else forj
them to do, if they had wanted to j
do anything else. Furthermore, j
they make the suggestion that the}
United .States government take
steps to arrange for. payment,
"which is to be made, of course, out
of German reparation money, in
tiohxc way or other. And this sug
gestion.; is the -interesting part of it.
All of the money paid by Ger
many passes through the hands of
the; Reparations Commission, the
body set up by the Versailles treaty |
too: the liquidation of allied claims
against Germany. If the United
States is to obtain payment for its
array, of occupation by any process j
except by direct demand on Ger
many?and this does not seem to
have been considered at Washing
tofl, in spite of our separate Ger
man treaty?the payment will come
through the aforesaid commission.
On that commission there is no
America**1 - representative, though
our government maintains an offi
cial "observer" of its proceedings.
The allfed reply. Otiten, seems j
tantamount to suggesting that thej
United States, if it wants to collect S
the money in question, should es- t
tabltsh representation on the com- j
mission. And since President;
Harding is said to have desired j
this for some time, as the best !
means of safeguarding American;
interests in the war settlement. !
there need be no surprise if such J
action is taken soon.
TUE MODERN CRUSADE.
The "Women's and Children's !
Army", leaving St. Louis for Wash- I
ington. is a curious manifestation, j
Its purpose is to ask presidential i
?pardons for husbands and fathers j
serving prison sentences for alleg-j
ed violations of war-time acts. The j
prganizer "is Kate Richards O'Hare, j
a socialist' leader.
Perhai?s this crusade will be
happier in its issue than the Chil- {
dren's Crusade of the middle ages, j
in which, little folks perished by j
thousands. And perhaps the par- j
dons for which they ask are de
served, and will be granted. And
perhaps it was necessary to take
this spectacular means to direct
public attention to the incarcera
tion of people for war-time of
fenses who' ought to be released in
a time of peace.
But whatever the motive, what
ever the need, and whether or not
h was wise for the women to take
part in the march of the "army"
?unquestionably the children
shoukPhave been left at homo It
is of the very essence of childhood
to be without judgment on adult
matters. And Its lack of such
judgment should "be its protection
against having the burdens of ma
turity put upon little shoulders.
To use children in any such way as
'this is simply to exploit their child
hood-for sentimental purpose. A
strong cause needs no such assist
ance; a weak- one is not strengthen
ed, in the eyes of people who know
anything about the rights of chil
dren, by an attempted reinforce
ment involvfng^such cruel folly.
BOOZE AN? CRIME.
B?oze always did cause crime.
It is still causing it. j? The crime
of the present day is not -all due to
bootleg booze, cither. Much of it
is a direct inheritance from the
days when the "real oid stuff"
flowed freely and the saloon was
more accessible than the movie or
drug store.
The howls against prohibition do
not come from agencies concerned
with crime and its prevention.
They do not come from the heads of
orphan asylums or from visiting
nurse associations or probation of
ficers or charity associations.
Watch and see. The Work of these
people has been made easier by
prohibition, and they have hope
that the results of it may be more
permanent.
Not for a generation can anyone
tell just what are the effects of
prohibition. Too many- criminals
of today have an alcoholic heritage.
Most of the feeble-minded have a
similar history: Until a genera
tion is functioning whose parents
never saw a saloon, never knew the
taste of highly alcoholic beverages,
there is no way of estimating the
effects.
Transition periods are difficult
things. A transition in the physical
tastes of a nation is a peculiarly
difficult one. It is well, when con
sidering the demand for repeal of
the prohibition lew, to think of
some of these things, as well as of
the thirst of the foolish and the de
sire of those unwilling to practise
self-control: *""
A SOLDIERS* SCHOOL
Three - rehabilitation assistants
belonging to the Veterans' Bureau
returned from an inspection of the
Vocational School No. 1, at Chilli
cothe," O., enthusiastic about what
they found. ' ?
"We wcro instructed to inspect
this school," said one, "so we could
make intelligent recommendations
to disabled men seeking vocational
training. "Wc were all agreeably
surprised by the progress made
there.
"The hospital is a model of its
kind. No college can boast more
up-to-date dormitories in which
the single men arc housed. Cot
tages are being erected for the
married men. These are small,
but cozy and homelike."
Over 400 men are already at
work there, apparent^* getting good
training:'
This is but one instance of what
hn-3 been done and is still being
done for the hehabilit?tion of dis
abled veterans. There is a great
deal more to do, but at least pro
gress is "being "m'ade.
? ? ? -?*
If the drys will only bide their
time, "the opposition may die out.
Bootleg booze is a great extermi
nator.
? ? <?
GASSING FARM ENKMIES
Poison gas is being turned to the
purposes of peace. The Depart
ment of Agriculture Is now experi
menting with various kinds of gas
as a means of destroying noxious
insects, animals and birds.
The Chemical "Warfare Service
has used phosgene on rats in
Porto Rico, with evident success.
The gas. liberated at the entrance
to a hole, flows down the hole and
suffocates the rat just as gas suf
focated men in the trenches. The
same gas is said to be used
successfully in killing the worm
known as the peach tree borer,
being buried, in solid form, in the
earth around the tree, where it
catches the worms as they hatch
out.
Other heavier-tlian-air gases are
being tried on prairie dogs, ground
squirrels and woodchucks. A test
is to be made, probably with Chlo
rine, on the destructive blackbirds
of the imperial Valley in California.
The plan is to overwhelm them
them with a gas cloud at night
while they are roosting in the
marches.- Other plans contemplate 1
j the slaughter of grass hoppers,!
i locusts, etc, by similar clouds, used I
i !
i preciselv as the gas was used !
\ 1
against hostile armies.
It is a hopeful adaptaion of de-i
!
j structtvc weapons to constructive
I , , . , I
; purposes, but one to be used with |
j extreme caution. Aside from the
danger to the wielder of the
i weapon, there is the same objec-i
! tion to gas in peace as in war?it |
j :
Us likely to kill non-combatants I
along with enemies. This is true |
alike of animals, birds and insects.!
The gas may annihilate them all. i
the beneficent along with the rest, '
I and often it is difficult to say in j
which class any particular creature j
belongs. Many a well-meant cf-1
fort at riddance of a pest has j
brought a worse evil, by interfer- ;
ing ignorantly with the fine bal
ancc of nature. Any farmer con
templating a gas-cloud assault
j along his crop front had better
! wait until the experimenting has
one farther.
CIVILIZATION
There are now 115,000 miles of
J paved or surfaced highways in the
j United States?more than there are
I or ever were in any other country
J in the world. They have all been
j built, too, within comparatively |
j few years. When the system pro- I
videu for in the Federal Highway
Act, is completed, the Agricultural!
Departmcn reports, the improved j
mileage will amount to 180,000
miles.
The process will keep right on.
with accelerating speed, establish
ing new trunk lines across the con- j
tincnt and up and down, in a trans- i
portation system of ever-growing
fineness and durability.
Imagine all this network of good
roads swept away?the condition in I
which it would leave the country !
and the inevitable deterioration
that would follow.
I Good roads arc civilization. There |
has 'never bee?i a high state of!
civilization without dependable
transportation routes connecting
every locality with every other, and
still less will there ever be hereaf
ter. You can measure modern hu- j
i man progress pretty accurately by '.
1 i
; its road-building.
i>jbAE*TTS FOR WORKERS
I The recent statement by a labor i
I leader that Henry Ford's efficiency I
j methods are proving "a curse to ;
j the workers" seems to represent a
feeling more prevalent than effi
ciency advocates have suspected. !
! It bespeaks the tendency to re- j
! volt against an industrial system I
j which makes human labor increa??- j
jingly mechanical and monotonous.!
As machinery develops, the critics'
j complain, the workmen themselves j
'are turned more and more into ma
ichines, their interest gone and!
their senses dulled from infinite
repetition of the same movement.
There is a good deal of truth in |
i this criticsm, but it is not the I
whole truth. As the Ford system j
itself demonstrates?and it is '
j typical of the whole present ten- j
jdency of modern industry?along!
jwith the growing monotony of
work there come shorter hours and ;
better compensation and living
conditions. Mr. Ford's adoption of
the five-day week is the latest evi
dence of this tendency, and shows
what is perhaps the natural and
only remedy for the evil complain- j
led of.
i i
j The specialization of jobs means j
; increased production. cheaper:
goods, industrial progress, and so j
is perhaps inevitable. The benefits j
must be held, if possible. The dis- j
advantages may be counteracted by;
{the greater reward and greater j
j leisure of the worker, compared j
with his predecessors,
i His work may bo less interesting
j than theirs, or develop his mind-j
j less, but he has more time and op- I
port unity for development and
progress outside of working hours. 1
lie also gets far more of the pro
ducts of industry, by this process.
[than his predecessors did. Hclp-j
ing to produce in large quantity,
he shares that quantity. He hasi
comforts ;ind conveniences of life
that were beyond the dreams of
his kind a generation ago. and he
has them because of this very
specialization of which he coin- ^
plains.
Aral if they fail to find the
plesiosaur tli<- -.might try hunting j
for the German . reparations pay
ments, tin- dodo or a smokuble i
nickel cigar.
It has reached the point with a
lot of us where every time we spend
a penny we feel like we're robbing
some tax collector.
The tax collector can make al
most anv business pay.
We predict ;i hot summer for the
miners and operators :ni<! a c?dd
winter for the cpmatmor.
The Unknown
Sea Bottom
Explorers and geographers who
have been sighing Tor new lands to
conquer may find their best field
of endeavor, pardoxically. in the
sea. Now that the United States
Navy has perfected a deyiee fpr
measuiing the depths of water by
sound waves without going through
tho tedious process of lowering
sounding linos it should be possible
to add greatly to the relatively
water portion of the earth. The
little we know about the undcr
region is brought out in the follow
impbrtance of this little explored
ing bulletin issued from the Wash
ington. 1>. <'. .headquarters of the
National Geographic Society:
"When it is realized that nearly
three-fourths of the surface of the
globe consists of water it is rather
remarkable how little we know of
the vast surface of the solid sphere
which lies under this screen ol
liquid. The greater portions of our
continents are mapped even to the
smallest details, and our harbors
and the shallow waters closely off
shore are fairly well charted: but
once the edges of the continental
shelves are passed the features of
the sea bottom are represented only
by a few somewhat vague contour
lines laid down between rather in
frequent points of soundings.
Not Sure of Greatest Depth
"We know without doubt that
the highest point on the earth is
the peak of Mt. Everest which ex
tends above sea-level for 29,002
feet?or :bS feet less than 5 1-2
miles. On the other hand we
can only speak ol* the deepest abyss
'yet discovered." for one great pit.
hidden in the depths of the ocean,
has scarcely established its title
to first place .in recent years when
it has been surpassed by a deeper
one: and it can hardly be believed
that the deepest of all has yet been
discovered.
"School children were taught a
few years ago that the deepest de
pression in the earth's surface was
near the Fiji Islands and that it
was ."?0.133 feet deep! Since then
'the deepest hole on earth* has been
successively Kcrmadec Deep,
northeast of New Zealand. 30.930
feet: Nero Deep, southeast of
Guam. l.Glfi feet: and the present
holder of the record. Philippine
Deep, cast of the Philippine Islands.
32.os.'t feet. This greatest known
depth therefore lies six miles and
409 feet below the surface of the
sea.
l.ikc Sera tell on Billiard Ball
"The greatest range vertically of
the earth's surface is between the
bottom of Philippine Deep and the
top of Mt. Everest, a distance of ap
proximately 11.6 miles. This
seems a tremendous distance un
til it is compared with the diameter
of the earth which, near the lati
tudes of these great physical fea
tures, is approximately S.00O miles.
On a globe with a diameter of eight
inches instead of S.000 miles, this,
maximum range of depressions and
heights would be represented by a
scratch little more than a hun
dredth of an inch deep. The small
est division on a household ruler
is one-sixteenth of an inch. The
(scratch would be less than a fifth
! of such division in depth. On a
billiard ball one could hardly
I scratch lightly enough with a pin
j to represent the great Philippine
Deep, and a few grains of talcum
j powder would stand for Mt. Eyer
I est. The smoothest orange that
i grows has much greater irregu
larities on its skin in proportion to
j its size than those given to the
I earth by all its peaks and valleys.
"One who studies the earth
comes to realize that in a sense the
continents arc subordinate to the
great ocean basins. The total
volume of these depressions below
[-?sea-level is many times greater
than the volume of the land that
rises above the sea. If the entire
land surface were leveled down an
ocean nearly (wo miles dee]) would
sweep over every square foot of the
surface of the globe. The condi
tion of the continents might at first
glance be considered precarious,
but dry land has formed a consid
erable part of the surface of the
earth for millions of years and will
probably remain for a long time
to come. It has been estimated that
less than four cubic miles of solid
material is carried into the sea by
water annually. At this rate, leav
ing out of consideration upheavals
and subsidences due to earthquakes
and other causes, it would require
more than G.000.000 years for all
the present land to be washed into
the sea."
Control of Moles.
Clem son College. April IS.??
Moles generally pass through their
run ways several imes a day. and
the following methods have there
fore been found effective in con
trolling them, says Prof. A. F. Con
radi. entomologist, in answer to
numerous requests for a remedy.
1. Stir unparched peanuts in
white of egg. While sticky sprin
kle Paris green over theni. Mi\
well so thai ilie poison surrounds
all I he seed, and let dry. They
will dry in about one-half hour and
are 'hen hard anil can be easily
handled.
2. Roll raisins in strychnine
with a stick or tooth pick. Do not
use hands, and be sure not to spill
any for it is a violent poison.
When through burn any poison re
maining o\ er.
Whittle a broom handle to a
point. Walk over the ground, and
ai intervals pierce the runway and
drop into the hole a poisoned rais- ]
in or peanut ami cover with tin*
foot.
Mole traps may be pu'chased at.
hardware stores or wholesale j
houses, but they are less effective,
and onh the poisoned traps are rec
ommended.
-?? ? ? ?
Emma Goldman stumbles out of]
starving IjLussia into ;i job as news- |
paper reporter. Von make I he j
comment, reader, while we dry our
tears.
Tie- iTiit.ti of the hour tnkVs care
of the minutes.
To-day's Best Jokes
and Stories
Angry wife:" Arc all men fools?'
Husband: "No! Some arc bach
elors."? Exchange.
How English ami American Differ
"I*speak four languages." proud
ly boasted the door man at a hotel
in Rome to an American guest. Yes,
four?Italian. French, English and
American."
"But English and American are j
[the same." protested the guest.
"Not at all." replied the man. If 1
an Englishman should come up j
now. I should talk like this: 'Oh.!
j 1 say. what extraordinarily shock- j
ing weather we're having! I dare j
say there'll be a bit of it ahead.',
I But when you came UP I was just!
{getting ready to say: 'For the lpve;
lo'Miko! Some day. ain't it? Guess j
(this is the second flood, alright."?
Exchange.
In the Wrong Pew.
They were on their honeymoon
and were staying at one of Chica- j
go's well-known hotels. The bride
hail been out shopping, and com- j
ing back to the hotel hurried to the I
room she believed was hers and
rapped gently.
"Sweetie! Sugar plum! Let your;
honey in!"
A great bass voice came through
the closed door: "Madame! This
is no candy shop! This is a bath
room!"?Exchange.
"What did your son learn at col
lege?"
"Well. sir. he can ask for money
in such a way that it seems like an
honor to give it to him."?Ex
change.
More Misplaced English.
A man living a few miles off the
main road in speaking about mak
ing an avenue to his home and
other improvements, said he'was
going to cut a revenue up to his
house, drill an. artillery well, have
the water scandalized to be sure it
was pure, then when his friends
called to sec him he could treat
them more hostile.
A merchant had advertised for a
boy. Late in the afternoon, a red
headed, freckle-faced, blue-eyed,
honest-looking boy applied for the
job..
"Do you like to work?" asked
the merchant.
"No sir!" replied the boy.
"Then you can have the job," re
plied the. merchant. "You. are the
first boy who's been here today
who, didn't lie about it and say yes."
?5?Exchange.
} "Never stop a man running with
j a hat box in his hand." said the old
j misogynist. "It may be his wife's
[hat and he wants to get home be
jfore the style changes,":?Ex
change.
SPRING.
(By W. E. Moore)
Spring is the time when the maiden
blushes.
The strong man feelr timid and
shy as the youth.
The sweet-noted song-birds sing in
the rushes
And call to their mates in the
neighboring trees.
It is the time when true-love ad
vances.
And calls out "surrender" in voice
calm but firm.
It is the time when love is re
kindled
I And hearts that were "broken" will
vibrate again.
Spring! Oh thou sublime. Thou
quiet, gentle season.
? Stay with us longer, if, for no other
j reason.
I Than that thou art. Spring, the
love-making season.
Just Received by Wireless
Scalamazoo, Pcnnsyltucky.
The girls here have decided to
make skirts one inch shorter
! which were already dangerously
incur the dead line.
An old colored man was burning
dead grass when a wise guy stopped
and said: "You're foolish, to do
that. Uncle Eh: it will make the
meadow as black as you .are."
"Don'i worry, 'bout that, sah."
replied Uncle Eb. Dat grass will
grow out and be a's green as you
is."?Exchange.
A Strong Attachment.
"Gome along, now." ordered the
policeman, handcuffing the prison
er's wrist to his own.
"Of course i will." said the etil
jprit. jovially. 'Tin very much at
tached to you."?Exchange.
Thoughtful.
"Have- you said your prayers,
Leslie?"
"Yes. mamma."
"Did yon ask to be made a good
boy?"
'"Yes. mamma.. nn?] I |>m in a
word for you and father, too!"?
Exchange.
A successful business man is one
with the horsepower of an optimist
and the emergency brakes of a pes
simist.? E xcha nge.
Can't Read Yet.
Bobby came home from Iiis first
day at kindergarten with the an-j
nouncenicnt that he could write.
Upon being given pencil and paper,!
he made his usual meaningless;
scribbles. ;
"But what." said bis mother,
"does it say V"
"How do I know?" answered
Bobby. " haven't learned to read
it yet." ? Exchange.
Lot O' Trouble.
Yeiirs ;igo the youngest son of a
peer went out to the wild and wooly
vvesf. H? picked up a negro ser
vant before he started to trek. The!
lirst morning in cm;;? the Britisher
took :i cold plunge, rubbed himself I
down vigorously, went through
some physical exercise, shaved, j
, cleaned Iiis teeth, combed his hair.
! manicured his nails, and put on
j clean underclothing.
: The negro watched him with
j interest, not unmixed with pity.
"Mistuh." he said, at last, "you
! are certainly a lot o' trouble t"
yo'self, hain't yuh?"?Exchange.
Have just been thinking about
buying a new Cadillac, an cight
i room bungalow out in the country
j conveniently situated by a good
j road, the house to have all modern
conveniences including electric
1 lights, its own water system, hard
wood tloors. two pianos, a Vic
[ trola. billiard room, modern plumb
I ing, a small dairy, a private still
j and all other up to date accesso
j ries. Also about how nice it would
j be soon to take a tri]) to Atlantic
j City and loll around at one of the
best hotels for the next month or
so. running over to Xew York
' every once in a while for a night
! of pleasure among the carabets and
I the theatres with more money than
> we knew how to spend. As we
said before, we have been thinking
j about it. It doesn't cost anything
' to think.
He?(Did you know that the peo
ple in Philadelphia never eat
snails?
.She?No. how's that?
He?They can't catch them.
A grocer down the street has
i some cheese which is simply unap
; proachablc. Limberger.
I Now that Fatty has been turned
I loose he had better stick to that
j brown beverage of the same name
! as his own.
Lost. Strayed or Stolen.
Rund away. 1 red an vi to caf. j
His hind leg was plack. He was
I a she caf. Enipotti vat prings j
him pack pays 3 tollars. Jacob j
I Zuddcring. Clar Creek, tree
I miles pehind the p ridge.
HOT POLITICS"
I IN COLUMBIA
r -
[Candidates For Mayor Come
to Blows at Meeting
i Columbia, April 19.?The muni
j cipal campaign waged in Columbia
I for the past several months reach- [
j ed its climax at the concluding |
! meeting here tonight when Com- !
j raissioner William A. Coleman,
j president of the Merchants Bank. J
?and John W. Richardson, former
j chief of police, candidates for I
j mayor, engaged in a personal en- j
; counter behind the scenes at the
! Columbia theatre, where the speak- i
j ing was held. During the course j
j of his speech attacking the candi- i
i dacy of Commissioner Coleman, j
} Mr. Richardson, referring to the j
j former, said that he thanked God '
? "I haven't got a brother-in-law in j
j the penitentiary for stealing and j
i another jailed for passing bum i
I checks." This remark was occa- \
j sioned by the charge that while j
; Mr. Richardson was chief of police
I the jail was robbed of some $60
I and Mr. Richardson retorted that;
tit occurred while he, as chief of'
j police, was at Jacksonville arrest -
j ing a brother-in-law of Commis
! sioner Coleman, charged with rob
I hing the city of some $20.000 whlie
j assistant clerk and treasurer and
for which he was later convicted
? and sentenced to a term in the
j state penitentiary.
? After the conclusion of Mr. Rich
! ardson's speech, according to eye
} witnesses, Mr. Coleman approached
I the former chief and asked what
! he meant by defaming Mr. Cole
i man's relatives and Mr. Richardson
i merely smiled. Then Mr. Coleman.;
J they stated, hit Mr. Richardson and j
: blows were exchanged. They were
separated by State Constable Tom j
; Be rley.
i The municipal election will be
! held next Tuesday, at which a
; mayor, two commissioners and two
j school commissioners are to be J
elected. W. J. McCormack.
PLAN STATE FAIR
ON LARGER SCALE
j Manager Will Be Elected To I
Have Executive Control
Columbia, April 19.?Founda
j tion from plans and recommenda- I
tions for a greater state fair, more I
i representative of the agricultural j
and commercial interests of South i
Carolina, was laid today at extend- ;
ed sessions of the executive com- |
mittee of the South Carolina Agri- j
cultural and Mechanical Society.
Election of a manager, a secrc- :'
tarj" and a treasurer and plans for
financing the fall festival will bo
made at tomorrow morning's ses- :
sion. D. Frank Efird, of Lexing-!
ton. is the secretary and David G. i
Ellison, of Columbia, is the treas
urer. The new office of manager, j
to have executive control of the;
fair, will be created, it was de- j
cid cd today. Complete reorganiza
tion of the state fair was recom
mended in the report of Robert !
M. Cooper, Jr.. of Wisaeky. and .
various improvements were sug-;
gested in the reports oi depart
ment heads. These will be con-1
sidered at tomorrow's meeting.!
one of the features of the session:
was the luncheon at noon at which ?
leading men representing every!
phase of life in South. Carolina i
were represented. The consensus
of opinion, boiled down, as express
ed by the various speakers, was [
that the State Fair should have a
real objective which would have tu
be lived ui> u>. that it should be '
abreast of present-day civilization:,
and a leader in the agricultural [<
life of the state, and that, above j'
all things, it must be an educa-l,
tic- medium through ocular den,- ?
oust rat ion of the greatness of '
South Carolina and the necessity of ,
the farming interests modernizing 1
their activities.
Maybe they burned Rome be- '
?ans;- Nero was tab!ling jazz.
? ? ?
Why not award the taxpayers at
bonus ton-; Then everybody will!
?.? satisfied.
The Alexander Trio
The Alexander Trio, appearing at the coming Redpath Chautanqua, is afl
entertainment organization known for its novelty instrumental features, cleyec
character sketches and popular vocal selections.* . -1 ~*' *
J. F. Alexander, manager of the company, is a mas".7'<T the^as?pn?^eV
melloplione and guitar. He is also an expert steel guitar artist. Mrs. Alexander
plays the ukulele, melloplione. saxophone and piano; and Vivian Pierce, third
memher of the company, is a violinist, pianist, lyric soprano and dramatic
interpreter.
The Trio has toured with great .success in many parts of the United States.
Recently on a large Ohautauqua circuit in the West where this organization ap
peared, a systematic ballot was taken in every city visited, and the Alexander
Trio was voted the most popular organization of its kind on the entire program.
HULL DISCUSSES
NEWBERRY'S CASE
Democratic Chairman Takes
Fight into Michigan?Are
Seats For Sale?
Grand Rapids. Mich., April 10.?
Democratic attack on the seating
of Senator Xewberry was carried
into Michigan tonight by Chair
man Hull, of the Democratic nat
ional committee, through a mes
sage read at a state.-wide meeting
of party leaders. Chairman Hull
in his message discussed : . length
the Xewberry case, which former
Governor Cox touched upon in an
address here last night and which
Chairmnji Hull tonight declared
"sharply raised the clean cut issue
of whether seats in the United
States senate are for sale." Re
publican leaders lad >wered the
issue affirmatively, the chairman
said, adding:
"This means that ruvy office is
for sale and that the corrupt use
of money to influence any govern
mental agency for any purpose, no
matter how selfish or fiendish, is
a part of the political practice of
those who are today in high places
in Wellington."
The Democratic chairman then
wept on to say that the Xewberry
ease "bad as it was in every ouias
sense" is not "within and by itself
that which constitutes the greatest
danger.but as a symptom of out
cropping sign it reveals startlingly
evidence of the frightful underly
ing system of political bargain and
sale under which Old Guard Repub
lican leaders are today conducting
the Republican party and the af
fairs of our government as well."
Three classes of Republicans ex
ist today. Mr. Hull said, naming
them as "the Old Guard, the Pro
gressive and the Xewberry Repub
licans."
"The Xewberry brand is now in
control of the Republican party,"
he added.
Chairman Hull presented to the
Michigan Democrats a declaration
of the principles and policies for
which the pemoeratc party stands,
asserting in this connection:
"The Democratic party is tradi
tionally in favor of economy in gov
ernment expenditures. * * * The
Democratic party holds fast to the
doctrine of equal rights to all. spe
cial privileges to none.* *'*'** It
clings fast to all the fundamentals
of the founders of Democracy and
of popular government. * * * Dem
ocrats are loyal and consistent
friends of the ex-service men. ? ::
Democrats believe that everyone is
entitled to a living and that every
industrious able-bodied person
should have at least a living wage
or a full day's pay for a full day's'
work."
The Democratic^ chairman re
ferred to tlie coal strike, saying:
"It does seem to me that . the1
?east the operators- could do would
be to confer wit:': the miners ac
cording to their written agreement.
Their course may compel a com
plete reorganization and readjust
ment of tile coal industry. I imag
ine that if the miners were at fault
the national administration would
be really active in an effort to set
tie the strike."
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
RECEIVE EN
DORSEMENT
Washington, April L'u (Capital
News Service).?^During the fourth '
annual convention of the American
Legion, department of Florida, in
session just closed at Palm Beach,
there was unanimous and enthus-*
iastic adoption of the following
resolution:
"Whereas the public school sys
tem is the fountain- head of better
Americanism, therefore be it
' Resolved. That the convention
favors federal support of the public
schools under a system that will
not interfere with state super?
vision of such schools; and be it
"Resolved further. That this
convention favors an improved sys
tem for the vocational training of.
ex-service men. backed by ample
appropriations."
Senators and representatives hi
congress who favor the Towner
Sterling bill, establishing a depart
ment of education with a secretary
in the president's cabinet, find in
this action of the premier young
American man 02-ganizaiion great
encouragement. So many organ
izations of all sorts have endorsed
the bill that sentiment * in con
gress is rapidly crystallizing toward
its early passage. To tfnd the ex
service men of Florida solidly be
hind support for the public school
is very gratifying to all friends of
the bill and all proponents of
Americanization plans which are to
work out
school.
through the publ?
A fisherman found $lO,um> on
? the banks of the Potomac Maybe
?that's the dollar George threw*
[across, with interest.
Whipped cream covers a multi
tude of short portions'.
The business of America demands at this time the
best banking service obtainable
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
NE ILL O'DONNKLL
President
6 COMTEK, S. C.
ARCHIE CHINA
Vice President
O. L. YATE8
Casbier
I The National Bank of South Carolina
OF SUMTER, S. C.
The Most Paiastalttng SERVICV wUh COURTESY
Capital $300,000 furplo* aad Pro?** $18C.0*S
STRONG AND PROORESSIVB
GlTe ai the Pleasare of ?erring YOU
Tke Bank With the Chime Clock*
C. G. ROWLAND, Pres, KARLS ROWLAND, Cashier
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