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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 17, 1922, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1922-06-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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TSE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Est a
CONSOLIDATED AUG. 2,1
WOLVES I
IN SHEEP'S
CLOTHING
- j
Progressives Find
That Beveridge and
Pinehot Are Hand
in Glove With Stand
- Patters
- Washington. June 12.?The
shouting over the alleged progres
sive victories in Indiana and
Pennsylvania has scarcely died
away when it becomes apparent,
that the voters who supported Bev
eridge in one instance and Pinchot
n thetoher, have been misled . or
were self-deceived as to what they
were voting for. It is becoming
"plainer every day that the contest
.between the former progressive
.leaders and the present reactionary
leaders in those states was not for
- or against any set of principles
but was for factional control of the
party machinery for use in 1924.
The men and women who voted for
Mr. Beveridge in Indiana and for
Mr. Pinchot in Pennsylvania, were
unquestionably Sincere in the be
* lief that they were voting for pro.
gressive principles and policies of
government in some instances or
registering a protest against the re
#actionism of the present Republi
can Congress and the administra
tion, in others.
Mr. Beveridge is no sooner nomi
nated than Senator James E. Wat
son of unenviable notoriety in the
Mulhall lobby expose, who voted to
confirm the purchase of a seat in
the United States Senate occupied
by Truman. H. Xewberry. who is
exploiting the infamous Profiteers'
Tariff bill as the perfection of Re
publican economic legislation, who
openly advocates in the Senate a
return to the corrupt spoils system
of making federal appointments,
and who rushed headlong to the
defense of Attorney General
Daugherty, is selected to make the
keynote speech of Mr. Beveridge's
campaign. Not.only>this, but Mr.
Beveridge appears upon the same
platform with him and eulogizes
the reactionary Watson as "Indi
ana's own gifted son. statesman and*
matchless orator," with a pean of
praise for the record of the reac
tionary Republican leaders in
Congress.
In the case of Gifford Pinchot,
one of his first acts after being as
sured of his. nomination was to
ask Attorney Generfal Alter, his
opponent in the primaries, repre
senting the most sinister element
in the Republican party of Penn,
sylvania. including the contractors'
combine against which Mr. Pinchot
presumably was waging war, to a
conference to arrange for the sup
port at the polls of the element he
was pretending to fight in the pri
maries.
Mr. Pinchofs attitude was well
defined by John A. McSparren,
Democratic candidate for governor,
wTien he said:
"The people of Pensytyania will
look at our friend Pinchot and ad
mire him for his fine fight on con
servation in state and nation and
will hail with joy his announced
determination to clean up at Har
risburg, if made governor.
"Then we shall see standing with
him Joe Grundy, the exploiter of
child labor and the leader of the
powerful Manufacturers' Club,
which has for years blocked all
legislation taxing capital stock even
when roads and teachers' salaries
were at stake. They will see Devin,
the Penrose henchman of Phila
delphia, at his side. They will see
Johnson of Montgomery, earnestly
piling up votes for him. They will
see Bill Griest, the straddling boss
of Lancaster county, in the bunch,
and Bill Flinn, the contractor boss,
from Pittsburgh, as one of the bell
wethers of the block."
With the Xewberry and Xat
Goldstein scandals still assailing
the public's nostrils. Mr. Pinchot
admits that he and his wife spent
upwards of $100.000 in his primary
fight and defiantly asserts that he
would do it again. Xewberry. at
least, claimed in justification of
the huge sum spent in his behalf
that it was spent without his
knowledge. It would appear that
when it comes to the expenditure
of huge sums of money for the
purpose of controlling election, re-!
suits there is no difference between j
the methods of the reactionary and j
the so-called progressive leaders.
Even the reactionary members
of the Republican Senate, in the
resolution seating Senator Xew_ I
berry, felt obliged to condemn the |
practise and point out the dangers,
as follows:
'The expenditure of such exces
sive sums in behalf of a candidate,
either with or without his knowl
edge or consent, being contrary to
sound public policy, harmful to
the honor and dignity of the Sen
ate, and dangerous to tb? perpetu-j
ity of a free government, such ex- j
eessive expenditures are hereby
severely condemned and di*ap-|
proved." j
During the primary campaign j
both Beveridge and Pinchot were
apparently opposing everything,
which the reactionaries under the
leadership of President Harding
endorse and stand for. The night
before the election in Indiana the
campaign manager for Senator
Xew issued a statement saying that
in none of his speeches has Mr.
Beveridge praised the work of this
I
blisbed April, 1850.
881.
?)V. HARVEY
WILL NOT SAVE
CRIMINALS
Effort to Defeat Ver
dict of courts in
Gappins' Case Will
Not Succeed?Jus
tice Must Be Done
Columbia, June 13.?A strong
effort i*; being made, as is often the
case in capital punishment cases, to
have at least two of the trio sen
tenced to die Friday of this week
for the murder of William Brazell,
slaved from the electric chair.
However. Gov. Harvey has indicat
ed that he will stand, against
changing the sentences of death
imposed in these cases.
A petition was presented to the
governor Monday, asking that Jes
se Gappins' sentence be commuted
to life imprisonment. Mrs. Gap
pins, mother of the boy, and a
young woman, who stated to the
governor that she was engaged to
marry the young prisoner, have
both been to see the governor, ask
ing that the boy be allowed to live.
A prominent Columbia woman has
also taken an interest in the young
criminal, and has had much to do
with the petition for executive
clemency.
But Gappins is not the only one
whose friends have been at work
for him. Mrs. S. J. Kirby, wife of
the leader of the murder trio, has
called on the governor, with a
prayer that her husband might be
given an examination into his
sanity. Mrs. Kirby told the gov
ernor that Kirby has a silver plate
in his head and was subject to
spells of insanity. She told remark
able stories of his periods of mental
weakness and the harm he worked,
j The governor ordered an investiga
gation, but he will not change the
! decision of the court in Kirby's
case.
The petition which was present
ed for Gappins was signed by
twenty-seven people, eleven of
Ithem members of the jury that
convicted the trio, and that heard
the three men tell unblushingly of
their murder of the young Colum
bia taxi-driver, whose car they
'wanted to steal and sell.
Governor Harvey is being warm
ly - commended throughout the
state for his firm stand against the
idea of free use of the pardons in
such cases as these. The governor
has not issued any formal* state
ment as to what he will do with
these petitions, but he has made
it known that he will not interfere
with the decision of the courts. Xo
reasons have been set forth why
these men should not get the dues
ordered by the jury of their peers,
the governor stated.
Funeral Services
Disturbed by Fire
Home Burns as Late Owner
Is Lowered into Grave
Laurens, June 12.?Today short
ly after the noon hour as the bur
ial exercises of the late Capt. Jo
seph B. Humbert were being con
cluded at Mount Bethel church,
the late home of the deceased was
totally destroyed by fire. This sin
gular and distressing incident oc
curred just about the time the
I benediction at the graveside was
pronounced and hundreds of peo
I pie at the funeral hurried to the
scene of the fire, two miles distant,
and many of them assisted in re
moving the furnishings from the
1 dwelling.
McKissick Re-elected.
Columbia. June 13.?J. Rion Mc
Kissick, of Greenville, was reelect
ed president of the University
Alumni Association at its annual
meeting here today. A big program
is in progress. Governor Harvey,
Dr. Coker of Hartsville, Dean Ba
ker, Senator George K. Laney. and
President-elect W. D. Melton are
\ among the speakers. A barbecue
and water carnival are in progress
during the afternoon.
j administration. Pinchot. ostensi
bly at least, was fighting the old
Penrose machine, an adjunct of the
Harding administration. But no
sooner is the campaign over than
both are making advances for
Harding administration* support,
land administration organs are as
serting that the president is dc
jsirous of being the missing link to
J connect the so-called progressives
with the hard-boiled reactionaries.
Such a coalition or connection must
inevitably result in the domination
of the Old Guard both, in the mat_
ter of party machinery and party
policy. Only upon such terms is it
reasonably to assume that the so
called progressives can get Old
Guard support, for if they. the
Progressives, are permitted to con
trol the party machinery and dic
tate party policy, what becomes of
|Mr. Harding's chances for renom
ination in 11*24? Without reac
tionary party control there is not
j the slightest chance in the world
j that Mr. Harding can be renomi
I nated.
It is obvious that the people who
voted for Mr. Beveridge und Mr.
Pinchot in the belief that they were
[advancing progressive principles
have been fooled. The question now
is how lontf they will continue to
be forded, in view of the proposed
entente between their leaders and
the Old Guard leaders?
"Be Just and Fear J
IBIGHAM
! APPEALS
AGAIN
i _ '
? ??
j Refusal of Judge
Shipp to Grant New
Trial on Manufac
tured Evidence
Serves as Excuse to
Stay Execution
_
Florence. June 12.?- Attorneys for
E. D. Bigham stated this afternoon
they would appeal from the ruling
of Judge S. W. O. Shipp refusing
him a new trial on the grounds of
after discovered evidence. Bigham
was carried to Columbia today by j
Sheriff Burch and Deputy Sheriff i
Connor to be placed in the peni- j
tentiary to await electrocution on j
jjuly 14. The appeal to the sh-j
J preme court, if made, however, will;
j automatically stay this sentence. \
[in the county jail at 10 o'clock last j
I night Bigham took affectionate
j leave of his wife. He speaks bf j
j her as "the widow."
i
! Edmund D. Bigham^ resentenced j
by Judge S. W. O. Shipp to die in
the electric chair on July 14, was!
brought back to the ,penitentiary j
j yesterday shortly after the noon j
j hour and again placed in his cell)
{?in the death house. Bigham was!
i carried to Florence June 3 and i
I remained there a little over a
j week.
At Florence a motion for a new J
i trial on after discovered veldence (
I was made by A. L. King, chief at- j
1 torney for Bigham. but Judge;
j Shipp overruled the motion and!
sentenced the condemned man to j
I pay the supreme penalty July 14. i
j The motion for the new trial was j
i made by Mr. King upon the dis- ?
covery of certain letters alleged to j
have been written by L. Smiley:
Bigham and addressed to Edmund
Bigham. These letters, all type-j
written, purported to show that j
Smiley Bigham was planning to;
. kill his family and then end his \
own life. Judge Shipp did not'
take the letters seriously and inti- J
mated that he thought them to be j
frauds.
In case the attorneys carry out 1
-their-bitetttion to appeal to the su- \
preme court from the refusal of I
Judge Shipp to grant a new trial, it I
is possible that the appeal may be j
heard early in July. The supreme j
court will return to Columbia forj
consultation about July 5 and un- \
der Rule 30 Solicitor Casque may I
? move for a dismissal of the appeal j
on the grounds that it lacks merit.
Only four days' notice is necessary:
for a motion under Rule 30. The j
(appeal in the Gappins case was!
i dismissed under this rule.
j The Bigham oa& has been be- ?
! fore the supreme court twice al- j
(ready, the defendant losing bothj
j times.
I CHAMPION !
HIGH JUMPER!
????? j
AH Records For Parachute |
Jumping Broken by Capt.
Stevens
Dayton, Ohio, June 12.-r-Capt. A.I
W. Stevens, aerial photographer, j
McCook field, established a new|
parachute jumping record today)
when he descended 24,206 fe -t to
safety, officials of the field an- j
nounced tonight. Another record j
was broken at the same time when I
Lieut. Leigh Wade, piloted a twin j
j motored Martin bomber carrying}
three passengers to an altitude of j
24,206 feet, it was announced.
Captain Stevens ascended in the
same plane with Lieutenant Wade.
The pilot, accompanied by Stev,
ens and Sergeant Langham. ob
server, took off at 11 a. m.. and
reached the maximum altitude at
1:05 p. m.. requiring two hours and
five minutes to make the climb.
Stevens, who has made aerial
photographs here for several years,
today made his first flight where
oxygen was necessary. Reaching
the maximum height, the party
partook of refreshments and
Stevens made ready for his leap.
When he left the plane he did
not permit his chute to be opened
j by the wind and then lift him off,
i but leaped over the side and drop
; ped several thousand feet before it j
j opened and checked his drop.
The oxygen tank which he had
sewn to his flying suit was '.orn
off in the leap and lost.
Thirty minutes were required for
the descent. He left the plane!
j while over Springfield, and landed;
at Jamestown, a small village 2."? j
j miles southeast of here,
j Flying conditions were ideal to- j
j day. The temperature on the'
j ground was 7" degrees and zero
(was reached at the maximum al
titude. So strong was the wind at
24.206 feet that the motor which i
were traveling at about !<>'? miles]
an hour only served to keep the!
? ship upright and the wind forced]
: it backwards at a speed <>r ;ih<>;it ;
. 20 miles an hour. Wade said upon I
I his descent.
# ? m
THETACNA
ARICA DISPUTE
- I
Washington. June 13? Informal
conversations looking to the es
tablishment of a ife\v basis for
negotiations in the Tacna-Arica
dispute were continued today by
the delegates to the Peruvian
Chilean conference.
iot?Tjet all the ends Thou Ainis't ;
Sumter, S. C, Saturd
CAT'S PAW
OF THE BIG
INTERESTS
_ i
President Harding Is!
Called in To Take
Up Fight Againstj
Muscle Shoals
_ !
Washington. June 12 (By the;
Associated Press). ? President
Harding is understood to hnvej
taken a determined stand today j
against action by congress at tlii:?;
time on pending bills for disposal
of the government's nitrate plant!
at Muscle Shoals. Aia.
The views cf the president as out
lined, it was stated to Represen
tative Mondell of Wyoming. Re
publican leader, at the White;
Hou^e, were conveyed to the Re
publican steering committee,
charged with the task of framing
the legislative program of the
house. Members of the committee
declined to indicate whether they
would recommend action on thej
bill or let the whole question go
over until the December session.
There was no intimation as to
how the president regarded the
proposal of Henry Ford for lease
of the property beyond the state
ment that he felt the matter was
too big to be considered hurried
ly and in what members regarded
as the closing period of the present
congress.
LIQUOR SOLD
ON SHIPPING,
BOARD SHIPS
Congressman Galli
van Charges That
Volstead Law is
Openly Violated
Washington. June 13.?Attack on
the Shipping: Board for permitting
the sale of liquor on American
ships was made in the house today
by Representative Gallivan. Demo
crat, Massachusetts.
Holding up what he said was a
wine list from the steamship Pres
ident Pierce, paid for. he added,
by federal appropriation. Mr. Gal
livan declared that under the Vol
stead law "we can't get drunk on
land, but we can at sea."
There was a roar from members
as the Massachusetts representa
tive read from the list to show that
American rye whiskey could be
bought aboard ship at twenty cents
a drink "and Jamaica rum?think
of it?for two bits."
Officials of the Shipping Board,
when their attention was called to
Mr. Gallivan's charges, declined to
comment upon them in any way at
this time.
Declaring that the toping mil
lions were deprived of ''the com
forts of life" Mr. Gallivan charged
that the wealthy still laughed at
the Volstead law and the "rich and
leisurely tourist finds it a negation
and a farce on the ships that sail
the sea under the American flag."
"Its open violation on the ships
of the United States Shipping
Board, he said, "makes one laugh
when he reads so much about law
and order now that the ISth
amendment has been adopted. Here
and now I desi*e to call attention
to and emphasize the barefaced
hypocrisy of a government appro
priating money to enforce this
child of prohibition and at the
same time appropriating more
money to advertise the violation
of its own laws on its own ships
the minute they get outside the
three-mile limit.
"I hold in my hand the wine list
of one of Mr. Lasker's sailing de
lights. It was formerly known as
the steamship Peninsula State ana
now bears the name of one of our
former presidents ? President
Pierc e. It is one of the most prom
inent trans-Atlantic ships of the
United States line. "When 1 road
at times details it is not with, any
intention of giving pain or sorrow
to those members of congress who
voted for the Volstead law. Rather
it is to let congress and the coun
try know how on American terri
tory, under federal appropriations,
the law is violated daily."
Swinging his arms, Mr. (laliivas:
had the house in a whirl of laugh
ter as he ran through the wine Wui,
interjecting sharp comment after
reading the price of the old-time
drinks.
"Black and White. Johnny
Walker. Haig & Haig. bought at
20c ;i drink ami in ihn bottle, too,
o!i boy!" In- shouted.
With seriousness, however. he
declared that the morals of ihe
American people had l>e?-n lowered
by the law*, with the demand for
its enforcement on kind and Its
"open violation on tin- water."
FORD REDUCES
COAL RATES
Washington. June 14. --Proposals
of Henry Kord to reduce the coal
rates on his railroad, the Detroit.
Toledo & fronton, originally sus
pended by the Interstate Commerce
Commission, wore allowed to go
into effect today by the commis
sion.
it be thy Country's, Thy God's and
ay, June 17, 1922
IM I s
THE RAILROAD
LABOR BOARD
i
I Majority and Minority
i Decisions to Be
Filed on Question of
I Wage Reductions
_______
; Chicago, June 13?The, division
in the personnel of the railroad
? labor board which resulted in a
I vigorous dissenting opinions on the
i wage reductions, already announced
j effective July 1st, will make its
I appearance again when1- another
? forty millions is lopped off the pay
[checks of three hundred and fifty
j thousand more railwaymen this
! week. The majority decision of the
I board was completed yesterday, but
! the minority opinion will delay the
? announcement of the new order
j several days, it was learned today.
: PLEASURE
j SEEKERS
DROWNED
! Braoehridge. Ont.. June 13?
I Four lives are believed to have
j been lost on Musgoga Lakes during
?the storm Sunday. Charles Drap
| er and three sons failed to Te
l turn home and are still among the
i missing.
BEER BARON
i CRITICISES
I GOVERNMENT
j August Busch Writes
Letter to President
Harding Charging
That Uncle Sam is
j Bootlegger
! St. Louis. .Tune 14.?Charging
? that the United States is "incom
; parably the biggest bootlegger in
?J the world," a letter written by
i August Busch, president of the
j Anheuser Dusch. Inc.. while en
l route to Europe aboard the steam
jship Oeorge Washington, and which
j was forwarded to President Hard
j ing. was made public here today.
j together with an accompanying
j letter by Adolphus Busch, third.
j his son. A third letter by the An
; heuser Busch. Inc.. addressed to
j members of congress, requests an
j investigation of the enforcement
j department of the government in
i relation to the prohibition act.
_ m ^
GREENWOOD
MAN KILLED
j J. B. Bowie Struck by Part of
I Pulley Wheel Monday, Dies
! Tuesday
i Greenwood; June 13.?Following
I injuries received yesterday morn
? ing when part of a broken pulley
j wheel struck him in the head in
J the weave room of (Jrendel mill
j Xo. 1, J. B. Bowie, a second hand,
j died yesterday afternoon in a local
; hospital from cerebral hemor
} rhage. The pulley wheel and
[shafting controlling the machinery
j of the entire mill was so damaged
: in the accident that the mill has
{ been shut down since yesterday and
j mill officials say repairs will not
I be completed until tomorrow.
; The tragedy occurred when Mr.
Dowie tried to hold on a belt which
he noticed slipped from an immense
pulley wheel. The belt became en
tangled in trie wheel, tearing it to
pieces and damaging the .shafting.
A part of the wheel struck Mr.
< Dowie in the head but the injury
j wa sat first thought not to be se
j rious. lie was able to walle to
j his home hiiL later had to be car
ried ta a hospital where an oper
? at ion was performed.
CHILD LABOR
DENOUNCED
! _
j American Federation of La
bor Devotes Day to Discus
! sion of Problem
j Cincinnati, June 14.?Organized
I labor again raised voice at the
j convi ntion of the American Fed
! e ration of Labor today against
[child labor, coupling with this the
(observance of Plag Day. The day's
I speeches w ere devoted to child la
bor. A resolution was also intro
! duced for the amalgamation of ex
i ist ing unions by industries into a
: single organization.
Another resolution was introduc
j ed which declared the Kn Klux
j Klnn was "detrimental to the best
interests of the working people and
directly opposed to the constitution
I of tin- United States."
-? *- m
New Power Plant
j For Asheville
Washington. June 14. ?Proposals
[for the development of ten thou
sand horse power to operate a pro
posed cotton mill near Asheville
are contemplated by the Carolina
Power and Textile company under
an application filed with the feder
al power commission.
Truth's;
the hague
meeting to
open today:
International Confer-;
ence Arranged to
Consider Russian
Problems
The Hague. June 14.?Two nota
ble meetings will be held in The
Hague peace palace tomorrow. At
11:30 o'clock the first annual ses
sion of the permanent court of in
ternational court of" justice will
open, and at 2:30 in the afternoon
the conference arranged to consider
Russian problems will begin its ef
fort to settle those questions which
the Genoa conference abandoned
after weeks of unsuccessful wran
gling.
Two more dissimilar meetings it
would be difficult to find under the
name roof. The first will be purely
judicial, with the solemnity and re
strictions which the ermine casts
about its doings, while the second
will be a continuation of the spir
ited sessions at Genoa, devoted to
attempts to untangle vexatious
problems arising from the war.
The Hague is not especially
pleased, particularly the officials of
the capital, in having the Genoa
troubles transferred.here and shel
tered under the peace palace. P. A.
Van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of
foreign affairs, will extend a wel
come to the conference, and then
turn it over to the representatives
of the various European powers
Which have sent-delegates. ?
Until the Russians arrive and
begin participation in the confer
ence on June 2C interest in it will
probably not reach a great height,
as the interim will be devoted
chiefly to arrangements prelimin
ary to dealing with the Bolshevik
delegation. Great uncertainty and
lack of organization in affairs of
the conference, to which Holland
apparently doex not wish to give
great publicity or prominence, as
the Dutch did not seek the confer
ence, but merely offered neutral
territory for the meeting, without
desiring herself to direct or influ
ence its development.
Delegations- from the major
countries arrived today or late to
night, but some of the represen
tatives of the smaller countries will
not reach The Hague until after
the opening of tomorrow's meeting.
The British delegation, headed by
Sir Philip Lloyd' Graeme, numbers
?fifty, and the Italian delegation,
headed by Baron Avazzeno.. form
er ambassador at Washington,
twenty-five. Some of the smaller
countries, like Czecho-Slovakia.
may not dispatch representatives
until June 20. when the meeting
with the Russians will begin.
Bar.ai Avazzeno remained in
Paris for several days to discuss
the Italian viewpoint at a confer
ence with French officials /endeav
oring to bring about harmony and
close cooperation between the two
countries.
The Japanese delegation is
headed by M. Sato, councillor of
the embassy at Paris, who is a son
of Aima'ro Sato, former ambassa
dor to the United States, and one
of the Japanese representatives at
the Portsmouth peace conference.
Hugo Stinnes is expected to ar
rive here tonight from Berlin.
The new European economic con
ference which opens today in the
Peace Palace at The Hague is call
ed to consider questions relating
to Russia in her economic relations
with her neighbors. It is virtually
an adjournment of the Genoa con
ference, which came to an end the
latter part of May without having
reached any solution of Russian
problem:-. The decision to post
pone action concerning Russia was
induced largely by the desire of the
European powers to persuade the
United States to participate. But
the American government is not to
be represented at the Hague any
more than it was at the conference
in Italy.
While the Genoa conference was
nominally economic, it soon de
veloped animated political discus
sions! The Hague gathering, com
posed exclusively of experts, is de
signed to l>e confined solely to
the consideration of economic
questions.
When the American government
declined on .May 15 the invitation
to. be represented at The Hague,
this decision was received with ex
pressions of regret in Europe, par
ticularly from Great Britain and
Prance, for it was felt abroad that
nothing of a permanent and inter
national nature could be undertak
en for tlie restoration of Russia
without ihe cooperation of the
United Stales, whose wealth, re
sources ami political power made
her indispensable to any great
world restoration movement.
The Washington government in
refusing to go to The Hague,
criticized the attitude of Russia as
a bar to any settlement and ch?r
a< rerized the Soviet reply to the al
lied terms as lacking any detinite
ness as ;i basis for a parley. Nev
ertheless. Washington said, the
American government always was
ready to join other governments
in arranging for an inquiry by ex
perts into the economic situation
in Russia and the necessary reme
dies.
?This government," the Ameri
can communication said, "is unable
to conclude thai it can helpfully
participate in the meeting at The
Hague, as this would appear to be
the continuance under a different
nomenclature of the Genoa con
ference and destined to encounter
the same difficulties if the attitude
THE TRUE SOU
HARD COAL
STRIKE IS
CERTAIN
Wage Scale Negotia
tions Between Min
ers and Operators1
Broken Off
New York. June 13?The break
in the scale negotiations between
the United Mine Workers and the
anthracite coal operators appeared
irreparable today, as the members
prepared to leave. That a sus
pension of the hearings means a
strike was the opinion on both sides
of the controversy. _
disclosed in the Russian memoran
dum of May 11 remains unchanged.
"The inescapable and ultimate
question," the note said also,
"would appear to be the restoration
of productivity in Russia, the es
sential conditions of which are stlil
to be secured and must in the na
ture of things be provided within
! Russia herself."
Secretary Hoover speaking in
I Washington May 15 on the Ameri
; can refusal to attend the Hague
gathering, said the American gov
| ernment still maintained there
! could be no recognition of Soviet
\ Russia unless the government of
! Moscow conformed to the princi
ples of ..safety of life, recognition of
! firm guaran ?es of private prop
i erty, the sanctity of a contract and
I the rights of free labor.- Until
these things were established and
carried out. Mr. Hoover said he
held with Secretary of State
Hughes that there could be no
' productivity in Soviet Russia.
I France, early in June, in a rnem
! orandum to the powers concerned,
I demanded that the Soviet Russian
i government withdraw its memo
! randum presented at the Genoa
I conference May 11 as a condition
I for French participation at The
I Hague. This note of May 11, pre
i sented to the powers at Genoa," de
| clared the Soviets' repudiation of
' Russia's national debts and inter
| national obligations and refused to
[ establish the bases of security re^
jgarded as fundamentally necessary
! for the restoration of productivity
I in Russia; it also claimed heavy
j financial -damages for the particT
I pation of the Allies in military
j operations against the Soviet re
\ gime.
j The.French government set forth
; certain arguments strikingly sim
ilar to those which earlier had
'come out of Washington. Premier
! Poincare declared the reconstruc
tion of Russia depended upon the
j revival of agricultural production
and this, he said, could not be
obtained without a change in re
gime that would assure the peas
ants the proceeds of their labor,
j M. Poincare referred specifically
j to the attitude of the Soviet gov
j ernment with respect to its refusal
i to restore the property of foreign
ers: to idemnify owners for dam
ages sustained, or recognize the
Russian debt. This debt, he said,
should be treated on the same ba
sis as the debts of the allies when
j a settlement was reached, pro
: vided Russia had agreed to the
[same conditions as the allies, but
j there was no reason to accord
j Russia exceptional treatment in re
i ducing her war debt, as had been
I suggested at Genoa,
i Representatives of all the pow
! ers present at Genoa, with the ex
ception of Russia and Germany,
[have been invited to The Hague,
j Among the delegates are Baron
j Avezzano. former Ambassador at
I Washington, and Professor Gian
! nini, commercial attache at Lon
j don, representing Italy: Leonid
j Krassin. commissar of foreign trade
and commerce in the Soviet gov
I ernment, and Maxim Litvinoff, as
sistant commissar of foreign affairs,
[representing Russia; and Hilton
j Young and Sir Philip Lloyd
j Graeme, representing Great Brit
; ain. The former is financial sec
retary to the Treasury, and the
I latter fills in the post of directior
of overseas trade.
Germany was excluded on ac
count of the secret signing of the
Rapallo treaty April 17 last with
Russia at a time when the Genoa
conference was in session.
The plan of procedure calls for
a. preliminary meeting of experts
June 1 r? to be followed by the
formal coming together June 26
of two commissions, one to consist
solely of Russian economists and
the other of economic experts
from the states represented at Ge
nca. but always excepting Germany
and Russia. Each" state concerned
will have two delegates present at
the preliminary meeting. These
representatives, together with a
limited number of specialists, will
determine jusr what states are to
participate on the noi^-Russian
commission. It is expected that by
June 20 the names of the nations
and their representatives will be
communicated to the secretariat
general of the conference, which
is being held under the auspices of
the Dutch government. The two
commissions will study the condi
tions existing between the nations
and Russia, particularly those re
lating to debts, private property,
and credits to Iiussia. and endeavor
to formulate recommendations.
It is provided further that if no
joint recommendations are sub
mited by the two commissions of
experts, the Russian and the In
ternational, within three months
from June 2k. or if the joint rec
ommendations are not accepted by
the governments concerned with
in one month after the date oi
such recommendations, each gov
TB HON, Established Jone 1,
VOL. LIL NO. 36
UQUORSALEST
ON BOARD SHIPS
TO BEST0PP1
Representative Bank
Ii e a d Introduces
Drastic Amend
ment to Merchant
Marine Bill
Washington, June io?Definite
steps, through legislation,, .to stop,
the sale of liquor on American ships
was started today through the pre
sentation by Representative Bank -
head of Alabama, of an amendment
to the merchant marine bill which;
would cut off government aid from
any ship carrying intoxicating.. li
quor or beverages.
NORTHERN ~
COTTON MILLS
WELCOME
Greenwood Names Committee
to Emphasize Advantages
to Manufacturers
Greenwood, June 14.?To Irelp
in the encouragement of northern
capital to locate ? in South Garo.-.
lina, particularly in this section; a*
committee from the Greenwood
chamber of cmmerce was'last^
night chosen by the directors- and
advisory council to keep in touch:
with proposed industrial develop
ment * and to show the advantages
of this section. It was pointed
out that the antagonistic* attitude
of the South Carolina legislature
was working injury to the indus
trial development of South CarO'
lina and a -comparison of figures
for development in North Carolina
and South ? Carolina was. given,
showing an S per cent, increase in
manufacturing^ plants in. South
Carolina in recent years compared
with 37 per cent, in North Caro
lina. ? ' < "
11 The committee from th^.Green
wood chamber of commerce-was in
structed to present the. favorable
inducements of this section to
manufacturing Interests. .
IRISH C?NSTIT?
TION COMPLETED
Document Will Be Presented
to House of Commons To
morrow
London. June 15?Colonial Sec
retary Churehhill announced in. tna
House of Commons that the consti- .
tution of the Irish free.state would
be made public tomorrow. He said '
it conforms with the /Anglc-Iristi
treaty. _- ? ? -_<?
emment will be at liberty to male* ,
a separate agreement- with rno
Russian Soviet government con
cerning all outstanding questions
relating to '^lebts. private proper
ty and credits.
In the meantime there es?ats
over Europe the truce which "was
one of the outcomes of the Genoa
gathering. Under this the Russian
soviet government on the . one
hand and the other participating
governments on the other* agreed
to refrain for .the duration, of The
Hague conference and'a: "further
period of four months after.its
conclusion, from inter^rJtggC^ln
any way in the intern?* - atfairs
of other states and from suprorfultg
financially or otherwise- political
organization "work in ?ihWUcaun
tries. Each country is^to^sunnross
in its territory any attempts to
foment acts of violence; ^hich
might disturb the territorial and
political status ouo; neither "shall
any nation make separate agree
! ments with Russia during this .'pe
riod of time.
In accepting ' the proposal to
meet the powers at The 1-IagueCthe
Russian Soviet government voiced
its protest against the exclusion of.
Germany. At the same time it ex-. ?
pressed the belief that the appoint
ment of two commissions, the Rus
sian and the International,, w?Otd
perpetuate the Genoa method and
lead* to separate meetings, but
nevertheless the Soviet government
accepted the Hague proposal and
the Russian commission of eco
nomic experts will be in session by
June 26.
The Russian conference sessions
are to be held in the Peace Pal
ace at the same time that the meet
ings of the International. Court of
Justice take place in " the same
building. The court will ?hear tho
j arbitration case between the Unit
ed States and Norway regarding the
indemnity claims for detention Of
Norwegian ships during the war.
I The Palace of Peace, Andrew
Carnegie's gift as a permanent
house for the international Court of
Arbitration, was dedicated in the
summer of 101$. The corner
stone was laid in 1007. It stands
in a beautiful park of plane trees
on the old Schveningen roaH in -a
beautiful park of plane trees on
the old Schveningen road between
the Hague and Schveningen, .the
famous Dutch watering place, Ar
chitectuarally it is in the style of
the chateaux of northern France.
Three sides of the building con
stitute the assembly hall, which
will accommodate about 300 . per
sons, while on the fourth is the
library. Nearly every nation con
tributed something to the. build
ing of the Palace, including the
United States, which donated fc^;
monument for the terrace. Mr.
Carnegie contributed $1,500.000?

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