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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 17, 1922, Image 2

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? 31*;3tfatehman and Southron
Published Wednesday and batnr
? ?i-? day ?F
Osteen Publishing Company,
'Snmier, S, C.
Terms:
$2.00 per annum?in advance.
Advertisements:
One Square, first insertion ..$1.00
?steery- subsequent insertion .50
^Oohtr&ets for three months or
longer will be made at, reduced
rutes... .. J'
??J?l'^communications which sub
serve . .private interests will ?e
Charged (tor as advertisements. ?
Obituaries and tributes of re
spect ?*?iVbe charged for.
93xe* Sumter Watchman was
fosaaded in- 1-850 and the True
Southron in 1866. The Watchman
: and. Soaihron now has the com
bined circukition and.influence . of
both of the old papers, and is man
ff^ry.tbe- bes? advertising medium
ihiS^jra^er...
BEPARATI?X KEDt'CnOX.
The chief reason for the failure
of'.^he^Genoa conference was that
France refused to permit the dis
'^attSsion of German reparations.
ITranee- was afraid that if the sub
?ect'^were -brought up, there would
b?'proposals made to reduce the
reperatioa payments, and she was
determined4 to prevent that.
The situation has changed. What
th?.7ppv>erSr refrained! from at Ge
noa*.l?ough they knew it was fun
damental to European reconstruc
tion, "the. ^Reparation Commission
itself is doing now. It has voted
to* ce?si4er the question of reducing
Germany 's' obligations to the Al
lies. A?d while France herself
ha? noti -altered her attitude, she is
placed in a position where she
soon- may be forced to yield. She
cast the*only vote against this de
c?sion. England. Italy and Bel
gium .voted against her. The de
^4fftion ,of Belgium is significant.
^Prande -can hardly hold out long
against such odds.
De^y^wa to discuss reparation
rednjcti?n does not necessarily mean
'tl&t the German payments wiH be
reduced*, but it makes such a result
seem- likely. The present step was
taken -to meet the wishes of the
bankers' conference in Paris, which
has been considering a loan to
-Germany. The ? loan itself; is in.
tended to enable Germany to meet
?h'e>.?-payments due. The bankers
? ihade ? Jfe clear that the reparation
^ymehts now established, which
Constitute a first mortgage onr Geir
inany, are so high that any seer
ofX# Mortgage would be worthless.
-i^J: a foreign loan cannot be ob
tained"" "without giving a second
^?idttgage that will satisfy the
lenders. - *
it seems to.be a question, then,
of ?ea>&gj&bwn the reparation pay*
&^m,JpX getting no loan to pay
i08m^ii$?' And France may be
:^8tBiwB^ed^eventually, to accept
yte&gt^i$e\^jo? the matter, in order
to'ge^jtwtf^or three-fourths of an
in^tt^i?^v'instead of no indemnity
' ??S^y^th^re's one good thing
?ront^Ri?ssian and German money.
Nobody-tries to counterfeit it.
--****
A K?/ean critic complains that
A^erTca^js- "destitute of morality
?fes?; fi*?&tfm." But surely our
"mors?s-?re free! '/
* * >
Indiana sports that 4 per cent
?f'J&^?&QGl children are feeble
""naiidd^a^^ow, don't go and say
that*-*accounts for all the Hoosier
patis./ ?>"^.
: ' \ * * *
jj^^^fgt stuff that girls eat
no^.^S^^ays a physician, "leads
Bt^jj^^^5>ow legs, knock knees
'an^i^^g^l^-. arches." Never have
''SSS^e^fets of a bad diet been
'? * * *
K^h^ge% any communication
^h*^^e^:t wrold. why not ask
'Sherman whether a labor union
%5* trust? ?
l-S- * * *
. Thaf- Irish Free State won't be
free mttch^kmger if it continues in
*i?s pM^aeni-^tate.'
CHILD LABOR EM CATIOX
A new way of eliminating child
labos abuses was suggested and en
3oxs?>d- at-the world convention of
the Women's Trade Union League.
"This Is to^beKin verv soon after the
.kindergarten stage to educate the
children themselves in their rights.
jTbeyilait is to prevail upon
School authorities to widen the
^ curriculum to contain instruction'in
ol?dim\nces surrounding child labor
in; every state or locality where
tifey jexist. This special teaching
5sf ;to-| be supplemented by simple
courses in civics. - protective labor
lajys and economics, all adapted to
tfe^.cbild's mental grasp and to the
spells I industrial conditions of in
difciSkiaJ communities.
rO^Wren who go to work at 14
y?ars or under?and there arc
about 300,000 of them In the coun
try now?know practically nothing
?bo^**fce*r rights, their needs, the
wages they should receive, the con
ditions under which they should
work or the laws concerning-them
j in relation- to their- school or their
j work. They would gain by learn
j ing about these things.
There are undoubtedly ~difficul
j ties in the way of such instruction.
I But some such courses have al
? ready been introduced in many
j high schools and have been found
? useful and successful. If they can
be suitably adapted to grade teach
ing as. well, without crowding out
other important ? studies, they
should be productive, of good re
sults.. The . children who do not
g? to Work, ' but- continue their
schooling.-will be more intelligent
citizens for this early instruction.
VACATION - READING.
Vacation reading lists are being
made out, perhaps not so univer
sally as lists for other vacation
equipment, but at least enough to
] warrant a little discussion of the
j subject. ? ...
j There are those books one has
j been meaning to read all winter.
They might be mastered now. On
- ?> .. .... - ? i
the other hand; they lack the
freshness of untried volumes, and j
might better wait , until one returns 1
! from the vacation, keen and eager.
There is always the popular fic
tion, w hich-is devoured all the year
arounc. but -which* acquires a fresh
hold Oh the public under the guise 1
of "light summer reading." It is I
easy tc read, if one can keep awake !
over, it r some of .it is good and de- {
serves reading. But a lot of . trash J
gets miixed up with it* and the j
result is that the vacation ? reader
loses rather than gains in the time
he'puts on-it.
jiw it --might be a happy change to
try to adapt the vacation reading*}
to the vacation spot* There are
] sea tales and verse which will gain
j in charm if they itre interpreted
I by the nearness to the sea itself.
For those who go into the woods
I or mountain to camp-, or into the
j country, there are hooks of wodd
I craft, of nature, stories of outdoor
life which will fit into the atmos
phere of the outing- very happily.
Henri Fabre, John Burroughs and
Thorean come to mind readily, but
there are numerous ?others-of wide
ly differing purpose and style whose
books would make .ideal compan.
iofts On sueh Vacations. -
The sympathetic librarian, the
I bookshop .proprietor who would
I rather rejoice -with you over some
I fine piece of literature than sell you
ia "besr. seller", will prove able as
j -sistants m selecting. the particular
' vOhinies 10 suit your need.
j ? - . ? ..<?. r-,
MERGERS
!'
I A new tobacco merger has been
j announced, involving $157,000,000
of capital. The Tobacco Products
Corporation is-being wedded to the
? United Retail Storey Cdrporation,
i which controls the stock ownership
I of the United Cigar Stores Com
pany. AH who- use tobacco should
be interested in this.
Not the least interesting fact
j connected with the merger is that
j it will be controlled by James B.
! Duke, founder of the American To
| baceo Company and- the British
American Tobacco Corporation.
Mr. Duke has been out of the game
I since the government dissolved the
j "tobacco trust"?the American To
[ baceo Company?a few years ago.
f i
j Evidently be judges business condi- ;
! -
i tions favorable to his return.
I ' ' - ' I
I There has been a notable steel J
j merger lately, with other steel in- j
I dependents arranging to combine, j
! There' are plans completed or go- j
I ?ng forward for mergers in meat, j
: oil, rubher? automobiles, coal and j
j various other things. Indeed, mer
? gers are coming so thick, it is hard I
j to keep track pf them. ? They af- |
: feet nearly all the principal neces- j
j ?aries of life.
j The "public shows signs of con- !
j cerri about this merger movement, |
. and would like to know more about j
? it. Is it purely economic, in the !
j interest of efficiency', or is it in
j tended to evade the letter and spirit
j of the anti-trust laws under a guise
i of legitimacy? The public has been
I pretty friendly to "big business" ,
i ip recent years, and is now; but
! big businetw must be careful, lest
old fears and animosities be arous- !
I - i
;ed.
There is only one way in which
I
!the growth of business to dimen.
; sions eliminating competition can ;
; be tolerable. That is by effective j
; government supervision.
-mt ? >?
RAnJtOAI) STRIKF HXEGAL? i
I
; The United States Supreme
i ?. . ? . i
? CoOrt has held, in an opinion re- ;
I eently delivered by Chief Justice ;
'Taft with the assent of his associ- j
I ates. that a labor union is responsi
? We, and can be sued, for causing!
: damages and restraining inter-i
! state commerce in the course of a j
strike.
Railroad organizations are now j
engaged in taking a vote on the !
rpTestion of authorizing their lead
ers to call a .strike, as a result of
the wage cut ordered by the Rail
road Labor Commission.
If any railroad strike is called, it
may provide the first application
of this ruling. ...
The nature of the "damages"
whose infliction must be paid for
by the striking organization is not
altogether clear, although it seems
to .contemplate losses due to vio
lence.. If. this interpretation is cor
rect, a peaceful strike would be im
mune in this respect. If it covers
business losses suffered by employ
el's through the.mere suspension of
work in their plants, that is a dif.
ferent matter, and any body of
strikers might be sued. . That
would make the ruling amount to a
virtual prohibition of strikes, and
is therefore hardly thinkable.
It is evident, however, that any
railroad strike is bound to inter
fere with interstate commerce.
That would seem to amount to a
prohibition of railroad strikes, al
though Congress has always re
fused to enact any such prohibi
tion. For this reason the issue will
be awaited with unusual interest.
OX WITH PROSPERITY.
The director general of the em
ployment service of the department
of labor says, "The broadening-out.
of industry in almost all lines of
activity for May clearly emphasizes
the fact that the business depres
sion is behind us." ? .
?- If- this is really true, it certain
ly gives a grand and glorious feel
ing. Facts, moreover, seem to be
behind the statement.
May was the biggest month the
automotive industry has yet known.
Building construction has boomed
to the stage where in 231 principal
industrial centers there is an actual
shortage of carpenters, bricklayers
and plasterers. Texas has already
started cutting wheat, and large
numbers of men will soon be need
ed for harvest fields. "Wisconsin
wants laborers for north woods and
sawmills; Alabama, laborers all.
over the state;. Butte, Mont., ex
perienced metal miners for copper;
California, experienced lumber
workers; Detroit, skilled automo
tive labor.
?Certain observations on these
facts occur.
Most of the demand, where there
is a shortage,.is for skilled, labor.
The skilled man is the last to be
;fired and the first to be taken on
again, and always the best paid.
This would indicate that more
technical .schools were desir
able and that letting children st?T
in school long enough to learn
useful trades is better than letting
them go to work at- ctead-ehd oc
cupations at art early age.
Also, now that business is on the
upgrade, if everybody who owes
somebody else a bill will release
enough of his hoarded savings to
.pay his bill "with, everybody's bils-i
iness will be better sooner. ?? j
r '' ' * ? t m - -
An eminent , volcanologist says
that one of the Hawaiian volcanoes
is- getting ready to erupt. And
probably nobody will pay any at
tention to him until after the dis
aster is over, and then the inhabi
tants of the neighboring country?
what there are left of them?will
go right back and begin to rebuild
their devastated homes.
* * *
Max says he "refutes these sor
did suggestions of commercialism"
and "nobody would be more glad
than he if Miss McCorrnick should
suddenly be relieved of the weight
of gold which is crushing her."
Suggestion to disapproving rela
tives?relieve her of it and see what
happens.
* * *
Is there any joy on earth to
compare with that of a child on a
ten-eent-a-week allowance when he
finds that ice cream cones which
used to be six cents apiece are now
reduced to five?
* ? *
It's going to take, more than a
generation to eliminate all the
grade crossings, and even then
neither city nor country roads will
be entirely fool-proof. Why not
try using a little ordinary caution
in the meantime?
* * ?
"What women want more than
anything else, wrote the poet
Chaucer, is authority. And yet
English peeresses are. sore because
they can't get into the House of
Lords. Lady Astor knew better,
and ran for the House of Com
mons.
President Melton Receives L.T.. 1).
Degree.
Columbia. .June TG.? Dr. W. D.
Melton, president-elect of the
I'niversity, will become president of
the institution July 1, according to
announcement made today by the
trustees, following the close yes
terday of the institution's most suc
cessful year. The trustees yester
day gave Mr. Melton the degree of
LL. D.
To-day's Best Jokes
and Stories
A Short Story.
Once -upon a time there -was a j
married man who liked to stay at j
home nights and take his family j
everywhere he went. He's dead, j
-
Today is our birthday, hut we j
haven't noticed that any ?of the. j
banks are closed. Banks, will please j
take notice and don't overlook this
again.
The Pipinff Costs. j
The colored minister had just j
concluded a powerful sermon on t
"Salvation is Free," and was an- !
nouncing that a collection would i
be taken up. Up jumped a broth-1
er in. the back of the church. "If
salvation is free," he interrupted,;
"what's the use paying for it?
I'm not going to give you nothing
till; find out. Xow?**
"Patience, brother, patience,"!
said the parson. "I'll illustrate, j
Suppose you were thirsty and came j
to a river. You could kneel right
down and drink, couldn't you ? And
it .would cost you nothing, would
it?"
"Of course not, that's just what j
. I
"That water would be free," con- j
tinned the p?rson. "But supposing j
you were to have that water piped j
to your house, you .would have to]
pay, would you not?"
"Yes, sir, but?" j
"Well? brother, salvation is free,
but it is having it piped to you
that you got to pay for. Pass the j
hat, sexton."
Think This One Over.
A rut is only a small sized
grave.?Exchange.
They 3ay the road at the end of j
Manning avenue extension shows j
slight signs of improvement.
"Daughter," said the Old Man,
sternly,- "I positviely forbid your
marrying this young scapegrace!
He is an. inveterate poker play-!
er!" -j
"But, papa," tearfully protested;
Alice Hortense, "poker playing is
! not such an awful habit. Why, at]
your own club?". I
"That's where I got my informa-}
tion, .daughter. - I'll have noj
daughter of mine bringing home aj
man that I can't beat with a flush, j
a full house, and -fours."?Rich- j
mond Times-Dispatch. j
His- Wife: "I do wish I had a
new evening frock. Every one will}
recognize this- old one."
Mr. Nicklepineh: "Oh, just cutj
a - little off -each end and they'll'
think it's- bran dnew."?Detroit
News.
Keen Tennis Player (to partner,
after winning stubbornly contested
game): :'Yoti were absolutely top- j
ping. Miss Lovebird. Why, you
played just like a?a thwarted wo- j
man."-?Punch.
"Who's going to. look after this |
country while youhg Rockefeller is}
in China?"
"Otto Kahn."?Life^
Brown: "Smith's new novel,
'The Horrors Of Wedlock,* has
made Ihm, a fortune, hasn't it? It's
the season's success.".
r , Jenes: "Yes, he claims he's
made enough out of it to get mar
ried on."?Smart Set.
Singleton: "What's the matter!
with your face? Homebrewers'
picnic?"
Homescrapper: "You know, Ii
bought my wife a glass rollingpin, j
thinking she'd be careful not to
break it."
Singleton: "Yes?"
Homescrapper: "She broke it." |
?Judge.
Retalation
A father and mother wishing to j
punish their child for disobedience j
told him he could not eat with them j
and must have a table for himself j
*in the corner of the room. At ?
meal time, when the parents were :
seated at the table and the boy j
was in the corner, they heard the;
little fellow saying grace: "O Lord i
.1 am thankful to Thee for prepar- j
ing a table before me in the pres- .'
ence of my enemies."
The other morning the steno en- ?
tered the office, stamped her feet;
and-said: "Gee, my feet are cold."!
"No wonder,'' said I, "wearing;
those thin kid shoes."
"Thin kid! How do you get that \
way?" she retorted, lifting her J
skirt. "Look at that heavy calf."? |
Tobacco.
"If he kicked you, why didn't you ;
kick him back?" asked the sympa-j
thizer.
"Wot! Then it would have been
his turn again," replied the abused j
one.?Ena reo News.
At the spiritualistic seance:
"1 want you to call up the spirit
of George Washington, madame."
"I have him."
"Right; now ask him where that
dollar landed that he threw across
the Potomac river!"?Richmond j
; Times-Dispatch.
Howard: "Schuyler sees no fault
in his wife."
Jay: "Blessed bp the tie that
blinds."?Life.
Corn, (liquid brand) fell off 30,
I points more yesterday. Dm* to ex
I cessive rains-and condition of the]
I swamps for the past .".<> days an I
i active movement upward is ex-j
I peeled in the near future or as
j soon as the downward movement i
has exhausted the present supply;
The market is still bullish and will
continue to be mooreish in that di- :
rection according to experts who j
figure that what damage the rains;
haven't already done the sun will
complete to the present crop. Trad
ers are advised to buy as a rise
may be expected at any time now. I
Hard luck is a polite name for j
sleeping sickness.?Ex. .
Who Surveyed
the Ocean?
I ?-** ! ' - ?
Tiie news that the South is plari
! hing a memorial to .Matthew Fon
taine Maury may give rise to the
question on many lips, "Who is
Maury ?"
"We honor the railroad builders
who tracked the wilderness for our
easy travel; we take the oceans for
granted. An observation car pas
senger, conscious of bridges, tun
nels, -cuts' and 'tills' realizes that
the civil engineer preceded the one
in :the cab. But many a trans-At
lantic traveler considers that Co
lumbus found the way? and that's
that," remarks a bulletin from the
Washington. D. C. headquarters of
the National Geographic Society.
A Famous Tri nm vi rate
"In point of fact the observation
of winds and currents, the mark
ing of fog and iceberg limits and
rain areas, and soundings for tem
perature constitute a preliminary
work without which the. safe and
swift ocean travel of today would
be impossible. The pioneer in this
work was Mathew Fontaine Maury,
whose name is as familiar to the
navigator as is that of Darwin to
the. naturalist. In the early an
nals of the American navy he is
linked* with Charles Wilkes and
Matthew Calbraith Perry."
The bulletin then quotes from a
communication of Josephus Daniels
which relates the fascinating nar
rative of Maury's career as fol
lows:
"Maury early heard the call to
the sea. His elder brother had
lost his life in the naval service,
and his father opposed Maury's
ambition to follow the profession
that had robbed him of his first
born, even though the appointment
-came from Sam Houston, then Con
gressman from Tennessee. What
romantic history hangs around the
association of Houston and Maury
?fighters both and American pio
neers and statesmen, too!
"The consuming passion, which
wsfie h'm always follow the path
?f''?uty, did not permit even paren
tal objection to dissuade Maury
from the high calling in which he
was to win primacy.
No Naval Academy Then
"There was no naval academy
when Maury entered the navy. He
had. been so proficient in mathe
matics in the country school in
Tennessee that he was called upon
by his teacher to instruct the young
er rbpys. and on shipboard he con
tinued the methodical study which
made him the first scholar and
scientist in the navy.
- "Using a Spanish work on navi
gation, he acquired a knowledge of
the Spanish language along with a
mastery of a subject essential to
a seafaring man. In his watches
he drilled into his mind the formu
las from notes made below decks.
"Laying broad foundations, it
was not until his voyage around
Cape Horn.when he sought in vain
for reliable information as to the
winds and currents to be encoun
tered and the best paths for the
vessel to .follow, that, this need de
termined the particular study to
which he would devote himself.
When but 28 years old he publish
ed his treatise on navigation. It
attracted favorable attention in
this country and abroad and be
came the textbook of the navy. .
'?Patches of Knowledge**
'.'Incapacitated for active service
by a broken leg. his ambition for
command afloat had ot be aban
doned, though while on crutches
he applied for sea service, which
was denied him. Writing to a
friend at this time, he said: Til
content myself with cultivating
a few little patches of knowledge.
What shall they be? Shall they be
light and heat, storms or currents?
Ship-building or ship-sailing?
Steam or projectiles? Hollow shot
or gravitation? Gases or fluids?
Winds or tides?or??' .
"His 'patches of knowledge' grew
until they almost covered the
geography of the world and all nav
al lore, as the waters cover the sea.
In his famous 'Scraps from a Lucky
Bag.' he advocated the adoption of
steam as a motive power and pre
dicted a new era in naval warfare
of big guns. Did he. dream of a
gun that could shoot an hundred
miles?
"He advocated a naval school
for midshipmen, 'that they might
be instructed in the higher duties
of. their profession.' and urged the
use of regular textbooks. .His new.
ideas fairly startled old sea dogs,
who basked in the glories of tra
dition and regarded new things as
revolutionary. But the reforms
that he proposed delighted the
thoughtful and ambitious, and stim
ulated study and exploration and
science in the navy.
Other Scientific Work
"In 184 0. he read to a distin
guished audience in Washington,
composed of the president and en
voys and congressmen, a paper.
'The C.ulf Stream and Its Causes.'
and later a paper on the connec
tion of Terrestrial magnetism with
the circulation of the atmosphere.
".Merely to state the varied
achievements of this master naval
scientist attests his many-sided ser
vice. Jn addition to his purely
maritime discoveries and accom
plishments. Senator Vest declared
'the whole signal-service system of
this country originated with the
navy, and the man in whose brain
H firsi had existence was M. F.
Maury.* His system of weather re
ports has hc^n extended so that
on land as well as on sea he was
a benefactor, whose hleas have not
only made for safety in navigation,
but have been of inestimable value
to agriculture."
The man who doesn't know what
he is talking about usually talks
about an hour too long.
m A* ?
Another good way to save day
light is to depend on the products
of a farm for a living.
After watching Genoa, the Ger
mans doubtless are glad there
were no Russians at Versailles.
I Queensland: A State
- Without a Sert?te
Queensland. Australia, which has
entered the limelight by becoming
the first "two chambered democra
cy" of the world to abolish its
upper house, is the subject of the
following bulletin from the Wash
l ington. D. C, headquarters of the
National Geographic Society.
"Australia began its independent
career long after the. launching of
the United States, yet it has set
some examples in the past in the
creation of political machinery,
such as the Australian ballot and
j universal suffrage, that America
j has followed. Rut the common
wealth and its states have tried
! other political experiments which
jthe great republic ,.of the west has
j so far merely watched from afar.
I Perhaps the 'no senate plan' of
j Queensland may be grouped.; in so
far as the United States is concern
i ed, with the Australian federal cbn
?stitutional referendum and propor
j rional representation. , ?
Queensland Dwarfs Texas
j Queensland?and Australia too.
for that matter?loses in apparent
j size because of its great distance
j from us. In reality it is a huge
j state, completely dwarfing Texas
j our largest commonwealth. Its
I coast-line is more than 2,200 miles
: long and is equivalent to that of
I the Kastern United States from
j northern Massachusetts down the
Atlantic, around Florida and to
Mobile.
"Since Queensland is located in
jthe southern hemisphere, its hot
* regions are to the. north,' its cooler
regions to the south. Its northern
most projection. Cape .York Penin
sula, may. then, be. compared
I roughly to Florida, though Cape
York is much closer to the equa
i tor. To be as close to the equator
j as Queensland, Florida would.have
j to be shoved some 1200. miles far
i ther south until Key, West touch
I ed the Isthmus of Panama. If,
I Australia could be towed to our
} part of the world, where we could
compare it with the regions we
know, it would have to be turned
about so that the warm regions
would correspond. If it can. be
imagined that this were done and
Cape 'York placed near the Canal
zone, so extensive is the State of
Queensland that it would . cover
most of the vast expanse of the
Gulf of Mexico.
j "Queensland's area is 670,000
j square miles. It is almost as great
j as the combined areas of all States
east of the Mississippi and Ohio
rivers and the western line of
Pennsylvania, extending from
Maine to Florida.
Working for a "White Australia"
. "Naturally, colonization . in
Queensland began along its south
j em coast, its mildest region cli
: matically. . Thanks to its moun
I tains which parallel the coast, the
climate of the stsite is not as hot
? as its latitude would indicate. The
i far northern section, however, is
j truly tropical and has . not been
j developed to any .great extent. In
[ the southern and . middle sections
I are thriving ports and cities. Bris
j bane., the capital is about the size
[of Bridgeport, Connecticut, or
Houston, Texas, the state's popu
lation o"f about three-quarters of
a million?approximately, .that of
'.Oregon?is almost wholly of Brit
iish origin. - .
? "The development of the tropi
j cal portions of Queensland has
i been slower than that of similar
! regions in other parts of the world
j because of the determination of the
j citizens of the state and of the
entire Commonwealth to maintain
a 'white Australia.' The black and
yellow races have beta excluded in
recent years, some being deported.
' Not more than 20.000 of the blaek
! aborigines remain.in the state and
{they are steadily decreasing in
j numbers. ...
j "To help the development to
! ward a "white Australia' the federal
j government grants a bounty. . on
! sugar-cane raised by white labor,
iand a considerable sugar industry
' has been built up in the fertile
! coast valleys of Queensland. Over
i behind its mountains the state has
a great plains region like that of
the United States. There and on
the lower hills are raised the vast
herds which make Queensland the
premier cattle, state of Australia
I and among the leaders in sheep
j raising.
! Had "Senate" Appointed for Life
i "The six states which make up
! the commonwealth of Australia
I were colonies before federation in
i 1901 and had governments differ
; ing somewhat from each other.
I States' right were jealously guard
j ed when the federal constitution
was adopted, the several states
: keeping their.original political ma
J chinery. All of the states had
1 parliaments of two houses corre
[ sponding to the senate and house
I of representatives of American
i States. In four states both houses
I were elected, but in two, New
I South Wales and Queensland, the
; 'senators' were appointed for life
j by the king of England. The mem
; bers of the single chamber which
; remains in Queensland are elect
ed, and the state without a 'conser
I vative balance wheel.' becomes the
; mos! democratic of the Common
: wealth's units."
Much of "higher criticism" is
; clone by people who think Deuter
|-onomy was a. prophet.
i
The pessimist wonders what tne
'world is coming to: the optimist
; wonders when it is coming to.
Our idea of. an efficient man is
?one who can find a use for all his
; vest pockets.
-
After all. the division is fair
enough.. The bride gets the show
Iers and the groom catches thun
; der.
i A bribe a day keeps prohibition
; away.
I_
666 quickly relieves Colds,
i Constipation, Biliousness and
i Headaches. A Fine Tonic
I SOY BEANS
! POPULAR
^ * NEW CROP
! New Extension Circular Gives
Timely Information
j Clemson College, June 10.?
"Many farmers are finding soy
beans a very satisfactory substitute
cash crop as the ravages of the
boll weevil increase," says Prof. G.
P. Black well in Extension Circu
lar 3B, "Soy Beans," which has just
been published to meet the de
mands for information on this new
J crop for South Carolina farmers.
j The circular, which was prepared
by. Prof. C. P. .Blackwell. Agron
omist, and S. L. Jeffords, Special
ist in Pastures and Forage- Crops,
discusses briefly . varieties, soil
(adaptation, soil.preparation, methr
j ods of planting, inoculation, ferti
j lizers, liming, time of planting.
j rate of seeding, methods of culti.
j vation, time and metfeods of har
vesting, harvesters, etc.
The soy bean is a safe crop, says
the. circular, because it is easily
cultivated, and is subject to few
j diseases and is bothered by few
Mnsect pests. It has many uses, and
! if there is no market for the seed,
it can. be fed to any kind-of live
stock, is a good crop to plow under
for soil building, and can even be
used .as. food for people. Finally,
it is an inexpensive, crop to. grow
and not a difficult crop to handle.
j -Hence the fact that it is gradually
growing in popularity in this state, j
Copies of Extension Circular 36
j may%be had free upon request, from j
the' Extension Service, Clemson
College, S. C, oi- from the County j
Agents.
Weekly M eeting of
Sumter Rotary't3ub
i Ml ? ? I ? ' HZ**
The weekly, meeting of the Sum
ter Rotary :Club was held Monday
at 2:45 at the Claremont - Hotel.
After enjoying the delightful
dinner, which was served, business j
.matters.of.the .club were discussed.
After the ? business matters were
settledv Dr. J. A. Mood gave a de
lightful and very inspiring talk. JHe
spoke o$ how their influence would
be. for the good or for the. had.
:The. theme .of his talk was, that
they should live such lives that th<*
?young boys of the city would; be
influenced and in turn would be
i come citizens: which any commun
Uty would be proud!, of.
j. He spoke of social, service and
I showed how it . is the real motto
j of the twentieth century. In short
Lhe said that they did not live for
Lselfish gains alone* but that they
.were in the struggle for Sumter,
the state and the nation. His plea i
was :to help the young boys. He
emphasized the fact again that
they could not tell them how to
live;- but must show tjiem. it
Seems to the'writer that his-entire
..talk was based on the following
quotation from Emerson: ."What!
(you are speaks so leiid I can not!
hear, what you say."
. .. Eighty-two percent of the mem
bers were present and also sever-"
j al visitors. They enjoyed, the
meeting very . much and were
struck- with Dr. Mood's talk, Ii
[ever in need of a- good, helpful
j speaker call on Rotarian Mood.
Marriage License. j
White: Mr.. Arthur P. Perry Of
New Bedford, Mass., and Miss
Gladys Fitzgerald of Columbia.
? ?
"Marie to Wed *King With Pomp"
j?headline. That's about all the
I modern king has.
Our idea of. a. rich man is one
who gets his ties made to meas
ure. .
We would hate to be making a!
lot of money and have to keep it j
up or be a failure.
The hard thing about driving a
nail with a hammer is missing
your finger every lick.
? ? ?
Somehow or other, the emana
tions from swivel-chair government
experts remind us of Sitting Bull.
NOTICE
Books of Enrollment For
Democratic Clubs N o
Open ?
Books of enrollment for the sev^
era! Democratic clubs of Sumter
county are now in. the possession
of. the secretaries of the xespective
clubs and have been opened- for.'
the enrollment of all Democrat^
who desire to qualify tb vote In
the party primary....The rules re
quire that the-.books be opened on
the first Tuesday .of June.: and to
remain open until the bast Tues
day in July. Each applicant for
enrollment shall . . personally sign
the, rolf: book, and shall enter >
thereon the age, occupation and
residence of the applicant.
The rules requires every appli
cant for enrollment as a voter tb
be 21 years, of age, or. to become ?o*
before the succeeding ^general flec
tion and be a. white Democrat. He
or she shall be a citizen, of the
United States ami of this state. 2*To
person shall belongr to .any dub or
vote in any primary unless he, or *
she has resided in the state,-- twiT
years and in the county &x months .
prior to the succeeding general elec
tion and in the club district 6,0,days .
jwrfor to the firist primary follow-*
ing his offer to enroll: . Provided;
That public school, teachers .and.
ministers of the. gospels in. charge
of a regularly; organised, church
.shall be exempt from .the prpyls
ions of this section as. to residence,
if otherwise qna2ified, .
The enrollment hooks are in the,
custody of the secretaries and 4>n>
rollment committees of Xhe reepecr
tive clubs, and said books are kept
at the usual places for the conven--M
ience of the voters- of the respecr
tive districts. The clubs of Sumte'
county and the secretaries of the
same are as herewith ennmer&ted-:
Ward 1?R. S. Hood, at Clerk: of
rt's office. -
Ward R. J. Bland at Harby,
Nash & Hodge's offiee.
Ward 3?P. J.' Gallagher, at
O'Donnell Dry,Good* Co. - -
Ward 4*?E. I. Reardori at De
Lorme'^s Pnarmacy.?.
Concord-r^Albert Brogdon.
Dalzell?-J. B. Rameld. -
Du Bose?Mi R. Rivers.
Earle?A.'E. Elliott
Farmers'?Jaraes Bradford.
Hagood?W. J. Sanders.
Manchester?E...R? Williams.
-Mayesville?Rr J. May es, Sr.
Oswego-^M.-M. Browiv . \
Pisgah?Leon.- Stuckey.
PinewoodV?Howard Scott
Pleasant.Grove^j. R. Goodman.
Privateer?J, M. Kolb*
Rafting Creek~J. A, Ream es.
fealem?R. P; Skinner. ...
Stateiburg?Kmloch. Bult
Shiloh?:W. T. Green.
Taylors-?J. E. Truiuck.
Trinity?T. R. Mims.
Reids?L. E. Avin...
Wedge?eld?E. E. Aycocfc.
Zoar?R; G. Jones.
?? tL G. OSTEEL.
. County Chairman.
John B. Dume, Secretary*
MRS. DR?XE
FffiESPJJ3)GE
Will Run For Superintendent
of Education
Columbitt, "Jurid 13.^-Mrs. Bes
sie Rogers Drake of BeanettsviBe
yesterday filed her pledge and paid
the assessment for state superin
tendent of education.* -Mrs. Drake
is .the first woman in the history, .
of South. Carolina to offer for a ?
state office, Gen. Wjlie Jones; with
whom Mrs. Drake filed her pledge
said yesterday. General J ^-a e* '??
wrote Mrs. Drake to this effect dur- '
ing the day. . , ... v^-'
W. Banks Dove also filed hie *
pledge to succeed himself, as-secre
tary of state. - ...v
Candidates for all state officer
and congress have .until noon June
19 to file their pledges and pay the ,
assessments.. The . state campaign
will open in Columbia, a week from
today, ... ...... ... ? r. " '
CCC Cures
DDD Fever. Bffioos
Cote and LaGiippe.
/* * * ?T?- ??>-i"-->r . r, rww ? 7--""
The National Bank of South Carolina
5 ? ?. . . ? , ? i ? ^ - ?fit}'^ ??
Of Suciter, S. C
The Host Painstaking SERVICE wltft COURTESY
Capital $300,060 Surplus and Profite $300,00?
STRONG AND PROGRESSIV?
Give bs the Plea Hire of Serving YOU.
The Bank With the Chime Dock.
C. G. ROWTLAND, l*r?i, EARLS ROWLAND,
DO YOU REALIZE IT
There are so many people who keep their money at home
or carry it about on their person, without the least thought
of the risk they are taking, not only of losing their money,
but their lives as well.
Murders are almost of daily occurence, the object in nearly
every case being robbery. V
. Banks are established not only to make money for their
stockholders, but are a protection to the public*
We not only guarantee you 100 per cent safety but we will
allow you interest on your deposit. Is this not worth Jkhit
serious consideration?
Think it over and Dring In what you have. It matters aot
how little. , jjjfcgl *
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
OF SUMTER, S. C [

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