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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 21, 1922, Image 1

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vTHE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Esti
? V
CONSOLIDATED AUG. 2,1
FREE STATE
IRISH ELECTING
PARLIAMENT
:
? _
South Ireland Hold
mg^Election To-day
For Members of
Parliament Under
- Anglo-Irish Treaty
Dublin, June 16.?The voters
^of Southern Ireland went to the
polls today to elect an Irish par
liament, as provided under the
terms Of the Anglo-Irish treaty.
London. Jane 13.-?The Anglo- !
Irish treaty, signed last December,
-under which fhe Irish Free State is
being created, provided for the
formation of an Irish parliament.
The act to give the treaty effect, ;
passed by the British parliament in
March, stipulated that elections to
? provisional parliament for the
Free State should be held "as soon
as may be"-after the passage of the j
act. These are the elections be
ing held in Ireland today. The
parliament so elected is to pass up- |
xm the- constitution^ for the Free j
State under which a permanent
parliament for Southern Ireland,
will be chosen. '
Lacking any constitutional di
vision of the country into districts '
<or the. present election, the act of
I the British parliament stipulated
that the ^prospective members be
nominated' from the constituencies
which elected members to the par
liament ehosen under the govern
ment of Ireland act of $920. Elec
tions were held in Southern Ire
land that year under this act, but
the parliament never came into be
ing, instead the members elected
were declared by the Irish Repub
lican government at that rime to
'constitute the membership of the
Dail Eireann, or Republican par
liament, which, since the adoption
of the Anglo-Irish treaty, has been
allowed by the British government
to function as virtually the recog
nized legislative body for Southern i
Ireland. It was the Dail Eireann,
for instance, which passed upon the
Anglo-Irish. treaty itself, ratifying'
it, as will l?e recalled, by a ma
jority of ?seven?irotes-L>?. j
It was contemplated by the"Brit- j
ish - government, and originally by i
-the Irish provisional government
headed by Michael Collins, that to-j
day's elections should be free!yv
contested and should virtually con
^stitute a plebiscite of Southern
Ireland on the qnestion of the
treaty and the proposed constitu-;
lion. The opposition to. such a,
plebiscite on the part of the Re
publican faction, led by Eamonn
de Valera, was so determined,
however* that late in May an agree
.ment was reached between the Col
lins and de Valera factions that
candidates previously agreed up
on should be nominated by the two.
factions, comprising virtually an
official slate, the members being
~ ?hosen in the proportion in which
the two factions are now represent
ed in the Dail Eireann. or with a
slight preponderance for the Col
lins party.
The new parliament will form a
coalition cabinet, drawn from the
pro-treaty faction under Michael
" Colliins, and the anti-t&aty forces
under Eamonn de Valera. An
agreement reached in Mlty by Col
lins and de Valera provided, among
?other things, for a cabinet or"
eleven members including, the pres
ident and the minister of defense.
The nine other members will be
selected five from the majority
party and four from the minority
party, each party to choose its
?rm nominees.
The factional agreement of May
brought about a halt in the ag
gressive fight being waged by the
de Valera faction against the pro
? visional government. At the same
time it was received with some
thing like consternation in British
governmental circles. It was believ
ed in England that it struck at the
basis of the treaty in preventing a
free expression of Southern Irish
^ opinion on the pact and that it
might represent also the yielding
of the Collins faction to the mili
tant anti-treaty party, which has
been insistent that the fight for a
'republic be kept up.
In this situation the British au
thorities asked the leading repre
sentatives of the provisional gov
ernment to come to London for a
conference, and lengthy conversa
tions between cabinet members and
the Irish representatives took
place there during the week of
May 28. As a result Colonial Sec
- retary Winston Churchill, in a
speech in the Britsih House of Com
mons on June 1, announced what
was virtually the decision of the
.British government to let the elec
tions proceed as arranged by the
two factions in Ireland. This was
coupled, however, with the warn
ing that if any of the members of
the coalition government for Ire
land, representing both factions,
' constituted upon the basis of the I
new elections, should fail to sub-i
scribe to the declaration of ad- j
herence to the treaty, the British
^government would consider that'
this constituted a violation of the
treaty. The British government
would feel free in that cas \ he j
said, to resume full liberty of ac-!
lion as to reclaiming the powersi
ceded to the Irish authorities un-!
der the treaty. It was broadly j
hinted by Mr. Churchlil indeed. I
'that this might mean a military |
re-occupation of Southern Ireland
by the British.
Mr. Churchill said also it had
been explained by the Irish repre
iblished April, 1850.
im._
SPOILS ROW
PESTERS THE
EXECUTIVES
Blair Dover Contro
versy in Treasury
Breaks Out Again?
Congress Takes a
Hand
Washington, June 16. ? The
Blair-Dover controversy in the
treasury threatened to break out
afresh today when became known
that a petition had been circulated
among the Republican members of
congress asking President Harding
to uphold the policies of Dover.
The petition, it is learned, has re
ceived the signatures of about
one hundred and fifty members.
Plans are being made to present it
to the president within the next
forty-eight hours.
Circulated with the petition was
a document giving the names of al
most a hundred and fifty office
holders in the treasury and internal
revenue bureau, who are declared
to be Democrats helding key po
sitions. Many of these, the repub
lican house. members who are cir
culating the petitions said were
disloyal to the present administra
tion and through lack of coopera
tion are holding up the work of
government!
I sentatives that they considered it
virtually impossible to hold free
elections at the present time. They
expected militant opposition from
the opponents of the treaty, and
this would prevent voters from
registering their free choice.
The list of candidates for elec
tion, issued in Dublin, leaves the
present composition of the Dall
Eireann only slightly altered.
There are 128 se?ts in the coun
ties,, boroughs and universities of
Free State constituencies, for
which 124 candidates appear in
the panel. The other four, form
ing the constituency of Dublin
University4* a re left uncontested by
the coalition on the presumption
that they will be returned unop
posed. '
Although 125 seats are repre
sented in the panel, only 124 can
didates, will be nominated, be
cause Commandant General Dan
Breen was selected for both sides
in the division formed by East Tip
perary and Waterford County and
City.
. The panel gives 66 seats for pro
ponents of the treaty and 59 for
Republicans.
rn County Monaghan, Dr. McCar
biile was selected by the Republi
cans in place of Sean McEntee. who
is a. strong, opponent of the treaty.
P. O'Kelly was nominated in Dub
lin county for the seat made va
cant through the recent death of
Frank Lawless.
Independents probably will con
test 20 constituencies. The Irish
Farmers* Union has between 20
and 30 candidates r?ady; the Labor
nominees number 20, and half a
dozen candidates will run in the
cities of Dublin, Cork and Limer
ick on behalf of business interests.
The Republican list for Kildare
and Wicklow contains the names
of Robert C. Barton, Erskine
Childers, Art O'Connor and Dan
I Buckley, the only pro-treaty can
I didates in that constituency being
j C. M. Byrne.
Several Ratepayers' Association
I candidates will appear unattached,
j while the Independent nominees
j include the Lord Mayor of Dublin.
Alderman Alfred Byrne, for the
City of Dublin and E. Mac Lysacht
for County Clare. &
Irish Election Tame
Rory O'Connor Condemns
New Constitution
. Dublin, June 16.?The universal
verdict tonight was that, with the
exception of one instance in Dub
lin. Ireland never had such a tame
election as that which took place
today to choose members of parlia
ment.
In the city, raiders, headed by
Rory O'connor of the irregu'ar Re
publican army, made off with the
documents and tally sheets of the
National University polling pre
cincts. Elsewhere in the city and
County Dublin the day was devoid
of incident. The voting was some
what more brisk than had been
expected. A large number of wom
en cast their ballots at the polls.
The general estimate tonight was
that about 50 per cent, of the voters
; on the register exercised the fran
chise.
The publication of the constitu
tion evoked no expression of opin
j ion from Eamon De Valera. leader
of the Republican faction. Mr. De
Yalera declined to speak concern
ins: it on the ground that he had
not had time to read the document.
Rory O'Connor, however, was bit
; ter on the subject. "This thing is
I too rotten to talk about." he ox
| claimed when asked his opinion on
j the constitution.
Ship Subsidy Bill
Considered Soon
Washington. June 17.?Chair
man Campbell of the house rules
committee, after a visit to the
j White House today, expressed con
fidence that steps could be taken to
meet the president's request for
prompt house consideration of the
ship subsidy bilL
"Be Jest and Fear '
TAXI MURDER
TRIO EXECUTED
AT DAYBREAK
! -
I Kirby, Fox and Gap
pins Went to Elec
j trie Chair Early
This Morning
Columbia. June 16.?Kirby, Fox
and Gappins, the famous murder
trio were electrocuted in the state
penitentiary this morning at 6
o'clock. Taking the curious public
by surprsie. The execution was
9taged at an early hour, whereas
the crowd had expected it to hap
pen at noon.
The execution of the men took i
about fifty minute:-!. Kirby feign-1
ed insanity. He pulled his hand !
I from the arm strap before the!
! rest of the electric apparatus was I
adjusted. This interference with I
[the officers' plans deprived Kirby!
jof his privilege of making a final;
. statement. The officers tried to
[remonstrate with him, urging that
he take it easy. He continued to
resist, and the officers then took
the situation in hand, forcibly
strapping him into the chair and i
immediately sending the current
through his body.
Hundreds of people wanted to
see the electrocution, and made ap
plication to the penitentiary offi
cials to be admitted. It was
thought that the execution would
take place shortly before noon, as
is usual in such cases. Hundreds
of people were gathered at the
prison gate at 11 o'clock today,
expecting to get some sigbt of the
doomed mer . But the prison of
ficials had thwarted the gaze of
the morbidly curious. The electro
cution was staged at 6 o'clock, and
nobody but a'few officials, newspa
per men and members of the fam
ilies of the doomed men knew any
thing about it, There was great
surprise when - it was announced
early in the day that the three
men had been sent to the other
world early. The sun had not been
up long, whemhe saw three corpses
brought from the' death house,
Kirby, Fox and Gappins. and South
Carolina's sensational murder
story was ended.
Young Brazell was murdered the
night of August 7, last year. The
three men engaged his car to take
them to Augusta, whence they were
to go to Florida, to sell the car,
after they had black-jacked the
driver and left him on the road
side. The young driver was black
jacked as the party traveled
through Lexington, county, but the
black-jack broke. Then to com
plete their job then ^had to put the
chauffeur out of the way. Kirby
devised the scheme of killing him.
He ordered Gappins to inflict the
death wound, but the young man
refused. Then Fox was ordered,
j and he obeyed, the knife being
jabbed into the young Columbian's
body and twisted around, several
times for each operation. The
body was thrown in the under
brush near the road and the three
men proceeded on to Augusta.
After leaving Augusta a short
distance, the men had tire trouble,
and stopping to get help, Kirby
told of their criminal act, and they
were arrested. The next day,
August 9, Kirby was brought back
to Lexington and he assisted offi
cers in finding the body of young
Brazell. Later he was brought to
the penitentiary, escaping efforts of;
a band of men to get him. \
Fox and Gappins were held in
Augusta. A mob stormed the jail
in an effort to get them. Later
they were taken to Savannah, and'
thence in dead of night they were
smuggled to Charleston, and sever
al days later still they were
brought to Columbia, after a mob
had searched trains and automo- j
biles and guarded roadsides fori
days, in an effort to get hold of
the two men.
All three of the men confessed to
the killing. On the witness stand
in Lexington, when they were tried
last September, they told, un-l
flinchingly, the horrible details of
the crime, and then on September
14. they were convicted and sen
tenced to the electric chair, Octob
er 21 being set as the date for their
execution. All three appealed,
however, and their appeals stayed
their executions. The appeals,
without merit, were never perfect
ed, and on motion of Solicitor
Callison in Lexington on May 2C. i
they were again sentenced to die. j
this time June 1C being set as the'
date. ? l
And June 1C has come, and into
the eternal yonder the three men.
who brutally killed another young
man. have passed, their lives being
wiped out by the revenging arm of
the law. the future of their souls
left to a forgiving God.
i Vain attempts have been made'
in recent weeks to have the gov-j
ernor save the lives of the prison
ers. Petitions for their commuta
tion have been presented in behalf
of Gappins and Fox. these signed
by som;- of the jurors who eon- i
victed them.. But to all these the]
! governor turned a deaf ear, and the |
justice of the law was maintained,!
;:nd a crime that shocked a com-j
j monwealth was requited.
i 5 SHOT TO DEATH
AT BELFAST
Belfast. June 17?Four men and
; one woman were shot dead and two
men were wounded today in the
vicinity of Bess Rock, known as
county Armagh's model village.
The houses of three loyalists were
burned.
Sot?Let all the ends Tbou Aims't
Sumter, S. C, Wednesc
GOV. HARVEY
DISCUSSES
LAWLESSNESS
_
So Called Good Citi
zens Who Make a
Jest of Law Have
Heavy Responsibili
ty
,_
; Asheville. X. C. June 16.?-We;
who sit in positions of influence
Land affluence, we who have vested;
' interests in the material welfare of
I the. state, who who by education
and environment are the leaders
! in our respective communities, j
[?should ?ee to it that by precept j
I and example we can consistently
land honestly call for the observ
ance of law and order." This was
i the theme, as he said it, of the
I address delivered last evening by
jGov. Wilson G. Harvey, before
j the convention of the South Caro
lina Bankers' Association, in Ashe
ville. ;
The governor rapped hard the
man who will patronize the boot
legger and then expect the boot
legger to be punished for violation
of the law: the man who carried a
gun and then wants to be excused
for violation of the law: the man
?who sneers at the enforcement of
j laws.
"If we ourselves, by sneer or jeer
j or jest set at naught that law or
rlaws which fail to meet our.un.
j qualified approval," the governor
I asked, "if we go further and are
j actually particeps criminis in. the
j violation of laws, how can those
j less responsive to the dictates of
right be expected to uphold the
law or have any regard whatever
for even those laws which we may
sanction and approve?" .
Continuing, the Palmetto state
governor said: "Can justice con
sistently send to the chair the vio
lators of the law, with the impre
cations of a horrified and out
j raged public, and wink its blind
folded eye on the acts of men sit
ting in high places, enjoying .the
: confidence and respect of their fel
I lowmen. yet are daily setting an
j example of absolute disregard for
I law and order. Shall the man who
I desires the right to carry deadly
j weapons be excused for disobeying
j the law? Is he not amenable to
j the law, irrespective of his dis
i approval of the right or justice Of
i that law? Shall the disbeliever in
the policy of wisdom of prohibi
tion be given carte blanc to dis
obey the law of his state and of his
nation?"
In concluding his appeal for ob
! ?ervance of the laws and for the
building of a sentiment for law
observance, the governor said:
"May I not say as a firm oon
j viction that the crime wave will
i recede, that bootlegging will cease
to be profitable, that greater re
j spect for law and order will im
I mediately prevail if those who by
} their position in a community are
j immune from punishment will
cease to become parties in crime
and to furnish the incentive for
? law-breaking."
Want America To Aid
Chile and Peru Ask State De
partment to Help
Washington. June 16.?The tan
gled skein of negotiation enmesh
ing the Chilean-Peruvian confer
: ence finally was handed over to the
j American state department today
! for unraveling.
Chile, following a lead taken by
Peru more than a week ago, took
the step necessary- to insure Ameri
can participation in the discussions
when Chilean Ambassador Mathieu
visited the department and laid the
Chilean side of the case before Sec
retary Hughes.
Just what the ambassador told
Mr. Hughes was kept secret, but
[there was an understanding in well
informed conference circles that the
Chilean position should be outlined
in such conciliatory terms as to
make department officials highly
confident of a final settlement.
It would occasion wide-spread
surprise here if the Chileans, hav
ing gone thus far toward adjust
ment of ihe generation-old quarrel
over Tacna-Arica. did not in the
end accept a formula of arbitration
giving to the arbitrator broad
authority to determine finally to
whom the province belongs. Such
a formula, of course, would take
into account the plebiscite provi
sion of the Ancon treaty, but it >
might also recognize the conten
tion of I*eru that to hold a plebis- I
cite at this late day would not ac
cord with the real purpose on the I
treaty. I
CAMDEN
VOTES BONDS
Two Hundred Thousand DoI-|
Jars For Paving
-
Camden, June 16.?The election i
held here Tuesday on the question
of voting $2oo.0(tn for paving!
some of the streets of Camden was
carried l>y a vote of 154 to 21. j
Bach of the six wards in the city
voted in favor of the bond issue;
The plan is to pave Broad and De
Kalb streets. the principal streets
through which the travel over the
main highways passes through
town and also a portion of But
ledge street.
it be thy Cou ntry's,. Thy God's and
[ay, June 21, 1922
NEGR?ESNOT
WANTED IN
GERMANY
General Allen Says
Troops of Lower
Civilization Unde
sirable
Berlin, June 16 (By ihe Asso
ciated Press).?The ? presence of
troops of "lower civilization" un
der the conditions of military oc
cupation is undesirable not only ?n
the Rhineland but anywhere, in the
opinion of Maj. Gen. Henry T. Al
len, commander in chief of the
Ameriean army of occupasi^/). as
expressed by him in conference
with the American representatives
at the embassy. He was be:.ng in
terviewed regarding negro troop
units on the Rhine. General Al
len will return to Coblenz tonight
after a two days' social visit to
Berlin.
General Allen said that in his
connection with the Rhineland
high commission he had been pres
ent at a number of conferences
with Germans with regard to the
presence of colored troops- in Ger
many?first with the clergy then
with university professors and la
ter with the newspaper men?in
all of which it was emphasized
that it would be better if these
i units were replaced. General Allen
said most of the actually black
units already had been deported.
All the Singalese had gone and
only a part of the Madagascar
troops remained. However, there
were about ?5.000 colored troops
still on the Rhine, composed of
north African units, among whom
a number of what are known as
"black soldiers" are enrolled. None
of these were under his command,
.he added, and there was no pros
pect that any would be.
\. General Allen expressed the
hope that shortly no troops at all
I would he required on the Rhine.
He declared the occupation of
Ruhr was "too terrible to think of"
land a move that nobody wants,
i "Even the French do not want to
I occupy the Rhur. except in case of
j direct necessity." General Allen as
serted. He intimated that the
j danger of disorder in case of such
I occupation w:as too great for it. to
i be lightly contemplated,
j As regards the withdrawal of
I American troops from the Rhine,
; General Allen said he had no idea
how long the remaining contingent
would stay. For the present the
American soldier was satified and
it had become a standing byword
in connection with penalties to |
?say: "You go home on the next
j boat!"
General Allen made it clear that
j though French troops were being
i brought in, his sector would con
; tinue to be distinctly American.
SMALL NATIONS
PUSH FORWARD
i Insist on Representation on
I Committees at The Hague
The Hague, June 16.?The pres
j sure of the smaller European coun
tries, especially those adjacent to
land having vital political and com
mercial interests in Russia, today
forced The Hague conference to
form sub-commissions of thirteen
instead of eleven members, as had
been planned by the allied lead
ers.
This is interpreted by all the
delegates as indicating not only a
determination not to be shut of the
important discussions by the
greater powers, but as manifesting
eagerness about the future of the
disorganized Russian state. The
pressure surprised everybody by its
force.
Foreign Minister Van Karne
beek, of Holland,' was entrusted by
the conference with the task of
naming the members of the three
subeommissions. and the personnel
will be announced Monday after
noon, to which time this after
noon's session was adjourned. Van
Karheheefc already has hegrun ne
gotiations with the smaller powers,
especially the Baltic states, in an
effort to satisfy all nations in the
formation of the committees of the
conference;
Virtually all the twenty-nine
countries now represented at The
Hague have signified their inten
tion to join the main Russian com
mission. France has reserved her
decision regarding participation un
til aller the meeting in London be
tween M. Poincare. the French
premier and David Lloyd Ceorge.
the British prime minister.
HAS BROKEN NECK
Barney Flowers Seriously
Hurt by Diving
Columbia. June 17.?X-ray ex
amination yesterday at the Baptist
hospital showed the neck of
Barney Flowers, broken. Mr.
Flowers seriously hurt himself in
diving at Caughman's pond Wed
nesday night and at that time no
definite extent of his injury could
be ascertained.
It was reported :it the hospital
yesterday that Mr. Flowers was
resting quietly.
London. June ?>.?The admiralty
announces that the drifter Blue
Sky which left Portsmouth June
12 for nvergordon, Scotland. is
presumed to be lost with all hands.
The vessel carried a lieutenant,
two midshipmen and eleven men.
Truth's."
LIQUOR MAY
BE SOLD
, AT SEA
Treasury Department
Issues Ruling That
Prohibition Law Is
Not Operative Be
yond Three Mile
Limit
Washington. June 16.?Sale of
liquor on shipping board vessels
outside the three mile limit is per
missible under new treasury regu
lations issued today, according to
[ P. A. Vise, general counsel for the
prohibition unit.
This interpretation was taken as
settling for the time being the
controversy over liquor on govern
ment ships precipitated by Adol
phus Busch; 3rd, the St. Louis
brewer, when he wrote President
Harding that the government was
engaging in the bootlegging tusi
ness by permitting sale of alcoholic
beverages on shipping board ves
sels.
Solution of the problem, Wayne
B. WheeleV, general counsel of
the Anti-Saloon league, declared
tonight, lies in "excluding all
ships that sell liquor from Amer
ican ports."
Legislation to this end is being
considered, he said, asserting that
by putting both American and
I foreign vessels on an equal footing
with respect to liquor the com
petitive feature of the question
! would be removed.
I The new regulations were not
l drafted with the intention of set
tling the question of liquor on ship
ping board vessels, Mr. Vise said,
and in fact were written before
that question arose. As drawn,
however, he said, they would ap
ply equally to American and ^for
eign ships in permitting intoxicat
ing sea stores within the three
mile limit under customs regula
tions which provide that, while in
American ports, all liquors on
board a ship must be sealed up.
It was freely predicted tonight
at prohibition headquarters, how
ever, that an early opinion would
be forthcoming from Attorney
General jDaugh.erty_ definitely ruling
on the question "of IIQUor on Amer
ican ships.
Chicago, June ? 16. ? Adoiphus
Busch has "put one over" and his
present position in reference to
enforcing the prohibition laws on
American ships is "above reproach
and deserving of the highest com
mendation," Virgil Hinshaw, chair
man of the. prohibition national
committee, said today in a state
ment.
"It is a sad commentary upon
our government that it has remain
ed for America's foremost former
brewer to reveal the big leak in the
national administration of the pro
hibition amendment," continued
the statement. ;
FIGHTING -
IN CANTON
Body Guard of Sun Yat Sen
Refusea to Surrender When
City Fell
Peking, June 17?While the
troops of Gen. Chen Chiung-Meng
had captured Canton, the capital
of the South China Republic, the
body guard pf President Sun Yat
Sen are still fighting from the pres
idential palace, according to a
Canton dispatch. President Sun
Vat Sen is supposed to have escaped
on a gunboat.
CAMPAIGN
FOR TOBACCO
Several Large Contracts Are
Signed in This State
! Raleigh. June 16.?Contracts and
reports from South Carolina reach
ing headquarters Of the Tobacco
! Growers' Cooperative Association
today indicate that the sign-up with
I the big cooperative association in
South Carolina is rapidly increas
ing.
Announcement that members of
the association may choose their
delivery point from among the
thirty-eight markets of the'asso
ciation in the South Carolina belt
and the further announcement of
Their ability to borrow money on
their participation certificates in
addition to the liberal cash ad
vances promised the growers on
delivery of their tobacco has re
sulted in the signing of important
contracts this week.
Since George Holliday. of Ayn
or. a leading merchant and plant
er of 1 lorry- county, became a
member of the Tobacco Growers'
Association. J. C. Davis, of Cen
tenary, and Warren Godbold, of
lower Marion county have signed
up large acreage with the big co
operative association, according to
word received from C. <>. Dixon, of
Mullins. manager of warehouses
for the association in South Caro
lina.
Makes Reply To
Senator Heflin
Washington. June 17.?Disclaim
er oi any political motive in cir
culating a speech by Senator Class,
defending the federal reserve sys
tem was made by the Atlanta
Federal Reserve Bank in replying
to the resolution of Senator Heflin.
THE TRUE SOU
i LABOR LEADERS
DENOUNCE
j COURT RULING
f _
j Decision in Colorado
I Coal Case Will Not
j Be Accepted by the
Unions
Cincinnati. June 17.-*-Labor's in
i terpretatoin of the Supreme Court
' decision in the celebrated Coronado
[coal cases, holding international
i unions subject to damage suits un
I der the Sherman anti-trust law was
I presented today to the American
j Federation of Labor convention by
' j its executive council, composed of
jits eleven officers. "The supreme
! court cannot crush the labor move
1! ment without endangering the
' \ foundations of society," declared
! the report. "Workers will not ac
! cept slavery, therefore, will not ac
; j cept that which makes slavery
?! possible. They will preserve those
1 j liberties they have and gain more."
j MILLIONAIRE'S
j SON IS HELD
FOR MURDER
\ -
I Walter S. Ward Committed to
Jail For Killing Peters
-
? White Plains. N. Y., June 16.?
j Arraigned before Supreme Court
i Justice Morchauser on an indict
i ment for the first degree murder
j of Clarence Peters, former sailor,
(to which he pleaded not guilty,
Walter S. Ward, wealthy baker's
son, tonight was locked in a com
mon cell of the Westchester county
jail with admirable prospects of
spending the summer there.
To Ward's counsel, who pleaded
i for an early trial, Justice Mors
I chauser replied curtly that Ward
I would have to take his turn with
? other prisoners awaiting trial,
j among whom he mentioned in pass
j ing was one negro who had been
; awaiting trial for several months
! and who would got his day in
< court ahead of Ward,
j Justice Morschauser said his
term in White Plains ended June
j 30 and be was not inclined to stay
?'Lover to try Ward's case. If the
I defense could induce District At
j torney Weeks to move for an early
{trial, it was possible Justice Tomp
: j kins could be induced to try it in
! j July, he said.
j Mr. Weeks announced later,
i however, that it probably would be
I October before he would be ready
j to proceed with the trial. In the
j meantime Ward, who is accused of
I j a non-bailable offense, must remain
in jail "unless he succeeds in get
ting the indictment against him
dismissed.
It was intimated his counsel
' might try this by the expediency of
applying for permission to inspect
the minutes of the grand jury
which indicted him and then ap
plying for dismissal on the ground
the indictment was based on in
sufficient ^evidence.
District Attorney Weeks hopes
j to begin building up his case
j against Ward further next week
j at a special inquiry before Justice
j Morschauser into the question
j whether Ward and his relatives, in
I eluding his father, have conspired
i to defeat the ends of justice.
? ?? ?
j Tornado Causes
i Several Deaths
i _
? t
jSix Dead, 100 Injured, Daro
j ? age Heavy
Glenwood City, June 16.?From
a wreckage-strewn countryside be
lated reports trickled tonight,
showing that the toll of the tornado
that swept through sections of four
counties reached six dead, 100 in
jjured and property damage that
j will amount well towards $l,00'0f
| 000.
j Veiled by a terrific rain and hail
.'storm the tornado leveled or oth
{erwise damaged buildings on some
1200 farmsteads, killing livestock,
uproot inj? trees, tangling telephone
and telegraph wires and doing some
damage to growing crops.
Recurrent reports of many dead.!
duplications and misspelling of
! names, seemed for a time to indi
cate a heavy death list, but when
? errors had been eliminated and all
! reports run down tonight, six names
j were on roster of dead.
I CINCINNATI
WOMAN IS
ABDUCTED,
Mrs. Clara Marshall Charges
Husband With Crime
i Cincinnati, June 17?Mrs. Clara
I Marshall, accompanied by her
i brother and attorneys, returned to
Cincinnati today from Magnesia
i Springs. I ml., where she says she
r escaped from an automobile m
which she was forcibly abducted
yesierday by four men. while play
; ing golf at the country club. She
says her husband. Albert Marshall
i from whom she had been separated
several months, and had sued for
divorce, was among the captors.
Xo motive was assigned for the
act.
Paris. June 19.?Premier Poin
care, it is understood, has decided
to press in parliament for the im
mediate ratification of the treaties
negotiated at the Washington con
ference, without reservation of any
character.
CHKON, Established Jane 1,
VOL. LIL NO. 3tl;
WAGE CUT
MADE ON
RAILROADS
Labor Board Makes
Reduction of $27,
000,000 in Pay of
Railway Clerks
Chicago, June 3G (By the As-,
sociated Press).?Pruning nearly
$27,000,000 from the annual roll of
525,000 railway employees "by cut
ting clerks, signalmen and sta
tionary firemen from 2 to 6 cents
an hour, the United States rail
road labor board today announced
another wage slash, bringing total
reductions u:ider the board's orders
up to $135,(iGO,000 beginning July
1st.
Clerks were cut 3 and 4 cents
an hour, according to classification:
signalmen 5 cents and firemen.
2 cents.
Approximately 1,200,000 railway
employees will share the^total re
duction which has brought vigor
ous protest from every union or
ganization i;.ivolve<L and is expect
ed to resul: in a strike vote- of
ten railway labor bodies.^ The
voting already is under way m sev
en unions.
A dissenting opinion protesting,
against -any reduction, was includ
ed in the decision. It was signed
by Arthur O. Wharton and Al
bert Phillips, both labor members.
W. L. McManimen, the third mem
ber, is in the east on an investi
gation trip for the board.
Definite recognition of a "living
wage" and "saving wage" was
made for the first time by the boards
in today's decision. Although ab
normal post war*5, conditions were
pointed out as obstructions to fix
ing any scientific living or saving
wage at present, the board declar
ed that as soon as this condition
cleared away it would "give in
creased consideration to all the in
tricate details incident to"., the
"scientific adjustment" of such a
wage. .- - - .
The bulk of those hit by the ne/$r
cut will be 209fft00 clerks and 100>
000 station * employees. Telephone
girls,, who,, the board.declared, have
suffered from> improportic^ate in
creases and decreases, are given a
minimum-wage- of $25 jeUmonth,
Signal "~me3T helpers suffer a- ?
cents slash. Signal foremen, as
sistant foremen and inspectors,
however, escaped with no .reduce-,
tion.
The 5,000 train dispatchers also
escaped a cut
Stationary engineers, firemen and
oilers, numbering 10,000, were, re
duced 2 cents an hour.
A decision covering 75.000 tele
graphers will be" issued by the
board later. y
Dining car \ employees and tfie
culinary workers on the ferries in
San Francisco bay will contiiijo
to get their present pay. . >
Marine workers' wages were un
touched.
Figures in the decision showed
that clerks will receive, under the
new scale, an average of 5S.5 cents
an hour compared with 34.5 cents
in December, 1917, when the""gov
ernment took over the railroads.
The firemen and oilers have" rei
ceived an increase from 2-1.S cents
an hour in 1917 to 49.6 cents July
Cincinnati,7 June 16 (By the As
sociated Press).?No general strike
ballot will be sent out by, the
Brotherhoods of Railway and
Steamship Clerks. Freight Handl
ers, Express Had Station Employees,
it was announced tonight by B.*H.
Fitzgerald, its president, who said
no strike would develop among
these workers on several, railroad
systems. Timothy Healy, presi
dent of the Firemen and Oilers*
union, said a ballot on the strike
would be in the mails tomorrow.
Fitzgerald said the general com
mittee on each system or road
would determine whether to ci'l
for a strike vote, and he ad-led
that where such votes were ta^en
that the men would be bound' by
the result. No walkout, be tir
clared. would occur ->ti the South
ern. Mobile & Ohio. Ch:ea?o. Burl
lington & Quincy, Chicago & as
ton and a number of other roads
due to signed agreements, bindmg
the. men on these lines to ;;coc-pt
reductions as fixed by the labor
board.
SWEARINGEN
NOW SEEKS
RE-ELECTION
State Superintendent of Edu
cation Withdraws From
Race For Governor and
Asks Another Term in
Office
Columbia, June 17.?Hon. J. E.
Swearingen, state superintendent
of education, today withdrew from
the race for governor and an
nounced his candidacy for re-elec
tion to the office he now holds.
Hon. J. J. McMahan. state insur
ance commissioner, today entered
the race for congress in the Sev
enth district, to oppose congress
man Fulmer.
Senator E, P. McCravy, of Ptete
ens, yesterday filed his pledge for
congress in the Third district.
Chas. H. Seigler filed a pledge as
a candidate for state supernitend
ent of education.
? ? ?
There is little demand for.fairy
tales now* but one with that kind
of imagination can become a 'war
correspondent.

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