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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 01, 1922, Image 2

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The Watchman and Southron
? t ? i * *'?
Pttb?sfaed Wednesday and Satur
day by
Osteen Publishing Company,
Siwter, & C
Termss
_ $2.00 per araam?in advanne.
|||- . Advertisements:
T*a? Square, first insertion ..$1.00
Every subsequent lh?ertk?n - ^ - .54)
Contracts tor three, months or
longer will be made at reduced
rates.
All communications winch sub
serve private interests * will >e
charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of re- j
?pect will be charged for.
: The Snmter Watchman was
founded in 1850 and the True
Southron in 18SS. The Watchman
and Southron now ha* the com
bined circulation and influence of
both of the old papers, and is man
ifest by the best advertising medium
In Sumter.
? i i i i ifn ' i
COLLEGE ARISTOCRACY j
Rather unexpected, . in this age
of human equality, is the arraign
ment of democracy .by President
Cutten oCCoigate University. "Man-;
hood suffrage",, he laments, "has
been our greatest failure, and now
we double it by granting universal
suffrage."
He seems to think that -the peo
ple", cannot rule themselves. He
suggests, as th eideal system, gov
ernment by an intellectual aristo
cracy, "an intelligentsia which,
while, it might be found elsewhere,
is sure, to be found in the colleges."
Most Americans will not agree
with President Cutten that man>
hood, suffrage has been a failure in
this country. The general impres
sion is that we have .got along
pretty, well with it?better, in faOt, j
than any of the European or
Asiatic nations have, got along with
aristocratic. government
Few will question that college
?
education is an excellent thing.
Vet the influence of the colleges
en government is. not;great, because
college men. seem, to choose their
parties and cast* their ballots pret
ty much as do "hoi poiloL" Their
superior education enables thein
to assert their, preference or de
fend their prejudices more, skilful?
Jjr. but their practical ccmclusions^
are about the sameT It is quesr:
tamable . whether the decision . of
~ .the college-trained population re
garding any ?reat public issue has
ever been much sounder than the
decision of the crowd. .
The crowd , is not able to think
?7 r*?*rly or express itself so well,,
' but it has a sort of instinct or in
'v.'ticn which usually serves it in^
vital public matters ,as Wjoll as the]
highly educated mind serves its!
possessor. -I
But if we grant that the bestj
way is to have a ruling1 class oft
intellectual aristocrats, what then?
>Tbere remains the problem of ob-1
taining and perpetuating a sUffici-{
eiit supply of the "best people" to j
do the ruling. And that can be
'done only by continually replen
. i>hir.^ the supply of aristocrats
from below., becauses the highly:
developed stock at the top always
plays out. This means not pick
ing out aristocratic, youths to go ,
to college but spreading college j
advantages around in a democratic j
way .to get bold of the raw mate- :
rial for future .aristocrats..
StT&?LrSE3 AND DIVJDEXDS
According to Wall. Street au-.
th ority. there is an interesting rea
son back of the stock dividend de
clared by the Standard Oil Com-,
pany of New Jersey and anticipated]
dividends in many other corpora
tions. : . ..
An oil specialist explains that I
Congress has to find some new way j
of raising revenue and is likely to
try taxing the surplus of corpora
lions. It happens that a great
.many, corporations have large sur
pluses held against a rainy day.. It
happens also that the Supreme j
Court has held that-stock dividends j
are "not taxable. Wherefore there;
is going to bo a new crop of stock j
dividends which may rival the!
temper crop of a couple of years i
ago.
Incidentally there is e boom in I
oil securities generally, although a j
wail went up. last summer that the 1
rcaning companies were all losing,
money.. It seems to pay trusts to
fet "busted."
THE ARMED Df&ARMERS
Americans were rather inclined
to take the disarmament confer
ence in Washington as a final af
fair. That is. many oi them be- |
lieved that when the disarmament
treaties were adopted at the con
fere nee. disarmament among the
powers was assured, and there re
mained only the routine matter of
scrapping old ships and cutting
down orders for new ones, of. dis
missing lighting men and begin
ning to save- money and be com
fortable.
France, however, never ratified
the"treaties*. At the: present,time
she has a standing, *rmy of C 8 4 -
000 men, larger than, before, the j
war. She seems to have no prerent i
Inclination to reduce her forces
either by land or by sea
-There is no military-menace to .
America from France's military
.pqwert ;..-.35rar with - - .France is in- ?
conceivable. But there is a de
cided financial disadvantage in. it.
France owes this country a great
many millions of dollars. She'
shows no sign either, of willingness
or of ability to repay that money.
As .long as she maintains this vast j
army she.cannot pay. Men in bar- j
racks are not producing anything
for their families or their country,
yet they have to be fed. and paid.
France's unwillingness to dis
arm, after her recent terrible ex
perience; and while Europe is still
unstable, may be understandable to
a certain extent. But she does not
seem to realize that by her re
fusal to make even a start at dis
arming-she is herself contributing;
to the general instability.
>. England is able to pay the
'interest on her loans to this coun
try. It is quite likely that France, ,
it she. were to cut her haval and
land, forces, would soon be able to
do as weih The French are thrift3T
and hardworking. Hut as long as
they,vperniit their . lives , to be
cramped by fear they cannot go j
forwards !
? France sets an important; ex- I
ample, to other nations, if she
can screw uj> courage enough- to
make the cut. others - will un
doubtedly follow, and all Europe
will sooa:be on a more comfortable
and hopeful basis. ~
THE CH?j?'S FOOD
~^/vTbe_ jCew York Nutrition Council
ha?3\ prepared a. schedule of 14
points .in i the proper. . feeding of
children which are worth cutting
out ?nd hanging in. the kitchen.
Summed up briefly, they express
the needs ef each child ^as follows:
:p.. .Tresh, clean, whole milk
should be the basis of daily diet.
A well child ^aeeds at -least a pint,
an undernourished child must have
av quart. .
2; At least two .vegetables a day,
only: one .being potatoes; leaf veg
etables at least three times a week.
3. Fruit every day, or a third
vegetable. Dried frUits are valu
able. ; , r. ? , ? - '
4. Ke%t only once a day.
>i-^. Cereals daily, served with
. . i About three-quarters of a
sound of fat per week, and not
more than a pound of sugar.
7. No tea,.,, coffee, alcoholic
drinks or fried foods except bacon.
8. Plenty of water between
meals and a little with. meals.
9. Good, net breakfast every
morning, or no school..
10. Grood, hot luncheon, with
soup, cocoa or hot vegetable dish.
v. 11. Betweenr-meal lunches only
when meals are five or six hours
apart.
.12. No candy or other sweets
.before meals; a little after an oc
casional meal. .
18* Plenty of bulky , and veg
etable food, such, as whole wheat,
Cruits and fresh vegetables. These
take the . place >of medicine.
14. Restful and cheerful meal
time. . .. ....
The last point is particularly j
well taken. Good manners can be
taught without nagging and un
cheerful. subjects can* be disposed
of at other times if they have to
be handled at all. The quiet and ;
pleasant evening meal is what
knits the family together.
All these points take , care and
thoughtfulness on the part of the
mother.
But care and thoughtfulness are
work, -not trouble. Sick or fretty
children are just as much. work,
and they are trouble besides. It ?
pays to keep a family well and j
happy. i
-
BRAINS J
_ j
Whether one was an . idiot, ?
genius or a person of average in
tellect cannot be told from the apr j
pearance of his brain after he is
dead. Neither the size of the brain !
nor the.extent and! thickness of the j
gray matter nor the fineness of the !
convolutions is a guide. Dr. .Louis
Casamajor. professor of Neurology
at the Columbia University. College I
of Physicians a:<d Surgeons, is au
thority for that sialtment in the!
current American.
There is a great deal still to be {
learned about physical brains. They
cannot be studied during the life
time of the possessor. But one
of the things known is that poten- .
tial intelligence depend* on the
number and kind of nerve cells in
the brain. The baby is not fully
equipped with these. They grow in i
number until he is about two years
old. From then on no new cells
are developed. All the potential
ities of the,man are therefore con
tained in the small child.. ..>.
This does not mean that people
have no choice as to their intelli
gence and development. One thing
of which those who have made
brain research their lifework are
most sure is that most people do
not begin to exhaust the possibili
ties of their brains. There are
millions and millions of undevelop
ed cells left in the brain at the
end of life:
"The world is full of men and
women whose brains are practical
ly idler* saj's Dr. Cassamajor.
"Millions of twelve-cylinder brains
are hitting On only one cylinder.
"Good mental habits can be
formed as well as bad ones. To in
crease your intelligence you must
do directive thinking. That is, you
must have a purpose In your
thought When you read, you must
use your brain to draw your own
conclusions from ypur reading, and
must then form decisions or per
form actions based on those con
clusions."
The body as a whole must be
.kept well if the brain is to func
tion properly, because- the brain is
only a part of the whole system.
But. neither. size nor pattern dif
ferentiates the- ordinary brain from
Lincoln's or Michel Angelo's. The
ordinary man cannot lay lack -of
success to lack of brain power.
The chances are he has six .or sev
en million little brain cells lying
around idle in his cerebral cup
board. All he has to do is to use
them.
P?R?Le! case
to courts
Authority of Governor to Re
voke Parole to Be Decided
??-^ ? \
Columbia, Oct. 26.?Governor
Harvey is leaving the Reed Shaw
case, one of the most unique of
recent years, to the courts, for a
determination of whether he ? is
right in ordering Shaw rearrCsted,
because * of his \iolaiton of the
"good behavior" condition of his
parole, or whether Judge Prince
is right in ordering ShaW releas
ed. The governor stated today
that he did not care to make any
statement until the appeal, pre
pared by Solicitor Harris, of An
derson, at the governor's request
j is decided by the court. However,
!the governor did express great
surprise at the order bf the circuit
judge, and he does not propose to
let the matter rest until the state's
highest tribunal has passed final
judgment
The governor contends that rev
ocation of the parole is in hi3
bands," the governor having fixed
ithe conditions of the parole. As
chief law enforcement officer he
contends that he has a right to
order a man arrested for violations
of the parole condition of "good
behavior.''
Shaw was paroied by a former
governor, Governor Cooper, "dur
ing good behavior." Shaw was re
arrested on orders of Governor
Harvey when the governor was ad
vised that Shaw was violating ;ue
laws. - Habeas Corpu ? proceedings
stopped the transfer of Shaw from
Anderson to the penitentiary and
Shaw was released by Judge Price.
The outcome of the oattle between
the two branches of government,
tbe--executive and the judicial, is
awaited with interest throughout
the state. Governor Harvey stated
that if this situation stands, it
means there's something wrong
with the criminal iaws.
County Auditors Meet
iR. A. Ellison, of Greenwood,
j is President
Columbia, Oct. 26?With the elec
tion of - R. A. Ellison, *>f Green
wood, president and H. F: Jackson
of Columbia, secretary and treas
urer"; the South Carolina Association
of Auditors and Treasurers closed
its two-day meeting here this morn
ing, after hearing a discussion of
taxation problems by W. C. Querry,
chairman of the State Tax com
mission. ? ? r - *
Mr. Ellison is treasurer of Green
wood counyt. Mr. Jackson is pen
sion clerk in the office of the Comp
troller General.
Vice presidents were elected as
follows:
Walter E. Duncan. Comptroller
of South Carolina; S. T. Carter.
State Treasurer; R. L. Osborne.
Wilbur V. Southerland. 'former
Comptroller Geueral. R. G. Mil
ler. Spartanburg county treasurer,
was made chairman of the execu
tive committee. -
canadian
boat wins
Schooner Blue Nose Beats the
Henry Ford
Gloucester. Mass.. Oct. 2?j (By
the Associated Pre.;s).?The schoon
er Bin*' Nose of Cany da is again
champion of the international fish
ing fleet. Capt. Angus Walters and
his fellow L?henburgers today
scored a second success against the
Henry Ford. American challenger,
-id ("apt. (May ton Morrisey and
his crew of Gloucester men. The
margin was seven* minutes. 51 sec
onds, ?beut the same ;ts the Blue
Nose load of yesterday. Although
the Gloucester boat Won two races,
the first was declared unofficial.
Capt. Morrisey took little part
in today's activities because of ill
ness. Capt. AI Malloch, one of
Gloucester's hardest drivers had
the wheel much of the time.
COLOREDj ,
CHURCHMEN'S,
COUNCIL
Thirteenth .Annual Council of
Colored Churchmen of Dio
I cese of South Carolina
:
The thirteenth annual council of
the Colored Churchmen iof-: the
Diocese of South Carolina will meet
with the Church Of - the Good
Shepherd, this-eity. Thursday and
?Friday, November. 2nd and 3rd.
Bishop W. A.: Guerry;- Bishop Fin
ley and' Bishop Suffragan, Rt. Rev.
H. B. Delaney, of? North Carolina
will attend 'the council, as well as
all the colored clergy of the Epis
copal church of South Carolina,
And lay delegates from all the col
ored Episcopal^, churches - of'.the
state. * - This will be the last coun
cil that will include all xshurches
of the state, as the division* of the
diocese will be effective after this
meeting. Rev. J. Cylde ' Perry,
rector of the Church of the-Good
Shepherd extends a-cordial invita
tion to the public generally to at
tend all or any of the sessions of
the council.
The following is the program:
Wednesday, Jtov<mrt?er 1st. >
8:30 p. m.?'Meeting of the
Executive Committee^ ;
Thursday, Nevembcr 2nd.
10:30 a. m.?Address and Cele
bration of the Holy. Communion
by the Rt. Rev. Wm. A. Guerry.
Bishop of S. C. Offering devoted
to Council Expenses. V
11:45 a. m. fa)?Organization
of the Council and appointment of
I committees. ' - ? .
(b)-^-Report of the Rt. Rev. H.
B. Delany, Bishop Suffragan of
! North Carolina.
i (c)?Report of' .the Treasurer
of the Council and-the Treasurer
of the Church Pension Fund and
the Credential Committee.
1:15 p.. m.?Recess. ? -
3 p. ? m. (a>?Welcome address
by the Rev-.-J-. Clyde Perry and re
sponse by the Bishop of the Dio
cese; - -
(b)?Greetings from the Rev. J.
B. Walker. .
? - (e)^-Reports of committees and
other^business.
4 p. m. ta)'?Archdeacon Basker
vi!Ie'3 report. 4*
(b)-?Business session.. -
5 p. im?Special, order. "The
Church and the Social Problem"?
Leader, the RevvR. N. Perry. Fol
lower, the Rev. fe- A. Harrison.
5:45 p. m.?Greetings from our
New Congregation by the Rev. Wm.
M. Morgan.
8:00 p. m.?Evehftig prayer--by
fthe Rev. j. Clyde Pefry, the Rev.
I J. J. Thomas, the Rev. Geo. F.
jHowell.. Sermon by the Rev. C. A.
Harrison. . - ? -
Friday, November 3rd.
8:30 a. m.?Corporate Commun
ion. Woman's Auxiliary Celebrant.
The Archdeacon, assisted by ? the
Rev. J. Clyde Perry. Offering de
voted to the Woman's Auxiliary.
9:30 a. -m.?Business Session of
the Council. ?
10 a. m. (a) "What should be
the qualification of - a Ghurch
School Teacher.' Leader, the Rev.
St. J. A. Simpkins. Followers, the
I Rev. J. J. ^Thomas and Mr. Wm. L.
Pyatt. ?? General discussion.
( 11:00 a; m.?"The Necessity of
(Missionary Giving." Leader, the
j Rev. J. . B. Elliott. Followers,
; Messrs. B. B. Martin and J. E.
jStorrs. Generai Discussion.
; 12m. (k) ?Noonday Prayers,
j (b)?"How shall the Church
I meet -the Problem of Illiteracy;?" .
Leader-, the Rev.- J, Clyde Perry:
Followers, Rev; Geo. E. Howell and
Dr. C. W. Birnie. ^ -:?'?-' - r-'
1:00 p. m.?Miscellaneous Busi
ngs
1:15 p. m.?-Recess. ~
: 3 p. m.-i-Public meeting of the
Woman's Auxiliary, Offering ^de
! voted to the Wbtaan'3 Auxiliary.
5:30 p. m.?Final Business Ses
sion of the Council,
8:00 p. m.-?Special meeting at
Mt. Pisgah Church.
j (a)?Creed and Prayers by Bish
op Delany.
j (b)?"The Church's Opportun
lily in the Comiftunity.'' the Rev.
jj. L. Benbow, Pastor of Mt. Pis
? gah church.
(c)?"Good Health as a Racial
Asset," Dr. Wm. Francis Holmes^
Remarks-.-sind ? benediction ;by
Bishop Guerry. Offering devoted
to the Archdeacoh's Fund:: -
fa) Mrs.? Wm. P. Cornell and
Mrs. Thomas H. Hazelhurst have
been invited to speak to the Wo
man's Auxiliary.'-' "*?
? ? ? ?? ?? ?
THREE HOUSES
BURNED
'Hot Fire Saturday Night On
East Hauser Street
The fire department .was called
out Saturday night about 8 o'clock
by an alarm from the box at the
corner of Magnolia and Kendrick
street. The fire being located on
{the extreme end of Hauser street.
Just across the street from the
Williams Veneer plant. A small
i store owned and occupied by W.
j J. Nelson, the furniture, repairer,
? and two frame houses were destroy
ed, all three buildings being itt
flames when the fire trucks arrived
on the scene. The firemen had to
stretch long lines of hose and in
stretching the second line they
were seriously interferred with by
streets leading to the fire being al
most onmplefley blockaded by au
tomobiles that sight-seeers had
parked in the streets without re
gard to the convenience of the
I firemen. Notwithstanding this
I handicap the fire department did
j good work and kept the fire from
j spreading beyond the three build
; ings. which were too far gone to
be saved whefi they arrived.
-??????? .
I We heard a tootbail quarterback
I telephoning and he scared central
calling the signals. **
j An excellent cure for Insomnia
is found by getting a parrot that
[will say "Get up. Get up.'
ALL RAILROADS
WOULD BE I
I BANKRUPTED
I If- Demands For In
creased W a g e s
Should Be Granted
Railroads Would
Have .Deficit of $2,
241,639,548
Chicago. Oct. 29 (By the Asso
ciated Press) .-^Attacking the the
ory of "the living wage" as a basis
for determining wages of railroad
workers, the public and railroad
groups of the railroad labor board
in air opinion made public tonight
declared such a course, "if car
ried to its legitimate conclusion
would wreck every railroad in the
j United -States, and if extended to
other industries would carry them
into communistic ruin."
-The opinion in the form of a re
joinder to a dissenting opinion filed
by A. O. Wharton, labor member
in the recent decision increasing
the pay of maintenance of wab
ern ployees two cents an hour, de
clared if employees were granted a
72 to -75 cents minimum wage for
common labor with corresponding
differential for other classes, an in
crease of 125.7 per cent, in the na
tion's railroad wage- bill would be
necessary. This, the, opinion said,
would add $3,122.052,387. to the
annual payroll, bringing it to $5,
589.455,993, which would mean
it added, an annual deftficit to the
carriers of $ 2;2 4 i, 6 3 9,518.
Even if the 48* cents minimum
wage requested by maintenance of
way men were granted and corre
sponding differentials were made
for-other classes of employees, the
opinion said, an increase of 50.45
per cent in wages would be neces
sary, adding $1,249,930.994 to the
annual wage bill of the roads,
bringing it up to ; $3.725,884,540.
thus forcing the railroads to face
ar/additional deficit of $378,078,125*.
The phrase "living wage"' was
termed in the 'opinion as a "bit of
Imelifluous phraseology, well cal
culated to deceive the unthinking."
*Tf the contentions were that
the board should establish a 'liv
ihg wage/ the majority would read
ily accede to the proposition," : the
? opinion said, "and as a- matter of
fact the board in: this Instance; as
in all others, has granted a -liv
ing wage; .But the abstract*' elu
sive thing called 'the living wage/
. confessedly based upon a make
shift and a guess, can not receive
the sanction of this board, because
ft would be utterly impractical and
would not be just and reasonable
as.the law demtnds."
Mri Wharton's dissenting opin
ion and the supporting opinion in
reply are attached to the formal ^
? decision increasing? the pay ofj
I maintenance Of way employees two i
1 bents an hour, establishing a min-j
jimum ranging from 25 to 37 cents.
The United Brotherhood of Main
tenance of Way Employees, Rail
way Shop laborers, held a strike or
der affecting 400,000 men-in abey-|
ance last July after the board had;
reduced wages pending a request
fo? ah increase based on the con--;
tention that the costs of living had
advanced and wages in other in-,
dustrie8 had been raised.
When the case came up main
| tenance of way officials asked the
board to subscribe to the principle
Of the. "living wage"' based*on a,
budget. of - what was rexniired for
an average family of five persons |
to live in health and reasonable
comfort. A majority of the board;
refused to subsribe to- this priri
ciplc; asserting that the transpor
tation act called for establishing a
just and reasonable wage and that
a7 just and reasonable wage was in (
effect a living wage.
The maintenance of way organ
ization asked the board to establish
minimum rates of pay of 48 cents
an hour to replace rates then j in
effect ranging from 23 to 35 cents.
After a deadlock of several days
the board made public its decision
formally handed down today, in- j
creasing rates of .pay two cents an
hour and adding about $20,000,
000 to the railroad payroll.
The decision asserted that the
increase raise was due mostly to;
the fact that higher rates of wages
were being paid for the same class
es of work in other industries and
that there had been no apprecia
ble increase in the cost of living.
Mr. Wharton in his dissenting
opinion maintained that the "fun
damental error" of the decision;
rested on failure to; inquire intoi
"the adequacy of rates of pay es- i
tablished for section men and un- j
skilled laborers." He asserted that
rates of pay in other industrise of i
similar character should be made
a secondary consideration and {
that the prime, factor to be con-j
sidered was whether the rates fix
ed were just and reasonable, which,
he said, meant an adequate and
living wage under the transpor-!
tation act.
He maintained that the law of I
supply and demand which operat
ed in private industries to fix the
price of labor should not be tak
en as a basis by the labor board.
The board, hp continued, should
find what should be a just and
living wage by computing a fam
ily budget containing the expenses
of an average family.
He maintained that the living
wage principle was practical, as- i
serting that added labor costs
should bo absorbed in large part
by increased efficiency of the men
by managerial ability.
Pointing out thai Mr. Wharton
would ignore the provision of the
transportation act. directing the
labor board to consider wages paM
in other industries of a similar na
ture in fixing wages, the supporting
opinion declared that those re
sponsible for the decision consid
?red--this as'well as other factors
set forth-in the law:
Attacking: the-T&udget method of
determining what" should be ?r liv
ing wage the supporting opinion
says:
"That it would be -wise and pr?e*
tica-r to'undertake to establish an
arbitrary-standard of *tiving- for
several millions of persons is not
apparent. That the desires and re
quirements Of all men " are equal
and alike is not correct,-and that
any committee of experts could set
up an average living "standard up
on which a wage scale could be
practically based has not been
demonstrtcd anywhere.
"That standards of living are
gradually improving in this coun
try is undoubtedly true and this
is as it should be. There is no
member of the labor board who
does not profoundly desire im
proving living conditions for com
mon labor, but it is our belief that
this movement must, be continued
along lines nidicated by human ex
perience and. that it can not be
consummated in the twinkling of
an eye by -artificial expedients."
?Asserting experts testifying for
the maintenance Of way organiza
tion, admitted' that immediate es
tablishment of "the living -wage**
wou'd "throw a monkey wrench
into industrial'' machinery,;" and
that the board- therefore make only
a start in that direction at pres
ents the opinion, said:
"Such a proposition -is entirely
illogical. If the living wage is the
just and reasonable wage author
ized by the statute it is the duty
of the labor board to establish it
now. If it is not, - the just and
reasonable wage commanded by
law, then it- is not the duty of
the board to adopt it now- or here
after unless the law be changed.
Adoption of a famliy of five with
one wage earner as a basis for
compiling a living wage also was
attacked in the opinion, which as
sorted that the last census -showed
there were 4 A persons in the aver
age family, but 1.4 dependent chil
dren, instead of the three that ex
perts before -t.he board took as a
basis that there were 1.36 workers
instead of-'one in the family.
Commenting unon government
ownership if the living wage prin
cipal-were established the opin
ion said: $
"Of course, for'those who desire
government ownership this w,ould
be a- -Quick way :of getting it, f or
it is a'sure thing that the public
would not stand for the imposition
of higher rates, to pay such a de
ficit." It asserted that in the last
analysis the publifc would pay for
the increased wages and that
most of it would come from work
ers in other industries.
Commenting on an article by
William RandolpTi Heferst included
in Mr. Wharton'S dissenting opin
ion in which the statement was
made htat hte unjustifiable lower
ing-of the shopmen's wages caused
the shopmen's strike, the support
ing opinion declared such a state
ment was not important except
that in so faf as it was adopted
[and -indorsed by a member of the
[board. ?
"In the judgment of the major
ity of the board," the opinion con
tinued, ''and we believe, of a -great
majority of the-people, the Shop
men's strike was a blunder with
out' any" real justification;, and that
it is said with the kindliest-feelings
for the employees-who liave suf
ifered most from its effects; It has
wrought harm to* all and good to
ftone. It has burdened the rail
ways -with an unjust-expense,: has
inflicted'-great losses Upon the pub
lic, especially the food producers
and has resulted in an: approxi
mately $17?,535?524 ? loss to the
i strikers. For all this, the men
on strike -Have won nothing. They
have gained no concessions as to
any matter upon which they struck.
For months the strike has been
merely a~ struggle-upon part of the
men to regain their positions."
?'? Constrasting the situation of the
maintenance of tt?ay organization,
which Withheld its strike and ap
pealed to the board,- the opinion
asserts the employes received about
$147,656,866 in ? wage's since July
1. which would -have been lost had
they gone on a strike, and in addi
tion-have received an increase oi
wages of about $20,000,000 a yeai
"Perhaps there is no better time
and place," the opinion adds "tc
emphasize the belief of a" majority
of the labor board that railway
strikes'are utterly useless and
wasteful, and that the employees
will always gain better results at
the hands of any tribunal fairly
constituted and representative oi
the people than they will by mak
ing war on the carriers and the
public."
In addition to the decision and
the dissenting and supporting opin
ion's, today's document contained a
statement by W. L. MoMenimeh.
labor member of the board, as to
his reason for voting for the two
cent raise for the track men. He
said he favored a larger increase
but voted for the two cent raise
after the labor board had been in
a long deadlock during each day ol
which the men were losing about
$70,000 and when he feared that
no increase might be obtained if
the two cent raise advocated by
the public group was not accepted.
Chesterfield, Oct. 29.?Mr. Luke
Smith, farmer of near Chester
fiefifd. tost ten bales of long staple
cotton by fire of ah unknown ori
gin Friday night,' The cotton was
part of Mr. Smith's 1920 crop and
he had been offered quite a prem
ium for it. No insurance was car
ried.
FOR SALE?One registered Jer
sey bull. Can furnish papers
Price reasonable. B. T. Kolb.
Sumter. Route 2.
FOR SALE?New line of hats in
Velvet, felt. ? duvetyn: novelty
line just received. Also orna
ments for dresses. Come if you
need anything in my line. Mrs.
C. W. McGrew, N. Magnolia and
Myrtle Sts.
mt
have ?
ill *p
Cig?f?ites
HOW JUSTICE .
IS CHEATED
? ? c , i ,-Si--;? ? ...
Gov. Harvey Having Difficul
ty in Enforcing the Law
Columbia, Oct. 30.?Considerable
interest throughout South! Carolina
attaches to the outcome of the con
test between Governor Harvey,
chief executive and law enforce^
mont officer, and the courts of the
state in two recent cases. In one
the governor announces htat he has
been defeated,, at least so far as
immediate results go, but: in -the
other he is pushing his side vigor
ously.
One of the cases is that againsit,
E. N. Mittle, . convicted of iolling
hi. H. Patterson, an engineer at
I Bowesville, in . .Orangeb?rg couh
jty, in November^ 1920. Mittle was
sentenced' to serve ilrne years, but
because of legal maneuvers he is
at liberty and the governor stated
that he is cohfident it will be two
years or may be three years or
more before .the United States
court-can consider the case, due to
its congested docket:
In the Mittie case an appeal
was made to the supreme court
and the verdict of the lower-court
was sustained, in two separate de
decisions. A motion for a rehear
ing was then refused by the su
preme court. In August, last.
Judge Mauldin signed an order,
staying the order of the supreme
court for. ninety days, on petition
setting forth that Mittle intended
to appeal to the United States su
! preme court. The governor, how
ever, , immediately ordered Mittle
arrested.
Appeals were then made to the
governor for a temporary release
of Mittle, tSat he ritght arrange
his private affairs. These the gov
ernor refused, taking the position
that he had " had twenty-one
months from the time of his sen
tence. Mittle theh moved before
Associate Justice "Watts, of the'sti
jpreme court, under ex partes-pro?
ceedings;" to - be - -reiea^d^-^nder
boad, ja?d the--bail ^ass granted,
. bond being-fixed in the amount of*
$l?,0ftO,r-<and he recently left-ibi* ,
penftejrtiary? -Mittle is said to be a
wealthy mai: ?>-?-..- * ??' -i,
"w^n^saaother case--the- . 'governor
has taken, his contest with -a cir- -
i cult judge >to- the supreme-court on
appeal* -This, is - the-> Seed Shaw
case, of Anderson; .:ShaW was uf^*
'. der.'???parole^ V&oyerner -Harrey or
I dered Ms parole to be revoked; but
"when ? the chief s executive Grdered*''
him- to te~bt*}x&ht~\ya3& t&ith??r2
state penitentiary, habeas .cospus
preoeeiings stopped himt-aad Judge
; Prinee'-of Anderson, ordered Shaw
; releasedr ' The . govermnr had,.? i*e
; ceived/reports that-Shaw !Waa.^o
I a ting the law, thereby; breaking
the condition of ;the parole. -ShawT
, it: Js.saiid, was armed when arrested.
The governor ordered the -sheriff
to'krrest, Shaw. The judge .ordered .
the- sheriff to release, him. The?*'
goveraor appealed the case to the
aupremei court ? <:\ . v
There -is . considerable .demand -
for -changes.in the criminal laws,
whereby to * prevent the Up-settin#
of the orders; of the chief law. en
forcement officer and the . courts,
by .tricks at Jaw or. appeals from
various decisions .of- various judges^
? JERSEY .. S
MURDER CASE
- - - * " . - -? . ?- . - .
/ " ^ .?' *? ? ? ' 1 1 ? ' ;V? - <<
Grand Jury Summoned Bay.
Case Not; to JBe. Present
ed Today
. New Brunswick, Ott.. 30.;?A1*l
though .the grand jurors have been ?
sumroohed to convene, it is consid
ered unlikely that the Hall-Mills
case will be presented today. At- -
torney Mdtt reiterated his confi
dence in the story of Mrs.' Gibson, .'
the eye-witness, saying that bajF*
testimony has been corrobbratect
by Mrs. Korman Tingle, atr?rnaii
iliving" near the Phtnfps^fh5TA'
1 ? ? ease ?
TEN YEARS HENCE
WILL YOU BE PROSPERlNd :in BXJSlNEJSS or
LOOKING FOR A JOB f
IT DEPENDS ON WHETHER OR NOT
YOU HAVE STARTED TO SAVE.
first National ?anfe of Sumter
" . ' . ? SS
FACTS WORTHY OF YOUR
CONSIDERATION
Our large Capital Stock and Surplus Indicate our Ability.
Large Loans and Discounts?our Liberality.
I^argo Deposits?the Peoples* Satisfaction with our Service
and Confidence in our Protection.
We offer you our Service and Protection and want your
Account.
The National Bank of South Carolina
The Bank With the Chime Clock.
C. G. Rowland, Pres. Earle Rowland, Cashier

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