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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 04, 1922, Image 1

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THE SUMTEH WATCHMAN. Esia
CONSOLIDATED AUG. 2,1
amemcahaTI
warned kemal1
repeatedly]
-,
The United States,!
Says Secretary]
Hughes, Will De
fend Christian)
Rights in Near Eastj
X.owell. Mass., Oct. 30.?Secre-!
tary of State Hughes, in a letter j
to Chairman John Jacob Rogers of j
this city, made public tonight, am- j
plified recent statements by his de-,
partment as to the government's j
attitude toward the situation ofj
the Christian minorities in Turkey, j
The letter dated October 27, was j
in reply to one from Representa-1
tive Rogers on this subject.
"This government, the secretary}
wrote, has taken such action as in j
the rapidly shifting circumstances
.has been appropriate or feasible,
both in aid of the Christian mi
norities and to make clear to the
Turkish authorities the strong;
feeling of the people of this coun
try in regard to acts of cruelty and
oppression."
After referring to an announce
ment by his department on July
27, that the government had
agreed to a proposal for an inves
tigation by a neutral commission
of conditions in Anatolia, he con
tinued:
"I may go further and tell you
what has not hitherto been an
nounced, namely that this govern
ment agreed to place at the dis
posal of the international Red
Cross fts quota of the sum which
had been indicated as necessary toj
meet the expenses of the" proposed?
commission. But circumstances for j
which the United States is no way j
responsible have postponed the j
constitution of the commission un- j.
til the situation has \o. change3
that the immediate carrying out of
the "proposed investigation is ren- j
dered difficult. Nevertheless 1 j
consider myself not unjustified in.f
adding that our action had the use
ful effect of once more making}
known the American point of
view with respect to events in
Turkey."
He pointed out "that Admiral;
Bristol, American high command
er at Constantinople during the
last year and a half, had repeated
ly protested "in the most .vigorous
terms, ;both orally and in writing"
to Mustapha Kemdl Pasha and to
those acting in his name, "against >
acts threatened or put into;
effect by the Turks." Since
the - Kemaiist troops had en
tered Smyrna, he added, the high
commissioner had been instructed
"to lose no opportunity of voicing
American sentiment by impress-,
ing upon Kemal Pasha the neces
sity of adequate protection of the
Christian minorities and abstention
from cruel acts of reprisal, any:
failure in respect to which would
arouse the strongest feeling of con
demnation in this country."
After mentioning American riid
in relief activities after the occuoa
lion of Smyrna, Secretary Hughes,
continued:
"Your letter gives me the ocvt-!
sion to express the opinion that thus
government can not be justly charg
ed with having failed to interpret
the sentiments of the American
people or to take action appro
priate to the circumstances. I, am
not unaware that certain of cur
citizens would have preferred a
more aggressive attitude but it has
been felt that a provocative atti
tude would be unfitting unless that
counrty were prepared for deeds 5n
keeping with its word, or to take
upon itself the determination of
problems which for generations has
vexed the old world."*
In conclusion he summed up the
government's attitude by the fol
lowing quotation from a recent let
ter to the Rev. Niles Carpenter of
?Boston:
"I conceive it to be the duty of
this country to continue to safe
guard American lives and inter
ests, to give succor to the desti
tute and oppressed and to exert
our influence in the interest of
people against cruelty and brutal
ity and for the proper protection of
minorities. "We shall not withhold
any practicable measures of mercy!
or threaten where we do not in-;
tend to execute."
TOURIST DIES ;
IN COLUMBIA!
Michigan Man Was Victim of.
Grade Crossing
Columbia. Oct. 31.?The re-!
mains of Henry F. Kluttz, Benton j
Harbor, Mich., tourist, who died j
from injuries received in a collis
ion between his automobile and a }
train on the Columbia-Augusta line
of the Southern Railway Saturday i
morning, near Monetta, in Saluda'
county, were shipped back to
Michigan from here today. Mr.
Kluttz died in a Columbia hospital.
;jfter an operation" had been per
formed. His skull was fractured.
Several members of the Klutz fam- !
ily suffered bruises. The family
was traveling from Florida, where
they had been for several weeks.
We can't decide if it is better to'
he as wise as an owl by staying out
all night or happy as a lark by get
ting up at daylight.
Wished April, 1850.
881. _
MRTc?N
policy IN
NEAR EAST
Secretary Hughes
Outlines Attitude of
United States i n
Reference to Near
Eastern Peace Con
ference
Paris, Oct. 30 (By the Associated
Press).?The attitude of the Amer
ican government as regards the
peace conference at Lausanne for(
the settlement of Xear Eastern
questions was communicated to
Premier Poincare this evening byj
the American ambassador, Myron j
T. Herrick. The substance of this
communication, which was made
public this evening, indicates that |
the United States is desirous of
sending observers to the propos-:
ed conference for the purpose of
safeguarding certain rights such as
protection of philanthropic educa
tion and religious institutions, free
dom of opportunity, protection of
minorities,, freedom of the straits
and archaeological research and
stud>\
After pointing out that the prin-!
cipal purpose of the proposed con- j
ference will be the drawing up j
of a treaty of peace with Turkey]
and dealng with problems resulting
from the state of belligerency be-j
tween the allied powers, Turkey j
and Greece, the communication]
says: I
? 'The United States does not de-j
sire to participate in the final peace !
negotiations or assume responsi
bility for the political and terri
torial adjustments which may be
affected, for the reason that it is
neither at war with Turkey norj
party to the armistice of 1918. The
United States government, how-J
ever .does not- desire to leave the j
inrprsesion that United States in
terests are less entitled to consid
eration than those of any other
power, neither is it desirous of re
linquishing rights enjoyed in com
mon with other powers nor is it.
unconcerned with the humanitar
ian interests involved.'
Amori&r ' the" points' to be' taken
into consideration are:
First. The. protection under pro
per'guarantees of philanthropic,
educational and religious' institu
tions:'; .
: Sec'ond. Appropriate undertak
ings' as regards freedom of oppbr-;
tunity without discrimination orj
special/ privileges for commercial
purposes.
Third. Suitable provisions'for the
protection of minorities.
Fourth.* Assurances touching the
freedom of the straits.
Fifth." Reasonable opportunity for
archaeological research and study.
The above summary, though not
exhaustive, may serve to indicate
the general nature of American in
terest.
The United States is prepared to
send observers to proposed .con
ference if this action is agree
able to the powers concern
ed, for the purpose of safe
guarding interest such as the above
and to facilitate the exchange of
views.
"The United States, while it de
sire* to protect its rights and as
sure a policy of the open door, has
no intention of seeking for itself or
its nationals a position of special j
privilege. It further desires to
assure the protection of Ameri
cans who wish to continue relief,
educational or other humanitar
ian work, which has been carried!
on in the Near East for genera- j
tions and which under present con
ditions would appear to be more
essential than ever.'
The joint invitation from the
British, French and Italian govern
ments, to which the foregoing is a
reply, was handed to the secretary
of state October 28, by the repre
sentatives of those governments. It j
wa3 said the invitation was being!
sent to Japan, Rumania, Jugoslavia,
Greece and Turkey for a confer-j
ence at Lausanne, November 13, to
conclude a treaty of peace and end '
the war in the Near East. The
Russian and Bulgarian govern-!
m'ents also were invited, on a date
to be fixed later, to participate in
a discussion which the conference
would undertake during its pro
ceedings on the subject of ?he
straits.
*The principal allied powers,"
continues the American communi
cation, "recall that a representa
tive of the United States was pres
ent at San Remo in the final stages
of the proceedings of the supreme
council- which led to the drafting
of the treaty of Sevres in 1920, and
that they would welcome the pres
ence of a representative of the
United States at Lausanne in " a
similar capacity or in a more ac
tive capacity, especially in the dis
cussion of the straits."
Cleveland. Oct. 31.?The identi
fication of the mud-crusted re
volver found last night at the
marshy grave, near Plainsville, in
which the rnutiliated body of Mrs.
Hazel Burns was found recently, as
the gun owned by Burns, was made
from photography by Mrs. Michael
DaMato. a friend of the dead wo
man, and the finding of a blood
stained raincoat near the scene
were the developments in the mur
der mystery today.
"Be Just and Fear 3
LEADER j
OF FASCISTI j
IN POWER
_ !
Benito Mussolini Be-j
comes Premier andj
Minister of the In
terior and Foreign
Affairs of Italy
Rome, Oct. 30 (By the Asso
ciated Press).?Benito Mussolini
the Fascisti leader, who trium
phantly entered Rome today, has
undertaken the government of the
country with men of his own se
lection. He came to Rome on the
invitation of the king, with whom i
he had a long audience, after j
which he named his ministers.
The new Italian cabinet of Beni
to Mussolini was announced this
evening as follows:
Premier, minister of the interior
and foreign affairs,- Benito Mus-j
solini. j
Minister of wa.\ Gen. Armando'
Diaz.
Minister of marine, Vice Admir- j
al Thaon di Revel.
Minister of the -treasury. Prof. I
Luigi Einaudi (Nationalist).
Minister of industry, Theophile
Rossi (Nationalist).
Minister of finance, Signor de i
Stefani (Fascisti).
Minister of colonies, L?igi;
Federzoni (Nationalist).
Minister of liberated regions, \
Signor Giuriati (Fascisti).
Ministre of justice, Aldo Oviglio
(Fascisti).
Minister of education, Signor
Gentilo (Democrat).
Minister of agriculture, Luigi
Capitanio (Fascisti).
Minister of public works, Signor
Carnazza (Nationalist).
Minister of posts and tele- j
graphs, Signor di Cesara (Nation
alist), j
Minister of social welfare, Ste
fano Canvazzohi (Catholic). j
Prior to the ^selection of his
cabinet and directly after his in
terview with King Victor Emanuel, !
Mussolini, . addressing < the great
crowd from the balcony of a ho-|
-tel, declared with great empha
sis: ' ? ? .v j
" "We have'not accepted the form
of ministry, but'have accepted the
form of government."
He laid great stress on the word
"government," at which the crowds.'
cheered, "and," he added, "Italy
will' have a government from now^
on ~ ' ? - ? ' " v C r>J
Mussolini then called upon the
crowd to acclaim: " ;
1 "Long live the king. Long live
Italy! Long lire the Facisti!" j
The fact that the former revolu- j
tionist, now Italy's premier, plac
ed the king first was commented
upon and cheered by the multitude.
Wearing a black shirt and show- j
ing traces of his long journey by j
train and automobile Mussolini i
presented himself this morning!
before the king, who greeted him i
warmly. The square in front ofl
the quirinal was filled to overflow
ing and Fascisti and regulars joined!
in keeping order. His departure
from the palace was the- occasion'
for another enthusiastic demon- j
onstration, the crowds falling in be- j
hind his automobile and marching!
to the Hotel Savoia, where the
Fascisti were in full charge, no
regulars being visible.
All Rome awoke early and pro
ceeded calmly to the various gates'
through which the Fascisti were
expected to enter the city but on
learning that their formal entry
had been postponed, the citizens
returned and congregated in the va
rious, squares, buying the morning
papers which had ignored the law
forbidding publication on Monday,
morning. There was much specu
lation on the probable formation of
the new cabinet while awaiting
the arrival of the leader.
The Fascisti appear to be the
only political party remaining in
Rome. If any Communists are left
they are keeping closely under cov
er, while the other parties refrain
from showing their feelings. The
Fascisti outside the city are anx
ious to encer as they have been
suffering greatly because of the
heavy rains. Mussolini and his
staff have discussed the time of
their entry, which will probably be
comorrow morning.
The General Federation of La
bor has issued a warning to all
workers to disregard the appeal
for a general strike issued by thej
Communist trades union commit-'
tee. The confederation advises!
the workers to remain calm and I
patient.
j Rome. Oct. 31.?The Fascisti;
high command has ordered demob
ilization of the Fascisti troops in
j Rome and they will leave after a
j patriotic demonstration tonight.
(The situation is regarded as nor
i mal again.
[ Constantinople, 0?t. 31.?The
abdication of the sultan is tempor
arily out* of the Question under the
j truce with the nationalists where
by his status is held in abeyance
! pending the conclusion of the Near
[East pea^e conference, according to
[the chief of staff of tbe national
I ist governor of Thrace.
McAlester, Okla., Oct. 31.?Hall
Stpphenson, a miner was killed in
an explosion at the McAlester-Ed
wards company mine at Pittsburgh
near here yesterday.
mm
Sot?Jjtst all the ends Tbou Aims't a
Sumter, S. C., Saturda
DECLINESI TO !
TAKE PART I
IN MEETING
I _ ' j
America Sends For-'
mal Reply to Allies j
on Peace Confer
ence
-.?? i
Washington, Oct. 31 (By the As-;
sociated Press).?The Americau,
'government in notes delivereo^fefA'
iday to .the British. French,.-/^HE;
I Italian 'embassies here, formati^
I declined to participate in the Ne?aS
{East peace conference, scheduled^
I to be held in Lausanne, Switzer
land, next month. Later the state
department made public this gov-j
iernment's position on the confer
ence as outlined in the "aide me
moire." which was transmitted
[ yesterday to the three govern
ments concerned through . the
I American embassies at London
I Paris and Rome. i
Reference to the "aide memoire"
(was made in the formal reply to
j the- allied notes inviting participa-!
[tion but which were not received
I by the state department until after
j the "aide memoire," carrying in-'
structions regarding the American
view, had been dispatched to the
i American representati/cs in the
I three foreign capi:als. The forma!
replies, like the formal invi-,
tations, were directly worded
land explained that the United)
States would ssnd only o* servers'
to the Lausanne meeting, and add
led, that that con:*er?*nee was pri
marily a peace conf^vi^ce to. end
a war in which the United States
was not a belligerent.
The text of the "aide memoire",
upon which the formal replies were
! based, as fully satarg forth the
j American attitude, follows: '
"The conference proposed for
[the purpose of drawing up a treaty
of peace with Turkey will have pri- j
j marily to deal with the problem, re
sulting from the state of belliger
ency betweeh the allied powers,
I Turkey and Greece. The United!
States was neither at war with I
; Turkey nor a party to the armis-'
tice of 1918 and does not desire j
j" to participate in the final peace
negotiations or to -assume- Respon
sibility for the political and terri-i
I torial- adjustments which may be
effected. I
;"While' maintaining this " reserve!
fn regard, to certain phases of the J
? Near East "settlement the govern-]
!ment of the: United States does not
desire to'leaVe the impression
jthat* it regards' its interests as less
/entitled' to consideration than those
I of any other power, or that "'it ' is ]
\ dispo'sed to relinquish rights en
joyed in common with other pow-j
ers, or proper commercial oppor- j
tunity, or that it is unconcernedi
with the humanitarian interests in-J
volved.
"For the purpose of clarity cer-;
tain subjects of particular Ameri
can concern may be briefly sum-,
marized. j
"(1.) The maintenance of capitu-'
lafons which may be essential to
the appropriate safeguarding the
, non-Moslem interests.
S "(2) The protection, under
I proper guarantees, of philan-'
! thropic, educational and religious
i institutions. j
t Appropriate undertakings j
! in regard to the freedom of oppor- '
tunity with discrimination or spe-:
cial privilege, for commercal en- j
ter.prises. J
"(4) Indemnity, for losses suf
fered by Americans in Turkey, as a'
result of arbitrary apd illegal acts. J
"(C) Assurances touching the
freedom of the straits. j
"(7) Reasonable opportunity for;
archaeological research and study.
"This brief summary, "while not
exhaustive, may serve to indicate
the general nature of American in
terest. To safeguard such inter- j
ests and to facilities the exchange 1
of views the government of the]
I United States is prepared to send1
observers to the proposed confer- (
ence if this action is agreeable to1
the powers concerned. Without!
participating in the negotiations of -
the treaty of peace, these observers,
would be able to indicate this gov- j
ernment's position in greater de
tail than is possible in this 'aide
j memoire' and they could also in
! form the American government of'
I the attitude of other powers in j
j matters where the re are mutual I
j interests.
"As the object in view in sub-!
I mitting this suggestion is the elim- |
jination of any possible cause of|
j misunderstanding, it is consider-:
led appropriate to call attention to|
the attitude of the United States!
in respect to secret treaties and
agreements. It is not felt that:
arrangements previously made j
j with respect to Turkish territory,!
; which provide for the establish-!
! ment of zones of special commer- j
j cial and economic influence, such.!
j for example, as the tripartite
(agreement of 1920. are consonant
with the principle of the equality'
of commercial opportunity. It is'
assumed that the allied powers
will hot now desire, and do not in
tend to carry into effect previous
I arrangements of this nature.
"The United States has no de-1
sire to take any action which ?
might embarrass the allied pow-j
ers in the proper effort to secure'j
peace. It desires nothing which
need conflict with the interests of j
other countries, if the principle of
(ant>
t be thy Country's. Thy God's and
y, November 4, 1922
HOLES AND
MEMBERS OF
KIMMfED
Says Both A r e to!
Blame for Religious!
j Bigotry and Com
munity Hatred in!
Kansas Town
Great Bend, Kansas, Oct. 31.?
fovernor Henry J. Allen, of Kan
is in an election campaign ad
?ess continued his attacks on the
lu Klux Klan here last night with
plea of tranquillity and tolerance
that the state might he spared
*the horrors of a civil war." ]
^ His speech was a scathing de
nunciation of religious bigotry and
Community hatred, and denounced
certain types of Catholics and
Lemiers of the Klan in the same
>reu t h.
"You are both to blame." he as
-rted. "You Catholics who go out
id say 'I don't vote for a man
rho is not a Catholic' I am going
put my political activity behind
Spy religion."
I "You ought to be ashamed of
yourselves. And you men who join
this Klan and say 'there is an or
der which exists for the preserva
tion of white supremacy and to
save us from the Catholic church.'
You ought to be ashamed, honest
ly, you ought to be ashamed."
I "I appear here in this beautiful
town, which is the best exhibition
of the courage of Americans that
you could find anywhere, and I
Tin dmen hating one another, this
man being hated because he is a
Catholic and that man because he
is a Ciansman, and four commun
ity is torn with the things our
fathers gave their lives to get rid
of * ** religious bigotry, togeth
er with the quarrels about religious
activities.
??Now as a fellow American hav
ing the same impulses that you
have, L am opposed to the Klan be
cause it suggests terrorism and
outlawry. I am not against your
organization because you do not
like the Catholic Church."
v He explained that he did not like
the Klan's attitude toward some
community questions, nor the man-'
ner in which its activities were
said to be carried out. It was not
a personal matter, he said. "I am
not a Catholic. I m. a. Methodist/*
he said. . .
After drawing a comparison be
tween conditions in;: Kansas and.
Ireland 'and telling of, requests .his
office has received from men that
they be allowed to arm themselves,
("because they were frightened," t^.
governor Risked, "do. you want
turned loose in this state the hor
rors of a civil war?"
"God forbid such a war. And
yet what can you suggest to the
negroes of the state, in some com
munities of which there are thou
sands, when the old Ku Klux Klan
that terrified them fifty years ago
is again riding at night? Can you
expect th< m not to protect them
selves ?
"Irelar.'i is fighting over a quar
rel that is 800 years old, but we
curbed it in America when we
wrote into the constitution that all
men should have the right to wor
ship God according to their own
ideas.
"You Catholics should quit say
ing no man may hold office by
your suffrage until he is a Cath
olic. It isn't worthy of you. It
isn't worthy of an American or the
American historyy. Let's get on the
basis of honor, love and decency."
SALESMAN
IS UPHELD
Judge Rules Against License
Fees for Outside Firms
Columbia, Oct. 31.?License fees
can not be collected by the city of
Columbia from persons soliciting
business for firms outside the state.
Judge M. S. Whaley, of the Rich
land county court, held in decid
ing today in favor of J. R. Krk
land, in a suit against the city.
Judge Whaitsy declared that inter
state laws apply to trade between
this state and others and as a1
consequence, a license fee can not
be legally collected. Kirkland i
claimed he was taking orders for
an article shipped from Chicago by;
parcel post to the purchasers, and
that the $3 cash payment he re
ceived with the order was in the
form of a guarantee of good faith.
Cleveland, Nov. 1.?Fifteen men,
women and children left here to
day on a special train for New
York to be deported. In the party
were two men convicted of viola
tion of the Mann act. and another
who had completed a sentence for
slaying his wife.
===============================
commercial opportunity for all na
tions is recognized at the outset.
The 1'nited States has no inten
tion of seeking for itself or its na
tionals a position of special privi
lege but it desires to protect its
rights and to assure the open door.
Finally it wishes to afford protec
tion to its citizens who wish to con
tinue the humanitaran work which
has been carried on for generations
in the Near East and is rendered
more essential than ever by the
present conditions.
Truth's."
PARTY
Brains of Republican
Party Calls All of
His Astuteness into
Play in Plea to Pub
lic
Jersey City, N. J., Oct. 31.?De
claring that in the present cam
paign the Democratic leaders are
waging "a futile controversy with
no promise of achievement/' Sec
retary of State Hughes asked the
voters of the country in an address
i here tonight to uphold the hands
of President Harding by returning
to office those who have helped
to write the administration's rec
ord of accomplishments.
In every field, foreign and do
mestic, ,Mr. Hughes said, the ad
ministration officials had correctly
interpreted and carried into effect
the desires of the American peo
jple. ' ? ? . - 4 -
"And as we pay our just trib
I ute of appreciation and esteem to
I the leadership of the president,"
jhe continued, "so we invite con
fidence in those who have faith
I fully worked with him and made
(success possible."
[ The secretary praised in partic
ular Senator Frelinghuyseh, who is
(seeking re-election in New Jersey,
land declared the senator's "ex
[perience in affairs, indefatigability,
and intimate knowledge of what
American prosperity demands has
been of the greatest aid to the ad
ministration."
"When this administration came
into power," said Mr. Hughes, "ev
er? one was talking o? the difficul
ty, if not the impossibility of its
task. It saddened our friends of
the opposing party to think of what
we could do. But we have gone
forward so .successfully and swift
ly with on'i accomplishment after
another that our opponents are
compelled to resort to false is
sues, which can not serve them. In
every position they take you will
observe that they seek a futile con
troversy with no promise of
achievement; the administration
has sought"-^chieyement . with ?
minimum of controversy.
"You wanted the revival of busi
ness. . You have it. Instead of op
erating at less than 60 per cent, of.
capacity, industry is now operat
ing, at about * 00 er cent of .. ca
[ pacity, which means the top le vel
.of useful work, an enormous ?"Un,
"You wanted temperment. . A
'.year, and a half ago we had about
[ 5,000,000 ? unemployed. Now we
have no i problem of unemploy
ment. The serious question con
fronting .busfihfes, industry and ag
riculture is how to get the neces
sary labor to meet its needs.
"You wanted reduction in taxes.
Congress has reduced taxes over
$800,000,000, reductions which
have benefited every one.
"You wanted a reduction in the
enormous debt which had been ac
cumulated during and after the
war. The debt has been reduced
by over $1,000,000,000.
"You wanted economy in govern
ment. For the year ending June
30, 1920. our public expenditures
aggregated $6.403,343,000, a year
later $5.115,920,000: for the fiscal
year 1922, $3,373,607,000.
"You wanted protection for
American industry. You have it.
This country has never been will
ing to abandon the protective pol
icy.
"You wanted an American policy
in foreign affairs. You desired ade
quate protection of American inter
ests abroad, freedom being en
meshed in European policies and
rivalries into which we never ought
I to be drawn; you wished a candid
and direct diplomacy which did not
promise what it could not perform
and did not threaten where it did
not intend to execute. This you
have had.
"You wanted peace. The com
mercial interests of the country de
pended upon peace, and we made
peace, without sacrificing our in
terests or detracting from the in
terests of those with whom we had
been associated in the war.
"We have given the best of our
co-operation. In the Far East there
is a new atmosphere of mutual
respect and confidence instead of
suspicion and apprehension. We
have stopped the competition in na
val armament, bringing the great
powers together in the happiest
cooperation that has taken place
since the war. In Latin America
we have been constantly endeavor
ing to facilitate stability and
peaceful adjustment. In most ev
ery country American money is be
ing invested to help productive en
terprise.
"Thus we are putting our house
in order, reducing expenses, stop
ping wasteful outlays, maintaining
sound principles of international
intercourse.
"You can not get adequate pro
tection to American industry from
a Democratic administration," Mr.
Hughes added. "On the other hand
if you wis hto know what demo
cratic business men really think of
the tariff now established, read the
letter which John H. Kirby, lead
ing Democrat, president of the
Southern Tariff association, has ad
dressed to President Harding. He
represents an association composed
largely of Democrats in the south
THE TRUE SOL"]
AMERICAN
I COTTON IN
j WORLD TRADE
I ?:?
Continued Supremacy
in Markets Depends
Upon High Quality
and Low Price
I -
j Washington, Oct. 30.?Continued
supremacy of American cotton ii<
; world trade is dependent upon the
! production of cotton of high qual
ity at relatively low cost, according
j :o the United States department of
l agriculture in its 1921 year book
just published. *?
Production of high quality can b
continued or restored through the
adoption of proved varieties anc
the establishment of a single varie
ty in communities whece superior.
I varieties of cotton can be kept
I pure, it is said. The custom among
[growers of planting many differer*
j varieties in the same locality, the
i practice of using ordinary "gin
jrun"' seed for planting and the
popular idea that cotton varietie.'
"run out" are also touched upon.
The fact, is the writers assert, that
many times locally selected seed
of good varieties has proved bette?
than the new stock and that sonv.
.of the best known varieties hav<
I been grown continuously in th'
jsame districts for many years with
|no indication of "running out" a.
I long as isolation, selection anc
I clean ginning were maintained.
Concerning the boll weevil, it i
jsaid that a profitable crop of cot
| ton may. be raised' by adopting
certain measures which will con
trol the pest under ordinary cir
cumstances. The use of calciun.
iarsenate in dry dust form, .which
? has proved fairly successful* is rec
jommended. Other protective meas
ures are the "fall destruction of the
j cotton plants, either by burning
I or by plowing under, the use o:
I early maturing Varieties of cotton
j planting early, in the spring to gel
?the erojy well along before the"
j weevils have become numerous
? enough to be. destructive.
Regarding cost of production th^
i department says that the gr?wei
j who knows his own actual cost ol
I production and has average stand
fard figures to compare with^^his
I own is in a fair way to stop small
; leaks in. his .expenses and to rein
' force those features of his practic*
in which he.has an advantage.. Jx
. planning cropping systems, farmer
,'are urged not only to proviJe ?.c
i sufficient acreage of corn, sm?i
j grains, hay and other feed crop:
j to feed pigs, chickens, the far::
stock, and the family
[also to build upland maintain soil
j fertilizer to get the best return:
from the lartd used and the capi
I tal and labor expended.
The article is the most com
plete economic discussion of the
cotton crop ever attempted by the
j department of agriculture. It has
; been prepared by a group of the
nation's leading agronomists and
. agricultural economists connected
I with the department.
? o ? v:
j GIGANTIC
COAL DEAL
i -
' Ford Involved in Fifteen
Million Dollar Transaction
j Pittsburgh, Nov. 1.?More than
. thirty thousand acres of land con
taining a hundred and eighty, mil
I lion tons of bituminous coal is in
i volyed in a deal which is repor .ed
j in process of negotiation between
i Henry Ford and the Wayne Coal
j Company of Pittsburgh. The price
i is unofficially estimated at fifteen
j million dollars.
"-"?" .
i Nothing tickles a stay-at-home
; more than seeing tourists broke.
I without which the Democratic
j party would not function, and he
says: "There are doubtless inequal
j ities and discriminations in the
i law recently enacted?to think oth
erwise would be to assume hu
man infallibility?but we have come
jas Southerners, the representa
j tives of industry in a loyal and
j tremendously important section of
; our common country, to say to you
! that in our judgment the Fordney
I McCumber tariff measure is as a
J whole a just measure and capable
j of promoting thrift throughout the
j land and the contentment and hap
! piness of our people everywhere.*
I He adds that when the emergency
tariff act was passed under the
present administration 'the provis
. ions of that law put their indus
; tries upon their feet in the sense
j that they were able to survive, and
in the passage of the final act the
j door of hope has been opened* for
which these leading Democrats ex
1 pressed their grateful acknowledg
ment to the president and the con
gress.
j "The most important point, how
j ever, as I view it, not beir%' an ex
pert in tariff subjects, is that pro
; vision has been made for needed
elasticity so that without the de
lays and uncertainties incident to a
j new tariff measure an expert body
! constantly giving the most intelli
'gent attention to the problems can
j advise the president of changes in
j conditions and by appropriate ex
ecutive action these can appro
priately be met by changes in
rates."
VOL. Oil. NO. 24
?EM?N
RAILROAD
CHANGES HANDS
Foreign Representa
tive Relinquish the
Control to Old Di
rectors When Allied
Governments With
draw
Washington. Oct. SO.?With
drawal of allied troops from -Sifeecrjfe
,has been followed' by relinquished
control of the Chinese Eastern
railway on the part of the- Amer
ican. British, French, Italian ant
Japanese ' governments through
their representatives on the inter
allied committee at Vladivostok
and the technical board at Harbin,
Each of the five governments,, it
vas announced "today at the state
department, has instructed its .rep
resentatives on the two^commis
sions to conclude'their affairs and
immediately terminate further ac
tivities, leaving future'' manage
ment of the railway in t?ie^hand3
?f its board of directors.
It was recalled in connection
ith the announcemerft' that- con^
ideration had been given: the Chi
lese Eastern raiiway Question dur
ng the Washington conference and
xt that time suggestions had been
.ade to the Chinese government"
hat Jt would be'advisable for it to
nvite the continued cooperation of
the five nations in niaintaiftftilg and
operating the railway as a trust,
.ending the reestablishmeht of a
Recognized government in RusSJd
md a final disposition of the rafi
vay's affairs! Failure of the Ch7
lese government to extend the ;hr
-itation In .accordance with these
;uggest;pns it was indicated oflt
?j-ally, had been followed, fcy the-al
! led action ; announced today.:
, .Formal-.notification of "the de
vision of zhih; country to relinquish
!. ohfrol. of the railway in company
i v'Uh.'the four other'- government*j*
; =yas coh*ained in a note made pub
lic by the' state / departrient and
jabled by. minister Schurman for
delivery to the Chinese foreign of
ice at; Peking The note made it
? >Iain,^??ex?it... t??^h^a?ashi ag
on government, reaffirmed* **its-eon>
|,<*rn -in; ,.*ite preservation of the
^hme'se- Eastern railway with
-lew to its - Ultimate v return to
hose. wkh-in^ereKts without impair
ing -any existing rights, as- weh ? *
Its continued interest in th*e effi
cient operation of the railway and
its niamtenanee as a free avenue
of commerce open to the citizens of
311 countries without favor or dis
crimination.*?' /
It was also pointed out that the
American government "w ill not fail
to continue to boserve carefully the
4dministta4ibn and oi>eration of
he railway and the manner in
which the.government of China dis
charges the/obligations which it has
? issumed."
The notfe also assured the Chi
nese government that the United
.tates Was ready to assist or--co
operate: with the Chinese govern
ment and the other powers at'any
time in any .practical way with a
/iew to conserving the railway
rnd assuring its- efficient opera
ion. .
Hjursejr Building:
Destroyed by Fire
Business Section of l^lcreucc
^ is "Endangered
"Florence, Oct. 30.?The business
section of Florence was endanger
ed when the thiid floor of the
Hursey building was .burned' out
and the two floors below flooded
vvith water ;at an early hour ?h?s
;.-orning. ; Luke- Reel, who coii
,.-.cts a dancing studio , on the
i-.-rd floor and sleeps in the rear
or the halH told' firemen he barely
escaped by jumaing $rom the
window'ont?. a roof below. The
Ir? is said to have been caused by
explosion of an oil stove. The?
building is owned by S. GoodsteTn.
His losses, as well as those of th>
other occupants of the building are
covered by. insurance.
TO CLOSE
WAREHOUSES
Cooperatives to Wind Up
Season Next Friday
Darlington, Oct. 30.?The co-op
erative tobacco warehouses ah
nounce that after a most success
ful season they will close for this
year on Friday, November 3. A
steady stream of tobacco has pour
ed in daily, and the results hav^
greatly ,surpassed all expectations,
it is stated.
The marketing was done under
entirely changed conditions, and
these had to be what is known as
"?-adical." The most conservative
member of the producer's-associa
tion wilt probably cheerfully ad
mit that the more radical the
changes the greater the depart
ture from old-time methods of
selling the crop, the better for the
tobacco growers.
It is scarcely possible for a
business of such magnitude to un
dergo such complete changes with
so little friction, and with such
overwhelming measure of satisfac
tion* it is stated.
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