Newspaper Page Text
The Watchman and Southron
Pifltffafi?flWednesday and Satnr
^ ~ - day by
-Osteen Publishing Company,
Sumter, $. C.
S2.00 per annum?In advance.
~ Ad vertise meats:
One Square, ;flrst insertion -.$1.00
3very, subsequent msertion .50
ttoniracts. for three months or
longer will be made at reduced
Alt* communications Vhlch sub
serve private . Interests will oe
charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and "tributes of re
spect will be charged1 for.
The Sumter Watchman was
founded in 1850 and the True
Sotlthron in 1866. The Watchman
and Southron now has the conj
oined circulation and Influence of
both of the old papers, and is man- I
ifestly the beat advertising medium |
in Sumter. j
The following article taken - from
"Printers* Ink" vividly describes
a condition faced by weekly . and
daffy newspapers, and .after read
ing 'same we feel ; like. . saying
BOOTLEGGERS OF THE AJ>
(By Samuel ?. Rice)
The best -horse, doctor between
Denver and . Cincinnati, took a
course in.news writing in a\ school
of journalism -recently. The doctor
is a sort of livestock commission
er, an' expert techr-.cial adviser to
the livestock industry of one. of the
biggest agricultural States in Amer
ica. As such; he. not only, has to
i?wta?p- the goods, but he- must- lei
it-, be known that he is dehvering
iheM goods; otherwise, there would
j;flt_ be the aligat^st chance for him
ii* get a -raise in salary from the j
next^ession of the State legislature, j
So he figured. that- if he could !
learn how 10 inject news value |n-j
tola Statedwide prescription for a'
, ? - .? ?''*. j
homesick, :hucket~fed ealf, and
similar objects,. he - could quickly
make^biniself solid throughout the 1
whole'State. All. the editors would
be iso grateful for the fine, newsy,
helpful articles that the-doctbr' sent
ouV free that they would gladly
give him a million dollars* worth,
of free, advertising. .Every farmer
would love* him, for "Doc" : would .
charm them with his press-agent!
artifices into reading his expert ad-!
vice. '.They would raise more and;
better cattle,, sheep, and swine more'
economically and "more easily than
ever beforel . ]
So the doctor, who is a conscien-j
tiojus, competent and well-trained-i
veterinarian and scientist, went
about jo ^become a. scientific press'
agent that he might make his of-!
fioe more useful to his fellow man \
anil, incidentally, better hia own'
condition. His purpose was laud- i
* - ? * j
abier -his-ambition justifiable. It ?
was great idea?only .it didn't:
wo"*^ Six' months after he began '
his^p5r?3s agent's career he came to I
me very-\much discouraged.
?S^'jiCre." he said. **you-ve]
been air editor and a publicity j
man,\,too:--maybe you can tell, me;
wljat's wrong. I'm- sending out? a I
neifcs letier of three or four brief. ?
snappy, *timely, dependable, articles \
oxuiiems every week to all the pa
new* in the State, yet nut of more
th?TT 600 weekly and daily papers !
not~-more than twelve or fifteen!
ever^printed in any one.-week as'
many__as one of my stories. .Isn't j
thai Jtuff worth while?" . i
He'tHrusf a file of his news let-I
ter?*arto my hard. . ?? -1
^"It*s good," I said after scan-;
nihg it, "but did you ever hear of
Osawatomie? Kansas?" ^ :.'.-v;
"Of Kansas, but not of Osawa
tomie. What about it?" .
This Country Publisher Is not
^?Osawatomie is a pleasant little j
country iowm I believe it has some
small railway shops, hut its chief
claim to distinction -of recent years j
is -that the State asylum for the |
feeble-minded is in Osawatomie. I
Osawatomie cured me of any fool- ;
ish faith- in news letters, bulletins j
and other free-publicity-seeking
material that is sent through the;
mails by the ton every day and \
dumped almost by the bushelful in !
practically every editorial office in
the United States?and there arej
about 22.000 such offices in this^
country. It's the biggest single
pi^.ce of7 organized waste in this
cou ntry- teday."
"But I'm a State officer and?'*
"Xo? denjf; interrupt, doctor; lis
ten. Pvrrr- years ago I was direct- \
ins a pnbiriciiy campaign for a. <
large college. It was a rather un- j
selfish? enterprise. I was sending j
out excellent news stories, our j
propaganda, but as honest, fair,
helpful-and entertaining stuff as
you might -see in a day's reading,.
Result?same as yours; nobody
wanted it. I asked counsel of edi-j
tors and- -publishers in several ]
&ta:esv Among them was a chance
acquaintance. Keith Cleveng^r,
then publisher of the Graphic... a|
country weekly at Osawatomie,
"One month last summer.' said
Mr. Clevenger, 'I wasn't * ery busy,
so I kept accurate tab on every
piece of free publicity that came to
>my paper by mail. In that one
month so much free publicity and
propaganda came to my little
country weekly it would have cost
$53 to send it through the mails as
first-class matter. Jn one,month
enough propaganda came to me to
have , filled , every line in my paper
for a: year or. two.. Of course,
most, of .it .went into the waste bas
ket. Print it? Why. no editor has
time even to read half the free
publicity and propaganda that come
tc him, if he did nothing else. It's
done to death. There's too much
of; it. It has become a..nuisance
and a useless waste."
The World is His Osyter
; "There's vour answer.' Doctor.
Mr. Clevenger's experience ? is
typical of every other editorial of
fice, .although every editorial office
has not the .distinction of being the
locus of the State asylum for the
feeble-minded. Nor must you be
lieve that .it was only the thought
less or irresponsible who. sent that
flood of propaganda to Osawato
mie.. At that time the postmaster
at Osawatomie ?as regularly sort
ing out for. the Weekly Graphic
publicity offerings from an impor
tant railroad, tvo of the very big
gest New York banks,, two big New
York theatrical (not motion pic
ture) producers, a New York in
vestment banker, a score or more
of industrial groups and . manufac
turers' associations, and the phil
[Omathean literary society , of a
State normal school. . There. were
many other enterprises, sending
their unsolicited and useless pub
licity apd propaganda. ; to the
Graphic, but the foregoing is a fair
. "1.dp not know that any of these
are .now sending-out.f ree .publicity; |
publicity , bureaus, or 5 propasguda;]
j mills, change: constantly, -\ but as
! great as was this torrent, of publici
i ty. rolling throughthe vmaii 7 four
: years ago, it is much greater now
|_aid getting,larger, every day.. It;
j seems you can no more keep good
|lmsiness.ine.n from tmrowing money
[ away in propaganda; "than you c&H
jwarn wage-earners against Ponzi
I frauds. Yet Ponzi and. Propaganda
\ pay practically, the same dividends
to those, who. put up the money. |
j You've discovered that, havent
yen? , .j - - . > ~}ry
. "A tew weeks ago I attended ah
\ industnial group meeting:.. in New
York. Twenty-five or thirty men.
heads of large houses, were there
to consider their mutual interests,
and one question was that of pub
licity or propaganda. They had the
i ohviersal ... itch for organizing a
I publicity bureua which . would ad
' vertise their industry practically
for nothing. They had a keen ap
preciation of the ad vantages, of get
ting their industry more in. the
? -? . i
public eye, but they didn't wish to]
pay for it. They had some kind'
of a hazy , notion that a. hired pub
licity director could get it for them.
Til admit, too, that several high
pressure and persuasive candidates!
for the industry's publicity job j
rmade . the art of propaganda- ";
[spreading seem the one sure-fire |
way of getting something for noth-j
;ing. No. trouble .for. those boy-s. to]
! run a dollar's worth of stamps and i
f$10 worth of typewriitng into |
$50,000 worth of free advertising!
--to hear them tell. it.. *
"Doctor, the minute you or any
man lets fly a few bales of this
jfree publicity material,,, no matter
j how good it is, at once it becomes j
junk in the eyes of eyery self-re- ,
ispecitng editor. And that's what it
j is,, partisan prejudiced, self-seek- j
ing propaganda disguised as news
or 'uplift' stuff.
"Our old alma mater has a pub-.
licity bureau writing about its good j
points and hiding its shortcomings. I
The workman repairing the ele- j
ivator in this building just nowj
j pays dues to a union that has a
hired publicity bureau. Th*? milk
i man who delivered milk at your
J house this morning belongs to an ;
I organization which has as its chief1
j object the spreading fo propaganda;
jto increase the consumption of
[milk., it would be difficult to
j put your finger on a man who isn't
1 paying real money tu ?upport some!
I sort of a press agent, publicity mill
I or propaganda bureau. And every
last one of them is trying constant
ly to sneak his stuff into the news
I papers and magazines. fr**e. Why
is it that you never ask the paint:
manufacturers to give you paint'
and the painters to donate their'
I services that they may go out and'
spread your publicity all over the
landscape? Why don't you ask
the signboard companies to carry
your message for nothing?
. News Gets the Decision
?'You. know Andy MacLeod, who
publishes the Newton City Daily
I Clarion? There's nor a fairer, finer
man living Well. I was in his of
fice last March when one of your
weekly news letters came in. He
spoke highly of you and said he
would like to run all your stuff
because he believed in you He
laid aside your news letter, to print
it. It was that one that had that
gem of yours on a humane and
certain method of starting, a balky
horse and.keeping him going, and
some other fine stuff of value to the
many hog breeders in Andy's dis
trict. Andy had two reasons for
running those two pieces; you're
his friend, and your stuff was ex
cellent. But before he could toss
them, over to his telegraph editor,
an old, gray-haired veteran of the
Civil War came in with a piece he
had written about the latest meet
ing of his G. A. R. post. That old
veteran's article was in the flam
boyant, longwinded . style of .the
seventies. It told every incident
of the G. A. R. post programme
in detail. It told how. superbly
little Miss Amy Howell recited
/Sheridan's Ride,* and it thanked
her, also Sheridan, profusely. It
waded knee-deep in rhetorical
flowers as it told how wonderfully
Miss- Maxine Bird * sang 'Annie
Laurie/ and thanked her. It told
how magnificently the Hon. Spilett
Lowd, 'our capable and rising
young citizen, who is a candidate
for city attorney,' delivered the ad
dress; of the evening and how grace
fully the Hon. Smbothington
Smythe, .'our neighborly and ac
commodating* undertaker, lent us
the. chairs for the meeting free of
"Laugh at it? Doc, but no man]
who knows Andy MacLeod butj
will say.that Andy knows the daily!
paper game. The paper was tight
that night and Andy threw yourj
stuff in the waste basket and print-1
ed that awful piece of the old vet- j
eran's. Andy knows news and the
lvalue of names in his field; also,
ithe veteran's story wasn't junk,
thrown to a thousand different
[papers. It had home interest and;
ithe local touch. Who paid for. those
I chairs that the undertaker lent for
[nothing? Andy MacLeod paid;
their rental by printing that part-j
news, part-propaganda piece. And
that is just what everyone of you!
[press agents try to do every time;
you send put your 'free' publicity; j
I you try to saddle some expense oni
or steal some advertising from the]
"Why, publicity stuff is the mostj
expensive stuff a publication cam
buy.. . . . 'I
"But you should not be disap-?
pointed in Andy's throwing your
stories away. In the same waste'
basket were three splendid, author- ?
itative articles on influenza^ its
prevention and treatment. Two of
these articles were from public
health organizations. The third!
influenza article was sent out by
a fire insurance company. It was
the best of the three. Fire insur
ance has .good, but limited,, talking
points. The fire insurance. com-j
pany's publicity bureau had run'
out of thunder, so it borrowed ai
handy influenza epidemic andj
hung its propaganda on that. Such]
articles are calculated to make the1
publicity man's employer look like,
a good Samaritan; also to grab
valuable advertising for nothing.
Yes, it's clever?too' clever. It land- i
ed where it belonged, m the waste
basket, beside more- clever stuff
from a group organization of
packers, from units and associa
tions in oil, steel, grain, lumber,
cement, coal, shipping and rail
ways, two antagonistic tax leaguers,
five antagonistic tariff organiza
tions, the Farm Bureau, the State
chamber of commerce, two farm
ers' marketing organziatlons,. a mo
tion-picture exchange, an organiza
tion of Federal Government clerks,
a tea house with a physician's yam
about the prophylactic properties
of tea, the humane society, the An
ti-saloon League, the Boy Scouts:
and an armful of stuff from a doz- j
en Government bureaus.
"Those are only a few of the
reasons why the work of publicity
men and bureaus is sure to be
mostly waste effort. How much
[kick would there be to Christmas!
I if Christmas came every day?|
Every day is Christmas. Fourth of j
July and Hallowe'en to the free!
publicity world. It overdoes things j
to that extent. Doc, you and quite j
a lot of other good men and women \
jare in the free publicity business'
from very fine motives, but if you!
v ill stoj) and analyze conditions
you'll get out of it. It is the duty
of the State to safeguard and up
build its industries in work such
as yours. By what excuse then
can you seek to dump the burden j
of the State's deputy upon the pub-?
lishers? You .wouldn't think of
asking a paint manufacturer for a
barrel or two of paint every week
to paint your propaganda on wall
and fence. Nor would you ask a
pianter to give his time in. spread
ing your propaganda paint. Why
then do you continually seek to im
pose on the publishing business?
The truth is that the free publicity
business has as much license, to be
classed as a legitimate part of the
advertising business as the boot
legger has to be classed aa; a law
abiding merchant. Some day bus
iness, men are gonig to wake up to
that fact and are going to quit em
ploying publicity bootleggers."
A PRIZE DIPLOMATIC PROB
It is said that' President Hard
ing would be glad to give a; prize
for a practical suggestion for the
collection of foreign debts to the
United States.. While no definite
award has been offered . by the
White House, there is no doubt
that a workable debt program
would deserve rich compensation.
The President is reported as
overwhelmed with gratuitous gen
eralities on the adjustment of these
debts, but when he tries to pin
any of his advisers down, to a con
crete program he finds, notable dis
inclination or inability.
It is always easier to criticise
than to make constructive sugges
tions. It is easier ,to indulge, in
generalities on any many-sided
question than to find one feasible
way. Even when some fairly- work
able plan is proposed by one fac
tion, there is always,the.little;prob
lem of the other faction which
refuses to co-operate because it has
a perfectly good.: scheme of its. own,
and wants the power and the glory
which will accrue to putting it over.
It might pay any public official
uctually to offer a prize in some
such connection- ? The effort to
earn it would teach the critical
citizen much about the real diffi
cujtiesv of diplomacy.
'' " 1 * ??
? ? .* >? '"? ' ?' -V: ?'- . . '
AMATEUR BOOZE HORRORS
It was* certainly a nightmarish
picture of amateur brewing an<T
distilling that Major Haynes, fed
eral prohibition commissioner/drew
recently in a message to the Amer
ican Public "Health 'Association'/''
He has found, iodine, a deadly
poison, used to color bootleg
whiskey and give. it a "kick." He
has found many stills operating on
garbage, with half-rotten banana
skins,. watermelon rinds, potato
peelings, etc.,' appearing 'in the
mash. And the home distilling is
not much better than that done for
profit. Ignorance of proper proce
dure and inability on the part. of.
amateurs to keep their stills at a
proper temperature result in the
production, of ether, fusel oil and
other highly poisonous liquids in
stead of alcohol. Often there is
produced an ? aldehyde. which
"pickles" the drinker's digestive
apparatus. Some doctors say that
the drinking of the sun! now being
made and distributed is producing
an alarming crop of diabetics. f
The surroundings of the, illicit
distilling business ;are _ nauseating,
too. Some stills have been, found
hidden under hog pens.. Nearly all
of the bootleg stills are filthy: as
well as unscientific. Some of them
use lead pipe instead of copper,
thus adding another poison to their
It is not. so very much better
with soft drinks, which also are
being made in great quantity by
home-brewers and, fly-by-night
The chief of the Chicago food
inspection bureau says soft drinks
are being made, widely by people
in their back yards or cellars. The
ingredients are mainly carbonated
water, saccharine and coloring
matter, the product being wholly
lacking in nutritive elements and
often positively harmful. So un
hygienic is the usual process that
ot 47 soft drink samples he exam
ined, every one showed some kind
of bacillus present, with five con
taining diptheria germs.
Brewing and distilling, whether
alcoholic or otherwise, are compli
cated arts, requiring experience,
skill and honesty. The only safe
way is to buy or accept no amateur
brew or distillation of any kind.
IRELAND MAKES GOOD
There has been little news print
ed from Ireland lately, and that
mostly good. To thosv who have
followed the gradual dying out of
fighting in South Ireland and on
the Ulster border rnd the orderly
progress made by the Dublin par
liament toward the inauguration
of the Irish Free State, it is a reve
With the virtual collapse of the
revolt headed by. De Vaiera and
leader, the sober heads have, had
a chance to act, and have made
the complete discrediting of that
the best of it. New leaders have
appeared to carry on the work of
Griffith and Collins. In their work
is evidence of real statesmanship.
Ability in Irishmen awakens no
surprise: but more illuminating
than anything else, to those who
may have doubted their capacity
for wise action, has been their
conciliatory temper, their willing
ness to forget and forgive, past dif
ferences and wrongs.
The government, is Dublin is
standing by the treaty of London,
establishing the island as a free
dpminiqp within the British Em
pire, and the new. government in
London is standing by it. The
Irish Free. State will soon be a real
ity. If the constructive work pro
ceeds in its present spirit, it -may
not be many years until the dream
of an Ireland not only free but
[ united is realized.
In Chicago a legal battle is go
ing, on over a bequest of $40,000
left to two pet dogs. Boston is en
joying a contest over $25.000, the
inheritance of an ancient cat
named "Mewsie". It is a fine
sidelight on human folly.
It .is right that pets should be
provided ,for by those who must
leave .them either permanently or
tejnporarily, but this can be done
with little expenditure of time, or
money. .AH that any animal real
ly needs for its comfort and hap
piness is a little plain food, some
fsort of shelter from inclement
weather, and kind treatment. There
are always reliable people willing
to; take blooded animals and give
them good homes without any
charge. It is even, possible to find
a .place for pets of low degree.
[There, are .institutions devoted to
caxing for animals of all sorts and
[orjomoting animal welfare in gen
eral A bequest to such organiza
tions would .insure the safety .of
individual pets and further the
"cause...of .all dumb creatures.
? . So much for the animal side of
if, to say nothing of all the'good
these misdirected thousands would
do if applied to human rights and
?needs. Presumably the individual
has. a right to dispose, of his prop
erty ?s he pleases, but there is
something warped in the person
and wrong with the social system
when, a fortune is left to.a .pussy
cat or a couple of dogs.
THE PASSING" OF PROPAGANDA
Propaganda was a good word
during the. , war, and every one
liked to use it. Allied propaganda,
German propaganda, patriotic prop
aganda and bolshevik propaganda
followed each other across the
stage, and got hands or hisses ac
cording to the temper of the peo
ple in. _ust that week . or . month.
The government, through the Bu
reau of Public Information, tried
its hand- at propagandists, and
i' - - \ . ?
'This bureau has spent millions .of
But now, in this country, the use
of the word seems confined to ad
Japan is headed the same way.
Retirement of Prince Yamagata as
governor of Kw?ntung has given
the new government opportunity
to get rid of the Information. Bu
reau of the Foreign Office of which
he was the. sponsor and the chief.
This bureau has spent millions of
yen in. placing Japan's position on
international questions before the
world, and has also been active in
supplying the world with news of
China, and China, with the news of
the world. The government, how
ever, now admits the futility of ef
fort along this line.
Publication of news events
through legitimate sources, particu
larly in relation to the Washington
Conference on the Limitation of
Armaments, has raised Japan's po
sition in western eyes more than
all the propaganda the bureau
could produce, and without cost.
The desire of the newspapermen
of the United States and Europe
to tell the truth, and proved fair
ness in handling news, convinced
the Nipponese that their interests
are safe in the hands of the news
gatherers, and that any message
the government may wish to dis
seminate is surer of a hearing if
it goes out through regular chan
Now don't be suspicious. The dis
patch on which this comment is
based is by Associated Press.
If the tired farmer got half as
much consideration as the tired
business man. he'd feel all rested.
With Turkey becoming a re
public, we hate to think of what
will happen every little while t<>
*.!*? party out of office.
Election Cuts Their
Majority to a Nar
row Margin in the
House and Senate
New York, Nov. 9.?Continued
Republican control of congress, but
with the senate majority cut in
half and the house majority slash
ed to a scant handful appeared
today, the net result of the general
election. Belated returns'frorh Mon
tana this' morning sent the Repub
licans over the top in the house
contest. Many contests are so tight
that numerous recounts are certain
to be asked.
i Washington, Nov. 8T. (By the As-|
isociated Press).?The country to-j
day watched with intense interest;
the hip' and tuck race for control!
of the house of representatives, the;
closest''since the war1 days of 1916.
ft saw'most of the Republican'
leaders stand up against the on-!
slaught; it 'saw scores of men
brought in by the Republican wave
two years ago" go out with the
Volstead, author of the'prohibit
j ti?n iriforcemeht law, was the only
j Republican cbhimitt'ee chairman
(to go down, but fell,before an in
j dependent minister candidate, self
'proclaimed dryer than Volstead,
himself: This fact often was over
looked by those who professed to;
see in the defeat of Volstead a pun
ishment for the dry law. ' '
While'they had been expected
t'o"tafee ?'big' hand in the election
the women of ;the : country were
unable'to elect one of their number;
in the' helterskelter race for seh-,
ate: There'will be no woman In
the next congress: Alice Robertson
of Oklahoma will go out then along
with Winnifred Mason Huck of Il
linois, elected' yesterday to; fill tht
term of her father, the late Wil
liam E. Mason, expiring next
Mondell, for the last four years
the Republican leader in the house,
aspiririg for a seat in the; senate
from Wyoming, went down in a vain
race for the senate and a new j
leader will arise in his place.
Speaker Gillette and Mann and
Madden?all the big committee
chairmen in fact, save Volstead,
[held their seats. Most of them
I never were in danger. '
Every Republican leader of the
house has often declared during the
last two years 'that the' majority
?around 170 at the start?was too
?big1, but none expected to see it cut
[so low,' and none seemed to fear
ithaf it would be cut below 40.
'But starting in the East, the Dem
ocratic wave began picking up seats,
j gathered 23 in New York and then:
[ raced down the Atlantic coast, cut
j ting across into Virginia then turn
ed to the Southwest, and doubling
back into PennsyK'ania, swept over
into the Middle West country and
towards the Far West in the hope
|of finding enough upturns to keep
'ahead of the Republican column
I coming along behind,
j It was nearly noon today before
I the Republicans, racing for hours
behind early Democratic voters, got
abreast of the enemy. Then for
some hours the two parties - see
i sawed and the Republicans pulled
'to the front. Only the vast ma-:
j jority of two years ago saved them.
I The drift away from the adminis
tration was greater than they
would have believed possible ten
days ago. *'
j Hours went by without bringing
! advantage to Republicans or Dem
jcrats. Among the last of old
i timers to go was McArthur of Ore
igon, enmeshed in a local situation
j in' which the Ku Klux Klan was
jsaid to have played a big hand
j against him. Stafford of Wiscon
isin, right hand man to Mann of
! Illinois, the free lance of the
j house, was bowled over by Victoi
iBerger, the twice unseated Social
list; who came back to. take his old
jseat.' He will be the lone repre
isentative of the Socialists, as Mey
[e'r London x>f New York was over
! come by a Democrat
j. Some of the big committees
Icounted heavy losses among their
j members, as one after another Re-'
j publican sitting members fell out
I of the fight.
I Predictions were freely made a
;week ago by Republican and Dem
ocratic leaders alike that no wo
man would sit in the Sixty-eighth
congress. Republicans admitted
privately that Miss Robertson
j would be beaten, and there- was
j no Democrat ready to predict the
.'election of a woman on his side.
JThe prediction was accurate so far
I as the next congress is concerned.
I Only in Iowa were the Repub
j licans able to send back a solid
j delegation. In other states dele
i gations were shot to pieces, both
j Indiana and Ohio, solid hereto
i fore, breaking up. New Jersey
(and Maryland each gave a 30-;">0
! break to the Democrats, but it was
ithe big New York overturn that
,' cheered the minority. The old
district of William McKinley in
! Ohio was captured by a Demo
crat. Champ Clark's district, tak
;en from him two years ago, just
' before his death, drifted back to
jthe Democrats. Uncle Joe Cannon's
'district, from which he retired, re
J Cordell Hull of Tennessee, au
; thor of the income tax law and now
chairman of the Democratic na
I tional committee, was among the'
'Democrats who came back. Henry
IT. Rainey, Illinois, another Dem
ocrat high in party council, was
returned alter being out two years,
and many others, who went out,
then won easily this year.
St. Louis. Nov. 9.?The Demo
crats oi Missouri scored a sweep
ins victory, electing, in addition to'
Senator Reed, eleven of the six
teen congressmen; a gain of nine,!
the state school superintendent, I
all three- judges of7 -the state su- f
I preme court, twelve of the seven-!
; teen state senators and a large,
i majority of the hundred and fifty i
I - ? . !
! San Francisco, Xov. 9.?Late re-;
turns from the far western states-!
show that the results of the vote;
for several important officers are!
still doubtful. Chief interest cen
ters in the contest for senator In
Washington, between Poindexter,
Republican, and Dill, Democrat.
Dill was reported five thousand
ahead this morning.
Fargo, X. D., Xov. 9.?With sup-1
porters of Frazier, recalled ? non
partisan league governor, claiming
that he will be elected "senator by!
fifteen thousand majority, O'Con-!
nor, his Democratic opponent, had j
a lead of seven thousand thisi
morning. O'Connor's lead was cut!
from fifteen thousand.
Detroit, Xov. 9. -- Democratic!
successes in the 'Michigan- elec- j
tion appear more pronounced to-j
day, on belated returns, which'
show that in addition to electing;
senator, congressman and five state;
legislators; the 'party gained!
ground in many state contests. In!
many instances the party elected;
county officers for the first time in [
the history of the state.
- ? ?
Oklahoma City, Xov. 9.?Okla-j
homa will send seven Democrats j
and one Republican to congress,'
it is indicated in nearly complete j
returns. The Democrats . wrested j
four congressional seats from the I
Republicans and re-elected three;
of their, own congressmen. .1
Big Rapids, Mich., Xov. 9.?J
Senator-elect Ferris, Democrat, de-!
clared today that- his first official!
act upon taking office, will be steps \
for the rehearsing of the New- j
berry case, in an effort to unseat;
the Republican junior senator.' - j
* ?.' '
Indianapolis, Xov. 8.?Three /ea-j
tures tonight stand out above all;
else in Indianas' State-wide elec-j
tion of yesterday.
? They arer;
First?The victory of Samuel M.|
[Ralston, Democrat, over Albert J.
Beveridge, Republican, in the. face
?f : Republcian victories generally
throughout the ticket.
Second?The shattering of the
solid Republican representation in
the: national House of Representa
tives for the Thirteenth Con-i
grt-ssi?nal districts with, /three;
i Democrats assured victories. ... j
I Third?The continued majority of;
jthe' Republican party in both i
j branches of the .State Legislature, j
Former Governor Ralslon's 'lead
over former Senator Beveridge' con
tinued .to amount slowly as the-re
sults from the rural districts were
gathered. . The^ unofficial; vote -onj
j the Senatorial race for 3,1*95 pre-j
i cincts ?f 3,2:95 in Indiana vgave
! Ralston . 5 30,2 2 3: and Beveridge
j 498,833. William Henry, Socialist,.
J was running a poor third; his. total
jvote" being ?,120." ?
Mrs. E. 0. Ingram Wffl Not'
. Be Tried at This Term of .j
Columbia, Xov. 8.?Mrs.. Eugene
O. Ingram, wife of a local auto
| mobile salesman, indicted yesterday
I by : a federal grand .jury on
I charges of writing improper anony
I mous letters in connection with a
(society wedding here last October,I
IwiR not be tried at the present'
j term of court, it was stated today
I by J. D. E. Meyer, United States
I District Attorney. Bond for Mrs.
! Ingram was fixed at $2,000. .
? -?- ? ? ?? ? ,; ??
Tramp, tramp, tramp, the^tramps
are heading s??th.
Wood alcohol, pistols, bolsheviks
and graft politici?hs are among
the things that we should try to
filL up the Atlantic with. , ?
in G to 14 Days
All Druggists ace authorized to
refmKi money if PAZO OINT
MENT fails to cure any case of
ITCHING, BLIND, BLEEDING
or PROTRUDING PILES. Cures
ordinary cases in 6 days, the
worst cases in 14 days.
PAZO OINTMENT instantly Re
lieves ITCHING PILES and yon
can get restful sleep after the
first application. 60c.
Woodrow Wilson ' Writes to
Missouri Friend About /
St. Louis, Nov. S.?United States-.
Senator James A. Reed, who was
re-elected for his third term in the
Senate in. a JOemoeratic victory in ;
Missouri yesterday, after having j
been repudaited by his party two
years ago, is "a man without ..va
party," according to a letter" from
former President Woodrow Wilson,
-which was.made public here today,
The letter, dated October 2?, ten
days before the election, was. ad
dressed, to. former Governor Ste
phens, and stated, that if . Reed
should be elected., he wQuId.be in
the Senate "repudiated by -.Demo.-;,
crats and elected.above, their own-. *
frnan by Republican votesJ'.
The letter^was not made public^
during the campaign .and ?erved
a reply to one.to the former Presi-,.
dent by Mr. Stephens, It was point
ed out by Mr. Stephens in his letter
. to the. former President that the
"result of the primary .-showed-.-,
clearly that a large rnajqrity of
Democrats of Missouri are with ,
you, endorse your policies, and fa
vor the league of-nations.' ?
It was written wft-h: the thought
ol informing President Wilson- -oti
the outcome of the primary. '
Mr. Wilson's letter: "
Mr: Wilson's letter follows:
"My Dear Governor Stephens:
"I,am sincerely obliged to you
for your' letter of October 21; 'P
?Ttnow how'entirely competent you
are to assess the tru? situation in ?
Missouri, 'and I value, accordingly^
the carefully (^cmsidered inf?rma
tiion conveyed in your letter.
?T do not think that I ought to
attempt any. advice as to the elec
tion. I' am too''' far1 away * from : '
yrhai I may .call^ the interior condi
tiohs of .^the' situation*' VI 'feel; be-*"**
sides, that leaders Tike yourself Van
be confidently counted upon1' ib
'guide the .loyal Democrats, of Mis
souri to the right course., of ?c- *
j.tion. ? . 1
"ff Reed is. returned to Senate^ X
he will, of course, be. there ? man
[without a party, repudiated by.^
Democrats and" elected, above th'efe ^
( \vn man by Republican votes. I \
j should think that the usual organ
i:sation of the Senate would be rents'
der^d ouite. impossible. .
j-'- "With cordial greetings, .to" all ,.
S true Democrats who, like yourself,...
j.t:phold the real interests .and best
ideals of the party and of mankind . ,
and with , sincere personal regard^*,.
"Faithfully yours, ?/
A wise man never kicks back., at.-..
a mule or at a boss. .
One man tells us he stays, ^away
from church because, he was mpT?:,?,,
ried in a church. . .; .. .- . >:v
FOR SALE?New line of /bats in j
velvet, felt, duvetyn; ? noveltjc. *
line just received:?? Also ? ?rM^.vi
ments for dresses., Come, if ye?
? need anything in my line..-?qr^Y
C. W. McGrew, N. Magnolia and ,
Myrtle Sts. .
FACTS WORTHY OF YOUR
Our large Capital Stock and" Surplus indicate our Ability* *
Large Loans and Discount*?our Liberality. ?
Large Deposits?the Peoples' Satisfaction with our Service
and Confidence in. our Protection. ; ,
We offer you onr Service and Protection and want your \
The National Bank of South Carolina
The Bank With the Chime Clock
C. 6. Rowland. Pres. Earfe Rowland, Cashier
_: ?jiy^iL ? ??_??? ?-v
TEN YEARS HENCE
WILL YOU BE PROSPERING in BUSINESS or
' LOOKING FOR A JOB ?
IT DEPENDS ON WHETHER OR NOT
YOU HAV E STARTED TO SAVE,
.... ? v
First National Bank of Sumter
_____________ . ? ?