Newspaper Page Text
THE STJMTER WATCHMAN, Est
CONSOLIDATED AUG? 2,
Turkish Delegate At
tempts to Discuss
age" Between Bal
kan States and Di
* rected Against Tur
Lausanne. Nov. 23 (By the As
sociated Press).?The Turkish del
egation this evening received the
brigade of newspaper correspond
ents and provided by far the most
* amusing press conference since the
Lausanne conclave started.
Gen. Ismet Pasha himself did the
talking. He took a fligtg at the oth
er delegations which have been di
vulging the proceedings of the se
cret conference sessions by solemn
ly declaring that his sense of honor
in the sacredness of agreement
prevented him from making public
what they had done behind the
Then he jollily attempted to dis
* cuss the question of "love mar
riage" which somebody told .him
had taken place between the Bai-,
kan States, and directed against
the dangers of Turkey^ return to.
Europe. Jr; -
"Personally," he retorted. \I
haven't heard a thing, about this,
A vivacious woman writer from
the Balkans interjected:
"But general, you were not in
vited to-the wedding, were you?"
Ismet laughed heartily.. but de
clined to give an answer.
The Kemalist foreign minister is
very deaf, and his secretary, Tahia
Kemal. a distant relative of the
great Mustapha, fairly shouted the
"The journalists want to know
about the 'love marriage* between
Turkey and Russia."
Ismet lost his captivating smile
at this but replied in a serious
"That is a marriage that, has ac-<
tually occurred. Everything they,
say about it is true. We have a
treaty with Russia, and very -goo<?
relations with "Russia'.- 3 -
The general speaks no English j
and. but falteringly in French, and:
for this reason his remarks about
Western Thrace were difficult to
understand. He wanted an honest,
impartial plebiscite . there, but
added that Turkey was not seek-;
ing any additional territory.
"We want a fair vote, without
terrorism," he declared. "Turkey!
is dedicated to liberty and does not
believe that people, should be held"
in bondage against their wishes.**;
He regretted to report that the
Greeks were deporting Turkish]
residents from Macedonia and'
"What do you think about the
suggested demilitarization of the
frontiers of Eastern Thrace?" was.
the next query.
"I do not like to. say anything,
about it," he replied. 'That is a
subject for the conference to set
tle but I can assure you that Turk
ish militarism is never aggressive
or'oppressive of anybody."
Asked if he counts upon loans
and credits from England or other
countries l3met answered: .
"Certainly. Turkey offers the;
finest investment in the world. We <
are looking for ? flow of capital
from all lands because our coun
try presents great business oppor
"And I want to say," he added,
"how glad I am th?t the United
States is represented in this con
-? O ?'
Woman Misses Target
Shoots at Husband on Green
Greenville, Nov. 24.?A - Main
street throng was startled about 5
o'clock this afternoon when Mrs.
M. C. Hunnicutt drew a small cali
ber pistol and fired one shot in the
direction of an automobile near the
intersection of Main and Coffee
streets, in which sat her husband
and Miss Fannie Hovis. The bullet
did not strike either of the couple,
but went through the back of the
automobile, struck the side of a
building, richocheted and struck
Mr." Crosby, a barber, who was
standing at the entrance to his
shop. Although the ball hit Mr.
Crosby in the head, it had spent
its force and he was not injured.
Police arrested Mr. and Mrs.
Hunnicutt and Miss Hovis, later re
leasing Mrs. Hunnicutt on b*>nd of
$125 and the other two on bond of
$25 each. Officers, after talking to
Mrs. Hunnicutt, declared that her
act had been prompted by jealousy
because of alleged attentions paid
to Mss Hovis by Hunnicutt. Hun
nicutt is a taxi driver.
Disaster on River in Argen
Beunos Aires, Nov. 27.?Thirty
four persons, many of them chil
dren, perished in a collision be
tween a launch and a ferry boat in
the Parana river near Zatara last
hbUBbe? AprO, 1850.
York Man Goes to
Electric Chair For
Murder of... Taylorj
York. Nov. 25.?William C.
Paries, convicted by a Tork jury I
of the murder of Newton Taylor,
13 year old boy, at Clover, was this
afternoon sentenced to die in the
electric chair December 29, sen
tence being" pronounced by Judge
James E. Peurifoy at 5:35 o'clock
this afternoon, after he had over
ruled a motion by counsel for the
:defense for a new trial. Counsel
for Faries announced this afternoon
that an appeal would be taken to
the supreme court.
At 1:38 o'clock this afternoon,
the case, the trial of which had be- i
gun yesterday morning, went to the
jury and at 3:19 o'clock, after the
dinner recess, the verdict was
brought in. However, it was learn
ed this afternoon, the jury required
only one-ballot in the reaching of
the verdict and this ballot, it was
announced, was not taken until the!
jurors had prayed for guidance in
reaching their decision.
At 3:21 o'clock the verdict was
i read and^ Faries, sitting handcuffed
[.beside his attorneys, showed prac
? tically no emotion. Stolid and un
perturbed, he had lounged in his
[ chair through the morning session,
apparently forgetful of all happen
ing about him.
? The afternoon session was recon
vened at 3 o'clock, a recess having
been taken for dinner and for 19
miutes Faries waited the return of
the juryv As the time wore on he
(grew, as he waited.- visibly more
I nervous. The handcuffs appeared
[to worry him, and he continuous
t ly readjusted the steel bracelets,
[ fingering them in seeming curiosity.
[He heard the verdict read, however,
f without a tremor, merely turning
I his eyes to the sheriff who had ap
sproached to remove the handcuffs.
Counsel for the defense immedi
ately; gave notice of intention to
i move for a new trial and at the re
quest of .Thomas P. McDow, Judge
Peurifoy set 5 o'clock as the hour
to hear the motion.- Another re
cess was; takjjn and Faries, sur
rounded* by a number of friends
land some of his children, was taken
to. av jury room to await the re
?opening of the court. The mo
tion for ^ new trial was denied and
at 5:21 o'clock Judge Peurifoy or
dered Faries. to stand up to hear
[his sentence. -
, "I have wondered," Judge Peuri
foy told the aged defendant, "if you
could retrace your steps if you
would live your life any different
ly.- Now, I think, you have come
to know what it means to strike
down and kill in anger and possi
bly you could tell the young folk
of this city something about the
control of the passions. But your
race is run. I do not know what
I your intentions were in youth. But
I if good intentions are not translat
ed into good actions, they fall short
I of value. You have take the wrong
[angle. You might have made
friends of these people, but instead
you fed the flames of anger, and as
a result you stand today, just as the
|sun is sinking, almost in the very
presence of your Maker. Your at
torneys may get you a new trial,
but my advice to you is not to rely
upon this hope, but now, without
delay, to make your preparations to
meet your God."
[ For 14 minutes Judge Peurifov
talked and for 14 minutes Faries,
, having admitted that he had noth
ing further to say that had not
[already been said, stood watching
the judge and waiting for the In
evitable solemn "and may God
have mercy upon your soul." As
I the minutes wore on. his gaze wan
dered and all the time he showed
no signs of emotion other than the
constant twirling of his big black
hafc The strain, however, had be
gun to tell and it required con
scious effort on his part to reply
under the coaching of his attorney
to the judge's query as to whether
he had anything to say why sen-i
tence of death should not be pass
ed upon him, he stammered, chok
ed, then caught himself and an
swered, "Nothing except what my
counsel has said before."
Faries to Penitentiary.
York, Nov. 26. ? William C. I
Faries. convicted yesterday on a
charge of murder for the killing
last September of Newton Taylor.
13, and sentenced to die in the
electric chair on December 29. is!
expected to be taken to the state
penitentiary in Columbia tomor
row, it was stated here today.
Howard McMackin. deputy clerk of
the court, said tonight, however,
that no commitment papers had
yet been issued.
U. S. AND TURKEY
Paris. Nov. 27. ? A separate
treaty between the L'nited States
and Turkey is being considered at
Lausanne, says a Temps dispatch.
The correspondent suggests that
this was the possible subject of a
talk between Richard Washburn
Child and Ismct Pasha yesterday.
"Be Jost and Fear
J Ambassador C h i 1 d
Stetes American Po
sition as to Near
East to Peace Con
Lausanne, Nov. 25.?The Ameri
can spokesman today told the Near
East peace conference the Ameri- j
can position. The conference im
mediately adjourned until after
noon when the boundary discussion
will be resumed.
Mr. Child told the other dele
grates the American representa
tives would express views based
only on the legitimate interests of
? the United States or humanitarian
consideration. He said the Amer
ican representatives were unable to
hear any discussion of territorial
settlement concluded which may
affect other settlements without
drawing attention to the tradi
tional foreign policy Of America.
? ? m
Clemson College News
Freshman Class Adopts the
! Clemson College, Nov. 23.?The
I freshman class at a recent meeting
adopted the honor system and elect
ed as the honor committee the fol
lowing members: C. L. Hawkins,
Starr; L. D. Deloach, Camden:
>V. W. Bryan, Clemson College: J.
Frank "Hagood, Spartan burg; F. N.
Culler, Swansea; R. A. Johnson,
Dillon, and H. L. Thomas, Mayes
ville. This makes over half of the
student body under the honor sys
tem, as the present sophomores
adopted the system while fresh
Interesting figures regarding
church membership among the stu
| dents at Clemson have been given
out by the registrar, Mr. J. C. Lit
tlejohn. Out of 817 cadets whose
records were examine*! only 20 arc.
not church members. Not one
class has over 5 non-church mem
bers. Membership in the different
denominations is as follows: Bap
tists 237, Methodists 275, Presby
terians 154, Episcopalians 42. Lu
therans 21, A. R. Presbyterians 12,
Catholics 7. all others 5.
Clemson's cross-country team
won by a score of 20-35 against
the University of Georgia team in
Athens last week. The Clemson
men w ho won this victory are C.
T. Young. Rock Hill: F. E. Buck,
Sumter: M. Huggins, Timmonsville:
E. C. Seasc. Prosperity; J. S. Thur
mond, Edgefield; J. W. Bauer, Co
The Clemson College .A. E. F.
club held its annual banquet on
last Friday evening, at which ev
erybody had a good time. Cadet
L. B. Dyches, president of the
club, acted as toast master, and
talks were made by Dr. W. W.
Mills. Prof. W. P. Enloe. Ser
geant F. S. Singer, ^ and Cadets G.
H. Griffin. M. A. LeGette, and R. L.
Hartley. About 40 members were
The student publications of
Clemonson College are represented
at tlie annual meeting of the South
Carolina College Press Association
in Columbia this week. H. A.
Woodle, Greenwood, and J. M.!
Bankhead. Lowryville: represent-j
ing the Tiger, and R. W. Coarscy,!
Clemson college; and T. L. \
Vaughan. Cowpens; representing!
The Calhoun Literary Society j
has elected as officers for the sec-,
end term E. A. Woodle, Green
wood, president; R. W. Coarsey,
Clemson College, vice-president;
G. C. Wofford, Laurens. recording
secretary; E. H. Hall, Blackville.
corresponding secretary: H. W.
Conder. Darlington, and J. H.
Alexander. Walhalla, critics.
Dr. W. M. Riggs, Prof. H. W.I
Barre, Dr. F. H. H. Calhoun. Dr. I
R. N. Brackett and others have!
returned from Washington where!
they attended the meeting of the
association of agricultural colleges
and experiment stations. While in
Washington. Dr. Riggs secured the
approval of the department of ag
riculture for the establishment by
that department of a boll weevil
experiment station to be operated
at Florence, S. (.'., for studying the
boll weevil under conditions exist
ing in the South Atlantic States.
Clemenceau Refuses to Tone
Down or Qualify His
Aboard Clemenceau's Private
Car. Enroute to Chicago. Nov. 27.
?Georges Clemenceau today, re
ferring to criticisms of his speeches,
declared he speaks his piece in his
own way. regardless of who be of
fended. He has received dozens
of telegrams from friends urging
him to tone down his remarks so
they will be inoffensive to any
portion of the nation. He said he
came to tell the truth and say the
things he thought would help pre
serve world peace.
Not?Let all the ends Thon Aims't i
Sumter, S. C, Wednesda
Former Secretary of
State Board Gets in-!
to Limelight by Ex-j
,aggerated Charges j
Greensboro. N. C Nov. 24.?Con
ditions in the chaingangs in South
Carolina are "brutal and expen
sive." G. C. Williams of Columbia,
former secretary of the South Car
olina state board of public wel- i
fare, today told the citizens' com
mittee of 100 of the North Carolina
social service conference.
Prisoners sent to the chaingangs
in his state are placed in chains. |
forced to wear stripes and ?are
beaten "unmercifully," Mr. Wil
liams said, and declared that poli
tics is responsible for the condi
tions, he charged.
Predicting that within a few
years prison camps will be aban
doned, he recommended establish
ment of a farm for women pris
oners, training schools for "' yb?ng |
! prisoners, creation of a "just" pa
; role system, district jails instead of
county jails, a receiving '-station
.'through which all prisoners could
jbe sent and provision for'paying
them something for their labor. '
The committee met here to hear,
reports from its subcommittees and
' to decide upon recommendations
to the North Carolina legisf?ftlrc.
Governor Harvey, when shown
Jthis report last evening, said*tolat
he had been in frequent conference
J with Dr. Williams, former secretary
i of the board of public welfare; and
j that had reports of crudity in
: handling prisoners been made, im
I mediate action would have been
"I feel," said the governor,
"that this report is a condensation
of general statements, without the
j context being given, which context
! would probably modify the"'?taVe
"I have no doubt that there are!
men wearing chains in different
sections of the state and that ihen
wear stripes?and I am not averse*
to their so doing. No doubt there
have been cases of harsh: treat
ment of prisoners. But these "are
i isolated cases.
"If such conditions were general,
they would have been reported to
me and I would have taken a hand
in them immediately.
j "My own experience has been
in making investigations that there
is too much laxity shown in handl
ing prisoners and that they are ex
tended too many privileges ?nd
"Investigations have been made J
of reports of harsh treatment" ac- i
corded prisoners and they have
been found, at times, to have
been grossly exaggerated.
"I feel that had the conditions
outlined in the report from Greens
boro been general, they would have
j been reported to me in the fre
quent conferences held with Dr.
Governor Harvey, who is ex-of
ficic chairman of the public wel
fare board, said that a meeting of
the welfare board would be held
next Monday at which time this
report from Greensboro might be >
Power Curtailment Announced
By Southern Power
Charlotte, N. C, Nov. 24.?With
the announcement here today by
officials of the Southern Power
company that, effective next Mon
day, all users of power will be re
quired to curtail operations until
the winter rains set in. one-eighth
of the total textile spindles of the
country will be idle one day week
ly, it was said tonight by Charles
I. Burkholder, vice president of
the company. The territory af
fected has been divided into.five
districts and the curtailment of
power to the mills on a prorated
basis will cause 20 per cent, of tho
t^xtilv manufacturers to be closed
during the remainder of the dry
Officials announced that the com
pany's steam plants have been op
erated day and night for the past
'two months in an effort to supply
the mills, but lark of rainfall has
greatly diminished the water sup
ply in the company's reservoirs.
During Tbc rocent railroad strike
the company had announced plans
for power curtailment, but the
settlement of the strike averted
I the action.
GETS TEN YEARS
Los Angeles. Nov. 27. ? Mrs. j
,Clara Phillips, who was covhlcted
of the murder of Mrs. Alberta
Meadows, was today sentenced to
serv e ten years' in, prison* r ^_^ ?
at be thy Country's, Thy God's and
y, November 29, 1922
Senator E. D. Smith
Objects to Proposed
$5,000,000 Loan to
. Wahington, Nov. 24.?Agree
ment was reached in the senate
today for a final vote Monday on
the administration measure to
loan Liberia $5,000,000. The sen
ate then adjourned until Monday.
When the senate quit work a
motion offered by Senator Sim
mons (Democrat) of North Caro
lina, was pending to send the res
olution authorizing the loan, back
to the finance committee with in
structions to eliminate the loan
feature and report out only the
amendments attached in the senate
authorizing an appropriation of
of $20,000,000 for reclamation
work and $170,000 for employment
by the interstate commerce com
mission of 35 additional locomo
tive boiler inspectors.
Attacks upon the proposed loan
by the Democrats became general
today. They challenged the Re
publican claim that a moral obliga
tion existed for the extension of
the credit as the result of the part
played by Liberia in the World
war. Administration leaders in re
ply declared the previous Demo
cratic administration had arranged
to extend the loan but had delay
ed carrying it out until Liberia
complied with certain conditions.
Senator Smoot (Republican) of
Utah, a member of the debt fund
ing committee, told vthe senate
that of the loan $s!500,000 was to
be spent for roads, schools and
other public improvements in Li
beria and about $1,500,000 to re
fund loans from bankers. Denying
that foreign governments would
have prior liens. Senator Smoot
said the United States "took the
position that it was not going to
loan money?and let others have a
claim while we hold a second
s*j- ' -?? ? ?
State Welfare Board
Former Secretary Williams'
Greensboro Speech Causing
Columbia, Nov. 27.?The South
Carolina Welfare Board will prob
ably be in sesion.all day Monday,
with. important matters pertaining
to the state's penal and charitable
institutions up for consideration.
In addition, the board will prob
ably take final action looking to the
election of an executive secretary,
to succeed Rev.,G. Croft Williams,
who recently resigned Jo take an
adjunct professorship at the Uni
versity of South Carolina and al
so the pastorate of,the St. John's
Episcopal church here.
The board recently conducted an
election by mail, and W. J. Mc
Garrity, of Aiken, was elected sec
retary. Mr. McGarrity came to
Columbia recently and conferred
with Governor Harvey regarding
the office, but his intentions re
garding acceptance were not made
Another matter before the board
is the chaingang system of the
state, though no definite action
will likely be taken at this time.
In Greensboro, N. C. last Friday
Dr. Williams made the statement
that there were instances of cruelty
on the chaingangs of South Caro
lina. Upon his return to the city
Saturday. Dr. Williams had a con
ference with Governor Harvey. Gov
ernor Harvey does not fully agree
with Dr. Williams in some of his
views as to the chaingang system,
and yet there is no note of discord
existing between the governor and
the former head of the welfare
board. Dr. Williams stated that
while his speech in Greensboro
might have aroused some feeling
in South Carolina, he did not in
tend to say that, conditions on all
the gangs Of the state at all times
were as bad as the pres reports of
his Greensboro speech might in
dicate. Dr. Williams told the
governor, as he has stated in pub
lic statements on previous occa
sions, that he is opposed to the
county chaingang system. He is
also opposed to whipping and to
some of the other forms of pun
ishment now used by the gang au
thorities. Governor Harvey has not
the same feeling in the matter. He
opposes anything that might re
semble cruelty, but he says he
believes there are times when
whipping might be inevitable as a
last resort. He also favors the
use of stripes on prisoners, largely
as a matter of identification and
Dr. Williams opposes the pres
ent gang system as being expen
sive, and as failing to produce the
proper constructive results. He
believes other methods of handling
prisoners would have greater ef
fect in improving the criminal sit
uation of the state.
Washington. Nov. 27.?The house
without a recording vote, eliminat
ed from the shipping bill the sec
tion permitting the shipping board
to sell government vessels without
advertising for competitive bids.
LABOR IS THE
!? ? 1
Question o f Unem
ately Becomes Cen
ter of Interest in
London, Nov. 23 fBy the Asso
ciated Press).?The opening of the
business session of .parliament to
day quickly revealed what is likely
to be the paramount question in
both houses, apart from Irish legis
lation, for which .the session was
especially called. The keynote of
this was struck in the king's
As soon as the time honored
ceremonies incident to the state
opening of parliament were con
eluded and before the new parlia
ment really settled down to its du
ties, it became evident that the
government's hope of limiting the
discussions to the Irish bill would
be disappointed. Labor, through
the mouth of its new parliamen
tary leader, J. Ramsay MacDon
ald. immediately fastened on to the
governmental confession in the
king's speech that it has no new
policy with respect to this im
portant question but depends upon
an execution of the late co
alition government's proposed rem
The tenor of the opposition
speeches in the debate on the ad
dress was to press the prime min
ister to receive an 'unemployed"
deputation. This, however, Bo
nar Law seems determiend not to
do. In a further reply to a renew
ed request by the deputation^ for
an interview tonight, he refused
again on tiie same ground, name
ly, that orderly administration will
become impossible if every group
desiring to raise a departmental
question ignores the responsible
Lord Birkcnhead. in the house of
lords, referred to the extreme
gravity of the unemployment ques
tion, for which no statesman yet
had devised a remedy. This may,
perhaps, be taken as an indication
of the line which criticism from
the Lloyd..George-party, will ?o;?
John Roblrt Clynes, former par
liamentary Labor leader, will move
an amendment to the address, ex
pressing regret that the govern
ment has no proposal for adequate
treatment of the unemployment
problem, nor any indication 6i l
change of policy to enable Euro
pean customers to ? buy British
goods again; and, so restore inter
national trade.and stabilize inter
~~ While the debate in the house
of commons today focussed mainly
on unemployment and social prob
lems in the house of lords, it con
cerned for the most part foreign
policy. Viscount Grey, laying
stress on the danger of Germany,
Turkey and Russia forming a com
bination together against the allies,
pleaded that everything should be
done to maintain a strong, united
The prime minister in the com
mons was able to give no infor
mation about the Lausanne con
ference and thought it was not the
business of parliament or the press
to interfere in the conference ne
The new Communist member, J.
T. W. Newbold, and Edwin Sey
mour, who defeated Winston Spen
cCjT Churchill in the recent elec
tions, got themselves early into the
limelight with somewhat violent
speeches. Mr. Newbold came into
conflict with the speaker in his
first speech, in which he described
today's state function as "a torn
fool show," the cost of which'
would better have been devoted to
Lady AstOr, in a speech on the
housing question, in which she was
frequently interrupted by .Labor
ites. with whom she had some
acrimonious passages, declared
that although she was a Conserva
tive she would vote against the
government unless good housing
proposals were provided.
Lloyd George was present but
did not speak. Rumors that he in
tended to retire for the time ap
pear to be unfounded for he was
unanimously elected leader of the
National Liberals at a meeting of
that party today and is expected
to take a prominent part in parlia
L. L. Baker Leaves Boys' Club
Work to Go With State
Columbia. Nov. 27.?L. L. Baker,
of Bishopville, for a number of
years in charge of boys' club work
in South Carolina, will on Decem
ber I, become inspector of all non
perishable goods warehouses for the
state warehouse system, according
to an announcement made yester
day by Clifton Rivers, warehouse
commissioner. Mr. Baker will be
directly associated with the ware
house system. He has t"*>r many
years been interested in promoting
better farming and better market
ing conditions for South Carolina.
THE TRUE SOU
POLICY ON THE
Experts, College Men
and Others Interest
ed Attending Meet-1
in? at Capital?Boll
I Weevil is Chief Sub
Washington, Nov. 23.?The gov
ernment's policy with regard to all
: phases of the cotton industry was
I outlined tonight by members of
I the Department of Agriculture's
.cotton council to the cctton confer
I ence held in conection with the
annual convention of the Associa
. tion of Land Grant Colleges,
j Presirents. extension directors,
i and deans of colleges of the vari-:
. ous cotton growing states, and ex
perts in every line cf cotton grow
ing and cotton marketing were
. brought together to discuss a defi
j nite policy with r?gard .to every
I phase "of the industry. The con
j tVrence was preliminary to the cot-1
; ton States conference to be held j
in Memphis early in December and j
; which Secretary JVallace, off the !
Department of ^Agriculture, will j
j attend with several government cot-!
j ton experts. v
j Recommendations made by the
?cotton council of the Department;
of Agriculture, after many confer
ences in which experts in every
? branch, cf cotton growing or mar
I keting participated, were laid be
i fore tonight's conference, which
j was developed from the ideas of
i Dr. Bf. A. Morgan, president of the
; University of Tennessee, who has
j made several tours of the 'cotton.
; belt on investigation for the De
partment of Agriculture.
Fight Against WeeviL
i One of the principal subjects
j covered in the recommendations is
j the fight against the boll weevil
: To overcome its ravages it was
! said to be of first necessity to ma
j ture the largest possible crop in thev
1 shortest possible time. To accom
plish the end the cotton. council's
! recommendations include:
\ Selection of well-drained soils; if
i possible, only. land capable of pro
j ducing, with reasonable fertiliza,-?
j tion, at least half a bale per acre. \
? Preparation of a good seed bed
j liberally fertilized.
j Planting Of good seed of izn
j proved, early maturing variety, rec
ommended by the State experiment
station and the Department of. Ag
Planting of seed of a single va
viety bj entire communities and
Securing and maintaining a full
stand through proper planting and
liberal use of seed and. early and
frequent thorough cultivation.
Destruction of all possible adult
weevils, either by hand picking or
? poisoning, if weevils are numerous
j at the time cotton is just beginning
! Picking and destruction of all
j punctured squares every week or
ten days for a month, if not
I equipped to poison by dusting.
I Then, if weevils arc still numer
, ous. apply calcium arsenate dry
I dust poison, following directions of
j the Department of Agriculture
j State College of Agriculture.
I Picking of cotton in the fall as
j rapidly as possible and immediate
!ly killing all cotton stalks, thereby
! destroying the food supply and
breeding places of the weevil be-'
fore the hibernation period. !
Burning over, or cleaning up, j
during winter of woodland, trash!
j or rubbish in which weevils suc-J
j cessi'ully hibernate, especially in j
terraces, fence rows, ditch banks i
Recommendations for controlling!
the boll weevil were formulated be- j
fore the announcement of the Flor- J
ida State plant board of its new]
' method for reducing boll weevil in- J
I jury to short staple cotton, and in
! view of the promising results ex- j
J pected for Florida conditions the j
! cotton council says it was as clear
i ly desirable that experimental ap-]
j plication of the Florida plan should j
! be made in each of the different
? Improvement of the quality of
I cotton, the cotton council declares,
, becomes more essential as the
i standard of living of cotton pro
j dueers rise and as the competition
ot* foreign cotton producing regions
! increase?. Recommendations arCj
i made for the encouragement of
i production of cotton above 7-8 and;
! up to 1 1-S inches, there being
j no economic justification for grow
ing fibre less than 7-8 of an inch
[ in length. It rinds the quality o?
I the crop ha3 deteriorated in many
localities in recent years. The most
j serious obstacle to improvement of
| the quality of cotton, the council
j states, is that too many kinds of
I cotton are planted in the same lo
i cality resulting quickly in a blend -
I ed nnmgrel breed of 'greatly in
| ferior quality having reduced value.
Can Improve Grade.
; The quality of upland cotton can
j be improved and the improvement
maintained only through production
of adequate supplies of pure plant
ing seed of superior varieties for
which establishment of centers of
pure seed production is essential.
Restrietion of production to a small
number of varieties would be ma
terially advantageous both from
TjtlltOSr, Established .Trine t. 18G6.
VOL. Lin. NO 31
Publicity C hic.f
Ground for Argu- S
ment Made by (kyxfc [
sei for Faries
York, Nov. 23.?A motion for ^
a change of venue and continuance
on ground of inadequate time to
prepare defense were refused thb? <
afternoon when made before Judge
Peurifoy by former Governor* Cole
Blease and Thomas F. McDow^
counsel for. William C. Faries,
charged with the murder of four
members of the family of Jas. M.
Taylor; at Clover, on September 6.
It was announced by Judge Peuri
foy that Faries would be brought to
court tomorrow morning to an
swer/the charge of kililng ^Newto-i
Taylor, aged twelve, the first of
the victims alleged to have,-been
shot in the Clover horror.
The motion for a change of v.-?n
ue was argued, by former Governor
Blease on. the ground that the
Yorkville Enquirer, comity newspa
per, had more influence/in STdrk
county than any State news'pajMK
circulated in any county, -= r?d cha-t ??
the Enquirer had published eei--^
tain, articles- relative to the de
fendant's father and to his atb-gV ?
past difficulties thai pieJudjcejl'hL:
case in the mind of any-juror."/a'?
though the attorney stressed the
fact: that he wished to. capt no ??
persion relative, to the honesty ar?T
integrity of the many York co*m:y
jury. >??-"'. - * v'
There haSs been nothing said f x
the county , .newspaper that has
not been said in the daily newspaf
pers' regarding this case, com}
merited Judge Peurifoy in refusing
the motion for a change oi'vemi?, ?
and nothing said in York count
that lias not been printed? in/mv
own home paper in Walterboro.
? John R.. Hart, of counsel for the*
state, offered numerous affidavits
.that the defendant could get a fair'
trial in* Yj>rk county, while the /de
fense counsel offered no affidavits
to 'the contrary, basing their argu
ment^soiely on the ground of uh:
due/ newfjgajier ;nablicitjs,.
.. Judge Peurifoy: went on'to say
in refusing thejnouon that he had
seen "no indication* of threatening
mob infiueh.ee or unrest. It was ua
bffieially*, reported that counsel for v
the. defentie..'had .Offered, prior to
the* motion, to submit the case Xq
a verdict 6f guilty with recommen
dation t& mercy in the Newton Tay
lor case, .which would have neces
sarily carried a sentence of life im
prison ment:"This the state refused
and''.the* defense argument included .
a statement that such refusal was ,
contrary to the $each:ngs of Jesus
Christ whilfe he was upon earth.
Yorkr*~Nov. 24.?Six members
"f a jury to try William C." Faries
on a charge of killing Newton
Taylor last September at Clover,
were selected, before noon today.
This is the first of four chargae
of murder against Faries, growing
out of the shooting of members
of the Taylor family. The court
room was, crowded to capacity. An ??
extra force 'ef deputy sheriffs were ~
on duty. Faries* gins men ranged
themselves around him in court. V' V
Belgravian Carrying 2^00^Gr
phans Collides With Liner
- Constantinople, Nov. 25.?Amer
ican Near East relief ? ship Bel-' ,
gravian, carrying two thousand
orphans from Asia Minor, collided
with the trans-Atlantic liner. 3?ew
York at the junction of thejios
phorus and the Sea of Marmora to
day. Allied ships have gone' to
Many children were injured.
None were killed. ^
London, Nov. 25.?The bill set
ting up the Irish free slate was pub
lished here, today. It provides Vor
the temporary continuation 'of ;!;e.
present taxation system. It gives the
Irish' power to adopt acts appli- ;
cable to Other dominions. Is pro
vides for a legislature consisting of
deputies and senate. Citizens of 5
the age of twenty-one can be voted ?
for deputies, and those of the age
of thirty for the senate.
No man Is boss in his own home
un\ss the family is away.
the standpoint of production and
Recommendations of State insti-^
tutions as to the best cotton varle-*
ties for the different sections of
the belt have been assembled by
the cotton council and endorsed by
it with the suggestion that fed
eral cooperation with the States ,
should be directed toward aiding in
the establishment of pure variety
seed?production areas. Special -
cncoui*?gement, it recommend**,
should be given to increased pro
duction of planting' seed from
Cleveland, Loue Star and Acata
and varieties sinulrvr to those,
? * - . m