Newspaper Page Text
TWE STJMTKK WATCHMAN, KetJ
CONSOLIDATED AUG. 2,3
Leader of Columbia!
Put to Death in Elec-j
Columbia, Dec. 22?Frank M.
Jeffords, was electrocuted at the
-state prison here today for the
murder last. May of his business
partner, J. C. Arnette.
The/ current was turned on at
16:24Kaxid He was pronounced dead
four minutes later. Only one appli
cation of the current was made.
Jeffords made a few requests
about the disposition of his personal
He entered the death chamber
with a firm tread. He greeted thej
! witnesses with "Good Morning, gen
tlemen,** then calmly took his place
in the chair. The straps adjusted i
and Superintendent Sanders asked
Jeffords if he had anything to say,
"Only thing I want to say," said
Jeffords," "is that all in here and
outside see an example in this, I
have made my peace with God and
am ready to go. I want to say "a
litle prayer too."
Then he repeated the 23rd Psalm
adding to the Biblical text the
words, Amen. As he ended the cur
rent was applied. His. brother and
brother-in-law visited him,prior to
the execution. ^
Ithe law can I
The Firm Stand of Governor
Harvey Has Produced
? ? - ? ? - "i
Columbia,- Dec. 22.?The whole
sale effect which; Governor Harvey's
lirm stand for law-enforcement is,
having on the state is illustrated ?
by a report made to the chief ex
ecutive today by one of his special
<onstables, who was sent into a
certain Piedmont county to inves
t igate charges that had been made!
against several jnagigt.raj?s_ . there,
of their failure f?"pr?p"erl3?*cc?-oper
ate in the enforcement of law. The
governor withheld the, name inten
tionally, because he said he did not
care to embarrass the officials and;
so long as they were doing their [
duty now, he did not see it neces- l
sary to take any peremptory ac-j
tibn as yet. The governor recent-1
2y suspended one magistrate in the!
county in question arid instituted'
investigation of others*. J
The report made't? the governor
Showed- that the magistrates* in the
county in which thet special officer
was sent to investigate, got busy
when they learned that the chief;
executive was cheeking them up.j
One of the magistrates turned in i
5331 during the month of Novem
ber, which he had collected in fines
and bail forfeitures, whereas dur
ing'two years of his * term before
the governor got on his trail, he
had not turned in any money at
Another magistrate in the county,
into whose work the governor's
special officer probed, collected dur
ing November about $S0, which was
' double the total amount turned in
l?y him through his entire term j
before the governor started his in
vestigation. This magistrate also
bound over two defendants to the
court of general sessions, a thing
he had never done before.
Other magistrates in this same
county have -also made a better
Governor Harvey's firm stand for
law enforcement, taken in a gen
tlemanly and courteous way, and
at the same time with respect to.
his dnty as chief magistrate of the
I state, has won him strong com
mendation from many quarters. It
is generally conceded also that his.
stand against law violation has re
sulted in materially reducing the
amount of crime in the state. The
socalled "crime wave", which was
at its crest a few months before
Governor Harvey took office, has
been at low tide for! the half year
of the present governor's office;
Governor Harvey will probably f
make Columbia his home after his
term of office expires January lG.f
Several towns of the-state are try- j
ing to induce him to locate there.!
but Columbia will welcome him
sind his family as permanent resi
dents. They have^ mad* many!
Six Men Captured in New
Mexico by United States
Santa Fe, N. M.( Dec. 23.?Six (
men who arrived here today from;
Las Vegas in an automobile with j
heavy suitcases are being held in
jail pending an investigation in
connection with the robbery of the !
Denver federal reserve bank. The I
federal marshal received a tip from J
I^as Vegas and arrested the men In j
Clemenceau who eats 13 eggs
daily has sailed for home and the
hens can catch up with their lay
ibEshed April, 1S5U.
Gov. Harvey Fixes
New Date For Exe
cution of Man Who
is Pretending to Be
Columbia, Dec. 22.?Governor
Harvey's master stroke in his out- j
standing career as law enforcement j
officer came when he last night re
prieved the death sentence of Ira
Harrsion, partner in crime to F. M.
Jeffords, and fixed February 16 as s
the date of his execution, instead,
of December 22, the date fixed by
the court, and which vwas stayed |
by Harrison's'appeal. The gover-j
nor's reason is not hard to see, and
the cleverness of the move has at
tracted, favorable comment from
many prominent cjtizens today. .
Harrison/s appeal had stayed his
execution, which was originally set
for today, along with Jeffords, the
two having been convicted of the
murder of J. C. Arnette. His ap
peal postponed his electrocution.
A statement issued by the governor
sets forth that if the supreme court
throws out the appeal- and sends
Harrison back to the circuit court
for a new sentence, his attorney
can appeal from that sentencing,
and thia appeal will again stay the
execution, and another session of
the supreme cdurt will have to be
passed, and. the entire process of
appealing will be.taken up again.
"This proceeding ' may be contin
ued ju? so long as the counsel for
the defendant may elect to car
ry it on*" the governor's statement
says; "and I am informed by those
well versed in the law that appeals
can be made ad infinitum."
As the situation now standp, Har
rison's appeal stays the execution
on December; 22, but the new date,
February 16. is not effected. The
supreme court, the .governor says,
will meet en ; banc the'first part of
February, and if at that time
throws out the .-Harrison appeal as
without merit, acting under a new
rule of the court, which allows it
to throw out appeals which it con
siders -insufficiently bottomed, the
February 16 execution date Will ,
stand, and there will be ho resorti
to which the prisoner can 'go-hit
his efforts to escape punishment. I
The new date was set ^o that the
supreme court wcmld have plenty,
of time to act on the Harrison ap
"While there is no Way of knowing
what the court will decide as to
the appeal, it is pointed out by
Columbians familiar with the case
that Associate Justice Cothran re
cently ruled that the Harrison ap
peal was not reviewable.; He held
that the question of sanity couiu
not be raised after a man was sen
tenced and before his execution.
It is considered likely that, the en
tire court will sustain the asso
ciate justice's rulingr Harrison ap
pealed from Judge Mauldin's re
fusal to grant him a delay, that his
sanity might be investigated. Judge
Mauldin acted on advice* of three
Columbia physicians, who had in
vestigated Harrison and pronounc
ed hi?- state of coma as feigned.
P. H. Jeffords, brother to F. M.
Jeffords, who was electrocuted to
day, called on Governor Harvey last
night to appeal for mercy for his
brother. The governor told him
in a very friendly and almost.af
fectionate way that he could do,
nothing for him.
President Seeks $25,000,000
For Good Roads
Washington, Dec. 21.?President
Hardjng transmitted to congress
today>a' deficiency estimate of $25,
000.000 for the department of ag
riculture for cooperative construc
tion of post roads under the Good
Roads .Act passed at the last ses
sion of congress.
Expehdtiures of $50,000,000, in
cooperation with the states, was
authorized for the present fiscal
year and the department of agri
culture estimated that obligations
of $25,000,000 of this amount would
be incurred before June 30, next.
The remainder of the authorization
will be carried over.
In addition to the $25,000.000)
deficiency appropriation asked, the
agricultural appropriation bill now
pending carries an appropriation of
$32,000,000 for road construction
under the Federal Highway Act.
Frank M. Crump of Memp
Memphis. Dec. 23.?Frank
Crump, aged 54. one of the souths
leading cotton buyers and export
ers, died here today. He was ill
several months. He was a mem
ber of the federal committee nam
ed in 1009 to establish United
States standards of grades and
classifications of cotton.
There are many new faces
among the boxers this winter and
also some new faces on the box
"Be Just and Fear
IN NEW PLAN
of German Repara
tions by American
Hope iii London
London, Dee. 21 (By the Associ
ated Press).?Some form of inter
vention or mediation by the United
States in the reparations problem,
as now reported in .authoritative
Quarters, has revived strong: inter
est in London and has not failed
to attract the attention of the Brit-,
ish public generally, owing to the
confirmed belief that only through
a satisfactory settlement of this
problem can England hope to sur
mount its unemployment difficul
ties. ? ,V ?-.<;;
Since the disappointment recent
ly ' experience when hopes had
been aroused of a loan to Ger
many being promoted in America,
there has been; less disposition to
indulge in sanguine speculations
based on the present unoffcial ,and
informal pour parlers. For this
reason also, it may be supposed, the
British government is- disinclined
to make any open pronouncement
on the subject at least until the
new move has attained a more defi
nite form, but it is known the Brit
ish, like other ; European govern
ments, would be only too ready to
welcome the slightest sign of the
American government or people
taking any active interest in the
Key Remains in Paris.
Here, as.always, it is recognized
that the real key to the problem
lies in Paris. It is understood the
conversations between the French
and British governments are con
tinuing in an endeavor to find
some ground ofj agreement for the
adjourned conference of the' pre
meiers to be" held in Paris January
2. Premier Poihcare's speech in
the French senate today seems to
show but little change in attitude
on the part of the French govern
ment, but the general belief in Lon
don is that should the" prospect
again rise of inducing America to
interest herself in Europe's prob
lems, the French chamber would",
perhaps, be willing to yield some
what in its heretofore intransigeant
attitude on reparations.
Recent speculations here and in
Paris hare turned mainly on the
possibility of reconvening some sort
of international bankers* confer
ence, but the proposal now made
of an international commission to
visit Germany on a "mission of in-'
vestigation has received even a
The Times' financial column, ap
proving the project, says: "At
best. the fixation of the definite
sum Germany is able to pay will
be largely a matter, of . guess work,
but we ought to take pains to get
the best possible guess. The work
of the commission would be great
ly facilitated if Germany would put
into operation her plans to stabilize
the mark. So long as inflation con
tinues any estimate cf her capac
ity to pay must necessarily be a
wild guess." -
Discussed In 'Editorial.-.
The Times, in an editorial dis
cussing the Baldwin mission, al
ludes to its statement relative to
the proposed visit, of an "American
commission to Germany and says
there is ho doubt that British gov
ernment would not disapprove of
the proposal to summon an inter
national bankers* committee to
determine Germany's capacity to
pay; the suggestion that the rep^
arations total should be fixed by a
committee composed entirely of
American .business men does not
warrant serious consideration.
The Times argues that such a
time could only approach the ques
jtion of Germany's capacity to pay
from the point of view of an is
[ suing house invited to raise a loan
I for Germany.
On the question of the Baldwin
mission to the United *States. The
Times suggests the desirability of
the funding being arranged on the
basis of an annuity of a fixed
amount payable to the government
and that it should not be converted
I into a marketable loan. It would
also be an advantage if arrange
ments could be made under which
England could anticipate redemp
tion of the debt from time to
time by payments under a dis
NEW CHARTERS ISSUED
Columbia. Dec. 22.?The Cornish
Co., of Hartsville, has been char
tered by the secretary of state,
with capital stock of $25,000, to
manufacture brick. J. K. Dunlay
is president: J. G. Cornish is vice
I president; J. E. Dunlap is secre
tary and treasurer.
The Peoples' Brokerage Co.. of
Ehrhardt, with capital stock of
$1,200 has been chartered also. H.
T. Cdle, J. T. Herndon and W. H.
Grayson ore its officers.
Authority has been grnnted the
jPee Dee Furniture Co.. of Harts
I ville, to increase Us capital stock
from $10,000 to $75.000.
The White Motor Truck '"o.. of
Charleston, has also been charter
ed, with $5.000 capital. T. E. Con
don is president and treasurer: J.
P. Condon is vice ptesident and sec
Not?Let all the ends Thon Aims't 2
Sumter, S. C, Wednesd?
j Senator Borah Ene^ny
of League of JSfgfe,
tions Now Want!
United States . jjm
: Take Hand in F6&j
eign Affairs j
j. Washington. Dec. 21.?Extenr|
sive discussion of international af-j
fairs is expected to develop in the]
senate as a result of a proposal to-j
.day by Senator Borah (Republican) :
"Of Idaho for an international con-j
ference to consider economic,, fin
ancial and business probfems, in-|
eluding German reparations./ as 1
well as reductions of land, sea and ?
aerial armaments. ' * . j
Senator Borah offered his plan as j
an amendment to the $330,000 naval'
j appropriation bill, which* was re- j
[ ported to the senate today for pre-1
.liminary consideration tomorrow.
I He proposed that the president be
asked to call an economic and dis
armament conference instead, of a
conference merely to deal with ftm
jitation of naval vessels under. 10.
000 Ions and military and naval j
aircraft, as provided in the bill as j
passed by the house.
In offering his amendment as a.
substitute for the house provision;
Senator Borah-declared world eco
nomic conditions required imme-}
diate action, ariit he proposed thatj
? President -Harding be "authorized [
and requested*' to invite such.gov~j
ernments to send representatives
j to the conference as he should
(oeem "necessary and expedient"}
I with the object of arriving ?t "un- !
1 derstandings or arrangements"/ |'
looking "to the restoration of trade
:and establishment, of sound fin?n- !
jcial and business conditions."
!.. With reference to armaments,
' the Borah amendment includes the
house bill's provisions as to naval
j vessels under 10,000 tons and air
craft, with its provisions for con
sideration of land and\sea arma
J Senate "leaders do not expect
the Borah proposal, nor the*-house
provision,, to be reached during to-;
morrow's consraerati?n of the bill,
j These and an amendment by. Sen- j
j ator King ^Democrat) of Utah, call- j
! ing for a land -and, sea disarma- j
Jment conference, which is pending,
j are expected to go over until" after
I the Christmas holiday.
] Senator Borah's 9 amendment
; caused general surprise, Specially
in view of his ^strong position, }n
' past in reference to American ^par
ticipation in European problems. J
'He..was one of the strongest Nop-j
: ponents of the league; of nations 1
j and treaty of Versailles, but in > his !
! statement .today, he made it clear j
j that he believed action was needed j
i to solve pressing economic prob- j
' lems "aftecting American trade,
j German repiarations, he rsaid, j
I were the "key to the Europea?*sit-1
juation," and he thought his pro? j
I posed conference might "break'
! the deadlock" on that subject."
j "We are traveling in a viqious
circle," Senator Borah declared.
1 "We enacted an emergency and j
?also a permanent tariff bill. Nev- j
ertheless, the cry of distress from)
the producers of the country is j
even more piteous than at any time
since the war. The farmer:. can
find no markets- abroad for his
isurplus product* and'without a
market for his surplus products.it
is impossible for him to realize
the value of that which he pro
"We now propose to enact a
ship subsidy bill but there are. no^
cargoes to" carry and no markets to'
1 supply. . If we should give our \
? millions in the way of subsidies, it
j would not open a single market
nor supply .a single cargo. These
things' 'are' hot produced by sub
sidies. Tli?fce are. millions of ship
ping tonnage lying 4dle now wait
ing to carry the cargoes which' do 1
not# appear. Markets are opened !
arid cargoes are produced, by men]
going back to work and settling |
down to.business, not by imposing
\ more taxes in the way o? subsidies.
"We had a disarmament confer
ence a year ago. We are now ad
vised by a committee report of the
other house that unless these
agreements heretofore made are
extended, competition in naval
armaments will be on again in the
direction to which the Washington
conference agreements do not ex
tend. The committee further says
that if it be allowed to go un
checked, this government must be
constrained to launching a new
program to keep abreast of other
powers. There couldn't be any
thing more destructive of all hope
of recovery in economic affairs
than a reopening of a competitive
race in armaments."
Bold Murder and Robbery
Pittsburgh. Dec. 23.?Four ban
dits today shot Ross Dennis, pay
master of the Pittsburgh Coal com
pany, and escaped with twenty
thousand dollars. The holdup
occurred in the hills behindj,Mount
Lebanon, near here, while the of
ficials were taking the Christmas
pay to mipers at/glading.
it be thy Country's, Thy God's and
y, December 27, 1922
French Premier Tells
Senate That France
No Longer Forced to
Wait Upon America
Paris, Dec, 21 (By the Associa
ted Press).?France is no longer
"forced to wait upon America for
a solution of ^the interallied Eu
ropean debts, which are" closely
bound up with the question of rep-'
arations," Premier Poincare ' told
the senate today in a restatement of
the country's position.
Interallied debts, he said, would
he discussed at the resumption of
the .premiers' conference here on
January 2. France has found a
freer field in this, respect than be
fore, as she is no-longer met with a
j"lat refusal from her allies to dis
cuss the question. It was for this
reason that she was 'no longer
forced fo await action by the Unit
The premier began his declara
tions after a question by Senator
Japy, whovsaid occupation of the
Rhur. district of Germany as a
guarantee for payment of repara
tions would ?be useless, as it would
be sufficient merely to prevent ,
anything leaving the. Ruhr without
the permission of the Allies.
M. Poincare asserted that Ger
many had persevered in her faults
and had obstinately continued to
abuse her opportunities, the great
industrial magnates had become
wealthy at the expense qf the na
Germany had systematically ruin
ed herself to escape the payment
of reparations. She; had failed to
fulfill her engagements and the
schedule of payments, agreed upon
in May, 1921, had become a dead
letter. ' , ?
Must Have Shelter.
"We can not continue to leave
our fellow., citizens; without suffi
cient shelter,** - exclaimed the pre?
meir, raising his voice. The work
ordered .ought to be continued and
finished and. for this. Germany must
j>ay :us. She had state property
which the .Versailles treaty sanc
tions being allotted for repara
tions under an article -.which
forbids her to ?ehd any gold from
the country, without, the authoriza
tion of th<?! reparations/c?mmission.
But this article she has not re
">3M. Poincare treated, the idea that
France, desired -to stifle Germany
as ridiculous. ,
"We have- no wish to ruin. Ger
many.'' he-said;}.''but we are not
willing that", "sheltered today behind
her apparent poverty, she may "jeer
at our real poverty in a few years'
He added that France welcomed
the idea of Germany raising loans
internal or external; "but it is de
sirable for Germany to pay mor
sels of her capital Instead of crumbs
"This," he continued, ? "does not
mean to say that payment of repa
rations should be" put in the hands
of bankers.' It o?ght to be regu
lated b ythe. governments interest
ed aided by the reparations com
mission. This question will t be
treated with January 1."
* Expense of War.
M. Poincare recalled that, war
expenses left to the belligerents,
France's amounting to 145,000,
000,000/francs. "But," he added,
"reparations were a privileged debt
and therefore would be inadmiss
ible if France were summoned to
pay her debts to England before
receiving payment for the damages
she has suffered."
The premier closed with refer-,
ence to the feeling of mutual con
fidence which marked the recent
London conference of the premiers.
"If divergences ?f view exist," he
said, "we shall watch to see that
they are never transferred into dis
M. Ribot, former premier, said
he would view with a certain un
easiness France entering the Ruhr
alone, but there" were other guar
antees besides the Ruhr.
"L have'named none?the Ruhr
no more than any other," inter
rupted M. Poincare.
The discussion ended by the sen
ate giving a vote of confidence in
the government by a show of
hands. . -
FOUND IN LAKE
Believed to Be Men Kidnapped
Baton Rouge, Dec. 22.?Govern
or Parker has received a message
from Mer Rouge, saying that two
bodies, believed to be those of
Daniels and Richards, have been
Shereveport.^Dec. 22.?The bodies
found in Lake La Fource Is be
lieved to be those of the men kid
napped by masked men in August.
1 Their limbs were tied with wire,
j according to the Journal's special
'correspondent and came to the sur
face as the result of a big charge
of dynamite exploded last night by
unidentified, persons. Only their
belts .and. a portion of their trous
ers remain. One man's head was
gone. It is believed the slayers
tried to destroy the bodies.
PROOF OF CRIME
Two Mutilated Bodies
Found at Bottom of
Louisiana Lake by
Mer Rouge, La., Dec. 22.?Bodies
of two men blown from the bot
tom of Lake La Fourche early to
day by unidentified dynamiters
were lying at an undertaking es
tablishment here tonight, while
military men stood guard pending
the arrival of additional troops
from Alexandria and New Orleans,
ordered here today by the adjutant
The bodies, badly mutilated and
bound with wire, were believed by
the authorities to be those of
Watt Daniels and Thomas Rich
ards, members of a party of five
prominent Mer Rouge citizens, who
were kidnapped last August by
white robed and hooded men and
who have been missing since and
then the, object of three days' rak
ing of the lakes of Morehouse par
ish by National Guardsmen, fed
eral agents and professional div
ert ?>;. . "V
; Authorities here state they are
satisfied the'bodies were the ones
sought. ? 'Relatives and close
friends oft missing men viewed the
bodies during' the day and tonight
arid It was reported bits of cloth
ing of the riien were recognized.
The coroner announced tonight an
inquest f would be held over the
bodies, probably tomorrow. The
arrival of the attorney general of
the state and fwo prominent patho
fegists of New' Orleans is awaited.
It wa=? not known tonight wheth
er the inquest would be held here
or at Bastrop, the parish seat.
In the- absence of official Infor
mation, the next move on the part
of the state, was not known here,
but it was the concensus of opinion
the inquest would be followed by
the arrest of at. least 20 persons, al
leged ringleaders, of the August
mob. The name of these men will
be. presented to the military or
civil ai^^rltie*''J?y--the: four de
partment of justice' agents, who for
four mohths have been conduct
ing secret- investigations, it was
stated here. - -
Martial Law Expected.
Mer Rouge r citizens expressed
themselves tonight as believing
martial law' wijl be declared here
and the arrests rnade by troops.
Everything; was quiet and peace
ful on the' surf ace here tonight but
those, informed are authority for
statements-that there is an under
lying feeling of bitterness.
Some resistance is. expected when
the. state's warrants calling for ar
rest of a rjumber of men believed to
have been the. ringleaders of the
hooded men are served, it was
indicate*! here. The presence of an
addticnal body .of, state troops, it
was' believed, however, will serve
as a precaution against a probable
Special investigators of the de
partment of justice working under
the direction of the governor are
said to have a partial list of mem
bers of the kidnappers. Many
names were obtain ed several
months ago When the investigators
reported an attempt was made dur
ing the night by a group of men to
reach a spot on La Fouche lake
guarded as the probable resting
place of the bodies.
The opinion ;s advanced' that
these same men returned in the
dead hours of last night and placed
the i charges Of dynamite that
wrecked a part of the bank near
the eastern ferry landing and re
leased the decapitated, wire bound
bodies from the weight that for
four months had held them to the
bottom of the lake. Divers spent
the afternoon trying to locate the
rusty wagon wheels that were
missed from the hanks of the lake
simultaneously with the disappear
ance of the men. said to be the
only missing link th the chain of
evidence the investigators had sub
mitted to the governor as their
solution of the mystery.
While L?* Fourche was being
blasted, wjiat.was believed as a de
coy of eight or ten men were active
in Lake Cooper, 20 miles away,
drawing the fire of the state guards
and bringing the entire military
company from'Mer Rouge to the
banks of the lake.
Inquiry into Blasting.1
The military captain announced
the investigators were not responsi
ble for the blasting last night and
a search is under way to identify
With diving operations concen
trated chiefly on the ferry landing
where a Chart indicated the bod
ies of the missing men most like
ly were hidden, it was declared the
guilty men feared the bodies would
be eventually located and decided
to recover them and remove them
to another burial place In the in
terior. The dynamiters evidently
became frightened or failed to find
their quarry and ran away, the
story goes. A ferryman who heard
the blasts re-ported the finding this
With the arrival of additional
state troopa tomorrow the--strength
in the parish will be more than 200
men. The troops have a large
complement of machine guns.
It is generally believed open
THE TRUE SOU'
! INS STATE
Gaffney Defeated in
Hard Fought Gamej
48 to 0 I
Columbia. Dec. 23.?Defeating!
Gaffney, 48 to 0r Charleston yes-j
terday afternoon won the high j
school football championship of j
South Carolina for the third time in J
as many years. The better team \
won and the game leaves no argu- \
ments, "alibis" or second guesses *
in its wake. The Bantams flashed ?
a dazzling offense and -sturdy de- j
fense and result of the game wasf
not in doubt after the second pe- j
riod got its second wind. Gaffney!
fought. The Cherokee ladar were!
in there battling at the close with?
as' much determination as at the
start and, although they had been
swept off their feet and almost
annihilated, they never quiC" Theyj
lost ' to a better team -but seven j
touchdowns and six extra points j
added thereto failed to destroy j
the Indians'" morale. They ended
the game as they began with a
driving first down. But Charles
ton made many such in between.
The winners outran, outpassed,
outthought and outkicked the los^
ers. The last item was one of the
most important of the day. Gaff
ney's kickers did not get much
distance and "twice they failed to
get any. This was a big help tu
Charleston. With all the poor!
kicking contributed jtrr Gaffney,
however, Ivy Badger got the
iongest kick of the day on one of
his efforts when he put his foot
into the ball for 44 yards.
Rock Hill Boy is . Strock by
Rock IlilL Dec. 22.?Herbert
Lowery. aged 12.. the sop of Mr. and
Mrs. James Lowrey, of East White
street, was run over and. instantly
killed this afternoon at 4:30 o'clock
by . a switch engine. In company
with a smaller brother, Gfarnett' had
been visiting his grandmother in
the western part of. the city, and
were returning down the railroad
track; One switch engine was tak
ing, on sand while another engine'
was. pushing cars of coal, up the
chute, alongside* main track. The
boys stopped to watch cars pushed
j up steep grade and Herbert was
standing just inside the cross ties.'
The switch engine backed up and
struck the lad, knocking him di
rectly across the rails and cutting
off one leg and hip.
Besides his parents the little fel
low is survived by three small,
brothers and one sister. Coroner
McCorkle held an inquest tonight
and the verdict was that the lad
came to his death as a result of
being struck by the local switch
engine, which , was in charge of
Engineer H. L. Tal ley.
Coroner McCorkle decided after
hearing testimony that inquest was
I unnecessary as the death of the
lad was purely accidental.
Catholic Episcopacy May Be!
Called to Rome i
- Rome. Dec, 23. ? The papal
encyclical issued today announced
the possibility that the pope would
call a meeting of the entire Catholic
episcopacy in Rome during next
jpbilee year. It would be a con
tinuation of the ecumenic council
held in 1870. The letter enumer
ates the present world evils, say- j
ing the remedy lies chiefly in a re- j
turn to Christ, which means peace, j
justice and love among ail peoples,!
j respect for order and authority and .
5 . 1
J hearings will be instituted following;
the anticipated arrests.
All persons will be free to come]
into this court of justice, under the
Louisiana laws, and tell what they j
know of the case.
Prominent persons in Mississippi
and Arkansas, as well as Louisiana,1
are believed by the state as having;
been members of the hooded mob.j
Arrests in all three states are anti-(
Mer. Rouge. La., Dec. 23.?One [
of the wirebound, mutilated bodies j
of the two men taken from Lakej
La Fourche yesterday by state j
troops, was today identified as that;
of Watt Daniel,* who was kidnap-j
ped last August by masked, white- J
robed men. Initials on the belt;
on the body completed the identi-1
j fication. The other body is believ- ?
j ed to be that of Thomas Richards,!
j who was also kidnapped. Relatives j
I of the missing men viewed the <
[bodies pending an inquest late to-j
! day. The attorney general is com-1
jing to hold the inquiry. Twenty,
or more arrests are expected on the j
evidence gathered by federal agents, j
Additional troops, with machine,
guns, are coming from Xew Or-j
leans and Alexandria. Divers nrej
to seek the remainder of the;
bodies of the men today. The con-!
ditions were found unsafe for the'
search yesterday. '
THRON, F^Mfehed June U tX%*.
TOL.LHL NO. 39
Union Miners Blame;
Army Guards For"
Massacre of Non
Union Miners arid;
Marion, Ills.. Dec. . 22 (By the^
Associated- Press).?The killing ^of||
the first of three -. union xniheri?|
slain during theHerrin Hots .-?f|sg|
described, today by Edward Gjr$h?'l
shaw. one *>f. the first' witness^
for the defense at the trial of/tt^-f
men charged with murder in conr|
nection with the slaying, of twej^yl^
non-union workers during the out-"^
The defense began Introd?ei^iv
its testimony -at the openh^To^rJ
the morning: session after forBha,^;
Imotions, asking that all the. ev i
dence iutToduced* by the 'statej'f^^
excluded and that the court ^uSect.JJ
a) verdict of "not guilty" had been ^
overruled by.,Judge D. Tv'H?'t-p
A number of the first witness^ >:
Called testified, that the ter>H4o^g
irroundihgj the mine xcasj-p^ii^^
i'ul and-. quiet until- ,afterr iM&0i
union workers-had been discharged"|
and non-union men and ^ gxBjte&zi
guards sent into the pit byv^fcc^
coai company. . - ; . ^
Several of the. witnesses tes?j"1*?
fied thaf the guards had ridden^p:-j
and down the p?bhc higlr^yvnenr^3
! the mine ;n ? motor truck. eacih:
one carrying two pistols and a
j rifle: th^t they held up and
searched peaceful travelers, shout
j ed at .women and. warned every one"
j to/.stay, off the road after stm-*
.> Other witnesses told of hiding
tin their cellars when the shootmg:
began .at the mine between 1:2ft
and 2 p. m. the afternoon of Junt;
121. and of having their stock killed
by shots from "the mine.
[ l:Tt was during this shooting_#i3t \
\ Edward Gren&aw, who testified
[ tnat -he.was a. former union m&er
I and had liyenVa half mHe from$2?>'$.
I-Lester strip mine all his life; said
In front of h? home w&^frVe saw/"-^
hulKts t>egan^acome frcyn.tfce
direction of .^e.ntirie.
"Did you'see any one shot?** r
"Tee; .they-' said his name-.'-tras
Henderson and he fell ?about one
hundred yards from my house.' Tie
must have , been- killed insrantly.'*^
The .cross-examination " of Gren-.
shav was. postponed ?nt? iomdf
Edna ^onroy testified she 'lWe4
with her father, about half a y?nTe
from the Tester mine. She told:
of, seeirg trucks loaded with armefo
guards wearing stars pa ?"her
home several times a day on. the''
The witness declared she 4iad \
jseen a ?eigliborr J. Hugh Gibbs,"
1 held up and searched by :the
'guards m the. high way.
j She saw Superintendent Mc
j Doweli^m the mine with a. gun
j strapped tb :ht? back several days
j before th* riots.
; Mrs.-Mary Conroy, mother
? Edna Gonroy.- testified she lived
near the mine and had seen' the
trucks filled with armed guards
on the road biinging water to' the s
mine and-that the guards had
shouted at her and her daughter;
John G. Conroy, t>S years;;oTd,
i^orrohbrared the testimony givf^v
[by his .wife and daughter regard
ing the shooting at the mine and ?
j the events tphich preceded it. He '_:
said, the guards in the mine trucks -
f-each carried two pistols and a.
rifle across their knees and that
some'pf his stocic had been killed
On cross examination, tbe vcit- a
j ness said, he had been a mine? f?r^/
; fifty years before becoming a .;
f farmer and: had held petty-officer
in the miners' union.
"Have you any feeling agamst
these men in the mine?"
j "Sure I have: Didn't they; kill
! my stock ?"'
( "The elder Conroy then testified
be had not seen a single man fir
ing into the mine or going toward
it. ? ' '
John,Conroy, a son, testified that
the firing at the mine began about
2 o'clock oh the afternoon of June
2K He declared he saw a white
flag raised at the mine about ?
o'clock and that about an hour
later he saw two men firing from
the pit near the flag. ..On cross
examination Conroy said he had
been a miner for 27 years, was a
member of the United Mine Work
ers* and ha.d contributed to the
miners' defense in the present case.
He declared he had been told lie
would receive $70 a day from the
union defense for the time he
spent as a jritness.
Abraham Becker Sentenced to
New York, Dec. c23.?Abraham
Becker^ who was convicted of the
murder of his wife here, today re
ceived the death penalty. His
wife disappeared last April and h<-r
bodyfwas found in a lime-filled pit
months later, where, it is alleged
she was buried alive.