Newspaper Page Text
l'HE INDEPENDENT PRESS
18 published every battjrday morning.
O. O. FUCKETT, TT,,. M
Goo. W. FANT, \ Editor*.
Individuals, like nations, fail in nothing which
they boldly attempt, iehcn siuttained by virtuous
purpose, and determined resolution..?henry clay. ,
' Willing to praise, yet not afraid to blame." j
Terms?One Dollar a Year, in Advance.
ABBEVILLE C. H. !
SATURDAY", JULY 8, 1854. |
Clarendon, July 8, 1864.
I am <3irectc<l by his Excellency the Governor
to state, tlmt in consequence of his illness the
business of the Executive Office has necessarily
accumulated; but upon liis restoration to
health, it will be promptly despatehed.
Beaufort T. "Watts,
I r any of our friends have a desire to engago
in the above, oris of an editor's tradeB, they
will find, by calling upon Mr. C. II. Allen, gro
cor, an abunjdanco of tho raw material wher?witli
to exercise. Ho has fine smoking tobacco
wc know, and think excellent aegara.
Death of Rev. Abner Fant.
"\Vk learn from the Anderson Oazetto that
Rev. A. Fant breathed his last at his residence
on the 8d inst. lie was near 80 years of age,
and had been for the greater part of his life an
acceptable minister of the Baptist denomination.
Charloston Courier. '
"We are pleased to see thiB paper out in an 1
improved condition. It is somewhat enlarged, '
and has entirely new type for its printing.? I
A more courteous, dignified, and able corps of '
editors cannot be found than those at tho bead
of the Courier. 1
We learn from tho Carolinian that a dog apparently
laboring under all the symptoms of
. hydrophobia was killed in Columbia a few
Two or three communications on hand will i
be obliged to await the next issue. Our rule
is to place all original contributions on general
subjects on the first page, and we did not
reccive those alluded to in time for this
week. Our literary friends are all clever fellows?they
aid ua in our labors without "money
and without price." Could any one do
more? Yes; some of them are wont to contribute
both to our columns and pockets.
Imprisonment of a Consul.
Mr. Delllon, French consul for the port of
Slin T7pflnAiBflA Pol trrrta 1Af<v!?r ?5 ?J
. sm?iwwv| wim?| n?9 lli rt'atuu anu J
tried for uplawfully enlisting men for the Mex- ,
ican service. On refusing to pay liia fine, he (
was thrown into prison. We hear that the mat- (
ter is about to be s tiBfactorily settled.
"John A. Orr has been confirmed by the '
Senate as United States Attorney for the North- 1
crn District of Mississippi." i
Wk find the above in a "Western exchange, i
JjEnu A. Orr, brother of Hon. J. L. Orr, is now f
a citizen of Mississippi, and we presume is the t
gentleman alluded to. The names, though not
very similar in sound, are very much alike in s
type, and we hope that Jeud it is, instead^f i
Ladles' Sapper. ^
We had the pleasure of being present on ^
this occasion on the evening of the 4th. We j.
were gratified to perceive, from the large num- ^
ber of persons present, a manifest desire to aid j
the ladies in their most praiseworthy efforts.
Lucien Lovax, Esq., during the early part of ^
the evening, entertained tlie assemblage with ^
happy and very appropriate address on the
Influenceof Woman upon the Destiny of Man,
setting forth her ennobling and chastening qual- ^
ities in a brilliant, yet faithful and truthful ^
view. ' %,
After the supper, which was an excellent
one, several hours were spent most agreeably
in social and friendly converse ; and everything
passed off totbe delight and satisfaction of all <
present. , \
Both Houses ofCongress have agreed to terminate
the present session on the fourth of
A special messenger has arrived from Mexico,
it is said, with important despatches from Oen.
Gadadc, U 8. Minister to that Government '
The nature of the despatches have not as yet
been mad*public. "
The Senate has confirmed the nomination of '
A Hebbzmont, Esq., of Columbia, as Oonsul of :
the United States for the port of Genoa.
The Senate has rejected the House bill to
ommence the session on the first of November.
' NotwithstandingCoL Benton's opposition to
the expropriation for carrying out the Mexican,
treaty, that measure passed the House by a
vote of 103 to 63, on Wednesday last; aud the
first instalment has been paid to Senor Al-. .
monte, the Mexican Minister, who received it
by authority of President 3anta
' It is rumored that the Senate has rejeoted
the treaty of reciprocity recently concluded
between Lord Eixiin and Mr. Mabct. 7
Gkbrxtt Sxtth, of New York, has avowed
himself in favor of the acquisition of all Mexico
. aud Cuba with or without slavery. He intends
resigning his seat at the close of the present
' . - fipTrftt rf Fh?
a vilMfc^riter in Paria^nforWlihe Ameri
* wgcrwiuca n can, pe tflr?wq flnrafeff
Tf tbU ?utm&fo tru,fK tie '
^nly prtr? ? rufe de^otir. wM^k JS j
*?* 1 wnt&n Tbro%^ oat in W*qa&oU?? i
v $fh?**i ? ??%*d?iSj^4,
bo an inevitable result. If it is so, however, it
will give France no very great advantage over
oilier nations after all. The day has passed
when such discoveries made masters of nations.
Thfl rpnaon is obvious : other neonln noon lr>nrn
to piny ft liko game. All the patents in Christendom
could not prevent Brother Jonathan
from prying into the secret^ if it is worth prying
Whilst, thercforo, eucli inventions cannot
give anj- power a decided and lasting advantage,
because such power can never retain the
exclusive monopoly, they would nevertheless
greatly expedite the termination of all maritime
conflicts. Tlicy would make "Kilkenkenny-cat"
affairs of naval rencontres. Each
fleet would burn the other up, and so end tho
^ I ?
There was a fuller attendance on sale-day
thau was last month. Tho requirementa of the
office kept us in-doors the cntiro day, and we
cannot speak from actual observation as to
what was said and done. No sales however
were made, nor auything of importance done,
that wo nro atfnw.
From various sections of the District we heard
pretty good reports of the crops, from citizens
with whom wo conversed. Good rains have
fallen in several directions, the past few days,
and tho majority of farmers being about
through with the working of their crops, those
rains have come opportunely. A continuance
of such favorable seasons for a few more weeks
will insure doubtless, in this District, excellent
crops of corn. And from us this crop claims a
decided preference; for so long as au abundant
supply of corn is made, we can have plenty
of good fat stock, and be independent., if
not wealthy. We arc firm believers ingrain
growing. Plant plenty or these first, and then
ilevote the unoccupied lands and unemployed
labor to the production of cotton. By such a
course, if but little cotton were made, the farmer
would realize a higher price for it, and have
more stock (which is no less a Bource of wealth
than convenience) increasing around him.?
Besides the tradesmen of the country would ho
enabled to get supplies of provisions more easily
and cheaply, and in return could furnish
their different articles of manufacture at lower
rates. So the benefit would be mutual throughout
every department of home pursuits. The
<ystem of wearing out the best lands of the
;ountry iu the cultivation of cotton, we cannot
iclp but regard as injudicious in tho extreme.
Every one doing his utmost in trying to outdo
lis neighbor in the number of cotton bags,
ivhen, if fewer were sent off, in the course of a
"cw years when tho new 83'stem has had time
:o operate upon the market, tho price would
certainly be so much enhanced as to insuro a
return of money almost if not quite as largo
"or fifty bales then as for one hundred now.?
But we Buppose it is a pleasure to be a sort of
exchancrc bank acencv. i?1ra fnrma
:cnae to raise cotton for the purpose of selling
Lo get money to pay for Tennessee mules and
But we did not expect to get into a disquisition
on agriculture and commerce, and will reLurn.
The above, of course, are only our opinons.
Let them go at their value. "\Vc charge
lothing for them this time, but will agree to
uraish every man in the District with our noions
on all subjects at one dollar per annum!
Sickness, we regret to say, is prevailing to
ome extent in portions of the District. A virilent
and in many cases fatal disease, denomilated
typhoid diarrhea, has made ita appearmce.
Some of our old and useful citizens have
alien before it. Mr. Enoch Barmobe is one of
rhom we have heard, and his only surviving
irother, has loBt by its ravages a little
laughter and three servant children in the
ast week or two. There may be others cf
rliom we have not heard. A moderation of
he excessive heat of the weather will doubtless
lo much to arrest its course.
Mr. Van, a citizen of great age and fair
eputdtion, died laet -week. He was niney-two
years old. What a volume of personal
listory and reminiscences is sealed by tlio death
>f such a patriarch 1
Edgefield and Railroads.
In the last Edgefield Adverlitcr we find nn
iditorial article on railroads, to which our attention
in common with other editors in railroad
villages is directed. Tho Advertiser says
there are somo rabid anti-railroad men in EdgeHeld
to whom his preaching seems to do no
jood, and he desires his brethren to answer a
few interrogatories on tho subject^ to the end
that said incorrigiblcs may be won over, and
some to a knowledge of the truth as it is in-relation
lie desires statistics. These we are not prepared
to'give, but we will briefly record our
rrnna.-l " * "
iiuuuua uii rauroaas, and they can go
at their worth. Perhaps some of our friends
about here could give ha an exhibit of the actual
state of affairs. For the sake of our good
friend the Advertiter, we would be pleased to
receive such a communication.
' Oae of the tormentors of the AdverlUer offers
to bet half he is worth that every one of
those villages to which railroads have been
built are worse off now than before they had
anything to do with such roiuls. 'If he is in
earnest* wo have no doubt he can get taken up
at his offer quite readily. We eannot see any
evidences of a worse state of thine** ???
? 0~ ?w?? *???
before. On the contrary, we feel sure the reverse
is true. "Have your people," says the
Advertiser, "so overgone the mark as to sicken
at the Very thought of a railroad I" If so, we
bare yet to see the first Symptoms of the nauiea.
If the roads are not paying^^ome of the
stockholders may fsel a little squeamish.; we
sannotsay?the amount of our stock not being
tuffieient to affect oar nerves in any way.?
^Uve your improvements but involved you in
debt and difficulties?" ho asks again. We
think not Improvements most generally beget
some debt, but the increased rates at which
lots have been hel<L and. eotf in those villager
hafi fully warranted all. improvements
if nothing eUeliaddh^ao. 4,HaveVouf.
leral interests bete btyurfedf* Xf *o, weir*
oily blind to the /act. t&mtort,
wealth of your corporation been
Mr<lf|iiTr tti-tt wdftty b??aixgor*41
ii' '.' "'4
,%(>. ^v(i i . ,< ' r'-. -? 3^?.1
yu&Zi&L ' ** - " * ' "'
out of employment? In short, do you look yi
back with regret to tho daya when you had no of
railroad?" As tho interrogator anticipates, m
tunny will smile at these questions. IIow can re
a railroad communication with tho citics and sy
villages of the State diminish our daily comfort?
Wo are a social people?liko to travel, ti<
visit and be visited, and lmvc mail facilities, to tli
hear daily what tho world is about?and cau to
l-nilroads detract anything from sociality?? te
xi ainrinauvo answers can bo made to any ol ui
tho queries, wo plead total ignorance on tho w
subject. "We know of no one, even tho most tii
inveterato "old fogy," who looks back wistfully
to the days of no railroads. A few stage codtrac- g<
tors and pro/cnional wagoners may hate the D'
whistle of tho locomotive, but to tho ears of If
the stage and wagon horse it is full of subluncst e<]
poetry 1 v r ht
We have thus briefly answered, in a kind of cr
guttsing way, the inquiries of our neighbor.? hi
Sonic one, we hope, more competent, will regard
the thirst of our friend for knowledge, and in
aid him in its pursuit. Our conclusion on the of
subject of railronds is similar to that of tho CJ
good old dame on tho subject of coffee-pots: ?
She had lived forty or fifty yearn without ono, ci1
when, on becoming possessed of a bright new tin,
ebe exclaimed with uuofTccted amazement, "/
can't tee hovs anyone can live unthoui a coffce pot I"
? m m al
Sectarian Schools. ?j,
The article of "Amicus" suggests a few re- 8t
marks on this theme, which we mako now, as
when once the immediate prescnco of n subjcct
is withdrawn from our noticc, wo rarely think w
of it again. And we regard no subjcct as de- jD
manding a higher consideration tlian that of ^
We publish "Amicus" cheerfully, bccausc he qj
considers it due to his young friend to indicate )(
the particular character of his address, as there rc
was, in the article of "Viator" last week, an implied
disapprobation of some of the positions as- ^
sumcd by the speaker; and bccauqe, though personally
unacquainted with him, we are assured
that he is one whose standing and talents claim ^
for him a rnnnprifnl lmnpinif Wn <?? /?
, ..v uvnouvu, 0|
further, that his brief communication is con- re
ccivcd in no spirit of disrespect for "Viator" or j
his opinions. For the liigli standing of the hit- ^
tcr, from personal knowledge, we can vouch. ge
With pleasure we can say that, from what w
we have heard of Mr. Gary's address, it was m
indeed an honorable effort We had not the
pleasure of hearing it delivered. And to the ga
first general positions, as indicated by "Amicus," ;n
we yield assent. That woman has done much
fn nrn.l..?n o^.l -.1 *1.- ' ''
? t..VUuw ouu uuiaucc UIO |JIU?[li;riiy OI MIC
country, wc presume is a proposition but few jn
deny. The blending of the useful with the or- lo
nainental in female education, is another tenet ?o
to which, as a gcnerul remark, we do not de- ^
mur. "We are passionately fond of the orna- ^
mental and beautiful.
But it is to the last position, namely, that ns
sectarian schools are not adapted to the educa- _
tion of either sex, that we desire to direct our
enquiries. Wc are aware that the position is =
not new, and that Mr. Gabt is not alone in its
avowal. Dr. Thohhwelu acknowledged hirfi
authority, has advanced and labored to maintain
the same views. But we cannot see the tu
force of the arguments with which those opin- ni.
ions are fortified. Even if they arc drawn nc
from correct premises, (which we do not admit,) ^
still their force is not perceivable to us. Ob- ^
tuseness on our part, and not delects in tho arguments,
may be the cause of this failure.
The question as to what is education, should,
wo conceive, be dccidcd, before sectarian BI'
schools are pronounced incapable of educating. 011
Education is the enlightenment and training of Wl
the mind, And there are as many different de- 80
grees of education as tlierc are different orders ^o:
of human intellect. If we ontnl>lisi> i>?? ??? th
standard of education, and say none other is nc
to claim the designation, then we may admit Pc
from that premiso that sectarian schools are incapable
of educating. But a vast catalogue of ,n
schools and colleges that lay no claim whatever 8U
to sectarian character will fall amidst the com- co
mon ruins; for by establishing one standard of BP
education, you establish one college' as that
standard, and all below that will tumble at the w<
fell swoop of distinction. Education cannot
therefore be measured by one standard. There
are degrees, and the capability and value of all
schools must be measured to these various de- ar
grecs. It might be easy to select from the nu- en
merous collects fif nnr <*nnnfi?*T
denominational ranks and another from with- ^r
out, proceeding upon the one-standard princi- Je<
pie, to prove the truth of the position that the "?
former is not adapted to educate. But to such ca
a process of argument wo can never give in. 1S
To State colleges wc are friends?true friends Vfl
?and to denominational colleges we are no ID
less devoted in our attachment We believe nc
them, to oay the Tery least, capable of* imparts
ing. a high degree of education; and seeing 00
that education, as everything else, cab never ^
be wholly perfect, we are content even if ihey A*
stop here. But why are they not competent to
immrt-M - ? ' * ' '
K .....(uawuiN oi learning as any ,r'
other class of institutions! **We are not satisfied
with the reasons given, and demand others,
before we acknowledge the incompetency of n
the denominational system. There are no laws
to restrain them in the election of faculties and ?
the security of endowment, and have not relig- 1111
ious denomi- tionsas able men at command as 00
can be seem ~d by any institution I Most certain t h
ly. How. many,of\ihe ablaf^^Mp^l^a' of
the age are not members of some particular denomination
I "We venture there artf'feW. And
mdle: how manv learned m?n ? *1
? ? VUCIO HI Uie va!
country wbobnly await the call to a sectarian *?
school to distinguish thcniBfllvies as teachers if
propitious circumstances attend! *"We conclude ?*
then ttot a denominational system of ednoktion th
is not ofailure, and we do not believe that tfc?, ^
arguments exist to controvertthe conclusion.
The reason that sectarian schools have not *<j
generally risen to an fiminejjce equal to State
institutTonl is simply that they have lac ked the wi
means for tiie attainment of every necessary
apparatus and the services of men already dis- w<
41pguishedas teachers. Their money is usually th
ifeUinpflby voluntary eObtributUto, and in don- P?
sequence'is almost alwi^w much below the de- IP
mfcna ITrwin U
^ WaSfand scorera^enU tiu
^Sv Jf? swn* ^wwiWjnwy th?t ^
:' *? t-iv*
>u give to & State school, and let tho location
each be aliko favorable, then leavo them to
m the raco of excellence, and wo fear not the.
sulL There can bo no cause inherent in tho
stem to throw tho sectarian bohind tho other.
Those who deny the capability of denominatnal
schools claim Dr. Tiiornweix as high auoritv
for their views. But nro thev willintr
r ^ ~ " ?
endorse every position ho assumes ia his lctr
to Gov. Mannino f If they will not, then
o height of his authority is lowered. If they
ill, then we ask them how ft religious cducaju
is to bo imparted by any other class of
bools than sectarian ? Dr. Tiiohnwkll nays a
idlcss education is worse than no education,
i) his adherents agree with him on this point?
so, then wo ask again, how shall a religious
location bo imparted ? Wo answer, in no way
ittcr than by sectarian schools; for in no othwny
can a dccidcd and specific religion bo
ended with literary training. A general rorion
is 110 reliirion?it Icailn tlio tniml tmlmihf
^ and halting between tho various doctrines
Christianity, and to infidelity ia the toudenAiul
the college that undertakes to give
religious education without giving it a Bpclie
character, will only succeed in leaving a
iguo and gloomy impression of its efforts.
It is not our position, however, that a scetu111
character is cssoutial to the efficiency of
I collogrs in keeping their studonts upon the
lo of a specific religion. A majority of
udents enter collcgo already indoctrinated in
cir peculiar ancestral faith.
Sectarian schools arc performing a glorions
ork. They diffuse a general education, and
sure the prosperity of all the great religious
^nominations of the country, and thus preude
the possibility of nil eventual union of
lurch and State ; for where all are so pros^ous
and enlightewfcd, no one can grasp the
ins of??overnincntal power and bid others to
i altar. Upon this depends, we most firmly
ijicve, the perpetuity of religious liberty.?
or is the objection that they inculcate docincb
without the reason for those doctrines,
7 any means conclusivc. If we hold to this
(jection, we must likewise urge it against, pantal
religious training. For it is as plausible
the one ease ns in the other. "Who will nay i
of nnranfnl inol J 1 * - *
.mdu uvciun uun nub iiicuicuio
ctnrinnimn in the highest degree f and yet
ho will etiy tlint such teaching cramps the
indor stifles the faculties?
The subject is interesting to us, and wo could
y much more, but forbear. When leisure and
clination prompt, we may recur to it ngain.
c believe in the efficiency of sectarian no less
an State schools, and while we are in no wise
clincd to assail the latter, wo are ever ready
defend with a zealous hand the claims of the
rmer. What wo have said, is not simply be,use
of Mr. "Oaby's sentiments, but because
o eubjcct has been moved by others with
liom he may well esteem it an honor to be
written for t1ie independent l'bkss.
Mr. Gary's Address.
Mestra. Editors: I avail myself of the oppornity
presented by your columns to express
y unqualified surprise at the ver}* partial and
>n-coinmittal notice by "Viator" of my friend
r. Gary's address, delivered at tho request of
n ,.f >1.. HI ? 1
? AtuDw^o vi tuv luaouiiiu ruuiuiu lufiinuie
ifore the citizens of Cokeabury.
From the tenor of his remarks, it is quite evi:nt
that "Viator" differs essentially with the
eAker in his opinions with regard to the sofil,
political and educational position of
onian. And this I apprehend to be the true
urce of tho gentleman's criticisms. I therere
think it due to Mr. Gar? that the views
emselves should come before the respectful
ticc of the public, as the right definers of his
One would think, from the sanguine manner
which "Viator*' alludes to tho efficient rclts
of "age and experience," as the probable
rrectives of Mr. Gary's opinions, that the
eaker had lived in an unreal world, isolated
>m the geniuq of his age, and that bis ideaa
;re as impracticable as those of Plato in his
sal Republic. But such is not the case. All
our own institutions are the generalization
his opinions. And the principles themselves
e perennial as the forms in which they aro
lbodied. I trust therefore that the indulgent
iblie will cxcuse the brief abstract of the adess
which I am about to enter into. My obit
is to show that the opinions are such as
go and experience" will not probably eradite,
or at least that the lack of these qualities
not the cause of them. The first tenet adinced
is. that woman has Aierted an pnnflnt.ini
fluonce in producing the prosperity which
>w characterizes the United States of America,
ad is there anything hasty or novel in this
nclusion ? One of the ablest expounders of
e features that individualize the polity of
nerica?I allude to DbTooquevillx?mainins
most strenuously the same position. Not
am blinded chivalry, or misguided gallantry,
it from a thorough digest of the component
Mnetitii of our character. In this, therefore,
ither "age or experience," tu tuch, will probity
effect a change. And a? to the historical
eta mentioned in support of his general re
uric that woman has always been a prominent
-worker in the formation of all government*,
ey ate troths, alld need no extenfiation. In
e next place there is recommended an eduoa>n
tending alike to the useful and ornamental.
? object to thl? Would be practically to exUmsdict
the evidence of oursenses. For old
#young experience the beneficial influence
thjs regime in our own society, as they do in
ery civilised community. There is then noiag
start]i n g'.V in th it -annunciation, which
i^gs tufto theTOtt position assumed by the
itoke?: Sat strictlyfeets&*n schools a^^fot
Ipted to tW edu<*$fttf*r Either ?$* In the*
jtt place :mftause the^noul"?
thotit U^c ro&MfUj/ojpUbem, whichi* calculi?!
l io annihilato.ifad <Jfr6trinea themselves, M i
sit as to stifle th*faculties of the mind. In
eaeooud plaft^bocanae they act jfet&da %>
IJticat poweiiyJ^y4ibro<4ng oduCAtiWnnto th/
ifcg> ft ??lig?on- Aad foth" irfoenI^Swi
TiTO*N-TOi.L hw taken groundi against &?o-1
ri*n'?<tae4tioi inbll <|ble letUr-t*Go*. M4W-I
ia. . ??> '
< * *%?*
, . t> * '&*, ' r'* '
'.. < ifX"> ? .-i '- . . -
And now wo have passed over the principal
tenets advanced, and have yet to find even one
that "ago und experience" could "ripen into 1
greater maturity." I will observe that I liavo ]
had tho very pleasant task of perusing careful- j
ly Mr. Gaiix'b address, and that I am happy to j
say mat it mure tUaa realized the cangtiine ex- ;
pcctntions of nn impartial friend. Being char- ,
actcrizcd by an intensity and energy of thought
only equaled by the chaste and beautiful man- 1
ncr of expression. And 1 only hope that hi*
futuro efforts may do juaticc to the reasonable 1
expectations which lie lins excited.
A despatch received from Vienna, dated
June the 10th, states that the Russians made
another liniuioopRKfiil nt.fnnlf on Siiliofrio 4l.?
lOtli, when the Russian commander received a
Hcvcre nn<l painful contusion on the right leg.
lie waa compelled to give up his command.
The Turks made nn attack on the Inland of
Moknn, held by the Russians, and were repulsed.
On the 30th of May, three British steamers
destroyed the ships, dock-yards and stores at
Brakcrstndt, on the North of the Gulf of Bosina.
The damage was estimated at 350,000 rubles.
On the 31st, the steamers also captured several
vessels, and on the 1st of Juno four
steamers destroyed the ships, dock-yards, stores,
Ac., at Wcaborg. The damage hero Wu8 estiinntiruated-al400,000
The news of the adhesion of Grcccc to the
ultimatum of the Western Powers causes great
surprise. Russia reckoning on Iter diversions
contrives at great expense in the Southern provinces
Lord John Russell has been unanimously
rc-clcctod to liis seat in Parliament by the city
of London, lie addressed the city in very decisive
terms as to the war.
Tlio bill giving Canada an elective Scnat?,
lias passed to n sccond reading in the House
The weather in England is very dry, causing
some apprehensions for the crops.
The Europa, a cavalry transport ship, was
burnt to the water edge, wnile on her passage
to Gibraltar with troops. Twcnty-ono lives
were lo9t, including Col. Moore, the commander
of the troops, and fifteen soldiers. The remainder
on board, sixty-six in number, 6avcd themselves
in the boats.
The question between France and (he United
States, arising out of the arrest of Mr. Dillon,
the French Consul at San Francisco, is settled,
nothing remaining for arrangement but the form
of compensation to be given.
There is very wet weather in France, which
excites fears for the crops.
Interesting from Cuba.
The following extract of a letter from an intelligent
gentleman in Cuba to a friend in this
city, says the Washington Union, will be read
Havana, June 20, 1854.?Things are rapidly
drawing to a crisis in this place, and be prepared
to hear the worst. Some of these bright
mornings,- Mien you wnlk down to your store,
you will be startled at the fact that the whites
nave been massacred in cold blood. Snch will
u? tuc result 01 111c mighty events now transpiring
in this lovely island. If the Government
of the UnitedStutes in tend to take any steps
in the matter, they had better be quiet about
it Time passes rapidly, and every day hastens
with rapid strides the day of emancipation and ,
Africanization. I have just seen the decree or- ,
dering the admis&ion of the darkies into the
ecclesiastical seminaries! So we are to have .
African priests. They are allowed to intermarry,
and their children are duly legalized
and legitimatised. What more coula they
do for the black scoundrels? So you may
see for yourself that the times ore getting aw- ,
fully gloomy for the inhabitants of this place,
I sliull hold on until the etojm begins to burst,
and then trv to eet awav.
A Distressing Case of Hydrophobia.
The Dayton Empire notices an instance of a
man in Montgomery county, Ohio, who was bitten
some time ago by a dog, and who now has ;
symptoms like hydrophobia:
A few days ago, while in the room with his \
wife, he" felt rather strangely, and seemed in- ;
clined to bite and grate his teeth with all the
power he possessed, lie asked his wife to hand
him a piece of sole-leather, which being complied
with, he bit it through in several placeB,
and continued biting until it was chewed to
pieccs. Ho then requested her to hand him a '
chip, which he also tore into splinters with his '
teeth. At that point he was seized with very 1
strange and wild sensations, and he told his wife '
she had better leave the room, as he was fearful 1
he might commit somo personal violence. She 1
did so immediately ana locked the door. He '
tried to f?et out! but finding tho Jnn. 1~~1 1 i
ho went to tho window, whicti was in the second J
or third story of the house, and jumped out, '
perfectly crazy and raving, as is supposed, with J
hrdrophobia. Ho ran several miles before he '
was overtaken, screaming and crying with the
most intense agony. lie was finally socured
and brought back, and is now under medical (
A Member of Congress in a bad way.
During the debate on /Tuesday, on the resolu- 0
tion fixing a day of adjournment, Mr. Ewing,
a gallant and talented young Kentuckian, thus (
humororously expressed his grievances: 8
I want to get away from here, for one, and I
believe that tho people are willing to seo us go
away. I would rsther adjourn Bine die than
take a reccBS. It is rather a novel experiment, Jnnd
T do not. Wnnw hnw it wnnU unit Tint I 11
want to get to some place where I can sleep of ?
nights, [Renewed laughter.] I am tired of
going into these dining rooms in the morning
with the weak stomaoh with which every gentleman
rises in summer, and smelling that odor
which destroys the last remnant of appetite
that can be got np by the force of tonics, and
other means. [Great laughter.]
After trotting All.over, town, hunting a place r
to eat, I have thought that, of inevitable neces- sity,
I would bo compelled to go through the ^
form under the influence of chloroform. [Ren- ?j
ewed laughter.] I,know of no other way in V
which it can be' practiced with any sort of ease ^
and'oomfort. ^ ' c%
Qonsulatk in Vknick.?The talented antlior
of a "Bachelor," Mr. Donald f. Mitchell, more generally
known as " lice Marvel," finds the
Consultate pf, Venice pooyly suited to his taste .
ob his pecuniaiy interest He has thrown up *
the commission with which the PMifdent, in ..
compliment to hla acknowledged literary ability, *1
honored him, atf&will pursue his Italian studies
and observation untrammelled by official cares.
Dr. D. Macauley, of New Orleans; is his successor.
He, too, is said to be a respected sen- .
tleman of letters, and goes to* Venice not in
pursuit of the emoluinpnts of place, DtrinbgpBd _
tpj^is fnnd of infonSuttyfi} by residence in ao^? ^
wmon ib rapposeato AQora more man ordinary .
literary treaswre# of ^
*V ' 7" ' . "
t* ..1 .-'S-t
*Jfe ^ -. : f... '.. .
THK Boardino of AS AMERICAN PACKICT BT A
BnrriHU "WAR STBAMKR.?The following is the
reporl of Captain Allen of the ship Minnesota:
\t 11 A. M., May 25th, lot 63, long. 10, saw H.
B. M. steamship Gladiator, which fired two
juns for us to heave to?the steamer then ran
near us and sent i? boat on board and
me snip to be hove to immediately. Also demanding
the ship's papers. Cnpt Allen inquired
of the officer in chnrge of the boat by
what authority he demanded themt The officer's
reply was, by the orders of his government,
ana stated to Capt. A. that it was an unpleasant
duty fur him, but it was imperative.
Hie papers were produced and examined, and
after an hour's delay the vessel waB allowed to
We arc informed by the first officer of the
M. that the midshipman in charge of the boat
alongside, stated to him, that haa not the ship
been hove to, after firing the two guns, shoU
would have been fired to compel her.?N. Y.
A Mother Departed.?On the day of our
national rcioicing we regret to have to announco
Uv>.? v. v.iv- */? mc -- v? omen 01 the Kevohition."
Mrs. Mary Johnston, who was a participutur
in tho scenes and struggles of the Revolution
in this State, and who fius been chronicled
in Mrs. Ellet's Memoirs of the illnatriofo
women of that day, died at the residence of her
son, J. G. Johnston, in Chester District, on the
Death of Mr. Salmosd.?Our community
have just been startled by the astounding announcement
of tho sudden death of Titos, Salmond,
esq., President of the Branch Bank at
this place, lie rode down from Lancaster Court
House, forty miles, to-day in a buggy, and it is
supposed the heat overcame him. He died
about six o'clock this evenini?. some two ?? ??
hours after getting home.?Camden Journal.
The Connecticut Legislature has passed resolutions
annulling the fugitive slave law within
that State, and declaring their determination to
resist its execution.
Bank Dividends.?The Commercial Bank of
Columpia, S. C\, has declared a dividend of $1.25
per share, and the Bank of Hamburg, S. C.,
per share, for the six months ending on the
People's Bank.?At a meeting of the Board
of Directors of the People's Bank, held yesterday,
D. L. McKay was unanimously elected
President, vice E. P. Stark, resigned.
Deatii of Mb. Ritchie.?The venerable Thomas
Richie, the Ajax of the democratic pres?,
died uftcr a lingering illness, on the 3rdii?t.
The following persons have paid their subscriptions
to the 2d Vofumeof the Independent
James Drummondo, Mt? IlilT, S. C.
C W St3'les, esq., Hamburg, "
Thoe Jefferson l'yles, Styleaboro, G?.
8 Tustcn, Calhoun's Mills, S. C.
LC Wilson, Abbeville, "
J W MeCree " "
Andrew Buchnnnn, Wilson's Creek, "
J T McConnell, Due West, "
A II MeGee, Cokesbnrv, "
r l. n?
fiiiuuii v,uricr, Biouni uill, "
J W Clorke, Cokesburyr *
C II Allen, Abbeville, "
John C Walker, Ninety-Srx, "
Dr II G Middleton, VTtWington, "
Jesse Lomax, Mt VUaaant, Miss.
J L Pettigru, esq., Charleston, ($2) 8. C.
Rev A G Harmon, Mapleton, "
J C Clianey, Cokesbury, "
H W Lawson, Abbeville, "
Isaac N Sample, Franklin, Miu.
John A Sample, " "
} T Dodeon, " , "
W B Roman, Abbeville S. (jJ
S Krwin, Harrisburg, "
l?F Roberts, Greenwood. "
Wm A Cobb, Smitliville, "
Maj Jno D Adams, " u
Larkin Barmor?. Mh Hrll -
James M Carwite, Duo "\Vost, Robert
MeAdAvnf>, " '? ?
Mnj "Wra Clinkscnles, " " "
I)?viv1 Jor<Jawr Ilarrieburg, "
J L Devlii*, * ?
B II EaScin, Abbeville, "
Jus. Irwin, ** "
H A Jones, " "
J G McClinton, " "
Rev J N" Yonng, Due West, "
J M Lnttimer, jr., Lowndesvillo, "
M W Gary, Cokesbury, "
Wm Crowther, Diamond Hill, "
Died suddenly, at his residence, in Pickens
listrict, Wm. I). Arnold, in Uio 70tli year of
liis age. Uo retir< ' ' > his room on Friday
night, the 23d Jup - J was found dead in kis
bed on the nex in -ning, having died app?rently
without a 0t,...fegle. Ho was a christian
member of the Methodist church, a kind and
iffectionate husband, an indulgent father, and
in obliging neighbor. Mr. A. was a native of
Abbeville, and leaves many relatives and
riends, both here and there, to mourn their
HEAD QUABTERS. Wm
lit Brigade Cavalry, 8. O. M. |H
)RDER No. 2. 3S|
rHE Following RegiroenU'of Cavalry will
Parade for Drill and Review at the the tima
.nd places specified below:
The 2nd Regiment of Cavalry at Longmirea
not at Mount vermon) on Thursday 3d of Au;uat
The 1st Regiment of Cavalry at Smith'*
itore on Saturday the 19th of August next.
The Commissioned and non-Commissioned
)fficers will appear at the places above stated
i their respective Regiments the day previous
ir Drill and Inspection. By order of
8. M. WILKES.
Brig. GenL let Brigade Cavalry, S. C. liL
John v. Moo**, Brig. Mai.
July 6, 1884. ' ' r 9td
pgr* Banner copy. . -v <
ATTBHTIOH CAVALRY?^ ~
T>TTifnp ?.:n k. xn.-4j i.ii n A.
L uu..u ttiu w uyvHUU uvia in Ul
Washington Troop of CaTalryon Saturday
ae 29th instant^ for Captiin.'to fill >h? raeany
occasioned bv the resignation 6f Captain
i. S. Harris. D. J. Jordan, J. McQaerns, Wm.
lutier. Managers. V4 ' ir '
By order of .Col J. L. Talbert.
<1 MARTIN, Maj.
Jnly4, 1854. ^*9 v?T
-- ai .
THF STATF HP SMITH* PlonilWA
Lbbeville Diitriot.?In the Court of 6r*
diniuy, ; ,
'it the matter of th$ last Will and TttU*merit
of Luoy Lokax, deceased.
97KERENS Application haathia day be?a
f nmde'tome by , Jumea Hwgrofa- and
f W- hU :#wn?
l the legal hem ofihe akid Lucy Loraax, rearing
the purporting to confciphae .
urn win uu wiuiuieiifc^vo dc provea in Man6
irraUhf IiV": Therefore, notice<a herebVfrficfr
? EpHrwm Knight ?0d other*, children of Bet^
diven ondei1 mir b?nd iniliMfni aSu tku
, * I ?
. * * . '.