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__- USTTOTSD TO LITIEATURH, THIS ARTS, ^GliEENCIl, AGHICM?T*raE, NEWS, PONTICS, &C., ?2. ^
TERMS?ONE DOLLAR PER ANHUM)] ,. "Ii6t it bs In|^|td into tho Houti of your. Children that tho tiberty*6f thej^geaa igj^^Palfadiniii of all your Rights."?-Jiinlu*. ' ^-> < |~p A V j^HT.TSj ^~F3T- ATVyA
V0LUME2-N0.il. : ABBEVILLE C. II., #fril CABOLINAySATUUDAf^ltfOMING, JfrLY 22, 1854. > ? - WHOLE NUMBER 63. .
-H'i >.-. I . ?.-. . v.,v.- - . - v: , '* * * ; -
POETR-% v
The Withered Wreath.
BY II. J. SARGENT.
I found it by the way aide,
A weeping elm beneath ;
A wreck on Love's capricious tide,
A faded, sceutlcss wreath.
There seemed a depth of meaning
In tlmt faded wreath concealed ;
There was treasure fop thn
And a story unrepealed. * ?
There were tiny buds half opened,
Like ruby hps, half seen,
Beneath the tantalising veil
Of some coy village queen.
And there were gorgeous flowers full blown
Of every ?h?de and hue.
Have these frail elnblemB drooped alone?
Has young Hope withered toof
The more I viewed that withered wreath,
I was curious the more
To question of the dvincr flowers
Its gad historic lore.
"Whose was the white and dainty hand,
Arranged with so much art,
This Litany responding'
To the. Priest within her Jtiarl? ?
Were joy and faith Uotlnd tip in thee
Or mingled doubts and fears ?
Say! wast thou woven out of smiles,
Or wast etobnlmed ih tears T f
One dying flower responded, .
"Tlius be the riddle read:
The buds are dreams half realized,
The floioers are bright hopes dead."
I leftlt by the way side,
That weeping elm beneath,
A wreck on Lovc'b capricious tide;
A faded, scentless wreath.
COMMTTfflCATIONS,
[fob the Tndepen dent rnEss.]
A Bird's-Eye View of Texas.
The following letter, written by ftn Abbcvillnn
now in Texas, to a friend in this District,
will be found interesting to our readers:
" Rusk Co., Texas, June 5, 1864.
In Texas as elsewhere, we have some good
and some poor land; some places heal thy and
pome not. It is not exactly a second Eden as
has bv some been represented. No silver trees.
or fritter trees either.
The three different and most common soilB
arc white sandy, black sandy and red land.?
The white sandy land in very productive, generally
level enough fty cultivation aud some
entirely level; timbered with black-jack, liickory,
post oak and pine,; though where the pine
grows is rather a different soil?whiter, with
less sand. Where the blackjack grows there
arc poast-oak runners in abundance. These
are very disacrecable to work with. It is a
common saying that thuT.or that is enough to
mnke n preacher swear. If he does not swear
nt working in post-oak runners, there is no
danger in driving oxen or anything of the kind;
in short,. ho would-be a very good man, or he
would think very bad things if he did not say
them. The black sandy laud is timbered with
red-oak, hickory, poast-oak, white-oak, walnut
and occasionally a black-jack. It has tlie appearance
of a second bottom, and produces
finely. The red-llmdjs timbered in tho same
way. It has a very singular appearancc, being
bo rea. roe cowon raisca on inia jana, n it
falls out, Lb stained badly, though it docs not
affect the sale, (notwithstanding tho merchant*
in New Orleans can tell the difference;) it carries
the stain with it as far as we can hear of it
These are tho soils of Eastern Texas. On all
the creek* there is fino bottom land, wliich
bears the resemblance of all bottom land. In
the West, they have prairie and timber l?nds;
V?o loff/kt* ViAiher rfflnprnllr AAnrlr ftiA
black And stiff, or a black sandy soil??opio of
which is very rich.
I do not know what to tell you* about tlib
amount of oottou/or eorn raised per acre, ex-,
ccpt the amount stated by people'here, which
correspond very.yellwitli the-talesiold there
?sueh as l,00tf, l.ljpO, $,000 and 2,500, pounds
of ootton per . and o# oorn, .15, 20, 26, 30
and 35 bushehfjier o^re. v Oats, potatoes, melons,
pampkins^fe,, in <l)ondan??^ A a I have
said nothing at>OOT wheat yon will readily conclude
tha^ we';d<i n9t raisc ii'here." It hjw boen
tried by some few, and some seem to think it
will do well; others say it "is ioo jdncertaih^ti
* - JJzrZij' <,*.?? I
j f ^ ^ . .
farcan ben^
1
' ' 'V.
and nil vegetable ind animal products of 01
: truly productive o&d congcninl. soil, nt an c
rrrr1i*>rtlit /am -V?
-w /" iw.
The great objection to moving to Texn
namely, the want of schools, is being remove
Collegea and schools arc now springing up i
every town, village, and neighborhood. Tliei
is now no necessity for our youth to grow u
in ignorance. Far from it. Education has ui
folded her glittering banner, and spreads li<
golden wings from north to south, from east t
west, over near the entire lund. So slron
are the desires of parents that their oflfsprin
should enjoy Iter blessings, that notwithstan<
ing the prices of tuition are much liigh<
here than in older States, and the great nccess
A... 1.1 " -
mere is lor a great ninny of tlicir children t
aid them in the accumulation of worldly wenltl
our schools and academies are 'well representee
and our teachers looked to as men engaged i
the most noble profession?as men who love 6
well the improvement of the rising generatio
as to devote their time and talents to that pui
pose; not from mercenary,-hut purely philar
thropic motives.
The prices of land hero vary, not so much i
proportion to the quality of the land, as to tli
"ripen cm" of the owner. Texas bangs all pin
ten wr inuring jou ever saw. in tne mi I nin
winter, tlicy arc sean going to and from al
quarters. Some, if they can, will soil; if thei
cannot, tlicy will swap ; if tlicy can ncitlie
sell or swap, tliey will move out of their oh
houses and build new ones. Moving has be
come habitual, and move the}- will. The high
est price for land in the woods is $3 per aero
but more commonly ?1 50 and $2, and some
times $1 per acre. Improved lands vary more
There have been some sold at $10 per acre, ii
this county, nothing extra nt that; six, seven
eight, and nine, is occasionally paid for ini
proved lauds, but more commonly three, four
and five. Find a man thoroughly rinc. he wil
soil at $2 or $2 50. What we term improve*
lands, lmvc from 150, 100, and even down t<
20 acres cleared, Texan cabin*, cribs, stables
and so forth.
I must tell you something of the game of out
forests. We have here doer, turkeys, and ii
winter ducks till you can't rest. We had fin<
sport killing ducks in the winter, and since
deer and turkeys. We have killed abouttwen
ty deer?I mean our crowd have. It may bi
you would like to know how many I htivi
killed. Well, I will Icll you of one day's ad
venture, from which you may judge, as 1 assur<
you similar success has followed mo on ever]
occasion. I need not give you the start, sucl
as bustling about for ammunition, and so forth
Suffice it to say, while walking.leisurely along
I egpied at some hundred <rr hundred and fifb
yards, two fine bucks. Thinks T, how fortu
nate, the finer one is nearer'to me! I will crccj
round that point there, and be in fair view a
forty yards. About this time, I felt a Strang
kind of feeling come over me.- I didn't fee
cold, but I began to shake, real doubled am
twisted Btamp-down ague fashion. I kept 01
10 gain my pome. *ou ougnt to novo bcci
rac?my ague was bo hard that I made a dou
ble shuffle every step, and my heart lammei
away like a Bledge hammer. Finally,- however
I gained my point I prepared (o shoot; but
the great Moses! my arms hod the ague wors
than my legs, and my eyes worse than nr
arms! I could see nothing but deer in even
direction! I blazed away; off ran the .deer
I thought I saw fifty, though in reality tlier
were but two. I afterwards learned that I ha<
been seized with a""15uck ague." I^find it i
v^ry hard ague to cure, for just as BUre'as I ae
a deer, I begin the shuffle.
Farewell for?the present. -D. R. B.
MISCELLANY. *
/ . ?v- v -. ^ . - .
The two Merohanta ; or, a good Invest
if ' meat.
*" Can yoij loan me two Jhou?an4 dollars t
establish myself in a small rotaiVbtlkjness t " in
quired a young* man not yet-o&t of ,his teem
of a middle aged gentleman, who was porin
over a pile of lodgers in the counting room <
one of the largest wholesale' establishments i
our city. The person -thus addressed. turne
towards the speaker, arid regaling hi in a-mc
ment with a look of- surprise, ioquirad: .
j " What security you give jpe, Mr. Stroi
"Wr1 f" '
STbUiing.-bnt my note,'' Replied the ;"youn
man promptfv. rf . '/ '%*
" Which, 1 Keliev# would be 'l^iy ^ar i
inorkot," replied the merchant, smiling.
- Perhaps bq," .replied the .yonng man, "bu
Mr. Barton,.^member-the boy is. not the man
the time rt 6y.come; yheu Hi ram S troeserV not
Will h?" Ait TAiimlV accented an that of *n? Mho
True, v?ry*trBc, rpj}li?a Mr.,Barti>n mile
ly, "butyou'kqow business men seldom "iok
money > Withorit' adequate ji$cni>it.y?otherVii
^"^San'^vbu no
V' ' > f : ' I
ir noticing tlicac interruptions, Mr.
j.. Barton Raid:
" Young Strosscr is desirous of establishing goi
himself in a small retail business in Washing- Ro.
?> ton street, and called this,morning to secure a hoi
d. loan of two thousand doUprs for that purpose." ult.
n "Indeed," said Mr. Ha'wlev. evidontlv ?nr- <
prised at this annoucemcnt; " but you do not ?:f
e think of loaning that sum, do you?" Boi
!P "I do not know," replied Sir. Barton, "Mr. to 1
l- Strosser is a young man of business talent and of
)r strict integrity, and will be likely to succeed in tha
whatever lie undertakes." is tl
? " Perhaps so," said Mr. Hawloy. " but I am pus
g heartily tired of helping these young aspirants iim
!g of commcrcial honors." iafa
j. ' Haw you ever sufTered from such a coursc?" abl
inquired Mr. Barton, at the same time casting 1
f ft roguish glanio at Mr. H. atel
i* "No," replied the latter, "for I never felt Dir
,o inclined to make an investment of that kind." 'I
j "Tlicu here is a fine opportunity to.do so. To
' It may prove better than stock in tlio' bank. /
As for nij-self, I have concluded that if you will 1
n advance him one thousand dollars, I will con- Con
o tribute an equal sum." sine
n "Not a single farthing would I advance for bor
such a foolish purpose ; and if you make an ad- tion
r" vance of that kind 1 shall consider - you Very tial,
i- foolish." '
Mr. Barton observed a silence of several mo- this
menU aiul then arose to depart. gre;
"If you do not feel disposed to share with seas
c mo in this enterprise, I Bhall advance the whole imu
i- sum myself."
J So 8nying he left the store. chai
I Ten years have passed away since the occur- fron
rencc of the conversation recorded in Jhc pre- Rid;
f ceding chapter, and Mr. Barton, palo and ngi- the
r tated, is standing at the same desk; as when elmi
] first introduced to the reader's attention. As by i
page nfter pago of his ponderous ledger was eudi
examined, his despair tgypamc deeper and deep- tent
er until at length he exclaimed: T
" I am ruined, utterly ruined I " ton
>. "How so," inquired Hiram Stressor, who en- the \
, tered the counting-room in season to hear Mr. pari
Barton's remark. to t!
II "The last European steamer broucrlit news Cow
, of tlic failure of the liouac of Pelerb, Jackson Koa
- it Co., London, -who arc indebted to ine in the on t
sum of $25,000. News of the failure has be- stoc
! come general, and my creditors, panic stricken, its c
arc pressing my paper to be cashed. -The this
1 bnnks refuse me credit, and I have not the trac
j means to meet my liabilities. If I could pass the
the crisis, perhaps I could rally again, but it is ftnd
' impossible; my creditors nre importunate, and fron
I cannot much longer keep above tlio tide," re- ness
r plied Mr. Barton. ity 1
i "What is the extent of your liabilities?" in- see
, quired Mr. Strosser. unit
"Seventy-five thousand dollars," rcpliodMr. Cart
- Barton. ?;
"Would that sum be sufficient to relievo Ban
1 you?" T
"It would." jiay
"TlieD, air, you shull have it," eaid Stros9er, of t
" as he stepped up to the deals and drew a cheek othc
2 for seventy five thousand dollars. "Here, take com
! this, and when j-ou need more, do not hesit&tc four
to call on me. Remember that it was from wor
you I received .money to establish myself in Nov
business." - * nicn
, "But the debt was cancelled several years Tl
j ago," replied Mr. Barton, aa a ray of hope shot men
across his troubled mind. in H
"True," replied Strosser, "but the debt of scrij
1 gratitude I owe you has never been cancelled, its e
t nnd now that, flin */>nln lm> t ? !l *
?~ ?'i?o vuiu^u, iuccia xb iore
e my duty to come to the rescue." . : pose
I At this aingulnr turn in thcttide of fortune, T1
. Mr. Barton fuirly wept for joy. Dire
llis paper was taken up as fast ns it was sent dam
i in, and in lc&a than n month he had paused the won
[i crisis, and stood perfectly safe and secure; his wlii<
credit increased, and business improved, while and
. several other firms sank under the blow and popi
1 could not rally, among whom was Mr. Hawley, that
the merchant introduced to the render in the to lc
^ preceding chapter. ' * mor
e " How did you manage to keep above the tho
tide ? " enquired Mr. Hawley of Mr. Barton, proj
V one morning, several months after the event* beln
IT last recorded, dm he met the latter upon the thoi
! street on his way to his place of business. on c
" Very easily indeed, I can assure J'ou," re- nski
i plied Mr. Barton. ' tliat
" Well, do tell me how," continued Mr. Haw- 01, u
a ley, "I lay claim t^great deal of. alirawdligl^i judg
c but the strongefltT^eJcercise of mv^Bnwrdid>not A
save me; and vet "you, wlj^. jP?T?T by far the und
greatest euffefer, and whofg liabilities were Hon
5 twice as heavy as my own, haire stood the shock, tire
and have come off even better by the shock." <|er
- "Tho truth Is,* replied Mr. Barton, "I cashed Mot
r my paper as soon as it was sent in." the
"I suppose so/' said, Mr. Haw ley, regarding And
0 Mr. B. with n look of surpi^e, "but how did ndjfl
you obtain funds ?" As fdi^njy part, I could viev
' not obtain a dollar credit?the banks refused its i
1 tot^e my paper, and my friends oven desert- r0pt
^ ed me." ; Knc
"A little investment that I made some ten R0a
^ years ago," replied Sfh Barton, smiling, " has the
pwou ^Ab?cuiuKijf jnuumuju * Wltl
"Investment! -' echoed Mifcllawloy,?" what Cflte
investment?"-- _*.* . m t
" Why, do you'llot remember how I 'cftt&b- Car1
lishod young Strossor in'business some ;teri ,or port
? twelve years ago!" ;
" Ob, yes, yes," replied Mr. Hawloy, ,08 a>i*y :rnta
of suspicion lighted up his countenance ;?."Aafe <Rai]
. what of that?
"He is now one of the heaviest dry&aMj^T
' dealersio city, -arid. when. toU-etfSprc Spit
r came on, he camoforward otfdT?fy gcnerQjjtfly* febt
, You know Ttbld yon on I called oral
to offer yon an equal ebaro iu-fflPStflck that it taot
lulflrnt Drove better than an i(W?ampnl 'In Ui? f-'
* Wnt ? - T * r -^ 7- ^ - "V?
* S
i too
" &K&?6Emu& >?
""! ?* * 5 ' ;y':
... ** ' >'*< -
A-*. . .. # V .
. The Blue Ridge Rail Ho?d.
iVc place before our readers the able i
t or tho President of the Blue Ridge R;
nd Company, rend at the meeting of btoc
ders held at Clayton, Georgia, ott'thc 27
The business of the mooting was confin
the election of Directors, 'and the locatii
ll,? fli?? - 1 - I ?
lumi ub yjiuyvun ; anu wo learn tjiat tl
*rd of Directors passed a resolution leavii
:he citizens of Clayton tlio selection of oi
three lines that- have been rim adjacent
t place. The nearest line to Clayton, ^hi<
be longest by four thousand six hundred foi
sIb through lauds adjacent to the corpora
its, and heing, we understand, entirely sc
ctory to the citizens of the town, will pro
v uc uie ono auopted.
he President niov<sdon to Franklin imincd
ly after tlie adjournment of tho Board
ectors.?Kcoieee Courier.
'lie following is Mr Gourdin'b fteport:
the stockholders of the Blue Ridge Jto
toml Company
'he Directors of the Blue Ridge Rail Rot
npany have respectfully to report, thi
to.tho meeting held in this plaee, their. li
i have chiefly been devoted to the organiz
i of the several Companies that were esse:
, in conjunction with this, to complete tl
it chain of Rnil Ronds to connect throne
portion of the country, the waters of tl
?t West with those of the Atlatftie. At tli
ion. of tlie Legislature of South Carolir
icumLei^ lujiuwmg cue organization or tli
lpany, a irieuionttj' wns presented, nuking
ptcr and the aid a? the State for a Kail Rod
n Anderson C. II. to connect with the Bit
go Itail Road at its.- southern terminus, an
Directors are grnf^^d in stating that tl
rtcr was promptly granted and aid furnishe
in agreement on the part of the State t
ursc the bonds of the Company to the e:
. of $1,2G(),000 on certain conditions,
he City Corporation of the City of Charlei
was also memorialized, and on reference <
subject to the people, a subscription on tli
; of the corporation was made of $500,00
lie Blue Ridi?C Hail Road Pnmnnnr in Snnf
o r""V
ilina, and 510,000 to the Blue Ridge Ra
d Company, or in other words it wns agree
lie part of the Corporation to assume tli
k which had been subscribed by' a^ew
itizens to secure the charter.?Soon 'iftc
period, say in -the month of July last,* a coi
t was made with Messrs.' Bangs & Co., <
State 'Of New York,> for the conot.ructio
equipment of the entwpjino of Rail Roa
1 Anderson C. II. to the State line: if Tei
ec; the lion. W. ii. Thomas (under autlio
Lo him as President) acting for tb<{ Tenne
River Rail Road Company, agreeing t
e his Company with the cbnipanv in Sout
ilina and to plncc the construction of tl
1 under the contract made with Mcssr
gs <fc Co.
he contractors have agreed to receive i
ment for the construction and cquipmcr
he several roads one Jialf in cash and th
sr in the bonds and stock of the seven
panics' united in equal amounts/of oiii
th each. It was furtlic^ , acrecd that tli
k should be coinmeifced on the fir^t day <
ember last, but this tligjl-Was, by agro<
t, extended to-the firit^of JanuBVy 18ulie
Legislature of South Carolina was ngjii
lorializcd for farther Aid at its Inst scssio
ovember, with a view of obtaining a sul
>tion on the part of the State in adi^tion t
ndorsement of the Company's bonds as hi
granted. The bill introduced for this pui
i passed the Senate, but failed iriitlie Honst
be hopes and expectations of the Board c
ictors, however, tferc, and are by no mean
pened by this disappointment/ n3 thcr
s causes which contributed to this -c^eul
ill they are assured 'iwill uot exist. again
it must not be inferred thaC.tho'votq in tt>
liar branch of the Legislature is"conclusiv
the people of South Carolina are oppose*
igiglutivc (lid-to this great enterpise, in sorii
e substantial form than the endorsement c
Company's bonds. Thtro ^?re seven
ccts opposed to trs last*session, which it i
SVed Will not ODDOS6 tli^/irrnin Man
ight that we should enter more thdrodfehl
mr work, and make, .mora^, progress vbefor
iig for further legislatives^,. and othei
our surveys and eaUmdi&gitfsrQ too gene:
n<l not sufhciently Winut^ndoti^ detail t
;e satisfactorily of the cOBfrpfJtberOfld. f.
s the entire line.in South ' Catiblina.tes&joi
er contract, except%tte Tunricfat thejBtum
sc Mountain, nnd as this'as well artDe er
route through Georgia,Tv?i,U aT^o be ur
co.ntrnct in a few days,'tmj? objection yi
tbe removed; ond, in relation.to. thej[a^
entire' line being finally 1 ocated ^ct^ee
erson anu rranKiin spmirpqvuo
cent to Clayton Icept^n aVeyaueeWJInth
7 to consult theinterest^cLtfie wishes i
nliajbitonta, and-ju^the Jr^afndeF ofth
,etliTDugh North'^frolina and Tennessee t
ixville, the ville%hd Charleston Rn
d having olftdTbeen brought into jinidif wit
other companies, ^tnd under th$/y&rf?a<
r Messrs. Bangs A Co.,)uwHl b?
d Also in the next fowVeeksV and jpdnforB
he surveys aod^Bttinotes' through Sout
olina and Georgia, (whfifefctbe most difficu]
ions of the^worU ore locatwiKhftya hftd th
Srrtiation of B. H. Latrobe^M.,MLhe alstii
bed fipgineeir of the BftHirtorfc' and Ohi
I Road, this obieeti&ti wilfrilso be^DCfcdiJ
lie Directors, therefore,
lion thai the leading, obje<^om^io'.ffSfat
icripticm beinij- removed, the LcguJatqre c
\.w.
????A????
.? The organ; i.uion of the companies, and the
rc_ ,?crtai n completion of the roads, renders the
a*; several lines known ns the Blue Ridge Road
It. loatt-T of necessity, which nothing but Jhc most
th short-sighted ignorance can now defeat,.'"xBringcd
ns they will, not only thointerior of Soutn
on Carolina and her seaboard, but a large portion
Ijg of Georgia and Savannah nearer to Louisville,
1,-g* than these great centrcs of commerce are to
nc r.any other city on the A|ldntic, and passing
t,0 tUftiugh ft mineral region of untold wealth &n3
(.], extent, the business of this road.cannot fail to
2t bo otherwise than large beyond any calculation
te of limit, as tho.-other great trunk lineal that
have scaled the mbnntaing^rc already prove.
I,. With these prospects, therefore, to the Road
itself and looking to tho vast find incalculable
[i. 'benefit which it must confer on all the States
0f through whicli.it will pass, not only in our
day, but much more so in tho future, it is an
enterprise not only of_?hoice, but of necessity,
?7 demanded by the watxfcj,~the genius, the enter-,
prise and the spirit of our people, and due as
..1 Wpll fn nnaf/>r!tir ,%a L
IU - ? .w j/vuwi.vj no iu w?r uwii uuuur.
jt, T-ct every man, therefore, contribute to its
a. support by hiB unerasing efforts?by aid to the
,j. extent of hi* means, and by his sympathy.?
n And tliose to -whom you have entrusted the
lc management of this great and magnificent en-.
I, torprise will, before many years, bo enabled to
congratulate you on its triumphant achievelC
ment, as they do now on its auspicious comia
mencemcnt IIENltY GOURDIN,
ft; ' PiWf nii.? 1> r> r>
lt} . WW w A^IUV M4U(jV IV. i\. .
a ** 1 ^
<j The New Orleans Filibusters.
ic Yesterday afternoon, Gen. Jno. A Quitman,
d 'Mr. Ji^5. Thrasher! and Dr. A. I* Saunders apic
penretl before G. W. Gurley, U. S. Commissionid
er, and entered into recognizances pursuant to
,o the order of Judgo Campbell, of the U. S. Ciri
cuit Court. Tlio condition of tho bonds was
> vj'-to observe the laws of the United States in
a- "general, and especially aq act in addition to
)f the act for, the punishment of certain crimes
e against the United States, and to repeal the
0 acts therein named, approved April 20th, 1818,
h commonly callcd the ffeutralitv law. for t.he
il term of nine months from the first of July, inst."
d The {penalty of the bond is f8,000, with two
,e sureties at $1,600 each. ;? '
>f Tiie sureties on the bond of Gen. Quitman
sr were Robt Estlin and Gen. Miles; on the bond
i- of Mr: Thrasher, Emile Lnsere, and S. R: Walk>f
er, Esnrs., and tiie bond, of^Pr. "Saunders, S. F.
n Slattcr, and . '
d The parties made and sighed protests against
i- the right to exac^ these bands^-ftom. them, and
r- alleging that they signed "under duress." Mr.
s- Thrasher gnd Geij. Quitman made separate pro,o
tests, and Dr. S&uiiders concurred with that of
,h Gen. Quitman. We give them below.' The
ie Commissioner declined receiving them officially,
a. and they were accordingly verified by (ne
signature of witnesses: '
i UWIBT OK JMK. JOHN a. THRASHES.
?t; I, John S. Thrasher,.citizcn of New Orleans,
ie now in duress tinder n mittimus issued by the
?1 Hon. Jno. A Campbell, Judge of the Circuit
J- Court of the United States for the Eastern X)isie
trict of Louisiana, for the purpose of compell>f
ing me against my free will and consent to ens'
ter into a recognizancc to observe the laws of
t- the United Stages in general, and especially " an
n act in addition to tlic act for the punishment
n of certain crimfee against the United States, and'
>- to repeal the acts theroin named, approved
P, 20th April, 1818," being' liaw atJout to enter
J- the recognizance demanded by His Honor the
r- Judge of the Circuit Court, do hereby- most
5. solemnly protest: That I commit this $ot
>f Against my owa free will, under the pressure
is of imprisonment under the order of said Judge,
e which order I hold to have been indued through
It an ArBpfary,. illegal,. and unconstitutional
; stretch if jndicinl power, in open violation of
fe. the rights of the citizen and stipulations of the
e constitution of the^United States of America;
I .and I ngnin protest against this act, which I am
c forced to do in order to obtain my freedom, rc>f
serving to myBelf att*> my full and complete
rigaw to proceca Against, the parties concerned,
is together or severally, in this ray illegal depriy
vation of personal liberty, in such time, place,
y or mnnnor as may be granted me by law, and
e requisite for.me to.obtain justice.
"8 Presented in-Now Orieans, on the 8rd day of
r- JuTy, before J. "W. Gurley, cferk
o?, th5 Copjrt, in tbe'ipresencc of the~ undersignr
ed-witneattr, ;V>.*"
? Witness Tny Unga : *. Jjfjtr/. J. S. Thrasher.
P Bead in presence of Ch??T Eetlin, L." J; Segur.
l" ..PnonsT or &en. Quitman. <
[j In the ijfanerof the witnesses whose names
[i .are hereunto signed, tho'following*declaration
P.l .? J ?... J- i.i.> m f -?'
- Iiuu Iiiubcoi/ nMjuuua lir "uu ?T*# un^ricy%
Clertr, previously to signing the bond required
D by Judge.(5ftmpbd!I: " . >.
ft' y I regard,the .orderfof Judge Campbcitrone of
- ^o- Justj.wffif the Supremo Court of^he Uni?
tod!^WteifSH^iring><ipe to give bonds and serf
fatftMjfUItefywtili for the space of nine months,
I, iofeerWrth^l?ye of the United States in generic
iteapd^e^gSefliflHy the so culledneutrality act
7 ()v*fp%9r<?*lnr uucon^iiiHuonai, illegal ana ar'
biipfttyjCjiTcise of. power. I refused a volun?
ta'^'obatllence to it, because I viewed it my
is duty not to yield upon a mere demand, my 84^
T cred rights as an -American citizen. . I am now,
* by^the order.^e Baimrttfudge, a'close nrii|*
oner in the bands *tt tlwMarshal^l yield tff
? thw-illegal demand only because I hfive no apX
peal iWm a pWer which, practically, ia obso.
- 'rate- awfirMtoonBiblfC^Under duress. of itne
prlaonmenty^frff with ft Bolemn protest flgaiuH
t
11 |;th.t
I I I '
Tuiiee Mjex kiltku by Lightning.-?We find
in the Augusta Constitutionalist the following
account of deaths by lightning:
" On Suuday, July 2d, about 2 o'clock, P. M.,
at tho residence of Mr. J. W. Swan, in Newton
county, Georgia, Dr. J. W. liitoh, William Wilson
and Isaac Christian, Jr., were instantly
i 1
Kiiieu uy a BiroKe oi HgiitniDg.
. Dr. Hitch and Mr. Wilson were single nion,
but Mr. Christian leaves an affectionate wifo
and three children to mourn his loss.
Doctor Hitch was formerly of South Carolina,
'the other two were Georgians.
It seems that the electricity first struck a
cuuuv i/rcu mot stood near vie piazza
where they were sitting, and then pawed under
the liouso and through the floor, shivering it iu
a very flight manner, and thon the ceiling, and
lastly the chimney was slightly injured.
No other person was hurt A son of Mr.
Swan'b was sitting near, but escaped unhurt."
Francs.?A conspiracy to assassinate the Emperor
dttring his visit to the baths of the Pyrenees
had been discovered in the Departmenta
of barn and Garonne, and 160 arresU were
made. The Prefect was dismissed and M. Lodctsrcur,
the friend of Lafayette, was appointed
lliis successor.
j.no jnomieur publishes the Mihiater of the
Interior's report on the state of tho nation. - It
is very favorable. "
It 13 again said that M. Persigny will soon
resign, and bo succeeded by M. Baroohe.
The reports of the crop from the south are
favorable. ' s -fclf
Foreioneks in the U. S.?The following table
lias been received at the present time, as
exhibiting the number and nativity of each
class of foreigner* in flin ITnHml Uf *i._
a w U?VV<4 -IU VUU
j year 1850: A" ? *
England, 278,676 Holland, > 9,88t
Ireland, 901,719 Turkey, _ , IOC
Scotland, 70,650 Austria, 1 964
Wales, 29,868 Switzerland,13,858
Germany, 578,225 Norway, 12,678
France, '54,069 Denmark, 1,888
Portugal, * 1,274 llalf; \ :? ,*$,645
Belgium, t1,213 Spam,- 8;112
"YEiticact
ok Cold Wateu.?On Wednesday,
the 13tli ult., the house * of W~H..,Moody, of
Standish, Maine, was struck by lightning, which
demolished the chimney, burnt ftjirgo hole in
the ceiling of the sitting room, smashed tho
: stove and broke tho door. ~It struck a dough|
ter of Mr. Moody's, six years old, on the back
of the neck, the side and leg to the foot, leaving
a mark half an inch wide the whole distance.
Cold water was at once copiously applied
to the apparently doad girl, who in tw^n- ,
ty minutes from the time she was struck, revived
and is expected to recover.
We understand that the native nonUr^wn
East, are organizing "Know-Nothing Societies,
designed to exclude all future importations
of Shanghais from tho privileges of'the barn %
yard. The liens especially are Indignant and
utterly refuse to appear aV any tables whore
foreign fowls are served up,.while tlTe*,-" biddies
complain that, tbe hug? mon/tefs from
abroad steal all the b'g. grains of ^negt '
about the threshing 'fldora. Feathers* will fly\
before the affair is settled.?ChAtUat/iii Cnxufimr.
A Nashville physician declares, in a pajbJUij^A. ..
letter,, that cholera will become exthj(f?"if persons
will avoid spring, well or rirarwater sod
confine themselves to oist?rn(riUQ)jfj?te|ji- The
Nashville Union,cautions citizens there against:
drinking w'atetfrom the springs, which aire all
limestono. It says^"that thre6ifbnrths.^f*iha
deaths from oholera are among fbbse Wfio drinK
the spring wat^r, while those who u#o the-* hy- drnnt
water are safe unless grossljrimptqdent
Nation Aii Division 8. of T? At the lata mooting
in Navr^Bmniwiok;-til* iiext mjBfticg wa?
fixed for C^arlwton^na' the Allowing omoera
elected: . " "
P. G. W. P., S. L. Tillcy,..of St Jojras," If.
B., M. W. P.. and P. G. V. P. Chiles Eginton,
of Kentucky, M. "W. A. Article lixth of
the conatitutiojj,kfor Subordinate DLvsicpa has
been stricken out, -and article ten amended.
?Females are to be admitted'tp;JMviaiona as
visitors, and pro forma degrees p3t$i}tted. .
Death o^a '.miiuoxahtx.?Colombia,
(Penti) Spy sayr: Dr. Peter ShoeubergeV" one
of the wealthiest men of the Statoadied at the , .
residence of-his son, at Marietta, ou^the 20th
ult., in tbVMventy-sMQnd year of his age. -, .fie -
has been long ktfown ar." the. kinij"jroi)taaater,
an& his property is estimated' io be worth over ' >
fire millions.
Religious 31 kktiyo. ?The Carol to inn states
thnt a protraotod meeting has beerr held at the
Washington street JL E. church for ths p/urt two
been favorod^wlth the Berriee^f^atie divinea
from abroad. "W#* aire grAtiffed to team ttat
quite a number &ave made a .profession of religion,
arid that k deep intercut seems to per
vtiue mo lurvu aiwuiuiRiiai .yniBfl nwcna me
toeotings.
Suicide on a Gjuvk.?On Wedn??day last, in
New York, Andrew Qoetii ? Gerrillb, committedM8uioid^by
^wIng"but hg^fna with ?
wifo, and^a short time pt$vio?? his only child.
Thia >o

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