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The independent press. (Abbeville C.H., S.C.) 1853-1860, July 29, 1854, Image 1

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. DITOm TO* MTIHATUHl, THS ARTS, SCI1HCS; ASRl&JXcTlIRS, WfSWS, PQMtm, &G., <WI.
TERMS?ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM, ] "Let it be In?tilled into the Hearta of yopr Ohildren tiijpit the J^berty^of_the Press ia the Palladium of all yo&-Righta."?Juniu*. [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE *
VOLUME 2---N0. 12. ' ABBEVILLE C. feSQ^f.CAROLIN^fe^AY MORNING, JULY 29, 1854.,. / WHOLE NUMBER 64.
. . y . , _ ^ .. * .'. ? \ - __ v?. - ^ - ^* - -
To a Sainted Wife.
Tho following beautiful linca were written
by the Hon."Henry 11. JanokBon, Charge de Affairs
to Austria, on the death of his nniinbk
and accomplished wife. it
'Tin midnight! On the nzurc skies
The stars their patient vigils keep;
In deep repose all nature lies
But I?alas I I cannot sleep!
I mourn for tlicc, oh dearest one,
WK.0 to mine curly life wns given,
My beauteous wife, who now art gono
? i
1 see theo still, as on that niglit?
That night of untold agony?
Whioh, in its dark and rapid flight,
Bore tlicc and hope away from me.
I see thee now! thy visage sweet.
Thy hair with roses intertwined?
More lovely in thy winding sheet
xnuii augnt which ucnth line left behind.
1 thought of when tlint gentle brow
Wore roses to the bridal shrine,
And those dear lips, so silent now,
Moved to the vows that made thee mine.
I called on thee, with frantic tone?
A?d oh, corolfl angels f peak to inen,
I know, my beautiful, my own,
I know that thou hadst spoken then?
To say that still, in that bright sphere,
ttcrenely blest of God above,
' Thy gentle spirit held him dear,
Whose grief was boundless as his love.
And waiting there until lie eaine.
The mother's heart would still rejoice,
"fo teach her babe his father's naine.
Who never heard that father's voice.
The dreaded hour had come!?they bade
Me look upon thee for the lastt
I saw them close the coffin's lid?
And heard them as they made it fast*
1 saw them lower that coffin down,
And place thee, dearest, where thou art?
And still I lived 1 inv heart beat on !
A beating but a broken heurt t
And I have lived! nnd still J live !
To learn witli every troubled hrcatli
That I have suffered and survive
A something worse than human death!
My angel wife ! afar from tliee
f count the days, the moments even.
Thou wert the hope 6f life to me,
And hope has followed thee to heaven !
MISCELLANY.
Tho Wife's Forethought.
A 8KETCII FOR YOUNG MAHIUKD PKOP1.K.
Anson Kiiubell had been married about a
month. His basin ops wns nt tin making and
lie had a shop of hie own, and his whole stock
\v?? paid for; so lie felt quite independent, the
future looking all clear and bright. Ilia wife
was one of those mild, loving creatures, that
hang fondly upon the interest and affections of
the husband, aud whose soul ma}' sink or swiin
with the fortunes of the being it has chosen as
a partner.
One evening the young couple wcro sitting
in their corafortablo^npartment, the husband engaged
in rending, the wife working busily with
her needle.
"I must be up early to-morrow morning Linnic,
for our party starts shortly after sunrise,"
earn Anson, as lie laia aown me paper and loaned
back in liis ch .ir.
"Then von arc going, arc you? " remarked
Linuie. Ihere was just regret enough in her
tone to render her voice leas lively than usual,
hut it must have been a very keen observer
that could have noticcd it
"Oh, to be sure," returned the young man
in a gay, laughing tone, " -You know the hands
in the old shop go on this salMUhing excursion
every year, and of course I must go with them.
SVe can't take our ladies with us on such a trip,
but y'oa shall have a goodtimc to make up for
it"?"You mUBii't think, Anson, that I envy
you the pleasure you anticipate, for I am sure
t.hal nothing enn crive mo moro unti.-ifiiftl.inii thnn
to know that you are enjoying yourself."
"1 believe you, Linnie, and I. assure you I
shall enjoy myself on this trip exceedingly. So
3*ou will be happy, too, eh f *
"Certainly, returned the young, wife; but
the word seemed spoken rcliictantTy. . " Come,
corao, Linnie, you don't speak as you feci.
Now, you don't want ihe to go.;-" said Anson
/ with a tinge oT disappointment.
"If you'think it would be 'for youivgood to
?o, of course Iahould wahtyoiu to go."And
howcaq.it be otherwise?" - i
"You w'on't be offended, Anson, if I tell
you." <ujgf t ' "Pooh!
what an.ideal I be offended witl
you. No. f3otne^ te!I moyoar thought**"
As the youDg man spoke, he moVca fob- cliaii
'to the side of bis wife, and pot his arm about
lief neck. ? * '
" Well/'retnrnqd Liiiiii*, in ' an,<mrn?sfc ye(
, pleaKaut tone, " I was thinking of the expense.'
"IIi?ha, ha! , The expense. Why, it/won"!
be over five dollars at the farthest'" ^.V.' "Bat
five dollars is considerable. Yottjtno*
we arc young yet, and *11 V? have is ih? hons;
TO n 1 #A is\ i< tt m A If ^
(.f .r ?? w Ml ?wui DUlMl^uyp . # sr %
"And is YiQttlial Enough t How ninny o
7^' ' tnyy?HDg frknda arc there tfbo arc riot even ?
. well off. M ^hat , . " * .
'> "I know you nro fortunate, Anson, but noni
* *re beyond the roach of misfortune. for * fe*
years wa had better live a* economically a
possble, with consistent enjoyment."
l wfaaj. U five 4?U?r
^JnjVarfed^wjth <be/ afnount I shall bo able U
' Wlfl make that umount some oigh
or ten ddllart aborts .
-J: r>ilMtU? w;. * :__i- U- u.is*!'<
/ * " ?'' ' ' ' j I,
' * 'J
I . V* -
Anson Kiniboll was liko thousands of otlibft *
, "vrlio are situated in like circumstances. Witn
. a free and opcn^hcart, lie inarked4out his future i
, for a field of enjoyment withopt taking care to !
make much preparation for the sum lie might
be likely to meet on the way."
And then, again, liko all others, he mistook 1
the character of life's real enjoyment. * lie lost i
eight of some of the higher and more noble i
sources of happiness, and dwelt too much in the i
satisfaction of the physical appetite. True, lie i
?a i.: if i T.?* _i? ~t -ii ...*
vi^vjvu uiui sii) uuu uvar ui un extremes, !
but yet he failed to see that his enjoyments were I
nearly all ephemeral; that lie was laying up 1
little or nothing for time to come. i
A year passed away, and the annual fishing i
excursion came in course along. i
"Well, Linnie," said the young man, "to-nior- i
row the boys go down the harbor, and I am going
with them ; of course, you will have no ob- i
jeetions." ^ ]
"No," returned the wife, in her usual pleas- i
ant tone, "if you can afford it." i
" Oh, there's no' trouble about that."
"Don't 3-0U remember the conversation we I
had a year ago on this supne subject?" asked
Linnie. 1
"Yes; I remember then you talked about
saving, money, but we ain't any poorer now 1
than we should have been if 1 had staid at
home."
" But tell me, Anson, have you laid up as 1
much during the past year as you had expected
to!" * 1
"Why, as for that matter, I havn't laid up
much of anything. The fact is, Linnie, you .
have drawn rather harder 011 nie than 1 ex- <
pcctcd." , -? f
" But I haven't spent any more money for ;
trivial Affaire nnd amusement* than you Imvc,
Anson, and 1 don't think 1 have so much." <
"I didn't mean to blame j-ou, my dear. I
only mentioned the circumstancc to,.explain
why I had not luid up anything.?llut never t
mind there's time enough vet, and besides we i
have enjoyed ourselves. I think after this 1
fishing excursion is over however, I shall begin t
to dock my expenses a little, for 1 inust lay up (
a little something the next year."
"We certainly have every chance to save l
money," returned Linnine, "for both house t
nnd shop arc ours without rent, and we arc free ?
fi om debt," ? i
Anson Kimbcll started at that last remark, 1
and turned his face towards the window, but
his wife did not appear to" notice hi# emotion, j
"You know, Anson," continued Mrs. Kiiubcll, (
"that you promised mc I should have five dollars
when you went on another excursion, and <
1 shall certainly hold y<?u to that promise." 1
" Of course?that's fair," returned the young i
man; " but do you need it now ? "
" Yes."
"What arc you going to do with it? "
" You won't be offended ? " <
"No."
"Then to tell the truth, I owe a little num."
The young man lookeJ earnestly at his wife,
and though lie evidently wished to sav something
about her running in debt^ vet lor reasons
best known to himself, he kejtt. quiet, and
handed over the five dollars.
Anson joined his old schoolmates on t he excursion,
and when he returned, lie thought
"some about beginning to cut off some of his unnecessary
expenses, but he introduced no new
system of operations. Two or three times he
<fid refruin from indulging some prettv appetite
buthc soon settled back into the ofd track,
and the small bits of iponev slipped away as
fust as ever.
Tln cc years had passcJ away since the young
couple were married, and few could have wished
lor more social comfort than they had enjoyed
during the greater puj-t of that time. For
one month or two however} the J'oung man had
been gradually growing more'fcobcr and thoughtr..i
i.a u-j i a ?11-. -3
iui) uuui.uu ?u tuu^ui iihu uuumiiu rcuny ana y
and down hearted. His vfifp'Tind endeavored f
to cheer him up, thocgh bIic was unable to learn
the Cause of Ins dejection. <
0 evening just before dusk, Linnie saw ,
tw . a passller window and enter lier hus1
j< shop. One of them she knew to be the <
she. ana the circumstance troubled her not
a little. She waited half au hour fur her hus- ,
band to come to supper, but he did not appear, (
and her sufferings began to be acute. """A thou- j
sanjl conjectures flitted throKgb her mind, but ^
they brought no oonsolation^^Qd at length she "
determined U> go to the shoj^Soor and see if (
she could not overlicnr something of what woe {
passing" within, feeling that such a course would ]
at levst uu paruonaoie. * f
Linnie stole out from her front door' and
went towards the shop. She placed her ear to
the keyhole and listened, but she could only
1 hear an indistinct hum of .voices, among which
was that of her husband.- The latter was evi'
denily supplicating, for his tones were earnest
and impassioned. Boon there was a movement
, of feet towards the door, and Linnie hastened
back to the house. Ere long b<jr husband entered
He, looked pale and troubled, and with
1 a nervous movement of the muscles of .his faco,
as though be would have Concealed the grief
' that bore him down, he took his seat at .the
1 table. V *'
, Poor Linnie watched her.companion with am
, anxiety almost agonizing; but sne spoke not a (
, word until.after Anson had set baer from the ,
table. The food remained almost untouched,
upon his plate when he moved away, and h?f \
would have loft the house had pot his WifeBtop1
pedhlm.
- " Husbandj" she said in- n jBoft, gentle tone,.
at tbe satoe time laying-liefr hand^upoo lUa arm, .
' an(J^atin^jmplonn^lyTntbhisface,,'whlitisit
t M4f v*v.rv**w - .* -v *
('Nothing, Linnie," half fretfrilly returned
no, and ho modo ft mot ion osif'to remove his
wife's band from his Ri m.
"There is eomething, Anson, X know there is.
' Comft"d6 not >o?p U from irte." ? IS 7'"' '
' V "There is nothing that yon Heed know.",
1,; ,'u Bnt a wife need know all thot can offcot
hil* }ras$Mgd$bu*. What i? it, Anion?" .
''ItU Jfeth'insf brft rav own buglnew, and * a
g not know 7 ' \
. ThSianawcr w?? harnb. and t*are pushed to
* fc?' ."';d'i 'd
-
despond, for nil is uot as dark ns miglit be. I
am debply in debt, and to-morrow my sliop and
nil it contains will be advertised hyflhe sheriff
for sale." *
"In debt," murmured the wife. ?
' x es. uuring the last tw6 years, I have
been purchasing stock on credit, and paying for
it as it lias been convenient. At first it seemed
un easy way of doing business, but it lias proved
fatal; for when I received the pay for my
goods I forgot, or at least did not sufficiently
feel that all that money was not mine; I forgot
Lhatniorc than half of all the money I received
belonged to the men of whom I had purchased
jtock. Two notes fell ,dfie day before yesterday,
the man to whom I gave them hail sold
them in the way of business to a WegtocA-firui,
find now they must be baid. To-morrow nn officer
will he plnced at my shop, and nearly everything
will have to be sold. It is not the
loss of my stock and tools that I care so much
about; for 1 have health and strength, and I can
earn more, but it is the disgrace of tlio thinir.
lo think that I should fail like this?mo a
healthy, stout good mechanic."
"How much do you owe?" asked Linnic, in
\ trembling voicc.
"Both notes amounted to four hundred dollars."
"And ha'v'nt'you any part of it?"
" Only about fifty dollars that I can collcct
readily.
" And if those two notes were paid, you
would be safe?" ?
^YCS." .
"Tlien tlinnk God, you will not suffet*!" exihiimcd
Linnic. And overcome by her feolings
she sank upon her husband's neck undo- burst
nto a flood of tears.
"Linnic, Linnic," cricd the youngman, "what
lo you mean ?"
" Wait a moment my husband."
.The wife brushed the tears from her check
is ?he spoke and left the room, and in a few
uomenU returned bearing in Iter hand a small
jook. There was a bright smile upon her face,
ind her husband looked upon her with utter
lstoiiishmcnt.
"Here, my husband," she said, stepping to
lis side, and plaeiiig^the book in his hand, at
Jicsame time winding lier arm about his neck.
'If j'oucarry that to tho bank they will give
fou three hundred and seventy-five dollars for
t."
"Three hundred and seventy-five dollars,"
cpeated the astonished man, hardly crediting
.lie evidence of his own senses.
"Yes, Anson," returned the wife, sinking in,o
her husbands lap. "That is money that I
iave been ldyjhg up during the last three
feara."
"You luid it up, Linnie 2 But where could
you nave gotten ill"
"You gave it to roe yourself lo spend for trifles.
You know I have claimed my share of
iuuli money. Do not blame me, Anson, but 1
cured t li.it you did not nttacb sufficient 'ipipor:ancc
to the aggregate of the smull sums you
iverc almost daily spending. Once or twice I
(vould have remonstrated, but you could not
je made easily to see it I was but u young
;ir), and 1 feared to set* up a will. against my
nisbaud; so I resorted lo this means of proving
ny position. O, iny dear husband, you cannot
mow, what sweet pleasure J. experience now
n finding that my experiment has bcch the
neans of such goou."
--ii your pleasure 18 equal 10 nunc, tlien you
nust be happy indeed," exclaimed Anson, a? he
lrcw his fond wife to his bosom. "God bless
tou, Linnic, and make ino ublo-to repay 3011
or lliis. Now I see to whom you have owed
lie little dfbto'you have sometimes contracted,
md which I have helped you pay."
"Yet>," returned Linnie, with a smile, "it was
xt you I owed them. And yet," bIic "added,
>vith a meaning look', and in a lower tone of
roice, "1 "have not drawn bo much from the
imusement fund as ? **
"Hush, Linnic; I know I have spent more
;han I was nwnrc of, bijt my eyes nre open now.
xnd I see it nil." ^
"And you do not blame me for what I liavc
lone ?" iif
"Blnmoyou!" exclaimed Anson, imprinting a
ivarm kiss upon his wife's broT*., '{Let my fn.urtrcourae
show you how fondly you are cliershed,
and how faithfully.3 will be guided by
On thd^am day Anson :Kini1jjdjE>nipj<1 off
,hoae whowtfuld have Bold*" his st^ffi^4hd had
he pleasure of tearirjg lira*tx^o notea^m^jieces.
fie spent no more nrofiey foolishly, "and a9 be
vuuu I'll v; |?IUUU\<U) Ul IHO ll^VVl UCKIIIIIU1^ .Mf
jather in his hands, his house.grew' birth,
lis enjpj'ments increased. By steady dcgr.doA"
ie rose to ? position of honorable nffluenoe, bnt
brougli all liis successes lie ncvcrjosfc^ght. of
:her gratitude lie ow?d tlic gentta, faithful* bong
who had first opened his eyes to a Jcfiowledgo
>f the secret of success, and saved hhnfrdra
pecuniary disgrace. Hc'Wns an honored and
respected man, but ho owed it all to his WiFii's
Pobethocoht.'
Thieves Caught, '
On Inst Friday nlgbt tbo sleeping room of
our fellow' townsman, Jacob I^oifPJ osq., was
entered by a bold and adroit thiof, and tjie
slothes which he had thrown off on retiring to
bed* wero rifled'of abotit r fcwenty.fi vo dollars,
a gold pencil and a pocket knife. Mr. Lyons
and bis lady were sleeping in thc^AmSj'and a
light was burning nt the time the ?oW^ry was
committed. - The monej' eonsisted-of jbailkbiUf,
nr>A nf mlti/tli I11VI An tlia liAnlr Af fiAln /^WtAanA
VIIO VI TTU?VU| U uil* W?I VIIU UUlin VI l(?9 V1ICU1IU,
vm exchanged in part for goods purchased at
the clothing store or Mr.:B^J*net Fortunately,
Jjyon^ re^Iccte^wBfiWuch iH)ill Was of
the number st'olcn, and in: this way onr police
got n cine of tho thieves; for it seeems there
were three in the-r corapfiny. ^The knife was
recognised in thehands of alittleboy at Hunt's
Ilota/to whom it had been g. von by one of the
trio. This gave another clue. Jlr.: J. Sfnow.den,
tho Chief of. ou>- Police, was informed that
two rtiftto g6Con board the S. C. Railroad.c^
sonje'distatace beloy Ooltttribja; ?hq alleging
thay had no money, paid their fare for Ckcnlcn
with agoid. pencir wnten wjn-Jo?<pribea wim
Mr. Lfon'i natno. IJpog^thiB info?natio??, M?
ShowiMn telegraphed lo OwndWiWfl hialhein
arretted on th?>lr armil at tjiai; tQ*ik; \p$ {bp
jfojlday he,w?i?6 oV&>jSrtu?m and retOWM
yesterday with two of the light-flngetod guntrj
in cnitodgv' What-become of thtf ttfl&HAij^ot
' " ' W*i
A Getaglcm in Australia.
* Tho Milledgeville (Ga.) Recorder, publishes
prfflctter of rt^citizcn of that place to the editors,
^Ated "Melbourne, Australia, March 28, 1854," I
from wlfffclithe following extract we copy:
MOold continues to arrivo from the diggings
in inrgc quantities. i.arge nuggets are frequently
found; but thousands,yes, ninny thousands
of the miners arc barely making a support
About fifteen hundred Americans have
left lately for Callao. In fact, the larger por
tionof the Yankeo population is much dissat- '
istied with Australia; and all take.CalifornianH
\Vith whom I h?v? conversed, are ?orpy_ :>hat
they ever left trh Vcountry for this. Evert those
who have succcc led well, are anxious to leave, <
beittg disgustedi ^vith English manners and i
laws. I think* thyself that the stara and
stripes, with bacon nnd corn brend, is far t?refaruble
t.o the union jack with mutton and dam- <
poiv
" A inrgcr portion of the inhabitants -would
bo dqwn upon the Yankees if they knew how,
but Jonathan will fight at home nn<l abroad,
and so will John Bull: but he firmly believes
that one of Colt's six-shooters will shoot twelve i
times in a Yankee's hand. i
" A Yankee, a few months ago, hired two .
Englishmen to take him and his baggage to the -i
Owens diggings. All went on well the first i
but the second tlipy insisted that he should !
,vf?lk. TaJJiis he rofused, having paid jv long i
pri^Qr^ttSe privilege of riding, whereupon
tnoy knocked nim off the dray and gave him
several'kio&k' --As soon as lie could, lie drew
hisreptfftter and shot them both?killing one
upofi the spot and wounding the other severely.
At the next stafion he gave himself tip to the
pOjhee, and told "what he had done, and was
sentenferkta twelve months hard labor on the
roads feline offehve. ' i
. ?"Tlie climate of Australia, leaving out tlie
miserable hut winds and the long rainy season,
is delightful. The nights arc cool all summer, i
the days not so hptns in Georgia. I speak from j
this tTummer's experience. It is now the fall 1
of the vear, but thcjrecs never shed their leaves." <
9' fret, .lie rctoU rains have caused evory I'
thing to loqk-H&e spring. The fields that were I
a few days ago parched up, are now covered 1
with a coat \>f green which has much more the
BBpcnrnnce of spring than winter. _ '
Ef'Thero are but foW#iWild_ animals here, and I
tfey are perfectly harmless r the kangaroo in I
tl\o largest, and they seem to be in great abnn- I
d|nce; at least I never fail to see them when '
I go far into the country. - Soup friade from ?
their tails is considered a great delicacy. L <
have ate it, but ox tail " soup is just ati^ood. i
There is a species of lizards here called Guano, ,
sorfte of W* 111 < 11 nW ??iil In )"> 1
I captured one myself several, months ago, five 1
feet long, and still have it nlitfc. It lias just i
thqjtppcauincc of a hugo. rusty* lizzapd; eats '
rats and mice, in fiict-, raw meat of any kind, i
Somotinies it will allow me toi-ulTits back, <
which seems torplonae it very much, as it will <
bend up its body like a cat; nfc other times, it <
is i^uitc savage; and tries to bitg me ; its bite I
in harmless. 1 liavo been offered $50 for i^. i
The opossums aro numerous^-but do not resem- i
hie ours at nl', onlyi^Jbo ws^y-llic^ carry- their
juuiiff. rncrow, cocitaioos,'; paroquets ontl
moggies of tlietiiuet beautiful plumage, areas
common as -blackbirds atonic. Tno natives, .
like our Indians ate &sfu disappearing. I rare- ;
ly see one. Tliey ore very black, with ttraight ,
hair, and tho ugliest ereoturcs I ever saw.?
They are just such creatures asT imagiucd the |
I>cvil to betfhen 1 was o child. They ore con- ,
sidercd harmles*, i>ut occasionally will commit j
o murder for a red shirt; u
"There are a $oq<1 niomj; negroes here from' .j
the U. S. and West India Islands; most of them ^
havo white wiv?jiP* It is not at alf uncommon ,
to sec these eablo-gentlemen at-pubOb- plofcfcs j
wfilt i nrr iinrm fi i?a lnnbSti/T' ??.1. *-~?1 Att
? O -I ....V JIMH.-'llU'V.i 4 UIOV ,
heard a gen toil yqflnfr lafly^ declacOdfruat* aiiQ ,
would never innrrjv.any pTher -tpaiv^p^gen tl c man
of color, (na the English call ? .nigger). I ,
naked her if she hod eve? in"*thjBir compifr
ny in the.summer scospDi .;*-, ,?U* .% " .
" Emigration lias almost ci-aaod, .with one
exception. The G?le4tia1s,stiTf.?Sine in gre&t
numbers?crowds of thet lareh up- arifr
down tlio street^Sff^-jtheiiT^ujpbrcll^ Mjlf, L
wooden Klioea5 abft*liji5^m^|jJ ^nd:^?uj/ fe'tjale j
and all make o'r
nothing; and if those that conf^i'crif oat rftta,
lam sure th<^nec&^nifv'cE,'*utiy wriylTe'ef. u>i? ,
Yankee cloek?:altli6tij^;1|T->vpfy ^Indoie are. r
not half so tbjck as foil^^iQna ^
in nunibcr bnt "rT' * * *
<1 eae r yj^
and u^efulk 1 ie has combn i c? ttrt wwaTihd^o - ?
tivca of tfre patriotic.stpUjsrrfhh witfi tbe tones
and_ oppressions of a^inished'fcrator, rv^tboaj^ ,
| c^uistaiy:^, wc thinknceV
.. T X "~ - *' "'" ?' V<?>-*-?/ -5Sj|
^'^" W -\- yjg* v '" *
it ** * ' *V' s. a -. .' A?>?*ki
Agitation about Scottish Nationality,
While nil England is engrossed by the war
with Russia, an agitation has bcyun within her
own borders, which, though as yet nlmost ignored
by the public press, is destined to produce
great and permanent results. Wo allude
to the formation of a National Association in
Edinburgh, [or the vindication ofScottisli rights.
TIlC Ullion Of S<*ntlnn<l wifll Trirrlnn/I
Bitmmntcd in 1707, though conferring many
benefits on tho smaller of tho two kingdoms,
; !aCed it under Boine serious disadvantages.?
The principal of these was, that by transferring
the meetings of Parliament to London, the government
came to be administered too exclusively
with reference to English interests. This
evil was further increased by the comparatively
3mall proportion which the Scottish members
bore to the English ones, by the prejudices in
Rutland apairistSootlnn^ nnrl Kt- t'.m
o J
of the latter iu wealth aud consequent influonce.
i-v AVe
sclcettwo examples out of many to show
the injustice under which Scotland suffers. Scotland
sends to the House of Commons 63 members,
of whom 30 are for the couutics 'and 23
for the towns. Now, if Scotland wa9 represented
according to iier population, as fully as
England, she would have 63 member?, or if
taxation was made the basis of representation,
she ought to have 78. Again, the revenue of
Scotland for 1852 was about thirty-ono million
dollars, of which only about two millions was
expended iu Scotland, leaving twenty-nine millions
transmitted to England to be spent on imperial
purposes.
The revenue of Ireland, for the same year,
was twenty millions, of which more than nine
Teen millions was expended in Ireland. These
crying evils have at last attracted the nttention
of the Scottish people, who have begun in consequence,
without distinction of party, to agitate
for a reform. A society h ;s been formed,
nn address issued, and preparations made for a
general league. When wo consider that Alison,
the historian, Lord Eglinton, and other
lending lories, have united with the most influential
of the Scottish whigs in inaugurating
this mtfVement, we may safely pronounco*tliat
the agitation will neither be short-liVcd nor ineffectual.
K
Some of the more thorough Scotch patriots,
lccording to the North British Review, will not
be snt'sficd, however, merely with ? reform in
the evils we have described. They consider
that this would only "afford temporary relief.?
rhev wish to correct the cause of these disora:.
?i- -
u>iu >uio puijivoi; uciiiuiiu inn creation
jf local legislatures, with art Imperial Parliament
o^en all, on a plan* similar to tho State
Assembly and Congress of this Republic. We
liave no doubt that euch a change would bo the
best for all concerned. Nor, improbable as it
now seems, is this radical reform altogether
risionary. Believing, as we do, that the federative
system is the perfection of existing political
science, we cannot but think that all governments,
in proportion us they approach the
ixcellonce, will culmiuntc towards it. MeanLime
wo shall keep an eye to the Scottish movement,
which has in it, if wo do not err, tho
iceds of mighty chutiges.?Phia. Ledger.
. Military Reform.
mo question seems to be arising as to the
propriety of reforming the Militia system -qt
iouth Carolina. From tho tone of various
icwppapers, and the responses of candidates, in
carious sections of the State, wo gather that
Lhe prevalent disposition is to abolish it almost
tntoto. Tho people of this District have not
taken as yot much interest in the matter; but
kvo rather think tiiey would lean very readily
Lo some plan of amelioration. It docs appear
to be a rather useless and cumbrous piece--of
nolico machinery, this eternal mustering of
beats, battalions and regiments, -with little or
no good results. If something less troublesome
und ies* awkward could bo substituted, which
would exhibit the strength of our numbers in
case of emergency and at the snqao time me&t
the patrol necessities of our State; ib-would bo
received, we thjnk, with very general approbate.
It oughtfto bo however simple ana offee-'
live in its character.
Thg#hiMj&which. has been brought about in
Virgin.ift goei;not seem to have givon any great
degreeijatiefaction.' . ?ho law of 1852, by
lehichTfrwasmade, tfiuy be stated in a very few
3??rilsf
Jst, trainings of officers and muster* of
companies are a.DOiisnea; > . * u
.-~j2alj\ Cortain commUaionors arc required to
sarol the name^ 'tfid residence of nil persons
Ijttblo to ntil$a duty j'-'SViJ these aro liablo to
draft$a oranttef) out by the Governor wjienevo?oecnsion
shftH demand. ,
' This is tjio siibstanco of Virginia's present
mijitift Jj-sietBk -No tax is required on account
iy^tnption Troiri duty. It is this last feature
i^Shjm^^jttion is prin&ip<dly made. The
wljjch remains i^naltered?' is
" injuriously affected thereby; iknd
urgetl as expedient to asjesa a tax upfflHRRfeuncl
malef'citizeiis between tho ages of
Mfij&inJind fdrtyjdvf. partly for tho fostering
Srjjiiaj!?Sn^h military, partly for tno
tj^uidation of wsponaca incident to the change.
S^JJAJRfre Some one will dieeat a good aubstit$t%^9^BD?oxiating
ftiilitia Taws by the noxt
s^kjrti^l^sXcgiBUitui c. To be instrumental
in qKjmMg t n ei'tfear people" frorn the preaont
fcjgmMBtoR and ilMless system,, would be a
patwgyHlie-c^p of Ay one of oqr legislator
We*fcrl@Sppfoak fSrourselPat any rate?ho should
r^gcnlb-touy wnrnioet gratitude.
Wi&WvMt > '.
asSMrSL?# tZtiKS&b# t
The Russian Campaign.
The following summary of the reifirttkof" tho
Russian campaign cannot fail to bo interesting:
it is from the Paris Pbyt:
"The retreat of the Russians beyoud the
Pruth henceforth takes away a great part of
the importance from their feats of war, of
which the Danube is said to have b6en the theafPn
??f ooA ~r r ' " "
?.v .V iuu UI Iiuuv. l)Ut It IB not
without interest to point out \he conclusion,
evident t<J*us, that if the Emperor of Russia
retires, itji not in obedience to any diplomatic
consideration, but because his position
was no longer tenable, and that ho found himself
ontheevoof haying'neither soldiers nor
generals in the Principalities. Every ono
,knows tlie checks which that army of invasion,
whose passage o'n the Pruth proaueed such an
impression throughout Europe, hns met with
during the last eight months. Turkey ./was not
prepared, and her open fronilera did not appear
to promise any resistance' The affair of
Oltenitr.A fipal nnon?/l tl>?
_ , ?UV VJCO' V* iliut
Since that event, every step in advance of Russia
has shown her real weakness in presence of
.the patriotism of the Turk*. 'Her occupation
of Lesser Wallacbia wag checked before Kalafnt,
to afterwards meet with the disgrace of tlio
defeats of Citate, of Karakal, and of .the Toarnu.
Her entrails into the Dobrudscha has
coat lior tliousanal of soldiers, mnd has made
her findaburinl ploeo^ where, in 1829, she
sought for a road'to Constantinople. Now, after
a four month's siege?after bridges thrown
over the Danube, marches and counter-marches,
reinforcements of troops and - of generals, all
she has obtained is an onOrmous. loss, the real
amount of which will ueVer be Jfnown, and tho
putting hort du combat by diMtyS^ or the enemy's
ennnon, of all tho men on^.whom she relied
for the accomplishment " ? her work of
conquest?Ludors, Schilder, Gfortschakoff, Kitrnmsine,
Orloflf, and Prince Pa&iewitscli. This
siege of Silistria alone, which haa excited no
much admiration and sympathy fir Europe, will
remain as striking testimony .of all that is hn
minuting jor mio uznr in ttus forced evacuation.
A fortified place of the fourth rank, defended
by 12,000 men, has defied during thrco
monts liis finest army, add his molt illustrious
generals. Each of tno twenty assaults -which
it had to undergo was the oocasioa of a fresh
triumph, and sowed death 43<I* alarm in the
crowded ranks of those who>Jboped to reduce
it. After the affair of the lSin^ /which cost
tho Russians 3,400 killed, the siege'was drfaclo
suspended hy the diseouragem^at and 'demoralization
of tlie besiegers, before being so by an
imperial order from 8t Petersburg. It is under
the impression of this discouragement that
the Czar has evidently acted. IliB position was
no longer tenable; anarchy prevailed among
his generals, and hia army was at ifii last craso.
The devastated country could no longer juppfy
provisions; fever, famine, and the enemy a
guns filled tho fields with dead bodies, and tho
hospitals with wounded. The Turkish cannon
left the Russians neither truco nor hope. .They
were attacked night and day, from Nicopolis
to Rnssova, by sorties, or passages, of the river.
Exasperated Wallachia threatened to rise en
matgt, nndjthe allied troojps to destroy them in
a sinclc battle. Tho Colossus took - alarm, and
fled before tho perspective of a lostandcrowning
disaster." ?
Such is the strong lan^uage,'at this jnnctarc,
v. i> iviiuni nuitu u Kuuwa never u> apcnK
"without book." ?
" Infirmary for'Negroes.
"Wo recently visited and wenjt through all
the departments of the Tnfijmary for negroes,
recently established *n^ihia?(ty,l>y'Drs. Henry *
F. and Robt Campbell^-^a-weWniuoh plenacd
with the gonorcl plan. Had the details of the
cBtablisbment.^They'hrft calculated to secpre
cleanliness, comfort and convenience, which
may be esteemed necessary adjuncts incite
treatment, of diseases, and of:natients under
surgical operations. Cold an<f&ot,watelr for
baths, &'c., is carried to every atorv, from the
kitchcn to the attic, and cooks! and nurses aro
provided to minister to tho-neeeeaitiefof the inmates.'
Tho
large balls, on the first floor, which can
be entered. from each of the ' fonc idea ^
of tho building, is conveniently arranged
with windows to the floor for an ample
supply oflight for .surgical operations! ~ Fjrom
this room, the patient canbe- conveyed^ on-hia
bed by meonsof rop?a ^r^.pqDeyi^fcmtlisr of (
a more retired room. Tno room* Ara comfortable
both for wint&-aiid>- aTimm?rl and provided ' v
with, fire-pla.ooa
The ownera of. alay^ .l^totrn or
country, will flnfltbiafri6ra?^*foert oonvanieo?5A
and id mostcifrea of ^fifptho ?horacter,
and of accidchts. or^ESftwcse *?ft?|pDg aurgicai
operations ft will bo.tft rttbiffi'hai&Ai ooorvotmy
and hacqjuiita. to two vEup&Mf vithose" renioto
from physicians atfa hot CJfhablo of formatting
suitable g^n*and*tM?(&nce.
JATte enterprising pt-oprietofa <M thU Infirm.,
ry tand high io thUcorocattjtfW aa jtfiyeiomns
tfrwrsurgeons, and ev?ry*ye*r ftadtto their reputation.
We havejbecn uuwfa aoqukmt?d with
ffUrgicol operation^ performed W;*Dr. Henry
Campbell, ^hioh ontiM* jbigh rank for
AfiuuciT iJKAiffi^a^Mtroiore, a'." Hebrew
woman.ittSu \?akAi?r>flo#*d ttx^be, J#jvL. iru
the-&rVor of renewed life.
;T* alUpra^pe the^ [nine convalescent and
wtlequenU^pWMW^oX^fopd. 8ho remained
uujf*sonaiwn wwgw wproacii oi night,
xJ-licr^ftc. tittered and in a fuw mo

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