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The independent press. (Abbeville C.H., S.C.) 1853-1860, September 30, 1854, Image 1

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- 33SVOTED TO MTEHATOSB, THE AITFS, SCXBSCK, AGRICULTURE, MEWS, POLITICS, &?., &Q. : ~ '
TERMS?ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM,] "Let it bo Instilled into tho Hearts of your Children that the i.Ibcrty of tho Press is tho Palladium of all your Rights."?Junius. [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
. VOLUME 2?NO. 21. J ABBEVILLE C. II., SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1854. . WHOLE NUMBER 73.
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POETRY. . c
Tho Printer -^gppondoth. [
In Masons when our funds arc low j,
Subscribers arc provoking slow, t
And now supplies keep up the flow j
Of dimes departing rapidly. ,5
But wc shall sec a sadder sight, 11
When o*jr uvsh pour in from morn 'till night, n
\_,ommanaing every sixpence bright, v> ?
To bo forked over speedily.
"Our bonds nnd duo bills are arrayed? n
Each soal and signature displayed? u
The holders vow they must be paid
"With threats of "Law and Chancery." t-,
Then to despair, we're almost driven? v
Thore'fl precious little use in livin' '
When our last copper's rudely riven
From hands that held it lovinglv. l!
tl
liut larger yet these dues shall grow t]
"When interest's added on below, j]
Length'ning our chin a foot or so, |(
"While gazing at them hopelessly.
Tis so, that scarce have we begun 1
j.o plena lor tunc upon ft dun, Jy
Before there conies some other one
Demanding moat ferociously.
The prospect darkens. On ye brave, c
Who would our very bftcon save ! C
"Waive, Patrons! all your pretexts waive ! tl
Aud pay tlic printer cheerfully. n
Ah! it would yield us pleasure sweet, 11
A few delinquents now to meet, |
Asking of us a clear receipt
For papera taken regularly 1
MISCELLANEOUS.
Speech of Hon. T. C. Ferrin.
Tujt following abstract of the remarks of v
Mr. Perrin, made at tlio rcccnt Railroad c.
meeting at Edgefield, wo copy froui the el
Ad vertiser : gi
Every age is characterized by some leading
eveut?some guiding sentiment. Ours Pc
is emphatically an age of railroads. These
great channels of intercommunication are
now regarded as tile hand-maids of trade 'u
and commerce, of civilization and refine- 'r<
ment, and the necessities of all civilized
countries demand them. The great idea of
this.age of practical science is lo improve ex
the channels of trade furnished by nature,
nnu 10 invent oiners mat may rival and 11V
even surpass those of nature herself. In
giving growth to different commodities in ^'
different countries, and thereby creating a
necessity for trade and commerce, nature U1
herself prompts man to this exercise of his
inventive powers.
Some countries, and some States of this ?*
Union, are greatly distinguished by the vast P(
improvements they have uiade upon the *?
natural channels of intercommunication.?
Look to New York. See her beautiful 1"
streams?her magnificent rivers?her broad
HM, I IT.. 1-- til
lUILCS; XUUIU 13 U1C yiU.lL 11UUSOII, WlUl US
waters deep and calm as a lake, capable of r.(
bearing upon hor brbad bosom the finest
models of steamship navigation. There too '
upon her borders are the noble waters of
Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, suited to the
best inland navigation. Yet, not content
with these great natural channels of trade, .
the euergetic people of that State have ,u
carved out new and magnificent ones.?
They have constructed a canal 300 miles in tli
length, from Albany to Buffalo, which has ra
been and is now doing an immense business, ol
The canal freights last year amounted to ?*o
$3,000,000. They have constructed also a 0<
railroad on the banks of this canal, along er
its whole length, from Albany to Buffalo; tl
and this too is paying handsomely. And e?
strange as it may seem, they have built an- Si
other railroad, running from New York city ?'<
nr.roBS the whole State to Dunkirk and But- It
folo, oil Lake Erie, actually rivalling these 10
othe'rgreai channels of trade. In addition ti
to this, Sew,York has an immense number w
of railroads running in and through every tl
part' of the State. 11
'^Cbia enterprising people have made these n
ox?ea$ive railroad improvements at a cost
of'jridt ksa than $76,000,000. But has it lc
been done without profit? One couid scarce- 0
ly believe the statement, if ho could hear a
the tremendous results of these railroads in y
Newiro$? Thoy have made^i?* chief city T
th^ emporium of these Utrfted State*. llcr ,r
vessels and other craft noW bfjar ense p
commerce to every scapoit^tfliro on the
globe. Hef capitalists direct nearly every h
enterprise of magnificence on this, whole la
Gfintmcht. NoW York has been rising nrwl 5r
rising/rivalling evon Livcrpool and ^London I
in .tbeir commerce, and will, in time, prob- ir
ably surpasft them. And the people of the II
whole gftate have been rendered prosperous, cl
conteiri^ an? hippy in" the highest degree, g
hot, us, for a moment, turn to South Car- y
oliiift, nucl observe the contrast. Look at a
Charleston; hot streets almost deserted; v
licr"hotels almost abandoned; her merchants o
looMncr to the North for their fields of op- e
oration. The tale ia briefly told. Charles* n
ton, compared with . York, lias do/io u
litUd for the construction oT railroads tofeor v
limits. <v One roadlead* into her city, Hitd 1
>ther Northern State,)with :i genial and deightful
climate, tin; lands of the Stale are
(ccoiiie impoverished ami worn. Unifies j
mil washes upon our hill-sides, like wrinkles
ipon the lace, il^nolo age and decay. Our >
>eople, in a half-lethargic state, view this
ad picture before their ores, with scarcely
,ny cft'orts worthy of their generous cliarcter.
to retrieve the fortunes nrnstn'riiv 11
"I #? l -/" V
if the State. We are doing nothing, liter-.
lly nothing, to fertilize, beautify ami enrich i
ur native land, whilst others, by tin ir ener-1
;ie.s :it:<I liberal outlay of capital, are grad- j
lally carrying oil' our wealth.
Thcso things are not uttered by \v:.y ofj
pproao'i to ot.r gloiluiis little Slate, to j
.hich 110 one is more devotedly attached j
lian myself, but to awaken if possible her ;
igh-tninded people to a just seme of their j
rue interest?to induce them to throw aside :
lie fatal lethargy which has so impeded
licit* prosperity, and to show themselves in
!ie manly energy which s j naturally beings
to them.
Let us be satisfied of one fact. I:i this .
regressive' country ot ours, no h'tato can he j i
rent nil'1 prosperous witiiuut railroads.? i<
"heseare now inseparable i'rotn the lull <.!??-, ]
elopment of the resources ot" any country. I <
tailroads got up improvements of nearly '!
very description. Tliey cherish the me- 1
hanical arts. They beget improvement in t
lie lands of a country. They introduce <
lanurcs of various kind*, and all improved <
lethods of agriculture. It has been esti- |
lalcd, from correct data, gathered in coun- ?
ics where railroads have hoo'a huiit, that 1
long the line of railroads lands have gen- :
rally doubled in value, and the instances t
re numerous where they have been trebled I
ud even quadrupled.
Hut do ik>1 suppose that these works can f
? achieved without great labor and expense, c
o great good, no magnificent enterprise, c
in ever be effected without extraordinary c
forts, and large outlay of means. A nig- i
irdly grasp of the purse, and a timid spirit a
adventure will utterly destroy the pros- t
;cts of any undertaking requiring large I
cans and liberal efforts. 1 )o not believe c
at you can build a railroad of any macrni- v
do without you uro willing to subscribe j I'
:ely anil to u<e the most active energy.? I l
ut why may you not do what others have I o
>nc? Take encouragement from the noble li
amplcs furnished l>v citizens of other li
atesand other countries. They have not s
:sifated to engage in the most stupendous n
irks, under the heaviest outlay of means, ti
ie Hudson River Railroad, running upon I v
e hanks of tl 10 river for 114 miles, cosl.lt]
nvards of ten millions of dollars, at an av- C
age cost per mile of ?70,IS'. Tlio Erie i
ail road, 3G0 miles in length, cost upwards a
thirty-three millions of dollars, at a cost
;r iniic of 871,209. In England the cost ,
is been still heavier. The railroad from h
iverjiool to London cost *200,833 per |
ile; the Great-Western Railway cost s
284,000 per mile; audit will bo found ],
int tin? average co.st of the leading rail- l
ads in England has not been less than (
220,383 per mile. Yet in all the roads (,
jovenamed, in ibis country and in Eng- ],
nd, the stockholders have realized more t
inn the legal rates of interest upon the a- j,
omit of their subscription, to say nothing
'the immense incidental advantages result- 0
g from these roads. 1
At. tho Molllh nil ! l'lllllJ 1/.C-1! ili.Mi.rll ?
icy will compare favorably in point of <lu- I
bility ami speed with the railroads in any 1
her country. The South Carolina Rail- t
ad, in all 248 miles ir. length, cost ?7,- a
)0,0l)0, or about. 828,038 per mile. Kev- 1:
al things, however, conspired to increase .i
io expense. In the first place, it was au i
cperiment?it was the pioneer road in
outh Carolina. The art of constructing 1
>ads was then very imperfectly known.? c
. was first made on short piles; but experi- t
ice soon taught the necessity of laying the 1
inhere on earth. Again, it was first built s
ithflat iron; this soon was abandoned, and
le flanere iron adopted: but soon n<rain /
10T iron was manufactured, and its supe- }
ority <|t once suggested its use. ;
Tho Georgia Central Road, 301 miles in 1
ngth, cost, about $3,465,000, or about $18,- >
00 per mile. The Georgia Railroad cost >
bout $10,000 per milo. The Macon and >
Western Railroad al>out &12,000 per mile, i
he Groom illo and Columbia Railroad, 101 I
liles in length, cost #2,220,000, at a cost i
cr mile of $13,414. 1
When others lmvo dona so much at so }
nouv r? nrul lmvn /Iftrirml 1 ?r?nnlila pa (
irgc, how can you hesitate to engage freely
i your enterprise with heart and purso ??
on must be satisfied that the best way to
riprovo your country is to build railroads.
" you desire your legion to thrive, and your
bildren to settle around you when they
row up, improve your country. Enrich
our lands ; beautify your houses, gardens
nd fields; multiply your comforts and coneniencej;
opeu up to your children a field
f aolion in which they can become iutollient,
happy and prosperous, and they will
ot desert the homes of their fathers to sqek
ncertain fortunes in distant lands. S6o
'hat has beeft done /or.: ypur neighboring
'owns and Districts! " iL6ok at Nowbcrrv.
jiurens, Abbeville, Pickens?jSflT blessed !
rith railroad" facilities; ^hicli greatly 1
icreased' their prosperity,'and are rendering
lieir people cheerful, contented" mid hippy. J
Vhero stands Ixlgcflcld ? Shoplifts pot ft "j
w *
'* >f4i> *m.
railroad she cati call her own. Her people
arc standing still, while all others arc mov
ing ahead. You arc, gentlemen,behind 1 he
r.ge in which we live. A lew years n^o \\v
uf Abbevillo, in going to Columbia, had U
|>ass through your District by stage. Aftci
:i iiara any s journey, over rough road, the
first night we abided in your village; w<
then consumed part of two days to reael
Columbia. You still triulgo along in tbt
old-fashioned slow way; while we quietly
Lake our b:va!:fast at home, at the usual
hour, jump upon the cars, and are bom
[deasiuitly to Columbia on the wings o
steam,time enoughlo got our dimn'r at r
convenient hour; in time to transact om
business and rot inn home the next day U.
'inner, if we choose. Are you willing It
tllow your neighbor.) to continue to etijov
Lhe.-c advantag-:; over you i
'l'he truth is, the Uoad from Ninety-Si^
>r New Market to Aiken ought and will I.h
l?r,i!t. Tills side of Saluda needs .a direc
railroad communication with Charleston.
Abbeville. Kd-'pflehl :md \ iideis:..!. It;*.
Lrictmake not 1?.--s> than C'>,OtjO hah*s <,!
otlon. Why coiiijK'l all thi.% and other
produce, destined to Charleston,"to go thr'."
Columbia, when it can ito direct, saving a'
east miles' liut if the I?Iuo Kidgc
llailroal be b::ilt. there will bi! an itujfcrnive
necessity 1< ?r this road. The immense
jnantity ft' Western produce, intended for
Jharleston and for tranrhipment to foreign
.<>] <?, will not suffer the delay and hazard>f
the road hy Columbia. It is unreasonable
that it should, when nature lias afforded
i more direct and safe route, over this ?ee,ion
of country, from Ninety-Six or Nettfarket
to Aiken.
Will you permit the T?lue llidgo lioad to
ailThen down goes Charleston, the chief
ily of your State, in the prospe rity of which
very citizen of the State is deeply interest<1.
This is indeed a great enternriso. nffent
ng favorably every part of South Cnrolimi,
ukI it- is tho duty and interest of every one
o favor it, ami to urge it on to completion
>y every legitimate means. It is almost
crtain that the road will be built. Indeed
rlio dares to say that it will not b<? built,
'rom tho nport of the able gentleman at
lie head of that "enterprise, whoso high
liaractcr for integrity and worth secures for
lis report the fullest credit, five and a
lalf millions of dollars have already been
ubscribed to that grand undertaking, while
Liucli of tho road is already under conract,
and the contractors are steadily at
rork. The road cannot, fail; and hence
lie connection between the Greenville and
.'olinnbia Railroad at Ninety-Six or New
larkot, with the South Carolina Railroad
t or near Aiken, must and will be made.
A i...1.? 'i - ' 'i
.l-niiiL'.iiiv;, u:un, iiic iiicl uiac 11113 rauoad
should be built, shall it be built in conunction
with the Greenville and Columbia
iailroad 3 AVIiy not 3 Much has been
aid in depredation of this latter road. It
tars many detractors who know little of its
rue condition. Ft is unnecessary at this
itnc ai:d place to <*0 minutely into the hisory
and condition of that road. This much
lowever may be said in sincerity and in
ruth : [lis a good road?one of the safest
the State, forty thousand passengers hnvng
been carried over it tho last year and not
no injured. It, is, moreover, doing a good
uisiiicss, and running in uood time; and as
o iU location, it. is the best that could have
>eon selected, except as to about three
uiles. Tho main injuries to the road by
lie large freshet of August were caused by
. gin-house and pine tree striking tho piericad
of the bridge. This may never occur
gain. The bridge is abovo high-water
nark, and not at all likely to he carried oil",
iince that freshet much of the whole road
las been re-constructed, and is now in exellent
repair. The expenses of keeping up
he road about Broafl and Saluda rivers will
lereaftcr be little more than will be nccosary
along tho line generally.
This lload is again made the subject of
-ensure on account of its curvatures. All
t<imit, tliat straight roads are preferable, yet
ill know they aro impracticable. All roads
catling from low-grounds to the mountains
vill be curving. There is no other possible
vny of overcoming grades. But it is a great
nibt:ike to suppose that roads having curves
iro not good and safe roads, and remarkable
for speed. There are no roads among
is more filled with curves than the groat
Hudson liiver liail-Way : yet where is there
i finer road than this, whether in point of
lurability, speed, or safety? Away thon
,vith the idea that the curves in the Grcendlle
& Columbia Railroad deteriorate it.
,'al ue.
It is again said that the finances of this
Company are in an unpvosperous condition :
hat a large debt overhangs (lie Company,
md thattho Stock is only worth CO cents in
he dollar. The road with its equiprnonb
nay bo fairly estimated at&J,UU0,000. The
1p,bt of tho Company amounts to $800,0Q0
L'he most of this is already funded, and the
rest will sJ0on be. What ajfc tho means now
A meeting the iulcrest on this debt, of paying
tho?oxpenscs of tho road, and of declaring
dividends on the capital of the Company
? Ift a report made in July last to the
Stockholders of tlio Company it is set forth
tlmt the income of the rood foe the present
year, Will reach at least $300,000. Oik
naif of this amount will be absorbed in ex
penscs, leaving $150,000 as net profit#
' :Sfc*. ... ~
Take out 0,000 for interest on funded
debt, there will remain ?91,000 for divi:
dends, which will be 7 per cent, interest 011
the ontiro capital of the Company, with bal)
anco of ?2.017 59.
r This report lists been subjected to the
i scrutiny of the Stockholders, among whom
1 are many shrewd, practical men, alive to
t their own interest and that of the Compa!
ny.
That the Stock ol the Company is worth
I j only CO cents in the dollar is nothing
j strange or unusual. It is the fate of ail raiiroad
Stocks, till the roads are liriuly estnu:
lished, an<l yield handsome profits. Consult
I the history of the railroads in thl i Stale
i ami in Cieorgia, indeed, of the whole coim.
J try. Von will iind that, in ll>e beginning,
' their Stocks were all low, s. lling often for
; uot more than uO or 40 cents i:i the dollar,
j,-Shrewd men took the advantage of this reijdiiction,
and made largo fortunes. They
who wish to buy Stock of the Greenville S:
' Columbia Railroad at GO cents to the dol'
lar had hotter do so at once. In a short
j time it will be out of their power. Unless
j all reasonable calculations arc battled, not
, many years will elapse before it will be at
I par and probably above par. The road has
1 passed through its severe ordeal. Its di'.liifrldlii'H
nr.-. ni'nlfv well "77,
I 1 "?v 1?V ..uinul
j hour is just before ami it is fair to
.suppose that our dawn is near at hand, when
j all will be bright before us, ami 110 tongue
; will be needed to tell of our prosperity.
These romarks have been inado with no
] view of lauding the Greenville <k Columbia
! Railroad, but io meet objections which one
I of your Committee has suggested lo me since
j my ju rival in this village. That roau needs
J now 110 commendation. Tt stands for itself.
' Let the rcllccting look, and judge for theiuI
selves.
The sum of the matter is, that ndvanta-i
ges are now offered to you for building a
railroad, which you are not likely again soon
! to have. To construct this lload will take
j ijut it>>? iiiuu ?ow,vuu. uy raising ^i>u,
I 000 of private subscriptions, the Company
' otters to Luild tlio road for you : to take you
'as stockholders, with all the privileges and
rights belonging to them, itli exemption
from all future assessment, and willi the full
assurance of dividends from the fir.st year
after your subscription.
Can you build a railroad yourselves?
Where is (ho money to come from ? And
how much better off would you be than the
Stockholders ia the Greenville & Columbia
Railroad ? You would lind that your Stock,
! too, for a number of years, would not exceed
I GO cents in the dollar, and years might roll
j around before your Company could declare
I dividends, livery new Company has its orI
deal to lJaSS. durill.nr which thoir
seem gloomy, and tliuir dilliculties hard
to surmount. You could not expect toescape
this ordeal.
Judge then, for yourselves whether or not
it will he to your interest to build your ltond
in conjunction with the Greenville 6c Columbia
Railroad. At all events build the road.
. It will bring you immense benefits. If it
I takes another direction, your losses will bo
great. If Edgefield does not bring a rail\
road to her, she will tjo to the railroad.
| Rival towns will soon make their appearj
ance, and your village must fall into decay
i and ruin.
liefore closing his remarks Mr. Pcrrin begged
to express his thanks to tho ladies for
the interest they v.cro biking iu this noble
enterprise. When generous deeds and liberal
contributions were called for, they were
I generally the first to respond. They had
| done so in tho dark hours of our revolutionj
nry history, and by their smiles of encour1
ngeiueut, had aided materially iu carrying
out many of the magnificent enterprises of
our country. For his part, he was willing
to leave tho contributions to this road entirely
to them, being well assured, that tho road
would be brought to a speedy and happy
Mr. Pcrrin sat down amid the applause of
his delighted audience. Every 0110 was convinced
by his persuasions. It is confidently
hoped by the friends of tho enterprise
which this meeting was intended to promote,
that his words were as "seed sown in
good ground," to bring forth at au early
day thirty, forty, ayo, a hundred fold.
- As souii as Mr. P. had taken his seat and
a stirring piece had been executed by the
spirited "Edgefield Brass Band," Judge Butler
was called out and greeted by his old constituency
in a manner that must have been
truly gratifying to him. lie arose in response,
and for a half-hour fixed tho atten
lion and aroused the feelings of every list-1
enerby one of those off-hand harangues for
, which he was in his younger days so justly
celebrated. Many gleams of the old fire
were still perecptiblo. ?.
, Gen. Bonharn was also called for and re.
spoiuled briefly, feelingly and pertinently.
Many thanks are due the members of the
"Brass Band,u for tho animating music with
r which they enlivened the occasion. And
. much credit bolon^* to Messrs Covar & Good.
man for the admirable style in which;the
dinnor was prepared.
i Great good feeling prevailed throughout
i the day, and, although only tweilty??ix thout
sand dollars of additional Stock were taken
J at tho tirao, the effect produced upon the
- general tnind was of n kind to keep thef ball
? in motion. No little has been subscribed
?
- *
since tlic tiny ut' the meeting, and much
inoro is fai.Iil'ully promised. Altogether,
tliero is enough to make lis look forward with
t'onfidenco to the early building cf a road
"from some point on tli<; Groonvilb tfc Columbia
Railroad to Aiken, via Edyrfield
('. //."
An Irish Duel.
The following purports to be contributed
by a " G'orkomu'nto the London Sporting
Magazine:
And now my third duel?the last I .sawin
Cork?remains to be told. L would I
could induce myself to pa ovur; but if
it were only as a lesson to young men, especially
military men, 1 cannot forego the
benefit 1 may, perhaps, caus? to some whose
circumstances may be similar. Would i
hud written this some ycarj hue!*, whe:: I
' first was honored with ponuis.:': ^n to take a
: place amongst tho contiibutois to thi* spor
i ? t . .
iu'sj jieuouicai; 11 nn.?m nave cnm'lil tlio
eye of oho or other of two noble follows,
brothers-in-law ami brother oiticcr?, in the
* * * and one of whom fell by I he hand
of tlio oilier, ami it might have pvcvvuled a
catastrophe which brought misery into the
hearths of many a happy home. But 1 proceed
:?
Lieutenants Herbert ami Welsh buih refilled
in Cork, one (Welsh) hail-pay i:i the
army, the other (Herbert) in the navy ; they
were dear, nay bosom friends: not a dny
passcd that they did not meet orsp^ml the
day one wiih the other. Tlio following wn*
~ f ? o
tlic cause of this unhappy <;narrel, as well
as I can recollect; and I ;mi sure tliero are
some alive now iu Cork who will recollect
this unfortunate circumstance, and can testify
to the truth of my narrative.
At the time I speak of, it was the custom
for young gentlemen to walk in tho evenings
on tho Grand Parade and South Mall, in
Cork, with peculiar dresses?large hats, high
shirt collars, carried to an extravagant size ;
iu fact, caricatures of the then fashions. Lieutenant
Welsh invited his friend I lerbert and
wife to take tea on a certain evening, and
that after tu.i tliov ivr.nU h?.
------ -J ,
their wives, go out to sec the " dandies." It
was stated nt tho ti;r.e, by those v.-ho knew
the cause of the quarrel, that Lieuteuant
W. said, " Be with us nt seven o'clock, and
| after that we will go out; now miud, llcr1
bort, we will not wait for you after seven."
i However, seven o'clock came, and they
waited until eight o'clock, when finding
Herbert and his wife did not arrive, they took
tea, and left about half past eight. At nine,
Lieutenant Herbert and his lady arrived,
and were informed that Lieutenant W.
and his lady had taken their tea and gone
Tt ?vnQ tl.a <!...? *r.._ II
??cw vnu 1UIUUI LUUb U|;U(1 Xttirboi
l's suggestion, her husband immediately
proceeded in search of his friend to demand
satisfaction.?Would, for the sako of human
nature, I could believe otherwise ; but I do
believe that the fatal business was caused
by the imprudence of tho lady.
Herbert sent home his wife, went immediately
and purchased a whip, and meeting
his friend Welsh and wife in Gillin's fruit
shop on the Grand Parade, proceeded to
lay on tho horsewhip. Welsh, being the
more powerful of the two, wrenched i-lio
whip from his antagonist, and laid on him '
soundly. I was passing at tho time?saw
the whole transaction, tho exchange of cards,
&c., and never ceased enquiry until I was
acquainted with tho time and place for the
arrangement of tho difference.
The next day, at two o'clock, in tho spot
selected?a field on tho Borecnmana road.
b'.' .ween tho lilackrock and Passage roads;
it was a painful circumstance to notice that
Lieutenant Herbert's house was in view of
the spot selected for the duel, and still more
extraordinary and more painful tho fact that
Mrs. II. viewed the fatal scene from her bedroom
window.
There was 110 time lost after tho parties
took tho grouuid; the pistols wero loaded,
and each was handed tho deadly weapon.
Lieutenant Welsh said, before he was placed,
441 have no cause of quarrel with my friend
except his horse-whipping mo; but as lie
supposed my absence from homo, when ho
niw iin Ht'u, nil uiauii, iiiiu unu
tated, to him, which I hero solemnly deny,
I will not tiro at him."
Horbcrt, who was a bravo man, but who
suffered from a bad wound in tho head, received
in battle, which, when ho was excited,
caused him to act more hke a madman than
one incarcerated in a lunatic asylum, swore
out a tremendous oath that" he caiuc there
for satisfaction, and that nothing but blood
would satisfy him." 1 must confess my feelings
at. the time were the excess of nervousness
and horror at tho oath and sentiment;
I trembled from head to foot. In reference
i_ xi _ / 1: T .Ci I
lo uie siaio 01 my lueiuigs, i uiusii
thought " coming cvonia cast their shadows
before."
The seconds finding it useless to interfere,
calculated that Welsh's firing in the air
would satisfy his opponent, hut in this they
were mistaken. The words " present?fire"
wero given quickly; Herbert took deadly
aim at -his antagonist who fired in the air.
But WeMi was untouched. An endeavor
was then ipade^ to arrange - matters, but
wholly in vain." Welsh. ??h willing to do
anything that was honorsfetej but Lis opponent's
obstinacy was npt to be overcome
It was awful; I us? Uty? word "awful" because
he more than once Bwore fearfully, and
only a few moments tietoro his death, by his
tv -jggM^
" ~ ~ _
Maker, using the name of his lledoemer,
' that Iio would pink bis man."
1 never saw?I never v/ould wish to seo
?such an expression of hopeless misery as
tfoat depicted on Lieutenant Welsh's countenance,
on hearing the words used by his
former friend.
1 le spoke aloud nearly as follows: " Let
God witness I stand hero to dofend my lifo
against a madman?and t will do so."
Again were the loaded pistols placed iu
their hands; scconds retired, and again
" present?lire" was cjuiekly spoken. 15oth
shot i V cri? ns nnr> l>nf r.vn tli.i /tmil.l
j be said to curl upward from the weapons'
mouth, Herbert fell on his back on" the
groitud, a eoipse. Nut a .sign of life was
, visible, his was instant death.
j I nu'.'J. coufesa I was not prepared for t!ii.i
i fatal termination, and if we were to judge
i of the conduct of the lookers-on, neither
j \v :ro they ; a pai.iu seemed to take posses'si.m
of all present, and 1 found myself,
I with about fifty others, literally running
' away from the scene. On getting to the
Igatj of the field, I looked back, and what a
scene did I witness; there was the dead
body, with Lieut. Welsh over it on his knees,
his iinml inside the waiitcoat of his former
I riviiivl, striving lo timl tiio beat of a pulse
ho silenccd forever. In vain his second strove
to loud him away; ho still hoped against
hope; calling to !"i.-i dear friend Herbert to
answer him and relieve liiin from the bias
ting thought that he was his murderer.
I saw at the time I>r. Sharp riding by
the road on his well-known crcam-colored
nag, and knowing the doctor intimathly, 1
called to him to come into the field, as I believed
a person was killed in a duel. He
dismounted and came to the dead man, and
on his looking at him, at once pronounced
lii'vi extinct; lie requested Welsh to leave
the place to avoid an arrest, which he roluctantlv
comnlied with, when the doctor said.
" Let mo sec, where did lio hit him?" ami
turning the body round 011 the sido, lie found
where iho ball had entered, between the
fourth and fifth ribs; he then laid the body
on his hack, and actually passed his cano
through tlio, hody from sido to side, and
with (lio utmost uneonenrn, exclaimed,
"Why, here is daylight enough let in to kill
a giant."
At the following assizes Lieut. AVclsh surrendered
to take his trial; thero was 110
prosecution?tho duel was considered fair;
I was present when ho was placed in the
dock, only to he discharged; hut tho load
of fifty years was added to the appearanco
and gait of as fine a young man as I ever saw
011 tho day of the fatal duel.
Making AuquiiHolks with a Gimblet.
? .uy injy, vmai jiro you aoing wun mat
gi tablet J" T t0 a flaxen-haired urchin,
who was luboiiring away \Vuu ?n his might
at a piece of board before him ; " trying to"
mnke an augur hole," was the reply, without
raising his eyes.
Precisely the business of at least tw? 'turds
of tho world?this luaki"#" augur holes
with a giniblet .
Here is A*> who has just escaped from tho
cWA."s desk behind the counter. He sports
bis moustaobios, bis imperial, carries a rattan,
drinks champaign, talks big about tho profits
of bankiug or shaving notes. Ho thinks
ho is really a great man ; but every body
around him sees " ho is only making augur
holes with a gimblet."
Mr. B. may be put down as a distinguished
proicssor 01 we giuiuiou ,.jua waaaiarmer.
llis father left him A farm, fr^e from incumbrance?but
liu wouldn't bo content, speculation
in corn aud flour erase Ixjfore him;
fortunes v.ero rondo in a twinkling, so bo
sold out, bought largely, dreamt of Ino riches
of Astor and of Rothschild?no more work.
Hut at last tho bubble burst. The Ifish
wouldn't stay starved; prices foil : and now
Mr. 15. has found out M that it is dificult to
make augur holes with a gimblet."
Miss C. is a nico pretty girl, and migbfc
bo very useful too, for she has iMolJjgeuco.;; '
but she must be the ton, goe??li(> plays,
lounges on sofas, keeps her DOd-tlll noon,
imagines that she is a belle, disdains labour,
forgets, or tries to, that her father is a mechanic
; and all for what ? why Bhe iB trying
to work herself up into the beliof "that an
augur hole can be made with a girablet."
?A little boy caino to
his nianfl8^toi|i6 gniny afternoon, as he returned
frSttjtogwrool, aud said, "Mamma
may I go'}3^acwri the street with a Jittlo
girl that goes to our school?"
She replied, "No iny son, it rains.'1
lie said, ' Why, ma, I must go."
" Well,-then," said his mother, "go, if
you must." - ' ?- " ' '
On his return, she asked if jU?o Jittlo girl
w;is a favorite of his. *
He said, "O, no ; she treats mo very ill,
! worse than any other scholar in school."
| " Then why do 3*ou wish to go with her V1
He said. " You havo taucrhfc me that wo
must <lo good to thorn that deapitefully use ;
ua, and sho had a chair to take homo, and
-I did not know of any other wAj^to do her
a kindness so T thought I would' carry it
for Iter, and that would be rewarding good >
fpreTil."?8. S. Advocate. '
Ladies who'have a disposition'to punish
their hn&ban'ils, should bear in mind that a
little sunshine will ro?Jt an jcfcfe
miwli s/.f.non linn n rfvnlftr tutri1i^g?UA>.1 <
r ,**^ "fji' *
' *' . * # -.*v AfSfS,'. - 'V'*# ?.*. - '9u *

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