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VOLUME 2?NO. 38. ABBEVILLE C. IL, SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1855. WHOLE NUMBER 90.
Whom I Lovo Best.
I have a father?one whose worth
Is by but few possessed.
Of all the men who tread the enrth,
I love my father best.
I have a brother too, whose joys
I share at his behest. j
Of nil tlic laughter loving boys,
I love my broiler best.
1 have a sister?one ns true
As brother ever blest.
"Of all the girls that meet my vi?w,
I lore my sister best.
I cherish these, but there is one
xr i? ? *?
ui<nc uvar uiun ni; u<e rest.
And it is strange n duteo?? soii;
Should lor?his mother best?
[KOIl THE INlrKlT.SDKNT TliKSA.]
Messrs. Editor* : At'ter accomplishing a;
diligent search in fctio ipofit-office of this!
place, yesterday, 1 found, to my great satis
fac.tiou, two copies of the Independent Press.!
1 had l>een wondering "what could the mat-'
, . . . . i
ter dc i" as l Had waited 111 vain 1<jrf=o inattv '
days for the appearance of ray lixtl-e lYiend. j
Now I know it was not your ueglect, and I i
am satisfied. I
Well, we, left your leaders, in oar last, at
the Planters' Hotel, at 4 o'clock,-awl not 1,
as your printers make iL Up to this date
[business lias been quite /lull; at least so j
businessmen say, and they, of all otlmrs, |
ought to know where the t-iiod pinches.? }
Christmas holidays have had their share in
the stagnation of business, and I might sav j
in iu<.? consumption or gunpowder, tirecrackers,
and nil the other etceteras of a
festive occasion. The noise and confusion
in the city was truly annoying during the
whole celebration. It must he a relic of j
x open, - -l mean uie consumption ot pow- :
der, and the unmeaning, disturbing practices
of Christmas holidays. No Puritan
father or son thinks of burning powder but I
in the face of an enemy.
Allurements have been abundant in the]
-city for the hist six weeks; and here, where
funeral kneiis were continually sounding
hiring the summer, ami where whole families
fell victims to the destroyer?here,
where one would suppose the conquests of
ttlie King of Terrors would have made at
least a pause in the giddy rounds of folly?
even here the crowd moves on as usual into
the Temple of Mirtli, and consecrate themselves
to the fascination* of the Theatre, the
(Circus and tl>? Dance ! As moralising over
ithi'ui feature of our common humanity would
/1a jr*r\r\i\ vntir rwwlprs R?inll 1"M> snni'nil
..w ?,??> , / "" I
such a\i iwfliction.- But there arc other ami
more rational means of enjoyment at comjnand
i.u the city.
of which you have *een daily notices in the
papers, is really and truly a wonderful a-1
cbievemcnt of art. The programme, as ,
furnished to visitors, would not interest ]
your readers, or it might he given. Com- (
meneing in the south of Italy, you have |
first of all a view of Mt. Vesuvius, at tlie |
time of an eruption, as seen by Mr. W a ugh ,
in 1839. From this you pass to the Grot- j
to in the Bay of Naples. This represent a- |
tion is perhaps the most perfect, as it. is do- ]
-cidedly amongst-the most interesting, of all (
the points exhibited. The effect of light j
and shade, in developing color especially, is .
most cliarming. Then comes (he "Ascent (
to Vesuvius," the Bay of Naples, with every i
object of interest connected with the city ,
and environs. From thence, by a very ea- (
sy journey, you are brought to Rome, seat- ,
??d on her seven hills. The various views j
given of that city are most interesting. The ,
"corse,*1 during the season of carnival; the j
VVltOVUlU, (VI QCA.U UJ lUUUIIII^IIl'f 11115 Uf I
-cayed arches and temples, which abound in .
-oveiy part of the city ; and last, and most
interesting of all, ihe Cathedral of St. Pe- ,
fev rter'?, as seen within and witliout, and espe- |
pjjfc* ^'""y ^ie "illumination," all tyken together, ,
'/ *, forms such an assemblage of interesting ob- ,
jecW as would richly repay the expense,
and trouble of a visit. Then follows the
principal citiea of Italy, including Venice
with her canal streets and royal barge#, and
' vflt lifrhtpr iftondolas. nrnivllpd Kit a ?n?l?
?' "?l - D " T - _ " ', f "V -oar.
The execution of the picture seems to
be perfect and it is pronounced by competent
judges to be the clvef daeuvre of all panoramic
representations ever exhibited here.
And yet, would you believe it, Messrs.
Editors,"this splendid panorama was exhibited
nightly, for two weeks, to tbin bouses;
whilst "Young America" chose to patronise
the theatre and rowdy circus. For the last
week, however, the audienoea have been
large, and Charleston is beginning to show
.bar appreciation of the beautiful and elevating,
as well aa of * * * *
V But, sirs, you are not to take the standard
of morals or taste, belonging to any one
clique, as a specimen of Charleston. No,
sir, the lines of distinction between evil and
good, pure and impure, are nicely defiucil
in this community; so that sointimes you
find Pandetnomium and Paradise in frightful
proximity. Hlnsphemv on (his au<l pray-<
ing and praising on //tut side of the same
street. Indeed, there is one street in Charles-j
ton of which it vscil to be said, that it !
con I.'lined more churchcs and houses of ill:
fame tlinn any other in the city. The hitter
have disappeared; the former are fl?ur
ishing. But, now, lot nie introduce your!
readers into tlie basement story of one of!
our city churches where they can be quiet
spectators ot a
LOVE FEAST MEETING
held for the exclusive benefit of the colored
members of the Church. The hymn is sung
by the congregation and the prayer ottered;
tip by the pastor; when cubes of bread;
and glasses of water arc passed around.)
Tlu'n follows tlie collection, a five-will
ollerinjf to the Church. By this lime. there
sire four or live hundred persons present,
and the speaking begins.?There, tiiat is
the patriarch of the whole tribe- now on his
feet. Hear hiin, as with a cracked ami
feeble voice, lie says : "My bredren, as I lay
#*?! Mil' Kl.?l t\I.W IIUll'llSlI !"? ??
.... .... wv.., ,.?,s ..,1.1- |
afore daylight, I been tinking, liow (?o<l
Almighty awaken ami convert myself, in
1 700 ; and how I give my hand to <le minister
in old Charleston ; ami how I been support
by ?iivine grace, all ?lis time ; ami ir.v |
lieart feel tnnkiul: and I bless de Lord.!
lie witl me to-night, and I jnst wait for de
Mafter take me home to I leaven. llless
de Lord." There is commotion in the assembly,
for there is not one there who does
not know, and reverence too, old daddy
Strap Morgan. He is an African bv
i. 1 . c .1-.. e ... i:..i? -i" i
I'll lily clliu mils Ul UltS IL'W JilM llllhS 111 IIIU j
chain which bind* ns to :i past generation. I
But there, look there at that bright, intelligent
looking colored man. llis face J
glows with delight, as he refers to the sermon
of last Sabbath, and adopts fur himself
t!ie language of Hern, and says: ''Thy i
people shall be my people?0, thv God, j
my God;" and tlien, alluding to a sermon j
rVTl'll/'llCll IIV I i^lli >. (' IT1P?0 1* Kiivi" tv/./.bc I
liefore, he adopts the text as expressive of
his own feelings, :<nrl with <lo'.*p emphasis
lie repeats : "My heart is fixed, O God my
heart is fix< <l"?witli :i ''hallelujah," which
made die basement ring, ami which drew |
forth responsive hallelujahs from many a ;
heart, he took his seat.
Quirk as thought another is up. Look j
at him, see what an animated countenance j
lie wears: listen. hi? Rlir>;ik-? in low cr.fr
cents?you feci then; is humility there. 1 lo j
warms up n little, you are struck not only:
with the quiet fueling 1((. exhibits, luit with |
the propriety of his language and sentiment. j
11?t tells you he is a carriage driver, and that 1
hein<; awakened and distiesseil, he retired j
to h is hay loft to pray, after taking care of I
his cattle. lie prays until near nine o'clock, I
when his heart suddenly warm* and melts, j
(glory from liiin.nnd hulhlujoh from many i
voices) then he joined the Church, and
now, sometimes in the stable with the horses,
and sometimes in the street, on the carriage J
hox, lie rejoices in the love of God. 11 is;
people, artless and moving (for that very'
reason,) story is told, and you cannot resist j
the conviction that there is real piety in!
that dusky son of Ham.
See there is a woman up?her tones are
mill! and scarcely audible at first: she tells
tier brethren that she was at love feast but
>nce the past year,?how anxious she had
L>een to enjoy this privilege with them,
iow she had asked the "deary owners'' to
How her to come?how much she loved j
11JV uiuiiiivii) HIV* ?tiv; iiui JUJI'JJIU
io\v much she desired their prayers, &r.
By this time the whole congregation is on
Jie point of a great outburst of religions
feeling?the tide is coming in?the waves
ire swelling and rolling all around you;
the feeling is contagious, and you must yield
;o you#generous impulses, or pronounce the
wb'hole an iinoosture.? This last vou cannot
io, being present and cognisant of all the
j ircumntanees.?These give you hut n specimen
of the whole, say if you please, tlie
best selections; very well, but if you had
Lteen present, as the writer was, and witnessed
the buoyancy of religious faith and feeling,
?nd heard, as he did, the expressions of unwavering
confidenc in that, particular devclopem'ent
of Christianity, I am .sure you would
think that many years must elapse before
all this zeal, and religious energy will subside
in staid forms and ceremonials of rer
But I must not forget tint your readers
have nerves, and sometimes irritable ones
too, and must therefore close, wishing you
a pleasant year, and increased subscription
list*. Yours truly, Icon.
Charleston, January 9th, 1855.
uZel>" said a cliap to hit chum, the other
day, "seems to me you didn't stay long at
Squire Togger's last night." "No," was the
replv. MI was sayin' a few pleasant things
to the daughter, and the old man came in
and gave me a hint to go.n "A hint, Zeb,
what, sort of a hintf' "Why, he gave (he
ray hat, opened the door, arid just as be.began
to raise his cowhide boot, 1 bad a
thought tnat I wasn't 'wanted, and ?o I?I
took my leave."
.3 . y iY i H . > :
. liL'iSv. '
To the Editors of the Sentinel:
Gentlemen : "NVc request that you will
publish the accompanying letter of General
li. F. Stringfellow, of Missouri, relative to
the settlement of Kansas Territory, which j
contains information of interest to the people
of the entire South.
General Stringfellow resides on the very
border of Kansas, and the ability he has
displayed in the discussion of the slavery
question in his publications and addresses,
together with his reputation in his owri
State, has induced us to believe that his j
views win bo mure entertaining and servicea-l
lile to our respective constituents, and the I
people of the South, than any information j
within our reach.
We therefore present liis letter, in reply
to one which we had the honor to address
him, as a general response to (hose who seek
to he informed upon matters pertaining to
Rcspi'flfullv. vnur oWdifnt servants,
I\ S. BROOKS, ofS. C.,
TIIOS. L. CLING MAX, of X.C.,
\VM. SMITH, of Vi!., iiml
J NO. McQUEKX, of S. C.
Washington, Jan. 10, 1855.
To the Hon. P. S. Uhooks.Thos. L.Clingman,
W.m. Smith, and John McQit.kn:
Gentlf.men : It irives ni? pleasure to!
comply with your request, and state in 1
writing the information I have been enabled
to give you, touching the settlement of Kansas
Territory, ami its adaptedness to slave
labor, and to present the considerations which
induces me to say, without hesitation, it will
I Hi n sh.vcholdinjj State. I do this with
more pleasure, because T find gross errors j
commonly prevailing in relation to thatTer- i
ritory, circulated, too, in some instancer, (I
wou.d hope. tlirongh misconception,) by
Southern men, who ought to be better informed.
I am gratified to learn from you, that
there is so general a desire among the people
of the South to know the truth, and I
>hall bo more than rep;ii<l, if I can be a
moans of enlightening them. For the s:ike
of convenience, I will reply to your enquiries
1. Will Kansas he a slavehohliny State ?
I answer without hesitation,it will. Though
a citizen of Missouri, yet residing on the
border of Kansas, I have necessarily felt a
deep interest in the decision of this question,
and have watched anxiously the progress of
the strangle which has been going on in ,
liiui territory. A resilience ot nearly seventeen
year* in Missouri lias, I believed, enabled
me to form a reliable opinion as lo the
cla?s ?.f population which would naturally
and permanently occupy Kansas. I admit,
however, I was somewhat alarmed, when I
saw our Southern friends seemingly ready
to surrender it. deterred by the declaration
of those 011 whom they were accustomed
to rely. th;it '"it was not adapt<*<1 to slave
labor," while at the same tim?.% Abolitionists
wore organizing their companies, with inillions
of capital, to colonize that Territory.
Yet I never despaired ! 1 still declared that,
though sent out, they could not remain ; they
could not live in the prairies! i can now
refer you to the result of the late election
for delegate, as evidence conclusive of the
correctness of my opinion.
I give the vote in detail, as it is important
to direct your attention to the vote of
Okficai. lieti'itx.s?Of an Election for
^ %r a
Delegate to the limine of Representatives
of the United States held in the
Territory of Kansas, on the 29th of
Di?. Whitfield. Wakefield. Flenneken.
1 40 188 51
2 235 20 G
3 40 7
*4 140 21
5 03 4 15
7 597 7
V y 31
10 2 0 20
11 237 3
12 31 0
13 69 1
14 130 23
15 207 30
10 222 80
17 49 13
2258 248 305
Ill the first district, diaries Robinson received
two votes; S. C. Pomeroy, two; P.
Blood, one ; and Win. Llovd Garrison one.
And John B. Chapman received in the first
district, nine; third, one; eleventh, five;
and in the twelfth, one ; making sixteen.
* Tiiio ?
A ma L/IOI*I iui? 10 iruiiirsuxi*
Tlic Question of slavery was not properly
involved in this election, and Gen. Whitfield,
Accordingly, in announcing himself a candidate,
presented, as the issue, the principles
of the Dougla* bill. But the real issue was
not left to hiin; the friends of his opponents,
before he was fairly announced, made
the issues distinctly and directly on the Question
of slavery?induced to do so, witnont
doubt, under the false impression that a
large number of those sent out by.the Abo-,
lition societies were still in the Territory.
* V ' *
friends of Whitfield and, by the action of
the Abolitionist?, became the only issue in
the contest; it absorbs all others, and ou it
the election turned.
Whitfield received tbo pro-slavery. The
anti-slavery was divided between Flennikcn
and Wakefield. The former was favored by
the Governor, and as eontra-distmguished
from the Abolitionist was called by the softer
term, frcesoiler. lie received the vote of
those who denied that they were Abolitionists,
but claimed only to l?e opposed to slavery,
with such of the Abolitionists as could
be influenced bv the Governor. Wakefield
was the proper Abolition candidate, and received,
with ft.w exceptions, the votes of
those sent out by the Emigrant x\id Societies.
This last vote you will see was nearly
all given in one district. That district included
the town of Lawrence, to which those
sent by the Abolition Societies were forwarded.
Those societiec show, by their reports,
that they have trans]>orted to Kansas
3,000 during the past summer; and I in.1.-"
.i.~ -i? : ?
Hf Iiiv; unnci mm HIV iiiuuuci is liui
overstated. Of that nmnbor you will see,
there were left on tlie day of the election,
but 24S ! of those I am credibly informed
150 left oti the day following the election,
having complied with their contracts in
voting ! Others have since left, and 1 can
safely say, that of the whole batch there
will not by March, be fifty left in the Terri
torv ! They were not such men as could
settle a prairie country.
I am aware tnat it is charged l>v Abolitionists,
that Missouri sent thousands (they
had it lour thousand) to Kansas, "merely
to vote," and tlnis elected Whitfield. I
might not perhaps to deny the charge, as
Missouri has certainly an equal right with
Massachusetts to send men to Kansas! Abolitionists
have not the exclusive right to organize
emigrant aid societies!
It* the charge were true, I do not see that
it can afford much consolation to Abolitionists
to find, that Missouri can alone and unaided,
so easily defeat their boasted schemes.
| On the contrary, it might well encourage
our southern friends to learn, that tliough
j they he asleep or afraid, Missouri is not
j orJy awnV'*. but^wble and determined to
protect the rights of the South.
For answer to this charge, however, I
need only refer you to tlie vote?you will
see that Whitfield received a majority in
every precinct, but three, in two of which
a very small vote was given, ami in the
[other, is situated the town of Lawrence,
j You will see too that there was but a liandj
fill of Abolitionists in the whole Territory,
t their whol<? vote being only about 500. To
say they that illegal votes from Missouri
carried the election is to asseit that there
nAAnli* it* tlw? TurrifAf*' ' T?
poor shift, \t> which the Abolitionists are
driven, hut the onlv one to cover their failure.
Another and a sufficient answer to
all such charges is, that the judges of the
election were appointed by the Governor,
I \wiu was an active m-uu oi rienniKen ; nicy
I received the votes and returned tliem without
objection from any quarter in but one
district, ;;nd in that the objection wjis withdrawn.
The truth is, n large number "of Missourians
who have "claims" in the Territory
and intended to reside there, were not there
on the day of the election. But they will
he there in the spring, and will have a right
to vote ; they will not, however, like Abolitionists,
return 60 soon a-> they vote, but
will remain, and continue to vote. Missourians
have l>elived that, without the DougI
l ilt 1 A ' * ? * *
ia>s urn, :iiiu cenamiy umier tnc great principle
recognized bv that bill, they had the
right to move to Kansas, and there to exercisc
the privileges, which, as freemen, they
had before been accustomed to exercise.
Abolitionists have ptoclnimed that their
purpose is not only to exclude slavehold
ers from Kansas, but to use Kansas as a
means lor abolishing slavery in Missouri;
tlien, with these for their levers, to abolish
it in Arkansas and Texas. Were they to
sncceed, it needs no prophet to foretell the
speedy dissolution of the Union. Missourianft
have thus felt, that in their efforts to
defeat the designs of the Abolitionists, they
were not only defending their own homes,
but the Uniou itself. To protect their homes.
they have mnde their homes in Kansas If,
then, it is intended by the charge, to say
that those who once lived in Missouri, carried
the election in Kansas, there is some
foundation for the charge. While the people
of Missouri are not "lawless invaders,"
many have tnoved into Kansas mainly injdueed
by the determination to adopt all
lawful means to protect themselves from the
'invasion of Abolitionists. Others are ready
!and datermrned, if necessary, to abandon
their homes and move at whatever cost of
comfort or money. We have a deeper interest
at stake, and are not less selfaacrificing
than the Abolitionists. In justice to
the people of Missouri, I will say (from
an experience, as a lawyer of seventeen
years, during ten of wliicn I was prosecu-l
ting,) they are as orderly, as moral, as sub-T
missive to law as the people of any State in
the Union. At the same time, composed
as thej are of the most enterprising, energetic,
if not intellectual, of the/old States, |
they are as determined of purpose at any
people in the world. When, then, I say to
Von,tbattoti^mtbfe1*fK!t** it.it to. Abo*
IitaonwU and are* to<ror"ttotbejn friend*
atadfetanCe * qowtion of theory ? cco4
science, but i\, mutter of home, of bread,
that they have determined to submit to any
sacrifice, which they can as pood citizens
make, rather than suffer the Abolitionists to
force upon the people of Kansas a system
they do not approve; you will readily see
lhat it is not in the power *>f Emigration j
Societies to effect their purpose. There is j
now in the Territory a majority of more than j
four to one in favor of making Kansas a ;
.1 1 1.1!, - f. -i ? * " !
siiivenuiuiiig oifuc; mat me miyo.uty will, j
if emigration be left to itself, be increased; t
if emigration is to be forced again, it will'
be fuun^i that Missouri is nearer to Kansas
than Boston !
I believe I may assume that the speculators,
whoso freelv advain-ed their money
for the purpose of colonizing Kanssis with i
Abolitionists, under pMfiicu of a desire to
uiiike it "free territory." but mdlv to nmnsa!
fortunes by laying out lowns with the hirelings
sent out by them, bnve found their
speculation so flat a failure, that they will
permit Kansas to be settled in the natural
If thus settled, it must become a alavcholding
It is not adapted to the making of towns;
:? ;0 ? ..i c ? I:..I . r
i. 10 nvi 3uhi:u iui niuu minis; u cannoi Lie
settled by those who have not the command
To the farmer who has no ''help," but is
dependant on his own unaided lal>or, Kansas
is, of all, the least desirable country ; it
Vannot be settled bv such.
In the timber, the poor man can with his
axe, erect his cabin, make his rails oil the
line of his fence, with his own hands enclose
his land, belt his trees, and with his one
horse and plough break his ground and put
it in cultivation. But in Kansas there is so
much land for cultivation! Every foot oi'
timber is needed for fuel and fencing. The
timber is confined to the banks of the
streams, on the bottoms and the breaks of
hil s; hence, timbered land is less fitted for
Cultivation, while on account of its scarcity,
it is far too valuable for that purpose.
Farms must be made in the prairie.
The farmer must have a team to haul his
rails, and in most ca?es they must be hauled j
iio far as to render fencing too costly for littie
fields. Large fields alone, by reducing j
the proportion of fencing, can render its cost I
reasonable. Dwellings must be framed, or!
of brick or stone. 13ut, perhaps, the great-1
est of ull the difficulties in the way of thej
poor man, is the first cost of break ng prairie.
To do this requires two hands ai;d at
least six yoke of oxen. If hired, it will cost
ii.net tlivno ?? *
aw IVII.H blll?.V MVIIUIO I <? IV , UUt It CillMIUl
be hired in Kansas tor years; tln-iv, every
man will have his own land to l>r<.'>?k; each
settler must, hence have his hhii team, liis
own ploughmen. In 110 instance has prairie
laiul been settled by poor men. Alter a
country is settled, and every facility is afforded,
it is just possible for one here and there
to make a farm in the prairie. In Missouri,
such instances even yet are rare. In
northern Illinois, with all its facilities, its
rich prairies lay virtually a waste until railroads
were made through them.
Such nre mine of the rliftienliip*
have driven tho-e sent out by the Emigrant
Aid Societies back to the towns of the East;
which have compelled so many of those
who emigrated from the non-slaveholdiiig
States to return. Of those from the nonslaveholding
States who remain, tlie substantial
men of means and intelligence, a
large proportion, so soon as they are enabled
to see slavery as it really exists are
freed from their prejudices, and from sheer
necessity become slaveholders, for no other
labor can be had. While, then, prairie is
so unsuited to the poor man, on the other
hand, to the man who can command labor,
who has one or more slaves, it presents many
and great inducement*.
ine outlay, u is true, demands some actual
capital. The house must be built by a
workman?must be paid for?yet it is not to
be supposed that the cost is very heavy. At
first the settlers must be content with small j
bouses? with only the nccessary rooms. A j
iramea nousewui nonce cost l?ut little. The
unlimited supply of the l>est building stone,
the blue and grev limestone, will render
stone houses as cheap as framed. The lime
can be burned on the ground.
As I have said, the greatest difficulty is
in the command of the requisite labor?the
hands and team necessary to break and enclose
the land. To one who has this, it is
far easier and cheaper to make a farm of
one hundred acres or more, in the prairie
than iu the timber. Indeed, in Missouri it
is deemed better and cheaper in the end to i
make a farm of 300 acrees in the prairie and
to haul the rails ten miles than to clear timbered
Tli? plough u?e<l'i will turn over from 20
to 20 inches, one team will breuk from two
to two and a half acres per day. The cat- ]
tie require no other feed, but will keep fut
on the grata, while at work. THia proper 1
season for breaking prairie is from the first 1
bf May to the middle of July; up to which 1
time corn can be planted. The corn is drop* :
ped in tha furrow (by n boy who can sit on '
tbe plough) and is covered by the plough. 1
It wilL usually mature and make good * corn 1
if planted as early as the let of June. That 1
planted later will make good stock feed. 1
Prairie may be broken as late (ft the mid- *
die of Abgust, and will, if aown, yield a <
wheal crop equal to any .that can be wftw j
ward* growo on tbe grottai
> " -v >
To one wlio has stock to feed, the crop
of corn on the sod is always worth the cost
of breaking; and will, in a good season,
pay for breaking and enclosing.
In the second year, the farm is in perfect
condition! There are no stumps, but tho
sod is roth-d, and your field clear of weeds
and grass, is light and mellow as an ashhank.
In the prairie, too, a hand can cultivate
one-third more land than in the timber.
A prairie farm will pay for its^f tlireo
time* over, before a farm ean be cteared iu
I find a very common error prevailing, as
to prairie,among the uitieenn of the Atlantic
States?it is, that prairie is always flat.
i/n ine contrary, until a country is settled,
much the larger portion of the prairie is
high and rolling. The prairies are caused
by fire, and the low wet lands not burning
so readily, are more often covered with timl>er.
So soon as the fires are kept down,
the prairies will put up timber?in many
places the hazel will spring up in one year,
timber follows immediately, and in a few
years the timber will grow faster than it can
Such nre some of the inducements to
to those who can command labor; to tlioso
who have, say one or more slave*, to settle
I ought here to say that l>oth in Missouri
and Kansas the winters are always dry, and
with but little snow, and hence bauds are ablo
to work during the entire winter. Consumption,
too, is almost unheard of among us.
z. js siavc luoor profitable xn Kansas*
As yet 110 opportunity to ascertain its value
lias been given ; I can hence only refer
you to its value in Missouri, and say that, lying
in the same latitude, immediately west
and long side of Missouri. the soil and climate
of Kansas cannot differ materially from those
of Missouri. I am im-lim-d to believe that
Kansas will prove even healthier than Missouri.
there being less low marshy land in
Kansas. There can thus be no reason why
eWn -I 1.1 ...? 1? ? ??i
mirvi niiuiuu HUL W ?I3 piVUlXUm 111
Kansas as in Missouri.
Anticipating iliat such inrpiiriesmight bo
marie during my visit to \ irgitii.i, befo*ft
leaving home, 1 procured from intelligent
farmers in Platte, a county bordering on
Kansas, a statement showing the amount of
land which one hand can cultivate, with the
yield per acre, and the market price of the
products at home. I have no hesitation in
attesting its correctness.
Amount of land to lund and yield per
Hemp?7 to 8 acres 800 to 1,200lbs.
(Join?10 to 15 acres 10 to 20bbls.
Wheat?10 to 15 acres 20 to 45bit.
Oats?10 to 15 acres 30 lo 40 bu.
Value of product nt home.
Ilemp?2 1-2 tons at 880 per ton $200 00
Corn?lOObbls. at ?1 per bbl. 10C 00
Wheat?5 acres?luO bu. at 80
cents per bu. 80 00
Oats 5 acres?150bu. at 30 cents
per bu. 45 00
Total least yield at lowest price $425 00
Ilump?4 1-2 tons at-$l 30 per ton $425 00
Corn?300bbls. at ?2 fx*r bbl. GOO 00
Wheat?5 acres?225bu. at ?1 per
bu. 225 00
Oats?5 acrcs?250 bu. ?il 40 cents *
per bu. 100 00
Greatest yield at highest price ?1,510 00
This will doubtless, seem an extravagant
estimate ; yet the quotations of the markets
Will dmu' tlm irt.ivlirtnn* 1
vi*v ikiaiiiiuiii i'liuca MTU less
the present market prices. Hemp lias
sold during the past season for 8150 per
ton. Wheat is worth $1 25 per bushel,
and corn S3 per barrel. Th6 yieM, too, is
often greater than the highest. But it is
not less true that the greatest yield and
highest prico are not often together. My
object is rather to show the least yield and
the lowest price. Negroes?Held hands?
have hired for some years in Western .Missouri
at. prices which could not be paid, if
their labur were less valuable than as above
stated. Men, at from $180 to $250; wo*
men, at from ?80 to $150 per annum, the
hirer paying all expenses and losing all
time of sickness, the owner at no charge.
A woman, with two children, will bring from
$60 to $00; and girls, from ten to thirteen
years of age, from $40 to $60 per annum.
I nuw pay for one, about ten years of; age,
$6 per month by tho year. I need hardly
say that nfegroea must be henlthy and profit*
ol.lu .... f\. ? ??
, v. wuiu nui< j??j? isuuii prices.;
3. Is it safe to lake slaves to Kansas
Of this there can be no doubt. They are
less likely to escape tlimi from Missouri; are
further from the under-ground railroad* and
hiding places of the Abolitionists; while
the people of the Territory are more on the
.1..-. ~...i -l-i. -i
>? bj.miu wmvu mure viuaeiy 111066 WHO)
would steal them. * .
From the law there can be tfo danger.
31a ves are iiomt, and have been for yeata; in
ihe Territory, so that slavery, in is already
established. I need not say. to you
that no lawyer, unless lie be an Abolitionist,
(*}H pretend that any positive law is nccea-.
?ry to make *hivery legal. yliut, "to vindi:ate
the truth of history," I ought to say,,
hat the veriest, ikftool boy must know, as a .