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VOLUME 2?NO. 49. ABBEVILLE C. II, SOUTH CAROLINA. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, 1855. ' WHOLE NUMBER 101.
"* ?' ' i -r-*.
WRITTEN FOR THE INDEPENDENT PHE89.
To an Irish Songtresa.
You're welcome to our sylvan shades-?
Joys abound beyond description ;
Her spangled carpet Flora spreads;
Nature smiles 011 your reception.
Fair Freedom's joys could yoti cntiee
From your native habitation,
Tossed by the breeze through the pathless seas, ;
Von ?i.? 1 1 - f
_ ..v. ..... 1I.UU Ul C1I1ICUIIIUUI1.
To guard each fair is still our care,
Ami our glory to defend her; .
Not to liar's art, but Cupid's dart,
"We're accustomed 1o surrender.
You sang too long tlic plaintive song,
The long-toned notes which Krin chooses ; |
Kow lay them l>y and sing with joy
The dictates of Columbia's nms< s.
No more shall you again review
The green clad hills where latnbs nrc grazing;
No more review the mountains blue, I
Where your youthful eyes were gazing. |
Through tliil fair land groves wild and irrand
Producing wiCc extensive bowers.
Round every field a shelter yields
From the sudden vernal shower. j
Sweet warbles the delightful notes
'Mont* the dewy sprays at morning.
And in the glades 'twixt light and shale
Wongs are made t<> Sol returning. |
The forest waves its glittering leaves;
Sunbeams on the grain are glancing;
The rains are past, the summer's ghost
Is now through the sunbeams dancing.
At setting sun the crowd I shun
To walk abroad for recreation,
Ami far from noise tnsto sober joys,
Feasting on fiweet meditation.
By shaded rills and sloping hills
Muse beneath tlu; trembling shadow,
And lonely still the whippoorwill
Wakes its notes low in the meadow.
2Cow mellow rest., with toil oppressed,
Woes forgotten, senses sleeping,
"When misers are with wakeful earc
O'er their wealth dull vigils keeping.
No knave controls our free-born souls,
ju.ui.-ii ]>iirsuc9 me iraae lie cliooses;
Since you are free, come court with me
The lovely, chaste recording Muses.
The rolling year glides sweetly here ;
The faithful seasons pour their treasures ;
Wc, midst the charms of woodland farms
Spend our days in rural pleasure.
The poets feign a golden reign,
When all men were free completely?
Wc realize their fabled joys
And our Muse sings as sweetly.
HouBton and Santa Anna.
The following sketch of the capture of
Saxta Asna we find copied into the New j
York Mirror from the pages of the forth j
coming "Life of Houston." Let no one|
think, however, that we shall advocate the,
? : e it._ .
vauov Kuiuu tuc imuiiutnuu ui me volume i
ia doubtless designed to promote?IIou8-j
ton's election to the Presidency:
The battle of Independence had been j
fought. Seven hundred soldiers had met
flWly three times their number, and come
off victorious. Six hundred and thirty men
were left dead on the field; among them J
were, one general officer, four colonels, two j
lieutenant colonels, seven captains, and j
twelve lieutenants. Multitudes had per-1
ished in the morass and the bayous. Of
the surviving, upwards of two hundred j
and eighty were wounded, and there j
were eight hundred prisoners. Only sev-1
en men are known to have escaped from '
A!_ . 1 A 1 _ > VI 1
we neiu. Ana yet, lnoreuioie as it may
seem, this bloody engagement hnd cost
the Texans the lives of only seven men, and
less than thirty had been wounded. It was
incredible, and when tho Commander in
Chief awoke the next morning, and heard
the facts, he asked, "Is this so, or is it' only
my dream?" ,-<v-*
At ton o'clock in the morning, Gen. Houston
sent a detachment of men to bury the
enemy's dead who had fallen in battle; but
decomposition had taken place so rapidly,
the troops returned and reported they could
not execute his order! This extraordinary
wrniimstnncfl flip. (?rf>n)pQt. Riirnriso
smd the prisoners accounted for it by resolvr.
iing it, like the defeat of the previous day;
into Ma malignant blast of destiny." r:
In the meantime, a numl>er of Texans
were scouring the prairie throughout the
day, and bringing in prisoners. The grass
was everywhere four or five feet high, and
* those 'who had not been taken the flay be'..tfore
wgre now crawling away on their hands
and Vn&V hoping thus to effect their, esUjape.
Santa Anna had not yet b*en taken,
but the victors were scourijig every
.jtoart of the field in search of the Dictator.
fV':p*5Y9u will find the Hero of Taropico," said
f'Houstop, "if you find him at all, making
... . vjni. retreat oit all fours, and he will be
v_J _? 1A * 1.1:
\ <441 coo^u you ttt iwob iw cuimuuu ov^iur.
* Examine closely every roan you find "
? .~T Lieut. Sy I veate r, a volunteer from Cincip,
Mil, wa? riding oiw'Tfyti''prai rip on a fine
~bor*o, about thfea. Vclock in the afternoon,
' -wLeh he fiftw a man making bra wny tottridge.'
- TfcSj moment^, lie
that direction, and his horse came very near
trampling liiin down. The man sprang to
his feet, and apparently without the slightest
surprise, looked his captor full in the face,
lie was disguised in a miserable rustic
dress. lie wore a skin cap, a round jacket,
I and pantaloons of blue domestic cotton,
j with a pair of coarse soldier's shoes. Hut!
II .is face and his manners befpoke, too plainly,
that he belonged to a difU-reiitclavs than
; his garb betokened; and underneath liis
coarse disguise, Sylvester saw that he wore !
a shirt of the finest linen cambric. "You
!iri' all nflSi'cr. T iwi-i-civo ?ir v^i.l i li.?
j man, raising liis cap politely. "Xo, sol- j
| dier,'' was liis reply ; and lie drew out a let- j
i tor in Spanish, a<lCrossed to Almonte.? j
When lie saw there was no hope of escape.;
lie ewju'recl lor Gen. Houston. I5y this!
time Sylvester lnul heen joined hy several ;
of his comrades, and mounting his prisoner
behind him, they rode olV together on the
same horse, to the camp, several miles distant.
As he passed the Mexican prisoners,
they exclaimed with great surprise, as they
j lifted their caps, K'Kl Prcsidculc /"
In ?i single moment, the news spread
; through the camp that Gen. Santa Anna
was a prisoner, and the Initiator was taken
iu injipi"". i lie wii?> xviiijlt c)i*
tin; ground, and having slept little (hiring
the night, iu consequence of his wound, hail j
now fallen into a <I?>ze. Santa Anna came
up behind him, and took his hand. Houston
roUH.il himself, and turning over, gazed
up in llie face of the Mexican, who extended
his left arm, and laying his right hand on
his heart, said, "I am (Jen. Antonio Lopez
de Santa Anna, President of the Mexican
Republic, and I claim to he your prisoner of,
war." Houston waved his hatui to a box, I
?for it was the only seat in the camp,? ]
and asked his prisoner to be seated. lie
then sent for Almonte, who spoke English
f * 1 __ 1 1 ? - -
jicnecuy, aim requested mill to act as interpreter.
In the meantime, Santa Anna had taken
his seat, and glancing his eye occasionally
around the camps with a timid expression,
pressed the sides of his breast, with both
hands, and gave two or three half-suppressed !
groans, like a nun who was suffering deep !
pain. An interesting incident took place j
about this time, which is thus related by
Gen. Husk : "Ar the time Santa Anna was]
brought into our camp, I was walking with i
young Zavala. (The reader will recognize
in this youthful character a son of the noble
and venerabla Zavala, who distinguished
himself as the friend of Texan independence.)
We approached him together.?
Santa Anna recognized young Zavala at.
once, and advanced to meet him with great.
apparent cordiality, uttering many expres- j
sions of kindness, sueli as arc customary
among the Mexicans on such occasions,sev-j
oral of which I remember. Among other
things, lie exclaimed, "Oh ! my friend, my
friend, the son of my early friendwith
which, and othtr exclamations in the same
stroll, he embraced young Zavala, with
high indications of apparent feeling, and I
think dropping a tear. Young Zavala returned
his greeting with that deference
which would have been due to his former rank
'and power; but at the same time emitting
from his countenance an expression I have
scarcely seen equalled. Ilis looks seemed to
wither Santa Anna, and staring him full in
the face, he replied immediately, with great
modesty, "It has been so, sir." Santa Anna
evinced plainly that he was much mortified."
Almonte approached his captive General
with evident respect and grief, and the following
conversation took place between the
i.t\j cuiiiiimiiucis t jLiuu5iuii in liic meantime
lying on the ground, resting on his
elbow. Gre.it pains has been taken to get
as nearly as possible the exact words used
by the speakers, and those who were present
at the interview, lmve assured us, that all
I here related they do remember, and they
i recollect nothing else of importance,
j Santa Anna.?(After embracing Almon:
te and recovering perfectly from his embar:
rassment, rose, and advancing with the air
[ of one fcorit to command, s:iid to Gen.
i Houston)?"That man may consider himself
born to no common destiny, who has
"conquered the Napoleon of the West; and
:? :? t - ?
. ik hum icumins lur mill lO ue gCIIC'I'OUS to
j tlio vanquished."
! Houston.?"You should have remembered
that at the Alamo."
S. A.?"You must be aware that I was
justified in my course by the usages of war.
I had summoned a surrender, and they had
: refused. The plaee was then taken by
| storm, and the usages of war justified the
slaughter of the vanquished."
H.?"That was the caflflf* oneo, but it is
now obsolete. Such usages among civilized
nations have yielded' t^fothe influences of
S. A.?"However^lhiV^faay be, I was
acting under the ordefc^^JfiOovcrnment."
H.?"Why, you are'the Government of
SI A.?"I have orders in my possession
commanding me so to act."
jf,?"A yictator, sir, has no superior."
S. A.?"I lmve orders, Gen. 'Houston,
from my Government, commanding me to
exterminate every man found in arms in the
province of Texas, and treat nil such aspirates
; for they ln*ve Government, and
are figbtrfiguijderno recognized flag. This
will account for the poeitiye.orders of tnj
Government," , ;
.'! *? '?? ? /* : .
lx V ' *? V 'L \$& ' < 3 ' ?
fc.|c4 : v
^ i y V* ^ ;v- '
\ Jli ' ' ? ' .-V ?
11.?''So far as the first point is concerned,
tlie Texans (latter themselves they have a j
Government already, and they will probably |
be able to make a flag. liut it" you feel
excused for yoiir conduct at San Antonio,)
you have not the same excuse for the mas;
sacre of Col. Fannin's command. They
had capitulated on turins proffered by voiir !
General. And j'et, after the capitulation,!
they were all perfidiously massacred, with-!
j out even the consolation of ilying with anas
! in their hands." ;
(Those who were present say that when '
Houston frame to speak of the (>oliad tragedy,
it seemed impossible lor him to restrain !
his indignation. JI is eye flashed like :i
i wild beast's, and in his gigantic effort to I
I curb in his wrath, cold sweat ran oil' from]
his brow in streams.)
?S\ A.?"I declare to you, General, (lay- J
iii(f liis hand on his heart.) that 1 was not !
. apprizi-d of the fact that they had capitu-j
: lateil. (.ien. t.'rrea informed me that lie i
had conquered litem in a battle, aii'l under;
Jliis impression I ordered their execution." I
j //.?"1 know, General, that the men had J
?S. A.?"Then I was ignorant of it. Audi
after vour asseveration, 1 should not have a ,
! shadow of doubt, if it were not that CJen.!
I'rroa had no authority whatever to receive j
their capitulation. And if the da}- ever |
comes (hat I can ^et Urren into my hands, I
I will execute him for his duplicity in not
giving me information of the facts."
Here the conversation was suspended for
. .... i o_- ? . . t
;i wiuif, ;m<i .Aiiiui requesieu a small
pieceTjf opium. It was ordered l?v Ilotis|
ton, w!io asked liim if lie would desire his
J marque and luggage, and the attendance
| of liis aids and servants. Santa Anna
J thanked him very politely, and said, '"It
j would make liim very happy, since they
i were proftered l?v his captor."
While the order washeingr given, Almonte
manifested a disposition to continue the
conversation with Houston. After remarking
to the Texan General that fortune had
indeed favored him, he asked why he had
not attacked tin; Mexicans the first day the
j armies met. "Von had reason to suppose
I we should he reinforced. And yet if you |
had risked n battle that day you would
have had another story to tell, perhaps, for
I our men were then ready to fight, and so
| anxious for the battle to come on, that we
could hardly keep them in their ranks.?
j Why ditl you wait till the next morning. \
"Well," replied Houston, "I sne T was!
right. I knew von expected I should bring i
on the battle that day, and were consequent- j
ly prepared for it. Now if I must be questioned
by an inferior officer in the presence I
of his General, I will say that was the veri/\
reason why I d id not fi'jht ; and, besides, I
thought there was no use in having two
bites at one cherry." After some remark
of Almonte, which irritated Houston, and
which, in the opinion of all who heard it,
ill-befitted the occasion, he said?"You have
come a great way to give us a great deal
of trouble, and you have made the sacrifice
of the lives of a great many brave men
I llftfrMiSJirv." ''Oil" flirmnnllw wnliml A1.
? .... ?, ...rr. J "
I montc, "what of six or eight hundred men!
And, from all accounts, onl v half a dozen of
your brave men have fallen."
Houston replied, "We estimate the lives
of our men, I perceive, somewhat higher
j than you do," and he gave him a look
which seemed to say, "taunt me again, and
you don't live an hour." Almonte very politely
changed his tone. "You talk about
reinforcements, sir," said Houston, raising
j himself uj>, "it matters not how many rein
forcements you have, sir, you never can con!
qucr freemen." And taking from his pockj
et an car of dry corn which he had carried
lor iour uays, only a part ot it licmg conj
sinned, lie held it up and said, "Sir, do you
ever expect to conquer men who fight for
freedom, when their General can march
four days with one ear of corn for his rations
The exhibition of the ear of corn stirred
up all the enthusiasm of the Texan soldiers,
and thev gathered around their General,
and asked him to allow them to divide the
I corn. "We'll plant it," said they, "and call
1 it Houston corn." "Oil yes, my brave fel
ivtto| nmu vuu wiivini, Dinning, liinAi ii?
along, if yon cure anything about it, and
divide it :ynong you ; give each a kernel as
far as it will go, and take it home to your
own fields, where I hope you may long cultivate
the arts of peace as nobly as you
have shown yourselves masters of the art of
war. You have achieved your independence
; now see if you cannot make as good
farmer?, as you have proved yourselves gallant
soldiers. . You may not call it Houston
corn ; hut call it San Jacinto corn, for then
it will remind you of youf own bravery." It
is also said that in one of his despatches
that da* to tho people of tho Sabine, the
' General iaid to those who had fled from their
homes, "return and plant oorn.". The soldiers
distributed thier corn, and it now
waves over a thousand green fields in Texas.
Santa Anna had become interested in^tbe
? A- ._.1 A 1 '-t. l.i.J 1.
wuvcrwuon, unci nimonw rcmiea u> ijiin
what bad been said. The Mexican Genera)
seemed to be transported with rage, and be
cursed Almonte for losing the battle*^J3e
was mortified beyond measure to tftimk thai
, his large army, perfectly armed and munir
tioned, with officers whose camp ^as filled
with entry luxury, jfcguld bare (totsM
quered by an undisciplined band of raw
troops, incompletely armed, and whoso officers
were destitute of most, even, of the
necessaries of life. It is worthy of remark,
also, that Santa Anna afterwards said, "that
this was the first moment he had ever un(l-.i'.-tnod
tltc American character; and that
what he had witnessed, convinced him that
Americans never conld be conquered."
! Santa Anna's marque was set near the
' wucre uounon was lying. His trunks j
were not examined, nor any portion of his
!t:i<_r<r;?<re molested. Tlie Texan General
knew that lliere was hardly a man in his
army who did not wish lo see Santa Anna
expiate his crimes with his blood, and very
few believed it would be possible even fur
Houston to protect him from assassination.
Hut he knew the ej-es of the civilized world
would be turned upon the Texan camp, and
t hat however guilty Santa Anna may have
been, the name of Texas would be given
over to execration if any violence was offered
to the captive, lie therefore took the
nccessary precaution to see that, not only no
violence, but indignity, should be offered to
his prisoner. The course lie took in ibis
matter entitles him lo the regard of mankind.
The feeling that prevailed in the
iii my t.uimi uoiuc imsraiten, anu various <rircumstnnees
have come to our knowledge
which serve to illustrate not only Houston's
extreme vigilance, l>iit his superior shrewdness
i>i detecting insubordination, and his
address in putting it down. One example
we will allude to.
An officer had resolved to shoot Santa
Anna, ami had prepared himself for the
work. I lis design, however, he had kept
to himself, and Houston could have had no
intimation of it from any quarter. But as
the officer was passing Houston on the day
of the night he had fixed for the execution
of his purpose, the General, who saw something
wrong in his manner, beckoned him
to approach. He conversed with him, pri
vatcly and confidentially, on the subject of
his fears; and after depicting the horrible
consequences that would follow Santa Anna's
assassination, told the officer that he
bad made him his confidant in the matter.
because lie knew he would be more likely
than any other man in the camp, to detect
any murderous scheme projected, and he relied
on his vigilance. The officer gave him
his pledge he would act on his suggestion,
and, moreover, declared that Santa Anna
should never he assassinated while he was in
the camp. lie was as good as his word:
and yet he afterwards declared he had, at
lh?> very time, the arms on his person with
which he had sworn to kill Santa Anna.
Stu b was one of the thousand expedients
Houston was obliged to resort to, to maintain
discipline over those wayward, reckless
men. No one knew how ho did, and yet it
passed into a proverb that Houston was the
only man in the world that could have kept
the army in subjection, or achieved the independence
of Texas, or preserved it after
it was won. Houston, therefore, cxercised
the keenest vigilance over the safety of his
prisoner and treated hiin as a guest and a
gentleman, rather than as a captive.
Night came. The guard was so disposed
as to include Santa Anna's marque, and
he slept on his camp-bed with every comfort
lie could have had if lie had been the victor
; while, near by hiin, Houston lay upon
the earth?his wonted bed in cainp?with
no respite from tlie intense agony of his
wound. The ball had entered about one
inch above the ankle joint, shattering the
bone, and severing the muscles and arterie*.
It prostrated him for months, during which
time ho was worn down by fever and pain
to the shadow of a man.
As Houston and Husk were riding side by
side fromtho battle-field, returning to camp,
tliey discovered two ravens hovering over
the field in the smoke which lingered over
the battle scene. Some of the men proposed
to shoot them, as they were near tho
earth. Houston said, "No, don't shoot
them?it is a good omen. Their heads are
pointing westward. Tis the course of empire.
I own I am a little superstitious
ubout the raven." y ,
i The next morning Santa Anna asked
leave to see General ITouston, which wa^
granted. He presented himself elegantly
dressed in citizen's garb, and tendered a
I most respectful and cordial greeting to his
"host," and inquired kindly for his health
and the Rtnte of his wound. The difference
in the dresses of the two men was striking.
Houston had on a plain, old black coat,
snuff colored pantaloons, a black velvet vest,
a fur cap, a worn out pair of boots, and a
scimitar of tried metal, with a plated scab-,
bard?a gift frOmhis friend, Captain Joseph
Bonnell, of Port Jessup. He had worn
it, hung by buckskin thongs. This constituted
his wardrobe and his armory. Santa
Anna would have been takon for tho victor,
ond Houston for the captive.
The Washington Union informs us thai
the diRDute with Spain, touching the seizure
of the Black Warrior, is satisfactorily adjusted.
The Spanish Government consents
to proclaim , thattbe. authorjv^T- ln Cub*
exceeded their power, and agrejw to acoord
ft just indemnity. >'
Tihsit WARrmKJ.'-t-A German.
mer says, that iu twenty million of years
from JQW Itoj&h win* totroyad by a
ctmfy j ^
[From the Washington Globe.]
Know-Nothingism as Viewed by an Adopted
Tim following, which first appeared in
the South Carolinian, is believed to be, and
no doubt is, from the pen of Dr. Lieber,
whoso name is well known in Bcience and
literature. The ariruinents art* fair nnrl nliil
osophical and tempo rate. As bo chooses,
however, to introduce the names of Girard
and Astor, he ought to have been a little
more discriminating, and in favor of (Jirard,
who was l?y far the most liberal of the two,!
and who may be said truly to have "left all j
his fortune to America," but bis heirs?not*
bis children?have righteously enough 6ue- i
coeded in recovering a portion of it. Astor's
donation to the city of New York for a library,
was a munificent one, certainly, but
we believe it is the oncly one he ever made
that could be so called. Girard was always
giving, and giving liberally, but he might
have done much more good with his wealth
than he did. lie hail no children, Astor
had, which made a dillerence, and ought to
be considered, we suppose :
Jlcssru. JiUitors: The temperate and
sound communication of ' Southron," on
the Know-Nothings, in your paper, instances
a number of American citizens born in
lureign countries, that have loyally ami faithfully
stood by their adopted country on the
battle field, and served the Government of
their choice with their head, and heart, ami
blood, even to death.
This suggests another remark. Let us
look around, as matters stand now, and let
us survey the history of our land; scan the
names of those who have been prominent
in the many walks of life, and the varied
spheres of action and activity, and you will
lind in every one of them a fair, and even a
large number of men who were or arc
American citizens by choice. Among the
most eminent or most widely useful American
divines there have always been, and
are to this day, many born on the other
side of the Atlantic. The same will bft
found to be the case if you examine the list
ol great advocates and 01 American statesmen
throughout the land. The same is
true of teacher?, authors, philosophers, of
physicians of editors and artists, merchants,
artisans and farmers, of navigators and architects,
of manufacturers and inventors.
There are many persons who seem to
have accustomed themselves to connect with
the idea of the usefulness of immigrants,
canal-digging Irishmen and farm-laboring
"Dutch," as it' all the good we derive from
immigration is Irish bone and German
muscle. A moment's reflection will show
them their Mirror. We do not only or
mainly speak of those citizens by choice
who in their spheres are what the "foreigners"
Astor and Girard were in the mercantile
pursuit. As we speak of all spheres, so
wo speak of all degrees of success of skill
and intellect. Every reader can test what
u*A coit in li?o tmtMA/IinlA l>im
Let him "cull the roll," let him "mark" the
citizens by choice, and "inwardly digest"
Having mentioned Aslor and Girard,
whose industry and intelligence enabled
them to acquire princely fortunes, and who,
with corresponding liberality, rendered millions
to the community in which they became
so rich, we cannot refrain from telling
a little anecdote, which strikingly shows
with what naivete natirisin is sometimes
working. Girard, it is well known, left many
millions for the purpose of establishing
an orphan house. Ilo was a native Frenchman,
but left all his fortune to America.
When the time approached tor the appointment
of the chief officer of that college for
orphans, a number of trustees were desirous
of electing a person who for many long
years had been a citizen of the United
States, and to whom actually the drafting
of a plan for the whole organization of the
inatitntlnn ltnrl lkn/m
He was not, however, appointed, becaus,
as it was intimated to him, nativism was
then too strong in Philadelphia. Nativism
was not too strong to reeeive ten millions
of dollars at the hands of a "foreigner."
The susceptibility of nativism docs not lie in
that region ;'but it was of peculiar delicacy
whenthp question was to a moderate salary
out of the proceeds of the gigantic capital
to a person who it was declared was considered
otherwise the very person the trustees
would have selected had it not been for a
certain degree of longitude marking the
plnce of his birth.
We say, then, that so far as still, industry,
intelligence, productive labor, elevating
talent, and success of every kind are con?
cerned, citizens by choio& are found among
the foremost. How is if^ftith that truthful
loyalty which is tho choicest jewel in the
citizenship of freemen ? Wo subscribe what
was once said in another place, that throughout
all history of this, hemisphere and Xhe
other, of ancient times ns well as modern,
you will find among the mostdevote$ and
patriotic citizens names of foreign ongffi.
| There is no more' solemn act on .record
than that of tho meeting of the' Aether-:
landcrn, when they resol ved, in the darkest
, honr? of trial to which Philip the Second
of 8pwn submitted them,, that, should it
lA loik. JL-..1 a x?.11
/uvuwi iv IMO JUDI, ttjujr IVUUIU vug wtu ?ii
indeed, do the men of ease, who now so
lightly, aud yet so bitterly. d<3crv "the for
I eigners" know the pangs of a fervent heart
that lias to repeat Patria cara, carior liberlas,
and when it must act on it; but when
a man is forced to act on it he clings to tho
country of his choice, even as a man cleaves
to Lis chosen wife Caster than to his kin. -;.T'
Tins any mind shed greater lustre on il- V.
histrioiiB Athens than Aristotle.? Aristotle
was a foreigner, and dame tc- Attica when
seventeen years old. Has there been'any
Spaniard more Spanish than Columbus?
(Johmibns was a Genoese. lias there been
a Frenchman more French than Napoleon,
and (Juiver, and Constant ? Napoleon was
an Italian ; Cuiver, V?y biith and education,
a German : (Viiistiint ?i RmjScc \V1?#?
riud the Kellict lands through the direst
war of independence on record, and who
founded tin: great Republic of the Netherlands
? William, of Orange, a German.
Has England ever had a more English
King than William the Third, the Netherlander
I Has Germany even had a more
German loader than Eugene, of Savoy ??
Who was Catharine, of Kussia, that mad?
her the great power ? She was a German
wom:in. Has Oxford ever had a greater
Professor than Erasmus, of Rotterdam?
T1 ie very country in which the Know-Nothings
now revile "the foreigner," was discovered
by Cabot, a Genoese, in the service
The proto-marlyr of the American revolution
\v;ie Mnnlfrfimdi-r .?? T..!pl....... . o~
"iVH^wMivi^ ??u Aiiciiiiiaii , ov
w:?s Harry, called the father of the American
Navy; and Paul Jones, the bold and
enrly captain, was a Scot. Were DeKalk
Lafayette, Hamilton, Gallatin, 110 Americans
? Mark the list of signer?,and see how
many were ''foreigners." The lute and cry
against "foreigners" belongs to pagan antiquity,
when one word served for foreigner
and enemy ; but nut to Christianity, one of
whose earliest writers gloriously said: iVoafracieitas
tolas ?:tuvdus. The very word
Christianity rebukes Know-Nothingisnj.
The term free trade has afar wider meaning
than a merely economical one. It applies
to all merit, truth, intellect. Let every
one stand and fall by his own individuality,
and take the best of everything where you
find it best. So did your fore-fatheres; so
your Gospel demands it. AVhen Sir Harry
Saville founded, in 1G19, his Savillian professorship
at Oxford, he prescribed that the
best man that could be gotten, 110 matter
wneuce, snotuu always oe taken, so that He
was a man of "good fame and honest repute,
cx (juacanquc nations orbis christiance et
njuscunf/ue oruinis sice professions." And
this ought to be tho rule in all spheres, but
most especially so in our own land.
Instructions to Postmasters.
The following letter is in reply to ono of
inquiry from the postmaster of" New York :
Post Office Department, Appointment
Office, March 22, 1855.?Sir:
Your letter of the 20th instant is received.
In answer, I am directed by tho Postmaster
General to inform you :
1. The act of 3d March, 1855, making
no provision for unpaid letters to places within
the United Slates, on tfte same or day
following, any such unpaid letter or letters
being put into a post oflicc, the postmaster
thereof will post up conspicuously in his office
a list of the same, stating that they are
1 1-1 c t 4* t a.^
uuiu lur u uub mn-uucu tu, suuu
letters njust be returned monthly to the
Dead Lot tor Office.
2. Letters part paid should bo despatched,
charged with the additional postage due at
the prepaid rate, according to distance, established
by paid act, except when the omission
to pay the correct amount is -known
to have.been intentional, wl*$u they should
be treated the same as letters wholly unpaid,
3. It is proper to forward a letter when
requested in writing. When forwarded, no
additional postage should bo charged if the
letter, contrary to its aTldress, has been missent.
If it has been sent according to its
addrci?, and then forwarded, it must bo
charged with additional postage at the pjpefpaid
rate, according to distance, established
by the act of March 8,18y5, aforesaid. ..
4. Ship letters, as tlicy cannot bo prepaid,
and arc not supposed to be embraced in the
new act, will continue to bo despatched agreeably
to the provisions of the fifteenth
section of the act of March 3, 1855.
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
First Assistant Postmaster General.
Isaac V. Fowler, Postmaster, New York.
A clerk in the Baltimore Post Office,
named CharleA R. Powell, has been arrested
on suspicion of" purloining from the post
office in that city, letiere containing $4,000,
Ho h?s hitherto sustained a high, reputa-'
tion for integrity, but, tho money letters .in
question are missing, and Mri Powell, baa
bought, and paid ^2,000 cash for a house, y- '
when he was supposed to Win embarroswd
circumstances. ^ :
Born ok a ^aiuioad.?Durlpjcr the passage
of the. railway cars froitj Wi?ttiBgtdTJ, '1
D.e|,' on Satnr^ayr erenfag'jistjj to-Baltitaore,
an tjntrfnal cbibmotion.wftf observed m the
ladies' car. Tfi'o Jfp of par'
jbp ^ ?%