Newspaper Page Text
- . * ryvfwm'T/-tv ?? ~"MTw~r<~ -*r?WZZXi 'PJT r* ' ' **" '.KZT: '.' *" ">?T"' " 7 TK '- ?? ?- >-* ? ?" "* ' ?J" - r - S8 '*<*?'?" 1
? " c " > *' , *'? ? '. v . v '" ' . Sapf!/ ? ' V ,/ . ' >?.? ?*-} 2 V
' * ' v ' /.. ? ' / // ' ./
.' " ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ __ ^ ^
DEVOTED TO LITERATURE, THE ARTS, SCIENCE, ASRIQULTURE, NEWS, POLITICS, &C., &C. *$.,..
TERMS-?ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM,] "Lot it bo Instilled into the Hearts of your Childron that tho Liborty of tho Press Is the Palladium of all your Rights."?Juniu*. [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME 3?NO. 8. ABBEVILLE C. II., SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 29, 1855. WHOLE NUMBER 112. i%|
MISCELLANY. saints reprove me. I reprove the saints, and ! coinmoulv ni?nnl?>.i :*? ti? ? i
[From tlie Augusta CoiiRtitutionnlisl.]
letter from the Hon. A. B. Longstreet on
We find i" the last number of tlic Nashville
Union and American, a letter on this
absorbing question, from this distinguihed
native Georgian, now President of the University
of Mississippi. The name of Augustus
15. Longstreet is endeared to the people
I of Georgia by many ties in the history of
the past. It is a name which we were taught
to revere in early youth as synonymous with
all that was bold and fearless in the character
of the advocate, with all that was parental
and dignified in the sage instructor,
and with all that was pure and honest and
;n>ri<jlit in the minister of the gospel. The
old men ot' Georgia have been accustomcd
to love him as a brot!;or *, the young men.
scattered throughout the State, who, from
his lips, have heard the lessons of wjsdom,
continue to receive him as a father, nieie is
no man in Georgia who will dare to stand
up and say that A. B. kongstrcet speaks
from impure motives. The indignant of an
honest people would paralyse the sacrilegious
effort. Judge Longstreet has been
forced from his retirement to come out and
speak upon this question ; but having come
out, lie has met the issue with that boldness
and honesty which characterizes the man.
He speaks to the people in the voice of
warning wisdom, and tells them to beware
of an organization which must lead to religious
intolerance and persecution.
The circumstances which led to the publication
of this letter arose from an attack
made unnn tho,1- lr? 1 * "
_r_.. ?? kj 1110 lucmpuis Tragic
?iTid Enquirer, charging hitn with preaching
anti-Know Nothing doctrines.
After alluding to the editors of that paper,
who have assailed him as the head of
the Mississippi University, he proceeds to
condemn the order in the terms to be found
in the extracts below. Let every Georgian
read them carefully and ponder over .them
?,i.. .i.? i-- i " ~ -
wen, nuu-uitr uv ue jxnow i\ottiing or antiKnow
'"In July last I had just heard of a new
organization in the country?secret iu its,,
movements, and going under the name of *
fiVrOff "WOitilitg! *??> pifttvnpieo- x unuvr* ~
e stood to be opposition to Catholics and
Foreigners, to be, planned in the dark,
strengthened by oaths ami manifested at the
ballot-box. It filled me with alarms.
"I saw in it the elements of rapid expansion
and awful explosion. I exhibited them to
the class that graduated in that month, and
forewarned them to have nothing to do with
it. Had I been inspired, I could hardly
have foreshadowed its history more accurately
tbau I did. Of my prediction nothing
remains to be fulfilled, but the outpouring
of more blood. My forecast in relation
to it, ought to ensure respect for my judgment
in anrl about Oxford at least; but it is
that very forecast which is raising a buzz of
discontent against me in this vicinity now.
"This is the sin which brought out against
me the recondite presses which I have named
above. It is called "dabbling in politics,"
but its true name is "Unpalatable Truth."
This is the sin for which I am soon, perchance,
to be sacrificed. They that stoned
the Prophets of old are yet alive, and why
. should I expect a better fate than theirs ?
Well, I do not know that a better use could be
/ made of my old carcass, than the offering
of it upon the altar of this American Baal.
An incense might arise from it that would
do more to purify the Church and the
State from this modern abomination, than
anything which can emanate from ray poor
frost-covered brain. The public has now the
sum total of my political sins, public and
private. * IshaH speak at large of the new
order in an appeal to my Church at some
futur day<ifl may "bo allowed to do so. I
am committed against it, and I shall oppose
it forever?fcidt in the class room, but every
where else?not as a puritan, but as a Christafn.
the patrons of the University
should know. I could not bo induced to assure
a position of neutrality in regard to it.
If all experience be not a falsehood, and all
history a fable, it will throw this country
into ceaseless convulsions, if it be notcrush*
ed, and that speedily. _
"III my view, every man who has a scruple's
.influence, should rise against it?now
immediately, ere it be forever too late.
i indeed it allows no neutrality. With all its
\ ' professed Americauism, it assumes an abso\
Jute dictatorship. ItjfriU allow no man to
\ i?a rmrito'nr ifiTnnllP.V. Tf. nrntlinro
i ijucol-.w. rr-~j ? -T r j- ? &
\ 'within its paid, men of dignity, talent and
piety, preachers and teachers, and with them
1 the riiost depravpdf, abandoned, desperate,
G od-defying sinhefjppon earth ; binds them
by oaths ili the bdnds of fellowship and sets
them all. to work in politics^ and nothing
but' politics. I find a christam brother among
them?I read to him II Cor. vi. 14,
'' \ and on, and I implore him to come outfrom
such connections; and he addresses me in
toaea of despotic authority in this wise:
?8ir, my nama is Politios?yon are a Clergyman,
and Clergymen should Imve nothing
to do with Politic* 1" "Right," cries my
'brother; "old man you'll -rain yOnrself if
you meddle with .politics 1" l iar to him
"your oaths are agaijty$ the law of 6od and
your Church.'** ^i^&ft^nds, "do yon
ySttW respect for the Qi^ah otryour plapdl"
I denounce the sinners of tb^hapd, and the
~.p ??> r * .
ine sinners denounce me ! The saint shield:
the sinner, and the sinner the saint. 1
1 such a combination is not enough to malct
the Church atid State both shudder, 1 know
- not what would.
1 "On me the new Order bears with intolerable
pressure. It rises before me like (he
ghost of Banquo, at my every step in the
pathway of duty.
"I am a preacher: If I preach npon the
sanctity of oaths, it regards itself insulted,
and attacks me accordingly. If I preach to
christians to come out from the wicked, it
insults me for assailing Know Nothings. It
I preach that the love of Christ is not bound
eci by SUite lines, it charges me with attacking
the article of its creed agaiust foreign'
l,I am a teacher: If I teach that unlawful
promises aro not binding, I shall be
charged with justifying the exposure of
Know Nothing secrets. If I set the lesson
to my pupils wherein J. 13. Say says that
every accession of a man to a country is an
accession of treasure, I am to be published
to the world jis indoctrinating my pupils
in anti-Ivuow Nothing politics. As I am
ever to be gored by this young mad bull, I
had as well take it by the horns at once.
Let the order keep its hands oft' me, the
/<i i. ?i ?i.- ' > 1 T
v/iuudi) auti niu Vyuiisuiuuouj Ull(l X W1J1 j
never disturb it.
"A word to the good people of Mississippi
and 1 have done. You have a University
of which you may feel proud. For harmony
and kindly feeling among the faculty,
for good order, good morals, gentlemanly
demeanor, study and progress among tiiC
students, and for ardent attachment between
preceptors and pupils, you may fearlessly
challenge a comparison with any other kindred
institution in the world. For its age,
it has not its equal in point of patronage
and rank in the United Sbites. In these
respects, it stands at the head of 103 out of
118 Colleges in the United States; and of
those above it, a large majority are over
forty years older than itself, and three over
one hundred years older. And this rank it
has attained through more adverse fortunesthati
probably ever beset an Institution bo
fXro . .? ' ?i ?vficv?Lk
ot politics. Your sons graduate in politics
before they come to the University.
"It is now in its palmiest days, and this
you see is one of the objects of Know Nothing
vandalism. It has already, I fear, thrown
a tire brand into its peaceful halls. I appeal
to you to come to the rescue. Rise
up as one man against it, when it invades
the sanctuary of literature, instead of requiring
your professors to kneel in its presence.
I am sure there are yet more than
ten thousand Christians in and about the
State who have not yet bowed the knee to
Baal. I call them to its help. Honest yeomanry,
and farmers of the land, who always
mean right, come ye to its succor! Honest,
well meaning Know Nothings, who in
thoughtless moment have been drawn into
the order, come out of it, and rally to the
support of your University.
"I regret having been constrained to an
attitude which may perchance injure the
University for a time ; but be the fault on
the head of Know Nothings, not mine.
Look at their fruits already scattered through
the land, and 6urcly you will approve of my
opposition to it. If you do not, your children
will. "By their fruits shall we know
them.'* What are they ? Most desperate and
dangerous agitation?Churches rendering
asunder?pastors and flocks at variance?
Christians losing all confidence in cach other
?Saints and sinners iu close embrace;
Freachers of the same Church getting but
half congregations and half support?one
looking on approvingly, while another is
abused?Teachers tottering?their pupils
in midnight cliques?friendship severing?
rage taking the place of love?lather against
son?brother against brother. These things
now are ; and they proclaim, trumpet-tongued,
what is coming, if the monster bo not
cruShed at once. And all for what? In
honest truth, to get in the outs, and get out
the ins. This is the true object of the order.
Well, it must take its course till reason resumes
"Nationsjike men, run mad at time?, and
nothing but time and blood-letting can cure
them. Still while there is hope, all good
men should strive to relieve them. My
course is taken?carefully, thoughtfully taken.
I am no Catholic. Put Methodism
and Romanism on the field of fair argument,
and I will stake my all npon tho issue ; but
I am not such a coward as to flee the field
of honorable warfare, for savage ambush
a? an/iU ?
iiguviu^^ \ji ouv/ii a tuiri oa \aj uciiuvo tum
a man's religion is- to be reformed by harassing
his person. Nor am I quite so blind
as not to see, that when the work of clashing
Churches is begun in this country, it is
not going to stop with the overthrow of one,
AH Protestantism almost will be against tne
?two thirds of my own Church. (I judge)
will be against me?the Tnwtoes will be
alarmed for the interest of the College?rrfy
collfeguea of the Faculty will be uneasy-?
, my btet friends wl]l be pained; but I have
an abiding confidence that .nothing will be
jostby my coprse'ip.^e epd. - Itwill be
madnes in men to Wttfidrtw tbeir sons from
, ,, I
11 nu. 1 nave uon<
> | my duty, and I leave the consccuenccs will
f God, and here sign my name to what I deen
; the best legacy tjiat I could leave to mj
' children ; a record proof that neither pla.ee
nor policy, nor temporal interest, nor friend
ship, nor church, nor threatening storm:
! from every quarter, could move their fathei
s for aninstant from principle, or awe hiir
into silence when the cause of God and hi:
i country required him to speak.
, Augustus B. Longstreet.
A Brief History of Cuba.
' . As there is strong probability of Cubii
becoming sooner or later one of the States
of the Union, it is well that something be
known of her history.
Cuba is one of the oldest parts of America,
dating its age from the time of its dis
<juvi;ry ov Europeans. With the cxccplion
of Ilayti and some small unimportant islands,
it was the first place discovered by
Columbus in his great voyage. It was on
the 12th of October, 1492, that Columbus
landed on the little island of San Salvador,
and sixteen days later, October 28, ho discovered
Cuba, lie gave to it the name of
Juana, in honor of Juan, eldest son of Ferdinand
and Isabella. This name was afterward
changed to Santiago, after St. James,
the celestial patron of the Spaniards,
who is popularly supposed to have been
in the Spanish service, and to have
slain a great many Moors, Mexicans,
and Protestants. Perhaps he has retired
from that service, which may account for
the very small number of victories won by
the Spanish arms during (lie last two centuries
When Ferdinand died, itwasdeemeu
proper to compliment his memory by
civins to the island the name of Fcrnandina.
Iu after days, when the inhabitants were
ou].j.uM:u 10 ue particularly strong Jn their
regard for the Virgin Mar}-, the narno of
Ave Maria was bestowed upon Cuba, by
way of signalizing their devotion to her.
Spanish geographers have called the island
Lc Lcngua de Pajaro, or the Sparrow's
Tongue, because of its form and the roughVtirough
to christen the pU - . - ?
it wiuitn tue paieur trie Guurctr, as it were,
the I'agau name of Cuba has clung to it,
and is now, and has been for a long time,
the only one by which it is Vnown to the
world. Nor Christian nor Spauiard has
been able to displace the Pagan and Indian
appellation. What the natives called it
when Columbus first trod its soil, that is
now its name, with perhaps some corruption
or diminution, but not enough to affect
the truth of the general proposition.
It is a strange instance of tenacity, when
IVA rprnllf'/'t lirnir unnT
names have given way to those of European
Columbus died in the belief that Culm
was a part of the continent of Asia, which
he had sailed to the west in the hope and
expectation of arriving at?a belief in conformity
with the geographical knowledge
of that age, but whir.h exerted a very prejudicial
effect on his fortunes, and was injurious
to the cause of scientific discovery.
Diego Columbus, son'and successor of the
great admiral, founded the first Spanish
settlement in Cuba, in 1511. He sent Diego
Velasquez?the same gentleman who
cuts so awkward a figure in the history of the
conquest of Mexico?to Cuba, with several
hundred men. In three years a very extensive
examination of Cuba was made.
Several towns wore founded, either in the
is^iiLic ui iiiu jM?iiiu, ur uii lib souuieni
coflst. Tho original Havana was on the
south side of Cuba. It was founded in
1515, and was called San Cristobal de la
Habana ; but the name and seat of government
were transferred to the present
Havana, which was founded in 1519,
though it did not become the capital until
thirty years later; and it was not until
1589 that it was declared to be such by the
government of Spain. Baracoa, tho firjjt
place settled on the island, was originally
the capital; and the dignity was conferred
on Santiago da Cuba in 15221 .Havana
owed its ri$e to a misfortune. It was taken
and burned by the French, in 1538, and when
rebuilt it was fortified. These fortifications
made it a comparatively safe place to visit,
which, with the exoellence of tho harbor,
caused the treasure slii]>s to touch there on
their way to Spain for food and water. The
town grew in importance, and ultimately
became the greatest place in the island, a
position which it has ever since maintained.
ThA TiYentrh. hnwAVAr whn appmprl tA havA
had a sort of spite' against the Havana,
took it a second time, in 1554, and destroyed
it; hut this did not prevent the seit of
government from being maintained there.
The Spaniards were then looking to the
North, and itftoas absolutely necessary that
they should have a port on the northern
shore of the island. Besides, the bttceaniert,
as they, were afterword . called, were
beginning' their attacks. on Spanish settlements
and.Spanish com1p?K?, and the forte
at the Havana were thought to afford pro,
taction^ great v fcj^^S&ona ot tht
i town were etooldd inth?l*?t jjrears of tbe
sitteenth century, .whey Philip the , Second
Jimaioa from the
r Spaoisrds in Cromwell's time, after whiol
ijthey ao^cciWpUtt^en Hsr*
K ife : J
3 na. 11 is said that the English failed, no
i because of tlio valor of the Spaniards, liu
i "having landed on a very dark night, thei
r became so terrified, according to the Span
, iah authorities, by the noise of the lam
- crabs, find the flitting light of the fire flies
5 which U- y took for an enemy in ambus
r cade, that they fled to their ships in th<
i utmost disorder and confusion " Macnulnj
i says tliut no man ever saw the backs of tlx
Cronnvaliian soldiers, but it seems from this
story that they did "turn tail" on the firt
n:- i i
uiwj ami lanu-craus o! tiie tropics. Our valiant
cflhnfrymen will probably go to Cuba
i ?should they go there at all?better versed
' in the natural history of the island.
> The buccaniers of the seventeenth century?w
ho were much more encouraged by
the government of France and England
than the buccaniers of our day have been
by the government of the United Stateswere
a source of great annoyance to the
Spaniards of Cuba, and caused the Havana's
fortifications to be greatly extended.
Malanzns was founded in 1G93. When
the Spanish empire passed into the possession
of the house of Bourbon, Cuba went
with thj"rest of "the Indies." In 1702 the
English sent a great fleet and army to
Cuba, under the command of Sir George
PtiColrf- nnrl flw,T?o-l All 1- '
...v .?? v<i /iiutiiimne. iuere
were quite a number of Americans in this
force. Tlie army was landed not far from
the Havana, early in June, after a preliminary
Although the Spaniards made a very
valiant resistance, and were superior in
numbers to the English, the latter succeeded
in all their operations, though not
without having experienced much loss.
They suffered, just as we have seen their
army in the Crimea suffer, from severe sickness;
more than one-third of their soldiers
being at one time unlit for duty, besides
several thousand seamen. On the 15th of
August, the Havana surrendered, having
stood a siege of six weeks, counting from
the day that the besiegers opened their
batteries. This was better work than the
English of our day seem capable of performing,
judging by their conduct at SeWvh
tba.r.itv. all the territory
hundred and eighty miles, was surrendered.
The booty of the conquerors was immense.
It was of the value of about fifteen millions
of dollars)' On the restoration of peace,
the English nbnudoned their conquest to
the Spaniards: An atta'ck made twenty
years earlier had failed of success.
The ftnportance of Cuba to Spain dates
from that country's loss of her great colonies.
Stripped of everything in the West
except Cuba and Porto Rico, the former
Island is now to Spain what his last dollar
is to the foolish prodigal. Its value has
been greatly increased by circumstances,
and it is very natural that Spain should hold
on to it with all her might. Its insular position
is favorable to the continuance of
Spanish power there, and to that alone was
it owing that Cuba did not go the way of
Mexico, Peru, Buenos Ayres, and the rest
of the great continental dependencies of the i
Peninsula, in those days when Spauish A-j
TYliin^d CAIirvIlf 4a I
uuygiiu tu iiuiuiiu buu V/UlJUll^b VI
British America, and to set up for itself in
the national line. It was for a long time a
sort of place of arms to Spain in the West,
whence she could operate against the "rebels"
of the main-land ; and it was from Cuba
that the last expedition against Mexico
sailed, in the expectation of being: able to
restore the royal rule there. But it was not
destined to be quite so successful as the
armament'that Cortez led against the same
country, from the same island, moro than
three luindred years bcfoi^; and in repelling
it, Santa Anna won his brightest laurels.
Spain has long given up all idea of
getting back any of her old colonies; and
they are now in a state of anarchy, which
tliey call independence, and which, after $ll,
may be a better condition of national life
than that tyranny of viceroys and captainsgenerftl
under which Spanish America so
long was compelled to exist.
We hear much about the miseries that
have followed the overthrow of Spanish ascendancy
in those immense regions that lio
between California and Cape Horn, but
bow absurd it is to infer that things there
have changed for the worst ? That ascendancy
was fatal to all freedom of speech. Of
all the wrong that was perpetrated, the
world heard nothing. The crimes of tyranny
were perpetrated in .silence; but of the
errors of freedom, or rather of her less, intelligent,
or more selfish .disciples, all the.
world's papers furnish ample accounts.
What was then the character of government
over the greater part of the continent
is no* known in Cuba, and must soon be
essentially, modified even there. The sway
of the sword cannot much longer be maintained
in a country situated, as Cuba is, so
near to tree communities, whose example
most be fatal to the brute-force class .of
1 men, who alone seem oapablo of rising in
Spain.?New York Leader.
Henry Ward Boecber calls Garrison "my
i dear brother Garrison^? and Garrwon pubi
liahw A communication in his Liberator,
\ which says, "If God has the power to abolish
slavery, arftf-'doea not, ho is a verygyaal
c scoundrel." *,yident somgthiDg eUe
... - '
t, Pistol and Coffee Philosophy,
t A duel lias come off in earnest, we learn,
jr between a couple of members of the
- "Siiakspeare Club," of this city?Messrs.
] Leavenworth and Breckcnridge, in which
f the former was mortally, and the latter
. slightly wounded. The particulars are dif?
ficult to be obtained, even from the friends
r and relatives of the parties. We under>
stand that the family of Mr. Leavenworth
} had heard nothing of the result of the en>
counter until they read the premature rc.
port of his death in yesterday's Mirror.
t The facts of the unhappy aflair, as near
| as we can gather them fronl the friends of
the combatants, are these:?Mr. Brecken
t' * '
..ugcn a young iventuckian, engaged in
the practice of law in this city, and a nephew
of the Hon. Mr. Breckenridge of Kentucky,
who had the difficulty with Mr. Cutting,
during the last session of Congress.
Mr. Leavenworth is a young raau
about town, respectably connected, but of
idle and dissipated habits. They are both
single men, and members of the "Shakspearc
This Club has been recently established.
Its head quarters are in Broadway, nearly
opposite the New York Hotel. The Club
is not, as its name might indicate, an association
for literary purposes; but is rather
of a social and sumptuary character. It is
composed of a large number of highly respectable
gentlemen, with a liberal sprink- i
ling of the theatrical profession ; and presided
ovei in its organic institution by Mr. /
| James De P}'ster Og<len, one of our moat <
estimable and accomplished citizens. <
I Like all other associations of the kind, ?
the members of the "Shakspeare" are gov- t
erned by certain rules of the club?which t
are, or always should be, literally and rig- t
idly observed. Among these established r
rules of government, the first in importance >
to the exclusiveness of the association, is i
the rule prohibiting the introduction of non- e
members to the society or the suppers of the
club. This point, as wo understand the
matter, was under discussion on Saturday 8
evening last, when Breckenridge insisted
upon the rigor of the excluding rule; while ^
Leavenworth, who has been in the habit oil *
vulgnVlyj but expressively called "suckers,1' 1
took the opposite ground, advocating the v
opening of the doors, not only to the out *
of town acquaintances, as is usual, but also ?
to the city friends of the members. In the *
course of the discussion, Breckenridge remarked
to Leavenworth, that he '"had better *
pay up his arrears to the Club before taking
that side of the question," whereupon the lat- e
icrwaxea exceeding wrotli and called lircckenridgo
"a damned liar," who, in reply, *
threw his glove in the face of Leavenworth^ ^
It was then decided by tlio friends oi v
Leaveuworth that the insult he had received '
demanded a challenge to "mortal combat;" v
and Mr. James M. Pendleton volunteered
to act as bearer of the missive, and to be- *
come the second of his friend. Mr. Breck- ?
enridge, aa a chivalrous Kentuckian, born
and bred under the "code of honor," ac- c
cepted tho invitation to Canada, and invi- g
ted his friend Mr. Middleton, of South Car- r
olina, to accompany him. The seconds t
then selected Dr. Alfred Grimes, a medical t
neophyte, to attend them in his professional a
For the rest, all wo have heard,, is that s
the nartiea met nn Tiiiwlntr tu-iinoiuVmro .
? - I' 1
on the Canadian border, settled the prelim- j
inaries and fired pistols at each other at t
thirty paces ; that Leavenworth is mortally ?
wounded by a shot through the head; and j:
that Breckenridge is slightly hurt. <
This latest "affair of honor," is, of course (
the town talk of the day. All the parties
implicated in the duel are well known, and
widely and respectably connected in their i
family and social relations. The probable t
death of Leavenworth, and the liability of <
all engaged in the affair to indictment and 1
imprisonment, under the stringent laws of i
the State, cause a good deal of excitement 1
in the upper circles of this oity where the '
parties are best known. i
We hear severe denunciations of princi- i
pals and seconds to this unfortunate quarrel, J
some taking one side in 'the dispute and ]
some the other; while "the moral sense of I
the comunity" is, as usual, terribly shocked !
at the stern exactions of that "law among j
gentlemen"' which demands the settlement
:~?.n *t-_ -:.i?e _ j-'ti.
VI uu niauib at tut) IISK. Ul U UUUU10 Utaill.
But we are not disposed to censure the par- |
ties to this affair, nor to lament uuavailingly
over the result. *
No doubt the difficulty might, and
should have been adjusted, without resort
to the use of deadly weapons. .^But so long
as. all Christendom applauds a Christian
nation for going to war, to settle .Uft.-diij*
putes, we do not understand why, individual
oitizen should be denounoed^xor o|
dopting the same "argument*." Tlied^BBtion
of self-destructipn in the duel, ?(wnich
? regarded as a sort of compound crime
of murder and suicide,)? no more certain
tban th? riek of the)ba$Ue field; and, if it
be honor, glory and immortality to take
life, andvio expose one's life, in fighting the
battles of kings and despots, in which we
nara noimerest, we do not see why it?i9 b&
damnable a deed to do tbe same tning on a!
smaller scale of jp&.
BmM i - i
his life is worth to his friends and to the
community in which he resides. Notwithstanding
what Hamlet says about the Al- iv'S- mighty
having "fixed his canon'gainst self- v" .
slaughter," we do not' remember any "prohibitory
law" in the code of Moses, or the
code of Clnist, against felo-de-se.
For a good and useful citizen to commit
suicide would be a public calamity?a pub*
lie robbciy of the blessings a good man
confers upon the community. But for a
miserable, wretched vagabond, who produ'
ces nothing and consumes everything?a
i hriero encumbrance?an eating cancer upon
the body politic?a disgraoo to hia
friends and a curse to himself, whv. we
uon't know but Judas is about the beat
"model man" for all such poor devils to imitate.
And as for duelling, in the abstract,
we do not think it is any worse than slander,
or back-biting, or the bearing of false
witness against one's neighbor.
The best men that have ever graced the
earth have met their euernies in the deadly
encounter of the duel; and when we compare
the general lives of such men as Hamilton,
Clay, and Jackson, with the hypocritical
sneaks who denounce the duelist,
while plotting against the rights and reputations
of their neighbors, fthe Cawn'n
League spies, for instance,) tho-contrast is
as wide as between the gods on Olympus
ruid the devils in Tartarus. And yet wor
do not advocate duelling; although it i9
by no means the blackest of human crimes.
We admit that it is a wrong way of settling
a wrong. But nations claiming to be
Christian are governed by the same sanguinary
code; and the man is but the epiome
of the nation. Wo cannot blame
hat in tho individual which we applaud itt
lie aggregate mass. It is wropg to quarel,
wrong to fight; but wo respectfully subnit,
that the smaller the parties engaged
n the contest, the smaller the criti^e involrd
in tho result.?JV. Y. Mirrorl
In a Bad Way.?"I advise tapping,'r
aid the Doctor, after having exhausted all
he powers of the healing art on the case.
The father of a family, a ha^d drinker, was
-1 ?-* " '* * "
.v?>vu nun mo uropajio tne size of a barL>T
"Hiu'^ .'v.rcT'r^Ti-jr < ...m ?
rater nevertheless, and advised him to be
apped. The oldr man consented, but one
C the boys, more filial than the rest, blub>ered
badly, and protested loudly against it,
"But why dou'tgsoiwvant father to be ' <
"Cause notbingtha^alapg^d ip tliis house
ver lasted more than .tnree "#eejcs."
The same doctor had another patient of
he same sort, and whpn he found him near
lis end, he sought to break the news to his ' *
rife in a gentle way, by telling her that her
tusband would probably soon bo in the
vorld of spirits.
"And won't he be glad when he get*
here?" she said, "for sure he never could
fet enough here."
A lieutenant of the Philadelphia police,
m Thursday night last, was informed of a
hameful piece of cruelty to a child, and,
epairing to the spot indicated, found a litle
girl, [only a poor white child,] whose faher
and mother were in the Alma-honse,
md who was bound to her employer, tied
iround the neck with a rope which waa
tretched tightly to the ceiling of sufficient
ength to prevent her setting down or morng.
The rope had been placed around her
leek in order to keep her awake to attend
i cradle, and was fixed so that if she. had
alien asleep she would have been strangled.
She was taken by the policeman to a ata,ion
Leoal and Judicial Wit.?A gentlenan
who practised wit and professed law^
bought that he could overcome tha nunatAr
>n tTie. Bench. So one day when Lord
tforbury was charging a jury, the address
vas interrupted by the braying of a donkey., . * ^
'What noise is that ?" cried Lord Norbury..
"Tis only the echo of the Court, my Lord/!" * .
roswered CouncellorRcady-tongue. Nothr
ng disconcerted, the Judge resumed his? ,
iddress, but soon the barrister had to inter- ><^?^35
pose with teclinical objections. Whilejfcpt*
jngthem, again the donkey brayed.^ '
it a time, if you please," said the retal&tiog
mm~*'?* . J
An Editor's Own Drink.?According'
Lo the Prinoeton Kentuckian, the following'
is a recipe for the exclusive dridk of Mo- ' |
Goodwin, the magnificently funny editor of,' 's|j
the Paducah Amerioan: J " -*?
Take onp pint good whiskey, Stir in well} 'Ml ?
one spoonful of wfliekey,'then jadd anothw
oint of whiskey: beat/carefullv With aanotai. *v
and keep ponriog in whiskey.> Fill a large- % ^
Ijowl with water, aad wake the servant set . V
it out of your reach. Take a small turn-. tier,
poor in two spoonsful of water ^ poor ?'
out the water and fill up wHh wbisfceY, and
add to the above, Flavor wHb<Jtoh)sl$?4<v
your taaie. ** ' . * *
./What is Aaisi^oij! ACTt?In replpr .to
th? question, Qener*|^^;i<-diatingwifteA'orator
following answl*S^ .V
- 4 * '!'