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Tho Purchase of Cuba.
A Correspondent of tho Washington States
makes the following remarks with regard to
tkfc bill which lias been introduced into Congress
by the lion. Mile* Taylor of Louisiana,
for the purchase of Cuba by the issue of Government
bonds for the sum of $120,000,000.
Tho measure which wo proposed some days ago
as tlie best calculated iu our judgment, for the
Acquisition of Cuba, we perceive from our exChanges
and from letters which are arriving
from day to day, meets with enthusiastic favor
in th? country. Let Congress pass the eminently
judicious bill offered in the House by
<he Hon. Miles Taylor, nnd they will consummate
a measure which will reflect credit upon
every member who shall record his voto in its
We have assurances of a private nature from
vunu nucu me ^uvcriimcin <11 IIcr millulio
Majesty ascertains tlmt Congress manifests
a resolution to sustain the Procidentia his wish
to purchase, designating the largest amount
which it is disposed to give, ami arranging for
its full payment at the time the convention is
concluded, tnerc will bo but little else to do
than prepare tho contract, and exch.mgo it for
And how materially the interests of the two
countries, and " the rest of mankind" would
ba benefitted by such a transaction 1 Spain,
with one hundred and twenty millions of
bonds in her pockets??the beet securities in
the cirilized world?and the United States with
her far distant, but to them neighboring, dependency
in their po'ssesssion !
.Spain drired not resist the otr<>r. In the first
place, she knows the jiiiii of J 120,000,000 is
tbe fiill value of the island. In the second,
there is a chance that Ameiicnn citizens may
become, by purchase, the holders of her bonds ;
the best of which are worth less than fifty
centa on tho dollar, and urge their collection
by the seizure of Cuba J Or, England may
herself adopt such a course, turning over the
island to the United States for a stipulated
sum. The question may be asked, can a foreign
debt be Americanized by its conveyance |
iw Aiuenutiii onizcnB r He can collect it upon
the i?me principle, internationally, we pre umc,
that, nationally, a <l<>1>t due frtfin a citizen
of the District to a citizen of Virginia, can
be collected if assigned by the latter to a citizen
of Maryland. In France, a foreigner hns
no recourse at law, against a foreigner, but if a
foreign claim against a foreign citizen, or subject,
is conveyed to n Frenchman, and he shows
before a tribunal that it of right belongs to
him, he oaa recover it if the debtor be a man of
substance, and if not. imprison him. If French
men were to purchase the bonds of Spain to
the amount of $120,1)011,000, even at twenty
cents on tlio dollar, there is scarcely a doubt
but that Louis Napoleon would very soon, if
Spain declined to propose a satisfactory arrangement,
make a demonstration auainfet
Acta of tho General Assembly.
To alter and amend the 37th Section of an Act,
entitled " an Act for the ordering and gov'?rftifig
Negroes and otherSlaves in this Province,
passed the tenth day of May, in the year our
our Lord one thousand seven hundred and
,1. Be it enacted by the State and House of
B?p reientatives, now met ami sitting in General
Assembly, and by the authority of the
Mme, That if any person being the owner of
Any slave, or having I he care, management or
^0ntrol of any slave shall inflict on such slave
any erucl or unusual punishment, such person
on conviction thereof, under indictment, shall
be fined und imprisoned, at the discretion of
the Court; Provided, however. That nothing
herein contained shall be bo construed as to
(- vrvu> ?.iv ui.nvi or person Having charge ol j
any slave, from inflicting on sucli slave such I
punishment as may be necessary for the good
government of the same.
An Act to punish Assaults committed with Concealed
1. Ue it enacted by the Senate and rTouse
of Representative, now met and fitting in General
Assembly, and by the authority of the
same. That if any person shall hereafter make,
an assault upon another person with auydeudly
weapon, carried concealed about the person,
every such person upon conviction; under indictment,
shall be fined not less than two hundred,
and sot more than two thousand dollars,
and shall bo imprisoned for a period not ex
ceeding six months, at the discretion of the
Court, and shall moreover be required by the
Court, to find Buretiea for the peace and for
good behavior for one year after the termination
of such imprisonment.
Mr. Stephens, from the Territorial Comm itte*
reported back the bill for the admission of
Oregon, without amendment.
Mr. Stephens said that no census hod been
taken in Oregon sinee 1855, and Ihnttliencws
paper reports of a recent census nre therefore
untrue. In 1850, the population whs about
14',000 $ and in 1855. according to the oOiciul
cenins, it was 43,472. This showed an increase
of about 400 per cont. in five years. If
itbas increased in equal ratio since, it must be
nearly 160,000. He would not ur^e that the
increase has been so great as that, but that it
Hat increased very largely each year there curt
be no doubt.
The taxable property of the territory ns
shown by the official reports wao, in I857."asrtiiied
at $18,220,000. and this did not include
*al estate, to which there can yet be no title,
as the surveys have not yet been made. This
was an increase of 12 per ccnt. on the amount
of tbtf pttteeding year.
Prtrtn; Ibefe deductions Mr. S., said it was
o1?ai< that the people of Oregon were very rich
*1 v _L ...m.i
v? cot Micic were Duaiuicia oi uium to ciuiiu1
their admission into the Union. After eoiiic
farther argument^ Mr. Stephens moved to refir
to the Dill to tne Committee of the Whole.
Mr. Davis wished to have the bill returned
to the Committee on Territories, with inslructiofis
tbattach to it a clause for the repteal of
tb* English biH smd the admission of Kansas'.
Mr. Maynartl proposed to move nn amendment
directing the census of the territory to
bfc taken, ond providing that no Stnte be hereafter
admitted into the Uuion with less population
than the ratio necessary for one tftembor
of Con grew ;that aliens bo not permitted to
bte in the Territory. <fcc.
Adams' Expskss Kobbeuy.?This was brought
upon Friday for examination, nt Montgomery.
Alter the examination of several witnesses the
OMft adjourned to Saturday. THo Mail says:
'The object of the prosecution seems to bu
attabluhed that the money was taken by Mr.
Sfaroney.and that a slit was cut by him in the
pouoh tome daya after the money was taken,
which slit was too small to allow the passage
?i a package as large as that containing the
HO,WU Deionging to the Central Hank ; and
tfc?v jmb. farther, to negative the possibility
rfiStfjfcekages having been torn to pieces and
tib* money1 Attracted piece meal, by proving
that there were no fragments of wax, paper,
tring, Ac., shaken out .of the pouch in Allan
to; and further, thatMK MArotiey denied, in
A?onveMiion with Mr. Sanford, bis having
EU> the river on a certain day,- wlieu, iu
jf* intend to try to prove,) he did go
? 'What the object of this last is, we do
Mi Me; how Car the prosecut ion has succeed?4;taaceo(nplishing
their object we do uot, at
tpHpfteeeat lime, undertake to say. We may
SHMiri when we can do so more accurately,
Mini to giva the testimony.
"Mr. MaroneyV deportment was entirely
prtfptr, and hie expression entirely
i Dotation.?The BoutJum Pretbylerlan say*:
"T^Hoq. Judge Perkipa, o/ the Oaks, Miss.,
Unoitfffren to tbft Theological Seminary, at
flmn, the handsome rtm of fifty thousand
Thirty thousand dollar* will be realMVn
<feafi on the first of January nelt, and
irtctjUaNMcd dollars on the first of January,
IMS. The Judge has appropriated thirty
dollars to th^ establishment of a new
4p^lii*fc*8eiafnt.iy, that of Natural Stience
ttJMMMtiw with Repealed Religion. Ten
(BroDutd dollars are to be the nuoleua of a
f|MflMM*Bl??*ne*tly desires to see increased,
4mt fotf MWthotatioD of indigent theological stU"
remaining ten thousand are to
W jMhigtB itltertst, that is?to the aid of
MHHtlllwtfDfMfennuiMd 'minister*; and -to
k( those jvbo are deeea?ed. r
TBRjIWejlipe+io the d'fPAQMtiop of both of
to be given to retidohts
vtH&tmifyi u4 v ^r'
J '' . *
THE INDKI'KNDKNT PRESS
18 l'UBl.lHKEIl EVERY Kill DAY MOBNIMU by
LEE & WILSON.
W. A. LEE, - Editor.
Individuals, like nation*, fail in nothing rehich
they boldly attempt, when sustained by virtuous
purpose, an 'determined resolution.?Henry Clay
" II Winy to praise, yet not afraid to blame."
Terms?Two Dollars a Year, in Advance.
ABBEVILLE O. H.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1850.
WESTERN CIRCUIT?SPRING TERM, 1859.
Abbeville, Saturday, Feb'y 19.
Andureou, ......... Saturday, Feb'y 20.
I'ickcns . . Saturday, March C.
Greenville, Saturday, March 12.
Spartanburg, ....... Saturday, March 19.
Laurens, Saturday, March 26.
SITTINGS OK COURT.
Abbeville, Monday, March 1
Anderson, . Monday, March, 14
Pickens Monday, March 21.
Groeuville Monday, March 28
Spartanburg, ? Monday, April 4.
Lanrens, Monday, April 11
Clubbing with Magazines.
The example ol several of our contemporaries
of tho press, suggests the propriety of reminding
our readers, that Wo arc prepared to
furnish our paper in connection with the popular
monthlies of lln? Season at reduced rates.
We will furnish tho PRESS and either "HARPER
' GODKY ," GRAHAM." or the
KNICKERBOCKERfor FOUR DOLLARS;
and PETERSON" or "Arthur" with the
PRESS for $3.50?which is only ? 1 in advance
upon the current rates of tliocn
Such magazines as HARPER, (?Ol)EY and
others,' with their attractions litemry anil pictorial
are iuvahtahle to the family circle, and
with the local incidents and general miscellany
of the country paper, constitute a fund of
entertainment, wliicli we 1 repays the pecuniary
Tho Episcopal Church
"N.Vill be re-opened for regular services by
the Pastor, 011 Sunday morning. A" full attendance
of the Congregation is particularly desired.
We return our thanks to Senator Hammond
and Gcu. Bonlinm, for Congressional Documents.
We have received the communication of " A
clod-hopper " endorsing the conclusions of the
articIc which lately appeared in our paper,
from " A Tux-payer," and offering additional
suggestions as to the proper disbursement of
the public money. It shall appear in our next.
We learn that Judge Whitner will hold the
Spring term of our Court. The return promises
to be a small one?one of the best indications
of the prosperity of the country, and the
soundness of credit.
The receipts of cotlun in Charleston for the
post week were, by railroads 1 '2,257 bales ; by
water and wagon 638 bales?together 12,946
bales?corresponding week last year 10,873
The exports froin Charleston for tho game
time were, to foreign ports bales 4,113 ; coastwise
6,1'JO bales?Making the total exports of
the week 10,303 bales, an J leaving on hand a
stock of 71,233 bales, inclusive of bales 15,107
on ship-bonrd not cleared, against a stock of
24,551 bales, and 15,302 bales on ship board
same time last year
The sales in Charleston during the past week
amounted to 44,000 bales, at prices ranging
frsm 9 J to 11 J.
The total receipts at all the ports during the
past week amounted to 144,504 bales. Against
126,079 bales', received during the same period
last year. The total receipts at all the ports
since the 1st ofSepteniber, amount to 2,607,752
bales, against 1,599,703 up to the same dates
Inst year, showing an increase this year of 1,007.989
The exports to Great Britain up to the latest
dates, amounts to 801,788, allowing nn increase
on the exports to that country last year of 255,781
bales. The shipments to Northern ports
show on increase of 333,835 bales from the
shipments of last year.
The slock on hand and on ship board at all
the ports, up to the latest dates, amounts to
971.CSS bales, being '292,592 bates more than
the stock on hand at the corresponding date
We direct attention to the ad vertisement of
i.o f,.- if-:?? r> 1 -r /-? ?
?I.V AJIVVUIV'H IUI 1/1 l^ilUit-1 UCIICIUI Ol VUVQIry
on the 30th April next, to supply the vacancy
caused b}' the resignation of Geu. W. W.
To the advertisement of Mr. Leroy Wilson,
offering to sell h wngon.
To tho card of Dr. S. Henry Beard, Dentist,
who has removed his Office to room over
Branch, Allen A Edwards Drug Store, and is
prepared to attend to all the brunches of his
nrf, in the most approved 9tyle.
To the Advertisement of W. M. Knox, who,
wnn's an apprentice to learn the Blacksmith
To the Advertisement of lost land warrants
Sheriff's salea and oCfrer Advertisements.
We learflr from Mr. F. P. Robertson, the auctioneer,
that at the late sale of Samuel B. Major,
deceased, ten negro?s sold for tho aggregate
sum of $10,030. Terms a credit of 12
months, with interest from date?Cattle, horses,
hogs and other property sold at proportion*
ably high rates.
Godeya Lady's Book.
Godey for March has been received, and as
usual is beaufWitlly embelished and filled
with all th# varieties of the seasons. We need
not commend tlie'work to oar readers?we can
furnish it to subscribers at $2.00 per anni^m.
History of th* Churches.
In accordance says tho Pretbyterian,
with the resolution of - the Synod of
[ South Carolioa, to appoint yearly one
of its member* to prepare and deliver a sketch
of the history of some partioular church, beginning
with the oldeat unchronioled churches
? aid sketches to fee ektrer published, or deposited
in the library of the Seminary?the
Rev. T. A. Hoyt has consented to prepare a
sketch for next Synod of the early history of
Presbyterian churphee in Abbeville District.
Burned to Dxats.?A aegro boy, the property
of Mr. Willis L. Sttfne. of this district,
was bnroed so badly, somi ten daya aab, ar iv ,
di? from the eflfeeU of it< lie? lingered nearly
tfro weekf* Anoth'ef waffling. *' I
Tho Prospect^ of Ootton for 1859.
The Clir.rli'ston Mercury publishes from the
Liverpool Vv?t, the annual article of a correspondent
of I hat journal upon the cotton prospects
of 185'J. These articles a'ro said to einauntc
from one of the clearest and most sagacious
minds in England, and thoroughly conversant
with tho cotton trade. The writer after
an elaborate consideration of the subject,
comes to tho conclusion, that the supply ami
demand will be pretty equally balanced duriug
the prescut year, and that consequently
there will be no material reduction in price
during the Gcasoa. \Vc propose to state his
The writer is di?P?fl?d to regard all estimates
in relation to tbe amount of the lost
year's crop as exceedingly fallacious. During
last September, few writers supposed that the
maximum j-ield of the crop of 1858 woi*fd exceed
3,300,000 bales, whilst it was supposed
that the destruction of cotton on the bottom
lands of the Mississippi, would ix-tard the delivery
of the crop. These opinions have all
been disappointed. The estimates of the crop
have gradually been raised to 3,000,000, whilst
the ai rivals at Liverpool have exceeded all expectation.
The writer does not undertake to
predict with certainly the course of the market
during the year, but merely to point out tlie
inferences which are dedueible from the current
assumptions in regard to supply and demand.
The first point considered is the amount and
distribution of the American crop. Kstimating
it at 3,600,000 bales, the writer supposes
that the Northern spinners will consumu 700.00y
bales. Their average consumption for 3
years has been 630.000, and as with the developemcnt
of tho China trade, they art now doing
a prosperous business, the above is <juite a
Deducting then "(00,000 balec for American
consumption from the os'vimed crop of 3,(500,000,
And there will remain for foreign export,
2,90ty,0?t0 h?i)c9. Of this the Continent will require
about 34 per cent, tlie remaining 6ti per
cent, going to England. During the past year
the consumption on the Continent, amounted to
1.020.000 bales ; and this to6 when trade was
languishing and the manufacturing interests
rery much ciTrtniled. During the present year
the wrfter thinks the Continental consumption
will amiAint 1,200.000 bales of American cotton
; but owing to the large stocks on hand,
he puts the Continental demand at 1,000,000
bales direct, from America, and 100,000 in the
shape of export from England.
There would then remain for shipment to
England 1,900,000 bn!es of American cotton ;
and deducting 100.000 bales to the Continent
and 20,000 the assumed loss at sea, and there
would remain for home consumption in England,
The supply of East India cotton, the writer
estimates at 580,000 bales. Of this the Continent
will consume 280,000 bales, and England
the remaining 300,000 bales. This with 24i>,000
bales from Brazil, and Egypt die., added
to the 1,780,000 bales of American c->tton, will
give a total of all sorts of2,232,000 bales for
consumption in Great Britain.
The consumption in the United Kingdom in
1858, amounted to 41,000 bales per week
a^inst 89,000 in 1857, and 42,000 bales in
185G. The present rate of consumption however,
is above the average oflust year, and the
writer thinks that the present rate of consumption
for the whole Kingdom is-13,000 bales per
week and that the average rate during the
year will be at least 4-1,000 bales.
The total supply and consumption c'f Great
Britain for 1857 will"be as follows?Total sup
ply 2,320,000 bales?consumption for 52 weeks
at 44.000 per week, 2,288,000 ; leaving an excess
of supply over consumption, 32,000 bales,
which to the stock at the close of 1858, 372,000
bales, will give the probable stock at the close
of 1859, 404,000 bales.
Though by this statement, it appears that
there would bo an increase of the aggregate
stock atthecloso of 1859, yet the writer thinks
its value would be counterbalanced by the re
duclion in the amount of American cotton, owing
to its increased consumption from causes
which he details. This consumption at 85,000
bales per week would rcducc the 1,820,000
k?i<... ?r A ? ? ._
V| Uiuci luni) uukvuu, iu ^^U,UUIJ ac llie
close of the year .
If however, the crop should not cxceed3,600,000.
anil the consumption fcbould reach
45,000 bales per week, the supply would run
short. In the opinion therefore of the writer,
it is clearly the wiaeet policy of the manufacturer,
to encourage for another seanon, a tolerably
high rflte for thj raw material.
Qur Flower Qardens.
We cotqinend to the attention of our readers,
the advertisement of Mr. J times Webb, Florist
of Charleston, who comes in our midst highly
recommended. lie is now engaged in laying
out and embellishing the grounds of Thomas
C. Perrin, Esq., and is desirous of performing
the same office for others of our citizens. He
is thoroughly conversant with floriculture in
all of its departments, and is prepared to furnish
the choicest varieties of roses and other
flowers. It is his desire, we 1-jarn to locate
permanently in our village, and to establish
here a green-house and nursery for the culture
of the rare exotics. We trust that he may
meet with siHBiient eucourngement to retain
him our midst!
We have in our village and in various portions
of our District many beautiful gardens,
and our citieens generally manifest a growing
ta??e for the beautiful and ornnmental. Tliey
are disposed more and more and more to conjoin
the utile and the dulce, to erect fine mansions
and to embellish them with every thing
which tfafi elevate and refine the taste. And
to this end we can conceive nothing better
adapted tliinn the flower garden. It too furnishes
a healthful and agreeable recreation, particularly
to our fair country women who ueed
Mr. Webb's catalogues may be bad at Messrs.
Branch, Allen A Edwards.
Sale-Day at Chester/., i
Monday. Sale-Day, was bright, clear
beautiful, (says the Cketlrr Standardly A there
WAs quito a large crowd of the good citifc*. .. of
bur District io attendance at the Tillage. ThA
sales Were comparatively light?owing iu some
measure we have no doubt, to the kind and
lenient dispoaition of our very obliging Sheriff,
but pernopa more to the high price of ootton
and a somewhat abundant supply of money in
the community. There were only four' negroes
sold?a man ?od his wife and two small children?the
famliy brought $2,900.
Some twenty shares of Charlotte and South
Carolwa Railroad Stock were disposed of at
publio ula by the Aduibtmtora of CornwelKIbis
stock was sold in aaverd lots o? a credit
of thirty days, and brought from $19} to $82
per sh?rp. This shews *u upward tendency in
I ibis stock/and speaks WkII for the prsaeat con1
ditto*?imm Mjiiii it?Mh?fr?4,v**.
Apploton's Now Encyclopoodia.
Four volumes of tliis work have alrady been
published, nn<i wo learn thut the fifth volume
will ho ready for delivery to subscribers in a
few weeks. We have lately examined the work
with some care, and have been very much <
pleased with it?so much so as to be iuduecd
to beeoine a subscriber.
The tfork is to bo completed in 15 volumes,
and will forma library in itself. It is very i
comprehensive, as its name imports; embracing
in its ample scope every department ol the
speculative and the practical?literature
science and art?history, and biography, physics
and metaphysics, ethics and theology,
chemistry and it? kiitdt-?d scieney, politics in
its wid4 relation*, the fine arts, the mechanic
arts,?and indeed every subject which cau engage
the attention of the eager explorer into
the realms of nature and art. The list of con- 1
tribrftors is a largo one, embracing the most ^
distinguished writers of the country,?men of |
deserved emminence iu their departments, and
who embody in their contributions, the resear- J
ehes of a life tiiuo.
The work t hough published at the North ,
seems to he free frotll Kpctionul hi** nml nn
pears to do full justice to Southern thenics. It.
numbers among its contributors the in?st distinguished
writers of the South, wlio arc full}- ,
competent to do justice to their own section.
The work is trul}* un American Kncyclopiediii,
ami is designed to give particular prominence
to subjects illustrating the history, pitlit
ies and resources of the country. It is eminently
practical, and as such is unvaltinhle to
the Agriculturist and artist, as well as to the
man of science and literary leisure. It is published
by the Appletons the well known booksellers,
in their usual handsome style, and being
issued at the rate of 4 volumes a year, is
thus placed within the reach of almost every
Messrs. Branch, Allen it Edwards, are the
agents for tho sale of tho work from whom
copies may be obtained.
Incidents of the Mexican Campaign.
.? v |!UUM?I| XII uiirnrsi page n continual ion
of llio Mexican ?k?tulic.g, by a metnhi-r pf 1 lit*
Palmetto Regiment. Tha writer holds a graphic
|>on. ami describes with lifelike fidelity
the still ing incidents of that evenlfnl campaign.
'Flic capture of Vera Cruz, and tlie
burning tmtrcli to Alvarndo, have already been*
detailed, and subsequent sketches will present
a vivid picture of tlie clicquered scenes of the
nnireh of our gallant Regiment to the city of
Mexico. The sketches are increasing in interest,
and' we are ghid to see that they are appreciated
by some of contemporaries of the
Press. Tlie writer kept a contemporaneous
journal of each day, which eiuibles him to portray
the scenes which he describes with great
fidelity. To hi* companions in nrms, these reminiHceiices
must possess much interest, and \vc
are happy to number a good many oftheni, oil
our list of new subscribers.
Brothor of Henry Clay.
We see it stated that among the unmarked
an<l unhonored graves in the rural cemetery at
Camden, Arkansas, is that of a brother of th?
illustrious llcnry Clay?hia only monument is
an oak tree, with the initials of his name rudely
carved in its rough baric. He is said to
have been an humble and devoted minister of
lite Uospcl. What r contrast to the reputation
of his brother, and yet how useful his life.
The Fugitive Slave Law.
We notice snya the Journal of Commerce that
a pi-tition has been presented and referred to a
special cam mil tee in our .Stale Legislature, for
a " personal liberty law as such Acta are
called in other Sta'es, designed to nullify the
laws of Congress for the return of fugutive
Slaves. We shall soon see whether the Republican
Legislature of this Stute will enact
such a law. Th.it party, although perhaps as
thoroughly abolitionized hero ad in New England,
hns not the some lease of power, and has
been obliged to inaTic a reasonable show of jus
lice an<l regard for the national Constitution.
In other words, policy rather than principle
hii9 governed their legislation. Will tliey
daro now to tlirow olF the mask, and live up
to their principles ?
The Lexington Agricultural Society.
A meeting of the Executive Committee of
this Society was held on the 7th ilist. It resolved
to hold their annual fair on the last
Wednesday and Thursday in September. A
committee was appointed to select the situ and
have the necessary buildings constructed.
The Rev. John Long, of Lynchburg, cays
that lager i3 injurious, and attributes the decay
of the German race to it? use. The reverend
gentlemen should have first demonstrated that
the German race had decayed, before making
deductions unfavorable to their mild and popu
We see, in the Winnsboro Regitter, a notice
from Mr. Jas. MeCreight, calling far information
concerning 1m son, W. B. MeCreight, who
whs last seen near Fort Mill#, on the Charlotte
and South Carolina Railroad. lie was at that
time laboring under some affection of the brain.
Sale o. Negroes.
At a sale of the estate of the late Godfrey
Geiger, says the Cgroliniaii, in Lexir.gton District,
on the 3d inst., twenty-three negfoeS were
sold, at an average of $832.
Rev. W. II. Milburn, the blind preacher
lately received a present of six hundred dollars
from his people at Sand street, Brooklyn.
Tho Vice Regent, for Virginia, gratefully
acknowledges the receipts of $241,81, patriotically
contributed by the Masonic Lodges in behalf
of Mt. Vernon.
xjiy uuous ouiiaaii id saiiimora.
The Baltimore papers report an unueual stir
in the dry goods business in that city. Thoy
say that for the last three weeks, moro goods
have been sold than in the same time at thj#
season, for the last twenty years.
Anotokk Firjc.?On Saturday night last,
ahoat 12 o'clock, our citizens were amused
from their slumbers, by tlio cry of fire. A
numerousorowd toon assembled from all points,
as if Jby ropgio, around the burning house,
which was soon found to b? a stable belonging
to Mr. W. H. Watson, a short distance West cf
Messrs. Gower. Co*. Markley <fc Co.* coach
manufactory. A horse which was in the stable
was discovered iu time to be saved, but the
flames had proceeded too far before efficient
aid cquLI be procured to ?ave the buildipg,
which, with a cyiuntity of provender. Was enirely
Mr. English has intromited In the Hons* of
Representatives a bill to atnand the postage
laws. which, among other things, require* the
paynfent of postage by editors on their exchange
papers. PiVnttee My* that English has
mootttea * high up as be can possibly aXptat
to get him, has determined to give the ladder
, wmdtfca taouotod aki<ar.??National
Tho Bluo Kidgo Railroad
We learn from '.ho Keowce Courier of the
12l.li inst., that a meeting of the citizftiB o^
I'ickens was held at the Court House on the 7th
inst., to take into consideration the present condition
ami future prospects of tho Blue Ridge
Railroad. Several gentlemen participated in
the discussion, after which tho following preamble
and resolutions were reported by a Committee
of sixteen unatiiiiiiously adopted :
Whereat, application was made to the Legislature.
as its recent session, for aid to the Blue
Ridge Railroad, which after protracted discussion.
was refused by that body. lie it therefore,
h'esolved. That this action of the Legislature,
is received with regret, and that, we loyk with
L'ontideiiee. upon the re assembling of tliia body,
for the aid desired.
Resolved, That we have abiding confidence
in the practicability of the enterprise, and assert
the abilitV of the State toromnLti. if. will.
nul detriment to her credit or intercuts, ami remil
its early completion the greatest ini
portnncc the Stall! at large. I
JicKolvt J. Tliat we approve I lie course Of the
ilireetion of the Road in prosucuting the work
Lo the extent, of its means.
AViti/f i/, Tlirit wc highly appreciate the
L'ourteny nf the opponent* of tin; I toad, in tile
Legislature in the discussion of the subject and
I heir action in the premises.
Jiexol!'< (/, That we recommend that a Muss
Meeting he hehl at Tunnel I II ill, during the en
suing finnillfr, to whieh the people at. large he
invited, together with a special invitation to
lite :ueuihei'n of the legislature Ui lie present?
l<> the end that further action may he taken in
Jiexulvcd, That a committee of seven he appointed
to sohcitsuhsi'i'iptious to this great enterprise,
and Ui urge united and successful action
throughout the district, in favor of the
Road in this its direst extremity.
Under the foregoing resolution, the Chair appointed
the following committee, vie : Messrs.
Klam .Sharpe, F N. Garvin,.I. II. Ambler, W.
S. Grisham, I), lilcmnu, M. M. Norton, Z. C.
Oil million of Maj. \V, M. ITadden, the procwilmi;j
of tlii-* meeting were ordered to be
published in the Distiiet papers; with a request
that the press of the Male lie requested to
copy the same.
After which, on motion, the meeting adjourned.
WM. IIUNTER, Chtn'ti.
Win. C, Kkitii, See'lv.
Liberty of Witnesses.
Mr. Willard has oirered a Hill, in the State
Senate of New York, to protect witnesses in
criminal cases, who are too poor to obtain hail,
against the long imprisonment to which they
arc now often subjected. 11 provides that the
witness shall make nn alfidav it before the magistrate,
(hat he is poor, an.) unable to procure
bail, and that his application is nut made by
collision with the accused, or any other per'
son, to avoid testifying upon trial; and that if
the Magistrate is satisfied these statements are
true, he shall, within six la}"i*, given an order
for a conditional examination in presence of the
District Attorney and the accused, if the accused
is in custody ; and that after this Condi,
tional examination, the v ness shall be dis.
charged upon his own recognizance, binding
himself to appear and testify on trial.
II........ I.M. lr
n.iMrn.x, l vu. l?j, l OU'J.
The steamer America arrived at this port today,
bringing advices from Liverpool to the
The Bides of cotton for the week amounted
to 40,000 l>ale.?. Prices have declined -Jd.?
particularly on the upland grades.
Manchester advices are unfavorable.
*Vc find in the Albion, tli? following among
the published proceedings of the New York
Yacht Club, at a meet ing held February 3 :
Whereas, in a communication to the Senate
from the President of the I'nitcd States. January
1*2, 1857, the fact is ofli<-iu!ly staled that
a cargo of upwards of three hundred negroes
from the coast of Africa has been Inndud in
Georgia from the yacht Wanderer. And
Whereas. The vessel thus designated is comprised
in the list of yachts forming the New
York Yacht. Squadron.
It is unanimously resolved, That the name
of the yacht Wanderer be erased f^oiu the list,
and that W. C. Corrie, proprietor ofsaid vacht
?.i ? ..r.i.:., _i..i : _;i?
UIIU ? IIIVMIUVI VI UIIO M IIIU | 11 I 11 U11" I iy H/r II 13
delibcrae violalion of the laws of
the United States, hut. more especially for his
being engaged in n traffic rcjounnnt to huinnnity
ami to the moral sense of the members
of this association?be. ami hereby is, expelled
from the New York Yacht Club.
Zxmisiana on the Slave TradeThe
representatives of the slave trade interests
in Louisiana have introduced into the Legislature
the following bill relat ing to the purchase
of negro slaved by tho people of that
State, and obtained its reference to the Committee
on Federal Relations :?
Whereat, Tlio Federal Government lias no
Cower to prohibit the buying of negro slaves
y the citizens of this State ; and whereas the
riirht of the people of Louisiana to purchase
slave property in any market, whether domestic
or foreign, where negro slaves nre sold, hijs
never been alienated from her sovereignty, or
granted to the control of the Federal Government.
Thefefore, be il enacted, die . That any citizen
or association of citizens of this State be and
th?-y arc hereby authorized to purchase negro
slaves from Cuba, Brazil and Africa, and to
bring the said slaves so purchased into this
State, and to hold the same in full ri^ht and
r..? .1...:- i ?:? ?i ?. i e .
VII.I1., IU| IIII-U 49C, UCIIClll' IflHI I'CtlUUI ,
provided, *i\ill slaves, b<> purchased and imported
into tliis Strte, shall hts subjected to the
eaiue regulations and tariff of duties as other
species 01 foreign property or imports.
The Democratio Party aud the Tariff.
The Washinffton States, in view of the victory
achieved by the protectionists of Pennsylvania,
in the late Democratic caucus, and the
certain revival of the presont tariff to favor
their interests, proposes to the free trade Democrats,
as the best alternative in existing oirenmstances?the
revival of the tariff of 18^6;
Aver?e as we are to any modification, of the
existing revenue arrangement, we Yn> not
know, since a change ia inevitable, if the free
trade Democracy in Congress can do better
than adopt Mr. Taylor's proposition for a temporary
revival of the tnriff of 1846. In /act,
while the imposts were higher under that system,
the protective feature was not more distinetlV
<leT?'lon<?<1 t.hon in lht> ? !?
We are not sure, upon the wholo. but that the
principle of the former ja more in accordance
with the Democratic theory. We are satisfied
that while in n couple of years the rates o(
1849 woul(J.jye1d i? sufticinnt revenue to discharge
the piiblif. debt, no other expedient will
avail so well art Mr. Taylor's plan, for tbe de*
fept of the protection isle They will oppose it,
bevond doubt, but the Demoeracy may carry
it, nevertheless. It is complete in ?*ery detail,
and may be put in operation without difficulty
or delay. We see np other alternative but
the re-enactment of the tariff oM846, or the
imposition of such burdens as the iron masters
of Pennsylvania may ohoose to dictate. For
all that, itia not at all certain the DemuoraM
in Oujgreas will the expedient.
Sodoku Dhatb.h?The wife of Mr. Thomas
Ferguson, residing about four miles from this
place, oh the roau leading to Anderson'Villflge,
Ml found dead in her bed, on . Friday mora
tog last. It ia supposed that her death was
prodtfeed by apoplexy. A family of six or seven
small children have been daprivc>d of a
mother. Their tencfer years and Helpless condition
alike appeal to the generous sympathies
Tho Late Dr. Thomas Curtis.
We find in the Southern Christian Advocate '
an extract from the last Ivtte.r, in all probabil- '
tty, writteu by this good an<l eminent man.? '
It was written to his eldest son, upon relinquishing
his purpose to visit him, in consequence of '
the reception of news which required his presence
at home ?Guardian.
He win* in Philadelphia, on his way to Lowisbtirg,
when he was summoned home by the
news of tho sickness of three children of his
son, [lev. \V. Curtis, LL. I)., of Limestone
Springs. S. 0., and of the denth of one of them.
The telegraph news reached him with a request
from tin; afflicted family for his speedy presence.
He at once chanced all his plans, and
wrote a long letter to his eldest sou at Lewis
burg, full of deep avmpiithy for nil, and of
sa- c tilled feeling. He says: l$ut for tho unimpeachable
voice of (Jod in death I h id intended
to be with yi>u. If my life and health
be spared I shall make this interruption of my
plan nil oft remembered reason for endeavoring
to get to you earlier in the coming yenr jw.-tsibly
in July. But we can only propose.
* I'ray, we may all do and suffer as Jesus
would, the unerrinu Father's will.
'fhe above, says the Norfolk Argus, are per
naps. nit: iiini lines remaining uii earth which lie
ever wrote. . lit ft little more trail twenty-four
hours tIn* hand thai wrote tliom was probably
motionless in death. " May all who shull read
tlwin.1' says n coi respondent, " or fetiieniher
tins beaming eye iin<i the presence of liiiu who
wrote tliem, be as well prepared before they
lie down each night, for I lie checrful discharge
of a|l the grttat duties of life on the one hanil. ,
or the sleep an<l be seen and heard no more oil
earth. Among his last papers is a sketch of a
sermon on these words? ' l'resent with the
The Pardoning Power.
In the General Assembly of New York, now
in cession, some propositions have been made
for a restraint on the pardoning power, and
the discussion has elicited an interesting and
tha instructive correspondence between two
ex-Go^erimra, Seymour and King, of that
Sta'e. An exchange, in referring to this corres|>oiidence,
We are glad to see this correspondence, and
also the Regulations of Governor Morgan?to
lie found in another column?touching the
Pardouim* l'ower. We have been among those
who have complained of the abuse of thispow
er, under almost all administration in New
York and elsewhere. If the discussion coinmeiieed
shall have the ctfeet of securing a better
administration of the Pardoning Power, we
shall rejoice. We do not so much car<? to give
causes of complaint, as to present remedies for
abuse, especially when it is ndmitted that remixlii-a
nri> I )n rinrr I lit* r?u?* !.?
Governor of Michigan linn pardoned no leas
than !ifl.y nine convicts ; and the Detroit Tri
buiieslutcs t hat a fruitful source of pardons is
found in tlic enormously long sentences of
There tuny be something in this, and the
suggestions ought to enter into the subject. It
is certain that a great many scamps escape punishment,
and it is equally certain that many
who are sentenced, escape due punishment hy
the exercise of the pardoning power. If experieuce
teaches anything on this point, its lessons
are that the State Executive often lets the
guilty go free. The pressure upon the man is
more potent than upon the Court, and influences,
social, family, friendly uud political, are
often hrouulit into the Kxecutiv.* Chamber, and
find weight there when such influences would
not even he attempted before a respectable
Court of justice.
The following arc the regulations of Governor
Morgan, of New York, in regard to petition
for pardons :
Before nny application for a pardon is pre
scnted to the Governor, written notice thereof
must be served upon the District Attorney of
the country iu which 1 lie conviction was hail,
4'id proof of the service of such notice, must
be presented to the Governor.
Notice of the application must be published for
four weeks in the Stale paper, and also in the
country paper, printed in or nearest to the
town in which the conviction was had, and
proof of this publication must Accompany the
application. Publication will be dispensed
with in those rare cases where, in the opinion
of the Governor, justice absolutely requires it.
Tho Court ami Judge or Justices before
whom the conviction was had. the date of the
conviction ami the term-of the sentence must
be distinctly stuted. if the conviction was
had before a justice of the peace, notice of the
application must be served upon him. and
proof of such service presented with the application.
The mpittles of the testimony taken at
the trial, or a concise statement of the case approved
to be furnished by the Judge, District
Attorney, or Justice who tried the prisoner.
art! required before the applioitson is acted
upon. Also, a certifiuute of the warden or
keeper of the prison of the conduct of the pri
soner during his or her confinement in prison.
It must also he distinctly stated whether any
previous application for h pardon has been
made ; and, if so, the new facts, if any appearing
on the paper, must be pointed out.
Applications once riyected will not be re-examined,
unless new /acts are disclosed in the
The Mayor of Colunihu*. Ga.. has issued or
den for the stationing of a policeman at each
of the Churches, whose business it is to arrest
any persona chewing tobacco, or smoking and
spitting upon the steps of the Church.
Xta meeting of the Directors of the Bank of
South Carolina, on Wednesday, William Birnie,
E?.q., was re-elected President of that
Marriage at Washington.?It is rumored at
the capital that Hon. George Eutis, of Louisiana,
will shortly lead to the altar M)hs (. orcoran,
daughter of the well known banker.
At a metting of the Board of Directors of
the South Carolina Kail Hoad Company, held
011 the 0th inst., John Caldwell Esq.. was unanimously
elected President for the ensuing year.
Dr. Wm. M. Wightinan. us we lenrn from a
member of the Board ofTrustees of WoHord
College, has resolved to nccept the call tendered
him to the Presidency of the Southern Uui
verity at Ureensboro Ala.?S. C. Advocate.
Wokjtord College?We learn from the Spartanburg
Express, that Mr. Charles P. IVttys' I
has been elected lo a Profesaorah i|> in WofTord
College, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the
resignation of Prof. G. B. Harris. Mr. P. is
we are informed, a graduate of WofTord.
Abbeville, Feb. 17. 1869.
Cotton.?Market somewhat depressed. We
quote extremes 9 to lO^c.
Columbia, Feb. 17, 1869.
Cotton.?The cotton marked w/ia quite dull
yesterday and sales small. Some 46 bales
changed hands, at 8 a lie.
Charleston, Jan. 14, 1869.
The transactions it? cotton to-day embraced
sgroe 2,8^6 bales, and prices were about ?he
1 same as previously reported, viz: 10? a life.
Charleston. Feb. 16.
Sales of cotton to day 2,1400 bales?six bun
d red of which were sold after the reception of
the steamer's advjces. Price* unchanged.
Ham bubo, Feb. 16, 1869.
Cotton?Market buoyant, at prices rangipg
from 9 to lie.
H. 4tN.E S.
The follow ing peraona haT? freight in the Depot
E Westfield, W Copk. H S.Kerr, J W Jones,
P 8 Rutledge, J <tc R J Wfcite, H W Lawaon,' P
Bernelle, L J Patterson, W If Stone. D J Jprd/?n,
Hugb Wilpon, Mrs Mary Martin, A M
Smith, D Mattereon, fl 8 Cason, W W Belcher,
J T Barnes, J McBryde, i A GalKoun, A J Cantell,
H T 'Justin, J Freeman, J L Dawson, A E
Turner, J f Little, Branch Allen A Edwards.
T O Perrinj J M Petrio, Charles Cox, M Glover,
A F Cromer, W MeD Cochran. ;
I D. R. SONDLEY, AfV:
TO 11EOULATE THE LIVER IS ONE OP
tlic physician's principal aims in all cases of debility
or wenkuesa of the system, for wbea
this id done health actually follows.
To find a remedy to do this has been the aim
of Dr. San ford during years of practice, wbere
the Liver Invigorator was used with the greatestsucce?,
and fully experimented with, until
it could be recommended with confidence and
truth, and in no case has it been recommended
for the cure of any disease until it has beta
fully tried, and known to bo beneficial in tht
treatment of such disease.
Nearly all the diseases which we are subject
to originates from a diseased Liver, which
shows itself in the form of jaundice, dyspeysia^
sick headache, dour stomach,biliousness, weak
ncssof the baek or Spine, stomach and bow#
derangement, and many others too numeroa*
to mention, all of which may be benefitted by
the use of the Invigorator, curing the Lirer
And removing the cause.
December 10, 1858. 82 ?ow.1m
DIED, in Greenwood, S. C., on the 7th io?t.
ALLEN W? son of Allen and Mary Vanc*^
id the lentli year of liis age. For the last seveq
years little Allen had been the child of affliction.
Attacked with disease of the heart when three years
oil, his symptoms were such as to cause his parents
to four that he could not long survive.?5
His recovery, however, from an attack of
measles, led ihe<n to hope that his health would
improve, and that he mieht be raised. But Ho
with whom arc the issuer of life, ordered other;
wise, and that this affliction should be unto
death, l'oor little Hufftn-r, though deprived ofIns
reason duripg the gnjiitcr puft p.f his last ill-,
neas, yet was he conscious of his condition, froquently
spgw^uifj of death, and saying that ho
would dip4he seventh day. Jt \ya% even ?9(;
for on the morning of the seventh day his spirit
was released from its earthly tenement, and
soared to that 8i\vic.ur who had ?aid, ' Suffer
little children to come unto me, and forbid theni
not, for ol such is the kingdom of heaven." Let
the parents bow submissively to the will of that
God who litis beieuved them of their dear little
buy; atul lei nil prepare to meet hiin ill that
bright spirit land, "Whero the wicked ceaitt
from troubling and tlw weary are at rest."
" Cease, fond parents, ceose to languish,
O'er the grave of him you love;
Puiu, it ltd deuth, utid night, and anguish
Enter not the world above."
J. M. C.
Greenwood, Feb. 14th, 1859.
DIED, in Itawamba co., Miss., on the 12th
ult., ALEXANDER McCOY. The deceased
was a native of South Carolina, from wh?nce
h?* ha<l recently moved. lie died u member of
the Christian Church, and his friends are somawhat
comforted in their bereavement by "the
happy reflection that ho has enterod on a holier
and happier state.
BY VIRTUE of an Order from Hon. D. L.
Ward law. to mo directed, I will sell at tl^at
residence of Hartly Tucknr, near Harper's Fetry,
on the third day of MARCH next, the following
'23 Hops, 7 Cows and Calves, 2 Bulls, 1 lot of
Corn in Shuck, 1 lot shucked Corn, 1 Mule, 1 lot
Bacon, 1 lot Peas. 1 lot Meal, 1 lot Shorts, 2
Jars Lard, 1 ca|te of Tallow, 1 four horse Wagon,
1 Cutting Knife, I Cotton Planter. 1 sett Drawers,
I Bedstead, 1 pineTtthle, 1 lot Wheat, 1 lot Fod?
ler, 1 lot Cotton Seed ; attached at the property
of A. Wilson Iladdcn, vs Perria <fc Cotliran, and
Also, nt Abbeville C. H., on the first Monday
in March n?-xt, five barrels and three half barrels
of Molasses. Attached ns the property of
ijiuiijcn, aiager it uo., vs. Wm. McQowna and
JOSEPH T. MOORE, h.D.
Sheriff's Office, Feb 9, 18!i9. 48?tdt
ABBEVILLE, S. C. )
Feb. 11, 1859 f
ORDER NO. 0.
BY the resignation of Gen'l. W. W. PERRYMAN,
the office of Brigadier General of
the 1st Brigade of Cavalry is vacant. Go], J.
W. PICKENS of the 1st Regiment, wilj
act as General of Brigade till tbe Vacancy is
By order of the Mai. General.
Aid de Camp.
UKDJi'K NO. 6.
An election for Brigadier General of the lit
Brigade of Cnvalry will be held (within the legnl
hour*) at each Regimental Mutter Ground
on SATURDAY the SOtll of APRIL next.
Managers of election to count the votea and
transmit to the Mnj. General, a Statement in
writing, allowing the result of each Poll.
By order of the Muj. General.
Aid de Camp.
Feb. 16. 1859. 42 tf
C-*9" Edgefield Advertiser. Anderson Gtfxette
and Greenville Putript. cqpy twice,
WILL be rold on Sale-Day next, at Abbeville
Court House, to the highest bid;
dcr, a ppleqdid apd well iroped, new
FOUIt IIORSE WAGON.
If any one wishes to purchase auoh a wagon
before next sale dny, he can do so on reasonable
terms, by applying at this office, or at the subt
Auriber's house ou? mile from this place, on thq
JvcBOY J. WILSON.
Feb. 17, I860. 42 8t
-wmr .^.Tmrrmrmm ?
w OTICE is hereby given that after pnblie&r
JA tion for six weeks, application will b^
made to the Commissioner of Pensions, for the
iesue of duplicates of Warranto, No, 88460, fo*
100 acres issued to Zachariah Smith ; alio l?*
sued to Amos H. Townsend, No. 48168, forl#(j
acres. Act 3d of March 1865.
The same having been lost and Caveat*
against their Location entered in the General
J. T. 8TEVEN#,
Attorney for Zaohsriah Smith and A. H.
AbbaviJle, C. H., S. C. )
Feb. 11th, 1859. f 42 ?1
M O TT* 3K ?Z3 S3 THE
Subscriber would offer to the Citizen*
* of Abbeville, a chojce selection of EVERBLOOMING
ROSES, from his Garden in Char*
lee ton, S. C., they are of large sixe, and inwarranted
true to name. Descriptive 0*t??
loguos caji be furnished by application to Meter*.
Branch, ^11 en A Edwards Book Store, op
by application to the Sabedriber at Hxfe. 0,'
Parrm's, Esq. He would also enter iato?ptr
raogemsqts yitb parties, desirous of having
?uoir uiruous miu uu in unproved 81Vie.
SAMUEL WEBB. .* .)r 5
Gardener and FlorUt.
N. 8. All order* for plaota, will be promptljr
attended Ut. : l?'
Feb. 17. 1859. 42 ; ;#,ai
THE eubeoriberf desire* to prooor* an APFKENtlCE,
to learn the BLACK SMITH
Trade. Either a white BOY or KEORO wiU
be taken. Apply to the abecriber, at Abba*
vUleC. H. ' 'tr.A.: 'ox'* .#m vK
' % I?. 4* **b