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VOLUME 6?NO. 46. ABBEVILLE C. II., SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 18, 1859. WIIOL NUMBER 206
r J- -
- IDU THE 1NDKPKNUENT rBK89.]
INCIDENTS OP THE
v :< 1 '
ST A MEMBER OF THE PALMETTO REGIMENT.
, March to Puebla.
'The American army decimated by sickness
htid death*, and the consequent drain upou it
ty the withdrawal of the neccssary garrisons,
hbd N the discharge of all the old volunteers
iefctcely numbered 4000 effective men. With
this mere handful of troops we commenced
0?rinarch to Puebla, distant 110 mile*. Igtoorant
of the country, and its language and surrounded
with hostile enemies upon whom we
thiefly 'relief, for our daily subsistence this was
in itself no small undertaking. Our route layover
vast plains parched with drought, and tra ?r??d
by endless chains of mountains, filled
with deep gorges and guarded l?y a vigilant
foe. The army was divided into two column?,
and Gen. Quitman'a Brigade constituted the
rear division. On the afternoon of the 8th of
May we commenced this unparellellcd inarch.
For seven miles the road has a gradual ascent,
presenting on either side those rural hedges, enoloiing
in the back ground extensive pasturages
studded anon with spots of live oak and (lowering
shrubbery. The eye is relieved at intervals
with comfortably thatched cottages, and
then the more airy villus of the wealthy, appear
along the route where wc invariably meet
with pools of water and running streams, which
after filling the reservoirs meander down the
alley slopes. The climate here certainly' favors
longevity, and the largo number of aged persons
to bo met with is conclusive evidence of
the-fact. This narrative by the way brings
US to the base of the lofty mountains skirting
the northern boundaries of The Terra Templuda;
and hero wc encountered a travelling party
of native cahhelleros. Tliey were seated in
(he most antique vehicle in the world ; the I
body of which resembled an enormous pumpkin.
It was suspended from four stakes hald
together by a trio of lengthy nxletrcs. The
vihqle was drawn by five lean mules, harnessed
like te a Kamscatcan team. 12u0 feel
above Jalapa wc noted a backward state ot
vegetation in keeping with the change ofal
titude. At Jalapa the corn was fully ripe, and
here it is scarcely four blades above the ground.
At 6 p. m., we halted to wuter at the villuge of I
La Hoya which appeared as though it would
certainly,turn a summerset down the mountains.'.
On the 21st ultimo, a great battle was fought
at this pliipe between Capt. Sam Walker of the
Rangers,1 (knd a thousand of the enemy who
were most ingloriou&ly defeated. On our return
the following spring we saw only the
ruins or La Hoya. At an elevation of many
hundred feet above the village which now appeared
at our feet, we were presented with
om of those rich mountain scenes defying all
competition. Our view extended over a vast
extent of territory, embracing every variety of
aotapry, from the hoary summits of the snow
capped mountains to the quiet villages, slumbaring
at their feet. In the distnnce is seen the
gorgeoiiB palaccs ol the rich, and the stuccoed
wall* and spires of the village churches, peering
through groves of verdant green. The intense
light and transparency of the atmosphere
pointed out all these objects very distinctly, j
besides many more too tedious to mention. The
Muery is worthy of the climate, and the climate
is worthy of both ; towards night we approaohed
a mountain defile called The Dark
Paaa ; a position remarkably strong by na
tore which had been fortified by the Mexican |
General, but subsequently abandoned for CerGordo.
It was flanked by impervious heights
aovered with volcanic scoria, from the eruption
of El cofre De Perote a volcano now ntipct.
Passing this place we approached mauv
cultivated fields ; the country appeared to
t>0 more thickly inhabited. The houees are
built of pine poles and roofed with split boards
.- .... i 1' - - -
(luuni vu ?UI u w II jug CUUII1S, III iiome Wlllcll
the m?n bailed as favorable omens. ]t was
quite dark when the column closed up at the
ffllageof Las Vigns or (Place of Logs,) situated
in the mountain side contiguous to a cold
treau%^>? vjat^r. ^s toouias wc had cooled
oor^)lood w ith draughts of ley water the atmwphere
seemed suddenly transformed into n
northern winter. This state of things suggested
tb? propriety of a good fire, wh ich was soon
combohtible materials of
tbe village flon^oils. While \te were making
ci0mfltot*ble around itscheerfal bluze.
sad havi??.Irv our minds-eye a pot of hot cof'e?jftititpwi/enpfe
de*vo,j sword in hand
to, put-* stop to our depredations; he finally
Remanded to know where Col. Butler was and
ffby he allowed'such wanton destruction of
private property. jnow all this was
kne,w. .that Gen.
?uiUna# cared no more about the boards thai
pre did ouraelve*. ,, After Gen. Quitman left.
/3oL Boiler presented himse'lf, and 'with folded
Jinn* *qd a,', brow fraught with meaning ho
^lmly Sorreyedtbe scene for several moments.
jjj> d'd pot apeak, butsileptly and tlioughtfultCfljrtjfF^Xkp
^B!,e" **o effrom.our.meapories
this passing incident so
/jllufthe cb orished rntm
fifty ,9f one now no more. The men justly in??rpf?ied
the.aifene?' of Col. Butler into a sym,
rfathetio aquiescence ia tbeil1 conduct, and the
piMnf they^had Doado-iiso^of to warm their fro.
MB the Stance of I*] tnilcs wc had
taflbd np .'rugged ipountaipj, and since the
eah i>*c( gone $oWif th'e ' almosphe re,had heeo
. mttina eoldor. which rendered our limbs stiff
mTTiiAt^WLJi njn*r. JutZ ' : j,
?.twr i'^y fh?
jtmmmwMfmu rfWJFJ V* Wie spirn and
nfrjtnTftf *ig>b," ?rd?bt with' patriotism and
..Wyed ap git!) tWrbtUHatab fipA of hope. H?
'^QodVho.ije ; the aHurcpenta of
nmmHttiiwdUtewbrace x>Uff?cti<M?#w par?ats,
fri* Mrt>Ur?ftit DMn* With the da.
*r iotfrfcidfcfc ?1 wplng jS^SStJBiSjJfcujioa
^ o f hathixufewion
6f a wu j
eMfci^liiUriSthe Begimeot, th? 1
fltlofhwcafcfyapy and a wftlFMl Jt <
. ? ,;^>.,..i>- ?ffciwtTi rw,!
was with fostering pride that wo watched his I
youthful form fust ripening into manhood. But
alas 1 for ail hopes that aro human, lie fell
before the walls of Chapultepco, leaving to his
natives and countrymen this Southern legacy
the memory of his unsullied virtues.
(to be continued.)
[for the independent i'hess.]
TO AN OLD FRIEND.
Lake City, Florida.
I bavo just returned from tho Silver
Springs in Marion Co., left Ellisville, mv
beautiful, transilory borne, near Ellisville, on
Tuoc^ow *7? !-? T? ' '
i..u int ui uanuary, W11U a JOVIill
f-rowd of the young and gay ; all the party
Native Carolinians?some on a visit with
friends?others for the improvement of
health, and a few bachelors whose desire to
accun.u'ate wealth, have sought and found
homes, in this cotton growing country, where
I suppuso they are fast becoming independently
rich. By the way, thero are more
bachelors in Florida, than you could enumerate,
but they will by and bye, make their
homes more cheerful, when they consider
they have sufficient means to live comfortably.
Tasteful gruuuds are already spread
out in view of the passerby, and upon which
the happy possessor loves to feast his eyes,
cherishing a hope that cro long, if his
glossy wavelets should be mingled with
the silvery threads of age?his sparkling
evo.s morn /11m mwl !.;? Ci?~ 1?
? ..til. 1113 oiljj l<JS3 111 111. 1110
young ladies will not object, to such trivial
defects as that while he lias plenty of servants,
and an abundance of this world's
goods that sho may indulge in extravagance^
and live sumptuously upou his bounty.
But to como back to my Silver Spring
tour, we travelled the first day 25 miles ; as
llie morning was cold, we did not start early.
We crossed the natural bridge?would not
have dreamed we were crossing a river, had
we not been told, by some ol" the party,
who were familiar with the country. There
was no perceptible elevation of land, and
no difference of vegetation. Tlio Santa
Fe, here, runs for several miles, subterrancouslv.
Tills rivi>r rlivi.lne A lo..l 1
j. v... .uv-j Aix^iiua uuu
Columbia Counties, in part. At uoon we
stopped at a beautiful spot, near a email
Btream, to refresh onr bodies with the deli
cacies, our kind friend, Mrs. Lites, had
thoughtfully provided us with. In the eve.
ning, wo passed near a deep cavern. We
alighted from our carriages?went and
looked down into its depths, while some of
us, not being satisfied with mere looking
down from the mouth of the cave, must
descend its ragged walls?roots affording
steps. We proceeded more than a hundred
feet below the level surface above, when it
became too damp; far down the mossy
oiuus, unppea unceasing drops of
water, and the air becatuu too m uch con.
dunsed. 'Twas with difficulty, we ascended
the steep acclivity, and were nearly ex*
hausted when we reached the level surface
above. We stopped that night at a Mr.
Ramsay's, and fared sumptuously, from
his well spread table.
Wednesday morning we passed through
Pnyn's prairie, which is ten miles long, and
three wide, over which the tall golden
grass wave?, as the light breezes sweep over
its smooth surface. Where wo entered this
lovely prairie, 'twas bordered by the most
beautiful of oak groves, as green as midsummer
woodlands. Each tree was formed
as u 11 uau been trimmed, by a caajful
hand, with no limbs, for five or six feet, bo
that you might walk beneath their happy
boughs, which lap and mingle into each
other, forming a grand web of net work.
On one side of the prairie, there was a skirt
of woods whose bright and varied *t.: cs
remind us or**arly autumn, and far off in
the distance a grove of leafless trees represented
stormy winter ; and though these
grand old oaks had been robbed of their
summer vesture, they aro still not devoid of
beauty as their huge dark limbs are gracefully
draped in the long grey moss which
is very common in this country, and which
is said to be an indication of sickness,
where it'i# bo abundant. We travelled over
a dreary portion of country, after we left,
the prairie, till we come to Miccanopy a
I flourishing little village. The, Tuscawilla
lake lies just beyond the village, also a
small prairie ahd hammock all of which are
named in honor of Tuscawilla wife of the
Indian chief, Miccanopy. We dined with .
Judge Means and hit brothers-two wealthy
bachelors who live near the village?who
gave ns an - excellent dinner, to which we '
did ajnple justice. They vera distant rel
no wvu us inniBfue iriends to some of
the crowd, formerly from Spartanburg 8.
0. We-stayed. tiU evening as'twas 'rain*
irtg, theq went on a fpw' miles further to'
General Cowander's, under whose roof we
Bpent a very pleasant-night. Miss Blanch
tjiftTGeneraf a| 4?ugVUr, . *0$ w?rda
her Governess delighted w wiU* i/km delicious
masic. It oame when^t'leAstex--surprise.
We stayed till thewiorning Wa*? .
dence, where we had bewfcflkfc pindijp 4bMr- .
it dot rerjr thickly I
? i i 'i I in'.t.Hiii 11 Mi I lifli
sett led up in Marion. On this portion of it
saw only one or two dwellings, nfter leaving
tho General's till within a short distance of
tho Spring; thero is a small collection of
houses?three small Btores hut 110 accommodation
in the place. We arrived at the
Spring about two o'clock, partook of our
lunch?left our carriages in r grovo near
by, and walked down to the spring to take
a view and to great boat in which wo
might sail out upon its bright bosom. It
springs up in a low-flat portion of country,
with no towering hills to look proudly
down upon its silent splendor. We were
perfectly delighted with the view from the
banks and anxious to go out upon llie
glittering waters that moved majestically
on ; but we found no boat here, and were
about to give up in despair, when we were
told there was a boat at the lower landing ;
we were soon oft' in search of it and when
we reached the point we wore disappointed
more than ever. This boat had just
been taken down the stream ; hnwnvnr
, .. ? , ?w..v.w. ,
concluded to go and sec this magnificent
river once more before we left the shores,
and whilo wo stood gazing with
longing eyes up and down tho smooth,
noiseless stream, a stranger said he heard
a barge coming and that wo could then get
a boat. In a little while a barge boat burdened
with freight for tliG supply
of tho surrounding country, hove in
sight and to our unbounded joy
WP. \VOri? flirnitlnwl - " -I *?
..... .M.u IO..VU ?? nil it SUIilll fKUI
and were not long in getting aboard the frail
vessel ami up the stream we glided, over
the bright silvery bosom of this magnificent
body of water. 'Twas n lovely afternoon,
calm and clear, and the glorious king
of day could not liavo been more prodigal
of hia radiant beams, upon tho tender
blades of green grass that gracefully moved
on the deep bottom, were reflected tlio
splendant hues of the bright rainbow. Along
the middle of this broad stream when its
crystal water flowed more swiftly, were
spots of snowy white sand over which were
spread sparkling substances, glittering in
the sunshine most splendidly, and beautiful
shells, and the largo fish were sporting
in mo crystal waves tar down beneath our
miniature boat that scarcely rippled the placid
stillness. To me the whole scene was
like a glorious dream. I have often had
fancies of dazzling splendor ; but this far
exceeds all my dreams. A spring sixty feet
deep, and twenty yards broad, deepening
and widening as it wanders ou, and whose
water is so clear, eo transparent that you
may see the bottom, as if it was only a few
inches in depth. \ stood upon the green
banks casting a farewell look at this grand,
magnificent and beautiful scene, then turned
to leave it with reluctance. There was
nothing on our way homo worthy of notice
except tho orange grove, about twenty
miles above the Silver Spring, and it did
not near compete with my expectations?
nothing but a tangled mass of orange trees,
whose beauty was marred by the cattle,
reaching and pulling down their long limbs
so as to obtain the beautiful golden fruit,
nearly all of which was gone, ero wo visited
its spacious grounds. Other trees and
vines, rudely mingle with the orange. On
ono side of the grove lies a beautiful largo
sheet of still water, which bears the name
of Orange-Jake ; on the other side is a small
prairie known bv the namo of orange prairie.
Cabbage Palmettoes raise high their noble
heads, to overlook the other trees and shrubbery
that bounds the plains. Wo lodged the
first night at a Mr. Souters and shared his
hospitality ; they are an excellent family?
the nexfcat Miccanonv. and the last ut Naw.
nansvillo whero we attended a circus, which
proved to bo a very poor affair. The next
evening wo were kindly received into our
transient homes with a welcoming smile.
Poet's Heads.?Sir Walter Scott's hat
was always the smallest in any company
ho happened to be in?the head was
pyramidal. Byron's was the same. Sir
Charles Napier in his "Diary" thus mentions
his meeting with Byron:?"Lord
Byron is still here?a very good fellow,
very pleasant, always lauffhinr* and ir>USnr?
. . , - o D " ? "6'
An American gave a very good account of
him in the newspapers, but said that his
head was too largo in proportion, which is
not true. He dined with me the day before
the pajjgr arrived) and four or five of
us tried to put on his hat, but none 'Could;
he had the sfbAttegt' head of all, nod one of
the smallest T ever' saw. He "is very compassionate
and kind to every one in distress.1'
At the opening of Burns's mausoleum in
1834, for the interment of bis widow, the
poet's skull was taken up and examinedNine
gentlemeo were Resent, and every
qo? trjed' hia. bat on the sky 11. 6nly,jone
of the uine could cover it, and. that -was
thefcai ofMr.'i'hertg^s Carlyhj.
.it *' ' < A
ini man that doth Uo : *
Because his wiffe'dST*'1ffc%W'l^crtf-wh#lW ;
'>* fcoWfroc Hi tb*1Wrl* a*Mi!*' cUfldr?r<
vllf r'crv J^^iBbS7! '
>v.i(uni aJ "tf?>ftw tW^HV.ujuj m*; r?.
-TJJi ImUh* u rati??rIOQ loagriW ?g^gd
^io|l?,bat the moral is ratline. ***><*'
mlitiujHUi, i iniiiirttoiinlMMaMiBaii ilfr in iTfir i *>'
[for the independent piikss.]
Too Young to Love.
Too young to love I can it be true,
That love ne'er crowns the youthful li?art
Nor leaves upon its spotless blue,
Some wound from Cupid's fly ing dart.
Too young to love ! arc childhood's years,
ChiMM l>j- the absence of its powtr,
And in there not n path thatbenra
The ling'ring fragrance of its flower f
Too young to love I is't not more fit
For youthful lienrU that have no care,
To love what'er nfTections knit,
Than they who all life's troubles bear !
Too3'oung! ami id not j*outhful lovo
The purest, happiest and free f
'Tin but the mirror held above,
Reflecting love that ought to be.
BEOOMINQNESS OP BEARD.
IIow to wear your own board, is, we
take it, one of the most (secretly) interesting
questions of tlic present day. And we
arc nut going to ask pardon of the ladies
for giving a prominent place, in the Home
Journal, to a suggestion or two as to the
taste in the cut and wear of this wholly masculine
prerogative. There arc few women,
we believe, who have not some sort of property
in some sort of man?she who has
neither lover nor male relative, having, at
least, n favorite clergyman, physician, poet
or "promising young man," in whose beard
she is interested?and as woman's opinion,
(whether she has "set her face against il"
or not,) is apt to have great weight in the
choosing of the style for the heard, we shall
believe that, in discussing it, we are, as usual,
writing for both sexes.
Almost universal as "hairy faces" have
now become, there is not one man in twenty
who shapes and dresses his beard to the
best advantage. Whether this isym awkwardness
owing to the long disuse of it as a
part of the human countenanco, or whether
few men have the taste to be trusted with
the formation of a feature in their own faces,
such is the fact. To every artistic cye>
Broadway is but a long procession of physiognomical
mistakes; and all the more
hopeless, because, for each different fice,
the beard that would be most favorable is
of a more or less different modification.
The slightest line or shadinir. ns nil
w ?' " V ""
.know, materially affects tho expression of a
countenance. With very ti ifling differences
in tlio dressing of tho natural mask of
hair about a man's mouth, tho whole character
of his personal presence is changed.
It is wonderful, indeed, that, for so obvious
and universal a waut as tho wearing of tho
beard, artists have never yet given us a
manual of first principles, illustrated with
drawings. It is a book that would be eagerly
bought up and studied?the absence
of such an elementary Guide, too, being
likely to so perpetuato the mistakes in
beard-wearing, that there wiU be before
long, we fear, a general impression that all
hair upon the face is unbecoming. And.
from the return to barber-tern, (which would
be the natural consequence of such an impression,)
Good Taste deliver us!
Willi daily 6tudy of the beards of our
friends and acquaintance?the becoming
and the unbecoming?we have, of course,
learned here and there an incidental lesson
on the subject; and this, in the lack of
more arListic authority, we propose now to
jot down. Only one man's observation
though it be, (and that man not an artist.)
it may prove suggestive to'those who are
skilful with eye and pencil?resulting, perhaps.
in the much desired* guide-book.
Without any particular ord'or, therefore, let
us proceed at once to record our chance im/if'
Dressions ns rer<>ivpr1
* " *
A very rare thing, indeed,-is a male face
which looks better if altogether close shaven.
Yet there is hero and there one?a youthful
Apollo or Byron, whoso absolutely faultless
outline of features is marred by any
covering, or by any breaking up1 of tbo harmonious
Whefo the beauty of the face consists
mainly in the fine formation of the jaw-bone
and chin, a man loses by growing his beaFfl
over this portion. Better wear only the
There is now and then a man whose
severity or sharpness of eye is redeemed by
a good-natured mouth?the animal character
of the person being Kindlier than the
intellectual?and a covering of the lips, in
such a oase, is, of coarse, a mistaken biding
of Nature's apology, and a seedless detriment
to thtf^exprosion, Better wear only
' A smaM or receding ehin, and a feeble
jaw, may "be entirely concealed by a fqll
beard, and wi tb groat advantage to the genital
pbysiognotfiy. So may the opposite
defect, of toe ooane a jaw-bont, or too loag
teb fb. v 'ft
, . .i uv iinigai an i. upper upi oid m loqjjrovad
by the cur to of ? well-trimtned
mu?UcW"? So wo ?n upper lip lhat n too
long from th6 neefttownwards, or one that
b dfcfigvred bp& ibeup.
tMtbl0 ''wMhigtoif. to U^WWrtr^f
(artistically ftpMltfeg,)1&+ ftiffywtttythtml
4, ^ v - v" \
- -iif illi ii^iiilit aiiiir'miMiiMiiirtiiiiiiiiLJi-?_
ed to posterity, would hnva been relieved
of its only weakness if he had concealed
tho collapsing upper lip by a military mustaclio.
A face which is naturally too grave can
be made to look more cheerful by turning
up tho corners of the must rtfliP?nno I
which is too trivial and inexpressive can be
made thoughtful by the careful sloping of
the mustache, with strong lines, downwards,
j Tho wearing of the whole board gives, of
course, a more animal look; which is uo
' disadvantage if the eyes are large and the
forehead intllectual enough to balance it.
But, whero tho eyes are Braall or sensual
and tho forehead low, tho general expres
6ion is better for the smooth chin, which,
to the common eye, soems always less animal.
What is commonly called an "imperial,'
(a tuft ou tho middle of the chin,) is apt to
look like a mere blotch on tho facc, or to
give it an air of pettiness and coxcumbry.
The wearing of tho beard long or short
forked or peaked, aro physiognomical advisabilities
upon which a man of judgment
will take the advice of an artist as well as
of an intimate friond ii
^ V?...V^ U|-UN
nil other particulars, as well) but having
onco decided upon the most becoming
model, lio should stick to it. Alteration in
the shape of bo prominent a portion of the
physiognomy gives an impression of unreli>
ableness and vanity.
Middle-aged men are apt to be sensitive
with the incipient turning gray of tho beard.
But they are often mistaken as to its effect.
Black hair, which turns earliest, is not only
picturesquely embellished by a sprinkling
of gray, but exceedingly intellectualized
and made sympathetically expressive. The
greatest possible blunder is to dye such a
beard. There is one complexion, however,
of which the grizzling is so hideous that
total shaving, dyeing, or any other escape,
is preferable to "leaving it to Nature." We
mean the reddish blondo. of which th? firu
blanching gives the appearance of a dirty
mat. It was meant to be described, perhaps,
by the two lines in Iludibrns:?
"The npper part there of was whey.
The ucther orange mixed with gray."
A white beard is so exceedingly distinguished,
that every man whose hair prematurely
turns should be glad to wear it;
while, for an old man's face, it is so softening
a veil, so winning an embellishment,
that it is wonderful how such an advantage
could be ever thrown away. That old age
should bo always long-bearded, to be properly
veiled and venerable, is the feeling,
we arc sure, of every lorer of Nature, as
well as of every cultivated and deferential
Youths should be told in time that the
j beard grows much more gracefully, and
adapts itself much better to the face, for
being never shaved; while, in nil beards,
nascent and downy, left to themselves, there
is great beauty. The yellow tinted and
flaxen, with their slight shadings of darker
gold, are thought the handsomest in Italy
and the East, while, in England and this
country, the dark brown and black are preferred.
Beards aro sometimes of so coarse a texture,
that they require to grow to a considerable
Iehgth before a judgment can ba
.? v\4 I.W LUU I'WOl Olta|ilU^ UI Ull'IIil in
dressing the beard by too close a scrutiny
in a glass near a window, the wearer is npt
to lo96 the perspective and casual effect
upon the general eye?thus, sometimes, getting
needlessly out of humor with what
strikes others as very well, epd making mistaken
experiments in trying to improve it
The very general habit of dyeing the
beard is oftenest an exceeding blunder.
The peculiar deadndss of the tint makes it
detectable by the commonest eye, and the
lack of all shading and tlie consequent
abruptness of edge, add to the falsity of its
look. Much the greater portion of thoso
who "dye," would look vastly better either
with their gray beards or with chins olose
Let us add, bf, the way, that the lift of
the head above the shoulder*, so neb&sary
to a weltfbred air, may sometimes T>e Interfered
witlj, by a .board worn too busby and
long. The effect of the beard its? If .is very
often spoited>by a standing sbirt-collar, so
worn as to ctit off its outline: Shirt, coat,
and cravat, sbouldtll leave bead and heard
/% linAKefyiinfa/l ?ia?- J- ?
w h^vvovi mvvwu t ^ "^mnumiir ty w.ilii
persons; of short stature. .u,
There are various incidental motives, of
course, whiub, arbitrarily and quite- independent
of taste, affect the #efcring of the
beard. Clergy ma*^ tufori, deacons, bankdirectors
and Undertakers, may think it
more or less'for their interest to ,ishayen?
to satisfy. IeVps say, Kpirever,. very unrea-t
sonablo ?XDictations, in tha #r?
? -s 7"r~* 5"t inr,vi
they dp it h Bnt Lher?.U,for b?reaAd th?re
a man, ? ft*oot?d<ry Moilforrtioit affeotiWg
pdHcy ?f tbtf UwM::
i / - ?V ,v> Ms *.: i V,.-v4
ortfe g^ ^3fj^,^x]KS^I5
,pn? *foi*Akt>? .aatoraU$too.. iHoayr*^
hnpraastttrty lluaaMP^'*" ?*'* *?"<1
As wo wished to confine our remarks, in
this article, to just that department of tho
subject, which, as far as wo know, has
never been written upon?the art of marinj
the beard bccominghj'?wo will reserve
some other considerations for u future number.?Home
Cobdcn and O'Brion.
Two distinguished strangers arc now present
in Washington City, to witness the closing
scenes of tho thirty-fifth Congress, before
commencing extended tours through
Canada and the United Stales?William
Smith O'liiien, the distinguished Irish pa
i ?.noi, wiio arrived in tlio l'rinco x\lbert, at
New York, where ho was honored with an
enthusiastic public reception ; and Richard
Cobden, who arrived in the Canada, at Bostoil,
where 110 one knew that he was contemplating
a visit to this country. The object
of both of these distinguished gentlemen,
in coming to this country, is to see
it for themselves, and observe for themselves
the working of our institutions; and with
this design, they have both gone to Wash
ington, to look at a Congress of the United
States before the session expires.
William Smith O'Brien is the most distinguished
among the many remarkable
men, who, a? the loaders of the young Ireland
party, were transported to penal colonies
in 1848, by the British government.?
lie is a gentleman, not only of aristocrat c,
but of royal blood, tracing his descent from
Brien Burn, King of Ireland, whose ancestors
were kings before the commencement
of the Christian era. Early in life, through
:..n ? ?
iiiinnnice, no was roiurnoi to the
British Parliament, where, in a service of
fourteen years, lie was distinguished for his
liberal views upon all subjects, for his devotion
to the interests of Ireland, and for the
fearlessness and independence with which
he opposed the policy of Daniel O'Connell,
whose sinoeiiiy and patiiotism he always
suspected. When, however, O'Connell in
1844, was imprisoned, having been with
others, indicted and found guilty upon the
charge of a conspiracy to subvert tho British
government in Ireland, in reviving hi<
repeal movement of 1833, O'Brien gave
him his sympathy and support, and con
tinned to act with him until the suspicious
moderation of the great agitator led
to lllc nrrrQiii'?il!"n '"> ?
._ W&, ui mo uiuru uura |
and radical party of Young Ireland.
With litis party.in the political agitations
which occurred between 1845 and 1818,
O'Brien as thoroughly identified, and with
its leaders be Buffered tho political vengeance
of the British government. Mitchell,
Meagher, and oilier promi net mo fibers of
the party were arrested, prosecuted for seditious
language, and transported as felons.?
O'Brien, who had resisted an armed body
of police dispatched to arrest him, was tried
upon tho charge of high treason, found
guilty and sentenced to be hanged, drawn
and quartered. This sentence was afonwards
commuted to transportation for life,
and finally, after spending five or six years
i i. - '
in ? jituin uuiuiiv, ne was unconditionally
pardoned and permitted to return to Ireland,
where ho has been living quietly without
connection with political affairs.
Richard Cobden is a man novns homu,
who has gained the distinguished position
which he occupies without the advantages
.of education, and of wealth, and the prestige
of a distinguished name, which were
enjoyed by Win. Smith O'Brien. He is
the son of n farmer; was for many years a
successful manufacturer of cotton prints;
and is now one of the most conspicuous
members of the British House of Commons.
His parliamentary career began in 1841,
and since that time ho has been nrominenr. I
in all ihc i-ilbrts which have been made to
" liberalise" tho Constitution and the commercial
policy of England.
Tho Irish patriot and the English refowr>
mer will observe the workings of our institutions
from different points of view, but
from both wo may expect opinions of our
country, of our people, and of our system
of government, more intelligent and more
impartial than those which are usually formed
by British jurists.?Augusta Constitutionalist.
m i ? ;
De Qcincy.?The North American Review
for January contains nn artiole on De
Quincy, from which the following descrip
tion of the man is taken :
" In persoD, lie is anything but prepossessing,
being diminutive in statute, and
awkward in his movements, with a shriveled,
yellow, parchment skin. Uis liead,
however* is superb, and his face remarkably
sensitive and expressive; the eyes sunken,
but brilliant with the fire of genius and tfre
illuminations of opium. In manners, lie is
a modelof decorum, urbanity and natural,
unaffected gentility. He is a magniGcent
trtlker, and a fine reader j which last quality
he notes a*'t* rare accomplishment, whether
among men or women. He is genial and
hospitable in his household.
1Je performs set tasks of walking, day by
day, in bis. garden, aud marks bis. progresfi
by deposits of-stone. He has offered' bis
body, after death, to the surgeons . for dissection,
as his contribution to physiological
.science. He seriously believes that the
dreadful gnawing of the stonaacb,. already |
alluded to, which arises, perhaps, from the
collapse and .impotency. of . that organ
through the'iiftft of opium, is caused by'the
ravgds of a living animal. ITe is singular
in his habits, often disappeataJQrotn his home
for days together?-no inquiry being' made
^after him by his friends?and returns as
mysteriously as he Went. He has two
daugtrtres, one of whom is married to an
6fflcer in the Indfen'army; the other, and
eldest, ttrd?id? over tbtf house, and aoU as
>Mii amiranetwis;* '
"Why don't, youthat barrow of
?0*J, Notf T Msaid a'nrt tneV (o 6t& ofbi**ona.
.At*!* Do's^mar>"ji job- ..%* ? jo
ipoJine<jk^U?^bo ,r*fcM* ajtw AW'.,??-;
tfiidi (N-e^r tttW?pkH<H?b* tealiwtyUit
hinj[8H idimi*'4<p^ **'* *
"a- '- -
Sleep and Study.
We are happy to learn that the Prin?
cipal of the well known Female Seminary at
South lladley, Mass., after duo deliberation
as to tho propriety of such a "departure
from an old time custom," has decided to
give young ladies under his tuition one half
hour more to sleep in tho morning.
Within a very recent time wo have observed
with pleasure a disposition to reform,
in me education ol iUe young, many oldfashioned
absurdities, and to resolutely bring
up pupils according to tho laws of health
and plain common sense. Prominent ainong
these absurd errors is the idea that
sleep is quite a trivial matter?that
persons of great virtue, industry, and who
are economical of time, sleep very little, and
tb at in fact the higher we rise in the scale
of ex cellence and intelligence the less we
sleep. Let the reader reflect calmly on the
anecdotes which be has heard ofgreat men,
and of the masses of advice on the subject,
which be may have read in books for the
young, and ask himself whether all the
world have not united in droning one song
on the subject. Sleep is the twiu brother
of Kiniptf turimf.n*
? ? vi j iiivuiviib uv><utvu vvr oivivu
is a gulden spark of life stolen from thought.
Sleep little and you will sleep much."
To this they add dire anecdotes of Lord
Brougham, who only sleeps four hours per
di-.-in, and quote tlie unwholsomo exanple
of students who waste the midnight oil over
'tomes"?as if any man who ever lived
could not find sunlight enough, taking the
year through, to study himself bljnd without
ever burning oil or gas. lleally wo
pity miltou's blindnes much less when we
recall his very silly, sentimental, and vain
romantic wish that his lamp might be seen
at the midnight hour from somc^bigh. lonely
tower, where he might long ?utwatch the
hear. If the poet had gone to fted at 10,
I on/I rv/-\ I l,rv n t 7 no fl t... 1. ..'..J
- "I' "k "? ,"**D ??"u
his eyes and done much more wdfk in the
Twist and turn it as you may; wo cannot
got over the fact, that just so far as you
bend a springtforward, justsqfa* it must fly
hack. The energies of mind and body differ
in no respect froin a spring. Whether
people weary the mind by study or the
body by exercise, makes no difference whatever.
And to deprive a growing animal,
bo it g'.rl, I oy or other organism, of a certain
quantum of food, exercise, sleep and relaxation,
is to injure her, his or its health.
There is no getting over this. And health
is absolutely and perfectly indispensible.
No acquisition of knowledge, no cultivation
of intellect, no promotion of morals, even
which involves in the slightest degree the
injuring of physical health, is justifiable?
that is to say, wo believe in the long run
all intellect, and all sound morality suffer in
irrilatftd or morbidly unbalanced frames.
What should we lliink of a teacher who
punished pupils by giving them large and
positively injurious dose3 of nauseous drugs,
j such as castor oil aud emetics? Yet wet
many years ago, know ofsuchacase. What
an idiot should we judge the man to be
who would lock a pupil up in a closet, tight
as a cofiin, so tight as to stiffen the limbs
and almost suffocate? Common sen3e
teaches us that all those disciplines are wrong
because unhe ilthy. Why should we look with
more toleration on subtracting from waking
energies'by abridging the period ofsleept
Closely allied to the subject, as regards edu
canon, we ??vo uio lniamous system of overworking
pupils dnring working hours, and
culivatig the intellectual system, without
regard to the physical. We havo beea
pleased to see that of late this one sided exhausting
system has received attention in
our city, and is in a way for reform.
We often hear the question put in pr^so
as we have seen it io poetry, "Why are th?
beautiful so rare?" Why is it that among
so many men we see so few handsome one*,
ivhnn AvnacinnoA tliAtra llmf n?v\rtA?n
KMVII VA|/VIIVUt.V Vlillb lUIIIj/n auuo,
ercise?, and ab&encc of cares, with, as life
advances, a due cultivation of the higher
faculties and feelings, are sure to result in
and preserve good looks? The fact is that
people nro too ignorant of the main truths
of the laws of health. A vast majority
Mill believe that very little sleep is positively
bencfioial to health?Bulwer sets forth tbo
absurdity in bis last no^el?and declares
that so long as we rise early it makes no
diffureno when we go to bed. A few
years will probably see a great dissemina*
tion of truth as regads the lawg of health,
and their application to education.
Shoemakers and milkmen make good sailors?tbey
are both used to working at tho
<4\VW'ft lliA ttcn " on Jrlta WIaw
"of a man's working himself to death to get
a living ?" |
"What an irogwueful return F eaid *
defeated candidate, when a count of bis rote*
proved him in. the minority.
Whnt*is the difference between., a sailor
and ^ soldier ? One tars his ropps, the olhjfcr
pitches his tent. ...
-.-The orew of a sailing boat threw out all
herbal last, and she consequently upset; how
was she destroyed ! By lightening !
During the present century, two hundred <
and fifty thousand patents for inventions
have been granted in England.
Profound silebce^ti' jTpub.lio ass?rhbl*jj?
bas been thus neatly/ describedn(Wd
might have beard the stealing of a pocketbandkercbtefl"
~ ~ :
7 im*? m< ' -
There are now fttny-tbree foontaina la
Liverpool, and the result of various Mont*
ings is, that one thousand persona, on the*rerage,
drink daily at each.
Two wealthy Hindoos geoerooriy HbaraUd
mil the debtors incarcerated in Bombay -gaol
on tb* day *ben the-queen's proelamartioa
ffi MK **" *4*
i wiichy Wben WkH .ftwt of.ofdirit
tauter it MM* ior '? Kvfag
one, ' ^?V* *'..:-jw ?? /< 44 v
" * . v': V '
i' J ,