Newspaper Page Text
LIST OF THE ACTS
Pasted at the second Session of the Thirty-Fifth
An act to repeal mi act eittiilod "An net anthorizing
tlio Secretary of Treasury to change
the names of vesbels in certain eaten," approved
the 4th of March, 185<?.
An act for the admission of Oregon in the
An act granting the right of way over and depot
grounds on the military reserve ut Fort Gratiot,
in the State of Michigan, for railroad purpose*.
Ail net to provido for the payment of the
claims of tho Stato of Maine for expenses incurred
by that Stn<e in organizing a regiment of
volunteers fur Uie Mexican war.
An act authorizing the President to mako advances
of money to lliruut Powers.
An *ct to provide for holding tho CoiirUof the
United States in the State of Alabama.
An act to incorporate the Washington National
An act to authorize the Attorney General to
represent the United States in the proceeding it.
Equity now pending in tho Supreme Court between
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts mid
tho Stato of llhode Island and the Providcnce
An act to continue the office of register of the
ImtiH nfilrn nf Vinrtnnat
Aii act to ameiiil an act entitled "An net authorizing
repayment for land erroneously sold by
the United States"
An act. giving the nsseut of Congress to n law
of the Missouri Legislature for llw application of
the reserved two per cent, fund of said Slate.
An net to protect tho land fund for school purposes
in Sarpy county, NVbraeUa Territory.
Au act to conGrni tbe land claim* of certain
pueblos and towns in tho Territory of New
Au act providing for keeping and distributing
all public documents.
An net nitiking Appropriations for the support
of tho Military Academy lor the ^earendiug
Junn 30. i860.
An act making appropiiations for tho current
ud contingent expenses of the Indian Depuitment,
and lor fulfilling treaty etipulaiious with
various Indian Iribep, for the year ending June
An act for the relief of tho Mobile and Ohio
An act to fix and regulato the compensation of
registers and receivers of the land offices under
the provisions of Iho act approved April 20, 1818.
Au act to authorize settlers upon the 16th and
36th sections, who settled before the survey of
the public lands, to pre-empt their settlements.
An act providing for ihe payment of the ex
UDC3 ui investigating committees of the House
An act for the punishment of forgii^g or counterfeiting
military bounty land warrants, bountyland
certificate, certificates of location, certificates
of purchase, and receivers' receipts.
An act making appropriations for tho legislative,
executive and judicial expenses of the government
for the year ending June 30, I860.
An act supplemental to an "Act for the admission
of the State of Minnesota into the Union."
An act making appropriations for the payment
of invalid and other pensions of the United
States-for the year ending June SO, i860.
An fliot making appropriations for the consular
and drplop^tJic expenses of governmeus for the
year ending June, 30, 1860.
An afct making appropriations for the support
of the army for the year ending June 30,1850.
An act to provide for the care and preservation
of the works constructed by the United
States for brining the Potomac water into the
cft.es of Washington and Georgetown, for the
supply of said water for all governmental purposes,
and for the uses and benefits of the inhab
Hants of said cities.
An act making an appropriation for the payment
of the expenses of investigating committees,
and for other purposes.
An act making appropriations for the uaval
service for the year ending June 80, I860.
An act to provide for extending (he Inws and
judicial system of the ITniteH Stoioo
_ _ ? ? wvr IUU OliUlO
of Oregon, and for other purposes.
An act to carry into effect the Convention between
the United States and China, concluded
on the 8th of November, 1858, at Shanghai.
An act making appropriations for Bundiy civil
expenses of government for the year ending June
SO, J 860.
From Pari? Cor. Ma rich <&ler GuardianEffects
of the War Fever in Frrfbce.
Park, February 17.
It is impossible to exaggerate the evil effects
of the present uncertainty of war or peace
upon the commercial and industrial developmentof
France. Everything is at a stand still;
and ruin is stalking abroad. The provincial
centres above all, are sorely tried, and bank
failures and bankruptcies are the every*day
events now. There is, apropos to'this, a curious
circumstance to be noted. The Patrie announces
that several chambers of commerce are
getting petitions drawn up and signed, in which
they expose the energy of the country's universal
wish for peace. Nov?, the Patrie takes
this occcasion to treat all acts of this kind as
"absurd attempts," end "demonstrations totally
incompatible with the dignity of the nation
Now, I should be desirous of knowing how
a reign that declares ita chief pride to be that
it is the result of the popular will, can set any
limits to the expression of that will, and stigmatise
as "absurd*' in one case, what it affects
to hold sacred io another. Or, is the cloven
foot beginning to be shown ! and are we com
ing to a repetition of the days when French
men had no power of resistance to the absolute
will of the tyrant whom their own crime and
weakness had placed over them I
A letter I have just received from Rome tells
me the belief there is that the actual war will
find its pretext in th<5 Papal States that in the
beginning, the French troops will be withdrawn
from Rome, and the Austrian ones from the
Legations, but that as insurrection will there
upon break out, Louis Napoleon counts upon
some inevitable skirmish between the two-defenders
of the Pope, to make war with Austria,
* fait accompli, without having the embarrassment
of any formal declaration.
I am bound to say that there is hardly any
?no here whose opinion is of any importance,
who does not imagine war to be inevitable. A
former minister foreign affairs, M. D
da L , [M. Drouyn de I'Huya.?] goes
about openly saying: "The only thing to bo
done for the tranquility of Europe is to put a
strait jacket ort the Emperor.
The very Republicans themselves are averse
io an intervention in fa*or of Italy, which' has,
hitherto, been one of their pet scheiaes. A
meeting was held the other day atM. Carnot's,
and all present were unanimous in opposition
was present last evening in ft talon foil of
?< .:i ? ? i ??-- ? ? >
ptiivio ? ufiuiuui wuru iuc duurnil au?
Sair was brought io A deputy (of hitherto
governmental tendencien^feook the paper and.
read what regards Hay ti. The- news began
thus: " At last, then we breathe freely; the
Emperor is overthrown. Thrdtljghout the talon
the people langhed, and evidently applied the
worda. The reader, after looking over the aoaeoount,
said, "Well, here it how it ends*?
" The Emperor himself haa been GefTrard'a
best ally?not a hand haa been raised in the
tjrant'a defenee. lie reigned by eomprcairion
and terror; he haa fallen, surrounded only by
pabiio contempts'" Whea thee depnty I hav?
mentioned had finished this sentence, and laid
down the paper, be added in * ieud voice:-?
"Take mv word for it;, those are the words
that will do printed here the day oar 8olouqae
is overturned." I repeat it, there were thirty
, people or more preeent, many genuine Imperaliste;
not a voice protested, and the only remark
made w??, ' Yea, it will perhnpa be the
wnuiuxviini um wui |H uik it* sua ITIMVHI I
mry be the author of the paragraph.',
Tbia may eiva you tpme potion of the ton*
.of the society hare at peccant.
> U? X*
"i'? ' ?Jvj
Bon. W. W. Boyea.
The "Winniboro RtgitUr annonoeea the ra1
torn of Mr. Bojce. The RegiHer aaya:
iIf appaaraneea are ortbodox, Mr. B.. wa
.'aadcnt^cdi ha* auataioed no pbyaiaal injury
from hia legialativo tod Mr. Boyce baa attained
an enviable potitfam of ialuenee hi Oar
.. Rational Conned* by,?nHtiitting attention to
tfeO laboriooe e*ietion? of ila aituatien and by ]
the ?igoroa$' judgment and signal toknta ha j
Vfeaa madifekted on *ark>oe oaaaaionn. Hkiaj
^oraM entitled t? tfaa waajBwy elfc^'' cfi
kit ably repraMfctrd onetiftneney
THE INDEPENDENT PRESS
is fublihukd kvrry friday morning b1
LEE & WILSON.
W. A. LEE, - Editor.
Individuals, like nationx, fail in nothing which
they boldly attempt, when sustained by virtuous
purpose, aw'determined resolution*?Henry Clay
" Willing to praise, yet not afraid to blame"
Terms?Two Dollars a Year, in Advanoe. !
ABBEVILLE O. Hi
FRIDAY, MARCH 18, 1859.
WESTERN CIIICUIT?SPRING TERM, 1859.
Spartanburg, . . ..... Saturday, March 19*
Laurens, Saturday, March 26.
SITTINGS OF COURT.
Pickens . . Monday, March 21.
Greenville Monday, March 28.
Spartanburg, Monday, April 4.
Lnnrens Monday, April 11.
Clubbing with MagazinoS.
Tlio example of several of our contemporaries
of the press, suggests the propriety of reminding
our readers, that wo are prepared to
furnishour paper in connection with the popular
monthlies of the Season at reduced rates.
We will fdrnish the TRESS and either "HARPER,"
" GODEY ," "GRAHAM." or the
" KNICKERBOCKER," for FOUR DOLLARS ;
and " PETERSON " or " Arthur" with the
PRESS for $3.50?which is only (1 in advance
upon the current rates of thope Magazines.
Such magazines as HARPER, GODEY and
others, with their attractions literary and pictorial
are iuvaluahle to the family circle, and
with the local incidents and general miscellany
of the country paper, constitute a fund of
entertainment, which well repays the pecuni
Mr. Editor : Please acknowledge through
your columns the receipt of Nine Dollars as a
Donation to the Bible Society from Jury No. 2
paid to me through Col. H. H.HARPER,
R. H. WARDLAW, Secy.
Banner please copy.
We direct the attention of our fenders to
the advertisement of M. ISRAEL A BRUSSEL,
who are now receiving from New York,
a large and varied assortment of Spring and
Summer Goods, comprising all the latest
styles for gentlemen add ladies. These gentlemen
keep always on hand, a very complete
stock .selected with great taste and skill, and
will be found very attentive and obliging.
Give them a call.
Read the advertisement of GROYER <fc BAKER'S
Sewing Machine, and the numerous
icaumon lata irom well known individuals.
They show that the Sewing Machine is one of
the wonders of the age, and that GROVER <fc
BAKER'S is the very best. No family should 1
be without one. Messrs. BRANCH A ALLEN,
are the agents for Abbetille. Read the Sheriff's
and Ordinary's advertisements.
Godey'a Lady's Book.
Godey's Magazine for April has been peceived,
with its usual attractions, literary and pio- (
torial. The opening engraving "The Returned
," is a beautiful picture of a domestic scene,
and the colored fashion plates, and other en.
gravings present all the novelties of (he season.
Among our readers we number many
subscribers to Godey?Subscription price with
the Pro* $2.
The Faritter and Planter.
We have received the March number of tbis
valuable Agricultural Journal?The leading
article of the number is an excellent essay on
the " Diseases of Domestic Animals and their
Treatmentwhich bore off a $20 premium at
the late Fair of the State Society. It ia well
worth itself, the subscription pricc. In the
2<i number of "Barefooted not** on RnniK.m
Agriculture the writer points out the defect*
in the present system of pasturage, suggests
improvement*, and discusses the merits of the
various grassea. ,
The Agricultural and Horticultural editors
well sustain the interest of their respective Departments.
In ths Agricultural Department
" Hints for the Month ' Hill-Side Ditches
"The Patent Office Reports," "Improved
Farming Implements " The Destruction of
Forests," furnish the subjocts of many valuable
reflections?whilst to the Departments of Horticulture
and Pomology, the skill and experience
of the accomplished editor, contribute
various interesting articles.
The snbscrip'.ion price is $1.00 in advance.
Col. J. F. Mjrshi.ll and Mr. T. B. Crews have
consented to act as the agents for Abbeville
The receipts of cotten in Charleston for the
past week were, by railroads 6,782 bales ; by
water and wagon 66ft bales?together 7,488
bales?corresponding week last year 16,694
The export* from Charleston for the tame
time were, to foreign porte 8,292 bale* ; tout
wise 4,576 bales?-making the total exports of
tbe week 12,863 bales, and leaving on hand a
tock of 64,000 balei, inclusive of 12.084 bales
on ehip-board not cleared, against * stock of
21,600 bales, and 18,676 balea on ship-board
same time laat year.
The sales in Charleston dnriagtUa past week
amoanted to 18,000 balaa, at price* ranging
frem 11$ to 12.
The total receipts at atl the porta daring the
past week amounted to 82,465 bales, agaioet
88,107 bales, received during the same period
I last year. The total receipt* at all the porta
eineo tbe 1st ofSeptember, amount to 2,987,672
balea, against 1,078,147 up to the same dates
last year, showing an increase this year of
The exports to Oreat Britain op to the lateat
dates,amount* to 979,710, showing an increase
on the export* to that country last year of 200,802
bales. The shipment* to Northern ports
show an increase of 889,086 bale* from th*
shipments of last year.
The atoek on hand and an thin.Wnt ? ?ii
the porta, op to the latcat ditM, Mount* to
944,M0b?la* being 187,408 balee nor? than
th? atoek on kaad at the earreepooding data
DMjth of Apt. IfoWUUmw.
TIm CbMfMtoa papm umvbm the death
a(0apL Archibald If eWiJfcum, *f that eitj.^
lavnbera ia AjWahwa, iM^ud, ii Ufl,
17M ba Mrtij, ihhkte
Our Court Adjourned on Saturday last. leaT'
log a good large amount of business undisposed
of?several of the old case* on the Issue
Docket, and all of the new cases being continued
over for want of time.
The at tendance of spectators from the country
was smaller than Usnal?owing we suppose
to the badness of the roads, the favorable state
of the weather for farming operations at home,
and the faet that the cases for trial presented
no matters of general interest. We never observed
a more qaiet and orderly Court?less
intoxication and noise among those in attendance.
This wae the subject of general re?
mark, and taken in connection with the fact
uiav wo nave the license system in full blast,
speaks well for the good order end sobriety of
The cases of litigation Involved generally
small amounts and presented few novel, legal
principles.?The case of Montgomery v?. Me
Laren was an action brought to recover tho
wages of certain carpenters who were hired by
the month and were to board themselves ; and
the matter in dispute was a discount for lost
days, upon which the Defendant relied. His
Honor stated the law, as settled by decided
cases, that where the hiring is for a year, the
loss of time falls upon the hirer, and intimated
his impression that such was the case where
the hiring was for the month. In either case
there tvaa an absolnte disposal of the services
of the negroes for the time limited. The Jury
over ruled the Discount?the Defendant we believe,
has given notice of appeal.
The case of Clinktcale vt. Hunter was a suit
brought for the purchase money of a tract of
land and the defence relied upon, was a failure
of consideration from the fact that though the
Defendant got the number of acres contracted
for, the tract did not ooutain a piece of woodland
which h?? ilUt/fil ortnftt.itnt.ftil tlift consid ?
eralion for the purchase. The question involved
wns principally ono of fact, and turn ed upon
the fact whether the Defendant had been
misled by the misrepresentations of the Seller*
The Jury brought in a verdict giving the plaintiff
the full amount claimed.
The cits* of AIcKelvy vx Houslan involved the
liability of an endorser. Tho material point
of the case .was, as to the ownership of the
note, at the time of the endorsement. Unles#
it wait then the property of the endorser, his
endorsement of the note, was a mere guarantee
for \Chich no consideration had been shown.
His Honor held that there was net sufficient
evidence to establish the ownership and granted
a motion for a nonsuit.
The various Rules against tbe Sheriff, his
Honor ordered to be discharged?his return
showing sufficient justification.
The criminal business of the Term was very
light?involving some few cases of assault
The Commissioners of Public'Buildings have
recently been engaged in beautifying our Public
SqOare, by planting out rows of shade trees
consisting of elms and maples. These in n few
years will furnish a delightful shade, conducing
equally to beauty and comfort. Portions of
the Square have been nicely gravelled, and
these now present a fine compact surface, forming
a perfect contrast to their former miry
and impassable condition. The Commissioners
nlso'contemplate digging a Public well in the
in these improvements the citizens of our ,
District are all interested, since they contribute |
bo much to their comfort on all public occasions.
Besides as the County seat is in a measure
the index of the charaoter of the District,
our citizens shtfuld hail every improvement as
additional evidence to the stranger of that liberality
and intelligence which have ever characterized
the people of Abbeville.
Immediately in rear of the Courthouse, is the
new and handsome brick Law Range to which
a beautiful gravelled plaza, planted in shade
trees constitutes a fitting vestibule. Back of
this range, the Town Council are now erecting
a new Market House on the street leading to
Various Public and Private edifices are in
contemplation or in the progress of erection,
' - ....
uu who o^jjufiiuncc oi tilings generally is improving.
The new Congress commenced its constitutional
existence on Friday noon. The Senate
is nearly complete, there being only three ??eanciea,
viz., one hi the delegation from New
Jersey, one from Minnesota, and one from Oregon.
There are now thirty-three States. Conicquentl)-,
the Senate, when full, oompriies aixtysix
The vacancy in Oregon-will be filled with a
Democrat?that in New Jersey probably With
an Opposition man?Minnesota, doubtful. In
any case the Democrats will have a handsome
Horse or RrrREfiiNTATivM.
The new House of Representatives, when
full, willeomprise 287 members, including two
from Minnesota and one from Oregon. As j et.
only 150 have been elected, leaving 87 yet to
be chosen. In this body parties will be close(
and it is not probable that either of tliem will
have a decided majority. According to present
appearances, half a dozen " ftotfth Amoviom."
if there should bo ao many, will hold the balance
of power, On tome topic* they will go
with the Demoorata?on othe?? with the Repub
rforth Atiantlo Telegraph.
Till. P. Shaffnner, of Kentucky, in a petition
to Congress, states that he haa engaged
figineefa and other arsistanta to accompany
him in an expedition to atart early in in June
next, for the surrey of the proposed route for a
submarine cable by way of Greenland, Iceland
and the Faroe Isles. He fgltitfaai for the aid
of gg??rnment ships in conveying Jhe expedition,
conditional upoa the telegrtfth being*
when completed, " open to all nations alike,"
itf conformity with eonceeaiona from the Danish*
Government already obtained. Mr. Shaffner
refers to the theary promulgated by him
some yearj ago, respecting the impracticability
of working long aub-^gueona conductors of
eleetricity, and Regards the failure of the Atlantic
Cable as demonstrating its correctness.?
The longest cable by the North Atlantic route
would be about 6000 miles. Mr. S. suggccte
that Una might embrace some half a doseo eleetfifl
VIKM L * * *
, ? II W ?wu* liMH WHVUP 1 BU IIITO Ml Mr
preferred wiree for tbeir ropeetire intereeta.?
Tho petition itotal that iff. 8. bu epentfl.OO,000
ip. furtheraaco of thieltaterprje* up to the
pr?MDt time. '
Burning of Another BUtmir.
Wo lura from the Memphis Bullitt*, of the
?th iaetent, thet tbe steamer W. E. Dooglae, a
Oreudeud We* Ortoese packet* took fire at
Oeraalt'e Leading, oa the 4th inelaot, wd ?ei >
totally oosMBwd, with her urge of eight haadrod
batee of oottoa. 8fie wee reined at $151,
060, aad vee partially oerered bj aa iosaranee
Hf (ft.ooa ^ber vai owned by Got* flam.
aad jOoL T. H. JiiiiJpU *f
flimfli Tba^UMee, iaot fWifthfc wee .
The Danville and Greensborough Connection.
The Lagislature of North Carolina, at its late
Session says the Richmond Dixpatch, passed a
bill authorizing a railroad from some point
near Danville, Va.t to some point in Rockingham
Co. N. C., not nearer than 20 miles of
Greensborough. It wns introduced as an
amendment to the hill authorizing the exteuaion
of the Danville Railroad to Greensborough
after the reconsideration and defeat of that
bill. It was charged at the time that this
amendment was the Danville extension in disguise,
since its nocesaary effect will bo to force
the North Carolinian Legislature to grant that
extension. Otherwise the late charter will be
mostd etrim?ntal to home interests by diverting
trade to the Virginia roads and to Richmond.
This is the view taken by Ex-Gov. Morehead
and others, who advocate the building of the
road under the lato charter, as leading nece?snrily
to the Greensborough extension. The
nfll-ol"'- I?5 " -
6 " .OJIO.U1.IVU UU HIT
subject we extract from the Carolinian :
During the lust session of the North Carolina
Legislat-jre, deep interest was felt in this
Stale, a large portion of North Carolina and a
portion of Virgin in, in the grant of a charier
for a railroad from Danville, on the Virginia
line, to Greensboro, in North Carolinn. The
charter as our readers will remember, was refused
through the active exertions of the Wilmington
interest. After its defeat, and while
the Legislature was intent upon the very laudably
design of developing the resources of the
coal regions, a charter was introduced for a
road to run from Greensboro up to the coal
fields of the Dan River : but not lo extend
within twenty miles of Danvillo. The measure
passed the Ilou?e. In this form it would
have been a good feeder to either the North
Carolina Central road, or the Charlotte and
South Candinn load, according as the trade ?f
that region determinated to Wilmington or
Charleston. From some cause or other?whether
from the fear of Wilmington to peril the
trade upon the test of attractiveness, or some
other caute, we know not?when the bill was
sent to the Sennt", I he Senator from Wilmington
proposed to amend, so as to reverse the
House bill, and extend the Virginia road down
to North Carolina, not coming within twenty
miles of Greensboro. As strangely adverse lo
North Carolina interest us this niav seem if.
passed both branches and became a legalized
charier. It is apparent, if Richmond had been
given permission to locate the road so as bent
to suhaerve her own interest, no belter plan
could liave been devised. Without competition
from either Wilmington or Charleston,
she has now all she desired, and will of course
see that the road is built. The people of North
Carolina might almost fold their arms, for such
a completo monopoly docs this guarantee to
Richmond of the trade of that section, thai her
capilal would freely be poured out. for its construction.
It is to ua the most anomalous legislation
we ever heard of. Never was result
and intention so contradictory. The Legislature
set out with the grand idea of taking special
care of its own railroads and its own seaports.
Dut bewildered, probably, by the vigorous
attacks of Gov. ftiorehead, and others,
upon this restrictive policy, it has actually put
restrictions upon its own roads and its own
towns, to the special protection and advantage
Washington, March 8?Morning.
The Postmaster General died this morning at
half past nine o'clock. A quarter of an hour
previous he was conscious and took leave of
his family. Last niuht the President had *
Glial interview with him and was affected to
tears. During his occasional delirium the Postmaster
General called for " the bill,'* evidently '
alluding to the defeated one having reference
to his department. His death occnsions the utmost
sorrow among all classes of the coinmu"
Washington, March 8?Afternoon.
Postmaster General Aaron V. Brown died
at a quarter past nine o'clock this morning.?
The sad intelligence was immediately communicated
totlw President and departments.?
The General Post office was closed and draped
in mourning. This sad event has overwhelmed
with grief his family and friends, who loved
him so well.
A meeting of the officers of tho several bureaus
of the Post Office Department, together
with those of the Auditors' offices, was called
at twelve o'clock today, for the purpose of giv
iug expression to their grief at receiving the
intelligence of the decease of tho late head of
Singular Goinoidenoe.?Death of Poatmaster
General Brown and Mr. Marron.
The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore
Sun relates the following:
In his office, an ln*t Saturday four week*, an
incident took place, the solemn verification of
which vividly revivesit in the mind of the only
survivor of the three gentlemen present at the
Postmaster General Brown was signing up
his official journal?his clerk standing on his
left, turning over the pages as each signature
was affixed. Mr. Marron, then the efficient and
vigorous Third Assistant Postmaster General,
having under charge at that critical period Ihe
important responsibilities of the fiaance division,
entered the room to obtain Mr. B-'s signature
to a draft. Turning to the right, he cheerfully
signed the paper, and Mr. M. was retiring,
when the head of the department remarked,
"Marron. I wish Vou would omn? in ??
me when I get through with this I"
Being then long after the usual office hours,
Mr. M. turned and said. "Do you wish me to
see you again to day. sirl" "Yes." replied Mr.
Brown; "1 w*nt to know if you have set
your house in order: for, in a uionth or less, we
shall have neither a habitation or a name here."
Mr. ^larroa. with a conviction that his offiuical
house was always in order, paused a moment,
and with surprise and a smile, rriDarked, "My
hou?o in ord^rl"
"Yes, sir?your house in order : for in a
month or less wm^sll neither have habitation
or ahiama her?,*^r "Well, Governor," replied
Mr. Mnrron, "if the storm comes I can stand it
as well as others," and then, pleasantly, left the
TUa lamented head of the department then
said that his remarks referred to the action of
Congress, indicating the defeat of important
measures then under review.
How p/ophetic?lamentably so?was tha
prediction of that hour I On that very day
four weeks, tha effioient and beloved assistant
was followed to the tomb, and now the nation
ia called to moarn over the enlightened, patri,4)tio,
virtuous atatesman from whose lips, with
ao much emphasis, it fell.
Tbs Sickles Tradady.
In Harpere Wetkly of the 12, We find the
following oommente on the late homicide at
An injured hatband haa bot three wayeof
meeting the injqiy. Ha may laugh at it, or he
may challenge hte enemy ; thia ie the French
method. The firat resource afford* but little
coneolation, and requiraa unuaual philosophy,
the aecond may aaperadd phyaical to aoral injnry.
He may aue the adulterer for damagee.
Thia iathe Engllah plan. It iarelMa patience,
delay, exposure, disgrace. It paradea the injured
party to the contumely of the world. It
eltam yielda aubataatial profit, &d when it
doea it moat be painful to use money obtained
at the cost of tne tirtoe of a wife. Finally,
the injured huabaad may Uke the life of bim
who haa injured bim. Thia U the Amerioaa
aystem ; and latterly it haa been foHewed in
imusv parte ef Europe. Terrible aa homicide
ia, thia method mast, on the who)*, be admitted
to be the moat effectual, the wieet^ and
no w?n HHUM IVTMKI UI Ml OllfftSM 111Uband.
There e?n be no exeaee for th? Adulterer.
He oo in unite a three-fold erime, * crime ogainet
the vomto wbom he mieieede, a crime againat
the men whom be dkhotfh, ? erime agaio*t
aoeiety which he dlMc^PKt#. Buh of the
three calle for eondiga' poanelheent la Uwaa
the latter deye experirae* prove* that in all
ilh ^^alii will Uiltfa talUlliiia nIT
The Asylum for Inebriate*.
The application for a State appropriation, in
behalf of the proposed State Inebriate Asylum,
is now pending before the New York Legislature.
There aeems to bo a great difference of
opinion, to the prru * 'e efficacy of the Institution
for accompli .ng the reformation of tbe
drunkard, bnt there is a general disposition to
give the measure a fair trial. Says tbe Journal
It has been asserted that men are not to be
found who would voluntarily commit themselves
to an institution for inebriate* ; but this
is refuted by the fact that almost before the
foundation atone was laid, there had been U.800
application for admission, of whom, according
to Dr. Turner. Corresponding Secretary of the
M V T-. I.-:-.- A--.I ? -
A. giovo AiiQunaLo asjiuui, " more man
four hundred are women in tht high walks of
life, educated and accomplished," There appears
to be no room for reasonable doubt on
this point. The chief divergence in public
opinion is occasioned by doubt* as to the per
maiiency of the cures effected by an inebriate
asylum, the belief being prevalent that where
disease has once so far advanced bb to deprive
the individual of self-control, a relapse to former
habits would almost iuevitobly ensue upon
the removal of external restraints; that organic
changes already wrought in the system, would
defy all attempts at corrcotion.
It is to this feature, the pathology of inebriety.
that the N. Y. State Asplum proposes
to address itself?to inebriety as a disease ol
the stomach and brain, which ia first constitutional,
and then hereditary in its character.?
According to Dr. Turner, "tne time and the
only time, when this institution can reach the
inebriate, is when he has lost self control and
the law regards him as a dangerous citizen, or
when he can can be induced to enter the asylum
voluntarily." A large proportion of cases, as
shown by the experience of some of our insane
asyiums, may t>e cured in a3'ear?within which
time the morbid condition of the stomach will
he removed, and the powers of the constitution
renovated, so that tlie unnatural craving for
artificial stimulants will no longer exist. Though
ttiis it>the first institution of the kind in existence
specially designed for the treatment of
tnis disease, it has the substantial endorsement
of all the prominent physicians in the State.
The Last Congress?The Post Office Bill.
The House has concurred in the Senate provision
for the re-issue of the twonty-three millions
ofTreasury notes, which gives the Treasury
a standing credit to that amount, and w ill
relieve it from serious embarrassment. The
House yielded this point at the last hour to
avoid an extra session.
iii.um- tiMc BHcnnced an the mail
ateamer appropriations. The various Senate
amendment* to the Civil bill, including a provision
for the mail service by the Panama and
Tehuant-'pec routes to the Paeific. were abandoned
by the Senate to save the Treasury note
provision, arid an extra session.
The existing contracts aho?o mentioned do
not expire till the 30th of Sept ember next. The
important provision for mail service in the
Gulf of Mexico is thus lost. The Post Office
appropriation bill wsj sacrificed to a point of
The Senate undertook to force the House to
abolish the franking privilege and to increase
the rates of postage by providing for the same
in the Post Office appropriation bill. Die
House resented this aitempt by denying the
right of the Senate to originate a tncaiure for
the increase of taxation, and they sent back
the bill upon that objection to it The Committee
of Conference proposed a new bill, in
substance, the same as that which passed the
House on the 27th February last. The House
adopted this report, but the Senate debated it,
and the hour of 12 arriving, the session terminated
leaviog the Conferen e report uniio'.ed
Some of the Senator*, Messrs. Toombs, Mason
and others, were as indignant at the pretensions
of the Ilouse as the latter body was
at the assumption of the Senate. Thus, for
the first time. Congress leaves the mail service
unprovided for. It cannot be sustained after
the 1st of July.
The question is, whether the President will
deem it necessary, for this cause, to call an extia
session. Other causes may combine with
this to forcc an extra session.
The Public Roads.
TheGrand Jury of Richland District, in '
their presentment made at the late term of the
Court suggest the following change ill the law
regulating the working of the Public Roads:
The Grand Jury further recommend that a
change be made in the plan of working the
public rands. The}* advise that it be made a
job and given out to certain contractors, who
shall be held responsible to the Commissioners
of Roads, and to whom they shall give bond,
with ample security, for the faithful discharge
ol this obligation. That the said Commissioners
of Roads have full power, as in the case of
the building of bridges and other works of that
character, to levy sums neceasnry for defraying
the charges of the several contracts, by assessment
on the amount of the last general tax
paid by the inhabitants of the district where
such roads ere to be kept up ; and that the
Tax Collector be required to furnish the amount
of such last genera I tax, and to collect the sums
assessed by the Commissioners upon this tax,
and that he receive fur such services the same
per centage upon the sums collected as is
now allowed for collecting the public taxes.
In the case of persons who pay no taxes, and
yet are liable to road duty, they recommend
that obe dollar a year be exacted of them, in
lieu for their personal services as hitherto required.
The Grand Jury believe that in this
way the public roads would be kept in better
condition, and at an approach to equality of expenses
; it would thus be secured among thoia
who are required to do road duty.
The Presidential Nomination*.
The Charleston Courier, of the 11th intt., con
tains the following comments of a correspondent
on the late nomination , by the Savannah
Republican, of Senator Hammond and Mr.
"The Savannah Republican gives some good
reasons why South Carolina ana Massachusetts
should be joined together in the Prefidential
ticket. There are many more reasons that 1
hope the Republican will not overlook the
next time the subject is broached by it?such
as the similarity that exists between the people
of those two States with regard to their
conscientious respect for Lavs?witness their
devotion to the slave trado law in ods Statu
and the fugitive slave law in the other."
Auction Salsa in Charleston.
The Charleston Mercury notes the following
as the sales at auction on the 10th iustant:
Mr. Thomas M. Horns sold a family of four
negroes for $1,600.
Mr. J.S. Rififffssold a necro laborar. M I
old, for $800. *"*
Mr. Thomas Ryan & Son told * negro man,
80 years old, for $1,230 ; and a negro girl, 1
year* old, for $700.
Messrs. Shingler Brothers sold a family of
four negroes, at an average of $640.
Messrs. R. dc A. P. Cold well A Co., sold 8,*
800 bags Rio Coffee, a direct importation, at
priees ranging from 11J a 1S? j*oU?averaging
Miutakt Commission.?We learn says
the Mercury, from Capt. Lacaa that th? first
meeting of the military commission for (he rsconstruction
of the militia lava of South Carolina,
is appointed for Friday, April 8th, in this
The Board of Field Offloers of the 4th
?*..? vugu huuii vuaii UIBU| un^. \JQI1.
Cniibhink, bare tendered the n?e of their
room in tbe Military Bftil. Wentworth street,
for the meeting of the oSlRnmiwion.
Hahmomb PttURT.?We learn from the
Colombia papers that Mr. W. H. Searboromgh
has preeeoted to tbe Colombia Athenieam a.
most exoelleat portrait of CoL W illiam a Pre*-'
too. The OmrolimUn eays:
The likeneee is life-Ufe?-expreeeWe of all
that vitality which illumines the oonntenuoe
of the distinguished archetype, when animated
reetyps. # J
' % ? ' .'* -V . .0
[FOR Til* INPKPENDKNT PRKSB.]
Enigma Containing tho Nam* of a Young
Lady of Qreenwood.
Joyous nod blithe ns the lark whioh doth move
Sunward to the milky-way?
Mild and gentle as the low moaning dove.
Cooing iu a soft, sweet lay.
When a mate to th? fowler's its prey.
A bright and beautiful bud she teems,
Just ready to bloom into womanhood,
Like its cov'ring in delicate beauty site beams,
To grow as kind Ileaven gives latitude?
Yet more sweet, more bright, more fair than
Tis the purity of light which radiently glows.
PRESENTMENT OF THE GRAND JURY
To March Term, I860, for Abbeville District.
The Grand Jury of Abbeville District for the
March Term of the Court, A. D. 1853, would
briefly present the following matters and things:
The Jail and its premises have been examined
with care and attention. The prison is well and
neatly kept, with due regard to the comfort of its
inmates. The bolts or bars upon which doors of
the cells are hung, as also the steeples for the
locks to the same, pass through the walls Htid are
riveted or clinched to the inside, thus rendering
it possible for prisoners, with suitable instruments.
to destroy these fastenings and escape. Such
alteration should be made in the hanging of
these doors, and in the steeples for the locks, as
to remove thin po.-aibility of escape. A regard
to the cleanliness and health of the Jnil require
that all of its rooms and cells should receive a
coat of white-wash, composed of proper and durable
materials. The pavement around the
building, eppecially <u the west end, is in a bud
condition. The brick having become loose and
torn up, there is danger of injury to the foundation
upon which the walls are retting. The
kitchen upon the premises is a very inferior
building, and badly located. A new house
should be erected upon some convenient and
higher spot, such material from the old being
used in the new as could be made available. A
ditch of auiluble width and depth should be cut
around the south end of the lot, to prevent the
water from running through and washing the
yard, which is the case at present. Tho fencing
around the entire lot thould receive immediate
The Court building, with its offices and rooms.
require but little uolico. The blinds to the windows
of the lower story are insecure id their
fastenings, within and without. The baunester>
ing of the porch to the Court Room should be
to altered or adjusted as to prevent the falling
out of the iron fillings.
Many of tho Bridges of the District, in point
of firmness and durability, do not correspond
with the amount of money expended upon them.
In a number of them, the timbers used are nudef
the proper size, and of a kind easily to rcrt and
give way. Commissioners letting out contracts
for the building or Bridges,, should submit dufiuite
specifications, embracing timbers of sufficient
size and durabi'ily, and in all instances exact a
strict compliance on the part of contractors.
The Ronds of the Distriot nre at present in
shocking condition, owing in great part, doubtless,
to the excessive rainB of the winter, bui to
come extent attributable to a defective system of
repairing, with reference both to tho time and
labor expended upon them. The officers charged
with this duty should exact of the public the full
time assigned by the Legislature for the uerform
ance of the duty, with the employment of a
proper system of druhroge and embankment. If
our Koads were thoroughly ditched upon each
Hide, and thrown up in the center, with cansways
at low and marshy points, we apprehend
there would be far less complaint upon the subject
than now exists.
As there are many amongst us who enjoy the
protection of law and order, but who bear none
of the burdens incident to the maiutaiuance of
the same, We recommend the imposition of a tax
of Fifty Cents per head, upon all such as contribute
uothiiig by way o( taxes upon property,
professions or otherwise.
The GrutHl Jury is informed that the Trcasu,
rer of the Board of the Commissioners of Itoads,
refuses to enter into honJ for the safe-keeping
and proper expenditures of the moneys committed
to his charge, and this notwithstanding the
fact the matter was embraced in the presentment
of the Grand Jury to the last term.
Tue Jury would also present the fact that a
number of the boxes in the Clerk's office should
be lettered or labelled.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
W. I\ NOBLE. Foreman.
March 9th, 1659.
Municipal Election.?-The following persons
flfere on Monday last elected Inteudant and
Wardens of the Village of Lancaster, for the
ensuing year :
Intknimnt.?S. B. Massey.
Wabdkns.?R. E. Allison, J. M. Crockett,
Felix McLarnon and ffm, Stevens.
The S. C. Son of Temperance, published at
Bennettsville, says s The Spring Terra of the
session of the session of the Court of Common
Picas for Marlboro District, coraraenccs at this
place on Monday next, His Honor Judge Olover
presiding. We believe there will be about
the Usual amount ot business, which will pro
bably consume most of the week. There is
on? capital case which, if tried this Court, will
consume some time.
Abbkvillk, March 16, 1859.
Corrow.?Since our last report our market
has been brisk, and all grades have advanced.
All offered has been freely taken. We quote
from 8 to 11 cts.
HaMbobo, March 14, 1869.
Cotton.?Our market advanced a balf cent
per pound, since we last reported. We now
quote 10 to Vty extremes. There is a good demand
at those prices.
H. <fc N. E. 8.
Colombia, Man jh 16, I860.
Cortow.-?The sales of cotton improved very
muoh yesterday; planter# seamed will ing to
sell at the advanoe of ^c. So /ie 600 ba'.ea were
old, at 8 a ll^o.
Charleston March lr?, 1869
Cortow.?Sales of cotto B to day 1,800 bales.
Thvbetter qualities are firm.
The Southern telegrr .pfc lim u down.
Va? U.Mk li
Cotton ?The eo'^w market > firm. Balee
to-d?y 2,000 balee, arid for'the three days put
14,600. Flour fir of 13,600 bble.;
Southern $6.26 *1.75. Wheat advaneiag;
lee of 23,000 btaiihela. Cora firm?ealee 28,000
baqhala. ' ftrpentiae firm, at 63 a (to.
Roein firm, rj4 ealee 6,600 bbla^ at tl.7>i a
1.76. Rioe fi ns.et $4.75 a4.60 per 100 pound*.
The f' Alb wing perebna haTe freight in the De?
pot at AbhaTiUaJ-*
J P-Httfbt*. H 6 Kerr, Dr S Fair. Dr J J
War 6T?r,7 T Bart.ee, J F Marthall, D J Jordan.,
% H Stene, J Fre.nun, J MoBryde, jL
Df*wtoo, Oabb Hooter ft Oo. A.ETamer, J ft
H Knox, JMKaltam, Braneh Allen ft Sdwurde,
4 8 Cothratf, L H Boeeell, 0 T Haekell, W ft ft
B ? Galnea, A (hit*. : ,? .rv
MARRIED, on the 1st inst.. by Rav. W. P<
Martin. Mr. JOHN A. CRAWFORD to Miac
IRENA E. M03ELY, all of this District.
DIED, in this District, on the Gth inat., of
Pneumonia, TUOS. J. LYON, io tha forty*
seventh year of his age.
^ ~ SALES FOR APRIL.
Sheriff's Sale. r*
BY virtue of sundry WriU of Fi*r? F?clu I
to me difccte.F I -:n
- ~..i oen ai Abbeville
Court House, on the first Monday in APRIL
next, within the legal hours of sale, tha follow*
ing property, to wit: i
40 Acres of Laud, more or less, bounda&tjT
lands of John A. Martin, Henry Wilson, and
others, ntiached ns the property of Iiaddou,Stager
?fc Co.,ada. Vauralkenburg, and other*.
495 Acres of Laud, more ar less, bounded fcy
hinds of H. II. llMrper, and others, atUchfcd'aa
the property of PeterS. Burton, ads. L. M. Morrison,
Assignee, and others.
lGO Acres of Land, more or less, bounded by
lands of Marshall Hodgei, S. Agnew, add other*,
attached as the property of Silas Jobes* ad*. M.
A. Douglas, nnd others,
1 Sorrel Mure Levied on as the the property
of W. A. Shuw, ads. Amos Clarlc, Jr.
1 Negro man Tom levied on the property of
Stephen W. Willis, ads. Joseph S. abd J as. H.
Drill, nnd others.
1 Negro man, Anderson, levied on and attach*
ed as the property of Peter S. Burton, ada.
Jones & Jones, and others.
joseph t. Moore. a. *. *
Sheriff's Office, March 10, 1869.
BY VIRTUE of an order from the Court mf
Common Pleas to me directed, I will Mil
at the late residence of PeterS. Burton, on Fri?
duy the 25lh inal', the following property. Tie:
45 Ilcnd Hogs, 10 Head Sheep. 8 Head Cattle
1 Road Wajjon. 1 Buggy, 2 Wheat Fan^ 1
Thresher, 1 (Cotton Oin and Band. 1 Lot Wheat.
I Lot Corn in the Shuck. 1 Lot Corn Shucked.
1 Lot Fodder, 1 Lot Shucka and Straw, 1 Lot
Sweet Potatoes, 1 Lot of Boards, 8 Gallons Fat,
I Lot Tan Bark, 1 Loom and Tackle, f Lot of"
Lumber, 1 Lot Peas, 2 Scythes and Cradle^ 1
Lot Flour, 2 Barrels nnd Salt, 2 Barrels and
Meul, 1 Grind Stone, 1 Large Pot, 1 Lot Cottea
Seed, 1 Lot Boxes. 1 Lot Barrels and Hhd^ 1
Ham! Axe, 1 Lot Plongh Irons, 1 Toke Oxen, I
Lot Sundries, 1 Bursuu, 2 Tables, 5 Bedsteads,
1 Trnnnel Bedstead, 2 Matrasses, 1 Clock, 1
Cupboard, 5 Chairo, with sundry other article^
attached us the property of Peter S. Burtoo, ads.
L. M. Morrison, Assignee.
Also, on the 29th inst., nt the residence of Si>
i? i 11
.a wuiir", i oorrei Mare, 2 Table*. 1 Wiihatind,
4 Chairs, 1 Cupboard/ I Spinning Wheel, 1 Real,
1 Buggy nnd Harness, 1 Lot Cotton Seed, 1 Let
Fodder, I Loom, I Lot flog*, 1 Cow, 1 Let
Plank, 2 Guns, 1 Lot Sandries, and I Lot Plantation
Tools, attached as the property of Silas
Jones, ads. M. A. Douglas.
JOS, T. MOORE.
Sheriff' Office, March 10, 1869 47 9t
A GIFT ENTERPRIZE CONDUCTED
UPON A LIBERAL AND IMPARTIAL
THE ONLY ONE THAT 8TAND3 INDORSED
BY THE ENTIRE PRESS
OF THE CITY OF
H. E. HOYT & CO'S
filPT Rnoif mm
UU'I uuvn UlUIUJJ)
NO. 41 BALTIMORE ST,
!Q altitvi or of AXd.
Southern and Western Orders.
Greater Inducements than ever before offtrii.
SEND TO THEM FOR A CATALOGUE.
A Qift worth from Fifty CenU to
?ktj3 mnmwtM mililah?
Accompanies everV Book.
CATALOGUES GIVING FULL PAKTICULAIiS
MAILED FREE TO ANY Afe?
mm ? < m
What the Press Say.
They have a magnificent assortment of Biek*,
and hare prepared themselves with innvuneiftbl*
elegant G?fs to be distributed itnokf their,
"troupe of friends and customers at large."-?
Not only may a selection be made of any
choice work, but with it the purchaser ia mr*t?
receive some article of Jewelry, which io many
cmkch, proves quite valuable.?Daily Exchange.
They make no promises that are not perform*
ed strictly to the letter, and by thua punctually
cancelling their obligations, bare gained .the entire
confidence of not only our eitix'.ns, but tim
country abroad.?Bait. Patriot.
t\ yiiuii^c iauy acquaintance of o art parebuW
for 81 * Book at this establishment, a few days
since, and received a donble-oaaa d Gold WmUh,
valued at one hundred dollar Slipper.
The success which attends the Gift Bapk
House of Messrs. H, E. HOYT A. CO. hu a*
precedents m the aotiala of G'ift EnUrpriaaa.
Call and see them, andotr.* word for it, Jtf
will not regret your visit.-*- Ditpalck. ,
All Orders should be add ressea to
H. E. FiOYT & CO., "
No. 41 Baltimore Street, Baittiaora, ML
March 17, 1859 47 ^ Mm
NEW IT'/LE 7BIBT8.
Colored La wns aad GlBghaw?
STEEL HOOP SHIRTS,
BRASS AHTj STBBL REE&T ftPDTCM,
Z**d'.aa and Mlaaaa Plata,
Sum mer Jflamtilla*,
Aad taany other Na*r Goods joat mrfrkd; and
for aala U >w by
M. ISRAEL * BRU8SKL.
Mrr/jh 16, 1860. 4? tf
Lv.dlei' Heelei 6alteri<
A large assortment just opened by
M. ISRAEL * BRU88EL. . '
Maroh 15,1859 . 44 <f
READY MADS OZ?OTHXNCk
A FULL SUPPLY of all the HEW STYLlfc
Just opeosd, and for aala ehaap M MtfM
bj M. ISRAEL * BRU88KL. .
Maroh 15. 1859* 4? if
Abbeville District? GiUtio*.
Bt WILLIAM HILL, E?t, Ordinary ?T AS&*
ilia District t /_
T7T7HERBA8, Jamas H. WMes^/lk*
Y Y applied to me for Letters of AdmMattia*
tion oa all aad singular the goods u4 ekaMK
rights and credita of Tboe. J. Ljva, late oftto
Dutnet foroMid dMMNd. ,
Th?M *rv therefore, to oft* ud rfpartt W
ud Bingalcr, th? kindred sad ?f; At
id dw?Mtd, to w ud ippMt tlfcll
oarnext Ordinary > Court of tU nMJMiIA
to beholdw At Abbeville Oo?rt Hoaee ? J?