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BEVOTBD TO LITERATURE, THE ARTS, SCIENCE, AGRICULTURE, MEWS, POLITICS &C., &C. ~~ *
TERMS??TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM,] "Lot it be Instillod into the Hearts of your Children that the Liberty of the Press U the Palladium of all your RIghts.n^?</urj?u*. [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
BY W. A. LEU AND HUGH WILSON, JR. ABBEVILLE, SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 7, 18C0. * VOLUME VIII.?no IQ
KEAN & CLARK,
At No. 258, lirund Street,
Are now ppcciriniTiii, -
SPRING DRY GOODS,
of every description, and are selling at prices
tliat defy competition.
Call and see the (!oodf?, and learn (lie prices !
before purchasing elsewhere. Don't forget the j
place, "58 Hro.nl Street, two doors above Globe j |
Hotel Corner, at the old Mntid of llavdntul it j |
Chichester. [March '23, I860, Gin
Or. M. CAT.flOlTX,
AM J I r
GENERAL COIIHISSIOV HEltCIIWT,' j
Ke3-nol<ra St., bot woon Juekfon niuJ Mcintosh ' s
will attend strictly to tlic sale of I
COTTON, BACON, GRAIN,
i>nu nn oilier produce eniisnfin-il In liiin. Per j
fional attention irivinu to tlio filiinir "f "11 ??r? t p
dors for Hairuiiur, Hope and Family Supplies. ?j
Liberal Cns>h advances made on product: in
June 24. 1 Sf?0, 8 If '
THE GREAT ENGLISH REMEDY -
.-Hi .'.i.uivo ? i?;\iti\r?
tolebraicd IVmalo n
PROTECTKD LKXTKRS ~
5 v ' : >. M * ?
BY ROYAL PATENT.
This invnlunble inediciui'is unfailing in the <
cure of nil those painful and dnncrcrous <11 .a -
eases incident to the female constitution. <n
It moderate? nil excesses and removes nil ob- ?
truetions, from whatever cause, and a speetly _
cure may be relied on.
TO IflAKItlFI) UDIRS I,
it is peculiarly suited, it will, in u short time d,
bring on the inomlily period with regularity
CAUTION?These rills should not be takeu ?'
by females that are pregnant, during the first
three months, a? U.ey are sure to brine on Miscarriage
; but at every other time, and in eve- j.ry
other ease tli?>v are perfectly safe. <
In all ei??? of N'opvnm ??<1 Anv??t
_ . . ? ....... aiivui'iuiis ""
Pain iu lli? Duck :ti. 1 I-iti:!..*. M' -ivinose, F:itigue
on slight exertion, 1'nlpitntion of the n|
Heart, Lowuera of Spirit*, Hysterics, Sick ^
l Headache, Whites ami all ilie painful disease* oi
occasioned l>y a disordered sy?letn, 'h<<e l'llln ?
will effeet a cure when nil oilier means liave foil
ed. Full directions in the pamphlet around each ?
package, wliicli should be careful)v preserved.
A bottle containing 50 pill*, nml encireled njJ
with the Government Stnnni of Grent P.riinin I
con be sent post free for ?1 and fi postnerest amps ?
General agent for U. S., .!< >> Moses, l.'ochenter
Sold in Abbeville by Donald Mel.uuehlin,
Dr. 1. Iiranoh, mid C. U. Allen, and till Drug- _
friste everywhere. Van (Selinck ?t Grierson,
Charleston, Wholesale Agents. 7, 13t f,,
HOWARD ASSOCIATION. 1'filII.AJDl.LIMlIA.
A Jienrvolcvl institution e.t'nhli*/i: <1 by special 11
end'?mnctit, for the relief of the sick ami J)i?- tli
tressed, ajjiielcd icith Virulent and A'/iideintc ?
MEDIOAL Adviec given gratis by the Act- Iii
ing Surgeon to till who apply by letter C;
with it description of their com!it ion, (age, oeCu- tii
pation, habits of life, ?tc..) and in eases of ix- ?
treme poverty.Medioine furnished free of charge
Valuable Reports on th? New Heiiu-dii-s em- ul
nlovo.t i? itin l * *
...- mi: iwlllolc'l iu t/t
sealed letter envelopes, free of <-li?tr|?t-. Two _
or three Stamp* for postnge will bo ncceptil.le.
Address, Dlt. J. SK1LL1X llOUGHToN, _
Acting Surgeon, Ilownrd Association, J?o. 2
South Ninth Street, I'hiladelpein, l'n. sp
By ordjr of tin- Directors. ofl
EZRA D. 11E ART WELL, President" Gf.o.
PAinciiiLn, Secretary. [.Ion. 20,12m
CHARLES COX, *
xa?? w Atotoevillo,
S. O., IE
WOULD respectfully inform tlie public tliat
, OPENED A SHOP
FOtt TH? ftr
Iffakin? and Ucpairiiij? of _
CARRIAGES 4 BUMS, s
It is opposite (but not opjiotrd) to Mr. Taylor's ?
EstuldisliiiiPiit lie liopert tli/it by doing goo<l
mnnlr on/1 ? 11 1 * 1
? w. n, w.au ..iiniiiinn iieniiMUifCimrgt'.S, It) I'CCl'IVC
% share of public patronage.
lie Las ou lianu at this lime, several
SEVERAL NEW AND NEAT BUGGIES,
Second-Hand Buggies, u?
wliich he will sell very low and on the moet a
icnwnauiC cri il|S> (Jf,
Kov. 4, I860..27 tf.
JAMES D. CHALMERS. t,
ABBEVILLE C. U., S. G., D
: 'DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF
EUPEAN AND AMERICAN
HAS Just rev ived tfcr;.*: hnndrcd new pieces
together frrith the old, making one of the
largest Stocks in th? State wliicli will be sold
M loW as can be bought in any other place.
ft feet by 8, from $2? to $40
HEAD STONES '
; ^ : from ?8.to >'25. _
.> .7 MONUMENTS
And Fancy Ilead Stones alwnvs on liAnd to- Hi
gather frith a Urge dpsi'gn?, which
oan bajm^de to order ateh9ri notice.
AIT M*i*ble Cdttiog and done
Jan. M, 1890 40 U '
THE IXDEPEADEXT PRESS.
BY LEE & WILSON.
A13BKVIIJL.E S. C.
Two Dollars, in Advance, or Two
Dollars and Fifty Cents at the
Expiration of the Yeart2T
All sul iscriptiong not limited nt tlie
/inui pf subscribing, will l>e considered a
indefinite, mill will he continued until arrearages
arc paid, or at the option of the Proprietors.
Orders from othcrStates must invariably
he accompanied with the Cash._??3
For the Legislature.
The friends or W. JAMES LOMAX anlotince
him a candidate for the Legislature ot.
he ensuim; election.
The friends of \VM. G. DAVIS nnnouncc i
urn n carnlitlnle lor I lie Legislature at the eutiinur
The friends of Col. II. II. HARl'ER res
wet fully noiiiinnte hiin as n candidate for redection
(o the next Legislature.
The friends of Cnpt. J. X. COCIIIIAN res>eetfully
announce him ns a candidate for relection
to the next Legislature.
The friends of THOMAS THOMSON, Esq.,
nnouncc him a candidate for re-election to
lie Legislature at the ensuing election.
The frii-nds of Gen! SAMIT.L McOOWAN
nnouiiee hiin a candidate for re election to
lie Legislature .?! the ensiling election.
j: or oiaie senaio.
Tlu? friends of Hon. J. FOSTER, MAIt1IALT..
fvolinir pntipfic-?l willi liis j>a*t services
i tlx* State Sciinle, n^ain nominate liiro as a
ilidalo fur re-eleclion.
For Major General.
Tl .? r.;...wic ,.r \i~: uiui'i"^
we vi IA
li'lT most- tvppei-lfully announce liiin n camlinlo
fur Mnjor-(><!hprn] of the 1st DiTiBion of
jutli C'aioliiiH Militia, to fill the vacancy ocision'ul
l>y the insinuation of Gen. A. M.
The fiienrfs of Col. A. L. PEA RING, of
ilt?ofieId, respectfully announce liiin a candilate
lor Mnjor-fieiitinl, Ht ]>ivision S. C. M n
The fii.-ii.lM of Major KM MKT SE1RKLS.
inoutice liiin a l*iin<liiliit<: for Major General n
T the 1 st Division, South Carolina Militin, to ^
II the vafiini-v cw.ru..! v... ?i.~
, .......vu UJ uic icaiginlWOIl
r (u'n. a. m. sintii. ti
For Tax Collecter. a
Mr. Kihtor.?Please announce W. R. Hilton o
. n <-ftii(li?l:it?; for t he office of Tax collector c
' ilif ensuing elcetiou and oblige. ?
MANY V OTP US
The friends of Capt. G. M. MATTlSON re- 8
itfctfully announce hiin oa a candidate for C
ix Collector at the next election. Q
The friends of JAMES A. McCOltD respect- I
11 v announce liim ns a Candidate for Tux
(Hector at the uext. election.
u : 11
fiT We ore authorized to announce S. A. i]
(.) 1 )GES bp a Candidate for Tax Collector, at
e ensuing election.
: ? I,
tSff The numerous friends of WESLEY A.
LACK E*q., respectfully anuonnco liiin as a
tndidate for Tax Collector at t.ho ?!*?>
Tlic friends of HKNRY S. CASON respect e
ly anunourice liitn ns u Candidate for Tax e
Hector, ntlie ensuing election.
The friends of JOHN A. IIUNTF.lt re ?
eel fully announce him a candidate for the t(
ice of Ordinary, nt. the next election.
Tlie friends of Col. J. G. BASK IN re- ol
eolfully announce him a candidate for the
ioe of Ordinary, ntthe next election. a!
The friend* of JOHN W. LESLEY rp?pect- ?'
11)- announce him as a candidate for Ordina- l'
at the i*ns>uitiy election.
We are authorized to announce NATHAN- d
:L McOANTS, Esq. a candidate for Ordl- ^
iry at the enduing election.
For Sheriff. ,
? - ^
The friends of ROBERT JONES respectfully _
inoun.ee him as a candidate for Sheriff at the *
The frit-iuls of WILLIAM G. NEAL respect- C(
lly xiinnunce liim as a candidate for Sheriff at
e ensuing election. Many Fricnus. J(
W. N. MERIWETHER, ?
Wholesale and Betail Druggist, 81
NINETY-SIX, S. C. ^
IAVING enlarged hi* Stock of Drugs fi
nnd Medicidcs, would respectfully cull
e attention of liis friend* and tue public gen- B
nHy to liin fine ptock of the same, and solicit w
continuance cJiUieir kind patronage and libulity.
He proposes selling Drugs nslow as any firnt
ias Drug Store in the up-country. Hi* stock
complete, and everything Bold by him is "
irranted to he fresh and genuine. At hi* (,
ivo may be found ^
YE STUFFS, PAINTS, OfLS c,
Varnishes, Varnish and Paint fltjishea,
Spices, Mace, Cloves, Pepper, TTeua \
of all kinds, Buggy and Car- v* ?
riage Grease, >1
so. a tine lot of CI1EWIN0 TOBACCO,
(1 SEGA1CS of the beat brands. *
A large and varied stock of excellent
Hi also offers Uoofectionaries, rt
ire Uld Tort, MadeiraVnd Maliaga V
*m.w ? mi 11
I exceedingly low figure*. Also, a good ?r- *J
:le of Apple Vinegar, Kerosene, Oil* and
uids. Lamps of all kinds, "Wicks for any ,
nd of Lamps, and everything usually kept 0
a fir*t class Drag Store. . ?t
Prompt attrition will b? given to *11. *, r r
May 25, 1860-1-tf ' *>
VERELIl & JACKSON, u
oufls PAiinxaa, ??AnrxB>. xarblsbs u
ajtd papkb/h4-hgbm, u
jsnNJEsotrsr six, &4 a. u
T. VKBttX? cOA4SB JACK80S* ..
Jan. 27, I860, l2ro
HOOD ON DUELING.
Tom Hood describes an intended <!ucl which
wns prevented by nn oinicuble arrangement
made upon the ground. The pariles-Mr. Bradly
ami Mr. Clay?rivnls for Hie nfTections of
Lucy Bell, find it necessary lo appeal to arms:
But first tliey found a friend npicce
1'liis pleasant thought to give?
That when they both were dead, they'd have
Two sicuiula yet to live.
To measure out the ground not long,
TJ,? -J r-.-t
...vo^tiuug IIV A If luruorc,
An<l having taken one rash step,
They took a dozen more.
The}* next prepared each pistol pan
Against llie dendy strife:
By pulling in the prime <>f death
Against the prime of life.
Now all was ready for tlic foes;
But when they took their elands,
Fear made them tremble, eo they found
They both were afiak iny /minis.
Said Mr. C. to Mr. B.,
"Here one of us must fall
And, like St. Paul's Cathedral now,
Be doomed to hare a ball.
H do confess I did altneh
Misconduct to your name ;
If I withdraw the charge, will then
Your ramrod do the sauie !"
Said Mr.B.. "I do agree! ?
But think of Honor's courts,? ,
If we be off, without a shot, I
There will be strange reports.
"But look 1 the morning now is bright, <
Though cloud}' it begun,
"Why em't we aim above, as if I
We had called out the sun f .
So lip into the harmless air I '
Their bullets they did send ;
And may all olho; duels 'iave (
Thai upafiot in the end. I
From the Charlegton Courier. '
To the Hon. Edward G. Palmer. 1
I will row reply to the charges which you
aake in your letter to Mr. Gauv :
'That if the officers of the Company had t
ioL grossly violated the conditions of their j
barter, they would have a sufficient amount
o have built the road to the Georgia line; ^
lid bnvinnr vmlulfe/1 -I?1- ---*
...b men wimiier, and mi3- j
pplied their funds, llie charge of bad faith ^
n the part of the State comes with a bad (
;race from them.'
They only specification which you preent
under the < barge of a"violation of the ?
barter, is that they misapplied the funds j
f the Company in building any part df the
Hue Ridge Rail Road, without the limits ^
fSouth Caroline; and the mischief result- Q
ig from this alleged vrolwtfon is, that with
lie funds employed in the construction of ^
lie road out of South Carolina, thev would
ave bad sufficient njoney to build tbe road ^
i Soutb Carolina to tbe Georgia line.
The charge of aad faith is not supported ^
y any specification except that, by infer? g
nee, it is the same misapplication of*mon- ^
y before specified under the ?
to" " I w
iolutuin of the charter. ^
And here I will notice that the charge j
f bad faith is not directly made, but, as if ^
) excuse a charge, which T will prove to be ^
rossly unfounded, you introduce it by way
f retort upon the officers of the Company, ^
s if they had made ?ome previous charge
F bad faith against the State. I do deny
lat you ever heard that charge made by
le President, and I believe I may safely | ?
eny Hint you ever heard it made by any 1
ne of the Directors whom the common ^
nderstanding and your own charges clear- g
r point out as the persons you mean when
on mention the officers of the Company. ^
Now, to your charge of a violation of the .
barter hv tlm e?.1
^ ?v vi iuuucjt iut uiti ^
onstmotion of any part of the road be?
ond the Georgia line. V1
In the paragraph preceding your charge*
ou rcfor-rMr. Gary to the Acts of 1852
nd 1854, and particulary call his attention tc
> thepreamble (which docs not in A# tr
lodify the enacting clause,) and also to the P'
rst Suction of the Act, to show, 'that the ^
iluu Biflftn Wt>;i i- c-.-.t- ^ ?5
-D- ?vmi au UUUIII UlirOIHIfl) *"
as only chartered for the purpose of cod?
ruclihg a rail road connection between M
le Greenville and Culuuibia ltoad, and
ie Georgia line.' Note the words 'the
'eorffifi line! You seem to forget that ^
?e S'dtc of South Carolina cannot grant a ^
barte/ for a rail road out of its own Terri- ^
>ry; <nd thai the charter of the State of
uuuj ^hrpnna. 10 make a road to councct
te GieenViHe a&d Colnmbm Rail Road 8<
rith tie Georgia Blue Ridge Road, must te
f necessity terminate at the Georgia line, u
Tfj^u had read through the Act of 1854 | B
on would have wen that the 8th Section !a
;pealslhe '14th8ection of the Act ofl852, tli
hitih you refer to in order to ahow that C
le Soofh Carolina Company wai forbid to n<
pend rtoney out of South Cardlina. Si
You fedopt the moat litem). Construction si
f tbe clatter when you request your friend cl
o ubnk the words, 'the Georgialine' pi
ord C4bb, the great commentator o? the R
kwtimoi Law?t cautions llioae who aosume tl
> tWmt a?-* -- **
1"-T ? ? *" rwrci ?H y
WrO-f fibril ?H cdrtict'?who ever lUTherce . ?
>'<Jia iq for cli*g* to th*b*rk. Yourpene-' to
ttion i rito lb* 'impart ?nd *tUei of U*o \h
butef* "vvr' Bj
The 'Georgia line' defines one terminus
of tho road which the Company is empowered
to constiuct in South Carolina. Every
charter for a rail soad, of coursc, defines
its termini and general direction. This is
necessary, in order that the Legislature
slionld not be embarrassed in future grants
of charter?, and to prevent encroachments
on charters already grated. In the grant
of a charter, as in every other grant of a
publico or private natore, it is necessary
on the part of the grantor to define the
thing granted, so that the grantee may not
claim more than the grantor intended, or a
diflerent thing. This is all that is intended
by tho terms of the charter which defines
the terminal of the Blue Itidge Kail Uoad i
iu Sonht Carolina. !
There aro certain powers incident to (
very corporation, without any special grant, (
such as to purchase, hold and convey real |
and personal estate, to sue and be sued, to |
have a common seal, and to do all lawful ,
acts incident (o a corporation, as well as all ,
othwr acts necessary or advantageous to the
eud or purposo for which the chartcr is ,
granted. Under these inni<l<?nt?l .
the President and Directors of a Rail Road f
Company, with the concurrence of the
stockholders, may subscribe to the Stock j
of any other Rail Road Company, bo it lit- t
lie or much ; it may be for the amount of ?
freight for materials, or it may be to the ?
unouiit of the cost of the road. For if the f
subscriptions for a sin.nll buui is legal, so c
uust be the subscriptiorfe'Jor a large sum. v
"Inn T?.*?5 1 Tino/i *
~.vs<.u wiiijinuy may pureuase ttie j:ntire
road.of another Company.
The Charleston and Savannah Rail Road e
Company was cbai tered to construct a road \
)2tweeu those cities; yet, because its ternini
were so defined in the charter, that r
lid not prevent a ^ibscription lately by the p
Dharlestun and Savannah Rail Road,Com- ?,
- v\ . 1
>anv of more than $100,000 to the stock a
if the Port Royal Rail Road Company. g
>o the Northeastern Rail Road ; Goijiip&Vfy q
tas lately subscribed a large amouutAo'tbe p
toek of South Carolina Centr^ ;i^| Rp^d c
Company ; and the South Carp1ma -.^ir
load Company, which was chartered Ho
mild a road to Hamburg?4Note the words
o Hamburg'?lias not only constructed a p
oad into Georgia, to unite with the Geor- ^
;ia ltail Iluads, but baa recently subscribed ^
250,000 to the Macon and Augusta Rail j
Load Company, to build a road iu Geor- ^
I do not know tliat the Charlotte and |j
iouth Carolina Rail Road Company has fc
et subscribed Stock in any other Rail
T > -
kv?u uuiii|ihuy, uui i late it lor granted g(
jat, following tbe example of other Rail tj.
'.oad Companies, it will subscribe to tbe r
lock of tbe Hamburg and Columbia Rail Q,
'.oad, which would put the people of Edgeeld
(for whore especial use in the peqdmg to
lection, your letter was miblised. if nm .
ritten,) 'on the line of travel North over p
ie Charlotte and South Carolina,' Rail.
bOad% in l>l)llf]infr ivliinh TTnmk..MM j
0 uauiuurj; MUU jj(
olumbia Road, you assure the people of
dgefield District 'it would afford me great rj
leasure to assist them' by State aid to tbe cc
mount of $5000 per raile. jj,
And so, also, I have no doubt tbe Char- g|
>tte and South South Carolina Rail Road ^
ompany will subscribo to the Stock of the ar
ail Road Company which is chartered to
instruct a rail road from Charlotte to 0fj
Latesvilk, which road, you eay, via 'tho g(
aI. rs ? ^ * - " ^
iram ^uionna ueniral Kail Road, startipg m
. Gourdin's Station on tbe Northeastern
ail Raod, and ending at Charlotte, will pQ
lace Cbaleston in connection with the
orth Carolina.Western extension at States- 0D
lie'wbicb-ti^Tl-subserVe all the purposes yC
tbe Blue Ridge Rail Road.' pj
This Stattwville connection with Charles- ij,
m, oy means ot the South Carolina Cen? sif
al Rail Road, you recomuuad to tbo peo- ar
e of Edgefield with great earnestness. ra
ou do not, however, adfrert to the oonoeo- pr
r*n C._. Ml- "
km vi uiaicsruie ny lae tjnariotte and
Mitb'Carolina Rail Road with Columbia
id Charletton. Tbo completion of the
jQth Carolina Central llail Road to Char- w<
tie, will stimulate to speedy completion Pr
>e Charlotte and Statesville connection and
ien the Charlotte and South Carolina Rail 'n'
oad will also 'subserve all the purposes of k??
>e Blue Ridge Rail Road/ 80
Almost every Rail Road Company in this
sate, and many in 6ther Stales. have assis
d in the construction of other and' tribu*>
iry roads by a anbccriptio?of Stock. The ^
Ine Ridge Rail Road Company did, what ^
ao customary, subscribe to this Stock of ,
ie Rail Road Companies in Georgia, North ^
arotiofc and Tennessee, designed to conict
Charleston with Knoxville, so muoh tec
lock as was occewary, in addition to the wi
ibscription.s in those States^ to secure the tb<
lanere. 11 wn? originally, and in still, tba soi
irpose and design of the Blue Ridge Rail Lai
oad Company in South Carolina, with .of
te funds which can be obtained in fioolh-: p'i
arolioa from individual and corporate spb- Ami
riptionn and State aid, Assisted by l^'e
a^t^Jttch, fi-^tn tba same ynrtw.1 *0
lat#$?eorg?a, tfortfc Garolia* and Ten- thi
nessee, to construct the Blue Ridge Rail
Road from Andersou to Kuoxville.
I did not suppose there was any intelligent
person in South Carolina who did not
understand that this was the purpose and
design of that Company. The first and
most active motive of the projectors of the
Blue Hidgo ltail Road was to have an independent
connection, by rail road, ofSouth
Carolina and Charleston, with tho navigable
waters and system of mil rnm?? \v?ut ~r
tho Mountains, which should bo under the
government and control of citizens of South
Carolina, and be so managed as to promote
the prosperity of South Carolina, and the
commercial interests of Charleston. Their
experience of the embarrassments and obstructions
to which tho Western trade,
designed for Charleston, was subjected on
Ihe Georgia Rail Roads, convinced them of
Lho folly of attempting a competition between
Charleston and Savannah, for a commerce
to be maintained over tho Georgia
roa.ls. III ihh tnlnnlinn c-~ -
wv.w?>vu Ul r* | UlllO iur a
Western rail road from South Carolina they
kvero led to the adoption of that of the
Blue Ridge Road by a consideration of its
iuperior advantages over every otlier route.
In conformity with the designs of the
irst projectors of the Blue Rridge Road,
ho charter, for the road in North Carolina
1uthori7.es the Company in that Slate to ^
unite with any other road that may be
:onslructed, and any contract that may be
intered into by the President and Directors .
villi the consent of tho Stockholders, shall
>e binding on the Company.'
The Tennessee charter more explicitly
mpowers the Tennessee Company 'to negoiate
with any other Rail Road Comnanv
North Carolina or South Carolina, who
nay desire to extend their road over any
iortion of the route hereby designated and
o transfer to the last-mentioned Company
11 the right, powers and privileges herein
ranted to them ; and thereupon the said
Jompany shall have the same powers, rights
rivileges and immunities as are herein
onferred on the Company hereby' inoororated.'
The charters in the other States were
rat.tea betore Uecember, 1852, and the j,
legislature of South Carolina must have t
een informed of the clauses which have
pen cited, and it is plain that attention was j
irected to them, for in the 11th section of ^
le charter, granted in December, 1852, to <;
ie Blue Ridge Rail Road in South Caro? ^
na, it is provided that 'it shall be lawful
>r that Company to copibj?6v with any j
Lher rail road' having tiffc privilege to do ^
>, and to consolidate the management of
le Companies so coming, and to make any ^
gulationp for such combination of interests
mangenient, as to them may seem meet. j.
In the report of the President and Direc- ^
>rs to the St^kholders, in 1856, they are -s
formed that'the CflmnnnU ?n
arolina and Tennessee had, by deeds, ^
>vcnanted to transfer to tlie South Caro- ^
ia Company, when the rail roa<f is com- b)
eted in those States, all the corporate ^
gilts, powers and franchises which were
inferred by their respective charter ; that n
e principal part of the Stock
a Company being held in South Carolina q
cures the control of the road in that State ;
id thus when the connectiou between Anei
srson and Knoxville is completed by tho fj
instruction of ihe road in those States, the _
>uth Carolina Company will possess the ^
auagement and control of the entire line.' ^
The3e statements are in needless detail j
r the purposes of a reply to your letter;
it T (fllfA nnpoclnn ? % ?? -?4 ? '
vwiwuiif nuiwii ;wui nuttCii ^
i the Company affords (and so fnr T thank
>u for having made it,) to notify tbo peo- fit
o of the State, so far as can be done by' ^
is reply, of the origin, purpose and de5ns
of the Company, while the elections
a pending for tlio next Lcislature, which
ubL decide the fate of this gi i-at enterise.
l?DWAIiL> FROST. w
^ ? to
FiioTooBArnio printing,?Familiar 1h tli
? are wjti&S^nictures, we wern scarcely m
cPantf^w8Bfijpr sun engrSvioga, much j?l
is ortMajEjBBptfcd blocks capable of be- fb
t ordinary printer's Ink, on lis
uimtfnpnper, and by the usual process of *
rface prioting. Several spec!men! of this cc
w process batfCj we understand, been prio- it
i from bloo^Tsbaoluftely untouched by yc
9 graver, and produced by the simple tb
ency of light. The inventor, Mr. Paul tr<
etiob, began with the most difficult .por- yc
in of the process,- the reproductions from ac
olographic originals. - -
. ???? sy
InosnIous order.?An Eoglibh Volun?r
rifle captain, desiring to cross a field M
th bis company, cnme bo an opening in
9 fence Urge'enough to admit two per H?j
na, but no mdre, to pan abreast. Unfor- ?n
nately be coold not reinettober tbe'words to
oornmund , which would have accomahed
tbe difficult task of filing through J ve
ibisingenuity did not desert: bim, and, ra
srefore; be ordered a bait, and then said, ?i
en item en, yon aretdistaissrf for one rein*
3, when you will fall in on t'other aide, of ^
i fenee. ir, j a 1
I From the Anderson Gazette.
8ENAT0R HAMMOND'S LETTER.
The Chairman of the Committee of invitation
of the lafo public meeting nt "Williamston?received
the following letter from
Hon. J. II. Hammond. Coming from the
ource it does, it will be read with inteiest
by every one.
Uedcliff, August 5, 18G0. (
DkaiiSir: I have just received your
polite invitation to a dinner to be given on
ihe Oth inst., at Williamston, to my esteemed
friend and able Representative, Col. ,
Ashmore. If the weather was not so unusually
hot, my engagements would not ,
permit me, on so short a notice, to do more <
than thank you very sincerely for your kind |
remembrance. The shortness of the no- ,
tice, however, is not due to you, for your s
letter is dated a week ago, and might have
reached mo in 24 hours. But this humbug ?
of 'cheap postage,' so gratifying to those <]
who live on liailroadu, and are not aware ?,
that by other methods of taxation, thev s
S ' '
pa}' twice tli e nominal charges, in the South
four times, has, under a system of t
which strikes down the weak rural routeB, t
reduced this rnntf> nnno n ^lo;r?? - ? ?t-i
, w..Vw M M'.IIJ , iv a nvcftljr v
The political exigency of tlie day, is the (,
election of the next President. It gives j,
mo great pleasure to find that South Caro- (j
Una, having with her usual promptness and
unanimity, made her choice, is properly and c
consistently pursuing the same quiet course j
n reference to it, that she has so long pur- ei
......i >r' ?
>ucu. 11 never was a sounder policy thnn|at
lhis time. Every man in America knows S(
tvhere she stands, and the whole influence Ci
>f her undivided support of Messrs. Breck- ft
nridge and Lane is as fully felt, though c,
,lie says nothing as it would be, were she r.
>ver so vociferous; while any departure
Vom the course slie Las bo long followed ;
ind any unusual expression of interest would
lerhaps be damaging to the candidates of
ler choice. South Carolina is notoriously sj
lhargcd with disunion proclivities, and the (j
charge cannot bo well denied, though really g?
t is not true in regard to a Constitutional
Jnion. It is loudly proclaimed that the
ickets, and any uncommon effort in its be- SI
iaIf on her nnrt will lio?r? -w?? -r ?
t M 11 111 iiuiu iUO CUUUV U1 5U2" ai
aining this charge. Iii
I have hud the pleasure of a somewhat
ntimate acquaintance with the Vice-Presi- so
tent and Gen. Lane during the last three th
lessions of Congress, and while I deem dj
bem emiucntly qualified for the exalted
ositions for which they have been named, ?p
difcnot believe that any two men could be ca
>und in America, who would so promptly, pe
nd without a second thought, lay down *u
leir lives, if needed, for the preservation of of
10 Union. I confess, t am myself, very as
iribehind them iu that particular. In ray .wl
uuable judgement every vote given to them .ty.
a vote for the Uiiion, and every vote at!
iven to any other candidate in the field is do
helher intended or not, a vole against inl
ie Union. And it is to me, passing
range, that, while every sensible man in pf
lis country must know that the election th
f Mr. Ijinpnln toil! r?"t tlio tT?:~ ' : !
|.u. k..u \J IIUMI Ut IIII III I' UU
ent and instant hazard, and that neither G(
[r. Bell nor Mr. Douglas can lay claim to W
ne single authenticated and "fissured elec- no
Hal vote, any Southern man, or any North- en
n, Eastern or Western patriot, should ud- mi
3r any pretence, withhold his ardent 6Up- ete
art from the only men, who, in this great- A1
it of all the crises which our country has en
nown since the adoption of the Constitu- 'bil
on, can,.under the circumstances prolong, pr<
_ J V *
iu puruaps maite permanent this Con- Ju
dcracV. I cannot help believing that to
icy will bar^ectcd. Tt is (he best next
ep for the success of wbieb every thing j
ut principle nhould be sacrificed.
Very truly yours,
J. H. HAMMOND. Pr<
To J. T. BnoYLES, Esq. rcc
About Hating.? llato not. It is not w;,
orth while. Your life is not long enough prj
i make it pay to cherish ill will or bard jea
louglUs toward any one. What if that 80
an had cheated you, or that woman has |,;8
aye<l you false ? What if this friend has (
rsaken you in time of need, or that one
iving won your utmost confidence, vour
armest love, concluded that lie prefers to
insider and treat you as a stranger! Let
pass. \Vbat difference will it make to * 0
>n in a few. years, when you go lience to 001
e 'undiscovered country!' All who ill
;at you wijj4>? more aorry for it then than 00<
?u, even in yow deepest disappointment^01
d grief,'can be. at 1
A few more smiles, a few more tears,
me pleasure, much pain, a little longer 2
irryiog and worrying through the world, tria
me hasty greetings*, and abrupt fare^atyf the
id onrplsv will be .'played, out' and-.the f?"
UirafanA'th*. ,1 ~lll i-J -Y
, ?.. ? ?gw?? ?? ? uo ibu *wav, ?u
d ere long^rgotlen. It it worjX^HbUe oer
bpU GBob other f ,vy.->
? . , T ^T"
An Irisbrpaouaaa one indulging, (n ; turi
ry intollecl&aTocoupation of sucking egjft SW
w and readings newspaper* r" By soitfe
ipblifmoe b? contrived; to bolt X'hj
,?d hivtfwx^Laud beyefy jh^&atmgrr #***
il VI 1 ?/
IIow universal it is, We never knew
the man who would say 'I am contented.'
Go where you will, among the rich or tho
poor, tho man of competence, or tho man
who earns his bread by tho daily sweat oi
his brow, you hear, the sound of murmuring
and l lio voice of complaint. The other
Jay we stood by a cooper, who was playing
a merry June with an adze round a cask.
-ivui sighed he, 'wine is a hard lot?
forever trolling round like a dog, driving
away at a hoop.'
Ilcifilio !' sighed a blacksmith, in ono
>f the hot dnysns ho wiped away the drops
jf perspiration from his brow, while his red
lot iron glowed on his anvil, 'this is life
with a vengeance?lueltiDg and frying one's
:elf away over a fire.'
Oh that I were a carpenter,' ejaculated
i shoe-maker, as lie bent over his lap-stone,
liere I am, day after day, working my foul
,way in making souls for others, cooped up
n a liitle seven-ninn rnnm '
'I am eick of out-door work,' exclaims
he carpenter, broiling and sweltering under
lie sun exposed to the inclemency of tbo
ireather, 'if 1 was only-^a tailor.'
'This is too lad/ fjeljgfeytually cries tko
ailor, 'to bo compelled' to sit perched up
ere, plying the oeedle all the while would
bat mine were a more active life.'
'Last day of grace?the banks won't dis*
ount?customers won't pay?what shall I
oV grumbles the'merchant. 'I had "rathr
he a horse, a dog, anything.'
'Happy fellows,' groans the lawyer as ha
uratches his bead over some perplexing
use, or pores over some dry record,'hpyap
illows ! I had rather hammer stone than
udgel my brain on this tedious vexatious
And through all tho fatnificationa of so*
iety all at-o complaining of their condition
-finding fault with their particular locaon.
'If I Wfcrn r?nlu ?l>Se -*l *
....j vuio, ui iuo u.uer, L
jould bo content,' is llie universal cry, ,any-?
ting but what T run.' So wags the world,
> it has wagged, and so it will wag.
An t)loqtjent Passage.? IteV. Dr?
pritig of New York preached bis fifteenth
universary sermon on Sunday. He closed
s discouicc ns follows S
'The half century is gone\ gone like
lino small stnrtbat bus been twinkling in
e curtain of the night; gone, like the
riftg cadence of distant minstrelsy, as it
misbes into air ; gone like the word just
oken, fqr good or for evil, never to be ra- *
lied ; gone like the clouds ^gbich di?jap?
tar after they have exhausted their treats
upon the earth \ gone like tho leaves
autumn, that are scattered to tho winds
they wither} gone liko the phantom,
!iich, in pursuit, had a semblance of rcal,
but which in tho retrospect ia melted
ray \ gone as yesterday has gone* Why
I say bere; gone! Nothing is gone whose
"j do mac, tlio woman, the Sabbaths, the
ayers, the weeks, the months, the years,
at sovna^of us have beheld vanish, one by
e, iu me.mysterious, past, li^e still ia
ad's universe. Past! What Is past!
'hat is the momentous present?this
>w, this accepted time ? What is the neverdiug
future??They are but parts that
ike up the ground unit of eternity?*
srnity thnt'was, and is, and ever will be.
I ? ?- *
i nine ib a unit, where the angel at bear's
high court records as well the responsiilies
of hearers as the responsibility of
saebtrs, and where the great Witness and
dge will render to every mfcn according
The Newport correspondent of the Courie
i Etaa Unis, writes that there is a rumor
that famous watering place, that the
:prietor ofethe Ocean lIouBe has humbly
jucsted Mr. Jno. C. Ilcenan, of pugilistic
io\vn, to honor sortie other establishment
lb his presence, adding that be (the proetor^
wouldn't show the least sign of
lousy if some of bis colleagues should bo
happy as to coudt the'champion* among
the grain Htatiitiesof Chicsgo, just made *
, of the receipts of flour and grain sincp
tuary 1st, compared with the receipts ?
ing the same period of last year, 1859,
iwb an increase of 13,000 bbls flour 550Ifrusbels
wheat, 7,550,000 bushels corn.
reate in shipments, the same time. 63,<
) bbls. flour, 450,000 bufhels wh^at, 6,*
),000 bushels corn. In store tbore are
be present time, 2700 bbls. flour, 6,400
belt wheat, 1,500,000 boshels corn. j
cqol criminal.?A short time ago a
n named Cfandall made bis escape from I
Alleghany country jail. For tbe.iu*
nation of the curious, he has lately writbank
thn fAtlAwiii" ' *v? 11
- . "? .1VUUUIII UI III? mm#
of his escape:?'I suppose it nafrpti* d
r#5? *>? !><>**
W ?w?.* > nof M?to& jKfflg to ?
b. The moduB operand* wm tkKJ I
<0at q! rtv MiU:. by ingenuity, ran . up !
ir wftfr ^IHl^dtefrlarbfarer th0 back
wm p?i j!
jo taMo ^thittgMtju ukl.tm now* W- ji
f in tne tiinshine W pleasure and liber- I
i . i irt i\ _'. . . .. A \ .1
,iio'!oH'WcT-:a J u |