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LEASH, Dan'pa, will
'oo toll me," asked
a small, but
"Why U a little
hatchet called a
symbol ot the
"Why, don't you know?" said Grandpa
Little Bobby shook his head;
-"'I tooly don't." he answered. "Then you
ought to," Grandpa said.
"All ready," ho continued, taking Bobby
on his knee,
-"It's going to be a story, and you re wide
awake, I see.
Once on a time a little boy of just about
Received a little hatchet from his father
for a gift"
"Oh, what a funny present," thoughtful
riobbv cried. "Sunnose
That boy had chopped his fingers off and
bloodied nil nis ciotnes;
I dess his foolish papa then would cry a lot.
Why didn't that boy's mamma take the
hatchet right away?
"Perhaps she didn't know It," Grandpa
laughed: "at any rate
Next morning bright and early rose that
llttlo boy elate
' To try his little hatchet; In his father's
Displayed his skill by cutting down a fa
vorite cherry tree."
"A cherry tree?" cried Bobby. "Weren't
any woods around?
Why, cherrle3 aro the goodest things to
eat I ever found;
I dess that little fellow wasn't smart a bit.
Say, Dan'pa! Do you fink I'd kill a lovely
"Of courso you wouldn't, Bobby; you're
too fond of things to eat;
Hut, Just for fun, suppose you did, and
then had chanced to meet
Your father In the garden, and he sternly
asked you who
Cut down his favorlto cherry tree. Now,
tell me what you'd do."
"Well, Dan'pa! let me fink. If I cut down
his cherry tree
And papa came and caught mo with the
hatchet, wouldn't he
JCnow certain sure I did It? If I told a
IHe'd whip mo twice a's hard, you know, for
telling him a lie.
?'But If I looked real sorry and I didn't skip,
Dear pop! forgive poor Bobby, who cut
down your tree:' Instead
Of getting any whipping wouldn't papa
say: 'My son!
Because you didn't tell a lie, no whipping
will be done?' "
-"Ahem!" said Grandpa, startled by the
wisdom of tho tot,
"That's Just the thing that happened In
tho story. Now you trot
Away to bed, and say your prayers before
you close your eyes.
And dream about the whippings bad boys
get for telling lies."
H. C. Dodge, In Detroit Free Press.
of the pine knots henped high on Ibc
open hearth, these scarred veterans re
vived iu story their country's struggle
Striking, even In this distinguished
gathering, was tho major, lie was a
lineal descendant of Gov, Bradford, of
colonial Massachusetts. He stood high
hi Washington's esteem, and shared the
f i leiulship of Lafayette. He never failed
to hold his audience, and he had it now.
"We were reconnoltering In West
morclund county, Va," he continued.
"I chanced upon a flno team of horses
hitched to a plow; they were driven by
n burly slave. 1'incr animals I huve
never seen. When my eyes had feast
ed on their beauty, 1 cried to the driver:
'Hello! good fellow, I must have your
horses. They are tho very animals I
acy and authority of law and govern
ment were ever uppermost in his mind
and purpose. When in bis second term
that whisky insurrection broke out in
Pennsylvania and the misguided mal
contents; after fair warning by his
proclamation, continued to resist the
collection of tho tax and to resort to
mob law and violence, ho proriiptly
called out lb.OOO militia from the neigh
boring states and repaired to the scone
of action, ready to take command and
crush the Incipient rebellion with a
strong hand. But this I how of power
and purpose, with Washington behind
it, was enough, and the lawless ele
ments retired abashed, ns they always
will, when confronted by a leader who
dares to shoot r.nd to kill.
But Washington not only recognized
in the year of our
Lord IS09, oft mj
gra ndf ath er's
house on the Mus
kingum ricr, the
major told this
"It happened this way," he began.
"'I was sent to Washington on a forag
ing expedition. I tn as before the buttle
of Vorktown." The major's eagle eye
hcanued the faces of his attentive lis
Xcncrs. Every one ot the company had been
'Ofllccrs in Gen. Washington's army.
'.Together they had fought in eery bat
tle from Hunker Hill to the capture of
-Cornwallis at Vorktown. I can see
1liPm now strong of feature, brave of
bearing, their snow-white cues fulling
on velvet collars, White ruffles at their
wrists, knee breeches, leggings, and the
tjuaiut buckle shoes of colonial times.
There was bluff old Hufus 1'utnnin,
'whose engineering skill on Dorchester
."Heights enabled Washington to drive
-the British from Boston; brave little
Commodore Whipple, who gate birth to
the American navy by offering the first
dpfiance to England on the sea, anil
tin- commanding figure of Kobert Oliver,
who elected the (list saw and gristmill
in Ohio, together with Jonathan Devol,
one of the ilrst ship builders iu tbs
But how did all these famous war--r'ulrs
find their way to the beautiful
-Ohio valley, jou may ask? Peace re
stored, their country had no more use
:for fighting soldiers, war had robbed
.them of their fortunes. Utit they wcic
. -undaunted, and together tlny boarded
the Mnyilower a II oa ting barge and
made their way into the Ohio valley.
There they laid out farms at Beepr'e,
AVnterford uud Amestoivn, the earliest
settlement iu the icinlty of Marietta.
At eventide they were wont to Moat
- .down the calm bosom of the river, and
at the peril of the lurking red man's
tomahawk, moor their skiffs at my
grandfather's door. Once in the t'biv
"TELL anOBGE WASHINGTON THAT HIS MOTHER. SAID HE COULD NOT
HAVE HER HORSES."
Inn e been looking for.' The black man
showed his teeth and rolled up the
whites of his eyes while he put the
lash to the horses' flanks and turned up
another furrow of rich soil. I waited
until ho had finished the row, then I
threw back my cavalier cloak.
"Tho ensign of my rank was not lost
upon the slave.
" 'Better see missis, better see missis,'
he cried, waving his hund to the south,
where beyond cedar growth rose the
towers of a fine old irgiuiu mansion. I
turned up the carriage road, and soon
my hand was on the brass knocker. In
stantly the door was swung back on its
ponderous hinges and the majestic form
of a woman filled the empty space.
" 'Madam,' said I, dropping my lint,
and visibly overcome by her dignity, 'I
have come to claim your horses in the
name of the government.'
'"My horses?' She bent upon me
eyes born to command. 'Sir, you cannot
have them; my crops arc out and 1
need the horses In the field.'
" 'I am sorry,' said I, 'but such arc
the orders of ray chief.'
'"Vonr chief who is your chief"'
she demanded, with restrained warmth.
' "T1I, rtnintitnniliit. In r.l,In rt i 1...
American army Geu. George Wash
ington.' It was now my turn to be
grandiose. I squared my shoulders
while n smile of triumph softened the
sternness of her handsome face. 'Tell
George Washington,' said she, 'that his
mother said ho could not have her
"Humbled to the dust," laughed the
major, "I turned nwny convinced that
I had discovered tho source of my
chief's decision and self .command."
"Did you report to 'Washington?''
asked a hero of Hrandywine.
"Vcs," said the major.
"What did he say?"
"With one of his rare smiles the Fa
ther of His Country reverently bowed
his head." Llda Hose McCabe, In Chi
cago Inter Ocean.
his obligation to the people and to the
luvv, but he was ever mindful of the
still higher obligation to the principles
of justice and humanity. To be truth
ful, to be just, to be humane these
were the bright jewels in his crown of
character. It Is a fact most interesting
and impressive "now to recall, after all
our great troubles and conflict over the
slavery question, that he left his solemn
testimony against that institution in
words which ought to have been heeded
by his countrymen. As early ns 178G,
just uftcr the revolution, he wrote:
"There Is no man living who wishes
more sincerely than I do to see a plan
adopted for the abolition of slavery.
But there is but one proper and ef
fectual mode by which it can be ac
complished and that is by legislative
authority, and this, so far as my suf
frage will go, will never be wanting."
And these noble words he put Into
practical effect by the emancipation of
his own slaves by will, humanely pro
viding for the support of the aged and
infirm among them, and giving the
most explicit and peremptory direc
tions that those too young to support
themselves should "be taught to read
and write and brought up to some use
ful occupation" and this to be a charge
upon his estate. Hon. Charles S. May,
in Detroit Free Press.
A PRACTICAL STATESMAN.
George 'Washington as a model Man of
Qnalncss, Order and Law Truthful, Juat,
Washington was eminently a prac
tical statesman. His mind was of the
solid, practical order. In the Old South
church in Boston I have seen, iu his
own bold and clear handwriting, the
expense accounts which he kept in the
revolution, down to tho shillings and
tho pence. Ho was no theorist, the
author of no new idea or system in gov
ernment. He left to Jefferson to
enunciate the great ideas of liberty in
tho Declaration of Independence and
to Hamilton to inaugurate our great
system of finance. But when it came
to practical administration and execu
tive duty he was a model of business,
of order and law. Here his great rule
and guide was the conscientious per
formance of public duty. Naturally
conservative in his ideas, the suprem-
Something of Ills Kjrly Training, Ills
Acquirements and Ills Lovo of Mastery.
A boy who was much at Mount Ver
non and at Mr. Fairfax's seat, Belvoir,
might expect to see not a little that
was worth seeing of the life of the col
ony. George was kept at school until
he was close upon 10; but there was
ample vacation time for visiting. Mrs.
Washington did not keep him at her
upron strings. He even lived, when it
was necessary, with his brother Augus
tine, at the old home on Bridges cieek,
in order to be near the best school that
was accessible, while the mother was
far away on the farm that lay upon the
Kiippahnnnock. Mrs. Washington saw
to it, nevertheless, that she should not
lose sight of him altogether. When he
was 14 it was proposed that he should
be sent to sea, ns so many lads were,
no doubt, fTom that maritime province;
but the prudent mother preferred he
should not leave Virginia, and the
schooling went on as before the
schooling of books and manly sports.
Every lad learned to ride to ride colt
or horse, regardless of training, gait or
temper in that country, where no one
w ent afoot except to catch his mount in
the pasture. Every lad, black or wnlti:,
bond or free, knew where to find and
how to take the roving game in the for
ests. And young Washington, robust
troy that he was, not to be daunted
while that strong spirit sat in him
which lie got from his father and
mother alike, took his apprenticeship
on horseback and in the tangled woods
with characteristic zest and ardor.
He was above all things else a capa
ble executive boy. He loved mastery,
and be relished acquiring the most ef
fective means of mastery in all prac
tical affairs. His very exercise books
used at school gave proof of it. They
were filled, not only with the rules,
formulae, diagrams and exercises of
surveying, which he was taking spe
cial pains to learn, at the advice of his
friends, but also with careful copies of
legul and mercantile papers, bills of
exchange, bills of sale, bonds, inden
tures, land warrants, leases, deeds and
wills, as if he meant to be a lawyer's
or a merchant's clerk. It would
seem that, passionate and full of
blood us he was, he conned
these things aa he studied the
use and structure of his fowling-piece,
the bridle he used for his colts, his
saddle-girth, and the best ways of
mounting. He copied these forms of
business as he might hove copied Bev
erley's nccount of the way fox or 'pos
sum or beaver was to be taken or the
wild turkey trapped. The men he most
admired, his elder brothers, Mr. Fair
fax, and the gentlemen planters who
were so much at their bouses, were
most of them sound men of business,
who valued good surveying us much as
they admired good horsemanship and
skill in sport. They were their own
merchants, and looked upon forms of
business paper as quite as useful as
plows and hogsheads. Careful exercise
in such matters might well enough
accompany practice in the equally
formal minuet in Virginia. And so this
boy learned to show in almost every
thing he did the careful precision of the
perfect marksman. Woodrow Wilson,
in Harper's Magazine.
A TALE OF
Again he read the story ot tho hatchet and
And said: "I'll do some chopping and a
president will be."
So he got his little hatchet and hastened
to the plare,
When ho found his daddy watting with a
set, determined face.
Who led him to the woodpile, and In a
voice of law.
Said: "If you want to chop, sir, chop soma
firewood for your maw!"
Searchlight lor Slam.
A rather unexpected place from
which to receive an order for n search
light is Shim, yet it is stated by the
Electric Kevievv that an order from
Singapore for a 14-inch projector bv
been placed in this country by one of
the darky kings of Borneo.
Some Interesting: Facta am to Theli'
The following Interesting extract"
are from an article by Mr. Robert P.
Porter on the "Condition of American.
Hallways," published in a recent num
ber of the New York Sun:
The latest general balance sheet of the
railways of the United States gives us a
total valuation of railway property close
to (1,200,000,000, and over 180,000 miles of
road. Next to our farms, which aggregate
1,300,000.000, these great properties will
form, at the closo of tho century, the most
valuable assets of the republic. The con
struction of the great systems of trann
portation has played an important, If not
the most Important, part In the progress
of tho naton during the last half century.
Within the last few weeks, the ways and
means committee of congress have granted
hearings at Washington to those represent
ing our several industries. In reading the
published testimony, one Is struck with the,
deplorable accounts given of the condition
of many branches of manufacture. Whllo
not occupying the public mind to anything
like the extent of the manufacturer, tho
American railroad Is In as bad. If not In
a worse plight. If congress would only ex
tend its hearings to railways, the stories
of the recent tariff hearings would be re
peated with emphasis on a larger and even
more Impressive scale. Loss of earnings,
reductions of rates below tho paying point,
actual loss In passenger traffic, deteriora
tion of roadbed, reduction In the number
of employes, others working half-time, re
ceiverships, foreclosure sales, practically
hlf of this enormous Investment bringing
no returns, and the blight of Insolvency
steadily settling down upon our entire sys
tem. Tho losses and disasters arising from
these conditions have been widespread and
far-reaching. In the first place. It is un
doubtedly truo that In no other Industry
is so large a business carried on upon o
small a banking account. A railway com
pany is a great distributor, not only of
passenger and freight, but of money. As
fast as Its earnings come In, they go out
again. First, we have the army of direct
employes, which reached nearly S75.O0O a
few years ago, but which has been reduced
fully 100,000. With continued prosperity,
our railway system would have to-day
furnished direct employment to at least
1,000,000 employes. This, however, gives but
an Imperfect Idea of the number employed
indirectly, that Is, In car shops and loco
motive works, and equipment shops of all
'kinds, blast furnaces, rail mills and a
myriad industries dependent upon the rail
ways for their prosperity. As the percent
age of Increase In equipment has been re
duced from ten per cent, in 1S90, to an
actual decrease In 1SD5, It may be safely
assumed that thousands Indirectly engaged
have been thrown out of employment. A
perusal of the statistics of railways as
compiled by the United States govern
ment shows conclusively that under ex
isting conditions most of our railways are
running behind, and the few that arc ap
parently holding their own are far, from
hopeful for the future. Economical man
agement Is one thing, but forced economies
can only result In a deterioration of the
property. For a few years some of our
older railways can thus economize, but It
la only by continued and liberal expendi
ture of money that track, roadbed, bridges,
equipment and rolling stock can be kept
up-to-date and In good running order. Tho
loss to labor has been enormous, and it Is
important that railway employes of all
grades should study this side of the ques
tion. With freight and passenger rates
less than those of European countries,
where labor is paid about half the Ameri
can rates, how long will our railways be
able to tldo along with reduced forces and
three-quarter time? Unless the decline In
receipts Is stopped, wages must be re
duced, and then the trouble will begin.
Taking an army of 200,000 men out of active
employment In one occupation Is a pretty
serious business. That means an annual
loss In wages of not less than 5150,000,000.
Here we have the direct loss. The Indirect
loss comes from the Irreparable Injury to
the properties by reason of not keeping
them up, ultimately entailing additional
With tho exception of ISM, passenger
rates reached their lowest In 1835, while
freight rates, save a small rally In 1K2,
are steadily coming down. When compared
with foreign countries, are rates are In
deed low. It Is said that if the Pennsyl
vania Railroad company could secure tho
same rates as the London & Northwestern
company, the annual earnings would bo
Increased J12.000.000. Mr. George R. Blanch
ard. In his recent testimony before the In
terstate commerce committee of the seo
nte, said that had our railways collected tho
lowest of tho European charges, we
would have received $370,000,000 more than
we did receive. This calculation was based
on the figures of 1S92. The figures of 1895,
which are lower for the United States,
would make a greater difference.
The Impartial student of these data must
be struck with the necessity of commer
cial as well as Industrial reconstruction.
The census reports of 1880 and 1890 and th-
statistics of the Interstate commerce com
mission, all of which are uniform, together
with the valuable reports of II. V. Poor,
give us material on which to base a thor
ough inquiry. The presidents and other
officers who have charge of these great
properties should be accorded the same
opportunity to be heard as the manufactur
ing Industries. So far ns I can learn, there
is no desire on the part of railway man
agers to generally raise rates. There Is,
however, a widespread belief that rock
bottom prices have been reached, and
that anything, even the merest shade lower,
will be absolutely ruinous.
The case against the railways Is a fa
miliar one. Those who realize these new
conditions have no excuses or opologlo?
for past mismanagement, nor for thu
methods by which some of these roadi
were built. Whatever may be said of those
who built railways far in advance of popu
lation, or for purposes other than legiti
mate trade, we have, on the other hand,
equally tb blame, the cities and towns
Bnd counties and Individuals who were
ready to mortgage the'future to help along
the work. In a large measure the wind
and the water and the fraud have been
squeezed out of these properties. In their
place new and honestly-acquired capital
In the shape of enforced loans from bond
holders and forced assessment of stock
holders has been Invested. Foreclosures,
tho sheriff and the courts have wiped out
much of tho inflated values and new capi
tal with reorganization for business pur
peses has followed. Surely no one will
deny that the consolidation and changes,
say of the last decade, havo been bene
ficial. There Is more uniform action than
over before. Better business principles pre
vail. The public havo never been so well
and bo cheaply served as now. Consider
ing the hard times, the discharges, the
reduced time, there has never existed bet
ter feeling between the railway employe
and tho officers than at present. The losi
of $100,000,000 Income in five years must
have been a staggering blow. A continu
ation of this aort of thing would simply
destroy much of our wealth and arrest the, ,
progress of the republic. i
" i-W. L.
" e. ' m
. b s, ",-' -1