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PEOPLE WHO TOIL.
Interesting: Statistics in Regard to
American "Wage- Earners.
Carroll I). Wright, llrnd of the Labor Bu
reau, Makes and Exhaustive Report
Mule and Female Em
Washington, Fob. 13. The 11th an
nual report of the bureau of labor,
just transmitted to congress by Com
missioner Wright, was prepared in
obedienco to a joint resolution of con
gress directing an investigation rela
tive to the employment of men, women
and children, and is confined strictly
to a comparison of the extent of em
ployment and wages of 1S95-90, or "pre
sent period" with the. conditions in
what is termed "former period" ante
dating the present period by at least
ten years. Tho agents of the depart-
CAIUIOIX D. WWOIIT.
ment secured information from 1,0C7
establishments of various kinds,
located in SO different states and em
ploy ing 14S.SG7 persons a number largo
enough to insure that tho data col
lected were thoroughly representative.
Tho complete data sought for, how
ever, were obtained from 931 establish
ments employing 04,500 persons in tho
former and 103,048 in the present
period. Of this number in tho first
period 20,740 were males of 18 years of
ago or over, ns. against 43,195 in tho
Eccond, 4,175 males under 18 years of
age, as against 7,540 in tho second; 27,
163 females, 18 years of age or over,
and 8,748 females under 18 yearsof age,
as against 45,183 nnd 13,571, respective
ly, in the present period. The malo
employes 13 years of ago or over in
creased in the present period over tha
former period 03.1 per cent, whilo fe
male employes of the same age and
period increased 00.3 percent. Male em
ployes under "" roars of ago lncrrr"d
80.0 per rem , while female empli. r
under IK years of age Increased su.l per
Out of the "1 instances in which
men and children (ptrsons UD'ler 13
years of age) work at tho same oooupa.
tion with a liko degree of efficiency,
tnen reet-ivc greater pay in 12, or 7iM
per cent, of the instances and children
receive greater pay in 24 or 10.5 pet
cent., while In 93 instances or 9.7 pet
cent, they reeelve the same pay for tho
same work performed with the same
degree of efficiency. Tho men receivo
57.7 per cent greater pay than tho
children in the 183 instances in which
they are paid more, while tho children
receivo but 8.0 per cent, greater pay in
tho 34 instances in which they are paid
the higher wages.
The main reason given for the em
ployment of women and girls is that
they are better adapted for tho work
at which they are employed. Other
reasons given are that they aro mora
reliable, more easily controlled,
cheaper, more industrious, less liable
to strike and learn more rapidly. On
the other hand, the reasons for their
opinion, given by those who did not
bolieve that there was any tendency
for the employment of women to in
crease their industries, wero that very
often women who were bettpr adapted
and cheaper wero unreliable; that
their physical strength was inadequate
for heavy work; that machinery was
gradually displacing them.
Tho department is now investigating
tho effects of machinery upon labor
and tho cost of production, a compila
tion of wage statistics in tho leading
countries of tho world, an -Investigation
of the liquor problem and eco
nomic aspects, in collaboration with
'the state lubor bureaus, tho municipal
ownership of gas; water and clectrio
Alloa 1'latt Sot Free.
Kansas Cm-, Mo., Feb. 13. Allco
Piatt was acquitted yesterday of tho
chargo of poisoning tho two Mus
sey children. Aa she leit tho jail
building and walked up Missouri ave
nue with her father and sister sho
waved her veil excitedly and shouted
to tho great crowd that had gathered:
"Did you ever get left?" Tho jury was
out all night and until 9:S this morn
ing. On tho first few ballots the jury
stood seven for acquittal end five for
Fair to Old Soldiers.
Washington, Feb. 13. At tho pen
sion bureau yesterday a delegation from
O. A. It. posts 83 and 41, of Allegheny
r City and Pittsburgh, Pa., presented
resolutions of thanks to Commissioner
Murphy for his humane administration
-of tho bureau. The presentation speech
was made by Congressman Stone, of
Pennsylvania, who declared that for
the first time In tho history of tho bu
reau all old soldiers were satisfied with
WOftK OF CONGRESS.
What Onr Senators and Representative!
Are Doing at the National Capitol.
The senate on the 8th was In secret session
most of tho timo ou tho Anglo-American arbi
tration treaty. Tho bill rearranging tho Judicial
district of Texas was passed over tho presi
dent's veto by a vote of 67 to 1, Senator Cattery
(La.) being tho member that cast tha negative
vote Senator Pottlgrew (S. P.) sought to
novo tho bill relative to tho timber culture laws
recalled from the president to correct an error,
but his resolution went over. ...The house de
voted nearly tho whole day to District of Co
lumbia business and eight bills of moro or less
local Importance wero passed. The confcrcnco
report on tho immigration bill was presented
and notice given that It would be called up the
next day. Mr. Olllctt (Mass.) introduced a bill
making It a misdemeanor to conduct pool sell
ing, lotteries, etc, by means ot telegraph, tele
phono and other means of transmitting mes
sages. The sennto on tho 8th spent most ot the day
In executive session on tho arbitration treaty,
Senator Morgan (Ala.) holding tho floor nearly
all tho time. A bill was passed to Improve the
channel of the South pass by closing the
crevasse in Pass l'Outro In the Mississippi river.
....Tho house agreed to the llnal conference re
port on tho immigration bill and passed two
bills to pension the "remarried widow" of John
II. Patton, of tho Seventh Illinois, and also tho
"remarried widow" of Ma. Albert D. Soulc, of
tho Twenty-Third Maine volunteers. Doth the
bills had been previously vetoed by the presi
dent. Tho senate amendments to a bill giving
the settlers on 15,000 acres of swamp lands In
Mississippi preferenco right of entry for one
year was agreed to. A bill was also passed to
prevent the fraudulent uso of the word "copy
right" on books and other publications.
Senator Mokqan (Ala.) announced in tho
senate on the 10th his withdrawal of tho Nicara
gua canal bill. The agricultural appropriation
bill was taken up and, after an amendment by
Senator Thurston (Neb.) to appropriate J5.00O
for continuing tho beet sugar experiments was
agreed to, tho bill passed. It appropriates
3,2S5,500. Tho house bill was passed extending
tho timo for complying with tho requirements
of tho act forfeiting railroad lands. It applies
to loads along the Northern Paclflo route. Sen
ator Tillman (S.'C.) called up the bill limiting
the effect of tho federal laws on tho liquor
traffic, so as te giro each stato absolute control
of tho subject. It caused a lively debate, which
was cut on by tho timo arriving for tho senators
to participate with tho house In counting the
electoral voto....In the house tho electoral
vote was formally counted by the joint session
of tho house and senate, Vlco President Steven
son presiding and Speaker Rood sitting at his
side. There was a round of applause, both on
tho floor and in tho galleries, when tho an
nouncement was made as follows: For presi
dent McKinloy, 271; Dryan, 178. For vlco
president Ilobart, 371; Sewall. 149; Watson, 7.
Tho bouse passed the scnato bill relating to tho
carrying of obsccno matter by express compa
nies and it has gono to tho president for signa
ture. Tin senate on the 11 th passed tho greato
part of the day In debating the Anglo-American
arbitration treaty. Senator Turplo (Ind.)
speaking In favor of and Senator Morgan (Ala.)
In opposition to Its ratification. Tho diplo
matic and consular appropriation bill was
passed and the 17th was tlxcd for a llnal vote on
tho conference report on the Immigration bill.
Hills Hilnjr tho timo and place for federal trials
in Oklahoma territory and providing for tho re
tirement of enlisted men of tho army and navy
after 3J years' continuous service at three
quarters pay wero also passed. ...Tho house
passed the fortifications bill 'and mado some
headway with tho post office appropriation MIL
But the major portion of the day was consumed
j jni' i ul d'bite on tho flnnnr-fal q-i Ion
nfc ii us iresenteu ny a provisi d .n u oiu
p. 1 1 dlr.gtor funding tli'1 d"Bt of the tun itorlp"
T Tu'lian oppropr'auon bill was reported
U the senate on -h' lth. A resolution was
p.t. . 3 r- ."ittlc s I'-ftarv O'tiPV to ue his
M''"r.' 'i t'.-riku ih'-cc udi'iunof Sjh'i'sWr
Scuvt 'l. Hi" iiowspapar correspondent linyils
oncl v. i unu. Senator Morgan (Ala.) offer, u
resi.'ii'lon tor the alronitlon of the C'la.vton
iiuiwer treaty with England. A bill was
passed authorizing tho appointment ot an ad
ditional judgo of the United States court in the
Indian territory. Tho rest of tho day passed lu
discussing tho Anglo-American arbitration
treaty. ...The house debated the post bfllco ap
propriation bill and afterwards passed It. It
LEFT A BIG FORTUNE.
The Personal Property Alone of tho Late
Editor McCulIagh Foots Up Over 8800,
OOO. Sr. Louis, Feb. 13. The inventory of
tho estate of tho late Joseph 11. Mc
CulIagh, editor of the Globe-Democrat,
was filed with tho probate court yes
terday. Tho personal property ia re
turned at 8870,127.40. The real estate
is not valued. It consists of two lots
in the city of St. Louis, one at Leaven
worth, Kan., nnd one at Oolden City,
Ark., nnd 205 acres of land in Jasper
HEAVY GOLD SHIPMENTS.
Western Bankers Bending Quantities of It
to New York by Mall.
Nr.W YonK, Feb. 13. Postmaster
Dayton said that it is true of late thero
have been unusually largo shipments
of gold from tho west for delivery
through tho post office to tho banks In
this city. Some Idea of the volume of
these shipments may be gained when
it is understood that the value of the
coin received by registered mall nnd
delivered from the general post office
since January 28 aggregated $1,510,000.
This was divided in lots.
Hank Ilobbcd by a Negro.
SAlvrsnuito, Pa., Feb. 13. Aboutnoon
yesterday Cashier J. A. Klingensmith,
of tho First national bank, was held
up by a colored man and forced to hand
over 8400. Tho man entered tho bank
when no ono but Mr. Klingensmith
was present and asked for some change.
When the cashier looked up tho black
man held a revolver to his head and or
dered him to hand over tho cash.
llanna Thinks Ho Will Win.
Canton, O., Feb. 13. A complete can
vass of the Ohio assembly has just been
completed by Joe Smith, the confiden
tial secrotary of the president-elect.
The result of it is that tho supporters
of National Chairman llanna arc con
vinced that if n special session of the
assembly is called to elect a successor
to Senator Sherman llanna will be
elected by a large majority.
Hanged Illmsolf to a Hedpost.
Easton, Pa., Feb. 13. Andrew Pick
ett, aired 77 years, a prominent retired
merchant of this city, was found dead
in bed hanging to a bedpost in his
room. Ho had been In ill health and
! despondent for a lonsr time.
JO O. SHELBY DEAD.
The ex-Conf cderato General' End Cams In
a Peaceful Way.
Merwin, Mo., Feb. 15. Gen. Jo O.
Shelby died at 4:20 o'clock Saturday
morning, so peacefully that those who
watched at his bedside scarcely real
ized that the end was at hand until ho
breathed his last. Ho remained un
conscious to the last, and no word or
sign of recognition of those about him
came from tho dying man. Ills eye
lids had remained closed for soma
hours and there was only a relaxa
tion of tho features as the hand
of death swept across the pallid face.
The remains of Gen. Shelby will bo
interred in Forest Hill cemetery, at
Kansas City, on, Wednesday at ten
o'clock a. in. Funeral services will bo
OEN. JO O. SHELBY.
from tho Central Presbyterian church
In that city. Tho remains will lie in
state Jail day Tuesday In the federal
building at Kansas City.
A Biographical Sketch.
Gen. Jo O. Shelby was born in Lex
ington, Ky., of a distlngulshcd.famlly,
in 1831. Though he has been conspicu
ous as a Mlssourian for 45 years, yet
his is another of tho many illustrious
names that Kentucky can claim from
the annals of fame. His school days
wero spent at Lexington, Ky., and
then at the age of 19 he came to Missouri
53 years, ago and settled in Audrain
county. The firing upon Fort Sumpter
found Capt. Shelby zealous in tho
southern cause. He was 30 years
of ago at this time. Hist strat
egy and activity brought him pro
motions in rapid succession. A cap
tain at the outbreak of the war, he
became a colonel of cavalry in 1S02; in
January, 1803, a colonel in command of
a brigade; and in May, 1804, a brigadier
general. Although Shelby was the youngest
general on the list, he was given tho
highest place possible not ranking
Gen. Price, when the last Missouri raid
was mado in 18(5-4. On October 20,
Marraaduke nnd Shelby drove the fel
eralf. hack from Blue river to Westport.
On the -21 Shelby n-cciwd orders to
capture Wcstport, which ho did after
the nxi.st desperate buttle lie ever
fought in Missouri. At the i'ise of tho
war Jeu. Shelby surrin.t. ;-d to tha
I'nitcd States through t i.-u. Huckm-r.
Shelby then gathered nln.nt him about
000 men, mostly Missourians, and went
to Mexico to join Jaurcz In tho revolu
tion against tho Emperor Maximilian.
On February 4, 1894, Gen. Shelby was
appointed United States marshal of
the Western district of Missouri, nnd
his term does not expire until March,
1898. He leaves a wife and a family of
eight children, seven boys and ono
Appropriations ot the Present Congress.
Washington, Feb. 15. The following
is published as an approximate esti
mate of the appropriations which will
bo made by the present congress:
Post office, 895,011,000; sundry civil,
850,004,000; District of Columbia, 85,042,
000; military academy, 8474,000; diplo
matic and consular, Si, 072,000; fortifica
tions, 89,1 78,000; agricultural, 33,155,000;
pensions, 8140,000,000; army, $23,120,000;
legislative, executive and judicial, S21,
608,000; Indian, 87,555,000; naval (esti
mated), 834,000,000; urgent deficiency,
8881,000; general deficiency (estimated),
815,000,000. Total, 8408,018,000. Per
manent annual appropriations, 8120,
000,000. Appropriations first session,
8515,314,000. Grand total for the Fifty
Fourth congress, 81,044,403,000.
Minors' Pension Claims.
Washington, Feb. 15. Commissioner
of Pensions Murphy has issued an or
der directing that all cases of helpless
minors for continuance of pension un
der tho net of June 87, 1890, will bo
mado extra special, andtchicfs of di
visions have been directed to take up
such cases at onco and push them to an
early adjudication. This action will
benefit a largo number of needy claim
ants and will give them tho benefit of
the pension when entitled at the earli
est possible moment. Heretofore such
claims havo occupied an ordinary
Senator Qnay's Son Arrested.
Prrrsiiunoir, Pa., Feb. 15. Richard
R. Quay, son of Senator Quay, is under
arrest on charges of criminal libel pre
ferred by State Senator Magee and
Fllnn. He is charged with furnishing
the material for tho articlo published
in tho Commercial Gazette stating that
Magcc and Flinn had sold out to llanna
in the McKinley canvass for the nomi
nation. Itayartl Mentioned for a Judgeship.
Washington, Feb. 15. Among those
who aro spoken of for appointment to
tho scat on the bench of the United
States district court made vacant by
the death of Judge Leonard E. Wales
in Delaware, is Thomas F. Bayard, am
bassador to tho court of St. James,
Ohio's Governor W1U Not Appoint Mark
llanna to the Senate.
Canton, O., Feb. 11. President-elect
McKinley is on the point of sacrificing
his secretary of state to save the re
publican party in Ohio from disruption
and the Ohio state officers from the
hands of the democrats. Tho informa
tion came in a telegram received from
Washington yesterday by a local For
alter man, and last night the Forakcr
Bushnoll faction had the fact staring
them in the face that 'they have been
blocked. The news has leaked out
hero among the friends of Hanna's
senatorial boom that the president
elect has received a letter from Gov.
Bushnell within the last few days in
reply to the request for Mr. Hanna's
appointment sent by him through
Judge Day, In which the governor
gives a last and final "No" to the re
quest. Senator Sherman and, the president
elect are in almost daily communica
tion, and they have mapped out their
policy quickly. The Foraker-llushueil
people are watching every movement,
and the allies of tho faction got hold
of the president-elect's plan almost as
soon as it was formed. Last night
every Forakcr man of any prominence
In tho state knows that Senator Sher
man and the president-elect have prac
tically decided to forego each other's
company in the cabinet for tho sake of
preventing Jones, Kurtz or Uushnell
from going to the senate.
SAYS "NO SURRENDER."
Gen. Gomez Declares That Cuba Will Not
Accept Spanish Offers.
New Yonic, Feb. 11. Tho World this
morning published an Interview with
Gen. Maximo Gomez dated: "Camp of
Gen. Maximo Gomez, near Salado,
province of Santa Clara, Cuba, January
29,1897;" Gomez said in part: "Spain
will not grant any real reform. We
no longer ask concessions from her.
Even were Spain's proposals bona fide,
nothing could tempt us to treat with
her. We are for liberty, not for Span
ish reform. We are for Cuba, not for
Spain. I am disgusted with this talk
of reform. Docs Spain think we have
forgotten the lessons of the past?
Liberty is what wo arc fighting for,
because it is one of the most glorious
gifts God has bestowed upon man.
We want nothing from Spain. Cuba
hates Spain. Homo rule in its
broadest sense is independence. That
is the kind of homo rule we want. II
you ask would we accept home rule
with a Spanish captain-general, I
would answer most -emphatically no.
We want nothing from Spain. We do
not want her captain-general nor her
glory, if she has any remaining, nor
New York's RSSO.OOO function Whs a I)e
rldedly Swell AfTulr.
New York Feb. U. Beautiful be
yond description Has the ball innsqno
of Mrs. Bradley-Martin last night
Columns have been written about tho
ifffair and pictures havo been drawn,
but tho fancy of the urtist did not
picture half the splendor presented in
tho Waldorf. Tho costumes wero ex
quisite. All tho great men and women
of the last three centuries were repre
sented. Arrayed, costly beyond the
dream of the originals, were the men
nnd women who appeared as ladies and
gentlemen of the olden periods. At
midnight the great ball was at its
height. All society was there gathered
to portray the regal splendor of past
centuries. For lavish expenditure,
for artistic decorations and sur
roundings, for a reflection of the
most picturesque episodes in old
world history and a gathering of the
fuircst and the richest in tho new
world life, tho ball last night marked
an epoch. It was moro than a mile
post in New York's history; it was the
event of a decade.
FOUGHT A DUEL.
Two Cavalrymen at West Point Kngago In a
Combat Over a Woman.
New Yokk, Feb. 11. At a recent sol
diers' ball at WestToint, Katie Medler,
a blacksmith's daughter, favored John
Leahy, a trooper, and Pearlcy noward,
Ills rival, challenged him to a duel.
Charley Wresth and Billy Sissy, two
other troopers, acted as seconds. After
tho usual preliminaries each man drew
his cavalry saber. A sharp contest
ensued. After a few minutes of fight
ing, Howard, with ono sweep of his
sword, sent Leahy's sword flying and
left him defenseless. With the return
sweep his sharp weapon caught Leahy
on the lips and cut them through.
Leahy crlcd'"murder" and the seconds
tried to stop the flow of blood, but
their efforts were fruitful and they
had to take tho wounded man to the
cadet hospital, where his lips were
sewed up by the surgeon. He told the
doctor he got the injury accidentally
whilo fencing with Howard.
TWO MEN DIE TOGETHER.
Strangers Commit Suicide with Gas at
Grand Island, Neb.
Grand Island, Neb., Feb. 11. Two
well-dressed men came to this city
Tuesday night, arriving from the east
They went to the best hotel in tho
city and only ono registered, saying
ono'namo would do for both. Tho slg
naturo on the register Is very vngue,
but looks like R. A. Newcome, and the
residence given as Billings, Mont.
Yesterday morning they were found in
their room dead. All gas jets wero
open full. Neither man carried any
baggage other than a small grip, and
this contained nothing but two shirts
and a few collars. The coroner's jury
returned a verdictpj suicide.
Tbs Next Secretary of the Treasury Speaka
at a Farewell Dinner.
CnicAOO, Feb. 13. The Commercial
club last night gave a farewell dinner
to Lyman J. Gage, the next secretary
of the treasury, about 100 men prom
inent in business circles being present.
In the course of his speech Mr.
Gage said: "Wisely or unwisely,
I have pleaded for toleration,
for patience with misunderstand
ing, for a broad citizenship, not
limited to local surroundings; a citizen
ship which welcomes business success,
because it lends power and influence
in the larger social life, to which duty
and true happiness stand in close rela
tions." Mr. Gage said that the most
advanced scientists now recognized
that a very large number of so
called diseases found their existing
cause in that part of tho physical
organization known as the emotional
center. These diseases could not bo
reached by ordinary means, but should
be addressed through mental impres
sions nnd suggestions. Thi i, he inti
mated, wo, the source of trouble with
the social state, and continued: "It is
unwise to be blind to tho dangers in
such a situation. Hysteria, though
functional in its operation, aiay induce
organic disease. Men of steady minds
and strong hearts must, with temper
ance and' chnrity and the exercise of
right reason find the true path which
leads to peace and safety. There aro
real mistakes to be corrected. We
have violated the natural laws which
govern in the realm of economics with
the same force and power that they do
in the physical realm."
A CLASH EXPECTED.
Only Intervention by the Tower Can Pre
vent Trouble In Crete.
Athens, Feb. 13. Tho warlike ex
citement here increased with the de
parture of troops for the frontier and
the equipping of additional war ves
sels for servico in Cretan waters.
J OP GREECE.
Nobody o doubt that a
clash will occur be
tween ' id Turkey unless
tho io rvenc; but it is
believed .. ',hat Greece will
bo given u .i..,i'. ...wd in Crete, and thnt
If she succeeds in annexing that island
her right to do so will not be ques
tioned by the rest of Europe. It is
quite certain that King Goorgc has
not acted without consulting with his
friends in sending the torpedo flotilla
into Cretan waters, with instructions
to prevent, at all hazards, the landing
of Turkish troops in Crete.
The Noted New Yorker Will Probably Be
Ambassador to Great Britain.
Canton, O., Feb. 13. Whatever may
be the decision concerning New York's
representation in tho incoming cabi
net, the Empire state seems likely to
gain the plum of the diplomatic ap
pointments, and Chauncey M. Depew
will, in all probability, be tho next
ambassador of the United States to tho
court of St. James. The appointment
of Mr. Dcpew, while not officially an
nounced, seems to have been practical
ly decided upon and probably will re
ceive authentic confirmation within
the next few days.
NO LEGAL AID.
Scott Jackson nnd Alonzo Walling Must Dlo
for Pearl Hryan's Murder.
Fkankfort, Ky Feb. 13. In the
cases of Scott Jackson and Alonzo
Walling, sentenced to be hanged for
tho murder of Pearl Bryan, the court
of appeals overruled the petition for a
rehearing. Tho records were imme
diately transmitted to Gov. Bradley for
his SO days in which to consider tho
case and fix the date for tho hangings.
It is believed that Gov. Bradley will
give the case immediate attention.
Wool Interests at Outs.
Washington, Feb. ' 13. The Wool
Growers' and Wool Manufacturers as
sociations have failed to adjust their
differences over the rates of duty to bo
recommended to the ways and means
committee for the new tariff bill and
have separated. The growers were un
willing to consent to rates at which
they declare they could not continue
to produce wool with profit, and tho
manufacturers held that tho rates of
the growers were higher than proper
Exports of Domestic Products.
Washington, Feb. 13. According to
tho tables of the bureau of statistics
the total exports of domestic products
during the seven months ended Janu
ary 31 last amounted to S422,9S0,802,
against 8334,844,011 for the correspond
ing period in the preceding year.
Breadstuffs amounted to 8121,938,245;
cotton, 8109,450,005; mineral oils, 837,
223,217, and provisions, 878,500,903.
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