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What Pantheism Is.
Miss H. F., a constant reader of tbe Specta
tor, requests as to give her a plain statement
what Pantheism means.and claims that the en
cyclopedias give too much of an explanation,
confusing the mind. We donbt whether we
can do much better, bat we shall endeavor to
give it in as terse and concise a manner as
possible. The pantheist identifies God and
nature. Nature is God and God is nature.
He looks upon tbe forces of nature, like gravi
tation, electricity, light, heat, etc.; not as the '
manifestations of a hidden spiritual God, but
as God, a part of the universal whole. The •
pantheist thos conceives of God as the sum
and total of the seen and unseen. A pantheist
of course does not believe in a special revela
tion nor does he recognize a separate snpreme
intelligence, he supposes a unity transcending
all difference between mind and matter. And
this is the hypothesis, which makes it so diffi
cult to understand the system of pantheistic
philosophy, which even a Spinoza could not
make clear to the strongest minds. Suffice it
for our inquiring friend and for others to know
that there is considerable confusion of terms in
that cheerless philosophy. It natnre is God,
where is to be found the higher reference of
the moral ideal ? With all the beauty and
loveliness and grandeur of nature, it is im
possible to prove that she possesses one single
moral quality. The stars that sparkle so splen
didly, look down with eyes as cold as ice, and
would see nations starve without shedding a
tear. You love the flower, but does the flower
love you ? The lily that stands by the coffin
of the babe is as happy as when it stood by its
cradle. Where is the pity, charity, love, the
righteousness in nature, outside of human
natnre and sentient life ? Where then does
the pantheist find any God better than him
self to worship? The monotheism of the Jew
divested of all its foreign elements and in fall
accord with the highest concepts of human
thought regarding the attributes of God, and
with its exalted views of human dignity and
human duty is without donbt the most simple,
and yet the most sublime religious truth ever
revealed to man.— Dr. Sam field, in the Jewish
By the death of Horace Moses the Hy man
Gratz bequest of $100,000 becomes available to
the Mickve Israel Congregation. The bequest
stipulated that the money was to be used for
the endowment of a school for the furtherance
of Jewish learning. It is quite possible that
the money may be given to the Jewish Theo
logical Seminary, now in New York, although
that institution would then have to be moved
to Philadelphia, for it is further stipulated
that the institution is to be in the city of Phila
\ MCKSBURO miss.
The temple was reopened for services last
Friday evening for the first time, since the
handsome and elaborate improvement-, that
have been made upon it.
The Hebrew S-bbath School, children of
Israel organized last Sunday with increased
attendance over last year. It has an efficient
corps of teachers, with Miss Marie Hitzfield
organist and instructress of the choir, and Dr.
M. Samfleld Superintendent.
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