Newspaper Page Text
of the Hour
Tnr. trial of tte
ers nt Flush-
Ins. K. W tor tlie
slaying of William
E. Annls at tle
P.riyslde Ynclit club
hint summer In n
proceeding tint nnt-
cmlly excites more
tlmu local Interest
:n account of the
prnwlnen. e r.f tho
nnd the sei--iiionnl
chnrncter of the tracredy. Military,
society and literary circles are espe
cially nbsnrbed In the outcome of the
trial, for the name of Hnlns lias been
an honored one lu tho army and a
noted one In literature, while In lend
ing social circles In Washington, Bos
ton and New York the families now
enjoying bo much undesirable public
ity were formerly conspicuous.
Tho rllctltinttttii it xvfmi lurr nt lit
In legal annals-belongs to one of the .b,rousht notice In
younger judges of the supreme bench
of the state of New York, Frederick
v r 4.1. n 1. ..9 T... ,.,t 1 T-n
il. i.t i ili,. Hit, UK HUB UCCU 1U IUiU Ul M
ploy the Golden Rule In treating with
crime, so to him belongs the credit of
whatever success It has attained.
The Golden Rule policy was put Into
effect a year ago, and statistics for
the first nine months, which hare Just
been coniplkyl, prove it to be an un
The Earl of Warwick, who Is on a
visit to this country and who has been
talking over with President Roosevelt
the subject of game In Africa, has
made n numlxT of hunting trips to the
Kection the president
expects to visit. He
prophesies that Mr.
Roosevelt will have
j no end of sport and
I would not be Eur
j prised If he bagged
' nn elephant, though
I the earl himself has
not been fortunate
ououh to got one.
The British noble-
tuis country more
on his wife's ac- earl of Warwick.
count than his own. The Countess of
On the opening morning
when the court attendants rapped for
order the standing audience saw
Judge Crane ndvance In bis black
robe, very fair In complexion, clean
shaven, youthful looking and lndlcat-
i lng by every action that he was briin-
ful of energy. The lawyers had al-
ready learned that be did not purpose
I tolerating nny delay that could possl-
bly be avoided. He had Informed
I them that he would hold night ses-
slons, and from the outset he expedlt
j ed the preliminaries.
J Judge Crane Is a graduate of the
Adelphla academy and the Columbia
I Law Bchool and before elevation to
the bench was counsel In many noted
civil and criminal suits.
. ' .v 1 1 it, tit. v J'.llttt.l t.' "'lu I .uu
SiK-lalist advocate, visited this country
not long since for the especial purpose.
It was said, of studying the condition
of the Socialist movement here. It was
reported at one time that the earl had
n leaning toward socialism, too, but
his utterances during his American
visit do not bear out such a view. In
deed, he intimated that his wife was
like a good many women, somewhat
changeable In her ideas, and therefore
he did not like to define her position
on economic questions because It
might have shifted a little by the time
of his return.
The earl and his accomplished wife
expect to entertain President Roose
velt at Warwick castle during his stay
in England, and the earl has undertak
en the commission of having a pair of
hunting boots built in London for Mr.
Roosevelt specially suitable for serv
ice In the African jungles.
Douglas Robinson, President Roose-
J Joseph Pulitzer, who is accused by
4 President Roosevelt of libeling the
United States government through
publications in his newspaper, the
New York World, celebrated the tweu
I ty-fifth anniversary of his connection
i -with the World onlv a few weeks ago
! As the nresidenfs recent special mes- I velfs brother-in-law, whose name fig'
jeage to congress was devoted chiefly ores in the Panama caual controversy,
to the alleged offeuses of the World j has made specific denial that he had
' in connection with the charges of scan-
dul in the negotiations associated with
? the purchase of the Panama canal.
i the personality of Mr. Pulitzer Is
thrust into the foreground. It is an
unusual thing for a private citizen to
t be mentioned specifically and singled
' out for criticism and denunciation as
( the proprietor of the World was lu this
message. Mr. Roosevelt's action was
j based on his belief that the clrcum-
stances of this case justified a de
1 parture from precedents.
I Mr. Pulitzer was born in Budapest,
Hungary, in 184" and, comhig to this
country In 1804, entered the army and
, served until the end of the civil war
;ln a cavalry regiment. Taking up his
: residence in St. Louis at the close of
the war, he Joined the Westllche Post,
' ' German, as reporter, rising to the
managing editorship. In 1878 he
bought the St. Louis Dispatch for a
price said to have been 5500, "and ex- I
leusive at that." lie united It with j
'i the St. Louis Post, and by application
of his ideas he turned the Post-Dls-
' : patch Into one of the best paying and I
strongest papers in Missouri. In 1883 j
.he bought the New York World and '
anything to do with the transactions
regarding the sale of the canal prop
erty to the United States. He Is con
nected with banking and railway en
terprises in New York and Is at pres
ent corecelver with Adrian H. Jollne
of the Metropolitan Street Railway
company. He Is a brother of the pres
ent Mrs. Roosevelt and Is reputed a
man of considerable wealth.
' l JOSEPH PULITZER.
. duplicated his Post-Dispatch success.
Vile served lu the Missouri legislature
end In 1885 was elected to congress
r from a New York district, but resigned
After a few mouths' service.
Frederick Kohler, chief of police In
the city of Cleveland, O., Is the best
. chief of police In America, In the oplu
- Jon of President Itoosevelt. That
irlme In the cities ean be reduced to a
minimum, if not actually checked, by
tbe simple observance of the Golden
. atule Chief Kohler thinks he has prov-
ed. A year's trial of this policy In
pealing with crime and criminals In
(Cleveland has convinced him of It,
iind now other cltie3 are preparing to
follow the example of Cleveland In In
stituting tho Golden Rule policy. It la
fjnly n question of time. Its advocates
ha, until ' will be adopted every
iwher? thr ughout the United States.
Chief Kohler was the first man to em-
Much general Interest attaches to
i the investigation of methods of finance
In Wall street which is to be made by
a commission recently appointed by
Governor Hughes of New Y'ork. The
I commission Is charged to report if any
: changes are desirable in the laws bear
ing upon speculation in securities and
commodities or relating to the protec
tion of Investors. At the head of the
commission Is the noted author and
editor Horace White.
Mr. White was born in Colebrook,
N. II., Aug. 10, 1834. and was gradu
ated from Beloit college, Wisconsin,
In 1853. He early went into newspa
per work, becoming city editor of the
Chicago Evening Journal in 1854 and
Chicago agent of the New York Asso
ciated Press in 1855.
In 1857 Mr. White Joined the Chi
cago Tribune' In a position which
i brought him frequently Into relations
with Abraham Lincoln. He reported
the entire scries of Lincoln and Doug
las debates for the Tribune and In
1800 was secretary of the. Illinois RV
publican state committee during the
presidential campaign. During the civil
war be spent four years iu Washington
and with others formed the first syn
dicate of newspapers In this country
for the reception of a Joint news serv
ice from the front. From 1805 to 1874
he was chief editor of the Chicago Trib
une, resigning because of ill health.
He Joined the New York Evening Post
on Its reorganization by Mr. VUlard
in 1881. He has for years been known
as one of the greatest financial author
ities in the United States and is the
. author of a half dozen scholarly works.
BUIUUXK srOCF.EPS W1TII
THE THORXLESS CACTlf
SENDS SPECIAL MESSAGE ON USE
OF SECRET SERVICE
Umbrage Taken by Congress at &e
Worling of Parts of the Mes
Washington, Jan. 4. Replying to
the resolution of the house of repre
sentatives asking the president to ex
plain the references to the secret ser
vice in his r?csnt annual message,
Mr. Roosevelt sent a special commu
nication to the house..
He declares that the representa
tives are wholly unjustified in assum
ing that the language of the message, 1
which commented on the prohibition
placed by congress on the use of se
cret service men in cases other than
those of counterfeiting ("and one or
two other matters which can be dis
regarded"), is Intended to cast a slur
The language which the represen
tatives wanted explained is as fol
lows: "The amendment in question oper
ates only to the advantage of the
criminal, of the wrongdoer. The
chief argument in favor of the pro
vision was that the congressmen did
not themselves wish to be investigat
ed by secret service men. A special
exception could be made in the law
prohibiting the use of the secret ser
vice force in investigating members
of the congress. It would be far bet
ter to do this than to do what actual
ly was done and strive to prevent, or
at least to hamper, effective action
against criminals by the executive
branch of the government."
The special message -declares that,
notwithstanding the umbrage taken
by congress at this wording, "a care
ful reading of this message will show
that I said nothing to warrant the
statement that 'the majority of the
congressmen were in fear of being
Investigated by the secret service
men' or 'that congress as a whole
was actuated by that motive.' I did
not make any such statement in this !
message. Moreover, I have never
made any such statement about con
gress as a whole nor, with a few in
evitable exceptions, about the mem- .
hers of congress in any message or
article or speech. On the contrary, I
have always not only deprecated, but '
vigorously resented, the practice of
indiscriminate attack upon congress '
and indiscriminate condemnation of
all congressmen, wise and unwise, fit :
and unfit, good and bad alike."
Mr. Roosevelt declares the evi
dence that members of congress did :
not wiBh themselves investigated by
secret service men is found in the j
debates recorded in the Congression- '
al Record. He denounces as wholly
unfounded a newspaper story to the
effect that he wishes to make Chief
Wllkle of the Becret service a second '
Fouche, modeled after the notorious
chief of police of Napoleon.
The real Issue, says Mr. Roosevelt,
Is, "Does congress desire that the
government shall have at its disposal
detection of criminals and the pre
vention and punishment of crime, or
does it hot?"
He cites cases in which the secret
service has secured evidence enough
to convict offenders against the fed
eral laws. j
A letter from the president to
Speaker Cannon protesting against
the cutting down of the approprla- j
tlon for the secret servicg, two let- ;
ters from Secretary Cortelyou on the
same subject and the newspaper ar
ticle already mentioned are append
ed to the message.
Los Angeles, Jan. 4. The official
reports on the first Summer's field
cultivation of the Burbank thornles
cactus were issued Saturday by thf
Western Empire, an agricultural
journal which has had charge of ex
tensive experiments on the new for
The largest tests were nude upon
the hardy thornless varieties, which
Luther Burbank collected from .all
parts of the world, and of these va
rieties large quantities will be dis
tributed this year to those who will
make experimental tests with them.
The report concludes that thorn
less varieties have to be fenced to
protect them from rabbits. The uses
as a fodder for the family cow and
for poultry upon the small tracts
where psonal attention is given
seem to have been fully established.
WIDOW SAYS ERU TRIED TO
KILL HKll WITH PISTOL
Media, Pa., Jan. 3. Mrs. M. Flor
ence Erb, who with her sister. Miss
Catherine Beisel, is charged with the
murder of Mrs. Erb's husband, took
the witness stand Saturday and told
WORK I EARTHQUAKE DIS
T1UCT REDITED TO SYS
TEM HY KING.
Latest Ksttair.tcn if Vai! Exceed
SOO.OOO More TImn Half Const
Population Is Exterminated.
MRS. J. CLAYTON ERB.
a sensational Btory of extreme cruel
ty on the part of her husband as one
of the causes leading up to the shoot
ing of Captain Erb. Mrs. Erb ap
peared nervous, but told her story in
a straightforward manner.
BURTON FOR SENATOR
Ohio Republican Caucus Nominates
Hi in by Acclumutiou.
ColumbuB, O., Dec. 4. Theodore
Burton was named as the next Sena
tor from Ohio by the Republicans, to
succeed Senator Foraker, by accla
mation in the Republican legislative
caucus Saturday afternoon.
Storm King Grips Alaska.
Nome, Jan. 3. The worst stormB
which have ever swept the peninsula
are in progress. The mercury is
steadily falling and much suffering
results. During the storm four Es
kimos were stranded on an Ice floe.
Rescue was impossible and they per
ished almost in sight of the city.
LABOR WILL PROTEST
Mass Meeting Planned in Every City
on Lincoln Day.
Chicago, Jan. 4. Mass meetings
to protest against the alleged inva
sion of constitutional rights of work
ingmen by the courts are to be held
in every city and town in the coun
try on Lincoln's birthday. The move
ment was started here Sunday by the
Federation of Labor.
Hot resolutions from ft number of
unions bearing on the jail sentences
imposed on Gompers, Mitchell and
Morrison stirred the delegates.
Speakers on the floor likened Judge
Wright to Pontius Pilate and declar
ed the Imprisonment of Gonpers and
his associates would as surely bring
about redress for the workers as did
the crucifixion of Christ establish
Goveriini) nt Continues Dissolution
Suit Against Union Pucliie.
New York, Jan. 5. Hearings of
the government's dissolution sua
against the Union Pacific railroad
were reopened In this city today be
fore Examiner Sylvester G. Williams.
One of the points which the gov
ernment is using in the suit against
the railroad Is the arrangement
whereby the Southern Pacific became
a half owner of the San Pedro, Los
Angeles and Santa Fe and a traffic
agreement was made whereby each
side agreed not to change Its rates
without the consent of the other for
The issuance of stock and bonds
In 1901 to finance the purchase of
Northern Pacific stock, the subse
quent negotiations and the Chicago
and Alton deal also figure in the
Rome, Jan. 5. Although graphic
stories are coming Into Rome of the
horrors in Southern Italy and Sicily,
those are but i loti lons of individu
al tragedies already recorded. What
chielly concerns the government anj
the people Is the progress that Is be
ing made toward the relief of those
who have suffered by tho dread visi
tation. Considerable advance la this
respect has beeu made at Messina,
where, according to otlicial reports
received hers, the supply service Is
oeginning to work satisfactorily.
The minister of Justice has tele
graphed from Messina to Premier
Oioliul that large bodies of troops
have arrived and are now recti py lng
all parts of the town. The appalling
extent of the. disaster renders any
thing like a systematic Beunh of the
ruins, but persons are being dragged
out continually and are being trans
ported to the relief ships as soon as
their wounds receive attention.
Dead Exceed UOO.OOO.
The latest Investigation on both
sides of the straits make It cortain
that many more than half tho popu
lation of the coast towns and villages
have been kiled. Professor Rlcco,
director cf the observatory at Mount
CHINESE BEAT JAPANESE IX
FOOTBALL UAME, 10 TO 0
Oakland. Cut., Jan. 4. In in ex
citing and unique football contest,
the first to have been held In the
history of the game between the Jap
anese and Chinese, the Imperials,
picked Celestial eleven and all na
tive sons, defeated the FuJIs by
score of 10 to 0.
The oddness of the affair created
a stir In sportdom. Both teams
showed an Intimate acquaintance
with the American game and put u;
a good exhibition, considering tha
sloppy condition of the gridiron. The
signals were In English. Many Chi
nese girls and boys were on hand
and took a keen delight in the contest.
CHINA SITUATION BAD
Attaches f the Foreign Legations
Four m Crisis.
Pekln, Jan. 3. Following the dis
missal from office yesterday of Yuan
Shi Kal, grand counsellor and coni-mander-lu-chlef
of the forces, and
the appointment of Na Tung, an edict
was Issued today appointing Liang
Tung Yen, customs taotal, to the po
sition made vacant on the foreign
board by the advancement of Na
Tho representatives of Great Brit
ain, tho Unlnted States and Germany
view the regent's action as tanta
mount to an affront to the powers,
on account of Yuan Shi Kal's posi
tion abroad. The dismissed counsel
lor has long been recognized as the
medium cf fair and equitable treat
ment toward the nations. Japan con
curs In the opinion that the dismissal
Is certain to result In International
Injury, but trat representations to
China would be dlfl'.cult.
The court's action a fortnight ago
In Increasing the palace troops and
forbidding the entrance to the pal
ace, even of the highest oltlcials,
without passes, was taken ns an In
dication at tint time of the alarm
felt In court circles, and It Is now
believed that there was fear also of
an anll-dynat'tic plot.
STANDARD OIL CO. WINS
POPE PIUS X.
Ktna, estimates that the victims of
the earthquake exceed 200,000.
Public opinion is greatly concerned
with regard to the safety of the King
and Queen and tha possible danger
from tottering walls. The King fre
quently has tried to pnrsuada the
Queen to return to Rome, but she
has always refused to leave her hug
band. Pope's ApiH'iil to World.
It Is stated that the Pope has de
cided to send an appeal to the Cath
olic bishops throughout the world to
obtain subscriptions to the earth
quake fund. Ho will place particu
lar dependence on the generosity of
Americans, English and Irish.
An American recommends that
through the co-operation of Ameri
cans in Rome, steamers be chartered
at Naples to carry provisions, cloth
ing and medical supplies of all kinds
as well as doctors and nurses to tho
Straits of Messina.
The United States Is far ahead of
other nations In the relief work. Am
bassador Gris3om, has chartered a
vessel for two weeks at a cost of
$50,000 to carry medical supplies,
doctors, nurses and provisions to the
Uncle Sum's Petition for Writ of Cer.
Washington, Jan. 4. The $29,
000,000 fine case of tho Standard
Oil Company will not be reviewed by
the supremo court of tho United
The decision of the court, to this
effect as announced by Chief Jus
tice Fuller Boon after the court ad
journed today. The caBe came to the
court on a petition filed by the gov
ernment asking the court In a p
tltlon for a writ of certiorari to or
dor up the record In the case for n
review of the decision of the United
Sttitcs court, by which Judge Landis'
original decision imposing a fine of
$2U,000,000 agulnst the Standard OH
Company for accepting rebates from
the railway companies was reversed.
e.amiv::!;s of wf.s'ierx
banks convf.xh in miodfori)
Mcdford, Ors., Dec, 5. A confer
ence of ull tho National bank exnm-
i lners west of Denver are In session
j In thin city today, In pursuance of an
I order recently made by tho Controll
I er of Currency. Medford was select
! ed as tho placo of meeting for the
I reason that it la centrally located,
j Tho hank examiners will come from
practically all tho states west of the
j Rocky mountains.
The purpose of the conference U
the disciisslo i of methods of con
' ducting bank examinations, cotnpar-
ing and combining Information Be
i cured from the banks, etc. About 12
or 15 bank examiners are present.
Millions to Fight Plague.
New York, Jan. 4. A million dol
lars In round numbers was spent in
the United States last year in the
campaign against tuberculosis, ac
cording to the annual report of the
National Association for the Preven
tion and Study of Tuberculosis All
classes of people are taking up the
crusade, including labor unions,
churches and laymen. An important
factor was the Red Cross. During
the year more Institutions and organ
izations for the cure of tuberculosis
were established than the total num
ber of such institutions in existence
prior to January 1, 1908.
Wheat Track prices: Club, 90c;
red Russian, 88c; bluestem, 96c;
Barley Feed, $26.50; rolled,
Oats No. 1 white, $32; gray,
Hay Timothy, Willamette Valley,
fancy, $15; do. ordinary, $12; East
ern Oregon, mixed, '$10; do. fancy,
$18; alfalfa, $12.50; c'.over, $;2.
Butter Extra, 36 & 27c; lancy,
3 3 ft 3 4 r, choice, 30c; store, 1 Sc.
Eggs E-tra, 4043c.
Hops 1903, choice, 6 "c;
prime, 5GCc; medium, 4 & 5c; 1907,
2 4c. .
Wool Valley, 1415Mtc; lb.;
Eastern Oregon, 8ijl6e, as to
Mohair Choice, 18 19c.
CongrcvH Will tliw 5()0,K)0.
Washington, Jan. 4. Resolutions
were Introduced today In the senate
and house providing for an appro-
liriatlon of S.rf)n (10(1 for Itnllun re
lief. The resolutions provide that the
money shall be used for provisions,
clothing, medicines and other neces
sary articles and the president Is au
thorized to employ any vessels of tho
United States navy or to charter and
employ otlu-r suitable steamships to
carry out t'ua purposes of this government.
Earth Shakes in North.
Copenhagen, Jan. 3. There were
earthquake shocks last night at
Branca Leon and Caltagtrone. At
the latter place a portion of the
cathedral tell, killing the watchman.
Wheat Bluestem, $1.04.
Oats $32 (ft. 33.
Barley $27. 50 28.
Hay Eastern Washington timo
thy, $18 per ton; Puget Sound bay,
$13j.l4 per ton; wheat hay, $13
par ton; alfalfa, $13tfj-14 per ton.
Butter Washington creamery,
37-: per lb.; ranch, 23c per lb.
Eggs Selected local, 42 4 3c,
ATLANTIC FLEET AT SUEZ
Ahead of Schedule, After Next to
Longest Hun of Voyage,
Suez, Jan. 3. The United States
1 Atlantic battleship fleet, completing
two days ahead of Us schedule the
1 next to the longest run of Its world
! girdling cruise, arrived here this
j morning from Colombo, a distance
of 3840 knots. The fleet called on
December 20 from Colombo. The
loss of a seaman from the battleship
Illinois, who fell overboard and was
drowned, was the only accident to
mar the voyage from Colombo.
COUNT LANDS IN JAIL
Hleged Kflon of Nobility Passed
Sau Fmuclf -0, Jan. 4. After wan
Icrlng a'loui the s reels of San Fran
;lsco for 4 8 hours without, a penny
11 his pockets and suffering from
'.lunger arid exposure, Count W. von
Gasssndorff, claiming to ba the scion
of a noble German house, whose es
ates are valued at about $2,000,000,
was lodged in the city Jail Saturday
ifglit. Tin count wl!l be held at the
,'liil, ponding udvicc, from Portland,
: hf,ra ba la wanted on a charge of
; Valuing money under falud pre-..asos.
Train Hobber '011 f ruses.
Fort Worth, Tex., Jan. 4, Undue
haste to purchase a ticket and the
nervousness displayed by K. Burke,
who gave St. Louis as his home, led
to his arrest P'.inday and to the dis
covery that tho sate aboard the train
conveying a wild west circus to Fort
Worth had been blown and robbed of
Castro Very Kick Again.
Berlin, Jan. 4. Sonor Castro, ex
presldent of Venezuela, has grown
suddenly worse and wilt undergo an
operation in a few days.
Brady Heroines Mulio's Governor.
Boe, Idaho, Jan. 4. James 11.
Brady was Inaugurated governor of
Idaho today, following which the
tenth legislature was convened.
JANUARY 1909 I
C'imiK (j'ivfn !2.1 Years.
San Francisco, Jan. 4. In Whan
Chang, t!)e Corean who shot and
killed Du'bun: Wh'te Stevens In this
r:ity last March, was sentenced Sat
urday to serve a term of 25 years
In the state penlteutiury at .in
1 $ 10