VOLUME LXVIII-NO. 51.
Mexican Reports of a Battle in
Which the San Salvadorans
THE TILINGS YET UNVERIFIED.
Bismarck and the Emperor — The
Ex-Chancellor's Hostility to the
Socialists —He Declares the
Time Will Come When Social
ism Will Be a Military Ques
tion and There Will Be a Uni
versal State of War.
Special Oispttchcs to TnE tfosanre Call.
Citt OF Mexico, July 20.— El Universal
publishes an account of a battle between
Guatemalans and .Sin Salvadorans in Sen
Salvador, in which the former were de
feated with heavy loss. Tlie Guatemalan
forces numbered 9000. General liarrundia,
the Guatemalan refugee, has left Oaxaea to
take part in tiie war. He will probably
raise the st:mdatd of revolt in Guatemala.
Private telegrams from San Salvador say
that tho tan Salvadorans captured the
Guatemalan artillery in the battle which
took place Thursday, It is rumored that
President Barillas of Guatemala talks of
Senor G<-ronimo, who arrived here last
night from San Salvador, says of the mar
With Guatemala: "Before I left a San Sal
rador war was threatened with Guatemala.
San Salvador has stood upon the defensive.
Guatemala has chosen to interfere in our
domestic politics by trying to put into
power a I'resident against our own free
choice. We sent forces tv the frontier to
repel any attempted invasion of San
Salvador, and it appears by my teleerains
that they were needed there. We hai 9000
well-equipped men along the Rio Paz, but 1
believe there are now fully 16,000 along the
frontier. I understand that the Guatemala
forces number 20,n00. There is not nor has
there been anarchy in San Salvador, it is
thoroughly understood by our people that
General Ezeta is only our provisional Pres
ident; and that he will not attempt to force
himself upon the republic as President.
"I officially deny the reports of uprisings,
assassinations and other taings that have
been circulated derogatory to the condition
of S.m Salvador. The telegrams to the
effect that General izeta threatened to
snoot the families of those men who have
grne to other countries since the
2lid. and had blown up their
houses with dynamite, are baseless
fabrications. General Ezeta. upon being
made Provisional President, issued a proc
lamation of amnesty to all political exiles,
and that they are taking advantage of the
decree is evidenced by the return cf Gen
eral Fabian lloran from San Francisco."
Dieginz of Guatemala discredits there
ports cf a battle.
The Pacific Van steamer Acapulcn, which
arrived yesterday from Panama aud vi-.y
ports, brought up no papers, and hardiy
any news of importance outside of what
had been received by the steamer Srin bias,
which arrived on Friday. The officers re
port all quiet at the different ports they
One of the officers said: "The City of Syd
ney was delayed one day on the passage
down at San Jn?e do Guatemala waiting for
an envoy that President Barillas of Guate
mala sent to President Bogran of Hondu
ras. Barillas wants to 6ce the States of
Guatemala San Salvador, Honduras, Nica
ragua trnd Costii Kica united under one
government As a starter he proposed to
his next-door neighbor, San Salvador, to
unite with them and place his Vue-Presi
dent as President of San Salvador. To this
the San Salvadoran decidedly objected.
"Then Barillas sent an envoy down to
Honduras, thinking that if lie could get its
co-operation he may make war on the Sal
vadoriius from the north and the Honduras
people can do so from the south. Then
when Sun Salvador has capitulated and the
three States are joined, they can easily co
erce the other two into coming into the fed
eration. That is Barillas' scheme, and
whether it will succeed time alone will
BISMARCK AND THE EMPEROR.
A Difference of Opinion in the Method of Deal
ing 1 With Socialism.
DSKBDKH', July 20.— lii the Naehrichten
Bismarck denies that there is any hostility
between the Emperor and himself. He was
a loyal adherent of the Hntienzollerus, al
though he differed witn t.'ie. Emperor on the
question of socialism. The Emperor de
cided to try to induce the Socialists to
maintain a peaceful attitude by means of
concessions, but he (Bismarck> believed in
fighting them a3 blackmailers. The sooner
they were defied the better. The time wouid
come when socialism would be found to be
a military question, and in place of the
present mild state of siege there would be a
universal state of war.
— — ■•
Bepor.s cf a Plot Against the Government
The Next Presidency.
Buenos Ayues, July 20.— Conflicting re
ports are curreut of the discovery of a plot
against the Government. The semi-official
paper declares the reports have no founda
A National Convention will be convoked
In January to designate a candidate for the
A Former Swedish Consul to Vienna Sen
tenced to Peau! Servitude.
Vienna, July 20.— Alfred yon Kendeler,
a banker, formerly Swedish Consul in this
city, has De-u convicted on a charge of
fraud and embezzlement, and sentenced to
seven years' peual servitude and loss of all
FIGHT WITH SMUGGLERS.
Two oSf^rs Killed and a Number Wounded
•--•- at Constaninope.
Constantinople, July 20.--A company
of gendarmes da.l a faUl euconnt«r with
gauss of smiiKgirrs at the Kapia to-day.
Two officers were killed and a number
wounded. .- '■ '
Kriokf* by Fenlne.
Ci"" .Tnlv*.— lt Is reported that Os
rnaii Dig'ia lias los. '• ) mtu by famine and
Bianarek in the Tyrol.
BKKLnr, July 20.— 1t Is reported that Bis
marck lias taken apartments at Partisan, in
the Tyrol. ■■■■■ : ■-■■•■■■- -' - ' - -■-
SISGLE TAX SOCIETY.
Item irfcf by tiiTrril Si.enkiT* and a Fro
gramme of Sonic ■>■><! Mii»l«.
At the public meetiug oL the Single .Tax
Society, held in St. George's Hall la« even
ing, the President, L. M. ilauxer, occupied
the chair. The speakers of the evening
were Joseph Legg'-tt, H. L. Plesee, George
11. Fraucocur aud L. M. Hanker. There
was instrumental njusic by Professor Eclc
man, a recitation by William Jrv.n and
singing by Mils Dion. _M. Jlonnhon,
a member . of « the Typographical Union.
was announced st the speaker lor next
Sunday evening, his subject lieiiu "A lie
view of Organized Labor. '■>' ■■:■■ U :
• "JSraak Aw«7,Tli«r«l"'f:
There was tbe, usual crowd of ! ..t.-1-riin
ners, buckiu«n and others gatcere^jat tliej
ferry la ding last evening, 7 when the (South
ern oveiland came in at H. IS o'clock., Ser
grant li'-iiu.s with Officers ; Dowd arld^tite
rest of li > force was ou duty a* usual I The
The Morning Call.
crowd outside thfl runners' line was anx
ii -usly looking for friends, when three
ladies, who had arrived on the overland,
came down the alleyway. Three gentle
men sprang forward to meet them and a
regular kissing seance commenced. The
runners quit shouting the names of their
houses and all cried out in chorus, "Break
away there!" The gentlemen looked con
fused, the ladies laughed, and as the kissers
went away in the darkness the monoto
nous cry of the runners was resumed.
ALL QUIET IN CHILE.
The Reported Uprising Was Nothing More
Than a Strike.
Chicago, July 20.— Charles E. Brookings
of Chile, one of the owners of the Chilian
nitrate mines, is in this city. In an inter
view to-day he said that upon landing in San
Francisco last week he was alarmed
at the reports of a Chilian revolution cur
rent in the United Stale-, but to-day he re
ceived a cableKranrfhroni his brother at Val
paraiso stating there has been no trouble
of any such nature.
"It wan foolish of me to believe such
a rumor," 6aid Brookings to-day,
"lor I know the Chilian Government
is too powerful to allow a revolu
tion. These report are most fearfully
exaggerated. Any trouble we have there is
never anything more than a strike. Sucii
uprisings are directed against the employ
ers of labur, and not, ns your cables always
have it, against the Government."
Speaking of the World's Fair Mr. Brook
ings said the Chilian journals are now urg
ing the country to excel the exhibit made at
Paris. lie la sure Chile will show at Chi
cago how greatly she leads the South Amer
DIED WHILE SEASICK.
Mrs. Carlotta Solari Expires ou
Carlotta Solari, a young Italian woman,
the wife of a bootblack who keeps
a stand on the corner of California
and Battery streets, died In a fish
ing smack on the 'bay late last night under
very peculiar circumstances.
Early yesterday morning Mrs. Solari, in
company with twenty others of the
same nationality as herself, went
on a picnic excursion to Sausa
lito. The party drank considerable
during the day. * Toward evening Mrs.
Solari gut separated from her husband and
missed the last boat. Shu managed to get a
fishing-smack, and the party started for
The two men who accompanied her
claim that when the smack was two
miles out Mrs. Solari died. On the
arrival of the fishing - smack the
Coroner was notified and the body
was convoyed from the boat to the Morgue.
It is not known what was the cause of
her death. A post-morten examination will
be held this morning.
Antonio Morelii. a fruit-peddler, hired the
smack from A. Samjuinetta, as Mrs. So
lari told him he must get home
Id her husband. Shortly after the arrival
of the boat both men were arrested and
taken to the Central Station, where they
will be held pending an investigation by
Morrelli claims that Mrs. Solari became
seasick, and while he was holdiug her nead
There aie no signs of violence on her per
son, and it is thought she died from natural
Mrs. Solar] resided at 11 Wash Wry
place. Sl:e was 23 yrars of age ami leaves a
husband and a child 10 years old. The
child was at the picnic and came over with
the father after Mrs. Solari became sepa
rated from her husband at the ticket-oflice.
ROBBED AND ASSAULTED.
Plundered by Thieves and Then Murder
While Officer Clarke was standing on the
corner of Bush andStockton streets early yes
terday morning he heard two men running
down the steps of a building in the middle
of the block. Thinking that something was
wrong, he ordered them to stop, but they
started on a run. Officer Clarke gave chase
and with the assistance of Officer Corcoran
succeeded in capturing one of the men, who
cave the name of Ernest Collins.
The officers then went back to 530 Bush
street, and discovered that a room in the
building had been entered and the occu
pant robbed and assaulted. The occupant
is named John Cons tan tine, and works for
a fruit-man at 602 Kearny street \\ hile
Constantine was sleeping the men entered
his room, and after going through his
clothes discovered that the owner was
awake and regarding their actions.
One of the men picked up a piece of crock
ery and smashed it over the head of Con
stantine. Both men then ran off. Cou
sUntine received three ugly scalp wounds,
his head being badly split open. He claims
to have had his pockets rilled of S3 50. After
the assault lie departed, saying he was go
ing to the Receiving Hospital to have bis
injuries dressed, but he never put in an ap
pearance at that institution. The police
looked for him all day yesterday, but were
unable to find him.
Ernest Collins was locked up in the
tanks, but has not yet been charged, His
companion in crime is said to be a man
named "Harry,"' but he has not yet been
found. Collins at first claimed that he had
not been in the House, but afterward ad
mitted that he had but was not the one
who entered Constautine's room.
WILL PKOBABLY DIE.
1:. mill I.i mlc! nl l;uii Over bj m Buggy
on llov.tml Street.
Roswell Lombard, an elderly man, resid
ing at 640 Folsom street, was run over by a
buggy driven by two men about 3 o'clock
yesterday afternoon on the corner of Elev
enth and Howard streets and received in
juries that will almost certainly result in
his death. He was removed to the Jieceiv
lng Hospital, where an examination proved
that the base of his skull was fractured.
The operation of trepanning was performed
by the Police burgeon. Lombard was also
bruised ami cut on the body and legs. The
men who were in the buggy are believed to
have attended a funeral that took place
from a house on Howard street, near
Twelfth, as one of them carried a largo
Alter running over Lombard they put the
whip to the horse and drove rapidly away.
A description of the men was obtained from
some boys who saw the occurreuce.and offi
cers were at once detailed to search for
A MOASTEK IT A A' EL.
The Great Engineri-iuc Feat in U|>|ier
An article in the Allahabad Pioneer gives
some interesting particulars concerning the
tunnel that lias just beec completed through
the Kliojuk on the railroad from Queflft tv
Candahar. The Khojak I'ass is 7500 feet
above- the sea and about 2000 feet above the
level of tiie surrounding country. The tun
nel pierces the range at right angles and its
course is therefore due east and west, and
it enters the hill at about 1000 feet below
the crest of the pass. The length of the
tunnel is ILyiOO feet, or two and a half miles
approximately, and it will carry a double
line of rails. For the first half the floor
ascends about 1 to HXIO and for the second
half of the journey it descends at an incline
of 1 in 40.
There are two main shafts, one 318 feet
»nd the other 290 feet deep, which were
sunk in order to facilitate the constroeUon
of the tunnel. The chief obstacle to pro
gress arose from the flooding of the tunnel
at more than one point. A large spring
was cut and the water flooded tho shaft
on the Camlaliar side to the depth of
180 feet. It took ten weeks to pump out
the water, and in the western head
ing as much ns fifty gallons a minute
were constantly rushing out of the west
mouth. In order to overcome this diffi
culty a »i«.l« cutting had to be made, 'ihe
magnitude of the work is testified to by
the b»nks of shale and rock at the mouths
of the tunnel and «t the pitheads, which
are said to be <iuiie altering tho landscape
in places. One curious discovery made
during the progress of the work, as the re
»ull of au Investigation in the cause of cer
tain mysterious explosions, was that it was
proved that "combustion had arisen inside
v case of blasting gelatine."
THfl Ponioua Times Bjiya Hie yield of apricots
la that part uf the State ii soiiiutliiiii; uiiiirecn-
Ontod. Two iii'iiiUih a«o :i coinimitet! o[ experts
ex I .1 Urn milliards and estimated the yield
I ne camieiy lias put u|> 700 tons,
i .. i) glilpueii tv Culion and lame
quauiit a have toen dried L-y luoal lliiuj.
SAN FRANCISCO. MONDAY MORNING, JULY 21. 1890-EIGHT PAGES.
THE CRISIS IN
The Armenians Failing to Secure
Joint Intervention Will Call
Upon the Czar.
BULGARIAN REVOLT REPORTED.
Sir William White's Sudden Visit to
London and Repeated Confer
ences With Salisbury— The Zan
zibar Negotiations — France Said
to Have Secured a Diplomatic
Triumph— The American Rifle
Special Dispatches to The Morning C*lu
Loxdox, July 20.— A dispatch to the
News from Constantinople says: "Failing
In securing joint intervention by England
aud liussia, the Armenians on both sides
of the frontier will combine and ask the
Belief at Vienna That the Bulgarians Have
Bison in Bevolt.
Vienna, July 20.— The startling news
spread through town this evening that
Sofia was in the throes of a revolution, that
Van ZankofTs partisans had risen against
the iron rule of Stambuloff and that Prince
Ferdinand's fate was hanging in the bal
A BECBET MISSION.
The British Embassador to Turkey Makes a
Sudden Visit to London.
Losdox, July 20. -Sir W. A. White, Brit
ish Embassador to Turkey, has come to
London on a short and sudden visit, lie
has already had several private conferences
with Lord Salisbury, lie will start for
Constantinople in the morning.
GROWTH OF VICTORIA.
More Railroads Headed to Accommodate the
Mki.houh.nk. July 20.— Tiie Premier has
introduced in Parliament a railway bill pro
viding for the construction of lUT7 miles of
country lines and thirty-nine miles of
suburban lines the whole to cust £12,500,000,
besides a grant from the treasury of £2,000,
--000. lie said tho scheme was necessary in
crier to meet the growth in population,
which tlie census proved wus increasing
faster than the population of America. The
bill was well received.
New Roads to Be Opened to the Public Early
City of Mexico, July 20.— Tlie rolling
stock for the railway tlin-iifili the valley of
ilexieo has arrived and the road will be
opened to the public August 12th. A branch
of the Jlexioiin Railway to Paehuca is
nearly finished. The contractors of the
Southern Bailway have rehmiui&lied thoir
Terrible heat is reported on the Pacific
PKOPOSKD INTERNAL DEBT.
National Bank Notes to Be Withdrawn From
Circulation in Urueuiv-
London, July 20.— Cable dispatches from
Montevideo say that the Government con
templates creating an internal debt, bear
ing 10 per cent interest, in order to with
draw from circulation the national bank
notes. Merchants and foreign bankers
have signed an agreement to refuse the
forced paper currency in settling gold trans
UNWELCOME IN THIBET.
Work of a Party of Russian Exploseri Stoppol
by lhe Chinese Governmen*.
London, July 20.— The Chinese Govern
ment stopied a party of Kussian explorers
in Thibet, led by Captain Grombtchevski,
at Pola, on the border of the Thibetan
desert, and ordered them to return to Kash
gar. The Russians refused, and the whole
party left Pola in the night time aud disap
peared in the de^ert.
The American R-fl-men Feted and Feaated in
NkustAOX (Bavaria) July 20.— An Im
mense crowd witnessed the procession here
to-day in houur of the New York riflemen.
The visitors were loudly cheered. In the
evening a dinner was given, and this was
followed by a display of iir.uwor.ks and a
Diplomatic Triumph Claimed for th» French
Minister of Foreign Affairs.
London, July 20.— The Post's Paris cor
respondent says: The negotiations rela
tive to Zanzibar are concluded, and the
Ministerialist-! consider that the French
Minister of Foreign Affairs has scored a
distinct diplomatic triumph.
Denouncing Secret Societies.
Dublin", July 20.— 1n his sermon In tiie
cathedral at Armagh to-day, Key. Mr. ilac
neece denounced secret societies. He re
ferred especially to the Ancient Order of
Hibernians. lie said this society, which
was founded in America, was seeking new
members in Ireland, and lie warned all
Catholics against having anything to do
with the organization.
Betrothal of a Grandchild of Victor Hngo.
Pauls, July 20.— Jeanne Ilugo. a grand
child of Victor Hugo, is betrothed to Leon
Daudet. a son of Alphouse Duudet, the
Shadowed by Police.
Queenstown, July 20.— Among the Um
bria's passengers Is Dr. Gibbons of ban
Francisco, who was shadowed by police
during his visit to Tippcrary.
The Fancy Fricea Tlint Some Artlsls
To take an uncut and unbound copy of an
ordinary book, like " Grant's Memoirs" for
example, and after some mouths' artistic
labor upon its margins and blank spaces to
make it worth $1500 or $2000 would be con
sidered a great feat by toose who are unfa
miliar with tho i rices obtained for hand
illustrated books. The public at large never
sees such volumes. The artist remains un
known except to a limited number of wealthy
book-lovers and their friends. His work,
incased in tooled Levant and lustrous satin,
is carefully, laid away, to be brought forth
only on rare occasions. Since such work,
however meritorious, brings to the artist
no fame, and one life is too short to pro
duce miiiiy elaborately illustrated I) ok i, he
must find his sole consolation in money,
regretting doubtless that he cannot realize
the prices his books are sure to bring a
hundred years hence.
Many a patron of art who would not hes
itate to pay $5000 or SIO.OOO for a modern
French painting with a famous name in the
corner would stand aghast if asked to pay as
many hundreds for an illustrated book
which for safety must be kept out of view.
Indeed, one millionaire who li »aid to have
paid $10,000 for a spurious Corot, when of
fered a Land-illustrated book for 8300 ex
"No! not for one book. I want 350 books
for that sum.".
The purchaser of books daintily embel
lished with pen and pencil must bo a lover
of literature as well as art. Aleissouicr's
early training as a book-illustrator ' helped
to make him one of the greatest of artists.'
In hand-illustrated books the bibliophile
demands elaboration. Slight sketches will
not please him, though for variety a power
ful and correct drawing without much finish
is ofteu admissible. However, real fervor
is apt to be repressed by the danger of spoil
ing a leaf when, perhaps, the book is nearly
finished. For this reason the work of begin
ners, however good in other fields, shown
signs of timidity and feebleness. Concen
tration of attention and perfect confidence
with every stroke of the pen or brush are
essential to success in this branch of art.
Sometimes in drawing miniature portraits
such delicacy ot touch is required to secure
a likeness that the artist must use a mag
nifying-filass and hold his breath.— N. V-
A BOGUS DOLLAR.
Systematic Counterfeiting of Rare and An-
tiqne Coins of the Doited States.
New Yobk, July 20.— During the last
annual sale of valuable and antique coins
by llazeltine of Philadelphia what to ail
appearances seemed to be a rare silver dol
lar, bearing the date of 1805, sold for SjOO.
This dollar was one of the spurious pieces
that had lately flooded the market. It was
sent to the Numismatic Association
and examined by an expert. It was
a dollitr of 1815 with the second figure
"1" struck out and a cipher substi
tuted before the 5 by means of a
tiny block. This discovery led to an in
vestigation by the association of all the
coin collections in the country, mid it was
seen that the systematic counterfeiting of
rare and antique United States coins was
carried on somewhere. iSy tracing the
places whence the coins came to llazeltine
by the postmarks the detectives discovered
three central stations for the shipment of
these goods. Tho stations are: Now York
City, Pana Christian, 111., and Neona. Cum
berland County, 111. At Neotfii the United
States detectives found two genuine Gov
ernment stamps of the date of 180,'.
V liSlil X G MEA Sl' 1 1 1 IS.
Bills to Be Considered in the Senate sod
H-me Thii W • W
Washington, July 20.— The debute M
the tariff is expected to begin In the Senate
to-morrow afternoon. The Kepubliian" <lv
not intend to engage in the general debate
on the bill, therefore a liem. < i-lic Senator
will make tlie opening "pee.li. ilia Ilepub
lican members of the Finance < o:i.niit'et;
have been informed that the Democratic
minority will not make a formal report
against the passage of the bill. No effort
will be made this week to secure consider
ation of the Klver aud Harbor Hill, but if
the tariff debate proves to be protracted the
bill will be laid aside informally to permit
the Rivet :;nd Harbor Hill to come before
the Senate. Nothing definite is decided
upon respecting the Republican caucus plan
upon the election bill.
Iv the House the programme has been
partially outlined by special orders. To
morrow votes will be taken on th« amend
ments to the Original Package Bill. The
Bankruptcy Bill will come uext and occupy
the itime until Thursday. The Elections
Committee may render reports in pending
Permission for United States Soldiers and
Sailors t" Participate ir. the Celebration.
Washington, July 20.— 1u compliance
with a request of the Native Sons of the
Golden West, Mr. Morrow visited the Army
and Navy departments yesterday, and re
quested that the soldieis and sailors sta
tioned on the California Coast be per
mitted to take Dart In the celebration
commemorating tiie admission of Califor
nia as a State. Mr. Clunie joined iv Ilia
request. The Navy Department has
issued orders allowing the Navy to partici
pate, and a similar order will be issued by
the War Department as soon as Secretary
l'roctor returns to Washington.
L-nd Derision Affirmed.
Washington, July 20.— The Secretary of
the Interior has affirmed the decision ot
the Land Commissioner in rejecting the ap
plication of James F. Williams, Susman
Mitchell nnd John F. Collins, to make tim
ber entry on certain tracts of land in the
V isalla District, California, on which there
were growing mammoth trees. The deci
sion was baseil on the same ground as that
in the case of George Herring, decided
Friday, and fully covered in these dis
Harrii fr fln a rnn"ncT>nf>rlpnp«
Washington, July 20.— 1t was stated at
the State Department yesterday that the
Behring Sea fisheries correspondence will
undoubtedly go to Congress this week. It
would have gone before but for a desire on
tlie part of Secretnry Blaiue that the cor
respondence should include his answer to
the most recent dispatch from Lord Salis
Federal Election Bill.
Washington, July 20.— The Republican
members of the Senate Committee on
Privileges and Elections resinned considera
tion of the Federal Election Bill yesteday.
They desire a complete preparation of the
tue.a-iure to be subuiitttd to the caucus early
General Leficiercy Bill.
Washington, July 20.— Representative
Henderson of lowa, fruiu the Committee
on Appropriations, reported to the House
yesterday the General Deticiency Appropria
tion Bill. This is the last of the regular
Her, Dr. Hitrcourt Enters a Vigorous
I !■■;• — i Aciilnnl Them.
At the Howard-street Methodist Church
last evening the pastor, Rev. Dr. Ilnrcourt,
delivered a sermon on " Undertakers and
Funerals." The text was taken from
Ezekiel, 39th chapter. 14th and IStli verses:
And they shall sever out men or continual em-
I ■: ■ i v me i> • . passing through me laud 10 bury. * *
And Hie uusseiiKei.H thai puss through Hie laud
when any seelli a mail's bones, then shall lie set
up a tin by ii till the Miners have bulled it lv
the valley o( llamouKu^.
"The world is a vast burying plot," said
the preacher. "Wo can hardly take a step
without treading on dust once on a time as
our own." After duelling upon the neces
sity for undertakers, and also of the beauti
ful custom of carrying (lowers to the funeral
services, the preacher spoke of the great
extravagance which characterizes trie
funerals of to-day, lie said there is one and
it quarter more money expended annually
lux funerals in the United States than the
Government expends fur public schools.
"We are," he said, " slaves to the tyrany
of custom. There is much need of reform
and of the establishment of a proper pub
lic sentiment in the matter of reducing ex
penses of burials. Cremation is the remedy
lor the evils of costly funerals." Another
evil which the preacher dwelt upon is that
of burying our dead on the Sabbath. This
he pronounced as an open violation of the
fourth commandment, and also a violation
of one of the rules of the disciplin of the
Methodist Episcopal Church.
" I utter my protest," said the preacher,
" against burying the dead on the Sabbat'a
in behalf of the carriage horses that need
rest, in behalf of the drivers who should
have one day in the week to themselves, in
behalf of the grave-digger, in behalf of the
undertaker and in behalf of the ministers."
He reminded his hearers that they might
get along without the minister or - the
church ministrations, but to have a respec
table funeral their friends would very likely
employ a minister, if only for the sake of
appearances. - lie. urged them, therefore, to
see to it that while in life they furnished
the material out of ~ which tun minister
might frame a good funeral discourse.
11.- W.iineii Uli llotbes.
Joseph Feetz, who arrived here as car
penter on the ship John A. liriggs from
Japan and who shipped ten days ago on
board the barkentine Marion bound for
Central America, asked assistance from
the harbor police yesterday to recover his
belongings from George Lewis' boardiog
house, at 10 Uuiou street. lie stated that
he lives on board the Marion, and wants to
cet his blankets so that he can sleup there;
but Lewis will not let him have them, pre
ferring to let him run up a bill at the rato
of $1 a day. Feetz objects to this, hence
his complaint. _
Fini In n < hininry.
Tlio alarm from Uox 71, ai 6:23 o'clock
yesterday afternoon, was for a tire in a
chimney at 1314 Mission street. No dam
ago was done, us the sparks were extin
guished without the use of water.
Ninety barrels of uome-inade lime were landed
at Hie . iiii.i school y.ud last l'Dursday, to be
used In pulling up lire new building. I Kxiici la
say It Is belter man tliat produced at sautaCiuz.
THE WORLD'S FAIR.
Chicagoans Who Want the Sab
Angry Polanders Sayagely Beat a Private
Two Men Killed and Others Seriously In
jured by Lightning— The Grand
Bpeclal Dispatches to The Moksisq Call.
Chtcago, July 20.— At a large meeting
held iv Farwell Hall this alternoon resolu
tions were adopted by a rising vote that the
Legislature about to meet In special ses
sion be earnestly requested to see to it that
the World's Columbian Exposition be
closed on Sundays. The resolutions de
clare that the injury to tho city, State and
nation of an open European Sabbath can
not be estimated, and that the American
institution of a quiet Sabbath must not be
trampled in the dust. The example set by
the United States at Philadelphia in 1876,
and Paris in IW.i, should be continued, aud
we uwe it to the working people of the
world, and especially to those of our
own nation, that this most precious
boon of a rest-day be saved for
them. A copy of the res dutions will be
forwarded to the State Senate and House,
(iivernor Fifer, President Harrison, the
Commissioners of the Exposition and the
Chicago Hoird of Director?. The meeting
was under the auspices of gentlemen more
or less identified with the Young Men's
Christian Association and the Chicago
Evangelical Union. Thn World's Fair mat
ter* were not primary objects of the gath
ering. The resolutions were introduced
and adopted after the speeches, following
upon statements made by Major Whittle,
who has just returned from London, re
garding the Interest being taken across the
Atlantic in everything pertaining to the
Result of th; Enraica'ion of the Cruiser at
New York, July 20.— An examination of
the bottom of the cruiser Yorktown, shows
that corrosion i- most prominent on :he
starboard and port sides, almost exactly
below the gangways and on the keel where
the vessel lay ou tho blocks at
Malta, and ou some of the forward
plates where contact was had with
the aiK-hor chain. At one place a
marked defect is n long and deep scratch
under tho port quarter, uu>l an examina
tion of this SCntCD shows it to be partly
tilled with cement aud covered with paint.
No cement had been used on tiie ship's bot
tom when she was first docked, so that the
scratch would seem to have been made
since. The Yorktown'a bottom is other
wise in excellent condition.
FROM MECCA TO ISLAM.
The Western Pilgrimage of Nob'.ej of the Myt
Xew York. July 20.— The excursion to
Yelluwstoue Turk and California under
the amnires of the Mecca Temple of the
Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of the
Mystic Shrine, started from this city to-day.
The excursionists will bo absent until Au
gust 20th, and will visit many of the large
cities and other places of interest between
here a lid the I'acinc slope. Tlio party will
be made up of eighty-three persons and the
route tliev propose 10 follow reivers a dis
tance of almost ■-<" niilt-9. In tho language
of the order the trip from New York to
San Francisco is a "Pilgrimage from Mecca
to Islam," and the cities they will visit have
all been eh listened with .in Oriental name.
THE DETECTIVES' THEORY,
Did Fireman Boadhouse Kill Engineer Van
Van Wert (Ohio), July 20.— The shock
ing murder of Engineer Va:i Devander and
tho probable fatal wounding of his fireman,
Samuel Roadliouse, resulted, to-day, in the
arrest of the latter, charged with the crime.
He protests his innocence, and sticks to
his statement that they were both assaulted
by an unknown man. 'J hey are known to
have been quarreling for several day?, and
the detectives' theory is that Van Dev.iuder
knocked Koadhnuse down injuring his
head horribly, and that the tiremau then
waited his opuoittinity and Btruck the
engineer with a hammer.
GRAND AIIMY 11ELXION.
Notification to All the Participative 0-
Boston, July 20.— The Reunion Com
mittee of the .National Grand Army En
campment earnestly desires the names of
all organizations that have secured through
local members and without application to
the committee their own accommodations.
The committee also desires all military and
naval organizations that contemplate hold
ing reunions during encampment week and
have not already notified the committee
that they should do .so at once. Notices
should be sent to J. Favson Branley,
Chairman of the Reunion Committee, 2a
Beach street, Boston, Mass.
A Private Bankine-House Elided and the
Proprietor and Clerk B:aten.
New York, July 20.— .V crowd of angry
Polanders yesterday raided the private
banking establishment of Bernard Arnnson,
whom they accused of misappropriating
Tunds entrusted to him to be used to bring
out their relatives and friends from Fo
land. Aronsou and his clerk were badly
beaten before the police rescued them.
They were afterward arrested, and this
morning, on complaint (if a number of the
Polanders, they were remanded for exami
Two Men Xi led and 0 hers Eericus'y In
jurfd by L chining-.
New Okleaxs, July 20.— A severe rain
and electric itorni visited this city and
vicinity this evening. At Milnerburg
liehtning struck a shed, Instantly killing
Victor Slarchaud and fatally injuring Ed
car Charles, and seriously injuring Edward
Williams. At the Gentill road a dairyman
was killed in the same way, and a man was
seriously injured at Spanish Fort by au
AVILLi NOT NIKIki:.
The Railway Conductors Ara in a Flourish"
Philadelphia, July 20.— At a meeting
of the order of Railway Conductors, with
delegates representing the principal roads
in Maryland, Delaware. New Jersey and
Pennsylvania resolutions were adopted de
nouncing the seceders, and stating that the
position of the Order of Kailway Conduc
tors is most favorable for all conscientious
members, and that tlyj order is not on a
An Entire Famiy Poisoned by Eating the
Eau Ci.aire (Wis.), July 20.— A family
named X ingberg, in Shawtown, consisting
of father, mother and seven children, had
caniii'd meat for dinner to-day. Two hours
later they were seized with violent illness.
Physicians are still working on tliem, and
think that lour or live oX the childreu tuny
SCALDED TO DEATH.
Fatal Result of a Railroad Accident in
.: Indianapolis, July 20. — The i north
bound .Minimi vestibule train struck a cow
near Lennox this morning and ' Uie engine '
was ditched and Engineer William Strops
was scalded to death. None of the passen
gers were injured.
Boston, July 20.— The total gross ex
changes for the last week, as shown by dis
patches from the leading Clearing-houses
in the United States and Canada, Is 81.115,
--369,573, an Increase of 2.29 per cent as com
pared with the corresponding week of last
To 8.-ycott Northern Goods.
Atlanta (Ga.), July 20.— The Constitu
tion in a long editorial urges the organiza
tion of home-league clubs to boycott North
ern good", in tho event of the passage of
the Federal Election Bill.
A Desperado Rolfaß°d on Bail.
Montgomery (Ala.), July 20.— Cottrell,
the desperado and fugitive Mayor of Cedar
Keys, Fla., who surrendered to United
States Marshal Walker here last nieht, was
released ou $2500 hail.
Machine Works Burned.
Fatkrson Of. J.), July 20.— The J. C.
Todd Machine Works, the principal estab
lishment in tho United States for making
hemp and rope machinery, were burned
this morning. Loss, 5150.000.
Fire nt a Colliery.
Ltkkxs (Pa.), July 20.— The slope-house
at the Short Mountain Colliery was burned
to-day. Several hundred men will be
thrown out of employment for months.
A Party of Young Business Men of Sonora
Chicago, July 50.— A party of Mexican
merchants aud ranchers from the State of
Sonora arrived to-day in a special car. AH
of the party are young men representing
the wealthiest and most enterprising class
of Mexico's northwestern coast. The
officials of the Santa Fe .Railroad
Company thought by bringing the
young business men in direct contact with
the manufacturing business and whole
sale houses ot the United States
the trend of conmierce might be
changed, and by showing the Mexicans
that their needs can be satisfied
from the United States mure quickly at the
same cost and with better articles, the trip
would be of benefit both to the two coun
tries and to the railway itself. The trip
is, therefore, purely one of business. They
will spend a week in Chicago, and then
go East. Senor Serrano, a fruit-grower of
Sonora, hopes ti> establish a house in Chi
cago and says the exhibit of Soiuira oranges
at the World's 1- .iir will be a revelation to
the United States.
THE RELIGION OF CLEANLINESS.
Thn Km il of a I £'"'•■ Admired by
The religion of cleanliness is certainly
approved by the fashionable women of to
day, if her attendance at the Russian bath
may be taken as an evidence of faith. The
smart girl gets up on Saturday
morning about half-past 8 o'clock, has
a cup of coffee, puts on. her tailor
made frock and round hat, and, ac
companied by her maid, starts for the
bath, reaching it a little after 9 o'clock.
The duly of her maid consists simply in
the dressing and undressing of her, for
frum the minute she is attired in the art
istic sheet she becomes the property of her
favorite rubber— usually some great, big,
strong woman, who manages her as if she
were a little baby.
By the time siio is in the steam-room a
bed formed of blankets has been arranged
on one of the marble shelves, aDd Made
moiselle stretches herself out there, throws
aside her protecting sheet and lets the
vapor meander over her, opening the pores
of her skin and making her leel delighted
with her own flesh. She stays in this po
sition about twenty-five minutes, the rubber
coming to her ence or twice to ask her if
she wants the steam hotter or if she would
like a glass of wacer.
The vapor seems to have the curious effect
of loosening the tongue of the average
woman, so Mademoiselle lies quietly on her
couch and looks and listens. She glances
at a group of English girls, who have skius
like alabaster, and who, looked at from the
standpoint of an artist of the nude, are
handsome to the waist, but below that are
badly shared, their ankles being heavy,
llieir feet flat and their hins too small.
Now it is time to be scrubbed and the rub
ber lifts my young lady as if she were a
baby; she's stretched out on the marble
slab, scrubbed with soap and hot water
from her licsd to her heels until her skin
is tingling and glowing and she feels as if
she could challenge John 1.. Sullivan. A
lemon is cut in half and used in place of
soap or cloth about the neck and under the
chiu where the dark furs worn in the
winter may have left a mark. Mademoiselle
stands under the shower, which be
gins to run as hot as was the water used for
scrubbing her and gradually grows as cold
as that which is in the tank. Flushed and
excitod she is quickly rushed into the room
where the needle spray is and it is made to
Dlay on her bust, neck and arms. Red as a
lobster Mademoiselle stands on the scales
and tips them at 131 pounds, and then she
is rubbed down dry, taken in and put on a
couch, after which she is given a thorough
massage with alcohol.
This is the rubber's chance to talk to her,
and this is what she says :
"1 will tell you what the gentlemen think
of a lady's lisure. You see my husband is
b rubber and 1 just got him to ask one of
the really gay men about town what he
considered a beautiful figure, and this is
what he said: 'A woman who is very large
is not artistic. The Ogun that is most
pleasing is slight, but not bony; the feet,
ankles and bust must be small;
the calves, thiehs am! hips larue,
well-formed and firm; the neck full,
the head smail and set well on the shoul
ders, while the arms must be well-shaped
and tapering to the hands.' He asKed him
then which he thought gentlemen liked
best, blondes or brunettes? And hu said:
'Natural blondes always; a blonde is more
intellectual and knows better how to please
a man; she is less affectionate, but she
doesn't weary him to death ; statistics prove
that more brunettes marry than blondes,
but experience prove? that men are not al
ways fondest of their wives.'"— > T . Y. Uer
GLAD TO GET RID OF HIM.
The .l.iil. r of the Duo d'Orlcaus U'»» »
The Due d'Orleaus was not more glad to
leave Clairvaux than M. Arnaud. the Gov
ernor, was to see him set at liberty. That
functionary is what Zola would call un bon
zig. He is a clever, scholarly man, and a
thorough Bohemian, prizing most intellec
tual freedom and independence of the com
forts and elegancies of civilized life. Loung
ing in public libraries, cafes and newspa
per cilices were his great pleasures before
he was sent to govern Clairvaux. There Is
a sub-Governor there who manages the
prison so well in his absence that, until
the Due d'Orlcans became a prisoner,
the Governor was often able to run
to Paris. Lut after that event he
was himself virtually a prisoner. The
Due's letters and those he received had
to be read. Orders were sent down from
Paris to make things as pleasant as might
be without scandalous disregard of the
rules. What the Governor was constantly
fearing was the Due falling ill with indi
gestion. The hillsides around Clairvoux
are rich In those alimentary snails that
fatten on the vines.
As the captive was never tired of eating
them, and they were hard to digest, M. Ar
naud was in constant fear of being charged
with trying to poison the illustrious pris
oner, and so. to counteract the effects
of a too richly furnished table, he
was always urging him to take exer
cise. The Due's relatives did their best
not to let him derive moral benefit from
his ordeal, lie was pampered l>j them to an
inconceivable degree, llampers were con
stantly arrivjng with alimentary luxuries.
lie had an impatient temper, and on his
name day got into a tantrum on coming out
ot his bedroom on seeing his big sitting
room tilled with flowers. "Tant de ileura,
et si veil de liberte!" he said, and kicked
the bouquets about. Everything that
could be dune was done to
keep him on n bed of rn-cs. At the
outset he ruther enjoyed the pedestal on
which, he conceived, being in prison set
him. lJiit he ended, as well ho mn/lit, by
getting s imc of confinement and turned
pale, as on the hundredth, day of his cap
tivity the Governor reminded him that he
had only undergone an eighth part of the
time to which hu was sentenced. — London
Five of the Desperate Band
The Declarations of Those Who Surrend
ered to the Troops.
A Fatal Blast— A Contractor's Eyes Blowa
Out— A Passenger Train Ditched.
Special Dispatches to The Mobmino Call.
Tucsox (A. T.), July 20.— 1t is now def
initely known that of the eight Apache
prisoners uuder the Kid who murdered
Sheriff Reynolds and his deputy and es
caped, all save three have been killed.
The Kid and two others are at large. De
tachments of troops from all the forts are
out with hopes of intercepting them. Lieu
tenant Michel with scouts has been in pur
suit since his fight on Friday, in which one
of the renegades was killed. Three White
Mountain Apache renegades came in and
surrendered to the troops. They confirm
the fact that all l.n.t three of the Kid's
band have been killed. General Nelson A.
Miles passed through this town from San
Francisco last evening en route to Nogales
where he goes to meet the authorities of
Sionora to arrange the details under treaty
stipulations necessary for United States
troops to pursue into Mexico any renegade
Indians who may leave the San Carlos res
ervation and cross the line.
Horses Become Unman geab'e and Upset an
Omnibus— Four Ladies Hurt.
Hotel Kafaei,, July 20.— A party con
sisting of twenty-two young Indies and
gentlemen left San liafael Saturday even
ing in a bus drawn by four horses, bound
for the Lucas ranch, situated four miles
from ban Kafael. Wiien going down the
Porta Luello grade the team became un
manageable and started on a run. The
driver, William Daly of San Francisco, was
unable to keep them in the road, the result
being the overturning of the bus. The
two Misses Gainbertz nf San Kafael were
badly hurt, one having her collar-bone
broken and the other her knee. A lady
whose name is unknown at present had an
arm broken and another lady had her face
badly lacerated. The bus was demolished.
All the injured are doing as well as could
KILLED WITH AN AX.
A Shift Boss of the Savage Mine Mur
Virginia City (Xev.), June 21.— About
10:30 o'clock last evening Patrick Crow
ley, a miner, struck William Nicuolls a
shift boss at the Suvage mine, on the
head with an ax and killed him.
The murder occurred on a piatform in|the
shaft near the 1200-foot level. Officers and
miners went down and brought Crowley up.
They returned to get Xicholls' remains, but
could not tinu them. It is supposed thai he
threw Nii-ii. Us to the bottom of the shaft.
Crowley is thousht to have goue crazy.
Xieholls leaves a large family.
The Body of a Han Fonnd Hanging in an
Hii.i.sborough, July 20.— Last night the
badly decomposed body of a man was found
hanging in an empty room of the Opera
House. Nothing was found on the body
that would identify it, but it is supposed to
be that of Ciiarles Dupries, a Frenchman,
who mysteriously disappeared from Port
land some time since. Some jewelry and
$55 in money were found on the body,
which was recognized as that of a man
whose strange actions had attracted notice
several days since.
JUMPED THE TRACE.
Passcnrcr Trains Thrown Down an Embank-
ment by a Shirt Bail.
Taooma, July 20.— The passenger train
for Seattle leaving here at 9:30 o'clock to
night, jumped the track at the head of the
bay. The engine and two coaches went
over a .sin ill embankment. The cause of
the accident was a short rail. A switch en-
Cine is also off the track, causing several
hours' delay to the overland train. The
wreck will probably be cleared by morning.
No one was hurt.
■'.'■'-. ":*'■-■ •
Grass Valley's Bepubiican Delegates to the
Grass Vai.i.ky, July 20.— Yesterday aft
ernoon a warm election was held by t>ie Re
publicans of this township for three dele
gates to the State Convention. There were
seven candidates, and the contest was per
sonal between the candidates, with do ref
erence to Governor or any other State nom
ination. The three elected are: Edward
Coleman, William George and Charles K.
OPPOSED TO POND.
Democratic Primaries in the City of tho
Los Angeles. July 20.— The Democratic
primaries i assed off quietly, except some
little disturbance In the Third Ward. It is
impossible to-uiylit to give the exact com
plexion of the coming County Convention,
but it is known that causiderable opposi
tion to Pond was developed.
A FATAL BLAST.
A Premature Explosion of Pcwder Injures
TJnionto'WlJ (Wash.), July 20. — Two con
tractors, named Anderson and Swansen,
on the Lewisinn extension on the North
Pacific Railroad, one mile this side of Pull
man, while blasting rock, were horribly
inangli'.i, Anderson having both eyes blown
out The recovery of both is doubtful.
A DKUN'KEN ROW.
A Man Shot and Another Stabbed by a Hegro
San Jose, July 20.— A drunken row at a
Portuguese dive on tne Alaineda, kept by
Joaquin Silva Serpa, at 8 o'clock this even
ing, resulted in the shooting of John Smith
aud the stabbing of Giis Wendt. Morse, a
mvr> bar-keeper at the saloon, did the
work. The wounds are not especially
A Fire at Spokane Falls the Work cf a Fire-
Spokane Falls, July 20. —A fire broke
out at an early hour this morning In the
two-story frame building on the corner of
Monroe and Spraeue streets, and befora it
whs gotten under control it had caused dam
age to the extent of $15,000. The fire was
undoubtedly the work of an Incendiary.
Injured in an Accident.
Portland, July 20.— An accident oc
curred on the Second-street Electric Car
Line this evening, in which Conduc
tor Fred Bullock and M. F. Sar
gent were severely injured. The acci
dent was caused by the protruding waßon
tongue of a vehicle standing on
the street. The tongue caught Bullock be
tween his legs while the car was in motion,
and both he and Sargent were thrown vio
lently to the pavement. Bullock recbived
palntul injuries about the head and spine,
while Sarueut was injured internally.
Jnpnu's Lucky Full.
K. Osoka, a merchant of Tokio, Japan,
who was at the Palmer recently, declares
that Japan will experience authing but
prosperity this year. This declaration is
ba;ca on a unique and never-failing sign,
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
according to tho foreigner. " Tho king of
good luck has appeared on our shores," ex
plained Mr. Osoka, "and his capture U
worth more than a million yens.
A few weeks ago th« capture of tbs
strange fish at Niigati-Ken was reported.
It resembled a tia in many respects. It
was six feet in length, Its body was of a
bright red color with little polka dots scat
tered about and it had a long, flowing gold
en beard. The board was two foet in
length and as fine as silk. When the fish
was landed crowds from all over the coun
try came to Niigati-Keu to view the strange
sight. For days it was a mystery until au
old fisherman so years of age saw it.
"Praise the Lord," lie exclaimed, when
he first saw the bright-colored fish. "It Ls
the f uku-tai, and has not been seen in tlia
waters of our land for fifty years. Kuku
tai, when translated, means the tai of hap
piness, and our ancestors called the fish tbe
king of good luck. It is the sign of plenti
ful catches, increased business and general
prosperity throughout the laud. Fifty
years ago, when the last was seen in
Japan, a great feast was held in its honor
and prosperity followed. A grand jollifica
tion was indulged in this time, and so far
the good luck has increased. The fish wu
purchased by one of the richest men in
Japan, and it will be placed on exhibition
at tho National Fair now being held at
THE DECADENCE OF GLOUCESTER.
Causes Which Have Led In the Old Fiih-
Ing Town's I>ecllne.
The people of Gloucester, Mass., accord
ing to recent news from there, are evidently
waking to an appreciation of the fact that
the old fishing town's steady decline Is
strictly accountable to the trade restrictions
placed upon fisheries by the Canadian and
American governments, and to the local
monopoly, which is doing its best to drive
men of small capital out of the business.
Gloucester has long boasted of fishing su
premacy, but it is inevitable that, if the
present conditions continue, she will be
obliged to surrender that position and sink
into hopeless decay instead of becoming, as
she might, a point of distribution for the.
Appreciation of theso facts leads Glou
cester people to advocate closer trade rela
tions with Canada. Our short-sighted pol
icy of restriction is naturally met by the
Dominion with a similar policy, injurious,
like ours, in its deadening effects. Ameri
can fishermen must now take out licenses
for their vessels at SI 50 a ton in order to
procure bait, ice or certain other supplies
in Canadian ports, and this expense, added
to other burdens, deters many Canadian
fishermen from coming to Gloucester to
ship in American vessels. They find that
the necessary expense of this license in
duces smaller profits and smaller wages,
and that lobster and boat fishing at boma
is more profitable than employment on
Gloucester craft. As these Gloucester ves
sels depend in great part on Canadian crews
this failure on the part of the Dominion
fishermen to appear for .shipment effects a
serious hindrance. Some vessels have been
hauled up in Gloucester for several week*
this season wailing the advent of their for
mer Canadian masters aud seamen, who,
nevertheless, fail to put in an appearance.
In consequence much valuable time has
been taken from the best lisliinj; season
and a large amount of capital has remained
As to the monopoly which, unsatisfied
with large profits, is endeavoring to force
small competition from the market, it is
necessary to say only that in the past it has
shown itself favorable to all the artificial
restrictions on Canadian importations to
which Government would consent, its great
est profits involving a restricted market,
with itself in control of that market, and
the results proving disastrous to fish
ermen and to the general public, the
former finding it necessary to accept
prices lower than usual for their
catches, and the latter, afterward,
prices that were higher. Another result of
restriction, as the merchants of Gloucester
are discovering to their sorrow, is the loss
of trade sustained because of the failure of
Canadian fishermen to find a market there.
Formerly a Canadian vessel would run into
port, dispose of its cargo and spend a good
share of the profits in the busy town. Now
this trade is a thing of the past, and the
merchants may sit in their deserted shops
with lime in plenty to meditate on the
glories of this phase of encouragement to
It is coming to be the genera! opinion of
Gloucester business men that we should
have reciprocity with Canada; that fish
should be admitted free, and that then tint
present monopoly system would give way
of necessity to more prosperous, because
unhampered, trade. When the Chinese
wall is torn away, and not before, Glou
cester may look for a return of the prosper
ity she enjoyed a generation ago. That is
what other people have been saying for
some time; but it is somewhat new for
Gloucester people to say so, though it was
inevitable, of course, that in due time they
should come to understand the truth of the
situation.— Providence Journal.
STCDY OF IHE VOICE.
It Should Nut lie li<-1.-tyrd Until Other
Studies Are Completed.
Study of the voice should not be delayed
until other studies are completed. As soon
as a child begins to read some idea of how
the voice should be used should be given
him. Children naturally use their voices
correctly ; their ordinary tones of conversa
tion are Invariably correct, but they
are ready imitators, and if tho voices
about them are harsh, throaty or gut
tural, theirs soon become so. Very lew
teachers, even in the best schools, have any
scientific knowledge of the voice, says a
writer in the Jenness-Miller Magazine. The
importance of speaking distinctly is im
pressed upon the youthful pupil, and, as his
idea of distinctness is allied to sound, sharp
disagreeable tones are cultivated. A teach
er's voice will often express the irritation
she refrains from manifesting in other
ways, and the moral results and influences
of such expressions are hardly less serious
than the physiological. A child should be
taught to have the voice always sweet,
and this teaching should be more
by example than by precept. Breath
ing exercises should be early taught,. and
voices and bodies allowed to develop
naturally. When it is more generally un- .
derstood how clearly voice is a revealer of
character, the test of ability to instruct will
not be determined alone by facility in an
swering certain technical questions. The
intellectual power of the teacher is tuo olten
at the present time the primary considera
tion; but this condition is not to last, nor is
the mental development of the child to Be
of more value than the physical in the
schools of the future.
To keep the bright, happy joyous rin;? o t
youth in the voice is to keep the heart, as
well as the body, youn -'. for tones produce
structural growths of body and soul. The
chlM who is allowed to express his 111-tem
per in words and tones is affected physi
cally and morally. * Note the face*, forms
ami role, Iho man who on the stage ex
presses always a morbid condition becomes
eventually morbid everywhere. II sweet,
happy, musical tones are only mechanical
>tdr»t they will, through practice, beeoma
natural. . To study vocal culture, therefore,,
is to become possessed of many vaUbte se
Jamet Harrington, who killed J»nn Sullivan
In Virginia City, in 187.;, aud. was sent lußtnia
prison for twenty yean, lias b'eeu pudoncd. lie
canpot live another year.
What a Brieht I.lttle New York I.cdy Ha*
to Say About Ladies During
A charming lady residing on Fifth avenue. New
Tork, in conversation with a circle of friends lv her
drawing-room the other evening laid:
"A woman has a bard time during the heated
weat her. Household duties are hard enough at any
time but specially trying during the Summer, still
they cauuot be neglected aud yet they are ex-
tremely debilitating. The heat that comes Into the
house is sometimes followed by dangerous draughts,
thus causing sudden chills, possibly colds. A
woman's strength Is less In the Summer, and she Is
thus obliged to take frequent rests aud as a conse-
queuca is often completely exhausted at the end ot
a day. All the troubles peculiar to women are In-
creased during the heated term. This can easily be
seen In the Bushed faces and difficulty inbreathing.
All their weaknesses and pains are greater In the
Bummer than at any other time. 1 have round that
a womau's system needs a stimulant to fortify it at
such time. lam a believer in temperance and lam
an equal believer in health, and I have observed
that ttie best physicians in xhe country recommend
pure whisky taken with water, or course 1 know
that It is dttlicult to secure pure whisky, !>ut 1 have
found thai Duffy's I'ure -Malt agrees with me and
has bcu of the greatest benefit. I believe there
are thousands ot women who have hitherto accept-
ed pain, that faint feeling aud the frequent sensar
tlon ot weakness with resignation, as necessary
evils incident to their sex, and 1 believe they might
find tresh pleasure in life were they to use thl*
Duffy's I'ure Malt as I have done. These troubles
need not be endured but can be removed, and I be-
lieve Innumerable women might be strong, healthy
and more attractive every day by a carerul use ot
this pure uialu" J» B H ° v
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