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WHICH PKOYE THAT THE CALL IS THE GRFVT
REAL KSTATE MEDIUM!
REAL ESTATE ADS ■
IN SUNDAYS CALL . 40 1
I N SUNDAY'S CHRONICLE E" 3
IN M'MUY'S KXAMINKR SOY
VOLUME LXVIII-NO. 109.
A MASS OF RUINS.
Disastrous Fire in the Pal
ace of the Atabra.
Incendiarism Attributed as the Cause of
Eight Persons Slightly Injured— Germany's
AUituds Regarding the Slave
Erecial Dispatches to The Morxin-o Call
Madrid, Sept. IG.— A fire broke out at 10
o'clock last night in the Palaco of the Al
liambra in Granada. It originated in Al
berca court-yard and soon spread to the gal
leries. Great dainnge has been done.
Later advices from Granada are to the
effect that the fire in the Alhambra I'alace
was extinguished at an early hour this
morning. The magnificent Sala de los
Banos and the right wing ol the Arrayues
Court were destroyed. The reruaindar of
the palace was not damaged. Eight persons
■were slightly injured. Incendiarism is sup
posed to be the cause of the fire.
The A'.hambra Is the ancient fortress and resi
dence of tlie Mootlsh monarch* .of Granada, and
lies on a hill overlooking the City of (Jranad.i, on
t! c uorth. Tue name, sisuifytQt: in Arabic "The
.Red," Is derivrd from the color ot the sundried
••Jai la," or bricks nude of five gravel and clay,
COVKT OF THE L10X.5 JJf THE ALHAVBBA,
c! which tbe outer nails ire built. This famous
Moorish palace was erected at various dates,
cliirtly between 1248 and 1354, under the reign
of Ibn-1-Ahmur and his successors. The splen
did decorations and in particular, the exquisite
paiMlug of tin* Inleilor, are ascribed to Yusef I,
who died In 1354. Immediately alter the expul
. Bion ol the Moois In 1492, their conquerors be
tNin. ly liiiiiiiiiniil.il' acts of vandallsni. to stioll
Ibe niarvelout beauty ot the .Mhamtiia. The
opeu-woik wai tilled up with whitewash, tso
paiutiug r.ml eliding effaced, I lie lurniture soiled,
torn or landed. I \iies V icbtnlt portions In
ihe. ui<Hleri su£<- of the ieiioa, and de
► Ed ilie|i?/r"«ter part of tiie Winter
~~*^t---"- to JJV'ke room tor a modern
stru«:ire wlf^j *as never completed. l'hilip V
lialian.zrd the >.*cnis ana completed the detra
dation by running up tartltions whlcD blocked
up whole apurtnii-uts, gems of taste and patient
Inseuulty. In nubseiiuent centuries the careless
ness of U.i- Bpalltst) authorities pei milled this
jeatlof Mooiish ait to be still fuithei defaced,
and In 1812 «orr.e of the towers were blown up
l>y Ibe French under Sebastiana, while the whole
laillainps oanowly escaped Hie same late. In
1821 the ancient pile was shattered by an earth
quake. Dlrerllous weie Eiven In ISC2 by
Isabella, then Queen of Spain, for the restoration
ol the Alhambra to It 9 oiiglnal condition. The
work was canlcd on with considerable skill, but
the sums devoted to itweie too small for Its
The hilly lenace on which the Alhambra stood
I' about 1:430 feet iv length by 074 Iv breadth at
it.c widest pait. A slronply fomlied wall,
llitDki'd by tnliteen sanaie towers. incloses an
area ol tbiity-llve acres, wttliln wtiich the palace
Is tvl .'. Appioachini! from the city, the visitor
. pi««es through the (iate of ruine^rauates and
e nteis the prounds of the Alhambra, which are
well wooded and In spring are coveted with
gweetsceuied fioweis. TLe icardens, though
weedy and ravmed. bth a charmlug rcso't,
adoTued by r-eati'irtil waterfalls and spatkling
lountains and enliveiied by Ihe songs of the
i)igt>tiu£ale. Pas»iiiK the |. ilia is of Charles V, a
btrep ascent leads to the chief entrance to the
' Alhambia, the Gate of Judgment— a inassiva
archway surmounted by a square tower sixty
two feet high, which, while serving as an out
work of the foniess and as an eutiance hall to
tbe palace, was principally used as an open-air
court of justice, according to the patriarchal
custom of the East. The pillars of the gate are
■if sciilptuied marble, aud the horse-shoe arch Is
tweDty-elclit feet hittb. A narrow passage leaas
to lhe"'ilaza de los Al(jibe«," the l'lace of the
ct«iern«. to called from the tanks underneath
filled with water from the Datro, which foams
ihiough the ravine to the north ol the
Ltll. Ihe plaza Is about 225 feet long by
1»7 feet wide. To tho left rises Alcazaba,
"* the rult:ed fortiess of the Alhambra, with the
'•Torle de la Vela," or watch-tower, where the
Ulirlstlan flag was lir«l hoisted on the expulsion
nl tbe Moors In 1402. It commands v noble
i respect, llelow lies the City of Granada, with
Its liundred churches, and above rise overhaug
' ing heights, with white houses glancing out from
ibe green foliage, reminding one of the saying ot
the Arabian poet that Granada Is like a pearl
set round with emeralds. In the I'lace
of the Cißterns stands au Isolated Moorish
tower, the "Torre del Vino," erected In 1345,
and to Ihc rlcht lies tbe palace of Charles V, dis
playing so much that was curious In Mooiisb art.
It t« a majestic, but cold-looking, structure Iv
ILe lteualssauco style, uunnisbed and lOoUe:;,
e ill' == g Jfef
Ground nan o' the Alhambra.
renrt pre«entlug a desolate and rulnou« aspect.
r.ilmj'i nils edifice lie* the Mooibh palace, me
exterior beluc seveie, i lain mid almost foi bktutnn
in at'tT.-iiance, accor-Jlns io the fecultaililes of
MomMi architecture, by wlilcli they contiive to
hrlclilen '■)■'■ splendor nf 11. 6 Intel ioilby contrast
vim Hie I. .in- and uuadorn°d structure of
ii.- onler vails. Hut within tl.e palace
■lands iinilvalea In (lie eorj»»ou« "pl'-nclor ol Its
halls and tin- i'xi|tuslie beauty of Its decoration*
l-:verywhei« aie mwi evidences ot tliedellcute
lute »ud 'I c artistic luxury of tlie Moor*. Spa
ci..iii courts with marble pillars and fretted cell-
Ings, D»rtllloas and Kilt like ihe sides of a Stuni
lxiul Ciisi.et, and lilluree Muccos of veil lika
transparency— dlsilnaui-lied by airy l!i;nt-
DCSI and grace— arc amoni; the main features ot
tl:is j>;ilace of 1 lie voluptuous callihs of Uranada,
«vlio held dominion over that sunny land whicli
their poets deyciibe ns a terrestrial taradlse.
The colors clilitly employed are a blue, red and
coition yellow. In the lieyday of Moorl-h pros
leiitv Hie palace must liavn been the most dell
cloui'of roral lesidences. Odoriferous nrdeoi,
■v which tiie orange ami Hie rnyille bloomed,
fclterDßied with aiklini; fountains and soli
' * couches, iiivilina to a luxurious reiKne. Every,
tbios contributed to render tlie whole the most
Hpleiidld abode of Oriental inngnilicence, to
wlilcli only the fautastic creallouj of tlie Arabian
flights can be fitly compared. •■;••-
The present eutrance Is by n smill. Insignifi
eantdoor, from which a con ldor conducts tv the
•• I'atlo de la lierkali," the Couit or the Blcsslnt.
Tills com t Is J4O feet long by 74 feel bioad. and
In the center Is a large pond, set in ihemaible
pavement, full ot cold H»ii, from which aome
1^ fiave called Ihls Ilie " Court oflhe I'ond.'Mt Is
' also known ns the Court of the Myrtles from the
riyrtles which grow along Us side. There are
■ eallerles on the north and Ktuth Hides; that oil
the south twenty-seven feet lilkli and supported
liy a marble colonnade. Underneath it, to tl.e
riebt, was tne principal entrauce. and over It are
Uiiee elegaut wluUows with aiches ana uilula-
The Morning Call.
ture pillar". The columns supportlnc the gal
leries aie liglit In structure, and arci.es. slender
and bending gracefully like pnlnn, spriuK from
the capitals and meet overhead. From this
court ihe walls of the " Torre de L'oinares" are
seen rising over the roof to the north, and Its
tower and colonnades are reflected lv tlie crystal
mirror of the pond.
The Hall of Ambassadors (Sala da A.mbaja
dorcs) Is 1 lie largest in the Alhambra ana occu
pies all tho Tower of Comares. It Is a square
room, iiie sides being thirty-seven feet Iv leuistli
while tlie center of the dome Is seventy-live leet
lilKh. Tills was the grand rcceutlou-room. and
tlie throve of the Sultan was placed nppusilu the
entrance. The iznlejoa aie nearly tour feet lilkli
all round aud the colors vary at intervals. Over
lln-in is a sei les of cval medallions, with Inscrip
tions interwoven with tlnwers auil leaves. There
are nine window*, three on each facad<\ and the
clllnc Is admirably tliversilied with Inlaid woik
of white, bine and gi Id in the shape of circles,
crowus aud stars, a kind of Imitation of ihe vault
of beaven. The walls are covered with varied
Btucco of most delicate pattern, iu.rruuu.a
ing many ancient escutcheons.
Another ol the more celebrated courts of the
palace is the '• Patio de lew Leooea," tlie Court
of the Ucn«. Thli Is an oblong court, 110 leet
lv leiiiitn by Mxly-slx in bieadlh, surrounded by
a low gallery supported on I*2 -t marble columns.
A pavilion projects Into the court at each ex
tremity, with lifigree walli and light-domed roof
elaborately ornamented. The square Is paved
with colored tiles aud the colonnade with white
marble, while the walls are covered live feet up
Iron) 1:10 uround with blue aud yellow tlies, with
a bolder above and below enameled blue aud
gold. The columns Miwoitlnir tho loof and nai
lery are irrcciiluily placed, with avlcwtoaitlsilc
elTecis, and Uie general form of Hie piers, arcnes
and uillars.la most graceful. They are adorned
by varieties of fullaze and about eac'i aicli is a
large square ot arabesques, winle over the pil
lars i!> another srju.ne ot exquisite filigree woi
lv the eenti r of ill-.- court is tlie celebrated fouu
talu of lions, a iiiagiiihcrnt alabaster basin sup
ported by Hie figures of twelv : lions lv while
riiui ■■. nut designed with sculptural accuracy,
but as emblems uf stienglli and courage. When
the foiimaiu was in good order a jjreal volume of
water was thrown ap, nliic!] fell into the basin,
passed tnrougU the lions aud issued lioui their
Tho Hall of the Ahencerrajes derives its
name from a legend, according to winch Boabdll,
llic last King o[ Urauada, having invited the
chiefs o( that illustrious line to a banquet, mas
sacred ihcm theie. This room Is a perfect
square, with a lofty dome, and trellised windows
at Its base. The roof is exquisitely decorated
In blue, brown red and ijtil.l, and the column-)
supporting It spring into the arcli lurm In a re
markably beautiful m:iuner. O;>po-llo to this
bail is the "Hall 01 tile Two Sisters," so called
from two vpiv beautiful white marble slabs laid
aipaitof the pavemeot. These slabs measure
15 leet by 7*j teet aud are without Haw or stain.
Tliero is a fountain in the middle ot tills hall,
and the roof is composed or stalactites, nearly
5000 nieces tutenu^ Into Its cuustiucilou. The
whole decora:lonsliete are ot the most exquisite
Anidi'.^tt'.e other wonders of the Alhambra are:
the Ha!l ot Jristice. Hie Mosq'.ie, the "Jllrador
lie l.lnCaraja." or boi:d.>'i ol the Sultana, Hie
•Tatlade la liej.i," the "Tocado ucla F.elua," or
queen's boudoir, ai:a the -'.sata de los lianos," iv
nil of which aie to be seen the same delicate aud
beautiful aiclitieclure. the same cosily and ele
gant decoration?. There must also be noticed
the celebrated rue of Ibe Alhambra, a splendid
speciiiieu of Moorish ceramic an, dating from
1320, and bclontili; lo tlie first period of Moor-
Isl) porcelain. It Is 4 feet 3 Inchrs nlgb. The
Kioi:ntl is '£.-, ai.<! the enameling Is in blue,
white and gif A new hall, called the Hall of
the Shield, oi . ->cutcheous, has recently been
discovered, and Ihc palace contain", besides the
more important nails already mentioned, ranges
of bcd-ioonis and Minnnei-ioonis, a whispering
gallery and labyrlntb and vaulted sepulchers.
The luv.eis of the rortiess have also much of
the ninamenlal v.oik of the palace. Beparnied
from tho Alhambra ly a ravine, lies (ieuciahfe,
the Garden of tl.e Atchltect, probably, in the
Drst Instance, au ont work of the foitiess. r.fter
ward the summer vilMs oi| the sultans of Gran
ada. Ills iinid-sille to conclude the descilp
tlon of the Alhamhia without teniatklng how
admirablyievpr) thing was plauueU to reuder this
palace the n.ost Tolnptuous or all lelreals— the
numerous fountains which cooled the air, the
judicious disposition ol doors and windows, se
curlug fieo ventilation, ihe shady gardens and
the noble views of the bills and plains around.
Some Idea of tbe beauty of the otlgtual was af
forded by ihe Albanibra Uourt iv the Crystal
Palace, SYdeiihaui, luiitatlug tbe Moorish pal
ace In gorgeousuess of coloiiug, elaborateness of
ornamcntaliou, and quaint grace of aichitectural
One ot the most striking fcatnres the Alhain
bra is the appliance of poetical conceits ami pas
sages from the Koran, tv enhance- and foi in pait
of the oiiiaiiieniaticu. Tl.ere Is no God but
Allan." "There is no eonqu-ror bul Ood,"
41 Glory be given to our Lord." and other similar
Inscriptions are eveiy wlieie to be obs.eived.
Iv order that the reader may have a full tm
derstanding of the shape ami position of the
Alhambra the ground man Is given. It v. 11l ba
found a great aid iv following the dcsciii'tlons
A BRIGHT FUTURE.
President Diaz' Spaecb. at the Opening of the
City of Mexico, Sept. 10.— The anniver
sary of the independence of Mexico was
celebrated to-night with great pomp. The
President opened Congress to-night. In
his speech he said the country is at
peace internally nnd externally. Tho
Pan-American Conference reports are being
studied. Tho Government of the United
States acted fairly in the matter of the in
vasion of Lower California. Absolute neu
trality was preserved renpectitic the Central
American imbroglio. New Zealand has
been excluded from the treaty with
Kngland. The agency at Yokohama was
contemplated, l'ulilic lauds are being taken
up rapidly. The Government has listened
to the request of merchant-* aud reduced
taxation. Kailroad construction is making
Germany Has No Intention of Entirely Abol-
Zanzihah, Sept. I*3. — Travelers from the
coast confirm the report of the issuance of a
decree by the Germans at Bagamoyo author
izing traffic in slaves.
Bkhi.i.y, Sept. lti.— The Tost says: TUe
Sultan's decree prohibiting slave traffic does
not operate in German territory. Germany
Dover had any intention of unqualifiedly
al'olibhin.i; all forms of slavery. Tne Reich
stag agreed that i!ib measure woatd be taken
only by degrees, with due regiird ior the exist
ing older of Uiiims.
Australian Labor Leaders Threaten to Call Oat
Sydney (N. S. W.), Sept. 10.— Most of the
Lithgow niiiif rs have gont; on a strike. Only
tlie 6inall collii-ries are working.
The labor leaders threaten to call out the
railway engineeis and tiremeii and resort to
extreme measures it they fail to obtain a
conference with the employers within forty
eistht hours. The Government is purchasing
all the ri fie ammunition possible iv order to
prevent Us misuse.
Russia's Financial Policy.
London, Sept. US. — Kussia is reported to
be considering the project of establishing
hard cash payments in that country, hoping
to largely increase the export Ira le in grain.
The Russian customs tariff which went iuto
effect on the Ist lust was intended to count
eract the rise in rubles which tends to stim
ulate Import! of grain into Kussia. It is
said that the Government holds a large sup
ply of luctaL
Numtroui Eaiiroad Accidents.
Beui.i.v, Sept. IC— During the last few
days there have been several accidents on
tlio mnin German railroad lines. In a col
lision between passeneer trains between
Montjilu and Kalterhcrberg four passenger*
were killed and fourteen wuumled. A br.ikc
man lost both lees. The station-master has
been arrested fi.r causing the accident
through neglect Iv the other accidents no
one was killed. ■ ' ...
Burial of Canon Liddon.
London, Sept. 16.— The remains of Canon
I.i'H'in were entombcl id the Ciithcdrnl to
day, in the presence of. an immense assem
St. PETEitsm-Ro, Sept. IG.— Count Tol
stoi, the vM'li-kiiown uuiUur, is seriously ill.
SAN FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 17, 1890-EIGHT PAGES.
A VICIOUS MILL.
Battle of Light-weights at New
Andy Bowon Laid Oat by .Jimmy Carroll
in Twsnty-ona Rounds.
The Fight Characterized by Terrific Punches
Throughout— Both Men Show Great
Special Dispatches to The Morning Call.
New Orleans, Sept. IG.— The lone-ex
pected fight between the ligiit- weight?, Andy
Bowen of Xew Orleans, who recently
bested Billy Myers, and Jimmy Carroll of
San Francisco, who was defeated by Jack
McAuliffe in ajforty-seven-round fi;;lit some
time ago, came off to-night, and Bowen was
knocked out in the twenty-first round.
About 3000 people \vitne sed the battle,
which was a cood one. Bowen weighed
130%, and Carroll 13214 pounds. The purse
was $3000, of which £500 went to the loser.
The police Insisted on five-ounce glove*.
In the first two rounds there was no ma
terial advantage on either side, liowen
having the best of it if anything.
In the third, fourth and fifth Carroll was
on top, landing several severe blows on
Bowen's face aud body, although he was
pretty well dazed himself from punches in
the stomach aud on the nose.
In the sixth both men were tired, but
Bowen succeeded iv knocking Carroll down
with a right-hand swing, nearly repeating it
a moment later with a right-hander on the
From this on to the fifteenth round honors
were about even, some hard blows being re
ceived by botti men, each of them seeming
In the fifteenth Carroll knocked Bowen
down with a terrible right-hander. Biwen
got up, but Carroll was too weak to finish
In the sixteenth both received severe pun
ishment, and in the seventeenth CarcMlgave
a tremendous punch ia the stomach to
Bowen in return for a stinser on the>»neek,
and also drew blooj from Bo wen's nose.
Bowen flinched and they fell.Carroll on top.
In the eighteenth round Bowen hit Car
rol! on !he eye, catting it, and receiving In
return a blow on the nose which felled him.
In the nineteenth Bowen was very weak
and Carroll, getting his second wind, guvo
Bowen several severe blows.
In the twentieth Bowen tried hard to
steady himself, and managed to avoid a
knock-out; but in the lweuty-fu-t, Carroll
landed risht and left, and Bowen fell ex
hausted. He arose again, but fell imme
diatt ly, and then was counted out.
ilii was terribly punished, but made no
complaint, having done the best he could,
lie (bowed great gatueneis aud was loudly
Carroll wss unhurt save a slight cut and
a swollen upper Up. The time was an hour
and twenty-four minutes.
Following fire the records [if the men;
Jimmy Carroll was boru in Lambeth,
Leudou, England, on March 2:\ lH'iii. Jl is
record is as follows: Beat liattj' Sullivan
in <i- rounds; beat Con Shay, 50 rounds;
beat Dawner Williams, 3 rounds; beat Con
Shay a second time in 3 rour.ds: beat Jnck
Connell in 7 rounds. Went to Ireland and
beat Ned Moore for the champton-hip of
Curragb Camp, County Kildare, Ireland.
The light lasted 102 round* and was fought
under Louilon l'ri/.e-ring rules, with bare
knuckles. Ho lauded iv America July 23,
1»7. Beat Billy i'razer March 23, IS7S,
Marquis of Qiuensberry rules; beat Jim
Manning in twenty- six rounds; beat Jimmy
Crosbie in nine rounds, London Prize-rins
rules; beat Ike Bamben: in thie« lounds.
catch - weight?, Bamberg weighing 210
pounds ; beat M. J. Scully iv one
round, catch -weight-!, July 10, 1881;
fought a four -round draw with
Bobby Burns at Gardner. Mas?. : fought a
six-round draw with Tom Bates of Knclaud;
fought a six-round draw with Palsy Kerri
gan of Boston, Mass.; beat J. Bartlett in
four rounds, catchweights, at Boston ; beat
Tun McManus in two rounds at Boston;
beat Billy sullivan at Greenfield, M_..ss, in
four minutes; beat MoManus again iv nine
rounds; fought Mike Daley of BHiigor, Me.,
a fifteen-round draw; defeated Sam Blake
lock at the California Club, March 19, 1889,
in sixteen rounds; defeated by Jack McAu
liffe. March 21,15b9, In forty-seven rounds.
Andy Boueu was born in Xew Oilcans
in 1867. He stands 5 feet 3 inches high, and
Wtjlgbs, when in condition, 133 pounds. 110
conunenced his career as a pugilist when
he was but 1G years of age. He has never
yet lost a battle. Among those he
has defeated are the following flglit
ers: Mike Murphy, whmn he put to
sleep in two rounds at Keller's Market
at Xew. Orleans. Johnnie Wilson was
the next to be knocked out by young Bowen.
Tne battle took place at t!ie Blue House,
Jefferson City, and Wilson was knocked out
in the third round. lie then met and
stopped Frank C. Pender of Milwaukee at
Minerva Hall in six rounds. James Boyle
of Pittsburii had enough of Bowen iv four
Joe Oliver of Chicago lasted nine rounds
with Bowen. Skinner Norton, also of Chi
cago, was defeated in two rounds by Bowen.
Bowen then commenced to make, an inter
nationiil leputation for himself by mak
ing the crack English light-weight,
Charles Wilson, quit in the third round.
The battle was foucht with skin-tight
gloves at tbe slaughter-house. Tommy
lynn, au ambitious Jersey boy and light
weight champion of the United States bar
racks, was whipped in three rounds. Mike
Murray of New York succumbed to repeated
taps on his jaw and sank into dreawlaud
during the third round.
His next fisht was with McTlale, the
champion of Pennsylvania. It lasted two
rounds and Mcllale, the favorite iv the bet
ting, was defeated twice. Bowen knocked
him out of time in both rounds.
Billy Myers quit iv the twenty-ninth
FEAUS FUUIi I'LAY.
A Qaeer Story Told by a Magnetic Healer in
Chicago, Sept. lU.— Dr. A. G. Larson,
a magnetic healer, has lost his wife. Ho
tells a queer story. He said to-day that he
came several years ngo with his wife from
the old country. They weni to San Fran
cisco, where ho entered business in his pro
fession. From then they moved to .Salt
Lake City. Last July his wife went to ban
Francisco to procure Sl^Otio coming to her
through tlie courts. On tlie 3d of the present
mouth ho received a letter from her telling
hi:. i she had received 818,(KK» instead of SI.V
000, and she wanted to g<i to England. She
told him to meet her in New York. He came
as far cast as l'uehlo, Colo., whern he tv
eeived a telegram from her iv ban Francisco
to meet him in Chicago September !)th. lie
i Aue on to Chicago, but has beard nothing
of her since, though he telegraphed the
police of ban Francisco and I'ueblo. lie
says ho is certain (he is not false to him.
He is inclined co think she has met with
Powers and Dnties of the Commiisioa—Meet
in? of D.ssiti'fi'd Alternates
Chicago, Sept. 16.— The National World's
Fair Commission to-day adopted the report
of the committee to define the powers and
duties of the commission, without change,
after considerable discussion. The clause
which created the most debate was this:
" Among tlio original and exclusive powers
of the commission may be named the power
to allot f j>ace for exhibitors, prepare classifi
cation of exhibits, determine the plan and
scope of the exposition, appoint all judges
and examiners for the exposition, award all
premiums, nnd generally to have charge of
all intercourse with exhibitors and repre
sentatives of foreign nations."
The alternates from the various States
feel that they are not meeting with proper
recognition from the commission, and after
tho nooh adjournment held a meeting to
talk over their grievances. Fnsidcnt I'aUner
explained to them they had no duties or
emoluments except in the absence of their
respective principals, and in thnt event would
be called on to act and be paid for such ser
vice. This is not entirely satisfactory.
The Board of Engineers sent by the Sec
retary of War to ln-ar urguinenN on the
question of using a portion of the hiirbor
front for a possible sight, concluded the
The Order Bud to Be Bapidly locreaiing in
Numbers and Icfla»nce.
Buffalo, Sept. IC— At this morning's
session of the Switchmen's Convention the
recommendations inGrand Master Sweeney's
annual report were referred to committees.
Vice-Grand Master Downey and Grand Sec
retary and Treasurer Simsrott presented
their reports. The l.tter showed the order
to be in ;i flourishing condition. Grand Or
ganizer Hall detailed the result of his work
lor the year. The report showed the order
was rapidly increasing in numbers and in
fluence. The Directors will present their
report this afternoon.
■ ** i
Tho PaEßma Canal.
New York, Sept. 16.— M. Eiffel of Paris
tower fame, who lias a contract for the
Panama Canal locks, was recently con-
Bulted concerning the feasibility of convert
ing the ranal into a ship-railway, bir Ben
jamin linker, who is Superintendent of
Construction of the new ship railwny
frnm the Bay of Fundy to the Gulf
of St. Lawrence, which i 9 now^ iv
course of construction at Amli«rst, Xov;l
Scoiia. says: "I-i order to build tins railway
a considerable portion of the excavations
nlrt'udv made would have to b?i refilled. I
estimate that tbe lowe&t possible co^t in
com Dieting the canal would be S^w,ihxi,ojo,
wwile two years azo De Lssßops made an
estimate of $80,000,000. It U, iv my opinion,
quite imjxjssible by a financial eouibrnutlon
to raise ni'iney suflicient to cu:uult".e the
I'ariaiiia Canal, either as a canal or a, ship
railway. The latter scheme would involve
an outlay of SI 5(1,000, COO." He regards the
Nicaragua Canal plan us feasible.
The Natural Attractions of California.
New YORK, Sept 16.— A letter is printed
this afternoon from C. D. Itobinson of San
Francisco indorsing the statements made by
Professor Whitney In the September num
ber of tlie Century, with reference to the
treatment of the Yosemite. Itobinion coiu
plain} bitterly of tbe acts of the Yosemite
Comini-sioni-r-i, ana incidentally says that.
California preserves the attitude of complete
indifference aud always lias toward the well
keepiti£of all lior natural attractions, per
mitting with the most impartial apathy the
sovereignly of the ax in the giant forest! and
of repressive monopolists in her great can
The Tuir.e'.inr of N~w Y.rk Bit.
New Yop.k, Sept. 16.— The scheme for
tunnt-liug New York Bay, a bill for which,
introduced at Washington in the Hotue
yestorday, explained the gigantic affair, it is
expected will cost at the rate of 81,250,000
per mile or 5H,000,000. The puipo^ii is to
connect the great trunk lines "terminating at
Jersey City with lirnoklj'n. There is sup
posed to be a connection between the scheme
and the plan for a European steamship line
to stop at Montauk I'oiut and not come to
New York City.
Schoocer end Crew Li«t.
Ashland (Wis.), Sept. IC— The tteamei
Charles Uebard anived here to-diy and re
ports the loss of the schooner Don Brink
with n crew of live nn-n on the roclis off
Eagle Harbor, Lake Superior. The crew
are supposed to have bees druwned.
Afeidenta'i Deaths From El»ctricitv.
New Yoiik, Sent. 16.— George Kopn's
death makes a total of twelve persons killed
from accidental contact with the electric
wires in this city within t\vu years. Koup
was killed U-t night in from of the Park
OCEAN SUBSIDY BILL.
A Startling Showing Made by the Post
office Committee Report.
Washinoton, Sept. 16.— Mr. Bineham,
Chairman of the liouse Committee on Post
offices and Post Roads, lias completed his
report on the Ocean Subsidy Bill. It li an
exhaustive document. It traces the decline
of the American shipping trade at 1-ngth,
and argues that Iho gmnttag of subsidies
for carrying our foreign mails will do much
to bring about a revival.
■It is distinct and positive," says the re
port, "that tra'le follows the flag of fast and
regular mall steamships on the oi'oan." Ta
bles are given showing the decline of our
shipping interests, and the reiHiit continues:
"In IMS, it will be seen, we carried 77 per
cent of our own commerce, and much of
ether nations, but now we carry only l.'ippr
cent of our own and none of other nations.
We cannot get return cargoes for our few
ships, because wo are underbid by the sup
pert given to foreign ships fur this specific
purpose by subsidy from the national trea
sury ol every other first-class, second-class
and I hi id-class commercial nation.
"Here, also, will be seen the gradual de
crease of the payment (Of proper relation) ti
American ships and an increase of pay (or
subsidy in the literal etymology of the word)
to f, reign ships. Since 18">7 the United
States Bureau of Foreign Mails has actually
been subsidizing and supporting foreign
ships and foreign employes. It is iv fact nn
office thai is feeding foreign interests; help
ing to educate foreign navigators as tho only
seamen who know our waters, and conse
quently would become masters of our sea
ports and harbors in time of war. It is not
only robbing our youth and manhood of em
ployment, but jeopardizing American inter
ests and our national safety, and it is time to
call a halt. It is a most Important bureau,
but it must be remembered it is an Ameri
can bureau for the protection of foreign in
It is figured out in the report that since
18&7, the beginning of our shipping decline,
the total bulk of our carrying trade
amounted to S.".0,OUO,000,UOO. Estimating the
cost of freight at iv per cent of this,
£.'1,000,000,000 ure obtained, an average
of 8100,000,000 per year. Add to this
passenger money, ISO per cent at a
low estimate, and we have J-i:i0.0o0,000.
Tho actual amount this year is according
to the report, $20,000,01)0. "Now," the report
continues, "within a period of thirty years,
the average proportion of tho foreign o.irry
ing trade has been HO per cent of SiaO,(X)t),iHM
or $104,000,000. Estimate this yeiirly tribute
which we have paid to foXi un nations for tho
last thirty years and we see an expenditure
of 8.1.12U.(i0a,00t). This indeed is a startling
exhibit— over $3,000,000,000-a sum greater
than our national war debt at its highest
point. These are not speculative flsures,
but an official showing of our wasteful pol
icy as regards our shipping forthe last thirty
" Suppose we had pursued a different pol
icy, a policy of subsidizing, like England,
ana continued to pay $5,000,000 per year to
American steamship lines for ocean mail
service, it would have cost us iv thirty yeais
8130,000,000 only— slso,ooo,ooo— a total sav
ing of SU.tWO.OOO.OOO, sufficient to have paid
off the whole war debt, and we would have,
had to-day the grandest commercial marine of
nny nation of the. world and held the su
premacy of the high seas, instead of paying
this tremendous tiibute to England, and
of having built up her power, and at the
fame liino reduced our own national con
dition on the ocean to that of impotency
and humiliation among nations. Beside if
we had paid during the last thiity years the
above-stilted amount of $5,000,000 per year
($450,000,000) it would have been nearly
equal to an amount wo are yearly paying as
a subsidy or tribute to foreign nations for
doing for tho United States as a great
nation, what we should bo doing for our
own national Interests and for our own
The provisions of tho bill are separately
considered and their wisdom pointed out,
and in conclusion the report declares that
the legislation recommended in the bill is
imperatively demanded, aud, if enacted, it
will build our merchant marine up to a
prouder position than ever.
London, Sept. 10.— The Illustrated News
say!) the American Shipping Bounties Bill
will cause a revival of American ship-build
ing to an astonishing degree, and a powerful
merchaut marine will be created.
At an Enl
Southampton, Sept. 16.— The Directors
of the Koyal Mail and Union coinpnnies
have, telegraphed the officials here that they
would auree to an ndvance of 1 crown per
month (or teamen, trinimersand boys, In ad
dition to tlie advance already given, pro
vided thu strike ii ended immediately, lne
strikers have accepted the offer and resume
THEY DON'T LIKE IT.
Congressmen Opposed to an
. Extra Session.
I General Belief That the President Will
Carlisle Gives His Ylews on the Financial
Crisis— Military Reservation for '
Special Dispatches to The Mohniso Cali.
WAsmsoios, Sept. IG.— Tiia proposition
to have an extra session of Congress called
for November does not meat with much
favor among the rank and tile of the nieui-
Ders of Congress, who are weary with the
ten months' session. It is a matter, however,
in which the President and party leaders
are chieily concerned, and the rest will have
to take things as they find them in Novem
ber. It will be impossible to hold a quorum
alter the Tariff Hill is finally disposed of,
and a quorum being absent, nothing can bo
done which the Democrats seriously object
to, therefore the chance of passing several
measures, which it is tho desire of the major
ity to act upon before adjournment, will bo
practically an impossibility. With the3e
crowdiug into tha short session, there will
be little chance for action on the Election
TIIE MATTER DISCUSSED.
At the tonfereuca held at Senator Toller's
house when the laying aside of the Election
Bill was decided on, it was determined that
the President should be nsked to cull Con
press together alter the November elections.
Since then the matter has been talked about
quietly. A recess miglit be regarded as bet
ter than an adjournment, but it would bo
UiflScult, in their present temper, to get the
House to asree 10 a recess. IT they arc called
back In November they liave do option. Mr.
McKinley said 10-day that he had not beard any
talk oil the subject tv the House. As to the
probability of i lie call, however, lie said It would
depend upo.i liow far Congress at this scsslou
neat toward ■; u-.:i- ol pending questions.
lie thought it likely lliat nut much would be
done this session alter the Tarill 13111 is dis
AN EXTKA SESSION PROBABLE.
Lodge said to-day that he tbougbt it likely the
l'resldeul would call an extra session, not only
to consider lh« Election Bill but also oilier Im
portant Batten Uiat cou'd hot i>e disposed of at
mis session. Many other members agiee witli
Lodge. McKeuua does not think the l'resldent
will call au extra session.
TIIE FINANCIAL CRISIS.
In speaKlDg to an Eveulng Critic reporter
about the stringency In the muuey maiket Car
lisle said: "The present outlook is certainly
very threatening, but of course oue can pre
dlci the liual result. I tlilnic. however, II is
tolerably safe to say that If the Xailtt Bill Is
passed in its present foiin, requliitigall imported
goods enteied since August 1-t. tu pay duly De
foie October Ist aud all goods euteied befoie
AuiiU-tlslto pay duty beloie November Ist,
there will bs a great strain tii'un ilio money
market and perhaps a (iener»l breaking Juwn all
over the couutry. I have Keen It stated that
$40.ooiJ,i)uo or $45,000,000 would be required
to pay there dimes, but even It it should require
only $12,000,000 or *15,000,000. which are the
lowesKsttmat' I h.ive Mea, it wit! be Impossible
tor importer to raise the money without greatly
aggravating the present cniloil situation. .
. THE TBKABVHY srKPLPS.
" According to a statement ot the Secretary of
the Treasuiy, published yesterday, as soon as he
has ptiicliased [lie bonds now called for aud pre
paid the Inteiesl on trie 1' cillc Jiaihoad bouds
Ms resouices will be enfiiely exhausted and lie
will not be ablo to lurulsh any furllier relief. He
nays be has a lorvlus of $52,000,000, and the
bonds already called [or, Including interest and
premium, will amount to about $60,000,000,
which will not leave enough to prepay tlie in
leiest ou the cunency B'l up to July 1, ISiil,
which he proposes to do. It Is clear that unless
tlie auiouul which the Treasurer now proposes
to |ay out l- found tuCicient to relieve the
money maiket it must birak down. Of couise
the circulating medium wlii not bu Increased to
the full extent of ih« payments made by tho
Treasuiy In Ihe purchase of bouds, because a
large part ot the boudi me held by national
banks, and as they sell their bonds they must re
tire llielr circulation."
6AN DII.UO MILITARY POST.
There will 0' a stioiiß ellorl made next ses
sion to have a bill passed tor the establishment of
a military post at San Diego, Setiator Hears!
and llei'ii'sniuuve Vandever aie the chief
mover* In the schema ami aie being assisted by
Geiieial wallader of San Diego, who Is vow
Senator Hearst has introduced tne following
bill in Hie Senate: The Secretaiy of War is an
tbortzed to select aud aequtie title to not exceed
lilt 1000 acres on Noun lslaud of Coronado
lieach. at the moulhof tlieeiiirjiice to San Diego
Harbor, and to coustiuct thereon the necessaiy
appunenance.3 sullicieut for a twelve company
BITE FOR BATTEIUE3.
The Secretary is [iirther atulioiized to acquire
a suitable site on Coronado lloach, south ol the
entrance (o San Diego harbor, for the purpose
of locating thereon heavy walei-batteit' s, the
laud «o acquired not to exceed in area 1000
acres; provided, Hint the title to the sites se
lected shall be obtained without expense to the
United Slates. The land Is to bo secured by
condemnation, it necessary, and a commission
is to be appointed to appraise the prop
eity. The total expenditure In the
purchase of i said land and the erection
of the necessary buildings aud apnurtenauces
(ball not exceed $700,0u0. wheieof the inn
chase of said laud shall not exceed the sum of
(uOO.OOO, aud me construction of said buildings
ami appuilenances sball not exceed tlie sum of
(200,000. and the said sum ot $700,000 Is ap
propriated. No pal 10l this appropriation shall
be expended until the Legislature ol the State of
California shall by an appropriate act consent
lv the puichasc ut Raid land by the United
States and lo the acquisition uf title by the Uni
led stales lo the land* selected for heavy water
ballet ics, us provided fui' In Section 1 of this
Mr. Vaiulever will introduce a similar
bill in the House.
In thecavs of MarthaCalhouu vs. the Southern
I'acitic luiilio.nl Company, involving, the title to
land lv Ihe J.osAngeles District. California, Assis
tant Secretmy (.'handler holds tlie decision uf llio
Couimissluiier of the Laud Olllce lv awardiug
part ot one-qiiailer of Section 3 lo Mar
tha Calhouu and holding I lie company's selec
tion lor cancellation as to that part, to be eno
ueous. Tlie company Is cnltlied to all of naid
laud under Us giant. The case Is similar lo that
of Chllds, wl.lch was recently decided. The
Commissioner's decision is, Ihereiore, modilled.
lv the case of Walter Huutley vs. William
Coughey, Secretary Chandler leversed the de-
Clslvu of the Commissioner hi tlie General Laud
Onice. The land luvolveu is situated lv tlie San
lv the case of John W. Price vs. George O.
Uoover, ou appeal, the decision of the Commis
sioner Is reversed. The laud iuvolved Is situated
lv the Los Angeles District, Cil.
lv the casu of John M. Farm vs. Johu U.
Mitchell tlie declslou of Ilie Commissioner is re
versed. The laud Is lv lue Lakeview (Oregon)
A GROWL FROM SAJf FRAXCISCO.
W. D. Classen er Snu Francisco complained to
iiio Treasuiy Department j;.uh>[ Hie Mew Yoik
Collectors Imposition of a duty on books im
ported by lilm via New Yoilc. lii reply aclliiK
Secietary M'.ii.lini; says that the .New York Col
lector lepoiis tliul upou Hie ariival of books by
mall from countries or colonies o( tbe uni
versal postal uulou, It Is t tie practice
ol the otllce, as requlied by treaties
and regulation, to promptly examine tbe same
and tbereupou assess the proper duties, tlie
packages then being allowed u< be forwarded by
the postal authorities to llielr point of rteillu.i
tion, where the duties are collected. "If in such
cases the books bave been excessively valued, as
alleged by you, the icasuu would seem to be that
the packages are not accompanied by any In
voice or data upon which the appraising ottlcers
can i»ach their correct valuation. It is suggested
that perhaps the cause of your complalut might
be obviated by instructing your correspondents
who send you such books to specify on tue cover
of tlie book its cost.".
,-. PATENT OFFICE KEPORTB.
The Secrt'lary of. tbe luierlor lias written to
Representative Cluule that the only latent Oillco
Keport for gratuitous distribution Is iv small
p.iinpliliii form. 'Ihe old annual leports are su
perceded by the l',i rai Olllco Uazelte, whlcb Is
tuppUed to subsciibers for (5 per aiiuuui.
BAOLF.Y'B CASE. i ; :"
Iv relation to the case of 1". 11. - Bagley, for
merly Nluht Inspector at the port o( San Fiau
clsco, the actlog Secretary of the Treasury says,
hi forwardiuu to Collector l'helps the papers
which weie tiled at the Treasury Department,
that he cannot take action in favor ol UaKley,
because Collector l'helps reported to tbe Secre
tary of Ihe Treasury, In v letter dated August
. 26, 1800, that Baßley was sepurated from
■he seivlce dining the Democratic iiumlnlstra
; tlon, aud the Collector mfomlis correspuudeuce
showing that in making ins examination for en
iry to service Bagley lalled to say tie Had been
euiployed on certaiu stieet railroads, and It was
represented to Collector Hager that Ills couduct,
wlule so employed, seriously affected bis Integ
rity. ■ Udou these representations Bagley was
retired from the service, and unless the nominat
ing officer reconiuieuds blm fur leiustaiciucut
■Pli illilti id Htflli Ml Ifcillrttl 1 TiHliWrTrlf*lThl * i llill^UMvT~irHßi*rrilgiTßiif
ana ronv.iriti a certificate Irom the Local Board
ot Civil Service Examiners that lie Is eligible tno
department can rake no action In Ills favor.
SIPI'LIES FOB MADE IRLAND.
At the I\iymaster-Generar« ntlice (to-day pro
posals for supplying tlie Mare Island Navy- yard
witrj lumber, iruu, steel and hardware were
Tlie following Callfornlaus have been granted
paients: George S. Andres, San Kraucisco. ap
paratus for malting extracts; James T. FliU,
San Francisco, fruit-plttlni: maclilue; Smith Me
(jarvln, Han .lo*e, running gear; Frauk McClure,
StockloD, chuck for turuing lathes: Dr. F.
Oliver, San Francisco, bay rlckers; Henry A.
I'eaboily, Uklali. fence post; Cliaileaß. Towle,
Vallejo, school desk; Frank White aud F. J.
Murpliy, I'nni.'ua, atiiniHl trap.
If Bayne declines to serve as one of the
Taiifl Couferrees MnKeuna will be appointed.
McKenna raid to-night that California In
terests would not suffer Iv the hands of tbe com
mittee appointed— that they were all friendly to
Coast lnteicsU, aud that lio bad assurance that
his Biveet wine clause, which was stricken out by
the Senate, would be restored uy the contorrees.
NEW TUAXSCONTINENTAL I.IKE.
The C'hoetaw Coal and Katlway Company ri<i9
finished its line from Soutn McAllealei iv Indian
Territory to Fort Smith, and yestrrday puc on
luroiigu trains between the twu points. This It
is said marks the tlrst step In tbe next continen
tal line which will be known as "the luiny-lHlli
parallel line." -- .•
JIOUMOS9 AND PUBLIC LANDS.
Among tlie measures Introduced at this session
aiinrd against the Mormons were two laud bills:
one pioviuini: that In Wyoming, and the other
that lv nil Miaies and Territories polygamlsts
and those abetting polygamy shall uot be per
mitted 10 enter public lands under auy of tbe
land laws. The bills were broadly framed and
would pr-vent . bona tide settlers
already on lauds from acquiring patents aud
»i;: i also ailed many people whu are not
really believers in tlie Mormon doctnue ol plural
marriages, The Laud Ofllce imposed the bills
on these erounds, aud the Public Lands Com
mittee yesterday adopted tbe recommendation
and the measures weie reported adversely and
ordered to lay on the table and be postponed
Indefinitely. This means the kllliue of ihe bills.
California pen-Ions: Original— Daniel C. l'lice.
Sail Diego; PatrlcK Moore, San Jose; Ueorge
Lone, Happy Camp; Enoi li. Bailey, Lo« An
eeles. Orlglual widuw— Mary E., widow ot Lude
B. Little, .Nevada City.
Conference Eeport on the Railroad Land
Forfeiture Bill Agreed To.
Washington, Sept. Vice-President
Morton presided in the Senate to-day.
The following bills were passed: Senate
bill, authorizing tho Librarian of Congress
to purchase, at a cost not exceeding 830,000,
Townsend's Library of National, State and
Individual Records, concerning the origin,
progress and consequences of the late Civil
war; Senate bill, to grant the right of way
through public lauds for irrigation purposes.
The conference report on the Kailroad
Land Forfeiture Hiil was resumed and .Mor
g.ui continued his argument against. italic
spoke of the liist section of thu bill as uncon
stitutional, and said the bill was a mere
sham nnd pretense as a forfeiture bill. It
was nothing but a mere political perform-
Bate also opposed the conference report
and asked where, under the bill, the for
feiture raino in.
Plumb said it forfeited all lands which,
under a decision of the Supreme Court, could
be forfeited. It forfeited somewhere be
tween ".om.two and lO.ow.OiX) acres. It con
firmed not a single acre to any railroad
Company and did not disturb the status of
any grant to railroad companies, except by
terminating the right of companies to build
any more of their ro;td<, and by forfeiting
the tiran:s opposite to uncompleted portions.
A vote was then taken and the conference
report was agreed to— ayes 20, noes 13— a
strict party vote.
The Iluuse Anti-Lottery Bill was then, on
motion of Sawyer, taken from the calendar
and i>a?s-d without a word of discussion.
On moti'in ol I'lumb, the Senate proceeded
to the consideration of the li me bill to re
peal tiie timber culture laws. Plumb moved
an amendment in thu nature of a subsli-
Mnnderson moved an amendment provid
ing that no more than 640 (instead of 1UO)
a res shall be embraced in oue townsite en
try. Agreed to.
Plumb also moved to add to the substitute
a new section, restricting reservoir-sites to
so much laud only as is actually necessary
for the construction and uiaiuteuauce ol
reservuiis. Agreed to. ■•
Teller also otfercd an amendment, whi^h
wns agreed to, giving the right of way
through public lands to canal or Mitch com
panies formed for the purposes of irrigation.
Sanders offered an amendment providing
that in the gold nud silver mining regions of
the State of Nevada and those States and
Territories In which there are public lands
containing timber, nnd where tbero is no
United States law authorizing the sale of
such timber land?, the residents of such
Slates or Territories, if prosecuted for cut
ting timber may plead that it was cut for
agricultural or mining purposes.
After sonio modification this was agreed
Manderson moved to add a new section
setlin,,' apart Annette Islands, in the Alex
ander Archipelago, in .Southeastern Alaska,
as a reservaticu for the u^e of the Jlet
lakahtla ludinns, who recently emigrated
from Uritish Columbia to Alaska, ana such
other Alaskan natives as may join them.
The substitute was then ngreed to,' and the
bill was passed.
The Seiiatu bill to establish a United
States Lund Court was laid aside until to
morrow and thu Senate adjourned.
Ea'.o.'j ?> ■•solution Referred to the Commit
tee on Judiciary.
Washington, Sept. 10.— The Senate bill
for the relief of Admiral S. P. Carter was
On motion of Carter of Montana, the Sen
ate amendment was concurred in to the
House bill authorizing the Secretary of tne
Interior to submit a proposal for the sale of
the western part of the Crow Indian Reser
vation in Montana.
The liouse then proceeded to the consid
eration of the Knloe resolution relative to
Kennedy's speech. It directs the Clerk to
coiiim uniciitt. 1 to the Senate that the House
reprobates and condemns Kennedy's lan
guage as unparliamentary. The pending
question was on the poitit of order against
the resolution raised by Urosvenor of Ohio.
Blount of Georgia, on arguing the point,
recalled t!ie Brooks-Stunner episode, and
cited tho action of the House in tliat ease.
Whenever a member of tliis lwdy arraigned
a Senator as a felon and a traitor by reason
ol his conduct in regard to legislation, there
could be no question but that the character
of the Honse was assailed. He [Blount]
was not hero to vindicate the character of
the Senator from Pennsylvania, lie was
not here to Investigate whether or not the
chnrues maiio by the gentleman from Ohio
weii' true ; but the question of the character
mid dignity ol the House was one with whicli
the members had something to do and for
Which the i> ci'U' would hold them to rigid
Tlib Chair overruled thfi point of order.
Bayne of Pennsylvania ofTereil a resolu
lution referring tho Enloe resolution, to
gether with Kennedy's speech, to the Com
mitteo on Judicii.ry, with instructions to re
port within three days.
Cannon of Illinois favored the resolution
in order that the House might act intelli
gently. In the present form of the resolu
tion, the whole speech, including the unob
jectionable portions, would be expuneed
from tha record. If it were adopted tho
speech would be. expunged, while the most
objectionable part ot it, as cited by the g'n
tlcinan Irum Tennesse (Enloe), would remain
as a part of his remarks.
1 : 1 1 :■ » ■ suggested that the gentleman from
Illinois was hardly the person to make re
flections on another person's unparliament
Tins led to a brM personal colloquy be
tween Cannon, MeMillin and Enloe.
After further debate Enloe demanded the
previous question upon his resolution, v. h ich
was so modified as to be an expression on
the part of the House that it "disapproves
and condemns" Kennedy's speech, and
directs tho Public Printer to expunge it from
tne permanent Congressional Hecord.
The House refused by a vote of 83 ayes
and 114 noes to order the previous question.
Bayne again offered a resolution referring
the whole matter to the Judiciary Com
The clause requiring tho committee to re
port wiihin three days was stricken out
and the resolution adopted— ayes 124, noes 58.
Boutelle of Maine, from the Committee on
Naval Affairs, reported a resolution calling
on the Secretary of the Navy for informa
tion as to whether the .Bethlehem Iron
Company is using, for manufacturing steel
gun forcings for the United Spates Navy,
ores imported from Cuba or any other for
eign country ; also whether ores suitable fur
such manufacture cannot be procured in the
United States. Adopted.
Tho Senate bill was passed opening the
abandoned military reservation in Nevada
to homestead entries.
The Speaker announced the appointment
of the following coufrerees ou the Tariff
Bill: McKiuley, Burrows, Bayne, Dingley,
Mill-.. M.-Millin and flower.
|; j\fo AFFIDAVIT ~^
y. IS REQUIRED TO PROVE THAT THE CALL IS THE S?
'•/, GREAT ADVERTISING MKDII'X! X
!>!• SXTISTDA-Y'S RBCORD : #
: js? ixcnEsoPADS. 1 133 ■
V want^ds .:....: isss '2
'*' FAR AHEAD OF ALL COMPETITORS I fe
A Measure Beneficial to Both
Field and Shop.
Secretary Elaine's Method of Extending
The Enactment of Reciprocity a Safeguard
of Protection— lts Defeat an Oppor
tunity of Free Trade.
Special Dispatches 10 The Morning Call
Boston, Sept. 16.— 1n response to an invi
tation to the anuual bnnquot of the Boot
and Shoe Club of Boston, Colonel Clapp,
editor of the Journal, has received a letter
from Mr. lilaine, in which the Secretary of
State, referring to the portion of the iuvita
tlon saying members of the club are
in hearty sympathy with his views regard
ing the best methods of extending American
trade, regrets that engagements will not
permit him to address the meeting of mem
bers of the club. He says it cau do great
good by counteracting a certain phase of
New England opinion which he regards
hurtful to New England interests. New
England is to receive in the new tariff the
amplest protection for every manufacturing
interest witliiu her bonders, and it will be,
in the judgment of the Secretary of State,
both inexpedient and injurious for her repre
sei.tativcs to disregard a measure which
will promote Western interests, Mr. Blame
refers to a letter recently received from
Imbs, President of the late con
vention of Millers at Minneapolis, re
ferring to the excessive duties
on American Hour in Cuba, and stat
ing that Americans will be unable to retain
any part of the Cuban flour trad?, unless
immediate relief is sscureJ. "In view of
these facts," says Mr. Blame, "is it pos
sible that a protectionist Congress can even
think of opening our markets to Cuba's
products free, while allowing a grent West
ern industry to b3 absolutely excluded
from her markets by a prohibitory tariff.
With reciprocity the West can annually sell
many huudred of thousands of barrels of
Hour in Cuba and Porto Rico, together with
a large mass of other agricultural products.
Without reciprocity she will be driven more
aud more from these markets.
"Giving the fullest promotion to all East
ern interests, as the proposed Tariff Bill
does, surely no man of go:>d judgmenr,
certainly no protectionist of a wi.se forecast,
wishes to expose a Western interest
to serious injury, especially when it is
manifestly eusy to protect Jand it,
manifestly easy, because at this very time
Boards (if Trnd«, Chambers of Commerce
and public opioiuß in Havana aredL'tnanuing
reciprocal trade with the United
States. Certain wise men are asked,
how can we sell our farm products
in South America when the same things are
produced there? Cereais are undoubtedly
grown in southernmost portions of South
America, but wise meu will remember
cereals and su;;ar do noc grow in
thfi same soil and the sugar couutries
of South and Central America and West
Indies contain forty millions of pople who
import the largest part of their bread
stuffs. Indeed the largest portion of
the sugar product of Latin America
is at our doors and we can greatly enlarge
our exchanges there, if Congress will give
us an opportuuity for reciprocal trade.
Another claos observe that they want
time to study the system. To this
I might reply : The best method of
studying this system is to observe
its practical workiues. While studying in
the al»traet and refusing to take some ob
ject lessons, these gentlemen propose to
open our markets to Latin American
products free of all charge, without asking
them to give us in turn some freedom of their
markets. The object lesson immediately
before us is the treatment of the sugar ques
"Shall we make Latin America a gift of
that trade ? When we have stud
ied tiiat lesson wo shall be pre
pared for a second. The worst
proposition of all is put forth by those who
say, 'Let us put sugar on the free list now,
and next year take up tue sub
ject of reciprocity.' It I under
stand their logic, it i« to
make sugar free this year without
condition, and next year to ask Spain if she
will not kindly consent to grant us reci
procal trade. "Holding the complete vantage
ground themselves, the proposed policy
transfers the vantage ground to Spain.
Those who lal;a this ground belong to
that class of careful £uardiuis of prop
erty who prepare a strong lock for
the stable alter the horse is gone.
I do not mean in anything I have said to
Imply that reciprocity is ouly a west
ern " interest. It will prove beneficiul
and profitable both to farm and shop. Many
forms in which our business interests will
be promoted by reciprocity cannot be known
until the active commercial men of the
United States, have developed those
forms by Investigation and experience.
We sliail not realize the full
benefit of the policy in a day or a year, but
shall we, therefore, throw away count
less millions of trade in addition to sixty
millions wo hr.ye already thrown away,
and then icnoramly declare with
out trial thnt the system wont
work? Finally, there is one fact that should
have great weight, and especially with Pro
tectionists. Every free-trader in the Senate
voted agnin*t reciprocity. The free-trade
papers throughout' the country are show
ing determined "Hostility to it. It
is evident that tree-trade Senators and
free-trade papers have specific reasons for
their course. They know and feel that with
a system of reciprocity established aud
grnwiug their policy of free trade re
ceives n most serious blow. The protection
ists who oppose reciprocity in the form in
which it Is now presented knocks away one
of the strongest supports of his system. The
enactment of reciprocity is the safeguard of
protection : the defeat of reciprocity is the
opportunity of free trade."
MX. EDWARD WISE.
B!a Debut at the Grand Lut Evening »»
Don Curias In " Ernnnt."
The spacious auditorium ol the Grand
Opera House was filled by the friends and
admirers of the gentleman above named to
witness his first appearance in Verdi's
opera as the King. The rest of the distri
bution wns as follows:
Don Buy Oomez de Silva JSI*. o. Naooleone
Ernsn l Mr. CHarles Thrower
Don Klcardo Sl*. Carlo Morelll
lago Mr. Charlra Colby
Elvira SlgDurlna Ma Valerga
Giovanni Miss Irene Mull
With one or two notablo exceptions tbe
distribution was made up of those unused to
the demands of grand opera, and therefore
no reason exists for any elaborate e'fpicisnt
of the performance. Mr. Wisp, who «as the
cause of the whole affair, carried himself re
markably well for a novice in the part of Don
Carlos, although he was suffering from a se
vere cold. We should judjse.had we heard him
at his best, that the gentleman is gifted with
a good voice, of which we will hear a better
report by and by, and certainly he has
a fine stage presence. There is no just
cause why he should not continue in
the lyric career he has Degun. lie
has all the natural qualifications for success.
Sig. Kapoleone as Don Silva was not prom
ising at the outset, but gradually drew away
from !iis embarrassment as the opera pro
ceeded nnd did some very fair work. Mr.
Charles Thrower in the title-role was quito
a feature, and his duo with Donna Elvira,
"Ah, Morir Potesse," was suns with so
mucn grace and expression that a billow of
applause rolled toward the stage. As for
Signorina Ida Valerga's personation and
singing of Elvira, the excellence in both re
spects goes without the saying. This lady
has had the advantage of the best Conti
nental schooling and is blessed with a voice
that justified it. besides having had
a large operatic experience. Her
voice and actions were tbe bright sug
gestions of an operatic possibility with a
more fitting entourage. 01 course tbe score
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
was cut and transpose/1 mercilessly to suit
the feebler vocal capacity of some of the
members of the distribution; we had it*
full value, however, when Valerga saner.
Under Signnr Martinez, as chorus mas
ter, the concerted music was credit
ably rendered. The "Silvia aud Qioia"
at the end of the first act went
compactly and with good volume,
and the great number of the opera, "Carlo
Magno, at the end of the third act was
greeted with loud and long-continued ap
plause. Wm only treat the performance in
the li^ht, of course, as beinsratentativeone;
but at the same time Mr. Wise is to be Con
gratulated, hituselt personally, as well as
his colleagues, on the measure of success
that attended his debut. Biauchi's instruc
tion ha-; not been thrown away on tha
Winnsrs of the Brooklyn Jockey Club
Races— At Louisville.
riRATESEXD, Sept. 10.— The Brooklyn Jockey
Club beg.-iv its (nil meeting to-day. After t tin
lirst race the ralu came dowu lv lorreQts, cover
ing i liv track to a deplb of a couple of Inches.
First race, all age*, live furlongs. Volunteer
won, Botiby tteacn second, Ballarat tuird.
Second race, one and a sixteenth miles, Diablo
won, Sluggard secoud, Miai lielle tuna. Time,
Third race (Prospect stakes), two-year-olds,
six iiirimics, liimell won, Gascon secoud. Homer
llilrd. Time, l:17»i.
Fourth race (Oriental handicap), tliree-yi-ir
ol<u and upward, ou« aud ■ quarter miles, Earus
won. Eon secoud, Castaway lulrd. Time,
Fifth race, maiden two-year-olds. Ore lar«
longs. Klrkover won, KUaT second, Latin* third
Sixth race, niatden two-year- live lur
luug«. Victress tilly won. John M second, Benja
tnlu third, i . .■«, l:O5>:..
Seventh race, ilnee-year anil upward, ona
and a sixteenth iutte«, Kempiand woo, Uleo»
mound second, llucksy third. No time taken.
On Chnrch'll Downs.
Louisville, Sept. IG.— This was the opening
day ot tlie fall n.eetiug -it Churchill Downs.
First race, one mile, two-year-olds, Bespoose
wou, Luin second, Liberty Bell third. Time,
Secoud race, split from the Qrst, Tenor won.
Oriental second, Maud B third. Time, 0:40,4.
'J liird race, one mile, Meckie II wou, General
Caldwell second, Joe Waltou third. Time, 1:40.
Fourth race, one mile, all ages, Nina Archer
won, Uogers second, KoDin third. Time, 1:45.
Firth r.iCf (blue Urass slakes), two-year-o!d9,
fix furlongs, Tom Kosers wou, I'uiluia secund,
Kudolnli third. Time, 1:17.'
Blxtn race, all age*, mile and an elulnh.Catalr.a
won, Hamlet tecond, Eugenia third. Tlma, 1:57.
SevciKh race, all ages, mile nod a slxteeuib,
Mamie Fonso won, iiopelul second, Neva 0
tlurd. Time, 1:52. '
:-.;i> Trottine at Cleveland. : "
Ci.evfi.ant>, Sept. 16.— This was the opening
day ol the lall uieetlae at the Cleveland Drlrius
First race, 2:40 trotting, $800, Tom Arden
won. Colma secoud. I'at Dowuluk tlilrd, Bi«uiout
loiinli. Best time, 2:21.
Secoud race (two-year old stake, value $2235),
Sternlwrg won, Free secoud, other* distanced.
Beat lime, 2:2G',ii. __ s .: • •
The Grand Circnit.
Philadelphia, Sept. IC— The Grand Circuit
trots opened to-day. lUIn made the track sole
and sllpvcry and the 2:33 trot was postponed.
First race, 2:35 paeinir, $1000, 0.-uhao Boy
won. Treasure second, D.ivid Copyerlield tuird,
Sagwa fouitli. liest time, 2:24V4.
Secoud lace. 2:2-t trottiue, $1000, Nlghtlnealß
won, FrauK T secoud. Join: W fonrtb. Tha
others were ruled uut. Best lime, 2:24%<
New Yoric, Sept. IG.— Berserker's tips on
Grnveseud: First race, Drizzle or Monroe;
•econd race. Benedictine or Belwood: third race,
Kqnity or St. Omer; Jourlh race, Kepniler or
I'uzzle; fifth race, Baithen:i or Ctaudlue; sixth
race, Auacouda or Uarrisou.
THE REPUBLIC ASSURED.
The Assembly Election in 8r.z.l Passes OS
Rio Dr. Janeiro, Sept. 16.— The elections
lor members ol the Constituent Assembly
passed off quietly. Among the candidat
returned are Ministers Bosavra, Glycerio
and Vanderholz and ex-Ministers Ladorio
The success of th» Republican party Is as
sured . The press congratulates the yeTn
ment upon the result.
Xew Yoiik, Sept. 16.— Charles R. Fliut
has received the lollowiiic cab'e from Bio
Janeiro: "Tho election passed off In per-'
feet order. The results show the country is
overwhelmingly in favor of the new order
of things. No Monarchists and hardly any
Deposited in Th-ir List Besting Place With
Stockholm, Sept. 16.— The body of Erics
son w.is to-day, after impressive ceremonies,
deposited in the chapel at Filipstad, whicli
was erected especially fur its reception in
the adjoining cemetery, which is the first in
The officers of the war-ship Baltimore aro
being feted on all sides. The King received
them tv-day, and they were Riven prominent
places at a gala operatic performance to
night. When the American officers entered
the orchestra played the American autheiu
aud the audience rose en masse.
A CABINET CUISIS.
Betigcation of the Portuguese Ministry,
British Sailors Hobbei.
.Lont>on\ Sept. 16.— A dispatch to tlio
Daily News from Lisbon says : The Portu
guese Cabinet has resigned, and Chmos
lomo Alireu is forming a new Ministry.
The excitement over the English tretiiy
continues aud there have been riotous de
monstrations. It is rumored that an English,
man-of-war has arrived and the officers and
men who lauded were attacked by a mo'j
and compelled to re-embark.
Toledo, Sept. IC— Toledos 1, LoulsTillei 0.
S cond came: Toledos O, Louisville* 8.
COLOKBUS, Sept. 10.— Columbus 1, St. I.uui* 0.
BOCHKSTEB, Sept. IG— Kocliesters 1, Syracuse!
1. i . .m:o called at tbe end ot tlie seveutu ou ac
count of dai kness.
I'iiiladkli'iiia, Sept. 16.— Athletics 1, BaM
Gikls' Uxios Tlie fifth annual meeting aud
election ot Directors for tbe (ill ls' Union lakes
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