Newspaper Page Text
SOME QUEER GODS,
VERY QUEER IDOLS.
Grotesque 7 - Images . Carved With
-■ : **'. Wild Barbaric Ingenu- * -
'■'fAfff ity and Skill. ;';
IH WOOD,. IN WAX AND STRAW.
William L. Gunning's, Collection of
;.. Images Brought From Heathen
Lands, to "tho City of Chicago.
What Ho Acquired During a
Search of Seventeen Years.
What : the Children of Ham
.' '/^^l BINNING masks almost, de-
J f "\ '\ '■ v< ?''*- **' semblance to tliehu
f" t y^fl i ll - 111 face; strange ' figures of
\ l S ■ /* wax,, wood and straw;, gro
•* * V I-J '•(• tcsquo.. images carved with
'..-. N*__<-v . wild .liafbaric ingenuity and
skill; .gorgeous -deities robed gold—lac
quered garments with . dazzling aureoles of
;. aoid encircling* their. heads— *f such ii the
weird collection of. strange- gods brought
from .'heathen lauds by William L. Gun
ning Of tiiis'-. city, says the Chicago Herald.
From tl*e flowery, lands of China, and from
lotus-rearing Japan- the efforts cf their
bland and s'...i.t 7 eyed sons to materialize
".their, conceptions- of a creator of all things
have been.' brought- .by. 7 . Hr. Gunning
•* •■-. ■ •' -A Central' American Bod.
: &m^i-i-'fl^a*:J^nr: ..a*. ?*-; •
: more from motives of *. curiosity than
from* .-any desire to elucidate the mys
teries that surround the religious worship of
the heathens. ■ Many of tho symbols of mod
ern belief have .been .so ostensibly derived
from' wild and barbaric ideas of the wor
ship of a god that the study of a compara
tive mythology has become an interesting
and fascinating pursuit. Thousands of years
before the Christian era the rude notions of
a divine being found .'expression in tbe
.' worship of the elements. As language pro
gressed the • desire, to have some outward
form of the prevailing notions of a creator
found an. outlet in the making of images rep
resenting the controlling deity of the sun,
fire, storm, (lie sky, nighi arid day.
In'Afrlca the children of Ham crawled on
their stomachs in the dust before a wooden
idol to pray that the scorching rays of the
sun might .not -injure their crops or drink
. the water from the streams. In India the
worship of deities wa« more advanced than
in the Dark. Continent. Huge Idols, pro
tectors of the various industries of the Hin
doos, clustered around a central image of
Buddha, the dictator of all. In the Ameri
can continent, in the South Sea Islands,
there was a continual struggle toward light.
The beginning, its when and Its how, had
disturbed the savage intellect as soon as
..'-•.■ •'-■' ".'..'
j AFRICAN "
I- ■ — " 1
A Select Quartet.
physical wants were satisfied and the mini
began to assert its power. The mystery of
. life and. the controlling influences that
.'brought- good or ill upon them were evi
dences of ■ some hidden power. It was to
express their ideas of this esoteric being,
who could destroy crops at bis will and who
held death In his hands, that these savages
•' carved rude images. The next step was to
'. appease the wrath or implore favors of this
'.'-'god by bringing offerings and falling down
in adoration, and worship.
. ; -These idols, gathered together during sev
enteen of * labor by Mr. Gunning, are
mostly expressions of heathen worship since
'. the Christian era. . Not many years ago the
- attempt to procure their sacred gods from
• their temples would nave been visited with
horrible tortures, ending in death upon the
sacrilegious stranger who invaded the pre
cincts of a house of worship in savagedom.
Now, Christian habits and manners have
' 'obtained su'-h a foothold in savage countries
that gifts Of money or "fire water" will de
. vastate the altars of a joss-houso or Buddhist
' temple as surely as tbe wrath of the ends
would sweep a whole village into eternity by
• the exerefse of the powers over tempests.
• Where once a stranger dare not place his
.. foot. the doors are now thrown wide open.
Among the 400 linages and objects of wor
ship, brought by Mr. Gunning from all
...quarters ol the globe, the most striking is
An Alaskan Specimen.
the great altar from the Buddhist temple at
' Mlgoto," Japan. .' This altar is about four
feet long and three feet high, and is sur
mounted by images of Japanese gods, subsi
diary to the great idol iv the center repre
senting Buddha,- the lord of all. The altar
table is lacquered In deep black. On the
raised edges elaborate carvings in. brass are
fastened in thin strips, and on the inside
thick gold lacquer of the most artistic finish
appears, its polished red and yellow surface
is reflected in the deep shade of the lacquer
on the. slab. The Japanese have always in
* dulged a taste for executing in brass beau
tiful allegorical designs, representing their
poetical ideas concerning life, death and itu
inortality. The panels are coveted with
: carvings of the chrysanthemum ; and the
lotus in bud, leaf and flower. Strange . fig
ures that require the aid of a; Japanese
dervish to elucidate, signs of the seasons,
. the sacred crab, the beetle— the emblem of
Immortality— lv studied contusion
on these panels. Above the altar appears a
figure of Fo, the Japanese Buddha. Tbe
figure is about three feet high and discloses
the god in an altitude diffusing the divine
light lie is standing on a flowery lotus
—the emblem of life— and is clothed in a
voluminous robe of dazzling gold lacquer.
His countenance is tranquil and exhibits but
little expression, the fault, perhaps, of the
artist. But ihe Japanese fancy for symbol
ism is exhibited in bis attitude, the position
of bis hands and the various artistic sur
roundings tending to produce greater re
ligious fervor. Tho right arm is bent at the
elbow and tho thumb and forefinger meet,
while three fingers point upward. This is
symbolic of a belief among the Japanese
concerning the creators of the world. Above
the head of the god is the sacred halo from
which irradiates golden rays of light. In the
paintings of the early masters the nimbus
or crown of glory frequently adorned the
heads of the Savior, the blessed virgins and
the canonized martyrs of the Christian
church. A survival of a pagan idea, the nim
bus signified to the early Christians and
B* • - -
A Burmah Blvinttji.
even at a mnch later date the divine light of
the Holy Ghost encircling the heads of those
who had given their lives as a token of the
love for him who died on Calvary.
On each side of the altar are images repre
senting the divine attributes of thn great
Buddha. They also stand on blooming lotus
flowers and are clothed .in gorgeous golden
robps. Round and about the altar nre
grouped many smaller idols from Hiogo,
Japan. Itoiuosubi, the gcd of wind aud
rain, Dharma and the sacred Trinity stand
on one edge of the altar slab; the gods of
agriculture, necromancy and medicine are
apart from the rest, but their elaborately
carved draperies vie in elegance with the
more imposing figures or. the altar. Along
the sides of the loom are the leaser cods of
the Chinese and Japanese, all bearing marks
of the artistic skill and poetical thought of
the religious sculptors who carved them in
wood and wax and molded and beat
them from strong fibrous paper. India,
the home of Buddhism and the laud of relig
ious enthusiasts, is represented by three
beautiful images of Vishnu, Surya Arha
Pati, the sun god, raid Lakshiui, the wife of
Vishnu. Chisel irom white marble, the
color of the stone is bidden by a thick layer
of gilt and paint. Vishnu is the embodi
ment of solar energy and is represented as
a young man draped with a simple covering
about the loin.-. By his side is his wife, the
mistress of worlds, about whose birth is
told the peetical legend that she sprang from
the foam of the sen that tumbled around the
then uninhabited world, bearing a lotus in
her baud. Bury 8, the sun god, Is seated up
on a chariot drawn by the famous seven
chargers, In one of his bands, for he pess
sesst-s four arms, as do all Hindoo gods, he
bears the lotus, in another the rosary, while
the third holds the Buddhist vase.
Two hundred years ago, when buccaneers
swept tno Spanish main, the cupidity ot
South Sea Islands.
these pirates was aroused by the finding of
curious idols jotted with jewels that were
discovered during the sacking and looting
of the Spanish seaport towns. Strange sto
ries were told them of the treasures of the
Aztecs in the wilds of Mexico and Central
America, and many attempts were made
to peuetrato to the homes of these
little gods that had been carried
away by pillaging Spaniards. Henry
Morgan, the prime of the buccaneer?,
beaded a great expedition to capture the re
ligious treasures of the Aztecs, but the hard
ships and trials endured during the journey
frustrated his plans, and the project had to
be abandoned. Mauy gods end goddesses
of Aztec worship have since been rescued
from the ruthless band of time, but the
treasures still remain hidden from mortal
A group of musty idols is to he seen among
the bricl.tcr images from Japan, China and
India in Mr. Gunning's collection. A faint
od' r if the tomb hovers around them still
and they carry marks of their burial. The
principal figure among them is Tezcatlipoea,
the soul of the world. Like most of the im
ages from Mexico and Central America, ibis
idol is of brown stone, and has suffered se
verely in its contact with the " whips and
scorns of fortune." Tezcatlipoea was also
the "Shining Mirror," and he bears on his
/ *J ft f \
g( f --S^
Tl,e Japanese Buddha.
stony breast a glittering green stone. Gua
temala furnishes an idol in Zimucane, the
moon goddess, whose indistinct features can
be traced indifferently on the stone slab
where she reposes for the adoration of moon
struck worshipers. The most remarkable
figure is the god of Hades, who glories in the
name of Mictlantecutli. Half human, half
beast, the Medusean head of the god Is bent
forward, the eyes peering through the por
tals of Hades.
From Arizona Mr. Gunning has brought
the sacred turtle rattle of the Zuni Indians.
California furnishes a little brown goddess
nf the sky, a medicine bag and fetishes of
the Sioux. Curious objects of worship from
the South Sea Islands am' South America
end the collection. Mr. Gunning, has laid
before the World's Fair Commissioners the
project of exhlbing these idols in 1893, and
he is willing to expend 820,000 more iv the
purchase ol objects of heathen worship.
Pretty. Way to Ann,-. Picture*.
A pretty way to arrange photographic and
oilier views, which are reminders of one's
rammer vacation, is described by a visitor to
Lady" Brassey's home, and is very easily
imitated. . Procure long strips oi cray or any
neutral or delicate tint of cartridge paper of
a pretty width to form a frieze or border and
carefully cut out openings of various sizes at
irregular intervals. Tack the strips to the
wall in tim hallway or library of your own
room, and underneath each opening place a
photograph sketch or collection of cards or
wild flowers; collected during the season.
They should not be placed higher than the
eyes of an ordinary-sized person, and they
will form a very agrteable reminder of va
cation days. Lady Brassey so arranged hun
dreds of sketches* of her extensive travels,
and they are greatly enjoyed by guests at her
old home.— N. V. Ledger. -
Frederick : Tennyson, the elder brother of
the poet laureate, has published * a second
book of poems. &^HhMBRHHBbBBR
an nil I liycm m ip Hiti—i— lJMlJ' l ' i;i>i l MHiioihMMi[L»ii'PM" l| i ||l lUP" li ~TBy-' • - _.s»v ■■Mjaf— .j^u.'-Liarei^tgaiigEgjTO^aiCTm^asgseniißß
THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 30, 1890-SIXTEEN PAGES.
The City of Washington Is Fast
Taking on Its Winter Air.
There Will Rot Ec Any long Holidays for Con
gress This Year — Tho Alaska Survey,
\ Mr. Bnrdett-Coutti of London.
Special to The Sunday Call,
T^jyASHINGTON, Nov. 22. 18D0.-The
nJI/'a city Is fast taking on its winter air,
vMjM';* and people are drifting bi.ck from
the North and West, where winter has really
begun, to enjoy this perfect Indian summer.
Besides the Senators, so many of whom
have bouses here and are in a measure resi
dents of Washington, by reason of their
long fixed stays here, the Congressmen are
coming to town. There is much work to bo
done in the committee-rooms, in order to
begin with the very opening of the short
session. Speaker Reed's remarkable course
in announcing his committees straightway
after his election last year, was a suggestion
of the way in which he wanted affairs
managed, and his lieutenants are arranging
for the same vigorous attack njron the
winter's work for this session. It is even
said that Congress will more nearly resemble
a business meeting of full-grown men this
year, and that there will, be no adjournment
or long holiday, as in boys' boarding
schools, to allow the statesmen to go clear to
their homes to celebrate Christmas and New
Year day. The Capitol building will not be
deserted for a whole fortnight, and Speaker
Reed will only favor adjournment for the
two legal holidays. Thursday, December
251h, and Thursday, January Ist. .This
insures much more activity to Washington
during the first month of the session, and
only the Senators with re-elections on their
bauds will be expected to lag in their
A special train took a distinguished com
rany over to Brooklyn on Tuesday to wit
ness the launching of the ciuiser Maine at
the navy-yard there. During the last few
years, while all the new ships have been
building, launches and trial trips have be
come very common pieces of news aud the
navy has been altogether to the front
The army is enjoying a spurt in popular in
terest just now by reason of the Sioux scare
in Dakota, and- the Indian news from Maudan
an Bismarck quite overshadows the news
of the bitter Senatorial fight now being
waged in that same section. As Genera!
Miles moves eastward his influence Is lucre
felt here and his plea for fortifications and
const defenses will be repeated with in
creasing earnestness uutil Congress really
takes hold of tho work. General Miles has
always favored and urged Alaskan exulora
tion nnd while he was at Fort Vancouver
several expeditions went out from that post.
The Abererombie expedition went to the
mouth of Copper River, camped for a while,
in 1883, and came back with poor results.
The second expedition, under command of
Lieutenant Alien, went to Copper River in
1885, ascended to its source, crossed the di
vide to the Trnauab River, went down to
its junction with the Yukon, and down that
great river to its mouth. Lieutenant
Schwatka followed the prospectors' wake
over the Cliilkat Pass In 1883, nnd went down
the Yukon to its mouth, In 1884 Dr. Ever
ette, U. S. A., worked in the region between
the Cbilkat Pass and Cooper River, the
same country to which . the cxi edition sent
out this summer by the Frank Leslie
Illustrated Weekly has been devoting
itself. For the past six years (since
these expeditions sent out by General
Miles) there has been no Government work
or exploration going on in Alaska, save
that of the Coast Snrvev and the reconnohs
sance of the Yukon made lust year by Mr.
1. C. Russell of the Geological Survey, who
was prospecting the fii-ld for future work.
At this input there Is a decided Alaskan
boom in progress, secret at Proctor favors
sending a large and well-equipped military
edition to tbo Yukon region as soon as
Congress can appropriate the SIOO.OOO he
asks for. The plan is to go up the Yukon
from its month and establish cue or more
permanent posts on its bunks as bases of
supplies and places of winter refuge. A
light-draught river steamer and small boat*
would bo taken up th re nnd the corps
would ascend the tributary streams to their
sources and map the water-shed of the
Yukon country. Several young army offi
cers now stationed hi re are zealously work
ing for this Alaska survey and will surely
be detailed to accompany it if Congress, be
tween its business and quarrels, will ike time
to < onsider Secretary Proctor's request.
MOUNT ST. I.i as.
Major Powell of the Geological Survey will
semi one or more field parlies to Alaska this
coming year.and -Mount si Ettas will no doubt
in- limbed and measured again, as the Coast
Survey authorities are much dismayed at the
slicing thai august summit received at
the hands of the Russell expedition. The
lattei edition was sent out this season by
the National Geographic Society of Wash
ington, under command i f Mr. I. C. Russell,
who wits temporarily detailed by Major
Powell, and permitted to conduct ttie survey.
The Geographic Society raised an Explora
tion Fund which it entrusted to Mr. Russell,
who chose hi ; assistants and started in May
Inst. He returned a few weeks since, and
next week will give an- account of his work
at a special meeting of the Geographic So
ciety, to beheld at Lincoln Hull. The Bus
sell" expedition reports Mount St. Ellas to
be not more than 13,000 or 14,000 feet in
height, while Coast Survey authorities have
heretofore claimed 17,000 and 19,000 as its
height, and the Russians assured the United
States, at the time of the Alaska purchase,
that we were getting the highest mountain
in all North America thrown in with
the rest of the great bargain. Taking
opportunity at this time of so much inter
est in Alaska, Keith, your San Francisco
artist, lias sent East for exhibition his large
painting of an Alaskan glacier. To those
cot familiar with this feature of Alaskan
scenery the painting causes amazement,
and creates quite a sensation with its
wonderful azure ice-cliffs rising from a fore
ground of berg-strewn^ gray green glacier
water. The painting lias been for a fen
days at Fisher's (-store, but goes to the
Cosmos Club-bouse for a few weeks to en
joy the post of honor in the large exhibition
room. Fisher's little gallery has bad many
visitors, fists, geologists and northern ex
plorers expressing a keen interest in the
unique landscape. "And it is not by Pyalt?"
ask the amazed diplomates, who know only
that Munich artist, who accompanied the
Austrian Polar -dili-ui nnd brought back
so many wonderful Ice pictures. "who else
can paint ice and have had the oppor
tunity?" they ask, and "en Monsieur Keith
of California" is being discussed In many
foreign tongues. Mrs. Harrison. General
Greely and Chief Engineer Melville were
among the admiring visitors to the picture
in one afternoon.
THE CONDIT-SMITH-WOODS WEDDING. 7
Justice Field's home was the scene :of a
merry wedding patty this week, when Mrs.
Field's niece. Miss Louise Condit-Smitb, was
married to Dr. Woods of the navy. There
was a great gathering of the family friends
and of the Pacific Coast colony in Washing
ton, and there was the traditionally merry
time, tho bride-cake, the shower of rice and
the driving away wiih an old slipper on the
carriage-top. Dr. Woods is stationed in
California and they go to the Coast in a few
weeks. Mrs. Peter Donahue and Mrs. E.
Martin of San Francisco, who spent the
summer in Europe with Justice and Mrs.
Field, came from New York to be present at
the wedding and will spend a. little time
here at the Shore.ham.
Mr. Burdett-Coutts of London was one of
the celebrities in town this week. Ho was
taken to call upon President nnd Mrs. Har
rison by Secretary Blame, nnd be left them
a photograph of Baroness Burdett-Coutts in
exchange for those which he carries back to
London for the philanthropic little woman
whose name he bears. Another London vis
itor has been Mrs. T. P. O'Connor, who
came over to Washington, which was her old
home, while the i visiting Irish statesman
only came as far as Baltimore. Later in
the . winter the whole party will be here.
Mrs. O'Connor was a social favorite and
beauty here some twenty years ago, when
her father. Judge Paschal, came from Texas
to fill a place in the Supreme Court ', of the
District of Columbia. She first married
Frank Gassaway, then-: a cashier in one of
the leading banks of Washington. A divorce
ensued; Mr. Gassaway went West and be
came ".; the * Derrick Dodd, ■■„. whom - the
whole Pacific Coast knows; and after
her father's death pretty Bessie . Paschal
took a clerkship in .: one of the depart
ments to support herself and child. - : --.j
iflfl -Hi A C'HMIMIXG WOMAN.
She was one of the mostcharming and fas
cinating women of her day, and traditions
survive as measures of the success of the
beauties of ; to-day. -Don Cameron and a
score of eligible men were her suitors, but
she surprised them all by suddenly marry
ing Captain Wright of the army, and hying
away to his post,; near Philadelphia. f In a
year, or 'so Captain Wright committed sui
cide, and the young and beautiful*. woman
was again thrown upon her own resources.'
Government employment and journalism
were tried, and in the course of her news
paper work she I went to London nnd met
the fiery ami enthusiastic : young Irish
leader, who fell desperately in love with her
at ths first sight of her lovely eyes, and
never rested until his suit was successful.
Mrs. O'Connor has been an immense help to
her husband in bis Parliamentary life, and
her tact, diplomacy and social genius have
done much for his causo. .In addition, she
was one of the hardest-working members
of his start when Mr. O'Connor started bis
paper— the Star— in London. Recently she
has been a grievous sufferer from rheuma
tism, and has spent much time undergoing
treatment at German battis.*BßM__3
Mrs. Miller is receiving many congratula
tions upon the arrival of her first grand
child, the daughter of Mrs. Eichardson
Clovor, and quantities of flowers and the
most beautiful presents have been sent to
Mrs. Clover and the infant, nun amah.
HE PUT ON THE GLOVES.
How a Muscular .Honker Became a Sul-
livau of the Wilds.
■ / 7 „ '~< r
A | \p^ S
A o».i»(i Certainty.
Miss Summit (coldly) — Mr. Dashaway,
I think it would be a friendly act in you to
call your friend Mr. Clevcrton's attention
to his watch chain. It Is so extremely
Uashawav — But, my dear Miss Summit,
I'm sure that it's gold. I would swear
Miss Summit (cynically)— are you
Dashaway— l know for a fact that he got
818 on it recently. — Clothier and Fur
No single disease has entailed more suffering or
hastened the breaking up of the constitution than
Catarrh. The sense of smell, of taste, of sight, of
hearing, the human voice, the mind— one or more
andsometlmes all yield to Its destructive influence.
The poison It distributes throughout the system at-
tacks every vital force and breaks up the most
robust of constitutions. , Ignored, because but little
understood, by most physicians, Impotently assailed
by quacks and charlatans, those suffering from it
have little hope to be relieved of It this side of the
grave, It Is time, then, that the popular treatment
of this terrible disease by remedies within the reach
of all passed Into hands at once competent and trust-
worthy. The new and hitherto untried method
adopted by Dr. Sanford In the preparation of his
Radical Curb has won the hearty approval of
thousands. It Is instantaneous ln affording relief
in all head colds, sneezing, snuffling and obstructed
breathing, and rapidly removes tbe most oppressive
symptoms, clearing the head, sweetening the breath, ;
restoring the senses of smell, taste and hearing, and
neutralizing the constitutional tendency of the dis-
ease toward the lungs, liver ami kidneys. .
San-furl's Radical Cork consists of one bottle
of the ft \ mi.-AL Cork, one box of Catarrhal Sol-
vent and Improved Inhaler; price $1.
Potter Droo A Chemical Corporation, Boston.
%&j FREE! FREE FROM PAIN!
■ yjHr ■■ . In - one minute \ the ' Cuticura
\ -«- . Anti-l'Bin Canter relievos liiicu-
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■ I ■ _J^^Nervons Pains, Strains and Weakness.
- n **^ - : * The first and only paln-kllllni Plaster. *
A perfect, new, original, Instantaneous, infallible:
and safe Antidote to Pain, Inflammation and Weak-
ness. At all druggists, US cents ; five for $1 ; or, post-
age free, of Pottkb Ohuu ass Chemical Cobfob-
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One That Was Organized More
Thau Two Centuries Ago.
Ths Sons of Ecotia Forming Societies That
Combine Social and Ben- ficial Features. fl;
Helping the Weak.
Written for The Scxdav Cali.
Sjlc^HE oldest Scotch society in Anier
llK' ic!l is tlle Scots ' Charitable So
**/* ciety of Boston, Mass. More than 230
years have elapsed since its organization.
When Boston was the great seaport of New
England, to which emigrants ' of Great
Britain were directed, among the. classes of
British subjects came numbers of our coun
trymen, seeking homes in the New World. It
was then as now, the poor came as well as
tho rich, and many of the farmers were
poor, indeed. Some of these had to sell their
labor for a specified sum in advance, in
order to pay their passage money, thereby
contracting for themselves a measure of
slavery, justifiable in itself, but ever irk
some and unpleasant even under the most
favorable conditions. To those already resi
dent in Boston who had overcome tlio first
trials of the emigrant condition in a new
country, this modified and limited tinge of
slavery was repulsive, and so the Scots'
Charitable Society of Boston was instituted
on the lith of January, 1667, with the view of
relieving the unfortunate poor from the
grasp. of the individual creditor and placing
him under the protection of the society, ex
tending to him all the time necessary
to repay his obligations from the money
he earned in freedom. Provision also was
made fo r "relieving the distress and mitigating
the hardship of many a worthy Scot wheu
friendless and a stranger in a foreign land."
Of course emigration then was numbered by
tens and not by tens of thousands as now.
so the society at its organization was limited
to a membership of 100. The initiation sub
scription was twelve pence and the quarterly
dues six pence. These very moderate
'figures show, too, what great changes have
taken place in the people's minds finan
cially as well as otherwise. That humble re
union of Scotchmen 230 years ago in the
straggling village or township of Boston
Harbor did its work in its day and passed
through the inevitable charges of reorganiz
ation as required by growth and develop
ment of population, doing good all the time,
till it lias attained to an eminence benevo
lently, socially and financially, that marks it
a great success. Taking the State of Mas
sachusetts as an example, we find that only
one Scotchman lias ever been buried by the
Slate, and as soon as this became known the
Scots' Charitable Society of Boston promptly
refunded the cost of burial to the Slate.
Doubtless the reason why so many of our
countrymen have been prevented from seek
ing public aid has been due to the heroic en
deavors of the different societies, such as the
one just named, « ho devote time and money
freely to relieve their less fortunate coun
trymen. - -
Many other Scotch societies and clubs
have been organized and are doing their
share to help their fellow-coiintrvnieii.
Notable is the Philadelphia Scots' Thistle
Society, 'funned on November 30, 17P6; also
the St. Andrew's Society of Philadelphia,
started in 1749. Caledonian and Thistle
clubs could be mentioned, but -I will not
encroach, but promise to give a brief his
tory of these societies m the future through
your valuable paper, which has done much
to advance the interests of the Scotch people
of San Francisco. Now let me say some
thing about the latest Scotch society formed
in these United States. It is destined to do
the most good for the widows and orphans
or a dearly beloved mother or sister. l refer
to the Order of Scottish Clans. This order
is engaged in the noblest work that animates
the human heart— that of providing for
the weak and helpless, so as to leave
them a sufficient sum so that they will be
Independent ol the cold pitiless charity that
is so often doled out to those who have often
been left- to -f nee the world by the (tenth of
an improvident husband who was not a mem
ber of this or some other of the sister societies
of a like nature. And what a man may
leave to his family cannot be called charity
in any sense of the word, for the treasury of
each clan is held as joint stock for the
mutual benefit of all ' members, and what
his heirs may receive nt bis death is what
he has provided for them by contributing
bis mite for the heirs of brother clans
men under like circumstances.. Now, while
athletics may be regarded as the basis of
Caledonian and Thistle clubs in thiscity,
insurance is undoubtedly the foundation of
the Order of Scottish Clans, and for the in
formation of many Scotch people, who may
be desirous of forming a Scotch Clan on the
Pacific Coast, it will not be cut of place to
mention the names of several clans, each
representing its own tartan. They are:
Abercrombie, Buchanan, Cameron, Camp
bell, Ciiisiioliii, Colquliitin, Cumyn, David
son, Douglass, Dalziel, Drummond, Frascr,
Forbes, rarquharson, Ferguson, Gordon,
Graham, Grant, Gunn. Hay, Lament, Lo
gan, Leslie, Lindsay, MacAllister, McAuluv,
MacDooald, MacDougall, MaeDuff. Mac-
Farlane, MacGillivary, MacGregor. Macin
tosh, MacKenzie, MucKiiy, MacKinnon,
UacLnughlin, Mai 'Lean, MacLeod, Mac Nab,
MacNaugbton, UacNetl, MncPhersou, Mac-
Qnnnie, MacLennan, McUhirr, MacAlpiue,
Mncline, MacLaurin, Mclntyre, Mm-Inness,
Menzies, Munree, Murray, Matheson, Ogil
vie, Robcitsoii, Ross, Hose, Sinclair, Stuart,
Sutherland, Scott and Urquhart. This Order
of Scottish Clans has passed through the
trials of infancy and youth and is now in
robust manhood, and claims to take its
place ns one of the most useful Scottish so
cieties in America. It was organized In St.
Louis some twelve years ago. For a timo
its schemes wero confined to thai city, but
after a year or two it was taken up by a
number of Boston Scots, and a "In om" was
Started on its behalf which still continues ns
Vigorous as ever. As the advantages offered
by the order became known clans com
menced to spring up all over the country,
until at present there are eighty of these,
and several ln course of formation. Fight
or ten clans aro located in Canada, but
across the border the order has not
progressed as was at one time expected.
A OltANI) FEDERATION.
.When the order was started the idea was
to institute a grand federation of Scotsmen
in America, which, by united effort and a
display of the truest fraternal spirit, was to
combine sentiment and patriotism with
more practical matters. The members were
to unite in insuring their lives, sick benefits
were to be provided, and a helping hand
extended to any overtaken by misfortune.
The fraternity was to be a secret one, that
ie, it was to meet with closed doors and have
signs and passwords,' after the fashion of
the Odd Fellows or Masons. It was to have
all the social features which distinguish the
Caledonian or Thistle clubs, and, if need
be, it would give public exhibitions of old
Scottish games, lt was to be a complete
organization, offering to fill all the require
ments of Scottish Americans, ouly that its
benefits were to be confined to its own mem
bers, possibly on the theory that all Scotch
men should -be on its rolls oi be regarded as
unworthy of the name. The ideas of tho
new organization, while well enough for a
local organization, the members of which
were known to each other, were ton crude
to be successfully worked in a large fratern
ity, the members of ; which were scattered
throughout the country. The insurance
.scheme, that of each surviving member
paying. a dollar on the death of ono of
their number, seemed iho very essence
of simplicity, but experience had demon
strated in other societies that the plan was
not aa effective nor as equitable as it appeared
on the surface, and after a few years of the
existence of the order doubts were enter
tained by many 'of its Warmest adherents.
This, however, might have been expected.
In insurance, matters no society was ever
organized at ouce on a perfect basis. Expe
rience is the great requirement of them all;
and until that experience has been gained,
mistakes are certain to be made. -■; Such so
cieties require to be watchful; to put into
practice one year, what they learned during
the year before; to make changes after
consideration— and practice shows the ne
cessity for change— and to be constantly
strengtheniug the - organization at . every
point, - no matter how trivial.- This policy
lias evidently characterized the officers of the
order during the past few years. They havo
proved themselves thoughtful, I progressive
and capable, and the fraternity lias advanced
under their direction in a surprising manner.
They have .; bad to - encounter opposition,
sneering, grumbling] and fault-finding, but
they have kept on doing .their appointed
work, and the last assessment netted close
on two thousand dollars to a Scottish widow,
who would 'otherwise have been left with
almost . nothing. /_ Fault-finding •* does ■; not
amount to very much, but $2001) is a happy,
tangible fact, y y y .-..-.;
.* •'•* A DEGREE OF. PREJUDICE. ;..'■-■"
.-' There is undoubtedly a degree of prejudice
In Ibis country | against * assessment life In-.
■ surance schemes. -They bave • been ! repent
' edly tried and the number of failures is ; ap
< palling. : These have been due, however, in
a great measure to other causes .. than any
i defect in the general or, leading principles.
The work of . organizing such schemes has
I been tio generally undci taken by men who
i hr. ye not had the slightest experience in that
class of work, and the result was, sooner or
later, a partial breakdown or a complete
failure. Then dishonest men have some
times managed to get lo the head of affairs,
and their doings, when made public, have
disgusted people almost with life insuranco
of any kind, and sometimes stupidity, bor
dering on dishonesty, has -proved a
stumbling block. :- But there really seems no
reason why assessment insurance should not
be a success, -if managed with honesty,
brains and perseverance. .
In fart, that is demonstrated by the suc
cess of those which have been in operation
for several years. Among these maybe
mentioned an aid association' of Chicago,
which has been in existence about sixteen
years, and has paid nearly 85,000,000 to its
beneficiaries. It has also about 30,000 mem
bers scattered all over the country and has
met every obligation promptly. There is no
reason why a similar degree of success,
should not be the lot of the Order of Scottish
Clans. The great necossity for the welfare
of all such institutions is the want of Gov
ernment or State supervision. If the law
compelled assessment insurance companies
to apply for permission to trade, if their
promoters were made to give bonds to the
State for the honorable carrying out of
their agreements, if the policies were issued
with the sanction of the law-advisors of the
State, and the business books were liable
to be examined by some comoetent officer
at irregular intervals, we might regard as
sessment lusurance ns being as safe as any
other. Fewer companies would then be or
ganized, but those which fulfilled all the re- .
quirements would possess stability. We are
certain thai the officers of the Koyal Clan
would welcome such a law and would cheer
fully comply with all its requirements. The
management of the order has been clean ; it
has paid every debt as it has arisen ; it has
had no scandals ; its officers, except the Sec
retary, receive no emoluments, and its mem
bership is selected with care both as re
gards character and physical strength. The
mode of assessment is by grading. The in
surance feature of the order might be that
of any society, but in the subordinate clans
the Scotch element comes to the front.
. . SCOTSMEN ONLY.
The membership is confined to Scotsmen
and their . immediate descendants, aud
the moral character of each applicant
is carefully inquired into. The ritual
which is used in the initiation of can
didates is founded on Scottish his
tory, and when intelligently rendered
is, we are told, both impressive and instruct
ive. The sick allowance in most of the
clans is $5 a week, with lree medical attend
ance, and these benefits, as well as the work
ing expenses of the clan, are provided by the
monthly dues of the members. Nearly
all the clans, too, havo a funeral
benefit of $50, whicti Is paid at once,
on intimation of death. The meetings are
generally well attended, and are managed
with loth order and decorum. Open social
meetings, at which relatives and friends of
members are invited, are frequently given,
and the public balls, concerts and anniver
sary festivals whieli some of the clans have
given have generally been successful.
But this feature, although one of the ob
jects laid down in the constitution, has not
been attended to as it should have been:
Bach clan has its regalia, in which its own
partienlar tartan predominates, and the ap
pearance of the members of the order on
public occasions dressed in the costume is
one of the most gratifying spectacles which
a Scotchman in America can see. Any fif
teen Scotsmen or descendants of Scotsmen
meeting together can organize a clan.
The Royal Secretary is Peter Kerr, 2G
Boyistoc Building, Boston, Mass. As soon
as the charter is issued the members of the
new society are in direct affiliation with tho
whole order. They share in all the benefits
aud have all the stability which comes from .
years of experience. In the short spaca of'
six weeks two clans have been formed. Clan
Eraser, No. 78, of this city, the pioneer of
this Coast, and Clan Macdouaid, No. 70, of
Oakland, and now Clan Cameron of San
Jose Is getting into line. H.F.
Original contributions and .solutions are re
quested irom all I lie readers. Communications
mutt be wi men In ink-, on one side of tlie paper
and I lie name and addiess must accompany lliem
as a guarantee good faith. Addiess I'uzzie
Editor Daily Morning Call, COU Clay street.
Ban Francisco, Cal.
No. 14- MAGELLAN. No.l6— M-AID.
No. 15- C Ko. 17— B
CARU 0 A B 8 BEL I' 11-1 T
V A A EX TEMPEST
.» a i X £> -* .. 1-K-S-A
LET. C I I
H. Y. Frost, Harvle O. Balcnck. nettle Burke,'
Annie Sullivan, M tny Mack, Olivet, Alice Hi en.
nan. Aloha, Zuielka, Oakdale, Moses aud J. Hat
No. 28. SQUARE.
I— A large serrcnt in the marshes of South
America; 2— A cnltou cloth lioin Bengal; 3—
Oxygen in a condensed foini; 4 — Madness; 5—
Near (■ MAliue.
No. £9. SQUARE. <
I— Latin proper name (Webster); 2—Pene
trates; 3— lays no penally; 4— Slate of holding
Certain caids; s— Elevates; C— l'o levy a tax
Dubois, Hl. flflfl
No. 30. ■ INVERTED I'VHAMin.
Across: I— dihedrals; 2— An ancient Roman
blogiapher and historian, 55? alter 117? 4—
To steal (obs.); 5— A letter.
Down: I— A letter; 2— Near by; 3— ln En
glish law, the privilege enjoyed by the lord of lie
manor, of holding courts, to ny causes and im
pose lines; 4— An Image (obs.); 0- Discolored, as
flesh by Contusion ; O— A separate .i. licit- , 7— A
gash; 8— Similar; 9— A letler.
Oakland. Vol. ATLAS.
Ko. 31. SQUARE.
1-Accoinpanlfil; B— Vacuity (rare); 3— My
lady; 4— Growing out (nbs.); 5— A territorial
division of Attica, corresponding to a township.
.Sail >Vinieiico. llakvik O. BaBOOCK,
No. 32. yy SQUARE.*
- I— Exterior covering oi seeds; 2— Portion; 3—
To lie Ignorant of; 4— Greek or Latin proper
uame(V\eb.); s— Vagrant (obs.); 6— iv being.
Berkeley, Cat. „■-. Lviha.
No. 33. PYRAMID.
Across: I— A letter; 2— turn to the off
side; 8— Social assemblies for the purpose or
dancing; 4— A soil, of spear about live and a half
feel long; s— Fine paper (sup.) i --•
Down: I— A letter; 2— A sweetheart (Scot.);
3— A heavy silck; 4— Grained; D— Group ol
Islands near Australia; O—A0 — A girl's name signi
fying light; 7— To drink; B— Not fobs.); 9— A
letter. 1.. 11. STAFFORD.
. .San francisco, ■
Answers and solvers In three weeks.
-. Slrsy Lrsv.s. '-tfly
The members ot Kwlz Kluh are reminded that
the next meeting of the ki b will take place on
Monday evening, December Bih, at the residence
of one oi the numbers, 2523 Sutler stieet, ibis
We publish the last of Atlas' puzzles to-day
and Invite him lo call again. Capi. N. Frank, J
CM., H... Fiost, Grace Hibbard and all our
oilier correspondents are also Invited, aud we
hope to lereive an early call.
The puzzles piinllsbrd this week are all forms
and nol very difficult of solution, so we trust that
all will send in many complete lists. Ye , should
they 1101 succed in solving all of them, one an
swer will be as welcomed as solutions to all.
The Interest taken lv a department of this char
acter Is shown by ibe number ol persons solving
and not the number of answers sent to me ed
itor. Lei Ibe solver* bear tins In mind.
Some ul our correspondents feel dissatisfied
over the lesnit of the 21 puzzle. All we have Io
say, and all we will say, Is mat any iix of the
numbers must be added, and whole or Improper
fractions are not allowed. When fractious are
Used lo obtain an Integer this Is Using more num
bers than the luies of lhe puzzle permit and none
know It belter than I hose who understand the
common i ules of addition.
A new niiin ileal puzzle has come into vogue
and we oiler it lo lhe lends of Hits department
for solution. It Is as follows: Add all of ibe fol
lowing numbers: 1. 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 11 aud ob
tain the sum of 100.
When we weie permitted to edit this depart
ment we did not imagine ilia; It would ever be
known beyond the piecnils of Its many friends,
but judge ol our suipn.se when we read tbe fol
lowing Hems, oue from I lie <; olden Slate Catholic
of this city, as follows: A new puzzle depart
ment has been oi eiieii In the Sunday edition of
The Daily Morning Call under the super
vision of Kernel. The first number presents
some fair puzzles and is not devoid of chat. The
editor must be an old-i Inter, judging from the ar
rangement of the puzzles aud 'lie appearance of
Uie d. pailuieiit. We wish it success.
- And the oilier from lhe I'm Hand Oiegonlan:
A new department has appealed In Hie Sunday
Cat.l ol Sau Francisco edited by one Kernel, It
Is a new noiu de plume, but apparently an old
puzzler, and his department baa already achieved
much success. ■-.-■■_ -.--.■ Kernel.
The Girl ni\ct the Speaking Tabes.
', . "Tliere never was anything like that girl's
terror of the bell and tube arrangement in
our flat' The first time a caller came she
rushed in tome with eyes like soup plates
and gasped out: 'Alarm 1 , Mann 1 - There's
somebody a- whistling somewhere, and, if
you please, I don't know where I' I explained
and encouraged her to put her ear to the tube
and get the message. : bho never did it with
out first crossing herself. I know she was
convinced the whole process was operated
from a place considerably south of our lower
hall. 1 urged het the next lime she beard
the call to go to the lube and call 'Yes?'.-
The whistle came, and, my. dear, the roar
she sent down ihat | tube would have raised
the scalp of a Pawnee Indian. : 1 (led down
stairs iv terror to see what effect it had hail,*
and Mis. de Nerfs— you know what a shat
tered | condition ;- she is in. ( just recovering
from nervous prostration!— was sitting tin
the lower step, quite limp and faint, clasping
her vinaigrette, -i 'Martha,*,.- she said, 'even
if you didn't want to see me. why | need ion
fiie a gun down the • lube?'"— Boston Com
monwealth. ■' yfl ::-i-y-,
V There are now 'four widows of Supreme
Court Justices living in Washington Mrs.'
Watte, Mrs. Wood, Mrs. Stanley Matthews
and Mis. Miller. ;y
THE LAST OP A
Traits Inherited by William 111
From Emperor Pan! of Russia.
The Last of the Hale Descendants of the
Home of Orange— The Riotous Life of
Citron," Prince of Orange.
Special to The Scxdat Call.
CSSWHAT terrible modern disease, mental
t-I-jo paresis, found a fresh victim In the
*_!?* person of William III,* King of the
Netherlands, but many who knew him well
wondered that this inevitable ending to a
career of reckless dissipation bad not set in
much' earlier, for the King attained the age
of 73 years.
That William 111 should have combined so
many peculiar traits, prompting every
species of vagary, is principally due to his
ancestry on the maternal side. . His mother
was a daughter of tho Emperor Paul jof
Russia, one of the most dissolute mon
archs in Europe. The Dutch King's way-'
wardness antedates his accession to ' the
throne in 1849, for it is current talk among
the Dutch that when tne Prime Minister,
after William IPs death, went in search of
the new sovereign, then absent abroad, he
found him after much difficulty traveling
incognito with a French singer among
the highlands of Scotland. His mar-
rled life, at least that portion of it which he
passed with his first wife, a daughter of the.
King of Wurteniberg, was not a happy one
to either husband or wife. The latter was
an amiable and gifted woman, but too much
of a blue-stocking* to suit her pleasure-lov
ing lord. She gave up trying to reform him
and Bought consolation in the society of art
ists and men and women of letters. Her
friendship for John l.othrop Motley, Ameri
can Minister at The Hague, and author ot
the " Rise and Fall of the Dutch Republic,'.*
was one of the rays of sunshine in the life
of that great writer.
Of the two sons born of the royal union
the elder proved himself possessed of his
father's traits by making Paris, his heme
and leading the riotous existence of the
gilded .youth of that city. Tho nightly
orgies of himself and his companions, alter
nated between "Peters," in the Passage dcs
Princes, and the renowned Bignon's. lt was
on one of these occasions, 1 believe, that the
Due de Grainniont-Cailerousse, in arising
to toast the Prince of Orange, by which
title the Dutch heir apparent was known,
solemnly filled his glass and drank to the
health of— Citron (lemon). Hereafter this
nickname clung tenaciously to the Prince,
so much so that one of his numerous cred
itors In presenting his hill inadvertently ad
dressed it to the "Prince of Lemons," Jot
which involuntary blunder he was" prompt-*
Queen Emma of Holland.
ly thrown out by the attendants. Poor Cit
ron's constitution was uot that of his father,
and so he succumbed at the age of 30, leav
ing debts to the tune of several millions.
His younger and -rigidly virtuous brother
followed him into the unknown not long
after, nnd thus robbed the moralist of an
opportunity to dilate ou the advantages of
virtue over vice.
The King in the meanwhile was- pursuing
the uneven tenor of his -wayward course;
and although hi* duties keot him oftentimes
among his stolid and industrious subjects,
he seldom missed tho opportunity to secretly
visit the gay French capital on the sly. A
free spender, he was ever welcome in the
mondc galant aud the fen. ale members of the
leading theaters vied with each oilier to se
cure his royal favor. Soon lie .-bowed
marked interest in an American woman
named Eliza Musard, the wile of an
orchestra leader whose 'concerts in
the Champs Elysees daily brought
together what is fittingly, called the tout-
Paris. Suddenly the concerts ceased and
the. leader was seen driving around alone in
swell equipages. No secret remains a secret
long when the curiosity of Paris is aroused,'
and presently it began to be bruited about
that Musnrd's wife had found .a rich ad
mirer— less a personage, in fact, than his
Croicn Princess of Holland.
Majesty, '. tho King of the Netherlands.
Tim Musards after that led • a truly
regal existence. One new turnout followed
another and handsome .. stables . y were
constructed beside their newly a quired
mansion on the Avenue d'lcna. - They also
acquired the chateau of Yilleqnier on the
banks of the Seine, and in visiting it used a
luxurious railway carriage which had
formerly belonged to the Due de Morny.
L^ .- . .'Mi«wpt_Maw__H
PAGES 13 to 16
— — — ■ - .fi ■ ~»
Then when the dethroned Duke of Tuscany
put up his villa on Lake Como for sale, the
couple bought it and installed themselves
there for the summer months, entertaining
in a style worthy of a princely household. y
The meetings between.. the King and Mrs.
Musard took place at first in Paris, but ha
soon arranged to have her conducted to his
home. A charming little hunting-box, near
the chateau In . den Bosch, situated in the
heart of the handsome forest adjoining the
Hague, was selected for her, and when with
in a mile of tbo capital -Mme.'Musard was
picked up by a mail coach and taken thither.
All her visits to the • hunting-box were ' ar
ranged In secret manner; so were her depart
ures, on which occasions shewas pretty sure
i to take with her a souvenir in the form of a
satchel full of trinkets. These little Dutch
trips were occasionally relieved by a journey
to Switzerland or the north of Italy and were
naturally cairied out in the strictest in
cognito. This lasted for several years and
curiously enough ended in the King's being
v© jk^'S <ji^
" Citron," rrlnce of Orange.
told that he was not wanted any further..'
Mine. Musard having finally saved up enough .
to be able to dispense with him altogether.
Her dream was to retire with her husband,
to whom she. was still attached, and liva
happily and tranquilly to the end of her
days. Fate willed otherwise and before at- '
taining the ago of 50 lime. '-Musard died. .
blind and insane, in a public lunatic asylum.
Emilia Ambre, whose artistic successes on
the lyric stage in this country, .as well as •
abroad must still bo fresh to. the memory of
many of us, was another of the King's fa
vorites.. It is true that *ho held the sway for
a short time only. The Dutch, who saw more
of her thau' of Mine. Musard, dubbed her
"the King's Tulip."- An exceedingly vain
woman, she managed to secure from his Maj
esty the title of the Countess d'Ainboise, with 5
a coat of arms thrown in/to which she added
the motto, "Flat voluntas men." Her arro- .
gance became so -unbearable that the King .
decided to rid himself of her, and as sho
would pot leave the kingdom voluntarily Im *
caused her to be escorted to the frontier by a
counle of police agents. ". A short while after
she returned to tlie Hague and attempted to
approach the royal presence, butbeingrecog- -
nized on the "I'leiu" by the afternoon prom--* :
enaders, was mercilessly mobbed and. con-*
; strained to leave once more the scene of her'
former conquests. About five years.. ago.'
Mine. Ambre published a noVel entitled..'
"Une Diva," in which under. a thin disguise.'
she disclosed some of the details her •
relationship with the King of Holland. .*..:'.
Upon his marriage with Princess. Emma,*
of U'aldeck-Pyrmimt, witch event occurred ■-'
about two years after the death of his first
wife, the King appears to have turned Over
a new leaf. The union was even a compar- -
atively happy one, and has been blessed
With a daughter, who. succeeds to the throne .
of Holland. Her accession severs the polit
ical bonds that unite the " Kingdom' of the'
Netherlands with the Grand Duchy Lux- '.
emburg," for in the latter .country tbe Salio .
law prevails. . ' ..' . .'. ■
King William's death -.is not merely... an .'
extinction of 'the last of Ihose merry inon- •
archs, who, dining the. last two generations, .
have supplied food for gossip, to the -Paris v
green-rooms and saloons, The' event has *
its pathetic, sine, for. was not ttie old man',
after all the ..male' descendant of that"
strong and historic •' houso of Orange, to *•
whose energy, and loyalty ..Holland owes: all •
the greatness of her past and present pros
perity? Itis this thought thntdias palliated
every bad action'; the King has ever been .
guilty of. It is this thought that . now..*
spreads gloom over the entire land..- v.g.
THE JAPANESE WAY. *.';• Afl
Rules That Most Be Observed when Her
Mfijesty l'..s<- m \ 1 r,n B ix Street. ...
A recent visitor to Japan says .that there-'
has existed in Japan lor many centuries a
curious law to the effect, tliat whenever the.
Emperor.or Empress appeared in public no.
other person should seem to occupy a higher *
place thau this member of tho royal family; .
therefore, on such occasions the shutters Of
all upper stories were drawn and the upper
parts of the houses through which the royal
party moved were seemingly deserted.* j The.,
law Is still in effect, . • . '• '..•'".
. Three months ago, when the . Empress .
went into.the.country for a brief period,' an 7 ,
elaborate announcement was posted in con
spicuous places along th'! line of her con
templated route commanding- the public to'
observe strictly certain requirements of eti
quette, to wit: When her Majesty shall past
along no one must look at her from the frame .
built on houses for the drying of clothes, or
through cracks in doors, or from any posi
tion in the upper . part of their nouses.*' If
anybody wishes to see her Majesty he or she
must sit down at the side ot the mad by
which her Majesty will pass, All children
must be taken particular -care of, that they •
do not play in the road and so obstruct the
passage of her Majesty llirougn the streets.
No one must look at her Majesty, .without
taking off bis bat, in c.k-cloth or turban, or .
whatever else be may be wearing on his
Moreover, no one must be smoking while
he or she is looking at her Majesty, nor must*
any one carry a stick or cane. Only women
wearing the clothes of foreigners will be .
permitted to retain their head-covering.- Al- '•
though it may rain, no.person will beallowed'.
to put up au umbrella while her Majesty may
be passing. Dogs must not be allowed' to -
wander on the road. by wliich her Majesty"
will pass. Until the passage of her Majesty
the route by which she will, come Will be •
kept free from carriages and jiuri kashas.
The roads which she will take must be com
pletely free from all traffic. As her Majesty
passes no one must raise bis voice, nor must
any sound be beard, nor must the crowd
close in and follow her carriage, for no.noise •
must bo made. Winn her -'Majesty reaches
Uuieda Station there will be a discharge of
fifty fire-works.— New Orleaus'Picayune. ••
Oermnn (. I '* 11 ll.m-
The German girls are beginning to corn
-plain will! considerable • bitterness that'"
American aud English girls are encroaching
upon their preserves. Very many Ameri- •
cans and English 'send, their daughters to
Germany to be educated; the pretty dears
not only master the language in a short 'time
—quite as quickly and as easily they mnke a » !
conquest of the hearts of ihe susceptible
German officers. The number of army offi
cers in Gei many with American and English,
wives is veiy largo nnd the fad seems to be
increasing. In Dresden particularly tho.
English and' Americans are In great demand;
the native madeben (be she ever so piety)
seems to have nd chance* at all. In Berlin
there is a fancy for a peculiar style of femi
nine beauty ; the Berliner admires bmwa '
eyes and hair and a dark clear complexion;
these features argue amiability, fidelity and
gentle breeding, they c'aim. The German
girls complain that tbe American girls are
natural adepts iii affairs of the h»art— that
they seem endowed by nature with all the
arts, the audacity and the ■ confidence of the
.average young widow-.— Field's let
ter in the Chicago New.-*. ...
• The Flowered Bon.
i. Long fur boas and short fur or feather
ruches fastened with ribbon bow around
the neck are in hicli favor just now with
tho»e wbo can wear them. A novelty for
carriage or evening wear is the flower. boa,
which consists.of a long Strip of black or col
ored silk velvet oil which flowers are thickly
sewn. For instance, on a strip of black vel
vet, large pink roses', yellow chrysanthe
mums, white carnations, violets or lilacs are
massed, and the effect is. very striking and
handsome for a dressy occasion.— X. Y.
Ledger, 'y. flfl;