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The morning call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, December 07, 1890, Image 15

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HERRING FISHERIES
OF SCOTLAND:
The Capital That Is Invested and
tlie Men, the Women and
the Boats Employed.
METHOD OF CURING THE FISH.
Restrictive Measures That Have Been
Fut in Force— The Bounty Sys
tem — The Purchasers of the Fish.
Hew the Fishing - Boats Are
Rigged — The Time for Catching
the Herring— Sales by Auction.
Frecial to The Sunday Call.
C p EKWICK (Shetland), Oct. G. 1890.
The barring fisheries of Scot
f j laud furui sucli a stupendous
S f /^~7 interest, in capital invested. In
J J 1 the number of men, mm and
C A boats employed, and product for
licuie coiiMiniptiwu ami expoit to tlie conti
nent secured, that 1 have been at rains to
study the subject tor intelligent presenta
tion to American readers. The earliest date
assigned such fishing on the coasts of
P.-.itain is about IC3O, although herring
are mentioned in the chronicles of
Evesham iv 7u9, Uie Normans having
i'!uDab!y then aciiuired the ait of salting
lish; and it is more than probabie tfiat the
use of salt was known iv the time of Will
iam the Conqueror, as Dnhamel quotes
one of William's charters, which states
that in the eleventh century vessels from
Dieppe called "Grand Drogueura" went to
theMorta to fish tor herrings in July sLd
brought them home in barrels salted. The
lJu'ch obtained privilege of Kdward I to
take herrings at Yarmouth, England, and
in the reign of the third Edward an act
was passed relative to supplying tile
British uect with herrings; During the
middle ages, and later still, Brm-li herring
tishinp. winch was always chiefly along the
Seotisii coast, was even encouraged through
tlie means of religious fast days.
Ttie Scottish herring fisheries owed their
rise and development to the jealousy of tho
Dutch, who largely frequented tlieeastojast
during the last century, and who still annu
ally s«-nd a l-.rge lleet of fishing "busses " to
; :.e bhflliiiid Islands. Their method of enr
i! g with salt is said to have been originated
in 1456 by Wilhuni Beukles, a native of Flan
uers.
THIS HUMBLE FISUERMAX
May be said to have laid the foundation cf
the Dutch herring fisheries, which have al
ways proved one of tho protest sources of
until nal weau.li. '1 he sayiugis that Amster
dam iiself was "built on herriug-bones";
while Bi-ukles" memory was so honored by
the Dutch that in Ij3G Charles V of the
Netherlands and his sister, the Queen of
Hungary, paid a memorable visit to his
iMii'b. The Scotch adopted lli« Dutch
methods of curing herrings, and these two
peopic, with the fishermen of our own New
England coast, are principal competitor* for
the continental cured herring trade ol
Europe.
The Board of Biiti«h White Herring
Fisheries was established by Varliament in
;-!i. and is still in existence under the
present title of the Fishery Board for Scot
land. Many restrictive measures have been
enacted during the. present century, such as
"clo-e" season?, barring tlie use of circle
trays i-nets and nets of certain size of mesb,
but without result; and since ISGS the
Scottish herring fisheries h»ve beeu praeti
ca'.ly free from legislative control, ev.n Sun
day fishing iv religious Scotland being
largely practiced. The Scottish board has
iv its sei vice a general inspector, sse as
sistant and thirty sub-inspectors or officials.
All of these arc not only graduate fishermen
but hnye al=o been fiali-curers by <ccupa
tlon. Tor the purpose of easy control nnd
procuring statistics, the coast-line of Sc"t
laud is divided into twenty-six districts, the
east c< ast liaving seventeen and tlie \v< st
c :ist nine districts. Each district is pro
vided with at least one officer, and some
with tw.i.
A bounty system for the encouragement
of hemng a-huig prevailed with curious re
sults from I'M tv IS3O. Fishermen went to
sp« to "catch the bounty rather than the
f.sii." It was paid en tonnage of vessels in
stead of upon herrings landed. Iv lTo'Jthis
bounty was 50 shillings per ton of tonnage.
Fi-ur barrels were taken. Thfl tonnage
botin y paid was vi ward of £US9. This be
ir;^ dweontbuutd, from 1809 to Ikis the Gov
rrnment i ;vi-i 2 shilling* per barrel of cured
bcrrlugs, and, altogt-ther, 4 shillings 8
pence it exported. Government bounties
cosed in Ifcyo. Government branding
after examination was, however, con
tinued; and, in 185 S. a branding-foe of four
pence p%-r barrel was fixed, which still eon
tniiHS in force. In a way the bouuty system
is oti 1 continued hs a concession to the iisli
f-ri!:i n. but in a totally different form. The
Government puid its bounty bo.h to the ves
iel-owner en lonuage aad the fish-curer on
eared herrings. Under the bounty system
as retained by the trade the bounty is now
exclusivrly paid by tlie curer tv tlie fisher
hi.in before he puts a net in the spa. This
"trade-bounty** reached its height in 1884,
when, on tlie AueiJeenshire const, it was
fiom £10 t^> £00 per boat, the fisherman also
receiving £1 pur "cran" of
HXBBnrfiS LANDED.
This "tra;!fi-bounty," now greatly reduced,
is paid to t!.e craw, or rather, to the owner
of t'm boj t, before fislniig begins, and forms
a iiti:d soi tOf lottery. Thus, if ihe bargain
is £1 per cran and £G0 bounty, and the boat
li h tut) • r.ms, the cost Co the curer is 32 shil
lings Dei crap. If 200 erans are landed the
vri' i' is ifduced t<< *J(j shillings per Cran.
Ag n. all herrings over a complement of
any .no or SGO craiis will be delivered under
tbe £1 rate, and tho-e delivered after 9
t> Hock nt night of the day ttiey are taken
are stiil cheaper to the curer.
I r. the early part of tlie century Scottish
herring! were chiefly exported to Ireland
a id tn the W«"st Indies as fund for slaves,
liut Eince 1846 conttnnntal Europp, especi
ally Germany and Russia, has been the
cinrf purchaser. During IM)7, tlm first year
for which statistic^ are procurable, the
product was upward of 90,000 barrels; for
the ten years ending iv 1H47 there were 45-S,-
W.\ barrels cured; for the 20 years closing
* ith IM7 there were 1,110,958 barrels cured ;
while the tremendous increase in the indus
try is shown by the fact that in IKBS there
were cured on the east coast 872,64.'! barrels,'
of which 734,23u barrels wero tent to the
Continent; while on the west coast the
yearly catch averages 230,000, giving a
total product for USB of at least 1,100,000
barrels, exclusive ot the herrings used f re?h
iv nulling port*, ti.qse "kippered," and those
sent fresh to Scottish and English market*,
which amount annually to 140,000 "crans";
and it should !■>• b :.n- in mind that the cian
measure is equal to 37% imperial gallons. It
is slill the staudard of measure, although
seldom used as a utensil for measurement.
An klen of the predominating importance of
the herring fisheries may be gained from the
fact that the total value ol tho herring,
white, shell and salmon, fisheries of Scotland
in 1886 was £2,890,77$ of which herrings
reprt-ented £1,4«j0,981.
The boats in use at the middle of the
present century were about 24 fret ol keel,
undecked, and carried 24 hemp nets, 40
yards lung, 7 yards deep, with £\ meshes
after a year's use. The boats built within
the pan five years are from 4S to 55 feet of
seel. They are decked and carry an aver
age drill of 50 cotton nets, each 00 yards
long and 11 yards deep, with about X,
meshes tn the yard after a year's u^e Ther*
are ihrw classes: Firth boats, straight in
stem and stern, 55 feet of k*el and r>"Vi feet
extreme length übovc; the SUaftie boats,
"fiddle-shaped" bow and »loi>ed stern,
with 34 feet keel nnd r>o feet length above:
and ;iit- Zulu boat;, with straight bow and
sloped stein, with 45 feet of keel and 55 feet
leDgth above. The general rig Is lug-sail,
jib and jicger. A large number nrpsmnck
rigfied, the latter being in common u fc e here
in Shetland for its convenience in tacking up
THK NARROW VOKB OB BAYS.
A brat of 50 foot keel. Firth build, with
sailing gear included, will coal about £300,
the fishing gear coating from £150to£l»0,
requiring an outlay of at least £475, before
(■■(utpujful for hen ing fulling is complete.
It was calculated in 1878 thai there were
7000 boats engaged in the Scotch herring
flnhr rim. These carried nets nearly 12,000
miles l«ng, sufficient to cover a sui+rlici .1
area of 70 square miles. Tlie number of
boats employed in 1888 in Scotland m the
herring and other eea fisheries numbered
14,iKi4, with a tonnage of 134,452 tons. Of
thes« 4777 were bo.it.-. of th« nrst class, or
above thirty feet of keei, exclusive of 107
vessels muployed in fi-hing with the beam
trawl. For tlie 6»me year the number of
fishermen and boys by which the boats were
manned was 48,G15. There wero 1047 hsh
curers. Tlie coopers numbered 1410. Others
employed in the wnrk. such as t ackers,
"gutters," carters and laborers, numbered
4--.N ;ii : giving a total of persons employed in
the fishing industry of 07,881 souls.
East coast summer berriiig. Usttiug begins
about the Ist of July and continues until the
10th of September. Hero in Shetland the
season opens a month earlier. Fishermen,
laborers, curers' crews and what not come
to all the east const ports and to Shetland
and from every portion of the north and
west of Scotland including the outer
Hebrides. They are simply the crofters
1 nave spoken of in previous articles
who take this method of securing
money Witt which to pay tho rent of their
crolts, and without which they could not
exist throughout the year. At Wick fifteen
years ago tho fishermen helpers received
each a wage of from £6 to £8 for a season
of about six months, with board and lode
iiij!. A few years since it was £<> to £8,
With one shilling for each cran ot herring
landid, which, with other perquisites, in
creasei their earnings to £15 oi £20. At
present iv Shetland, the principal seat of
the herriug Industry, the system generally
prevailing is to allow one-half of the
proceeds if the Csliiug to the owner or own
ers of the boat, who provides all material,
the other half being equally divided between
members of the crew, ihe owner receiving
ii share as such if lie be one of the crew.
Un the east coast it is also becoming general
to give hind fishers one shilling on each
pound steiliug value of herring lauded. At
si'tne ports men receive a certain proportion
of the boat s earnings providing their own
subsistence on short-, but setting their "oil
skins" for sea use as a perquisite.
1 lie preparations of the lish-ctirer are of
interest and importance. All winter long
coopers have been employed in making tho
necessary supply oi barrels. They receive
from 10 pence to 1 shilling for each barrel
made, and duiius the herring season are
paid regular wages, lauging iroiu 25 to SO
shillings per week.
the mcßßnra r.Annr.i,
Must hold 20"7 i Imperial gallons; the half
barrel, li>/6; but no official cognizance is
taken of quarters or less. Having secured
sufficient ground for curing purpo>es, which
is called a curing-yard or " station," we will
suppose he intends using the fish
landed by ten boat*. I!e provides a
rectangular bex with sides about two
feet high, into which the herrings
are emptied from the fisherman's
baskets, or from his own carts, and around
which the "crews" of "ctirers" work. For
merly the "creel," or square wicker basket,
was used in the delivery of fish. This has
been superseded by the circular "(juarter
eran" basket, four of which make the
"cran" of 37% imperial gallons, the standard
measure upon which all estimates on Scot
tish herring aiiu expense in securing the
same are based. For handling the tish of
ten bo.its tho curer will employ three coop
ers aud one crt w of "gutters," or thirty
"Butters" in ail. The latier are invariably
women — crofters' wives, daughters, sisters.
Five tons or 200 bushels of fait to the 100
erans will be needed; and he provid»s bar
rels aud sait on the basis of an average
year's tishiug giving him from 1800 to 2000
craus of fish Iroiu tho ten boats.
On the arrival of the "lleet" the fish are
sold by aiictiun, a plan very recently iutro
duced, and identical with that of our own
herring fishers at Eiistport, Maine. Samples
ol herring aru retained by the auctioneer in
case of disputes. The salesmen chames tlie
rishermen a small percentage as at New
Haven on the Firth of Forth; he becomes
responsible to the fishermen for the money ;
aud payments nre made daily nr weekly, as
agreed. Atnn ordinary east-const lierringlish
iug port, luliy luoo "gutters" ami packers
will be at work, l'eihaps GOO of these are
women. As stated, three form a "crew."
Two u<e the knife and one "packs." They
work with marvelous rapidity. The herring
is held in the left hand. Inserting the knife
in the throat of the fisli, siUcwLse, with the
rhdit hand, with one swift movement in "a
pull-like cvi" as one of the women described
it to me,
Till; BKBBHTG IS OPEXKD AXD CLEANED,
And whisked into a basket. It is so quickly
dune that the cyo cannot follow the pro
cess. The herrings are next sorted, shifted
to receiving - boxes, and then emptied
into " musing - boxes " where they are
thoroughly "roused" or mixed with salt
In packing, whicn immediately follows, the
tier* are formed, between layers of salt, by
placing the herrings' backs downward. 9 ue
herring is laid in me center of a funning tier,
and then a line of the lish is run in either
direction tv the harrel-sides, the spaces left
on each side of this line being laid uith liji,
heads outward. Every alternate tier is la;d
transversely. Tlie barrels are heaped two
tiers above their level, and ate then known
as "upset*." In two days' time the salt is
partly incited, and a portion of the "pickle"
is poured off. The herring have also
"pined," that is, shrunk. "Filling ip "
follows. The barrels aie theu "tightcd"
by the cooper*, when they are commer
cially known as "sea-sticks." After ten
days they are opened, tiie "pickle" again
poured off, mure herrings are crowded into
them, they aro again "lighted," solidly
tilled with pickle thiougli t&e buut;«, laid in
diiublu rows; aud arc now ready for olhuiai
Inspection.
The W"inpti funning these curers' crews,
who are larm-ly from the west coast and tin:
Lleiirides, receive £1 of bounty, calUd "ear
nest money, " which i» known as "dries" on
the Aberdeenshire coast : about eigntpence
per barrel for Cleaning and packing, and
threepence per hour when »t the final fill
ings. They are usually found mdn lodg
iius in addition, where, in "messes," they
live with the utmost economy, for they are
working here to keep the croft-thatch above
their heads at home. They very oltea la
bor sixteen and eighteen hours per day.
They are of all ages, from uf
tetn to fifty yenrs. Working ui'OU perish
able food, depending upon uncertain deliv
ery from the fishermen, they do not come
within the restricting provisions as to hours
of labor of the British factory acts. Brand
ing aud inspection are single processes.
Kach curer must brand his name and
place or port of cure on the side of each
barrel, as also "serieve" on the barrel
the date of " latch," day of " cure " and
grade of fish. Government inspection
consists of assuring barrels of a legal
size, proper Ijo< ping, the curer's brands
and marks ar:d propel classification under
"Large Fulls," 11% inches and upward;
"Fulls," 10' A inches, and "Mattio Fuils,"
9 J4 inches, all full ot milt or roe. Seven per
c«nt of all lots are actually examined "hit
or miss." In 1800 but 34,701 barrels were
branded. The highest number known in a
single year to the Scottish herring fisheries
was (W!i,325 barrels. These were branded
ill 18S5. EDGAR L- WAKEMAS.
BITS OF FUN
That Are Reproduced I rr>m the Colanms
of H»r|>er's B>S*V>
Fozgs— l have never yet been able to
stand up to a New Year's resolution.
Boggs— l am proud to say my pledge for
1800 has been kept sucredly.
Foggs— What was it, pray?
lioxgs — I quit quittiug.
• • •
" Papa, young Harry Samson is coming to
see you to-night."
"What for?"
" To a>-k you for my hand."
" Well, shall I eiye it to him?"
" Yes. 1 have just heaid that he pro
posed to Helen Armstrong, and was rejected
last week. Give it to him, papa, for all you
are worth."
• • •
Jack— Why are you looking so sad ?
Tom— l saw Maud throwing sly glances at
Harry to-night
Jack— Cheer up. It was doubtless for you
she meant them, through Harry got them.
Women never can throw stiaight, you know.
• • *
She— Mr. Price, didn't you tell me yester
day that the first of the Prices came over in
tlm Ala\ flower?
He— Yes.
Site— Well, here is the Genealogical So
ciety's list of Mayflower passengers, aud I
don't see th»- dim
He— Oil, you know he was a very dis
tinguished n. an, mid always traveled incog.
'•Johnny, did you steal Mr. Hicks' ap
ples?"
" Yi-s, sir," returned the boy. " But I was
laboring under an attack of temporary in
saiiity at the time."
" If you can prove that, I'll let ycu off,"
said Mr. Hicks.
" Well, I must have been," said Johnny;
" 1 didn't scoop anything but rotten apples."
• • •
"So Fordliam Uights has married Mrs.
Bronson, eh?"
"Yes. I'm surprised, tuo. She Is a womau
of no family."
"You must be mistaken. Fordy told me
she had five children."
• * •
"Xo, firreo," said the umbrella manufac
turer, 'I shall not advertise in your payer.
1 vo watchrd y.ur attitude toward my busi
ness. Last summer you predicted seven
clear to two rainy days, and I don't consider
that friendly."
• • •
"Why aro we all so solemn and still?"
asked grandpn.
"We are waiting for the usual Thanks
giving stories," and pupa.
"Well," said grandpa, "for the sake of
variety 1 guess I wont tell 'em this year."
• • »
"I've a dreadful cold, doctor."
"I see you have. Let me feel your pulse.
Hni!— yes. You'd better take a hot bath
and under no circuoistauces get your feet
wet."
Sugar Prum Bee «.
The sugar-beet plant at Grand Island is in
full blast, grinding over 300 tons of beets per
day. The beets are yielding from 15 to 17
per cent sugar, while tbe beets in France
average from 13 to 14 per cent sugar. Tlie
outcome exceeds the expectations of the
sanguine manager. The supply of beets is
altogether inadequate to keep the factory
i nulling all the Ume.— .Nebraska farmer.
THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO. SUNDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1890-SIXTEEN PAGES.
HOPE HELD OUT
FOR FAT MEN.
Special Gymnastic Machinery for
Reducing Their Girth.
The Growing Popularity of All Kindt cf Ath
letic Exercises Stimulates the In
eeDuily of Investors.
*"ff^,HE growing popularity of all manner
*\'\ Oi allllctic s P° rts among the youth of
J4i* this land, and among tlie middle-aged
people, too, for that matter, which has led to
the formation of large athletic associations
with magnificent club-houses and spacious
grounds, has also stimulated inventors to
produce new and improved forms of gym
nastic apparatus. The visitor to a modern
well-equipped gymnasium will see n number
of machines of peculiar form, the uses of
which aro not apparent at first sigh. Noth
ing like them was to be found in the athletic
clubs of a dc.zen years ago, and many of tlietn
nre still so new that probably nowhere else
thau in New York can they be seen to-day
in actual use. Moreover, at tho science of
physical culture sdvsnces, the knowledge of
the suitability of certain forms of exercise
to certain constitutions increases, and 50
does the experience, of the results that fol
low the exercise of particular muscles.
Exercise for Abdominal Muarlet,
Said J. \V. Spalding, an expert in such
matters, the other day to a representative of
the Xew York Tribune : " Many a man has
tried to reduce the size of his waist by ex
ercise, and after iie has spent hours every
day for weeks in walking, running, club
swinging and dumb-bell lifting, riding, etc.,
has ionnd that while his actual w right has
perhaps decreased perceptibly, yet his waist
measures about the same as usual. The
fact is that fatty deseneratiou of the mn&CQ
lar tissue begins nearly always in those
muscles which are used the least. For this
reason tho abdominal innsele* are generally
the first to be att icked. Every ounce of fat
which fastens on a muscle is so much dead
weight, closing its contraction, or working,
and rendering the muscle less active thau
before and therefore iuviliug more fat to ac
cumulate upon it.
" Muscle alone has the power of contrac
tion, thus approximating its ends and mov
ing the parts to which they are attached,
and at tbe same time increasing iv girth.
Fat has not this power. Suppose a man
cariies thirty or forty pounds of fat. See
how he is handicapped, if he wants to play
ball he is in the tamfl condition as a race
horse h 'tidicappid with the same weight of
iron, and of course it is readily seeu that it
is not desirable to be fat if .strength is to bo
as great as possible nnd hence economized.
Endurance is but another term for continu
ous expenditure of strength. Hence a fat
man lias less endurance than if he had no
fat. Besides having fatty deposits around
the muscles nnd tints handicapping by dead
and useless weight alone, it is found in
small amounts throughout tlm muscles of fat
people, even between muscle fibers so line
that thpy cannot bo seen except umler the
microscope. Such muscle, in contracting,
cannot get hard because the large sprinkling
of fat it contains throughout its substance
!|\ @__.ra_
Training to be a Heavy Batter.
prevents the contracted muscle fibers from
adjusting themselves in compact bun.Hes so
as to form the characteristic hard wood-like
mass of the trained athlete.
"Now ihe only way to reduce fat Is to ex
ercise those muscles which are incumbered
with It. The abdominal muscles are not
brought into decided and strong action by a
man of sedentary occupation probably once
a day; and many men of active mauuai
labor even do not use the muselrs much. I
remember the tima wtieu fat men used to be
advised to lie dovrn on a hard table on their
faces, place their hands beliind their backs,
and, while lying flat, raise the bead and
shoulders as high in the air aSDossiblt). This
no doubt gave the abdominal muscles Man
exercise, but gave those of thn back and
nc-k a gn-at deal more; so that a man's
spine ached long before his abdominal mus
cle* felt any stmin on 1 1 1 m. In these days
there are a couple of machines on the mar
ket that ur>- esiiecinlly adapted for bringing
the abdominal muscles into active motion.
Cuts of these machines are produced with
this article. That part which is the same in
both is the iron standard against the wall,
up and down which the weights run smooth
ly, us they are raised and lowered by the
ropes that run through swiveled pulleys.
The niHii who is pulling on the ropes with
his r.i'iid is giving his abdominal muscles
the most severe work. The other man, who
\v l\^"J s *-^'^i>o" >i^^ :^»^ \
Thit Reduce! Ihe. WaUL
lms a curved board to support his back,
takes some of the weight off his stomach
muscles by means of his amis. It is best for
beginners to start with this machine, and
afier their musclps, long tiuused to action,
become a little accustomed to the strain, let
them try the direct weight, and pull by
im-niis of a head-stpl), using only liuh't
weights even then at first. Half an hour of
sui-h exercise each day will dp more, it is
?aid, to reduce the girth, especially if com
bined with as great a degree of abstinence
from drinks of any kind as possible, than
any other form of exercise known.
Sjieaking of liquids, a man who generally
knows what ho is talking about, said re
cently:
" Liquids make fat. The character of the
linn iiis has a good deal to do with it, but the
practice of drinking generally leads to nn
wieldy bulk. In fepnin, where men drink
little, fat is unknown. In Paris, where men
content themselves with sipping thimbles
full of absinthe or small cuds of black
coffee, the French are thin to a remarkable
degree. The women, on the other hand,
drink great quantities of champagne, Bur
gundy, and latterly of beer, and they are, as
a result, prone to stoutness. In England,
men drink ale and beer, and they are a
think-necked, pudgy, and heavy racp, as a
rule. I had observed all this many times,
and when 1 went to Germany, where I knew
the consumption of beer was very great* I
had prepared to find fat men iv abundance.
I was not disappointed. Therft would seem
to be absolutely no end of big, corpulent
and unwieldy men in Germany. While
they are in tho army they aro slim and
splendid-looking warriors, but two months
after they leave the ranks they become
heavy, puffy and beefy to the lust degree.
"This is even so in the ranks among the
older soldiers, nnd ihe cavalry were men of
such extraordinary weight that they always
excited comment from strangers. This did
not surprise me. I do not believe iv the
English notion that riding reduces a man.
On the New York mounted police force they
retire the lieiivy men every year. If 1 am
not mistaken the limit is 168 pounds. As
soon as a policeman gets beyond that weight,
he is tnlreu from the mounted force and is
allowed to perform his work on font there
after. Ido not remember to have seeu a
more alert, powerful athletic lot of men
than those ol the! mounted police of New
York. The reason is obvions. They know
they will be retired if they get beyond a
certain weight, and the result is that they
keep themselves in perfect trim by exercise
and abstinence from liquids. While the
rank and file of Germans were fat, I have
observed that the officers were invariably
slim nnd almost sltmler men, who presented
a splendid appearance in uniform."
Another piece of gymnastic apparatus
made for a special purpose Is also shown in
an accompanying cut. It is intended for
men who wish to keep trm muscles of the
leg nod tnigh in constant trim for walking.
It may bo fastened to the bottom of almost
any arm-chair of solid construction, and fa
intended for use iv the office mainly. The
weights tinder the chair can be increased or
lessened at will, and the p<^lals are not in
the way wheu not in use, and, indeed, afford
a convenient foot-rest and a welcome change
of position once in awhile. A busy man
need not lose a moment from his duties dur
ing the, day, and yet get considerable healthy
exercise out of tliis handy machine.
Base-ball has advanced to a stage whore
only trained athletes of great power can bat
successfully against the tremendously swift
pitching, or rather throwing, now in vogue.
Accordingly, a machine has been invented
espi-cially for would-be home-run makers,
on which they can develop those wry mus
cles which will bo brought into piny «hen
they stand on the plate and prepare to
smash the ball out into far right field. The
machine will uot train the eye, of course, or
keep a man from "fanning the air," but
when he does hit the ball he may feel rea
sonably sure that lie will hit it hard, and
hard hitting is the kind that wins. The ac
companying cut shows thn batter in posi
tion for striking. A cord from the end of
his bat is attached tv a weight, which inns
up and down a sliding iron standard as
he strikes the blow and recovers his posi
tion. The weight may he Increased to al
most any extent, liut a few pounds will suf
fice for the strongest man.
Many other Bael tines are already inventrd,
or »re iv process of invention, which are
intended to develop special muscles of the
human frame, bat there is not roam to illus
trate them within the limits of ihis article,
and much of the success of the modern in
structor in physical culture consists in know
ing what muscles of his pupil most need de
velopment, and then bow to give, them what
they »ant. Even additional beauty may be
imparted to the face and neck, it is asserted,
by developing those muscles of the cheeks
and neck which become flabby under disuse
and make the cheeks look sunken or the
neck scraggy. Speaking on this head, a
woman who has devoted much thought and
time to such niatU-rs said last week:
Walking in an Armchair.
"It is an actual fact that tho muscles of
face are as susceptible of development as
any muscles of the body. The method is a
very simple one, but thorough. No one
can doubt for a moment that a full, round
neck nnd plump cheeks add greatly to
one's beauty. The only way to get this
full in ck and plump cheeks h to go
U) work in an intelligent manner and
develop tlie neck and facial mufcles,
which development causes the lines of
beauty to exist. You may think, per
haps, it Is unneeesoarv to develop muscular
tissue in oiih'r to gain beauty, but that you
can gpt it only by gaming a little more fat;
tills is a very great mistake. ! !.•■ lines of
beamy can only exi-t where the muscles are
plump and firm. The development of the
moscies of the face and neck fills tip the
hollows and causes the llesh to have a firm
nnd healthy look, whereas tlie addition of fat
without muscular development will cause
the llesh to look weak and flabby."
AGED INDIANS.
Remarkable Longevity of the Na
tives of Southern California.
The early inhabitants of Southern Califor
nia,' according to the statement of H. 11.
I<nncroft aud other reports, were found f;>
be living in Spartan conditions as to temper
ance and training, and a highly moral con
dition, in consequence of which tiiey had
uncommon physical endurance and con
tempt for luxury. This training in ab
stinence and hardship, with temperance in
diet, cc mbined with the clirnnte to produce
the astonir-hing longevity to be found here-
Contrary tv the customs of most other tribes
of Indians, their aged were the care of
the community. Dr. W. A. Winder ol San
Diego is quoted us saying that in a visit
to Xl Cajen Valley, some thirty years ago,
he was taken to a house in which ttie nged
persons were caied for. There were half a
dozen who had reached an extreme age.
borne were unnble to move, their bony frame
being sermingiy anihylosed. They were
old, wrinkled and blear-eyed; their Bkin
was hanging in leathery folds about their
withered limbs: some bad hair as white
as snow and had seen some seven score of
years ; others, still able to crawl, but so aged
as to be unable to stand, went slowly about
on their hands and knees, their limbs be
ing attenuated and withered. The organs
of special sense had in many nearly lost
all activity some generations back. Some
had lust the use of their limbs for more than
a decade or a generation ; but the organs of
life and the "great sympathetic" still kept
up their automatic functions, not recojrniz
ing the fact, nnd surprisingly indifferent to
it, that the rest of the bony hud ceased to
be of any use a generation or more in tlie
oast. Dr. Palmer has a photograph (which
I have seen) of a squaw whom he estimates
to be 121! years old. Wh«n he visited Her he
saw her put six watermelons In a blanket,
tie it n d, and carry it on her back
a ilistsi of tivo miles. He is fa
miliar with Indian customs and his
tory, and a careful cross-examination con
vinced him that her information of old cus
toms was not obtained by tradition. She
was conversant with tribal habits she bad
sepn practiced, such as the cremation of the
dead, which the mission fathers bad com
pelled the Indians to relinquish. She had
seen the Indians punished by tlie fathers
with iioegings for persisting iv the practice
of cremation.
At the mission of San Tomas, in Lower
California, is still living an Indian (a pho
tograph of whom Dr. Kemondino shows),
bent and wrinkled, whose age is computed
at 1-Kt years. Although blind, he is still
active, and daily goes down the beach
and along the bed* of the creeks in search of
drift-wood, making it bit daily task to
gather and carry to camp a fagot of wood,
-from "'The Winter of Our Content," by
Charles Dudley Warner, in Harper's Mngo
zine for December.
Thing! for a I'reity Br.l.
Sheets are hemstitched, ana if a monogram
is embroidered upon them, it is a very small
one, and is dono in white cotton and placed
just mar the corner. A very beautiful pair
of curtains specially embroidered, to be put
on a Chippeudalu bedstead, writes a con
tributor to the Ladies' Home Journal, are
of bolting cloth, and show upon the upper
ones buuches of poppies here and there,
while the lower ones display purple, pink
aud pale-blue morning glories, ns if. to call
the sleeper to arise and go forth, for
they were awake with the sun. Night
dress cases are occasionally seen ou the
beds, but are much oftener put on the small,
square stool that stauds just at the foot of
thttbed, and upon which one is supposed to
sit when shoes and stockincs are assumed.
IJie cases are no longer made of lineu, but
are very large scented sachets either of
brocade silk or bolUng-cluth suitably em
broidered. They exhale the favorite per
fume of the gentle lady, and in this way the
robe in which sue sleeps is made daintily
odorous. Some mottoes for cases made of
bolting-cloth are the*e: " Sleep Thy Fill and
Take Thy Soft Repo.«e," "Sleep in T&nce
and Wake in Joy." "Let Me Sleep and Do
Not Wake Me Yet" and "Nyht Bids
Sleep."
THE CAPTIVATING
ISLE OF CUBA.
Many Think It Ought fo fie a
State of the Union.
Havana's Cleanly Strsets-Its Cibs-Favorite
Tifpl* of the Inhabitants- Nuked Pii,k
anicnicE at Every Turn.
INSTEAD of being the dirty, filthy ar.d
I'j therefore pestilential and disease-broed-
IJo ing place that it is populnrly supposed
to be, we found Havana to be— as far as ap
rearances go— the cleanest city we had seen
on our travels; and, at a conservative esti
mate, at least 100 per cent cleaner than De
troit. The whole city is paved or macadamized ;
and in the thickly settled "downtown"
portions the scavenger work is sjstemati
cally attended to every night. All the
refuse of the day is gathered up and carted
on ay while the majority ot the citizens aro
asleep. We did not take this from hearsay,
writes a correspondent to the Detroit Free
Press, but had ocular proof that such was
tho case, having had occasion to return to our
domicile from the vicinity of the i'rado several
limes after the witching hour of midnight.
Tlien we saw men scraping, others sweep
ing, and others loading into c:irts to carry
the stuff to the dumping grounds. When
they had finished, the stone flsgtinx, of
whi'h the pavements are made, looked as
clean as the kitchen lloor of a thrifty .Michi
gan housewife. It may be that they are
compelled by the natuial laws of self
protection aud self-preservation to do this
in order to hold in check the climatic dis
ease of yellow fever, but whatever the
cause, certain it is that Havana is an extra
ordiuarily clou city.
• • •
It seemed as though scarcely any one
walked if they wanted to go from one part
of the city to another. There is, I think," but
one or two lines of street-cars in the city ;
but there are innumerable lines of open om
nibuses, if they may be called by that name.
They are duplicates of some of the antedilu
vian vehicles which are kept in the back part
of some of our livery stables and only trotted
out during the races at the driving park to run
from Mt. Kliiot avenue to the truck. They are
covered, but not inclosed, have a frout seat
for the driver, slatted seats ranged on either
side, running lengthwise, and hanging steps
at the rear for entrance or exit, on which
the conductor stand*. They aro pulled by
small pairs of the little tough nuili-s of
Cuba, a team of which runs all day. They
go along at a good clip; and though a mule
occasionally falls down on the smooth (lag
ging, lie picks himself up with won
derful celerity, by the nid of the
driver's lash and a plenitude of Span
ish oatns. For a warning signal, instead
of the gong with which our ambulances
aud patrol-wagons are provided, the driver
sounds a fog-horn. He does not have to
waste his breath on this, but simply presses
a rubber Lu!b, which drives the air through
the i.< mi. making u.e. sonii'l, and then tills
itself automatically, ready lor another
pressure and another screech. The lare of
these vehicles is 10 cents iv Cuban scrip,
which is equivalent to 4 cents in our money.
They do not run on regular timp, but stand
at their termini until they get a good part vf
a load, aud then start.
There are thousands of cabs iv Havana.
each drawn by one small horse, about the
size and, apparently, the toughness of a
Mexican mustang. They, are open, low
and small-wheeled, made to carry two and
the driver, but can seat three in a pinch.
They can be found standing in any of the
central portions of the city. They will carry
a load, whether it is oue or three, from any
part of the city to another, for 4o ctnU of
their money, which is l(i cents of ours.
Think of that, you people who pay a hack
man 50 cents to carry you from one part of
the city to another aud M cents more for
every stop you make to get a cignr or a
sandwich! They double, up on these rates
alter midnight.
• • *
There are some immense saloons in Ha
vana, and they are arranged in what we nre
accustomed to regard us German style, viz. :
filled with tables aud chairs. To meet the
demand of a lew Americans who ask for it
tncy have lager beer to sell here; but,
as Hamlet says, r,. is "stale, ii.it aud
unprofitable. " The almost universal bev
erages airt Spanish wines, Holland gin
aud coguac. In the service of the cognac
anil gin the purchaser is furnished two very
large and thick glaasea, and a bottle Iroiu
which he helps himself, and no Questions
asked as to the Quantity taken. One of the
glasses is tilled with lee-water containing a
good chuuk of ice. The latter commodity
used to be something of a luxury here, as it
had to be brought in ships nil the wny from
Slaine und .Nova .Scotia. But now this is
manufactured in Cuba lor about BO cents a
ton; it is plentiful, and plentifully used.
Jn every one oi these public places you
will find a man going around selling tickets
for the Havana lottery, the drawing lor
which take) place ouce a month. It was
told to us that there was scarcely anybody
in town who could scrape up $'-'— the price of
a fraction of a ticket— who did not take
chances in the lottery every mouth.
• • •
Something new and something strtngp
meits the eye at every turn. We took a trip
one day on the cars to Matan/as, an import
ant seaport of Cut.'a, about eighty miles up
the coast east from Havana. Flven the cars
are different from ours. They were of
Americtu build, but, except the last one on
the train, were not the kind in use in our
country. That one was "lirst-class," ;md
was uo't as good as one of our ordinary pas
senger coaches. The others were second
and third class cars. Tho second had cane
scat?, nnd the third benches with no
bitcks. At every station we reached we
found oue or mote of th"se little soldiers
fully arnit'd with musket, etc., walking up
and down tbe platform. Wo were Informed
that this sort of thing was not so much for
the protection of the traveling public as
for the purpose of keeping the Cubans in a
proper frame of mind regarding the au
thority of the Spaniard!, it netded these
con!>t«nt reminders of despotism to make
us realize that there was m t the same safe
guards here to the life, liberty and prop
erty of tho citizens as there were across tlie
narrow channel separating Cuba f torn the
United Stales.
As we proceeded the wonderful natural
wealth aud luxuriant fertility of tho coun
try showed itself. Thnusauds of acres
of the tobacco plant could be seen in
nil stages of development, from the young
and tender shoou in the ground to the
bunches hung up in sheds and undergoing
the "sweating" process, for in this cli
mate nothing ever stops glowing until it
is cut down and harvested or dies from
old age. Then, whirling along, an im
mense sugar plantation would come
into view on both sides of tlie track. We
got off at one or two stations where the
stops wero long enough and examiued the
cane. It grows very thickly and some of
the stalks are as large urnund as a man's
wrist Negroes were going through it armed
with thick-backed knives nearly as heavy
as a butc'ier's cleaver, cutting down the
stalks. Others lopped off the luxuriantly
growing heads, which were loaded into a
rack on a cart drawn by an ox team. This
is used for fodder, and tlie cane produces
enormous quantities of it. The stalu itself,
from the root up to where it i-ommences to
brunch off, about three feet in length, was
londed into another ox-drawu vehicle. This
is the marketable article, and is shipped by
rail or otherwise to tno sugar-mills or tlm
refineries in the. cities or towns. It is to the
planters In this form the same as thrashed
wheat is to the. farmer of Michigan—market
able, and worth a certain amount spot cash.
It whs stacked up in some of the yards
near the. stations almost like so much cord
wood. I picked up two or three stilks and
brought them aboard the train. You could
knock a man down with one of them as
easily as with a base-ball club; but when
ouce you get Into tho inside the pi tb is almost
lik» sugar itself. They told us that these
"luxuriant fields were of perennial growth ;
that is, if a man had a large plantation
and started a gang iv nt one corner of it to
cut down and harvest the cane, by the time
they got all through and back to the
corner they started from another crop of
cane would have grown up there and be
ready for harvesting. That seemed almost
incredible; but it whs solemnly asserted to
be a fact. They only put in the plow and
renew a Cuban sugar plantation once in
from fifteen to twenty y«ars. As roost
Michigan people kniiw, the Louisiana cane
is the same as so:ghum or corn, and has to
bo planted and cultivated every year. It
seems as though a country that" will yield
such a croo with no human effort or labor
except that necessary to harvest it ought to
be the richest on the footstool.
• • •
No American that I hnve ever heard of
has ever come bai-k from Cuba without be.
iiit completely saturated will) the idea that
she ought to be a State of the Union, no
matter what it might cost to get her.
What a place for a winter resort!— both
for those who have money with which to
purchase luxury and for those who must
brealha a Boft, sweet, refreshing, wnrm air
ia older that they may live at all. Imagine,
if you can, a place only ninety-six hours'
journey by laud and water from Detroit
where in February you sleep with doors
and windows opeu, or, if you desire, ia
the open air, where everything is green and
fragrant and blossoming, where what are
hot-house plants here are rnadsidn weeds or
the material for hednes to keep in cattle,
where you throw out your che and open
your coat to let the air eirculato through tho
gauz'est underweir, and wher» you con
stantly see little •'pickaninnies" of loth
sexes running around In the open air with
out even the traditional fin-leaf for protec
tion or for modesty. Many tmes during
my too short stay in thistwliantins coun
try there came involuntarily into my mind
those beautiful lines of Byron, so accurately
they seemed to describe the situation here:
Know ye the land where ihe cypress and myrtle
Are emblems of deeds that are done In their clime:
Where tlie rase or the vullur.\ the love of the turtle
Now melt into sorrow, now madden to crime ?
Know ye t:ie laud of me ctMi&raml vine.
Where the flowers crer blossom, the beams ever
shine:
Where the ligbt wing? of zephyr, oppressed with
perfume.
Wax taint o'er the gardens of Gul In her btoom;
Where the citron anil oliveare fairest ot fruit,
Ami the voice of the nightingale uever is mute:
*W here the tints of the earih MUd the hues of the skj
In color ttiough varied, in heiuty may Tie,
Anil tlie purple of ocean Is deepest In dye:
Where the virgins are suit as the flowers they en
twine
Aud ail, save the spirit of man, Is divine?
On we whirl through this moving pano
rama of loveliuess, at peace with ourselves
And with all the world -save the Spanish,
who hold this beautiful isle which we ought
to have— until we arrive at our destination.
But another chnpter for "A Day at Ma
tanzas!"
AS SEEN
AT REDFERN'S.
Trelly AY raps That Aro Made to
Cover Pretty Shoulders.
MiEW Y'OliK, I>ec 2, 1890.— An article
< in a Sunday pnperof recent date gave
* an interesting account of some of the
most impoitant and costly items which go
to tlie formation of the debutante's coming
out wardrobe. Ruffled and lace-bedecked
petticoats by the dozen, silk underwear and
hosieiy, satin corsets, the most fetching of
shoes and glove 9, gowns of every description
and hats to match— all these things were
enumerated and criticized and their cost
averaged. But in the matter of wiaps the
writer was very remiss, for she did not be-
>
0/ Dome. Blue Cloth.
stow upon tbe fair damsel even a single
opera cloak, although the fashionable so
ciety woman of the period has now almost
as many elaborate confections for evening
wear as she has ball and dinner toilets.
Some of these cloaks kip long and flowing,
so that the lovely gown benMtll is quite
concealed and protected. These ore made
of matelasse and brocaded silks, mixed
with plush nnd velvet, or of the new
figured faced cloths and the French fancy
cloaking!). A few are all of plush in
delicate colors such as Spanish yellow and
shell pink, or else in the vivid light tur
quolte tints. Full feather bands and llglit
( olorcd fur trim these luxurious wraps, w inch
are lined with rich Pompadour brocades.
Smaller wraps, on the cape order, with fitted
backs and full fronts falling a little below
Of Shell Pi>\k bilk.
thn wnist, are more youthful and less bur
densome and ar« therefore very popular
with the owners of slender petite, figures. A
couple of these wraps have just beeu finished
by Itedfern for a bloudn beauty.
One is dome blue cloth with yoke and
middle back form of golden brown velvet
braided with gold nnd set with turquoises.
Tho high velvet collar is finished with a
fluffy ruche of turquoise ostrich feathers.
The other, as here pictured, is even more
elaborate, being a Kind of small dolman of
shell pink rorded silk, with sleeves and part
of the front of water-green velvet braided in
silver and finished with friuge of pink silk
mixed with silver pendants. A fall of silver
gray cock's feathers covers the shoulder and
upper arm. JR.
AN UNEVEN DINNER.
X<p~
—LtSe,
SPECTACLES AND
EYE-GLASSES.
Some Extrnrngant Uses to Wliicb
TLey Have Been Pot.
When Aiessandro de Spino ot Florence
invented spectacles he could never have an
ticipated thai they would be used as marks
of sc cial position and intellectual superi
ority by some of the most civilized nations
of the earth. Yet, strange as it may ap
pear, they have been put to this extravagant
use.
In Spain during the seventeenth century,
the wearing of spectacles by both sexes was
a mark of social eminence. Although they
were not necessary, many kept them on
while eating or attending public functions,
such as theaters, in concerts and bull-fights,
so that the wearers Qtleht command respect
from those of the lower orders with
whom they might be compelled to
come in contact A story is ti>lil of
a fowig monk who, having accomplished
some difficult task, was premised by ths
prior any favor which it was in his
power to grant. He gravely rep!i< d that he
hud long yearued to be permitted to wear
spectacles. This request evidently gratified
his superior, who, with an air of satisfied
pride, siiid to the young monk, "Hermano,
P^nga las ojnlas (brother, put on spec
tacles)." 'flic concession tilled the recipient
with such j v that he lonhwitli fell on his
knees, and, kissing tho prior's hand, earn
estly expressed his gratitude for >o great an
honor. There is another Story which shows
how highly the rijjlit to wenr these orna
ments was esteemed. It is said that when
the viceroy of Naples, tiie Marquis d'Astor-
Kttt, was having his bust sculptinvd io mar
ble, lie was mofct careful to have his best and
lureei-t spectacles put in, as he thought it
could not be a good likeness if these neces
sary appendages of nobility were omitted.
In tins century the sizi? of the spectacles
was also a matter of important considera
tion, just as carriages and men-sei vnnts are
nowadays As a man's fortune increased.
so did the size of his spectacles. And the
Countess d'Aulnoy assures us that as men
rose in political and social rank, the specta
cles, too, rose higher and higher on their
noses. She also states from personal ob
servation that some of those worn by the
grandees were as laiye as her head, and that
for this reason these personages obtained
the sobriquet of ocales. These glasses were
for the most part made in veuice, until
the Venetians, out of revt-nge. played a
trick on the Spaniards. The Marqu sde
Cueva, with two other nobles, had under
taken to set the arsenal of Venice on lire by
burning glasses, and thus render up the
city to the King of Spate. To be revenged
for this attempt on their city the Venetians
caused a large number of thesa huge spec
tacles or ccales to l>e made of burning glass,
and had them set in frames of an explo-ive
material, so that when the sun'a rays boat
upon them they would heat to explosion,
and thus blind their wearers. It is said
that the explosion actually occurred, but
with no more disastrous consequence than
the burning ot the eyebrows, eyelashes and
hair of the wearers, a circumstance which
made the Spaniards veiy irate with the Ve
netians, canting them to withdraw their cu»
tcm for ocales Horn tiieni forever.
It would seem that tlie English caught
this quaint and ridiculous custom from
Spain, but, not to appear slavishly imitative,
they adopt the eye-ylas.s, that vain decora
tion of a mnti's face which Coleridge de
scribed as "a piece of glass stuck id a fou's
eye to show that he was a coxcomb." Ilow
many men wear this curious ornament for
affectation it were useless to -peculate ; but it
is known that in the greatest majority of cases
it is uuru to nive the wearer a supercilious
air which be in his inordinate vanity mistakes
for adigiified one, and without which he
would De unniiticr.abli* among the thousands
of common-place beings with whom we
daily cuuie in contact, For a lime this
single piece of glass was much in vogue,
but it has by decrees given place to a mure
refined tiud less daDgeious to the e>v-sight
ornament— the pince-uez. This is the eye
gear which is most affected by actors or men
who wish to attract attention to their puny
individuality.
In Germany the habit of wearing specta
cles first began in affectation. Consequent, it
may reasonably be presumed, cm the inter
course which existed between that country
and Spain under Charles V. By degrees
this affectation, following the theory of
natural evolution, became a necessity, and
now it is almost au obligatory badge, of
■Cbotar&hip anioug those who aspire to tiie
dUtincliuD of li.-iiii; considered savants in
Germany. Mark Twain wittily observes
that if lie bad the monopoly of the sale of
sueeiacles in thai cuuutry tie would mo
mentarily be rendered happy, inasmuch as
the revenue he would derive from it would
supply all his wants.
In former days the rims of spectacles
were uiadu of bone and tortoise shell, but
this clumsy framework has given place t»
gold, nickel and steel, so that a pair of
spectacles can now be had which weighs le9s
thau half an ouuee; still, the tortoise-shell
frame, with lons handles of the »ame sub
stauce.iamost In fashion for"ladies' glasses,"
for with them insolent gazers may be the
more easily "snubbed," and unpleasant ac
quaintances, by an ostentatious appearance
of neKr-sightediiess, be conveniently "cut."
It is a strange fact that those who have real
need of spectacles are slowest to wear them,
though by their timely u 3 e a waniug eye
sight may be preserved or restored, and a
pleasant "Id age secured to him who other
wise would h;.ve a glsuuiy one. — American
Notes and Queries.
Moral Woddlßg Hnndcuffa.
One of the prettiest novelties at English
bridals is that of Unking the bridesmaids to
gether with chains oi /lowers attached to
floral hiiiHlcuft's, says the Ladies' Home
Journal.
Usually there arp six maids besides the
maid <'f honor. They walk two by two,
those on the right side of the aisle hav
ing Hi" chains depending from their
leit \\ii->ts, the maids on the reft side
baring their rylu wrists conuected. The
chains are long enough to curve gracefully
from wrist to wrist. The outside hand of
each maid is free to hold her bouquet,
pusey or basket of blossoms, and linking the
wrists, that are on the insiue going up the
ait-le, brings the maids in the right order as
they foiui quarter circles, one on each side,
at the chancel. After the ceremony, in the
twlnkl;ii;4 of an eye, the mnid nearest the
bnde on each side slips off her handcuff,
passes it to the second maid, takes the arm
of "her" usher and falls into line. Maid
number two follows suit, and the two who
are last to leave the church carry the chains
in loops on their disannulled arm.
Union Soup Objected To.
Paris landlnrds hnvo recently furnished
subjects for a good dt'Rl of rriticisiu. The
oilier tiny one of them expelled a tcnunt
bemuse lie had breonie the fatherof r fourtb
child. Mis lease stipnlnted that ho had to
leave if he had a family of more tlinn three
children. Another strange clause in a least
is attracting attention. A gentleman
recently hired an nrailuient and signed a
lease In which it was particularly stipulated
that if ever oniun soup was cooked in his
apartment lie wou'ul have to quit at a mo
ment's notice. It so happened the gentle
man was very fond "f oi.ion soup, and re
gr.rdiiiK the stipulation aa merely a joke,
gave oiders to his cook, a few days after
moving in, to prepare the savory dish. He
had n,it, however, sat down to the table to
taste it before the landlord, who lived in the
house, came, up in a race, witn witnesses to
prove the violation of tlm iigreement. The
offending tenant has to go.
Catarrh to Consumption.
Catarrh In Hs destructive force stands neit to ana
undoubtedly leads ou to consumption. It is. there
fore, singular that those atniclcd with this fearful
disease should nut make it the object of their lives
to rid themselves of It. deceptive remedies coo
cocted by ignorant pretenders to medical knowledge
have weakened the confidence of the great majority
of suiFerers In all advertised remedies. They be
come resigned to a life of misery rataer thun torture
themselves with doubtful palliatives.
But this will never do. I'atarru must be met at
evf ry stage and combated with all our might. Iti
many cases the disease has assumed dangerous symp
toms. The bones anil cartilage of the nose, the or
gans of hearing, of seeing and «t tasting so affficted
as to be useless, the mil so elongated, the throat
so tnllamed and irritated, as to produce a constant
and distressing cough.
Sankouk's Radical Cure meets every phase of
Catarrh, from a simple head cold to the most loath
some mid destructive stages. It Is local and consti
tutional. Instant In relieving, permanent In curing,
•ate, economical anil never-falling.
Each package contains one bottle of the Radical
Cfbk, one box Catahriial Solvknt and an Im
rßovKDlNiiAi.Kß, with treatise; price $1.
POTTKK ÜBUO .V OHKMICIL CoBPOKATIOX, Boston.
iflfc?. OLD FOLKS' PAINS.
*" "' 1" r comfort for all Pains, [tiflam-
J^H ~" * iiKUii'M. ami Weakness ol t!i» Arjmt v
OT i^sft t!li * * '»t «iii Mui-r.iiili.i,! r , the
Jfclte»iu** first Him only imiii-klillngStreugthenliig
Vi.i.^tii. .sew, iusUiii:rir v >i:s au<l lnfaillUle. Vastly
superior to ail other reinpilies ana a;>t>liances for
relieving pain and jitreuaihenlng the lniHcleg. Feeia
c-'."i froui the moment v l.s applied. Ac alt drug
gists. '2b rents: ttve lor $1 ; or, postage Tree, uf r<>T»
TKH DiU'U A.NU t'HJiIMK'AL COHIMJKATION, ItOStOII.
Alaha. <*els MoTiiSu ly
ft READY RELIEF,
THE GREAT CONQUEROR OF PAIN.
Inr intem»t and external use. Pried .>(»,: par
tKHUo. Soldby Drusalita, sel ly Suilo^fy
MTSCEIJLAIfEanS;
CHILDREN
Are always liable to sudden and severe
colds, to croup, sore thro.-it, lung fever, etc.
Remedies, tc be effective, must he admin
istered without delay. Ivuthing is better
adapted lor such emergencies tlian Ayer's
Cherry Pectoral. It soothes the inflamed
membrane, promote! oxi>ector:itioii, relieves
coughing, and induces Bleep. The prompt usa
of this medicine h:is s:i\cd innumerable lives,
both of young an:l old.
" One of my children had croup. The case
was attended by our physicta!!, and was sup
posed to l>e well under control. One night
I was startled by the child's hard breathing,
and on going to it found it
Strangling.
It had nearly ceased to breathe. Realizing
that the child's alarming condition haal be
come possible in spite of the medicine it had
taken, 1 reasoned that such remedies would
be of no avail. Having a part of a bottle ol
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral in the house, I gava
the ehihl three doses, at short intervals, and
anxiously waited results. From the moment
the Pectoral w;is given, the child's breathing
grew easier, and in a short time it was sleep
ing quietly and breathing naturally. The
child is alive and well tn-day. and I do not
hesitate to say that Ayr's Cherry ivctoral
snved its life."— f. J. Woolilridge, Wortham,
Texas.
CP-For colds, coughs, bronchitis, asthma,
ami the early stases of consumption, take
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
ra«i-ARKr> et
DS. J. C. AYES & CO., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by all Urugjlau. Trice $1 ; »ix bottle»,si.'
«W&|||| Children
W^fi^^k Growing
11 Too Fast
become listless, fretful, without ener
gy, thin and weak. But you can for
tify them and build them up, by the
) use of
1
2 OF PURE COD LIVER OIL AND
: HYPOPHOSPHITES
Of l.inie and Soda.
They will take it readily, for it is al
most as palatable as milk. And it
should be remembered that AS 1 tIIK
VE.NTIYK OB Cl'BE Of COUGHS OE COLDS,
IN BOTH THE OLD AND YOUMB, IT IS
ONEQOALLED. ■*••** —MHumtm offmd.
SAESAPAEILLA
OR BLOQD IND LIVER SYRUP.
fi. peerless remedy for Scrofula, Whitrf
Swellings, Cancer, Erysipelas, Gont, ;
Chronic Sores, Syphilis, Tumors, Car
buncles, Salt Rheum, Malaria, Bilioiu
Complaints, and all diseases Indicat
ing an Impure Condition, of the Blood,
Liver, Stomach, Kidneys, Bowels,
Skin, etc. This Grand Remedy is onm
posed of vegetable extracts, chief of
which are SAR3APARILLA and
STILLINGIA. The cares effected me
absolute. For sale by all Druggista
JOHN P. HENEI & CO., New Torfc
E3^"Vrite for Illuminated Book.
A Stln of liranty In ■ Joy Porerar
DR. T. FELIX OIIURAID'S
«orlemal Cream, or Magical Bean'.ißer»
-— ■ jug^^fti^ HeinoTea T»n, Puupir*.
*'5S =~ i^&va?S\ P'"' »!'■». M"th - Hatches.
-* v "■§ m£s?£*-i£ Baiu ""1 Skin rl|sea»««,
i^tS ni.il «vrr> likniib no
ais^s-j /mrf r '"* cl " !ei>tlon -
Jal-.l lv ;* laily <>: tne b."it 'en :. patient): -.-Is y.-u
toi/i's will uji# them, I vrroimn'nd ffllHWWifl 'Yum
rtl Ihr !rnst hamnjul of alt Skin prrjtarntiunx." <>n<
bottle will test six montbs, using it crer* Uay. Also
Foadre Subtile remove* superfluous bair without
Injury to tb* stln.
KKHU T. Hol'KlNS.Prop'r, 37 Sre»t Joiiesst., N. T.
For sale by All Dru^clsta And Fancy fioods U«al«ra
<iireu«hout the U. 8.. Caumias an<l Knrope.
*»" itevurs or Ba>« iraiutiuiis. fiouu Kewud
or wrest mod iiruor of >nr one aelllnc t&e s mi
ai.iO SuMo a,, ly
de-2 :<y TuThSp Su6p
liebic COHPANY'T
EXTRACT OF BEEF
friuest aiitl (ticapest Meat Hjvm i „- >„.., tor Soupi,
Alade OUhos aud Saucea. As BecC iv.t, "au mvaiit
at)le tonic and tUuiiiuuk'' Ai*uu^lt4id
GenutnA only irltHftic-*! in'!** of .Fn^ta^
Ton Lieble'g iiieiiatar* In blue arnm label,
v »: >„ v ••.
Sold by Stor»-koopers, (jrocers »v I Unuzisu.
UKUIU'd LJiIRAOr OK XKAT CO.. L'til. Louloa.
mm TliSuly
GRATEFUL-COMFORTING.
EPPS'S COCOA
BREAKFAST.
M Py a thorough ltn»wtMig« of tbe natnra! liwj .
wtalc!. govern the operations of dtae-ttlon a?ul nutri
tlou, auU by a cor«rul application ot the Hue proper
ties of w^H-»olecteU Co>;t»a, Mr. Kpps U*s prorl-lal
our breakfast tables with a tlt-liratrly tUvurv I iwv
erase which Mf save us many he:iry docturs' liltU.
It is by ! tie jutUcimis una or aaeb *ilU'!c.h af d'.dt thit
a cunstltutlou m»y L*r .rir.y hullt nj> until *tro:i ;
enougU to resist t*very tcutleitcy to ■':>>■. t.\ Him
iircdi of subtle mala<llt-4are nuutlugaruiuitl utrdfttly
toaltsck tvbererfx tu.-r'- is a wsak point. Wo mir
escape many a fatiu -:;;!■■ l»y tteeptug u(irse>res wet'
lortilie<l with pure Mo at :.. ! a {troptrly nu^rijiuJ
Iraino." — rivtl srrvico Liazctte.
Ma*le simply \\:\h !;olitns; water or milk. Sol t
ouly Id li.ti. {e-'Uti i ii.-s. by tirucera, UlMiiea ttitu;
JAMKS KiTSAtU, Mumcßop:tt!tic C'htsm-
Utrt. London, Kiitflnnd. mrtt SuTh ly
BRACE UP, MAN!
Ortain disorders of BiEN makt them Blue.
That's because thoy loae hope too soon!
| OUR NEW BOOK |
clinii >« Wat/iuiix " buve wun us v" 9oiiou<lii
»/»Mf«»." EBII MEDICAL CO.. Bbi1»1o !« V
HAVE SOME STYLE!
laluouiwy v
t/inst^pTlls!
l>r. CATON'S !:i:l.lAIlI.K (Oill'ot Xlifoi LA
lULS :.r> S.ilV. I>r»iu|>l. fO9> t I .in I. Tlir unxi.
nil :in<t only t;. mi. ac Wamii'l «»lv.aira.
-\1 AlhlmeKi-tn. or by mait.Sl. -.-.il- i . :■ i. :->U'4-
CATON MKbll'AL Sl'KClflC CO.. Boftaa. »U
THE RICHAKOS DKDIi CO.. SOP anil Sll
MafKet St.. S. r. Cal., Agents. myaawu ly
llf I DR. HENLEY'S
I *%■■ for Dyspepsia and Indigestion.
SOI. 1) l.\ AI.L DiiALKiIS.
jju7 iv l'u U
15

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