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AS A FINE ART.
Some Benulifnl Work on Glass
Produced by Skilled
PAIUTniQ IN MINERAL COLORS.
Methods and Processes Employed
in Achieving the Oddities and
Triumphs of the Enameler's Art.
Where the Enamel Proper in
the Highest and Best State
\ "Z ~ 7HE nrt of enamellnz has been
I \J 1/ (one of the leading arts in the
<~^( y — 'ornamentation of metals for
S / over thr.-e cpnturlos.
I I An authority on the work In-
I— — -3 stances a specimen wliich ha 3
stood the test ot threo hundred long years
and still retains Iho original brilliancy of its
coloring. This statement, of c tirsf, is the
presumption that the design could not have
Seen more brilliant in its colorinj when
first made r.ilher than autual knowledge that
it was not.
Enamel is roaliy a fine gra le of gla«s, and
if it is fcenl from as strong a heat as that
which originally melted it into the spa^e
Drepaml for it on a metal article its only
other danger is breakage, for like all glass
substances it is very brittle. It does not
A iii ill ,
Applying Enamel .ViT.'mrJ.
wear away much from ordinary friction, as
did tho fabled panes of glass which a very
cleanly housekeeper washed until they were
Enameling is dorm in all civilized cmn
tries, the J.ii ancsc being especially expert
at the work.
Daring the Philadelphia Centennial the
Russian exhibit of metal articles proved that
the art hail reached a hiih state of perfec
tion in that counlry. The oddness of their
des'gns gave a n«w complexion to this at
IW re tlia last French exposition a Nrw
York tinn who desired to make a specially
attrmctrVH ezhibll of metalware at Paris im
ported, for the purpose of gettins tha best
results in the direction of ena-.nol work, a
nnnilh-r nf Russian enamelers. How they
tvoide 1 the contract lab<r pio'ubition is not
explained, but the Rasslans came here and
ppliea their clever foreign m-thnds iv the
urnduciiou of American ideas in design ami
eolor:ni. Tiie boldness of conception of
these work-, especinllv as regards the blend
ing of col< rs and tint*, was quite romark
aljle, and the enameling-* made a very great
jmpression on the foreign experts. Enamel
ing was comparatively in its infancy here,
and the best form of tho art, ennrael paint
tag, or the presentation of an elaborate de
s'.an or picture in enamel form, had no ex
pert hand devoted to it.
Ten years a?o this form of enameling
was done by about one or two man who
might be considered at all expert, and their
wort was not always reliable. All the diffi
culties were finally overrode and enamel
pa:uiin» of an anistic and reliable quality is
now an a-suri'd American success.
Enamel Drr.pr r in its highest or b^st state
con)i>s from Geneva, Switzerland, anl Pari-;.
It is a!*o made in Germany. The French
and .Swh* tire said to have the best methods
for coloiiug the fine glass.
I^TT^T Iff? -^V^S^
Putting tl.c Work in the iluflle—The Fire at the Back
One of the most common formulas for the
makins* of en.imel glass is given in an
English work. Lend is melted until it is
'wasted aw.iy." TMe residuum of thi> is
an cxilo. The ingredient mixed with this is
an equal t onion cf a powder got by grind
ing up small white pebbles found in brooks.
These sv.ii-tances melted together make Inn
fine glass known as enamel. The colors are
given t •) the enamrl in its first form by mix
iue in certain metallic oxides.
X.'d is an exceedingly difficult color to get
in all desired shades, but continued experi
ments have produced a great luany tints not
obtained u;itil recently. The reproduction
In enamel of the well-known pinky two
cent postage-stamp is now puzzling an en
ameler, and daily experiments are bein<»
made to get its odd color exactly counter^
A visitor to an expert enameler's studio
discovered many interesting things in con
nection with the work. The leading ex
pert takes a piece of enamel of the desired
color and breaks it into a powder in a por
celain dish with an agate, mortar that is
not very large, but exceedingly hard at its
Whi-n the glass Is ground to a very fine
powder water is Bixi d with it, and it forms
a sort of paste. The same expert attends to
Betting shades of color. This is done liy
mixinK other tints of glass with the first one.
Ibis vrork is as artistic as color-mixing by
a painter, but the painter has the advantage
of. being able to liy on a little of his com
bination witn a brush, and can get almost
Tlie Golden Woman Cup.
an immediate result But the enamel mixer
hnsto Dut his combined colors on a piece of
flat metal and submit them to a fire b.tth be
fore he can have any idea of what the aelunl
tnt will become when applied to a piece of
Frequent experiments nre therefore neces
sary aud after a whole day of experiment
ing it frequently happens that a desired
color 13 as yet beyond his reach.
Ihe Jonn Wanamaker pink postage
stamp h aca ? e in point The colorist has
got within hailing dintunce of its peculiar
tint, but its exact hu« refuses to be ma
termli/.-ii, probably in deference to the ex
pressed wish of the Government that coins
or stamps shall not be put before tbo public
in counterfeit presentment
The enamel mixing once accomplished
successfully, young women experts proceed
to apply the thin paste to metal objects pre
pared for it. This application is made with
a steel point, which is dipped in the mixture
and passed along the surla ■« or in the cut 9
of the piece of jewelry. When the paste is
on the article it is hardly perceptible to the
inexperienced eye. The article is hardly
dry before it is taken to the furnace to 1m
•"ftred." The "firing" of; an eDtmeltd ob
ject is one of tbe more delicate operations of
Id a Inch brick furnace, with an opening
about a foot square, into which the work U
put, a very hot fire is glowing. The little
pieces of jewelry are hung on a wire, which
rests on pieces of h'ird material made of a
sort of fire-brick. These in turn rest on a
circular plate of the same material called a
Between the opening of. the furnace and
the fire at the back is an arch of this fire
brick called a "muffle," with two holes at
the back through which the hei>t comes.
The " tile " with it* freight is held in this
nrch with a loi:g pair ol touKS, which allows
the artist to keep far enough from the lire to
avoid its hottest blast-.
When the articles have be?n in about two
minutes the enamel on the surfaces has re
turned to its original glassy state, and is
black, blue or red, as the case may be,
whereas when it went in it was ol no par
ticular color, at leßst to the inexperienced
eye mentioned before.
Tlie "muffles," which keep the fire, but
not its heat, away from the work, generally
outlive their usefulness in two weeks' time.
They an- then taken out of the furnace in a
very rough looking state, clinkers and cin
ders banging all over their outer sides. In
The Tiro~3finule Furnace.
most cases of enmncling in cut spaces tiie
enamel more than fill the spares after firing.
It is tlien smoothed down tn tlie metal sur
face with a tile wii'le of a mixture of emery
and shellac. These files are imported.
Tlio sort of enamel which is used as tlie
final covering of au enamel painting is a
fins called "fandant." This i 3 similar to
the regular enamel but somewhat softer,
and it i* not cnl'Ted, as it is generally used
as a transparent covering for the protection
of colored designs previously applied to
Thn nsal processes ol enameling do not
admit of the artistic or complete reproduc
tion of pictorial designs. Enamel painting,
tlie hiyher form, will reproduce almost any
thing that the artist may conceive. To pre
pare ;> piroe of Jewelry or a watch for paint
ing, the Mirfare is first cut away und a fac
ing of milky wliite enamel is ptit in lUc tut
space mid then fired. The artist Ukes this
Riiil puts his design mum it. His material is
mineral paint. This is obtained from Paris
in all the primary Colors. Tints are made
by mixicg the eolers as au artist in oils
The dry mineral pnint is put on a glass
"slal> ' imd mixed with oil ot lavender uutii
it reaches the roiiiMence tf ordinary oil
paint. The oil use<i is a very vol«tile one,
mid when the vmik is subsequt-iitly put
through thn tire it burns or cries out very
quickly. The BkllUul artist knows just how
thick the nil should he, and before dri-pplng
it in the dry paint mixes it to suit the neces
sities of tlie occasion.
When the paint is ready, the head, land
scape. Mower or scroll is painted on with the
very finest bind of a brnsh. This operation is
exactly the s;;me as would be the production
of a colored design nn a piece of paper, bat
when put on ulass it renuires very delicate
bundling, and the artist usually employs a
magnifying uU?s when at his nrurk. When
Painting for Ertdme'.
the design is finished the article is put into
the tire. When it comes nut it may he found
that some one of the component colors is sat
isfactorily done wliiie others may look weak
und unsatisfactory. These are gone over
again by the ariist and then fired again.
Tlie operation of tiring the. paintings is to
a ceiUin extent the same as thn drying of
colors on a canvas. Very often an nrlist
who finds his tints satisfactory wlseu wet
discovers a weakness when they arc dried,
and lie has to strengthen tliem again.
For Pimilnr reasons an enamel painted ar
ticle has often to be fired from twelve to fif
teen times. When tlie picture is satisfactory
the flux or "fandant" is put entirely over the
surface and in its turn "iired." Tm result is
a transparent covering which effectually pro
tects the design, and v really welded luto it,
so to speak.
Photography ha«, after its obtrusive
fashion, encroached aa this particular artis
tic domain, as it has on most other*. A
few years ago a man named lrlande, a
Frenchman iv spite of his Celtic name
claimed to have a patent for the reproduc
tion o! photo-cnameliugs.
His process, which was really an old one,
was the photographing on the winte enamel
field ill pictures of ah sorts in miniature.
Historic scenes were produced wiih great
fidelity to the originals, and tlieir beauty,
as designs, were iv many cases ennanced by
reduction in size. While their general ap
pearance was very go(K], l!it?:r photographic
effect was against tiiem, V.,x the people who
can afford fine products in enamel, as in
other art works, do not care fur articles
M hich are to a large degree mechanical.
A colored photograph is Lut a colored
photograph, whether in an enameled casing
or a gilt frame, ami the work never found a
good sale, it lad net the stamp of "liand
painting" which give 3so great a value to
Hie general product in artistic directions
Tl;e employment of this method s.opped, to
a great txteut, at the reproduction of por
tiaits, a class of work which cannot be done
in perfection by enamel-painters, no matter
what their skill with the brush. JJeautiful
specimens of this work have come lrom
abro.nl, but with all their be.iu.ly ihty are
still photographic and unsatisfactory.
C,Oae (if the most elaborate enameled de
sigus of a curlniii order that lias ever been
produced is a double cup, made to order for
a Chicago lady. The smaller bowl of this
cup is in ti.e form of a rose, ami it is so ar
ranged as to udmii of its swinging. The
wliola design takes the form of a woman
the two hands of whicli hold the swin-'inu
rose. The dress of the figure is the larg-7
cup. The fare is a poitrait of the owner
very elegantly cbased in goid. The whole
design is of gold of different shades of co'oi
The roso represents a full-blown flower
of the bright red variety known as the
"American Queen." The whole outer sur
facu of this li'jwer is enameled iv h nearly
The hands, arms and face of the figure are
of gold made to reproduce as nearly as
possible a natural flesh color. Toe armlets
and tin- broad collarette are figured to rep
resent bullion. These are of bright yellow
gold. The whole bodice is rnauiel-.-d a
bright red. The buttons are plaliua, laced
with gold cords.
A Ri;dle and pendant cords are enameled
to represe, t rubies, emeralds and sap
phires, bnght red hearis, also enameled
hang at the ends of taa girdle cords. Ti e
dre^s is yellow gold, with a bordering of
enameled ivy leaves. The veil, which shows
rather imperfectly in the cut, is crowned
with a golden chnplet, nnd is enameled in
white, with a delicate representation of a
fine lace pattern in raised enamel. This
piece of work is by far the finest specimen
of American enameled woik ever made.
Another class of enameling not mentioned
above is called "Limoges." It is a French
conception, and while vary artistic and ex
pensive it does not present the soft nnd deli
cate apnoiirauee which makes the faudant
covered designs so attractive.
Designs in Limoges are put over an
enameled surface the sameas that used for
flat painted designs, but the fi.ial design is
not covered. This style of painting is
largely used on concave surfaces, where it
is comparatively fr.-e from friction.
The peculiarity of this work is its bas
relief feature. The designs aro painted on
the surface glass with very tbics colors aud
stand out in bold relief. When fired they
do uot suffer from shrinkage, ami, as in the
case of most relief work, they appear to
project farther from the surfaco than they
American enamelers do not produce much
of this class of work, but can do it to perfec
tion when it is wanted.
One of the odde-t articles which eal's for
the euamelers' art is a silver representation
of au envelope. This little fac-simile, which
is about half the Size ol an ordinary en
velope, is intended to bo used as a couit
pluster holdi r. The enameled postage
stamp mentioned above will ur.iament its
Prayer-book holder*, also of silver, are
made with elaboratu designs in enamel on
tlieir flat side*. These holders admit of a
large variety of designs of the church win
dow order. The best metals for enamelers'
PurposßS are gold and copper. Tlieso metals
wil stand any ren-oimble amount of firing
without warping or blistering.
Silver was siupoed for a long time to be
impracticable for the liner kinds of euamel
painting 011 account of its tendency t» blister
and crack when submitted to a tireat heat
but modern methods have overcome this
trouble, and the good <-n:i:i:el workman
prints his silver article through in peifect
form.— N. Y. Herald.
THE MORNING CALL. SAN FRANCISCO. SUNDAY. DECEMBER 7. 1890-SIXTEEN PAGES.
GEMS IN VERSE.
■Written for Tue Sunday Cai.i.
A tVIXD-ISLOWN DAI,
i^^j HE north wind o'er the valley blows
gs~%. In ansrry Ru»t;
IWi He leaves as track-marki on his way
Ureat clouds of dust.
Great clouds of dust that wrap the earth
In veil of gray,
And circling to the azure skies
Darken the day.
Wherever still the eye may glance,
The ashen pall
The wind-god weaves in moody sport
Lies over all.
AH through the long and dreary boors
It raves and blows ;
Till nature worn out in the strife
Full weary growi.
Bat, lo! the sun Is waning; Us light
Begins to fide.
And in the wild day's dying hour.
The gale is laid!
Ah, Berce, strong wind, thy strength was vain ;
Thy relju ii past!
And now the cl?ar. blue skies shine forth
I'ndi mined at last.
The birds that bathed their songs all day
Have found th.'ir voice;
The flowers lift their frightened heads ;
All things rejoice.
O life that bears the storm-wind's brunt.
The strife must cease!
The hour will come that brl::gs to thea
At length sweet peace.
To all the host of specter fears
Oppose thy trj-t,
And look with faith divine beyond
Karth's clcutls of dust.
San Francisco, Jstc., ISOO. Ski.ua Scbuidt.
THAT LITTLE DOG,
The orchestra had nl.iyed Its strain,
The parson silu Ml prayer;
The valedicttiau came forth.
To welcome all us tuere.
He started out with ens and (Tare,
With words and thoughts profound.
When ail at iujcu there rose without
A loud and thWLdcrous sound.
%»: It was no sort and minstrel lay,
No nature's heavy groan.
Nor children loathing while at play.
Or ■nffering'd hollyw ino.ui.
But like the waters meetinjr.
Or wav.s upon the i-:ra:id,
Thr bear) sound It floated In
That tall so large ar:d grand.
The speaker paused: " Whit can It bet"
The Tvi.tsjter passed around;
And with blanched lira and pallid checks
They barkened to the - :i-i I.
It must be some (,'reat monster from
India's wild, Jangled land,
Tli.it kin; o' ;>eas:s who terrifies—
That beast s > l.irg? and grand.
Now who was th"re among that crowd
Who would attempt to Rave
Sonic of its feehle creatures
rrom destruction and the grave.
Up Jumps he — lohison— ye-j, a man
Of ways aud manners urlßht.
And nld: "I'll kill this monster
•■ with my main force and mlghtl"
He rushes forth to victory or
To death, with Quickened tread:
An ominous silence 'varies the hall.
The silence or the dead.
lie barf *1 his arm— he sors his prey,
His tyebaiis !>ulrc snu start;
He rushes in Ills victim—
Once— tn ice Le plerc ed tils heart.
It falls; It writhes In agony.
And Johnson faints aw.iy:
They lifted hint, with tender li.indf,
froiu bis victim cold as claj.
And when they viewed his victim.
As srff as any log.
They uttered in o le accent,
• Johnson killed a yellow dog!"
Cooper ivllrye. J. A. Mcl.vsis.
From out the midst of old-time souvenirs
Three faded letters thrilled me with their touch.
Coiijuriuc from the vault of burled years
A friend, whom once I lored ami honored much.
The while I tracea her words of tender grace
Methought I saw two ryes of dreamy gray,
Twin stars that beamed from out a peach-blow face
And crowned a form Ike sculptured Euterpe;
Her letter burned with love's Impassioned strain.
Its time and tune a merry rundelay:
The dimpling, Hushing race, untouuhed by pain,
Arose in girlish beauty, as, that day,
"When full of Joyous hope Mid rosy ll.'e
Slio wrote to say that soou sao'd be a wit*.
A few short years: tut i h. the scorching pain
That fwept o'er life, its desolating Dlaatl
A walling dlr^e OoMa out its sad rerraln
From every Hue that chronicles the past.
A pallid face ivilh tearless, hr.v iting eyes
Looks u;> at me from out the mournful page,
With froze i I Ids upraise. I In wan surprise,
By sorrow's alchemy transformed to age,
She pierced the rosy clouds Mat veiled her dreams:
Alas! no g'jldea bridjeway spanned there-
O'er which to reach Klysiuin's promised streams;
In emptiness she breathe'! the Dead Sea air,
And crouching heaped It* aslies o'er her lira
And ousted hopes— a sad, deserted wire I
As when a sudden ringing In the ears
Suggests the 101 lof pas, in; fu:ier^l bell,
This bordered letttr roused recoiling fears
And froze me with a basilisk's shnrp spell;
In unfamiliar characters It spok».
And held my heart In cu^ck wit* Icy breath,
Its tone a somber requiem awoke
That swept v r -as my soul with lUlu of death;
My spirit gaz-d u:ion that girlish form,
So situ and white wilhl i Its satlu bed;
A smiling calm succeeded life's rough storm
And sh.-d the old-lime beauty o'er the dead!
I da:e not weep nor wish taea bad igalii.
'Twere sweet release when love ant hope are Tain!
Oakland, Hal. Jlaky Lajibeut.
AS (IE WALKED TOGETHER.
She always came to meet me,
It was her tender way to greet me
I know, and like the tendrils of some vine
Her fingers did seek and clo;e with mine.
As we walked together
Beneath the low'rfm; beeebe* along the frowsj I»ne,
Where tuesimlh wind stirred tha growing grain;
And the odor of pennyroyal shyly sweet
Captive followed on our earless feet,
As we walked together.
She. pausinc where the basket fluwrets grew
Along the fence, culled hamlsful, white and blue
" I* or you," she unncjt lolled, pitting each spray
In my baud where they lightly nodillDg lay,
As we walked together.
Shunning the Held* edge h litre grew briars and
Followiuz the upturned furrows between the
Now along the thready path across the tlmothT
And up the herds' worn track across the bollow,
We walked together.
Unler the mulberry trees our hands untwined
While she searched the blue grass sward to flnd
The ripe berries. •• Kor you, for you," her eyes
Erer making speeches for her silent tender way.
As we walked toseth-r.
Across the meadow Ijeck Inn* grass did grow
Hiding the brink and the sunless w»vo below,
But she bridged with boughs the inlmlr tide,
And, trylug their strength, led me on the other side
As we walked together.
Dear tender one, sleep sweetly. -Twas God'a will.
He knoweth best, but my aching heajt win not
For thou wert In thy morn of life. O, on that
Will thy dear fingeri close on mine once more,
And shall we wali together?
Mas. £ L. Uai.labs,
WHEN THOU AKT NEAR. I
When thon art near, O my beloved!
How swiftly pasi the hnppy dayi.
Oh: would that I had hut the power
To keep thee by my side always.
One glance of thy dark tender eyes,
My throbbing heart with rapture thrills.
Thy voice, «o sott, bo sweet, so low,
My soul with heavenly music nils.
When thnu art with me, cherished one.
Thy dear head pillowed on my breast;
My cup or happiness o'erflows,
f Tls theu I reel most truly blest
Forgotten then are dark sad hours,
Via. ion?, long hours ut loneliness;
When all I prayed for was thy love.
My heart to cheer, my lire to bless.
May heaven speed that Joyful day.
When thou 1 t Ije given Tor aye to me;
Whec I may claim as mine aloue
Thy blessed love and sympathy.
December 3, lSX. Leiuh Lyndon.
Ml' NEW 1.51.1.AMl IIO.MK.
A vision fair of a qu et town
Memory Ik Ings to me to-night,
A towa on the batiks of a river chill,
Asleep In the pale moonlight.
Tall trees stand on the river batiks
Mirrored ghostlr In depths below,
Green tsnglsd wealth of blackberry vines
Ana goldenrod by the roadside grow.
Across the village street the elm»
Whisper toßctlnT lti voices loir.
The moonlight soft In silvery showers
On tho biovvu earth bill lite anow.'
I tfte the white church on the hill,
And OU clock la Its OH tower,
With Iron hands together clasped,
As It tolls tin' midnight hour.
The moonlight ts railing fan away,
My home .18 now by a trupic sea.
Outride my window are stately palms,
But n-.y childhood's home Is dear to me.
J>eeemUr, liw. Üback lliuuabd.
| THB TtVO I'K<?S6EB.
" Each on his cross, by thee we bang a while,
Watching Thy patient sin lie.
Till wo have le rned to say : 'Tls Justly done.
Only in glory, Loid, Thy sinful servant own."
Kkblk's •' Easter Eve."
Once 'neath the skies or Palestine, -
On lonely Calv'ry's rocky brow,
Three crosses stood; two near to Christ
As then, 'tis now.
Two dying men, with languid eyes,
Qazed on that King with thorn-crowned brow,
So near to him, yet far apart.
As then, 'tis now.
Each heard his words, each saw his face,
With anguish pale, his blood-stained brow;
One called him " Lord." and one reviled.
As then, 'tis now.
One asked a boon : " Remember me;"
Faith sprung to life, ho knew not how.
One heard blest words: "Shalt be with me."
As then, 'tis vow.
Une 'mid his awful pain had peace
When darkness veil'd the mountain's brow;
" Be told me I should bo with him."
As theu. 'tis now.
The other one? Ah! was It well
When <!eath at last his head did bow-
Well with his soul ? Wo do not kuow.
As then, 'tis now,
Both near to Christ, yet far apart
Those cro?ses two on Calv'ry's brow;
One soul was saved and one was lost.
As then, 'tis vow.
Jlameda, Co;., Dec. 1, ISSO. A nei.eii
A weary traveler far from home,
Beneath a stranger's distant d.>ine.
While ramlilinß through au artist's hall,
With painted scenes about the wall;
Upon a flriure careless glanced.
Then all amazed I stord entranced;
For Oil the wall In painted truth.
There Mood my home of early youth;
And as to travelers It feenied to me,
The self-same house, the eartteu, tree;
The lull top sloping up behind.
And c'en ttio green and colored blind;
The streamlet lluwlng by the. gate,
Where oft In childhood I would wait,
For father, wiio, with tears of joy,
Would cou.c anlkiti his darling boy.
The rocker by the old rront door
Contained :.o form like days of yore;
For mother, she has passed away,
And gone forever aud for aye.
These scenes brought back a saddened tr»!n.
I lived my childhood daj sa^aln;
1 ramped Hie llelils, I roamed the hilli,
1 t .layi'rt taong Hie laughing rills;
I heard my mother's voice again,
My erring footstep* to restrain.
1 left the scene, the artist's hall,
But memory ever shall recall
The recolieetlous of that place.
Of father's form ao<t mother's race.
And ih.'Ufc-h '.hi y both have passed away,
And their bones are crumbling Into clay,'
1 shall ever hope and wish aud pray
To meet them In stern ty. Jaexcor
TO HIS SON.
" My father, can you speak iga]nT"Ju eaid,
And kueit beside Hie cofiin for tlie dead.
The r»lc lips flushed and whispered to the »on:
•• You must nut weep, tlie Master's will was done.
Dear boy, to love liid serve I llvea: I died
That GO'I mli; in make me tiappy at his side.
And you mum take the task that I baro left
Undone, with purpose stronK auu body deft.
And rear a lire-work grander, r . .;,....■ i.i, er
Than I have wrought— jou honor theu your lira.
Your mother lore, protect, and, first of all,
.Shall be the doing or hir faintest call.
Then to the field of labor straightway go;
As tanners yon shall reap but what you sow.
But there with purpose and tho Giver's grace
Sow well and wide ere age comes on apace.
Why shai: you not be greatest of all men
And greatest glorify the rather theu?
Uood-by; live well; forget that I am dead."
He passed away, lne son aiose; "I'll try," he said.
Hun Joif, SOD. 13, 1690. I.A W rknce Auchkr Jb.
LOVE, AS IT LOOKS TO A STKANGER.
I swing In my nair.moi k, and swinging I dream
or love— love? What it wonderful theme!
1 muse In my sott sylvan toads by the hour
of many who wamlcr uukuownto ltj power.
Anil loneliness, keener tb.in ever I knew
Is filiin? my soul with desolate hue.
No home h»ve I here— no welcome is mine
Alone, without love, at Thanksgiving time.
No loved one» to Join »t tips festive board,
Orshirethe great blessings with whicii they are
But a memory we have of a loved, loving time,
When lire was lv harmoLy with Thanksgiving
Love is the nertar to rwetten onr life,
r.ove bringeth pi-ace, the co.isolcr ot strife,
Lot* lightens labor 111 sharing the load.
Uocl send us love to smooth the hard road.
Love for the wife and child at her side.
Love fur the father in homo rarand wide,
Love rewards en* »rt— Let all vfu shall hear
Bear my message of love to the giad new year.
Jivnuluiu, An li, liHO. Mai Fai.
I'll soon return! Life is not life without theej
Its brightest morning ouly makes me mourn ;
l"or iby dear nemor; uko a etarm about me
Gently compel; and hastens my rtlurn.
I'll soon return! Though crowds should uk my
Bethink thou: Can the wish of friends, though
Compena.ito for the grief of lon g delaying
That loads my heart thit longs to see thee, dear?
I'll soon return ! Oh, wilt thou watch my coming.
As eveuinx shadows veil eaetl mou.M aud dell.
When the great world has ceasol Its busy humming,
And stillness hangs on all things like a spell ?
Oh! as I long for thea my love t;rows stronger!
Ami rtnys Kruw d^rk. and dark, and darker still!
And then come tears wueu thoughts exu come no
I'll soon return— soon, soon, my love, I will I
Honolulu, 800., IS'jO. Ruth Wabd.
[In memory of Lydla 11. Sigonrnej.J
I.ydta, you have won a name, a crown.
Through misty clouds anil darkurss down
To our prcseut uiomen;, the sweet songs of your
Have left their meaning, piercing through with the
Of love and soul. They have raise:! us up to God,
Anil though you now sieeo under the sod,
The goodness or your nature, aye, sweeter far
Than tn« me!odies of your own "Niagara," g:eims
like a star
In our dark world, and would 'twere so I could to
Clasp your hand In love, I would remember It
Ban I'runcisco, Nov., IS9O. Alma Alden.
HEARD ON THE STREET. i
"While walking alonst the street ono night.
Along the busy street so bright,
There was somi'thlng struck me as vry queer
And that was the amount or slang you hear.
The rich, tho poor, the young, the old,
Tho dude, the liewiar, and the policeman bold-
All shout " Come off," « You aro crazy,"
•• What are you Riving us I " •• fche's a daisy,"
•' (live us a lest," and •• lircak away,"
Are all fair samples of wU.it they say.
ban Jusr, JfoiMMtftai, l&M. C. T H.
Do Not Like the Flesh of White
People Becan.se It Is Sally.
Mr. Lumholtz, a. prominent traveler, thus
The Australians are cannibal., a fallen foe,
be t man woman or clilicl, I* eateu as tlie
ciiolceit delicacy; they know no Rreater luxury
ttian the tleih of a black man. Tl.ere are in, er
sllilous noilons connected wlili caiiulbalism,
and Iliouuli they Have no idol* and uo form f
Ulvlne worship, they ceou to r»ar an evil Delns
who seeks to Haunt tliem, but ot wlioin u.elr
notions » Ie very vague. Or a supreme (rood
belne they have no ciiuception whatever, nor Uo
tuey believe iv any exiiienco after aeaiu.
The uncivilized Australian native is usu
ally sound and healthy aud not much
troubled with sickness, «iv, ti, e exception
of kUiu diseases, wliioh he got? from the
white man; but when the Australian be
comes "civilized" and we irs clothes he. be
comes moro liable to Illness; he regards
clothes simply as ornament-, which he m»y
wear or not, as he chooses; lie will perspire
all d h y in a woolen Wket, but In the even
ing he will throw it off and sle.p naked. On
?. 5"Sj '!?, , ls 1' jitl \ nake<i . no matter how
civilized he may be-for he must climb
trees and pursue animals; and of course
this thoughtless way of wearing clothes
brings on colds, rheumatic fever?, ana lunz
diseases.— The Edinburgh Ueview.
Ti.._l 11.. !__*. r * _
■ Mirinc tne lust few days of the British
occupation of Heligoland post»g« stamps of
the island to the amount of several thousand
marks wer« purchased by the miineroi.s for
ciciiers who were present on the islnnd.
Notwithstanding thw, however, vhon the
German officials took possession^ ol the post
office a stuck of stamps wan f,.ur.d of tne
nominal value of 84,(100 murk* or £4>oo A
Berlin dealer has offered l<> take the w'hnle
° f »' eni «* ">• '<•» vMa-. and ,Ly down
ai,ooo marks m cash and the rest in paper at
the market price. The authorities how
ever, informed him that they could not im-
Ume'tc^Tder'l 11 ' 5 "^ bbuttl —tta k .
Confections of Worth and Others
Costing a Fortnue.
Some of tlie Koit Artistic Prcductloni of the
Dr«imaker'« Art-Poemi in Velvet,
Silk, Lace asd Gold.
JfllfefyHlLE Miss Emma Abbott was tn
nAff Paris - Previous to Bailing for the
IIKMpI United States, she was waited on
by a representative of the New York
World, and during the course ot the inter
view fthe said:
" The Americans like to see their operas
beautifully dressed as well as to hear them
beautifully sung and played. I for one am
willing to spend money to make my operas
beautiful in dress and scene. Whatever
adorns and beautifies opera makes it that
much moie delightful to the beholder."
This year more than ever is ncr wardrobe
attractive, containing, as it does, dresses and
accessories amounting to nearly a quarter
Many may deem it extravagant to spend
such a sum upon a stage wardrobe, and yet
oowx wor.x is "abbs Bozrrx."
in the fact that the public Knows Dint In
Hiss Abbott's entire outfit there is not a sin
gle sham thread, not a paste jewel, lies part
of her wonderful success. It is this same
principle underlying performance, contract,
advertisement, wardrobe, everything, that
has earned for her the title of "iionc6t little
The lady has always some magnificent
dresses, but this year's costumes excel all in
which the l;.'s hitherto appeared. Of this
season's wardrobe Worth and Felix, the
great Parisian dressmakers, have snM:
"There is nothing like them in the world.
No members of any 103 al family have ever
orderoil gowns of such beauty und quality
or so high priced a.s we have niad» fir Mis?
Abbott during the past summer. Part of t
the fabrics were designed by the lady her
self, and woven expressly for her at Lyons,
Fran'e, and mnnv yards of exquisite lace,
'Old Venetian Point,' were nnuln expres«ly
for her during her stay in Paris." For two
months, night and day, one hundred women
were at work on the wardrobe.
In "Emaiii." Act I, Miss Aboott wears one
of the greatest works of art evor designed
by Worth, a gown of white moire antique
silk and lilac velvet. The combination is a
striking one, tlie silk loiming the rul.t side
of the dress and the immense court train.
The sty ie is princess, and the white Imif
bodice crosses from the right shnuldrr to
the waist line on the left, joined at point of
starting and continuing 10 the foot by a
panel nf lilp.c. velvet. Tho garniture ts em
broidery of lilacs, leaves and budsin nature's
colors, purple blossoms on tho white, white
blossom* on the purple, oud extends
from I lie waist line on ihe right r i:le, around
tile train t» tlie foot on the left, and again
up the lilac velvet panel to the waist line.
The extreme foot of the skirt is faced with
leaf-green velvet cut in leaf shape and
oppliqned to the skirt. The bodice is low
and round in from with V back and is fin
ished with tiny pipings of purple; white
and leal green velvet panly coveted with
lace. The sleeves reach the elbow mid are
formed of bands of purple velvet (piped in
green), crossing in diamond, the interstices
being rilled with moussoiine de soie. The
sleeves are finished with velvet bauds and
lace to match the neck.
The lilacs are French flow»-rs, such ns are
used in the niost costly millinery work,
An Elegant Qowru
compoted of satin and velvet, the petils be
ing laid singly in the manner known to ar
tists of the needle as applique. When one
recalls the fact that each bunch of (lowers
is composed of hundreds of petals and ihut
hundreds of bunches of the dainty blos
soms are employed in the ornamentation of
the dress, an idea of the work nmy be im
agined. Besides this the stems and leaves
are embroidered in the most Intricate
stitches known to art, and it U easy to be
lieve that this gown alone costs v smull for
In Act II Mi-39 Abbott wear* one of the
dainty peaches and cream gowns which
have elicited showcrslof compliments f> rher
in "Linda," "Mikado," "Martha," etc. It
is composed of heavy cream s;itin veiled in
mous-elinc do snip, the garniture being an
ivy vine design traced in tiny gold bends.
The sleeves are wings, falling to the feet at
the back and forming a baby puff at the
Bhoulder*, now concealing and again re
vealing the beautiful arms of the wearer.
The Ernani bridal goivn. the exquisite
beauty of which few opera glasses will dis
close, is of ivory satin. This al>o is princess
with long train and garniture of old Vene
tian point lace. The latter encircles the
skirt in two bands, one a half yard in depth,
the second a bending lor the first. The tab
lier front is of the lace, hs are the double
puffs wliich head the antique sleeves of
satin, dotted with pearls ai;d silver, lead*.
The bodice front of tlie lace is aho traced iv
penrh and a Midici collar of lp.ue, dotted
with pearls, extends from the dainty mcit.
The skirt is ccußbt in three tiny plaits on
the left si'le, sutlk-ienlly lo reveal a pearl
enibriiaered siitm pel ticunt and a pair of
elegantly embroidered satin shoes.
Iv the last act a gown of black satin bro
c.ided with velvet is worn, and this is one of
the dresses for which the material was ex
pressly desigurd and woven. The design
is of laurel leaves of the velvet on a stitin
background. The garniture consists of jut
bands so mounted as to seem independent of
tlie dress, and extended from necte to foot.
Around the skirt and court train are jetted
bands of jett-d satin arranged in doub'e
laurel leaves. A Medici collar of jet and
puffed sleeves covered with jet romplete a
costume which seems especially intended to
heighten the wearer's every charm.
Another work of art is the grape dress
(worn in the "Koseof Castilo"), of lilac satin
background wi'li garniture or royal purple
velvet and gold efabroidery. The foot of
the skirt and long train are a mass of grape
vines trailing as carelessly ana gracefully as
if placed by nature's own Land. The vines,
tendrils, etc., are traced in gold while the
bunches of fiuit are of purple velvet in ap
plique; with leaves of ureen veined and out
lined in cold. Tho gown is of pale blue satiu
embroidered in oak leaf design, the leaves
being of blue velvet, outlined and veined in
silver. The effect is peculiarly soft yet
brilliant, as with every motion of the
wearer llio silver gleams in tho electric
A peasant dress in crimson s.-itin and
black velvet, with short petticoat Valero
and Figaro jacket, all spangled and em
broidered in gold, is attractive, as also is
the dainty gypsy costume worn in tho "Ijohe
inlnii Giri." Tlie latter is of heavy velvet
with decorations of parti-colored ribbons
and real sequins spangles, suns, etc., of real
A dress of yellow brocade in wheat de
sign, with blnek velvet embroidered to
niatch, is worn in several operas. The front
of the yellow silk is embroidered in j^prays
of jet wheat with its long grass-like leaves;
the tide panels are of bin k velvet with
bunches of wheat in gold embroidery, which
extend around the train. The waist ha« a
Sow, round neck with plastron front of vel
vet, embroidered to match the skirt. An,iel
sleeves of pale yellow crepe duchtnr,
dotted with black, finish this marvel, usly
pretty RKVin. Witli It wai wi.ru what
Miss Abbott terms her "surprise mantle "
and its brilliancy ami costliness is indeed a
sururi.-e tv all who Lehuld it. The material
is the heaviest brocade ever woven at Lyons ;
of Beony design in full siz-\ The garment
is fitted to tlie firm underneath a deep tal
nm, and is four yards iv depth from neck to
font of trail.
It is lined throughout with a brilliant sun
flower colored satin and embroidered in a
deep Roman design in g'dd. xiie back and
sides are covered with golden pennants
which extend from tlie collar to the waist
line. Tlie collar is known as the Abbott
collar, and j ieps nt tha back to form a set
ting for tlie bead and face. The entire
mantle, collar, talma, and train are com
pleted with a heavy border of ostrich tips to
match tlie lining, a more beautiful or
elegant garment were difficult to imagine or
A Trovatore costume is the lion dress of
crimson, whit<\ M.ick and gold, in satin and
velvet. The pettici at is of red, with ara
besque design iv black and go!d. The skirt
and train proper is of white satin with bor
der of no Id em broidery, ami loo:.-s high on tlie
left side tv disclose an Immense lion rampant.
Tht cor-wge is low. with antique sleeves, on
each of which is a lii.n mnipant. This is
one of the must gorgeous of the entire ward
The riding-habit worn in "Mnrtha" is a
marvel of beauty, wrought in white satin,
toweled emluoidery and emerald velvet.
The .^kirt of white satin is draped high with
a omssire j^weicd cord and tassel?, and re
veals the emerald petticoat, bordered with
puffs of jeweled satin. The jacket is of
cn.eraUi, slashed Ih-Imw the waist line, each
pniiit Jeweled, auu tlie sleeves are composed
of puffs of white satin, with emerald bands,
embroidered to matcii the rest of tho cos
tume. Elegant point lace collar and cuffs,
and a lint c f emerald velvet with wniio
ostrich feathers, make up one of the prettiest
costumes ever seen on the stage.
due of the costliest of all the prima don
na's dresses is one worn iv "Anne iioleyn,"
i-f moss green velvet and shrimp pink satin.
This is in colors and design an exact copy of
the Queen Anne drew on exhibition in the
Louvre, but its cost is many times that ot
the royal uanm-nt.
The body of the dress is of the moss vel
vet, and the garniture is something never
seen on any stage costume. The design (an
intricate one) is cut away in the velvet
appluiued on the pink satin." An idea of the
work on this costume may be obtained when
it is stated that the margin oi each design is
so closely embroidered with self-colored silk
that it resembles the hand woven fabrics of
Queen Anne's time. This applique or cut
away work forms a half-yard border on the
skirt and train.
The costumes worn in bal masque are nil
ornamented with jeweled bunds. One of
pale blue velvet has bands of dark blue
Jeweled in silver. The upper part of the
uOTsiige is formed of puffs of light blue satin
held in place by tlie bunds, and long sleeves
are similarly formed. The train is
heavily embroidered. Another costume of
pale lilac satin has bands of pansy velvet,
and a third of rose piuk is decorated with
bauds and sashes of green velvet with alter
nate rows of gold and silver embroidery on
the skirt and train.
A peasant dress of lii.-h point lace is nd
nv.red by many. The skirt, neck and sleeves
are finished with a bolder of lueiiias design,
and this, like the fsmooi Linda dress, re
vvab> in all their beauty a neck, arms and
shoulders of which an infant might be proud.
Many of the profession have asked lor the
secret of Miss Abbott's clear complexion
and baby plumpness, and hug newspaper
articles have bemi written regarding the,
course of cosmetics u ; ed by her. Like all
professional people Miss Abbott u>es "make
up" on the stage, otherwise there is neither
paste, nor powder. Xotwilhstauding ncr
arduous labors, seven performances per
week and almost dnily rehears;,l% the dose
of the season finds her as fresh as its begin
ning, and the secret is temperance in all
things, a generous nature, a warm and pure
Army nnil Siiivy Dnath llntra.
Army and navy death rates in time of war
and «>f peace deserve much attention. The
olhcial tables give us not only the cumber
of men kiiled in action, but the relative
tendency to disease in divers armies. For
example, in the Crimean War the British
army lo=t 1&10 men killed on tho field and
21,000 who died iv hospital. It took JJIO
KusMan shots to kill or mortally wound an
Englishman or Frenchman and 700 English
shot to kill a Russian ; but tlio havoc caused
by (li.-ense was far greater. If we study
these statistics with attention and act upon
them, we may reiluco our campaigning
losses by DO cent. We may also learD some
interesting physiological facts, as that the
proportion of Frenchmen who died after am
putation or other surgical operaiion is greater
than of British or liusakms. — The Contem
A Teller iph to the Brain
From the stomach Is this great sympathetic nerve In
v. •■ epigastrium. Let digestion become seriously
disordered, and that dlsi-rder Is sure to flnd a reflec
tion In symptoms which react dlsadvautagcously
upou the organ ol thought. Insomnia, nervousuess,
causeless depression and anxiety are all manifesta
tions c[ dyspepsia. The best means ot remedying
and restoring tranquillity to brain and stomach,
and of rrxuiailiiK, ltniuy be added, bilious secre
tion, Is to tate a nincglassrul of iiostetter's Stomach
Bitten btiore meals during the day and before re
tiring. Tuis rourse begun, reronu in the directioa
Of complete bodily well-being Las begun with it>
Constipation, sick headaches, ueuralgla, rheumatism
and mal.irial complaints are among iho troubles in
whlcli the Bitten Is speedily and thoroughly ueui I
liiiai. Jio.i't delay, but lal.e the sure course at
Requiring No Preparation for
They Mty Arpear Quito Myiteriour. but
There Is No 81igh f .-of-Hand About Any
of These Eimple Froblemi.
with cards are universally in-
Vl "^ teres t'ng, and they Dave the advan
jA^s tago 01 requiring no elaborate prep
arations. The material for the following
feats may be carried in a waistcoat pocket
and they demand no legerdemain. They
are strictly mathematical in principle and
require no traiuiiig [or their successful per
To ascertain as many as aeven cards
thought of by as many different persons,
have the pack thoroughly shuffled, and,
handing it to any person, request him to
draw seven cards Jrcm ttie pack, note one
of them, sliuflle them well, and then place
them face downward upon the table. Re
peat this process with each successive cer
son, placing the cards drawn from the pack
lace downward upon those drawn by tliu
preceding person. When all of the forty
nine cards have been thus placed. Seal them
out in seven heap.*, face upward. Ask each
person in which heap his card in w is. That
of tht) first person will be the uppermost
(aid of his heap, that of the second person
the second card in his heap, and that of the
third the third in his heap, and so on. It
sometimes happens that two or morn of the
chosen cards are ill the same li ••np; but the
rule, nevertheless, applies, Should there
be a lesser number of persons to choi.se
they should draw from the i ■ack only so
many cards as there .irepertocs, and in that
case ilie number ol heaps into which the
card* are to be dealt must correspond to tLe
number of persons cheo.-ing.
Any number of persons baring thought
ot mo cards each, the person performing
this trick wjsl.es toastertiiin what they are.
This problem is si metiines tailed the pairs
repaiud. Alter eiiiiig tlio pack to be
fchu filed dCii out twenty cards, f;;co up
ward, Lnt placing them in couples. Invite
as many ol the company as please to nose
any particular couple they tliiuk lit and to
remember those iwo cards. When tliey
have done so gather up the cards, picking
them up here and there in any order you
may please, inking care, however, that none
of the COOplea are separated. You vow
deal them out again, face upward, in rows
oi five, according to tlie following formula:
JJutiis dulit nouicu cocis, or any four words,
of five lettrra eccn, contunlng in all ten let
ters twice repented. The above sentence
contains t(-n letters only (m, v, t, s, d, c, i,
n, o, c), each twice repeated. This gives the
clew to the arrangement of the cards, which
will be aj follows:
M U T U S
12 3 2 4
D E D 1 T
5 G 6 7 3
N O ME N
8 0 16 8
10 9 10 7 4
Imagine tl:e four words printed ns above
upon the table. Deal the first card upon the
imaginary "M" in Alutus and ihe second the
imaginary M in Komen, the next two on the
imaginary L's, the next two on the two T's,
and so en. Yuti have now only lo ask each
person in which row his two cards appear,
and you v.ijl know at once which they are.
Thus, if a i eisou says his two cards are now
in the second and fourth iows, you will
know that i hey must be tue two cards rep
resenting the two l's, that being the only
letter common to those two rows, fI a per
sou indicates the first and fourth rows you
will kuow that his cards aru thosu repre
senting the two S's, and so on.
TUE MAGIC TKH'LETS.
This trick is very similar in principle to
the last, twenty-fi ur cards being used in
this instance, dealt in triplets instead of
couplets. Alter the spectators have made
their selection puck up the cauls as directed
for the last trick, taking care to keep the
respective triplets together. Then cieal
them in rows of six, the formula in this
NAL A T A
VEL E T E
VIL I N I
VOX O t O
READING HIDDEN" VALUES.
Four packets of caida having been formed
face downward on the t.ble, discover the
total value oi the undermost cards.
This trick should be performed with the
piquet puct c f t dirty-two cards, v. hich is the
ordinary pack with the deuce, tray, four,
live and six of each suit left out. fuvite one
of the spectators to select privately any four
cards and to place them separately, face
downward, upou the table; then, counting
an ace as eleven, a court card as ten and any
other card according lo its usual value, place
upon each of these four so many cards us
added to its valuta thus p.-tiiuated, shall make
fifteen. Value is to be taken into considera
tion only with the original lour cards, those
placed on them counting as one each, what
ever they may happen tv be. When the four
heaps are complete advance to the table and
observe how many cards are left over anil
above those placed in the two heaps. To
this number mentally add thirty-two. The
total will give tiie nggreg*te value of the
four lowest cards, calculated as above men
tiontd. Should there be no cards left over
the total value of the lower cards will be
thirty-two, but should there be an insuffi
cient number of cards lo complete the lour
heaps ascertain the number lacking and
substract it from thirty-two. This can ouiv
occur, however, when the four sevens hap^
peu to be the undermost cards.
PLACING AX UXKXOWS CARD.
A person having thought of a certain card,
and noted its position in the pack, the per
former can make that card appear at such
number in the pack as another person shall
Permit the pack to be shuffled and cut as
freely as the company may please. Offer the
pack to any of the spectators and request
him to look over the cards, to think ot any
one of them and to remember the uumbei at
which it stands in the pack, reckoning from
the bottom card upward. Then ask another
person to ascertain privately from the first
one the original number in the pack at which
the card s:a:ids, and then to nieution another
numher, higher than the first, at which he
would like the card to appear. Suppose, for
instance, that the second number decided
upon shall be 25. Then count off tweuty
rive curds from the bottom of the pack and
place them on the top, or count off from the
top of the pack the difference between the
number ChOßi n and ti.e total number of the
card?, fifty-two, and place them on the bot
tom; it is immaterial which method is
adopted. Now ask the number at which the
curd originally stood, whicu, for example,
was number 10, saying that you intend to
commence your counting With that number.
Bet;in to count from the top of the pack,
calling. the first card (hi this instance) 10, ihe
next 11, and so on. Wlien yi v come to tiie
secoud number selected, iv this case '25, the
cmd found at that numher will invariably
be the one thought of.
HO.W MANY WEBB MOVED.
A row of cards being placed face down
ward on the table, indicate by turning up
one cf them how many cards "have during
yrur absence been transferred from one cud
of the tarn to the other.
This trick requires a row of fifteen cards,
placed face downward upon the table, the
first ten cards having been prearranged in
the following manner: First a ten, then a
nine, ti.en an eight, and so on down to the
ace, inclusive. The suits are of no conse
quence. The eleventh should be sonic court
card. This card, in the process which fol
lows, will stand for 0. When the fifteen
cards arc placed their arrangement will
therefore be as follows:
10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, •. •, •, *,
The four asterisks representing any four
indifferent cards. Offer to leave the room,
and invite the audience during your ab
sence to remove any number of cards, net
exceeding ten, from the right-hand end of
?5 I S O fl nld mS f\3 m 1B A Ifecj^j ■ s 2A ■ ■** h B^M R) M*i ifi>i
the row and place (hem in the same order at
the other end of the row. On ycur return
you have onfy to turn up the eleventh card,
counting from the left-hand end, which will
indicate by the number of points the num
ber of cards removed.
TO DISCOVER A GIVEN CARD.
There are several methods cf discovering
a given card. One is to deal the cards into
three pacKS, face upward, and request a
spectator to note a card and remember in
which heap it is. When you have dealt
twenty-one cards throw the rest aside" t¥e"e
not being required for the trick. Aak in
which heap the chosen card is, and placing
that lmap between the other two, deal agaia
as before. Again ask the question, place
the heap indicated in the middle and deal
again a third time. Note particularly the
fourth or middle card of each heap, as one of
those three cards will be the card thought
of. Ask, for the last time, in which heap tba
chosen card now is, when you may be cer
tain that it is the card which yen noted as
being the middle card of that heap.
This same result can be produced with any
number of cards, so long as such number is
odd and a multiple ol three. The middle
card in the last heap indicated will always
be the chosen card.
Another method is to take any number ot
cards and deal them face upwatd . i o : i the
table, noting in your own mind the first card,
dealt. Ask any number of persons each to
note a card and to remember at what num
ber it falls. When you have dealt all the
cards you first took in your hand, tako
them up again without disturbing their
order and turn them face downward. Invite
the company to taku any number they
choose of tlio remaining cards, such num
ber being unknown to y-u, and place them
either ;il>ove or below the cards you havo
dealt. Alh.w the cards to be cut, freely
shuffled as many times as the audience may
please. Now, for the first time, ask each
person what was the number of his card,
and, on being informed, deal the cards
agiiin. turning them face upward. When
oiiginal first curd appears, count silently on
from t!ii«, as bomber one, to the number
mentioned, at wiich number the chosen
card will again ap;ear. Should all of the
cards he dealt o:it without reaching the re
quired number, turn the cards over again
and continue from the top of the pack until
the number is reached.— X. Y. World.
MAKING YANKEE SOUP.
Adventure of Two Officers After
The day after the surrender of Vicksburg
Col onel Eldrio'ge and myself were assigned
quarters for the n ip:lit in an isolated bouse
on the road between Vicksbure and Haines
IHuff. AYe had been skirmishing all dny
over the rough Mississippi roads and were
hungry and tired. We at once laid siege to
the enemy's kitchen, where we were con
fronted by the Indignant family. The per
foimel consisted of a corpulent oM lady, two
pretty daughters :uid a wrinkled colored
aunt}-. When they realized that we had
come for supper and lodging they retired ex
citedly to a coiner of tiie kitclun, where
they lield a council of war.
"Look here!" said the Colonel, some.
what shaipiy. "We are huugiy. Quit —
your whispeiing and cut us something to
The mother stepped boldly from the ranks
ar.d confronting the Colonel announced the
melancholy fact that there were no edibles
about the premises.
■'Give us anything," replied the. famished
Colonel. "We're not fastidious."
•• Well, you see, sah," repiied the lady im
pressively", "lhst there were our own soldiers,
tlieif came the Yankees yesterday, and be
tween the two they ate us out ul house and
" This is seriou«," >R ij the Colouel to me
in an uudt-rtoue, and then aloud: "Go out
iuto the shed and bring me in an armlul of
Wondering what his scheme could ba I
went out Into the yard and returned with a
dozen large faggots. The Colonel heaped
tlii-iii v;- v the expiring emberson the hearth
in one coiner of the kitchen, where they
soon blazed up biightly. Then taking a
kettle to the pump, he tilled it with water
and set it on the tiro to boB.
"What are you going to do?" asked ths
".Make soup!" was the Colonel's laconio
reply. There was a small grindstone on the
dresser. This the Colonel laid in the kettle.
The enemy was beginning to mauifest
some interest in our culinary operations.
"What kind ob soup am dat ewine to be?"
asked the colored servant, with a grin.
" Grindstone soup!" snapped the Colonel.
Be seized a ladle and, lifting I tie lid of the
kettle, dipped out some ol the water and
tasted it with great gr.ivity.
"Il'ml" he cried, addressing me, "not
yet stioug enough! Will you pleusa get
another armful of wood?"
1 did as requested, to the constena'.lon of
the enemy, which saw Its meaner stock of
furl burn away. After a pause the Colonel
again raised the lid t<> taste the mess.
"Aii!" he ?aid, smacking his lips with
satisfaction; that's .'oniething like! May I
trouble you for a little salt and pepper?"
Amid great tittering on the part of tha
ladies the condiments were brought.
"That's a queer way of makiii^ soup!"
cried one of the girls, with a smothered
" Yes; it s economical. Jlave you a li'.tla
After a moment's hesitation the flour wa3
' And now a couple of onions, please."
"There are no onions, sahr' cried the
lady of the uuus<>.
"Then bring in some more wood, George ;
the stone is not soft yet."
I was just starting to the dcor when the
com maniier Stopped ins.
"Coming to mink. I believa there nra
soniw onions left," sue said meekly, "ilil
died, go and see."
Mildred, the older daughter, disappeared
and returned after a while with throe tine
onions. The Colonel cut them into bits and
with befitting solemnity stirred them into
the soup. I could scarcely restrain from
"And now, madam, a slice of good fat
bacon, if you please," said the Colonel.
This was too much for the enemy. The
old lady advanced. There was tire iv her
lou cant set nnnlher thing from us,"
she shouted. "You Yankee-) think you are
smart. There ain't any bacon in the house,
and if tl.ere were you wouldn't get it."
"Very well," replied the Colouel calmly: -
He gave me a leok and I brought in the
rest of l lie »O"d.
"Here's your pork," said the youngest
The day was won. Ten mtantM after
ward th.ro stood on the table as good and
thick a soup as any of us ever tasted. The
flavor of the grindstone could not be de
Eggs Iv Manufactures nud Art.
It is an error, says Uradstreet's. to sup
pose tiiat ejgs have bo considerable use ex
cept for food. They are employed in calico
printing, in photi-gtaphy, in gilding, ia
clarifying various liquors and in book-bind
ing. A large business has sprung up in the
preparation of photographic paper with
saltid albumen, and une establishment alone
is said to have used more than 2,000,000 in six
months for this purpose. Many attempts
have been made t" find n vegetable or ani
mal substitute for albumen, but in vain. A.
prize of S-000 offered thirty years ago by an
English society for th« discovery of a ma
terial or process for leplacing albumen iv
calico printing still remains untaken. Xor
nre the yolks of c^as used in mannfactnnng
wholly wast' d. They are also employed ia
the art?, and a manufacture! in Vienna
snlidines them. Possibly, too, the develop
ment* in canning will before long give us
canned eggs, or perhaps condensed rgga,
suitable at least for cooking. At any rate,
it would seem wort!' while to try to rnisa
part of the eggs which are consumed by
Tii*» London C:l*nrinK-Uoug».
The daily nvfra^o at tlio Londcti Clesdqfc
house for ISBB amounted tii £-22,250,000. ft
tlifSP transactions for a singlo day were set
tled in coin, it would require 175 tons of
gold, 0r275l tons of silver, while probably
the documents actually used did nut weigh
more than a hundredweight.— The GeDtle