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VOLUME LXXII NO. 35.
JAMES B. WEAVER.
The Logical Candidate of the
XOMIXATED OA THE FIRST BALLOT.
Trying to Stampede the Convention
KYLE OF SOUTH DAKOTA DIED FKfITHG.
Indiana's Great Jurist Declined to Stand,
and After That the lowa Man Had
the Rnnniug to Himself.
Special to The Morning Call.
Omaha, July _.— "Tour success seems
Such were the inspiring messages sent to
each of the three leading candidates by their
supporters in the People's party national
convention before the opening this morn
Gresham 'a friends in particular seemed
Increasingly tenacious and enthusiastic.
General Secretary Hayes of the Knights of
Labor said that the Knights were deter
mined to stand by Gresham, and the latter's
friends believed tie would be the nominee.
George Washburno of Massachusetts,
the manager of Senator Kyle's forces, was
unqualifiedly claiming the nomination for
the South Dakota man ou the first ballot.
General Weaver's disciplined corpsawere
entirely undismayed. His lieutenant, Ter
rell of Texas, answered all questions,
"Weaver is solid as a rock."
A: 8 a. m. promptly, though there were
only about 50 delegates scatiered about tha
Coliseum. Temporary Chairman Ellington
called the convention to order and presentsd
Rev. William McGreavy of Buffalo Gap,
Black Bills, who offered prayer.
Then the glee club rendered several selec
tions while the convention waited for the
At 8:45 (/clock enough had arrived to rep
resent the majority of the States, and the
roll was called, but there was so much con
fusion that at 9 o'clock a motion was car
ried that each State appoiut a serjeant-at
arms to keep quiet in its delegation.
The chairman of the committee on cre
dentials was called for, but could not be
found for some time. When he was finally
routed out he reported that the committee
bad found no contest, and that it had there
fore decided that the names of those on the
rolls should be declared entitled to seats.
The committee on permanent organization
reported in favor of 11. L. Loucks of South
Dakota for permanent chairman, J. 11.
Hayes of New Jersey for permanent secre
tary, with a list of assistant secretaries and
a vice-chairman from each State. There
port was adopted, and Chairman L.ucks
assumed his duty.
The New Cbairmin Shocks the Tempo
Omaha, July —It was a picturesque
spectacle when the permanent chairman
standing firmly on his one leg and swinging
*hls crutch at arms length waved the great
assemblage to order. His speech as he pro
gressed was a disagreeable surprise to
perhaps a majority of the convention, but
its impetuosity and fire if not its hits for
and against candidates elicited cheers at
every few words. He thanked the conven
tion for the honor of presiding over "the
grandest and largest convention ever held
in the West, or, I believe, anywhere in the
civilized world." In the past great revolu
tion . were brought about by the sword and
bullet This, the greatest of all revolutions
was propelled by education and the ballot.
Many thought the republic was in danger,
but the speaker believed that the great mass
of wealth producer, having come to a high
standard the changing of the system of gov
ernment by the ballot bad saved the nation.
His hearers could congratulate themselves
that they were progressing all slang the
line. The speaker had not heard of a single
sal. on In Omaha having to double its capac
ity to accommodate the vast crowd present
He thought that was not true of some of tbe
other convention cities for some of the other
He congratulated the convention on the
harmony which had prevailed throughout
and upou the fact that no slates bad been
fixed up, so that the choice of the people
would finally determine the nominee. More
than that, there was a spirit abroad that the
man nominated must not only stand squarely
en the platform, but must have burned the
bridges behind him.
"We are," said he, "at a critical period
and cannot afford to take chances. We want
no doubtful man to lead this movement.
We must know be has been with us long '
enough to have been found true or he will
find no place here. I have heard one thing
that has discouraged me a little, and that is
the statement that we must not nominate
one of the old guard who has been in the
front of this movement all the time. Did
you ever hear in a Democratic or Kupubli
can convention the statement that because
a man bad been active in propagating Demo
cratic or Republican doctrine he must be
knocked in the head and sent to the rear?
I have been told here tbat it would not be
safe to nominate a man who bad been a
greenbacker. You have got to nominate a
man who has been either a green backer or
a gold bug, and you can take your choice.
Bless your soul, this movement was begun
by green back It's on the principle of
the original greeubackers that this move
ment is founded. 1 believe in selecting a
man who will meet the approval of the
people inside the party. Do not be afraid
of what the opposition may say. You bring
- -up a man and say that he has not made ene
mies in thin movement and I will say that
he is not worth that (with snap of finger).
"We want a man who has made enemies
for tbis cause, and will go forward and
make more enemies in the future. Such a
man. I am satisfied, you will nominate to
A new gavel, announced as being made
from timber grown on the first homestead
entry in the United States, was presented
to the chairman.
A SLIGHT UNPLEASANTNESS.
Delegates Object to Being Deprived of
Their Freedom of Choice.
Omaha, July 4.— After the chairman had
concluded bis remarks, and amid some evi
dences of dissent, General William Jackson
Armstrong, inspertor-genere.l of consuls
under President Grant, was given the floor.
Armstrong ep.-ke at some length on the
Issues before the convention, denouncing
millionaires, and declared that matters had
come to such a pass that the price of a
Cabinet portfolio under Republican admin
istration was .150.. He said the only
•acred thing In the world is humanity. The
only thing having a right in this world is
man- We have met to affirm that the sor
rows of this world should be attended to
here, and not wait for the mysterious judg
ments of a future state.
At ibis point the speaker's time expired,
sod tbe general sentiment of tbo convention
being in favor of proceeding with business,
A California delegate arose and demanded
in the name of his delegation to know who
General Armstrong was. It had been stated
tbat be was well known all over tbe coun
try, and Californians would like a little in
Mrs. Emery of Michigan was then Intro
duced for a speech and fared better than
General Armstrong, but the convention was
Visibly impatient to get to business.
A delegate from Oregon presented an
other gavel in honor of the People's party
achievement in the Oregon State election.
Then the committee on rules presented its
report, limiting nominating speeches lor
President and Vice-President to 15 minutes
and remarks on questions in general to five.
The rule for balloting ou the nomination
of President and Vice-President provided
that if no nominee received- a majority on
the first ballot each delegate should be al
lowed on the second ballot to cast one vote
lot his first choice and half a vote for his
The Morning Call.
second choice. If no one secured a majirity
on this ballot, the two candidates receiving
the lar. est number of votes ouly should be
Voted lor .n the third ballot.
All resolutions were to be referred tolho
committee ou resolutions without debate.
Each State and Territory was to have one
vote for each delegate.
The following order of business was re
Announcement of the names of the Na
tional Committee. - '
Report of the committee on platform and
Nominations of candidates for the Presi
dency and balloting thereon.
Nominations of candidates for the Vice-
Presidency and balloting thereon.
Vociferous signs of disapproval greeted
the reading of the paragraph governing tlie
proposed new system of balloting, but after
some colloquy a motion on the adoption of
the report W as put and declared carried.
\ andervort of Nebraska protested that
any man who had a choice should be per
mitted to exercise it without being muzzled.
lie proposed an amendment striking out
the clause providing for the retirement of
all except the two leaders after the second
ballot, and th- amendment prevailed by a
large majority, leaving the rules in this
matter as is customary in national conven
The convention then took a recess for 20
minutes to witness the Omaha Fourth of
July parade as it passed the convention
CANNON GOES OFF.
Tbe Callfornl-n'_ Hinging Denunciation
of the Pacific 1 allroa.l*.
Omaha, July 4.— lnstead of twenty min
utes, It was nearly an hour before the con
vention resumed business. The roll of
States was first called, and each answered
the name of Its member of the National
Then a storm was precipitated by tho
chairman of the resolutions committee offer
ing a resolution calling attention to the fact
that the ticket agents in Washington and
other States on the line of the Union Pacific
Railroad did not receive instructions to
grant delegates to the convention the usual
reduction in fares and appointing a com
mittee to communicate with tho railroad
officials and have the mistake rectified.
Several delegates moved that the North
ern Pacific and Great .Northern roads be
included in the resolution.
Delegate Marion Cannon of California
excitedly protested against the resolution
as exhibiting a want of independent spirit
in the convention, and his vehement denun
ciation of the roads led to the liveliest scene
of the day.
"1 want this convention to understand,"
he said, "that it is not by accident or over
sight that the Pacific Coast delegates have
been overlooked. Our request for the cus
tomary courtesy was denied, deliberately
and with insolence. Ido net want this con
vention, as far as California is concerned,
to go back to that railroad, cap in hand,
and ask for any privileges whatever. [Tu
multuous cheer-. The Democrats and Re
publicans secured half fare, but we, the
producers of the earth, have been refused
equal terms. We can stand the refusal.
[Cheers.] We can tell those railway compa
nies," continued the speaker in tones that
rang from end to end of the hall, "that the
people will own and operate those roads
The enthusiasm and passion of the
speaker extended to the audience and every
member rose to his feet and wild cheers
rent the air.
The Montana delegation indorsed the
sentiment of Cannon, and so did Oregon.
The chairman of the resolutions committee
then withdrew his resolution.
On motion of Dean of N>w York it was
decided to bring the matter before the Inter
state Commerce Commission to decide
whether the law permitted railroads to dis
criminate in favor of one national political
convention and against another.
The committee on resolutions not being
ready to report, a recess was then taken
until 2 v. m.
MUTTEKINGS OF WAR.
The Weaver Men Show a Tendency to
Force the lighting.
Omaha, July 4.— lt was 2:07 o'clock when
the chairman called the afternoon session to
order, but it was 3 p. m before .asineea
A motion was carried that the ' resolu
tions committee report .such parts of the
platform as were ready. This apparently
is the first move on the part of the Weaver
men to hasten a ballot. A suspicion had
gained currency that the committee on reso
lutions was not anxious to make progress,
for the reason that it, as a whole, preferred
Judge Gresham fora candidate and wanted
time to get an agreement from him that he
would let the convention nominate him.
The motion was carried, but the committee
reported that it was not prepared just yet
to make even a partial report.
Ward of Missouri moved to suspend the
rules and proceed to ballot for the nomina
tion of candidates. This was seconded, but
there was no intention on the part of the
ardent Gresham men to give un hope, and
an Illinois delegate made a point of order
that the motion was contrary to the rules.
The chairman overruled the print of order,
on the ground that the convention could do
as it pleased.
Ward's motion was then tabled on motion
of Ellington of Georgia, and Lamb of
Texas, a Weaver man, who is also working
for Terrell for Vice-President, moved to
adopt the St. Louis platform as the party
Brown of Massachusetts declared that the
St. Louis platform was one upon which the
organizations of united labor stood. Tney
did not intend that anything should De
taken from it or added to it. If the com
mittee desired additional resolutions it
could move them when it returned. "There
fore," he said, "let us adopt the St. Louis
platform and proceed with the nomination
of the People's leader upon principles
which are to squash plutocracy. Let the
nominating speeches be made oh the Fourth
of July, the natal day of the country's in
McDowell of Tennessee objected to the
attempt to form a precedent, and Manning,
the boy orator of Alabama, added his quota
to the din.
DECLARATION <)_ KIUIITS.
The Committee Had Prepared a Long
Omaha, July 4.— The effect of the pro
ceedings In the convention was to alarm the
resoultions committee. It became stam
peded and its members soon filed on the
6tage with the platform hastily brought to
completion. Their appearance removed the
cause for the fight on the floor, and the con
vention became silent while Thomas Cator
of California read the preamble of the unan
imous report of the committee. At the
conclusion of the reading, Cator asked that
It be adopted, and this was done unaui
mously. It was as follows :
Assembled upon the one hundred and six
teenth anniversary of the Declaration of
Independence, the People's party, invoking
the blessing of Almighty God. puts forth in
the name of the people of the country the
following preamble and declaration of prin
ciples: We meet In the midst of a nation
brought to the verge of moral, political
and material ruin. Corruption dominates the
ballot-box, the Legislature, Congress, and
even touches the ermine of the bench. The
people are demoralized. Most of the States
have been compelled to Isolate voters at the
polling-places to prevent universal intimi
dation or bribery. The .papers are sub
sidized or muzzled. Public opinion is si
lenced; business is prostrated' our homes
covered with mortgages; labor impover
ished; land concentrated in the hands of
capitalists. Urban workmen are denied the
right of organization for self-protection,
which imported, pauperized labor beats
down their wages. A hireling standing
army, unrecognized by law, is established
to shoot them down, and they are rapidly
degenerating into the European condition.
The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly
stolen to build .up colossal fortunes unpre
cedented in history, and make the posses
sors of them in turn a menace to the
republic and to liberty. From the same
prolific womb of governmental injustice we
breed two great classes— tramps and. mil
lionaires. The national power to create
money is appropriated to en rich the bond
holders, and the vast public debt payable in
legal tender has been funded Into gold
bearing bonds, thereby adding millions to
the burdens of the people. Silver, which
has been accepted as coin since the dawn
of history, has been demonetized to add
to the purchasing power of gold by
decreasing ihe value of all forms of
property, as well as of human labor, and
the supply of currency is purposely
abridged to fatten the usurer, bankrupt
enterprises and. enslave Industry. This
vast conspiracy against mankind has been
organized on two continents, and it is rap
idly taking possession of the world. If not
met and overthrown at once it forbodes ter
rible social couvulaiyus, the destruction of
SAX FRANCISCO, TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 5, 1892-EIGHT PAGES.
civilization ar the establishment of absolute
despotism. We have witnessed for moro
than a quarter of a cdntuty the struggles of
the two great political parties for power
and plunder, while grievous wrongs have
been Inflicted upon the suffering people.
We charge that the controlling Influences
dominating both of these parties have per
mitted the existing dreadful conditions to
develop without serious efforts to prevent
or restrain them. Neither do they now
promise us any substantial reform.
They agreed together to Ignore In tho
coming campaign every issue but one.
They propose to drown the outcries of the
plundered people with the uproar of a sham
battle over the tariff, so that capitalistic
Corporations, national banks, rings, trusts,
watered stock, the demonetization of silver
and the oppressions of usurers may all be
lout sight of.
They propose to sacrifice our homes, our
lives and our childreu on the altar of
mammon; to destroy a multitude in order
to secure corruption funds from million
Assembled on the anniversary of tho birth
of tho nation and filled with the spirit of the
grand generation that established our Inde
pendence, we seek to restore the govern
ment of the republic to the hands of "iho
plain people," with which* class it origin
Wo assert our purpose to be identical
with the purpose of the national constitu
tion, to form a more perfect union, establish
justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide
for the coming defense, promote the general
welfare and secure the blessings of liberty
fir ourselves and posterity.
We declare that this republic can ouly
endure as a free government upon the love
of .the whole people for each other and for
the nation ; that it cannot be pinned togeth
er by the bayonet; that the civil war Is over
and every passion and resentment which
grew out of it must die with it; and that we
must be, In fact as we arc in name, ono uni
ted brotherhood of free men.
Our country finds itself cinfronted by
conditions for which there is no precedent
in the history of the world. Our annual
agricultural productions amount to billions
of dollars iv value, which must within a
lew months bo exchanged for billions of
dollars of the commodities consumed in
their production. The existing currency
supply is wholly inadequate to mako tills
exchange and the results are failing prices,
the formation of combines and rings, and
the Impoverishment of the producing class.
Wo idedtre ourselves, lf given power, to
labor to correct these evils by wise and
We believe the powers of the Govern
ment should be expanded, as in the case of
the postal service, rapidly and as far as the
go d sense of the intelligent people ami tha
teachings of experience shall justify, to the
end that oppression, injustice and poverty
shall eventually eea->e In the lan 1.
While our sympathies as a party of re
form are naturally upon the side of every
proposition which will tend to make men
intelligent, virtuous and temperate, wo
nevertheless regard these questions, im
portant as they are, as subordinate to the
great issues now pressing for solution, and
uron winch not only Individual prosperity
but the very existence of free institutions
depends, and we ask all men to first help
us determine whether we are to have the
republic to administer before we differ as
to the conditions upon which it is to be ad
Believing that the forces of reform this
day set in motion will never cease to move
forward until every wrong is remedied and
equal privileges sect* rely established for all
men and women we declare therefore:
First— That the union of labor forces of
the foiled States this day consummated
shall be permanent and perpetual; may its
spirit enter Into ail hearers for the salvation
of the republic and the uplifting of man
Second— Wealth belongs to him who
created it. ami every dollar taken from In
dustry without an equivalent is robbery.
"ll any man will not work, neither shall lie
eat." The Interests of the rural and city
laborer are the same, and their enemies are
Third— We believe the time ha* come
when the railroad corporations will either
owu the people or the people must own the
railroads, and should the Government enter
upon the work of holding and managing
any or all of the railroads, we should favor
an amendment to the constitution by which
all persons engaged in the Government
service shall be under civil vice regula
tion of the most rigid cnaractet, so as fee
prevent the increase of the power ot the
national administration by the use of such
additional Government employes.
A Flexible Currency and Go. eminent
Control of Everything.
Omaha. July 4.— The platform was as
We demand a national currency, safe,
sound and flexible, issued by the General
Government, of full legal tender for ell
debts, public and private, and that without
ttie use of banking corporations, a just,
equitable and efficient means of distribution
to the peon c, at a tax not to exceed _ pel
cent per annum, to be provided as set forth
in the sub-treasury plan of the Farmers'
Alliance, or by a better system; and also
by payment* in the discharge of its obliga
tions for public Improvements.
(a) We demand the free and unlimited
coinage of silver and gold at the present
legal ratio of I*l to 1.
(6- We demand that the amount of the
circulation medium be speedily increased to
net less than .50 per capita.
(c) We demand a graduated income tax.
id) We believe that the* money of the
country should be kept as much as possible
In the hands of the people, and hence we
demand that all State and national revenues
shall be limited to the necessary expenses
of the Government, economically and hon
(c) We demand that postal savings bank*
be established by the Government for the
safe deposit of the earnings of the people
and to facilitate exchange.
Transportation being a means of ex
change and a public necessity, the Govern
ment should own and operata the railroads
in lbs Interest of tne people.
The telegtapta and telephone systems, like
the postoffice system, being a necessity for
the transportation of news, should bo owned
and operated by tho Government in the in
terest of the people.
Land— Land, including all natural sources
of wealth, is the heritage of the people and
should not be monopolized for speculative
purposes, and the alien ownership of land
should be prohibited. All land now held by
railroads and other corporations in excess
of their actual needs, and all lands bow
owned by aliens, should be reclaimed by the
Government and held for actual settlers
MEN WENT MAD.
Enthusiasm Over the Adoption of th.
Omaha, July 4.— Pram of Georgia read
the platform proper, and the strong sen
tences picturing graphically the ruin of the
country unless there was reform were well
received and met with approbation, but
when tho sentence lelaiing to lhe Govern
ment ownership of the means of transpor
tation in the people's interest was reached
there was a demonstration which inter
rupted the reader's progress. ex-Senator
Van Wyck, in the front of the hall, leading
the Nebraska delegation and tbe con
The reading of nearly every plank In the
platform proper was received with some
The free silver plank was greeted with
cheers and waving of hats, and the Govern
ment ownership railroad plank again got a
tumultuous greeting, in which it was
noticeable that Nebraska, Veorgix, Kansas
and Texas led.
Applause and cries of "Amen" from all
parts of the. bouse was the reception
accorded the paragraph favoring the Gov
ernment control of the telephone aud tele
A regular Baptist camp-meeting chorus
greeted the land plank.
At the conclusion of the reading the
platform was warmly greeted and its adop
tion instantly moved and, though a Missouri
delegate was striving, for some unknown
purpose, to get recognition, it was put
through by unanimous consent.
Then the convention broke over all re
straint and went wild. Delegates arose in
their chairs, cheering, swinging their coats,
waving their hats MM fans and throwing
things in the air. Several delegates Seized
Branch of Georgia, the chairman of the
committee on resolutions, and trotted him
up and down the main aisle on their
shoulders. A number of delegates also
seized the uprights used to hold the placards
designating the places of the State delega
tions, and rushed with thorn to the platform,
forming a cordon about it. Banners were
also borne there. That of the frontier
county of Nebraska bore a placard in
scribed: "What is homo without a mort
gage? Don't all speak at once." A picture
of a settler's cab n was also i art of it, and
on the reverse side, on a big gold niece, was
inscribed: "Twenty dollars, 1892," the
portrait device on the coin being a money
lender with a long, avaricious nose and a
noticeable lack of chin. ".••
Tennessee's banner pledged 80.000 votes
to tho now party; and Virginia had George
Washington for its exaraplar.
Then the banners and placards were
rushed down from the stage and an im
promptu procession, to which new adher
ents were constantly received, started
around the body of the hall in which tho
delegates sat, the drummers heading the
Connecticut's banner said: "Congress
and not the people be - — 1 Shylock's twins
— -trover and Ben."
The crowd broke forth time and time
again In applause, and the women joined
in the movement. Getting into line they
marched with their male associates, the
men not in the line shouting encouraging
cries of " Bight, sister!"
After twenty-five minutes of this sort of
thing the leaders concluded to stem the
tide, but it was hard work. The remark
able demonstration still continued, and,
forming in the center of the hall, the band
laved "Yankee Doodle" and "Dixie,"
while a number of enthusiastic delegates
sang party songs.
ALMOST A STAMPEDE.
There Was Magic in the Nam . of tV_t«r
Omaha, July 4.— Taubeneck lied, during
the latter part of the scene following the
adoption of lhe platform, been in despair,
seeking to get an opportunity to make him
self heard. He was on a chair wildly wav
ing a telegram he had Just received, and
the surmise that the dispatch was from
Gresham spread like wildfire. From all
over the hall people ran to got information
from Taubeneck, while others became
excited and added to tho confusion
by Howling down their neighbors. The
people on the stage were tiio noisiest, and
lngersoll of Kansas, regardless of the rap
ping of the chairman's gavel, excitedly
lusbeo. up aud vehemently warned them to
Chairman Loucks, whose speech on first
taking the gavel in the morning had stamped
him as anti-Gresham. sought now to create
a divers against the imminent Stampede
of the convention to Greshum by making a
speech of some length ou various issuer.
Taubeneck finally got on the platform
end the house was comparatively quiet;
but attention was again taken from the
manor of real interest by the chair recog
nizing, instead of Taubeneck, a delegate
named Wadsworth of Indiana, who made a
rambling address of considerable length.
Then Taubeneck, telegram in hand, was
at last accorded a hearing. "1 have," said
he, "just received a telegram from Dr.
Hauser of Indiana. In order lhat you may
know what credit to place in it 1 will tell
you who he is. He is the present candidate
in thai State for Lieutenant-Governor on
the People's party ticket and the author of
the celebrated work, "Is Marriage a Fail
ure?" [Laughter.] This is the telegram:
'•'I have MM Gresham. If the nomina
tion is unanimous he will not decline.' "
The effect of this telegram was electrical.
Thousands of people sprang instantly to
their feet and thousands of voices cheered
again and again for Gresham. There
seemed to be no doubt that among those
wildly cheering enthusiasts there was a
majority of the deirgit.t, whether the en
thusiasm was an evidence of their senti
ment* or not.
Immediately after the reading of this dis
patch Urowu of Massachusetts took the
"Equal rights to all. special privileges to
none, ho said. [Loud cheers.] The chair
man has made the announcement that
Gresham will accept if nominated unani
mously. [Cries of "That's right," and more
cheering visibly to tbe annoyan.'e of the
speaker.] "I hold in my bud a letter from
Chairman Page of the Virginia State Alli
ance, in which he tells me that bis name
may go before this convention for the Pres
idential nomination, tint that, after a full,
free and fair expression of the will of the
convention, be is prepared to abide by the
result. [Faint cheers and laughter.] This
is Just a little better than Gresham, who
wants it unanimously."
Here the audience rose en masse.
"Gresham, Gresham, three cheers for
Gresham, hurrah for Gresham," rang
through the hall for several seconds and
cords were accompanied by wild manifes
tations of enthusiasm.
Prown resentful yelled: "I do not pro
pose to stampede tbls convention with tbo
aid of the gallery. That is an old party
A volley of hisses, loud and long con
tinued, greeted this statement, and again
Chairman Ixmck interfered, shouting:
"This is a disgrace to the convention."
Instantly Etnber. >. Chilling of Wiscon
sin sprang to bis feet. "No gentleman has
a right to insult the chairman of our Na
tional Committee and our convention." he
said amid ringing cheers. "No one has a
right to so insult us by making charges and
fraudulent insinuations against our party's
A scene of indescribable confusion fol
lowed, and recriminations were hurled back
and fortn by the two factions.
When silence was restored Prow apolo
gized for anything he might have said in the
heat of the mo nent.
Then Mrs. Lease elbowrd her way to the
front and shouted in her stentorian v. ice
"1. too, have received a message. I am
authorized to say that if the nomination ls
tendered him unanimously even General
Harrison will not decline." [Derisive laugh
The Gresham people, however, were not
dismayed by these evidences of sharp oppo
sition to their candidate and tbe cheers were
At this point the opponents of Gresham
made a clever move to prevent his name
carrying the convention by storm. Paul
Vandervoort of Nebraska, who is bitterly
opposed to Git-sham, having been removed
from tdlice by Gresham when the latter was
Postmaster-General, claimed recognition.
With remarkable dexterity he shifted his
position and assumed the role of a Gresham
enthusiast "if it is true," said be. that
Walter Q. Gresham will accent on the plat
form of the People's party I will support
bias with all my heart, and I will second
bis nominal ion in this convention."
Vandervoort|then moved that the conven
tion adjourn- alter the nomination speeches
were made, until 7p. m. . The Gresham peo
ple received the motion with but little favor,
but it was finally declared to be carried, and
nominating speeches were announced to be
Again Vandervot rt sprang to his fee .with
a motion for delay, moving for a recess till
8 o'clock, to give time to bear from the com
mittee that tied gone to see Gresham.
Prown moved to amend by making the hour
7:30 and Yaudervcoit accepted tho amend
General Secretary John W. Hayes of the
Knights of Labor, a strong Gresham man.
denounced this as a scheme for delay
unworthy of the recognition of the People's
At this moment T. V. Powderly and
James S. caver entered ttie hall side by
side and their appearance was the signal for
prolonged cheers. A brief era of good feel
ing ensued. Mrs. Lease of Kansas rushed
up to Weaver anil said, "Do not desert us.
general. Yon are the choice of the people."
Weaver replied that if assurances were
received from Gresham himself that he was
willing to accept on the People's party
platform ho was for Gresham, but that he
agreed with friends that it would be wiser
to be authoritatively informed of the Judge's
Intention before nominal him.
The question occurred on the motion for
a recess until 7:30, but it was so vehemently
opposed by the Giosham people that a call
of States was demanded.
S. F. Norton of Illinois finally gained the
floor and asked, "Is it in order to move to
suspend the rollcall and to make the motion
to adjourn until 8 o'clock and put ourselves
together? God knows, wo need il." [Great
laughter and applause.]
Norton's speech seemed like oil on the
troubled waters, and, by unanimous con
sent, the rules were suspended and the mo
tion to adjourn till 8 o'clock, being substi
tuted for tbe pending motion, prevailed.
IN TIIE EVENING.
Making Several Important Additions to
the I'lut form.
. Omaha, July 4.— The delegates were
prompt in arriving for tho night session
and all were nervous and expectant owing
to the lack of positive and final information
as to the possibility of the nomination of
The first actual business was ttio reading
by Chairman Pranch of the resolution com
mittee of a supplement to the platform as
Wiii.'ii.As, Other questions having been
presented lor our consideration, we hereby
submit the following, not as - part of the
platform of the People's party, but as
resolutions expressive of the sentiment of
this convention: j7
We demand a free ballot and a fair count
in ail elections, and pledge ourselves to se
cure it to every legal voter. without Federal
intervention through the adoption by the
■Stales of the' uuperverled Australian or
The revenue derived from a graduated
I income lax snould be applied to the icdtic
lion of the burden of taxation new levied
upon the domestic industries of the country.
m Ne pledge our support to the fair and
liberal pensioning of ex-Union soldiers and
sailors. •;': - .■•_'
Ue condemn the fallacy of protecting
American labor under the present system,
which opens our ports to the pauper and
criminal classes of the world and crowds
out our wage-earners; and we denounce the
present ineffective laws against contract
labor, and demand further restriction of
We cordially sympathize with the efforts
of organized workingmen to shorten the
hours of labor, and demand the ricid en
forcement of the existing eight-hour law on
Government work and "ask that a penalty
clause be added to said law.
We regard the maintenance of the largo
standing army of mercenaries, known as the
1 inkerton system, as a menace to our
liberties, aud demand its abolition; and we
condemn the recent invasion of the terri
tory of the State of Wyoming by the hired
assistants of plutocracy, assisted by Federal
We commend to the thoughtful considera
tion Of the people and ot the reform press
the legislative system known as the Initia
tive and referendum.
We favor a constitutional provision lim
iting the offlca of President aud Vice-
resident to one term and providing for the
election of Senators of the United States
by a direct vote of the people.
Wo oi pose any subsidy or national aid to
any private corporation lor any purpose
The immigration plank and anti-Pinker
ton plank were loudly cheered.
When the first paragraph, relating to the
foice bill and the Australian ballot system,
was read a delegate moved to lay It on the
tabic. "Thoy already had the St. Louis
platform," he said.
His motion was beaten decisively on a
A motion to adopt the supplementary
platform was promptly seconded, and it
was adopted before some of the Protestants
could pet a hearing. They protested against
any "tag" law, However, and moved a re
consideration, but on its being put to a vote
It was defeated viva voce, though delegates
from Ohio and Missouri protested against
this method of counting aud demanded tho
call of States ou the vote.
IN DOUSING THE BOYCOTT.
The Knights of Labor Upheld by Unanl
Omaha, July 4.— Branch then Introduced
Hugh Cavanagh of Ohio, secretary of the
resolutions committee, who read the follow
ing resolution, which was unanimously
adopted by the committee:
"Resolved, That this convention sympa
thizes with the Knights of Labor in their
righteous contest with the tyrannical com
bine of clothing manufacturers of Bo<hes
ter, and declares it to bo the duty of all who
hate tyranny and oppression to refuse to
purchase goods made by said manufacturers
or to patrouixe any merchant who sells such
Peters of Texas moved to table the reso
lution and Dean of New York to divide It.
The first part, expressing sympathy, he
wanted to vote for, but not for trie boycott.
"This Is a political convention," said he,
"and the latter part of the resolution is out
In vehement language General Secretary
Reyes of the Knights of Labor declared
that sympathy was not what was wanted.
The Knights of Labor demanded a boycott.
Cater of California earnestly supported
the resolution and entered upon what he
-escribed as the scientific bash of the boy
cott. He pointed to the action of Moses
when the children ci feme] were oppressed
to show its ancient character, "Boycotting
is not human but divine." said he.
"Cyclone" Davis of Texas was also for
Alter some further debate Ignatius Don
nelly took the platform. The resolution, ho
declared, was in keeping with the spirit of
the preamble to the platform adopted with so
much unanimity earlier in the day. The
i; heater clothing manufacturers have said
to (6.000 of their workmen and workwomen
that they could not gain the means of live
lihood without yielding their rights as
America-! citizens, Mr. Donnelly said. "On
this question there can be no compromise.
The agriculturists of the country must
. tand by their brethren, and we will crush
all men who seeK to oppress their fellow
men. Hero there can be no hesitation
and no compromise, lt is war to the knife,
ana the knife to the hilt. [Loud cheers.] 1
trust that those who havo staggered away
from this resolution because of the oppro
brium that a hireling press lias applied to
the word 'boycott' will withdraw their on
position and that the resolution will be
adopted by a rising vote." [Tremendous
At the conclusion of Donnelly** address
Powderly, Hayes and others grasped him
warmly by the hand.
A Kansas delegate moved the previous
question, but the chairman staled that a
colored mother desired to say a few words.
"I wont yield to any brother." said the
Kansas delegate, and on a rising vote the
motion 10 strike out the boycott clause was
nvorwbelmingl. defeated and the resolution
adopted i>\ acclamation.
The colored delegate protested against the
action of the convention ordering the pre
vious question. "I don't think it i* right,"
said he, "after you have all spoken that
you should call for the previous question.
You expect us to help you out with our
votes on eltetiou day and yet refuse us a
The Judge la Courteous, but Moat De
Omaha. July 4.— During the Knights of
Labor discussion the Gresham movement
received its coup de grace by the receipt of
the following dispatch from Judge Gresham
Chicago. July 4.-To J. 15. Weaver. Ignatius
Donnelly, Boa Terrell and John W. Ilayes: I
Have just relumed ami Had your dispatch of the
Ist. i must nana by my dispatch to Mr. orrot
the 2d. Acoiiiiny grateful acknowledgments.
W. Q. ______4__
Immediately on the receipt of Hi? the
Gresham Doomers accepted the inevitable.
"That settles it," said lguiitius Donnelly,
" Gresham will not accept." Powderly,
Bayes, Terrell and others expressed the
A resolution deelariu_ against tho pres
ence of public oflicers at convention*, pre
pared by Cator of California, was reported
from the resolutions committee. It pro
vides thai bo person holding an office or
position of profit, trust or hum-nt under
the Federal or any State or municipal gov
ernment— including Senator^ Congressmen
nnd members of Legislatures, Stats and na
tional— should bo eligible to sit or vote iv
any convention of tins party.
It was adopted with a whoop.
NAMING I ill HE..
_____ . ji ■■;
It Waa m Struggle U«tween Weaver and
Omaha, July Than the roll of States
was culled for the presentation of candi
dates for the Presidency.
When Alabama was called. Delegate
Manning placed in nomination General
James B. Weaver of lowa, saying: "He Is
a man the mere mention of whose name
creates such enthusiasm as is never other
wise heard in our State."
California was called, and an enthusiastic
delegate said the State was divided, but
would vote for Weaver.
Colorado yielded to S. F. Norton of Illi
nois, who placed Senator Kyle of South
Dakota in nomination." Norton began by
calling attention to Postmaster-General
Wanamaker's refusal to permit the trans
mission through the mails of one of the new
reform books. If that little book could not
go through the malls there are thousands of
reform papers that could not go through,
and tho platform of this convention could
not go through. The man he should name
had already won bin spurs in the brainiest
assembly in the United States. The man
he should name stood there as a giant. Due
part of his strength consisted in the fact
that he was a member of no faction.
He was a man so great that no
big white hat of an ancestor could
hide him from public gaze. He pledged his
rapport to whoever the candidate might be,
foi no man could bo so great as the plat
form of the principles of the patty. His
candidate was a broad and liberal minded
man, who gave to every one the right to
speak and write for himself and to follow
the dictates of his own cnnscie.ee iv all
things. it was not impossible or improba
ble that, they might place the man he would
name in the White House- that grand, mag
nificent matt, James H. Kyle of South
A Connecticut delegate declared he WOUld
present one who came from a State which
gave us Washington and Jefferson, General
James Field of Virginia. [Applause.]
A Florida delegate seconded the nomina
tion of Weaver and said: "lf you will give
him to us we will carry the State of Florida
for the People's party." [At please.]
Wimberley of Georgia seconded the nom
ination ol Senator Kyle. •'.-_'
Stephen H. Has I. or of Illinois, pastor of
the Progressive Church, said that as armies
follow intrepid leaders to conquest and
victory, so should political parties crown
with honor the genius and leadership which
gave it birth. The People's party was
founded on principles, not men. and it de
manded as its leader the biggest, brainiest
and squarest man In the party fold. The
party should keep in the middle" of the road
and choose a man who was old enough in
the party to know where the middle of the
road was. That man was Senator Van
Wyck of Nebraska." The mention of Van
Wyck's name aroused some of the liveliest
cheering of the evening.
John ii. Borgermand of Indiana seconded
the nomination of Weaver.
Professor C. Vincent of the Noncon
formists of Indiana said that although In
diana was divided now, she - would not be
In November. He had nothing to say
against Weaver, but it seemed to him that
they must get new blood into the move
ment, and he seconded Kyle's nomination.
Another Indiana delegate jumped up at
this and said half the delegation was for
Van Wyck. ■■ ':::___
LEADER and TEACHER.
High Traiae From Ilia Home fur General
.limit's It. Weaver.
Omaha, July The principal speech
for Weaver was made by Morris L. Wheat
of lowa. He said, in part:
The common people of this country have
at last resolved to take the reins of this
Government Into their own hands. We aro
to place in nomination a candidate for the
Presidency who it not a pliant hireling of
Wall street, but one who springs from the
great plain people of the country, one in
thorough sympathy with their wants, ono
who touches elbows with the toiler of the
shop and the tiller of the field. The leaders
of the old party combinations take
their certificates of leadership from
a plutocracy more fiendish than ever
afflicted a nation. It touched both
the Minneapolis and Chicago conventions,
and the result was the choice of men who
had been previously chosen by the money
powers of the country. They stand upon
platforms that promise nothing to the groat
army of wealth producers. He who votes
for either throws bis vote away and sacri
fices upon the base altar of prejudice the
dearest rights of liberty, equality aud home.
It is not to bore. This movement originated
with the common people, and with them it
must remain if we would preserve pure and
inviolate our rights— the ballot-box and leg
islation. Now and here, in this great con
flict with plutocracy, we are to choose a
leader. He must be a man who will guide
us in the middle of the road; who will ,
carry our banner boldly aud skillfully in
the forefront of battle; who has taught
and will teach equal rights to all and special
privileges to none, and that injury to one is
the concern to all is the only enduring
republican form of government." We must
not choose oue who agrees with us only in
part. Neither must wo bow down to the
old party theory of nominating any one
who we think will command the most
votes, regardless of whether he accord with
the entire platform, lt would be a criminal
blunder that might give us temporary gain,
but in the end would mean ruin and disas
ter. We want a man who is emphatically
in favor of the free and unlimited coinage
of silver, and also of the issue by the Gov
ernment of full legal tender paper to make
altogether $30 per capita in circulation, but
he must not stop there. He must be in favor
of the Government control of telegraph and
railroad lines, and of the extinguishment
of land monopoly. We have a man who
pro 'eminently fills these requirements, and
who has lou_ht more battles for the toiling
masses than any other man in this country.
Others have been great in noble self-sacri
fice, but there does not live to-d:iy a grander
advocate of the common people than this
brave veteran of the Western prairie, lv
nominating him we shall make no mistake.
As we enter iuto our first bailie I am proud
of trie honor of nominating as our candi
date lor the Presidency une who "stands four
square" to all the Winds that blow— that in
trepid advocate of the common people, that
splendid cantata of the "old guard," General
James li. Weaver.
THE LOGICAL CANDIDATE.
Even the Women and Children Would
'~"fff~': Vute for Htm.
Omaha, July 4.— Mrs. Lease of Kansas
caused the greatest enthusiasm of the even
ing by her speech seconding Weaver's nomi
nation. She said: "In behalf of the women
of the nation, who, by words and work,
aided you so nobly in your grand struggle
for liberty in behalf of the Sunflower vote,
1 desire to second the nomination of that
true and tried friend of the people, that
grand champion of human liberty, that
hero of a hundred battles, brave, bold
Jamas B. Weaver. [Applause.] Give us
General Weaver, and not ouly the mothers,
but the very children will battle for him.
Give him to us aud wo will drive from
American shores the English Arabs with
their stolen goods. We win make the pluto
crats and monopolists cringe aud tremble.
No need to ask if be is true. Give us
Weaver, and no earthly power can keep us
from sweeping on to victory in November."
A Kentucky delegate seconded the nomi
nation of Weaver.
Major Webb of Massachusetts, candidate
for Governor of his Stale on the People's
party ticket, seconded the nomination of
Senator Kyle. ____.f
BEGINNING OF THE LANDSLIDE.
Everything Waa K-pidly Going in One
Omaha, July 4.— Speeches, however,
were cetting wearisome to the hot-headed
delegates and, besides, for sentimental
reasons, they desired to make a nomination
before the Fourth expired. It was decided
to limit speeches to three minutes, and this
stirred up Bird, the colored delegate from
Chicago, who protested, aud a compromise
was arranged providing that no speeches
with refereuce to old candidates be made,
but that the nominating and secondiuc of
new candidates would be permitted, and in
this form the motion limiting debute was
Delegate Brown of Massachusetts nom
inated Mann Page of Virginia. No man,
he declared, would better represent the
Soutn than Page.
Delegate Fish of Minnesota arose to pay
a tribute to Ignatius Donnelly, and to tell
of his unselfishness in refusing the offer on
the part of the State by which he was loved,
to put him in nomination.
Tho withdrawal of one candidate. Van
Wyck of Nebraska, varied the proceedings.
Varidervoort, In a forcible and eloquent
speech, stated that Nebraska had no candi
date to offer. Incidentally ho alluded to
Van Wyck and asserted that Nebraska
would have giveu him hearty support had
he allowed his name to go before the con
Joe Waldron of Portland, Or., seconded
Weaver's nomination and the chairman of
the Indiana delegation announced that the
solid vote of the Hoosier .tale would be
cast for the lowa candidate.
The Virginia delegation also withdrew
the name of its favorite sou and declared
unanimously for Weaver.
G. B. Banna of Washington seconded
Weaver, and West Virginia announced that
It would cast a solid vote for him.
The Now York delegation announced that
it had agreed with New England to remain
neutral and allow the South and West to
select a candidate and they would vole for
the man selected.
New York hoped that Weaver's nomina
tion would be made unanimous and it
would vote solidly for him. Mississippi
aud Georgia aiso swung into the Weaver
KYLE GOES DOWN FIGHTING.
Lust Deaperate Stand on Behalf of the
South Dakota Man,
Omaha, July 4.— Schilling ot Wisconsin
entered an indignant protest against per
mitting announcements by allowing States
t to be called after they had been passed in
order to stampede the convention. The
Kyle men decided to make a last desperate
stand against the Weaver landslide.
Washburne of Massachusetts mado an
eloquent plea, and Schilling made ouo of the
■Oat notable, and powerful speeches of the
convention declaring bis Intention to talk
of political politics and his want of faith in
sentiment, lie said In part: "There Is no
man for whom 1 would sooner vote than for
our grand old standard-bearer, General
Weaver, but wo want the votes oi others
besides our own people, and that I* tho
mason why we do not want to adopt the
name of any member of tho old guard.
1 do not dare to run for . flico In my own
Mate because our enemies will say 1 r_„ ■
greenback crank, anarchist and socialist Is
it not better to select some man who has not
made himself obnoxious to men not in our
ranks? 1 propose to second the nomination
of Senator Kyle of booth Dakota."
<■•■ rge E. Ward of Pennsylvania made a
brief response to Schilling's remarks, and
an Oklahoma delegate seconded Weaver's
Tins closed the speechtuaking and the
combatants prepared to draw the lino of
It Was a Foregone Conclusion From the
Omaha, July 4.— Just before the ballot
"Cyclone" Davi3 endeavored to secure a
suspension of the rules to make Weaver's
nomination unanimous, but there was so
much opposition that he withdrew the mo
tion. From the very beginning of the roll
call Weaver led. and so overwhelming was
the vote cast for him that his nomination
was practically assured before the ballot
was half completed. The Weaver people
grew. wildly enthusiastic, the culmination
coming when the result was announced.
The first ballot for President, only one
being necessary, resulted as follows:
Alabama— Weaver __
Arkansas— Weaver 12, Kyle 20.
California— Weaver 25.
Colorado— Weaver 6, Kyle 10.
Connecticut— Weaver 8, Kyle 2.
Delaware Weaver 1.
Florida— Weaver 13.
Georgia— Weaver 13, Kyle 30.
Idaho— Weaver 12.
Illinois— Weaver 41, Kyle 42.
Indiana— Weaver 54, Kyle 5, Norton, 1.
low a— Weaver 52.
Kansas — Weaver 40.
Kentucky— Weaver 40.
Louisiana— Weaver 33,
Maine— Weavers, Kyle 2.
Massachusetts— Weaver 9, Kyle 18, Pagel.
Michigan— Weaver _»">.
Minnesota— Weaver 27, Kyle 9.
Mississippi— Weaver 27.
Missouri— Weaver 61, Kvie 7.
Montana— Kvie 12.
Nebraska— Weaver 23. Kyle 8.
Nevada— Kyle 7.
New Jersey— Weaver 4.
New York— Weaver 4.
North Carolina— Weaver 20. Kyle 5.
North Dakota—Weaver 11, Kyle 1.
Ohio— Weaver 30, Kyle 22.
Oregon— Weaver it;.
Pennsylvania— Weaver 29, Stanford 1.
South Dakota— Weaver l, Kyle 15.
Tennessee— Weaver __.
Texas— Weaver GO.
Virginia— Weaver 48.
Went Virginia— Weaver 17.
Wisconsin— Weaver 7, Kvie 41
Wyoming— Weaver 9.
District of Columbia— Weaver 8.
Oklahoma— Weaver 8.
Totals. Weaver 995, Kyle 265, Norton 1.
Pane 1, Stanford 1, and Maryland, New
Hampshire, Rhode Island, South Carolina,
Vermont, Alaska, Arizona, Indian Terri
tory, New Mexico and Utah are blank.
Morton of Illinois moved to make the
nomination unanimous, and Schilling of
Wisconsin, Washington of Massachusetts
and delegates from South Dakota and Mon
tana seconded the motion. It was carried
with an hurrah and loud cheering, ending
with calls for "Weaver." B
The general was not present and a com
mittee was appointed to escort him to the
FIELD OF VIRGINIA.
A Spirited Struggle for Second Flace on
OMAHA, July 4.— With little delay the
call of the roll of States for nominations
for Vice-President was begun.
General F. Gaither of Alabama presented
the name of Ben Terrell of Texas for the
Delegate Roverly of Arkansas nominated
the ex-Confederate genera), James G. Field
of Virginia, and the nomination was sec
onded by a, Colorado man.
A Florida delegate named Ben Terrell of
Texas, whereupon a North Carolina man
sprang to his feet and asked if a
man could be eligible for the Vice-
Presidency who had been on trial before
the Farmers' Alliance. This created a tre
mendous uproar, and Terrell passionately
denied that he had ever been connected
with any trust, saying that this attack was
unworthy of any man, and defying the per
son who made the charge to prove it.
Baldwin of Illinois attempted to interro
gate Terrell, but the questions could not be
heard, and Terrell left the stage.
Harvey of Georgia grew excited in de
fending Terrell, denouncing the charge as
an infamous lie aud asserting that it came
from the machine which controlled tho
cordage business of the country.
This stirred up Samuel Leavitt of Joliet,
111., who shouted that he had proofs of the
A personal encounter seemed imminent
for a time between Terrell and Leavitt, but
ftiends warded it off.
Nearly all the subsequent speeches had
some relation to the charges and most of the
speakers, while coming out for Field, were
careful to say It was not because of the
cordage trust matter.
Finally balloting was begun and the first
ballot resulted: Field, 733; Terrell, 554.
Weaver and Field each made spirited ad
dresses and at 3 a. m. the convention ad
journed sine die.
Brief Biographical Sketch of the Norn-
In--- of the Convention.
James B. Weaver, nominated by the con
vention of the People's party for the Presi
dency, is an Ohio man, having been born at
Dayton In that Slate June 12, 1833. lie was
educated for the law and was graduated at
the law school of- the
Ohio University iv
1854. At the outbreak
of the war he enlisted
In the Second lowa
Volunteers, was elect
ed a lieutenant, rose
to the rank of major
and after the senior
field Aiders had fallen
at Corinth ho was com
missioned colonel in
October, 15.2. Ue was
general in March, 1805,
for conspicuous gal
lantry ou tbe field of
battle. After the war
he renewed I.ls legal practice, was elected
District attorney of the Second Judicial Dis
trict of lowa in ISG_, and was appointed
assessor of internal revenue for the fifth
district of the State, lie became editor of
the Tribune, published at Oes Moines and
was elected to Congress in 1878. Iv June,
ISB . be was nominated for the Presidency
by the National Greenback Labor party
and in the election following received 307,
--740 votes. He was returned to Gongress in
1834 and re-elected in 1886.
The nominee for the Vice-Presidency was
born In Walnut. Culpepper County, Va., on
tho HIM of February, 1836, and is conse
quently 66 years of age. Uo comes from the
same stock as the .New York family of
Fields. In his earlier years he was a teacher,
and in 1848 he came to California with the
Argonauts, and in 1850 he was selected as
one of the secretaries of the conven
tion that framed tho first constitution
of this State. Later lie returned to Virginia
and f rom 1-iiO to ISGS was attorney for the
commonwealth of his native county, lie
entered the Confederate service at the out
break of the war and served until he lost a
leg at the battle of Slaughter Mountain.
Since the war he has been Attorney-General
of Virginia, and from its first inception be
has been identified with the third party
Measures te Facilitate PuMic. Business in
Washington, July 4. — Pierce will
Introduce a resolution in Congress at
the next session providing that on
a day to be agreed upon it shall be In order
to move a suspension of the rules to pass
public measures which h:ive been previously
discussed, and that a majority vote shall be
.sufficient. It is probable tbat such a bill
will be reported from the Committee on
Rules, and if the majority favor it it will be
adopted. It may be that this proposition
will be adopted at a meeting of the Com
mittee on Rules to-morrow, instead of a
two-tliinis suspension rule for Thursday, to
secure the passage of the tin plate and other
bills, as well as the silver bill. '.-'. ;:
Suppressing Bord-r Troubles.
The Secretary of State has received ad
vices confirming tho reported troubles along
the Rio Grande, near San Antonio. The
troubles involve no political features, but
are simply individual acts of desperadoes
lrom both countries Instructions have been
sent to General Wheaton, commanding the
"Department of Texa*, to communicate with
, tho Mexican general commanding in the ad
joining province with a view to co-operat
ing lv tho -enforcement of the neutrality
laws aud preventing further violence if pos
Ex-Secretary Blame has sent the Presi
dent a cordial; acknowledgment of the re
ceipt of his telegram of sympathy and con
dolence at the tune of the death of Emmons
Blame. :•*" ■/'•'■•' ""-;;"
PURE FIVE CENTS.
ERROR OF THE SILVER MEN.
Disappointed in the Provisions of t_«
UNAVAILABLE BUSS IT IS i_____.E9_
Tlicir Anxiety to Pass a Free-Coinage Seasire L«__
Them Into a Dilemma— The Prcto___
Special to Tn_ MokViko C_i__
New York, July 4.— The Times Wash
ington special says: Some free silver men
are beginning to wonder whether the free
coinage measure which the Senate passed
on Friday would really accomplish what
they have been aiming to bring about if it
should become a law. Apparently very
few of them knew, previous to Friday, that
Senator Stewart proposed to offer a substi
tute for his original measure, and most of
them seem to have been Ignorant of the
provisions of the new bill. Now that the
bill is in cold type, the impression is grow
ing that should it finally become a law the
free silver men would soon realize that they
had been led into a ridiculous position.
One Senator, who voted lor the bill with- '
out examining it, said to-night to the corre
spondent of the Times that he believed a
serious mistake had been made. The "
bill," he said, "provides that the uncoined
bullion in the treasury must be coined. -
Taking the amount on hand and the capac
ity ol the mints Into consideration, I figure
that over three years would elapse before i
any bullion not yet delivered could be used
by the Government. The man who drew .
up the substitute which was accepted evi
dently did not think of this."
Denounced br Harter.
Representative Hnrter (D.) of Ohio says
It is the most bungling measure which ever
parsed a legislative body. "Should it be
come a law," said he, "the most ardent free
.ilver men would soon begin to upbraid its ,
trainers. First, it provides tor the stoDoage
of the monthly purchases of silver, and
also stops the Issue of silver certificate* -
This ends the accumulation of silver month.
by month and puts a period to tha vicious
increase of sliver certificates. Observe, it
absolutely closes the monthly market for
silver bullion and is likely to cause the price
to drop away below 88 cents per ounce.
So far, yon , see. the free-silver people
have, in their zeal, killed the goose which
laid the golden— or sliver— egg, and it their
bill should ever become a law the curses
from mining camps would be loud and deep.
Go a step farther and you will uotice that
the bill orders the uncoined bullion In the
treasury to be coined. This will cost. say.
81,600.000, which is, so to sneak, thrown away,
and will occupy the mints on Government
coinage probably not far from two years.
Meanwhile our free-silver friends can keen
their silver to cool their heels with on the
sidewalks. Suppose you had $100,000 in sil- *
ver bullion and proposed to gat the benefits •
of this bill. You would take it to the mint;
but, as the mint has not storage room, it
would be wholly impossible legally .
and in a Pickwickian. or technical sense
possible for the Government to take it.
Iv other words, it may he two years before
the Government could take your bullion,
and it may be five jeers. Put suppose the
Government does take it. Wili it be kind *
enough to tell me when you would get your .
silver dollars in return? Here is a nice
sum in arithmetic for the sliver men, and.
after they have figured it out they can co
and buy their ox teams and be ready to
transport their coin. lam satisfied I nave
said enough to cause any man to see that
tho whole bill is a delusion and a snare."
Bland in D >u!>t.
Washington - , July 4.— Bland is here
ready to take hold of the silver fight He
believes that Stewart's bill will have to be
amended in order to prevent its being a
practical repudiation of the siiver certifi
cates now outstanding. A meeting of . the
Committee on Coinage, Weights and Meas
ures will be called for Wednesday to con
sider the silver bill and a speedy report is
expected. To a Star reporter to-day Bland
said although he had not talked with the
members of the committee or Senators in
terested in silver, nor yet investigated the
subject, on looking the bill over he
feared it would have to be amended, as it
appeared to him by repealing the act of
1890 the bill deprived over $80,')0_,000 in
silver certificates of their legal tender qual
ity. This, he said, would admit of a veto
by the President without reference to the
question of silver coinage. Of course there
is no intention on the part of the gentlemen
proposing the bill to destroy the legal ten
der character of the cci tificates, and il may
be that they have looked into the matter
and discovered It to be all right. So far as
the passage of the bill is concerned. Bland
was sure that it could be accomplished if
brought to a vote. If it proves necessary
to amend it it will be done and sent back to
the Senate for consideration. If it needs
no amendment the matter will be very sim
Representative Culberson of Texas, one
of the local lights of the House, said to Tub
Call correspondent to-night that, in bis
opinion, the Senate made a fatal oversight
in passing the silver bill, in that it failed to
reserve In the repeal of the act of IS9O the
legal-tender quality of the coin notes issued
under that act, and also destroyed lhe
authority of the Secretary of the Treasury
to redeem them. The effect of the Senate
bill, he says, will bo to demonetize more than
.100,000,000 of the coin notes and postpone
their redemption until, Congress authorizes
it. The House will be compelled to amend
the bill, and thus the session of Congress
may be prolonged.
FATAL BALLOON ACCIDENT.
Three Persons Fatally Hurt by the Bursting i
of an Airship.
Bostox, July 4.— The balloon ascension
from the common this afternoon bad a sad
ending, the aeronaut. Professor George
Augustus Rogers of Maiden, Me., being
almost instantly killed, his assistant,
Thoma3 Kenton, dying shortly after, and
another occupant of the balloon, .1 reporter,
named Gelden Goldsmith, was fatally in
jured. When about five miles dawn the
harbor and off Thompsons Island Professor"
Roger?, who did not relish an ocean voyage, *
attempted to open the valve and make a
landing on the island.
A rent was accidentally made in the side
of the balloon and tbe immense bag began
to descend at a terrific rate, and as it struck
the water it collapsed. Rogers sank at once
and his body was not recovered. Fen to 11
and Goldsmith, though badly hurt and half
asphyxiated by gas, succeeded in holding
onto the basket until picked up by soma
men who went out from the island in a
boat. Fenton died in » short time and
Goldsmith is very low.
Convention of Colored Men.
Cincinnati, July 4.— The national con
vention of colored men to consider matters
of Interest to the race was convened her.
t -day. Daniel A. Rudd of this city, who is
the leader in the matter, made a glowing
speech. J. C. tvibinson of Kentucky also
delivered an address.' Resolutions relating
to the amelioration of toe condition of the
coloied race in the Smith were adopted. *
Fought to the Death.
Dallas, Tex., July 4.— Charles Chandler
and Charles Franklin, negro gamblers,
fought a duel with pistols on Commerce'
street last night. They quarreled early in
the evening and Chandler drew a grin on
Franklin. Franklin secured a pistol and
bred and Chandler tell mortally wounded.
Franklin was shot twice and will die.
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