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FREE FROM QUILT.
Lizzie Borden Acquitted
by the Jury.
WHO COMMITTED THE DEED.
Though She Is Net the Culprit, Vet
Is the Mystery No Nearer
IFj«eUI ■■. Tar UoKMtxe fs-__.
New Bedfoed, .Mass.. Jane 20. —At the
opening of the Borden tri»l this norn ing, :
District Attorney Knowlton resumed his j
argument ln behalf cf tbe Commonwealth. I
If* addressed .-. Mil to tte motive fori
the mnrd*r. He pointed oat tbe enmity of I
JXzzie toward her stepmother as sufS- \
cient motive for fc<»r murder, and said ber ]
kiiiinz necessitated the killing cf her }
fattier, who was a stern man, wbs koew tf
the enmity, and wi. loved bis dead wife.
The only way for Lizzie to possibly escape
pnolsbmest lay in killing ter father. It is
a theory only, but one which *onld con
sistently account fer tbe double murder
taking place with a period of one hour and
a half between the acts. 'in all yonr ob
serve'Xr.s." he asked, " ive yon ever
heard of. an attempt to create an alibi in
wbicb tbere wa». more straining of tbe cir
cumstances than in this one? 'Ihat barn
abb! will not stand."
lie then commented on the old and
fluvy cor.dition "f tl c barn, and the fac
that keen-eyed people found no traces of
poison having been there. How she could
avoid gettins blood on her clothes the
jury could not answer, because they were
neither women nor murderers. It was a
sicguiar thing that tbe dress, after being
kept so long, was burned oa that particu
lar Sunday. Lizzie bad Deen told on Bat
urnay night tbat she was accused of the
crime, and on tbe next morn had
burned Isi dress. The speaker said that
Mrs. Began bad never denied the "you
gave-roe-away" story coder oath. Tbe
prosecution did not claim that it Intro
duced tbe hatchet witn which the murder
bad been Bitted. It showed that the
hatchet bad been wet and robbed in ashes,
and tbat the blade fitted & most miracu
lously into tbs bole' in the skulls.
The speaker continued arguing that tiie
silk dress prod need __>• defendant was not
the dress worn at the time of the murder.
'1 •-.'-. two versions of the story of the horn
ing of the defendant's dress were irrecon
cilable. He iii-cu .-cd the defendant's con
duct since the order, and eald the pro
duct on of ti.e hatchet was no part of the
Government's ease, and closed with an
eloquent appeal to the jury.
'J lie court then took a recess, and on re
assembling defendant was given an op
portunity to sneak. She said: "I am in
nocent, but I will leavs my case in your
bands and with my counsel."
Justice Dewey then 'barged the jury.
He. defined the different degrees of murder
and stated tbat the : resumption of Inno
cence was increased by the defendant's
character. There must be a real and
operative motive for a crime of this sort.
The Judge further charged the jury to
weigh the evidence to see whether the de
fendant's permanent state of mmd showed
a motive for tbe crimes. Every material
allegation in the indictment must be
proved beyond a reasonable doubt, that is
to a moral certainty. He compared direct
and circumstantial evidence and said that
the failure, to prove an essential fact would
be fatal, but the failure to prove a helpful
circumstance not a - fact might not be.
Lizzie's statements about the note were
discussed at length, and the Judge 'said
they must be satisfied that they were false.
Every fact proved must be reasonably
consistent with guilt. The Government
dii not show that anybody else bad an op
portunity to commit the crime, but it most
prove the defendant committed It. The
jury must reason as to the effect of de
fendant's conduct and statements. They
were not to reach a conclusion from expert
testimony, but were lo apply to ita reason
able judgment. They might convict, even
if satisfied that the act was done by an
other party, if they also found that de
fendant was present aiding and abetting
the commission of the crime. The mere
fact that defendant did not testify should
not influence them against her. . X;->
Judge Dewey, continuing, said that the
government claims that these acts come
under the head of murder in the first de
gree. The law says that in order to prove
Ibis every claim must be established be
yond a reasonable doubt. It is stated that
the government presents its case on cir
cumstantial evidence. It is understood by
the couil that the governmeritelaimed that
the essential fact embraced in the note
matter, namely, that she made statements
which she knew to be false when she was
making them, but contemplates the possi
bility of there being an assassin. Might he
not have come upon her when the note
was at liana and removed it as one of the
links In the evidence? lv cases of circum
stantial evidence, unless every link holds
good, the chain is worthless. The jury is
asked to bear in mind the supposed fact
that there is nothing to connect the de
fendant with tbe murder as far as outward
appearances go. ' -: : ~
At the conclusion of the charge the at
torneys consulted a lew moments and then
tbe jury was allowed to retire.
It was just 4:30 o'clock when the specta
tors, who bad kept their seats patiently
during the retirement of the jury, noticed
a movement indicating their return. A
moment later the twelve men filed into
their seats and were polled. Miss Borden
was asked to stand up and the foreman
was asked to return the verdict, which he
announced as "not guilty."
Then all the dignity and decorum of the
courtroom vanished. A cheer went up
which might have been beard a mile away
I "■'■ If ■iiiwiwiMi'iiPii<<y^iiOH_M'ii_ _unM<y'<iiifci"<i||iii hi" "ii
land tbere was bo attempt to check it.
i Msis ■_.','_ bead went down neon the '
rail in front ol ber and tbe tears cam*.
f Mr. Jennicgs was almas: crying whit ■ Mr.
I Adams seemed incapable of speech.
As soon as .possible lie r6.m was
cleared, and wben ite sp«ctatcrs had
finally zone Miss Borden was taken to tbe j
room of tte Xstjre and allowed so recover
ter composure only tte -4-- -.'■ friends j
j upon her and only tbe caresses of ber de- j
] voled admirers. At tte expiration of an j
boar she was placed in a carriage and j
j driven to the station, where she leek tbe I
train for Fall River, hot home no . .- i.-.:.
probably, bat still ■ .- only otjtctiTe point
for tte immediate present.
THE CRIME AND ITS MYSTERY.
If Lizzie Borden Did Not Commit the
Murder, Who Did?
Altboagh the trial is endef and a jury
bas declared Unto Borden not zuilty of,
tbe atrocious double crime with which she
stood chareef, titers is about UM case yet a
mystery tbat has never boon unraveled,
try the most tola analytical minis to un
ravel it as 'bey may, aod that i: now seems
will never bo solved. If Lizzie Borden did '
no: kill her parents, who did? Andrew"
D. Borden, a man whose wealth wasestl
\ mated at from $a>V£« to $500,000, was
found murdered and with hU sad almost
cot to ; sees on the lounge in the sitting
room of bis b< ise, on second street, Fail
R.v*r, st 11 :C5 o'clock on the morning of
Thursday, August 4, ÜB2. When tbe
a'artied friends and neighbors regained ;
their senses sufficiently to Intend to ac
quaint bis wife with tbe occurrence they
found ber murdered in an almost exactly
similar manner, on the floor of the second :
story "spare XL," whither she had gone
to prepare it for 'he reception of a guest.
It appeared, ttcuzh this point was
never folly Investigated by the police.
that only two people were ii st about th» .
boose at the time, namely, Lbs Borden,
the dead man's danzhter, and Bridget Sol
livan, a servant. Owing to the facts that
superior int^llizence was requisite for the
concealment of the crime and that the
danzhter had not warmly loved, though it
could not be shown tbat sbe even disliked
her stepmother, and also tba: sbe had teen
Impatient of her father's par*irar.Dy, «us- j
piciou fell upon Li2zie Bontoa, and Ci'y
Marshal Hilliard and District Attorney
Knowlton i roseentrd the case on tbe the
ory of bet guilt. In a secret cross-era
ation three days long, when she was de.
prived oi counsel and mad«» to tell :he
same story over and over again for the
purpose of creating discrepancies, the Dis
trict Attorney succeeded in Baking •-.
accused contradict bersell in several par
ticular* and undoubtedly convicted her of
This was when she said that she had be
lieved that bet stepmother was out that '
morning, because she bad pot a note at k- 1
ing her to call on a sick friend. There is
no evidence lhat such a note was ever re
ceived, and the contention i* that she first
told the Story to prevent I er father from
going upstairs and afterward «tuck to if.
The contradiction* were in own or less
important points, such as when she ac- I
counted for her own temporary ab«ence
from the room where she had been and (
where her father was murdered, by say
ing bos that 6be bad teen out to the barn
to eat s.r.t^rs for a fishing excursion to
Marion, and again that she tad been
there to get a piece of iron to fix a window.
Again she sa d sbe had given her father ,
his s.itp-rs when he came in at 10:45 from
his morning visit to the two banks In \
which he was Interested, while the fact was
that be lay 'town in his boots to take the nap
from which, ho never woke.- Again, she
j said, in response to one question, tbat the
j Gshl.nes for w bleb she wanted the sinkers
wen at Marion, and, being pressed, tald ;
that she had intended to buy new lines. '.
If she did cut sinkers in the barn she never
produced them nor the piece of lead from
whicb they were taken, though had she
done to the Di'trict Attorney would have '■
denounced them as manufactured evidence
and argued against their admissibility in i
court. But It was,, on this barn story, its ;
improbability anftofntrsdietions, that the
prosecution bore most heavily in arguing
for a commitment-.plts was in fact Lizzie
Borden's alibi. If slie was not in the burn
lbs must have been In th" house, in the '
I very room or the kitchen adjoining it ;
I where her father was Bordered, or in the
| yard, where she would have seen bis mur
On the point of intent the prosecution
! had one materia! fact, namely, that on tbe
; day before the murders Lizzie Borden had
i tried to buy prussic acid in a drugstore at j
South Maine street and Columbia avenue,
; Fall River, saying that she wanted it for
I the purpose of packing furs. , The fact
was that tier furs had been parked for
months. Identifications are things In
; which witnesses make many blunders, but j
even if Eli Bence, the drug clerk, had
been mistaken in bis. it is probable that
'■ the woman who asked for the prussic acid
i would have come forward and corrected
i the error— probable, that is to say, except
j on the hypothesis that another murder
| was meditated In Fall River that day and
never carried out.
As to motive the prosecution was very
I weak. District Attorney Knowlton dwelt
much on Andrew Borden's niggardliness,
I which had prevented him from even put
; ting a stationary. bathtub in bis house.
But murders for money are almost in
variably committed for ready money and
; Lizzie Borden had plenty of that — one
thousand dollars in bant, a hobse yielding
rent, some corporation stock and a very
moderate allowance for pocket money of
! $2 a week. She was but 32 years old, and
\ before she was 35 her father, who was 70
years old and not robust, was pretty sure
| to leave her a fortune, while in a few years
more her stepmother's life, then 07 years
in being, would end and with it the last
barrier between her and her sister Emma
and the whole Borden estate. The only
evidence that there bad been any trouble
In the family, about money matters was
that Lizzie and Emma some years before,
on the occasion of a handsome gift from
their father to their stepmother, prevailed
upon him to make over to them real estate
| worth £3000, which at the' time of the
murders stood in their names.
Two blood-stained hatchets were found
on the Borden premises, and it was shown
on the trial also that shortly after the mur
der Lizzie had burned a dress which, she
i claimed, had been stained by paint. Fur
j ther, It was in evidence that after she had
been held to answer for the crime,. Lizzie
Borden received, visit from her sister,
and the two had engaged In an altercation
during which the accused girl, I seemingly
in anger, had used the words: ' "You have
given me away, but I will not yield an
inch." ' : ■ X <-.;
The matron of the jail, who told this
story, denied it to several witnesses,
though she subsequently swore to it on
the stand, and both- the denials and tbe
affirmations were in evidence.
On'the other hand, Lizzie Borden was a
young woman whose moral character was
of the highest, and who bad conducted
herself In all her thirty odd years of life
as would any well-regulated young person
In a well-regulated- New England com
munity. Her own* story of _ the murder,
briefly, Is as follows: .
She said that her father complained of
not feeling well and that he lay down on
THE MOBNING CALL, SAX FRANCISCO, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21, 1893.
I the sofa, sbe ad jailing the pillow for htm ;
' tbat tte fUtiras were net hot enough to
iron with and that to pet in the tune while
they were heating she. went ent into the
back yard. She stopped there for a few
moments and picked np some pears which
bad fallen to the ground from the trees.
: Then she thought she would go into tbe
' barn for seize sinkers for Ler fish line, as
she was going to .Marion the next day to
fisb. Her father told her tbere were
sinkers in a Utile box npstairs in the barn
and the went there to get ttem. Sbe bad
net been in the barn before in three j
j monies. Sbe went upstair.-, tr.rew open
the door and stood tr.ere while she ate four
pears. Then she looked for tte sinker*
and came into tte house. When tte got
in she fooad ber father murders: and
summer. fed Bridget.
On ber cross-examination she was con
fronted with the fact that sbe had once
before said she went to the barn li £-". -
niece of iron for her t i.i line and with tbe
farther fact that lying in tbe yard close to
the tarn doer were pieces of lead with
which she could hare made sinker*. Then
__. was asked to explain how it was on
tha: hct morning sue went to the hottest
place on the premises to stand and eat
pear*, a place from which, a* she had
testified, sbe could not see the yard or
anybody who came into it or left it, bat _
could give no satisfactory answer.
This, it must be borne in mind, was on
tbe. preliminary examination when she
was _.*.,_ for murder. The defendant did
nr>: go on the stand at the trial, but her
physician '.'.-•.. that she was under the
influence of morphine when examined, :
tte drug given her by himself, and that
the eject ot morphine was to produce hal
lucinations, to cloud the mind and canse a ;
person to give confused answers to ques- i
The medical experts in Boston who ex- :
amined the stomachs of the murdered man j
and wman testified that in their opinion
Mrs. Benton was killed from an hour to an
hour and a half before Mr. Borden. They
based this belief upon the stages of diges
tion cf the food in each of tfcelr rton aeba,
and it bas come to be the accepted opinion.
If that is the case and Lizzie was the mur
deress, she mist have butchered her !
mother about 10 o'clock— that it at about
the time or before ber father went down
This Involves believing that with her :
mother lying slaughtered upstairs this \
unnatural monster of a girl went ealmlv j
about her ordinary household duties: that ,
■be chatted and laughed with Bridget-
Bridget testified to that— and then took
her chancer on Bridget getting out of the
way long enoujh to split open her father's
head as it lay resting en the pillow, which
ibe had smoothed for him to rent upon. It
involves also believing that after butcher
ing ber mother, with Bridget about the
bouse and apt to come upstairs at any mo- j
ment, she was able to make way with her
weapon and her blood-soaked garments of
slaughter as quickly and deftly as she did
after 'he murder of her father.
Much stress has been laid upon the fact
of Lizzie's wonderful composure after her
first incarceration, but tbls, it now seems
probable, was rather the effect of mor
phine than ef natural self-ecu At all
events, doting the trial just closed, she;
has conducted herself very ranch as an
ordinary woman, a trifle less than ordi
narily emotional, would have - done
o a llkecrisi-. Emotion, strong emotion.
is paroxysmal and not continuous. Hu
manity could not endure the strain if it
were. And Lizzie has broken down at
several potato* and at several other limes
bas only controlled herself by an effort
visibly strong. ,7, X !."'.
From the first it was apparent on the i
trial that the police, having conceived a
suspicion of the girl, bent every tat and
circumstance to accord with that sus
picion. It wa* not co much a case of find
ing out who the murderer was as of prov- \
ing Lizzie Borden guilty. Every other
theory of the crime was rejected. There ;
seems to have been even no attempt to in- ;
vestigate any other theory or to discover
■ay other solution. Every fact was !
brought out by the police as strongly as
possible to tell against her, and this spirit j
was so apparent that it worked the de- j
struction of the ease of the prosecution.
In their hurry to convict the police j
rushed in headlong, contradicting ea:'h j
other on most material points, until the !
prosecution found itself Involved in a hope
less tangle of something akin to perjury
and the verdict of acquittal became almost
a foregone conclusion.
With that verdict of acquittal comes the
old mystery, if Lizzie Borden did not com
mit the double murder, who did?
The assassin, whoever it was, must bave
come and gone unseen.
At the head of the stairs in the Borden
house there is -a closet in which he could
have lain concealed. When lira. Borden
came upstairs he might have approached
! her from behind in the bedroom where she
was found and murdered her. Then he
might have hid in his closet again until he
thought. there was another opportunity,
sneaked downstairs and murdered Mr.
Borden as be lay asleep on the sofa, Lizzie
being as she said in the barn. _ After that
be escapes to the street and goes away
unnoticed with his weapon under bis
All this of course does violence to a dozen
probabilities and enables the murderer to
dodge what would seem to be almost Inevi
table chances of being caught at his work
or seen coming, away from it. But are
they any more violated or Jthe . chances
taken any greater in this case than they
are on the theory that Lizzie Borden did
the deed ? ls it any more Improbable that
a murderer could have' so acted and
escaped than it is that 'Lizzie could have
twice transformed herself with ligh niue
change rapidity Irom a blood-soaked
butcher to a spotless, primly clad young
woman, free In the first Instance from all
signs of excitement or agitation, and In the
second only agitated as a girl naturally,
would be who had just discovered her
father lying murdered at her feet? '
In whatever way you look at this crime
in whatever way you try to picture it and
conceive how it might have been done, you
have to make up your mind to accept
things which are wildly improbable on the
basis of any past experience of human ac
tion. It is a mere choice of Improbabili
ties at the best.
■ . — i — •
FIGHT THE TRUST.
The Distillers of Illinois Not in the
War for Fun.
Peokia, 111., June 20.— The distillers
who have been fighting the Distilling and
Cattle-feeding Company, at a conference
to-day decided to assist the Attorney-Gen
eral in every possible way in bis efforts to
destroy the company. To further the plan
they had their attorney draw up a statement
giving ihe history of the organization of
the trust In 1870 and this will be sent to
the Attorney-General. lafMlfi
Rates to the Fair.
New York, June 20.— The general
agents of the trunk lines met to-day and
decided to recommend to the executive
committee of the Trunk Line Association
a special rate of one -fare for the round
trip. Chicago and return, on special
World's Fair excursion trains.
H^ftlJlimßL: _; .: — »..«_» — - —
Do you ii.r. '■ If so. and you want to kill the
perfume of same. chaw White's Yucatan Gum. It
will do it in two mlauteaXX
ALL DOING WELL.
Condition of the Wounded
THE SONTAGS IN MINNESOTA.
Incidents of Their Career in the
Northwest Recalied-An Old
Crime of Chris Evans.
tspeclj.! to Ibi Uoa-fas Cali.
Yisalia, June 2').— Fred Jackson is free
of fever and very cheerful. His appetite
Is excellent, and the stamp of his leg is
knitting well without any discharge. He !
bas not suffered the slightest pain since :
, tbe amputation.
Dr. Pattersoon took control of Evans j
• and Sontag yesterday. He reports their
condiiion to-day at follows: "Sontag's arm !
is paining him a little more than usual.;
otherwise to Is doing well. Evans is pro- j
gressing favorably, with the exception of a j
! slight lever and a little more pain in his I
right eye. There is no increased swelling I
in the eye. lam satisfied that a buckshot i
penetrated the inner corner of tbe right eye j
then passed backward and probably [oaged j
in the orbital cavity. He can't see with tbat
ye. Tbe iris is wholly paralyzed and the j
functions of the eye suspended."
SHE*, June 21.— Mrs. Mary Sontag, |
mother of John and George '-onisg, i
passed through here to-night lit Yisalia,
Daring her stay there she will be tbe
guest of Mrs. Chris Evans.
— ■" - ■ ■—■-—■ --
TWO STORIES OF THE BANDITS.
The Sontag Boys' Minnesota Career.
An Old Crime.
A number of years ago the writer was
visiting Mankato, Minn. At the time
rumors of a raid by the James boys were
rife. The Missouri authorities r._i noti-
I fied the Chief of Police at Mackato that it
was reported to tbem that the bank at Mao
kato was tbe objective point, and as a
consequence the greatest precautions were
adopted by the bank officials. Armed
guards were kept up day and night and
the utmost vigilance prevailed.
On the morning of the raid the writer
and a little boy were fishing a: the junction
of the Minnesota and Blue Earth rivers,
when bis attention was attracted by w hat
his companion called a party of soldiers
minx up the road. They certainly did
I resemble soldiers. Tne party consisted
| of eight or ten -mounted men, riding
! two abreast, ail wearing long linen dusters,
wbien completely concealed their weapons.
On reaching Mankato Jesse James, the ;
leader of tbe party, Halted bis men opposite
the bank, and oismounw. went in. A
glance was sufficient to show him the
armed men silting and standing around,
and throwing down a 820 hi;, he asked for
change. ll* then crossed over to where
his companions were seated on their horses
and was beard to remark, "The ji.- Is up
He then entered a saloon an purchased
a quart bottle of whisky and remounting
his horse he and his party proceeded up
tne road in the direction of Northfield.
The attack on the bam: at Northiield and
the killing of the cashier and the fight that
followed is well known.
As soon as the news reached Mankato
the citizens turned out to the number of at
least 500. armed with what weapons could
be hastily collected. and every roadway was
patrolled. Prominent among these men
were the Soutag or Conant brothers, John
and George. This was their first baptism
of fire, and presumably their first lesson in
the art ot highway robbery. ;
The day after the raid a party of citi
zens surprised the bandits and captured
their burses and saddle equipments, leav
ing them afoot.
This part of Minnesota Is cut up by
what are called "winter roads"— that is,
roads which in winter lead across the
! frozen lakes— and in their efforts to escape
! the bandits frequently followed these
; roads and found themselves balked by an
impassable sheet of water and were
obliged to double back on their tracks.
There are two bridges at Mankato, and
it became necessary for the .lames boys to
cross there. The wagon bridge was
strongly guarded, but the railroad bridge
adjoining it was not thought necessary to
guard, and at midnight on the third day
after the attempt on the bank the outlaws
secured a handcar and would have made
their c cape but for an unforeseen clrcum
cumstance. It was the custom at a large
flouring-mill to blow the whistle at mid
night; this mill adjoined the railroad
track, and just as the bandits passed the
mill the whistle blew. Taking this for an
alarm signal they jumped from the car
and scattered In the timber, where they
were all captured, and are cow doing
time in the Stillwater penitentiary, with
the exception of|the two James boys, who.
mounted ou one horse, ran the gauntlet of
the guards on tbe bridge and made their
This raid of the James hoys at Mankato
In which the Sontag beys took part on the
side of law and order must have undoubt
edly been a potent factor in starting them
upon their lawless career of robbery and
About eighteen years ago in the summer
t»f 1675, says the Yisalia Times, there oc
curred a fight between two men on a moun
tain road in this county, that has just been
revived by recent events. That fight was
betweeu Chris Evans and an old man by
the name of A. D. Bigelow.
Many conversant with that trouble still
live here and in different parts of the
county, and from some of those persons
we bave gathered the facts of this story.
■ Close to the northern limit of Tulare
County and on the western slope of Red
wood Mountain is located the site of the
old sawmill long known as tho Hyde mill.
In 1875 or thereabouts the mill was owned
by K. E. Hyde and run by Joseph H.
Thomas, both of this city. Among those who
worked at the roil), or among timber near
the mill or teamed between Yisalia and the
mill were Chris Evans, his brother-in-law,
Louis Byrd. and A. D. Bigelow.
Bigelow was known at the mill as a
''literary feller," for he occasionally wrote
for the papers and had tha reputation of
being something of a poet besides. One
morning there was a sensation in camp.
Chris I Evans bad found tacked up on a
convenient board a short. piece of anony
mous doggerel, badly spelled and badly
rhymed, but containing hints that lie con
strued as slanderous references to his do
mestic affairs. .' No ; names , were used in
this poetical effusion, but Chris Evans
flew into a rage over it. It was not known
'who wrote It, hut common consent seemed
to lay its authority upon Bigelow.
Evans soon found an opportunity to
wreak vengeance upon the supposed au
thor. One day Bigelow and a friend by the
name of Hunter came to what is known as
Rattlesnake Mountain, on -the Camp
Badger road. Near here they were met
by Chris Evans: and Louis Byrd. While
Bvrd stood Hunter off witb a gun lest he
might interfere, Evan* attacked Bsgelow
and most eraeliy best and braised bim. It
is said bis finishing strwke was a vicious
wrench of biceiow's neck that almost dis
located it. Bie«"low was an eld gray
headed man, while Evans was yoonz.
strong and in tte very prime of yoi.t_.fol
Bieelow died about a year afterward.
He claimed teat he never felt well afur
tbe assault of Evan*, and many bated
his death to tbe effects of tne beating and
tho wrenching os then endured. His
daughter Is married and Is living at pres
ent at Po'tettiV.f.
A complaint was lodged azainst Evans
and Byrd. and J. S. McGatey, who was
deputy at tbat time coder .-■■: '■'■Ai.s
--£-.;. was sent to arrest tbem. The two
men at one*, took v> the mountains, and
for several days eluded the officer*. Chris
declaring that he would n»*er be taken.
But bis father-in-law. Jesse Byrd. sent
tbem word to come to iowo and give
themselves no and he wo old pay any fines
that mis*:: be imposed npon item. Thay
did so, and subsequently were indicted for
felonious assault and were convicted.
Evans waived time and was fined H_Mt
The Man Who Shot Son
tag in This City.
Meeting Two Strange .Men Just Before
the Battle With the Outlaws
at Stone Corral.
Hi Kape'je. the man who shot John
Sontag, is in town. He pronounces hi*
name with the consonant "j" heard and
not silent, as is the ease in most Calif
nia words. He is a Htebiftan boy, and his
intimate friends when tb*y address blm
call him Hiram.
Very few people meeting him on the
street would recognize him as the hero of
the memorable fight which ended In the
rapture of the two notorious outlaws. He
is soft in speech una quiet hi manner. He
dres»es neatly. Hi« height i« about 5 feet
8 inches, bis age shout 46 years, at.d be is
square built. His occupation Das been
that of a st ige-drlver.
Speaking < I the bzht a week azo last
Sunday. In which Sontag and Evans were
disabled. Rapelje said that be had been in
Hiram R-.pe'.je. the Man "Who Shot
the field nearly sixty days looking for the
two men. His trip under Uuited States
Marshal Ganl was tbe most arduous of the"
many he had made. The party bad suf- ;
fered great privations while camping on
the trail of the robbers. Burns was not
taken along as a fighter, but because he
was thoroughly acquainted with every
loot of ground and In regard he proved j
to be an extremely u«eful man.
One incident which has escaped the
attention of the reporters who have so I
graphically described the circumstances of
the battle of Stone Corral was related by :
Kapelje. This was the appearance of two j
other men on the ecene about half an hour j
before Sontag and Evans waited into j
"heir trap. One was driving a J
cart and the other mounted met ■
him on the road near the bouse in which j
the posse had concealed themselves. They !
stopi ed and spoke for several minutes and
then continued ou their way. Kapeijs
says he believes these men were friends of
Suntag and Evans, and were looking for
them in accordance with a previous ap
pointment to bring them to Visalia, which
point the outlaws were making for that
In reeard to the capture of Chris Evans
after he was wounded, Kapelje said that
he had the first information that the
wounded man had taken refuge in tne
house of Llie Perkins. He bad received
his information through a letter fr >m a
friend who was very intimate with Mrs.
Chris Evans. He had communicated wit _
Deputy Sheriff Hall and there was an un
derstanding that Kapelje was to run down
the stricken game. But, in violation of his
compact. Hall started out on the same
mission, his only object being to secure
the reward for the capture of Evans.
When Hall's party were seen driving so
furiously in the direction of the Perkin- i
bouse Rapelje believed they were friends j
of Evans and concluded to follow them. '
Kapelje at the time did not know exactly ;
under whose roof Evans had taken refuge.
His only information was that the
bandit was somewhere in the vicin
ity. When he arrived at the Per
kins house it was still dark. Mrs.
Parkins informed him that Jivans was
lying wounded upstairs, and was so badly
hurt that be could offer no resistance.
.Rapelje asked for a light, but did not wait
for one. He walked upstairs in the dark.
When he reached the room where Evans
was lying Hall struck a match, lighted a
candle and claimed that Evans was bis
Kaoelje returns smith tn-day. "
Mr. C. M. Lauer A. A
Generally broken down; at limes I would ; fall
over with a touch of the vertigo; was not able
to go any distance from the house. . I was a
m -H-rM i> ■« mi . * I got very much disheart-
ened, v The day I commenced on bottle No. 2
of Hood's BarsaparUla, I began to feel better,
and I am glad to say 1 now feel like a new man.
I am working again, and can be on the go all
day long aud do uot have any of my bad -nelN.
I „L , 2 v . ,. a '.. rf C! ««"•--" Chas. m - Lauer,
G5O West Mantel street, Yoik- Fa.
X Hood's i Pills are the best alter-dluner
Fills, assist digestion, cure headache. 25c. ,
RAIN CAME DOWN,
Literally Drenching the
SPOILED THE ATTENDANCE.
The Weather Now Seems to Be th;
Only Uncertain Quantity About
the Bis Fair.
Spee_ai to The Moa-rrxoCAti-
Chicago. Jure The opened hot,
but with fl*»cy c ends and a good :<_»z-.
uni b made getting about id t&e fair
grounds quite comfortable. People began
pouring into tbe grounds early, an unusu
ally large proportion of them giving ev
dence being visitors from outside the
city taking tbeir first view. By 10 ■•'clock
It was estimated that XX ft "_•' it _':. '■• JO had
passed the turnstile*, and Chief Tucker of
J tbe bureau of admissions was of thecpir.
--j fon that near 900,000 would be tbe day's
About noon the weather changed and in
' a short time rain was coming down in tor
rent*, and the prospects for a big attend
ance wgre ruined. Tf.e weather erntinued
stormy for the remainder of the afternoon
, and evening.
The big Ferris wheel will be dedicated
-morrow witb appropriate ceremonies.
The exposition authorities have set apar
October 20 to 24 for a big reunion of war
■ veterans of both the Confederate and Union
' armies. Te Grand Army posts will make
efforts to bring all Use old soldiers possible
Arrang?ments are now being made to
give the Spanish c- ravels a royal welcome
on their arrival here, after their long voy
age via tba St Lawience River and tbs
great lakes. Tbe Mexican exhibit in tbe
Forestry building was opened to the pub
lic to-day without ceremony, and the Ger
man wine exhibit v.iii be opened to-mor
row by Commissioner Wermuth.
Oregon is one of the States '"at will re
ceive daily shipments of fruit and vegeta
hies In the sea-ion. T.'.e first shipment, cf
strawberries arrived to-day and came on:
crisp and fresh as en th- day tbey were
pieied. Or goo also inaugurated tc-d*y a
daily telegraphic statement c? crop :: •■
per.. and conditions in tbe State, and it
proved quite an interesting fea:ur». I-*
ihe Boor tests made .to-day in he A; -
cultural build'ng Oregon fiour waa l.utsd
to be superior for whiteness and amount
Can da outstripped her competitors in
the June exhibit of cheese. Th*-re v ■-■■
&»7 exh' ! btts, mostly '■'-. cheese. 0/
these 130 scored rush en neb to win me<_
si or dh 10ma... .- of them beinz C»na
d: an manufacture. Thirty-one Cansdia:.
lots scored higher than any from tbe
United States, ringing in excellence from
93 per cent down.
The Illinois board has decided on August
_-. ss Illinois day. A special effort will be
made to mako it attractive.
A party of twenty-one children, sent
here from California as a reward for fine
scholarship in the rublic schools, wr
given a recep.inn in the Children's Build
ing to-day by tbe Board of Lady Manager.?.
Tbey were greeted by the president of the j
board, wbo made a pleasant talk to them '
aud congratulated tbem upon [earning the
prize tbat must' be of so great benefit to
em us a trip to the great Columbian Ex
position will undoubtedly be.
There was music by the Exposition Or
chestra. The various departments in the
tiuilding were shown the children. Mrs.
Mary Manes Dodge was present ana made
a fhort but interesting talk to the little
girls. After the reception each little Cali
fornia girl was presented with a silver
spoon as a souvenir of the trip. The chil
dren were taken to luncheon on the roof
The West Virginia State building at the
World's Fair was dedicated with simple i
ceremonies tc-day. The lowa State band;
I furnished the music for the occasion.
Owing to small attendance the three
! world's congresses on banKinz, railway |
I commerce and insurance consolidated to
day. Bradford Rhodes of New York ad- \
dressed tbe congress on tbe "World's Ex
perience in Banking." John J. P. Odell
followed in a brief address, and John F.
Dillon read a paper on the constitutional
guarantees of railway properties, fran
chises and rates against legislative spolia
tion. General Horace Porter read a naier i
on "Safety Devices Applied to Railway |
This afternoon the Congress of Boards i
of Trade convened. Secretary Stone of
the Chicago board made an address of wel
come and the remainder of tbe programme
consisted of responses.
A special conference of the State and I
National Bank Examiners was held ana
to-night there was a meeting of the Com- j
merce and Finance Congress. Auk n_r the
speakers were Horace Whits on "Single
Gold Standard," E: W. Meddaugh on
"Railway Strikes," and Dr. Charles Bom
baugb on "Life Insurance Progress."
The "ttendance to-day was 123,318. of
whicb 38.091 were employes and officials
and 456(5 children.
BANQUET TO MARKHAM.
The Great State of California Cannot
Chicago, June 20.— A dinner in honor
of Governor Markham was given by the
Califomians in exile in the grand banquet
hall of the Auditorium this evening.
None but California wines appeared upon !
the menu. State Commissioner Robert
McMurray, who presided, proposed the
health of Governor Markham as the first ;
citizen of California. Governor Markham ',
rose, complimented the State and national j
commissions upon the harmonious manner j
in which they had acted, and said that to |
tbem all credit is due for California's j
"We grumble.". he ; said, "because we
have not duplicated California at the fair.
California cannot be duplicated, because it
is in miniature the United States. I con
gratulate the Commissioners upon the suc
cess of their labors, but we are not through
yet. I want to warn people who think
that display they saw in our building is j
California's exhibit to come and see it on I
September 9. That will indeed be Califor
nia day. Our native sons and daughters
will put on more style than those of the
other States of the Union put together."
Following the Governor short compli
mentary speeches were made by General
T. W. Palmer. Murk McDonald. Moses P
Handy. General. Miles and General Mat
tox. M. B. de Young spoke at length upon
the proposed winter fair in Sau Fraucisco
He was followed by Horace G. Piatt, who
did full justice to the toast "The Native
Daughters of California." Short speeches
were also made by S.W. Furgusson, Wash
ington Porter, James D. Phelan, Colonel
C. J. Murphy. W. D. Kerfoot and Dr.
N. J. Bird. About fifty prominent Chlca
goans and Califomians were present among
whom were Judge William T. Wallace
William Irelan Jr., T. J. Hendy, H.M.
Laroe. P. T. Wn*b». 3. C. Slobbs. A.
' Page Br' wa, Norton Bcsb. C- F- yen
i Petersdorff, L A. B^ona, C. V- We ....
| Drnry Melon** Colonel C. J. MarpSy, K.
jL. Brownfieid. ________
President Harrison Desires to Put
Himself on Record.
Nra- Yoke, Jane 31— la respcese i* a
<sne*ticn ex - pre.'.dect Harris I tele
| graphed tba :' .lowing from Isdia_:aroli*:
< "If I am quoted as having expressed ap
proval of tbe aetfaa ef :__*■ eoenaissjosers
' in opening ::.a '..- en Sunday, cr cf the
decision of the Circuit Const cf App**l». it
is without authority. I said to nenwaper
representative* ia Cb •»?■; that is my
•opinion tbe qcev.i-n i: ci.. r.ave been
; re_rarded as closed forever wfces tbe Con
gressional donation w*s aec>p>d. As to
the ruling of Chief Justice FaiUr, I eon Si
; not express a safe opinion without as ex
aminatien of the briefaasd p.eadings; bs
I am not inclined to b»ileve a *-onrt o
equity ran only take rag] zince by isaac;
-; tion >,'. inquiries strictly pecuniary. "
Washington, Jane 20.—Attcrney-Ger.
era! Ointy has --«•-. called cpon ny tte
Treasury Department for an opinion cf
the present status of all tte World's Fair
appropriations and question-, ie view tf
I the decision of tba 1 tod State* Court cf
; Apnea > at Chicago on Saturday. Tbe
request is written by Assistant Secretary
of tbe Treasury Cart;?.
Doc Middleton Put Out of the Race
by a Lame Horse.
Slots C irr, June _X— GiliesE.e sed
IX ttieso ... Pee, cf the cewtor racer*.
spent tb» nigbt here and started at 6 a. st
Gillespie's horses ?.rei fine trim. Prtc's
I buclcsktn looks ratber grogzv. Doc Md
I dieton arrived last n^gbt- Albright, Sxnita
| and Berry eros-ed the river this mcrcioz
j and efl ati -' oak, after shoeing their
j ■•--. Gillespie and Pet- have focr
- boors' leai.
Dec Middleton left here ibis evi-ing
after noting bis horse twenty hour*. Taa
animal Is still gui! isae, iut i> improv
; ing. >•.':.-' says -.-.._.:_ __oz".
reaching the M^s.,^
DIAZ AS A TYRANT.
He .Hay Have Stirred Up a Revolu
tion in Guanajuato.
Gatve~to_v. Jan« 25.— Msi; scvjeei to
■Be News from Carrizo, Mex:ec, tsr t^it
! •--•-.- tf Maate" Gti--iZf.it-, ex
| .'--.-■ and Goveraor *i -estate of
; Goaaajaatc, tie air is felt ci mrtcrs of
; revc.cuon in tb* Slat*. PreFiier.: D:az
| bas appointed a G-kTersrcr and th* Resale
j ei»im :-..■.-- taa s___d*r the con-
I s:itution. Ail the ___x'.a._i .national troops
! on tbe Rio Grande are teiag massed ...
..- Sta ..
AN IHPECUNIOUS CAPTAIN.
; Court-Martial of aa Army Officer at
Boise, Idaho. Jane _ --Ti.e wort-mart .
of Captain Edward Bails Fourta In
fantry, began here .:-iar. Llt-utenant-
I Colonel Tfcease* of tSe Frurteeath In
; f-intry was the president and Captain
! Charles McClnre of the EigtHsesth In
fantry was the ir_d;:»-advoea:e. The
charges include _._- specified tion t, Tney
are prince for borrowing money in
discriminately and never rep&7 . it, ob
taining money on worthless cheeks, gia>
bling, drunkenness and licentiousness;
-j^y^ __\__^__\\\_________________\__-\t_m "j. 'xJi'mT
PUT TO FLIGHT
— all the peculiar troubles that
beset a woman. The only
guaranteed remedy for them,
is Dr. Pierces Favorite Pre-
scription. For women suffer-
ing from any chronic " female
complaint "or weakness ; for
women who are run-down and
overworked ; for women ex-
pecting to become mothers,
and for mothers who are
nursing and exhausted ; at the
change from girlhood to wo-
manhood ; and later, at the
critical " change of life " — it
is a medicine that safely and
certainly builds up, strength-
ens, regulates, and cures.
If it doesn't, if it even fails
to benefit or cure, you have
your money back.
! What you are sure of, if you use
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy, is either
a perfect and permanent cure for
your Catarrh, no matter how bad
your case may be, or $500 in cash.
The proprietors of the medicine
promise to pay you the money, if
they can't cure you.
uiyl2 cod 2p
NEW SEASON'S PATTERNS,
xx L,o"WBs A H I, pßicE:sx Aa
SPECIAL DESIGNS AND (OLORim
00 Different Tints of Ingrains.
LINCRUSTA WALTON PAPERHANGINQ AND
WHOLESALE AM BE TAIL.
JAS. DUFFY & CMII MARKET ST.
ttlWSiiM tf 2.
;Mm jm m
519 M4BKKI XT., SAN FRANCISCO.
SOLE MANUFACTURERS OF THE CELE-
brated PEERLESS HAS WORKS. New pro-
, cess, safe and Inexpensive from $100 upward.
Light cheaper than coal oil. Send for catalogue
' and prices. Jell god 2. tf
- 808 tt_- BInf* FORBARB EBS.BAKER3
ItKil^l^S 1 g bootblacks, batli - houses.
> UllUVllk'V billiard- tables, brewers,
book-binders, candy-makers, canners. dyers, flour-.
mills, foundries, laundries, paper-bangers. print-
• ers, painters, shoe factories, stablemen, tar-rooters,'
, taa ners, tailors, etc.
B! CH .NAN BRO-.,
Brush Manuf«-tnri>r«. 609 Sacramento St.
.:".:•; ■ ocl7 WeFrSu 2ptt