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VOLUME LXXrV-NO. 27.
IN AWFUL AGONY.
_ _ —-at — — ___ _
How Brave Men Died on
TRYON WAS ON THE BRIDGE
While the Ship Surged to the
HER SCREWS WENT HIGH IN AIR,
Then They Came Down and Mangled
the Poor Wretches Swimming
in Boiling Water.
Special to The Morning Cam.
New York. June 26 —An extra edition
of the Evening World contains a special
cable from Tripoli-, Syria, giving full par
ticulars of the sinking flagship Victoria.
About 3 o'clock mi last Thursday after
noon the English fleet was sighted mak
ing directly for the harbor of Tripolis.
There were five big Ironclads, the Victo
ria, Camperdown, Edinburgh, Nile and
Snnspareil, drawn in full front, with the
Victoria in the center, tho Camperdown
on her left and the Edinburgh on her
When the fleet was within five miles of
6hore Vice- Admiral Sir George Tryon
signaled to turn and form ;in double line.
When the order was given the distance
■between the ships was less than two ca
bles length, and the execution of the order
was extremely difficult for both the Vic
toria and the Camperdown. Admiral
Markham, on the Camperdown, * signaled
that he did not understand it. The other
vessels had not hesitated, but began
to turn. The brief delay, however, had
been fatal. The Victoria had nearly
turned when the Camperdown, swinging
around, bore down upon her. Both ad
mirals were quick to act and. swung their
vessels, so as to receive al the smallest
angle the blow which both officers saw
was inevitable, and the Camperdown be
gan reversing her screws. The ram of the
Camperdown struck the Victoria Justin
front of the armored bulkhead and
plunged into the thin plates of her star
The other vessels, moving to get into
double line, were bearing down upon the
entangled shins, and a catastrophe involv
ing all of the Ironclads seemed imminent
Only the coolness and prompt action of
the other commanders prevented a general
It seems that Admiral Tryon did not
realize the extent of the damage to the Vic
toria, for when the other ships signaled
offers of boats he replied that he did not
1 U*-m the Victoria began to forgo straight
for shore under full steam. The discipline
was perfect. The admiral and bis officers
remained steadfast upon the bridge, and
within five minutes after tlie blow a (liv
ing suit was brought on deck and a diver
was eettinu into it to obey the order to go
below aud find out the extent of the
About ten minutes after receiving the
blow, the Victoria, having got something
like two miles nearer shore, nil at once
leaned a way over to starboard and, with
a great roll and plunge, buried her bow
beneath the calm surface of the sea. it
was almost instantaneous.
There as only a chance for a few wild
cries before the Victoria was almost half
submerged, bow foremost, with her
swiftly revolving screws high in the air.
Those on the deck were thrown imme
diately into the water. The men forward
and below had no time to rush to the
deck, and there was but little more time
for those in the officers' quarters. Tire
huge bull was drawing on th* 1 water as it
went down, and several hundred men
hurled suddenly into the sea. fully dressed,
bad to battle against the increasing suc
Then, in a moment, a peril more horrible
descended upon them. As the vessel sank
her screws came nearer and nearer to the
water and descended into the midst of the
struggling human beings. The poor
creatures battled in vain against the
suction. They were drawn down and
thrown against tire swift blades, and then
came a scene which made the officers on
the decks of the other warship, of the fleet
turn away, sick witb horror. Screams and
shrieks arose, and in the white foam ap
peared reddened arms and legs and
mangled and torn bodies of those who had
beeD chopped to pieces in the sea. All
within reach of the vortex lost presence of
mind, and men who knew how to swim
ceased swimming and fought against the
iron death and against one another.
One man who was saved says that he
saw in the great vortex at least fifty of his
fellows fighting with each other and witb
In a moment or so the knives disap
peared and the vortex began to close up.
The ship was beneath the ttea now, and
Just as the whirl shallowed almost to the
surface there was a muffled sound of thun
der, the waters tossed up nd steam burst
from them. Again shrieks and screams
burst from the swimmers, for the boilers
had exploded and those who had escaped
the deadly blade of the screw felt beating
upon them waves of scalding water.
'... With the first underplunge of the Vic
toria all the boats were called away from
the ether ships and came straining over
the calm sea to save the strugglers, and
they soon picked up the fortunate ones
who had got out of reach of the terrible
Admiral Tryon stayed on the bridge and
refined to leave it. Just before the Vic
toria made her underpli;n2e be saw what
was about to happen arrd issued the order
for each man to save himself, but the or
der never got beyond the bridge; There
were many acts of heroism, self-forgetful
ness and daring, and the peril of those in
the water was increased by the fact that
the sea is infested with sharks.
It is the duty of the marines when a col
lision occurs to immediately close all the
watertight compartments. -When the
Camperdown struck the Victoria the
marines went below for mis duty, and as
a result of 120 marines on the flagship 99
were lost. ■
HOLD HIM RESPONSIBLE.
Rear -"Admiral Markham Will . Be
Tried by Court-Martial.
London, June 26.— 1t seems fat Rear- i
The Morning Call.
Admiral Markham was on board the
Camperdown and in charge of the maneu
vers at tho time that vessel sank the Vic
toria. He therefore is held responsible
for the disaster, and it has been decided to
try him by court-martial.
■ The cruiser Barham. with Rear-Admiral
Mnrkham's official report of the loss of the
Victoria, is expected to arrive at Port
Said to-night. The report will be sent by
cable to the admiralty office here*
All tho survivors of the disaster sailed
from Tripoli to-day, presumably for Malta,
on the cruisers Edgar and Phaeton.
One newspaper has started a theory that
the Victoria disaster, was due to attraction
by the electricity u-.rd on both vessels for
lighting purposes, but discreetly refrains
from further explanation respecting this
A dramatic incident occurred at Malta
yesterday. The warship Colossus, which
parted from the fleet just before the dis
aster, was entering the harbor with tin
crew in the best of spirits and singing to
the band, which was playing "Home,
Sweet Home." When the officers were
advised of the disaster the band abruptly
stopped playing, the flags were lowered at
half-mast, and gloom fell upon all on
board, many of whom had belonged to the
Victoria and had been transferred to
the Colossus, thus losing many personal
A number of questions were asked by
members of the Commons to-d:iy regard
ing the foundering of the Victoria. Be
plying to those questions. Right Hon. U.
Kay Shuttlewortb, secretary of tiie Ad
miralty, said :
".io far as now ascertained, the lost'num
b?red 360, comprising 22 officers and 338
men. The saved number 257, Including 26
officers ami 261 men."
Washington, June 2G.— Admiral Gher
ardi attributes the loss of the Victoria to
the failure of the steam stearinc-gear of
the Camperdown. He says that twice
during his voyage from the Pacific to
Hampton Roads, where his vessels were to
take part in the naval review, his flagship
was signaled, once by the Charleston and
i ouce by the San Francisco, with the infor
mation that the steam steering apparatus
had given out, but, owing to the fact that
the vessels were not in close quarters, no
i damage whatever resulted.
Victoria. June 26.— Among the officers
and men of the ships at Esquimau the loss
of the Victoria is still the talk. Several
who went down were known, having been
here with 11. M. S. Triumph. These are
Chaplain Morris, Fleet Surgeon Bole and
Gunnery Instructor Keats. Messrs. 11 ni
ton and Lambert had also friends here,
the former, being a relative of Captain
liulton of the Amphion.
MR. GWIN IS IN LUCK.
lie Has Secured the Office for
Which He Fought.
Appointed Shipping Commissioner by
Secretary Carlisle to Succeed His
Good Friend, Morton.
Special to The Moixiso Call.
Washington, June 26.— Secretary Car
lisle to-day appointed William M. Gwin of
California Shipping Commissioner at San
William M. Gwin is a son of the late
Senator Gwin, and so comes of good Demo
cratic stock, although not, of the faction
1 that has been accustomed in late years to
j arrogate to itself the control and manage-
I ment of tlie party. Mr. Gwin made a fight
for tbe office to succeed his friend John
M. Morton, whose term expires August 1.
The office Is a fee office tbat is, there is
do salary attached to the position of Com
missioner or his deputy, although the Gov
ernment pays three clerks to do the rou
] tine work. In years gone by when Colo-
I nel Stevenson held the office of Shipping
Commissioner the fees amounted to from
$15,000 to 820,000 per annum. Commis
sioner Morton admits that his fees have
amounted to $5000 a year, according to Mr.
Gwin. and tire latter hopes to increase the
business of the office.
There have been pretty definite tips out
for some time that Gwin was booked
for the place, and when seen by a Call
reporter recently the gentleman said:
"The office is not a patronage office nor
one which lies within the gift of the Pres
ident. The Secretary of the Treasury has
the appointing of the commissioner, who
must make out of the fees of his office
enough to pay his help. As I understand
it the office of the Shipping Comn.l-.Bh ncr
is to protect the sailors and see they are
not robbed of their wages and have a full
and fair showing for their rights at all
"I spent six weeks in Washington City
trying to secure the place and have many
good friends there, among whom I am
proud to number Justice Stephen J. Field
of the United States Supreme Court. I
think they all worked for me. but so far
as I know do results have been announced.
If appointed I can only say I will do the
best I can for the sailors, regardless of
unions or non-unions. I haven't studied
the question of the fi^ht between the union
and non-union sailors, nor have I looked
closely into the 'boarding-house' question
other than to form an idea from the news
paper articles that the --boarding-house
masters could be dispensed with at a great
saving aud benefit to the sailors."
AN ORDINARY MURDER.
But It Resembled Somewhat the
Work of the Ripper.
London, June 26.— The' foul crimes of
Jack the Ripper were again called to mind
last night by the murder that was com
mitted in Rotherhitbe, a suburb a short
distance to the southeast of London. The
body of a woman belonging to the un
fortunate class was found with throat cut,
as was the case in all the murders com
mitted by the Ripper in the Whitecbapel
district of London. The murderer ef
fected his escape. The dead woman was
not mutilated. The police thins it was
but an ordinary murder.
Mr. Gladstone Wins.
London, June 26.— The election in
Pontefract to-day resulted in the victory
of T. Williams Nusseu (Liberal), who re
ceived 1191 votes over Lees (Conservative),
who received 1159 votes.
Class Day at Yale.
"NT -WIST TJ * -it-»--«'»t » a*"*,. -> '!...*_ .-./• ■ «■»*,.
xsew haven, < on ii., .June 26.— The one
hundred ami ninety-third exercises of
Yale were continued to-day by class-day
SAN FRANCISCO, TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 27, 1593.
DEATH TO SILVER.
Indian Mints Closed to
EFFECT IN THIS COUNTRY.
Cleveland and Carlisle Wrought
Up About It.
LONG AND SECRET CONSULTATION
Opinion Is Divided, but Bullion-
Dealers Are Inclined to Take
a Gloomy View.
Special to The Morn in a Call.
London. June 26.— 1n the House of
Lords to-day Earl Kimberly, Secretary of
State for India, stated the Indian Council
had passed an act for the immediate closing
of the Indian mints to the free coinage of
silver. He added that arrangements are
being made to issue rupees from the mints
in exchange lor gold at the rate of 16d per/
rupee, and for receiving sovereigns and
half-sovereigns at the treasuries in -pay
ment for dues at the same rale. He fur
ther said it was intended to introduce a
gold standard in India, but that gold in
the meantime would not be made the sole
legal tender. I
Rupee paper has risen 2. About 50 lacs
have already been sold at the average
price of ls 2 'i-
According to advices from Bombay, the
Indian Council at Simla to-day, beside
stopping the minting of silver on private
account, fixed the rate of exchange at }._,•
In the Commons Gladstone gave infor
mation similar to that given in the Lords
by Kimberley, and he added cold would
not be made the legal tender at present.
Washington, June 26.— The checks In
payment anticipated of the July interest
were all mailed by United States Treasurer
Morgan late Satuniav night.
New York, June 28- The cessation of
the free coinage of silver by the Govern
ment of India was a fruitful source of con
versation among financiers to-day. Busi
ness was resumed this morning witb a
general feeling of depression growing out
of a combination of unfavorable circum
stances. The fresh failures from various
parts of the country and stringent money
were a good foundation for the announce
ment, of the stoppage of the Indian silver
mints. A prominent banker, who Is also
one of the heaviest silver bullion dealers
on Wall street. Is said to have remarked
when the announcement came that it was
a crushing blow to silver.
"The effect will be paralyzing upon the
whole silver market," he went on. "and I
think. the settlement of tlm silver question
in this country is at hand. The mints
have been opened to free coinage and ouch
Immense quantities of silver have been
presented by private parties and the circu
lation of silver has become sd great that
the price of the Indian rupee has been de
clining steadily for months. This brought
about the suspension of free coinage."
Still another large bullion shipper bad
this to say: "I don't see how the action of
the Indian Government in closing its mints
will much diminish the demand for silver
in India. India is a creditor country, aud
I do not see how her balance of trade is to
be settled save in the old way, by imports
of silver, lf the mints are closed to private
persons, then the government will have to
import silver for coinage purposes In place
of private parties. The government will
be compelled to do as tire Indian banks do,
that is, buy silver in the market In Lou
don. The .depreciation of the rnpee Has
been stopped, but, beyond sentiment, we
do trot see the silver market will be greatly
At the sub-treasury to-day, the payment
of interest on United States four per cent
bonds, due July 1, was begun. The total
payment will amount to $6,000,000. and
the prepayment of this sum will, it is said,
have a very beneficial effect. Put, as one
of the bank presidents rut it, although the
boil has burst, the sure place will not be
thoroughly healed until after the Sherman
silver law has been repealed.
During the day the highest rate quoted
for money was 40 per cent. At 2 o'clock it
was offered at 8 per cent.
Clearing-house certificates to the amount
of $450,000 "ere Issued to-day and tele
graphic transfers of $120,010 to San Fran
cisco were made through the sub-treas
ury. After the close of business an
application was received for the transfer
of $25,000. in addition to $250,000 in cur
rency sent by registered letter and express
to the Pacific Coa-d.
Advocates of Free Coinage Not Likely
to Give Up.
Washington, Juue 26.— The free-coin
age men will open headquarters here In a
few days for the purpose of disseminating
free silver literature and the assignment
of speakers to advocate the cause in the
Western and Southern States. They in
tend to make a hot fight for the white
The market price of silver to-day
reached the lowest point in tho history of
that product. On Saturday the London
price, which guides tho Director of the
Mint in his purchases for the Government,
was 37% pence, or about 81.8 cents in this
country. This morning the price in Lon
don was 36 pence, or about 78.8 cents in
New York. The cause of the depression
is assigned by Mr. Preston. Acting Direc
tor of the Mint, as'due to tho rumor, which
is probably true, that India, which Is one
ofthe largest silver-consuming countries,
is about to close its mints to the white
CARLISLE AND CLEVELAND.
The Action of the Indian Government
Has Affected Them Mightily.
Washington. June 26.— The President,
Secretary Carlisle and the financial offi
cers of the Government generally received
the first authentic news of the startling
action of the Government of India in sus
pending silver coinage through the press
dispatches. When the report of the an
nouncement in the Commons and Lords
was received the gravity of the situation
was at once apparent. Carlisle immedi
ately went to the White House, and for
nearly two hours discussed the bearings of
Great Britain's action with the President.
The conference was renewed at the Presi
dent's suburban retreat later in the even
ing and was protracted far into the night.-
The circumstances are regarded as too
serious to permit of any authentic expres
sion of opinion as to the 'future policy of
the United States until all the facts are
fully digested. This much, however, can
be stated with absolute confidence. The
action of the Indian Government is re
garded by the United States as doing away
with the necessity for reconvening the
International Monetary Conference.which
was to meet again in Brussels this fall.
It is not believed that the action was
taken without express orders from the
British Government, which had general
supervision and control over Inaia affairs.
The action of the Indian Government was
not altogether a surprise to treasury offi
cials, though what its effect may be on the
future action of the United States cannot
be easily gauged.
WALL STREET DAZED.
But the White Metal Has but Few
New York, June 20. -- Despite the
gloomy weather to-day Wall street was
comparatively cheerful and contented.
Currency shipments to the West were
almost nothing, and the only bank failures
reported were from Buffalo and Minneap
olis, and neither of these had any effect,
the announcement of one coming too late
to disturb the situation and the other be
ing regarded as unimportant.
The rates for sterling exchanse were so
low as to raise hopes of gold importations,
and finally advices from Chicago indi
cated the return of considerable amounts
of currency to this city for disbursement
as July interest and dividends.
On the other baud, the quotations in
the Stock Excnange were lower, and the
money market was exceedingly tight; but
these symptoms were not unexpected, and
were not permitted to have any marked
influence on the general good feeling.
Oue of the. new features iv the situation
was the news from India indicating the
closing of the Indian mints to free silver
coinage. Wall street did not know what
to make of this announcement. It was a
surprise and it found nearly every one un
prepared to make an estimate of Its signifi
cance. The silver market, however, was
not slow to respond to the news, and sil
ver bullion certificates sold to 77, the low
est they have ever touched.
Holders of silver bullion have been ex
pecting a report from the Parliamentary
Committee, of which Lord flerschall is
chairman, and which has been investigat
ing the silver situation in India, and it
was not doubted that the report would be
unfavorable to tho white metal. As a
consequence the silver market has been
weak and unsettled.
It was not, thought, however, that any
definite action would be taken by the In
dian Government for months possibly.
Certainly not until the report bad been
submitted to Parliament and its recom
mendations . had been approved 'by that
body. The sudden decision to change
India's money standard from silver to gald
came, therefore, like a storm from a clear
sky and Wall street was dazed. As far
as practical action was concerned, nobody
took any and th? str.ck Market gave
response whatever to news which might
have been expected to produce a most
There are only a few pronounced silver
advocates in New York, and these men
yesterday wore long faces and predlc.dd
dire results for this country. They re
fused to talk for publication, but in pri
vate they declared th.it a great blow had
been struck at the prosperity of the
United States, the largest silver-pro
ducing country in the world.
The great majority of Wall-street bank
ers and business men were of quite an
other opinion. They professed themselves
unable to say what the immediate effect
of the Indian Government's action would
be, but were confident that in the end it
would result in the complete discomfiture
of the advocates of free silver coinage in
the United States and the unconditional
repeal of the silver purchase act. They
argued that this country could not possibly
afford to continue its|present policy of try
ing to sustain tire price of silver almost
single-handed against the world, and pre
dicted that in the near future silver would
take its place among the ordinary com
modities of commerce and Dring prices reg
ulated only by cost of production and the
actual demand for the white metal in ttie
natural market. '
India and Mexico have heretofore been
the only countries in the world where the
free coinage of stiver was undertaken, and
now with India stricken from the list, the
United States, with its silver-Durebase bill,
will have only Mexico to assist it in keep
ing up the value of silver.
MERCHANTS TAKE ACTION.
A Call for the Immediate Repeal of
the Sherman Law.
Chicago, June 26 The lollowing tele
am was sent to President Cleveland to
day, signed by thirty-eight nf the leading
business houses of Chicago. It is under
stood that several others, who did not sign
the message, will send private telegrams
of similar import or in favor of the
"To President Cleveland : Believing
that the Sherman silver bill is one of the
most Important factors contributing to the
present depressed condition of the national
finances it is our earnest request that the
matter be discussed at the Cabinet meet
ing next convening. In our opinion the
immediate repeal of tliis law would do
more to restore confidence than anyone
thing, and, believing it to be a question of
national importance, we beseech your
• It is said that prominent merchants in
other Western cities have been urged to
take similar action.
There Must Be Some Sort of an
Agreement, and That Soon.
.Denver, Colo., June 21.— The unpre
cedented decline iv the price of silver to
day created great apprehensions In Colo
rado. David 11. Moffatt, the largest mine
owner in the State, said this morning to a
representative of the Associated Press:
"The situation is exceedingly grave. I
have wired all of my managers to come to
Denver at once. Seventy-seven cent silver
mined by men paid S3 a day means a loss
to the mine-owner, who is not fabulously
"My idea is to propose to the men in my
employ that instead of receiving $3 a day
they should be satisfied with two-thirds of
that sum until .silver shall return to a
fairly reasonable price. If they did not
accept such a ; proposition !lf shall be com
pelled to shut down all my. property."
Senator Wolcott said: "If an extra ses
sion of Congress should be called to-day
the Sherman law would not be repealed.
The times are dark enough to indicate that
a streak of light must break iv from some
direction soon. This means immediate
disaster to Western interests, but it may be
a blessing in disguise if we can hold on.
If we suffer, the disaster entailed upon,
Great Britain Is worse and the continued
fall in the price of silver must force some
A FEW MORE FAILURES.
The East Has Not Recovered From
the Late Flurry.
Buffalo, June 26.— The Queen City
Bank has failed. The bank has suffered a
steady drain the past several weeks. After
paying out all the available cash, even to
dimes, nickels and pennies, the officers
this morning walked out and closed the
doors. It owes the depositors over
51,400,000. The falluro is due to inability
to. realize on the assets, the New York
banks refusing aid. The management
claims the depositors will be paid in full.
The liabilities, according to the June re
port, were $2,328,764, assets not known.
The Clearing-house Association met this
afternoon and decided to stand by all its
members and to render whatever assist
ance might be necessary in the event of
their becoming embarrassed.
Wilmington, N. C, June 26.— Huske &
Draper, retail dry -goods merchants,
assigned to-day. No statement is ob
Chester, Pa., June 20. — The Crura
Crock Iron and Steel Company has
assigned. The liabilities are $120,000 and
the assets $119,000.
Minneapolis, June 26.— The Bank of
New England has suspended payments—
at least temporarily. Since the failure of
the State Bank Thursday there has been
a steady withdrawal of deposits. A. J.
Blethen, president, says be had consider
able money tied up in tbe Chicago failures.
He says depositors will be paid in full.
The liabilities are $200,000; assets some
what in excess of that sum. Bletheu is a
Indianapolis, June 26.— Dr. W. N.
Wishard of this city says: "I am author
ized to make the statement that T. F. Day,
manaeer ot the failed Plankinton Bank of
Milwaukee, who has been reported miss
ing, is now under medical treatment, owing
to his physical condition, and that he will
voluntarily return to Milwaukee as soon
as his medical advisors permit."
Sioux City, lowa, June 26.— C.
Tompkins was to-lay appointed receiver
for the Union Stockyards State Bank,
which failed three weeks ago.
On the application of its president. John
Pierce, Chrys Moller, his son-in-law. was
to-day appointed receiver of the Sioux
City Cable Railway Company.
Cincinnati. June 26."— At Hamilton
this evening Louis Snider's Sons in the
Probate Court made an assignment of
their four paper-mills at Hamilton, their
real estate in Butler County and their
paper warehouses; ana their warehouse
with its contents In Cincinnati. The as
sets are over $1,000,000, of which $250,000
Is debts due them and considered good.
The total liabilities are less than £300,000,
and it is estimated -.that liquidation by
forced sale would leave their. | $450,000.-
The assign is due to the fact that
they were unable to borrow from the
banks to-day the sura of S7OOO.
So Far as the Coast Is Concerned
the Storm Is Over.
San Diego, June 26. — The Savings
Bank of San Diego County, connected
with the Consolidated Bank, was reopened
for business this morning on the order of
State Bank Examiner Gerberding, who
said it was perfectly solvent and should
not have closd.
Throughout the bank panic which began
here last Wednesday the Bank of Com
merce, of which Dr. R. M. Powers is
president, has been in a way to steadily
hold the lead in public confidence. This
morning there was quiet rejoicing through
out the city on finding that lbe bank's
doors which had been closed but three days
were again open and business proceeding
as usual. In the first fifteen minutes de
posits of over $3000 were received and only
about $100 paid out and there were more
depositors all through the day than
drawers of cash.
F. N. Panly, whose instructions from
Comptroller Eckles were to take posses
sion of the two national banks, yesterday
received instructions to examine and re
port as speedily as Possible. He is now at
work in the National Bank and will be
ready in two or three days to examine the
Fresno, June 26.— The Savings and
Loan Bank opened for business this morn
ing after being closed one day. The bank
is perfectly sound. The financial outlook
is all serene.
Port Angeles, Wash., June 26— The
Fiisl National Bank of this city suspended
shortly after opening its doors this morn
ing. The suspension was caused by the
sudden withdrawal of deposits by several
large depositors. The officers of the bank
saw that the cash on hand would not hokl
out, so they decided to suspend tempo
rarily until funds could be secured. The
assets of the bank are $142,000 and the
liabilities $85,000; due depositors, $82,000.
The bank has been conducted on very con
servative lines and is in eood condition.
The suspension caused no excitement, and
confidence in an early resumption is ex
pressed by. all parties. The suspension
will only cause temporary embarrassment
to a few.
San Bernardino. June 26. — The
Farmers' Exchange Bank.'now in the hands
»-l Receiver J. C. King, is being put in
condition as rapidly as possible and in the
near future will resume business.
The First National is awaiting the action
of the Government officials, and will re
open for business as soon as they make
their report. In order to strengthen the
bank without crippling the creditors, an
increase of stock will be made and new
capital brought in.
Riverside, June 20.— Attorney-General
Hart arrived, here this evening from Sac
ramento, it is said for the purpose of
taking steps in the failure of the Riverside
Banking Company. He and Bank Exam
iner GerberdiDg are looking into the
bank's affairs to-night. If the Attorney-
General taKes a hand in the affair it will
keep the bank from resuming and thus
disappoint depositors and creditors, who
have a contract allowing the bank to re
sume under promise of paying off all de
positors in from one to three years.
Hollis Has a Snap,
Washington. June 26.— Secretary Her
bert to-day accepted the resignation^ of
Passed Assistant Engineer I. N. HollTs.
Mr. Hollis resigns his position in the navy
to accept the position of Professor of En
gineer at Harvard College. '."■-.. .
SETS THEM FREE.
Altgeld Has Pardoned the
THEIR GUILT NOT PROVEN.
Or, at Least, the Governor
Thinks That Way.
JUDGE AND JURY PREJUDICED.
An Act That Will Require a Vast
Deal of Explanation From
Special to The Morning Call.
Springfield, 111., June 26.— Governor
Altgeld to-day pardoned Feilden. Neebe
and Schwab, anarchists serving life terms
iv the Joliet penitentiary for complicity
in the Haymarket riot, Chicago, on the
night of May B, IBSB, in which a large num
ber of police were killed and wounded,
and for which Parsons. Spies and others
were hanged, and over whose grave a
monument was unveiled by Chicago
Eaily this morning the Secretary of
State received a note from William F.
Doze, the Governor's private secretary,
transmitting the papers pertaining to the
application for a pardon and an executive
order granting pardon to the men. The
papers were immediately made out and
given to E. D. Dryer, who left on the
noon train for Joliet. He delivered the
papers to Warden Allen, and the men
were at once released.
Governor Altgeld's opinion is very
lengthy. After reviewing the history of
the Haymarket riot, tho trial and convic
tions, he says that the people who urged
the exercise of executive clemency based
their appeal on the ground that, assuming
the prisoners to be guilty, they had been
punished enough. But others assert that
the jury which tried the case was packed,
and according to law the jury was not com
petent and the trial was therefore not
legal. Further, It was claimed that the
defendants were not proven guilty of the
charges in the Indictment and that the
State's Attorney had declared that there
was no case against Neebe. The trial
Judge was either so prejudiced or elso so
determined to win the applause of a cer
tain class that he did not grant a fair trial.
After reviewing these reasons the Gov
ernor says that if the defendants had been
given a fair trial there should be no execu
tive interference in this case. On the first
proposition the Governor shows that the
jury was not selected in the usual way,
but that men were summoned who were
known to be -prejudiced against the de
fendants. On the question of the compe
tency of these jurors to act as such the
Governor quotes from the record of the
Supreme Court of Illinois in what is
known as the Cronin case, in which jurors
answering questions almost the same as
those in this case were held to be incom
On the Indictment question the Gover
nor says it is not known who threw the
bomb. He further shows that the actual
throwing was probably an act of vengeance
by one who had been maltreated by Po
lice Captain Bonfield. The Governor
quotes the statement made by the then
Chief of Police, Ebersold. from which It
appears that it was the policy of a number
of police officials to stir up sentiment by
largely exaggerating the number and ac
tivity of the anarchists.
Ebcrsold is quoted as saying: "I began
to think that there was perhaps not so
much to the anarchy business as they
The Governor holds from this that most
of the so-called conspiracies were really
mere creations of police officers in search
of glory and reward by subsequently "dis
covering" this. As to Neebe'.-) innocence,
the Governor quotes a letter written by
Mayor Harrison, in which it is shown that
there never was any evidence against him.
Harrison's letter is indorsed by Fred S.
Winston, then Corporation Counsel of
In conclusion the Governor refers to the
conduct of Presiding Judge Gary showing
that on every point his rulings were in
favor of the State, and throughout the
trial Judge Gary manifested a feeling and
venom against the defendants which left
a pronounced mark upon the jury.
Chicago, June 26.— Governor Altgeld's
action in pardoning the anarchists created
no great surprise here. While it was not
looked for to-day it was expected, from
the Governor's opinion on the matter that
the pardons were merely a matter of time.
Ever since the men were sent to Joliet
there has been a strong movement on foot
for their release, and few petitions so large
as those sent in their behalf were ever pre
pared in this country.
The Times, commenting on the pardons,
says: "These men were wrong but not
capitally wrong in the method of their
agitation for redress of what they consid
ered grievances. Governor Altgeld has
done no more than right in giving them
freedom for the rest of their days."
The Inter Ocean says: "Governor Alt
geld did not stop with the exercise of his
constitutional prerogative. He went out
of his way to criticize the Judge who pre
sided over the trial court and the chief
detective who ferreted out the testimony
in the case. This was without excuse."
Fielden, Schwab and Neebe arrived in
the city this evening in company with
Ranker E. S. Dryer. Tne latter when he
reached Joliet tbis afternoon made a brief
speech to the men, saying that clemency
had been extended to them on condition
that they promised forevermore to refrain
from associating witlrmen who preached
the doctrines which had brought them
within prison walls, and refrain also
themselves from again propagating an
archistic theories. The men got off at
Twenty-third street to avoid a possible
demonstration at the depot, but neverthe
less found large crowds about their resi
dences. No demonstrations were made.
Colonel Sam Rose Went on a Dis-
astrous Hunt for a Burglar.
Denver. Jane26.— Colonel Sam P. Rose
was awakened at. his residence early this
morning by a noise, and, thinking it came
from burglars, he took a revolver and
started to investigate. When half way
PRICE FIVE . CENTS.
down the stairs the revolver was acci
dentally discharged, the ball passing
through his abdomen and causing death.
Colonel Rose was one of the most promi
nent lawyers in the West, and served ns
colonel in the Confederate army. He
was the Democratic candidate for Attor
ney-General of Colorado In 18S2.
THEY PUNISH MURDERERS.
Ten Under the Sentence of Death
and Twenty More to Be Tried.
Hai'.tshokxe, 1. T., June 26.— 1n the
Raines County Criminal Court at Wilber
ton, Moses Williams, Solomoo Lewis,
Kingbury Hawkins, Robert Carter and
Thomas McGee, all Indians, were con
victed of having murdered King Joe
locklatubles, another full-blooded Indian,
during the Jones and Jackson election
feud in August, 1892. The trial of nine
others, charged with a similar crime, com
menced to-day. There are now nine In
dians and one negro to be shot by July 7.
with twice as many to be tried. Older In
dians agree that the convictions will not
reach executions, and tho significance in
which some of their expressions are
clothed is ominous. EH
DOWN COME RATES.
Even the Southern Pacific Is Pre
paring to Get In.
Chicago, June 26.— Northern Pa
cific to-day announced an all-rail rate
from San Francisco to St. Paul of $45 first
class and $40 second class. This is a cut
in the first-class late of $10 and in the
second-class rate of $2 90. The Southern
Pacific has requested its Eastern connec
tions to join in making rates equal to
those nut in effect by the northern com
petitors, and if it succeeds in winning
them over to its way of thinking the Union
Pacific will be drawn into the row.
DE BOIS DIED HARD.
The Man With the Bullet in His
Brain Finally Succumbs.
But It Took the Slug Four Months to
Accomplish Its Work— Result
of the Autopsy.
Special to The Morn-ins Call.
Sonoma. June 26.— Alfred de Bols, tbe
young man with a bullet In bis brain, is
dead. On February 14 last, near this
place, while handling a pistol, the weapon
was accidentally discharged and the bullet
penetrated the right temple and lodged in
his brain. This case has excited much in
terest, it being a strange thing for the man
to live so long and for the most part com
fortably, with a large bullet in bis brain.
An autopsy was conducted at the County
Hospital yesterday at Santa Rosa, where
De Bois died, by Dr. Charles Smith, the
j hospital physician, and Dr. W. K. Vance of
i Sonoma, the latter having had charge of
| the patient for the first few weeks after the
The bullet was found embedded in the
right frontal or the anterior lobe of the
brain proper to the extent of half an inch.
This part of the brain is understood to be
concerned only with the intellectual func
The bullet had not traveled more than
an inch from its entrance and took an
oblique course. The skullcap through
which the bullet made its way was very
thick, accounting for the compressed con
dition of the bullet, which was fouud al
most as flat on one side as a nickel.
The brain was generally healthy and
presented a normal appearance in tho
immediate neighborhood of where the bul
let was found. The victim might have
lived on had not the lining or membrane
of the brain at the site of the injury be
come inflamed. It was this inflammation
I of the brain membrane that laid the pa
i tient low.
It is a notable point that De Bois at no
time suffered severe pain at the seat of the
injury. All the pain was located behind
the left ear and at the top of the skull.
There Were One Hundred Occupants
and All Escaped.
Fort Scott. Kans.. June 26.— Tre
mont Hotel collapsed at 9:30 o'clock this
morning, having in it 100 occupants. The
house was of brick and four stories high.
The entire east wall fell, followed by three
floors. No one was killed, and Misses
Caldwell and Ida Morgan, chambermaids,
were the only persons injured. They fell
from the tbird floor and were bruised
badly but not seriously. The other occu
pants had ample warning and escaped.
Firecrackers Will Come High.
Washington. June 26.— Acting Secre
tary Curlis of the Treasury Department
practically raised the price of Fourth of
July firecrackers 8 cents per pound to-day,
as in importing he has ordered than an ac
count must be taken of the outside cover
ings as well as of the inside coverings, as
to do otherwise would be making all allow
ance for tare, which is expressly pro
Arrived at Caliao.
Washington, June 26— A cablegram
has been received at the Navy Department
announcing the arrival of the Alliance at
Caliao, where she was ordered when
trouble was threatened in that country.
The dispatch says nothing of tbe state of
affair in Peru. '
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