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The morning call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, August 24, 1893, Image 6

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THE MORNING CALL
Has a larger Circu'aticm than any
other newspaper published in San
Francisco. - __
'.."HEEASTERN OFFICKOF THE CALL..
CO Totter bnildlnK.Xew York City, is provided with
files of California papers. Visitors welcome. Ad
vertising rates and (ample copies furnished.
F. K. MISCH, Manager.
THE DAILY MORXTXG CALL
FOB SALE AT
New Torlc BRENTANO 8R05.. 6 I'nion Square
Chicago W. B.SIZEK, 180 State street
New Orleans. ALLOT & JOUBERT.IIoK Common
SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
D^ILY CALL (including Sundays), »G per year by
mail, postpaid; 15 cents per week, or 65 cents per
calendar month, through '^r^rs V->"(\. « A - U
five copies three months. tt> 25. SU>DA\ ALL,
*1 50 per year, postpaid. SUNDAY CALL and
■WEEKLY CALL. »260 per year, postpaid. «li.Mi
CALL. *1 per year, postpaid.
THE Call cannot return rejected manuscripts,
nor will the eel.tor enter into correspondence re
■peeling them.
PUBLICATION OFFICE:
525 Montgomery street, near Clay, open until 11
o'clock v. M. BEAN II OFFI ES: 710 Market
street, near Keamy.open until 12 o'clock midnight;
STift Hayes street. op»n until 0::i0 o'clock; 803 Ear kin
street, open until 9: ;oo'dock;SW. corner Sixteenth
and Mrs on streets, oen until 9 o'clock; 2518
Mission street, open untU9 o'clock; and 110 Ninth ,
street, open until 9:30 o'clock.
«r VISITORS to THE WORLD'S fair will
find The* on sale at the newsstands in the fol
lowing hotels: Palmer House. Auditorium Hotel,
Briggs' Bouse, Clifton House, Commercial House,
Ganlt House, Grand l'ac-flc Hotel, Sherman House,
I.eland House, Northern Hotel, Richelieu Hotel,
Tremont House, Virginia Hotel and "Wellington
Hotel.
AT WASHINGTON. D. C— Tlio Wtllard, Arling
ton, Ebbitt anil bhoreham Hotels.
AUCTION SALKS TO-DAY.
JTT.HJIWF..— By M. J. Simmons, at 1057 Mar
ket St.. at 10:30 <> clock.
] i rm! i- hi..— By S. Basch, at 319-321 Suiter St.
at 10 o'clock.
Bosses.— By Curley a Mcßride, at 862 Howard
•t., at 11 o'clock
WEATUKH I'RKDICTIOXS.
Defabtuext of Aokicclturk. "k
Weather HrRi ■«!•. J-
San Fhaxcisco, August 23, 1893. J
Official Forecast for Twenty-four Hoars
Ending: .Midnight Thursday.
San Francisco and vicinity — Fair weather:
•lightly warmer; variable winds.
Presley T. Jenkins,
Local Forecast official iv Charge.
THE CALL CALENDAR.
August. 1893.
Sn. M. Tu. W. Tn. !r ia! Moon's Phases, j

12 3 4 6 August 4tb.
— \ — J,./ Last Quarter.
6 7 8 910 11 1 12 — —
©August 11th.
... „ 1U .„ „ .._. ... New Moon.
nn ;91 90 ;00 « « . M /-V August 1 I
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 J First Quarter. |
27 28 29 :!0 31 j ! August27th.il
j j j . \JP Full Moon. I,
Eft '** i* o *****- *&&&<
THURSDAY AUGUST 24. 1893
NOTICE !
Any of our patrons ! tflnd Till
UORNINQ CALL for i :
•a favor by notifying this
tfthefaet, naming the date and train.
]f Cnii subscribers via intend leaving
the city icill notify the business office oj
their changt <■/ address the }><'i>cr will be
iorwarded In then, regularly.
SCHOOL TROUBLES.
There are great difficulties in the way
of reforming admitted abuses in the
School Department. Onp of these, difficul
ties lies in the fact that no Board of School
Directors has yet succeeded in putting in
operation methods of reform Dased en
tirely upon the public good. With a great
deal of good purpose thete has been an
infirmity in action which exposes the re
sponsible parties to ihe suspicion that thpy
may have private ambitions in view. An
example is found in the attempt to reduce
the number of teachers in the department.
So far as there were more teachers than
were needed the purpose was a good one.
But a rule was established in regard to
the selection of teachers to be dropped
whicli has se p med impracticable tn some
cases. When the rule operated against a
teacher who had influence it has not al
ways been enforced. It does not follow
that the board had personal ends to gain
by making here and there exceptions to
the rule. The difficulty they encountered
lay in the fact that the board lacked either
the power or the courage to stand against
politicians who came to the defense cf
their proteges in the department
Another cause of trouble lies in the fact
that in time goo<l teachers lose to an ex
tent their capacity to teach. What is the
board to do in cases of this kind? There
ate twenty-five years of faithful and intel
ligent service to be considered against the
unpleasant fact thai the faithful teacher.
has become incompetent. The board then
is given the alternative of turning faithful
teachers adrift or to continue teacbers in
the department who a-e incapable of ren
derii'g good service. Either the teacher or
the department has to suffer. Which shall
it be? One person would say offhand that
no teacher should be retained who had be
come clearly incompetent; another would
say that a teacher who had devoted her
life to teaching should not be turned out in
her helpless old age. The pension propo
sition has been urged as a remedy for this
condition of thing?. But why pension
teachers and not pension other women
who have grown old in some kind of ser
vice? As a rule, which has few if any ex
ceptions, the teachers have earned m<re
money in their profession than they could
have earned out of it. Is it exactly just to
make pensioners of a class of workers
who have been given better opportunities
to provide against old age with than other
women have been able to obtain ? If the
present board do<'s not succeed in adjust
ing all these difficulties to he satisfaction
of everybody no one need l»e surprised.
CHINESE RETALIATION.
A correspondent states that Viceroy LI
Hune Chang has requested William Bow
man, United States Consul at Tein-Tsin,
to call upon President Cleveland and in
form him what China proposes to do if the
Geary act is not repealed. China will take
no action at present in the hope that Con
gress' will repeal the act. lint if the
present Congress adjourns without repeal
ing the act China will retaliate. It will
not declare war, but will suspend relations
and take measures to expel all Americans
from China. The message which LI Bung
Chang is reported, to have intrusted to
Consul Bowman is so ridiculous that the
conclusion is safe that it did not emanate
from the brain of Li Hung Chans. No
nation enacts laws under threat of retali
ation. The suspension of Chinese venge
ance while Congiess is considering
what it will do is an open insult, If LI
Hung Chane h?d sent such a message as
this and if in the face of it Congress should
repeal the Geary act all Europe would
laugti at us. It is perhaps true that Europe
ii laughiDg already. A law bold in sus
pension do<£ not Inspire respect. It im
plies weakness on the part of the law- >
making department of Government or
usurpation on the part of the executive.
Perhaps in this cast* a little of both.
EAST AND WEST.
The appeal of Governor Lewellyn of !
Kansas to the Governors of the Western i
States for a convention to effect commer- '
cial secession from the East appears to j
command favor with no one hut Govern nr ;
Stone of Missouri, Governor Waite of Col- !
orado and Governor Pennoyer of Oregon.
The two first appear to have lost their j
wits, the one from a wild idea that he
ought to represent Missouri in the Senate,
the other because of the proposed un
friendly legislation in relation to silver.
If a political convention could promote the
navigation of the western affluents of the j
Missouri and Mississippi, and of those
rivers themselves, so that they could be-
Come the. main channels by which the food
products of the plains reached a market
by way of Now Orleans, it would be a ,
commendable enterprise. Such changes j
in commercial channels are not usually
broueht about by politicians. They come j
through the silent working of natural
causes, discerned and turned to account j
by traders. But a good thing is not to be !
contemned because it comes from an un- ;
expected source. If Governor Lewellyn's '
convention should lead to the establish
ment of lines of grain barges to ply from i
Salinas in Kansas, through the Kaw and
Missouri to the Mississippi, or from |
Wichita by way of the Arkansas to the j
same river, and thence in both cases to i
the Gulf of Mexico, it would do eood, and |
would offar a substantial excuse for its ex- j
istence. But if it should merely serve as
a vent for sectional jealousy, it would be
both mischievous and ridiculous.
The trouble with bodies not contempla
ted by our political organization is that
they generally voice the opinion of minori
ties and fall und°r the leadership of dema
gogues. Under our system elaborate ma
chinery is provided for the. expression of
public opinion, and it rarely happens that
the legislation of Congress is at variance
with Hie views of the majority of the peo
ple. There is, of course, in many cases a
disappointed minority; this not uufre
quently appeals to the public throueh
irregular organizations, and if it is vocifer
ous enough it seems to a!l but csreful ob
servers that it si>eaksfor the people. The
views which are voiced by Governors
Lewellyn, Stone and Wai:e are not enter
tained by a majority of Western voters.
But if they are presented with clamor and
appeals to sectional jealousy, tdev are
likely to be referred to in thn Ka<t as West
ern opinion, and thus this sention of the
country may be v: justly credited with
iguorance of sound financial doctrine.
In many essential questions the interests
of the E<st differ from those of the West,
and as the States west of the rivers in
crease in wealth the divergence is I k"ly to
widen. But where those interests clash,
State sovereignty sufficient protects the
weaker communities from being overriden
by the stronger. On a majority of the
questions upon which the prosperity of
communities depends. Congress is forbid
den by the constitution to legislate, and
the communities themselves regulate their
affairs ia their own way. It is Dot likely
that any new grouping of States eoold be
made which would gather into one fold a
parcel of Western States whose interests
are identical, for they differ among them
selves quite as widely as any of them dif
fer from the East.
THE DOG AS A WORKER.
United .States Consul .Smith of Liege in
Belgium has contributed lo ihe Consular
Report* an interesting paper on the use of
'he dog as a draft animal. For a ling time
past in Germany aud in the Province of
Quebec dogs have been harnessed to small
carts and made to haul loads; it is only
within a brief period that they Have beeu
employed in that capacity in Belgium.
They aro found to answer very well in
deed. At least two do2> are employed at
Liege for every horse; they haul loads f r
butchers, bakers, groceis, expressmen,
porters and market gardeners. O:i a level
au average dog will haul with ease a load
of 600 pounds, and large d«f«, well fed
and trained, will think nothing of hurry
ing away with a load of ball a ton. They
are also used in machine shops and farms.
They are to be seen working churns grind
ing coffee, sawing wood, flrivinz sewing
machines and pom ping water. They are
largely used arouud the bay of San Fran
risco fur the lnst-mentioned purpose. They
pan be 'rained to aimo«t any woik within
the limit of their streugtli.
With us, the dog is divided into two
classes: the sporting dog, who is bred to
the chase, and the ornamental dog, who i<>
a pet and a nuisance, and whOM numbers
h.ive to be kept in check by the dog
catcher and the pound. The city derives
■\ small revenue from dog licenses, liar
ring this, aud the use which the do;: serves
;n the hunting-field and in pumping, the
animal h«s no excuse for existence. In
the Province of Quebec, the habitaut
keeps one or two wretched mongrels,
which are regularly barnes«ed by i he boys
of the household to cart or sled and pro
vide the stove with kindllng-woo.l. In
Belgium the dog is almost as useful as a
horse. There are regular livery stable*
for dogs; 5 sous a day is charged for their
board and lodging; they are fed on black
bread and horseflesh, and they seem to
thrive. A trained animal is worth 520 or
$25, but doss of fancy breed command
much higher prices.
As might be expected, the new industry
is leading to interesting experiments in
dog-breeding. The rules which govern
are the same as are observed in breeding
draft horses. The first requisite is a capH
cious chest and great breathing capacity.
These are found be*t developed in the bull
dog. The finest general muscular develop
ment, combined with the highest spirit, is
obtained in the mastiff. Hence attempts
to cross the two breeds are beins made in
several places. But the industry is in its
infancy, and there are many breeds which
m:Kht be the subject of experiment. The
tall Danish dog, which is the stock from
which the Esquimau dog sprang, has obvi
ous adaptability, and ways inlcht be dis
covered to utilize the descendants of the
Siberian bloodhound. We have in this
city some splendid specimens of this
animal which appenr to have lost the orig
inal ferocity of their race. The large dog
called the Newfoundland — which is really
a descendant of the St. Bernard and bears
no resemblance to the genuine Newfound
land—is a beast of great strength, endur
ance and intelligence. He is a natural
draft animal. Such dogs might be trained
to go to market with their owner and to
bring home the market-basket in a little
cart without guidance.
Consul Smith estimates the dog force
which now goes to waste in this couatry
at 3,300,000,000 Dound9, a force far greater
than is exerted by the falls of Niagara.
Bjr turning it to account many jiaim
would be made. The substitution of dogs
tor hor?os would save considerable sums
of money in pavement repairs. It would
reduce i!ie labors of the Humnne Society.
At the present time both horses and dogs
are maltreated. As to dog*, they are vic
tims of a cruelty which ii none the less
real because Us authors are not conscious
THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1893.
of wrong, To be healthy a don must have
exercise, several miles on a sharp run
every day. It is impossible to giv? a city
dog such exercise, and the consequence is
that the ammais n re rarely in good health,
and often no through agonies from rheu
matism, the result of disused muscles.
The nightly howls ana bayings of city
dogs which keep people awake In the
small hours are generally groans proceed
ing from intolerable pain. It every dog
had work to do, in moderation, the friends
of man would live longer and sleep more
soundly.
THE FAIR CONGRESSES.
No international exhibition has ever
been marked by so many congresses at the i
one time at Chicago. The range of sub- |
jects discussed appears to be just as com
prehensive as the display of exhibits, but
while the latter ar« destined to be dis
persed the ideas presented at the various
meetings may be perpetuated. If the
shorthand writer is to transcribe nil the
addresses and discussions which from the
commencement of the fair have been in \
progress, and sometimes half a dozen sec- '
tions at a time, the pabulum accumulated
for reference must extend to hundreds of
volumes. No doubt there is a good deal of j
chaff among the grain, but the average
harvest is probably just as good as would
result from the deliberations of the Ameri
can Scientific Association or any similar
body in Europe. Wisdom or knowledge is j
not expected at these gatherings In a very |
condensed form worthy of preservation in ;
its entirety. Men and. women comeito- I
aether to air opinion on matters already !
well known and to take action. There are
no new discoveries announced by the !
scientific, nothing very profound debated
in a new light by the philosophic and little
to arouse more than languid interest pre
sented by literary circles or law-givers.
But these congresses have been remark
able for their variety and the large num
ber of the eminent of alt countries taking
part in them. The social intercourse of !
brilliant and literary and scientific men ,
who have never before had an opportunity
to meet and who, apart from formal meet- i
ing?, discuss their problems and hobbies '
and interchange ideas is no insignificant i
feature. Friendships are formed and |
correspondence is certain to follow the
pleasant sojourn at the rendezvous. At
this moment •'lectricitv holds attention,
with numbers of illustrious scientific men i
taking a share in the deliberation*. But
it would require considerable space to !
enumerate the tonics which have been '
dealt with in a continuous stream by the
Chicago meetinc*.
BANKERS TO THE FRONT.
The American Bankers' Association has
decided to postpone the annual convention
called to meet in Cnicage on lie 6th of
September. The ofli'-ers of the associa
tion say that an extraordinary monetary
crisis has made postponement necessary.
This extraordinary monetary crisis was
brought on, in the ooinion of the bankers,
by t!ie purrhaso of silver, payment for
which is made in treasury notes redeem
able, in coin. It is urged that a farther
increase in the issue of treasury notes
which the treasury has so far redeemed in
gold can only result in the final inability
of the Government to meet its obligations
in sold. This plea is an echo of the Presi
dent's special message. In that message
Air. Cleveland assumed that treasury
notes would be the first to be paid in silver
should the ability of the Treasury Depart
ment to meet ail obligations in cold be im
paired. Both the President and the bank
er* ignore the fact that there are $346,000,
--000 of legal tenders which are equally ex
posed witn the much smaller amount of
treasury notes to redemption in 6iiver.
There is no reason for discrimination
between the two kinds «if obligations. The
lrgal tenders were in existence when the
act of 1878 declared a 412%-grain dollar a
legal temier for ali debts. Ii is a treasury
construction of law which makes legal
tender redeemable in gold. If the treasury
eot short of gold it might redeem both
treasury notes and legal tender in part
m th silver as the Bank of France pays
drafts at its, option in part with sliver.
The active part the New Y> rk bankers
have taken in the repeal proposition cre
ates the impression that they have their
especial interests as bankets at heart.
There is, perhao 8 , no h^rm in this, as each
class of workers looks out for itselr, but
no one class, profession or occupation
should assume to dictate the policy of the
Government in a matter vital to all indus
tries.
RHODE ISLAND LOOMING LARGE.
In a qunint manner the Providence
(U. I.) Evening Telegram supports the ar
gument lor coM against silver by » c»in
parison of the smallest State in the Union
with the silver States and Territories.
Thus it observes :
There are people who thin* Rhode Island Is
a snail and unimportant piece of territory. Her
population is eight time- as laic as mat of one
of the silver State*, three times as large as two
of them together. and half as largo as all four
of them. I'rovid^nce has •> larger population
than Idaho and Nevada together, and she has
a larger rmpulaiiou aHo than the State of Mon
tana. These are the silver States and Terri
tories with their production of silver last year:
lOu tires of I Pops la-
I silv-r j Mom.
Ten it'irr of Arizona I 1.062.2201 50.820
State or Colorado ! 24.347.017 AVz i!t«
Miit-t of Miili".. i 3,1G4,'_'t53 84.385
State of Montana , 1",40'». 093 132,159
State (if Nevada I 2,241,000 46.70]
Territory of New Mexico. ..: 1.075.000 153,603
Territory of Utah I 7.762.257 807,905 1
Totals .'57,059,556' 1 .096,13 i
A mere statistical argument in the per
manent settlement of our financial difficul
ties does not avail much. Ttie question
needs much more than vote*, and notwith
standing tin* undoubted Importance and
influence of Rhode Island, silver has ■ po
sition in the currency of the United States
which cannot be ignored. It is a business j
question which will persist until adjusted
; equitably.
THE SILVER DEBATE.
The weak point in the silver debate now
in progress in Congress is that no affirma
tive proposition i* presented. The only
question before the two houses is the
repeal of the silver purchasing clause oi
the Sherman act. The administration has
uot intimated what it would do in case the
act is repealed. This indefinite purpose
enables orators of the Voorhees stamp to
argue in favor of bimetallism and al9o in
favor of the repeal of the silver purchas
ing act. Senator Voorhees naid in his
recent speech that there was not a Senator
on the iloor of the Senate who had not
been elected on a platform which favors
bimetallism. Yet Voorhees wants the
silver purchasing act repealed. He does
not say what will come after. He is will
ing to trust Grover Cleveland to do the
right thing. Senator Palmer takes the
same view of the question. He imagines
that there is no evidence beiore the coua
try which warrants the conclusion that
the Pre-iident does not favor ti e use of
hoth gold and silver as standard money.
There i*, however, no denial of the fact
that a repeal of the silver purcha*ingclause
of the Sherman act will practically i lace
the country on a cold basis. The declara
tion in the act which pledges the Goveru
ment to maintain the parity of gold and
silver will have no effect without laws to
put it into effect.
THE FAIR FUND.
We regret to see that interior contem
poraries are devoting considerable space to
the proposition on the part of the Mid
winter Fair managers that the severa
counties should contribute to the fair fund
in proportion to wealth and population.
Ihe conclusion of the interior journals,
with one or two exceptions, is that San
Francisco hopes to persuade the interior to
stand a considerable proportion of the cost
of an exposition of which San Francisco
would receive pretty much all the profit.
The truth of the matter is that orily a
handful of men in San Francisco approved
of the call upon the interior counties. It
was generally admitted that during the
fair time the advantage would lie with
San Francisco. People in the interior
would be at the expense of a trip to town
and of the sojourn here. County exhibits
will be prepared at the expense of the
several countieo. There will doubtless be
considerable benefit to the interior counties
in the way of advertising and as Eastern
visitors come in large numbers they wi'l
scatter over the State. Still it is San
Francisco's place to furnish the original
fair fund.
TAKING NOTICE EAST.
The California Midwinter Fair begins to
attract attention East, and we may expect
sympathetic notices from our contem
poraries encouraging exhibitors and vis
itors. "In extent and in natural wealth,"
says the Philadelphia Record, "the great
Pacific State constitutes an empire in
itself. The contemplated display will give
an opportunity to the world to gain some
appreciable idea of the diversity of her
productions." After Chicago's glories the
exhibition in San Francisco may appear a
tiny effort, yot people from the East and
Europe will find here quite a new world
to study, wholly unlike any portion of the
United States east of the Sierra Nevada or
bordering the. Gulf of Mexico. It is by far
the most favored portion of the United
Mates in climate and variety of produc
tions, and were it on the Atlantic sidf,
with all its advantages, would not lack
population. Europeans should certainly
make a good exhibit on this coast. They
have water facilities f<>r transportation.
W. S. Chapman speaks out strongly on
the gold question from the point of view
of practical mining, flts views are in ac
cord with those entertained by mining
superintendents and experts in Grass Val
ley ;md other parts of the Sierra, who
hold that the yield of cold may be made
Just as satisfactory as ever it was. Mining
capitalists mostly co in cliques on this
coast, nnd it requires very strong evidences
of su cess to move them. They have other
employment for their money, and so quartz
minim! is inflected. "It is sale to »ay,"
remark* Mi. Chapman, "that the gold
mines of this Siate have scarcely been
I r spected," and he adds that modern
methods render mines very profitable tnat
a few years asn would not have paid run
nine expenses. Times would he brisk. in
deed, if 2 5,000,000 a year could be extract
ed in sold : ruin the earth and put in
circulation. Tin-, would be double tt.e
present production of California. There
■mi is room for systematic prospecting
and trial dijiji:n<i in ihe Sierras, though
t;ere certainly U not the fortune of cany
tunes in mere placer excavation*.
It is a mostlrecrettnble tirng that do per
manent use can be found for the white
huildiugs which have marie the Chicago ex
hibiiiou. as it were, acreation in fairyland.
There never were such beautiful struc
tures, bright, fascinating and in good taste,
put together for temporary uses at any
other international display. When the
lair gates close the dr- am is over. Down
will come the palaces with their archways,
columns man} pinnacled roots, pediments
and statues so encbautingly reflected from
the lakes, and that which cost millions t<>
erect iii ii" is junk to the highest bidder at
auction. Th*re may be some surprises in
the biddii but probably very tew of the
structures will he re-erccteu anywhere.
Some of them would -11 admirably for
conservatories or aviaries, and what a
monkey-notice could be contrived! There
art* eunuch buildings to endow zoological
gardens with home accommodation for pairs
of all the an I la on the earth, but the
cost of taking down, rebuilding mid trans
portaiiou is 100 much for such efforts.
Through the death of his undo, Duke
Ernst, tbe Duke of Edinburgh, second
son of Queen Victoria, succeeds to the
duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The
Duke tins run his c <urse through the Brit
ish navy to tint highest rank and has no
career otherwise open to him in England,
so the duties of ruler of a small state of
765 square Biles, with two comfortable
palaces nt his service, may be regarded as
agreeable. In his little realm he is not
troubled with parliamentary -ultiits.
or anarchic and socialist trouble', and may
give his day* to gardening and his evenings
to violin-playing, in which he excels Ills
Royal Ilighnes'* is married t" tho Gland
Duchess Marie of Russia, only daughter
of ihe late Czar, and li«? one son and four
daughters. Queen Victoria probably
thinks more of Kospnaii Castle and its
associations than nny other spot in Ger
many. It was the home of the Prince
Consort.
Some nauehty radicals have been baiting
Sir Biebard Webster, Attorney-General in
Salisbury's Government, for having de
serted Parliament Bad iiis constituents for
the sake of the lees he gut as counsel in
the Bering Sea arbitration. The retort on
this :aunt B U(»t extravagant. Webster
says he couln have earned more money by
the ordmaiy business of tin* courts. He is
in leading practice and pspeoally promi
nent in commercial or patent otses. In
patent". Indeed, do is said to be the .strong
est advocate at the bar. His fees rarely
fall below |2GO or $.100 a da*, and for long
continuous ci«es his brief and retainers
amount to a small fortune. Sir Richard
has !f fairly jro-id voice, and is fond of
.singing hymns in the cboir of his church
on Sunday.
Cholera is now at Rotterdam, Antwerp
and London, and yet nobody is in a Hurry.
Tne medical tuen are quite Drepared to
keep the disease within bnuuds by giving
it conditions unsuitable for Us propaga
tion as nn ppldetntc, and taking care of Itlfl
few victims attacked, It is also being
dealt with efTrctually in New York. With
a good water supply and attention to sani
tation the specter of cholera is becoming
very diaphanous, save among the Mussul
mans a; Mecca.
A discovery of coalbeds of considerable
value has been made in the departments
of Cauca and Bolivar, United States of
Colombia, and has been reported on by
Mr. Caracristi, civil engineer. The field
extends over an area of 10.000 square
miles and the seams vary from three to
twenty feet thick, and are therefore ail
workable. The quality of coal repre
sented includes cannel, anthracite and
bituminous. Mining is Drobably a much
easier task than any species of surface
labor in a climate so torrid, and provided
workers can be procured there is an open
ing here for capital. A supply of fuel for
vessels in this region is of the greatust
consequence and must increase in im
portance.
It was reported the other day that there
are sixty carloads ol fruit awaiting trans
portation down in Fresno which at pres
ent rates cannot be sent East. The South
ern Pacific slicks to its old rates for the
present. Under these circumstances the
raism men should take freight by the
North American Navigation Company's
steamers which offer a rate of $10 a ton
via Panama. They would gain 'a great
deal in money aDd would lose littlo in
time by the sea route.
Chicago is said to be in the enjoyment of
a very marked revival of business, almost
amounting to a boom. Merchants are
doing good trade in almost every field of
enterprise, but an exception is made of
drugs. The exception is rather a healthy
sign, indicating that something to do is the
right kind of medicine to keep people
well. The increased attendance at the fair
• hows that the policy of reducing rates
materially, now inaugurated by the rail
roads, has a stimulating effect on travel,
and the railroads would have done better
by beginning the reductions earlier.
W. K. Vanderbilt's new yacht, built by
the Lairds of Birkenhead, is 312 feet long
and 2400 tonnage, with engines of 4500
horsepower, driving twin screws. She
is also brig rigged, with very tall spars.
The total cost is said to be $750,000. On
of the salouns is thirty-four feet broad.
Artists have been at work for months on
the staterooms, and prebably it is the most
luxurious yactit afloat. The crew numbers
se-v.-nty, and most of them are Scandi
navians. This is not a new departure,
most of the Alva's men having beeu Danes,
Norwegians or Swedes.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Fink, in his new book on Wagner, just
out. saysnhat the composer's strongest af
fection was his love of unimnls. and that
he was especially fond of dogs.
Congressman Boatnar of Louisiana is
the terror of the official stenographers.
The rapidity of iiis utterance is compared
to the noise of shot being poured into atm
pan.
The hon*«> in Charter street, Salem, where
Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote his books is
now occupied by Horace Ingersoll, who
was for thirty-six years a friend of the
novelist.
It is expected that Sir Edward Braddon,
brother of the popular novelist, who has
!>eeii agent of the colony of Tasmania in
London for several year*, is going to re
sign and return to ti.e colony.
Mario TJ>hard. whose death in Paris was
announced recently, was a celebrity in that
city some Vf nrs rbo. Ho was the author
of several successful i lavs, Including
"Finmmina," and of equally successful
novels.
Th- Rev. Dr. H. R. baweis. the English
clergyman whose somewnat rhapsodical
books nn musical subjects have attracted
snme attention, is to make another visit to
this country next month. He will make a
Ic-nure tour, going as far west as San Fran-
C!SCO.
General William P. Innes, who died re
cßiiily at Grand Hapids, Mifh.. was during
the war the colonel cf the famous Michi
gan regiment of engineers, the formation
of which was due to his suggestion of the
value of a corps of bridge-builders and
path-ciearers.
Bland of Miaannrf, the silver champion,
is a native i»< K«ntuekv. He went to Cal
if'Tnia in 1855. when 20 venrs of age, and
afterward located in Virginia City, Nev,
He became n nnnpr and was County Treas
inerof Carson < "onniy when NevHda be
came a Sate in October, 1804.
Mary VV. Lee. who was known through
out the J>ee nd CYrps ol the Army i»f the
P'tniuac as "Mother Lee." died in Phila
delphia last week. Durine the rebellion
she whs a volunteer field nurse, serving at
tiie front without p*y, where she got her
affectionate nickname from the soldiers.
LIGHTING STREETCARS.
Probability That a Change of Method
• Will Be Adopted.
C. H. Howard, the general manager of
a liclit gas company of New York, who is
in tj>e city, has been negotiating with the
official* of the cable and other streetcar
Hies in the city with a view to introducing
the light which his company . makes Into
all the cart belonging to these roads.
There is already a plant in Oakland
where the gas is made, and Mr. Howard
states that it can readily be put in tanks,
brought across the bay on the ferry and
pumped into the cars which it is designed
to simply.
The light is nt a superior quality, as
every peison who h«? traveled in a i'ui.
man car cxn readily testify, and the ai -
nouncfinent of the nejrotia": ions for its
introdu-ti >n iv the stnetcars of the city
will he received as a welcome innovation
upon tiie pre.-ent faulty syntem iv use.
» — ♦ -— »
California elace rruits. SOclb.Townsend'i."
STF.Er.E's Sapou.icDoiis Tootb Powder, the
Dest. 636 iMatket street, l'alace Hotel. •
* — —
Unstamped Opium Seized A Chinese
store at 3 ;ivpi iy IM.ce was raided yesterday
by Internal Revenue Aceut Beit M. Thomas
..--i-ied by Deputies UHchi and Clapp, and a
number of tins of unstamped Victoria opium
weie seized.
Crystal Batiis swinmnns tank emptied
nightly a}. 10. Forenoon* best time for ladies. ♦
The Mayor's Vacation.— The Mayoi's
ofHce is teniDoraiilly closed, no one belni; there
except the messenger. Mayor Ellert, accom
panied by lil!« secret ry, Chris Xrwinan.left ve«
teiaay for a 10-day tup to I.ai-e Tauoe.
Reduced Rates via Northern Pacific Railroad,
(ireatlv reduced rates to th ■ World's Kan via
Sliaxii loui' and Northern I'acitic ItiMroad
I. K. Statelkk, u<-!i(u;il ,Tuent tuuseOK«i iie
(larnient, 688 Market sfreet. tSan Francisco •
♦ ■*-
A (iiANT CoNe khn.— The Kmpress of India
Mmlnn Company has incorporated with ;« fully
subscribed capital of $3,000,000. Pirertoi ■»—
1. L. Hoffman. IM. SoMttetmer, Kmll Wnenne
Chailes l'teir-cli. c. C. Buner, Meyer Kosen
thai aud 1. L. Kosentlial.
Midwinter Fair Subscriptions.
The roimmiiee of the Midwinter. Fair has
decided on t lie plan of publishing a subscrlp
tion .. blank '" Hi ■ dally lepers, which may be
tilled in by parties wishing to subscribe 10 the
fund, This blink will be found iii another col
umn, ana all me earnestly requested to assist
Id the good work. •
♦— ♦ — »
Did Not Lock Out Her Husband.
Mrs. T. \V. Bree, the wife of the banjo
player, ngainst whose piano an attachment
was levied on Tuesday by G. F. Cavanar.gh,
states that nn pa we is ii;«va as yet been
served In the divorce case mentioned. She
denies that she locked her husband out, or
thst she refused to let him use his music
press.
IM hot weather of in ldsii m me r Impurities in the
l>lo»d may serious:y anuuy you. Expel them by
taking Hood's SarsararillH. the ;reat blood pnri
ner. Sold by all druggists. $1 ; s x for »5.
Union Pacific World's hair X cursfons.
lie Union racificwiil run Tourist Excursions
from Los An«c4es every Monday and Wednesday,
and from San Francisco every Tuesday and Thurs
day to the World's Fair at Chicago.
These excursions will be In charge or competent
manaKirs who will accompany each excursion
through to Chicago, cars running through to Chl
caeo without chaise.-. ■
Mefplne-car accommodations from Los Angeles
or San Francisco to Chicago $4 per berth or
double that amount for a section. Diagrams are
now ready at the Los Angetes office, U29 South
Spring street, and 1 Montgomery street. San
Francisco, for reservations.
All letters or teleerams for tickets promptly
answered giving full particulars In regard to the
excursions.
Steamship tickets to and from all points In
Europe.
For further Information call or write «. F. Herr
agent, a-29 South Spring street, Los Angeles or to
I*. W. Hitchcock, general agent. 1 Montgomery
street, San Francisco.
Phillips' U..i k Island Excursion*
Leave ban Francisco every Wednesday and Satur
day via Rio Grande and book Island Kys.
Through tourist sleeping cars to Chicago and Bos
ton. -Vanagrr an.l porter accompany these excur
sion* through to Boston. For tickets, sleeping-car
accommodations and further Information address
Ci intiixJo.vm, General Agent Rock Island Ry.,
36 Mont-omtry street. Sari Francisco.
Whkn ill with pain* and exhaustion Parker's
Ginokr Tonic is your surest relief.
I'abker's Hair Balsam aid* the hair growth.
■ — : *• "♦ — »
Tm-;%-st regulator of the digestive organs, also
best appetizer known. is Angostura Bitters, the gen
uine of Dr. J. G. B. Sicgert i Sons.
THE WHITE METAL.
To-Night's Big Meeting
in Its Interest.
THOUSANDS OF PETITIONERS.
The Demonstration at Metropolitan
Temple in Favor of the Free
Coinage of Silver.
The demonstration In favor of free silver
which is to be held at Metropolitan Hall
to-night promises to be the greatest mass
meeting which has been held in this city
for many a day. Through the untiring
efforts of the committee the attention of
every class of people has been attracted,
and they are not slow to manifest their in
terest in the all important question.
The meeting is to be held under the
auspices of the joint executive committee
representing San Francisco and Alanmda
counties, as selected at the meeting held
at the Palace Hotel on the 12th inst.. and
the resolutions which were reported at
that meeting and which evoked so much
enthusiasm will be presented for adoption.
The men who are at the head of this
movement, and who are giving their time
and their best efforts for its success, feel
confident that the work which is now being
done in California will not be barren of
results. The people of the whole State are
being aroused to the importance of the
issue, and the members of Congress will
not be left in doubt as to the position of
their constituents on the coinage question.
"If the citizens of this State ever showed
their faith in the right of petition tb>y
are doing It now," said oneof the members
< I the committee yesterday. "Out of the
thousands of people whose signatures have
been solicited at the street stands 1 have
heard of only three who have refused.
"But the free coinage of silver i» a ques
tion that interests every one, because all
feel that they are directly affected by it. it
doesn't take much argument to couvince
the laboring and mercantile classes that
what benefits the capitalists is not an ad
vantage to theirselves. If we could only
reach them and the advantage of bimetal
lism were explained I believe that it is do
exaggeration to say that three-fourths of
the people in this country would say to
open the mint for silver at once."
The sub-committee having to-night's
demonstration in charge held its final
meeting at headquarters, 401 California
strri^t, yesterday afternoon, and an
nounced that all the deiails were complete,
and that nothing had been omitted which
could add to the success of the meeting
or advauce the objects for which it is called.
The speakers who had been invitpd, and
who will address both the audience in
Metropolitan Temple ana those at the
overflow meetings which have been pro
vided for, are among the most able silver
advocates in the West. The following are
B'inp of the persons invited to speak:
M. W. Belshnw, Barclay Hsnley, A. C.
Ellis, T. G. Phelps. Robert Ash, M. M.
K-tee. r»ter Roberts and Frank J. Can
i.on of Utah.
Owing in iho intense interest which has
been iminifpsti*<i, a large number of speak- \
ers have been invited, but the length of the
addresses will be limited, »nd in this way
the subject may be forcibly presented in
all irs phases.
1 his mass-meeting is expneted to act as
a climax for the' thousands of petitions
which are to be forwarded to Washington,
Mini the members of Congress from this
Slate will h*» reminded in no uncertain
tone of their duty to the State and the
country at large.
The committee having the petitions in
charge report that the only difficulty has
been to get enough blanks for the people
that wish to sign them. Two additional
stands were placed on the streets yester
day, and all day long were surrounded by
crowds of people, anxious to subscribe
their names. The demand from the coun
try for blanks has continued until it be
came necessary to have an additional 5000
printed, and it is confidently expected that
150,000 names will be on the petitions sent
to Washington; and no less than 10.000 in
dividual card petitions, which are being
supplied by the committee, will be signed
and forwarded to members of Congress.
While the silver demonstration is being
held here in San Francisco to-night a
similar meeting with the same purpose
will assemble in Cooper Institute, iv New
York City. A grand mass.nieeti»c has
bern called there, and so from both sides
of the country, and from audiences repre
senting all the varied interests of the land.
ch*era for the. while metal will resound,
and arguments will be advanced which
will create a sentiment that .will make it
self felt, and it is to be hoped may materi
ally affect the future legislation on the
silver question.
In order to more fully express the true
feeling existing among the citizens as a
whole on the Pacific Coast, and to further*
urge upon Congress the desired action on
the silver question, The Call publishes
the following blank, which may be signed,
cut out and sent by mail immediate to
the signer's representative in Congress,
and also to one of the California Senators.
TO THE HONORABLE, THE SENATE AND
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES IN CON
GRESS ASSEMBLED :
Your petitioners do respectfully urge the immediate
restoration of silver to the position it held prior to the
coinage act of 1873, viz.: the restoration of free coinage
of silver with full legal tender at a ratio with gold of not
exceeding 16 to 1.
Name
Address
The following are the names of the Cal
ifornia dflejjatlcin in Congress:
United Staie« Senate— George C. Perkins ana
Steunen M. Willie.
House of Representatives— First DNtrlct,
Thoma* J. Geary; S-cond District, Anthony
Caiiiinelti; Third DtslrlCJ, S. G. Hllborn;
Kouith Dis rict. James G. Mmiuli-e; Fifth Dis
trict, E. R Loud; Slxili LMsirler. Marion. Can
nou; Seventh Dlntrlcr, W. \V. Bowers.
Insurance Policies Attached.
Sheriff McDade served garnishments
yesterday on fifteen insurance companies
in the action of 11. L. Smith auainsi
Simon, Manasse & Co. The claims HgEre
gate-'525.261. All the claims against the
firm have b>-en assigned to Smith, who rep
resents the Board of. Trade.
Tne garnishments sup the result ot a fire
which burned the firm's establishment ai
tUnford some tlays ago. The insurance
was attached to protect the creditors.
MISCELLANEOUS.
ARE YOU LOOKING
FOR
BARGAINS?
If so. take advantage of our Crockery
and Glassware Sale this week. This
is not newspaper talk, but a Bona-fide .
Sale. An inspectien will convince
you we mean business.
_
CHINA.
136-Plece Decorated Semi-Porcelain Dinner •
Set, la Blue or Brown, was $13 now $8 95.
118-Plece, new shape. White Porcelain Din-
ner and Tea Set, was $10 50 now 7 65
Large-size Decorated Semi-Porcelain Toilet
Set, In Blue or Brown, was $4 now 3 00 .
Large-size White Stone China Toilet Sets,
was $3 now 2 10
Large-size Covered Chambers, was 75c. now 50
Stone China Soap Slabs, was 10c now 05
Decorated Square China Cuspidors, was 65c
now 40 ■•
Terra-Cotta Cuspidors, was 30c now 10 •
Rocsingbam Fire-proof Tea Pots, was 25c
now 15
7 1 /2-luch Decorated French China Dessert
Plates, each was 20c now 10
9Vi-lnch Semi-Porcelain Breakfast Platss,
brown decorations, each was 10c ..now 05 '"
French China Sauce Plates, fruit decora-
tions, each was 10c now 05 •
Decorated China Sugars and Creamers, per
set. was 50c now 30
Decorated Bread and Milk Sets — Bowl,
Pitcher and Plate, was 50c now 20.
Thin China Decorated Cups aud Saucers, '":■.
each was i!sc now 15
3-Piece Japanese Tea Set. was 75c now 40
9-Piece Tete-a-Tete Set, fancy decorated,
was $1 50 now 75
GLASSWARE.
Fine Crystal Goblets or Table Tumblers, set
of 9. was 50c. now 30
Fine Crystal Sauce Plates, per set of B. was
50c now 25
Glass Water Sets, consisting of Pitcher. 6
Goblets and Tray, was 90c now 60
Crystal Berry Set, consisting of Bowl and
6 Sauce Plates, was 60c now 35
SPECIAL BARGAINS IN ODDS AND ENDS.
NOTE— SPECIAL ATTENTION paid to GRIND-
i ING Razors, .shears and Edged Tools by Skilled
I Mechanics. Prices Moderate.
THE LEADING CUTLERS
AND ELECTRICIANS,
818 and 820 Market Street.
FACTORY- 3O FIRST STRE^Tv
ap23 SnTnTh tf w ~ "
■jfr********** * » ** * ** * X *;
i \* * J *
* Greatly Reduced Prices. $
|$40T0$75PerAcre|
* TERMS TO SUIT PURCHASERS. *
* RAXCHO DE NOVATO, comprising if
J 5000 acres at Novato, Maria County, Cal., *
* on line of S. F. and N. P. Ry. (Donohue if
* broad-srauc<?) 26 mile* from San Francisco, ~^C
* This property has been subdivided into acre "T
5 tracts and small ranches of from 10 to 300
* acres; any desired size. The land varies
J from low hills to rich bottoms, and is per- *
I fectly adapted to growing olives, prune?, J
5 peaches, grapes and all kinds of fruit, grain J
J and vegetable*. Unlimited market in city Jf
J for produce; both rail and water transpor- *
7 tation from the property to San Francisco. J
J Low freight and fares. Town of Novato,
J railroad station, hotel, stores, first-class J
I graded school, postoflice and express offices, .
I meat market, etc , all on the property. V
I Call on or address T
{ SYNDICATE INVESTMENT CO. *
* 64 and 65 Chronicle Building. •
J>ltf -
IT YOU HAVK DEFECTIVE STES AND VALU»
them, so to th« Optical Institute for your Spec-
tacle* and Eye-trla»ses. It's tna only establishment
on the coast where they are measured on th>r-
outrh scientific principles. Lenses ground If neces-
sary to correct each particular case. No visual
defect where |I»in are required toooompllcatad
for us. We guarantee our fitting to be absolutely
perfect. No other establishment can get the Sana
superior facilities as are found here, for the i"n-
■trumrnts and methods used are my own discov-
eries and Invent li-ns, and are far in the lead of an y
now la use. Satisfaction guaranteed.
«7 KKAKNY SIKEKT
»27 DO NOT FORGET THE NUMBER 437
6 tod t; m "
-"-. v ---v. ■*V. ■> -,'„■ ...- ■ ■ , -';•
OAKLAND OFFICE
OF THE ■
®CALL»
1010 BROADWAY.
Subscriptions and advertisements re- .
ceived for the San Francisco Daily and
Weekly CALL.
F. G. THOMAS. Manager. !
TeleDkone-360. 1010 Broadway.
Lfl TW BEST Obtained Sr DEWEY & CO7|
220 Market St., S. F., Cau ' j
mr 29 (I eoa \

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