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tude was uncovered and perfect silence
reigned. His invocation was as follows:
Everlasting, ever-livinc and ever-loving
Lord Gi d Aliuightr: Gathered here the
citizen* of this commonwealth to begin the
work for the exposition that is to be built :
here, in the coming tiays, we invoke thy [
benediction upon us and In the work we
design. We acknowledge thee as God, the
Father Almighty, maker of heaven and
.earth, the seas, and all that in them is. the
father of our spirit* and tlie frainer of our
bodies, God blessed forever. Without thee
we can do nothing; without thy blessing
we can do nothing. Except th«) Lord
build the house for the laborer, none can
build it. We therefore invoke thy divine
benediction upon us and upon the work
which we shall do. God bless the direct
ors of this enterprise, and give them wis
dom and ardor and courage and hope
fulness. O Lord, may they follow
with courageous steps in tiiu coming
days, nor dream of turning back
until success is theirs, and to this end give
them, we beseech of thee, the hearty sup-
. port and encouragement and co-operation
of this entire community. Still the mouths
of croakers, and stimulate a wholesome
spirit of ambition and pride in this enter
prise in all classes of the people, that they
may open their pocket-books that there,
may flow from them copious streams of
silver and sold equal to the needs of this
great undertaking. lie with those who
print and publish our newspapers, that,
tl ey may speak the needed words of en
couragement from time to time; be with
the contractors and architects aud me
chanics aud laborer. that they may give
faithful service to the enterprise, and that
they may be preserved in the progress or
the work from accident of danger and
death. The Lord bless California, the
Lord bless San Francisco, the Lord bless
tiie entire Pacific Coast, the Lord bless cur
entire nation aud grunt that this exhibi
tion which we begin to-day may bring
great moral aud material blessing lo this
entire coast. We ask it through Jesus
Christ, our Lord. Amen.
I'reiident of the Day.
General EL I. Hammond, the president
of tiie day, was preseuteJ to the audience
after Key.Mr. Ilemphill had concluded his
invocation. His friendship lor the fair
has been emphatically shown in bis capa
city as a Park Commissioner, and his se
lection as president of the occasion was a
delicate acknowledgment of his material
assistance in the flual arrangements lead
ing up to the breaking of ground for the
lair. He said:
Mr. Director-General, Gentlemen of the
Executive Committee of California's Mid
winter Exposition and Frieuds All: 1
realize that in conlerring upon me the
honor of presiding at the meeting to-day it
becomes my duty to introduce the orators
of the occasion nnd not to orate myself,
but I ca-inot resist the temptation, Mr.
Director-Genera!, of congratulating tho
people of the fair State of California that
the 1 i l tie cloud and tide of financial adver
sity has, by the pioneer enterprise that
built up tue glorious fctate, been
swept away, and the sky will
shine brightly with this rose upon
its neautiful forehead in the swards
of green, and covered with buildings, the
great Muwiuter Exposition of California.
[Apidause.] Tlie spirit ox the argonaut is
upun us tu-day. but tho golden fleece which
we seek is the surety of increased prosper
ity of this, the Mate of my natwiiy, the
chosen borne of you all. Once more is
eviuced the spirit of the pioneer founders
of California, the men who crossed deserts,
traversed mountains, suffered untold hard
ships and built up this commonwealth,
that for more man a quarter of a century
nas teen tiie pride of our nation ; tlie
men who. when clouds of adversity wafted
by ill winds approached our shores, mani
fested the same spirit which made Cali
fornia an integral part of our great nation
by their bold declaration thayhe winds of |
adversity should be dispelled? and that at |
once. There are times when co-operation i
becomes necessary in ail elloits toward
"There Is a tide in th« affairs of men
which taken at the flood leads on to for
tune; omitted, all the voyage of their life
is bouud in 9huliows aud in miseries, and
we must take the current when it serves
or lose our ventures."
And thus is brought together the great
assemblage here to-day. Realizing the
great benefits that will accrue to our entire
coast by the kindly notice of interested visit
ors, realizing that the people uf the Pacific
elope would stand hand in hand and back
to back, and overcome the present finan
cial distress which lias recently oppressed
other States, nations and countries, there
came together a meeting of stalwart Cali
loruians who shook their fists in the face
of adversity and proclaimed to the world
that the gold still poured iuto the lap of
I now have the houor to introduce to you
the director-grneral of the California Mid
winter International Exposition, lion.
M. 11. de Young.
President de Young* Address.
Mr. de Young was heartily greeted as
General H&mmond introduced him to the
throng, and, having acknowledged the
honor, he said:
Ladies and Gentlemen : It is with more
than ordinary pleasure that I appear be
fore you to-day with a feelinj of pride In
our glorious State aud beautiful city. It
is just seven weeks to-day since our ex
ecutive committee met for organization.
At that time nothing detinite had been
done toward the raising of a fund or carry
ing into effect the suggested Midwinter
Exposition. Three days after our organi
sation the finance committee met and
organized with a confidence in the well
known public spirit of our citizens that
when they had determined to carry out a
public measure it could be considered ac
No great enterprise of this magnitude
and no exposition Hn the history of the
world has ever been so thoroughly or?an
ftea, its entire score laid out and the work
practically started in so short a time.
Since that time we have written, printed
and issued the entire classification of ex
hibits and the rules and regulations for
We have secured and accepted our site,
had it completely surveyed mid' adopted
the plan of its embellishment?. We have
also had competition among our leading
architects, and selected the main build
ings, aud these gentlemen are now en
caged in drawing up the detail plans and
We have let the contract for the grading.
We have ouened our office in Chicago,
with a corps of clerks, under the manage
ment of a well-known gentleman, Mr.
Comely, who has had long experience in
exposition work. We have commissioned
a great number of men to foreign coun
tries, and iv every respect have com
pleted, in the short space of seven weeks,
what has taken other expositions nearly
two years. And we, are assembled here
to-day to inaugurate this great project by
the commencement of actual work.
Now, ladies and gentlemen, 1 say to you
as w« stand hereat'ihe extreme end of this
continent, 2000 miies from the center of
population, within the commonwealth of
one of the newer States, we will hold the
California Midwintpr International Expo
sition. [Cheers] \es, ladie3 and gentle
men, we will hold it, and your committee
will carry it out and do the best we can.
The heauty and grandeur of this exposi
tion, though, depends still further upon
you. We will produce the main features
of the picture, but the framework depends
upon further and larger fcubs'-riptions than
we have yet received. Shall it be a eon;
mon, ordinary, rough pine-wood frame, cr
Biiall it he v magnificently ornam^ntel
gold one? Shall we have maguilicrtit
fountains, beautiful statuary, or ainented
lawns, grand eloctric-light displays— in
fact, shall in be something that each anil
every one of you shall be proud of? If so,
we must have more lubacrlotioDS. Our
lund must be increased. Every dollar
subscribed will aid the beauty of this ex
position. The larger the subscriptions trie
more attractive yourcommittee will be able
to make it. We are your trustees in thi;*
matter and we enn only expeud what you
place in our hands.
The wonderful attractiveness of our
Golden State has turned the eyes of the
world to us, and great thinzs aro expecte !
of us. The halo wra ped around (be
history of California ha* been a legend for
years. Tuea iet us all joiu together witli
that unanimity of feeling, with unanimity
of pride, with our shoulders >o the wheel,
let us push this Midwinter Exposition, let
it be one of the trmmnhs anci great pages
of the history of our Golden State. When
the Kates open, let us stand together as
they did in the days of oid, and the days
of gold, and as we raise our glasses, let
us be filled with that enthusiasm and
utter the tradition
Cheer for the queen of the Western wave, Cali
With her wide. warm heart 'neathjher jeweled rest,
Adcl her regal brow by a rose crown pressed,
Cheer lor the Italy of the West, California.
Californiai) Eras Iti>vir itpil.
Irving M. Scott was the next speaker,
n«d in his remarks he dwelt especially upon
the treat eras that have characterized the
history of the Gulden St;ite, saying:
The lirst <>ra in the development of Cali
fornia i- that occupied by the conversion
<if the Indian tribes and the raising of
cattle, roaming over imineOM tracts of un-
Fenced and until led fields. This era gave
no permanent results to posterity, built no
roitdft, e;:ies. commerce or permanent
civilization. When it had passed away the
■urface of California was unsullied by any
means of conveyance or transportation
from one D»rtion of tlie State to the other;
unprovoked by any well-tilled fields, in:.
supplied with schools or colleges, leaving a
great tract of virgin and unoccupied ter
ritory with the unbriikeu staiup of primal
The second era was the discovery of
cold, which attracted the eager, restless
accumulator of wealth, who ignored the
patience and skill, rules and methods re
quired by a permanent nndendurlng civili
zation. It was an era In which the domi
nant idea was not to improve thesurround-
VIEW FROM THE BANDSTAND.
ma country or th develop its industries,
but to hastily acquire, what wealth was
Available and go bacK to the homes
whence they had come. This era added to
the circulating medium «i the world
£1,154.000,000 of gold and 534,000,000 of
The third era was the agricultural era,
which consisted in farming ereat princi
palities in the rudest and simplest manner
for the production of wheat — taking every
thing off the land and putting nothing on.
This occasioned the abandonment in sot»«
parts of the State of all the small farms and
small holdings, and created immense
tract* of Una devoted to the raising of
wheat to the exclusion of everything wise,
which area was practically unpopulated.
In the fourth era came the cultivation
of deciduous and citrus fruits, nut*, olives
and figs and the Mihdividing of these im
mense tracts into small homP*tead«, the
plant ng of the family, th* building <olidly
of the repnblie of the Weu- th'- Inaugu
ration of the time spoken of by Lord Ma
Then none as for a party:
Then all were for the state;
Then tbe great man heiDe<: tho poor
And the poor man loved the great.
Then lands were fairly portioned :
1 !, en spoilt weie lairly 10 ■'.
Aud tlie I. Maani wtn >Ur brothers,
In die brave .:ajs of old.
Thi* development sf industry and the
establishment of homes baa made the de
mand fur every art and article thai human
getiiuß has perfected, and caused the dn
velopmeut and expansion of Hip industrial
arts of the State. It has built nut only
schools, but colleges nnd telescopes and
galleries; not only highways, but rail
roads; not only canot-s, but ocean-liners
and warships, and ushers ■• to the thres
hold uf the fifth era, in which we are
placing for review the products which the
people themselves have produced, aid in
vite the peoples of the world to review
and inspect what we have accomplished,
as a criteiiou of what we shall accomplish
in the future.
For the purpose of inaugurating this
fifth era, the highest yet, attained in our
civilization, we are assembled her* to-day ;
and as a great ship finished and complete,
ready for active service, we here celebrate
the knocking nut of ttie blocks and the
launching of the ship of California— the
great industrial ship that we. have built,
freighted with the products of the semi
tropics and the temperate zones, and all
thai humanity needs. Promising nil that
human cravings require, fully equipped
for her service, we launch her into the
ocean of hope with full faith that her re
turn voyage will exchange with us the
commodities of the world and establish us
amid trio great states that history has
lie I'oein of the Day.
Mrs. Charles Freeman Johnson, a native
daughter and highly accomplished author
and elocutionist, had been specially in
vited by the executive committee to pre
pare and deliver an appropriate poem upon
the occasion. She readily consented, and
her excellent effort proved one of the most
enjoyable features of the day. The poem
is entitled "California," and Is dedicated
to the Midwinter Fair by the Native
Daughters of the Golden West. Mrs.
.Johns: in has an excellent presence and a
superb voice, and the multitude listened
with rapt attention.
California, bright gem by the ocean.
Grand laurels are ever for tbee.
To bear to die courts of all nations,
i.i.-e splendor of sunset at sea.
Your achievements are watched from all quar
And welcomed with joy and surprise:
The people look up to your statesmen
For counsel ana words of t:ie wise.
While your men are noble and polished,
Your women are fair and refined.
And branches of ollvu grow sturdy
' Wltusparfcllngly brilliant young minds.
While your beauty and grandeur surpasses
The power of language to tell.
Enchanting, delighting, witching.
As if with a magical spelL
Your sources of wealth are unnumbered.
Little dreamed of though It may be.
As the sailor who glide* o'er the ocean
Little guesses the depth of the sea.
Rich minerals poured in your treasury.
Till the world looked on quite amazed;
Ail languages mixed in the baiel,
When sounding a chorus of praise.
Then flocked from all climes and all countries,
'1 be sturdy, the valiant and true:
While under your banner of freedom
Our forefathers precepts renew.
Let your sons and your daughters accomplish
lll.'li moral and unselfish deeds.
Till unborn generations snail gather
The fruits iroui your sowing of seeds.
Don't mourn o'er the days that have vanished,
Nor sigh for past victoria* won,
lint look at tho men now before you.
By whose geuius tuts deed lias been done.
THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY, AUGUST 25, 1893.
What State, then, could vie for your laurels,
High-honored, far Timed trolden land,
Whose soil will respond as with magic
To labors of wise husbandmen.
Then build on these valleys and hillsides
A fair for the whole world to sen.
And the air will respond as with music,
A chorus of Mate juoile*.
Then ball ye. all honor to labor,
With capital clout by It* >1«I«:
Be "prof re s»" forever our watchward*
California forever our pride.
General K.irne-.' Oration.
General W. H. L. Barnes, the popular
orator and raconteur, good citizen in all
respects, and chairman of the Midwinter
Bale finance committee, was the next
speaker on the programme. The audience
knew him, the State and nation know and
adore him, and his appearance brought
forth a storm of applause that only dimin
ished 89 he slowly raised his right hand
and signaled for silenca. In his impas
sioned, inspired tone?, with words thnt
reached the most remote auditor, he said,
in intensely dramatic manner:
The world stands at tup evenlne gate of
the nineteenth century. Upon It 19 een
hlßzoned the history of the most remark
able century the world has ever seen since
G d Raid "Let there be lieht." The ereat
est discoveries are the product of the nine
teentn century. The telegraph, the appli
cation of steam to power and electricity
luve made the world grow smaller and
smaller, but man bus grown Grander and
vet more grand. [AnDlause.] Space is
annihilated. M.in lives in thought; his
acts are written in the daily history of t he
smallest hamlet and reproduced on the
greatest scale in the history of the race.
What hrs not been accomplished? You
nave, heard of it. you have read of it; but
little of it in this far-outlying section of
our country have y«'ii seen. To-day in
Chlcaco. In the grand White City, builded
by American enterprise and capital, i*
gathered together the carnered wealth of
the world's thought. Its progress, its civ
ilization, its learning are there massed in
one ciand army, that the world may see
and know and learn that mankind is con
tinually progressing, and that it has ac
complished much thai God sent man on
earth to do.
We cannot nil of us co to Chicago— the
walking is not good. |Lauehter.J It was
said once that the mountain would not
go to Mohammed, and an Mohammed went
to the mountain. We have reversed the
myth. This magnificent assemblage, Hits
grand pulsating heart of the people, throb
bing and beating to-lay in unison with
the sentiment of the Midwinter Fair, has
called the Wnite Cityacross the continent,
and though Mohammed cannot go to the
mountain the mountain is coming to Mo
What the advnntaees will be, what les
sons are to be learned here, what nstonish
ing cha> g<»B occur, yon will come to see
within the next four months. Tne aanie
grand audience of men. women and chil
dren will nuain march fmoi the eitv to look
upon this space, then filled with the struc
tures to he nut here to hold the gathered
glories and learning and power and science
of civilization. It is not many years since
the sands (if the sea were drifting to the
panhandle of the rark. Wise direction of
labor and scientific gardening lias m«d«
the desert blossom like the rose. You
h»ve here a garden prouder ami more
beautiful than ("jes^r built for the Koman
people across the Tiber; and here shall
come to rest upon the sands of the Pacific,
ny new energies, the glories of the nelence
.•mil the wit of th« times. [Applause ]
What ait worth? What i« it worth to us
to summon such an assemblage to these
grounds? What is it worth to California
that for the first time in the history
of the American people the Congress
(if the United States. In Senate and
House nf Representatives, without a single
dissenting voice, had. In twenty-four
hours, determined that California shall
hive knowledge of all that th* world con
tains worth knowing. Never In the his
tory of this Government was such a icene
witnessed as has been exhibited in Con
cress during this week. Th« objectors and
the crnaKers'for once were- paralyzed.
[Laughter.] The people of this State that
for so many years have borne about the
same relation to the General Government
that India did to Rome in the hour of Its
triumph, have paused to listen, and across
desert wastes, over mountain summits,
along abyssmal depths, through State
after State, the voice of California has
been heard In the seat of government, and
its echo in ringing nnd will ring, through
this enterprise, throughout the civilized
world. [Applause.] Have we not then,
fellow-citizens, great occasion to be grate
ful that such a blessing, thai such a
chance, that such a gamble of life is open
I confess that I am amazed when 1 think
of it. The sentiment of wonder grows ana
strengthens within me nntit, »s I lonk
uiion this vast assemblage, moved Dv one
impulse, animated hv on" thm-.c'ir, burning
with one hope.. I feel that to-day's spec
tacle is the most splendid that California
from the day it marched into the Union
has ever witnessed. [Applause.] They
say we take chances in this enterprise,
and so we do. Nothing ever succeeded io
this world except it was hegun by men
whoj took chances. The pessimist, who
believes that every' hinu is wrong, the
coward, who does not look upon an adver
sary, would never dare to touch subjects
such as these men have undertaken to
handle; but they have linked themselves
not with their fears, but with tbeir bores.
They have started forward: they will
know no backward step, and dating the
next year there will be gathered and added
to the population of San Francisco n
population better than 150,000 souU,
brought here to live among us and to
sDend their money here, thank God.
[Laughter and applause].
In other partsof the. Lnited States there
is douht, disaster, fear. Business opera
tions of the most necessary character— the
manufacture of what is essential to the
maintenance of human 'life, is paralyzed,
but the most bewildering thought of all to
the people on the other side of tne moun
tains is that this handful r.f men in Cali
fornia have the courage and the will, the
self-reliance and the. reliance upon their
brethren to undertake in such an Hour
such an exposition. [Applause.]
The director-general has said. "Will it
pay?" 1 answer for you. All those who
think the exposition will pay will pay
When the general put the vote a mighty
shout went up from 50,000 throat* — a uni
versal "aye," without one dissenting voice.
The general continued: The director
general has been answered. It is not my
purpose to detain you. I would as soon
stand upon the summit of Mount Hamil
ton and hail San Francisco as talk to an
audience like this; but I am with you as
with an audience in some vast cathedral of
Europe, where worshipers can scarcely see
the altar; where the priest looks like a
DiiDpet, but from behind him they hear the
bell that brings all hearts in unison, and
they know by the sound of its music where
the priest is in the ma«s. I ring my bell
for you around this altar of the Midwinter
Fair. I ask for it your best and grandest
sympathies. I call you to the promise that
within six months around these surveyors'
rods that are now waving here shall bo
built beautiful statuary and useful build
ings. How beautiful this shall be, how
extreme the decorations, depends upon
the people of San Francisco.
It is a great task, 1 Concede. It is an
enormous project, but Ido know the banks
of San Francisco contain more available
capital to-day that; Chicago ha«. [Ap
plause.] There is more money free in this
State than in any other State in the Union,
and, fellow-citizens, it must come out.
There is not a man who toil-* with his
hands, there is not a father of a family
who sees his earnings diminishing day by
day but feels that unless something hap
pens within three month*, two months,
one month, perhaps, of which he does not
k ow, his children will want bread, the
wife will go hungry and the little feet will
patter out in unrtefendini* shoes. How
shall it be slopped? It will be stopped for
San Francisco and California by this en
terprise, which will turn loose two or three
million dollars a' month, to be spent, not to
make the rich richer and the poor poorer,
hut in the wisest way for the support of
families and for the support of others who
need. And I promise you, gentlemen,
! for the men who toil, tunny of whom 1 see
befur« me. that you will never see in all
your lives such a good day's work done for
a good day's pay as the hard-handed sons
of toil will give to this enterprise if you
give them a chance at it. [Applause »nd
loud cheer' And this is why I feel an
interest, deep and abiding — I may say, a
tender though; — for this pr«»at enterprise.
I want it to succeed, and 1 know it will.
I had occasion to address a gentleman of
the clergy yesterday who declined to come
here because he was afraid somebody
might get in on Sunday after the fair is
opened. What will be done on that sub
ject I do not know. I know what my
views are. and when the time comes and I
have a chance to express them they will be
expressed without fear or favor. I told
him that though he might stay away I be
lieved God would be here, and he is here.
1 look up into the broad canopy that
spreads itself above us, and as from the
voice that thundered on Sinai I hear de
scending the blessing of Almighty God on
this work of charit, beneficence, educa
tion, liberty, thought and Human love.
And so. friend?, lovers of this great en
terprise, be patient, be hopeful, never
despairing ; believe that this work will be
accomplished, if each of us leave-* this
ground to-night saying to himself. "What
I can oo I will do; what my hands shall
find to strike shall be RtrncK — hat I can
do I will do." So shall the people of this
city accomplish a grand and magnificent
result; and upon the retreating clouds nf
doubt, dismay and uncertainty, God shall •
wrl'e for us a bow of promise brighter !
and more beautiful than ever he hung up
on the edge of a retreating storm.
Ladies and eentlemen, I an requested,
with undimioished spirit, but with a some
what exhausted voice, to say that the
casket of silver, containing rare treasures,
is to bo sold at auction. Don't all bid a:
SALE OF THE SAND.
Colonel A. Andrews was introduced
after the bands had played stirring na
tional airs. lie referred feelingly to the
pride the directors felt in the (substantial
approval of the people, and personally
thanked the many donors to the fund and
advocates or the great undertaking. After j
a characteristic speech upon fair matter!
in general, he tapped the stand with the
beribboned gavel and said :
. "Hero la the casket that is to contain the
first shoveltul of earth from the trading
of the ground.* for the Midwinter Fair,"
and the lv >x was shown to the people.
Mr. de Young then pas-ed to the central
front of the grand Hand and descended to
the sands. The glittering shovel wat
handed to him, and in a trice he had filled
the box aid returned it to the speaker.
Th« actual lifting of th* soil was devoid
of forma! ceremony, uwing s to the density
of the human mass.
Having received the box of earth Colonel
Andrews pla-ed in it the souvenir coins
and a vial and nugc? of gold from tli'
dlggiues of '49. I! Kramer gave a Russian
• oin of the year 1700, and it was added to
the collection In the b«>x.
At this stage the United States Light
Battery fired the initial (run of its salute,
the orchestra sounded thagrand old t ymn,
"America," and tens of thousands of
vices joined in the triumphant hymn.
The glorious ("trains rose and swelled, un
til it seemed the. very heavens took up the
refrain and sent its lasting gifts upoif th«
people of liberty's land. As the guns
boomed and the mlchty song MOM an
other scene was shifted In the great
drama. Around the hills came a lone
train of wagons and scrapers men with
shovels for the sand*, nxes for the brush
and picks for the mots. In through the
valley they swung, nnd then they paused
and prepared to continue the important
work so au«picionslv begun. It was the
vanguard Ol the graders and the peop!«
then knew the progress of the fair was an
assurance. The speakers had announced
it, and the promise materialized as they
When the salute and hymn had ended
Colnnrl Andrews resumed:
"Now. gentlemen, I hold in my hind
one of the most precious of all jewels — the
first shovelful of earth just tiken out by
the director-general and placed in this
casket to be sold at public auction. Thin
Is an event which has never taken place
before since the beginning of the world.
Think of a shovelful of earth that would
be sold for a large sum of money. But
whoever may be the lucky possessor of
this casket will be rewarded a thousand
fold what it may cost him. I remember,
after the Mexican war, in 1848, when I
was in New York, Jenny Llnd, the
great prima dooua, came to this
country, and the first ticket sold at
auction for her fust concert was pur
chased by an obscure hatter, named
Jenin. It took all the little money he
had and all he could borrow from his
friends to purchase the first ticket, lor
which he paid the enormous sum of 8800,
This made Mr. Jenin's fortune. He
became known far and near. His name
was known the world over. Thousands
and thousands of people flocked to his
establishment to patronize him. How
much greater this shovelful of earth will
perpetuate the memory of the man who
purchases it. His name will be flashed
with lightning speed throughout the
world. It will be as well known in twenty
four hours as the name of our great Wash
ington. Such a thiuc lias never happened
In the world before. What will the people
of Europe say? Great heavens! what a
country this must be— California— where
they can sell a shovelful of dirt for so
large a sum of money.
'•How much am I offered?" he asted,
as he prepared to accept bids for the
precious earth. A babel < 1 voices arose,
out of which could be distinguished T.
"Three hundred and fifty dollars."
"Four hundred," answered Adolph
Rons, and his figure was at once raised.
It lingered a moment and then reached
the SSOO point.
"Five hundred, I'm bid," said the
colonel; "make it six."
"Five-fifty," came from the far end of
the stand, and Mr. Koos went him £25
Then tho sand-tilled casket hunc a mo
ment and the colonel turned to Mr. Rons
for a raise. He obtained it— s6.">o— and
then he began :o punctuate bis sale with
the gavol, saving:
"Six-fifty I lave: make it seven; mnke
it six-seventy-five; 5650 I'm offered. Six
fiftv once, six-fifty twice, six-fifty third
a 1 d last time, and — a— n — d— SOLD— to
Mr. Kous. Mr. Roos, your name will go
down in history along with that of General
Washington. Now, what am I offered for
the shovel that turned the first earth on
this all-important site?"
A sharp competition arose between Mr.
Roos and Mr. Davis of the Golden Rule
Bazaar, and it was finally knocked down
to the latter nt SlO5.
A ciligraph was bid in by C. F. Johnson
at 575, and a handsome gold-headed cane,
said to have a remarkable but mysterious
history, was bid in by J. L. Franklin
Just previous to the benediction Direc
tor-General de Young was handed the fol
lowing telegram of congratulation and as
surance from the Foreign Commissioners
at the World's Fair:
World's Fair Grounds. 1
Chicago, Aim. 24, 1 893. )
M. If. de Young Esq., San Francisco, Cut. —
Dear Sir: The undersigned. Foreign Com
missioners 10 the Midwinter Fair, sr-nd your
self and committee their heartiest congratula
tions on the occasion of the inauguration of
work and pled ire to you their fullest assistance
tn your excellent enterprise. (Stoned]. It.
Comply, Chief of Foreign Department; Charles
T. Silombra. Royal Commissioner of Italy; E.
Count Devermont. General Commissioner of
Oriental Conn tries; H. Hillger, General Com
missioner of. Germany; Raphael Kulie, Gen
eral Commissioner for Austria; A. Mai-kle,
Commissioner for Monaco; Leo Bener. Gen
eral Commissioner for France; Joseph H.
Billet, General Commissioner for British Colo
nies; Prosper Lanal, President Belgium Com
mission; Jules Jeaneie', Delegate and Repre
sentative mvi>s Clianin«r of Commerce;
Georni- Gelfsograiloff. Official Represemaiive
01 Russia; Herbert Saunders, Representative
tor Great Britain.
Rabbi Voorsanger was called upon to
pronounce a benediction upon the people
and the inauguration of the great work,
lie is a gifted, extemporaneous speaker
and was heartily In accord with the under
taking. H<» referred in a complimentary
THE ACTUAL START OF THE GREAT WORK.
manner to the gentlemen comprising the
executive committee, to the iinraeusity and
importauce of their task, and to the ulti
mate great bent-tit, that must accrue to the
cu.nmunity by reason of the popular edu
cation of the ma<se?.
At this point the iUbbi pointed to the
di'tant hills, where a vast number of men
a' d teams were busy at work breaking up
the ground. As the grand concourse of
P"ople, whose attention had been cl< sMy
given to the proceedings, saw for the first
time that ac:ual work was being done, a
muhty shout went up. He then pro
Labor is already at work over there in
order to make this exposition » grand
success. [Cheer-. Before closing I want
to say to yon, ladies and gentlemen and ,
fellow-citiz mis. that this grand enterprise
U not only gotten up for th« purpose of
exhibiting to the outside world the indus- J
tries of California ;"thi* enterprise is not
gotten ud in a spirit ot emulation; it is
gotten up in lie U r - 1 place to show to the !
I world that in a moment of distress, in a
moment of danger, we can help ourselves '
letter than the outside world can. And
therefore this exposition is gotten up for
these men of honest labor, who have for !
tool time asked for food in vain, and we '
intend to show to the world that in extend- j
me the hand of fellowship to dignified
labor we do not extend alms nor express a
sentiment of charity, but confer honor
upon ourselves by doing that which is the
greatest duty of an American citizen — to
i help a brother man to help himself.
Fellow-citizen*, th« hour for adjourn- !
ment ha* arrived, and 1 desire to say to ■
you, in conclusion, that we are well met :
to-day, and I have an doubt the blessing of
God rests ■< on these labor?, even though I
the gentleman who refused to come here
to-day is not here. I want to say to you |
before closing that lam not so favorably ;
situated as Brother Barnes, who can abuse
people because he is a lawyer. I desire to j
stand here noon my footing es a clergy- '
man of San Francisco and say to the Rev.
Mr. Stewart or any one else ihat an expo
sition of this kind is one of the greatest 1
public educators that we can possibly have, '.
mid that public education is legal and ;
proper every viay in tho week. [Loud ap- :
plause.] I desire to say. on behalf of the !
hundreds and thousands of fellow-citizens !
that if there is a greater temple than the
cerulean dome of heaven, if there Ist a :
greater instructor than nature around us, !
if there is a greater preacher than the j
genius that will speak at this exposition,
! produce it.
Ad now let the great majesty of the i
I people speak to the great majesty of God. |
Let the great head of the American nation
as it is represented here address itself to !
the infinite head of God, and in the full ;
sirensith of the accomplishment that will
come to us, but in reverence to him who
governs the destiny of nations. Let us :
say that to him shall belong the glory, and ;
as hundreds of years ago the Great Prophet
and bis princes Stood at the digging of a
well so shall the breaking of the ground
upon this low lying Western shore De the
sign of conquest to show to the world that
this large nation understands and appreci
ates its greater freedom, and that yet in '
the marvelous achievements of the twen
tieth century it does honor to God, the
I Father Almighty.
CjLet us ask God for his blessing upon all j
who have given life to this enterprise, i
Let us ask him for his blessing upon that
greater and potent ruler who is more pow- !
erful than a thousand tyrants, because he
has the love and esteem of those who put
elm in power— the President of the United j
States. Let us ask God that we may all
live to see the great end and accomplish
ment of this thing to the end that there;
may be an abiding blessing within all our :
homesteads. The Lord bless and keep us.
The Lord give us his countenance to shine
upon this fair land and be gratitious unto
us and turn bis countenance always unto
at and give us peace and his blessing.
Let us »11 say amen.
The fog was drifting ir. and the valley
was fairly enshrouded in damp, fleeting
clouds of mist. Yet the people stayed un
til the rabbi's benediction was pronounced,
then they turned toward hom<\ glancing
at graders on the way and wishing that
the buildings were completed instead of
only begun. The success of the day was
unquestioned, and the presence of the peo
ple has demonstrated beyond the shadow
of a doubt that the Midwinter Fair is as
certain to be held as the day is to dawn and
night succeed morning.
The last cars which were carrying
crowds of people to the park had not de
livered their passengers before other
crowds of people, bound for the pity,
thronged the termini of the different
streetcar companies, it was as late as 3
o'clock before the rush of outward travel
ceased, and by that time the stream was
beginning to Sow in the opposite direction,
and batween tbat time and 6 o'clock in the
| evening the crowd was banted back to the
| city, except those who walked.
Every company which had a line to the
park sent out all of its cars, and yet even
with this increased capacity one and all
were almost over-taxed to handle the
For a couple of hours, between 4 and G
in the afternoon, cars on the Haiglu-street
line and on the Ellis and Oak street
branches of the Omnibus Company seemed
hardly a block: apart, and every one was
loaded to the guards. Such crowds had
never been handled before, and some con
ductors reported as high as 150 passengers
on a single trip.
A large number of people, who did not
go all the way to Concert Valley but
watched the parade from along the drive,
furnished the van of the returning throng,
but of course the big rush came when the
exerc s»* were over, and then the park
presented the appearance of the hurried
retreat of the army 'hat had invaded it a
few hours before, and from every foot
path and by-way people rushed in a fran
tic effort to be the first to get to the cars.
Probably halF of the crowd had gone be
fore the audience was finally dismissed,
but the large number remaining were
brought to the city in less than an hour,
and at 6 o'clock only a few stragglers
wandered through the walk? and the fog
which drifted i n from the ocean found
A Fire in a Stockton-street Dry-
Shnrtly after 11 o'clock last night, while
Ile«ter Smith was walking along Stockton
street, near Pacific, she discovered a fire
in a d^y-ioods .-.tore in Virginia block. She
notified Engine Company 5, which turned
out on a still alarm, and the members ex
tinguished tlio fire before it gained much
The fire was in Hie dry-goods store nf T.
Clancey, 1213 Sto.-kion street. When
Police Officers Gibson and Con way
reached the place they found the back
door unlocked, the door of the sate open,
and all the bo>ks gone.
In the middle of the s'nre was a smother
ing fire among some cotton g^ods. and there
were sufficient indications to lead to the
suspicion that the tire was the work of an
The loss to th» stock will probably
amount to nbnut S3OO.
Quarter=Mile Record Is
W. A. Terril! of the Bay City Wheel
men Distinguishes Himself— A
Pleasant Evening's Sport.
Over 15G0 spectators assembled in the
slightly chilly air at Central Park last
night to witness the second evening's rac
ing of the electric light meet voder the
auspices of the Bay City Wheelmen.
Many ladies were present, and the qual
ity of sport furnished was of a very in
The events of the evening were the per
formances ot W. A. Terrill of the Bay
City Wheelmen, who broke the coast rec
ord for a quarter mile in the first
heat in the dash race for that dis
tance, and then in the final heat lowered
his own record by one-Sfth of a second.
The best previous record on the coan for
that distance was 32 4-5, while Terrill's
time was 32 lint.
The one-mile race between wheelmen
and broncos was a novelty that proved
highly interesting, there beine two of the
latter entered ap*in«t three wheelmen, U.
F. Terrill. E. Langnetin and H. Y. Ready.
The last named fell from his wheel in the
fourth lap and. alihough not seriously in
jured, he narrowly escaped beiug run
iver, William Harvey, ridinz the Dronco
Peter Jackson, won t'lis event in a close
finish with £. Lnngnetin ou his wheel.
"Gentleman Jack," the other bronco, be
lied his name by his ugly actions when
passing the gate cf entrance to the ring.
The second heat cf the one-mile novice,
by order of the judge*, was run over on
account of the first trial not being made
within the prescribed three-minute limit.
Archie Reid was thrown from his wheel
on the second lap in the third heat of ihe
one-mile handicap, but escaped with a few
C. C. Gilbert, of tho Young Men's Chris
tian Association Club, who has been rid
ine a wheel but three months, did some
good riding, and won the first heat and
was second in the final in the one-mile
novice race. Interesting events were
plentiful during the evening. The sum
mary follows :
One-mile novice— First beat: C. C. Gilbert
first, 0. M. Walter second; time, 2:54s/ 8 . sec
ond Heat— T. L. Hall firs ,J. E. Shoemaker sec
ond ; time, 2:48 2-5. Final -T. L. Hall first, C.
C. Gilbert second: time. 2:56.
One-quarter dash— Hist neat: B. F. Ten 111
first, W. F. Foster second; time, :33 3-5. Sec
ond heat— i:. S. Well* lust, £. Lanpuetin sec
ond; time, :34 1-5. Tniid heat— C. K. Melr-«e
Brmi, David Marshall second; time. :34 3-5.
Final— H. F. Ten ill first, C. K. Meirose second;
time, 82 seconds.
One mile handicap— First beat: C. S. Wells
i •*» . W. a. Terrlll second; lime, 2:26 2-5.
Second heat — E. I.aucuetii: first. W. F. Foster
second; time. 2:30. Thud heat— C. K. Meliose
first. David Maisliall second; time. 2:30. Final
— C. S. Wells flrsi, David Marshall second;
Time, 2:23 2-5.
One mile, wheel and bronco— Bronco Peter
Jackson (ridden by William Harvey) first.
Wheelman E. Languetin second; time, 2:311-5.
No Threats Were Made.
Sax Jose. Aug. 24— Reputable citizens
of Los Gatos and Saratoga deny that any
threats have been made against orchardists
and others who employ Chinese. A few
tramps have made hostile demonstrations,
bui no serious trouble is feared from them.
The Chinese will ba discharged and white
help will fill their places by peaceful
Fine Hruit Exhibit.
San Jose, Aug. 24.— Board of Trade
of this city is preparing a flue fruit exhibit
that will excel the one sent to the World's
Fair, nnd will be a portion of the Santa
Clara County exhibit at the Midwinter
MR. QUINN'S CRIME.
Wanted to Corral the
GEARY IS CONFIDENT YET.
But Just the Same the Administra
tion Is Not Likely to En
force the Law.
Washington-, Aug. 24.— A strange
story, nut one that is well authenticated,
comes from the .Treasury Department to
day. It is to the effect that Collector
Qulnn made himself very objectionable.to
the administration on account of the zeal
with which he set about to enforce the law
against the Chinese. The story is that
Quinn, when the time came to enforce the
Geary act, invented a scheme by which
the Chinese were to bo impounded orcor
raled, photographed and registered. B«
drew plans of his "pound" or "corral,"
and by some mean-! or other they fell into
the hands of Government officials here.
They may have been sent by Quinn him
self, or they may hnve been forwarded
here by the Chinese Government, which,
it is said, entered a protest against its cit
izens being "penned up like sheep."
However that may be, these diagrams
fell into the hands of the Treasury or the
State Department and were examined by
Cleveland, Carlisle, Grpsham arid Assist
ant Secretary of State Quincy. These offi
cials expressed their indignation, depre
cating Quinn's zealous efforts to enforce
the Geary law and resolved that he should
nut continue much longer in office. Ac
cordingly his resignation was recently
asked for on account of the offensive par
tisanship above stated, for this partisan
ship against the Chinese is said to be in re
ality the sin that he has committed against
Representative Geary called on Secre
tary Gresham to-day and urged him to en
force the law with the small amount of
money on hand for that purpose. It is un
derstood that Geary received very little
satisfaction, as tne Secretary adhered to
his views as to the present policy of the
administration in the matter.
Mr. Geary, however, 3tated to The Call,
correspondent to-night that this report
concerning what Qresham said was erron
eous. G.^ary says lie believes the. Govern
ment officials will do all thoy cm to exe
cute the law. He says that he will in a
few days— perhaps on Monday — intro
duce a resolution in the. House asking the
Secretary of ihe Treasury to make a state
ment to Coogresa as to hnw much money
will be needed to enforce the Chinese law.
Aftermath of the Fatal Sham Battle
Portland, Auk. 24. — The Coroner's
jury to-day completed its inquest over the
remains of Lieutenant C. £. Xelsou, O.
X. G., whose death resulted from a wound
received in a sham battle last Saturday.
The verdict is as follows: "We find tiiat a
sham battle was ordered by General 11. IT.
Coiup3on, commander of the brigade, who
issued the order for a battle in face of pro
tests made to him by most of the commis
sioned officers under hi« command, who
believed and stated to General CWgrpson
it was in their opinion unwise and " nv kj ir
ons to hold it. We find the wouni jj|
theresSltot criminal carelessness ou JB •■
part of the man who fired the shot, 'Wj
failed to establish the Identity of the j£jn
directly responsible for firing the ratal
INDUSTRIES WIPED OUT.
Flour and Woolen Mills Burned at
Merced, Aug. 24. — A tire started in the
woolen-mills at Merced Falls early yester
day morning aud destroyed the nulls, Nel
son* fiourmill, the warehouse belonging
to the woolen-mill, which held a large
stock of goods, and a residence owned by
Henry Nelson. The fiourmill was owned
by John Ruddle, and his loss is 825,000.
The woolen-mills were owned by a San
Francisco stock company, and the loss will
amount to $150,000; about half insured.
Thirty white men and forty Chinese are
thrown out of employment, and the town,
which was dependent on these industries,
has been practically wiped out.
DONE BY DYNAfIirE.
Theory as to the Blowing Up of a
Portland, Or., Aug. 24.— A diver is
now making an examination of trie hull of
the steamer Annie Faxon, which was blown
un twc weeks ago ou the Upper Columbh.
Government Inspectors Edwards and
MiDermott advance the theory that the
explosion was caused by a dynamite bomb,
which had been placed In the woodwork.
Did Not Shoot Himself.
Nap a, Aug. 2L— Walter Parks, ngpd IS,
was found last night between 9 and 10
o'clock with a bullet in his head. Ha
claims that lie shot himself, but nobody
believes him, as there were no powder
marks. He was shot three times. The
wound is serious, but probably not daneer
ous. It is believed he was shot over a dis
pute about a woman.
Nude and Insane.
San Jose, Aug. 24.— A young man who
was caught in an almost mule state run
nine wild in the woods south of t'.iis city
i« being h^d for examination for insanity.
He cannot be made to talk, ao that there is
considerable uncertainty a* to his mental
condition. The only information to be
derived from him is that his name is Ed
Death of A. W. Potts.
Los Angeles, Aug. 24.— A. W. Potts
died at Avalon tc-day. He was fourteen
years County Clerk aud served twice as
Hood's Is a Blessing
s===~|==^|| To the suffering. Ever
since I was in camp in
i(pT >& 1862, wbeo I caught a
*>j*>H *^ **\ L bad cold, 1 have nad
AS' M fy m kldne double and se.
f!^ to iiW\ -'nJ A vere aln * '" mv back.
|P pL>^}^ M After 1 had the grip last
MI t &^s?U**k V/ s P 1 ' 132 mv system was
V f'ML '' ■> ""'■■' A 'i^^"!/ completely run down.
S^^i^Pvll Hood's Saisaparllla did
'^^^^^i'^/'l |j wonders (or me, as I've
not been 90 free from
t 2 -^ — ;: * :^ pains and troubles eince
thewnr." W. J. Bakeb, Hood^s Cures
No. Pembroke, Mass. nOOQ S UUIGS
Hood's Pills cine nausea, sick headacba
nniIOUFA FORK ARBERS, R
KKIIT&MI 19 !^ bootblacks. Oatti - nouses
UlaUWll !■ V billiard - tablet, brewers,
book- bind er«, candy-makers, canners, dyers. Hour-
mill*, foundries, laundries, paper-bangers. print--
en, painters, tboe factories,stabl«in«n, tar-roofers,
tan neri. tailors, etc.
BI'CH .NAN BROS..
JJrush Manuf»'-tiir>M-.«. CO9 s«oramentc at,
ocl7 WeFrSu 2ptt . -\:^H.: