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RELIEF AT LAST.
The Calabasas Claims to
AWAITING FINAL APPROVAL.
The Contract Now in the Hands of
the Secretary of the Interior
- The surveying contract referred to in
yesterday's Call as absorbing nearly all
the niggardly appropriation of $6000
which has been allowed to the Surveyor-
General's office this year is that awarded
.by Mr. Pratt to John Galds worthy, and
which is now in the bands of the Secre
tary of the Interior.
It calls for a liability of $4615 50, and
there will not be any more contracts let
this year for want of funds. Usually the
appropriation allowed has been £10. 000
per annum, but tho economy of tbe pres
ent administration has asserted itself in
reducing tbe figure to about tbe lowest
sum the office could stand.
Mr. Goldsworthy was appointed a
Deputy United States Surveyor on
August 31, on the recommendations of a
long petition signed by 105 settlers living
in and about Calabasas, Los Angeles
County, and the contract calls for the
surveying of townships 1 north ana 1
south of ranges 16, 17 and IS west; town
ship 2 north, range 17 west ; and township
3 north, ranges 16 and 17 west, San Ber
■ There are between 100,000 and 200,000
acres of land on the west slope' of the
Santa Susanna Mountains to be surveyed
under this contract land which has
already been entered upon by about 250
actual and bona-fide settlers— and it is only
after a great deal of effort on the part of
Mr. Pratt that favorable action bas at last
been taken by the General Land Office at
If the Secretary of the Interior gives his
approval also, as it is confidently antici
pated he will, the settlers can enjoy a good
sigh of relief, because they have been liv
ing a shotgun existence for a number of
years, some of them half a lifetime. For
cible entries have been common and as
forcible resistances have met the in
truders. One woman alone is said to have
defended her claim and to have emptied a
weapon against three masculine Invaders.
Much of the trouble there has been
caused by the poorly defined DouDdary
lines of several old ranches. Chief among
these ranchos is theextensive grant known
as the ex-Mission de San Fernando. That
grant was surveyed by Henry Hancock in
September, 1858. Then there are the
Kancho San Vincente y Santa Monica and
tje Rancho Boca de Sauia Monica, both
surveyed by William Minto in December,
1S80; the Rancho San Francisco, surveyed
in June, 1876; the- Kancho Limi, surveyed
by J. E. Terrell in August. 1880; the Rancho
el Conego by Mr. Terrell in January, 1861;
the Rancno Las Virgenes, by Mr. Minto,
in October, 1882, and the Kancho Topanga
Malibu Sequit. taking up most of the coast
land, surveyed by J. H. Thompson in Au
These ranchos virtually surround the
laud to be surveyed under the Goldsworthy
contract, and their lines have more or less
conflicted with those of the border settlers,
more particularly iv the case of the Sau
Fernando ranch, over whose lines there
have been innumerable controversies, as
that grant was never correctly established.
The very public land upon which the
anxious settlers bave located was itself
claimed by a Frenchman named Miguel
Leonis as a Mexican grant. Accordingly,
the settlers formed an association about
seven years ago to protect themselves, and
among other things to test thu validity of
the alleged grant, and a case was tried in
the Superior Court of Los Angeles County
entitled Dominga Domingus vs. Brigido
Bottillier, which, however, went against
the settlers, thus adding to the general
confusion of proprietary interests.
The land has been surveyed twice al
ready. It was originally surveyed by
Reilly and Glover, agents of Benson, in
1884-85. among the notorious Benson
fraudulent surveys. Commissioner Sparks
rejected that survey, of course, on a report
of Special Examiner George B. Pickett,
who made a field examination, and. as is
well known, the result of Benson's woik
caused Commissioner Sparks to order
about 400 townships to be tied up.
The next survey was that made by W.
H. Hall in the spring of 1889. Hall evi
dently worked in the interest of Benson,
at least so Special Agent Sibbald sus
pected, for he constantly reported finding
tbe Benson corner monuments, whereas
no such landmarks could be discovered at
all. Surveyor-General Hammond there-
fore withheld his approval of the work at
the request of Mr. Sibbald until some kind
of field examination could be made. Since
Surveyor-General Pratt came into the of
fice he has urged the settlers' claims so
assiduously that a field examination was
finally made last spring by Archibald Carr,
with the result that the Hail survey was
The Benson surveys caused the General
Land Office to move very slowly and with
the utmost caution in tbe matter of further
surveys, and time and again when Mr.
Pratt pleaded, both by mail and wire, the
general office either refused tb take action
or postponed consideration on one pretext
or another, while the settlers were becom
ing more and more importuate and exas
To give an idea of tbe feeling of the
General Land Office the following quota
tion from a long letter of Commissioner
Lewis A. Groff in May. 1890, which was
alluded to several times in the subsequent
correspondence between the local and
general offices, might be given. Mr. Groff
In view of existing circumstances and the In
dictments now pending against many contract
ing deputy surveyors on account of alleged
fraudulent surveys In California, also by rea
son of tbe rejection of tbe returns, it ls deemed
Inexpedient to consider or approve applications
• • * tor surveys tn any of the townships
enumerated In the several contracts and em
braced Id tne rejected surveys until after said
indictments shall have been disposed of.
These indictments have not yet been
disposed of, but tbe cases are set for bear
ing by the old United States District Court
for next January.
- In February of last year a formal peti
tion was made for a proper survey of the
laud by eighty-three actual settlers,accom
panied by a communication from William
T. Smith of the Settlers' League and T. B.
Newell, Justice of the Peace of Calabasas,
aud also by a large number of affidavits.
Messrs. Smith and Newell represented
that there were 250 actual and bona-fide
settlers, whose Improvements had aggre
gated 847,825; that they bad built a post
office at Calabasas and two schools, and
bad a school census of 180 children.
Tbe land was claimed to be good for agri
cultural, .horticultural, viticultaral and
grazing purposes. Los Angeles is twenty
eight mile* distant. -
If the Goldsworthy contract is approved
the survey will doubtless settle all disputes
and establish a good precedent for the
surveying of hundreds of thousands of
acres in addition, for the running of fixed
lines upon which settlers ate continually
•clamoring. The local office has been fairly
deluged with demands for such surveys.
Surrendered by Bondsmen.
Paul O'Hanlon, brother of John O'Han
lon, the saloon-keeper whose arrest some
months ago incidentally led to the charges
preferred by Police Judge Conlan against
Coporal: Parrotte and Sergeant Wittman,
, was surrendered by his bondsmen yester
■ day and locked up in the County Jail. He
was indicted by the Grand Jury on the
charges of using vulgar language and re
sisting an officer.
* ♦ — • — — .
The Keegans and McDonoghs.
There bas been another round-up in tbe
arrest of those concerned in tbe factional
lijgbt between tbe Koegaos and McDonoghs
on Tuesday morning last at South San
Francisco. John Ford has j en arrested
for battery upon Michael Keegan and
Manuel S. Andrews or "Piko" lor assault
with a de: div weapon also upon Keegan.
Tbomas aleDnnogb was previously charged
with ex biting a deadly weapon at
Keegan. but an additional charge of assault
with a deadly weapon, has been entered
against him. Judge Low and Judge Con
lan, who have respectively the Keegan
and McDonogb sides of ibe fight; to decide,
have their bands full. fegjßSß
WILL ASK SOME QUESTIONS
The Directors of the Pacific Bank to
Appear in Court.
When the Pacific Bank case is called in
Judge Hebbard's court next Friday Attor
ney Baggett, who represents the Bank Com
missioners, proposes to begin an investiga
tion that may-become interesting, Acting
with that intention Baggett had snbpenas
issued yesterday for Directors R. 11. M
Donald Jr., Frank McDonald, A. K.
Stevens, W. A. Grady, and also for Wil
liam Jenningson, who has been a useful
man to tbe officers of the bank in many of
their enterprises, and who is supposed to
be familiar with these transactions.
The question which Judge Hebbard is to
decide on that day is as to whether the
temporary injunction which he issued a
couple of weeks ago restraining the officers
of the bank from transacting any business
for the institution shall be made perma
nent. Attorney Baggett is going to inquire
into some of these transactions in which
large amounts of the bank's funds were
used, and be hopes to bring out facts that
will convince the court that the injunction
should be made permanent.
"We have beer, at work here more than
a week," said Mr. Baggett. "and we have
made some discoveries which are quite as
difficult of explanation as others that have
been already published, and the directors
will be asked some very pointed questions
"It is very evident why the bank officers
were so much opposed to an investigation
by the Commissioners. They opposed it
in every way, even trying to keep us from
hiring the needed clerical force, but the in
vestigation is going on nevertheless.
"No man can tell how long it will take,
but we hope to get matters ready for the
Commissioners to wind up affairs in a very
short time. At auy rate, we will bring
out enough at the next appearance to
place the bank completely and forever in
the hands of the Bank Commissioners."
Full of Holes and Apt to
The Glow From a Lighted Candle Can
Be Seen Outside When Placed
in One of Them.
The City Hall Commissioners received a
report yesterday from Architect Shea on
the question of fixing the responsibility
for the baa plumbing in the basement of
tho new City Hall. He said that owing to
the fact that the work extends over so j
long a period, during which the work of
one contractor may have been impaired by
I that of another, it was not possible to
justly censure any of the contractors.
"I have found," said the architect, "by
I investigation that all the galvanized iron
| and copper waste-pipes which now abound
' in the sub-basement, and which are in
j such a deplorable state, should have been
! entirely removed from the premises, and
castiron ripe substituted under contract
No. 11, 1889."
The architect concluded that the re
sponsibility shoula be placed on the super
intendents of construction who oversaw
the work at various times.
No action was taken by the Commis- j
sioners on the subject of repairing the
Auditor Broderick called attention to
the dilapidated condition of the boilers in
j the basement. He said that there were
I originally four boilers, but that two were
I now utterly worthless, while the remain
; ing two were fast Hearing destruction. So
! fragile were the remaining boilers that
j the engineer could only venture a pressure
of 20 pounds of steam, In consequence he
could not supply the heaters with steam,
] which would be necessary daring the win
City and County Attorney Creswell
! said he had examined the boilers and
found them worse than described. He
would not be surprised to hear some day
of the boilers exploding and hurling the
Treasurer's office into midair, as they are
under that office.
"Why, you can take a tack and press it
through some parts of the boilers," said
the City and County Attorney.
A -Call reporter after the adjournment
of the commission took a peep at the boil
ers in the basement. Engineer Morris
showed his visitor the defects complained
of. Two of the boilers, it was seen, were
beyond all repair. They had been patched
ana were full of boles. A lighted candle
could be seen when placed in the interior
of the boilers. They have not been used
for some time.
The two now in use were in a little bet
ter condition, but on being examined were
easily seen to be dangerous if any high,
pressure of steam would be used. Last
week one of the tubes of one of these boil
ers blew out and Engineer Morris had to
remove four of them. He said he could
hardly run the elevators, dreaming
of beating the hall, because he would not
dare to venture more* than thirty pounds
pressure, whereas he should have 100 at
least in order to satisfy present wants.
Engineer Morris said two good' modern
boilers would do all the work and that they
would cost about $10,000.
. : . — # — .
There's one tooth wash, the ladies' pride,
Beloved by belles o'er every "wash" beside;
One dentifrice there ls supremely blest,
A sweeter, better one than all the rest;
And you will find, in every land the same,
That SOZODONT's its old, familiar name.
ROYCE'S MOTION DENIED.
The Supreme Court Will Be Asked
to Decide His Fate.
Clark E. K. Royce, the Veterans' Home
embezzler, appeared before Judge Seawell
yesterday morning to listen to the court's
decision upon his motion for a new trial.
The defendant's counsel, Hon. Patrick
Reddy, was absent from the city, and his
partner, Attorney Metson, appeared in his
place. Royce sat at the back of the court
room, accompanied; by bis sons, and lis
tened attentively while the Judge read a
long and elaborate decision upon the merits
of the motion. ;
. The decision included a minute history
of the circumstances surrounding Royce's
connection ; with the Veterans-H ome at
Youutville and dealt with matters of law
respecting the conduct of similar ; institu
tions under State supervision. .
In the end .the Judge referred to the
"very ingenious arguments presented by
defendant's counsel," and said that ha pre
ferred -', not to pass upon the points sub
mitted but leave !' that " for the : Supreme
Court to do. ''So I prefer not to grant a
new trial, which would amount. to a virt
ual acquittal. Motion denied."
Attorney Metson asked tbat sentence be
deferred until- Monday. at 1:45 p. m., so as
to enable • Mr. Reddy ; to : be ■ present. It
was Intended to present; the appeal to the
Supreme Court without delay, and counsel
desired to know if the court would grant a
writ of probable cause, staying execution
pending the appeal.
"Well, I can't say just now," said tbe
Judge," but most probably I should grant
it." ' • ■ ; ■■"'-■.'
The matter.. was then' continued ' until
Weak Stomach strengthened by Beecham's Pills
THE MORNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1893.
The Mystery of Mussel -
BUT THE DOCTORS AGREE.
Some Light on the Cause of Frank
Vincenzo's Death After Eating
The fatal effect of a mess of mussels
upon Frank . Vinceuzo. an Italian fisher
man, and the serious poisoning of bis boat
mates and a pleasure party near. Point
Keyes, have given rise to a question that is
difficult to answer with any degree of cer
Doctors are fairly unanimous in their
opinions about mussel-poisoning, its causes
and effects. According to the medical
theory there is little or no danger from eat
ing live mussels, but once decomposition
has begun a poisonous compound forms
which cannot be removed or neutralized
by cooking. This may be all correct and
in accord with conclusions of science.
But when and where to gather wholesome
mussels and bow to detect deleterious
varieties, or whether the fish be dead or
alive, appear to be altogether another
matter. Chefs of considerable experience
and dealers in mussels ' hold a variety of
opinions as to how the poisonous ones can
be known. Some declare there is no way
of telling, while one man says that after
thirty years' experience he will undertake
to say which mussel is poisonous and
which safe food.
Withal, people have not yet learned the
secret— if such there be— and.- frequently
many sicken from eating those treacherous
succulent parasites of ocean rocks. Occa
sionally a life is lost, but still the mystery
Medical or chemical science has its con
clusions on the subject.
Practical men have theirs and what they
believe is more of a zoological distinction
than one of chemical change— though, in
deed, there are differences of opinion still.
The mussels Vincenzo and his com
panions ate were gathered off the rocks
near Point Reyes and cooked and eaten
on the strand. Soon after the feast symp
toms of irritant poison showed themselves
in all alike, but presently Vincenzo grew
deadly sick and died in agony. The other
men hastened to this rity for treatment
and are now out of danger.
The mussels of which they partook were
unusually large, and this a dealer in fish
holds was proof positive they were poison
"I have had thirty years' experience,"
said M. B. Moraghan, "in shellfish on this
coast. This is the third or fourth case of
fatal poisoning in that time. Every once
in a while men go out and pluck mussels
off rocks up along the coast and either get
sick or die. They get the large mussels,
which are full of poison. Down the bay
where mussels are got for the San Fran
cisco market you will not find any poison
ous varieties. They are all small and not
half as long as the dangerous ones, and if
eaten properly you need not be afraid of
them. It is easy to distinguish between
the two kinds, and when .'you have the
right ones the beards should not be swal
lowed. The proper way to eat a mussel is
to catch the beard in the fingers and bite
off tbe rest, leaving the beard on a plate.
If you swallow a number of these beards,
you will find them very indigestible and
probably get sick from them."
"Doctor* say that mussels are poisonous
after death," was suggested for tbe pur
pose of getting an opinion regarding a way
to distinguish between live and dead bi
"When a mussel dies the shells open
out, just like an oyster. That is plain
enough, and open mussels should not be
Police Surgeon Somers, who treated one
of the poisoned fishermen, said the patient
wns suffering from irritant poisoning,
symptoms of which he presented .to the
hospital physician. The symptoms indi
cated nuis-el ptomaines, an alkaloid poison
formed in fish through the chemical action
Coroner Hughes was quite cetain that
Vincenzo was killed by mussel ptomaines.
"This is an animal alkaloidal poison, and
1 think it is the result of decomposition.
It is most virulent in the human body and
exists in animals generally. For example,
alkaloids are taken from vegetables. Mor
phine is an alkaloid of opium, which in
turn is an extract of the poppy. Evi
dently there was a change in the mussels —
that is, decomposition. These poisonous
germs thrive in decomposed masses,
though they may not be the result of de
."Edible mussels frequently become ac
tively poisonous, probably by reason of
changes in the character of surrounding
water," said Dr. Stanton, reading from a
"If the water becomes stagnant the
mussel seems to grow poisonous, and death
has resulted in several instances from eat
ing mussels thus affected. People who
have eaten mussels without removing the
'moss,' or lyssus, have fallen sick, and
presented symptoms of acute pains and
Irritant poison. The poisonous mussel has
a somewhat lighter and more striped shell
than such, as are innocuous. Poisonous
alkaloids have been obtained from poison
ous mussels. It is rarely that we bave a
case of poisoning which we can trace di
rectly to mussels."
"There is no rule to go by in selecting
mussels for the table," said the assistant
chef of tbe Palace Hotel. "We rely on a
simple test, in cooking. We put a silver
spoon in the pot, and if It comes out un
tarnished the mussels are safe; if not, and
the spoon is black, we throw the mussels
away. The same test is made with mush
rooms. Often when ■: mussels get on the
copper bottoms of ships and are afterward
washed ashore they are poisonous with
copper. The beard should not be wal
lowed, and it is best to remove it alto
gether before cooking." T , .
The chef ~of the Maison Tortoni said
there is only one correct way of cooking
mussels. The beard of each should be
plucked out, and if there is no beard on a
mussel that one should be discarded, be
cause inside it would be black and decom
posed. ■■ . '■'--' ■yyyyy*
The .Sierra Club.
A general meeting of the Sieira Club for
the consideration of business was held yes
terday afternoon in the Academy of . Sci
ences building. The president, John Mulr,
reported the result of \an ' interview , with
the Secretary of the Interior. Hoke Smith,
concerning tbe administration of the forest
reservations recently created. The vice
president, Warren Olney, reported on the
steps taken by a special committee to pre
sent certain- complaints to the Yosemite
Valley Commissioners. Mr. ; Bay ley, as
treasurer. reported a balance on hand of
£996 79. : Certain amendments to the by
laws were unanimously adopted. A reso
lution was adopted, favoring the transfer
of the administration of : government . for
ests to the War ' Department, and . urging
the establishment of suitable courses in
the State University and Leiand Stanford
Jr. University. . ■'_
The : City's f Mortality .
The city death rate, according to the
health report for the week ending yester
d ay, ■ was ■-. 108, against > 115 < for f the ? corre
sponding week last year. The ■ principal
causes of death were: Pneumonia 9, apo
plexy 4, heart disease 11, inanition 11, lung
disease 3, consumption 10, brain disease 4.
Poor Trade in Wagons.
Robert J. Cameron, a wagon-maker,' has
filed bis petition in insolvency. His liabili
ties amount to $1275 47, while his assets
consist of household furniture and tools,
which are exempt from execution.
I Arrive Daily
From the East. Never in the history of this Children'^
I II ill 1 If— I*'1 *' country has there been so many and such enor= WIIIIUI Cll Z5
f- 1M I ir mous PEREMPTORY TRADE SALES===man= r^irniv^!
LJ Mi I tel ufacturers selling their products at auction for WirillVcil
Wm K*M I \\\\ what they will bring. Our buyers, with their T*!-,^ W/^^l^ 9
I§ rl ILL ever read > " SPOT CASH, M attend these great I HIS VV QQK I
11. mm llWhi . "Trade Sales," and as fast as the goods they
buy arrive here we place them on our coun= nt - t
mmmmmm^Jßm^Aß^ ters at "SPOT CASH PRICES." " iYiarvelOUS
DkIIX New Items Display
J■' liiriili ill' . i^ m\mr + 'of Dolls!
\\____3m WmM%Jk\% C?^im> 7VI -r\+* A n^T vi i/uii*s .
wi iw%# For Monday
• ■' _ .__ . == Our big east window has been
/^BB^S, gSKg^v /^lWfts>siP^Sß£? JOINTEO DOLLS, with bl«qne heads, trimmed ry DOUBLE WARP, CHANGEABLE SURAH ...... ... „ ,-,, , _ .
lir7^\BP Bn^BIHBr^K ISP^ chemise, the regular 45c kind, SILK, 20 Inches wlae, large assortment or turned into a Children S iairy-
JKf »=L M iR sjf/ Fa £ 25 Cent*. colors, sold nowhere less than 76c a yard, . . . . . . ,
Wk Sal 8 1 — - 55 cents, land, and up the left center of
a IB I n I MOIRE RIBBONS; all silk, the No. 9 size, In an r
iLSt ii 1 infinite assortment of colors, the regular .Oca CHINA SILK, Arm weave, sort finish, yellow, or- thestore the tables are fairly
3 yard kind. ange. light blue, old rose, cream white, apple lnc »»- u,c tnc kiuics arc idiny
mif^ li 7% Cents. green, heliotrope, cardinal, eminence, rta.^ groan under the^T burdens
\BBI ■ * H $ LADIES* KID GLOVES, 4 large buttons, soft and j«- FANCY CHEVIOTsTs? Inches wide, every of DOLLS— Little DOLLS and
f~ y IS I 6,1 JH § pliable skin, all the popular shades, the regular JfS" FANCY CHEVIOTS, 37 inches wide, every of DOLLS — Little DOLLS and
BIL-^2§l R fmis-^MI ifi Sl 25 kind. thread wool, many popular color*, value at 50c
_ li si.oo. »r»"d. 3 9 cent. Big DOLLS - DOLLS that » go
™ L 9 I x ceX«-. vTu t e ,rn a , t P 4 a 0 t c ' — 'to sleep "and DOLLS that never
C/S\ M^m ffi Wb ' 25 c.n... DOMESTICS ! sleep-DOLLS in wonderful Pa-
m\ mt&i I a feather fans, m » large assortment or lovely . " risian-made dresses of silk and
__\\ El 9 a evening colors, the roiding kind, feathers Doth . . .. ... . .
/rR' fix Em »ides, value at 75c each. velvet, their dainty undercloth-
|Mi vHgv B g «';'y 50 Cents. GRAY COTTON BLANKETS, 68x74 Inches size
/■/Iks' \«* BL nn miT a big drive at the sale price, ■•• mc edsfed with real larp and
/fl/\a\ kr^^Vi ladies- INITIAL HANDKERCHIEFS, hem- 8 35 Cent». S *"» wilu ICal idte, ana
/fflLirll xB*V I IS stitched, sheer lawn, embroidered, unlaun- r»r»I 1 +11.1*- i,..,..ii _ << -a.-*, l.
SSOBt\ vmn tf * dried, all letters, worth 15c each, -WHITE ALL-WOOL BLANKETS, 58x78 size, XI\Jl-\-,J LIldL lldven X a StltCn
fHi^im II I sCen "" fine quality, extra value at * 5 3.85. to their backs "- DOLLS for 5
/«/ an\l«L=^R' 9 fel POINT D'IRELANDE LACE, ecru, handsome pat- '• 00.00.
/■/ MHiWF » S terns, real value 25 to 75c a yard, sale price BLEACHED TABLE LINEN. 63 Inches wide, fine cents DOLLS forsl2 DOLLS
"■ ' — '— IO to 20 Cents. quality Irish linen damask, pattern* art figures, v«->»-^
BLACK CORSETS, silk stitched top*, well mane real value 65c a yard. 4 __ Cents, or every good child in FriSCO — '
and perfect fitting, we can't mention the make, — ■ " * -. /wr» r\r*i I c
they would be mapped at for 75c eacn, UNBLEACHED TABLE LINEN, made of flax, 60 20,011U DULLb.
y__m____\ fg "Sl 'fMSOMtt-i'' — - — 40 Cents. inches wide, vine and floral patterns, a snap at
[fl/ *^B| IS_\ S |S2 ; CHILDREN'S BLACK RIBBED HOSE, sizes 7to ° ' 22*/ a Cent*-
I Hi ' mJ IS_\\ *" Pf 10. wide ribs, double heels and toes, extra
!Hi ISm\ ■ ia heavy, a big value at 25c a pair, 100 dozen GLASS LINEN, 30 Inches wide, blue and white
W*\ /sffflll ? $ •' pairs at and red and white checks, an excellent quality, I_J — • ___ A. t__ -v
NWt /J/Ih I SSiiSri • — * 15 Cents. value really 12 y a c a yard, iIS IHI V* lil S
> N&k\ /jfual S i^r^ LADIES' BLACK COTTON HOSE. Richelieu 7 CeDt *- ■ 8 --' <5^
VHI lsTmmm\ 9 j| ribbed, the celebrated "Hermsdorf" dye, the LANCASTER STAPLE GINGHAMS, same count
\TJJ IB_____\\ J "~ 3 pair for $1 kind, as the Aniosneag. plain and broken checks, w • j _ 4 V"5 **
IsSL JC /■' m 3 £ '-"* c '' t" - regular price 10c a yard, g ii""i"i«Q» \—*C\\ __? CT.
1 j|y^rfflP; /*?/ IB! ?.,— BTiiil j MI n *S"One or the beautiful silvered penholders. 6 1 /* Cents. l_-rf IL- L- 1 C i^vJß l*V^
IB \g I Wafl ■; ; JBarTßffß-' the same souvenir presented to visitors at tbe *"^ •-•«-«»- -. '^ » -. m»^
:" - 1 World's Fair on "Hermsdorf day" given to each 6-4 CHENILLE TABLE COVERS, the best quality,
purchaser of these stockings. beautifully patterned, *~_~*_ * "S T T _ a
jfeSfe- GEN bl T a , a °^ iM c Bl1 ** - sgnro - , ' UnS - knd " *"« CHENILLE TABLTCO VERS, same kind ai 111 IS WCC !
TtLr______h DiaCK, a Value »l jiOL, 15 Cents ' » ove. only smaller.
rlk^" 15 Cents. above, only smaller. ' 75 Cents.
•JViJ^ 75 Centa.
/ [INCORPORATED] ■/' [INCORPORATED')
937, 939 and 941 Market Street, 937, 939, 941 Market Street,
«AN FRANCISCO. SAX FRANCISCO.
Welding of Metals by
ORIGIN OF THE FRENCH RACE.
Hints for Would-Be Applicants for
. Positions on the Police Force
and Fire Department.
[Queries reaching this office before Friday
evening will be answered the Sunday following.
Only questions that are of general interest will
be replied to. Do not inclose stamps expecting
Welding by Electricity— J. H. J.,
City. Heat sufficient to weld metals may
be produced by a current passing through
the point of junction or by the voltaic arc.
The current process is carried out by
pressing together the objects to be united
while holding them in conducting clamps.
A heavy current Is turned on by way of
tbe clamps and rapidly heats, the metals
at the junction, which is of course the
point of highest resistance. As the metal
softens it is pleased together, one ot the
clamps beiug mounted with feed motion,
flux is dropped on if "necessary and the
metal pieces unite. The most remarkable
results are thus obtained. Almost all the
common metals can be welded and differ
ent metals can be welded together. Tubes
and other shapes can also be unitod. ; In
many cases the weld is the strongest part.
The alternating current is employed and
a special dynamo is sometimes used to
produce it. This dynamo has two wind
ings on the armature, one of fine wire,
and is in series with the field magnets and
excites them. ... The other Is of copper bars,
and connects with the welding apparatus,
giving a current of high intensity. In
welding by the voltaic arc tbe place to be
heated is made an electrode of an arc by
connection with one terminal of an elec
tric circuit. A carbon is connected to the
other terminal. An arc is started by
touching. and withdrawal of the carbon.
The heat may be used for welding, solder
ing, brazing or even for perforating or di
viding metal sheets. The Bern ados elec
tric welding -process was a secret until re
cently. It: is described as follows: An
ordinary lighting, low-tension, continuous
current dynamo is used, to the
terminus of which a , battery of
accumulators Is connected, and into
this the current flows continuously. When
the welding circuit is closed; the current
flows from the dynamo and accumulates
through a large regulating resistance. One
terminal of the system is connected by
means of a flexible cable to-, a carbon pen
cil fixed in an insulated holder. This is
held by the workman. The other terminal
is connected to tlie - table \ou which % the
work lies or to the work \ itself. ;• Thus j the
carbon pencil forms one pole and the work
the : other pole, and the electric > arc is
sprung between them. it is possible to
obtain an arc for welding purposes six
inches ' in ,' length and having a sectional
area of about two square inches. When
Iron or steel is under treatment it is usual
to make the carbon the negative pole and
the -■ iron ior *teel the ; positive pole; "t for
other metals the poles are sometimes re
versed. -"••' . .'■'",
Police and Firemen— R. S., City.. To
become a member of . the police force ; the
applicant must stand $at least ,5 " feet 8
inches in his stockings and bis chest meas
ure must exceed 31 inches. He must have
free use of all his limbs, and his bearing,
vision and ; speech must be perfect. He
must have no turnois or excessively cica
trized legs or rupture or cutaneous affec
tion. Be must have no contusion or wound
on the head that might impair bis facul
ties. He roust have no disorder that would
unfit him tor duty in tbe United States
army. In addition, he must bo able to
write a good hand and possess a fair Eng
lish education. Regarding the firemen, the
rules as to general health are the same;
there is no limit as to height. To become
a member of a hose or engine company the
applicant must weigh over 135 pounds, and
to become a member of a hook and ladder
company the .weight must exceed 155
pounds. Applicants under the age of
30 receive benefits from the pen
sion fund upon becoming members;
those over that age must waive
such rights. Twelve reputable citizens
and property-owners must indorse his ap
plication stating that he is of good char
acter for honesty and sobriety, able to read
and write the English language, is a citi
zen of the United States and has been a
resident of this city and county for at least
three years. The average weight of 20,
--000 men and women at Boston in 1864 was
142 pounds for men and 125 pounds for
women ; the average ot 22,000 weighed at
Cincinnati in 1882 was 154 pounds for men
aud 131 for women. In the British army
fully 12 per cent are up to or over 70
inches. To determine the average size of
men in the United States ready-made cloth
ing dealers gave measurements and in any
given 1000 garments the average of all the
returns is as follows: Chest measure, 38
inches; waist, 33% inches; length of leg in
side, 32% inches: average. height, ranging
from 5 feet 8% to 5 feet 9 In New England
up to 5 feet 10 for the average at tbe South
and West. . The average man weighs be
tween 155 and 160 pounds.
Callustro-P. O'C, East Oakland. (1)
Tbe ladies . who are members of tbe Cal
lustro Company claim they have been very
successful. They have recently formed a
$100,000 stock company. They have a
factory at work in the Nana Valley and
offices in San Francisco, Chicago and New
York. Mrs. Emma P. Eells is president
and the directors are Mrs. Susan L. Mills,
Mrs. Sarah Haight; Tompkins, Mrs. M.
Belle Holmes, Mrs. Clara F. Hamilton,
Mrs. Rebecca Knok and Mrs. Phoebe
Watkins. The only man connected with
it Is C. L. Paige, general manager. Cal
lustro contains silica, allumina, magnesia
and other ingredients. The method of
preparation is a secret guarded by the com
pany. :• Tney have also received a copy
right on* a name. (2) Certainly," any per
son can start a factory. It is not neces
sary to form a "company." (3) You will
find enough in books on electricity to keep
you busy for years. Any book-seller can
tell you what are tbe best works.
The French Race— Constant Reader,
Merced. - Little is known of the extinct
tribes that once thinly populated the soil
of ; France. * The % history of ? the country
may well begin with the words which open
Cajsar's famous chronicle: "All Gaul is
divided into three parts." Of the inhabi
tants of these divisions the Belgians, Gauls
and: lberians, the third were an entirely
different race, shorter, darker, less socia
ble and less bright. This race still dwells
on the slopes of the Pyrenees. The Bel
gians dwelt in the north and tbe Gauls in
Central France. From these two tribes has
sprung the •: modern Frenchman, who to
this day, according to bis part of France,
bears the mark and sign of one or other
origin.* The latest estimate of the popula
tion of Germany is 49.421,803. The regular
German " army numbers 507,507 men: the
army on a war footing numbers 2,471,925.
The new army ..bill increases the regular
army by between 60,000 and 80,000 men.
Musical Composers— J.; Mc, San
Bernardino. Each large music publishing
bouse In the United States has in its em
ploy one or more composers who set words
to music for them. Write to any bouse of
this kind I and t they will give you the ad
dress of such a person. The largest bouses
are in the East and you can ascertain the
names and location by glancing at any
sheet music published In this country.
Models— Yachts, City. The Vlgilant's
length over all i is \ 124 feet, ') water line 86
feet 3 inches, beam 26 feet,- draught 14 feet."
• The Valkyrie's length over all is 120 feet
water line 86.82 feet, beam 22 feet, draught
16 feet, lf you get a copy ; of The Call
of October 6 you will find on the first page
pictures of the hulls of these yachts.
They will aid yon in making tbe models.
Dark Streets— H. F., City. There is
no reason why the lamps should not be
lighted on your street while tbey are in
other portions of the city. A broken main
or carelessness of an employe may have
been the cause.'. Send a complaint to tbe
Street Commissioner. That is the best
way to have it remedied.
La Rochefoucauld— The present du
cal title of that name was established in
1814, and the person upon whom it was
conferred bore some relationship to the
old house, -which was established in 1525.
Francois-Ernest-Gas ton, the present Duke,
was born April 21, 1853.
Presidents— A. H., City. Karl Schenk
is President of Switzerland. Louis A.
Thiers was the first President of France
under what is known as the "Third Re
public." the present form of government.
M. F. Sadi Carnot succeeded F. J. P. Jules
Grevy. : yy\ * -; ■ :
Letter-Carriers— C. R., Oakland.
Declaration of intention to become a citi
zen is not sufficient to render a man eligible
to a position as letter-carrier or any other
Postoffice service. He roust have his
second papers and be a full-fledged citizen.
"David Copperfield"— K, Alameda.
More incidents of Dickens' personal life
are said to be woven into . the story of
"David Copperfield" than in any other
work by him, but It is by no means a
sketch of bis life.
Social Order— O. H., City. William
H. Barnes of the Fraternal Literary Bu
reau says he has no knowledge of any
such organization in this city as an as
sembly of the Royal Society of Good Fel
lows. . ■
Mines— L., City. The Gopher mine has
not been worked for fouryears. An owner
does not lose claim to a mine idle for the
time mentioned if the same is covered by
a patent; if not he does.
World's Fair— J. R., City. The paid
admission to the World's Fair up to and
including October 24 were 20.164.351. , (2)
J. Sterling Morton of Nebraska is Secre
tary of Agriculture.
Abbrevia ion —A. A. - W., City.
"Calif." is the correct abbreviation for
this State. By writing "Cal." or "Cala."
postal authorities often confound it with
"Col." or "Colo." for Colorado.
Sensitized Paper— J. G., City. It has
been impossible to find the formula yon
desire. The one who originated it doubt
less preserves the secret.
No. 7— W. R. and G. S., Oakland. Your
wager would be . more satisfactorily de
cided by addressing tbe headquarters at
City Blocks— Subscriber, City. Some
city blocks are larger than others. There
is no measurement rule. /
. Consular Reports— H. H., Fresno.
Write to , your ', Congressman at Washing
ton. .He can procure the documents for
you. ■•': -■ . • S
Architect— M. 1., City. Write to : the
president of the college and he can tell you
the architect's name. ; ,
Two Robbers Captured.
Edward Lynch, , alias Joe ' Kelly, was
booked at the City. Prison yesterday on a
charge of robbery/; He and Thomas Walker
on the night of October 19 held up Gaston
Dambrin, cook on the steamer 'National
City, at the corner of Kearny street and
Hinckley alley, and robbed him of $25 and
a • revolver. Walker was arrested last
Tuesday and booked on the charge, but
Lynch was not arrested till Friday night
by Police Officers Purvis, Mullen and
Free 1/- Both ;the: defendants : are l ex-con
vlct*. Walker, in February last, while in
the House of Correction, feigned sickness,
was sent to the City and County Hospital
ana made bis escape.
The Titles Called Into
More Complications for the Law
yers in the Famous Heyden
Some days ago Judge Coffey of the Pro.
bate Court entered an order declaring
Elizabeth A. Heydenfeldt the widow of
tbe late Judge Solomon Heydenfeldt, and
sustaining the will giving her a life
interest in the property of the decedent
The contestant, Henrietta Heydenfeldt,
who also claimed to be the Judge's widow,
did not press her case, and this was said
to be due to a compromise arranged by her
lawyer, J. L. Crittenden. -
-Yesterday, two deeds were filed in the
Recorder's office which appear to throw a
little light on the inside of the case.
The first document is a deed made on
October 23, 1893, by which Elizabeth A.
Heydenfeldt deeds to Henrietta H. Hey
denfeldt the property situate on the north,
east corner of Geary and Webster streets.
The second document is a quitclaim deed
by which the first named party deeds to
the second named all her life interest in
tbe following pieces of property: Lots on
Sacramento and Leidesdorff streets, Fol.
som and Third, Montgomery and Jackson,
Bryantand Seventh, Clementina and Fifth,
Washington and Trenton and Powell and
It is claimed that this property was
deeded to the children of Catherine Hey
denfeldt, deceased, by Judge Heydenfeldt
during bis lifetime, and that Elizabeth A.
Heydenfeldt, the widow, has no interest
in the property at all, because it belongs te
the children. .
The deeds to Henrietta Heydenfeldt,
who withdrew from the contest, show that
there was some compromise made.
No objection is made by the children's
I attorney to the first deed, as Elizabeth A.
Heydenfeldt is acknowledged to have a
claim to it. But the second quitclaim deed
is objected to and will lead to another
squabble in this much litigated estate.
The whole question is: Did tbe order ot
Judge Coffey give Elizabeth A. Heyden
feldt a life interest in the property men
tioned, which is claimed to have been given
to the children?
Attorney Crittenden.. who has already
got 515.000 out of the estate under the
court's decision, is the attorney for Henri
. The. children's attorneys claim that bis
only desire is to cloud the title to the
property. ■ ■■■''-■ ■ ■
R. Porter Ashe Mortgages Two of
A chattel mortgage was filed in the
Recorder's office 'yesterday by which R.
Porter Ashe mortgages to A. R. Casaccla,
a merchant of Merced, his right and title to
the following blooded stock:
."One bay horse named land, 7 years
old, by Shannon, dam imported Goula,
and one black mare named Queen Alta, 4
years old, by Alta, dam Cousin Peggy, in
the possession of W. J. Howard of San
The mortgage is made to secure a Prom
issory note of $2500. .;.
• — ♦ .
Green's Criminal Record.
The date of the trial of Nathaniel Green
on thirteen; charges of embezzlement was
continued by Judge Daingerfield yesterday
for one week, owing to the absence of his
attorneys. There were fifteen charges in
all pending against Green, on two of which
be bas already been convicted. Each case
was repealed,: with ; the result that: the
Supreme Court sustained the conviction in
one case and has not yet passed upon the
other. Green was sentenced to five years
In tne State prison on each conviction,