Newspaper Page Text
THE SHIP DOOMED.
Listed More Than Ever
FATE OF THE NEW YORK.
Expected to Go to Pieces at
A VISIT TO POINT BONITA.
The Insurance Companies Preparing
to Sue the Pacific Mail Line for
Cold winds and a threatening sky were
not a very auspicious opening of the day
for the crowds of wreckers and stevedores
engaged to help save the stranded steamer
City of New York.
At 10 o'clock yesterday morning a two
knot breeze was reported off Point Reyes
and only the slightest bit of an undulation j
disturbed the peaceful bosom of the ocean. '■
Sky and water formed a strange contrast.
Above ominous looking clouds and fleecy
shifting fog drifted in from the sea like
the forerunner of a stiff blow from the
southwest, but on the surface of the water
hardly a whitecap showed its foamy head,
and the slow measured stroke of sleepy in
coming rollers literally rocked the dam
aged steamer in "the cradle of the deep."
The usual fleet of fishing boats, tugs and
steamers were in attendance upon the
pinioned liner as soon as the sun rose in
the east and the veil of fog bad been partly
On Point Bonita groups of anxious
watchers filed up and down the steep cliff
roads, while cameramen were as numer
ous as the flowers that bloom in the spring.
Tugs, like consoling friends, were beside
I the rocky deathbed of the great steamer,
and the stuad of their whistles and bells
was like the death knell of the once proud
member of the Pacific Mail's fleet, for yes
terday was the death day for the City of
Mew York, as experts pronounced it im- j
possible to save her. She is sinkinsr, sink
ing, sinking, and must soon break the last I
tie that holds her between sKy and water i
and slide into sixty fathoms of briny ocean \
unless Captain Whitelaw proves himself a i
veritable maiine magician and the Edison j
of nautical mechanical science.
Vessels from this city visited the scene of i
the wreck all day long, and at 12:45 p.m. the ]
State fire tug Governor Markham took nut :
a party consisting of the Board of Harbor j
Commissioners and numerous prominent
people. A Call reporter accompanied |
The City of New York has listed more
to port th*n she was on the previous day.
When the Markham weut alongside there
were only two vessels made fast to the
wreck. There was very little breeze and I
' scarcely any sea. The surf was not break
ing on the beach, and even in the offing '
vessels lay idly drifting westward with
scarcely a breath of air filling their sails.
To the southward two deepwater ships
bore away from land, all their canvas
spread in clouds of flapping topsails, stay
sails and jibs, while to the north several •
bteam schooners sent volumes of black
smoke floated along the undulating edge
of the sea. A gleam of sunshine had ;
pierced the fog in the direction of the Far- :
alloues. bringing into prominence the big I
black bull of the outbound steamer Aus
tralia which was churning its way toward i
the west, leaving a wake of laughing waters |
which seemed to bubble and hiss and scoff
at the helpless, wounded ocean traveler
which was to have parsed over the same
route many hours before had no accident j
It would be a foolish waste of words to !
go into minute details of the every attempt
made to save tne wrecked steamer. As
already explained, a great deal of wreck
ing machinery has been placed on board,
but it has not been possible to make use of
much of it.
Men were put to work easing up the
stays to the mainmast and the mizzen rig
• ging was dismantled.
The Pacific Mail Company thinks that it
can save the steamer's engines and will
probably give Captain Whitelaw orders
to go to work immediately to get them out.
The steamer is supposed to be stove in in
• two places. Tbe first hole is amidships on
8 the port side and must be at least 7 feet in j
diameter. Many persons think that it Pas
been made larger by the strain made by
the tugs to get the vessel off the rocks. ;
The second hole is further forward and Is
not so extensive. All the cargo in the
lower hold is undoubtedly entirely de- j
On the port side of the New York, be- j
yon<i the rocks, is deep water, as there is |
Bforward8 forward and aft of the pinnacle on which
the steamer rests. It is evident that a |
great strain exists on the vessel's structure j
amidships, and the power of one big wave
would lift her off the rocks and lower her
aeain with such force as to break her into
• two i arts.
• The steamer's decks were strewn with
wreckage yesterday and nad the appear
ance of a junkstore. Parts ot machinery,
boat-davits, "and yardartns and ropes im
peded progress while awaiting removal.
The work of removing the cargo was j
continued all day, which resulted in the I
', steamer listing more to port than ever, as
the undamaged goods were taken out of
the part above high-water mark.
When the tide was rising the water in
the steamer's hold bubbled up beneath
the engine-room and created quite an eddy,
!- in which twirled scraps of merchandise,
planking ami other buoyant articles. At
ebb tide the suction was great in the
. vicinity of the impaling rock, and it was
Impossible for a diver to work successfully.
"■j- ' "What is your theory of the size of the
rock that holds the steamer fast and how
great is the damage?" was asked of one of
the steamer's officers.
.- "1 believe," he replied, thoughtfully,
"that about eight feet of rock pene
trates the plates, and, furthermore, 1 con
sider all attempts to float her as fruitless.
. The ship will be entirely lost if any effort
be made to get her off. There are no pon
toons to be had at San Francisco of suffi
cient size to float the steamer. If this
'• wreck occurred at New York, Phila
delphia, or any Eastern port, the ship
could be saved. This weather is not going
to last long. lam surprised that the sea
has remained calm so long as it has."
Captain Frank Johnston to all appear
ances is extremely popular, but not even he
has escaped the censure of public opinion.
It was publicly argued yesterday that Cap
' tain Johnston was in a measure account
able for the accident.
"He should have had sense enough to I
know that tbe pilot was going wrong," I
said a tugboat captain. "He was on the \
bridge and had authority to take command
if he thought that all was not right."
Pilot Johnson is a man of some wealth,
but Captain Johnston has saved little out
• of his earnings. The Pacific Mall Com
pany has always made it a rule to discharge
• every captain who even so much as touched
bottom with a Mail Company vessel, and
- it is generally supposed that the captain
will be blacklisted by his recent employers,
; even should he be fortunate enough to
clear himself of all blame.
- . Captain John De.lane of the Empress
• .Eugenic line of steamers out of Hamburg
•. is staying in the city and visited the wreck
' •' yesterday. Captain Delaneonce ran one
of his company's steamers on the rocks of
Central America and was successful in
." getting her off again.
= rt" Wooden ships are not so easily wrecked
'■■" on the rocks as Iron vessels," said he. "In
my opinion I do not think it is possible to
• save the City of New York. If she were
'•' : a wooden steamer there might be some
, : .. chance for ber."
: : I ate yesterday afternoon it was given
. : out unofficially at the Pacific Mail Com
' pany's office that the work of stripping
__■ _ ___;-__ ___■_ DRY J^~^_-_-_ _^^^~~~~~-~--~-~ „■_, ™ '~ *•■"" ™- _
We have bought for spot cash from several importers and manufacturers Eiehty Thousand Dollars' vrorth of merchandise enumerated below, which we have opened and placed on sale Monday at the prices we paid for them. In our experience as merchants we
have never seen the market so demoralized or cash possess such absolute and despotic power. We dictated our terms and you are to be let in on the ground floor of our good fortune. We do this to emphasize and Illustrate the vast differences between
-The Maze's" prices and those of any other house in the city. We want you to know the magnet that draws crowds to our stores. Come in Monday and take advantage ot this monstrous purchase. Can you realize how few houses have $80,000 cash in
their vest rockets, and do you appreciate the magnanimity of The Maze to eive yon these goods. Bettering the classes of our merchandise, lowering the prices, keeps "The Maze" the busiest and most prominent merchandising emporium of the far West.
SILKS. DRESS GOODS. DOMESTICS. DRAPERIES. MEN'S FURNISHINGS. SHOES.
ern^rv^^ Mills held a large and per- It is only when the other retlow Is down on his An importer of linens who was caught by the Now Is your opportunity to purcnasei nntatM, AS* your w,fe " ? we t f u f e c " 0 c°ome™ P ThIs h a" ''""tops, hand* sewed, 'turned Louis' XVlieelJ, til
empiorv auctiou sale of their entire production, uppers we can get such drives. stringency assigned to as; we la turn do to you. . ( henllles, Portieres. BinVK^eirnwß narimeut is vour Greatest money-saver. new Vienna last, ratent-leather tips. Ladles"
\" were large purchasers of their silks, and can ■ It should pay you to visit us. Monday and learn auction sales ever known took place when ths parlmeut is your greatest ruouc, Shoes, regular $7 50 quality, lel
offer them to you at less than cost of production. what this means to you. Wo watch every turn of ■ \\Ukesbarre and Burnley mills « ' o * e . a o on*
1 the market to maintain supremacy. their products. How many merchants do you . $4.98.
think had tue cash to buy down and attend r.ne 9 ~'~~'
, 62-Inch Redfern Suitings, In checks and stripes, sale? We enumerate but one item, of curtains.
cost more to manufacture— We have bargains in them up to $■* a pair. Men's Neckwear, fall colorings, newest English
. 200 pairs of Lace Curtains, floral effects. 31/3 designs in tecks and four-in-hand., furnishers Ladies* French Kid Blucher-cut Lace She*, pal
„,„,, wide ali-sllk Florentine Dr.p.ry Bilk.. £1.50. Half-blaached Table Damask, S3 Inches wide. yards long .s.s.& >""» -We. white " ask 75c each, ent tips, hand-sewed soles, regular $5 grade, "
32-meh wlds all-silk Florentine Drapery Btikt, « T tr« h««». «,. „„„,h .. K neriii" it for 7Bc ecru, worth every cent of $.1 60,
figured and plain to match, newest shapes and extra heavy, we would special is /oc, ■> cq «3 Q«
colorings, given away at 760. now Mgal| C]Qtb „ fcg ute „ „ |ncn „ wmt> „, wool 50c $1.50. ' TT""?."
50C. '"' handsome, should be »' 60— A Bre »t value-Men. Unlaundrl.d Shirt.. «<>„
OUC, A great value— Men's Unlaundrlad Shirts, New
$1 50 All-linen Bleaobed Damask. 68 Inches wide, we York mills, re-enforced front and back, .old | Ladles' Fancy Slipper., French goat kid, i n
would "extra" it at $1 45, 600 very best Moqnette Bugs, latest designs. 36 x everywhere a. a leader. bronze, gray or tan leather, Louis XV heel.
20-lneh wide extra quality Duonesse Finish 63, were always sold at ♦)*, regular S6 quality.
Black Surah silk, given away at $1. now .-oatmeal" Oloth, handsome, durable and ityl lsh, 75c. 75 *„«,«
« downtown .totes ast »3- „„ , *^.DO. '*-"- 54.25.
/DC. 72-Inch Bleached Satin Damask, exquisite design.
$175 and l ual,tle *. 1000 pair, of Chenille Portieres, heavy double Men > Cashmere Socks, double heels and toes, In
22-inch wide Chry.t.l Bilks, full line of color, and ' $1.00. n^Xoid.t ".« 50?" Ur n' *" ° "' """ tan. and natural grays, "° one can sell under Misses' finest quality .French ""' pat " We » '>«
black were given away at Sl 60. now "^ ' * --"* —> ▼ w ~~~ 00c, ciotn lop, me ?* kind,
French Pattern Suits, from 89 to S3O each, no Bleached Huck Towel., 45x22V*j. extra quality. oc __
Ci 00 two alike, confined styles: we are working for s sell dally at 40c. 54. H^. iJOC. $2.98.
kPl.uu, the Dress Goods trade of the city and by our os«
prices will get It; a nickel carfare 1. the best ewifc
Ktnn vnvaifv But. •>•> tnrtiaa wt/ia fl»nrert Investment you can make, visiting this de- Frinirad Chenille Table Cover., heavy double Cartwrlght * Warner's English Scarlet Medicated -
"rt.MMhiM nnrtwi. SaT o7«nrah twill part.uei.t Monday ; we marked these goods so Satin Damask Knitted Fringe Fancy Bordered Frln ?, n e9 C .f". '! „f 0 " "' " 7 Lamb.' Wool Sock., full finl.hed. regular The *3 50 grade of Misses' French-kid foxing,
away at ill 75 that a child could see the difference between Towels, Intended for 60c seller., fringe, always *^ 50. price $1. patent tips, birdseye cloth uppers, hl
* '..*-■• our. and downtown price*. 0 -~ 4:1 *ts 49 t^r>
$1.25. 35c> 50c. $2,5 °-
Dinner Napkin., full .ire, intrln.lcally worth S3 60 v •,,.,, Tanestrr rnvera made to .ell at
Fancy High Art Novelty Silk.. in all «ort. of --,- per doi, mft 0 I,postr7 '"*"" «» .0 Men's Blue-gray Jer.eyribbed Satin-faced Wool We undersell every exclusive .tore In town In
weaves and design., made to .ell at from $2 to <R2 50 Shirts and Drawer.; furnishers would con- same make, and qualities.
8225. now \ tp/u.uv. $1.75. .iderthe.e stupendous drives at 50.
$1.50. BLACK GOODS. Pi. ln „ .*».* M .rd... n....i<. .u.wh,f. bmib coTered ma Lined ComrorterB flllBd wltn _ '
' ,n ' .ea island cotton, always 84, . cpi-.UU.
22-lnch wide Black v.-,- Cry.ta! silk exquisite S2-inch All-Wool CheTlot., Hop Backlng. and OUC. ft o QS „„.«.,.
2 qual.ty.make up handsomely, should .ell for other black good., .old every day in the Bxtr . fine quality fancy French Flannel., .c... a. . $2 .98. Men's Hygela Shirt, and Drawer., to " lined we
S3 vow jearat76o, Extra One quality fancy French Flannel., .ells all never had their equal under 83.
$2.00. 50C. over the United ta^at7sc. ' BOYS' CLOTHING*
The greatest bargains in French Novelty Black __„_„_. ,-
Dress Goods, a very large variety of weave. The regular 12% c quality of Flannellette., In n„-H--.-*il* . -■ .
and designs, has been on .pec... .ale at 81 25. light or dark color!'. Men's Superfine Laundered Dress Shirts, open Ourllne. of latest Eastern noveltle. are com.
8 ' . - __^ back or front.no better al $4, rancy pique, plete. Having bought right after the market
DRESS GOODS. 75c. B^c. WRAPS. plaltecl, tbo very ,alest cSSpaT^'liW lwmMau -
Printed double-fold, .oft fleecy Merge, for house mi 03 „ _.
We tell you candidly we never had such value. Bargain. in Priestly Black Good.. dresses and wrappers, value 25c, Ladles' Fine Black Coeque's Feather Boas very iP-1.00. Boys Fancy Ruffled Shirtwaist., with large
In Dress Good.. You will realize the power we Alfflj]» yard we are offering Priestly Black fllie „, ie i ect feathers, were made regular F u in collars and cuffs, worth 81 36, ages 4
wield In investing the tales of one day in bargains tjp J. Novelties that are sold la every house in 15c. M kind to 10,
for the next the city at Sl 50. * ' ? 75C.
38-lnch wide All Wool Illuminated Hop Sseklngs,
new fall openings, manufacturers held them ATQI O^ we are selling the usual 82 quality — — Children's Long Cloak, perfect beauties, made of UAIICCtJAI r~*
at 650, x.*-0 ot Priestly Black Novelties. newest and best Eiderdown, balloon sleeve. rIUUOCLnULL/. Boy.' Fancy Percale Waist,, with box plait.
5Qg and pointed cape, collar trimmed with angora " and small tucks on front, ages 4 to 13 year.,
I snirA 1 1 iinrniur AD fur and braid coliar, worth 86, regular 85c,
Kornrh _„. .11 -w^i .„.,»„ Cloth, in -_-- AT 9we are selling the 54-Inch wide, finest LfIUICO UWUtitfirtHtl. ; „„-_ Thl. 1, our basement salesroom. if we did not 50c.
02-lnch wide All Wool Amazon Cloths, in navy. Hk/ „.,,,.. of p r i,.,ti v Black Novelties that 53. 75. use It for this aepartment it would be used for
brown and green shades, were to be sold as ,^fe where at 7 sf. ° deities Lad! „. Oowni , WBll madei Roo d muslin yoke of sJ>^. 10. atoraae. lleuce we start ahead of all competl-
great value .or $1 io. fine tucks, with down collars, a bargain at 75c, tors on the item of no rent to pay. Next we
75c sf)r Ladles' Jacket, and Cape, from 84 95 to $75. „ a v encash ?o lur when^'others "avVfton B ° 7 1' D °?^-b»»^d Cape Overcoats, .11
'° C - We are aiming at a finer class of dress goods ™C alt.red ana made perfect fitting wlthont J.v cash to colTect^ You wan.^Vraue smpesTr ihSS? ttl^Xlr [ n t ;V'° US effeCt< '
_ trade. We'll get it, for we give the grandest . „. ,_ „ _. _ charge. We can give you some splendid bar- „„..„,.„„ _ fit the same oualitv for the least .tripes or plaids, sell all over at SO,
64- inch wide all-wool Novelties in Hop Sacking, value, in the city. Try us once, and you'll re- Ladles' All-Wool Imported Swiss Silk Vests, high gains. Bought the cloths for 25 cents on the ____% Then Jeni-fi^ bous^ewire rememolr
and New Shaggy Scotch Cheviot., were grand peat the visit. .No sol ven'. merchant can com- neck, long sleeves, all colors. imported to sell dollar, and had them made up for us. We will your friend ••The Maze ' $3.98.
valueatBl2s. pete with our cash purchase. at 52 65, gladly refund the money to auy customer If we 103 piece Meakin's Best Parisian Decorated
7 c $1.45. cannot save them from 10 to 60 per ceut on a Granite Dinner sets, worth 814 50.
purchase. „ . _. -.
. ... ,_„ , . , , , .. . _ __ Boys' Double-breasted Suit, In all-wool cloth..
„- . „ . _ » , „ . . Ladles' $2 grade In black or gray, best French CQ7E ca«slmere chnvintt sert-i*. .. V™.. »i
38-lnch -wool French Imported Nove tie. In Sateen heavllv boned with finest bone a ncr- O>U. 1 0. k?.,1 .-.'«. T," serßes, ****• ""J" 1 or
Diagonals, Dot Whipcords, Armures. Solells, .. . _.. _ __.__,--____.__-. _,_ feet fitter Ladle,' New Fall Jackets, all wool cheviots. In blue, ages 6 to 14, very reasonable, at $5,
and Satin Dncbesse finish, sold as great bar- H AN DX r* KCHIEFS ' CM OS blacK or Havana brown, umbrella cape, high
gains at $125, ■■*-».■» u-r m-k. -— a » ■ ■•■»■. wi S>l. CO. collar, umbrella back, cape edged with fur, cost We .ell them on account of a bouse that Is »3.75.
m you $25 downtown, our price overloaded.
idC. 97 dozen ladles' white Swiss embroidered hand- a great drive in Children's noslery, Spanish- Some Porcelain-decorated Slop-jars. Are In stock
kerchiefs, manufacturers' samples and odds ribbed Cotton Hose, extra length, double heels $14.98. 10 days at $5, to-morrow
54-lnch all-wool Ladles' Habit Cloths, a quality and ends, worth 20 to 35c and toes. 6 to 8%. ' ~ n . n Boys' All-wool Fleece-lined Jersey Suits, vestee-
you will admit on sight value for $1 60; all ion Q» nr„ £2.50. pants, handsomely braided, cannot be dupll-
shades ■!« <6-OC. <SJU Ladles' Seal Plush Capes or Garment,, sublime j cated under $5. age, 3 to 7,
0:1 rf\ . _. , „ . _ _ _ • . quality, pleated over, cape edged with seal fur.
9X.\jt7, Ladles French Cotton Hose. Richelteu-rlbbed handsomely lined, 56 inches long, duplicate I Brass Stand Lamp., decorated vase and done, $3.98.
125 dozen ladies' white Swiss embroidered hand- Hermsdorf black boot style, light-colored top, it uuder $40 and your money awaits you. worth $2,
French Broadcloth, a quality you cannot match kerchiefs, odd dozens ot an Imported stock, double heels and toes. CM 05
in town under 82 50, worth from 60c to 81 each. _ $25.00. n>i.*vw.
or- 3 Pail'S for $1. ~ Ton should buy your boy', clothing from us
$1.50. * DC Bra,, Stand Decorated Vase 10 lnche. in dlame- because we have a nice little department com-
H. - .. ter Lamps, were $4 50, now fortable while shopping, and we undersell any
— — — „ $2.75 exclusive clothing-house In Frisco. Our expenses
Our Department Is not the largest, but has the ' are not confined to one.
Our new catalogue is now ready If yon haven't grandest styles and values.
Our new catalogue Is now ready. If yon have rece i ve ,i one yet send your name and" address at Onr new catalogue Is now ready. If you wish Our new catalogue Is now ready. If you haven't Our new catalogue Is now ready. If yon wlf Our new catalogue is now ready. If you have
not received one send in your name, and we will We will be pleased to send "on one free of one and send In your name and address, it. will received one send In your name. It will be mailed oue and will send in your name It will be mailed nnto t received one send in your name and address
be pleased to mall it to you. charge. ,"u UUO n DOU be mailed to you tree of charge. to you free of charge. to you tree of charge. and It will be mailed to you.
THE MAZE, THE MAZE, THE MAZE, THE MAZE, THE MAZE! THE MAZE.
Market, Taylor and Golden Gate Avenue. Market, Taylor and Golden Gate Avenue. | Market, Taylor and Golden Gate Avenue. Market, Taylor Sts. and Golden Gate Aye. Market, Taylor and Golden Gate Avenue. Cor. Market, Taylor and Golden Gate Aye.
the steamer would commence at once.
Her rigging will be removed and all possi
ble haste will be made to get her moveable
machinery on board the wrecker.
The party on the Markham were exceed
ingly interested in the work on the stranded
steamer. Harbor Commissioners Cole and
Bttssett and Assistant Chief Wharfinger
Root are. of course, interested in shipping,
and all bad their theories aud fancies to
advance. Assistant Root said he did not
see how it was possible for any sober man
to get the New York into the light place in
which she is wedged.
The tug Milieu Griffiths of 'the Pacific
Mail Company was standing by tbe
wrecked steamer all day long, ready to
render assistance in case the wind should
soring up. It transpires that the Griffiths
came near being wrecked herself on Fri
day. While cruising about iv close prox
imity tp the New York sue struck a rock.
The shock was not a heavy one, nor is the
amount of damage to the tug's bottom
planking supposed to be great.]
An interesting controversy between the
Spreckels' towboat line and the Pacific
Mail Steamship Company is rumored to be
brewing, Captain Dan Haskell of the
Fearless had an eye to business and as
soon ns his boat touched the sides of the
New York on the night of the wreck It is
said that a proposition was made to him to
take the treasure ashore. This offer he
accepted. It is now a question as to bow
much salvage will be allowed for the coin.
If 10 cents on the dollar be paid then the
Spreckels line by doing little or no work
will clear about Sis.ooo, while the Bed
stacks will not have earned half that
amount and have done nearly all of the
hard labor. This story is merely given for
what it is worth. Though it comes from a
reliable source The Call reporter could
not verify it.
Italian fishermen and city-front boat
men were somewhat disappoiuted at the
result of their hours of waiting near the
No part of the cargo was thrown over
board, and as evening drew near a long
line of small craft with sails spread came
up the harbor from the north heads. There
were disappointed-looking steersmen at
their helms, for not a sack of flour or a
can of lard bad they on board.
Summing up the result of the day's ob
servations, the New York is slowly break
ing her back, the wreckers will undoubt
edly strip her and the vessel cannot pos
sibly be extricated from her position, but
must wait for the next heavy sea to
tumble her into the depths of the ocean.
Several steamers will be run from Mis
sion wharf 2 to-day, and several thousand
people will perhaps visit Point Bonita.
THE JETTISONED CARGO.
Protests Being Filed by Insurance
Only the fishermen and water-front
loafers, who have materially benefited by
the accident, are glad that the City of
New York came to grief at Point Bonita.
Among the shippers and insurance com
panies a spirit of discontent is displayed
that will probably result in legal action
being taken by the underwriters to re
cover from the Pacific Mail Steamship
Company the value of the cargo that was
Yesterday Hugh Craig, representing the
New Zealand Insurance Company, for-
warded to the steamship company a
strongly worded letter of protest against
the action which had been tanen in throw
ing the cargo overboard, and accusing the
company's servant of culpable negligence.
"It appears to me," said Mr. Craig to a
Call reporter yesterday, "that the work
of lightening the ship after she ran on the
rocks was carried on in such a manner as
to render the owning company liable. The
ship was in more or less constant com
munication with the shore ; about 200 men
were taken out to assist in lightening the
slim; all around were boats picking up
bags of flour aud other merchandise as
they touched the water, and they reaped a
harvest. Now, all that seems to me to
THE MORNING CALL, SAN. FRANCISCO, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1893.
have been disgraceful. Would it not have
been as easy to throw the cargo into
lighters as into the water? Steam-lighters
might just as easily have been procured
as the 200 laborers, and all the waste and
monetary loss would not have taken place.
There does not appear, from the facts as
known at present, io have been any valid
reason why the cargo should have been
jettisoned, and as the company which I
represent is involved to theextentof about
£15.000— treasure to the amount of 82300,
however, having been saved — 1 have tiro
tested against the action that has been
Perhaps no branch of legal practice is so
intricate and ofttimes appare ntly contra
dictory as admiralty law. Whether the
ground being taken by the msuiance com
panies will stand legal examination re
mains to be seen. Protests will be filed by
certain of the companies individually, and
that will clear the way for united legal
action if it should be deemed advisable to
carry the matter into court.
Thus far insurance to tbe amount of
$147,725 has been accounted for by com
panies in this city as follows:
New Zealand, on flour, etc., $13,000;
treasure, $2300; North China, on merchan
dise, principally flour, $23,000; Canton, on
flour, $10,000; Canton, on treasure, $11,000;
Swi»s Marine, on cargo, $3300; Swiss
Marine, on treasure, $1000; Commercial
Union, on merchandise, (1836; Fireman's
Fund, on merchandise, 8290; Fireman's
Fund, treasure, $2350; Ocean, on merchan
dise, $550; Transatlantic Marine, on treas
ure, $26,000; Union of Canton, on treas
ure, $20,000; Foncier, on merchandise,
$7500; Foncier, on treasure, $20,000; As
surance of London, on flour, $0550; Boston
Marine, on merchandise, 8300; Gutte it
Frank's companies, on merchandise, $800;
total, $147,725; total on treasure, $81,050;
total on merchandise, $05,075.
In addition to these are companies out
side of the city to hear from and a local
concern of twelve Chinese merchants who
work upon a sort of co-operative insurance
Many years ago a suit was tried before
the late Judge Hoffman, which, to some
extent, established a precedent on this
coast. The captain of the steamship Costa
Rica ran his vessel on Point Diablo and,
as he was afraid that if he took means to
get her off without assistance she would
fill with water and sink under his feet, he
did not jettison the cargo, although much
of it was much damaged. The vessel was
saved and the underwriters had to pay
claims aggregating $30,000. The claims
were satisfied, but the insurance compa
nies concerned jointly brought suit against
the owners of the vessel, in the names of
the assured, to recover the amount of
claims, on the score of culpable negligence
on the part of the steamship company's
servants. They won the suit.
So in the case of the City of New York,
if the failure to discharge the cargo into
lighters can be construed into "culpable
negligence," then the underwriters will
have a fighting chance of recovering from
the steamship company, although it is to
be remembered that the case cited was
tried before the act limiting the liability
of ship-owners was passed. The law pre
sumes, however,, that the master of a ves
sel, in jettisoning cargo, does so for the
benefit of all concerned, and to prove the
contrary lies with complainants. To
illustrate in some measure the difficulties
surrounding such a case, albeit seemingly
simple enough to the non-legal mind, pro
vision is made by law as to the cargo that
shall be jettisoned. The amount is fixed
proportionately to the value of the vessel.
On the other hand, the State Supreme
Court has more than once ruled that the
value of a vessel is its value after the acci
dent, and if she should become a total
loss the value would necessarily be prac
tically nil. _______
MASTER AND PILOT.
The Law Regulating Their Respec
g£H tive Responsibility.
Unlike nearly all other people who have
to do, with ships: and shipping, pilots as a
clans are not under United IStates jurisdic
tion. They are subject to State laws. The
Board of Pilot Commissioners is a Stato
institution. Its members are appointees
of the Governor and hold office during his
The law provides that the board shall
license not less than fifteen nor more than
twenty pilots for this port. Each pilot
must hold a master's certificate before he
ran be licensed. He must file a bond for
15000 for the faithful performance of his
duties. Any pilot deprived of his license
for negligently, ignorantly or willfully
running any vessel ashore or otherwise
rendering her ltable to injury is thereafter
ineligible to receive a license ns pilot. All
decisions of the Board of Pilot Commis
sioners touching the revocation of licenses,
suspension of pilots and refusals to reap
point a pilot are final, and without right of
review or appeal to any court of law,
though the board may grant a rehearing.
Under section 7034 of the Civil Code the
master of a ship Is bound to be always on
board when entering or leaving a port,
harbor or river. The section following
prescribes that on entering or leavlrfg a
port, harbor or river the master of a ship
must take a pilot if one offers himself, and
while the pilot is on board the navigation
of the shin devolves on him.
Section 7384 of the Civil Code reads as
The owner or master of a shin Is not respon
sible for the negligence of a pilot whom be is
bound l>y law to employ; but if he is allowed
an option between pilots, some of whom are
competent, or Is required only to pay compen
sation to a pilot, whether be employs him or
not, ho Is so responsible to third persons.
SOME NOMINATIONS CONFIRHED.
But John R. Mobley of Texas Is Not
to Be a Consul.
Washington. Oct. 28.,— The Senate
in executive session to-day confirmed
the following nominations : Joseph
A. Barton of Utah Territory to
be Probate Judge in the county of
Beaver, Utah: C. A. Kern of California to
be special examiner of drugs, medi
cines and chemicals in the dis
trict of San Francisco; and the
following Postmasters: Kobort L. Lincoln,
Lagrande, Or. James 11. Dodson, San
Pedro. Cal. The nomination of John K.
Mobley of Waco, Tex., to be consul at
Acapulco, Mexico, was rejected.
Admiral Seymour Entertains the
Duke of Genoa.
Spezzia. Oct. 28.— Admiral Sir Michael
Culme-beynidur. the officers of his squad
ron and the Duke of Genoa lunched to-day
at the British Consulate. This evening
Admiral Seymour gave a dinner to the
Duke of Genoa and the Italian officers, on
the British flagship Sans-pareil. After
that there was a gala performance at the
An Auction Extraordinary.
Owing to the dissolution of copartnership of
the old aud reliable firm ot jewelers, Wilson &
Co.. their entire slock of diamonds, watches,
jewelry and silverware will be sold wlihout re
serve and regardless of cost at public auction,
beginning Monday; October 16. bales at 2 and
7:30 p. m. daily. 201 Kearny St., corner sui
ter. H. A. lteed, auctioneer. ■
Charged With Robbery.
James Roche, a cowboy, .and; Daniel
Spellman, a teamster, were arrested late
last nieht and charged with robbery,
on complaint of Lott Ashe, at
the Seventeenth - street police station,
as he say that on last Thursday night the
prisoners held him up on the San Bruno
road and took §18 from him. The ac
cused say they are innocent and thai
they were charged because they had quar
reled with Ashe.
Seattle Defeated Tacoma.
Tacoma, Oct. 28.— Seattle defeated
Tacoma at football by a score of 20 to 16..
KiCHARPs & Co., druggists, 406-8 Clay. •
A Patriotic Benefit for
Many Members of the Local French
Colony Gather to Propagate a
The Alliance Francaise, which Is spread
throughout all civilized countries where
the French language is spoken, received
an impetus last night In this city by a
literary entertainment and union of patri
otic French people In Odd Fellows' Hall.
On the programme this event was styled a
concert and ball, which it really was,
though savoring more of an enthusiastic
gathering and entertainment for some par
ticularly worthy object.
There was a large audience in the hall
when a grand overture by the orchestra of
the Societe Philharmonique began. En
trance to the place was through a terrace
of palms »nd then underneath American
and French flags, whose folds intermingled
over the doorway. The stage was dec
orated on both proscenium walls with
clusters of national flags and near the
footlights an agreeable variety of ever
greens, while hanging in the midway
height were the words "Alliance Fran
caise" in bold golden letters.
President Daniel Levy delivered an ad
dress, in which lie reviewed the efforts, his
tory ana accomplishments of the alliance
and spoke with enthusiasm of its grand
purposes and possibilities. Sketching its
history he said that the Alliance Francaise
was established in Paris ten years ago by
men of prominence, and it is still directed
by eminent men. It forms a vast associa
tion with a central committee in Paris and
branches in almost every land; it has sixty
schools for the propogation of the French
language, for which it was organized. The
object in view is through this propagation
people not familiar with French affairs
may receive some correct knowledge
of the ideas, customs, institutions, re
sources and the genius of France. This
would open new and remunerative fields
for French commerce and industry. The
society manifests a solicitous regard for
propagation in Oriental countries where
French influence has dominated in many
lines of thought aud action, but where
foreign competition is beginning to felt.
Three years ago a branch of the alliance
was organized in San Francisco, and it has
grown since then under favorable auspices.
In concluding, Mr. Levy invoked the co
operation of the French colony of San
Francisco in support of the society.
A programme that had a good deal of
artistic merit was rendered as follows:
"Les Asents," chant nairtotlque, by M. Paul
Guard, accompanied by the orchestra; cava
line from "Bnibter deSville." Mile. Julie
Cotte, accompanied by Professor Martinez;
assaut d'aimes, Mile. Aline Katlielot, ana Pro
fessor flenrv Ansot; assaut o'arnies Japonals,
Mo, ; chansonnete comique. M. Emile
Penez, accompanied" by Professor Raynaud;
grand air from "Hugeu'ots," Mnie. L. Flchter,
accompanied by Professor Martinez; quatuor,
Lyte Francaise, director Th. Gay: "Potpourri
d'Alrs Naiionaux," by the orchestra. "Les
Malices de Pierrot," a pantomime In one act,
with the following cast: Pierrot, M. Paul
I'tzzarello; a rlequin, Eugene; Cassandre,
Finest Un Patlssler, Albert; Colombiue, Mile.
Asylum Contracts Awarded.
San Bernardino, Oct. 28.— Contracts
for building the new ward building for the
State Insane Asylum at Highland have
Good Outlook for the Atchison.
Chicago, Oct. 28.— stockholders of
the subsidiary 'lines of the Atcbisou sys
tem met to-day and re-elected the officers
and directors for the ensuing year.
Presideut Kinehart asserted that the
outlook for the Atchison road was never
better than at the present time.
Dedication of Their Fine New Build
ing at Sacramento.
Sacramento, Oct. a*.— The Foresters
of this city had a great time to-night over
the dedication of their magnificent new
building. The grand officers came up from
San Francisco aDd were met at the depot
by about 600 members of the order, com
prising the local courts, and escorted
by them to the ball, after parading the
principal streets. Several addresses wero
delivered and altogether the Foresters had
a joyous time. The building is the finest
owned by the order In the country. The
visitors wero loud in their praise of the
enterprise of the Sacramento Foresters.
:'."'■__ o #
PENN'S FAMOUS TREATY.
Celebrated at Philadelphia by the
Opening of a Park.
Philadelphia, Oct. 28.— Two hundred
and eleven years ago to-day Wil
liam I'enn sailed up the Dela
ware River and landing at the upper
part of this city made the famous treaty
with the Indians. The event was cele
brated to-day by opening the Perm Treaty
Park, in which more than 18,000 parsons
JOHN MUST MOVE.
Farmers Driving Mongols Out of
L.OS Angeles, Oct. 28.— The Cabuenga
Valley farmers met and resolved to get rid
of the Chinese. Last night they visited
every nook and corner wnere a Mongol
was known or supposed to be, and or
dered the Chinese to leave at once and for
ever. They all left, but they will sue the
county of Los Angeles for damages, suit
having been instituted f0r535,000.
A DISPUTE IN CHURCH.
It Caused the Death of One Monk
and the Wounding of Others.
Jerusalem, Oct. 28.— During the ser
vice yesterday at the Church of the Nativ
ity at Bethlehem, a petty dispute arose
among the congregation which ended
in monk being shot dead. Two other
monks were severely wounded by pistol
Has Not Resigned.
Vienna. Oct. 28.— An official communi
cation has been forwarded to the press
stating that the Cabinet has not yet re
signed, but an important decision may be
arrived at within a few hours. The Em
peror, who arrived to-day to consult Yon
Taafee, will preside at the Cabinet council
Foul Play Is Suspected.
San Bernardino. Oct. 28.— E. R. Smith,
a man about 45 years of age and a resident
of Rialto, about four miles from this city,
The last seen of him was on Monday
last about noon, when he started for this
city with a team. It is feared he has been
foully dealt with. _ .
Burglar Cooper Held.
Gilboy, Oct. 28.— Mike Cooper, who shot
Marshal Gardner at Surgents Station
on the stn Inst., was arrayed here to-day
and on the testimony of Gardner and his
own confession was held in $15,000 to an
swer before the Superior Court,
HAD STORMY WEATHER.
Arrival of the Steamship Tacoma
From the Orient.
Victoria, B. C, Oct. 28.— The Northern
Pacific steamship Tacoma with fifteen
cabin and sixty-six Chinese and Japanese
passengers arrived early this morning, six
teen days from Yokohama.
She had 2000 tons of freight, nearly 700
of which were discharged here, and 100
are for San Francisco. She had very
severe weather between China and Japan.
Among the passengers were Lieutenant
Garvin, detached from the United States
steamer Monocacy, alao Mate McDougall
and eight members of the crew of the
sealer Maud S, the other fourteen remain
ing at Yokohama to go out with the
schooner next season.
The schooner's trial had begnn when
the Tacoma left. She was, the men say,
inside the limit when taken, but her
chronometer registered outside.
STOPPED TWO CONSTABLES.
A Slight Mistake Made by a Lone
Stockton, Oct. 28.— A lone robber
who recently made three unsuccessful
attempts to get money by stopping
people in tbe outskirts of the city
to-night baited Constable Jim . Carroll
and Deputy Constable Bob Hanks while
they were driving into town on the
Waterloo road. The robber dodged four
bullets and made his escape in the
darkness. The officers were out on
circuit business, and when in a dark
lane near the last street the
robber stepped up from the bridge
and called "Halt!" Carroll was driving
and his horse was jumping, so Hanks had
to do the shooting. He turned and fired
two shots, and as the fellow ran bred two
more, but he got away. The officers went
out with shotguns to make a further search,
but without success.
DRAGGED TO DEATH.
Supervisor Daulton of Madera County
Killed by His Horse.
Madera, Oct. 28.— H. C. Daulton, chair
man of the Madera Connty Board of Su
pervisors, was dragged to death by a run
away horse this afternoon.
He was a pioneer and one of the wealth
iest and most respected citizens of the
Murdered and Robbed.
Chino, Oct. 2S.— Last night about 8
o'clock Herbert K. Ilolman, an employe
at the sugar factory, was brutally mur
dered just outside the factory gates. He
was shot three times and clubbed over the
head. The motive is supposed to have
been robbery. " Five hundred dollars re
ward is offered by the sugar company's
agent for the arrest of the murderer.
Killed by a Runaway.
Pet alum a, Oct. 28.— Patrick Loftus. a
rancher, residing at Stoney Point, neat
here, was found dead this morning. The
body • was '. found alongside the road
and his learn and wagon : were upset. It
is supposed the team ran; away some tims
A Murderous Husband Sentenced,
SUSANVILLE, Oct. 28.— C. W. Hoap was
to-day. sentenced to San Quentin for eight.
pen mouths for an attempt to kill his wifa,
las) August. He was drunk at the timet